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Big Idea Government and Civics

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					                                                        The Kenton County School District
                                                                       A System of Excellence
Social Studies                                                                                                                                      Fourth Grade
                                                                             Big Idea: Government and Civics
The study of government and civics allows students to understand the nature of government and the unique characteristics of American democracy, including its
fundamental principles, structure, and the role of citizens. Understanding the historical development of structures of power, authority and governance and their evolving
functions in contemporary U.S. society and other parts of the world is essential for developing civic competence. An understanding of civic ideals and practices of
citizenship is critical to full participation in society and is a central purpose of the social studies.
Academic Expectations
2.14  Students understand the democratic principles of justice, equality, responsibility, and freedom and apply them to real-life situations.
2.15  Students can accurately describe various forms of government and analyze issues that relate to the rights and responsibilities of citizens in a democracy.
  Date                     Grade Level Standards/DOK                              Program of Studies (POS)                   Content          Instructional Strategies/
                      POS Understandings/Learner Targets                                Skills & Concepts                  Vocabulary         Resources/Assessments
             SS-04-1.1.1                                                       POS - SS-4-GC-S-1                           Government
             Students will describe the basic purposes of                      Students will demonstrate an                   Order
             Kentucky government (to establish order, provide                  understanding of the nature of                Security
             security and accomplish common goals); give                       government:                                    Goals
             examples of the services that state governments                    a) explore basic functions of                Services
             provide (e.g., state police, state highways, state                     state government (e.g., to             State Police
             parks, public schools) and identify how the                            establish order, to provide            State Parks
             government of Kentucky pays for these services                         security and to accomplish             State Roads
             (e.g., sales taxes, state income taxes).         DOK 2                 common goals)                             State
              I can describe the basic purposes of Kentucky                    b) explain and give examples of             Highways
               government.                                                          services state governments                Taxes
              I can give examples of the services that state                       provide (e.g., state police and           Rules
               government provides.                                                 fire protection, state parks,             Laws
              I can identify how the governmenmt of Kentucky pays                  highway maintenance, snow             Establish order
               for services.                                                        removal)                              Maintain order
             SS-04-1.1.2                                                        c) describe how the state
             Students will explain how state governments                            government provides
             function (by making, enacting and enforcing laws)                      services to its citizens (e.g.,
             to protect the rights and property of citizens. DOK 2                  collecting taxes)
              I can explain how state government functions to
               protect citizen’s rights and property.
             POS - S-4-GC-U-1
             Students will understand that the government of
             Kentucky was formed to establish order, provide
             security and accomplish common goals.
              I can tell you and I understand the government of
               Kentucky was formed to establish order, provide
               security and accomplish common goals.
4.1 Core Content for Assessment                                                                                                                                Page 1 of 19
Bold – State Assessment Content Statement                                                                                                               Updated October 2009
Italics – Supporting Content Statement
                                                  The Kenton County School District
                                                                A System of Excellence
Social Studies                                                                                                                      Fourth Grade
  Date                  Grade Level Standards/DOK                         Program of Studies (POS)               Content        Instructional Strategies/
                   POS Understandings/Learner Targets                          Skills & Concepts                Vocabulary      Resources/Assessments
           SS-04-1.2.1                                                POS - SS-4-GC-S-1                         Government
           Students will identify the three branches of               Students will demonstrate an               Branches
           Kentucky government, explain the basic duties of           understanding of the nature of
           each branch (executive-enforce the laws,                   government:                               Executive –
           legislative-make the laws, judicial- interpret the          a)      describe the structure of        carry out or
           laws) and identify important state offices/ leaders,          state government (e.g., the            enforce laws
           (Governor, Lieutenant Governor, General                       executive, legislative and judicial
           Assembly, Senate, House, representatives,                     branches) and explain why              Legislative –
           senators, Kentucky Supreme Court, judges)                     power is shared among different        Propose bills
           associated with each branch.                                  branches                              and make laws
                                                            DOK 2
                I can identify the three branches of Kentucky         b)    investigate and give                 Judicial –
                    government.                                         examples of state laws and              interpret the
                I can explain the basic duties of each branch of       explain their purpose                       laws
                    Kentucky’s government.
                I can identify important state offices/leaders                                                  Checks &
                    associated with each brand of government.                                                    Balances

           SS-04-1.2.2
           Students will explain how power is shared among the
           different branches (executive, legislative, judicial) of
           state government.
                 I can explain how power is shared among the
                    branches of Kentucky’s government.

           POS - SS-4-GC-U-2
           Students will understand that the Constitution of
           Kentucky establishes a government of limited powers
           that are shared among different levels and branches.
                I can tell you and I understand that the
                    Constitution of Kentucky estbalishes a
                    government of limited powers that are shared
                    among different levels and branches.



