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Subpart HH – National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants From Oil and Natural Gas
      Production

                                                 GENERAL
63.760  Applicability and designation of affected source.
63.761  Definitions.
63.762  Startups, shutdowns, and malfunctions.
63.763  [Reserved]
                          EMISSION STANDARDS AND OPERATING LIMITS
63.764 General standards.
63.765 Glycol dehydration unit process vent standards.
63.766 Storage vessel standards.
63.767 [Reserved]
63.768 [Reserved]
63.769 Equipment leak standards.
63.770 [Reserved]
                            MONITORING AND COMPLIANCE PROVISIONS
63.771 Control equipment requirements.
63.772 Test methods, compliance procedures, and compliance determinations.
63.773 Inspection and monitoring requirements.
                         NOTIFICATION, REPORTING AND RECORDKEEPING
63.774 Recordkeeping requirements.
63.775 Reporting requirements.
                                                   OTHER
63.776 Delegation of authority.
63.777 Alternative means of emission limitation.
63.778 [Reserved]
63.779 [Reserved]
Table 1 to Subpart HH
Appendix to Subpart HH

Subpart HH - National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants from Oil and Natural Gas
Production Facilities
                                              GENERAL
§63.760 Applicability and designation of affected source.

(a) This subpart applies to the owners and operators of the emission points, specified in paragraph (b) of this
section that are located at oil and natural gas production facilities that meet the specified criteria in paragraphs
(a)(1) and either (a)(2) or (a)(3) of this section.
          (1) Facilities that are major or area sources of hazardous air pollutants (HAP) as defined in Sec.
63.761. Emissions for major source determination purposes can be estimated using the maximum natural gas
or hydrocarbon liquid throughput, as appropriate, calculated in paragraphs (a)(1)(i) through (iii) of this
section. As an alternative to calculating the maximum natural gas or hydrocarbon liquid throughput, the
owner or operator of a new or existing source may use the facility's design maximum natural gas or
hydrocarbon liquid throughput to estimate the maximum potential emissions. Other means to determine the
facility's major source status are allowed, provided the information is documented and recorded to the
Administrator's satisfaction. A facility that is determined to be an area source, but subsequently increases its
emissions or its potential to emit above the major source levels (without first obtaining and complying with
other limitations that keep its potential to emit HAP below major source levels), and becomes a major source,
must comply thereafter with all provisions of this subpart applicable to a major source starting on the
applicable compliance date specified in paragraph (f) of this section. Nothing in this paragraph is intended to
preclude a source from limiting its potential to emit through other appropriate mechanisms that may be
available through the permitting authority.
                  (i) If the owner or operator documents, to the Administrator's satisfaction, a decline in annual
natural gas or hydrocarbon liquid throughput, as appropriate, each year for the 5 years prior to June 17, 1999,
the owner or operator shall calculate the maximum natural gas or hydrocarbon liquid throughput used to
determine maximum potential emissions according to the requirements specified in paragraph (a)(1)(i)(A) of
this section. In all other circumstances, the owner or operator shall calculate the maximum throughput used to
determine whether a facility is a major source in accordance with the requirements specified in paragraph
(a)(1)(i)(B) of this section.
                            (A) The maximum natural gas or hydrocarbon liquid throughput is the average of the
annual natural gas or hydrocarbon liquid throughput for the 3 years prior to June 17, 1999, multiplied by a
factor of 1.2.
                            (B) The maximum natural gas or hydrocarbon liquid throughput is the highest annual
natural gas or hydrocarbon liquid throughput over the 5 years prior to June 17, 1999, multiplied by a factor of
1.2.
                  (ii) The owner or operator shall maintain records of the annual facility natural gas or
hydrocarbon liquid throughput each year and upon request submit such records to the Administrator. If the
facility annual natural gas or hydrocarbon liquid throughput increases above the maximum natural gas or
hydrocarbon liquid throughput calculated in paragraph (a)(1)(i)(A) or (a)(1)(i)(B) of this section, the
maximum natural gas or hydrocarbon liquid throughput must be recalculated using the higher throughput
multiplied by a factor of 1.2.
                  (iii) The owner or operator shall determine the maximum values for other parameters used to
calculate emissions as the maximum for the period over which the maximum natural gas or hydrocarbon
liquid throughput is determined in accordance with paragraph (a)(1)(i)(A) or (B) of this section. Parameters
shall be based on either highest measured values or annual average.
         (2) Facilities that process, upgrade, or store hydrocarbon liquids prior to the point of custody transfer.
         (3) Facilities that process, upgrade, or store natural gas prior to the point at which natural gas enters
the natural gas transmission and storage source category or is delivered to a final end user. For the purposes
of this subpart, natural gas enters the natural gas transmission and storage source category after the natural gas
processing plant, when present. If no natural gas processing plant is present, natural gas enters the natural gas
transmission and storage source category after the point of custody transfer.

(b) The affected sources for major sources are listed in paragraph (b)(1) of this section and for area sources in
paragraph (b)(2) of this section.
         (1) For major sources, the affected source shall comprise each emission point located at a facility that
meets the criteria specified in paragraph (a) of this section and listed in paragraphs (b)(1)(i) through (b)(1)(iv)
of this section.
                  (i) Each glycol dehydration unit;
                  (ii) Each storage vessel with the potential for flash emissions;
                  (iii) The group of all ancillary equipment, except compressors, intended to operate in volatile
hazardous air pollutant service (as defined in Sec. 63.761), which are located at natural gas processing plants;
and
                  (iv) Compressors intended to operate in volatile hazardous air pollutant service (as defined in
Sec. 63.761), which are located at natural gas processing plants.
         (2) For area sources, the affected source includes each triethylene glycol (TEG) dehydration unit
located at a facility that meets the criteria specified in paragraph (a) of this section.
         (3) The group of all ancillary equipment, except compressors, intended to operate in volatile
hazardous air pollutant service (as defined in §63.761), which are located at natural gas processing plants; and
       (4) Compressors intended to operate in volatile hazardous air pollutant service (as defined in
§63.761), which are located at natural gas processing plants.

(c) [Reserved]
(d) The owner and operator of a facility that does not contain an affected source as specified in paragraph (b)
of this section are not subject to the requirements of this subpart.

(e) Exemptions. The facilities listed in paragraphs (e)(1) and (e)(2) of this section are exempt from the
requirements of this subpart. Records shall be maintained as required in §63.10(b)(3).
         (1) A facility that exclusively processes, stores, or transfers black oil (as defined in §63.761) is not
subject to the requirements of this subpart. For the purposes of this subpart, a black oil facility that uses
natural gas for fuel or generates gas from black oil shall qualify for this exemption.
         (2) A major source facility, prior to the point of custody transfer, with a facility-wide actual annual
average natural gas throughput less than 18.4 thousand standard cubic meters per day and a facility-wide
actual annual average hydrocarbon liquid throughput less than 39,700 liters per day.

(f) The owner or operator of an affected major source shall achieve compliance with the provisions of this
subpart by the dates specified in paragraphs (f)(1) and (f)(2) of this section. The owner or operator of an
affected area source shall achieve compliance with the provisions of this subpart by the dates specified in
paragraphs (f)(3) through (f)(6) of this section.
          (1) The owner or operator of an affected major source, the construction or reconstruction of which
commenced before February 6, 1998, shall achieve compliance with the applicable provisions of this subpart
no later than June 17, 2002, except as provided for in Sec. 63.6(i).
          (2) The owner or operator of an affected major source, the construction or reconstruction of which
commences on or after February 6, 1998, shall achieve compliance with the applicable provisions of this
subpart immediately upon initial startup or June 17, 1999, whichever date is later.
          (3) The owner or operator of an affected area source, located in an Urban-1 county, as defined in Sec.
63.761, the construction or reconstruction of which commences before February 6, 1998, shall achieve
compliance with the provisions of this subpart no later than the dates specified in paragraphs (f)(3)(i) or (ii) of
this section, except as provided for in Sec. 63.6(i).
                   (i) If the affected area source is located within any UA plus offset and UC boundary, as
          defined in Sec. 63.761, the compliance date is January 5, 2009.
                   (ii) If the affected area source is not located within any UA plus offset and UC boundary, as
          defined in Sec. 63.761, the compliance date is January 5, 2009.
          (4) The owner or operator of an affected area source, located in an Urban-1 county, as defined in Sec.
63.761, the construction or reconstruction of which commences on or after February 6, 1998, shall achieve
compliance with the provisions of this subpart immediately upon initial startup or January 3, 2007, whichever
date is later.
          (5) The owner or operator of an affected area source that is not located in an Urban-1 county, as
defined in Sec. 63.761, the construction or reconstruction of which commences before July 8, 2005, shall
achieve compliance with the provisions of this subpart no later than the dates specified in paragraphs (f)(5)(i)
or (ii) of this section, except as provided for in Sec. 3.6(i).
                   (i) If the affected area source is located within any UA plus offset and UC boundary, as
          defined in Sec. 63.761, the compliance date is January 4, 2010.
                   (ii) If the affected area source is not located within any UA plus offset and UC boundary, as
          defined in Sec. 63.761, the compliance date is January 5, 2009.
          (6) The owner or operator of an affected area source that is not located in an Urban-1 county, as
defined in Sec. 63.761, the construction or reconstruction of which commences on or after July 8, 2005, shall
achieve compliance with the provisions of this subpart immediately upon initial startup or January 3, 2007,
whichever date is later.
(g) The following provides owners or operators of an affected source at a major source with information on
overlap of this subpart with other regulations for equipment leaks. The owner or operator of an affected
source at a major source shall document that they are complying with other regulations by keeping the records
specified in Sec. 63.774(b)(9).
        (1) After the compliance dates specified in paragraph (f) of this section, ancillary equipment and
compressors that are subject to this subpart and that are also subject to and controlled under the provisions of
40 CFR part 60, subpart KKK ,are only required to comply with the requirements of 40 CFR part 60, subpart
KKK.
        (2) After the compliance dates specified in paragraph (f) of this section, ancillary equipment and
compressors that are subject to this subpart and are also subject to and controlled under the provisions of 40
CFR part 61, subpart V, are only required to comply with the requirements of 40 CFR part 61, subpart V.
        (3) After the compliance dates specified in paragraph (f) of this section, ancillary equipment and
compressors that are subject to this subpart and are also subject to and controlled under the provisions of 40
CFR part 63, subpart H,are only required to comply with the requirements of 40 CFR part 63, subpart H.

(h) Unless otherwise required by law, the owner or operator of an area source subject to the provisions of this
subpart is exempt from the permitting requirements established by 40 CFR part 70 or 40 CFR part 71.

§63.761 Definitions.

All terms used in this subpart shall have the meaning given them in the Clean Air Act (Act), subpart A of this
part (General Provisions), and in this section. If the same term is defined in subpart A and in this section, it
shall have the meaning given in this section for purposes of this subpart.

         Alaskan North Slope means the approximately 180,000 square kilometer area (69,000 square mile
area) extending from the Brooks Range to the Arctic Ocean.
         Ancillary equipment means any of the following pieces of equipment: pumps, pressure relief devices,
sampling connection systems, open-ended valves, or lines, valves, flanges, or other connectors.
         API gravity means the weight per unit volume of hydrocarbon liquids as measured by a system
recommended by the American Petroleum Institute (API) and is expressed in degrees.
         Associated equipment, as used in this subpart and as referred to in section 112(n)(4) of the Act, means
equipment associated with an oil or natural gas exploration or production well, and includes all equipment
from the wellbore to the point of custody transfer, except glycol dehydration units and storage vessels with
the potential for flash emissions.
         Black oil means hydrocarbon (petroleum) liquid with an initial producing gas-to-oil ratio (GOR) less
than 0.31 cubic meters per liter and an API gravity less than 40 degrees.
         Boiler means an enclosed device using controlled flame combustion and having the primary purpose
of recovering and exporting thermal energy in the form of steam or hot water. Boiler also means any
industrial furnace as defined in 40 CFR 260.10.
         Closed-vent system means a system that is not open to the atmosphere and is composed of piping,
ductwork, connections, and if necessary, flow inducing devices that transport gas or vapor from an emission
point to one or more control devices. If gas or vapor from regulated equipment is routed to a process (e.g., to
a fuel gas system), the conveyance system shall not be considered a closed-vent system and is not subject to
closed-vent system standards.
         Combustion device means an individual unit of equipment, such as a flare, incinerator, process heater,
or boiler, used for the combustion of organic HAP emissions.
         Condensate means hydrocarbon liquid separated from natural gas that condenses due to changes in
the temperature, pressure, or both, and remains liquid at standard conditions, as specified in §63.2.
         Continuous recorder means a data recording device that either records an instantaneous data value at
least once every hour or records hourly or more frequent block average values.
         Control device means any equipment used for recovering or oxidizing HAP or volatile organic
compound (VOC) vapors. Such equipment includes, but is not limited to, absorbers, carbon adsorbers,
condensers, incinerators, flares, boilers, and process heaters. For the purposes of this subpart, if gas or vapor
from regulated equipment is used, reused (i.e., injected into the flame zone of an enclosed combustion
device), returned back to the process, or sold, then the recovery system used, including piping, connections,
and flow inducing devices, is not considered to be a control device or closed-vent system.
         Cover means a device which is placed on top of or over a material such that the entire surface area of
the material is enclosed and sealed. A cover may have openings (such as access hatches, sampling ports, and
gauge wells) if those openings are necessary for operation, inspection, maintenance, or repair of the unit on
which the cover is installed, provided that each opening is closed and sealed when the opening is not in use.
In addition, a cover may have one or more safety devices. Examples of a cover include, but are not limited to,
a fixed-roof installed on a tank, an external floating roof installed on a tank, and a lid installed on a drum or
other container.
         Custody transfer means the transfer of hydrocarbon liquids or natural gas: after processing and/or
treatment in the producing operations, or from storage vessels or automatic transfer facilities or other such
equipment, including product loading racks, to pipelines or any other forms of transportation. For the
purposes of this subpart, the point at which such liquids or natural gas enters a natural gas processing plant is
a point of custody transfer.
         Equipment leaks means emissions of HAP from ancillary equipment (as defined in this section) and
compressors.
         Facility means any grouping of equipment where hydrocarbon liquids are processed, upgraded (i.e.,
remove impurities or other constituents to meet contract specifications), or stored prior to the point of custody
transfer; or where natural gas is processed, upgraded, or stored prior to entering the natural gas transmission
and storage source category. For the purpose of a major source determination, facility (including a building,
structure, or installation) means oil and natural gas production and processing equipment that is located within
the boundaries of an individual surface site as defined in this section. Equipment that is part of a facility will
typically be located within close proximity to other equipment located at the same facility. Pieces of
production equipment or groupings of equipment located on different oil and gas leases, mineral fee tracts,
lease tracts, subsurface or surface unit areas, surface fee tracts, surface lease tracts, or separate surface sites,
whether or not connected by a road, waterway, power line or pipeline, shall not be considered part of the same
facility. Examples of facilities in the oil and natural gas production source category include, but are not
limited to, well sites, satellite tank batteries, central tank batteries, a compressor station that transports natural
gas to a natural gas processing plant, and natural gas processing plants.
         Field natural gas means natural gas extracted from a production well prior to entering the first stage of
processing, such as dehydration.
         Fixed-roof means a cover that is mounted on a storage vessel in a stationary manner and that does not
move with fluctuations in liquid level.
         Flame zone means the portion of the combustion chamber in a combustion device occupied by the
flame envelope.
         Flash tank. See the definition for gas-condensate-glycol (GCG) separator.
         Flow indicator means a device which indicates whether gas flow is present in a line or whether the
valve position would allow gas flow to be present in a line.
         Gas-condensate-glycol (GCG) separator means a two- or three-phase separator through which the
"rich" glycol stream of a glycol dehydration unit is passed to remove entrained gas and hydrocarbon liquid.
The GCG separator is commonly referred to as a flash separator or flash tank.
         Gas-to-oil ratio (GOR) means the number of standard cubic meters of gas produced per liter of crude
oil or other hydrocarbon liquid.
         Glycol dehydration unit means a device in which a liquid glycol (including, but not limited to,
ethylene glycol, diethylene glycol, or triethylene glycol) absorbent directly contacts a natural gas stream and
absorbs water in a contact tower or absorption column (absorber). The glycol contacts and absorbs water
vapor and other gas stream constituents from the natural gas and becomes "rich" glycol. This glycol is then
regenerated in the glycol dehydration unit reboiler. The "lean" glycol is then recycled.
         Glycol dehydration unit baseline operations means operations representative of the glycol dehydration
unit operations as of June 17, 1999. For the purposes of this subpart, for determining the percentage of
overall HAP emission reduction attributable to process modifications, baseline operations shall be parameter
values (including, but not limited to, glycol circulation rate or glycol-HAP absorbency) that represent actual
long-term conditions (i.e., at least 1 year). Glycol dehydration units in operation for less than 1 year shall
document that the parameter values represent expected long-term operating conditions had process
modifications not been made.
         Glycol dehydration unit process vent means the glycol dehydration unit reboiler vent and the vent
from the GCG separator (flash tank), if present.
         Glycol dehydration unit reboiler vent means the vent through which exhaust from the reboiler of a
glycol dehydration unit passes from the reboiler to the atmosphere or to a control device.
         Hazardous air pollutants or HAP means the chemical compounds listed in section 112(b) of the Clean
Air Act. All chemical compounds listed in section 112(b) of the Act need to be considered when making a
major source determination. Only the HAP compounds listed in Table 1 of this subpart need to be considered
when determining compliance.
         Hydrocarbon liquid means any naturally occurring, unrefined petroleum liquid.
         In VHAP service means that a piece of ancillary equipment or compressor either contains or contacts
a fluid (liquid or gas) which has a total volatile HAP (VHAP) concentration equal to or greater than 10
percent by weight as determined according to the provisions of §63.772(a).
         In wet gas service means that a piece of equipment contains or contacts the field gas before the
extraction of natural gas liquids.
         Incinerator means an enclosed combustion device that is used for destroying organic compounds.
Auxiliary fuel may be used to heat waste gas to combustion temperatures. Any energy recovery section is not
physically formed into one manufactured or assembled unit with the combustion section; rather, the energy
recovery section is a separate section following the combustion section and the two are joined by ducts or
connections carrying flue gas. The above energy recovery section limitation does not apply to an energy
recovery section used solely to preheat the incoming vent stream or combustion air.
         Initial producing GOR means the producing standard cubic meters of gas per liter at the time that the
reservoir pressure is above the bubble point pressure (or dewpoint pressure for a gas).
         Initial startup means the first time a new or reconstructed source begins production. For the purposes
of this subpart, initial startup does not include subsequent startups (as defined in this section) of equipment,
for example, following malfunctions or shutdowns.
         Major source, as used in this subpart, shall have the same meaning as in §63.2, except that:
                   (1) Emissions from any oil or gas exploration or production well (with its associated
equipment, as defined in this section) and emissions from any pipeline compressor station or pump station
shall not be aggregated with emissions from other similar units, to determine whether such emission points or
stations are major sources, even when emission points are in a contiguous area or under common control;
                   (2) Emissions from processes, operations, or equipment that are not part of the same facility,
as defined in this section, shall not be aggregated; and
                   (3) For facilities that are production field facilities, only HAP emissions from glycol
dehydration units and storage vessels with the potential for flash emissions shall be aggregated for a major
source determination. For facilities that are not production field facilities, HAP emissions from all HAP
emission units shall be aggregated for a major source determination.
         Natural gas means a naturally occurring mixture of hydrocarbon and nonhydrocarbon gases found in
geologic formations beneath the earth’s surface. The principal hydrocarbon constituent is methane.
         Natural gas liquids (NGL) means the liquid hydrocarbons, such as ethane, propane, butane, pentane,
natural gasoline, and condensate that are extracted from field natural gas.
         Natural gas processing plant (gas plant) means any processing site engaged in the extraction of
natural gas liquids from field gas, or the fractionation of mixed NGL to natural gas products, or a combination
of both.
         No detectable emissions means no escape of HAP from a device or system to the atmosphere as
determined by:
                  (1) Instrument monitoring results in accordance with the requirements of §63.772(c); and
                  (2) The absence of visible openings or defects in the device or system, such as rips, tears, or
gaps.
         Operating parameter value means a minimum or maximum value established for a control device or
process parameter which, if achieved by itself or in combination with one or more other operating parameter
values, indicates that an owner or operator has complied with an applicable operating parameter limitation,
over the appropriate averaging period as specified in §63.772(f) or (g).
         Operating permit means a permit required by 40 CFR part 70 or part 71.
         Organic monitoring device means an instrument used to indicate the concentration level of organic
compounds exiting a control device based on a detection principle such as infra-red, photoionization, or
thermal conductivity.
         Primary fuel means the fuel that provides the principal heat input (i.e., more than 50 percent) to the
device. To be considered primary, the fuel must be able to sustain operation without the addition of other
fuels.
         Process heater means an enclosed device using a controlled flame, the primary purpose of which is to
transfer heat to a process fluid or process material that is not a fluid, or to a heat transfer material for use in a
process (rather than for steam generation).
         Produced water means water that is extracted from the earth from an oil or natural gas production
well, or that is separated from crude oil, condensate, or natural gas after extraction.
         Production field facilities means those facilities located prior to the point of custody transfer.
         Production well means any hole drilled in the earth from which crude oil, condensate, or field natural
gas is extracted.
         Reciprocating compressor means a piece of equipment that increases the pressure of a process gas by
positive displacement, employing linear movement of the drive shaft.
         Safety device means a device that meets both of the following conditions: it is not used for planned
or routine venting of liquids, gases, or fumes from the unit or equipment on which the device is installed; and
it remains in a closed, sealed position at all times except when an unplanned event requires that the device
open for the purpose of preventing physical damage or permanent deformation of the unit or equipment on
which the device is installed in accordance with good engineering and safety practices for handling
flammable, combustible, explosive, or other hazardous materials. Examples of unplanned events which may
require a safety device to open include failure of an essential equipment component or a sudden power
outage.
         Shutdown means for purposes including, but not limited to, periodic maintenance, replacement of
equipment, or repair, the cessation of operation of a glycol dehydration unit, or other affected source under
this subpart, or equipment required or used solely to comply with this subpart.
         Startup means the setting into operation of a glycol dehydration unit, or other affected equipment
under this subpart, or equipment required or used to comply with this subpart. Startup includes initial startup
and operation solely for the purpose of testing equipment.
         Storage vessel means a tank or other vessel that is designed to contain an accumulation of crude oil,
condensate, intermediate hydrocarbon liquids, or produced water and that is constructed primarily of non-
earthen materials (e.g., wood, concrete, steel, plastic) that provide structural support.
         Storage vessel with the potential for flash emissions means any storage vessel that contains a
hydrocarbon liquid with a stock tank GOR equal to or greater than 0.31 cubic meters per liter and an API
gravity equal to or greater than 40 degrees and an actual annual average hydrocarbon liquid throughput equal
to or greater than 79,500 liters per day. Flash emissions occur when dissolved hydrocarbons in the fluid
evolve from solution when the fluid pressure is reduced.
         Surface site means any combination of one or more graded pad sites, gravel pad sites, foundations,
platforms, or the immediate physical location upon which equipment is physically affixed.
         Tank battery means a collection of equipment used to separate, treat, store, and transfer crude oil,
condensate, natural gas, and produced water. A tank battery typically receives crude oil, condensate, natural
gas, or some combination of these extracted products from several production wells for accumulation and
separation prior to transmission to a natural gas plant or petroleum refinery. A tank battery may or may not
include a glycol dehydration unit.
         Temperature monitoring device means an instrument used to monitor temperature and having a
minimum accuracy of +2 percent of the temperature being monitored expressed in oC, or +2.5 oC, whichever
is greater. The temperature monitoring device may measure temperature in degrees Fahrenheit or degrees
Celsius, or both.
         Total organic compounds or TOC, as used in this subpart, means those compounds which can be
measured according to the procedures of Method 18, 40 CFR part 60, appendix A.
         UA plus offset and UC is defined as the area occupied by each urbanized area, each urban cluster that
contains at least 10,000 people, and the located two miles or less from each urbanized area boundary.
         Urban-1 County is defined as a county that contains a part of a Metropolitan Statistical Area with a
population greater than 250,000, based on the Office of Management and Budget’s Standards for defining
Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas (December 27, 2000), and Census 2000 Data released by the
U.S. Census Bureau.
         Urbanization area refers to Census 2000 Urbanized Area, which is defined in the Urban Area Critieria
for Census 2000 (March 15, 2002). Essentially, an urbanized area consists of density settled territory with a
population of at least 50,000 people.
         Urban cluster refers to a Census 2000 Urban Cluster, which is defined in the Urban Area Criteria for
Census 2000 (March 15, 2002). Essentially, an urban cluster consists of densely settled territory with at least
2,500 people but fewer than 50,000 people.
         Volatile hazardous air pollutant concentration or VHAP concentration means the fraction by weight
of all HAP contained in a material as determined in accordance with procedures specified in §63.772(a).

§63.762 Startups, shutdowns, and malfunctions.
(a) The provisions set forth in this subpart shall apply at all times except during startups or shutdowns, during
malfunctions, and during periods of non-operation of the affected sources (or specific portion thereof)
resulting in cessation of the emissions to which this subpart applies. However, during the startup, shutdown,
malfunction, or period of non-operation of one portion of an affected source, all emission points which can
comply with the specific provisions to which they are subject must do so during the startup, shutdown,
malfunction, or period of non-operation.

(b) The owner or operator shall not shut down items of equipment that are required or utilized for compliance
with the provisions of this subpart during times when emissions are being routed to such items of equipment,
if the shutdown would contravene requirements of this subpart applicable to such items of equipment. This
paragraph does not apply if the item of equipment is malfunctioning, or if the owner or operator must shut
down the equipment to avoid damage due to a contemporaneous startup, shutdown, or malfunction of the
affected source or a portion thereof.

(c) During startups, shutdowns, and malfunctions when the requirements of this subpart do not apply pursuant
to paragraphs (a) and (b) of this section, the owner or operator shall implement, to the extent reasonably
available, measures to prevent or minimize excess emissions to the maximum extent practical. For purposes
of this paragraph, the term "excess emissions" means emissions in excess of those that would have occurred if
there were no startup, shutdown, or malfunction, and the owner or operator complied with the relevant
provisions of this subpart. The measures to be taken shall be identified in the applicable startup, shutdown,
and malfunction plan, and may include, but are not limited to, air pollution control technologies, recovery
technologies, work practices, pollution prevention, monitoring, and/or changes in the manner of operation of
the source. Back-up control devices are not required, but may be used if available.

(d) Except as provided in paragraph (e) of this section, the owner or operator shall prepare a startup,
shutdown, and malfunction plan as required in § 63.6(e)(3), except that the plan is not required to be
incorporated by reference into the source’s title V permit as specified in § 63.6(e)(3)(i). Instead, the owner or
operator shall keep the plan on record as required by § 63.6(e)(3)(v). The failure of the plan to adequately
minimize emissions during startup,
shutdown, or malfunctions does not shield an owner or operator from enforcement actions.

(e) Owners or operators are not required to prepare a startup, shutdown, and malfunction plan for any facility
where all of the affected sources meet the exemption criteria specified in Sec. 63.764(e), or for any facility
that is not located within a UA plus offset and UC boundary.

§63.763 [Reserved].

                       EMISSION STANDARDS AND OPERATING LIMITS
§63.764 General standards.

(a) Table 2 of this subpart specifies the provisions of subpart A (General Provisions) of this part that apply
and those that do not apply to owners and operators of affected sources subject to this subpart.

(b) All reports required under this subpart shall be sent to the Administrator at the appropriate address listed
in §63.13. Reports may be submitted on electronic media.

(c) Except as specified in paragraph (e) of this section, the owner or operator of an affected source located at
an existing or new major source of HAP emissions shall comply with the standards in this subpart as specified
in paragraphs (c)(1) through (3) of this section.
         (1) For each glycol dehydration unit process vent subject to this subpart, the owner or operator shall
comply with the requirements specified in paragraphs (c)(1)(i) through (iii) of this section.
                  (i) The owner or operator shall comply with the control requirements for glycol dehydration
unit process vents specified in §63.765;
                  (ii) The owner or operator shall comply with the monitoring requirements specified in
§63.773; and
                  (iii) The owner or operator shall comply with the recordkeeping and reporting requirements
specified in §§63.774 and 63.775.
         (2) For each storage vessel with the potential for flash emissions subject to this subpart, the owner or
operator shall comply with the requirements specified in paragraphs (c)(2)(i) through (iii) of this section.
                  (i) The control requirements for storage vessels specified in §63.766;
                  (ii) The monitoring requirements specified in §63.773; and
                  (iii) The recordkeeping and reporting requirements specified in §§63.774 and 63.775.
         (3) For ancillary equipment (as defined in §63.761) and compressors at a natural gas processing plant
subject to this subpart, the owner or operator shall comply with the requirements for equipment leaks
specified in §63.769.

(d) Except as specified in paragraph (e)(1) of this section, the owner or operator of an affected source located
at an existing or new area source of HAP emissions shall comply with the applicable standards specified in
paragraph (d) of this section.
         (1) Each owner or operator of an area source located within an UA plus offset and UC boundary ( as
defined as Sec. 63.761) shall comply with the provisions specified in paragraphs (d) (1) (i) through (iii) of
this section.
                  (i) The control requirements for glycol dehydration unit process vents specified in Sec.
        63.765;
                (ii) The monitoring requirements specified in Sec. 63.773; and
                (iii) The recordkeeping and reporting requirements specified in Sec. Sec. 63.774 and 63.775.
        (2)Each owner or operator of an area source not located in a UA plus offset and UC boundary (as
defined in Sec. 63.761) shall comply with paragraphs (d)(2)(i) through (iii) of this section.
                (i) Determine the optimum glycol circulation rate using the following equation:



Where:
Lopt = Optimal circulation rate, gal/hr.
F = Gas flowrate (MMSCF/D)
I = Inlet water content (lb/MMSCF)
3.0 = The industry accepted rule of thumb for a TEG-to water ratio (gal TEG/lb H2O)
1.15 = Adjustment factor included for a margin of safety.
                  (ii) Operate the TEG dehydration unit such that the actual glycol circulation rate does not
exceed the optimum glycol circulation rate determined in accordance with paragraph (d)(2)(i) of this section.
If the TEG dehydration unit is unable to meet the sales gas specification for moisture content using the glycol
circulation rate determined in accordance with paragraph (d)(2)(i), the owner or operator must calculate an
alternate circulation rate using GRI-GLYCalcTM, Version 3.0 or higher. The owner or operator must
document why the TEG dehydration unit must be operated using the alternate circulation rate and submit this
documentation with the initial notification in accordance with Sec. 63.775(c)(7).
                  (iii) Maintain a record of the determination specified in paragraph (d)(2)(ii) in accordance
with the requirements in Sec. 63.774(f) and submit the Initial Notification in accordance with the
requirements in Sec. 63.775(c)(7). If operating conditions change and a modification to the optimum glycol
circulation rate is required, the owner or operator shall prepare a new determination in accordance with
paragraph (d)(2)(i) or (ii) of this section and submit the information specified under Sec. 63.775(c)(7)(ii)
through (v).

(e) Exemptions.
          (1) The owner or operator is exempt from the requirements of paragraph (c)(1) and (d) of this section
if the criteria listed in paragraph (e)(1)(i) or (ii) of this section are met, except that the records of the
determination of these criteria must be maintained as required in Sec. 63.774(d)(1).
                    (i) The actual annual average flowrate of natural gas to the glycol dehydration unit is less
than 85 thousand standard cubic meters per day, as determined by the procedures specified in §63.772(b)(1)
of this subpart; or
                    (ii) The actual average emissions of benzene from the glycol dehydration unit process vent to
the atmosphere are less than 0.90 megagram per year, as determined by the procedures specified in
§63.772(b)(2) of this subpart.
          (2) The owner or operator is exempt from the requirements of paragraph (c)(3) of this section for
ancillary equipment (as defined in § 63.761) and compressors at a natural gas processing plant subject to this
subpart if the criteria listed in paragraph (e)(2)(i) or (ii) of this section are met, except that the records of the
determination of these criteria must be maintained as required in § 63.774(d)(2).
                    (i) Any ancillary equipment and compressors that contain or contact a fluid (liquid or gas)
must have a total VHAP concentration less than 10 percent by weight, as determined by the procedures
specified in § 63.772(a); or
                    (ii) That ancillary equipment and compressors must operate in VHAP service less than 300
hours per calendar year.
(f) Each owner or operator of a major HAP source subject to this subpart is required to apply for a 40 CFR
part 70 or part 71 operating permit from the appropriate permitting authority. If the Administrator has
approved a State operating permit program under 40 CFR part 70, the permit shall be obtained from the State
authority. If a State operating permit program has not been approved, the owner or operator of a source shall
apply to the EPA Regional Office pursuant to 40 CFR part 71.

(g) [Reserved]

(h) [Reserved]

(i) In all cases where the provisions of this subpart require an owner or operator to repair leaks by a specified
time after the leak is detected, it is a violation of this standard to fail to take action to repair the leak(s) within
the specified time. If action is taken to repair the leak(s) within the specified time, failure of that action to
successfully repair the leak(s) is not a violation of this standard. However, if the repairs are unsuccessful, a
leak is detected and the owner or operator shall take further action as required by the applicable provisions of
this subpart.

§63.765 Glycol dehydration unit process vent standards.

(a) This section applies to each glycol dehydration unit subject to this subpart with an actual annual average
natural gas flowrate equal to or greater than 85 thousand standard cubic meters per day and with actual
average benzene glycol dehydration unit process vent emissions equal to or greater than 0.90 megagrams per
year, that must be controlled for HAP emissions as specified in either paragraph (c)(1)(i) or paragraph
(d)(1)(i) of Sec. 63.764.

(b) Except as provided in paragraph (c) of this section, an owner or operator of a glycol dehydration unit
process vent shall comply with the requirements specified in paragraphs (b)(1) and (b)(2) of this section.
         (1) For each glycol dehydration unit process vent, the owner or operator shall control air emissions by
either paragraph (b)(1)(i) or (b)(1)(ii) of this section.
                 (i) The owner or operator shall connect the process vent to a control device or a combination
of control devices through a closed-vent system. The closed-vent system shall be designed and operated in
accordance with the requirements of §63.771(c). The control device(s) shall be designed and operated in
accordance with the requirements of §63.771(d).
                 (ii) The owner or operator shall connect the process vent to a control device or combination
of control devices through a closed-vent system and the outlet benzene emissions from the control device(s)
shall be reduced to a level less than 0.90 megagrams per year. The closed-vent system shall be designed and
operated in accordance with the requirements of §63.771(c). The control device(s) shall be designed and
operated in accordance with the requirements of §63.771(d), except that the performance levels specified in
§63.771(d)(1)(i) and (ii) do not apply.
         (2) One or more safety devices that vent directly to the atmosphere may be used on the air emission
control equipment installed to comply with paragraph (b)(1) of this section.

