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					 Construction Site
Operations Training
Topics for Today



 Site Leadership and Site Binder
 Safety Monitoring and Enforcement
 Safety Topics
Morning Planning Meeting

   House Leader, House Lead Assistant and
    Crew Leaders meet at the site approximately
    30 minutes prior to the scheduled arrival of
    the other volunteers.
Morning Planning Meeting

   Plan the day's work, adjusting for site
    conditions, weather, etc.
   Discuss technical aspects, materials,
    tools and locations of the materials and
    tools.
   Assess hazards, safety issues, and
    preventative measures.
   Choose which sections of the “Safety
    Huddle Booklet” will be reviewed, using
    the “Safety Huddle Report”.
Emergency Preparedness

 Safety Board
 First Aid Kit
 CPR & First Aid Training
 Fire Extinguishers
 Water
 Phone Contacts
 Job Site Address
Safety Huddle Report
                              SAFETY HUDDLE REPORT
        SITE ADDRESS: __________________________________________ DATE: ___________

        TODAY’S BUILDING TASKS: _________________________________________________

        ____________________________________________________________________________

        ANY HAZARDOUS CONDITIONS:______________________________________________

        ____________________________________________________________________________

          PLEASE LIST ANY INDIVIDUALS WITH SAFETY OR FIRST AID/CPR TRAINING:
                                 NAME                              TRAINING




        PLEASE DISCUSS THE FOLLOW SAFETY TOPICS:
              REQUIRED SAFETY TOPICS TO REVIEW                 TOPICS REVIEWED

        General Safety Precautions
        Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
        Hand and Power Tools
        Ladders


           PHASE SPECFIC SAFETY TOPICS TO REVIEW               TOPICS REVIEWED

        First Floor Trusses and Deck
        First Floor Walls and Porch Framing
        Second Floor Trusses and Deck
        Second Floor Walls
        Roof Trusses
        Roof Sheathing and Roofing
        Dow Board
        Window and Door Installation
        Stair Installation and Finish Framing
        Siding
        Porch Posts and Railings
        Conductor Lines
        Fiberglass Insulation
        Drywall
        Painting
        Vinyl Flooring
        Interior Finish Carpentry
        Landscaping and Exterior Finishing
        House Cleaning

        Print Name: ____________________________ Signature: ________________________
Safety Huddle Booklet

   Guide for reviewing General Safety
    Precautions and the precautions specific to
    each phase of construction
Volunteer Sign In
     Date                                                                              Total Volunteers

     Site or Function                                                                  Total Hours

            Please Read Carefully Before Signing In-- You Must Sign a Waiver of Liability Before Starting To Work
     By signing in on the volunteer log, I am acknowledging that I will not work on site until I have received a safety huddle, and I understand that my
     work (or my dependent(s) work) as a volunteer on or about a Habitat for Humanity construction site or project will expose me (or my dependent(s)) to various
     risks of injury or illness. I understand and assume these risks, and agree not to hold Habitat for Humanity – Greater Columbus, its agents, employees or
     volunteers liable for such injury and/or illness.

                                                                                                                    Crew or
     Name       (PLEASE PRINT CLEARLY)                                                                               House      HFHGC
                                                                                                                     leader     Mailing
     Address                                                Group name                 Email address                interest?    List?
                                                               (if applicable)                                                             Time    Time    Total
     City, State, Zip                                                                                               Yes   No    Yes   No    In     Out     Hours
Waiver of Liability

                                            T.614.414.0427        F.614.414.0432        3140 Westerville Rd.        Columbus, Ohio 43224          www.habitat-columbus.org


                                                            Release and Waiver of Liability
          PLEASE READ CAREFULLY! THIS IS A LEGAL DOCUMENT THAT AFFECTS YOUR LEGAL
          RIGHTS! YOU MUST HAVE A SIGNED WAIVER BEFORE VOLUNTEERING!
          This Release and Waiver of Liability (the “Release”) executed on this        day of             , 200 by                          (Volunteer),       in
          favor of Habitat for Humanity International, Inc., a nonprofit corporation, and Habitat for Humanity – Greater Columbus, an Ohio nonprofit corporation,
          their directors, officers, employees, and agents (collectively, “Habitat”).

          The Volunteer desires to work as a volunteer for Habitat and engage in the activities related to being a volunteer (the “Activities”). The Volunteer
          understands that the Activities may include but are not limited to constructing and rehabilitating residential buildings, working in the Habitat offices,
          working in Habitat’s ReStore or Warehouse, and living in housing provided for volunteers of Habitat.

          The Volunteer hereby freely, voluntarily, and without duress executes this Release under the following terms:

          Release and Waiver Volunteer does hereby release and forever discharge and hold harmless Habitat and its successors and assigns from any and all
          liability, claims, and demands of whatever kind or nature, either in law or in equity, which arise or may hereafter arise from Volunteer’s Activities with
          Habitat.