4.1 Core Content for Assessment                                                                                                               Page 2 of 19
Bold – State Assessment Content Statement                                                                                              Updated October 2009
Italics – Supporting Content Statement
                                               The Kenton County School District
                                                            A System of Excellence
Social Studies                                                                                                              Fourth Grade
  Date                  Grade Level Standards/DOK                       Program of Studies (POS)         Content        Instructional Strategies/
                  POS Understandings/Learner Targets                        Skills & Concepts          Vocabulary       Resources/Assessments
           SS-04-1.3.1                                              POS- SS-4-GC-S-2                   Democracy
           Students will identify the basic principles of           Students will explore rights and         Life
           democracy (e.g., justice, equality, responsibility,      responsibilities:                      Liberty
           freedom) found in Kentucky’s Constitution and             a) describe, give examples, and    Happiness
           explain why they are important to citizens today.            compare rights and             Constitution
                                                            DOK 2       responsibilities                  Citizens
                I can identify the basic principles of democracy                                      Bill of Rights
                   found in Kentucky’s Constitution.                b) describe the benefits of
                I can explain why the principles of democracy         citizenship and find examples
                   are important to citizens today.                    of citizenship in current
                                                                       events/news media
           SS-04-1.3.2
           Students will describe specific rights and
           responsibilities individuals have as citizens of
           Kentucky (e.g., voting in statewide elections,
           participating in state service projects, obeying state
           laws) and explain why civic engagement is
           necessary to preserve a democratic society.
                                                           DOK 2
                I can describe and give examples of rights and
                   responsiblities of Kentucky’s citizens.
                I can explain why civic engagement is needed
                   to keep a democratic society.
           .




4.1 Core Content for Assessment                                                                                                       Page 3 of 19
Bold – State Assessment Content Statement                                                                                      Updated October 2009
Italics – Supporting Content Statement
                                                 The Kenton County School District
                                                               A System of Excellence
Social Studies                                                                                                                Fourth Grade
  Date               Grade Level Standards/DOK                            Program of Studies (POS)            Content     Instructional Strategies/
                  POS Understandings/Learner Targets                            Skills & Concepts            Vocabulary   Resources/Assessments
                                                                     POS - SS-4-GC-S-3
           POS - SS-4-GC-U-3
                                                                     Students will use information from
           Students will understand that all citizens of Kentucky
                                                                     print and non-print sources (e.g.,
           have rights and responsibilities as members of a
                                                                     documents, informational
           democratic society, including civic participation.
                                                                     passages/texts, interviews, digital
                I can tell you and I understand that all citizens
                                                                     and environmental) to explain
                   of Kentucky have rights and responsibility as
                                                                     basic democratic principles (life,
                   members of a democratic society.
                                                                     liberty, pursuit of happiness) found
                                                                     in Kentucky’s Constitution
           POS - SS-4-GC-U-4
                                                                           I can use information from
           Students will understand that fundamental values and
                                                                               print and non-print sources
           principles of American democracy are expressed in
                                                                               to explain basic democratic
           Kentucky’s Constitution
                                                                               principles found in
                I can tell you and I understand that
                                                                               Kentucky’s Constitution.
                    fundamental values and principles of American
                    democracy are expressed in Kentucky’s
                    Constitution.




4.1 Core Content for Assessment                                                                                                         Page 4 of 19
Bold – State Assessment Content Statement                                                                                        Updated October 2009
Italics – Supporting Content Statement
                                                          The Kenton County School District
                                                                         A System of Excellence
Social Studies                                                                                                                                            Fourth Grade
Big Idea: Cultures and Societies
Culture is the way of life shared by a group of people, including their ideas and traditions. Cultures reflect the values and beliefs of groups in different ways (e.g., art, music,
literature, religion); however, there are universals connecting all cultures. Culture influences viewpoints, rules and institutions in a global society. Students should
understand that people form cultural groups throughout the United States and the World and that issues and challenges unite and divide them.
Academic Expectations
2.16  Students observe, analyze, and interpret human behaviors, social groupings, and institutions to better understand people and the relationships among individuals
      and among groups.
2.17  Students interact effectively and work cooperatively with the many ethnic and cultural groups of our nation and world.
  Date                     Grade Level Standards/DOK                                  Program of Studies (POS)                    Content           Instructional Strategies/
                     POS Understandings/Learner Targets                                      Skills & Concepts                  Vocabulary          Resources/Assessments
              SS-04-2.1.1                                                         POS - SS-4-CS-S-1                               Culture
              Students will identify early cultures (Native                       Students will develop an                         Beliefs
              American, Appalachian, pioneers) in Kentucky and                    understanding of the nature of                 Traditions
              explain their similarities and differences.                         culture:                                       Language
                                                               DOK 2               a) explore and compare cultural                  Skills
                  I can identify the early cultures in Kentucky.                       elements (e.g., beliefs,                 Literature
                  I can explain the similarities and differences of                    traditions, languages, skills,               Art
                      the early cultures.                                               literature, the arts) of diverse        Settlement
                                                                                        groups (e.g., Native                      Settlers
              POS - SS-4-CS-U-1                                                         Americans and early settlers)              Native
              Students will understand that culture is a system of                      in the early settlement of               Americans
              beliefs, knowledge, institutions, customs/traditions,                     Kentucky
              languages and skills shared by a group of people.                        I can explore and compare
              Through a society’s culture, individuals learn the                            cultural elements of
              relationships, structures, patterns and processes to be                       diverse groups in the early
              members of the society.                                                       settlement of Kentucky.
                    I can tell you and I understand that a culture is                 I can examine and tell you
                       a system of beliefs, knowledge, institutions,                        the influences and
                       customs, languages and skills shared by a                            contributions of diverse
                       group of people.                                                     groups in Kentucky.
                    I can tell you and I understand through a
                       society’s culture we learn the relationships,
                       structures, patterns and processes to be
                       members of the society.