(c) As an alternative to the requirements of paragraph (b) of this section, the owner or operator may comply
with one of the requirements specified in paragraphs (c)(1) through (3) of this section.
        (1) The owner or operator shall control air emissions by connecting the process vent to a process
natural gas line.
        (2) The owner or operator shall demonstrate, to the Administrator's satisfaction, that the total HAP
emissions to the atmosphere from the glycol dehydration unit process vent are reduced by 95.0 percent
through process modifications, or a combination of process modifications and one or more control devices, in
accordance with the requirements specified in §63.771(e).
         (3) Control of HAP emissions from a GCG separator (flash tank) vent is not required if the owner or
operator demonstrates, to the Administrator’s satisfaction, that total emissions to the atmosphere from the
glycol dehydration unit process vent are reduced by one of the levels specified in paragraph (c)(3)(i) or (ii) of
this section, through the installation and operation of controls as specified in paragraph (b)(1) of this section.
                  (i) HAP emissions are reduced by 95.0 percent or more.
                  (ii) Benzene emissions are reduced to a level less than 0.90 megagrams per year.

§63.766 Storage vessel standards.

(a) This section applies to each storage vessel with the potential for flash emissions (as defined in §63.761)
subject to this subpart.

(b) The owner or operator of a storage vessel with the potential for flash emissions (as defined in §63.761)
shall comply with one of the control requirements specified in paragraphs (b)(1) and (2) of this section.
        (1) The owner or operator shall equip the affected storage vessel with the potential for flash
emissions with a cover that is connected, through a closed-vent system that meets the conditions specified in
§63.771(c), to a control device or a combination of control devices that meets any of the conditions specified
in §63.771(d). The cover shall be designed and operated in accordance with the requirements of §63.771(b).
        (2) The owner or operator of a pressure storage vessel that is designed to operate as a closed system
shall operate the storage vessel with no detectable emissions at all times that material is in the storage vessel,
except as provided for in paragraph (c) of this section.

(c) One or more safety devices that vent directly to the atmosphere may be used on the storage vessel and air
emission control equipment complying with paragraphs (b)(1) and (2) of this section.

(d) This section does not apply to storage vessels for which the owner or operator is meeting the requirements
specified in 40 CFR part 60, subpart Kb; or is meeting the requirements specified in 40 CFR part 63, subparts
G or CC.

§63.767 [Reserved].

§63.768 [Reserved].

§63.769 Equipment leak standards.

(a) This section applies to equipment subject to this subpart and specified in paragraphs (a)(1) and (2) of this
section that is located at a natural gas processing plant and operates in VHAP service equal to or greater than
300 hours per calendar year.
         (1) Ancillary equipment, as defined in §63.761; and
         (2) Compressors.

(b) This section does not apply to ancillary equipment and compressors for which the owner or operator is
meeting the requirements specified in subpart H of this part; or is meeting the requirements specified in 40
CFR part 60, subpart KKK.

(c) For each piece of ancillary equipment and each compressor subject to this section located at an existing or
new source, the owner or operator shall meet the requirements specified in 40 CFR part 61, subpart V,
§§61.241 through 61.247, except as specified in paragraphs (c)(1) through (8) of this section.
         (1) Each pressure relief device in gas/vapor service shall be monitored quarterly and within 5 days
after each pressure release to detect leaks, except under the following conditions.
                  (i) The owner or operator has obtained permission from the Administrator to use an
alternative means of emission limitation that achieves a reduction in emissions of VHAP at least equivalent to
that achieved by the control required in this subpart.
                  (ii) The pressure relief device is located in a nonfractionating facility that is monitored only
by non-facility personnel, it may be monitored after a pressure release the next time the monitoring personnel
are on site, instead of within 5 days. Such a pressure relief device shall not be allowed to operate for more
than 30 days after a pressure release without monitoring.
         (2) For pressure relief devices, if an instrument reading of 10,000 parts per million or greater is
measured, a leak is detected.
         (3) For pressure relief devices, when a leak is detected, it shall be repaired as soon as practicable, but
no later than 15 calendar days after it is detected, unless a delay in repair of equipment is granted under 40
CFR 61.242-10.
         (4) Sampling connection systems are exempt from the requirements of 40 CFR 61.242-5.
         (5) Pumps in VHAP service, valves in gas/vapor and light liquid service, and pressure relief devices
in gas/vapor service that are located at a nonfractionating plant that does not have the design capacity to
process 283,000 standard cubic meters per day or more of field gas are exempt from the routine monitoring
requirements of 40 CFR 61.242-2(a)(1) and 61.242-7(a), and paragraphs (c)(1) through (3) of this section.
         (6) Pumps in VHAP service, valves in gas/vapor and light liquid service, and pressure relief devices
in gas/vapor service located within a natural gas processing plant that is located on the Alaskan North Slope
are exempt from the routine monitoring requirements of 40 CFR 61.242–2(a)(1) and 61.242–7(a), and
paragraphs (c)(1) through (3) of this section.
          (7) Reciprocating compressors in wet gas service are exempt from the compressor control
requirements of 40 CFR 61.242-3.
         (8) Flares used to comply with this subpart shall comply with the requirements of §63.11(b).

§63.770 [Reserved].

                       MONITORING AND COMPLIANCE PROVISIONS
§63.771 Control equipment requirements.

(a) This section applies to each cover, closed-vent system, and control device installed and operated by the
owner or operator to control air emissions as required by the provisions of this subpart. Compliance with
paragraphs (b), (c), and (d) of this section will be determined by review of the records required by 63.774 and
the reports required by §63.775, by review of performance test results, and by inspections.

(b) Cover requirements.
          (1) The cover and all openings on the cover (e.g., access hatches, sampling ports, and gauge wells)
shall be designed to form a continuous barrier over the entire surface area of the liquid in the storage vessel.
         (2) Each cover opening shall be secured in a closed, sealed position (e.g., covered by a gasketed lid or
cap) whenever material is in the unit on which the cover is installed except during those times when it is
necessary to use an opening as follows:
                 (i) To add material to, or remove material from the unit (this includes openings necessary to
equalize or balance the internal pressure of the unit following changes in the level of the material in the unit);
                 (ii) To inspect or sample the material in the unit;
                 (iii) To inspect, maintain, repair, or replace equipment located inside the unit; or
                 (iv) To vent liquids, gases, or fumes from the unit through a closed-vent system to a control
device designed and operated in accordance with the requirements of paragraphs (c) and (d) of this section.

(c) Closed-vent system requirements.
        (1) The closed-vent system shall route all gases, vapors, and fumes emitted from the material in a
HAP emissions unit to a control device that meets the requirements specified in paragraph (d) of this section.
        (2) The closed-vent system shall be designed and operated with no detectable emissions.
        (3) If the closed-vent system contains one or more bypass devices that could be used to divert all or a
portion of the gases, vapors, or fumes from entering the control device, the owner or operator shall meet the
requirements specified in paragraphs (c)(3)(i) and (c)(3)(ii) of this section.
                 (i) For each bypass device, except as provided for in paragraph (c)(3)(ii) of this section, the
owner or operator shall either:
                          (A) At the inlet to the bypass device that could divert the stream away from the
control device to the atmosphere, properly install, calibrate, maintain, and operate a flow indicator that is
capable of taking periodic readings and sounding an alarm when the bypass device is open such that the
stream is being, or could be, diverted away from the control device to the atmosphere; or
                          (B) Secure the bypass device valve installed at the inlet to the
bypass device in the non-diverting position using a car-seal or a lock-
and-key type configuration.
                 (ii) Low leg drains, high point bleeds, analyzer vents, open-ended valves or lines, and safety
devices are not subject to the requirements of paragraph (c)(3)(i) of this section.

(d) Control device requirements.
          (1) The control device used to reduce HAP emissions in accordance with the standards of this subpart
shall be one of the control devices specified in paragraphs (d)(1)(i) through (iii) of this section.
                 (i) An enclosed combustion device (e.g., thermal vapor incinerator, catalytic vapor
incinerator, boiler, or process heater) that is designed and operated in accordance with one of the following
performance requirements:
                           (A) Reduces the mass content of either TOC or total HAP in the gases vented to the
device by 95.0 percent by weight or greater as determined in accordance with the requirements of §63.772(e);
or
                           (B) Reduces the concentration of either TOC or total HAP in the exhaust gases at the
outlet to the device to a level equal to or less than 20 parts per million by volume on a dry basis corrected to 3
percent oxygen as determined in accordance with the requirements of §63.772(e); or
                           (C) Operates at a minimum residence time of 0.5 seconds at a minimum temperature
of 760oC.
                           (D) If a boiler or process heater is used as the control device, then the vent stream
shall be introduced into the flame zone of the boiler or process heater.
                 (ii) A vapor recovery device (e.g., carbon adsorption system or condenser) or other control
device that is designed and operated to reduce the mass content of either TOC or total HAP in the gases
vented to the device by 95.0 percent by weight or greater as determined in accordance with the requirements
of §63.772(e).
                 (iii) A flare that is designed and operated in accordance with the requirements of §63.11(b).
         (2) [Reserved]
         (3) The owner or operator shall demonstrate that a control device achieves the performance
requirements of paragraph (d)(1) of this section as specified in §63.772(e).
         (4) The owner or operator shall operate each control device in accordance with the requirements
specified in paragraphs (d)(4)(i) and (ii) of this section.
                 (i) Each control device used to comply with this subpart shall be operating at all times when
gases, vapors, and fumes are vented from the HAP emissions unit or units through the closed-vent system to
the control device, as required under §§63.765, 63.766, and 63.769, except when maintenance or repair on a
unit cannot be completed without a shutdown of the control device. An owner or operator may vent more
than one unit to a control device used to comply with this subpart.
                 (ii) For each control device monitored in accordance with the requirements of §63.773(d), the
owner or operator shall demonstrate compliance according to the requirements of §63.772(f) or (g), as
applicable.
         (5) For each carbon adsorption system used as a control device to meet the requirements of paragraph
(d)(1) of this section, the owner or operator shall manage the carbon as follows:
                  (i) Following the initial startup of the control device, all carbon in the control device shall be
replaced with fresh carbon on a regular, predetermined time interval that is no longer than the carbon service
life established for the carbon adsorption system.
                  (ii) The spent carbon removed from the carbon adsorption system shall be either regenerated,
reactivated, or burned in one of the units specified in paragraphs (d)(5)(ii)(A) through (d)(5)(ii)(G) of this
section.
                           (A) Regenerated or reactivated in a thermal treatment unit for which the owner or
operator has been issued a final permit under 40 CFR part 270 that implements the requirements of 40 CFR
part 264, subpart X.
                           (B) Regenerated or reactivated in a thermal treatment unit equipped with and
operating air emission controls in accordance with this section.
                           (C) Regenerated or reactivated in a thermal treatment unit equipped with and
operating organic air emission controls in accordance with a national emissions standard for HAP under
another subpart in 40 CFR part 61 or this part.
                           (D) Burned in a hazardous waste incinerator for which the owner or operator has
been issued a final permit under 40 CFR part 270 that implements the requirements of 40 CFR part 264,
subpart O.
                           (E) Burned in a hazardous waste incinerator which the owner or operator has
designed and operates in accordance with the requirements of 40 CFR part 265, subpart O.
                           (F) Burned in a boiler or industrial furnace for which the owner or operator has been
issued a final permit under 40 CFR part 270 that implements the requirements of 40 CFR part 266, subpart H.
                           (G) Burned in a boiler or industrial furnace which the owner or operator has designed
and operates in accordance with the interim status requirements of 40 CFR part 266, subpart H.

(e) Process modification requirements. Each owner or operator that chooses to comply with §63.765(c)(2)
shall meet the requirements specified in paragraphs (e)(1) through (e)(3) of this section.
         (1) The owner or operator shall determine glycol dehydration unit baseline operations (as defined in
§63.761). Records of glycol dehydration unit baseline operations shall be retained as required under
§63.774(b)(10).
         (2) The owner or operator shall document, to the Administrator’s satisfaction, the conditions for
which glycol dehydration unit baseline operations shall be modified to achieve the 95.0 percent overall HAP
emission reduction, either through process modifications or through a combination
of process modifications and one or more control devices. If a combination of process modifications and one
or more control devices are used, the owner or operator shall also establish the percent HAP reduction to be
achieved by the control device to achieve an overall HAP emission reduction of 95.0 percent for the glycol
dehydration unit process vent. Only modifications in glycol dehydration unit operations directly related to
process changes, including but not limited to changes in glycol circulation rate or glycol-HAP absorbency,
shall be allowed. Changes in the inlet gas characteristics or natural gas throughput rate shall not be considered
in determining the overall HAP emission reduction due to process modifications.
         (3) The owner or operator that achieves a 95.0 percent HAP emission reduction using process
modifications alone shall comply with paragraph (e)(3)(i) of this section. The owner or operator that achieves
a 95.0 percent HAP emission reduction using a combination of process modifications and one or more control
devices shall comply with paragraphs (e)(3)(i) and (e)(3)(ii) of this section.
                 (i) The owner or operator shall maintain records, as required in §63.774(b)(11), that the
facility continues to operate in accordance with the conditions specified under paragraph (e)(2) of this section.
                 (ii) The owner or operator shall comply with the control device requirements specified in
paragraph (d) of this section, except that the emission reduction achieved shall be the emission reduction
specified for the control device(s) in paragraph (e)(2) of this section.
§63.772 Test methods, compliance procedures, and compliance demonstrations.

(a) Determination of material VHAP or HAP concentration to determine the applicability of the equipment
leak standards under this subpart (§63.769). Each piece of ancillary equipment and compressors are
presumed to be in VHAP service or in wet gas service unless an owner or operator demonstrates that the piece
of equipment is not in VHAP service or in wet gas service.
         (1) For a piece of ancillary equipment and compressors to be considered not in VHAP service, it must
be determined that the percent VHAP content can be reasonably expected never to exceed 10.0 percent by
weight. For the purposes of determining the percent VHAP content of the process fluid that is contained in or
contacts a piece of ancillary equipment or compressor, you shall use the method in either paragraph (a)(1)(i)
or paragraph (a)(1)(ii) of this section.
                  (i) Method 18 of 40 CFR part 60, appendix A, or
                  (ii) ASTM D6420-99 (2004), Standard Test Method for Determination of Gaseous Organic
Compounds by Direct Interface Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (incorporated by reference--see
Sec. 63.14), provided that the provisions of paragraphs (a)(1)(ii)(A) through (D) of this section are followed:
                           (A) The target compound(s) are those listed in section 1.1 of ASTM D6420-99
(2004);
                           (B) The target concentration is between 150 parts per billion by volume and 100 parts
per million by volume;
                           (C) For target compound(s) not listed in Table 1.1 of ASTM D6420-99 (2004), but
potentially detected by mass spectrometry, the additional system continuing calibration check after each run,
as detailed in section 10.5.3 of ASTM D6420-99 (2004), is conducted, met, documented, and submitted with
the data report, even if there is no moisture condenser used or the compound is not considered water soluble;
and
                           (D) For target compound(s) not listed in Table 1.1 of ASTM D6420-99
(2004), and not amenable to detection by mass spectrometry, ASTM D6420-
99 (2004) may not be used.

       (2) For a piece of ancillary equipment and compressors to be considered in wet gas service, it must be
determined that it contains or contacts the field gas before the extraction of natural gas liquids.

(b) Determination of glycol dehydration unit flowrate or benzene emissions. The procedures of this
paragraph shall be used by an owner or operator to determine glycol dehydration unit natural gas flowrate or
benzene emissions to meet the criteria for an exemption from control requirements under §63.764(e)(1).
        (1) The determination of actual flowrate of natural gas to a glycol dehydration unit shall be made
using the procedures of either paragraph (b)(1)(i) or (b)(1)(ii) of this section.
                (i) The owner or operator shall install and operate a monitoring instrument that directly
measures natural gas flowrate to the glycol dehydration unit with an accuracy of plus or minus 2 percent or
better. The owner or operator shall convert annual natural gas flowrate to a daily average by dividing the
annual flowrate by the number of days per year the glycol dehydration unit processed natural gas.
                (ii) The owner or operator shall document, to the Administrator's satisfaction, that the actual
annual average natural gas flowrate to the glycol dehydration unit is less than 85 thousand standard cubic
meters per day.
        (2) The determination of actual average benzene emissions from a glycol dehydration unit shall be
made using the procedures of either paragraph (b)(2)(i) or (b)(2)(ii) of this section. Emissions shall be
determined either uncontrolled, or with federally enforceable controls in place.
                (i) The owner or operator shall determine actual average benzene emissions using the model
GRI-GLYCalcTM, Version 3.0 or higher, and the procedures presented in the associated GRI-GLYCalcTM
Technical Reference Manual. Inputs to the model shall be representative of actual operating conditions of the
glycol dehydration unit and may be determined using the procedures documented in the Gas Research
Institute (GRI) report entitled "Atmospheric Rich/Lean Method for Determining Glycol Dehydrator
Emissions" (GRI-95/0368.1); or
                 (ii) The owner or operator shall determine an average mass rate of benzene emissions in
kilograms per hour through direct measurement using the methods in Sec. 63.772(a)(1)(i) or (ii), or an
alternative method according to Sec. 63.7(f).

(c) No detectable emissions test procedure.
         (1) The no detectable emissions test procedure shall be conducted in accordance with Method 21, 40
CFR part 60, appendix A.
         (2) The detection instrument shall meet the performance criteria of Method 21, 40 CFR part 60,
appendix A, except that the instrument response factor criteria in section 3.1.2(a) of Method 21 shall be for
the average composition of the fluid and not for each individual organic compound in the stream.
         (3) The detection instrument shall be calibrated before use on each day of its use by the procedures
specified in Method 21, 40 CFR part 60, appendix A.
         (4) Calibration gases shall be as follows:
                   (i) Zero air (less than 10 parts per million by volume hydrocarbon in air); and
                   (ii) A mixture of methane in air at a concentration less than 10,000 parts per million by
volume.
         (5) An owner or operator may choose to adjust or not adjust the detection instrument readings to
account for the background organic concentration level. If an owner or operator chooses to adjust the
instrument readings for the background level, the background level value must be determined according to the
procedures in Method 21 of 40 CFR part 60, appendix A.
         (6)       (i) Except as provided in paragraph (c)(6)(ii) of this section, the detection instrument shall
meet the performance criteria of Method 21 of 40 CFR part 60, appendix A, except the instrument response
factor criteria in section 3.1.2(a) of Method 21 shall be for the average composition of the process fluid, not
each individual volatile organic compound in the stream. For process streams that contain nitrogen, air, or
other inerts which are not organic hazardous air pollutants or volatile organic compounds, the average stream
response factor shall be calculated on an inert-free basis.
                   (ii) If no instrument is available at the facility that will meet the performance criteria
specified in paragraph (c)(6)(i) of this section, the instrument readings may be adjusted by multiplying by the
average response factor of the process fluid, calculated on an inert-free basis as described in paragraph
(c)(6)(i) of this section.
         (7) An owner or operator must determine if a potential leak interface operates with no detectable
emissions using the applicable procedure specified in paragraph (c)(7)(i) or (c)(7)(ii) of this section.
                   (i) If an owner or operator chooses not to adjust the detection instrument readings for the
background organic concentration level, then the maximum organic concentration value measured by the
detection instrument is compared directly to the applicable value for the potential leak interface as specified in
paragraph (c)(8) of this section.
                   (ii) If an owner or operator chooses to adjust the detection instrument readings for the
background organic concentration level, the value of the arithmetic difference between the maximum organic
concentration value measured by the instrument and the background organic concentration value as
determined in paragraph (c)(5) of this section is compared with the applicable value for the potential leak
interface as specified in paragraph (c)(8) of this section.
         (8) A potential leak interface is determined to operate with no detectable organic emissions if the
organic concentration value determined in paragraph (c)(7) of this section, is less than 500 parts per million
by volume.

(d) [Reserved]

(e) Control device performance test procedures. This paragraph applies to the performance testing of control
devices. The owners or operators shall demonstrate that a control device achieves the performance
requirements of §63.771(d)(1) or (e)(3)(ii) using either a performance test as specified in paragraph (e)(3) of
this section or a design analysis as specified in paragraph (e)(4) of this section. The owner or operator may
elect to use the alternative procedures in paragraph (e)(5) of this section for performance testing of a
condenser used to control emissions from a glycol dehydration unit process vent.
         (1) The following control devices are exempt from the requirements to conduct performance tests and
design analyses under this section:
                  (i) Except as specified in paragraph (e)(2) of this section, a flare that is designed and operated
in accordance with § 63.11(b);
                  (ii) A boiler or process heater with a design heat input capacity of 44 megawatts or greater;
                  (iii) A boiler or process heater into which the vent stream is introduced with the primary fuel
or is used as the primary fuel;
                  (iv) A boiler or process heater burning hazardous waste for which the owner or operator has
either been issued a final permit under 40 CFR part 270 and complies with the requirements of 40 CFR part
266, subpart H; or has certified compliance with the interim status requirements of 40 CFR part 266, subpart
H;
                  (v) A hazardous waste incinerator for which the owner or operator has been issued a final
permit under 40 CFR part 270 and complies with the requirements of 40 CFR part 264, subpart O; or has
certified compliance with the interim status requirements of 40 CFR part 265, subpart O.
                  (vi) A control device for which a performance test was conducted for determining compliance
with a regulation promulgated by the EPA and the test was conducted using the same methods specified in
this section and either no process changes have been made since the test, or the owner or operator can
demonstrate that the results of the performance test, with or without adjustments, reliably demonstrate
compliance despite process changes.
         (2) An owner or operator shall design and operate each flare in accordance with the requirements
specified in §63.11(b) and in paragraphs (e)(2)(i) and (e)(2)(ii) of this section.
                  (i) The compliance determination shall be conducted using Method 22 of 40 CFR part 60,
appendix A, to determine visible emissions.
                  (ii) An owner or operator is not required to conduct a performance test to determine percent
emission reduction or outlet organic HAP or TOC concentration when a flare is used.
         (3) For a performance test conducted to demonstrate that a control device meets the requirements of §
63.771(d)(1) or (e)(3)(ii), the owner or operator shall use the test methods and procedures specified in
paragraphs (e)(3)(i) through (iv) of this section. The performance test results shall be submitted in the
Notification of Compliance Status Report as required in § 63.775(d)(1)(ii).
                  (i) Method 1 or 1A, 40 CFR part 60, appendix A, as appropriate, shall be used for selection of
the sampling sites in paragraphs (e)(3)(i)(A) and (B) of this section. Any references to particulate mentioned
in Methods 1 and 1A do not apply to this section.
                           (A) To determine compliance with the control device percent reduction requirement
specified in §63.771(d)(1)(i)(A), (d)(1)(ii) or (e)(3)(ii), sampling sites shall be located at the inlet of the first
control device, and at the outlet of the final control device.
                           (B) To determine compliance with the enclosed combustion device total HAP
concentration limit specified in §63.771(d)(1)(i)(B), the sampling site shall be located at the outlet of the
combustion device.
                  (ii) The gas volumetric flowrate shall be determined using Method 2, 2A, 2C, or 2D, 40 CFR
part 60, appendix A, as appropriate.
                  (iii) To determine compliance with the control device percent reduction performance
requirement in Sec. 63.771(d)(1)(i)(A), (d)(1)(ii), and (e)(3)(ii), the owner or operator shall use one of the
following methods: Method 18, 40 CFR part 60, appendix A; Method 25A, 40 CFR part 60, appendix A;
ASTM D6420-99 (2004), as specified in Sec. 63.772(a)(1)(ii); or any other method or data that have been
validated according to the applicable procedures in Method 301, 40 CFR part 63, appendix A. The following
procedures shall be used to calculate percent reduction efficiency:
                          (A) The minimum sampling time for each run shall be 1 hour in which either an
integrated sample or a minimum of four grab samples shall be taken. If grab sampling is used, then the
samples shall be taken at approximately equal intervals in time, such as 15-minute intervals during the run.
                          (B) The mass rate of either TOC (minus methane and ethane) or total HAP (Ei, Eo)
shall be computed using the equations and procedures specified in paragraphs (e)(3)(iii)(B)(1) through (3) of
this section. As an alternative, the mass rate of either TOC (minus methane and ethane) or total HAP at the
inlet of the control device (Ei) may be calculated using the procedures specified in paragraph (e)(3)(iii)(B)(4)
of this section.
                                   (1) The following equations shall be used:


                                                      n
                                            Ei  K 2( CijMij )Qi
                                                      j 1


                                                       n
                                            Eo  K 2( CojMoj )Qo
                                                      j 1


where:

         Cij, Coj =              Concentration of sample component j of the gas stream at the inlet and outlet
                                 of the control device, respectively, dry basis, parts per million by volume.

         Ei, Eo =                Mass rate of TOC (minus methane and ethane) or total HAP at the inlet and
                                 outlet of the control device, respectively, dry basis, kilogram per hour.

         Mij, Moj =              Molecular weight of sample component j of the gas stream at the inlet and
                                 outlet of the control device, respectively, gram/gram-mole.

         Qi, Qo =                Flowrate of gas stream at the inlet and outlet of the control device,
                                 respectively, dry standard cubic meter per minute.

         K2 =                    Constant, 2.494x10-6 (parts per million) (gram-mole per standard cubic
                                 meter) (kilogram/gram) (minute/hour), where standard temperature (gram-
                                 mole per standard cubic meter) is 20oC.

         n=                      Number of components in sample.

                                  (2) When the TOC mass rate is calculated, all organic compounds (minus
methane and ethane) measured by Method 18, 40 CFR part 60, appendix A, or Method 25A, 40 CFR part 60,
appendix A, or ASTM D6420-99 (2004) as specified in Sec. 63.772(a)(1)(ii), shall be summed using the
equations in paragraph (e)(3)(iii)(B)(1) of this section.
                                  (3) When the total HAP mass rate is calculated, only HAP chemicals listed in
Table 1 of this subpart shall be summed using the equations in paragraph (e)(3)(iii)(B)(1) of this section.
                                  (4) As an alternative to the procedures for calculating Ei specified in
paragraph (e)(3)(iii)(B)(1) of this section, the owner or operator may use the model GRI-GLYCalc TM ,
Version 3.0 or higher, and the procedures presented in the associated GRI-GLYCalc TM Technical Reference
Manual. Inputs to the model shall be representative of actual operating conditions of the glycol dehydration
unit and shall be determined using the procedures documented in the Gas Research Institute (GRI) report
entitled ‘‘Atmospheric Rich/Lean Method for Determining Glycol Dehydrator Emissions’’ (GRI–95/0368.1).
When the TOC mass rate is calculated for glycol dehydration units using the model GRI-GLYCalc TM , all
organic compounds (minus methane and ethane) measured by Method 18, 40 CFR part 60, appendix A, or
Method 25A, 40 CFR part 60, appendix A, shall be summed. When the total HAP mass rate is calculated for
glycol dehydration units using the model GRI-GLYCalc TM , only HAP chemicals listed in Table 1 of this
subpart shall be summed.
                        (C) The percent reduction in TOC (minus methane and ethane) or total HAP shall be
calculated as follows:

                                                  Ei  Eo
                                          Rcd            x100%
                                                     Ei

where:

         Rcd =           Control efficiency of control device, percent.
         Ei =            Mass rate of TOC (minus methane and ethane) or total HAP at the inlet to the control
                         device as calculated under paragraph (e)(3)(iii)(B) of this section, kilograms TOC per
                         hour or kilograms HAP per hour.

         Eo =            Mass rate of TOC (minus methane and ethane) or total HAP at the outlet of the
                         control device, as calculated under paragraph (e)(3)(iii)(B) of this section, kilograms
                         TOC per hour or kilograms HAP per hour.

                          (D) If the vent stream entering a boiler or process heater with a design capacity less
than 44 megawatts is introduced with the combustion air or as a secondary fuel, the weight-percent reduction
of total HAP or TOC (minus methane and ethane) across the device shall be determined by comparing the
TOC (minus methane and ethane) or total HAP in all combusted vent streams and primary and secondary
fuels with the TOC (minus methane and ethane) or total HAP exiting the device, respectively.
                  (iv) To determine compliance with the enclosed combustion device total HAP concentration
limit specified in Sec. 63.771(d)(1)(i)(B), the owner or operator shall use one of the following methods to
measure either TOC (minus methane and ethane) or total HAP: Method 18, 40 CFR part 60, appendix A;
Method 25A, 40 CFR part 60, appendix A; ASTM D6420-99 (2004), as specified in Sec. 63.772(a)(1)(ii), or
any other method or data that have been validated according to Method 301 of appendix A of this part:
                          (A) The minimum sampling time for each run shall be 1 hour, in which either an
integrated sample or a minimum of four grab samples shall be taken. If grab sampling is used, then the
samples shall be taken at approximately equal intervals in time, such as 15-minute intervals during the run.
                          (B) The TOC concentration or total HAP concentration shall be calculated according
to paragraph (e)(3)(iv)(B)(1) or (e)(3)(iv)(B)(2) of this section.
                                   (1) The TOC concentration is the sum of the concentrations of the individual
components and shall be computed for each run using the following equation:




                                                        n     
                                                         Cji 
                                                    x         
                                           Ctoc             
                                                         j 1

                                                  i 1       x
         where:
         CTOC = Concentration of total organic compounds minus methane and ethane, dry basis, parts per
                       million by volume.

         Cji = Concentration of sample component j of sample i, dry basis, parts per million by volume.

         n = Number of components in the sample.

         x = Number of samples in the sample run.

                                  (2) The total HAP concentration shall be computed according to the equation
in paragraph (e)(3)(iv)(B)(1) of this section, except that only HAP chemicals listed in Table 1 of this subpart
shall be summed.
                         (C) The TOC concentration or total HAP concentration shall be corrected to 3
percent oxygen as follows:
                                  (1) The emission rate correction factor for excess air, integrated sampling
and analysis procedures of Method 3B, 40 CFR part 60, appendix A, shall be used to determine the oxygen
concentration. The samples shall be taken during the same time that the samples are taken for determining
TOC concentration or total HAP concentration.
                                  (2) The TOC or HAP concentration shall be corrected for percent oxygen by
using the following equation:
                                                          17 .9     
                                            Cc  Cm                 
                                                     20 .9  %O 2 d 

where:

         Cc =            TOC concentration or total HAP concentration corrected to 3 percent oxygen, dry
                         basis, parts per million by volume.

         Cm =            TOC concentration or total HAP concentration, dry basis, parts per million by
                         volume.

         %O2d =            Concentration of oxygen, dry basis, percent by volume.
         (4) For a design analysis conducted to meet the requirements of §63.771(d)(1) or (e)(3)(ii), the owner
or operator shall meet the requirements specified in paragraphs (e)(4)(i) and (e)(4)(ii) of this section.
Documentation of the design analysis shall be submitted as a part of the Notification of Compliance Status
Report as required in §63.775(d)(1)(i).
                  (i) The design analysis shall include analysis of the vent stream characteristics and control
device operating parameters for the applicable control device as specified in paragraphs (e)(4)(i)(A) through
(F) of this section.
                           (A) For a thermal vapor incinerator, the design analysis shall include the vent stream
composition, constituent concentrations, and flowrate and shall establish the design minimum and average
temperatures in the combustion zone and the combustion zone residence time.
                           (B) For a catalytic vapor incinerator, the design analysis shall include the vent stream
composition, constituent concentrations, and flowrate and shall establish the design minimum and average
temperatures across the catalyst bed inlet and outlet, and the design service life of the catalyst.
                           (C) For a boiler or process heater, the design analysis shall include the vent stream
composition, constituent concentrations, and flowrate; shall establish the design minimum and average flame
zone temperatures and combustion zone residence time; and shall describe the method and location where the
vent stream is introduced into the flame zone.
                           (D) For a condenser, the design analysis shall include the vent stream composition,
constituent concentrations, flowrate, relative humidity, and temperature, and shall establish the design outlet
organic compound concentration level, design average temperature of the condenser exhaust vent stream, and
the design average temperatures of the coolant fluid at the condenser inlet and outlet. As an alternative to the
design analysis, an owner or operator may elect to use the procedures specified in paragraph (e)(5) of this
section.
                           (E) For a regenerable carbon adsorption system, the design analysis shall include the
vent stream composition, constituent concentrations, flowrate, relative humidity, and temperature, and shall
establish the design exhaust vent stream organic compound concentration level, adsorption cycle time,
number and capacity of carbon beds, type and working capacity of activated carbon used for the carbon beds,
design total regeneration stream flow over the period of each complete carbon bed regeneration cycle, design
carbon bed temperature after regeneration, design carbon bed regeneration time, and design service life of the
carbon.
                           (F) For a nonregenerable carbon adsorption system, such as a carbon canister, the
design analysis shall include the vent stream composition, constituent concentrations, flowrate, relative
humidity, and temperature, and shall establish the design exhaust vent stream organic compound
concentration level, capacity of the carbon bed, type and working capacity of activated carbon used for the
carbon bed, and design carbon replacement interval based on the total carbon working capacity of the control
device and source operating schedule. In addition, these systems will incorporate dual carbon canisters in
case of emission breakthrough occurring in one canister.
                 (ii) If the owner or operator and the Administrator do not agree on a demonstration of control
device performance using a design analysis then the disagreement shall be resolved using the results of a
performance test performed by the owner or operator in accordance with the requirements of paragraph (e)(3)
of this section. The Administrator may choose to have an authorized representative observe the performance
test.
         (5) As an alternative to the procedures in paragraphs (e)(3) and (e)(4)(i)(D) of this section, an owner
or operator may elect to use the procedures documented in the GRI report entitled, "Atmospheric Rich/Lean
Method for Determining Glycol Dehydrator Emissions" (GRI-95/0368.1) as inputs for the model GRI-
GLYCalcTM, Version 3.0 or higher, to determine condenser performance.

