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African Digital Library

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					The African Digital Library

                     The Use and Access
                      of Digital Library
                      Services in Africa:
                      The Information
                     Deprived Continent.
                          Can we do
                         something?
Library: Technikon Southern Africa, Gauteng
                Roodepoort
Library: Technikon Southern Africa, Gauteng
                Roodepoort
Library: Technikon Southern Africa, Gauteng
                Roodepoort
Library: Technikon Southern Africa, Gauteng
                Roodepoort
African Digital Library
   Two main topics from         www.wunderland.com/ EBooks/Ebooks.html


    this presentation would
    be:
   Overview to the ADL
   Problems
    experienced
    establishing the
    ADL in Africa
African Digital Library: Introduction




ADL
African Digital Library
                  •Administration of
                  ADL


                  •Establishment


                  •Volunteers working
                  for the ADL.
ADL: Overview

ADL - Why????

FREE OF CHARGE!
Development project
    Assist less developed
    regions
    Access to books
E-Books: Internet access
Aims of ADL
   Contribution to          The digital library is a
    revitalization of          core component of
    education in Africa       the Virtual Learning
   Alleviation of Digital         Experience
    Divide
                                     AND
   Contribution to
    Human                    The Virtual Learning
                                  Experience is
     Development
                              extending the role of
   Provision of Recent
                                   the library.
    Publications
Contribution of ADL to…:
   Contributing factors to the Digital Divide
     Economic decline (poverty)
     War and political instability (Coups
     and inflation)
     Debt (Debt vs. Total export)
     Brain drain (loss of Professionals)
     Illiteracy (Female vs. male)
     Gender disparities (Access)
     Basic electrical infrastructures
     Telecommunication Problems
     Language differences
     Education
Electricity Supply to Africa
2nd largest continent in the world!




             Electricity: Africa (and the world)
Telephone Density: Africa
Telephone density 2000
                         •Africa’s
                         Population




                         •Telephones per
                         capita
Open-Air telephone shop - South Africa: Mobiles service
provider: VODACOM



           Time                            Telephone
           recorder
     Service unit
     for                                     Battery=
     connectivity                            energy
                                             source
Teledensity: Initiatives - South
Africa (Vodacom)
 Mobile service provider 2 MTN



Unit costs: R0,50
Mobile service provider 3
CellC
        Unit Costs:
        R0,70




                      Car batteries connected
                      to a mobile phone
                      service unit. Unit costs
                      per phone call R0,70
Language Differentiation:
Africa
                  Africa’s
                  languages
                  Publications
                  from Africa


                 I prefer the errors of
                 enthusiasm to the
                 indifferences of wisdom
                 Anatole France
Education: Africa
Illiteracy Africa.
                     •Education is key
                     point NEPAD’s plan to
                     develop Africa
                     •UNESCO
                     Access to education:
                        •Women and
                        Children
                     Student book ratio
Library History in Africa
               •Africa’s library
               tradition
               •Africa’s reading
               tradition
               •Africa’s libraries
Funding: Africa University
Libraries.
Funding Of African University libraries:
Univ. Edwardo Mondlane              0%
University Dakar                    1% Total Budget
Gezira Library                      Donor Supported. + 4%
                                   of pre-graduates and 2%
                                   post graduates
Africa University                  Gifts/ Donations
University Botswana                 8%
Addis Abeba                         4% total Univ. Budget
Bridging the Digital Divide
Initiatives by and for Africa
   Bridging the Digital Divide
   Initiatives with an “African Flavour”
    –   Camel Library Services: Kenya
           Taking books to Rural areas surrounding city




    A journey of a thousand miles start with a single step
Camel Library service
 Initiatives!