4.1 Core Content for Assessment                                                                                                                                      Page 5 of 19
Bold – State Assessment Content Statement                                                                                                                     Updated October 2009
Italics – Supporting Content Statement
                                                   The Kenton County School District
                                                                  A System of Excellence
Social Studies                                                                                                                      Fourth Grade
  Date                 Grade Level Standards/DOK                             Program of Studies (POS)               Content     Instructional Strategies/
                  POS Understandings/Learner Targets                              Skills & Concepts               Vocabulary    Resources/Assessments
           SS-04-2.1.1 Continued                                          b)     examine the                        Culture
                                                                                influences/contributions of          Beliefs
           POS - SS-4-CS-U-4
                                                                                diverse groups in Kentucky         Traditions
           Students will understand that a variety of factors
                                                                                                                   Language
           promote cultural diversity in the state of Kentucky.
                                                                         POS - SS-4-CS-S-4                            Skills
                I can tell you and I understand that a variety of
                                                                         Students will investigate and             Literature
                  factors promote cultural diversity in Kentucky.
                                                                         compare culture/cultural events of            Art
                                                                         diverse groups in Kentucky today         Settlement
                                                                         with the past using information            Settlers
                                                                         from print and non-print sources            Native
                                                                         (e.g., documents, informational           Americans
                                                                         passages/texts, interviews, digital
                                                                         and environmental)
                                                                               I can compare cultures and
                                                                                   cultural events of diverse
                                                                                   groups in Kentucky using
                                                                                   print and non-print
                                                                                   sources.
           SS-04-2.2.1                                                   POS - SS-4-CS-S-2                        Government
           Students will describe social institutions (government,       Students will investigate social          Economy
           economy, education, religion, family) in Kentucky and         institutions (e.g., family,               Education
           how they respond to the needs of the people.                  government, economy, education,            Religion
                I can describe social institutions in Kentucky.         religion) in Kentucky and explain          Family
                I can describe how these social institutions            their functions
                  respond to the needs of people.                              I can explain social
                                                                                   institutions in Kentucky and
           POS - SS-4-CS-U-2                                                       their functions.
           Students will understand that cultures develop social
           institutions (e.g., government, economy, education,
           religion, family) to structure society, influence behavior
           and respond to human needs.
                 I can tell you and I understand that cultures
                     develop social institutions to structure society,
                     influence behavior and respond to needs.

4.1 Core Content for Assessment                                                                                                               Page 6 of 19
Bold – State Assessment Content Statement                                                                                              Updated October 2009
Italics – Supporting Content Statement
                                                 The Kenton County School District
                                                               A System of Excellence
Social Studies                                                                                                                    Fourth Grade
  Date                  Grade Level Standards/DOK                          Program of Studies (POS)              Content      Instructional Strategies/
                  POS Understandings/Learner Targets                            Skills & Concepts              Vocabulary     Resources/Assessments
           SS-04-2.3.1                                                 POS - SS-4-CS-S-3                       Interactions
           Students will describe various forms of interactions        Students will describe conflicts that   Compromise
           (compromise, cooperation, conflict) that occurred           occurred between diverse groups         Cooperation
           during the early settlement of Kentucky between             (e.g., Native Americans and the           Conflict
           diverse groups (Native Americans, early settlers).          early settlers) in the settlement of    Competition
                                                          DOK 2        Kentucky                                  Diverse
                I can describe how the diverse groups in                   I can describe conflicts that       Diversity
                   Kentucky interacted during the early                         occur between diverse
                   settlement.                                                  groups in the settlement of
                                                                                Kentucky.
           POS - SS-4-CS-U-3
           Students will understand that interactions among
           individuals and groups assume various forms (e.g.,
           compromise, cooperation, conflict, competition) and are
           influenced by culture.
                 I can tell you and I understand that interactions
                    among individuals and groups assume various
                    forms and are influenced by culture.
           POS - SS-4-CS-U-5
           Students will understand that an appreciation of the
           diverse complexity of cultures is essential to interact
           effectively and work cooperatively with the many
           diverse ethnic and cultural groups of today.
                I can tell you and I understand that an appreciation
                    of diverse cultures is essential to interact and
                    work cooperatively with the diverse ethnic and
                    cultural groups.