(f) Compliance demonstration for control device performance requirements. This paragraph applies to the
demonstration of compliance with the control device performance
          requirements specified in § 63.771(d)(1)(i) and (e)(3). Compliance shall be demonstrated using the
requirements in paragraphs (f)(1) through (3) of this section. As an alternative, an owner or operator that
installs a condenser as the control device to achieve the requirements specified in § 63.771(d)(1)(ii) or (e)(3)
may demonstrate compliance according to paragraph (g) of this section. An owner or operator may switch
between compliance with paragraph (f) of this section and compliance with paragraph (g) of this section only
after at least 1 year of operation in compliance with the selected approach. Notification of such a change in
the compliance method shall be reported in the next Periodic Report, as required in § 63.775(e), following the
change
          (1) The owner or operator shall establish a site specific maximum or minimum monitoring parameter
value (as appropriate) according to the requirements of §63.773(d)(5)(i).
          (2) The owner or operator shall calculate the daily average of the applicable monitored parameter in
accordance with §63.773(d)(4).
          (3) Compliance with the operating parameter limit is achieved when the daily average of the
monitoring parameter value calculated under paragraph (f)(2) of this section is either equal to or greater than
the minimum or equal to or less than the maximum monitoring value established under paragraph (f)(1) of
this section.
(g) Compliance demonstration with percent reduction performance requirements—condensers. This
paragraph applies to the demonstration of compliance with the performance requirements specified in §
63.771(d)(1)(ii) or (e)(3) for condensers. Compliance shall be demonstrated using the procedures in
paragraphs (g)(1) through (3) of this section.
          (1) The owner or operator shall establish a site-specific condenser performance curve according to
§63.773(d)(5)(ii).
         (2) Compliance with the percent reduction requirement in § 63.771(d)(1)(ii) or (e)(3) shall be
demonstrated by the procedures in paragraphs (g)(2)(i) through (iii) of this section.
                  (i) The owner or operator must calculate the daily average condenser outlet temperature in
accordance with §63.773(d)(4).
                  (ii) The owner or operator shall determine the condenser efficiency for the current operating
day using the daily average condenser outlet temperature calculated under paragraph (g)(2)(i) of this section
and the condenser performance curve established under paragraph (g)(1) of this section.
                  (iii) Except as provided in paragraphs (g)(2)(iii)(A) and (B) of this section, at the end of each
operating day, the owner or operator shall calculate the 365-day average HAP emission reduction from the
condenser efficiencies as determined in paragraph (g)(2)(ii) of this section for the preceding 365 operating
days. If the owner or operator uses a combination of process modifications and a condenser in accordance
with the requirements of § 63.771(e), the 365-day average HAP emission reduction shall be calculated using
the emission reduction achieved through process modifications and the condenser efficiency as determined in
paragraph (g)(2)(ii) of this section, both for the previous 365 operating days.
                           (A) After the compliance dates specified in §63.760(f), an owner or operator with
less than 120 days of data for determining average HAP emission reduction, shall calculate the average HAP
emission reduction for the first 120 days of operation after the compliance dates. Compliance with the
performance requirements is achieved if the 120-day average HAP emission reduction is equal to or greater
than 90.0 percent.
                           (B) After 120 days and no more than 364 days of operation after the compliance
dates specified in §63.760(f), the owner or operator shall calculate the average HAP emission reduction as the
HAP emission reduction averaged over the number of days between the current day and the applicable
compliance date. Compliance with the performance requirements is achieved if the average HAP emission
reduction is equal to or greater than 90.0 percent.
         (3) If the owner or operator has data for 365 days or more of operation, compliance is achieved with
the emission limitation specified in §63.771(d)(1)(ii) or §63.765(c)(2) if the average HAP emission reduction
calculated in paragraph (g)(2)(iii) of this section is equal to or greater than 95.0 percent.

§63.773 Inspection and monitoring requirements.

(a) This section applies to an owner or operator using air emission controls in accordance with the
requirements of §§63.765 and 63.766.

(b) [Reserved]

(c) Cover and closed-vent system inspection and monitoring requirements.
         (1) For each closed-vent system or cover required to comply with this section, the owner or operator
shall comply with the requirements of paragraphs (c)(2) through (7) of this section.
         (2) Except as provided in paragraphs (c)(5) and (6) of this section, each closed-vent system shall be
inspected according to the procedures and schedule specified in paragraphs (c)(2)(i) and (ii) of this section,
each cover shall be inspected according to the procedures and schedule specified in paragraph (c)(2)(iii) of
this section, and each bypass device shall be inspected according to the procedures of paragraph (c)(2)(iv) of
this section.
                  (i) For each closed-vent system joints, seams, or other connections that are permanently or
semi-permanently sealed (e.g., a welded joint between two sections of hard piping or a bolted and gasketed
ducting flange), the owner or operator shall:
                            (A) Conduct an initial inspection according to the procedures specified in § 63.772(c)
to demonstrate that the closed-vent system operates with no detectable emissions. Inspection results
shall be submitted with the Notification of Compliance Status Report as specified in § 63.775(d)(1) or (2).
                            (B) Conduct annual visual inspections for defects that could result in air emissions.
Defects include, but are not limited to, visible cracks, holes, or gaps in piping; loose connections; or broken or
missing caps or other closure devices. The owner or operator shall monitor a component or connection using
the procedures in § 63.772(c) to demonstrate that it operates with no detectable emissions following any time
the component is repaired or replaced or the connection is unsealed. Inspection results shall be submitted in
the Periodic Report as specified in § 63.775(e)(2)(iii).
                  (ii) For closed-vent system components other than those specified in paragraph (c)(2)(i) of
this section, the owner or operator shall:
                            (A) Conduct an initial inspection according to the procedures specified in § 63.772(c)
to demonstrate that the closed-vent system operates with no detectable emissions. Inspection results
shall be submitted with the Notification of Compliance Status Report as specified in § 63.775(d)(1) or (2).
                            (B) Conduct annual inspections according to the procedures specified in § 63.772(c)
to demonstrate that the components or connections operate with no detectable emissions.
Inspection results shall be submitted in the Periodic Report as specified in § 63.775(e)(2)(iii).
                            (C) Conduct annual visual inspections for defects that could result in air emissions.
Defects include, but are not limited to, visible cracks, holes, or gaps in ductwork; loose connections; or
broken or missing caps or other closure devices. Inspection results shall besubmitted in the Periodic Report as
specified in § 63.775(e)(2)(iii).
                  (iii) For each cover, the owner or operator shall:
                            (A) Conduct visual inspections for defects that could result in air emissions. Defects
include, but are not limited to, visible cracks, holes, or gaps in the cover, or between the cover and the
separator wall; broken, cracked, or otherwise damaged seals or gaskets on closure devices; and broken or
missing hatches, access covers, caps, or other closure devices. In the case where the storage vessel is buried
partially or entirely underground, inspection is required only for those portions of the cover that extend to or
above the ground surface, and those connections that are on such portions of the cover (e.g., fill ports, access
hatches, gauge wells, etc.) and can be opened to the atmosphere.
                            (B) The inspections specified in paragraph (c)(2)(iii)(A) of this section shall be
conducted initially, following the installation of the cover. Inspection results shall be submitted with the
Notification of Compliance Status Report as specified in § 63.775(d)(12). Thereafter, the owner or operator
shall perform the inspection at least once every calendar year, except as provided in paragraphs (c)(5) and (6)
of this section. Annual inspection results shall be submitted in the Periodic Report as specified in §
63.775(e)(2)(iii).
                  (iv) For each bypass device, except as provided for in Sec. 63.771(c)(3)(ii), the owner or
operator shall either:
                            (A) At the inlet to the bypass device that could divert the steam away from the
control device to the atmosphere, set the flow indicator to take a reading at least once every 15 minutes; or
                            (B) If the bypass device valve installed at the inlet to the bypass device is secured in
the non-diverting position using a car-seal or a lock-and-key type configuration, visually inspect the seal or
closure mechanism at least once every month to verify that the valve is maintained in the non-diverting
position and the vent stream is not diverted through the bypass device.
         (3) In the event that a leak or defect is detected, the owner or operator shall repair the leak or defect as
soon as practicable, except as provided in paragraph (c)(4) of this section.
                  (i) A first attempt at repair shall be made no later than 5 calendar days after the leak is
detected.
                  (ii) Repair shall be completed no later than 15 calendar days after the leak is detected.
         (4) Delay of repair of a closed-vent system or cover for which leaks or defects have been detected is
allowed if the repair is technically infeasible without a shutdown, as defined in §63.761, or if the owner or
operator determines that emissions resulting from immediate repair would be greater than the fugitive
emissions likely to result from delay of repair. Repair of such equipment shall be complete by the end of the
next shutdown.
         (5) Any parts of the closed-vent system or cover that are designated, as described in paragraphs
(c)(5)(i) and (ii) of this section, as unsafe to inspect are exempt from the inspection requirements of
paragraphs (c)(2)(i), (ii), and (iii) of this section if:
                   (i) The owner or operator determines that the equipment is unsafe to inspect because
inspecting personnel would be exposed to an imminent or potential danger as a consequence of complying
with paragraphs (c)(2)(i), (ii), or (iii) of this section; and
                   (ii) The owner or operator has a written plan that requires inspection of the equipment as
frequently as practicable during safe-to-inspect times.
         (6) Any parts of the closed-vent system or cover that are designated, as described in paragraphs
(c)(6)(i) and (ii) of this section, as difficult to inspect are exempt from the inspection requirements of
paragraphs (c)(2)(i), (ii), and (iii) of this section if:
                   (i) The owner or operator determines that the equipment cannot be inspected without
elevating the inspecting personnel more than 2 meters above a support surface; and
                   (ii) The owner or operator has a written plan that requires inspection of the equipment at least
once every 5 years.
         (7) Records shall be maintained as specified in §63.774(b)(5) through (8).

(d) Control device monitoring requirements.
         (1) For each control device, except as provided for in paragraph (d)(2) of this section, the owner or
operator shall install and operate a continuous parameter monitoring system in accordance with the
requirements of paragraphs (d)(3) through (9) of this section. Owners or operators that install and operate a
flare in accordance with § 63.771(d)(1)(iii) are exempt from the requirements of paragraphs (d)(4) and (5) of
this section. The continuous monitoring system shall be designed and operated so that a determination can be
made on whether the control device is achieving the applicable performance requirements of § 63.771(d) or
(e)(3). The continuous parameter monitoring system shall meet the following specifications and requirements:
                  (i) Each continuous parameter monitoring system shall measure data values at least once
every hour and record either:
                           (A) Each measured data value; or
                           (B) Each block average value for each 1-hour period or shorter periods calculated
from all measured data values during each period. If values are measured more frequently than once per
minute, a single value for each minute may be used to calculate the hourly (or shorter period) block average
instead of all measured values.
                  (ii) The monitoring system must be installed, calibrated, operated, and maintained in
accordance with the manufacturer's specifications or other written procedures that provide reasonable
assurance that the monitoring equipment is operating properly.
         (2) An owner or operator is exempt from the monitoring requirements specified in paragraphs (d)(3)
through (9) of this section for the following types of control devices:
                  (i) A boiler or process heater in which all vent streams are introduced with the primary fuel or
is used as the primary fuel; or
                  (ii) A boiler or process heater with a design heat input capacity equal to or greater than 44
megawatts.
         (3) The owner or operator shall install, calibrate, operate, and maintain a device equipped with a
continuous recorder to measure the values of operating parameters appropriate for the control device as
specified in either paragraph (d)(3)(i), (d)(3)(ii), or (d)(3)(iii) of this section.
                  (i) A continuous monitoring system that measures the following operating parameters as
applicable:
                           (A) For a thermal vapor incinerator, a temperature monitoring device equipped with a
continuous recorder. The monitoring device shall have a minimum accuracy of +2 percent of the temperature
being monitored in oC ,or +2.5 oC, whichever value is greater. The temperature sensor shall be installed at a
location in the combustion chamber downstream of the combustion zone.
                           (B) For a catalytic vapor incinerator, a temperature monitoring device equipped with
a continuous recorder. The device shall be capable of monitoring temperature at two locations and have a
minimum accuracy of +2 percent of the temperature being monitored in oC, or +2.5 oC, whichever value is
greater. One temperature sensor shall be installed in the vent stream at the nearest feasible point to the
catalyst bed inlet and a second temperature sensor shall be installed in the vent stream at the nearest feasible
point to the catalyst bed outlet.
                           (C) For a flare, a heat sensing monitoring device equipped with a continuous recorder
that indicates the continuous ignition of the pilot flame.
                           (D) For a boiler or process heater with a design heat input capacity of less than 44
megawatts, a temperature monitoring device equipped with a continuous recorder. The temperature
monitoring device shall have a minimum accuracy of +2 percent of the temperature being monitored in oC, or
+2.5 oC, whichever value is greater. The temperature sensor shall be installed at a location in the combustion
chamber downstream of the combustion zone.
                           (E) For a condenser, a temperature monitoring device equipped with a continuous
recorder. The temperature monitoring device shall have a minimum accuracy of +2 percent of the
temperature being monitored in oC, or +2.5 oC, whichever value is greater. The temperature sensor shall be
installed at a location in the exhaust vent stream from the condenser.
                           (F) For a regenerative-type carbon adsorption system:
                                   (1) A continuous parameter monitoring system to measure and record the
average total regeneration stream mass flow or volumetric flow during each carbon bed regeneration cycle.
The integrating regenerating stream flow monitoring device must have an accuracy of +10 percent; and
                                   (2) A continuous parameter monitoring system to measure and record the
average carbon bed temperature for the duration of the carbon bed steaming cycle and to measure the actual
carbon bed temperature after regeneration and within 15 minutes of completing the cooling cycle. The
temperature monitoring device shall have a minimum accuracy of +2 percent of the temperature being
monitored in oC, or +2.5 oC, whichever value is greater.
                           (G) For a nonregenerative-type carbon adsorption system, the owner or operator shall
monitor the design carbon replacement interval established using a performance test performed in accordance
with §63.772(e)(3) or a design analysis in accordance with §63.772(e)(4)(i)(F) and shall be based on the total
carbon working capacity of the control device and source operating schedule.
                  (ii) A continuous monitoring system that measures the concentration level of organic
compounds in the exhaust vent stream from the control device using an organic monitoring device equipped
with a continuous recorder. The monitor must meet the requirements of Performance Specification 8 or 9 of
appendix B of 40 CFR part 60 and must be installed, calibrated, and maintained according to the
manufacturer's specifications.
                  (iii) A continuous monitoring system that measures alternative operating parameters other
than those specified in paragraph (d)(3)(i) or (d)(3)(ii) of this section upon approval of the Administrator as
specified in §63.8(f)(1) through (5).
         (4) Using the data recorded by the monitoring system, the owner or operator must calculate the daily
average value for each monitored operating parameter for each operating day. If the HAP emissions unit
operation is continuous, the operating day is a 24-hour period. If HAP emissions unit operation is not
continuous, the operating day is the total number of hours of control device operation per 24-hour period.
Valid data points must be available for 75 percent of the operating hours in an operating day to compute the
daily average.
         (5) For each operating parameter monitor installed in accordance with the requirements of paragraph
(d)(3) of this section, the owner or operator shall comply with paragraph (d)(5)(i) of this section for all control
devices, and when condensers are installed, the owner or operator shall also comply with paragraph (d)(5)(ii)
of this section.
                  (i) The owner or operator shall establish a minimum operating parameter value or a
maximum operating parameter value, as appropriate for the control device, to define the conditions at which
the control device must be operated to continuously achieve the applicable performance requirements of
§63.771(d)(1) or §63.771(e)(3)(ii). Each minimum or maximum operating parameter value shall be
established as follows:
                            (A) If the owner or operator conducts performance tests in accordance with the
requirements of §63.772(e)(3) to demonstrate that the control device achieves the applicable performance
requirements specified in §63.771(d)(1) or §63.771(e)(3)(ii), then the minimum operating parameter value or
the maximum operating parameter value shall be established based on values measured during the
performance test and supplemented, as necessary, by control device design analysis or control device
manufacturer recommendations or a combination of both.
                            (B) If the owner or operator uses a control device design analysis in accordance with
the requirements of §63.772(e)(4) to demonstrate that the control device achieves the applicable performance
requirements specified in §63.771(d)(1) or (e)(3)(ii), then the minimum operating parameter value or the
maximum operating parameter value shall be established based on the control device design analysis and may
be supplemented by the control device manufacturer's recommendations.
                  (ii) The owner or operator shall establish a condenser performance curve showing the
relationship between condenser outlet temperature and condenser control efficiency. The curve shall be
established as follows:
                            (A) If the owner or operator conducts a performance test in accordance with the
requirements of §63.772(e)(3) to demonstrate that the condenser achieves the applicable performance
requirements in §63.771(d)(1) or (e)(3)(ii), then the condenser performance curve shall be based on values
measured during the performance test and supplemented as necessary by control device design analysis, or
control device manufacturer's recommendations, or a combination or both.
                            (B) If the owner or operator uses a control device design analysis in accordance with
the requirements of §63.772(e)(4)(i)(D) to demonstrate that the condenser achieves the applicable
performance requirements specified in §63.771(d)(1) or (e)(3)(ii), then the condenser performance curve shall
be based on the condenser design analysis and may be supplemented by the control device manufacturer's
recommendations.
                            (C) As an alternative to paragraphs (d)(5)(ii)(A) and (B) of this section, the owner or
operator may elect to use the procedures documented in the GRI report entitled, "Atmospheric Rich/Lean
Method for Determining Glycol Dehydrator Emissions" (GRI-95/0368.1) as inputs for the model GRI-
GLYCalcTM, Version 3.0 or higher, to generate a condenser performance curve.
          (6) An excursion for a given control device is determined to have occurred when the monitoring data
or lack of monitoring data result in any one of the criteria specified in paragraphs (d)(6)(i) through (d)(6)(v)
of this section being met. When multiple operating parameters are monitored for the same control device and
during the same operating day and more than one of these operating parameters meets an excursion criterion
specified in paragraphs (d)(6)(i) through (d)(6)(v) of this section, then a single excursion is determined to
have occurred for the control device for that operating day.
                  (i) An excursion occurs when the daily average value of a monitored operating parameter is
less than the minimum operating parameter limit (or, if applicable, greater than the maximum operating
parameter limit) established for the operating parameter in accordance with the requirements of
paragraph (d)(5)(i) of this section.
                  (ii) An excursion occurs when the 365-day average condenser efficiency calculated according
to the requirements specified in §63.772(g)(2)(iii) is less than 95.0 percent.
                  (iii) If an owner or operator has less than 365 days of data, an excursion occurs when the
average condenser efficiency calculated according to the procedures specified in §63.772(g)(2)(iii)(A) or (B)
is less than 90.0 percent.
                  (iv) An excursion occurs when the monitoring data are not available for at least 75 percent of
the operating hours in a day.
                  (v) If the closed-vent system contains one or more bypass devices that could be used to divert
all or a portion of the gases, vapors, or fumes from entering the control device, an excursion occurs when:
                           (A) For each bypass line subject to §63.771(c)(3)(i)(A) the flow indicator indicates
that flow has been detected and that the stream has been diverted away from the control device to the
atmosphere.
                           (B) For each bypass line subject to §63.771(c)(3)(i)(B), if the seal or closure
mechanism has been broken, the bypass line valve position has changed, the key for the lock-and-key type
lock has been checked out, or the car-seal has broken.
         (7) For each excursion, except as provided for in paragraph (d)(8) of this section, the owner or
operator shall be deemed to have failed to have applied control in a manner that achieves the required
operating parameter limits. Failure to achieve the required operating parameter limits is a violation of this
standard.
         (8) An excursion is not a violation of the operating parameter limit as specified in paragraphs (d)(8)(i)
and (d)(8)(ii) of this section.
                  (i) An excursion does not count toward the number of excused excursions allowed under
paragraph (d)(8)(ii) of this section when the excursion occurs during any one of the following periods:
                           (A) During a period of startup, shutdown, or malfunction when the affected facility is
operated during such period in accordance with the facility's startup, shutdown, and malfunction plan; or
                           (B) During periods of non-operation of the unit or the process that is vented to the
control device (resulting in cessation of HAP emissions to which the monitoring applies).
                  (ii) For each control device, or combinations of control devices installed on the same HAP
emissions unit, one excused excursion is allowed per semiannual period for any reason. The initial
semiannual period is the 6-month reporting period addressed by the first Periodic Report submitted by the
owner or operator in accordance with §63.775(e) of this subpart.
         (9) Nothing in paragraphs (d)(1) through (d)(8) of this section shall be construed to allow or excuse a
monitoring parameter excursion caused by any activity that violates other applicable provisions of this
subpart.

                         NOTIFICATION, REPORTING AND RECORDKEEPING
§63.774 Recordkeeping requirements.

(a) The recordkeeping provisions of 40 CFR 63, subpart A, that apply and those that do not apply to owners
and operators of sources subject to this subpart are listed in Table 2 of this subpart.

(b) Except as specified in paragraphs (c), (d), and (f) of this section, each owner or operator of a facility
subject to this subpart shall maintain the records specified in paragraphs (b)(1) through (11) of this section:
         (1) The owner or operator of an affected source subject to the provisions of this subpart shall maintain
files of all information (including all reports and notifications) required by this subpart. The files shall be
retained for at least 5 years following the date of each occurrence, measurement, maintenance, corrective
action, report or period.
                  (i) All applicable records shall be maintained in such a manner that they can be readily
accessed.
                  (ii) The most recent 12 months of records shall be retained on site or shall be accessible from
a central location by computer or other means that provides access within 2 hours after a request.
                  (iii) The remaining 4 years of records may be retained offsite.
                  (iv) Records may be maintained in hard copy or computer-readable form including, but not
limited to, on paper, microfilm, computer, floppy disk, magnetic tape, or microfiche.
         (2) Records specified in §63.10(b)(2);
         (3) Records specified in §63.10(c) for each monitoring system operated by the owner or operator in
accordance with the requirements of §63.773(d). Notwithstanding the requirements of §63.10(c), monitoring
data recorded during periods identified in paragraphs (b)(3)(i) through (b)(3)(iv) of this section shall not be
included in any average or percent leak rate computed under this subpart. Records shall be kept of the times
and durations of all such periods and any other periods during process or control device operation when
monitors are not operating.
                  (i) Monitoring system breakdowns, repairs, calibration checks, and zero (low-level) and high-
level adjustments;
                  (ii) Startups, shutdowns, or malfunctions events.
         During startups, shutdowns, or malfunction events, the owner or operator shall maintain records
indicating whether or not the startup, shutdown or malfunction plan required under §63.762(d), was followed.
                  (iii) Periods of non-operation resulting in cessation of the emissions to which the monitoring
applies; and
                  (iv) Excursions due to invalid data as defined in §63.773(d)(6)(iv).
         (4) Each owner or operator using a control device to comply with §63.764 of this subpart shall keep
the following records up-to-date and readily accessible:
                  (i) Continuous records of the equipment operating parameters specified to be monitored
under § 63.773(d) or specified by the Administrator in accordance with § 63.773(d)(3)(iii). For flares, the
hourly records and records of pilot flame outages specified in paragraph (e) of this section shall be maintained
in place of continuous records.
                  (ii) Records of the daily average value of each continuously monitored parameter for each
operating day determined according to the procedures specified in §63.773(d)(4) of this subpart, except as
specified in paragraphs (b)(4)(ii)(A) and (B) of this section.
                            (A) For flares, the records required in paragraph (e) of this section.
                            (B) For condensers installed to comply with §63.765, records of the annual 365-day
rolling average condenser efficiency determined under §63.772(g) shall be kept in addition to the daily
averages.
                  (iii) Hourly records of whether the flow indicator specified under §63.771(c)(3)(i)(A) was
operating and whether flow was detected at any time during the hour, as well as records of the times and
durations of all periods when the vent stream is diverted from the control device or the monitor is not
operating.
                  (iv) Where a seal or closure mechanism is used to comply with §63.771(c)(3)(i)(B), hourly
records of flow are not required. In such cases, the owner or operator shall record that the monthly visual
inspection of the seals or closure mechanism has been done, and shall record the duration of all periods when
the seal mechanism is broken, the bypass line valve position has changed, or the key for a lock-and-key type
lock has been checked out, and records of any car-seal that has broken.
         (5) Records identifying all parts of the cover or closed-vent system that are designated as unsafe to
inspect in accordance with §63.773(c)(5), an explanation of why the equipment is unsafe to inspect, and the
plan for inspecting the equipment.
         (6) Records identifying all parts of the cover or closed-vent system that are designated as difficult to
inspect in accordance with §63.773(c)(6), an explanation of why the equipment is difficult to inspect, and the
plan for inspecting the equipment.
         (7) For each inspection conducted in accordance with §63.773(c), during which a leak or defect is
detected, a record of the information specified in paragraphs (b)(7)(i) through (b)(7)(viii) of this section.
                  (i) The instrument identification numbers, operator name or initials, and identification of the
equipment.
                  (ii) The date the leak or defect was detected and the date of the first attempt to repair the leak
or defect.
                  (iii) Maximum instrument reading measured by the method specified in §63.772(c) after the
leak or defect is successfully repaired or determined to be nonrepairable.
                 (iv) "Repair delayed" and the reason for the delay if a leak or defect is not repaired within 15
calendar days after discovery of the leak or defect.
                 (v) The name, initials, or other form of identification of the owner or operator (or designee)
whose decision it was that repair could not be effected without a shutdown.
                 (vi) The expected date of successful repair of the leak or defect if a leak or defect is not
repaired within 15 calendar days.
                 (vii) Dates of shutdowns that occur while the equipment is unrepaired.
                 (viii) The date of successful repair of the leak or defect.
         (8) For each inspection conducted in accordance with § 63.773(c) during which no leaks or defects
are detected, a record that the inspection was performed, the date of the inspection, and a statement that no
leaks or defects were detected.
          (9) Records identifying ancillary equipment and compressors that are subject to and controlled under
the provisions of 40 CFR part 60, subpart KKK; 40 CFR part 61, subpart V; or 40 CFR part 63, subpart H.
         (10) Records of glycol dehydration unit baseline operations calculated as required under
§63.771(e)(1).
         (11) Records required in §63.771(e)(3)(i) documenting that the facility continues to operate under the
conditions specified in §63.771(e)(2).

(c) An owner or operator that elects to comply with the benzene emission limit specified in §63.765(b)(1)(ii)
shall document, to the Administrator's satisfaction, the following items:
        (1) The method used for achieving compliance and the basis for using this compliance method; and
        (2) The method used for demonstrating compliance with 0.90 megagrams per year of benzene.
        (3) Any information necessary to demonstrate compliance as required in the methods specified in
paragraphs (c)(1) and (c)(2) of this section.

(d)     (1) An owner or operator of a glycol dehydration unit that meets the exemption criteria in Sec.
63.764(e)(1)(i) or Sec. 63.764(e)(1)(ii) shall maintain the records specified in paragraph (d)(1)(i) or
paragraph (d)(1)(ii) of this section, as appropriate, for that glycol dehydration unit.
                 (i) The actual annual average natural gas throughput (in terms of natural gas flowrate to the
glycol dehydration unit per day) as determined in accordance with §63.772(b)(1), or
                 (ii) The actual average benzene emissions (in terms of benzene emissions per year) as
determined in accordance with §63.772(b)(2).
        (2) An owner or operator that is exempt from the control requirements under §63.764(e)(2) of this
subpart shall maintain the following records:
                 (i) Information and data used to demonstrate that a piece of ancillary equipment or a
compressor is not in VHAP service or not in wet gas service shall be recorded in a log that is kept in a readily
accessible location.
                 (ii) Identification and location of ancillary equipment or compressors, located at a natural gas
processing plant subject to this subpart, that is in VHAP service less than 300 hours per year.

(e) Record the following when using a flare to comply with §63.771(d):
        (1) Flare design (i.e., steam-assisted, air-assisted, or non-assisted);
        (2) All visible emission readings, heat content determinations, flowrate measurements, and exit
velocity determinations made during the compliance determination required by §63.772(e)(2); and
        (3) All hourly records and other recorded periods when the pilot flame is absent.
(f) The owner or operator of an area source not located within a UA plus offset and UC boundary must keep a
record of the calculation used to determine the optimum glycol circulation rate in accordance with Sec.
63.764(d)(2)(i) or Sec. 63.764(d)(2)(ii), as applicable.

§63.775 Reporting requirements.
(a) The reporting provisions of subpart A of this part, that apply and those that do not apply to owners and
operators of sources subject to this subpart are listed in Table 2 of this subpart.

(b) Each owner or operator of a major source subject to this subpart shall submit the information listed in
paragraphs (b)(1) through (b)(6) of this section, except as provided in paragraphs (b)(7) and (b)(8) of this
section.
         (1) The initial notifications required for existing affected sources under §63.9(b)(2) shall be submitted
by 1 year after an affected source becomes subject to the provisions of this subpart or by June 17, 2000,
whichever is later. Affected sources that are major sources on or before June 17, 2000, and plan to be area
sources by June 17, 2002, shall include in this notification a brief, nonbinding description of a schedule for
the action(s) that are planned to achieve area source status.
         (2) The date of the performance evaluation as specified in §63.8(e)(2), required only if the owner or
operator is required by the Administrator to conduct a performance evaluation for a continuous monitoring
system. A separate notification of the performance evaluation is not required if it is included in the initial
notification submitted in accordance with paragraph (b)(1) of this section.
         (3) The planned date of a performance test at least 60 days before the test in accordance with
§63.7(b). Unless requested by the Administrator, a site-specific test plan is not required by this subpart. If
requested by the Administrator, the owner or operator must also submit the site-specific test plan required by
§63.7(c) with the notification of the performance test. A separate notification of the performance test is not
required if it is included in the initial notification submitted in accordance with paragraph (b)(1) of this
section.
         (4) A Notification of Compliance Status report as described in paragraph (d) of this section;
         (5) Periodic Reports as described in paragraph (e) of this section; and
         (6) Startup, shutdown, and malfunction reports specified in §63.10(d)(5) shall be submitted as
required. Separate startup, shutdown, and malfunction reports as described in §63.10(d)(5) are not required if
the information is included in the Periodic Report specified in paragraph (e) of this section.
         (7) Each owner or operator of a glycol dehydration unit subject to this subpart that is exempt from the
control requirements for glycol dehydration unit process vents in §63.765, is exempt from all reporting
requirements for major sources in this subpart, for that unit.
         (8) Each owner or operator of ancillary equipment and compressors subject to this subpart that are
exempt from the control requirements for equipment leaks in §63.769, are exempt from all reporting
requirements for major sources in this subpart, for that equipment.

(c) Except as provided in paragraph (c)(8), each owner or operator of an area source subject to this subpart
shall submit the information listed in paragraph (c)(1) of this section. If the source is located within a UA plus
offset and UC boundary, the owner or operator shall also submit the information listed in paragraphs (c)(2)
through (6) of this section. If the source is not located within any UA plus offset and UC boundaries, the
owner or operator shall also submit the information listed within paragraph (c)(7).
         (1) The initial notifications required under Sec. 63.9(b)(2) not later than January 3, 2008. In addition
to submitting your initial notification to the addressees specified under Sec. 63.9(a), you must also submit a
copy of the initial notification to EPA's Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards. Send your notification
via e-mail to CCG-ONG@EPA.GOV or via U.S. mail or other mail delivery service to U.S. EPA, Sector
Policies and Programs Division/Coatings and Chemicals Group (E143-01), Attn: Oil and Gas Project Leader,
Research Triangle Park, NC 27711.
         (2) The date of the performance evaluation as specified in Sec. 63.8(e)(2) if an owner or operator is
required by the Administrator to conduct a performance evaluation for a continuous monitoring system.
         (3) The planned date of a performance test at least 60 days before the test in accordance with Sec.
63.7(b). Unless requested by the Administrator, a site-specific test plan is not required by this subpart. If
requested by the Administrator, the owner or operator must submit the site-specific test plan required by Sec.
63.7(c) with the notification of the performance test. A separate notification of the performance test is not
required if it is included in the initial notification submitted in accordance with paragraph (c)(1) of this
section.
         (4) A Notification of Compliance Status as described in paragraph (d) of this section;
         (5) Periodic reports as described in paragraph (e)(3) of this section; and
         (6) Startup, shutdown, and malfunction reports specified in Sec. 63.10(d)(5). Separate startup,
shutdown, and malfunction reports as described in Sec. 63.10(d)(5) are not required if the information is
included in the Periodic Report specified in paragraph (e) of this section.
         (7) The information listed in paragraphs (c)(1)(i) through (v) of this section. This information shall be
submitted with the initial notification.
         (i) Documentation of the source's location relative to the nearest UA plus offset and UC boundaries.
This information shall include the latitude and longitude of the affected source; whether the source is located
in an urban cluster with 10,000 people or more; the distance in miles to the nearest urbanized area boundary if
the source is not located in an urban cluster with 10,000 people or more; and the names of the nearest urban
cluster with 10,000 people or more and nearest urbanized area.
                   (ii) Calculation of the optimum glycol circulation rate determined in accordance with Sec.
63.764(d)(2)(i).
                   (iii) If applicable, documentation of the alternate glycol circulation rate calculated using GRI-
GLYCalcTM, Version 3.0 or higher and documentation stating why the TEG dehydration unit must operate
using the alternate glycol circulation rate.
                   (iv) The name of the manufacturer and the model number of the glycol circulation pump(s) in
operation.
                   (v) Statement by a responsible official, with that official's name, title, and signature,
certifying that the facility will always operate the glycol dehydration unit using the optimum circulation rate
determined in accordance with Sec. 63.764(d)(2)(i) or Sec. 63.764(d)(2)(ii), as applicable.
(8) An owner or operator of a TEG dehydration unit located at an area source that meets the criteria in Sec.
63.764(e)(1)(i) or Sec. 63.764(e)(1)(ii) is exempt from the reporting requirements for area sources in
paragraphs (c)(1) through (7) of this section, for that unit.