          Volunteer understands that this Release discharges Habitat from any liability or claim that the Volunteer may have against Habitat with respect to any
          bodily injury, personal injury, illness, death, or property damage that may result from Volunteer’s Activities with Habitat, whether caused by the
          negligence of Habitat or its officers, directors, employees, or agents or otherwise. Volunteer also understands that Habitat does not assume any
          responsibility for or obligation to provide financial assistance or other assistance, including but not limited to medical, health, or disability insurance in the
          event of injury or illness.

          Medical Treatment Volunteer does hereby release and forever discharge Habitat from any claim whatsoever which arises or may hereafter arise on
          account of any first aid, treatment, or service rendered in connection with the Volunteer’s Activities with Habitat.

          Assumption of the Risk The Volunteer understands that the Activities included work that may be hazardous to the Volunteer, including, but not limited
          to, construction, loading and unloading, and transportation to and from the work sites.

          Volunteer hereby expressly and specifically assumes the risk of injury or harm in the Activities and releases Habitat from all liability for injury, illness,
          death, or property damage resulting from the Activities.

          Insurance The Volunteer understands that, except as otherwise agreed to by Habitat in writing, Habitat does not carry or maintain health, medical, or
          disability insurance coverage for any Volunteer.
          Each Volunteer is expected and encouraged to obtain his or her own medical or health insurance coverage.

          Photographic Release Volunteer does hereby grant and convey unto Habitat all right, title, and interest in any and all photographic images and video
          or audio recordings made by Habitat during the Volunteer’s Activities with Habitat, including, but not limited to, any royalties, proceeds or other benefits
          derived from such photographs or recordings.

          Other Volunteer expressly agrees that this Release is intended to be as broad and inclusive as permitted by the laws of the State of Ohio, and that this
          Release shall be governed by and interpreted in accordance with the laws of the State of Ohio. Volunteer agrees that in the event that any clause or
          provision of this Release shall be held to be invalid by any court of competent jurisdiction, the invalidity of such clause or provision shall not otherwise
          affect the remaining provisions of this Release which shall continue to be enforceable.

          IN WITNESS WHEREOF, Volunteer has executed this Release as of the day and year first written.

          Witness:                                                        Volunteer Signature:             X

                                                                          Name printed clearly

                                                                          Address:



                                                      Phone: (Day)                               (Evening)                                  (Cell)




                    Working in partnership with God and people to build affordable homes, empower families, and develop communities.
Waiver of Liability for Minors

                                  T.614.414.0427   F.614.414.0432   3140 Westerville Rd.   Columbus, Ohio 43224   www.habitat-columbus.org



                            RELEASE AND WAIVER OF LIABILITY FOR MINORS
                                                               Page 1 of 2
         PLEASE READ CAREFULLY! THIS IS A LEGAL DOCUMENT THAT AFFECTS YOUR LEGAL
         RIGHTS! YOU MUST HAVE A SIGNED WAIVER BEFORE VOLUNTEERING.

         This Release and Waiver of Liability (the “Release”) executed on this     day of            , 200 , by
                                   , a minor child (the “Volunteer”), and                          , the parent having legal
         custody and/or the legal guardian of the volunteer (the “Guardian”), in favor of Habitat for Humanity International,
         Inc., a nonprofit corporation, and Habitat for Humanity – Greater Columbus, an Ohio nonprofit corporation, their
         directors, officers, employees, and agents (collectively, “Habitat”).

         The Volunteer and Guardian desire that the Volunteer work as a volunteer for Habitat and engage in the activities
         related to being a volunteer (the “Activities”). The Volunteer and Guardian understand that the Activities may
         include but are not limited to, constructing and rehabilitating residential buildings, working in the Habitat offices,
         working in Habitat’s ReStore or Warehouse and living in housing provided for volunteers of Habitat.

         The Volunteer and Guardian hereby freely, voluntarily, and without duress executes this Release under the following
         terms:

         Release and Waiver. Volunteer and Guardian do hereby release and forever discharge and hold harmless Habitat
         and its successors and assigns from any and all liability, claims, and demands of whatever kind or nature, either in
         law or in equity, which arise or may hereafter arise from Volunteer’s Activities with Habitat.

         Volunteer and Guardian understand that this Release discharges Habitat from any liability or claim that the
         Volunteer and Guardian may have against Habitat with respect to any bodily injury, personal injury, illness, death, or
         property damage that may result from Volunteer’s Activities with Habitat, whether caused by the negligence of
         Habitat or its officers, directors, employees, or agents or otherwise. Volunteer and Guardian also understand that
         Habitat does not assume any responsibility for or obligation to provide financial assistance or other assistance,
         including but not limited to medical, health, or disability insurance in the event of injury or illness.

         It is the policy of Habitat that children under the age of 14 not be allowed on a Habitat worksite while there is
         construction in progress. It is further the policy of Habitat that, while children between the ages of 16 and 18 may be
         allowed to participate in construction work, ultra hazardous activity such as using power tools, excavation,
         demolition or working on rooftops is not permitted by anyone under the age of 18.