4.1 Core Content for Assessment                                                                                                             Page 7 of 19
Bold – State Assessment Content Statement                                                                                            Updated October 2009
Italics – Supporting Content Statement
                                                      The Kenton County School District
                                                                     A System of Excellence
Social Studies                                                                                                                                   Fourth Grade
Big Idea: Economics
Economics includes the study of production, distribution and consumption of goods and services. Students need to understand how their economic decisions affect them,
others and the nation as a whole. The purpose of economic education is to enable individuals to function effectively both in their own personal lives and as citizens and
participants in an increasingly connected world economy. Students need to understand the benefits and costs of economic interaction and interdependence among people,
societies, and governments.
Academic Expectations
2.18  Students understand economic principles and are able to make economic decisions that have consequences in daily living.
  Date                   Grade Level Standards/DOK                               Program of Studies (POS)                 Content          Instructional Strategies/
                    POS Understandings/Learner Targets                                 Skills & Concepts                Vocabulary         Resources/Assessments
             SS-04-3.1.1                                                     POS - SS-4-E-S-1                            Economy          Junior Achievement
             Students will describe scarcity and explain how                 Students will develop an                     Limited
             scarcity requires people in Kentucky to make                    understanding of the nature of              Productive
             economic choices (e.g., use of productive                       limited resources and scarcity:            Resources
             resources - natural, human, capital) and incur                   a) use a variety of sources to              Natural
             opportunity costs.                           DOK 2                    research and give examples             Human
                  I can describe scarcity.                                        of productive resources (e.g.,         Capital
                  I can explain how scarcity requires people in                   natural, human, capital) found          Banks
                     Kentucky to make economic choices.                            in regions of Kentucky                  Money
                                                                                                                         Economic
             SS-04-3.2.1                                                      b)   explain why individuals,
                                                                                                                        Institutions
             Students will explain how profit motivates                            groups, and businesses must
                                                                                                                          Service
             individuals/businesses to take risks in producing goods               make economic decisions
             and services.                                                         due to the scarcity of
                   I can explain how profit motivates individuals                 resources
                     and businesses to take risks in producing
                     goods and services.
             POS - SS-4-E-U-1
             Students will understand that the basic economic
             problem confronting individuals and groups in Kentucky
             today is scarcity; as a result of scarcity, economic
             choices and decisions must be made.
                  I can tell you and I understand that the
                      economic problem confronting individuals and
                      groups in Kentucky is scarcity.
                  I can tell you and I understand that as a result
                      of scarcity, economic choices and decisions
                      must be made.

4.1 Core Content for Assessment                                                                                                                            Page 8 of 19
Bold – State Assessment Content Statement                                                                                                           Updated October 2009
Italics – Supporting Content Statement
                                                 The Kenton County School District
                                                              A System of Excellence
Social Studies                                                                                                               Fourth Grade
  Date                 Grade Level Standards/DOK                        Program of Studies (POS)            Content      Instructional Strategies/
                  POS Understandings/Learner Targets                        Skills & Concepts              Vocabulary    Resources/Assessments
           SS-04-3.1.1 and SS-04-3.2.1 Continued                                                                        Junior Achievement
           POS - SS-4-E-U-2
           Students will understand that a variety of fundamental
           economic concepts impact individuals and groups.
                I can tell you and I understand that a variety of
                  fundamental economic concepts impact
                  individuals and groups.
           SS-04-3.3.1                                               POS - SS-4-E-S-1                       Markets     Junior Achievement
           Students will give examples of markets; explain           Students will develop an               Goods
           how they function and how the prices of goods and         understanding of the nature of        Services
           services are determined by supply and demand.             limited resources and scarcity:       Exchange
                                                            DOK 2    investigate and give examples of
                I can give you examples of markets.                 markets (past and present); and
                I can explain how these markets function and        explain how goods and services
                  how the prices of goods and services are           were/are exchanged
                  determined by supply and demand.                         I can tell you and I
                                                                              understand the nature of
           SS-04-3.3.2                                                        limited resources and
           Students will explain how competition among buyers                 scarcity.
           and sellers influences the price of goods and services          I can use a variety of
           in our state, nation and world.                                    sources to research and
                I can explain how competition among buyers                   give examples of
                    and sellers influences the price of goods and             productive resources found
                    services in our state, nation and world.                  in Kentucky.
                                                                           I can explain how goods
           POS - SS-4-E-U-4                                                   and services were or are
           Students will understand that markets enable buyers                exchanged.
           and sellers to exchange goods and services.
                I can tell you and I understand that markets
                   enable buyers and sellers to exchange goods
                   and services.




4.1 Core Content for Assessment                                                                                                        Page 9 of 19
Bold – State Assessment Content Statement                                                                                       Updated October 2009
Italics – Supporting Content Statement
                                               The Kenton County School District
                                                            A System of Excellence
Social Studies                                                                                                                  Fourth Grade
  Date                 Grade Level Standards/DOK                        Program of Studies (POS)            Content         Instructional Strategies/
                  POS Understandings/Learner Targets                         Skills & Concepts            Vocabulary        Resources/Assessments
           SS-04-3.4.1                                              POS - SS-4-E-S-2                       Production      Junior Achievement
           Students will describe production, distribution and      Students will use a variety of         Distribution
           consumption of goods and services in regions of          sources to investigate and trace      Consumption
           Kentucky and the U.S.                                    change over time (e.g., draw,            Goods
                                                         DOK 2      chart, map, timeline) in the            Products
               I can describe production of goods and              production, distribution, and
                  services in Kentucky and the U.S.                 consumption of goods and services
               I can describe distribution of goods and            (e.g., products made in Kentucky)
                  services in Kentucky and the U.S.                      I can use a variety of
               I can describe consumption of goods and                      sources to investigate and
                  services in Kentucky and the U.S.                          trace change over time in
                                                                             the production of goods
           POS - SS-4-E-U-5                                                  and services.
           Students will understand that production and                  I can use a variety of
           distribution of goods and services have changed over              sources to investigate and
           time in Kentucky.                                                 trace change over time the
                 I can tell you and I understand that production            distribution of goods and
                    and distribution of goods and services have              services.
                    changed over time.
           SS-04-3.4.2                                              POS - SS-4-E-S-3                      Specialization   Junior Achievement
           Students will describe how new knowledge,                Students will investigate and give       Trade
           technology/tools and specialization increases            examples of specialization and          Regions
           productivity and promotes trade between regions of       explain how it promotes trade
           Kentucky and the United States (e.g., Midwest – corn,    between places and regions of the
           South – citrus).                                         United States (e.g., Kentucky
                 I can describe how new knowledge, technology      imports and exports, Midwest
                    and specialization increases productivity       exports corn, South exports citrus)
                    between regions of Kentucky and the U.S.             I can investigate and give
                 I can describe how new knowledge, technology              examples of specialization.
                    and specialization promotes trade between
                    regions of Kentucky and the U.S.