(d) Each owner or operator of a source subject to this subpart shall submit a Notification of Compliance
Status Report as required under § 63.9(h) within 180 days after the compliance date specified in § 63.760(f).
In addition to the information required under § 63.9(h), the Notification of Compliance Status Report shall
include the information specified in paragraphs (d)(1) through (12) of this section. This information may be
submitted in an operating permit application, in an amendment to an operating permit application, in a
separate submittal, or in any combination of the three. If all of the information required under this paragraph
has been submitted at any time prior to 180 days after the applicable compliance dates specified in §
63.760(f), a separate Notification of Compliance Status Report is not required. If an owner or operator
submits the information specified in paragraphs (d)(1) through (12) of this section at different times, and/or
different submittals, subsequent submittals may refer to previous submittals instead of duplicating and
resubmitting the previously submitted information.
         (1) If a closed-vent system and a control device other than a flare are used to comply with § 63.764,
the owner or operator shall submit the information in paragraph (d)(1)(iii) of this section and the information
in either paragraph (d)(1)(i) or (ii) of this section.
                   (i) The design analysis documentation specified in §63.772(e)(4) of this subpart, if the owner
or operator elects to prepare a design analysis; or
                   (ii) If the owner or operator elects to conduct a performance test, the performance test results
including the information specified in paragraphs (d)(1)(ii)(A) and (B) of this section. Results of a
performance test conducted prior to the compliance date of this subpart can be used provided that the test was
conducted using the methods specified in §63.772(e)(3) and that the test conditions are representative of
current operating conditions.
                            (A) The percent reduction of HAP or TOC, or the outlet concentration of HAP or
TOC (parts per million by volume on a dry basis), determined as specified in §63.772(e)(3) of this subpart;
and
                            (B) The value of the monitored parameters specified in §63.773(d) of this subpart, or
a site-specific parameter approved by the permitting agency, averaged over the full period of the performance
test.
                   (iii) The results of the closed-vent system initial inspections performed according to the
requirements in § 63.773(c)(2)(i) and (ii).
         (2) If a closed-vent system and a flare are used to comply with § 63.764, the owner or operator shall
submit performance test results including the information in paragraphs (d)(2)(i) and (ii) of this section. The
owner or operator shall also submit the information in paragraph (d)(2)(iii) of this section.
                   (i) All visible emission readings, heat content determinations, flowrate measurements, and
exit velocity determinations made during the compliance determination required by §63.772(e)(2) of this
subpart, and
                   (ii) A statement of whether a flame was present at the pilot light over the full period of the
compliance determination.
                   (iii) The results of the closed-vent system initial inspections performed according to the
requirements in § 63.773(c)(2)(i) and (ii).

         (3) For each owner or operator subject to the provisions specified in §63.769, the owner or operator
shall submit the information required by §61.247(a), except that the initial report required in §61.247(a) shall
be submitted as a part of the Notification of Compliance Status Report required in paragraph (d) of this
section. The owner or operator shall also submit the information specified in paragraphs (d)(3)(i) and (ii) of
this section.
                 (i) The number of each equipment (e.g., valves, pumps, etc.) excluding equipment in vacuum
service, and
                 (ii) Any change in the information submitted in this paragraph shall be provided to the
Administrator as a part of subsequent Periodic Reports described in paragraph (e)(2)(iv) of this section.
         (4) The owner or operator shall submit one complete test report for each test method used for a
particular source.
                 (i) For additional tests performed using the same test method, the results specified in
paragraph (d)(1)(ii) of this section shall be submitted, but a complete test report is not required.
                 (ii) A complete test report shall include a sampling site description, description of sampling
and analysis procedures and any modifications to standard procedures, quality assurance procedures, record of
operating conditions during the test, record of preparation of standards, record of calibrations, raw data sheets
for field sampling, raw data sheets for field and laboratory analyses, documentation of calculations, and any
other information required by the test method.
         (5) For each control device other than a flare used to meet the requirements of §63.764, the owner or
operator shall submit the information specified in paragraphs (d)(5)(i) through (iii) of this section for each
operating parameter required to be monitored in accordance with the requirements of §63.773(d).
                 (i) The minimum operating parameter value or maximum operating parameter value, as
appropriate for the control device, established by the owner or operator to define the conditions at which the
control device must be operated to continuously achieve the applicable performance requirements of
§63.771(d)(1) or (e)(3)(ii).
                 (ii) An explanation of the rationale for why the owner or operator selected each of the
operating parameter values established in §63.773(d)(5). This explanation shall include any data and
calculations used to develop the value and a description of why the chosen value indicates that the control
device is operating in accordance with the applicable requirements of §63.771(d)(1) or §63.771(e)(3)(ii).
                 (iii) A definition of the source's operating day for purposes of determining daily average
values of monitored parameters. The definition shall specify the times at which an operating day begins and
ends.
        (6) Results of any continuous monitoring system performance evaluations shall be included in the
Notification of Compliance Status Report.
        (7) After a title V permit has been issued to the owner or operator of an affected source, the owner or
operator of such source shall comply with all requirements for compliance status reports contained in the
source’s title V permit, including reports required under this subpart. After a title V permit has been issued to
the owner or operator of an affected source, and each time a notification of compliance status is required
under this subpart, the owner or operator of such source shall submit the notification of compliance status to
the appropriate permitting authority following completion of the relevant compliance demonstration activity
specified in this subpart.
        (8) The owner or operator that elects to comply with the requirements of §63.765(b)(1)(ii) shall
submit the records required under §63.774(c).
        (9) The owner or operator shall submit the analysis performed under § 63.760(a)(1).
        (10) The owner or operator shall submit a statement as to whether the source has complied with the
requirements of this subpart.
        (11) The owner or operator shall submit the analysis prepared under §63.771(e)(2) to demonstrate the
conditions by which the facility will be operated to achieve an overall HAP emission reduction of
95.0 percent through process modifications or a combination of process modifications and one or more
control devices.
        (12) If a cover is installed to comply with § 63.764, the results of the initial inspection performed
according to the requirements specified in § 63.773(c)(2)(iii).

(e) Periodic Reports. An owner or operator of a major source shall prepare Periodic Reports in accordance
with paragraphs (e) (1) and (2) of this section and submit them to the Administrator. An owner or operator of
an area source shall prepare Periodic Reports in accordance with paragraph (e)(3) of this section and submit
them to the Administrator.
         (1) An owner or operator shall submit Periodic Reports semiannually beginning 60 calendar days
after the end of the applicable reporting period. The first report shall be submitted no later than 240 days after
the date the Notification of Compliance Status Report is due and shall cover the 6-
month period beginning on the date the Notification of Compliance Status Report is due.
         (2) The owner or operator shall include the information specified in paragraphs (e)(2)(i) through (x)
of this section, as applicable.
                  (i) The information required under §63.10(e)(3). For the purposes of this subpart and the
information required under §63.10(e)(3), excursions [as defined in §63.773(d)(6)] shall be considered excess
emissions.
                  (ii) A description of all excursions as defined in §63.773(d)(6) of this subpart that have
occurred during the 6-month reporting period.
                           (A) For each excursion caused when the daily average value of a monitored operating
parameter is less than the minimum operating parameter limit (or, if applicable, greater than the maximum
operating parameter limit), as specified in §63.773(d)(6)(i), the report must include the daily average values
of the monitored parameter, the applicable operating parameter limit, and the date and duration of the period
that the excursion occurred.
                           (B) For each excursion caused when the 365-day average condenser control
efficiency is less than 95.0 percent, as specified in §63.773(d)(6)(ii), the report must include the 365-day
average values of the condenser control efficiency, and the date and duration of the period that the excursion
occurred.
                           (C) For each excursion caused when condenser control efficiency is less than 90.0
percent, as calculated according to the procedures specified in §63.772(g)(2)(iii)(A) or (B), the report must
include the average values of the condenser control efficiency, and the date and duration of the period that the
excursion occurred.
                           (D) For each excursion caused by the lack of monitoring data, as specified in §
63.773(d)(6)(iv), the report must include the date and duration of the period when the monitoring data were
not collected and the reason why the data were not collected.
                 (iii) For each inspection conducted in accordance with §63.773(c) during which a leak or
defect is detected, the records specified in §63.774(b)(7) must be included in the next Periodic Report.
                 (iv) For each owner or operator subject to the provisions specified in §63.769, the owner or
operator shall comply with the reporting requirements specified in §61.247, except that the Periodic Reports
shall be submitted on the schedule specified in paragraph (e)(1) of this section.
                 (v) For each closed-vent system with a bypass line subject to §63.771(c)(3)(i)(A), records
required under §63.774(b)(4)(iii) of all periods when the vent stream is diverted from the control device
through a bypass line. For each closed-vent system with a bypass line subject to §63.771(c)(3)(i)(B), records
required under §63.774(b)(4)(iv) of all periods in which the seal mechanism is broken, the bypass valve
position has changed, or the key to unlock the bypass line valve was checked out.
                 (vi) If an owner or operator elects to comply with §63.765(b)(1)(ii), the records required
under §63.774(c)(3).
                 (vii) The information in paragraphs (e)(2)(vii)(A) and (B) of this section shall be stated in the
Periodic Report, when applicable.
                           (A) No excursions.
                           (B) No continuous monitoring system has been inoperative, out of control, repaired,
or adjusted.
                 (viii) Any change in compliance methods as specified in §63.772(f).
                 (ix) If the owner or operator elects to comply with §63.765(c)(2), the records required under
§63.774(b)(11).
                 (x) For flares, the records specified in § 63.774(e)(3).
         (3) An owner or operator of an area source located inside a UA plus. Offset and UC boundary shall
prepare and submit Periodic Reports in accordance with paragraphs (e)(3)(i) through (iii) of this section.
                 (i) Periodic reports must be submitted on an annual basis. The first reporting period shall
cover the period beginning on the date the Notification of Compliance Status Report is due and ending on
December 31. The report shall be submitted within 30 days after the end of the reporting period.
                 (ii) Subsequent reporting periods begin every January 1 and end on December 31. Subsequent
reports shall be submitted within 30 days following the end of the reporting period.
                 (iii) The periodic reports must contain the information included in paragraph (e)(2) of this
section.

(f) Notification of process change. Whenever a process change is made, or a change in any of the information
submitted in the Notification of Compliance Status Report, the owner or operator shall submit a report within
180 days after the process change is made or as a part of the next Periodic Report as required under paragraph
(e) of this section, whichever is sooner. The report shall include:
         (1) A brief description of the process change;
         (2) A description of any modification to standard procedures or quality assurance procedures;
         (3) Revisions to any of the information reported in the original Notification of Compliance Status
Report under paragraph (d) of this section; and
         (4) Information required by the Notification of Compliance Status Report under paragraph (d) of this
section for changes involving the addition of processes or equipment.

                                                    OTHER
§63.776 Implementation and Enforcement.

(a) This subpart can be implemented and enforced by the U.S. EPA, or a delegated authority such as the
applicable State, local, or Tribal agency. If the U.S. EPA Administrator has delegated authority to a
State, local, or Tribal agency, then that agency, in addition to the U.S. EPA, has the authority to implement
and enforce this subpart. Contact the applicable U.S. EPA Regional Office to find out if this subpart is
delegated to a State, local, or Tribal agency.

(b) In delegating implementation and enforcement authority of this subpart to a State, local, or Tribal agency
under subpart E of this part, the authorities contained in paragraph (c) of this section are retained by the
Administrator of U.S. EPA and cannot be transferred to the State, local, or Tribal agency.

(c) The authorities that cannot be delegated to State, local, or Tribal agencies are as specified in paragraphs
(c)(1) through (4) of this section.
           (1) Approval of alternatives to the requirements in Sec. Sec. 63.760, 63.764 through 63.766,
63.769, 63.771, and 63.777.
           (2) Approval of major alternatives to test methods under Sec. 63.7(e)(2)(ii) and (f), as defined in
Sec. 63.90, and as required in this subpart.
           (3) Approval of major alternatives to monitoring under Sec. 63.8(f), as defined in Sec. 63.90, and
as required in this subpart.
           (4) Approval of major alternatives to recordkeeping and reporting under Sec. 63.10(f), as defined
in Sec. 63.90, and as required in this subpart.

§63.777 Alternative means of emission limitation.

(a) If, in the judgment of the Administrator, an alternative means of emission limitation will achieve a
reduction in HAP emissions at least equivalent to the reduction in HAP emissions from that source achieved
under the applicable requirements in §§63.764 through 63.771, the Administrator will publish in the Federal
Register a notice permitting the use of the alternative means for purposes of compliance with that
requirement. The notice may condition the permission on requirements related to the operation and
maintenance of the alternative means.

(b) Any notice under paragraph (a) of this section shall be published only after public notice and an
opportunity for a hearing.

(c) Any person seeking permission to use an alternative means of compliance under this section shall collect,
verify, and submit to the Administrator information demonstrating that the alternative achieves equivalent
emission reductions.

§63.778 [Reserved]

§63.779 [Reserved]
        TABLE 1. LIST OF HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS (HAP) FOR SUBPART HH

           CAS Numbera                                    Chemical name

                           75070    Acetaldehyde

                           71432    Benzene (includes benzene in gasoline)

                           75150    Carbon disulfide

                         463581     Carbonyl sulfide

                         100414     Ethyl benzene

                         107211     Ethylene glycol

                           50000    Formaldehyde

                         110543     n-Hexane

                           91203    Naphthalene

                         108883     Toluene

                         540841     2,2,4-Trimethylpentane

                        1330207     Xylenes (isomers and mixture)

                           95476    o-Xylene

                         108383     m-Xylene

                         106423     p-Xylene
a-   CAS numbers refer to the Chemical Abstracts Services registry number assigned to specific
     compounds, isomers, or mixtures of compounds.
Appendix to Subpart HH- Applicability of General Provisions to Subpart HH

§ 63.1 Applicability.

(a) General.
         (1) Terms used throughout this part are defined in § 63.2 or in the Clean Air Act (Act)as amended in
1990, except that individual subparts of this part may include specific definitions in addition to or that
supersede definitions in § 63.2.
         (2) This part contains national emission standards for hazardous air pollutants (NESHAP) established
pursuant to section 112 of the Act as amended November 15, 1990. These standards regulate specific
categories of stationary sources that emit (or have the potential to emit) one or more hazardous air pollutants
listed in this part pursuant to section 112(b) of the Act. This section explains the applicability of such
standards to sources affected by them. The standards in this part are independent of NESHAP contained in 40
CFR part 61. The NESHAP in part 61 promulgated by signature of the Administrator before November 15,
1990 (i.e., the date of enactment of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990) remain in effect until they are
amended, if appropriate, and added to this part.
         (3) No emission standard or other requirement established under this part shall be interpreted,
construed, or applied to diminish or replace the requirements of a more stringent emission limitation or other
applicable requirement established by the Administrator pursuant to other authority of the Act (section 111,
part C or D or any other authority of this Act), or a standard issued under State authority. The Administrator
may specify in a specific standard under this part that facilities subject to other provisions under the Act need
only comply with the provisions of that standard.
         (4)      (i) Each relevant standard in this part 63 must identify explicitly whether each provision in
this subpart A is or is not included in such relevant standard.
                  (ii) If a relevant part 63 standard incorporates the requirements of 40 CFR part 60, part 61, or
other part 63 standards, the relevant part 63 standard must identify explicitly the applicability of each
corresponding part 60,part 61, or other part 63 subpart A (General) Provision.
                  (iii) The General Provisions in this Subpart A do not apply to regulations developed pursuant
to section112(r) of the amended Act., unless otherwise specified in those regulations.
         (5) [Reserved]
         (6) To obtain the most current list of categories of sources to be regulated under section 112 of the
Act, or to obtain the most recent regulation promulgation schedule established pursuant to section 112(e) of
the Act, contact the Office of the Director, Emission Standards Division, Office of Air Quality Planning and
Standards, U.S. EPA (MD–13), Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27711.
         (7) Reserved
         (8) Reserved
         (9) [Reserved]
         (10) For the purposes of this part, time periods specified in days shall be measured in calendar days,
even if the word ‘‘calendar’’ is absent, unless otherwise specified in an applicable requirement.
         (11) For the purposes of this part, if an explicit postmark deadline is not specified in an applicable
requirement for the submittal of a notification, application, test plan, report, or other written communication
to the Administrator, the owner or operator shall postmark the submittal on or before the number of days
specified in the applicable requirement. For example, if a notification must be submitted 15 days before a
particular event is scheduled to take place, the notification shall be postmarked on or before 15 days
preceding the event; likewise, if a notification must be submitted 15 days after a particular event takes place,
the notification shall be postmarked on or before 15 days following the end of the event. The use of reliable
non-Government mail carriers that provide indications of verifiable delivery of information required to be
submitted to the Administrator, similar to the postmark provided by the U.S. Postal Service, or alternative
means of delivery agreed to by the permitting authority, is acceptable.
         (12) Notwithstanding time periods or postmark deadlines specified in this part for the submittal of
information to the Administrator by an owner or operator, or the review of such information by the
Administrator, such time periods or deadlines may be changed by mutual agreement between the owner or
operator and the Administrator. Procedures governing the implementation of this provision are specified in §
63.9(i).
         (13) Reserved
         (14) Reserved

(b) Initial applicability determination for this part.
         (1) Subpart HH specifies applicability.
         (2) Reserved
         (3) This provision does not apply.

(c) Applicability of this part after a relevant standard has been set under this part.
        (1) Subpart HH specifies applicability.
        (2) [Reserved]
        (3) An owner or operator of a stationary source who is in the relevant source category and who
determines that the source is not subject to a relevant standard or other requirement established under this
part, must keep a record as specified in § 63.10(b)(3).

(c) Applicability of this part after a relevant standard has been set under this part.
         (1) If a relevant standard has been established under this part, the owner or operator of an affected
              source must comply with the provisions of that standard and of this subpart as provided in
              paragraph (a)(4) of this section.
         (2) Except as provided in § 63.10(b)(3), if a relevant standard has been established under this part,
              the owner or operator of an affected source may be required to obtain a title V permit from a
              permitting authority in the State in which the source is located. Emission standards promulgated
              in this part for area sources pursuant to section 112(c)(3) of the Act will specify whether –
                   (i) States will have the option to exclude area sources affected by that standard from the
         requirement to obtain a title V permit (i.e., the standard will exempt the category of area sources
         altogether from the permitting requirement);
                   (ii) States will have the option to defer permitting of area sources in that category until the
Administrator takes rulemaking action to determine applicability of the permitting requirements; or
                   (iii) If a standard fails to specify what the permitting requirements will be for area sources
affected by such a standard, then area sources that are subject to the standard will be subject to the
requirement to obtain a title V permit without any deferral.
         (3) [Reserved]
         (4) [Reserved]
         (5) If an area source that otherwise would be subject to an emission standard or other requirement
established under this part if it were a major source subsequently increases its emissions of hazardous air
pollutants (or its potential to emit hazardous air pollutants) such that the source is a major source that is
subject to the emission standard or other requirement, such source also shall be subject to the notification
requirements of this subpart.

(d) [Reserved]

(e) If the Administrator promulgates an emission standard under section 112(d) or (h) of the Act that is
applicable to a source subject to an emission limitation by permit established under section 112(j) of the Act,
and the requirements under the section 112(j) emission limitation are substantially as effective as the
promulgated emission standard, the owner or operator may request the permitting authority to revise the
source's title V permit to reflect that the emission limitation in the permit satisfies the requirements of the
promulgated emission standard. The process by which the permitting authority determines whether the section
112(j) emission limitation is substantially as effective as the promulgated emission standard must include,
consistent with part 70 or 71 of this chapter, the opportunity for full public, EPA, and affected State review
(including the opportunity for EPA's objection) prior to the permit revision being finalized. A negative
determination by the permitting authority constitutes final action for purposes of review and appeal under the
applicable title V operating permit program.

§ 63.2 Definitions.

There are additional definitions in subpart HH, as well, the definition of a major source is unique for
this source category.
The terms used in this part are defined in the Act or in this section as follows:

         Act means the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq., as amended by Pub. L. 101–549, 104 Stat.
2399).
         Actual emissions is defined in subpart D of this part for the purpose of granting a compliance
extension for an early reduction of hazardous air pollutants.
         Administrator means the Administrator of the United States Environmental Protection Agency or his
or her authorized representative (e.g., a State that has been delegated the authority to implement the
provisions of this part).
         Affected source, for the purposes of this part, means the collection of equipment, activities, or both
within a single contiguous area and under common control that is included in a section 112(c) source category
or subcategory for which a section 112(d) standard or other relevant standard is established pursuant to
section 112 of the Act. Each relevant standard will define the "affected source," as defined in this paragraph
unless a different definition is warranted based on a published justification as to why this definition would
result in significant administrative, practical, or implementation problems and why the different definition
would resolve those problems. The term "affected source," as used in this part, is separate and distinct from
any other use of that term in EPA regulations such as those implementing title IV of the Act. Affected source
may be defined differently for part 63 than affected facility and stationary source in parts 60 and 61,
respectively. This definition of "affected source," and the procedures for adopting an alternative definition of
"affected source," shall apply to each section 112(d) standard for which the initial proposed rule is signed by
the Administrator after June 30, 2002.
         Alternative emission limitation means conditions established pursuant to sections 112(i)(5) or
112(i)(6) of the Act by the Administrator or by a State with an approved permit program.
         Alternative emission standard means an alternative means of emission limitation that, after notice and
opportunity for public comment, has been demonstrated by an owner or operator to the Administrator’s
satisfaction to achieve a reduction in emissions of any air pollutant at least equivalent to the reduction in
emissions of such pollutant achieved under a relevant design, equipment, work practice, or operational
emission standard, or combination thereof, established under this part pursuant to section 112(h) of the Act.
         Alternative test method means any method of sampling and analyzing for an air pollutant that is not a
test method in this chapter and that has been demonstrated to the Administrator’s satisfaction, using Method
301 in Appendix A of this part, to produce results adequate for the Administrator’s determination that it may
be used in place of a test method specified in this part.
         Approved permit program means a State permit program approved by the Administrator as meeting
the requirements of part 70 of this chapter or a Federal permit program established in this chapter pursuant to
title V of the Act (42 U.S.C. 7661).
         Area source means any stationary source of hazardous air pollutants that is not a major source as
defined in this part.
         Commenced means, with respect to construction or reconstruction of an affected source, that an
owner or operator has undertaken a continuous program of construction or reconstruction or that an owner or
operator has entered into a contractual obligation to undertake and complete, within a reasonable time, a
continuous program of construction or reconstruction.
         Compliance date means the date by which an affected source is required to be in compliance with a
relevant standard, limitation, prohibition, or any federally enforceable requirement established by the
Administrator (or a State with an approved permit program) pursuant to section 112 of the Act.
         Compliance schedule means:
         (1) In the case of an affected source that is in compliance with all applicable requirements established
under this part, a statement that the source will continue to comply with such requirements; or
         (2) In the case of an affected source that is required to comply with applicable requirements by a
future date, a statement that the source will meet such requirements on a timely basis and, if required by an
applicable requirement, a detailed schedule of the dates by which each step toward compliance will be
reached; or
         (3) In the case of an affected source not in compliance with all applicable requirements established
under this part, a schedule of remedial measures, including an enforceable sequence of actions or operations
with milestones and a schedule for the submission of certified progress reports, where applicable, leading to
compliance with a relevant standard, limitation, prohibition, or any federally enforceable requirement
established pursuant to section 112 of the Act for which the affected source is not in compliance. This
compliance schedule shall resemble and be at least as stringent as that contained in any judicial consent
decree or administrative order to which the source is subject. Any such schedule of compliance shall be
supplemental to, and shall not sanction non-compliance with, the applicable requirements on which it is
based.
         Construction means the on-site fabrication, erection, or installation of an affected source.
Construction does not include the removal of all equipment comprising an affected source from an existing
location and reinstallation of such equipment at a new location. The owner or operator of an existing affected
source that is relocated may elect not to reinstall minor ancillary equipment including, but not limited to,
piping, ductwork, and valves. However, removal and reinstallation of an affected source will be construed as
reconstruction if it satisfies the criteria for reconstruction as defined in this section. The costs of replacing
minor ancillary equipment must be considered in determining whether the existing affected source is
reconstructed.
         Continuous emission monitoring system (CEMS) means the total equipment that may be required to
meet the data acquisition and availability requirements of this part, used to sample, condition (if applicable),
analyze, and provide a record of emissions.
         Continuous monitoring system (CMS) is a comprehensive term that may include, but is not limited to,
continuous emission monitoring systems, continuous opacity monitoring systems, continuous parameter
monitoring systems, or other manual or automatic monitoring that is used for demonstrating compliance with
an applicable regulation on a continuous basis as defined by the regulation.
         Continuous opacity monitoring system (COMS) means a continuous monitoring system that measures
the opacity of emissions.
         Continuous parameter monitoring system means the total equipment that may be required to meet the
data acquisition and availability requirements of this part, used to sample, condition (if applicable), analyze,
and provide a record of process or control system parameters.
         Effective date means:
         (1) With regard to an emission standard established under this part, the date of promulgation in the
FEDERAL REGISTER of such standard; or
         (2) With regard to an alternative emission limitation or equivalent emission limitation determined by
the Administrator (or a State with an approved permit program), the date that the alternative emission
limitation or equivalent emission limitation becomes effective according to the provisions of this part.
         Emission standard means a national standard, limitation, prohibition, or other regulation promulgated
in a subpart of this part pursuant to sections 112(d), 112(h), or 112(f) of the Act.
         Emissions averaging is a way to comply with the emission limitations specified in a relevant
standard, whereby an affected source, if allowed under a subpart of this part, may create emission credits by
reducing emissions from specific points to a level below that required by the relevant standard, and those
credits are used to offset emissions from points that are not controlled to the level required by the relevant
standard.
         EPA means the United States Environmental Protection Agency.
         Equivalent emission limitation With regard to an alternative emission limitation or equivalent
emission limitation determined by the Administrator (or a State with an approved permit program), the date
that the alternative emission limitation or equivalent emission limitation becomes effective according to the
provisions of this part.
         Excess emissions and continuous monitoring system performance report is a report that must be
submitted periodically by an affected source in order to provide data on its compliance with relevant emission
limits, operating parameters, and the performance of its continuous parameter monitoring systems.
         Existing source means any affected source that is not a new source.
         Federally enforceable means all limitations and conditions that are enforceable by the Administrator
and citizens under the Act or that are enforceable under other statutes administered by the Administrator.
Examples of federally enforceable limitations and conditions include, but are not limited to:
         (1) Emission standards, alternative emission standards, alternative emission limitations, and
equivalent emission limitations established pursuant to section 112 of the Act as amended in 1990;
         (2) New source performance standards established pursuant to section 111 of the Act, and emission
standards established pursuant to section 112 of the Act before it was amended in 1990;
         (3) All terms and conditions in a title V permit, including any provisions that limit a source’s
potential to emit, unless expressly designated as not federally enforceable;
         (4) Limitations and conditions that are part of an approved State Implementation Plan (SIP) or a
Federal Implementation Plan (FIP);
         (5) Limitations and conditions that are part of a Federal construction permit issued under 40 CFR
52.21 or any construction permit issued under regulations approved by the EPA in accordance with 40 CFR
part 51;
         (6) Limitations and conditions that are part of an operating permit where the permit and the
permitting program pursuant to which it was issued meet all of the following criteria:
                  (i) The operating permit program has been submitted to and approved by EPA into a State
         implementation plan (SIP) under section 110 of the CAA;
                  (ii) The SIP imposes a legal obligation that operating permit holders adhere to the terms and
         limitations of such permits and provides that permits which do not conform to the operating permit
         program requirements and the requirements of EPA's underlying regulations may be deemed not
         "federally enforceable" by EPA;
                  (iii) The operating permit program requires that all emission limitations, controls, and other
         requirements imposed by such permits will be at least as stringent as any other applicable limitations
         and requirements contained in the SIP or enforceable under the SIP, and that the program may not
         issue permits that waive, or make less stringent, any limitations or requirements contained in or issued
         pursuant to the SIP, or that are otherwise "federally enforceable";
                  (iv) The limitations, controls, and requirements in the permit in question are permanent,
         quantifiable, and otherwise enforceable as a practical matter; and
(v) The permit in question was issued only after adequate and timely notice and opportunity for comment for
EPA and the public.
         (7) Limitations and conditions in a State rule or program that has been approved by the EPA under
subpart E of this part for the purposes of implementing and enforcing section 112; and
         (8) Individual consent agreements that the EPA has legal authority to create.
         Fixed capital cost means the capital needed to provide all the depreciable components of an existing
source.
         Fugitive emissions means those emissions from a stationary source that could not reasonably pass
through a stack, chimney, vent, or other functionally equivalent opening. Under section 112 of the Act, all
fugitive emissions are to be considered in determining whether a stationary source is a major source.
         Hazardous air pollutant means any air pollutant listed in or pursuant to section 112(b) of the Act.
         Issuance of a part 70 permit will occur, if the State is the permitting authority, in accordance with the
requirements of part 70 of this chapter and the applicable, approved State permit program. When the EPA is
the permitting authority, issuance of a title V permit occurs immediately after the EPA takes final action on
the final permit.
         Major source means any stationary source or group of stationary sources located within a contiguous
area and under common control that emits or has the potential to emit considering controls, in the aggregate,
10 tons per year or more of any hazardous air pollutant or 25 tons per year or more of any combination of
hazardous air pollutants, unless the Administrator establishes a lesser quantity, or in the case of radionuclides,
different criteria from those specified in this sentence.
         Malfunction means any sudden, infrequent, and not reasonably preventable failure of air pollution
control and monitoring equipment, process equipment, or a process to operate in a normal or usual manner
which causes, or has the potential to cause, the emission limitations in an applicable standard to be exceeded.
Failures that are caused in part by poor maintenance or careless operation are not malfunctions.
         Monitoring means the collection and use of measurement data or other information to control the
operation of a process or pollution control device or to verify a work practice standard relative to assuring
compliance with applicable requirements. Monitoring is composed of four elements:
                  (1) Indicator(s) of performance -- the parameter or parameters you measure or observe for
         demonstrating proper operation of the pollution control measures or compliance with the applicable
         emissions limitation or standard. Indicators of performance may include direct or predicted emissions
         measurements (including opacity), operational parametric values that correspond to process or control
         device (and capture system) efficiencies or emissions rates, and recorded findings of inspection of
         work practice activities, materials tracking, or design characteristics. Indicators may be expressed as a
         single maximum or minimum value, a function of process variables (for example, within a range of
         pressure drops), a particular operational or work practice status (for example, a damper position,
         completion of a waste recovery task, materials tracking), or an interdependency between two or
         among more than two variables.
                  (2) Measurement techniques -- the means by which you gather and record information of or
         about the indicators of performance. The components of the measurement technique include the
         detector type, location and installation specifications, inspection procedures, and quality assurance
         and quality control measures. Examples of measurement techniques include continuous emission
         monitoring systems, continuous opacity monitoring systems, continuous parametric monitoring
         systems, and manual inspections that include making records of process conditions or work practices.
                  (3) Monitoring frequency -- the number of times you obtain and record monitoring data over
         a specified time interval. Examples of monitoring frequencies include at least four points equally
         spaced for each hour for continuous emissions or parametric monitoring systems, at least every 10
         seconds for continuous opacity monitoring systems, and at least once per operating day (or week,
         month, etc.) for work practice or design inspections.
                  (4) Averaging time -- the period over which you average and use data to verify proper
         operation of the pollution control approach or compliance with the emissions limitation or standard.
         Examples of averaging time include a 3-hour average in units of the emissions limitation, a 30-day
         rolling average emissions value, a daily average of a control device operational parametric range, and
         an instantaneous alarm.
         New affected source means the collection of equipment, activities, or both within a single contiguous
area and under common control that is included in a section 112(c) source category or subcategory that is
subject to a section 112(d) or other relevant standard for new sources. This definition of "new affected
source," and the criteria to be utilized in implementing it, shall apply to each section 112(d) standard for
which the initial proposed rule is signed by the Administrator after June 30, 2002. Each relevant standard will
define the term "new affected source," which will be the same as the "affected source" unless a different
collection is warranted based on consideration of factors including:
                  (1) Emission reduction impacts of controlling individual sources versus groups of sources;
                  (2) Cost effectiveness of controlling individual equipment;
                   (3) Flexibility to accommodate common control strategies;
                   (4) Cost/benefits of emissions averaging;
                   (5) Incentives for pollution prevention;
                   (6) Feasibility and cost of controlling processes that share common equipment (e.g., product
         recovery devices);
                   (7) Feasibility and cost of monitoring; and
                   (8) Other relevant factors.
         New source means any affected source the construction or reconstruction of which is commenced
after the Administrator first proposes a relevant emission standard under this part establishing an emission
standard applicable to such source.
         One-hour period, unless otherwise defined in an applicable subpart, means any 60-minute period
commencing on the hour.
         Opacity means the degree to which emissions reduce the transmission of light and obscure the view
of an object in the background. For continuous opacity monitoring systems, opacity means the fraction of
incident light that is attenuated by an optical medium.
         Owner or operator means any person who owns, leases, operates, controls, or supervises a stationary
source.
         Performance audit means a procedure to analyze blind samples, the content of which is known by the
Administrator, simultaneously with the analysis of performance test samples in order to provide a measure of
test data quality.
         Performance evaluation means the conduct of relative accuracy testing, calibration error testing, and
other measurements used in validating the continuous monitoring system data.
         Performance test means the collection of data resulting from the execution of a test method (usually
three emission test runs) used to demonstrate compliance with a relevant emission standard as specified in the
performance test section of the relevant standard.
         Permit modification means a change to a title V permit as defined in regulations codified in this
chapter to implement title V of the Act (42 U.S.C. 7661).
         Permit program means a comprehensive State operating permit system established pursuant to title V
of the Act (42 U.S.C. 7661) and regulations codified in part 70 of this chapter and applicable State
regulations, or a comprehensive Federal operating permit system established pursuant to title V of the Act and
regulations codified in this chapter.
         Permit revision means any permit modification or administrative permit amendment to a title V
permit as defined in regulations codified in this chapter to implement title V of the Act (42 U.S.C. 7661).
         Permitting authority means:
         (1) The State air pollution control agency, local agency, other State agency, or other agency
authorized by the Administrator to carry out a permit program under part 70 of this chapter; or
         (2) The Administrator, in the case of EPA-implemented permit programs under title V of the Act (42
U.S.C. 7661).
         Potential to emit means the maximum capacity of a stationary source to emit a pollutant under its
physical and operational design. Any physical or operational limitation on the capacity of the stationary
source to emit a pollutant, including air pollution control equipment and restrictions on hours of operation or
on the type or amount of material combusted, stored, or processed, shall be treated as part of its design if the
limitation or the effect it would have on emissions is federally enforceable.
         Reconstruction means the replacement of components of an affected or a previously unaffected
stationary source to such an extent that:
         (1) The fixed capital cost of the new components exceeds 50 percent of the fixed capital cost that
would be required to construct a comparable new source; and
         (2) It is technologically and economically feasible for the reconstructed source to meet the relevant
standard(s) established by the Administrator (or a State) pursuant to section 112 of the Act. Upon
reconstruction, an affected source, or a stationary source that becomes an affected source, is subject to
relevant standards for new sources, including compliance dates, irrespective of any change in emissions of
hazardous air pollutants from that source.
         Regulation promulgation schedule means the schedule for the promulgation of emission standards
under this part, established by the Administrator pursuant to section 112(e) of the Act and published in the
FEDERAL REGISTER.
         Relevant standard means:
         (1) An emission standard;
         (2) An alternative emission standard;
         (3) An alternative emission limitation; or
         (4) An equivalent emission limitation established pursuant to section 112 of the Act that applies to the
collection of equipment, activities, or both regulated by such standard or limitation. A relevant standard may
include or consist of a design, equipment, work practice, or operational requirement, or other measure,
process, method, system, or technique (including prohibition of emissions) that the Administrator (or a State)
establishes for new or existing sources to which such standard or limitation applies. Every relevant standard
established pursuant to section 112 of the Act includes subpart A of this part, as provided by § 63.1(a)(4),
and all applicable appendices of this part or of other parts of this chapter that are referenced in that standard.
         Responsible official means one of the following:
         (1) For a corporation: A president, secretary, treasurer, or vice president of the corporation in charge
of a principal business function, or any other person who performs similar policy or decision-making
functions for the corporation, or a duly authorized representative of such person if the representative is
responsible for the overall operation of one or more manufacturing, production, or operating facilities and
either:
                  (i) The facilities employ more than 250 persons or have gross annual sales or expenditures
exceeding $25 million (in second quarter 1980 dollars); or
                  (ii) The delegation of authority to such representative is approved in advance by the
Administrator.
         (2) For a partnership or sole proprietorship: a general partner or the proprietor, respectively.
         (3) For a municipality, State, Federal, or other public agency: either a principal executive officer or
ranking elected official. For the purposes of this part, a principal executive officer of a Federal agency
includes the chief executive officer having responsibility for the overall operations of a principal geographic
unit of the agency (e.g., a Regional Administrator of the EPA).
         (4) For affected sources (as defined in this part) applying for or subject to a title V permit:
‘‘responsible official’’ shall have the same meaning as defined in part 70 or Federal title V regulations in this
chapter (42 U.S.C. 7661), whichever is applicable.
         Run means one of a series of emission or other measurements needed to determine emissions for a
representative operating period or cycle as specified in this part.
         Shutdown means the cessation of operation of an affected source or portion of an affected source for
any purpose.
         Six-minute period means, with respect to opacity determinations, any one of the 10 equal parts of a 1-
hour period.
         Standard conditions means a temperature of 293 oK (68° F) and a pressure of 101.3 kilopascals
(29.92 in. Hg).
         Startup means the setting in operation of an affected source for any purpose.
         State means all non-Federal authorities, including local agencies, interstate associations, and State-
wide programs, that have delegated authority to implement:
         (1) The provisions of this part and/or
         (2) the permit program established under part 70 of this chapter. The term State shall have its
conventional meaning where clear from the context.
         Stationary source means any building, structure, facility, or installation which emits or may emit any
air pollutant.
         Test method means the validated procedure for sampling, preparing, and analyzing for an air pollutant
specified in a relevant standard as the performance test procedure. The test method may include methods
described in an appendix of this chapter, test methods incorporated by reference in this part, or methods
validated for an application through procedures in Method 301 of appendix A of this part.
         Title V permit means any permit issued, renewed, or revised pursuant to Federal or State regulations
established to implement title V of the Act (42 U.S.C. 7661). A title V permit issued by a State permitting
authority is called a part 70 permit in this part.
         Visible emission means the observation of an emission of opacity or optical density above the
threshold of vision.
         Working day means any day on which Federal Government offices (or State government offices for a
State that has obtained delegation under section 112(l)) are open for normal business. Saturdays, Sundays, and
official Federal (or where delegated, State) holidays are not working days.

