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Construction Site Operations Training Topics for Today Site Leadership and Site Binder Safety Monitoring and Enforcement Safety Topics Morning Planning Meeting House Leader, House Lead Assistant and Crew Leaders meet at the site approximately 30 minutes prior to the scheduled arrival of the other volunteers. Morning Planning Meeting Plan the day's work, adjusting for site conditions, weather, etc. Discuss technical aspects, materials, tools and locations of the materials and tools. Assess hazards, safety issues, and preventative measures. Choose which sections of the “Safety Huddle Booklet” will be reviewed, using the “Safety Huddle Report”. Emergency Preparedness Safety Board First Aid Kit CPR & First Aid Training Fire Extinguishers Water Phone Contacts Job Site Address Safety Huddle Report SAFETY HUDDLE REPORT SITE ADDRESS: __________________________________________ DATE: ___________ TODAY’S BUILDING TASKS: _________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ANY HAZARDOUS CONDITIONS:______________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ PLEASE LIST ANY INDIVIDUALS WITH SAFETY OR FIRST AID/CPR TRAINING: NAME TRAINING PLEASE DISCUSS THE FOLLOW SAFETY TOPICS: REQUIRED SAFETY TOPICS TO REVIEW TOPICS REVIEWED General Safety Precautions Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Hand and Power Tools Ladders PHASE SPECFIC SAFETY TOPICS TO REVIEW TOPICS REVIEWED First Floor Trusses and Deck First Floor Walls and Porch Framing Second Floor Trusses and Deck Second Floor Walls Roof Trusses Roof Sheathing and Roofing Dow Board Window and Door Installation Stair Installation and Finish Framing Siding Porch Posts and Railings Conductor Lines Fiberglass Insulation Drywall Painting Vinyl Flooring Interior Finish Carpentry Landscaping and Exterior Finishing House Cleaning Print Name: ____________________________ Signature: ________________________ Safety Huddle Booklet Guide for reviewing General Safety Precautions and the precautions specific to each phase of construction Volunteer Sign In Date Total Volunteers Site or Function Total Hours Please Read Carefully Before Signing In-- You Must Sign a Waiver of Liability Before Starting To Work By signing in on the volunteer log, I am acknowledging that I will not work on site until I have received a safety huddle, and I understand that my work (or my dependent(s) work) as a volunteer on or about a Habitat for Humanity construction site or project will expose me (or my dependent(s)) to various risks of injury or illness. I understand and assume these risks, and agree not to hold Habitat for Humanity – Greater Columbus, its agents, employees or volunteers liable for such injury and/or illness. Crew or Name (PLEASE PRINT CLEARLY) House HFHGC leader Mailing Address Group name Email address interest? List? (if applicable) Time Time Total City, State, Zip Yes No Yes No In Out Hours Waiver of Liability T.614.414.0427 F.614.414.0432 3140 Westerville Rd. Columbus, Ohio 43224 www.habitat-columbus.org Release and Waiver of Liability PLEASE READ CAREFULLY! THIS IS A LEGAL DOCUMENT THAT AFFECTS YOUR LEGAL RIGHTS! YOU MUST HAVE A SIGNED WAIVER BEFORE VOLUNTEERING! This Release and Waiver of Liability (the “Release”) executed on this day of , 200 by (Volunteer), in favor of Habitat for Humanity International, Inc., a nonprofit corporation, and Habitat for Humanity – Greater Columbus, an Ohio nonprofit corporation, their directors, officers, employees, and agents (collectively, “Habitat”). The Volunteer desires to work as a volunteer for Habitat and engage in the activities related to being a volunteer (the “Activities”). The Volunteer understands that the Activities may include but are not limited to constructing and rehabilitating residential buildings, working in the Habitat offices, working in Habitat’s ReStore or Warehouse, and living in housing provided for volunteers of Habitat. The Volunteer hereby freely, voluntarily, and without duress executes this Release under the following terms: Release and Waiver Volunteer does hereby release and forever discharge and hold harmless Habitat and its successors and assigns from any and all liability, claims, and demands of whatever kind or nature, either in law or in equity, which arise or may hereafter arise from Volunteer’s Activities with Habitat. Volunteer understands that this Release discharges Habitat from any liability or claim that the Volunteer may have against Habitat with respect to any bodily injury, personal injury, illness, death, or property damage that may result from Volunteer’s Activities with Habitat, whether caused by the negligence of Habitat or its officers, directors, employees, or agents or otherwise. Volunteer also understands that Habitat does not assume any responsibility for or obligation to provide financial assistance or other