         Medical Treatment. Volunteer and Guardian do hereby release and forever discharge Habitat from any claim
         whatsoever which arises or may hereafter arise on account of any first aid, treatment, or service rendered in
         connection with the Volunteer’s Activities with Habitat or with the decision by any such representative or agent of
         Habitat to exercise the power to consent to medical or dental treatment as such power may be granted and
         authorized in the Parental Authorization for Treatment of a Minor Child.

         Assumption of the Risk. The Volunteer and Guardian understand that the Activities included work that may be
         hazardous to the Volunteer, including, but not limited to, construction, loading and unloading, and transportation to
         and from the work sites.

         Volunteer and Guardian hereby expressly and specifically assumes the risk of injury or harm in the Activities and
         releases Habitat from all liability for injury, illness, death, or property damage resulting from the Activities.

         Insurance. The Volunteer understands that, except as otherwise agreed to by Habitat in writing, Habitat does not
         carry or maintain health, medical, or disability insurance coverage for any Volunteer.

         Each Volunteer is expected and encouraged to obtain his or her own medical or health insurance coverage.

                               PLEASE TURN PAGE OVER FOR AREA TO SIGN BY PARENT/GUARDIAN.
Job Site Youth Policy

                      T.614.414.0427   F.614.414.0432   3140 Westerville Rd.   Columbus, Ohio 43224   www.habitat-columbus.org



                                       Job Site Youth Policy
          The Secretary of Labor has set out guidelines from which Habitat for Humanity –
          Greater Columbus has adopted for all construction sites. In addition, Habitat
          requests all construction leaders to help with the compliance of this policy.

          The only exception to this policy is when a school-supervised and school-
          administered work experience or career exploration program has been
          coordinated through Habitat. In this case, the sponsoring school is required
          to certify that the exception applies to each child.

          Youth under the age of 13
          Are not allowed on job sites when construction is being performed, but they can
          do non-construction related projects off site.

          Youth ages 14 and 15
          Are not allowed on job sites when construction is being done, but they can do
          any of the following:

             1. Site clearing
             2. Clean up work
             3. Landscaping work that does not involve the use of power tools or
                machinery
             4. Carpentry that is done off site and does not involve the use of power tools,
                or working on a ladder or any other heights
             5. Volunteer in Habitat’s ReStore

          Youth ages 16 and 17
          Are allowed on job sites while construction is in progress when working alongside
          an adult (21 or older). They may not do any of the following, which are
          considered hazardous jobs:

             1.   Work involving power tools or heavy machinery
             2.   Wrecking and demolition
             3.   Excavation/working around open holes or excavations
             4.   Roofing or activities involving heights on ladders or scaffolding
             5.   Driving Habitat owned motor vehicles

          All youth under the age of 18 must have a minor waiver form signed by a parent
          or guardian before beginning to volunteer. Anyone 18 and over must have signed
          an adult waiver form before beginning to volunteer.

          All youth under the age of 18 must have adult supervision, with no more than 5
          youths to 1 adult.
Sweat Equity
                                 Habitat for Humanity-Greater Columbus
                                          3140 Westerville Rd. Columbus, Ohio 43224
                                             Fax: 614-414-0432 Phone: 364-7014


                                      SWEAT EQUITY HOUR FORM
         Worker Name: ________________________________

         Credit these hours to the _________________________________ family.

         Task:                                                 Date:

         Location (note address if house site):                Type of Hours, Circle One: Req. Workshop
                                                               Elect. Workshop Community Serv. Restore
                                                               Public Rel. Construction Const.-Other
                                                               Elective
         Time In:                  Time Out:                   Total Time:
         Supervisor Signature:

         Supervisor Comments:


         Task:                                                 Date:

         Location (note address if house site):                Type of Hours, Circle One: Req. Workshop
                                                               Elect. Workshop Community Serv.
                                                               Office/Restore Public Rel. Construction
                                                               Const.-Other Homes Elective
         Time In:                  Time Out:                   Total Time:
         Supervisor Signature:

         Supervisor Comments:


         Task:                                                 Date:

         Location (note address if house site):                Type of Hours, Circle One: Req. Workshop
                                                               Elect. Workshop Community Serv.
                                                               Office/ReStore Public Rel. Construction
                                                               Const.-Other Elective
         Time In:                  Time Out:                   Total Time:               Banked Hours?
                                                                                         Yes           No
         Supervisor Signature:

         Supervisor Comments:


         Total # of Hours on this page: _________________________

         To be valid, all slips must be signed by a Habitat Affiliate Representative (i.e. the supervisor of the
         work performed) or by an Authorized Workshop Presenter for all workshops attended or by an
         Authorized Individual for Community Service work performed. The Supervisor’s signature indicates
         that the worker has performed the type of work indicated on this form and has worked the number of
         hours noted. Partner families are responsible for returning completed form to the Habitat office by
         the end of the month the Sweat Equity was performed.
Summary of Daily Morning Orientation

