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					       Karl Marx
Philosopher, Economist, Journalist, Revolutionary




                1818-1883
                 Background
   Born May 5th, 1818 in Trier, Germany
     Background cont’/Education
   Wealthy Jewish family
            Liberal, intellectual
   Good grades in school
       Thesis: "Religion: The Glue That Binds Society
        Together"
   1833: University of Bonn to study Law
   1834: Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität
University of Bonn




                     Humboldt University
                      Philosophy

                                                    Hegel


   Interests turned to Philosophy
   Joined “Young Hegelians”
       Led by Bruno Bauer
       Georg Hegel (influential)
       Historical Materialism
   1842 mentor Bruno Bauer was dismissed
       Journalism (Rheinische Zeitung)-> Cologne
                          Writings
   Moved to France (Paris)
       Wrote “On the Jewish
        Question” (Zur Judenfrage)
   Forced to move to
    Belgium (Brussels)
       Friedrich Engels
       Co-wrote “Die Deutsche
        Ideologie” (1845)
       Marx wrote “The Poverty of
        Philosophy” (1847)
       Co-wrote “The Communist
        Manifesto” (1848)
“The Communist Manifesto”



                       Engels




                       Marx
The Communist Manifesto cont’
   The Communist Manifesto
       “The bourgeoisie has stripped of its halo
        every occupation hitherto honored and looked
        up to with reverent awe. It has converted the
        physician, the lawyer, the priest, the poet, the
        man of science, into its paid wage laborers.
     The bourgeoisie has torn away from the family
      its sentimental veil, and has reduced the
      family relation into a mere money relation.”
On the Road Again…
             France: seized power
              from King Louis
              Philippe
                 Marx returned until
                  1849
             Moved back to
              Cologne to write
                 Expelled again
             Final Move: London
                 “The Eighteenth
                  Brumaire of Louis
                  Napoleon” (1851)
       International Workingmen's
               Association
   Aka “The First International”
   Founded 1864
   Left-wing politics, working class
   8-hour work day
   Disbanded 1876 (4 years after moving to
    NYC)
   Second International formed 1889
        Das Kaptial
   Critique of political
    economy
       Analysis of capitalism
   Marx published first
    volume
       2 more completed by
        Engels
                     The Later Years
   Marx often borrowed money from Engels
   Died in London 1883
       Monument built in 1884 (British Communist Party)
            “Workers of all lands, unite”
    Marxism
   Way of living: Communist
       Theory & practice
       Based on the works of Karl Marx
   Dialectical Materialism
       Theoretical foundation of Marxism

                      “For dialectical philosophy nothing is final, absolute,
                      sacred. It reveals the transitory character of everything
                      and in everything; nothing can endure before it except
                      the uninterrupted process of becoming and of passing
                      away, of endless ascendancy from the lower to the
                      higher.” -Engels


Marxist-Leninist Party of Canada: http://cpcml.ca/
                References
   http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karl_Marx
   http://www.historyguide.org/intellect/mar
    x.html
   http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/ind
    ex.htm
   http://cpcml.ca/
   http://www.anu.edu.au/polsci/marx/classi
    cs/manifesto.html

				
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posted:8/14/2011
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