assistance, including but not limited to medical, health, or disability insurance in the event of injury or illness. Medical Treatment Volunteer does hereby release and forever discharge Habitat from any claim whatsoever which arises or may hereafter arise on account of any first aid, treatment, or service rendered in connection with the Volunteer’s Activities with Habitat. Assumption of the Risk The Volunteer understands that the Activities included work that may be hazardous to the Volunteer, including, but not limited to, construction, loading and unloading, and transportation to and from the work sites. Volunteer hereby expressly and specifically assumes the risk of injury or harm in the Activities and releases Habitat from all liability for injury, illness, death, or property damage resulting from the Activities. Insurance The Volunteer understands that, except as otherwise agreed to by Habitat in writing, Habitat does not carry or maintain health, medical, or disability insurance coverage for any Volunteer. Each Volunteer is expected and encouraged to obtain his or her own medical or health insurance coverage. Photographic Release Volunteer does hereby grant and convey unto Habitat all right, title, and interest in any and all photographic images and video or audio recordings made by Habitat during the Volunteer’s Activities with Habitat, including, but not limited to, any royalties, proceeds or other benefits derived from such photographs or recordings. Other Volunteer expressly agrees that this Release is intended to be as broad and inclusive as permitted by the laws of the State of Ohio, and that this Release shall be governed by and interpreted in accordance with the laws of the State of Ohio. Volunteer agrees that in the event that any clause or provision of this Release shall be held to be invalid by any court of competent jurisdiction, the invalidity of such clause or provision shall not otherwise affect the remaining provisions of this Release which shall continue to be enforceable. IN WITNESS WHEREOF, Volunteer has executed this Release as of the day and year first written. Witness: Volunteer Signature: X Name printed clearly Address: Phone: (Day) (Evening) (Cell) Working in partnership with God and people to build affordable homes, empower families, and develop communities. Waiver of Liability for Minors T.614.414.0427 F.614.414.0432 3140 Westerville Rd. Columbus, Ohio 43224 www.habitat-columbus.org RELEASE AND WAIVER OF LIABILITY FOR MINORS Page 1 of 2 PLEASE READ CAREFULLY! THIS IS A LEGAL DOCUMENT THAT AFFECTS YOUR LEGAL RIGHTS! YOU MUST HAVE A SIGNED WAIVER BEFORE VOLUNTEERING. This Release and Waiver of Liability (the “Release”) executed on this day of , 200 , by , a minor child (the “Volunteer”), and , the parent having legal custody and/or the legal guardian of the volunteer (the “Guardian”), in favor of Habitat for Humanity International, Inc., a nonprofit corporation, and Habitat for Humanity – Greater Columbus, an Ohio nonprofit corporation, their directors, officers, employees, and agents (collectively, “Habitat”). The Volunteer and Guardian desire that the Volunteer work as a volunteer for Habitat and engage in the activities related to being a volunteer (the “Activities”). The Volunteer and Guardian understand that the Activities may include but are not limited to, constructing and rehabilitating residential buildings, working in the Habitat offices, working in Habitat’s ReStore or Warehouse and living in housing provided for volunteers of Habitat. The Volunteer and Guardian hereby freely, voluntarily, and without duress executes this Release under the following terms: Release and Waiver. Volunteer and Guardian do hereby release and forever discharge and hold harmless Habitat and its successors and assigns from any and all liability, claims, and demands of whatever kind or nature, either in law or in equity, which arise or may hereafter arise from Volunteer’s Activities with Habitat. Volunteer and Guardian understand that this Release discharges Habitat from any liability or claim that the Volunteer and Guardian may have against Habitat with respect to any bodily injury, personal injury, illness, death, or property damage that may result from Volunteer’s Activities with Habitat, whether caused by the negligence of Habitat or its officers, directors, employees, or agents or otherwise. Volunteer and Guardian also understand that Habitat does not assume any responsibility for or obligation to provide financial assistance or other assistance, including but not limited to medical, health, or disability insurance in the event of injury or illness. It is the policy of Habitat that children under the age of 14 not be allowed on a Habitat worksite while there is construction in progress. It is further the policy of Habitat that, while children between the ages of 16 and 18 may be allowed