   Have volunteers sign in and complete waivers.
   Pray and provide general Habitat overview.
   Location of drinking water, Safety Board, first aid kit
    and fire extinguisher
   Identify volunteers with first aid and/or safety training
    or experience.
   Review the appropriate sections of the Safety
    Huddle Booklet.
   Discuss the day’s work plans and make crew
    assignments
Ad Hoc Orientation

   Be sure to interact with any volunteers who
    missed the Morning Orientation about the
    work tasks and safety issues discussed.
Work Site Audit

   Use the Work Site Audit
    Form every day to audit
    the safety conditions
    and practices at the
    work site.
   These audits provide
    feedback to the HFHGC
    Safety Committee on
    the effectiveness of the
    HFHGC Safety
    Process.
Work Site Audit Form
                                                        WORK SITE AUDIT FORM
    PLEASE CHECK THE FOLLOWING ITEMS AND IF ANY ITEMS ARE NOT SAFE AND READY TO BE USED PLEASE CALL 419-2094
    AND INFORM THE SITE SUPERVISOR.

                                       ITEMS TO BE CHECKED                                     YES   NO                   COMMENTS


    First Aid Kit - Fully Stocked?

    Fire Extinguishers - Available & Fully Charged?

    Personal Protective Equipment (gloves, hardhats, safety glasses, dusk masks, ear plugs)

     - PPE: in good repair?

     - PPE: utilized by all on site?

     - PPE: enough on site for all?

    Protective Barriers should be used around all opening in floors, walls and excavations.

     - Protective Barriers in use where needed?

    Jobsite clear of debris, including lumber with exposed nails?

    Are all materials and equipment stored 6' from perimeter of the structure?
    Are all electric cords free of entanglement, in good repair, and plugged into a power
    supply equipped with a Ground Fault Circuit Interrupters (GFCI)?

    Are all tools (power and hand) in good shape with safety guards operational?

    Is there adequate supply of drinking water and cups?
    Are all ladders, pump jacks, and ladder jack systems in good repair and installed and
    being used correctly?



    Print Name: _______________________________________                                       Signature: _______________________________________
Accident Investigation
Accident Investigation Report
Appendix B-HFHGC Safety Accident Investigation Report                                                                                                        Root Cause Analysis
                                                                                                                                                        Check ALL that apply to this accident
                                                                                                                  Unsafe Acts                                             Unsafe Conditions
Remember: An accident is defined as an undesirable or unfortunate incident that occurs                            Improper work technique                        _____       Poor work area design                     _____
unexpectedly or unintentionally and can result in injury, damage, or loss.
                                                                                                                  Safety rule violation                           _____      Unsafe operation method                  _____
Instructions:                                                                                                     Improper PPE or PPE not used                    _____      Improper maintenance                      _____
 This form should be filled out whenever an accident occurs that either did or could have caused physical
   harm to someone or did or could have caused damage to material or equipment. Our goal is to                    Operating without authority                     _____      Lack of direct supervision                _____
   eliminate these hazards.
                                                                                                                  Operating at improper speeds                    _____      Lack of experience                        _____
 Discuss what happened with everyone that witnessed or was involved in the accident and what
   recommendations could be made to keep it from happening again.                                                 By-passing safety devices                       _____      Insufficient knowledge of job             _____
 In case of injury or damage you should contact the Construction Director (364-7023) immediately and
   take photos or make a sketch of the area to describe what happened.                                            Protective equipment not in use                 _____      Slippery conditions                       _____
 All information gathered should be filed with this report and given to a staff member, including photos         Improper loading or placement                   _____      Excessive noise                           _____
   and any information provided by witnesses.
                                                                                                                  Improper lifting                                _____      Inadequate guarding of hazards            _____
Accident Date:______ Time:_____Investigation Date:______Time:_____                                                Servicing machinery in motion                   _____      Defective tools/equipment                 _____

                                                                                                                  Horseplay                                       _____      Poor housekeeping                         _____
Location/Address:__________________________________________________________
                                                                                                                  Drug or alcohol use                             _____      Insufficient lighting                     _____
Who was involved? (Identify everyone involved in the accident. Note whether they were
volunteers or HFHGC staff).                                                                                       Re-Training Assigned (date)                     ____       Unsafe Condition Guarded (date)           _____

___________________________________________________________________________________                               Re-Training Completed (date)                    ____       Unsafe Condition Corrected (date)         _____

___________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________                          What can we do to prevent this from happening again?
                                                                                                             ___________________________________________________________________________________
Select all that apply:
                                                                                                             ___________________________________________________________________________________
          Injury Occurred?
                                                                                                             ___________________________________________________________________________________
       If So, Name: ________________________________ Phone:_______________
                                                                                                             ___________________________________________________________________________________
             Address: ___________________________________________________
          Medical Attention Sought?                                                                          Remarks/Comments:__________________________________________________________________________________
          Chubb Claim Form Filed?                                                                            ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