4.1 Core Content for Assessment                                                                                                           Page 10 of 19
Bold – State Assessment Content Statement                                                                                          Updated October 2009
Italics – Supporting Content Statement
                                                 The Kenton County School District
                                                               A System of Excellence
Social Studies                                                                                                        Fourth Grade
  Date                  Grade Level Standards/DOK                     Program of Studies (POS)     Content        Instructional Strategies/
                   POS Understandings/Learner Targets                     Skills & Concepts       Vocabulary      Resources/Assessments
           SS-04-3.4.3                                                                           Specialization
           Students will define interdependence and give                                            Trade
           examples of how people in our communities, states,                                      Regions
           nation and world depend on each other for goods and
           services.
                I can define interdependence.
                I can give examples of how people in our
                   community, states, nation and world depend on
                   each other for goods and services.

           POS - SS-4-E-U-6
           Students will understand that individuals, groups and
           businesses demonstrate interdependence as they
           make economic decisions about the use of resources
           (e.g., natural, human, capital) in the production,
           distribution and consumption of goods and services.
                 I can tell you and I understand that individuals,
                    groups and businesses demonstrate
                    interdependence as they make economic
                    decisions about the use of resources in the
                    production of goods and services.
                 I can tell you and I understand that individuals,
                    groups and businesses demonstrate
                    interdependence as they make economic
                    decisions about the use of resources in the
                    distribution of goods and services.
                 I can tell you and I understand that individuals,
                    groups and businesses demonstrate
                    interdependence as they make economic
                    decisions in the consumption of goods and
                    services.




4.1 Core Content for Assessment                                                                                                 Page 11 of 19
Bold – State Assessment Content Statement                                                                                Updated October 2009
Italics – Supporting Content Statement
                                                      The Kenton County School District
                                                                    A System of Excellence
Social Studies                                                                                                                                  Fourth Grade
Big Idea: Geography
Geography includes the study of the five fundamental themes of location, place, regions, movement and human/environmental interaction. Students need geographic
knowledge to analyze issues and problems to better understand how humans have interacted with their environment over time, how geography has impacted settlement
and population, and how geographic factors influence climate, culture, the economy and world events. A geographic perspective also enables students to better understand
the past and present and to prepare for the future.
Academic Expectations
2.19  Students recognize and understand the relationship between people and geography and apply their knowledge in real-life situations.
  Date                   Grade Level Standards/DOK                              Program of Studies (POS)                 Content          Instructional Strategies/
                     POS Understandings/Learner Targets                              Skills & Concepts                 Vocabulary         Resources/Assessments
             SS-04-4.1.1                                                    POS – SS-4-G-S-1                              Maps
             Students will use geographic tools (e.g., maps,                Students will demonstrate an                  Charts
             charts, graphs) to identify and describe natural               understanding of patterns on the             Graphs
             resources and other physical characteristics (e.g.,            Earth’s surface, using a variety of         Landforms
             major landforms, major bodies of water, weather,               geographic tools (e.g., maps,                Natural
             climate, roads, bridges) in regions of Kentucky and            globes, charts, graphs):                   Resources
             the United States.                                             a) locate and describe major                 Latitude
                                                             DOK 2              landforms, bodies of water and          Longitude
                  I can use geographic tools to identify natural               natural resources located in
                     resources and physical characteristics.                    regions of Kentucky and the
                  I can describe major landforms and bodies of                 United States
                     water in regions of the United States.                      I can demonstrate and I
                  I can locate major landforms and bodies of                       can understand the
                     water in regions of the United States.                         patterns on the Earth’s
                                                                                    surface, using a variety of
             SS-04-4.1.2                                                            geographic tools.
             Students will use geographic tools to locate major
             landforms, bodies of water, places and objects in
             Kentucky by their absolute and relative locations.
                  I can locate, using absolute location, major
                     landforms and bodies of water in the regions of
                     the United States.
                  I can locate, using relative location, major
                     landforms and bodies of water in the regions of
                     the United States