to participate in construction work, ultra hazardous activity such as using power tools, excavation, demolition or working on rooftops is not permitted by anyone under the age of 18. Medical Treatment. Volunteer and Guardian do hereby release and forever discharge Habitat from any claim whatsoever which arises or may hereafter arise on account of any first aid, treatment, or service rendered in connection with the Volunteer’s Activities with Habitat or with the decision by any such representative or agent of Habitat to exercise the power to consent to medical or dental treatment as such power may be granted and authorized in the Parental Authorization for Treatment of a Minor Child. Assumption of the Risk. The Volunteer and Guardian understand that the Activities included work that may be hazardous to the Volunteer, including, but not limited to, construction, loading and unloading, and transportation to and from the work sites. Volunteer and Guardian hereby expressly and specifically assumes the risk of injury or harm in the Activities and releases Habitat from all liability for injury, illness, death, or property damage resulting from the Activities. Insurance. The Volunteer understands that, except as otherwise agreed to by Habitat in writing, Habitat does not carry or maintain health, medical, or disability insurance coverage for any Volunteer. Each Volunteer is expected and encouraged to obtain his or her own medical or health insurance coverage. PLEASE TURN PAGE OVER FOR AREA TO SIGN BY PARENT/GUARDIAN. Job Site Youth Policy T.614.414.0427 F.614.414.0432 3140 Westerville Rd. Columbus, Ohio 43224 www.habitat-columbus.org Job Site Youth Policy The Secretary of Labor has set out guidelines from which Habitat for Humanity – Greater Columbus has adopted for all construction sites. In addition, Habitat requests all construction leaders to help with the compliance of this policy. The only exception to this policy is when a school-supervised and school- administered work experience or career exploration program has been coordinated through Habitat. In this case, the sponsoring school is required to certify that the exception applies to each child. Youth under the age of 13 Are not allowed on job sites when construction is being performed, but they can do non-construction related projects off site. Youth ages 14 and 15 Are not allowed on job sites when construction is being done, but they can do any of the following: 1. Site clearing 2. Clean up work 3. Landscaping work that does not involve the use of power tools or machinery 4. Carpentry that is done off site and does not involve the use of power tools, or working on a ladder or any other heights 5. Volunteer in Habitat’s ReStore Youth ages 16 and 17 Are allowed on job sites while construction is in progress when working alongside an adult (21 or older). They may not do any of the following, which are considered hazardous jobs: 1. Work involving power tools or heavy machinery 2. Wrecking and demolition 3. Excavation/working around open holes or excavations 4. Roofing or activities involving heights on ladders or scaffolding 5. Driving Habitat owned motor vehicles All youth under the age of 18 must have a minor waiver form signed by a parent or guardian before beginning to volunteer. Anyone 18 and over must have signed an adult waiver form before beginning to volunteer. All youth under the age of 18 must have adult supervision, with no more than 5 youths to 1 adult. Sweat Equity Habitat for Humanity-Greater Columbus 3140 Westerville Rd. Columbus, Ohio 43224 Fax: 614-414-0432 Phone: 364-7014 SWEAT EQUITY HOUR FORM Worker Name: ________________________________ Credit these hours to the _________________________________ family. Task: Date: Location (note address if house site): Type of Hours, Circle One: Req. Workshop Elect. Workshop Community Serv. Restore Public Rel. Construction Const.-Other Elective Time In: Time Out: Total Time: Supervisor Signature: Supervisor Comments: Task: Date: Location (note address if house site): Type of Hours, Circle One: Req. Workshop Elect. Workshop Community Serv. Office/Restore Public Rel. Construction Const.-Other Homes Elective Time In: Time Out: Total Time: Supervisor Signature: Supervisor Comments: Task: Date: Location (note address if house site): Type of Hours, Circle One: Req. Workshop Elect. Workshop Community Serv. Office/ReStore Public Rel. Construction Const.