                                                                                                             ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________
What happened? (Describe the accident and conditions or work practices that contributed to the
accident. Include tasks performed).                                                                          ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

                                                                                                             ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________                          Investigator Print Name: __________________________Signature:____________________Date: _________

___________________________________________________________________________________                          Involved Party Print Name: ___________________Signature:____________________Date: _________
____________________________________________________________________________
                                                                                                             Involved Party Print Name: ___________________Signature:____________________Date: _________
___________________________________________________________________________________
                                                                                                             Involved Party Print Name: ___________________Signature:____________________Date: _________
___________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________                                     * If there are additional documents, be sure that they are turned in with this form.            Revised 11/08
Accident Claim Form (CHUBB)

   This form is used when there is an accident
    that requires medical attention
Completed Forms

   Keep completed site and safety forms in the
    yellow folder in the site binder
   The Site Supervisor will collect these forms
    on a regular basis
Maintaining the Mobile Mini

   Having the tools and materials organized
    inside the Mini helps keep the job running
    efficiently.
   The Mini itself can become a safety hazard-
    keep a clear path and make sure tools and
    materials are secured from falling.
   Keep Valuable Tools inside the Mini
    overnight, not in the house.
Safety Monitoring and
    Enforcement
Safety First


   A Good Carpenter once told his
 crew, "Consider the safety of others
 on the work site as you would have
     them consider your safety“.
     Matthew 7:12 (paraphrased)
A Responsibility to Safety

All employees and volunteers have the
responsibility to follow the guidelines and
information in the safety manual and to work
safely while on a HFHGC job site.
Safety Training

   Provide the best possible information and
    preparation to everyone on site.
   By providing the safety and awareness
    training and monitoring work sites, HFHGC
    can continue to provide housing for families
    in need and make volunteer experiences
    memories that will last a lifetime.
Promotion and Monitoring

   Continually promote safety awareness and
    coach all volunteers to ensure adherence to
    all safety checklists and safe practices
    throughout the site at all times.
Roles & Responsibilities

   House Leaders are responsible for implementing
    and enforcing safety requirements on the work sites.
   House Leaders, House Lead Assistants and Crew
    Leaders have the responsibility to provide coaching
    to volunteers about safe work practices.
   Individuals who are unwilling to respond to this
    coaching will be asked to leave the worksite.
   Any controversies that result from this request will be
    addressed by the HFHGC Volunteer Director, and/or
    the HFHGC Construction Director.
Things to Keep in Mind

 Most volunteers are novices who work only once or
  a small number of times.
 Never be in a hurry, take as much time as is needed
  to provide safety training and work technique
  guidance.
 Safety training must be augmented throughout the
  day with reinforcement by a small number of more
  experienced and/or trained volunteers.
 Encourage volunteers to drink plenty of water and to
  use sunscreen as needed.
       Safety Equipment


•   All equipment, tools, their associated
    safety devices and guarding are in good
    working order at all times.
•   Safety glasses 100%.
•   Hard hats 100% prior to drywall finish,
    thereafter as needed.
Enforcement of Rules

   1st Violation – Safety Coaching
   2nd Violation – Additional Safety Coaching
   3rd Violation – suspension from jobsite (with
    site supervisor consultation)
Safety Coaching

   Safety Coaching is provided to individuals when it
    is observed that there is either an unsafe
    condition or an unsafe act that needs to be
    brought to their attention.
   Be sure to provide coaching remarks in terms of
    the risk to which they may be exposed while
    correcting the unsafe condition or act.
   It is best to provide safety coaching in a positive
    way to the person or persons at risk.
Personal Protective
    Equipment
Personal Protection Equipment

   No loose clothing
   Long hair tied back or put up
   Sturdy shoes: hard soled, NO open toe or
    sandals
Personal Protective Equipment


•Hardhats
  Worn when there
  is any overhead
  hazard, 100% of
  the time prior to
  drywall finish.
Personal Protective Equipment


•Eye Protection
  100% of the Time
Personal Protective Equipment


•Hearing Protection
  Recommended for person
  running power tools for a
  long period of time
Personal Protective Equipment


•Hand Protection
  As required/necessary
Hand & Power Tools
Hazards

   Workers using hand and power
    tools may be exposed to these
    hazards:
   objects that fall, fly, are
    abrasive, or splash
   harmful dusts, fumes, mists,
    vapors, and gases
   frayed or damaged electrical
    cords, hazardous connections
    and improper grounding
Basic Tool Safety Rules

   Maintain on a regular basis
    –   Use right tool for the job
    –   Inspect before use
    –   Operate according to
        manufacturers’ instructions
    –   Use the right personal
        protective equipment (PPE)
    –   Use safety guards
Hand Tool Hazards