§ 63.3 Units and abbreviations.

Used in this part are abbreviations and symbols of units of measure. These are defined as follows:

(a) System International (SI) units of measure:
        A = ampere
        g = gram
        Hz = hertz
        J = joule
        °K = degree Kelvin
        kg = kilogram
        l = liter
        m = meter
        m 3 = cubic meter
        mg = milligram = 10 -3 gram
        ml = milliliter = 10 -3 liter
        mm = millimeter = 10 -3 meter
        Mg = megagram = 10 6 gram = metric ton
        MJ = megajoule
        mol = mole
        N = newton
        ng = nanogram = 10 -9 gram
        nm = nanometer = 10 -9 meter
        Pa = pascal
        s = second
        V = volt
        W = watt
         = ohm
        g = microgram = 10 -6 gram
        l = microliter = 10 -6 liter
(b) Other units of measure:
        Btu = British thermal unit
        °C = degree Celsius (centigrade)
        cal = calorie
        cfm = cubic feet per minute
        cc = cubic centimeter
        cu ft = cubic feet
        d = day
       dcf = dry cubic feet
       dcm = dry cubic meter
       dscf = dry cubic feet at standard conditions
       dscm = dry cubic meter at standard conditions
       eq = equivalent
       °F = degree Fahrenheit
       ft = feet
       ft 2 = square feet
       ft 3 = cubic feet
       gal = gallon
       gr = grain
       g-eq = gram equivalent
       g-mole = gram mole
       hr = hour
       in. = inch
       in. H2O = inches of water
       K = 1,000
       kcal = kilocalorie
       lb = pound
       lpm = liter per minute
       meq = milliequivalent
       min = minute
       MW = molecular weight
       oz = ounces
       ppb = parts per billion
       ppbw = parts per billion by weight
       ppbv = parts per billion by volume
       ppm = parts per million
       ppmw = parts per million by weight
       ppmv = parts per million by volume
       psia = pounds per square inch absolute
       psig = pounds per square inch gage
       °R = degree Rankine
       scf = cubic feet at standard conditions
       scfh = cubic feet at standard conditions per hour
       scm = cubic meter at standard conditions
       scmm= cubic meter at standard conditions per minute
       sec = second
       sq ft = square feet
       std = at standard conditions
       v/v = volume per volume
       yd 2 = square yards
       yr = year

(c) Miscellaneous:
        act = actual
        avg = average
        I.D. = inside diameter
        M = molar
        N = normal
        O.D. = outside diameter
        % = percent

§ 63.4 Prohibited activities and circumvention.

(a) Prohibited activities.
         (1) No owner or operator subject to the provisions of this part must operate any affected source in
violation of the requirements of this part. Affected sources subject to and in compliance with either an
extension of compliance or an exemption from compliance are not in violation of the requirements of this
part. An extension of compliance can be granted by the Administrator under this part; by a State with an
approved permit program; or by the President under section 112(i)(4) of the Act.
         (2) No owner or operator subject to the provisions of this part shall fail to keep records, notify, report,
or revise reports as required under this part.
         (3) [Reserved]
         (4) [Reserved]
         (5) [Reserved]

(b) Circumvention. No owner or operator subject to the provisions of this part shall build, erect,
install, or use any article, machine, equipment, or process to conceal an emission that would otherwise
constitute noncompliance with a relevant standard. Such concealment includes, but is not limited to
          (1) The use of diluents to achieve compliance with a relevant standard based on the concentration of a
pollutant in the effluent discharged to the atmosphere;
          (2) The use of gaseous diluents to achieve compliance with a relevant standard for visible emissions;
and
          (3) [Reserved]

(c) Severability. Notwithstanding any requirement incorporated into a title V permit obtained
by an owner or operator subject to the provisions of this part, the provisions of this part are federally
enforceable.

§ 63.5 Preconstruction review and notification requirements.

(a) Applicability.
        (1) This section implements the preconstruction review requirements of section
112(i)(1) for sources subject to a relevant emission standard that has been promulgated in this part. In
addition, this section includes other requirements for constructed and reconstructed stationary sources that are
or become subject to a relevant promulgated emission standard.
        (2) Preconstruction review required only for major sources that commence construction after
promulgation of the standard.

(b) Requirements for existing, newly constructed, and reconstructed sources.
        (1) A new affected source for which construction commences after proposal of a relevant standard is
             subject to relevant standards for new affected sources, including compliance dates. An affected
             source for which reconstruction commences after proposal of a relevant standard is subject to
             relevant standards for new sources, including compliance dates, irrespective of any change in
             emissions of hazardous air pollutants from that source.
        (2) [Reserved]
        (3) After the effective date of any relevant standard promulgated by the Administrator under this part,
no person may, without obtaining written approval in advance from the Administrator in accordance with the
procedures specified in paragraphs (d) and (e) of this section, do any of the following:
                 (i) Construct a new affected source that is major-emitting and subject to such standard;
                 (ii) Reconstruct an affected source that is major-emitting and subject to such standard; or
                 (iii) Reconstruct a major source such that the source becomes an affected source that is
        major-emitting and subject to the standard.
        (4) After the effective date of any relevant standard promulgated by the Administrator under this part,
an owner or operator who constructs a new affected source that is not major-emitting or reconstructs an
affected source that is not major-emitting that is subject to such standard, or reconstructs a source such that
the source becomes an affected source subject to the standard, must notify the Administrator of the intended
construction or reconstruction. The notification must be submitted in accordance with the procedures in
§ 63.9(b).
        (5) [Reserved]
        (6) After the effective date of any relevant standard promulgated by the Administrator under this part,
equipment added (or a process change) to an affected source that is within the scope of the definition of
affected source under the relevant standard must be considered part of the affected source and subject to all
provisions of the relevant standard established for that affected source.

(c) [Reserved]

(d) Application for approval of construction or reconstruction. The provisions of this paragraph implement
section 112(i)(1) of the Act.
          (1) General application requirements.
                  (i)      An owner or operator who is subject to the requirements of paragraph (b)(3) of this
section must submit to the Administrator an application for approval of the construction or reconstruction.
The application must be submitted as soon as practicable before actual construction or reconstruction begins.
The application for approval of construction or reconstruction may be used to fulfill the initial notification
requirements of § 63.9(b)(5). The owner or operator may submit the application for approval well in advance
of the date actual construction or reconstruction begins in order to ensure a timely review by the
Administrator and that the planned date to begin will not be delayed.
                  (ii) A separate application shall be submitted for each construction or reconstruction. Each
application for approval of construction or reconstruction shall include at a minimum:
                           (A) The applicant’s name and address;
                           (B) A notification of intention to construct a new major affected source or make any
physical or operational change to a major affected source that may meet or has been determined to meet the
criteria for a reconstruction, as defined in § 63.2 or in the relevant standard;
                           (C) The address (i.e., physical location) or proposed address of the source;
                           (D) An identification of the relevant standard that is the basis of the application;
                           (E) The expected date of the beginning of actual construction or reconstruction;
                           (F) The expected completion date of the construction or reconstruction;
                           (G) [Reserved]
                           (H) The type and quantity of hazardous air pollutants emitted by the source, reported
in units and averaging times and in accordance with the test methods specified in the relevant standard, or if
actual emissions data are not yet available, an estimate of the type and quantity of hazardous air pollutants
expected to be emitted by the source reported in units and averaging times specified in the relevant standard.
The owner or operator may submit percent reduction information if a relevant standard is established in terms
of percent reduction.
However, operating parameters, such as flow rate, shall be included in the submission to the extent that they
demonstrate performance and compliance; and
                           (I) [Reserved]
                           (J) Other information as specified in paragraphs (d)(2) and (d)(3) of this section.
                  (iii) An owner or operator who submits estimates or preliminary information in place of the
actual emissions data and analysis required in paragraphs (d)(1)(ii)(H) and (d)(2) of this section shall submit
the actual, measured emissions data and other correct information as soon as available but no later than with
the notification of compliance status required in § 63.9(h) (see
§ 63.9(h)(5)).
         (2) Application for approval of construction. Each application for approval of construction must
include, in addition to the information required in paragraph (d)(1)(ii) of this section, technical information
describing the proposed nature, size, design, operating design capacity, and method of operation of the source,
including an identification of each type of emission point for each type of hazardous air pollutant that is
emitted (or could reasonably be anticipated to be emitted) and a description of the planned air pollution
control system (equipment or method) for each emission point. The description of the equipment to be used
for the control of emissions must include each control device for each hazardous air pollutant and the
estimated control efficiency (percent) for each control device. The description of the method to be used for
the control of emissions must include an estimated control efficiency (percent) for that method. Such
technical information must include calculations of emission estimates in sufficient detail to permit assessment
of the validity of the calculations.
         (3) Application for approval of reconstruction. Each application for approval of reconstruction shall
include, in addition to the information required in paragraph (d)(1)(ii) of this section -
                  (i) A brief description of the affected source and the components that are to be replaced;
                  (ii) A description of present and proposed emission control systems (i.e., equipment or
methods). The description of the equipment to be used for the control of emissions shall include each control
device for each hazardous air pollutant and the estimated control efficiency (percent) for each control device.
The description of the method to be used for the control of emissions shall include an estimated control
efficiency (percent) for that method. Such technical information shall include calculations of emission
estimates in sufficient detail to permit assessment of the validity of the calculations;
                  (iii) An estimate of the fixed capital cost of the replacements and of constructing a
comparable entirely new source;
                  (iv) The estimated life of the affected source after the replacements; and
                  (v) A discussion of any economic or technical limitations the source may have in complying
with relevant standards or other requirements after the proposed replacements. The discussion shall be
sufficiently detailed to demonstrate to the Administrator’s satisfaction that the technical or economic
limitations affect the source’s ability to comply with the relevant standard and how they do so.
                  (vi) If in the application for approval of reconstruction the owner or operator designates the
affected source as a reconstructed source and declares that there are no economic or technical limitations to
prevent the source from complying with all relevant standards or other requirements, the owner or operator
need not submit the information required in paragraphs (d)(3)(iii) through (d)(3)(v) of this section.
         (4) Additional information. The Administrator may request additional relevant information after the
         submittal of an application for approval of construction or reconstruction.

(e) Approval of construction or reconstruction.
         (1)     (i) If the Administrator determines that, if properly constructed, or reconstructed, and
operated, a new or existing source for which an application under paragraph (d) of this section was submitted
will not cause emissions in violation of the relevant standard(s) and any other federally enforceable
requirements, the Administrator will approve the construction or reconstruction.
                 (ii) In addition, in the case of reconstruction, the Administrator’s determination under this
paragraph will be based on:
                           (A) The fixed capital cost of the replacements in comparison to the fixed capital cost
that would be required to construct a comparable entirely new source;
                           (B) The estimated life of the source after the re-placements compared to the life of a
comparable entirely new source;
                           (C) The extent to which the components being replaced cause or contribute to the
emissions from the source; and
                           (D) Any economic or technical limitations on compliance with relevant standards that
are inherent in the proposed replacements.
         (2)      (i) The Administrator will notify the owner or operator in writing of approval or intention to
deny approval of construction or reconstruction within 60 calendar days after receipt of sufficient information
to evaluate an application submitted under paragraph (d) of this section. The 60-day approval or denial period
will begin after the owner or operator has been notified in writing that his/her application is complete. The
Administrator will notify the owner or operator in writing of the status of his/her application, that is, whether
the application contains sufficient information to make a determination, within 30 calendar days after receipt
of the original application and within 30 calendar days after receipt of any supplementary information that is
submitted.
                  (ii) When notifying the owner or operator that his/her application is not complete, the
Administrator will specify the information needed to complete the application and provide notice of
opportunity for the applicant to present, in writing, within 30 calendar days after he/she is notified of the
incomplete application, additional information or arguments to the Administrator to enable further action on
the application.
         (3) Before denying any application for approval of construction or reconstruction, the Administrator
will notify the applicant of the Administrator’s intention to issue the denial together with -
                  (i) Notice of the information and findings on which the intended denial is based; and
                  (ii) Notice of opportunity for the applicant to present, in writing, within 30 calendar days after
he/she is notified of the intended denial, additional information or arguments to the Administrator to enable
further action on the application.
         (4) A final determination to deny any application for approval will be in writing and will specify the
grounds on which the denial is based. The final determination will be made within 60 calendar days of
presentation of additional information or arguments (if the application is complete), or within 60 calendar
days after the final date specified for presentation if no presentation is made.
         (5) Neither the submission of an application for approval nor the Administrator’s approval of
construction or reconstruction shall -
                  (i) Relieve an owner or operator of legal responsibility for compliance with any applicable
provisions of this part or with any other applicable Federal, State, or local requirement; or
                  (ii) Prevent the Administrator from implementing or enforcing this part or taking any other
action under the Act.

(f) Approval of construction or reconstruction based on prior State preconstruction review.
         (1) Preconstruction review procedures that a State utilizes for other purposes may also be utilized for
purposes of this section if the procedures are substantially equivalent to those specified in this section. The
Administrator will approve an application for construction or reconstruction specified in paragraphs (b)(3)
and (d) of this section if the owner or operator of a new affected source or reconstructed affected source, who
is subject to such requirement meets the following conditions:
                  (i) The owner or operator of the new affected source or reconstructed affected source has
         undergone a preconstruction review and approval process in the State in which the source is (or
         would be) located and has received a federally enforceable construction permit that contains a finding
         that the source will meet the relevant promulgated emission standard, if the source is properly built
         and operated.
                  (ii) Provide a statement from the State or other evidence (such as State regulations) that it
         considered the factors specified in paragraph (e)(1) of this section.
(2) The owner or operator must submit to the Administrator the request for approval of construction or
reconstruction under this paragraph (f)(2) no later than the application deadline specified in paragraph (d)(1)
of this section (see also § 63.9(b)(2)). The owner or operator must include in the request information
sufficient for the Administrator's determination. The Administrator will evaluate the owner or operator's
request in accordance with the procedures specified in paragraph (e) of this section. The Administrator may
request additional relevant information after the submittal of a request for approval of construction or
reconstruction under this paragraph (f)(2).
§ 63.6 Compliance with standards and maintenance requirements.

(a) Applicability.
         (1) The requirements in this section apply to the owner or operator of affected sources for which any
relevant standard has been established pursuant to section 112 of the Act and the applicability of such
requirements is set out in accordance with § 63.1(a)(4) unless --
                  (i) The Administrator (or a State with an approved permit program) has granted an extension
of compliance consistent with paragraph (i) of this section; or
                  (ii) The President has granted an exemption from compliance with any relevant standard in
accordance with section 112(i)(4) of the Act.
         (2) If an area source that otherwise would be subject to an emission standard or other requirement
established under this part if it were a major source subsequently increases its emissions of hazardous air
pollutants (or its potential to emit hazardous air pollutants) such that the source is a major source, such source
shall be subject to the relevant emission standard or other requirement.

(b) Compliance dates for new and reconstructed sources.
         (1) Except as specified in paragraphs (b)(3) and (4) of this section, the owner or operator of a new or
reconstructed affected source for which construction or reconstruction commences after proposal of a relevant
standard that has an initial startup before the effective date of a relevant standard established under this part
pursuant to section 112(d), (f), or (h) of the Act must comply with such standard not later than the standard's
effective date.
         (2) Except as specified in paragraphs (b)(3) and (4) of this section, the owner or operator of a new or
reconstructed affected source that has an initial startup after the effective date of a relevant standard
established under this part pursuant to section 112(d), (f), or (h) of the Act must comply with such standard
upon startup of the source.
         (3) The owner or operator of an affected source for which construction or reconstruction is
commenced after the proposal date of a relevant standard established under this part pursuant to section
112(d), 112(f), or 112(h) of the Act but before the effective date (that is, promulgation) of such standard shall
comply with the relevant emission standard not later than the date 3 years after the effective date if:
                  (i) The promulgated standard (that is, the relevant standard) is more stringent than the
proposed standard; for purposes of this paragraph, a finding that controls or compliance methods are "more
stringent" must include control technologies or performance criteria and compliance or compliance assurance
methods that are different but are substantially equivalent to those required by the promulgated rule, as
determined by the Administrator (or his or her authorized representative); and
                  (ii) The owner or operator complies with the standard as proposed during the
3-year period immediately after the effective date.
         (4) The owner or operator of an affected source for which construction or reconstruction is
commenced after the proposal date of a relevant standard established pursuant to section 112(d) of the Act but
before the proposal date of a relevant standard established pursuant to section 112(f) shall not be required to
comply with the section 112(f) emission standard until the date 10 years after the date construction or
reconstruction is commenced, except that, if the section 112(f) standard is promulgated more than 10 years
after construction or reconstruction is commenced, the owner or operator must comply with the standard as
provided in paragraphs (b)(1) and (2) of this section.
         (5) The owner or operator of a new source that is subject to the compliance requirements of paragraph
(b)(3) or (4) of this section must notify the Administrator in accordance with § 63.9(d).
         (6) [Reserved]
         (7) When an area source becomes a major source by the addition of equipment or operations that meet
the definition of new affected source in the relevant standard, the portion of the existing facility that is a new
affected source must comply with all requirements of that standard applicable to new sources. The source
owner or operator must comply with the relevant standard upon startup.
(c) Compliance dates for existing sources.
         (1) After the effective date of a relevant standard established under this part pursuant to section
112(d) or 112(h) of the Act, the owner or operator of an existing source shall comply with such standard by
the compliance date established by the Administrator in the applicable subpart(s) of this part. Except as
otherwise provided for in section 112 of the Act, in no case will the compliance date established for an
existing source in an applicable subpart of this part exceed 3 years after the effective date of such standard.
         (2) If an existing source is subject to a standard established under this part pursuant to section 112(f)
of the Act, the owner or operator must comply with the standard by the date 90 days after the standard's
effective date, or by the date specified in an extension granted to the source by the Administrator under
paragraph (i)(4)(ii) of this section, whichever is later.
         (3)–(4) [Reserved]
         (5) Except as provided in paragraph (b)(7) of this section, the owner or operator of an area source that
increases its emissions of (or its potential to emit) hazardous air pollutants such that the source becomes a
major source shall be subject to relevant standards for existing sources. Such sources must comply by the date
specified in the standards for existing area sources that become major sources. If no such compliance date is
specified in the standards, the source shall have a period of time to comply with the relevant emission
standard that is equivalent to the compliance period specified in the relevant standard for existing sources in
existence at the time the standard becomes effective.

(d) [Reserved]

(e) Operation and maintenance requirements. {Except as otherwise specified.}
        (1)      (i) Addressed in § 63.762
                 (ii) Malfunctions must be corrected as soon as practicable after their occurrence in
                 accordance with the startup, shutdown, and malfunction plan required in paragraph (e)(3) of
                 this section. To the extent that an unexpected event arises during a startup, shutdown, or
                 malfunction, an owner or operator must comply by minimizing emissions during such a
                 startup, shutdown, and malfunction event consistent with safety and good air pollution
                 control practices.
                 (iii) Operation and maintenance requirements established pursuant to section 112 of the Act
are enforceable independent of emissions limitations or other requirements in relevant standards.
        (2) [Reserved]

        (3) Startup, shutdown, and malfunction plan.
                 (i) {Except as otherwise specified.} The owner or operator of an affected source must
develop and implement a written startup, shutdown, and malfunction plan that describes, in detail, procedures
for operating and maintaining the source during periods of startup, shutdown, and malfunction, and a program
of corrective action for malfunctioning process and air pollution control and monitoring equipment used to
comply with the relevant standard.
                          (A) Addressed by § 63.762(c);
                          (B) Ensure that owners or operators are prepared to correct malfunctions as soon as
practicable after their occurrence in order to minimize excess emissions of hazardous air pollutants; and
                          (C) Reduce the reporting burden associated with periods of startup, shutdown, and
malfunction (including corrective action taken to restore malfunctioning process and air pollution control
equipment to its normal or usual manner of operation).
                 (ii) During periods of startup, shutdown, and malfunction, the owner or operator of an
affected source must operate and maintain such source (including associated air pollution control and
monitoring equipment) in accordance with the procedures specified in the startup, shutdown, and malfunction
plan developed under paragraph (e)(3)(i) of this section.
                 (iii) When actions taken by the owner or operator during a startup, shutdown, or malfunction
(including actions taken to correct a malfunction) are consistent with the procedures specified in the affected
source's startup, shutdown, and malfunction plan, the owner or operator must keep records for that event
which demonstrate that the procedures specified in the plan were followed. These records may take the form
of a "checklist," or other effective form of recordkeeping that confirms conformance with the startup,
shutdown, and malfunction plan for that event. In addition, the owner or operator must keep records of these
events as specified in § 63.10(b), including records of the occurrence and duration of each startup, shutdown,
or malfunction of operation and each malfunction of the air pollution control and monitoring equipment.
Furthermore, the owner or operator shall confirm that actions taken during the relevant reporting period
during periods of startup, shutdown, and malfunction were consistent with the affected source’s startup,
shutdown and malfunction plan in the semiannual (or more frequent) startup, shutdown, and malfunction
report required in § 63.10(d)(5).
                                    (iv) If an action taken by the owner or operator during a startup, shutdown, or
malfunction (including an action taken to correct a malfunction) is not consistent with the procedures
specified in the affected source's startup, shutdown, and malfunction plan, and the source exceeds any
applicable emission limitation in the relevant emission standard, then the owner or operator must record the
actions taken for that event and must report such actions within 2 working days after commencing actions
inconsistent with the plan, followed by a letter within 7 working days after the end of the event, in accordance
with Sec. 63.10(d)(5) (unless the owner or operator makes alternative reporting arrangements, in advance,
with the Administrator).
                  (v) The owner or operator must maintain at the affected source a current startup, shutdown,
and malfunction plan and must make the plan available upon request for inspection and copying by the
Administrator. In addition, if the startup, shutdown, and malfunction plan is subsequently revised as provided
in paragraph (e)(3)(viii) of this section, the owner or operator must maintain at the affected source each
previous (i.e., superseded) version of the startup, shutdown, and malfunction plan, and must make each such
previous version available for inspection and copying by the Administrator for a period of 5 years after
revision of the plan. If at any time after adoption of a startup, shutdown, and malfunction plan the affected
source ceases operation or is otherwise no longer subject to the provisions of this part, the owner or operator
must retain a copy of the most recent plan for 5 years from the date the source ceases operation or is no longer
subject to this part and must make the plan available upon request for inspection and copying by the
Administrator. The Administrator may at any time request in writing that the owner or operator submit a
copy of any startup, shutdown, and malfunction plan (or a portion thereof) which is maintained at the affected
source or in the possession of the owner or operator. Upon receipt of such a request, the owner or operator
must promptly submit a copy of the requested plan (or a portion thereof) to the Administrator. The
Administrator must request that the owner or operator submit a particular startup, shutdown, or malfunction
plan (or a portion thereof) whenever a member of the public submits a specific and reasonable request to
examine or to receive a copy of that plan or portion of a plan. The owner or operator may elect to submit the
required copy of any startup, shutdown, and malfunction plan to the Administrator in an electronic format. If
the owner or operator claims that any portion of such a startup, shutdown, and malfunction plan is
confidential business information entitled to protection from disclosure under section 114(c) of the Act or 40
CFR 2.301, the material which is claimed as confidential must be clearly designated in the submission.
                       (vi) To satisfy the requirements of this section to develop a startup, shutdown, and
malfunction plan, the owner or operator may use the affected source's standard operating procedures (SOP)
manual, or an Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) or other plan, provided the alternative
plans meet all the requirements of this section and are made available for inspection or submitted when
requested by the Administrator.
                       (vii) Based on the results of a determination made under paragraph (e)(1)(i) of this
section, the Administrator may require that an owner or operator of an affected source make changes to the
startup, shutdown, and malfunction plan for that source. The Administrator must require appropriate revisions
to a startup, shutdown, and malfunction plan, if the Administrator finds that the plan:
                                    (A) Does not address a startup, shutdown, or malfunction event that has
occurred;
                           (B) Fails to provide for the operation of the source (including associated air pollution
control and monitoring equipment) during a startup, shutdown, or malfunction event in a manner consistent
with the general duty to minimize emissions established by paragraph (e)(1)(i) of this section; {Except that
the plan must provide for operation in compliance with § 63.762(c); or
                           (C) Does not provide adequate procedures for correcting malfunctioning process
         and/or air pollution control and monitoring equipment as quickly as practicable; or
                           (D) Includes an event that does not meet the definition of startup, shutdown, or
         malfunction listed in § 63.2.
                  (viii) The owner or operator may periodically revise the startup, shutdown, and malfunction
plan for the affected source as necessary to satisfy the requirements of this part or to reflect changes in
equipment or procedures at the affected source. Unless the permitting authority provides otherwise, the owner
or operator may make such revisions to the startup, shutdown, and malfunction plan without prior approval by
the Administrator or the permitting authority. However, each such revision to a startup, shutdown, and
malfunction plan must be reported in the semiannual report required by § 63.10(d)(5). If the startup,
shutdown, and malfunction plan fails to address or inadequately addresses an event that meets the
characteristics of a malfunction but was not included in the startup, shutdown, and malfunction plan at the
time the owner or operator developed the plan, the owner or operator must revise the startup, shutdown, and
malfunction plan within 45 days after the event to include detailed procedures for operating and maintaining
the source during similar malfunction events and a program of corrective action for similar malfunctions of
process or air pollution control and monitoring equipment. In the event that the owner or operator makes any
revision to the startup, shutdown, and malfunction plan which alters the scope of the activities at the source
which are deemed to be a startup, shutdown, or malfunction, or otherwise modifies the applicability of any
emission limit, work practice requirement, or other requirement in a standard established under this part, the
revised plan shall not take effect until after the owner or operator has provided a written notice describing the
revision to the permitting authority.
                  (ix) The title V permit for an affected source must require that the owner or operator adopt a
startup, shutdown, and malfunction plan which conforms to the provisions of this part, and that the owner or
operator operate and maintain the source in accordance with the procedures specified in the current startup,
shutdown, and malfunction plan. However, any revisions made to the startup, shutdown, and malfunction plan
in accordance with the procedures established by this part shall not be deemed to constitute permit revisions
under part 70 or part 71 of this chapter. Moreover, none of the procedures specified by the startup, shutdown,
and malfunction plan for an affected source shall be deemed to fall within the permit shield provision in
section 504(f) of the Act.

(f) Compliance with nonopacity emission standards -
         (1) Applicability. The non-opacity emission standards set forth in this part shall apply at all times
except during periods of startup, shutdown, and malfunction, and as otherwise specified in an applicable
subpart. If a startup, shutdown, or malfunction of one portion of an affected source does not affect the ability
of particular emission points within other portions of the affected source to comply with the non-opacity
emission standards set forth in this part, then that emission point must still be required to comply with the
non-opacity emission standards and other applicable requirements.
         (2) Methods for determining compliance.
                  (i) The Administrator will determine compliance with nonopacity emission standards in this
part based on the results of performance tests conducted according to the procedures in § 63.7, unless
otherwise specified in an applicable subpart of this part.
                  (ii) The Administrator will determine compliance with nonopacity emission standards in this
part by evaluation of an owner or operator’s conformance with operation and maintenance requirements,
including the evaluation of monitoring data, as specified in § 63.6(e) and applicable subparts of this part.
                  (iii) If an affected source conducts performance testing at startup to obtain an operating
permit in the State in which the source is located, the results of such testing may be used to demonstrate
compliance with a relevant standard if -
                         (A) The performance test was conducted within a reasonable amount of time before
an initial performance test is required to be conducted under the relevant standard;
                         (B) The performance test was conducted under representative operating conditions
for the source;
                         (C) The performance test was conducted and the resulting data were reduced using
EPA-approved test methods and procedures, as specified in § 63.7(e) of this subpart; and
                         (D) The performance test was appropriately quality-assured, as specified in
§ 63.7(c).
                 (iv) The Administrator will determine compliance with design, equipment, work practice, or
operational emission standards in this part by review of records, inspection of the source, and other
procedures specified in applicable subparts of this part.
                 (v) The Administrator will determine compliance with design, equipment, work practice, or
operational emission standards in this part by evaluation of an owner or operator’s conformance with
operation and maintenance requirements, as specified in paragraph (e) of this section and applicable subparts
of this part.
         (3) Finding of compliance. The Administrator will make a finding concerning an affected source's
compliance with a non-opacity emission standard, as specified in paragraphs (f)(1) and (2) of this section,
upon obtaining all the compliance information required by the relevant standard (including the written reports
of performance test results, monitoring results, and other information, if applicable), and information
available to the Administrator pursuant to paragraph (e)(1)(i) of this section.

(g) Use of an alternative nonopacity emission standard.
         (1) If, in the Administrator’s judgment, an owner or operator of an affected source has established
that an alternative means of emission limitation will achieve a reduction in emissions of a hazardous air
pollutant from an affected source at least equivalent to the reduction in emissions of that pollutant from that
source achieved under any design, equipment, work practice, or operational emission standard, or
combination thereof, established under this part pursuant to section 112(h) of the Act, the Administrator will
publish in the FEDERAL REGISTER a notice permitting the use of the alternative emission standard for
purposes of compliance with the promulgated standard. Any FEDERAL REGISTER notice under this
paragraph shall be published only after the public is notified and given the opportunity to comment. Such
notice will restrict the permission to the stationary source(s) or category(ies) of sources from which the
alternative emission standard will achieve equivalent emission reductions. The Administrator will condition
permission in such notice on requirements to assure the proper operation and maintenance of equipment and
practices required for compliance with the alternative emission standard and other requirements, including
appropriate quality assurance and quality control requirements, that are deemed necessary.
         (2) An owner or operator requesting permission under this paragraph shall, unless otherwise specified
in an applicable subpart, submit a proposed test plan or the results of testing and monitoring in accordance
with § 63.7 and § 63.8, a description of the procedures followed in testing or monitoring, and a description of
pertinent conditions during testing or monitoring. Any testing or monitoring conducted to request permission
to use an alternative nonopacity emission standard shall be appropriately quality assured and quality
controlled, as specified in § 63.7 and § 63.8.
         (3) The Administrator may establish general procedures in an applicable subpart that accomplish the
requirements of paragraphs (g)(1) and (g)(2) of this section.

(h) Compliance with opacity and visible emission standards Subpart HH does not contain opacity or
visible emission standards.

