Guidance and counselling system in Finland by cuiliqing


									Special features of the Finnish
educational system
   No dead-ends, one can apply for the polytechnic or
    university after completing upper secondary ( either
    the national matriculation examination or the the
    vocational qualification)
   After the compulsory comprehensive school an
    additional basic education (an extra tenth grade
    year) or preparatory training year for the
    vocational education
   high percentage takes part in the secondary level
   Modules to get to know the working life
Guidance and counselling system in
   Guidance is a part of public services
   Two main systems of guidance that complement
    each other:
   - pupil / student counselling by the educational
   - counselling by the labour administration in
    employment offices
   - workshops, different projects e.g. EU-projects
Guidance at educational institutions
   - qualifications and degrees allow students a great
    deal of freedom and choice.
   - credits from previous study can be transferred
   - educational guidance aims to support, help angd
    guide pupils so that each pupil performs as well as
    possible in studies and is able to make appropriate
    decisions concerning the education and career
1) Pre-primary education
    one year, at the age of 6
   participation voluntary, 97 % take part
   mostly in day-care centres, the aim is to observe
    the child´s development and learning and to foster
    social skills and ability to learn
2) Basic education ( comprehensive
   7-16 year-olds
    nine grades: 1-6 lower grade, 7-9 higher grade
   compulsory education finishes at the completion the
    comprehensive school syllabus
   basic education seeks to educate and to nurture
   the aim is to help the pupils grow as human beings and
    members of society and give them necessary knowledge
    and skills
   all teachers contribute to the provision of guidance
    In the lower grades 1-6 (primary level) educational
    guidance is integrated into normal class teacher´s instruction
   In grades 1-6 talk about different professions and visits to
    work places
    guidance councellors in lower
    secondary level (grades 7-9)
   - there should be one counsellor for 250 7-9 graders)
     What does a guidance counsellor do in
    comprehensive school?
   -teaches lessons, guidance is a subject among others, the
    national curriculum affords 76 hours of guidance and
    counselling during grades 7 to 9), about one third on
    counsellors work is teaching his/her guidance lessons.
   However he/she doesn´t need to test or evaluate the
    subject as other subject teachers have to do
Counsellor`s jobs, continue
   - gives private personal guidance to the pupils in the
    office, talks about the optional subjects, further
    education opportunities and career choices, career
    planning, problems at learning, mobbing etc
   - works closely together with subject teachers, class
    head teachers, special needs teachers, school nurse...
   - works with the parents of his/her pupils (gives
    information, often the parents come to the counsellor-
    student discussions
Counsellor´s jobs, continue
   - goes to talk with the six-graders about the change
    when they turn to 7th graders and divides the pupils
    into classes for the school years 7-9
   - arranges visits/ excursions to educational
    institutions, companies, firms, employment office…
   - arranges work experience models for 7th -9th
    graders. Pupils are in workplaces (companies, firms
    etc) about 2 days in 7th grade, a week in 8th grade
    and two weeks in 9th grade). The aim is to get
    knowledge about working life.
Counsellor´s jobs, continue
   follows the student´s progress and graduation
   arranges the joint nationwide application of the 9th
    graders (online system)
   is a member of the pupil welfare team, it meets once
    in a week or two weeks
   arranges for his/her part the parents´ evenings
   And does all the other jobs that the headmaster gives
Comprehensive school (9 years)
   In charge of guidance and conselling:
   Class teachers
   Subject teachers
   Guidance counsellors
   Methods:
   In classes
   Study excursions
   Workplace visits and periods
   Individual guidance
   Web-based guidance
Guidance councellors in upper
secondary education (secondary-level)
   Two main lines after the compulsory comprehensive:
    - general upper secondary school (3 years), finishes in
    the matriculation examination
    - upper secondary vocational education and training
    (trade school, 3 years), ends in getting a trade
    certificate ( a cook, a gardener, a car mechanic etc)
    ( also the double qualification/ combining is possible)
    There is possibility to an additional year for those who
    don`t get in to neither of these two ( the 10th grade or
    preparatory training year)
Counselling in the secondary level
   A lot of same works as in compulsory level
   Counsellors
    help with choosing of the courses, study plans and
    the exams
    discuss about study skills, the future plans,
    give information (to dio this they have to keep up-
    to-date about the curriculums in higher education
    ( polytechnics and universities)
   train the tutoring students
General upper secondary school/
Vocational college
   In charge of the guidance:
   Teachers
   Group advisers
   Guidance counsellors
   In vocational college also the workplace instructors
   Methods:
   Workplace visits and study excursions (upper sec.)
   Individual guidance
   On-the-job learning (vocat. institution)
   Web-based guidance
Counselling in higher education
After general upper secondary school or vocational
  qualification the student can apply to a
 polytechnic (universities of applied sciences, 3.5 ys