   Hazards are usually caused by
    misuse and improper maintenance
   Do not use:                           Crack
   wrenches when jaws are sprung
   impact tools (chisels and wedges)
    when heads have mushroomed
   tools with loose, cracked or
    splintered handles
   a screwdriver as a chisel
   tools with taped handles – they may
    be hiding cracks
Hand Tools - Protection

   Use PPE, such as safety
    goggles and gloves

   Keep floor surface where
    working free from debris and
    tripping or slipping hazards

   Keep cutting tools sharp
Power Tools

   Must be fitted with guards
    and safety switches

   Extremely hazardous when
    used improperly

   Different types,determined
    by their power source:
   Electric
   Pneumatic
   Liquid fuel
   Hydraulic
   Powder-actuated
Power Tools - Precautions

   Disconnect tools when not in use, before
    servicing and cleaning, and when changing
    accessories
   Secure work with clamps or a vise, freeing
    both hands to operate the tool
   Don’t hold the switch button while carrying a
    plugged-in tool
   Keep tools sharp and clean
   Consider what you wear – loose clothing and
    jewelry can get caught in moving parts
   Remove damaged electric tools & tag them:
    “Do Not Use”
Power Tools – Precautions
Electric Cords

                    Don’t carry portable tools
                     by the cord

                    Don’t use electric cords to
                     hoist or lower tools

                    Don’t yank cord or hose
                     to disconnect it

                    Keep cords and hoses
                     away from heat, oil, and
                     sharp edges
 Electric Power Tools

To protect a worker from shock, these
  tools must:
 have a 3-wire cord plugged into a
  grounded receptacle
 be double insulated, or
 be powered by a low-voltage
  isolation transformer

                                        Plug with a
                                        grounding
Double                                  pin
insulated
markings
Electric Tools – Good Practices

   Operate within design limits
   Use gloves and safety glasses
   Store in a dry place
   Don’t use in wet locations unless
    approved for that
   Keep work areas well lit
   Ensure cords don’t present a
    tripping hazard
    Guarding - Point of Operation

                                    This shows a
                                    radial arm
                                    saw equipped
                                    with proper
                                    point of
                                    operation
                                    guards


The point of operation is where the work is actually
 performed on the materials – it must be guarded
Guarding Portable Circular Saws

Guard these saws above and below the base
plate or shoe. The lower guard must cover the
saw to the depth of the teeth.
 Table Saw Guarding


Hood guard
Liquid Fuel Tools

   Usually gasoline powered

   Main hazard – fuel vapors

   Use only approved flammable
    liquid containers

   Before refilling a fuel-powered
    tool tank, shut down the engine
    and allow it to cool
Summary

Hazards are usually the result of improper tool use or not
following one or more of these protection techniques:
 Inspecting the tool before use
 Using PPE (Personal Protective Equipment)
 Using guards
 Properly storing the tool
 Using safe handling techniques
Electrical Safety
It’s Just Electricity

   Most people assume that electrical power is
    relatively harmless
    –   Yet many people are killed each year
    –   Most deaths involve 110 volt power
Temporary Power

   Electrical shocks
    due to temporary
    power and cords
    can be controlled
    by
    –   Ground Fault
        Circuit
        Interrupters (GFCI)
    –   Covers on
        electrical
        equipment
GFCI Systems

   GFCI’s don’t eliminate electrical shock,
    –   They reduce the magnitude and duration
            At 5 milliamps (mA) or less   (Magnitude)
            In 1/40th of 1 second         (Duration)
    –   They terminate the flow of electricity
Dry vs Wet and Ohms Law

 If our body is wet
  the electrical
  resistance is
  approximately
  1000 Ohms
Under Ohms Law
120/1000 Ohms
  equals 120 mA and
  is enough to cause
  ventricular
  fibrillation
GFCI Systems

   When GFCI’s trip
    repeatedly, the
    cause is often
    equipment related
   Extension cords
    often have internal
    damage, that allow
    ground faults
GFCI Systems

   Replacing the GFCI
    will not fix the
    problem
    –   Replace the damaged
        tool or cord
GFCI Systems

   GFCI systems must
    be tested DAILY
    before use
    –   Use the test button
        on the device
    –   Use a tool to assure
        the power stops
   GFCI’s can be
    wired incorrectly
Overhead Power

   Regulations require we stay 10 feet or more
    from overhead power lines
   This includes;
    –   Ladders
    –   Backhoes
    –   Forklifts
    –   Cranes
    –   Concrete pump trucks
Overhead Power

   The power company will provide grounding
    and barriers or blankets to cut off power
    when requested
Stairway & Ladder Safety
What NOT to Do
What NOT to Do
What NOT to Do
Hazards

   Stairways and ladders cause many
    injuries and fatalities among
    construction workers
   About half the injuries caused by
    slips, trips and falls from ladders
    and stairways require time off the
    job
                                          Improper use of the top
                                          rung of a step ladder
Slips, Trips and Falls
On Stairways and Ladders

At the end of this training, you should be able to list or
describe:

   Safety guidelines and requirements for stairways
     used on a construction site