(i) Extension of compliance with emission standards.
         (1) Until an extension of compliance has been granted by the Administrator (or a State with an
approved permit program) under this paragraph, the owner or operator of an affected source subject to the
requirements of this section shall comply with all applicable requirements of this part.
         (2) Extension of compliance for early reductions and other reductions
                  (i) Early reductions. Pursuant to section 112(i)(5) of the Act, if the owner or
operator of an existing source demonstrates that the source has achieved a reduction in emissions
of hazardous air pollutants in accordance with the provisions of subpart D of this part, the Administrator (or
the State with an approved permit program) will grant the owner or operator an extension of compliance with
specific requirements of this part, as specified in subpart D.
                  (ii) Other reductions. Pursuant to section 112(i)(6) of the Act, if the owner or operator of an
existing source has installed best available control technology (BACT) (as defined in section 169(3) of the
Act) or technology required to meet a lowest achievable emission rate (LAER) (as defined in section 171 of
the Act) prior to the promulgation of an emission standard in this part applicable to such source and the same
pollutant (or stream of pollutants) controlled pursuant to the BACT or LAER installation, the Administrator
will grant the owner or operator an extension of compliance with such emission standard that will apply until
the date 5 years after the date on which such installation was achieved, as determined by the Administrator.
         (3) Request for extension of compliance. Paragraphs (i)(4) through (i)(7) of this section concern
requests for an extension of compliance with a relevant standard under this part (except requests for an
extension of compliance under paragraph (i)(2)(i) of this section will be handled through procedures specified
in subpart D of this part).
         (4)      (i)      (A) The owner or operator of an existing source who is unable to comply with a
relevant standard established under this part pursuant to section 112(d) of the Act may request that the
Administrator (or a State, when the State has an approved part 70 permit program and the source is required
to obtain a part 70 permit under that program, or a State, when the State has been delegated the authority to
implement and enforce the emission standard for that source) grant an extension allowing the source up to 1
additional year to comply with the standard, if such additional period is necessary for the installation of
controls. An additional extension of up to 3 years may be added for mining waste operations, if the 1-year
extension of compliance is insufficient to dry and cover mining waste in order to reduce emissions of any
hazardous air pollutant. The owner or operator of an affected source who has requested an extension of
compliance under this paragraph and who is otherwise required to obtain a title V permit shall apply for such
permit or apply to have the source’s title V permit revised to incorporate the conditions of the extension of
compliance. The conditions of an extension of compliance granted under this paragraph will be incorporated
into the affected source’s title V permit according to the provisions of part 70 or Federal title V regulations in
this chapter (42 U.S.C. 7661), whichever are applicable.
                           (B) Any request under this paragraph for an extension of compliance with a relevant
standard must be submitted in writing to the appropriate authority no later than 120 days prior to the affected
source's compliance date (as specified in paragraphs (b) and (c) of this section), except as provided for in
paragraph (i)(4)(i)(C) of this section. Nonfrivolous requests submitted under this paragraph will stay the
applicability of the rule as to the emission points in question until such time as the request is granted or
denied. A denial will be effective as of the date of denial. Emission standards established under this part may
specify alternative dates for the submittal of requests for an extension of compliance if alternatives are
appropriate for the source categories affected by those standards.
                           (C) An owner or operator may submit a compliance extension request after the date
specified in paragraph (i)(4)(i)(B) of this section provided the need for the compliance extension arose after
that date, and before the otherwise applicable compliance date and the need arose due to circumstances
beyond reasonable control of the owner or operator. This request must include, in addition to the information
required in paragraph (i)(6)(i) of this section, a statement of the reasons additional time is needed and the date
when the owner or operator first learned of the problems. Nonfrivolous requests submitted under this
paragraph will stay the applicability of the rule as to the emission points in question until such time as the
request is granted or denied. A denial will be effective as of the original compliance date.
                  (ii) The owner or operator of an existing source unable to comply with a relevant standard
established under this part pursuant to section 112(f) of the Act may request that the Administrator grant an
extension allowing the source up to 2 years after the standard’s effective date to comply with the standard.
The Administrator may grant such an extension if he/she finds that such additional period is necessary for the
installation of controls and that steps will be taken during the period of the extension to assure that the health
of persons will be protected from imminent endangerment. Any request for an extension of compliance with a
relevant standard under this paragraph must be submitted in writing to the Administrator not later than 90
calendar days after the effective date of the relevant standard.
         (5) The owner or operator of an existing source that has installed BACT or technology required to
meet LAER [as specified in paragraph (i)(2)(ii) of this section] prior to the promulgation of a relevant
emission standard in this part may request that the Administrator grant an extension allowing the source 5
years from the date on which such installation was achieved, as determined by the Administrator, to comply
with the standard. Any request for an extension of compliance with a relevant standard under this paragraph
shall be submitted in writing to the Administrator not later than 120 days after the promulgation date of the
standard. The Administrator may grant such an extension if he or she finds that the installation of BACT or
technology to meet LAER controls the same pollutant (or stream of pollutants) that would be controlled at
that source by the relevant emission standard.
         (6)      (i) The request for a compliance extension under paragraph (i)(4) of this section shall include
the following information:
                           (A) A description of the controls to be installed to comply with the standard;
                           (B) A compliance schedule, including the date by which each step toward compliance
will be reached. At a minimum, the list of dates shall include:
                                    (1) The date by which on-site construction, installation of emission control
equipment, or a process change is planned to be initiated; and
                                    (2) The date by which final compliance is to be achieved;
                           (C) [Reserved]
                           (D) [Reserved]
                  (ii) The request for a compliance extension under paragraph (i)(5) of this section shall include
all information needed to demonstrate to the Administrator’s satisfaction that the installation of BACT or
technology to meet LAER controls the same pollutant (or stream of pollutants) that would be controlled at
that source by the relevant emission standard.
         (7) Advice on requesting an extension of compliance may be obtained from the Administrator (or the
State with an approved permit program).
         (8) Approval of request for extension of compliance. Paragraphs (i)(9) through (i)(14) of this section
concern approval of an extension of compliance requested under paragraphs (i)(4) through (i)(6) of this
section.
         (9) Based on the information provided in any request made under paragraphs (i)(4) through (i)(6) of
this section, or other information, the Administrator (or the State with an approved permit program) may grant
an extension of compliance with an emission standard, as specified in paragraphs (i)(4) and (i)(5) of this
section.
         (10) The extension will be in writing and will -
                  (i) Identify each affected source covered by the extension;
                  (ii) Specify the termination date of the extension;
                  (iii) Specify the dates by which steps toward compliance are to be taken, if appropriate;
                  (iv) Specify other applicable requirements to which the compliance extension applies (e.g.,
performance tests); and
                  (v)      (A) Under paragraph (i)(4), specify any additional conditions that the Administrator
(or the State) deems necessary to assure installation of the necessary controls and protection of the health of
persons during the extension period; or
                           (B) Under paragraph (i)(5), specify any additional conditions that the Administrator
deems necessary to assure the proper operation and maintenance of the installed controls during the extension
period.
         (11) The owner or operator of an existing source that has been granted an extension of compliance
under paragraph (i)(10) of this section may be required to submit to the Administrator (or the State with an
approved permit program) progress reports indicating whether the steps toward compliance outlined in the
compliance schedule have been reached. The contents of the progress reports and the dates by which they
shall be submitted will be specified in the written extension of compliance granted under paragraph (i)(10) of
this section.
          (12)     (i) The Administrator (or the State with an approved permit program) will notify the owner or
operator in writing of approval or intention to deny approval of a request for an extension of compliance
within 30 calendar days after receipt of sufficient information to evaluate a request submitted under paragraph
(i)(4)(i) or (i)(5) of this section. The Administrator (or the State) will notify the owner or operator in writing
of the status of his/her application, that is, whether the application contains sufficient information to make a
determination, within 30 calendar days after receipt of the original application and within 30 calendar days
after receipt of any supplementary information that is submitted. The 30-day approval or denial period will
begin after the owner or operator has been notified in writing that his/her application is complete.
                   (ii) When notifying the owner or operator that his/her application is not complete, the
Administrator will specify the information needed to complete the application and provide notice of
opportunity for the applicant to present, in writing, within 30 calendar days after he/she is notified of the
incomplete application, additional information or arguments to the Administrator to enable further action on
the application.
                   (iii) Before denying any request for an extension of compliance, the Administrator (or the
State with an approved permit program) will notify the owner or operator in writing of the Administrator’s (or
the State’s) intention to issue the denial, together with -
                             (A) Notice of the information and findings on which the intended denial is based; and
                             (B) Notice of opportunity for the owner or operator to present in writing, within 15
calendar days after he/she is notified of the intended denial, additional information or arguments to the
Administrator (or the State) before further action on the request.
                   (iv) The Administrator’s final determination to deny any request for an extension will be in
writing and will set forth the specific grounds on which the denial is based. The final determination will be
made within 30 calendar days after presentation of additional information or argument (if the application is
complete), or within 30 calendar days after the final date specified for the presentation if no presentation is
made.
          (13)     (i) The Administrator will notify the owner or operator in writing of approval or intention to
deny approval of a request for an extension of compliance within 30 calendar days after receipt of sufficient
information to evaluate a request submitted under paragraph (i)(4)(ii) of this section. The 30-day approval or
denial period will begin after the owner or operator has been notified in writing that his/her application is
complete. The Administrator (or the State) will notify the owner or operator in writing of the status of his/her
application, that is, whether the application contains sufficient information to make a determination, within 15
calendar days after receipt of the original application and within 15 calendar days after receipt of any
supplementary information that is submitted.
                   (ii) When notifying the owner or operator that his/her application is not complete, the
Administrator will specify the information needed to complete the application and provide notice of
opportunity for the applicant to present, in writing, within 15 calendar days after he/she is notified of the
incomplete application, additional information or arguments to the Administrator to enable further action on
the application.
                   (iii) Before denying any request for an extension of compliance, the Administrator will notify
the owner or operator in writing of the Administrator’s intention to issue the denial, together with -
                             (A) Notice of the information and findings on which the intended denial is based; and
                             (B) Notice of opportunity for the owner or operator to present in writing, within 15
calendar days after he/she is notified of the intended denial, additional information or arguments to the
Administrator before further action on the request.
                   (iv) A final determination to deny any request for an extension will be in writing and will set
forth the specific grounds on which the denial is based. The final determination will be made within 30
calendar days after presentation of additional information or argument (if the application is complete), or
within 30 calendar days after the final date specified for the presentation if no presentation is made.
         (14) The Administrator (or the State with an approved permit program) may terminate an extension of
compliance at an earlier date than specified if any specification under paragraph (i)(10)(iii) or (iv) of this
section is not met. Upon a determination to terminate, the Administrator will notify, in writing, the owner or
operator of the Administrator's determination to terminate, together with:
                  (i) Notice of the reason for termination; and
                  (ii) Notice of opportunity for the owner or operator to present in writing, within 15 calendar
         days after he/she is notified of the determination to terminate, additional information or arguments to
         the Administrator before further action on the termination.
                  (iii) A final determination to terminate an extension of compliance will be in writing and will
         set forth the specific grounds on which the termination is based. The final determination will be made
         within 30 calendar days after presentation of additional information or arguments, or within 30
         calendar days after the final date specified for the presentation if no presentation is made.
         (15) [Reserved]
         (16) The granting of an extension under this section shall not abrogate the Administrator’s authority
under section 114 of the Act.

(j) Exemption from compliance with emission standards. The President may exempt any stationary source
from compliance with any relevant standard established pursuant to section 112 of the Act for a period of not
more than 2 years if the President determines that the technology to implement such standard is not available
and that it is in the national security interests of the United States to do so. An exemption under this paragraph
may be extended for 1 or more additional periods, each period not to exceed 2 years.

§ 63.7 Performance testing requirements.

(a) Applicability and performance test dates.
        (1)      (1) The applicability of this section is set out in § 63.1(a)(4).
If required to do performance testing by a relevant standard, and unless a waiver of performance testing is obtained under
this section or the conditions of paragraph (c)(3)(ii)(B) of this section apply, the owner or operator of the affected source
must perform such tests within 180 days of the compliance date for such source. -{But the performance test results
must be submitted within 180 days after the compliance date.}
                 (i)- (viii) [Reserved]
                 (ix) When an emission standard promulgated under this part is more stringent than the
standard proposed (see § 63.6(b)(3)), the owner or operator of a new or reconstructed source subject to that
standard for which construction or reconstruction is commenced between the proposal and promulgation dates
of the standard shall comply with performance testing requirements within 180 days after the standard’s
effective date, or within 180 days after startup of the source, whichever is later. If the promulgated standard is
more stringent than the proposed standard, the owner or operator may choose to demonstrate compliance with
either the proposed or the promulgated standard. If the owner or operator chooses to comply with the
proposed standard initially, the owner or operator shall conduct a second performance test within 3 years and
180 days after the effective date of the standard, or after startup of the source, whichever is later, to
demonstrate compliance with the promulgated standard.
         (3) The Administrator may require an owner or operator to conduct performance tests at the affected
source at any other time when the action is authorized by section 114 of the Act.

(b) Notification of performance test.
         (1) The owner or operator of an affected source must notify the Administrator in writing of his or her
intention to conduct a performance test at least 60 calendar days before the performance test is initially
scheduled to begin to allow the Administrator, upon request, to review an approve the site-specific test plan
required under paragraph (c) of this section and to have an observer present during the test.
         (2) In the event the owner or operator is unable to conduct the performance test on the date specified
in the notification requirement specified in paragraph (b)(1) of this section due to unforeseeable
circumstances beyond his or her control, the owner or operator must notify the Administrator as soon as
practicable and without delay prior to the scheduled performance test date and specify the date when the
performance test is rescheduled. This notification of delay in conducting the performance test shall not relieve
the owner or operator of legal responsibility for compliance with any other applicable provisions of this part
or with any other applicable Federal, State, or local requirement, nor will it prevent the Administrator from
implementing or enforcing this part or taking any other action under the Act.

(c) Quality assurance program.
         (1) The results of the quality assurance program required in this paragraph will be considered by the
Administrator when he/she determines the validity of a performance test.
         (2)       (i) Submission of site-specific test plan. Before conducting a required performance test, the
owner or operator of an affected source shall develop and, if requested by the Administrator, shall submit a
site-specific test plan to the Administrator for approval. The test plan shall include a test program summary,
the test schedule, data quality objectives, and both an internal and external quality assurance (QA) program.
Data quality objectives are the pretest expectations of precision, accuracy, and completeness of data.
                   (ii) The internal QA program shall include, at a minimum, the activities planned by routine
operators and analysts to provide an assessment of test data precision; an example of internal QA is the
sampling and analysis of replicate samples.
                   (iii) The external QA program shall include, at a minimum, application of plans for a test
method performance audit (PA) during the performance test. The PA’s consist of blind audit samples
provided by the Administrator and analyzed during the performance test in order to provide a measure of test
data bias. The external QA program may also include systems audits that include the opportunity for on-site
evaluation by the Administrator of instrument calibration, data validation, sample logging, and documentation
of quality control data and field maintenance activities.
                   (iv) The owner or operator of an affected source shall submit the site-specific test plan to the
Administrator upon the Administrator’s request at least 60 calendar days before the performance test is
scheduled to take place, that is, simultaneously with the notification of intention to conduct a performance test
required under paragraph (b) of this section, or on a mutually agreed upon date.
                   (v) The Administrator may request additional relevant information after the submittal of a
site-specific test plan.
         (3) Approval of site-specific test plan.
                   (i) The Administrator will notify the owner or operator of approval or intention to deny
approval of the site-specific test plan (if review of the site-specific test plan is requested) within 30 calendar
days after receipt of the original plan and within 30 calendar days after receipt of any supplementary
information that is submitted under paragraph (c)(3)(i)(B) of this section. Before disapproving any site-
specific test plan, the Administrator will notify the applicant of the Administrator’s intention to disapprove
the plan together with -
                             (A) Notice of the information and findings on which the intended disapproval is
based; and
                             (B) Notice of opportunity for the owner or operator to present, within 30 calendar
days after he/she is notified of the intended disapproval, additional information to the Administrator before
final action on the plan.
                   (ii) In the event that the Administrator fails to approve or disapprove the site-specific test plan
within the time period specified in paragraph (c)(3)(i) of this section, the following conditions shall apply:
                             (A) If the owner or operator intends to demonstrate compliance using the test
method(s) specified in the relevant standard or with only minor changes to those tests methods (see paragraph
(e)(2)(i) of this section), the owner or operator must conduct the performance test within the time specified in
this section using the specified method(s);
                             (B) If the owner or operator intends to demonstrate compliance by using an
alternative to any test method specified in the relevant standard, the owner or operator is authorized to
conduct the performance test using an alternative test method after the Administrator approves the use of the
alternative method when the Administrator approves the site-specific test plan (if review of the site-specific
test plan is requested) or after the alternative method is approved (see paragraph (f) of this section). However,
the owner or operator is authorized to conduct the performance test using an alternative method in the absence
of notification of approval 45 days after submission of the site-specific test plan or request to use an
alternative method. The owner or operator is authorized to conduct the performance test within 60 calendar
days after he/she is authorized to demonstrate compliance using an alternative test method. Notwithstanding
the requirements in the preceding three sentences, the owner or operator may proceed to conduct the
performance test as required in this section (without the Administrator's prior approval of the site-specific test
plan) if he/she subsequently chooses to use the specified testing and monitoring methods instead of an
alternative.
                  (iii) Neither the submission of a site-specific test plan for approval, nor the Administrator’s
approval or disapproval of a plan, nor the Administrator’s failure to approve or disapprove a plan in a timely
manner shall -
                             (A) Relieve an owner or operator of legal responsibility for compliance with any
applicable provisions of this part or with any other applicable Federal, State, or local requirement; or
                             (B) Prevent the Administrator from implementing or enforcing this part or taking any
other action under the Act.
         (4)      (i) Performance test method audit program. The owner or operator must analyze performance
audit (PA) samples during each performance test. The owner or operator must request performance audit
materials 30 days prior to the test date. Audit materials including cylinder audit gases may be obtained by
contacting the appropriate EPA Regional Office or the responsible enforcement authority.
                  (ii) The Administrator will have sole discretion to require any subsequent remedial actions of
the owner or operator based on the PA results.
                  (iii) If the Administrator fails to provide required PA materials to an owner or operator of an
affected source in time to analyze the PA samples during a performance test, the requirement to conduct a PA
under this paragraph shall be waived for such source for that performance test. Waiver under this paragraph of
the requirement to conduct a PA for a particular performance test does not constitute a waiver of the
requirement to conduct a PA for future required performance tests.

(d) Performance testing facilities. If required to do performance testing, the owner or operator of
each new source and, at the request of the Administrator, the owner or operator of each existing
source, shall provide performance testing facilities as follows:
        (1) Sampling ports adequate for test methods applicable to such source. This includes:
                 (i) Constructing the air pollution control system such that volumetric flow rates and pollutant
emission rates can be accurately determined by applicable test methods and procedures; and
                 (ii) Providing a stack or duct free of cyclonic flow during performance tests, as demonstrated
by applicable test methods and procedures;
        (2) Safe sampling platform(s);
        (3) Safe access to sampling platform(s);
        (4) Utilities for sampling and testing equipment; and
        (5) Any other facilities that the Administrator deems necessary for safe and adequate testing of a
source.

(e) Conduct of performance tests.
         (1) Performance tests shall be conducted under such conditions as the Administrator specifies to the
owner or operator based on representative performance (i.e., performance based on normal operating
conditions) of the affected source. Operations during periods of startup, shutdown, and malfunction shall not
constitute representative conditions for the purpose of a performance test, nor shall emissions in excess of the
level of the relevant standard during periods of startup, shutdown, and malfunction be considered a violation
of the relevant standard unless otherwise specified in the relevant standard or a determination of
noncompliance is made under § 63.6(e). Upon request, the owner or operator shall make available to the
Administrator such records as may be necessary to determine the conditions of performance tests.
         (2) Performance tests shall be conducted and data shall be reduced in accordance with the test
methods and procedures set forth in this section, in each relevant standard, and, if required, in applicable
appendices of parts 51, 60, 61, and 63 of this chapter unless the Administrator (But the performance test
results must be submitted within 180 days after the compliance date.)-
                  (i) Specifies or approves, in specific cases, the use of a test method with minor changes in
methodology (see definition in § 63.90(a)). Such changes may be approved in conjunction with approval of
the site-specific test plan (see paragraph (c) of this section); or
                  (ii) Approves the use of an intermediate or major change or alternative to a test method (see
definitions in § 63.90(a)), the results of which the Administrator has determined to be adequate for indicating
whether a specific affected source is in compliance; or
                  (iii) Approves shorter sampling times or smaller sample volumes when necessitated by
process variables or other factors; or
                  (iv) Waives the requirement for performance tests because the owner or operator of an
affected source has demonstrated by other means to the Administrator’s satisfaction that the affected source is
in compliance with the relevant standard.
         (3) Unless otherwise specified in a relevant standard or test method, each performance test shall
consist of three separate runs using the applicable test method. Each run shall be conducted for the time and
under the conditions specified in the relevant standard. For the purpose of determining compliance with a
relevant standard, the arithmetic mean of the results of the three runs shall apply. Upon receiving approval
from the Administrator, results of a test run may be replaced with results of an additional test run in the event
that
                  (i) A sample is accidentally lost after the testing team leaves the site; or
                  (ii) Conditions occur in which one of the three runs must be discontinued because of forced
shutdown; or
                  (iii) Extreme meteorological conditions occur; or
                  (iv) Other circumstances occur that are beyond the owner or operator’s control.
         (4) Nothing in paragraphs (e)(1) through (e)(3) of this section shall be construed to abrogate the
Administrator’s authority to require testing under section 114 of the Act.

(f) Use of an alternative test method -
         (1) General. Until authorized to use an intermediate or major change or alternative to a test method,
the owner or operator of an affected source remains subject to the requirements of this section and the
relevant standard.
         (2) The owner or operator of an affected source required to do performance testing by a relevant
standard may use an alternative test method from that specified in the standard provided that the owner or
operator -
                  (i) Notifies the Administrator of his or her intention to use an alternative test method at least
60 days before the performance test is scheduled to begin;
                  (ii) Uses Method 301 in appendix A of this part to validate the alternative test method. This
may include the use of specific procedures of Method 301 if use of such procedures are sufficient to validate
the alternative test method; and
                  (iii) Submits the results of the Method 301 validation process along with the notification of
intention and the justification for not using the specified test method. The owner or operator may submit the
information required in this paragraph well in advance of the deadline specified in paragraph (f)(2)(i) of this
section to ensure a timely review by the Administrator in order to meet the performance test date specified in
this section or the relevant standard.
         (3) The Administrator will determine whether the owner or operator's validation of the proposed
alternative test method is adequate and issue an approval or disapproval of the alternative test method. If the
owner or operator intends to demonstrate compliance by using an alternative to any test method specified in
the relevant standard, the owner or operator is authorized to conduct the performance test using an alternative
test method after the Administrator approves the use of the alternative method. However, the owner or
operator is authorized to conduct the performance test using an alternative method in the absence of
notification of approval/disapproval 45 days after submission of the request to use an alternative method and
the request satisfies the requirements in paragraph (f)(2) of this section. The owner or operator is authorized
to conduct the performance test within 60 calendar days after he/she is authorized to demonstrate compliance
using an alternative test method. Notwithstanding the requirements in the preceding three sentences, the
owner or operator may proceed to conduct the performance test as required in this section (without the
Administrator's prior approval of the site-specific test plan) if he/she subsequently chooses to use the
specified testing and monitoring methods instead of an alternative.
         (4) If the Administrator finds reasonable grounds to dispute the results obtained by an alternative test
method for the purposes of demonstrating compliance with a relevant standard, the Administrator may require
the use of a test method specified in a relevant standard.
         (5) If the owner or operator uses an alternative test method for an affected source during a required
performance test, the owner or operator of such source shall continue to use the alternative test method for
subsequent performance tests at that affected source until he or she receives approval from the Administrator
to use another test method as allowed under § 63.7(f).
         (6) Neither the validation and approval process nor the failure to validate an alternative test method
shall abrogate the owner or operator’s responsibility to comply with the requirements of this part.

(g) Data analysis, recordkeeping, and reporting.
         (1) Unless otherwise specified in a relevant standard or test method, or as otherwise approved by the
Administrator in writing, results of a performance test shall include the analysis of samples, determination of
emissions, and raw data. A performance test is ‘‘completed’’ when field sample collection is terminated. The
owner or operator of an affected source shall report the results of the performance test to the Administrator
before the, close of business on the 60th day following the completion of the performance test, unless
specified otherwise in a relevant standard or as approved otherwise in writing by the Administrator (see §
63.9(i)). The results of the performance test shall be submitted as part of the notification of compliance status
required under § 63.9(h). Before a title V permit has been issued to the owner or operator of an affected
source, the owner or operator shall send the results of the performance test to the Administrator. After a title
V permit has been issued to the owner or operator of an affected source, the owner or operator shall send the
results of the performance test to the appropriate permitting authority.
         (2) [Reserved]
         (3) For a minimum of 5 years after a performance test is conducted, the owner or operator shall retain
and make available, upon request, for inspection by the Administrator the records or results of such
performance test and other data needed to determine emissions from an affected source.

(h) Waiver of performance tests.
         (1) Until a waiver of a performance testing requirement has been granted by the Administrator under
this paragraph, the owner or operator of an affected source remains subject to the requirements of this section.
         (2) Individual performance tests may be waived upon written application to the Administrator if, in
the Administrator’s judgment, the source is meeting the relevant standard(s) on a continuous basis, or the
source is being operated under an extension of compliance, or the owner or operator has requested an
extension of compliance and the Administrator is still considering that request.
         (3) Request to waive a performance test.
                 (i) If a request is made for an extension of compliance under § 63.6(i), the application for a
waiver of an initial performance test shall accompany the information
required for the request for an extension of compliance. If no extension of compliance is requested or if the
owner or operator has requested an extension of compliance and the Administrator is still considering that
request, the application for a waiver of an initial performance test shall be submitted at least 60 days before
the performance test if the site-specific test plan under paragraph (c) of this section is not submitted.
                  (ii) If an application for a waiver of a subsequent performance test is made, the application
may accompany any required compliance progress report, compliance status report, or excess emissions and
continuous monitoring system performance report [such as those required under § 63.6(I), § 63.9(h), and §
63.10(e) or specified in a relevant standard or in the source’s title V permit], but it shall be submitted at least
60 days before the performance test if the site-specific test plan required under paragraph (c) of this section is
not submitted.
                  (iii) Any application for a waiver of a performance test shall include information justifying
the owner or operator’s request for a waiver, such as the technical or economic infeasibility, or the
impracticality, of the affected source performing the required test.
         (4) Approval of request to waive performance test. The Administrator will approve or deny a request
for a waiver of a performance test made under paragraph (h)(3) of this section when he/she -
                  (i) Approves or denies an extension of compliance under § 63.6(i)(8); or
                  (ii) Approves or disapproves a site-specific test plan under § 63.7(c)(3); or
                  (iii) Makes a determination of compliance following the submission of a required compliance
status report or excess emissions and continuous monitoring systems performance report; or
                  (iv) Makes a determination of suitable progress towards compliance following the submission
of a compliance progress report, whichever is applicable.
         (5) Approval of any waiver granted under this section shall not abrogate the Administrator’s authority
under the Act or in any way prohibit the Administrator from later canceling the waiver. The cancellation will
be made only after notice is given to the owner or operator of the affected source.

§ 63.8 Monitoring requirements.

(a) Applicability.
        (1)      (i) The applicability of this section is set out in § 63.1(a)(4).
                 (ii) Relevant standards established under this part will specify monitoring systems, methods,
or procedures, monitoring frequency, and other pertinent requirements for source(s) regulated by those
standards. This section specifies general monitoring requirements such as those governing the conduct of
monitoring and requests to use alternative monitoring methods. In addition, this section specifies detailed
requirements that apply to affected sources required to use continuous monitoring systems (CMS) under a
relevant standard.
        (2) For the purposes of this part, all CMS required under relevant standards shall be subject to the
provisions of this section upon promulgation of performance specifications for CMS as specified in the
relevant standard or otherwise by the Administrator.
        (3) [Reserved]
        (4) Additional monitoring requirements for control devices used to comply with provisions in relevant
standards of this part are specified in § 63.11.

(b) Conduct of monitoring.
         (1) Monitoring shall be conducted as set forth in this section and the relevant standard(s) unless the
Administrator -
                 (i) Specifies or approves the use of minor changes in methodology for the specified
monitoring requirements and procedures (see § 63.90(a) for definition); or                                    (ii)
Approves the use of an intermediate or major change or alternative to any monitoring requirements or
procedures (see § 63.90(a) for definition).
                 (iii) Owners or operators with flares subject to § 63.11(b) are not subject to the requirements
of this section unless otherwise specified in the relevant standard.
         (2)     (i) When the emissions from two or more affected sources are combined before being
released to the atmosphere, the owner or operator may install an applicable CMS for each emission stream or
for the combined emissions streams, provided the monitoring is sufficient to demonstrate compliance with the
relevant standard.
                  (ii) If the relevant standard is a mass emission standard and the emissions from one affected
source are released to the atmosphere through more than one point, the owner or operator must install an
applicable CMS at each emission point unless the installation of fewer systems is –
                            (A) Approved by the Administrator; or
                            (B) Provided for in a relevant standard (e.g., instead of requiring that a CMS be
installed at each emission point before the effluents from those points are channeled to a common control
device, the standard specifies that only one CMS is required to be installed at the vent of the control device).
         (3) When more than one CMS is used to measure the emissions from one affected source (e.g.,
multiple breechings, multiple outlets), the owner or operator shall report the results as required for each CMS.
However, when one CMS is used as a backup to another CMS, the owner or operator shall report the results
from the CMS used to meet the monitoring requirements of this part. If both such CMS are used during a
particular reporting period to meet the monitoring requirements of this part, then the owner or operator shall
report the results from each CMS for the relevant compliance period.

(c) Operation and maintenance of continuous monitoring systems.
         (1) The owner or operator of an affected source shall maintain and operate each CMS as specified in
this section, or in a relevant standard, and in a manner consistent with good air pollution control practices.
                   (i) The owner or operator of an affected source must maintain and operate each CMS as
specified in § 63.6(e)(1).
                   (ii) The owner or operator must keep the necessary parts for routine repairs of the affected
CMS equipment readily available.
                   (iii) The owner or operator of an affected source must develop and implement a written
startup, shutdown, and malfunction plan for CMS as specified in § 63.6(e)(3).
         (2)       (i) All CMS must be installed such that representative measures of emissions or process
parameters from the affected source are obtained. In addition, CEMS must be located according to procedures
contained in the applicable performance specification(s).
         (3) All CMS shall be installed, operational, and the data verified as specified in the relevant standard
either prior to or in conjunction with conducting performance tests under § 63.7. Verification of operational
status shall, at a minimum, include completion of the manufacturer’s written specifications or
recommendations for installation, operation, and calibration of the system.
         (4) This provision does not apply.
         (5) Unless otherwise approved by the Administrator, minimum procedures for COMS shall include a
method for producing a simulated zero opacity condition and an upscale (high-level) opacity condition using a
certified neutral density filter or other related technique to produce a known obscuration of the light beam.
Such procedures shall provide a system check of all the analyzer’s internal optical surfaces and all electronic
circuitry, including the lamp and photodetector assembly normally used in the measurement of opacity.
         (6) The owner or operator of a CMS that is not a CPMS, which is installed in accordance with the
provisions of this part and the applicable CMS performance specification(s), must check the zero (low-level)
and high-level calibration drifts at least once daily in accordance with the written procedure specified in the
performance evaluation plan developed under paragraphs (e)(3)(i) and (ii) of this section. The zero (low-level)
and high-level calibration drifts must be adjusted, at a minimum, whenever the 24-hour zero (low-level) drift
exceeds two times the limits of the applicable performance specification(s) specified in the relevant standard.
The system shall allow the amount of excess zero (low-level) and high-level drift measured at the 24-hour
interval checks to be recorded and quantified whenever specified. For COMS, all optical and instrumental
surfaces exposed to the effluent gases must be cleaned prior to performing the zero (low-level) and high-level
drift adjustments; the optical surfaces and instrumental surfaces must be cleaned when the cumulative
automatic zero compensation, if applicable, exceeds 4 percent opacity. The CPMS must be calibrated prior to
use for the purposes of complying with this section. The CPMS must be checked daily for indication that the
system is responding. If the CPMS system includes an internal system check, results must be recorded and
checked daily for proper operation.
         (7)       (i) A CMS is out of control if -
                          (A) The zero (low-level), mid-level (if applicable), or high-level calibration drift
(CD) exceeds two times the applicable CD specification in the applicable performance specification or in the
relevant standard; or
                          (B) The CMS fails a performance test audit (e.g., cylinder gas audit), relative
accuracy audit, relative accuracy test audit, or linearity test audit; or
                          (C) The COMS CD exceeds two times the limit in the applicable performance
specification in the relevant standard.
                  (ii) When the CMS is out of control, the owner or operator of the affected source shall take
the necessary corrective action and shall repeat all necessary tests which indicate that the system is out of
control. The owner or operator shall take corrective action and conduct retesting until the performance
requirements are below the applicable limits. The beginning of the out-of-control period is the hour the owner
or operator conducts a performance check (e.g., calibration drift) that indicates an exceedance of the
performance requirements established under this part. The end of the out-of-control period is the hour
following the completion of corrective action and successful demonstration that the system is within the
allowable limits. During the period the CMS is out of control, recorded data shall not be used in data averages
and calculations, or to meet any data availability requirement established under this part.
         (8) The owner or operator of a CMS that is out of control as defined in paragraph (c)(7) of this section
shall submit all information concerning out-of-control periods, including start and end dates and hours and
descriptions of corrective actions taken, in the excess emissions and continuous monitoring system
performance report required in § 63.10(e)(3).

(d) Quality control program.
         (1) The results of the quality control program required in this paragraph will be considered by the
Administrator when he/she determines the validity of monitoring data.
         (2) The owner or operator of an affected source that is required to use a CMS and is subject to the
monitoring requirements of this section and a relevant standard shall develop and implement a CMS quality
control program. As part of the quality control program, the owner or operator shall develop and submit to the
Administrator for approval upon request a site-specific performance evaluation test plan for the CMS
performance evaluation required in paragraph (e)(3)(i) of this section, according to the procedures specified in
paragraph (e). In addition, each quality control program shall include, at a minimum, a written protocol that
describes procedures for each of the following operations:
                 (i) Initial and any subsequent calibration of the CMS;
                 (ii) Determination and adjustment of the calibration drift of the CMS;
                 (iii) Preventive maintenance of the CMS, including spare parts inventory;
                 (iv) Data recording, calculations, and reporting;
                 (v) Accuracy audit procedures, including sampling and analysis methods; and
                 (vi) Program of corrective action for a malfunctioning CMS.
         (3) The owner or operator shall keep these written procedures on record for the life of the affected
source or until the affected source is no longer subject to the provisions of this part, to be made available for
inspection, upon request, by the Administrator. If the performance evaluation plan is revised, the owner or
operator shall keep previous (i.e., superseded) versions of the performance evaluation plan on record to be
made available for inspection, upon request, by the Administrator, for a period of 5 years after each revision
to the plan. Where relevant, e.g., program of corrective action for a malfunctioning CMS, these written
procedures may be incorporated as part of the affected source’s startup, shutdown, and malfunction plan to
avoid duplication of planning and recordkeeping efforts.