Camel library services: Kenya
Bridging the Digital Divide
Initiatives by and for Africa
   Bridging the Digital Divide
   Initiatives with an “African Flavour”
    –   Camel Library Services: Kenya
            Taking books to Rural areas surrounding city
    –   Donkey Drawn Electro-Communication
        library carts: Fitted with Internet, e-
        mail, fax and telephone services




    A journey of a thousand miles start with a single step
 Donkey drawn electro-communication
 library carts of Zimbabwe




Literacy rates 86% - attributed to library services to this region
Bridging the Digital Divide
Initiatives by and for Africa
   Bridging the Digital Divide
   Initiatives with an “African Flavour”
    –   Camel Library Services: Kenya
           Taking books to Rural areas surrounding city
    –   Donkey Drawn Electro-Communication
        library
          carts:
   Obsolete computers revamped


    A journey of a thousand miles start with a single step
Obsolete computers recovered for
Africa http://www.computers4africa.org
   From dustbin to ...   Warehouse to ...
Computers for Africa
         http://www.computers4africa.org
Shipment for Africa




                               “ Computers4Africa
                               ships ready-to-set-up labs
                               to non-profit
                               organizations in Africa.”
Bridging the Digital Divide
                                •NEPAD
                                •African professionals
                                •Internet Africa
                                   •Mobile internet
                                      services
                                   •Cyber cafes
                                •African Digital Library


Start by doing what’s necessary; then do what’s possible; and
suddenly you are doing the impossible. St. Francis of Assisi
NEPAD: Eradication of
poverty in Africa
Focus of NEPAD is on five areas of
development:
     •Capacity building on peace and
     security.
     •Economic and corporate governance.
     •Infrastructure development.
     •Financial standards and the
     establishment of a Central Bank.
     •Agriculture and market access.
Bridging the Digital Divide
                                •NEPAD
                                •African professionals
                                •Internet Africa
                                •Mobile internet
                                      services
                                •Cyber cafes
                                •African Digital Library


Start by doing what’s necessary; then do what’s possible; and
suddenly you are doing the impossible. St. Francis of Assisi
http://www.idrc.ca/aca
cia/04386/tour_2.html

•Internet access
from the Continent
Internet Africa: Mozambique




         Learning to use the Internet:
   Manica community telecentre, Mozambique
Internet in Africa: Mali




        Best of both worlds? A Tuareg camp against
         the backdrop of the satellite dish for the
   Tombouctou Multi-Purpose Community Telecentre, Mali
Mobile Internet Service: Kenya




  When I hear somebody sigh, “Life is hard” I am always tempted
  to ask, “Compared to what?” - Sydney J. Harris
Internet Africa: Cyber Cafes
Bridging the Digital Divide
                                •NEPAD
                                •African professionals
                                •Internet Africa
                                   •Mobile internet
                                      services
                                   •Cyber cafés
                                •African Digital Library


Start by doing what’s necessary; then do what’s possible; and
suddenly you are doing the impossible. St. Francis of Assisi
African Digital Library:
Benefits
 –   Automatically regulated against copyright
     abuse
 –   No books lost or stolen
                                  Albert Einstein
 –   automated return             Everything
 –   no SHELVING                  should be made
 –   No additional shelf space    as simple as
                                  possible, but
 –   Support distance education not simpler.
     & distributed learning
African Digital Library
 Education is what survives, when what one has been
      learnt has been forgotten. B.F. Skinner

 Why e-books
 Current usage
 Access
 Growth of Registrations
African Digital Library: Challenges

                                   •Challenges associated with
                                   funding
                                           Donor dependant
                                           Nebula classification
                                           from World Bank

                                   •Costing of Books
                                           netLibrary
                                           Additional costs per item.



Don’t be pushed by your problems. Be led by your dreams: Anonymous.
…… it is a journey, a very
long journey ……
               To dream the
    ADL        impossible dream
               To fight the unbeatable foe
               To bear with unbearable
               sorrow
               To run where the brave dare
               not go

               To right the unrightable
               wrong
               To love pure and chaste
               from afar
               To try when your arms
               are too weary
               To reach the
               unreachable star
Thank you!




             Marie Botha
             www.africandl.org.za
             Cmbotha@tsa.ac.za

				
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posted:8/14/2011
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