   Safe practices and requirements for ladders
     used on a construction site
    General Requirements

•   There must be a stairway or ladder at points of
    access where there is a break in elevation of 19
    inches or more.
Stairrail vs. Handrail




               36" - 37"




      When toprail of stairrail is also the
handrail it must be between 36 & 37 inches high
   measured from the front of the stair tread
  Handrail and
Top Rail Strength

           Rails must be able
           to withstand a
           force of 200
           pounds
 Handrails


Stairways with four or
more risers, or higher
than 30 inches, must
be equipped with at
least one handrail.
 Stairrails

Stairways with four or
more risers or more
than 30 inches high
must have a stairrail
along each unprotected
side or edge.
         Stairs


Install between 30
and 50 degrees.

Must have uniform           No more than 1/4 inch
riser height and       variation in any stairway system
tread depth, with
less than a 1/4-inch
variation.
Dangerous Conditions


             Fix slippery conditions
             before using.


             Stairway parts must be
             free of obstructions which
             may cause injuries or
             snag clothing.
Ladders
General Ladder Requirements

Ladders must be kept in a safe condition

                 -- DO –
Keep the area around the top and bottom of
a ladder clear

Ensure rungs, cleats, and steps are level
and uniformly spaced

Ensure rungs are spaced 10 to 14 inches
apart

Keep ladders free from slipping hazards
General Ladder Requirements


Use ladders only for their designed
purpose

           -- DON’T –
Tie ladders together to make longer
sections, unless designed for such use

Use single rail ladders

Load ladders beyond the maximum
load for which they were built, nor
beyond the manufacturer’s rated
capacity

Use step ladders as extension ladders
Securing Ladders

   Secure ladders to prevent
    accidental movement due to
    workplace activity

   Be sure ladders are on stable
    and level surfaces or leg
    levelers are used.

   Do not use ladders on
    slippery surfaces unless
    provided with slip-resistant    This ladder is not on a
    feet
                                    stable surface
Job Built Ladders

Inspect before use for cracks,
dents, and missing rungs

Design or treat rungs to
minimize slipping

Side rails -- at least 11 1/2
inches apart

Must support 4 times the
maximum load
Ladder Angle

Non-self-supporting ladders:
(which lean against a wall or
 other support)

     Position at an angle
      where the horizontal
      distance from the top
      support to the foot of the
      ladder is 1/4 the working
      length of the ladder
Ladder Rail Extension


When using a portable
ladder for access to an
upper landing surface,
the side rails must
extend at least 3 feet
above the upper
landing surface
Near Energized Electrical Equipment


   If using ladders where you
   or the ladder could
   contact exposed
   energized electrical
   equipment, you must have
   nonconductive siderails
   such as wood or
   fiberglass.
                                This is an unsafe condition
Top Step


Do NOT use the top
or top step of a
stepladder as a step
Crossbracing


Do NOT use
crossbracing on the
rear of a stepladder
for climbing - unless
the ladder is         On this ladder the
                      back rungs
designed for that     are designed for use
Damaged or Defective Ladders

A competent person must
inspect ladders for visible
defects, like broken or       Missing rung
missing rungs

If a defective ladder is
found, immediately mark it
defective or tag it "Do Not
Use”.

Withdraw defective
ladders from service until
repaired.
  Climbing the Ladder

Face the ladder when
going up or down.

Use at least one hand to
grab the ladder when
going up or down.

Do not carry any object
or load that could cause
you to lose balance.
              Summary
Key Components for Stairway Safety

• Treads
• Rails
    handrails
    stair rails
    guardrails
• Landings and Platforms
               Summary
 Key Components for Ladder Safety

• A competent person must inspect ladders
  for damage.
• Use the correct ladder for the job.
• Use the correct angle, supports, treads,
  cross braces and rails.
• Do NOT overload.
• Volunteers must be trained in proper use of
  a ladder.
Fall Protection


       First the overview….
Why is fall protection important?



               • Prevents or reduces
                 personal injury
               • Prevents/reduces injury
                 to others
               • Compliance with the
                 regulations
    Fall Protection Topics

•   The importance of planning
•   When fall protection is required
•   What fall protection methods are available
•   Training
Duty to Have Fall Protection

Fall protection must be provided when
individuals are exposed to the hazard of
falling six feet or more…..
• through holes
• through wall openings
• from established floors, mezzanines,
  balconies, & walkways
• into excavations
 Planning and Identifying Needs


• Evaluate the work site
• Identify fall hazards
• Identify who is exposed to fall hazards
• Evaluate the process to be done and the needs to
  complete the task
• Identify what method of fall protection will be used
  for each hazard identified
How much planning was done here?
Fall Protection Standards

   Fall Restraint and Fall Arrest
    –   when there is a hazard of falling from a location
        10 feet or more in height
   Floor Openings, Wall Openings and
    Stairways
    –   when there is a hazard of falling from a
        walking/working surface 6 feet or more in height
    Now the details….