(e) Performance evaluation of continuous monitoring systems - {Subpart HH does not specifically require
continuous emissions monitor performance evaluations, however, the Administrator can request that
one be conducted.}
        (1) General. When required by a relevant standard, and at any other time the Administrator may
require under section 114 of the Act, the owner or operator of an affected source being monitored shall
conduct a performance evaluation of the CMS. Such performance evaluation shall be conducted according to
the applicable specifications and procedures described in this section or in the relevant standard.
         (2) Notification of performance evaluation. The owner or operator shall notify the Administrator in
writing of the date of the performance evaluation simultaneously with the notification of the performance test
date required under § 63.7(b) or at least 60 days prior to the date the performance evaluation is scheduled to
begin if no performance test is required.
         (3)      (i) Submission of site-specific performance evaluation test plan. Before conducting a required
CMS performance evaluation, the owner or operator of an affected source shall develop and submit a site-
specific performance evaluation test plan to the Administrator for approval upon request. The performance
evaluation test plan shall include the evaluation program objectives, an evaluation program summary, the
performance evaluation schedule, data quality objectives, and both an internal and external QA program. Data
quality objectives are the pre-evaluation expectations of precision, accuracy, and completeness of data.
                  (ii) The internal QA program shall include, at a minimum, the activities planned by routine
operators and analysts to provide an assessment of CMS performance. The external QA program shall
include, at a minimum, systems audits that include the opportunity for on-site evaluation by the Administrator
of instrument calibration, data validation, sample logging, and documentation of quality control data and field
maintenance activities.
                  (iii) The owner or operator of an affected source shall submit the site-specific performance
evaluation test plan to the Administrator (if requested) at least 60 days before the performance test or
performance evaluation is scheduled to begin, or on a mutually agreed upon date, and review and approval of
the performance evaluation test plan by the Administrator will occur with the review and approval of the site-
specific test plan (if review of the site-specific test plan is requested).
                  (iv) The Administrator may request additional relevant information after the submittal of a
site-specific performance evaluation test plan.
                  (v) In the event that the Administrator fails to approve or disapprove the site-specific
performance evaluation test plan within the time period specified in § 63.7(c)(3), the following conditions
shall apply:
                           (A) If the owner or operator intends to demonstrate compliance using the monitoring
method(s) specified in the relevant standard, the owner or operator shall conduct the performance evaluation
within the time specified in this subpart using the specified method(s);
                           (B) If the owner or operator intends to demonstrate compliance by using an
alternative to a monitoring method specified in the relevant standard, the owner or operator shall refrain from
conducting the performance evaluation until the Administrator approves the use of the alternative method. If
the Administrator does not approve the use of the alternative method within 30 days before the performance
evaluation is scheduled to begin, the performance evaluation deadlines specified in paragraph (e)(4) of this
section may be extended such that the owner or operator shall conduct the performance evaluation within 60
calendar days after the Administrator approves the use of the alternative method. Notwithstanding the
requirements in the preceding two sentences, the owner or operator may proceed to conduct the performance
evaluation as required in this section (without the Administrator’s prior approval of the site-specific
performance evaluation test plan) if he/she subsequently chooses to use the specified monitoring method(s)
instead of an alternative.
                  (vi) Neither the submission of a site-specific performance evaluation test plan for approval,
nor the Administrator’s approval or disapproval of a plan, nor the Administrator’ failure to approve or
disapprove a plan in a timely manner shall -
                           (A) Relieve an owner or operator of legal responsibility for compliance with any
applicable provisions of this part or with any other applicable Federal, State, or local requirement; or
                           (B) Prevent the Administrator from implementing or enforcing this part or taking any
other action under the Act.
         (4) Conduct of performance evaluation and performance evaluation dates. The owner or operator of
an affected source shall conduct a performance evaluation of a required CMS during any performance test
required under § 63.7 in accordance with the applicable performance specification as specified in the relevant
standard. Notwithstanding the requirement in the previous sentence, if the owner or operator of an affected
source elects to submit COMS data for compliance with a relevant opacity emission standard as provided
under § 63.6(h)(7), he/she shall conduct a performance evaluation of the COMS as specified in the relevant
standard, before the performance test required under § 63.7 is conducted in time to submit the results of the
performance evaluation as specified in paragraph (e)(5)(ii) of this section. If a performance test is not
required, or the requirement for a performance test has been waived under § 63.7(h), the owner or operator of
an affected source shall conduct the performance evaluation not later than 180 days after the appropriate
compliance date for the affected source, as specified in § 63.7(a), or as otherwise specified in the relevant
standard.
         (5) Reporting performance evaluation results.
                  (i) The owner or operator shall furnish the Administrator a copy of a written report of the
results of the performance evaluation simultaneously with the results of the performance test required under §
63.7 or within 60 days of completion of the performance
evaluation if no test is required, unless otherwise specified in a relevant standard. The Administrator may
request that the owner or operator submit the raw data from a performance evaluation in the report of the
performance evaluation results.
                  (ii) The owner or operator of an affected source using a COMS to determine opacity
compliance during any performance test required under § 63.7 and described in § 63.6(d)(6) shall furnish the
Administrator two or, upon request, three copies of a written report of the results of the COMS performance
evaluation under this paragraph. The copies shall be provided at least 15 calendar days before the
performance test required under § 63.7 is conducted.

(f) Use of an alternative monitoring method -
         (1) General. Until permission to use an alternative monitoring method has been granted by the
Administrator under this paragraph, the owner or operator of an affected source remains subject to the
requirements of this section and the relevant standard.
         (2) After receipt and consideration of written application, the Administrator may approve alternatives
to any monitoring methods or procedures of this part including, but not limited to, the following:
                   (i) Alternative monitoring requirements when installation of a CMS specified by a relevant
standard would not provide accurate measurements due to liquid water or other interferences caused by
substances within the effluent gases;
                   (ii) Alternative monitoring requirements when the affected source is infrequently operated;
                   (iii) Alternative monitoring requirements to accommodate CEMS that require additional
measurements to correct for stack moisture conditions;
                   (iv) Alternative locations for installing CMS when the owner or operator can demonstrate that
installation at alternate locations will enable accurate and representative measurements;
                   (v) Alternate methods for converting pollutant concentration measurements to units of the
relevant standard;
                   (vi) Alternate procedures for performing daily checks of zero (low-level) and high-level drift
that do not involve use of high-level gases or test cells;
                   (vii) Alternatives to the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) test methods or
sampling procedures specified by any relevant standard;
                   (viii) Alternative CMS that do not meet the design or performance requirements in this part,
but adequately demonstrate a definite and consistent relationship between their measurements and the
measurements of opacity by a system complying with the requirements as specified in the relevant standard.
The Administrator may require that such demonstration be performed for each affected source; or
                   (ix) Alternative monitoring requirements when the effluent from a single affected source or
the combined effluent from two or more affected sources is released to the atmosphere through more than one
point.
         (3) If the Administrator finds reasonable grounds to dispute the results obtained by an alternative
monitoring method, requirement, or procedure, the Administrator may require the use of a method,
requirement, or procedure specified in this section or in the relevant standard. If the results of the specified
and alternative method, requirement, or procedure do not agree, the results obtained by the specified method,
requirement, or procedure shall prevail.
         (4)      (i) Request to use alternative monitoring procedure. An owner or operator who wishes to use
an alternative monitoring procedure must submit an application to the Administrator as described in
paragraph (f)(4)(ii) of this section. The application may be submitted at any time provided that the monitoring
procedure is not the performance test method used to demonstrate compliance with a relevant standard or
other requirement. If the alternative monitoring procedure will serve as the performance test method that is to
be used to demonstrate compliance with a relevant standard, the application must be submitted at least 60
days before the performance evaluation is scheduled to begin and must meet the requirements for an
alternative test method under § 63.7(f).
                  (ii) The application must contain a description of the proposed alternative monitoring system
which addresses the four elements contained in the definition of monitoring in § 63.2 and a performance
evaluation test plan, if required, as specified in paragraph (e)(3) of this section. In addition, the application
must include information justifying the owner or operator's request for an alternative monitoring method, such
as the technical or economic infeasibility, or the impracticality, of the affected source using the required
method.
                  (iii) The owner or operator may submit the information required in this paragraph well in
advance of the submittal dates specified in paragraph (f)(4)(i) above to ensure a timely review by the
Administrator in order to meet the compliance demonstration date specified in this section or the relevant
standard.
                  (iv) Application for minor changes to monitoring procedures, as specified in paragraph (b)(1)
of this section, may be made in the site-specific performance evaluation plan.
         (5) Approval of request to use alternative monitoring procedure.
                  (i) The Administrator will notify the owner or operator of approval or intention to deny
approval of the request to use an alternative monitoring method within 30 calendar days after receipt of the
original request and within 30 calendar days after receipt of any supplementary information that is submitted.
If a request for a minor change is made in conjunction with site-specific performance evaluation plan, then
approval of the plan will constitute approval of the minor change. Before disapproving any request to use an
alternative monitoring method, the Administrator will notify the applicant of the Administrator's intention to
disapprove the request together with --
                             (A) Notice of the information and findings on which the intended disapproval is
based; and
                             (B) Notice of opportunity for the owner or operator to present additional information
to the Administrator before final action on the request. At the time the Administrator notifies the applicant of
his or her intention to disapprove the request, the Administrator will specify how much time the owner or
operator will have after being notified of the intended disapproval to submit the additional information.
                  (ii) The Administrator may establish general procedures and criteria in a relevant standard to
accomplish the requirements of paragraph (f)(5)(i) of this section.
                  (iii) If the Administrator approves the use of an alternative monitoring method for an affected
source under paragraph (f)(5)(i) of this section, the owner or operator of such source shall continue to use the
alternative monitoring method until he or she receives approval from the Administrator to use another
monitoring method as allowed by § 63.8(f).
         (6) Subpart HH does not require continuous emissions monitoring.

(g) Reduction of monitoring data. Subpart HH specifies continuous monitoring system data reduction
requirements.

§ 63.9 Notification requirements.

(a) Applicability and general information.
         (1) The applicability of this section is set out in § 63.1(a)(4).
         (2) For affected sources that have been granted an extension of compliance under subpart D of this
part, the requirements of this section do not apply to those sources while they are operating under such
compliance extensions.
         (3) If any State requires a notice that contains all the information required in a notification listed in
this section, the owner or operator may send the Administrator a copy of the notice sent to the State to satisfy
the requirements of this section for that notification.
         (4)      (i) Before a State has been delegated the authority to implement and enforce notification
requirements established under this part, the owner or operator of an affected source in such State subject to
such requirements shall submit notifications to the appropriate Regional Office of the EPA (to the attention of
the Director of the Division indicated in the list of the EPA Regional Offices in § 63.13).
                  (ii) After a State has been delegated the authority to implement and enforce notification
requirements established under this part, the owner or operator of an affected source in such State subject to
such requirements shall submit notifications to the delegated State authority (which may be the same as the
permitting authority). In addition, if the delegated (permitting) authority is the State, the owner or operator
shall send a copy of each notification submitted to the State to the appropriate Regional Office of the EPA, as
specified in paragraph (a)(4)(i) of this section. The Regional Office may waive this requirement for any
notifications at its discretion.

(b) Initial notifications.
         (1)       (i) The requirements of this paragraph apply to the owner or operator of an affected source
when such source becomes subject to a relevant standard.
                   (ii) If an area source that otherwise would be subject to an emission standard or other
requirement established under this part if it were a major source subsequently increases its emissions of
hazardous air pollutants (or its potential to emit hazardous air pollutants) such that the source is a major
source that is subject to the emission standard or other requirement, such source shall be subject to the
notification requirements of this section.
                   (iii) Affected sources that are required under this paragraph to submit an initial notification
may use the application for approval of construction or reconstruction under § 63.5(d) of this subpart, if
relevant, to fulfill the initial notification requirements of this paragraph.
         (2) The owner or operator of an affected source that has an initial startup before the effective date of a
relevant standard under this part shall notify the Administrator in writing that the source is subject to the
relevant standard. The notification, which shall be submitted not later than 1 year after the effective date of
the relevant standard (or within 1 year after the source becomes subject to the relevant standard), shall
provide the following information(Existing sources are given 1 year (rather than 120 days) to submit this
notification.):
                   (i) The name and address of the owner or operator;
                   (ii) The address (i.e., physical location) of the affected source;
                   (iii) An identification of the relevant standard, or other requirement, that is the basis of the
notification and the source’s compliance date;
                   (iv) A brief description of the nature, size, design, and method of operation of the source and
an identification of the types of emission points within the affected source subject to the relevant standard and
types of hazardous air pollutants emitted; and
                   (v) A statement of whether the affected source is a major source or an area source.
         (3) [Reserved]
         (4) The owner or operator of a new or reconstructed major affected source for which an application
for approval of construction or reconstruction is required under § 63.5(d) must provide the following
information in writing to the Administrator:
                   (i) A notification of intention to construct a new major-emitting affected source, reconstruct a
major-emitting affected source, or reconstruct a major source such that the source becomes a major-emitting
affected source with the application for approval of construction or reconstruction as specified in
§ 63.5(d)(1)(i); and
                 (ii) [Reserved]
                 (iii) [Reserved]
                 (iv) [Reserved]; and
                 (v) A notification of the actual date of startup of the source, delivered or postmarked within
15 calendar days after that date.
        (5) The owner or operator of a new or reconstructed affected source for which an application for
approval of construction or reconstruction is not required under § 63.5(d) must provide the following
information in writing to the Administrator:
                 (i) A notification of intention to construct a new affected source, reconstruct an affected
        source, or reconstruct a source such that the source becomes an affected source, and
                 (ii) A notification of the actual date of startup of the source, delivered or postmarked within
        15 calendar days after that date.
                 (iii) Unless the owner or operator has requested and received prior permission from the
        Administrator to submit less than the information in § 63.5(d), the notification must include the
        information required on the application for approval of construction or reconstruction as specified in
        § 63.5(d)(1)(i).

(c) Request for extension of compliance. If the owner or operator of an affected source cannot
comply with a relevant standard by the applicable compliance date for that source, or if the owner or operator
has installed BACT or technology to meet LAER consistent with § 63.6(i)(5) of this subpart, he/she may
submit to the Administrator (or the State with an approved permit program) a request for an extension of
compliance as specified in § 63.6(i)(4) through § 63.6(i)(6).

(d) Notification that source is subject to special compliance requirements. An owner or operator of a new
source that is subject to special compliance requirements as specified in § 63.6(b)(3) and § 63.6(b)(4) shall
notify the Administrator of his/her compliance obligations not later than the notification dates established in
paragraph (b) of this section for new sources that are not subject to the special provisions.

(e) Notification of performance test. The owner or operator of an affected source shall notify the
Administrator in writing of his or her intention to conduct a performance test at least 60 calendar
days before the performance test is scheduled to begin to allow the Administrator to review and approve the
site-specific test plan required under § 63.7(c), if requested by the Administrator, and to have an observer
present during the test.

(f) Notification of opacity and visible emission observations. The owner or operator of an affected source
shall notify the Administrator in writing of the anticipated date for conducting the opacity or visible emission
observations specified in § 63.6(h)(5), if such observations are required for the source by a relevant standard.
The notification shall be submitted with the notification of the performance test date, as specified in paragraph
(e) of this section, or if no performance test is required or visibility or other conditions prevent the opacity or
visible emission observations from being conducted concurrently with the initial performance test required
under § 63.7, the owner or operator shall deliver or postmark the notification not less than 30 days before the
opacity or visible emission observations are scheduled to take place.

(g) Additional notification requirements for sources with continuous monitoring systems. The
owner or operator of an affected source required to use a CMS by a relevant standard shall furnish the
Administrator written notification as follows:
        (1) A notification of the date the CMS performance evaluation under § 63.8(e) is scheduled to begin,
submitted simultaneously with the notification of the performance test date required under § 63.7(b). If no
performance test is required, or if the requirement to conduct a performance test has been waived for an
affected source under § 63.7(h), the owner or operator shall notify the Administrator in writing of the date of
the performance evaluation at least 60 calendar days before the evaluation is scheduled to begin;
         (2) A notification that COMS data results will be used to determine compliance with the applicable
opacity emission standard during a performance test required by § 63.7 in lieu of Method 9 or other opacity
emissions test method data, as allowed by § 63.6(h)(7)(ii), if compliance with an opacity emission standard is
required for the source by a relevant standard. The notification shall be submitted at least 60 calendar days
before the performance test is scheduled to begin; and
         (3) A notification that the criterion necessary to continue use of an alternative to relative accuracy
testing, as provided by § 63.8(f)(6), has been exceeded. The notification shall be delivered or postmarked not
later than 10 days after the occurrence of such exceedance, and it shall include a description of the nature and
cause of the increased emissions.

(h) Notification of compliance status.
         (1) The requirements of paragraphs (h)(2) through (h)(4)of this section apply when an affected source
becomes subject to a relevant standard.
         (2)       (i) Before a title V permit has been issued to the owner or operator of an affected source, and
each time a notification of compliance status is required under this part, the owner or operator of such source
shall submit to the Administrator a notification of compliance status, signed by the responsible official who
shall certify its accuracy, attesting to whether the source has complied with the relevant standard. The
notification shall list -
                            (A) The methods that were used to determine compliance;
                            (B) The results of any performance tests, opacity or visible emission observations,
continuous monitoring system (CMS) performance evaluations, and/or other monitoring procedures or
methods that were conducted;
                            (C) The methods that will be used for determining continuing compliance, including
a description of monitoring and reporting requirements and test methods;
                            (D) The type and quantity of hazardous air pollutants emitted by the source (or
surrogate pollutants if specified in the relevant standard), reported in units and averaging times and in
accordance with the test methods specified in the relevant standard;
                            (E) If the relevant standard applies to both major and area sources, an analysis
demonstrating whether the affected source is a major source (using the emissions data generated for this
notification);
                            (F) A description of the air pollution control equipment (or method) for each
emission point, including each control device (or method) for each hazardous air pollutant and the control
efficiency (percent) for each control device (or method); and
                            (G) A statement by the owner or operator of the affected existing, new, or
reconstructed source as to whether the source has complied with the relevant standard or other requirements.
                   (ii) The notification must be sent before the close of business on the 60th day following the
completion of the relevant compliance demonstration activity specified in the relevant standard (unless a
different reporting period is specified in the standard, in which case the letter must be sent before the close of
business on the day the report of the relevant testing or monitoring results is required to be delivered or
postmarked). For example, the notification shall be sent before close of business on the 60th (or other
required) day following completion of the initial performance test and again before the close of business on
the 60th (or other required) day following the completion of any subsequent required performance test. If no
performance test is required but opacity or visible emission observations are required to demonstrate
compliance with an opacity or visible emission standard under this part, the notification of compliance status
shall be sent before close of business on the 30th day following the completion of opacity or visible emission
observations. Notifications may be combined as long as the due date requirement for each notification is met.
         (3) After a title V permit has been issued to the owner or operator of an affected source, the owner or
operator of such source shall comply with all requirements for compliance status reports contained in the
source’s title V permit, including reports required under this part. After a title V permit has been issued to the
owner or operator of an affected source, and each time a notification of compliance status is required under
this part, the owner or operator of such source shall submit the notification of compliance status to the
appropriate permitting authority following completion of the relevant compliance demonstration activity
specified in the relevant standard.
         (4) [Reserved]
         (5) If an owner or operator of an affected source submits estimates or preliminary information in the
application for approval of construction or reconstruction required in § 63.5(d) in place of the actual
emissions data or control efficiencies required in paragraphs (d)(1)(ii)(H) and (d)(2) of § 63.5, the owner or
operator shall submit the actual emissions data and other correct information as soon as available but no later
than with the initial notification of compliance status required in this section.
         (6) Advice on a notification of compliance status may be obtained from the Administrator.

(i) Adjustment to time periods or postmark deadlines for submittal and review of required
communications.
         (1)       (i) Until an adjustment of a time period or postmark deadline has been approved
by the Administrator under paragraphs (i)(2) and (i)(3) of this section, the owner or operator
of an affected source remains strictly subject to the requirements of this part.
                   (ii) An owner or operator shall request the adjustment provided for in paragraphs (i)(2) and
(i)(3) of this section each time he or she wishes to change an applicable time period or postmark deadline
specified in this part.
         (2) Notwithstanding time periods or postmark deadlines specified in this part for the submittal of
information to the Administrator by an owner or operator, or the review of such information by the
Administrator, such time periods or deadlines may be changed by mutual agreement between the owner or
operator and the Administrator. An owner or operator who wishes to request a change in a time period or
postmark deadline for a particular requirement shall request the adjustment in writing as soon as practicable
before the subject activity is required to take place. The owner or operator shall include in the request
whatever information he or she considers useful to convince the Administrator that an adjustment is
warranted.
         (3) If, in the Administrator’s judgment, an owner or operator’s request for an adjustment to a
particular time period or postmark deadline is warranted, the Administrator will approve the adjustment. The
Administrator will notify the owner or operator in writing of approval or disapproval of the request for an
adjustment within 15 calendar days of receiving sufficient information to evaluate the request.
         (4) If the Administrator is unable to meet a specified deadline, he or she will notify the owner or
operator of any significant delay and inform the owner or operator of the amended schedule.

(j) Change in information already provided. Any change in the information already provided
under this section shall be provided to the Administrator in writing within 15 calendar days after the change.

§ 63.10 Recordkeeping and reporting requirements.

(a) Applicability and general information.
         (1) The applicability of this section is set out in § 63.1(a)(4).
         (2) For affected sources that have been granted an extension of compliance under subpart D of this
part, the requirements of this section do not apply to those sources while they are operating under such
compliance extensions.
         (3) If any State requires a report that contains all the information required in a report listed in this
section, an owner or operator may send the Administrator a copy of the report sent to the
State to satisfy the requirements of this section for that report.
         (4)      (i) Before a State has been delegated the authority to implement and enforce recordkeeping
and reporting requirements established under this part, the owner or operator of an affected source in such
State subject to such requirements shall submit reports to the appropriate Regional Office of the EPA (to the
attention of the Director of the Division indicated in the list of the EPA Regional Offices in § 63.13).
                  (ii) After a State has been delegated the authority to implement and enforce recordkeeping
and reporting requirements established under this part, the owner or operator of an affected source in such
State subject to such requirements shall submit reports to the delegated State authority (which may be the
same as the permitting authority). In addition, if the delegated (permitting) authority is the State, the owner or
operator shall send a copy of each report submitted to the State to the appropriate Regional Office of the EPA,
as specified in paragraph (a)(4)(i) of this section. The Regional Office may waive this requirement for any
reports at its discretion.
         (5) If an owner or operator of an affected source in a State with delegated authority is required to
submit periodic reports under this part to the State, and if the State has an established
timeline for the submission of periodic reports that is consistent with the reporting frequency(ies)
specified for such source under this part, the owner or operator may change the dates by which
periodic reports under this part shall be submitted (without changing the frequency of reporting) to be
consistent with the State’s schedule by mutual agreement between the owner or operator and the State. For
each relevant standard established pursuant to section 112 of the Act, the allowance in the previous sentence
applies in each State beginning 1 year after the affected source’s compliance date for that standard.
Procedures governing the implementation of this provision are specified in § 63.9(i).
         (6) If an owner or operator supervises one or more stationary sources affected by more than one
standard established pursuant to section 112 of the Act, he/she may arrange by mutual agreement between the
owner or operator and the Administrator (or the State permitting authority) a common schedule on which
periodic reports required for each source shall be submitted throughout the year. The allowance in the
previous sentence applies in each State beginning 1 year after the latest compliance date for any relevant
standard established pursuant to section 112 of the Act for any such affected source(s). Procedures governing
the implementation of this provision are specified in § 63.9(i).
         (7) If an owner or operator supervises one or more stationary sources affected by standards
established pursuant to section 112 of the Act (as amended November 15, 1990) and standards set under part
60, part 61, or both such parts of this chapter, he/she may arrange by mutual agreement between the owner or
operator and the Administrator (or the State permitting authority) a common schedule on which periodic
reports required by each relevant (i.e., applicable) standard shall be submitted throughout the year. The
allowance in the previous sentence applies in each State beginning 1 year after the stationary source is
required to be in compliance with the relevant section 112 standard, or 1 year after the stationary source is
required to be in compliance with the applicable part 60 or part 61 standard, whichever is latest. Procedures
governing the implementation of this provision are specified in § 63.9(i).

(b) General recordkeeping requirements.
         (1) The owner or operator of an affected source subject to the provisions of this part shall maintain
files of all information (including all reports and notifications) required by this part recorded in a form
suitable and readily available for expeditious inspection and review. The files shall be retained for at least 5
years following the date of each occurrence, measurement, maintenance, corrective action, report, or record.
At a minimum, the most recent 2 years of data shall be retained on site. The remaining 3 years of data may be
retained off site. Such files may be maintained on microfilm, on a computer, on computer floppy disks, on
magnetic tape disks, or on microfiche. {§ 63.774(b)(1) requires sources to maintain the most recent 12
months of data on site and allows offsite storage for the remaining 4 years of data.}
         (2) The owner or operator of an affected source subject to the provisions of this part shall maintain
relevant records for such source of -
                  (i) The occurrence and duration of each startup, shutdown, or malfunction of operation (i.e.,
process equipment);
                  (ii) The occurrence and duration of each malfunction of the required air pollution control and
monitoring equipment;
                (iii) All required maintenance performed on the air pollution control and monitoring
equipment;
                  (iv) Actions taken during periods of startup, shutdown, and malfunction (including corrective
actions to restore malfunctioning process and air pollution control and monitoring equipment to its normal or
usual manner of operation) when such actions are different from the procedures specified in the affected
source's startup, shutdown, and malfunction plan (see § 63.6(e)(3));
                  (v) All information necessary to demonstrate conformance with the affected source's startup,
shutdown, and malfunction plan (see § 63.6(e)(3)) when all actions taken during periods of startup,
shutdown, and malfunction (including corrective actions to restore malfunctioning process and air pollution
control and monitoring equipment to its normal or usual manner of operation) are consistent with the
procedures specified in such plan. (The information needed to demonstrate conformance with the startup,
shutdown, and malfunction plan may be recorded using a "checklist," or some other effective form of
recordkeeping, in order to minimize the recordkeeping burden for conforming events);
 is malfunctioning or inoperative (including out-of-control periods);
                  (vii) All required measurements needed to demonstrate compliance with a relevant standard
(including, but not limited to, 15-minute averages of CMS data, raw performance testing measurements, and
raw performance evaluation measurements, that support data that the source is required to report);
                           (A) This paragraph applies to owners or operators required to install a
continuous emissions monitoring system (CEMS) where the CEMS installed is automated, and where the
calculated data averages do not exclude periods of CEMS breakdown or malfunction. An automated CEMS
records and reduces the measured data to the form of the pollutant emission standard through the use of a
computerized data acquisition system. In lieu of maintaining a file of all CEMS subhourly measurements as
required under paragraph (b)(2)(vii) of this section, the owner or operator shall retain the most recent
consecutive three averaging periods of subhourly measurements and a file that contains a hard copy of the
data acquisition system algorithm used to reduce the measured data into the reportable form of the standard.
                           (B) This paragraph applies to owners or operators required to install a
CEMS where the measured data is manually reduced to obtain the reportable form of the standard, and where
the calculated data averages do not exclude periods of CEMS breakdown or malfunction. In lieu of
maintaining a file of all CEMS subhourly measurements as required under paragraph (b)(2)(vii) of this
sections, the owner or operator shall retain all subhourly measurements for the most recent reporting period.
The subhourly measurements shall be retained for 120 days from the date of the most recent summary or
excess emission report submitted to the Administrator.
                           (C) The Administrator or delegated authority, upon notification to the
source, may require the owner or operator to maintain all measurements as required by paragraph (b)(2)(vii),
if the administrator or the delegated authority determines these records are required to more accurately assess
the compliance status of the affected source.
                  (viii) All results of performance tests, CMS performance evaluations, and opacity and visible
emission observations;
                  (ix) All measurements as may be necessary to determine the conditions of performance tests
and performance evaluations;
                  (x) All CMS calibration checks;
         `        (xi) All adjustments and maintenance performed on CMS;
                  (xii) Any information demonstrating whether a source is meeting the requirements for a
waiver of recordkeeping or reporting requirements under this part, if the source has been granted a waiver
under paragraph (f) of this section;
                  (xiii) All emission levels relative to the criterion for obtaining permission to use an
alternative to the relative accuracy test, if the source has been granted such permission under
§ 63.8(f)(6); and
                  (xiv) All documentation supporting initial notifications and notifications of compliance status
under § 63.9.
         (3) Recordkeeping requirement for applicability determinations. If an owner or operator determines
that his or her stationary source that emits (or has the potential to emit, without considering controls) one or
more hazardous air pollutants regulated by any standard established pursuant to section 112(d) or (f), and that
stationary source is in the source category regulated by the relevant standard, but that source is not subject to
the relevant standard (or other requirement established under this part) because of limitations on the source's
potential to emit or an exclusion, the owner or operator must keep a record of the applicability determination
on site at the source for a period of 5 years after the determination, or until the source changes its operations
to become an affected source, whichever comes first. The record of the applicability determination must be
signed by the person making the determination and include an analysis (or other information) that
demonstrates why the owner or operator believes the source is unaffected (e.g., because the source is an area
source). The analysis (or other information) must be sufficiently detailed to allow the Administrator to make a
finding about the source's applicability status with regard to the relevant standard or other requirement. If
relevant, the analysis must be performed in accordance with requirements established in relevant subparts of
this part for this purpose for particular categories of stationary sources. If relevant, the analysis should be
performed in accordance with EPA guidance materials published to assist sources in making applicability
determinations under section 112, if any. The requirements to determine applicability of a standard under
§ 63.1(b)(3) and to record the results of that determination under paragraph (b)(3) of this section shall not by
themselves create an obligation for the owner or operator to obtain a title V permit.

(c) Additional recordkeeping requirements for sources with continuous monitoring systems. In
addition to complying with the requirements specified in paragraphs (b)(1) and (b)(2) of this section, the
owner or operator of an affected source required to install a CMS by a relevant standard shall maintain
records for such source of -
        (1) All required CMS measurements (including monitoring data recorded during unavoidable CMS
breakdowns and out-of-control periods);
        (2)–(4) [Reserved]
        (5) The date and time identifying each period during which the CMS was inoperative except for zero
(low-level) and high-level checks;
        (6) The date and time identifying each period during which the CMS was out of control, as defined in
§ 63.8(c)(7);
        (7) The specific identification (i.e., the date and time of commencement and completion) of each
period of excess emissions and parameter monitoring exceedances, as defined in the relevant standard(s), that
occurs during startups, shutdowns, and malfunctions of the affected source;
        (8) The specific identification (i.e., the date and time of commencement and completion) of each time
period of excess emissions and parameter monitoring exceedances, as defined in the relevant standard(s), that
occurs during periods other than startups, shutdowns, and malfunctions of the affected source;
        (9) [Reserved]
        (10) The nature and cause of any malfunction (if known);
        (11) The corrective action taken or preventive measures adopted;
        (12) The nature of the repairs or adjustments to the CMS that was inoperative or out of control;
        (13) The total process operating time during the reporting period; and
        (14) All procedures that are part of a quality control program developed and implemented for CMS
under § 63.8(d).
        (15) In order to satisfy the requirements of paragraphs (c)(10) through (c)(12) of this section and to
avoid duplicative recordkeeping efforts, the owner or operator may use the affected source’s startup,
shutdown, and malfunction plan or records kept to satisfy the recordkeeping requirements of the startup,
shutdown, and malfunction plan specified in § 63.6(e), provided that such plan and records adequately
address the requirements of paragraphs (c)(10) through (c)(12).

(d) General reporting requirements.
          (1) Not-withstanding the requirements in this paragraph or paragraph (e) of this section, the owner or
operator of an affected source subject to reporting requirements under this part shall submit reports to the
Administrator in accordance with the reporting requirements in the relevant standard(s).
          (2) Reporting results of performance tests. Before a title V permit has been issued to the owner or
operator of an affected source, the owner or operator shall report the results of any performance test under §
63.7 to the Administrator. After a title V permit has been issued to the owner or operator of an affected
source, the owner or operator shall report the results of a required performance test to the appropriate
permitting authority. The owner or operator of an affected source shall report the results of the performance
test to the Administrator (or the State with an approved permit program) before the close of business on the
60th day following the completion of the performance test, unless specified otherwise in a relevant standard
or as approved otherwise in writing by the Administrator. The results of the performance test shall be
submitted as part of the notification of compliance status required under § 63.9(h).
          (3) Reporting results of opacity or visible emission observations. The owner or operator of an affected
source required to conduct opacity or visible emission observations by a relevant standard shall report the
opacity or visible emission results (produced using Test Method 9 or Test Method 22, or an alternative to
these test methods) along with the results of the performance test required under § 63.7. If no performance
test is required, or if visibility or other conditions prevent the opacity or visible emission observations from
being conducted concurrently with the performance test required under § 63.7, the owner or operator shall
report the opacity or visible emission results before the close of business on the 30th day following the
completion of the opacity or visible emission observations.
          (4) Progress reports. The owner or operator of an affected source who is required to submit progress
reports as a condition of receiving an extension of compliance under § 63.6(i) shall submit such reports to the
Administrator (or the State with an approved permit program) by the dates specified in the written extension
of compliance.
          (5) Subpart HH requires major sources to submit a startup, shutdown and malfunction report
semi-annually.
                        (i) Periodic startup, shutdown, and malfunction reports. If actions taken by an owner or
operator during a startup, shutdown, or malfunction of an affected source (including actions taken to correct a
malfunction) are consistent with the procedures specified in the source's startup, shutdown, and malfunction
plan (see Sec. 63.6(e)(3)), the owner or operator shall state such information in a startup, shutdown, and
malfunction report. Such a report shall identify any instance where any action taken by an owner or operator
during a startup, shutdown, or malfunction (including actions taken to correct a malfunction) is not consistent
with the affected source's startup, shutdown, and malfunction plan, but the source does not exceed any
applicable emission limitation in the relevant emission standard. Such a report shall also include the number,
duration, and a brief description for each type of malfunction which occurred during the reporting period and
which caused or may have caused any applicable emission limitation to be exceeded. Reports shall only be
required if a startup, shutdown, or malfunction occurred during the reporting period. The startup, shutdown,
and malfunction report shall consist of a letter, containing the name, title, and signature of the owner or
operator or other responsible official who is certifying its accuracy, that shall be submitted to the
Administrator semiannually (or on a more frequent basis if specified otherwise in a relevant standard or as
established otherwise by the permitting authority in the source's title V permit). The startup, shutdown, and
malfunction report shall be delivered or postmarked by the 30th day following the end of each calendar half
(or other calendar reporting period, as appropriate). If the owner or operator is required to submit excess
emissions and continuous monitoring system performance (or other periodic) reports under this part, the
startup, shutdown, and malfunction reports required under this paragraph may be submitted simultaneously
with the excess emissions and continuous monitoring system performance (or other) reports. If startup,
shutdown, and malfunction reports are submitted with excess emissions and continuous monitoring system
performance (or other periodic) reports, and the owner or operator receives approval to reduce the frequency
of reporting for the latter under paragraph (e) of this section, the frequency of reporting for the startup,
shutdown, and malfunction reports also may be reduced if the Administrator does not object to the intended
change. The procedures to implement the allowance in the preceding sentence shall be the same as the
procedures specified in paragraph (e)(3) of this section.
                      (ii) Immediate startup, shutdown, and malfunction reports. Notwithstanding the
allowance to reduce the frequency of reporting for periodic startup, shutdown, and malfunction reports under
paragraph (d)(5)(i) of this section, any time an action taken by an owner or operator during a startup,
shutdown, or malfunction (including actions taken to correct a malfunction) is not consistent with the
procedures specified in the affected source's startup, shutdown, and malfunction plan, and the source exceeds
any applicable emission limitation in the relevant emission standard, the owner or operator shall report the
actions taken for that event within 2 working days after commencing actions inconsistent with the plan
followed by a letter within 7 working days after the end of the event. The immediate report required under
this paragraph (d)(5)(ii) shall consist of a telephone call (or facsimile (FAX) transmission) to the
Administrator within 2 working days after commencing actions inconsistent with the plan, and it shall be
followed by a letter, delivered or postmarked within 7 working days after the end of the event, that contains
the name, title, and signature of the owner or operator or other responsible official who is certifying its
accuracy, explaining the circumstances of the event, the reasons for not following the startup, shutdown, and
malfunction plan, and describing all excess emissions and/or parameter monitoring exceedances which are
believed to have occurred. Notwithstanding the requirements of the previous sentence, after the effective date
of an approved permit program in the State in which an affected source is located, the owner or operator may
make alternative reporting arrangements, in advance, with the permitting authority in that State. Procedures
governing the arrangement of alternative reporting requirements under this paragraph (d)(5)(ii) are specified
in Sec. 63.9(i).