-Other Elective Time In: Time Out: Total Time: Banked Hours? Yes No Supervisor Signature: Supervisor Comments: Total # of Hours on this page: _________________________ To be valid, all slips must be signed by a Habitat Affiliate Representative (i.e. the supervisor of the work performed) or by an Authorized Workshop Presenter for all workshops attended or by an Authorized Individual for Community Service work performed. The Supervisor’s signature indicates that the worker has performed the type of work indicated on this form and has worked the number of hours noted. Partner families are responsible for returning completed form to the Habitat office by the end of the month the Sweat Equity was performed. Summary of Daily Morning Orientation Have volunteers sign in and complete waivers. Pray and provide general Habitat overview. Location of drinking water, Safety Board, first aid kit and fire extinguisher Identify volunteers with first aid and/or safety training or experience. Review the appropriate sections of the Safety Huddle Booklet. Discuss the day’s work plans and make crew assignments Ad Hoc Orientation Be sure to interact with any volunteers who missed the Morning Orientation about the work tasks and safety issues discussed. Work Site Audit Use the Work Site Audit Form every day to audit the safety conditions and practices at the work site. These audits provide feedback to the HFHGC Safety Committee on the effectiveness of the HFHGC Safety Process. Work Site Audit Form WORK SITE AUDIT FORM PLEASE CHECK THE FOLLOWING ITEMS AND IF ANY ITEMS ARE NOT SAFE AND READY TO BE USED PLEASE CALL 419-2094 AND INFORM THE SITE SUPERVISOR. ITEMS TO BE CHECKED YES NO COMMENTS First Aid Kit - Fully Stocked? Fire Extinguishers - Available & Fully Charged? Personal Protective Equipment (gloves, hardhats, safety glasses, dusk masks, ear plugs) - PPE: in good repair? - PPE: utilized by all on site? - PPE: enough on site for all? Protective Barriers should be used around all opening in floors, walls and excavations. - Protective Barriers in use where needed? Jobsite clear of debris, including lumber with exposed nails? Are all materials and equipment stored 6' from perimeter of the structure? Are all electric cords free of entanglement, in good repair, and plugged into a power supply equipped with a Ground Fault Circuit Interrupters (GFCI)? Are all tools (power and hand) in good shape with safety guards operational? Is there adequate supply of drinking water and cups? Are all ladders, pump jacks, and ladder jack systems in good repair and installed and being used correctly? Print Name: _______________________________________ Signature: _______________________________________ Accident Investigation Accident Investigation Report Appendix B-HFHGC Safety Accident Investigation Report Root Cause Analysis Check ALL that apply to this accident Unsafe Acts Unsafe Conditions Remember: An accident is defined as an undesirable or unfortunate incident that occurs Improper work technique _____ Poor work area design _____ unexpectedly or unintentionally and can result in injury, damage, or loss. Safety rule violation _____ Unsafe operation method _____ Instructions: Improper PPE or PPE not used _____ Improper maintenance _____ This form should be filled out whenever an accident occurs that either did or could have caused physical harm to someone or did or could have caused damage to material or equipment. Our goal is to Operating without authority _____ Lack of direct supervision _____ eliminate these hazards. Operating at improper speeds _____ Lack of experience _____ Discuss what happened with everyone that witnessed or was involved in the accident and what recommendations could be made to keep it from happening again. By-passing safety devices _____ Insufficient knowledge of job _____ In case of injury or damage you should contact the Construction Director (364-7023) immediately and take photos or make a sketch of the area to describe what happened. Protective equipment not in use _____ Slippery conditions _____ All information gathered should be filed with this report and given to a staff member, including photos Improper loading or placement _____ Excessive noise _____ and any information provided by witnesses. Improper lifting _____ Inadequate guarding of hazards _____ Accident Date:______ Time:_____Investigation Date:______Time:_____ Servicing machinery in motion _____ Defective tools/equipment _____ Horseplay _____ Poor housekeeping _____ Location/Address:__________________________________________________________ Drug or alcohol use _____ Insufficient lighting _____ Who was involved? (Identify everyone involved in the accident. Note whether they were volunteers or HFHGC staff). Re-Training Assigned (date) ____ Unsafe Condition Guarded (date) _____ ___________________________________________________________________________________ Re-Training Completed (date) ____ Unsafe Condition Corrected (date) _____ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ What can we do to prevent this from happening again? ___________________________________________________________________________________ Select all that apply: ___________________________________________________________________________________ Injury Occurred? ___________________________________________________________________________________ If So, Name: ________________________________ Phone:_______________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ Address: ___________________________________________________ Medical Attention Sought? Remarks/Comments:__________________________________________________________________________________ Chubb Claim Form Filed? ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________ What happened? (Describe the accident and conditions or work practices that contributed to the accident. Include tasks performed). ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ Investigator Print Name: __________________________Signature:____________________Date: _________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ Involved Party Print Name: ___________________Signature:____________________Date: _________ ____________________________________________________________________________ Involved Party Print Name: ___________________Signature:____________________Date: _________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ Involved Party Print Name: ___________________Signature:____________________Date: _________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ * If there are additional documents, be sure that they are turned in with this form. Revised 11/08 Accident Claim Form (CHUBB) This form is used when there is an accident that requires medical attention Completed Forms Keep completed site and safety forms in the yellow folder in the site binder The Site Supervisor will collect these forms on a regular basis Maintaining the Mobile Mini Having the tools and materials organized inside the Mini helps keep the job running efficiently. The Mini itself can become a safety hazard- keep a clear path and make sure tools and materials are secured from falling. Keep Valuable Tools inside the Mini overnight, not in the house. Safety Monitoring and Enforcement Safety First A Good Carpenter once told his crew, "Consider the safety of others on the work site as you would have them consider your safety“. Matthew 7:12 (paraphrased) A Responsibility to Safety All employees and volunteers have the responsibility to follow the guidelines and information in the safety manual and to work safely while on a HFHGC job site. Safety Training Provide the best possible information and preparation to everyone on site. By providing the safety and awareness training and monitoring work sites, HFHGC can continue to provide housing for families in need and make volunteer experiences memories that will last a lifetime. Promotion and Monitoring Continually promote safety awareness and coach all volunteers to ensure adherence to all safety checklists and safe practices throughout the site at all times. Roles & Responsibilities House Leaders are responsible for implementing and enforcing safety requirements on the work sites. House Leaders, House Lead Assistants and Crew Leaders have the responsibility to provide coaching to volunteers about safe work practices. Individuals who are unwilling to respond to this coaching will be asked to leave the worksite. Any controversies that result from this request will be addressed by the HFHGC Volunteer Director, and/or the HFHGC Construction Director. Things to Keep in Mind Most volunteers are novices who work only once or a small number of times. Never be in a hurry, take as much time as is needed to provide safety training and work technique guidance. Safety training must be augmented throughout the day with reinforcement by a small number of more experienced and/or trained volunteers. Encourage volunteers to drink plenty of water and to use sunscreen as needed. Safety Equipment • All equipment, tools, their associated safety devices and guarding are in good working order at all times. • Safety glasses 100%. • Hard hats 100% prior to drywall finish, thereafter as needed. Enforcement of Rules 1st Violation – Safety Coaching 2nd Violation – Additional Safety Coaching 3rd Violation – suspension from jobsite (with site supervisor consultation) Safety Coaching Safety Coaching is provided to individuals when it is observed that there is either an unsafe condition or an unsafe act that needs to be brought to their attention. Be sure to provide coaching remarks in terms of the risk to which they may be exposed while correcting the unsafe condition or act. It is best to provide safety coaching in a positive way to the person or persons at risk. Personal Protective Equipment Personal Protection Equipment No loose clothing Long hair tied back or put up Sturdy shoes: hard soled, NO open toe or sandals Personal Protective Equipment •Hardhats Worn when there is any overhead hazard, 100% of the time prior to drywall finish. Personal Protective Equipment •Eye Protection 100% of the Time Personal Protective Equipment •Hearing Protection Recommended for person running power tools for a long