4.1 Core Content for Assessment                                                                                                                           Page 12 of 19
Bold – State Assessment Content Statement                                                                                                          Updated October 2009
Italics – Supporting Content Statement
                                                  The Kenton County School District
                                                                 A System of Excellence
Social Studies                                                                                                                 Fourth Grade
  Date                 Grade Level Standards/DOK                          Program of Studies (POS)              Content    Instructional Strategies/
                  POS Understandings/Learner Targets                           Skills & Concepts              Vocabulary   Resources/Assessments
           SS-04-4.1.1 and 4.1.2 continued                              POS – SS-4-G-S-1 continued             Mountains
           SS-04-4.1.3                                                                                           Islands
           Students will describe how different factors (e.g. rivers,   b) locate, in absolute and relative    Peninsula
           mountains) influence where human activities were/are            terms, major landforms and            Desert
           located in Kentucky.                                            bodies of water in regions of        Canyon
                                                                           Kentucky and the United             Absolute
                I can describe how different factors influence
                                                                           States                               Location
                   where human activities were/are located in
                                                                        c) analyze and compare patterns         Relative
                   Kentucky.
                                                                           of movement and settlement in        Location
                                                                           Kentucky                               Water
           POS - SS-4-G-U-1
                                                                        d) explain and give examples of         Climate
           Students will understand that the use of geographic
                                                                           how physical factors (e.g.,        Vegetation
           tools (e.g., maps, globes, charts, graphs) and mental
                                                                           rivers, mountains) impacted          Houses
           maps help interpret information, understand and
                                                                           human activities during the         Factories
           analyze patterns, spatial data and geographic issues.
                                                                           early settlement of Kentucky           Stores
                I can tell you and I understand that the use of
                    geographic tools and mental maps help
                    interpret information.
                I can tell you and I understand that the use of
                    geographic tools and mental maps help
                    understand and analyze patterns.
                I can tell you and I understand that the use of
                    geographic tools and mental maps help with
                    spatial data and geographic issues.


           POS - SS-4-G-U-2
           Students will understand that patterns emerge as
           humans move, settle and interact on Earth’s surface
           and can be identified by examining the location of
           physical and human characteristics, how they are
           arranged and why they are in particular locations.
           Economic, political, cultural and social processes
           interact to shape patterns of human populations,
           interdependence, cooperation and conflict.