(e) Additional reporting requirements for sources with continuous monitoring systems -
         (1) General. When more than one CEMS is used to measure the emissions from one affected source
(e.g., multiple breechings, multiple outlets), the owner or operator shall report the results as required for each
CEMS.
         (2) Reporting results of continuous monitoring system performance evaluations.
                  (i) The owner or operator of an affected source required to install a CMS by a relevant
standard shall furnish the Administrator a copy of a written report of the results of the CMS performance
evaluation, as required under § 63.8(e), simultaneously with the results of the performance test required under
§ 63.7, unless otherwise specified in the relevant standard.
                  (ii) The owner or operator of an affected source using a COMS to determine opacity
compliance during any performance test required under § 63.7 and described in § 63.6(d)(6) shall furnish the
Administrator two or, upon request, three copies of a written report of the results of the COMS performance
evaluation conducted under § 63.8(e). The copies shall be furnished at least 15 calendar days before the
performance test required under § 63.7 is conducted.
         (3) Excess emissions and continuous monitoring system performance report and summary report.
                  (i) Subpart HH requires major sources to submit Periodic Reports semi-annually.
Excess emissions and parameter monitoring exceedances are defined in relevant standards. The owner or
operator of an affected source required to install a CMS by a relevant standard shall submit an excess
emissions and continuous monitoring system performance report and/or a summary report to the
Administrator semiannually, except when -
                           (A) More frequent reporting is specifically required by a relevant standard;
                           (B) The Administrator determines on a case-by-case basis that more frequent
reporting is necessary to accurately assess the compliance status of the source; or
                           (C) Subpart HH does not require quarterly reporting for excess emissions.
                  (ii) Request to reduce frequency of excess emissions and continuous monitoring system
performance reports. Notwithstanding the frequency of reporting requirements specified in paragraph (e)(3)(i)
of this section, an owner or operator who is required by a relevant standard to submit excess emissions and
continuous monitoring system performance (and summary) reports on a quarterly (or more frequent) basis
may reduce the frequency of reporting for that standard to semiannual if the following conditions are met:
                            (A) For 1 full year (e.g., 4 quarterly or 12 monthly reporting periods) the affected
source’s excess emissions and continuous monitoring system performance reports continually demonstrate
that the source is in compliance with the relevant standard;
                            (B) The owner or operator continues to comply with all recordkeeping and
monitoring requirements specified in this subpart and the relevant standard; and
                            (C) The Administrator does not object to a reduced frequency of reporting for the
affected source, as provided in paragraph (e)(3)(iii) of this section.
                  (iii) The frequency of reporting of excess emissions and continuous monitoring system
performance (and summary) reports required to comply with a relevant standard may be reduced only after
the owner or operator notifies the Administrator in writing of his or her intention to make such a change and
the Administrator does not object to the intended change. In deciding whether to approve a reduced frequency
of reporting, the Administrator may review information concerning the source’s entire previous performance
history during the 5-year recordkeeping period prior to the intended change, including performance test
results, monitoring data, and evaluations of an owner or operator’s conformance with operation and
maintenance requirements. Such information may be used by the Administrator to make a judgment about the
source’s potential for noncompliance in the future. If the Administrator disapproves the owner or operator’s
request to reduce the frequency of reporting, the Administrator will notify the owner or operator in writing
within 45 days after receiving notice of the owner or operator’s intention. The notification from the
Administrator to the owner or operator will specify the grounds on which the disapproval is based. In the
absence of a notice of disapproval within 45 days, approval is automatically granted.
                  (iv) As soon as CMS data indicate that the source is not in compliance with any emission
limitation or operating parameter specified in the relevant standard, the frequency of reporting shall revert to
the frequency specified in the relevant standard, and the owner or operator shall submit an excess emissions
and continuous monitoring system performance (and summary) report for the noncomplying emission points
at the next appropriate reporting period following the noncomplying event. After demonstrating ongoing
compliance with the relevant standard for another full year, the owner or operator may again request approval
from the Administrator to reduce the frequency of reporting for that standard, as provided for in paragraphs
(e)(3)(ii) and (e)(3)(iii) of this section.
                  (v) Content and submittal dates for excess emissions and monitoring system performance
reports. All excess emissions and monitoring system performance reports and all summary reports, if
required, shall be delivered or postmarked by the 30th day following the end of each calendar half or quarter,
as appropriate. Written reports of excess emissions or exceedances of process or control system parameters
shall include all the information required in paragraphs (c)(5) through (c)(13) of this section, in § 63.8(c)(7)
and § 63.8(c)(8), and in the relevant standard, and they shall contain the name, title, and signature of the
responsible official who is certifying the accuracy of the report. When no excess emissions or exceedances of
a parameter have occurred, or a CMS has not been inoperative, out of control, repaired, or adjusted, such
information shall be stated in the report.
                  (vi) Summary report. As required under paragraphs (e)(3)(vii) and (e)(3)(viii) of this section,
one summary report shall be submitted for the hazardous air pollutants monitored at each affected source
(unless the relevant standard specifies that more than one summary report is required, e.g., one summary
report for each hazardous air pollutant monitored). The summary report shall be entitled ‘‘Summary Report -
Gaseous and Opacity Excess Emission and Continuous Monitoring System Performance’’ and shall contain
the following information:
                            (A) The company name and address of the affected source;
                            (B) An identification of each hazardous air pollutant monitored at the affected
source;
                            (C) The beginning and ending dates of the reporting period;
                            (D) A brief description of the process units;
                            (E) The emission and operating parameter limitations specified in the relevant
standard(s);
                            (F) The monitoring equipment manufacturer(s) and model number(s);
                           (G) The date of the latest CMS certification or audit;
                           (H) The total operating time of the affected source during the reporting period;
                           (I) An emission data summary (or similar summary if the owner or operator monitors
control system parameters), including the total duration of excess emissions during the reporting period
(recorded in minutes for opacity and hours for gases), the total duration of excess emissions expressed as a
percent of the total source operating time during that reporting period, and a breakdown of the total duration
of excess emissions during the reporting period into those that are due to startup/shutdown, control equipment
problems, process problems, other known causes, and other unknown causes;
                           (J) A CMS performance summary (or similar summary if the owner or operator
monitors control system parameters), including the total CMS downtime during the reporting period (recorded
in minutes for opacity and hours for gases), the total duration of CMS downtime expressed as a percent of the
total source operating time during that reporting period, and a breakdown of the total CMS downtime during
the reporting period into periods that are due to monitoring equipment malfunctions, nonmonitoring
equipment malfunctions, quality assurance/quality control calibrations, other known causes, and other
unknown causes;
                           (K) A description of any changes in CMS, processes, or controls since the last
reporting period;
                           (L) The name, title, and signature of the responsible official who is certifying the
accuracy of the report; and
                           (M) The date of the report.
                 (vii) If the total duration of excess emissions or process or control system parameter
exceedances for the reporting period is less than 1 percent of the total operating time for the reporting period,
and CMS downtime for the reporting period is less than 5 percent of the total operating time for the reporting
period, only the summary report shall be submitted, and the full excess emissions and continuous monitoring
system performance report need not be submitted unless required by the Administrator.
                 (viii) If the total duration of excess emissions or process or control system parameter
exceedances for the reporting period is 1 percent or greater of the total operating time for the reporting period,
or the total CMS downtime for the reporting period is 5 percent or greater of the total operating time for the
reporting period, both the summary report and the excess emissions and continuous monitoring system
performance report shall be submitted.
         (4) Reporting continuous opacity monitoring system data produced during a performance test. The
owner or operator of an affected source required to use a COMS shall record the monitoring data produced
during a performance test required under § 63.7 and shall furnish the Administrator a written report of the
monitoring results. The report of COMS data shall be submitted simultaneously with the report of the
performance test results required in paragraph (d)(2) of this section.

(f) Waiver of recordkeeping or reporting requirements.
        (1) Until a waiver of a recordkeeping or reporting requirement has been granted by the
Administrator under this paragraph, the owner or operator of an affected source remains subject to the
requirements of this section.
        (2) Recordkeeping or reporting requirements may be waived upon written application to the
Administrator if, in the Administrator’s judgment, the affected source is achieving the relevant standard(s), or
the source is operating under an extension of compliance, or the owner or operator has requested an extension
of compliance and the Administrator is still considering that request.
        (3) If an application for a waiver of record-keeping or reporting is made, the application shall
accompany the request for an extension of compliance under § 63.6(i), any required compliance progress
report or compliance status report required under this part (such as under
§ 63.6(i) and § 63.9(h)) or in the source’s title V permit, or an excess emissions and continuous monitoring
system performance report required under paragraph (e) of this section, whichever is applicable. The
application shall include whatever information the owner or operator considers useful to convince the
Administrator that a waiver of recordkeeping or reporting is warranted.
         (4) The Administrator will approve or deny a request for a waiver of recordkeeping or reporting
requirements under this paragraph when he/she -
                  (i) Approves or denies an extension of compliance; or
                  (ii) Makes a determination of compliance following the submission of a required compliance
status report or excess emissions and continuous monitoring systems performance report; or
                  (iii) Makes a determination of suitable progress towards compliance following the submission
of a compliance progress report, whichever is applicable.
         (5) A waiver of any recordkeeping or reporting requirement granted under this paragraph may be
conditioned on other recordkeeping or reporting requirements deemed necessary by the Administrator.
         (6) Approval of any waiver granted under this section shall not abrogate the Administrator’s authority
under the Act or in any way prohibit the Administrator from later canceling the waiver. The cancellation will
be made only after notice is given to the owner or operator of the affected source.

§ 63.11 Control device requirements.

(a) Applicability. The applicability of this section is set out in Sec. 63.1(a)(4).

(b) Flares.
         (1) Owners or operators using flares to comply with the provisions of this part shall
monitor these control devices to assure that they are operated and maintained in conformance with their
designs. Applicable subparts will provide provisions stating how owners or operators using flares shall
monitor these control devices.
         (2) Flares shall be steam-assisted, air-assisted, or non-assisted.
         (3) Flares shall be operated at all times when emissions may be vented to them.
         (4) Flares shall be designed for and operated with no visible emissions, except for periods not to
exceed a total of 5 minutes during any 2 consecutive hours. Test Method 22 in appendix A of part 60 of this
chapter shall be used to determine the compliance of flares with the visible emission provisions of this part.
The observation period is 2 hours and shall be used according to Method 22.
         (5) Flares shall be operated with a flame present at all times. The presence of a flare pilot flame shall
be monitored using a thermocouple or any other equivalent device to detect the presence of a flame.
         (6) An owner/operator has the choice of adhering to the heat content specifications in paragraph
(b)(6)(ii) of this section, and the maximum tip velocity specifications in paragraph (b)(7) or (b)(8) of this
section, or adhering to the requirements in paragraph (b)(6)(i) of this section.
                   (i)      (A) Flares shall be used that have a diameter of 3 inches or greater, are nonassisted,
have a hydrogen content of 8.0 percent (by volume) or greater, and are designed for and operated with an exit
velocity less than 37.2 m/sec (122 ft/sec) and less than the velocity V max, as determined by the following
equation:

                          Vmax = (XH2 - K1) * K2
Where:
        Vmax = Maximum permitted velocity, m/sec.
        K1 = Constant, 6.0 volume-percent hydrogen.
        K2 = Constant, 3.9 (m/sec)/volume-percent hydrogen.
        XH2 = The volume-percent of hydrogen, on a wet basis, as calculated by using the American Society
for Testing and Materials (ASTM) Method D1946-77. (Incorporated by reference as specified in § 63.14).

                          (B) The actual exit velocity of a flare shall be determined by the method specified in
paragraph (b)(7)(i) of this section.
                (ii) Flares shall be used only with the net heating value of the gas being combusted at 11.2
MJ/scm (300 Btu/scf) or greater if the flare is steam-assisted or air-assisted; or with the net heating value of
the gas being combusted at 7.45 MJ/scm (200 Btu/scf) or greater if the flare is non-assisted. The net heating
value of the gas being combusted in a flare shall be calculated using the following equation:
                 n

        HT = K  CiHi
                i = 1



Where:
HT = Net heating value of the sample, MJ/scm; where the net enthalpy per mole of offgas is
        based on combustion at 25 °C and 760 mm Hg, but the standard temperature for determining the
volume corresponding to one mole is 20 °C.
K = Constant = 1.740 x 10-7 (1/ppmv)(g-mole/scm)(MJ/kcal); where the standard temperature
                 for (g-mole/scm) is 20 °C.
Ci = Concentration of sample component i in ppmv on a wet basis, as measured for organics by
        Test Method 18 and measured for hydrogen and carbon monoxide by American Society
        for Testing and Materials (ASTM) D1946–77 or 90 (Reapproved 1994) (incorporated by reference as
specified in § 63.14).
Hi = Net heat of combustion of sample component i, kcal/g-mole at 25 °C and 760 mm Hg. The
        heats of combustion may be determined using ASTM D2382–76 or 88 or D4809-95 (incorporated by
reference as specified in § 63.14) if published values are not available or cannot be calculated.
n = Number of sample components.

         (7)      (i) Steam-assisted and nonassisted flares shall be designed for and operated with an exit
velocity less than 18.3 m/sec (60 ft/sec), except as provided in paragraphs (b)(7)(ii) and (b)(7)(iii) of this
section. The actual exit velocity of a flare shall be determined by dividing by the volumetric flow rate of gas
being combusted (in units of emission standard temperature and pressure), as determined by Test Method 2,
2A, 2C, or 2D in appendix A to 40 CFR part 60 of this chapter, as appropriate, by the unobstructed (free)
cross-sectional area of the flare tip.
                  (ii) Steam-assisted and nonassisted flares designed for and operated with an exit velocity, as
determined by the method specified in paragraph (b)(7)(i) of this section, equal to or greater than 18.3 m/sec
(60 ft/sec) but less than 122 m/sec (400 ft/sec), are allowed if the net heating value of the gas being
combusted is greater than 37.3 MJ/scm (1,000 Btu/scf).
                  (iii) Steam-assisted and nonassisted flares designed for and operated with an exit velocity, as
determined by the method specified in paragraph (b)(7)(i) of this section, less than the velocity V max, as
determined by the method specified in this paragraph, but less than 122 m/sec (400 ft/sec) are allowed. The
maximum permitted velocity, Vmax, for flares complying with this paragraph shall be determined by the
following equation:

        Log10(Vmax)=(HT +28.8)/31.7

Where:
Vmax = Maximum permitted velocity, m/sec.
28.8 = Constant.
31.7 = Constant.
HT = The net heating value as determined in paragraph (b)(6) of this section.

       (8) Air-assisted flares shall be designed and operated with an exit velocity less than the velocity V max.
The maximum permitted velocity, Vmax, for air-assisted flares shall be determined by the following equation:

        Vmax = 8.71 + 0.708(HT)
Where:
Vmax = Maximum permitted velocity, m/sec.
8.71 = Constant.
0.708 = Constant.
HT = The net heating value as determined in paragraph (b)(6)(ii) of this section.

§ 63.12 State authority and delegations.

(a) The provisions of this part shall not be construed in any manner to preclude any State or political
subdivision thereof from -
         (1) Adopting and enforcing any standard, limitation, prohibition, or other regulation applicable to an
affected source subject to the requirements of this part, provided that such standard, limitation, prohibition, or
regulation is not less stringent than any requirement applicable to such source established under this part;
         (2) Requiring the owner or operator of an affected source to obtain permits, licenses, or approvals
prior to initiating construction, reconstruction, modification, or operation of such source; or
         (3) Requiring emission reductions in excess of those specified in subpart D of this part as a condition
for granting the extension of compliance authorized by section 112(i)(5) of the Act.

(b)      (1) Section 112(l) of the Act directs the Administrator to delegate to each State, when appropriate, the
authority to implement and enforce standards and other requirements pursuant to section 112 for stationary
sources located in that State. Because of the unique nature of radioactive material, delegation of authority to
implement and enforce standards that control radionuclides may require separate approval.
         (2) Subpart E of this part establishes procedures consistent with section 112(l) for the approval of
State rules or programs to implement and enforce applicable Federal rules promulgated under the authority of
section 112. Subpart E also establishes procedures for the review and withdrawal of section 112
implementation and enforcement authorities granted through a section 112(l) approval.

(c) All information required to be submitted to the EPA under this part also shall be submitted to
the appropriate State agency of any State to which authority has been delegated under section 112(l) of the
Act, provided that each specific delegation may exempt sources from a certain Federal or State reporting
requirement. The Administrator may permit all or some of the information to be submitted to the appropriate
State agency only, instead of to the EPA and the State agency.

§ 63.13 Addresses of State air pollution control agencies and EPA Regional Offices.

(a) All requests, reports, applications, submittals, and other communications to the Administrator
pursuant to this part shall be submitted to the appropriate Regional Office of the U.S. Environmental
Protection Agency indicated as follows:

EPA Region IV; Director; Air, Pesticides and Toxics, Management Division; Atlanta Federal Center, 61
Forsyth Street; Atlanta, GA 30303.

(b) All information required to be submitted to the Administrator under this part also shall be submitted to the
appropriate State agency of any State to which authority has been delegated under section 112(l) of the Act.
The owner or operator of an affected source may contact the appropriate EPA Regional Office for the mailing
addresses for those States whose delegation requests have been approved.

(c) If any State requires a submittal that contains all the information required in an application,
notification, request, report, statement, or other communication required in this part, an owner or
operator may send the appropriate Regional Office of the EPA a copy of that submittal to satisfy the
requirements of this part for that communication.
§ 63.14 Incorporations by reference.

(a) The materials listed in this section are incorporated by reference in the corresponding sections noted.
These incorporations by reference were approved by the Director of the Federal Register in accordance with 5
U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. These materials are incorporated as they exist on the date of the approval,
and notice of any change in these materials will be published in the Federal Register. The materials are
available for purchase at the corresponding addresses noted below, and all are available for inspection at the
Office of the Federal Register, 800 North Capitol Street, NW., suite 700, Washington, DC, at the Air and
Radiation Docket and Information Center, U.S. EPA, 401 M St., SW., Washington, DC, and at the EPA
Library (MD-35), U.S. EPA, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina.

(b) The following materials are available for purchase from at least one of the following addresses: American
Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), 100 Barr Harbor Drive, Post Office Box C700, West
Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959; or ProQuest, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106.
        (1) ASTM D523-89, Standard Test Method for Specular Gloss, IBR approved for § 63.782.
        (2) ASTM D1193-77, 91, Standard Specification for Reagent Water, IBR approved for Appendix A:
Method 306, Sections 7.1.1 and 7.4.2.
        (3) ASTM D1331-89, Standard Test Methods for Surface and Interfacial Tension of Solutions of
Surface Active Agents, IBR approved for Appendix A: Method 306B, Sections 6.2, 11.1, and 12.2.2.
        (4) ASTM D1475-90, Standard Test Method for Density of Paint, Varnish Lacquer, and Related
Products, IBR approved for § 63.788, Appendix A.
        (5) ASTM D1946-77, 90, 94, Standard Method for Analysis of Reformed Gas by Gas
Chromatography, IBR approved for § 63.11(b)(6).
        (6) ASTM D2369-93, 95, Standard Test Method for Volatile Content of Coatings, IBR approved for
§ 63.788, Appendix A.
        (7) ASTM D2382-76, 88, Heat of Combustion of Hydrocarbon Fuels by Bomb Calorimeter (High-
Precision Method), IBR approved for § 63.11(b)(6).
        (8) ASTM D2879-83, 96, Test Method for Vapor Pressure-Temperature Relationship and Initial
Decomposition Temperature of Liquids by Isoteniscope, IBR approved for § 63.111 of Subpart G.
        (9) ASTM D3257-93, Standard Test Methods for Aromatics in Mineral Spirits by Gas
Chromatography, IBR approved for § 63.786(b).
        (10) ASTM 3695-88, Standard Test Method for Volatile Alcohols in Water by Direct Aqueous-
Injection Gas Chromatography, IBR approved for § 63.365(e)(1) of Subpart O.
        (11) ASTM D3792-91, Standard Method for Water Content of Water-Reducible Paints by Direct
Injection into a Gas Chromatograph, IBR approved for § 63.788, Appendix A.
        (12) ASTM D3912-80, Standard Test Method for Chemical Resistance of Coatings Used in Light-
Water Nuclear Power Plants, IBR approved for § 63.782.
        (13) ASTM D4017-90, 96a, Standard Test Method for Water in Paints and Paint Materials by the
Karl Fischer Titration Method, IBR approved for § 63.788, Appendix A.
        (14) ASTM D4082-89, Standard Test Method for Effects of Gamma Radiation on Coatings for Use in
Light-Water Nuclear Power Plants, IBR approved for § 63.782.
        (15) ASTM D4256-89, 94, Standard Test Method for Determination of the Decontaminability of
Coatings Used in Light-Water Nuclear Power Plants, IBR approved for § 63.782.
        (16) ASTM D4809-95, Standard Test Method for Heat of Combustion of Liquid Hydrocarbon Fuels
by Bomb Calorimeter (Precision Method), IBR approved for § 63.11(b)(6).
        (17) ASTM E180-93, Standard Practice for Determining the Precision of ASTM Methods for
Analysis and Testing of Industrial Chemicals, IBR approved for § 63.786(b).
        (18) ASTM E260-91, 96, General Practice for Packed Column Gas Chromatography, IBR approved
for §§ 63.750(b)(2) and 63.786(b)(5).
        (19) Reserved
        (20) Reserved
        (21) ASTM D2099-00, Standard Test Method for Dynamic Water Resistance of Shoe Upper Leather
by the Maeser Water Penetration Tester, IBR approved for § 63.5350.
        (24) ASTM D2697-86(1998) (Reapproved 1998), Standard Test Method for Volume Nonvolatile
Matter in Clear or Pigmented Coatings, IBR approved for §§63.4141(b)(1), 63.4741(b)(1), 63.4941(b)(1), and
63.5160(c).
        (25) ASTM D6093-97, Standard Test Method for Percent Volume Nonvolatile Matter in Clear or
Pigmented Coatings Using a Helium Gas Pycnometer, IBR approved for §§63.4141(b)(1), 63.4741(b)(1),
63.4941(b)(1), and 63.5160(c).
        (26) ASTM D1475-98, Standard Test Method for Density of Liquid Coatings, Inks, and Related
Products, IBR approved for §§ 63.4141(b)(3) and 63.4141(c).
        (27) ASTM D 6522-00, Standard Test Method for Determination of Nitrogen Oxides, Carbon
Monoxide and Oxygen concentrations in Emissions from Natural Gas Fired Reciprocating Engines,
Combustion Turbines, Boilers, and Process heaters Using Portable Analyzers, IBR approved for Sec.
63.9307(c)(2).
        (28) [Reserved]
        (29) ASTM D6420-99, Standard Test Method for Determination of Gaseous Organic Compounds by
Direct Interface Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry, IBR approved for §§ 63.5799 and 63.5850.

(c) The materials listed below are available for purchase from the American Petroleum Institute (API), 1220 L
Street, NW., Washington, DC 20005.
         (1) API Publication 2517, Evaporative Loss from External Floating-Roof Tanks, Third Edition,
February 1989, IBR approved for § 63.111 of subpart G of this part.
         (2) API Publication 2518, Evaporative Loss from Fixed-roof Tanks, Second Edition, October 1991,
IBR approved for § 63.150(g)(3)(i)(C) of subpart G of this part.
         (3) API Manual of Petroleum Measurement Specifications (MPMS) Chapter 19.2, Evaporative Loss
From Floating-Roof Tanks (formerly API Publications 2517 and 2519), First Edition, April 1997, IBR
approved for § 63.1251 of subpart GGG of this part.

(d) State and Local Requirements. The materials listed below are available at the Air and Radiation Docket
and Information Center, U.S. EPA, 401 M St., SW., Washington, DC.
         (1) California Regulatory Requirements Applicable to the Air Toxics Program, January 5, 1999, IBR
approved for § 63.99(a)(5)(ii) of subpart E of this part.
         (2) New Jersey's Toxic Catastrophe Prevention Act Program, (July 20, 1998), Incorporation By
Reference approved for § 63.99 (a)(30)(i) of subpart E of this part.
         (3)     (i) Letter of June 7, 1999 to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Region 3 from the
Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control requesting formal full delegation to
take over primary responsibility for implementation and enforcement of the Chemical Accident Prevention
Program under Section 112(r) of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990.
                 (ii) Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control, Division of Air
         and Waste Management, Accidental Release Prevention Regulation, sections 1 through 5 and sections
         7 through 14, effective January 11, 1999, IBR approved for § 63.99(a)(8)(i) of subpart E of this part.
                 (iii) State of Delaware Regulations Governing the Control of Air Pollution (October 2000),
         IBR approved for § 63.99(a)(8)(ii)-(v) of subpart E of this part.

(e) The materials listed below are available for purchase from the National Institute of Standards and
Technology, Springfield, VA 22161, (800) 553-6847.
        (1) Handbook 44, Specificiations, Tolerances, and Other Technical Requirements for Weighing and
Measuring Devices 1998, IBR approved for § 63.1303(e)(3).
        (2) [Reserved]
(f) The following material is available from the National Council of the Paper Industry for Air and Stream
Improvement, Inc. (NCASI), P. O. Box 133318, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709-3318 or at
http://www.ncasi.org: NCASI Method DI/MEOH-94.02, Methanol in Process Liquids GC/FID (Gas
Chromatography/Flame Ionization Detection), August 1998, Methods Manual, NCASI, Research Triangle
Park, NC, IBR approved for § 63.457(c)(3)(ii) of subpart S of this part.

(g) The materials listed below are available for purchase from AOAC International, Customer Services, Suite
400, 2200 Wilson Boulevard, Arlington, Virginia, 22201-3301, Telephone (703) 522-3032, Fax (703) 522-
5468.
         (1) AOAC Official Method 978.01 Phosphorus (Total) in Fertilizers, Automated Method, Sixteenth
edition, 1995, IBR approved for § 63.626(d)(3)(vi).
         (2) AOAC Official Method 969.02 Phosphorus (Total) in Fertilizers, Alkalimetric Quinolinium
Molybdophosphate Method, Sixteenth edition, 1995, IBR approved for § 63.626(d)(3)(vi).
         (3) AOAC Official Method 962.02 Phosphorus (Total) in Fertilizers, Gravimetric Quinolinium
Molybdophosphate Method, Sixteenth edition, 1995, IBR approved for § 63.626(d)(3)(vi).
         (4) AOAC Official Method 957.02 Phosphorus (Total) in Fertilizers, Preparation of Sample Solution,
Sixteenth edition, 1995, IBR approved for § 63.626(d)(3)(vi).
         (5) AOAC Official Method 929.01 Sampling of Solid Fertilizers, Sixteenth edition, 1995, IBR
approved for § 63.626(d)(3)(vi).
         (6) AOAC Official Method 929.02 Preparation of Fertilizer Sample, Sixteenth edition, 1995, IBR
approved for § 63.626(d)(3)(vi).
         (7) AOAC Official Method 958.01 Phosphorus (Total) in Fertilizers, Spectrophotometric
Molybdovanadophosphate Method, Sixteenth edition, 1995, IBR approved for § 63.626(d)(3)(vi).

(h) The materials listed below are available for purchase from The Association of Florida Phosphate
Chemists, P.O. Box 1645, Bartow, Florida, 33830, Book of Methods Used and Adopted By The Association
of Florida Phosphate Chemists, Seventh Edition 1991, IBR.
        (1) Section IX, Methods of Analysis for Phosphate Rock, No. 1 Preparation of Sample, IBR approved
for § 63.606(c)(3)(ii) and § 63.626(c)(3)(ii).
        (2) Section IX, Methods of Analysis for Phosphate Rock, No. 3 Phosphorus -- P2O5 or Ca3(PO4)2,
Method A-Volumetric Method, IBR approved for § 63.606(c)(3)(ii) and § 63.626(c)(3)(ii).
        (3) Section IX, Methods of Analysis for Phosphate Rock, No. 3 Phosphorus-P2O5 or Ca3(PO4)2,
Method B -- Gravimetric Quimociac Method, IBR approved for § 63.606(c)(3)(ii) and § 63.626(c)(3)(ii).
        (4) Section IX, Methods of Analysis For Phosphate Rock, No. 3 Phosphorus-P2O5 or Ca3(PO4)2,
Method C -- Spectrophotometric Method, IBR approved for § 63.606(c)(3)(ii) and § 63.626(c)(3)(ii).
        (5) Section XI, Methods of Analysis for Phosphoric Acid, Superphosphate, Triple Superphosphate,
and Ammonium Phosphates, No. 3 Total Phosphorus-P2O5, Method A -- Volumetric Method, IBR approved
for § 63.606(c)(3)(ii), § 63.626(c)(3)(ii), and § 63.626(d)(3)(v).
        (6) Section XI, Methods of Analysis for Phosphoric Acid, Superphosphate, Triple Superphosphate,
and Ammonium Phosphates, No. 3 Total Phosphorus-P2O5, Method B -- Gravimetric Quimociac Method,
IBR approved for § 63.606(c)(3)(ii), § 63.626(c)(3)(ii), and § 63.626(d)(3)(v).
        (7) Section XI, Methods of Analysis for Phosphoric Acid, Superphosphate, Triple Superphosphate,
and Ammonium Phosphates, No. 3 Total Phosphorus-P2O5, Method C -- Spectrophotometric Method, IBR
approved for § 63.606(c)(3)(ii), § 63.626(c)(3)(ii), and § 63.626(d)(3)(v).

(i) The following materials are available for purchase from at least one of the following addresses: ASME
International, Orders/Inquiries, P.O. Box 2900, Fairfield, NJ 07007-2900; or Global Engineering Documents,
Sales Department, 15 Inverness Way East,
Englewood, CO 80112.
           (1) ASME standard number QHO-1-1994, ``Standard for the Qualification and Certification of
Hazardous Waste Incinerator Operators,'' IBR approved for Sec. 63.1206(c)(6)(iii).
           (2) ASME standard number QHO-1a-1996 Addenda to QHO-1-1994, ``Standard for the
Qualification and Certification of Hazardous Waste Incinerator Operators,'' IBR approved for Sec.
63.1206(c)(6)(iii).
           (3) ANSI/ASME PTC 19.10-1981, ``Flue and Exhaust Gas Analyses [Part 10, Instruments and
Apparatus],'' IBR approved for Sec. Sec. 63.865(b), 63.3360(e)(1)(iii), 63.4166(a)(3), 63.4362(a)(3),
63.4766(a)(3), 63.4965(a)(3), 63.5160(d)(1)(iii), 63.9307(c)(2), and 63.9323(a)(3).

(j) [Reserved]

(k) The following material may be obtained from U.S. EPA, Office of Solid Waste (5305W), 1200
Pennsylvania Avenue, NW., Washington, DC 20460:
           (1) Method 9071B, ``n-Hexane Extractable Material(HEM) for Sludge, Sediment, and Solid
Samples,'' (Revision 2, April 1998) as published in EPA Publication SW-846: ``Test Methods for Evaluating
Solid Waste, Physical/Chemical Methods.'' The incorporation by reference of Method 9071B is approved for
Section 63.7824(e) of Subpart FFFFF of this part.

§ 63.15 Availability of information and confidentiality.

(a) Availability of information.
         (1) With the exception of information protected through part 2 of
this chapter, all reports, records, and other information collected by the Administrator under this
part are available to the public. In addition, a copy of each permit application, compliance plan (including the
schedule of compliance), notification of compliance status, excess emissions and continuous monitoring
systems performance report, and title V permit is available to the public, consistent with protections
recognized in section 503(e) of the Act.
         (2) The availability to the public of information provided to or otherwise obtained by the
Administrator under this part shall be governed by part 2 of this chapter.

(b) Confidentiality.
        (1) If an owner or operator is required to submit information entitled to protection from disclosure
under section 114(c) of the Act, the owner or operator may submit such information separately. The
requirements of section 114(c) shall apply to such information.
        (2) The contents of a title V permit shall not be entitled to protection under section 114(c) of the Act;
however, information submitted as part of an application for a title V permit may be entitled to protection
from disclosure.

				
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