period of time Personal Protective Equipment •Hand Protection As required/necessary Hand & Power Tools Hazards Workers using hand and power tools may be exposed to these hazards: objects that fall, fly, are abrasive, or splash harmful dusts, fumes, mists, vapors, and gases frayed or damaged electrical cords, hazardous connections and improper grounding Basic Tool Safety Rules Maintain on a regular basis – Use right tool for the job – Inspect before use – Operate according to manufacturers’ instructions – Use the right personal protective equipment (PPE) – Use safety guards Hand Tool Hazards Hazards are usually caused by misuse and improper maintenance Do not use: Crack wrenches when jaws are sprung impact tools (chisels and wedges) when heads have mushroomed tools with loose, cracked or splintered handles a screwdriver as a chisel tools with taped handles – they may be hiding cracks Hand Tools - Protection Use PPE, such as safety goggles and gloves Keep floor surface where working free from debris and tripping or slipping hazards Keep cutting tools sharp Power Tools Must be fitted with guards and safety switches Extremely hazardous when used improperly Different types,determined by their power source: Electric Pneumatic Liquid fuel Hydraulic Powder-actuated Power Tools - Precautions Disconnect tools when not in use, before servicing and cleaning, and when changing accessories Secure work with clamps or a vise, freeing both hands to operate the tool Don’t hold the switch button while carrying a plugged-in tool Keep tools sharp and clean Consider what you wear – loose clothing and jewelry can get caught in moving parts Remove damaged electric tools & tag them: “Do Not Use” Power Tools – Precautions Electric Cords Don’t carry portable tools by the cord Don’t use electric cords to hoist or lower tools Don’t yank cord or hose to disconnect it Keep cords and hoses away from heat, oil, and sharp edges Electric Power Tools To protect a worker from shock, these tools must: have a 3-wire cord plugged into a grounded receptacle be double insulated, or be powered by a low-voltage isolation transformer Plug with a grounding Double pin insulated markings Electric Tools – Good Practices Operate within design limits Use gloves and safety glasses Store in a dry place Don’t use in wet locations unless approved for that Keep work areas well lit Ensure cords don’t present a tripping hazard Guarding - Point of Operation This shows a radial arm saw equipped with proper point of operation guards The point of operation is where the work is actually performed on the materials – it must be guarded Guarding Portable Circular Saws Guard these saws above and below the base plate or shoe. The lower guard must cover the saw to the depth of the teeth. Table Saw Guarding Hood guard Liquid Fuel Tools Usually gasoline powered Main hazard – fuel vapors Use only approved flammable liquid containers Before refilling a fuel-powered tool tank, shut down the engine and allow it to cool Summary Hazards are usually the result of improper tool use or not following one or more of these protection techniques: Inspecting the tool before use Using PPE (Personal Protective Equipment) Using guards Properly storing the tool Using safe handling techniques Electrical Safety It’s Just Electricity Most people assume that electrical power is relatively harmless – Yet many people are killed each year – Most deaths involve 110 volt power Temporary Power Electrical shocks due to temporary power and cords can be controlled by – Ground Fault Circuit Interrupters (GFCI) – Covers on electrical equipment GFCI Systems GFCI’s don’t eliminate electrical shock, – They reduce the magnitude and duration At 5 milliamps (mA) or less (Magnitude) In 1/40th of 1 second (Duration) – They terminate the flow of electricity Dry vs Wet and Ohms Law If our body is wet the electrical resistance is approximately 1000 Ohms Under Ohms Law 120/1000 Ohms equals 120 mA and is enough to cause ventricular fibrillation GFCI Systems When GFCI’s trip repeatedly, the cause is often equipment related Extension cords often have internal damage, that allow ground faults GFCI Systems Replacing the GFCI will not fix the problem – Replace the damaged tool or cord GFCI Systems GFCI systems must be tested DAILY before use – Use the test button on the device – Use a tool to assure the power stops GFCI’s can be wired incorrectly Overhead Power Regulations require we stay 10 feet or more from overhead power lines This includes; – Ladders – Backhoes – Forklifts – Cranes – Concrete pump trucks Overhead Power The power company will provide grounding and barriers or blankets to cut off power when requested Stairway & Ladder Safety What NOT to Do What NOT to Do What NOT to Do Hazards Stairways and ladders cause many injuries and fatalities among construction workers About half the injuries caused by slips, trips