4.1 Core Content for Assessment                                                                                                          Page 13 of 19
Bold – State Assessment Content Statement                                                                                         Updated October 2009
Italics – Supporting Content Statement
                                                 The Kenton County School District
                                                               A System of Excellence
Social Studies                                                                                                                  Fourth Grade
  Date                 Grade Level Standards/DOK                               Program of Studies (POS)        Content      Instructional Strategies/
                  POS Understandings/Learner Targets                              Skills & Concepts           Vocabulary    Resources/Assessments
           SS-04-4.1.3 continued
                  I can tell you and I understand that patterns
                   emerge as humans move, settle and interact
                   on Earth’s surface.
                I can tell you and I understand that patterns on
                   Earth’s surface can be identified by examining
                   the location of physical and human
                   characteristics.
                I can tell you and I understand how patterns on
                   Earth’s surface are arranged and why they are
                   in a particular location.
                I can tell you and I understand economic,
                   political, cultural and social processes interact
                   to shape patterns of human populations,
                   interdependence, cooperation and conflict.
           SS-04-4.2.1                                                 POS - SS-4-G-S-2                        Language
           Students will compare regions in Kentucky and the           Students will use information from       Religion
           United States by their human characteristics (e.g.,         print and non-print sources (e.g.,       Politics
           language, settlement patterns, beliefs) and physical        documents, informational                Economy
           characteristics (e.g., climate, landforms, bodies of        passages/texts, interviews, digital     Population
           water).                                            DOK 2    and environmental) to investigate        Climate
                I can compare regions in Kentucky by their            regions of Kentucky:                    Landforms
                   human and physical characteristics.                   a) compare regions in Kentucky           Soil
                I can compare each region of the United States             by their human characteristics     Vegetation
                   by their human and physical characteristics.             (e.g., settlement patterns,          Water
                                                                            languages, and religious          Appalachian
           SS-04-4.3.1
                                                                            beliefs) and physical              Mountains
           Students will describe patterns of human
                                                                            characteristics (e.g., climate,      Lakes
           settlement in regions of Kentucky and explain how
                                                                            landforms, bodies of water)
           these patterns were/are influenced by physical
           characteristics (e.g., climate, landforms, bodies of
                                                                               I can use information from
           water).
                                                                                print and non-print sources
             I can describe patterns of human settlement in
                                                                                to investigate regions in
              regions of Kentucky.
                                                                                Kentucky.
             I can explain how these patterns were/are
              influenced by physical characteristics. DOK 2
4.1 Core Content for Assessment                                                                                                           Page 14 of 19
Bold – State Assessment Content Statement                                                                                          Updated October 2009
Italics – Supporting Content Statement
                                                 The Kenton County School District
                                                               A System of Excellence
Social Studies                                                                                                                   Fourth Grade
  Date                  Grade Level Standards/DOK                          Program of Studies (POS)             Content      Instructional Strategies/
                   POS Understandings/Learner Targets                             Skills & Concepts           Vocabulary     Resources/Assessments
           SS-04-4.3.2                                                 POS - SS-4-G-S-2 continued                 Dams
           Students will describe how advances in technology           b) describe patterns of human           Reservoirs
           (e.g., dams, reservoirs, roads, irrigation) allow                settlement in regions of              Roads
           people to settle in places previously inaccessible in            Kentucky and explain                    Air
           Kentucky.                                        DOK 2           relationships between these       Conditioning
                I can describe how advances in technology                  patterns and the physical           Irrigation
                    helped people settle in inaccessible places in          characteristics (e.g., climate,
                    Kentucky.                                               landforms, bodies of water) of
                                                                            the region
                                                                       c) explain the influence of the
           POS - SS-4-G-U-3
                                                                            physical characteristics of
           Students will understand that regions help us to see
                                                                            regions (e.g., climates,
           Earth as an integrated system of places and features             landforms, bodies of water) on
           organized by such principles as landform types, political        decisions that were made about
           units, economic patterns and cultural groups.                    where to locate things (e.g.,
                                                                            factories stores, bridges)
           SS-04-4.4.1                                                 SS-4-G-S-2                                Dams
           Students will explain and give examples of how              Students will use information from       Roads
           people adapted to/modified the physical                     print and non-print sources (e.g.,       Bridges
           environment (e.g., natural resources, physical              documents, informational               Cumberland
           geography, natural disasters) to meet their needs           passages/texts, interviews, digital        Gap
           during the history of Kentucky and explain its              and environmental) to investigate      Appalachian
           impact on the environment today.               DOK 3        regions of Kentucky:                    Mountains
            I can explain how people changed the physical              a) analyze how advances in
             environment to meet their needs.                                 technology (e.g., dams,
            I can explain how this physical change impacts our               roads, irrigation) have
             environment today.                                               allowed people to settle in
                                                                              places previously
           SS-04-4.4.2
                                                                              inaccessible (Kentucky)
           Students will describe how the physical
           environment (e.g., mountains as barriers for
           protection, rivers as barriers of transportation) both
           promoted and restricted human activities during
           the early settlement of Kentucky.                 DOK 2
            I can describe how the physical environment helped
             and made difficult the human activities in the early
             settlement of Kentucky.
4.1 Core Content for Assessment                                                                                                            Page 15 of 19
Bold – State Assessment Content Statement                                                                                           Updated October 2009
Italics – Supporting Content Statement
                                                The Kenton County School District
                                                             A System of Excellence
Social Studies                                                                                                                     Fourth Grade
  Date                 Grade Level Standards/DOK                        Program of Studies (POS)                 Content       Instructional Strategies/
                  POS Understandings/Learner Targets                          Skills & Concepts                Vocabulary      Resources/Assessments
           SS-04-4.3.2; 4.4.1 and 4.4.2 continued                    POS - SS-4-G-S-3                             Barrier
                                                                     Students will investigate interactions     Protection
           POS - SS-4-G-U-4                                          among human activities and the           Transportation
           Students will understand that people depend on, adapt     physical environment in regions of
           to, or modify the environment to meet basic needs.        Kentucky:
           Human actions modified the physical environment and       a) explain how people modified
           in turn, the physical environment limited and/or              the physical environment (e.g.,
           promoted human activities in the settlement of                dams, roads, bridges) to meet
           Kentucky.                                                     their needs
                 I can tell you and I understand that people
                     depend on, adapt or change the environment to   b) describe how the physical
                     meet basic needs.                                  environment (e.g., mountains
                 I can tell you and I understand that human            as barriers or protection, rivers
                     actions changed the environment and the            as barriers or transportation)
                     environment became limited and/or promoted         promoted and/or restricted
                     human activities in Kentucky.                      human activities (e.g.,
                                                                        exploration, migration, trade,
                                                                        settlement, development) and
                                                                        land use in Kentucky




4.1 Core Content for Assessment                                                                                                              Page 16 of 19
Bold – State Assessment Content Statement                                                                                             Updated October 2009
Italics – Supporting Content Statement
                                                           The Kenton County School District
                                                                          A System of Excellence
Social Studies                                                                                                                                              Fourth Grade
Big Idea: Historical Perspective
History is an account of events, people, ideas, and their interaction over time that can be interpreted through multiple perspectives. In order for students to understand the present
and plan for the future, they must understand the past. Studying history engages students in the lives, aspirations, struggles, accomplishments, and failures of real people. Students
need to think in an historical context in order to understand significant ideas, beliefs, themes, patterns and events, and how individuals and societies have changed over time in
Kentucky, the United States, and the World.
Academic Expectations
2.20  Students understand, analyze, and interpret historical events, conditions, trends, and issues to develop historical perspective.
  Date                  Grade Level Standards/DOK                                 Program of Studies (POS)                         Content             Instructional Strategies/
                   POS Understandings/Learner Targets                                   Skills & Concepts                        Vocabulary            Resources/Assessments
              SS-04-5.1.1                                                  POS - SS-4-HP-S-1                                        Diaries
              Students will use a variety of primary and                   Students will demonstrate an                          Photographs
              secondary sources (e.g., artifacts, diaries,                 understanding of the nature of history                   Books
              timelines) to describe significant events in                 using a variety of tools (e.g., primary and             Journals
              the history of Kentucky and interpret                        secondary sources):                                      Fossils
              different perspectives.                                       a) investigate and chronologically                    Timelines
                                                         DOK 2                  describe (e.g., timelines, charts)              Commonwealth
                   I can use a variety of primary and                          significant events in Kentucky                       Seal
                      secondary sources to describe events in                   history, from early development as a              My Old KY
                      the history of Kentucky.                                  territory to development as a state                 Home
                   I can use a variety of primary and                      b) interpret and describe events in                    Cardinal
                      secondary sources to interpret different                  Kentucky’s history in terms of their             Constitution
                      perspectives in the history of Kentucky.                  importance                                        United We
                                                                                I can describe events in Kentucky’s                Stand
              SS-04-5.2.1                                                          history and tell you about their              Divided We
              Students will identify significant historical                        importance.                                       Fall
              documents, symbols, songs and selected
              readings (e.g., state flag, United We Stand,                 POS - SS-4-HP-S-2
              Divided We Fall, My Old Kentucky Home,)                      Students will use information from print
              specific to Kentucky and explain their                       and non-print sources (e.g., documents,
              historical significance.                                     informational passages/texts, interviews,
                                                        DOK 2              digital and environmental):
                   I can identify important Kentucky                        a)      examine and compare factual and
                      documents, symbols, songs and                                 fictional accounts of historical
                      readings.                                                     events in Kentucky’s history
                   I can explain why these Kentucky
                      documents, symbols, songs and
                      readings are important.