   What gets people hurt

   How to prevent that

   Where to check on things
Floor Openings
Floor Openings

   An opening 12” or more in its least dimension
    in any floor, roof or platform through which
    persons may fall.
Covers


   Must be capable of supporting, without failure, at
    least 2X the weight of employees, equipment,
    and materials that may be imposed on the cover
    at any one time
   Must be secured to prevent accidental
    displacement by the wind, equipment, or
    employees
   Must be color coded or marked “HOLE” or
    “COVER”
Wall Openings

   An opening at least 30” high and 18 wide in
    any wall or partition through which persons
    may fall….
Wall Openings

At least 30” high and 18” wide
Wall Openings




                Guardrail
Height      Minimum height of 42”
             plus/minus 3”, EXCEPT:
Stairways
Guardrail Systems


• Toprail at 42” (+/- 3”) from working surface
• Midrail approx. 21”, or screens/mesh from toprail
  to working surface
• Capable of withstanding 200 lbs. of force (midrail
  must withstand 150 lbs.)
    applied within two inches of the top edge
 Stairways

“Standard guardrail”
  –   top rail, midrail, toeboard, posts
Ramps

   Where there is a break in elevation
    of 18” or more
   Minimum 18” wide
   Not more than 20o from horizontal
   Cleated or treated to prevent
    slipping
   Guardrails if more than 6’ from
    surface
“Open Sided Platform”
“Trigger Height”

   6 feet is default
   May be zero if above/adjacent to dangerous
    equipment, chemicals, other hazards
6’ “Trigger Height”
What’s Wrong With This Picture?
Hazard?


          Area should
          be clean to
          prevent
          tripping
          hazards.
Hazard?
Hazard?
 Slide Guards

• Installed under Competent Person supervision
• Cannot be used as fall protection on roofs with
  ground/eave height of 25 ft. or more
• Cannot be used as fall protection on roofs with a
  slope less than 3:12 nor greater than 8:12
• Roofs with slopes greater than or equal to 3:12 to
  and including 6:12
    minimum of one slide guard placed below the
     work area
    no closer than 6” from the eave
  Slide Guards

• Roofs with slopes greater than 6:12 to and including
  8:12
    multiple slide guards must be used
    spaced 8’ apart, vertically
    lower slide guard must be placed no closer than
      6” from eave
• Lowest slide guard must be 90 degrees to the roof
  surface
Slide Guards
Slide Guard Systems –
Manufactured Roof Brackets

•   Installed according to manufacturer’s specs
•   Minimum 6” brackets must be used
•   All brackets must bear on a solid surface
•   Brackets must not be spaced greater than 8’
    apart horizontally, or according to manufacturer’s
    specs (whichever is less)
Slide Guard Systems –
Manufactured Roof Brackets
• Nominal 2”X6” material must be used for slide
  guards
    must be secured to the brackets or otherwise
     protected against cantilevering and failure due
     to material flex
PUMP JACK/LADDER JACK
PHOTO COMPLIANCE GUIDE
Distance from Wall



                     The walkboard
                     should be no
                     more than 14”
                     from Wall
 Pump Jack Set Up


Footing shall be level,
sound, rigid, and
capable of supporting
the loaded pump
jack/walkboard
without settling or
displacement.
Pump Jack Set Up




  Each walk platform shall extend over its
  end support at least 6 inches.
Pump Jack Set Up

              Safe access shall be
              provided to walkboard.


              Ladder arranged so that
              worker can step onto
              walkboard directly from the
              ladder.
Pump Jack Set Up

               Guardrails are
               required at all open
               sides and ends of
               walkboard.


               Ends are not guarded
               on this narrow
               walkboard.
 Pump Jack Set Up


Pump jack poles
shall be secured
to the structure
at the top by the
use of rigid
triangular
bracing or
equivalent.
Pump Jack Set Up

                   Pump jack poles shall
                   be secured to the
                   structure at the bottom
                   by the rigid triangular
                   bracing or equivalent.


                   .
Pump Jack Set Up

                   Workbench may be used as
                   a top rail if it meets the
                   requirements for guardrails.
Ladder Jack Set Up


Walk platform must be
within 14 inches to the
structure.


Safe access to the
walkboard shall be provided
Ladder Jack Set Up

                Safe access shall be
                provided to walkboards
                over 2 feet in height.

                Ladderjack access ladder is
                set up so that worker steps
                from ladder to plank with
                no interference.
Ladder Jack Set Up

                     Ladder jack platforms
                     shall not be bridged one
                     to another.

                     Both metal planks should
                     not be resting on a single
                     ladder jack bracket.
Ladder Jack Set Up


                Ladders must be used on
                level surfaces and secured
                to prevent displacement.


                Ladder feet are not stable
                on a sloped roof.
To Summarize

Providing effective fall protection is not optional
It’s a legal, financial, moral obligation
 Be Safe
Have fun!

				
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