and falls from ladders and stairways require time off the job Improper use of the top rung of a step ladder Slips, Trips and Falls On Stairways and Ladders At the end of this training, you should be able to list or describe: Safety guidelines and requirements for stairways used on a construction site Safe practices and requirements for ladders used on a construction site General Requirements • There must be a stairway or ladder at points of access where there is a break in elevation of 19 inches or more. Stairrail vs. Handrail 36" - 37" When toprail of stairrail is also the handrail it must be between 36 & 37 inches high measured from the front of the stair tread Handrail and Top Rail Strength Rails must be able to withstand a force of 200 pounds Handrails Stairways with four or more risers, or higher than 30 inches, must be equipped with at least one handrail. Stairrails Stairways with four or more risers or more than 30 inches high must have a stairrail along each unprotected side or edge. Stairs Install between 30 and 50 degrees. Must have uniform No more than 1/4 inch riser height and variation in any stairway system tread depth, with less than a 1/4-inch variation. Dangerous Conditions Fix slippery conditions before using. Stairway parts must be free of obstructions which may cause injuries or snag clothing. Ladders General Ladder Requirements Ladders must be kept in a safe condition -- DO – Keep the area around the top and bottom of a ladder clear Ensure rungs, cleats, and steps are level and uniformly spaced Ensure rungs are spaced 10 to 14 inches apart Keep ladders free from slipping hazards General Ladder Requirements Use ladders only for their designed purpose -- DON’T – Tie ladders together to make longer sections, unless designed for such use Use single rail ladders Load ladders beyond the maximum load for which they were built, nor beyond the manufacturer’s rated capacity Use step ladders as extension ladders Securing Ladders Secure ladders to prevent accidental movement due to workplace activity Be sure ladders are on stable and level surfaces or leg levelers are used. Do not use ladders on slippery surfaces unless provided with slip-resistant This ladder is not on a feet stable surface Job Built Ladders Inspect before use for cracks, dents, and missing rungs Design or treat rungs to minimize slipping Side rails -- at least 11 1/2 inches apart Must support 4 times the maximum load Ladder Angle Non-self-supporting ladders: (which lean against a wall or other support) Position at an angle where the horizontal distance from the top support to the foot of the ladder is 1/4 the working length of the ladder Ladder Rail Extension When using a portable ladder for access to an upper landing surface, the side rails must extend at least 3 feet above the upper landing surface Near Energized Electrical Equipment If using ladders where you or the ladder could contact exposed energized electrical equipment, you must have nonconductive siderails such as wood or fiberglass. This is an unsafe condition Top Step Do NOT use the top or top step of a stepladder as a step Crossbracing Do NOT use crossbracing on the rear of a stepladder for climbing - unless the ladder is On this ladder the back rungs designed for that are designed for use Damaged or Defective Ladders A competent person must inspect ladders for visible defects, like broken or Missing rung missing rungs If a defective ladder is found, immediately mark it defective or tag it "Do Not Use”. Withdraw defective ladders from service until repaired. Climbing the Ladder Face the ladder when going up or down. Use at least one hand to grab the ladder when going up or down. Do not carry any object or load that could cause you to lose balance. Summary Key Components for Stairway Safety • Treads • Rails handrails stair rails guardrails • Landings and Platforms Summary Key Components for Ladder Safety • A competent person must inspect ladders for damage. • Use the correct ladder for the job. • Use the correct angle, supports, treads, cross braces and rails. • Do NOT overload. • Volunteers must be trained in proper use of a ladder. Fall Protection First the overview…. Why is fall protection important? • Prevents or reduces personal injury • Prevents/reduces injury to others • Compliance with the regulations Fall Protection Topics • The importance of planning • When fall protection is required • What fall protection methods are available • Training Duty to Have Fall Protection Fall protection must be provided when individuals are exposed to the hazard of falling six feet or more….. • through holes • through wall openings • from established floors, mezzanines, balconies, & walkways • into excavations Planning and Identifying Needs • Evaluate the work site • Identify fall hazards • Identify who is exposed to fall hazards • Evaluate the process to be done and the