 university, 5-7 years
  through a national joint application system ( on line),
  there are entrance exams
 Both have student councelling services to applicants
  and existing students.
 Also all polytechnics and universities have their own
  careers and recruitment services
Higher education
(polytechnics, universities)
  In charge of guidance and counselling:
 Specialist counsellors
 Methods:

 individual guidance
 integrated into teaching
 careers and recruitment services
study affairs guidance
web-based and distance guidance
Adult education institutions
 In charge of guidance and counselling:
guidance counsellors
individual guidance
integrated into teaching
web-based and distance guidance
    Guidance and counselling services in
    Employment Offices
   1) Educational and vocational information services
       by education advisers

Individual guidance
Information and guidance in groups
Self-study facilities
Guidance and counselling services in
Employment Offices
   2) Vocational guidance and career planning
       by vocational guidance psychologists

Individual guidance
Psychological assessments
Work and education try-outs
Guidance and counselling services in
Employment Offices
 3) Vocational rehabilitation
 by special employment advisors, rehabilitation
 advisors (for disabled jobseekers) and
 vocational guidance psychologists (for all individual
individual guidance on employment and rehabilitation
individual vocational guidance and career plannind
health checks and aptitude tests
specialist consultations and work/education try-outs
Guidance and counselling services in
Employment Offices
 4) Employment service
  by employment advisers and counsellors
individual employment service
jobseeking information
self-study facilities
All citizens use the services, not only the unemployded
Special efforts for the young unemployded, e.g. a
  SANSSI-card (the employer can get 550€ a month
Training on guidance and counselling
practitioners in Finland
As a rule a counsellor needs a teacher´s qualification
Master´s degree in the University of Eastern Finland or
  Jyväskylä (300 credits)
  Also guidance counsellors to the vocational sector can
  take their qualification (60 credits) at the HAMK or
  Jyväskylä Universities of Applied Sciences
 In Swedish (the other official language 5,4%) Åbo
  Akademi University in Vaasa
 Ways to get the qualification:

 A degree programme for guidance counsellors

 If you are a teacher (higher education degree) you can
  gain the qualification by multiform training
Education for advisers and vocational
psychologists in employment offices
   Vocational guidance psychologist reguires a
    master´s degree ( the highest grade in psychology)
   Many of the education advisers or employmenty
    advisers/ consellors have a higher degree from a
    polytechnic or university
   In-service training and advanced study programs
    provided by the employer
What lies ahead
   Life-long education
   Individual needs
   Various information and communication networks
   Economy
   Ageing population
   The demand for skills and competencies
   Constant change and fragmented working life
   Multiprofessional co-operation
Jorma Etto:
   Suomalainen on sellainen, joka vastaa kun ei kysytä,
    kysyy kun ei vastata, ei vastaa kun kysytään,
    sellainen, joka eksyy tieltä, huutaa rannalla
    ja vastarannalla huutaa toinen samanlainen:
    metsä raikuu, kaikuu, hongat humajavat.
    Tuolta tulee suomalainen ja ähkyy, on tässä ja ähkyy,
    tuonne menee ja ähkyy, on kuin löylyssä ja ähkyy
    kun toinen heittää kiukaalle vettä.
    Sellaisella suomalaisella on aina kaveri,
    koskaan se ei ole yksin, ja se kaveri on suomalainen.
    Eikä suomalaista erota suomalaisesta mikään,
    ei mikään paitsi kuolema ja poliisi.
Jorma Etto:
   A Finn is the one who answers when not asked,
    asks when not answered, does not answer when asked,
    the one who loses the way, yells on the shore,
    and on the opposite shore yells another of the same
    the forest clangs, echoes, the pines hum.
    There comes a Finn and groans, is here and groans,
    goes there and groans, is as in the sauna and groans
    when the other one throws water on the stove.
    That kind of a Finn always has a partner,
    he is never alone, and that partner is a Finn.
    And nothing separates a Finn from a Finn,
    nothing except the death and the police.

To top