4.1 Core Content for Assessment                                                                                                                                        Page 17 of 19
Bold – State Assessment Content Statement                                                                                                                       Updated October 2009
Italics – Supporting Content Statement
                                                   The Kenton County School District
                                                                 A System of Excellence
Social Studies                                                                                                                  Fourth Grade
  Date             Grade Level Standards/DOK                             Program of Studies (POS)               Content     Instructional Strategies/
               POS Understandings/Learner Targets                             Skills & Concepts                Vocabulary   Resources/Assessments
           SS-04-5.2.1 continued                                  b)    describe the significance of
                                                                       historical documents, symbols,
           POS - SS-4-HP-U-1                                           and songs related to Kentucky’s
           Students will understand that history is an                 history (e.g., Kentucky’s
           account of human activities that is interpretive in         Constitution, state flag, state song)
           nature and a variety of tools (e.g., primary and           I can use information from print
           secondary sources) are needed to analyze and                 and non-print sources to compare
           understand historical events.                                factual and fictional accounts of
                I can tell you and I understand that                   historical events in Kentucky.
                   history is an account of human activity
                   that is interpretive in nature.
                I can tell you and I understand that
                   history is an account of human activity
                   and a variety of tools are needed to
                   analyze and understand historical
                   events.

           POS - SS-4-HP-U-2
           Students will understand that the history of
           Kentucky can be analyzed by examining the
           connected events shaped by multiple cause-
           effect relationships, tying past to present.
           I can tell you and I understand that history can
           be analyzed by examining the events shaped by
           cause-effect relationships and connecting past to
           present.




4.1 Core Content for Assessment                                                                                                           Page 18 of 19
Bold – State Assessment Content Statement                                                                                          Updated October 2009
Italics – Supporting Content Statement
                                                The Kenton County School District
                                                              A System of Excellence
Social Studies                                                                                                                  Fourth Grade
  Date                 Grade Level Standards/DOK                          Program of Studies (POS)              Content     Instructional Strategies/
                  POS Understandings/Learner Targets                            Skills & Concepts             Vocabulary    Resources/Assessments
           SS-04-5.2.2                                                POS - SS-4-HP-S-1                          Land
           Students will identify and compare the cultures of         Students will demonstrate an            Agriculture
           diverse groups and explain why people explored             understanding of the nature of             Space
           and settled in Kentucky.                                   history using a variety of tools        Telegraphy
                                                            DOK 2     (e.g., primary and secondary             Telephone
                I can identify the cultures of diverse groups that   sources):                                  Horse
                  explored and settled in Kentucky.                    a) explain reasons that different      Steamboat
                I can compare the cultures of the groups that             groups of people explored and      Automobile
                  explored and settled in Kentucky.                        settled in Kentucky                 Education
                                                                           I can tell you and I
           SS-04-5.2.3                                                          understand reasons that
           Students will compare change over time in                            different groups of people
           communication, technology, transportation and                        explored and settled in
           education in Kentucky.                                               Kentucky.
                                                           DOK 3       b) investigate the
               I can compare how communication,                           influences/contributions of
                  technology, transportation, and education have           diverse groups to the culture of
                  changed over time.                                       Kentucky today
                                                                      POS - SS-4-HP-S-2
           POS - SS-4-HP-U-3                                          Students will use information from
           Students will understand that the history of Kentucky      print and non-print sources (e.g.,
           has been impacted by significant individuals, groups       documents, informational
           and advances in technology.                                passages/texts, interviews,
                I can tell you and I understand that the history     digital and environmental):
                  of Kentucky has been impacted by important          a) investigate change over time
                  individuals, groups and technology.                      (e.g., transportation,
                                                                           communication, education,
                                                                           technology, lifestyles and
                                                                           conditions) in Kentucky’s
                                                                           history.
                                                                            I can use print and non-
                                                                               print sources to investigate
                                                                               change over time in
                                                                               Kentucky’s history.

4.1 Core Content for Assessment                                                                                                           Page 19 of 19
Bold – State Assessment Content Statement                                                                                          Updated October 2009
Italics – Supporting Content Statement

				
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