needs to complete the task • Identify what method of fall protection will be used for each hazard identified How much planning was done here? Fall Protection Standards Fall Restraint and Fall Arrest – when there is a hazard of falling from a location 10 feet or more in height Floor Openings, Wall Openings and Stairways – when there is a hazard of falling from a walking/working surface 6 feet or more in height Now the details…. What gets people hurt How to prevent that Where to check on things Floor Openings Floor Openings An opening 12” or more in its least dimension in any floor, roof or platform through which persons may fall. Covers Must be capable of supporting, without failure, at least 2X the weight of employees, equipment, and materials that may be imposed on the cover at any one time Must be secured to prevent accidental displacement by the wind, equipment, or employees Must be color coded or marked “HOLE” or “COVER” Wall Openings An opening at least 30” high and 18 wide in any wall or partition through which persons may fall…. Wall Openings At least 30” high and 18” wide Wall Openings Guardrail Height Minimum height of 42” plus/minus 3”, EXCEPT: Stairways Guardrail Systems • Toprail at 42” (+/- 3”) from working surface • Midrail approx. 21”, or screens/mesh from toprail to working surface • Capable of withstanding 200 lbs. of force (midrail must withstand 150 lbs.) applied within two inches of the top edge Stairways “Standard guardrail” – top rail, midrail, toeboard, posts Ramps Where there is a break in elevation of 18” or more Minimum 18” wide Not more than 20o from horizontal Cleated or treated to prevent slipping Guardrails if more than 6’ from surface “Open Sided Platform” “Trigger Height” 6 feet is default May be zero if above/adjacent to dangerous equipment, chemicals, other hazards 6’ “Trigger Height” What’s Wrong With This Picture? Hazard? Area should be clean to prevent tripping hazards. Hazard? Hazard? Slide Guards • Installed under Competent Person supervision • Cannot be used as fall protection on roofs with ground/eave height of 25 ft. or more • Cannot be used as fall protection on roofs with a slope less than 3:12 nor greater than 8:12 • Roofs with slopes greater than or equal to 3:12 to and including 6:12 minimum of one slide guard placed below the work area no closer than 6” from the eave Slide Guards • Roofs with slopes greater than 6:12 to and including 8:12 multiple slide guards must be used spaced 8’ apart, vertically lower slide guard must be placed no closer than 6” from eave • Lowest slide guard must be 90 degrees to the roof surface Slide Guards Slide Guard Systems – Manufactured Roof Brackets • Installed according to manufacturer’s specs • Minimum 6” brackets must be used • All brackets must bear on a solid surface • Brackets must not be spaced greater than 8’ apart horizontally, or according to manufacturer’s specs (whichever is less) Slide Guard Systems – Manufactured Roof Brackets • Nominal 2”X6” material must be used for slide guards must be secured to the brackets or otherwise protected against cantilevering and failure due to material flex PUMP JACK/LADDER JACK PHOTO COMPLIANCE GUIDE Distance from Wall The walkboard should be no more than 14” from Wall Pump Jack Set Up Footing shall be level, sound, rigid, and capable of supporting the loaded pump jack/walkboard without settling or displacement. Pump Jack Set Up Each walk platform shall extend over its end support at least 6 inches. Pump Jack Set Up Safe access shall be provided to walkboard. Ladder arranged so that worker can step onto walkboard directly from the ladder. Pump Jack Set Up Guardrails are required at all open sides and ends of walkboard. Ends are not guarded on this narrow walkboard. Pump Jack Set Up Pump jack poles shall be secured to the structure at the top by the use of rigid triangular bracing or equivalent. Pump Jack Set Up Pump jack poles shall be secured to the structure at the bottom by the rigid triangular bracing or equivalent. . Pump Jack Set Up Workbench may be used as a top rail if it meets the requirements for guardrails. Ladder Jack Set Up Walk platform must be within 14 inches to the structure. Safe access to the walkboard shall be provided Ladder Jack Set Up Safe access shall be provided to walkboards over 2 feet in height. Ladderjack access ladder is set up so that worker steps from ladder to plank with no interference. Ladder Jack Set Up Ladder jack platforms shall not be bridged one to another. Both metal planks should not be resting on a single ladder jack bracket. Ladder Jack Set Up Ladders must be used on level surfaces and secured to prevent displacement. Ladder feet are not stable on a sloped roof. To Summarize Providing effective fall protection is not optional It’s a legal, financial, moral obligation Be Safe Have fun!
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