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					   Indicators for Performance and Impact
                         Overview
                                           Peter Roberts
                                          Lead Specialist
                                             World Bank

Transport Indicators Workshop, Pretoria      June, 2006
            driven by Borrower demand

• Major Borrowers expressed concern that World Bank
  had shifted its attention too much away from the
  Infrastructure Sectors
• In response the Bank launched the Infrastructure
  Action Plan – at the start of FY 2004
• The IAP included significant objectives to help
  countries to strengthen their capacity collect and
  analyse data to plan, manage, monitor and evaluate
  performance and impacts of infrastructure
  interventions
• Transport Results Initiative is the sector’s contribution
  to the IAP – coordinated by WB central Transport
  Unit (TUDTR)

June 2006             Transport Indicators Workshop, Pretoria   2
Shocking state of transport statistics
for low income countries in 2003


June 2006      Transport Indicators Workshop, Pretoria   3
World Road Statistics (IRF)
were in decline….
                       Accident: fatal
Road
Use               Total user taxation

                                Freight                                         2003/02
                                                                                2001
                           Traffic: car
                                                                                1999
Road           Maintenance Annual
Finance
               Construction Annual

                    % Paved Roads
Road
Network         Total Road Network

              Main, National Roads

                                          0%        20%        40%   60%        80%    100%
                                                               Coverage
Source: IRF
June 2006 World Road Statistics 2001/02
                                      Transport Indicators Workshop, Pretoria             4
World Road Statistics (IRF)
were in decline….now reviving
                       Accident: fatal
Road
Use               Total user taxation

                                Freight                                         2003/02
                                                                                2001
                           Traffic: car
                                                                                1999
Road           Maintenance Annual
Finance
               Construction Annual

Road                % Paved Roads
Network         Total Road Network

              Main, National Roads

                                          0%        20%        40%   60%        80%    100%
                                                               Coverage
Source: IRF
June 2006 World Road Statistics 2001/02/05
                                      Transport Indicators Workshop, Pretoria             5
                                                so
                                                Global
                                                data sets
                                                for
                                                transport
                                                are
                                                improving
                                                in
                                                coverage
                                                and quality
                                                …….
June 2006   Transport Indicators Workshop, Pretoria       6
World Development Indicators
now include many Transport data sets
Urban environment – 3.11                          Transport services – 5.9
             Work trips by public                       Road:       total network
             transportation                                         Paved
             Travel time to work                                    Passenger carriage
Traffic and congestion – 3.12                                       Freight haulage
    Motor    vehicles                                   Rail:       Route length
             Passenger cars                                         Passenger carriage
             Two wheelers                                           Freight haulage
             Road traffic                               Port        Container traffic
    Fuel :   Super price                                Air         Flight departures
             Diesel price                                           Passenger carriage
Private sector development – 5.1                                    Freight haulage
             Private participation in             Health: risk factors – 2.18
             transport projects                                     Road traffic fatality

June 2006                           Transport Indicators Workshop, Pretoria                 7
     Global data sets: sustainability

• WDI data sets are assembled by specialist organisations:
     –      World Health Organisation: accidents
     –      UN Habitat: urban transport
     –      International Road Federation: roads + traffic
     –      GTZ: fuel prices
     –      Union International des Chemins de Fer: rail
     –      International Civil Aviation Organisation: air transport
• Data sets are based on primary information obtained
  from those countries which are responsive.
• Challenge is to sustain these data sets:
     – update data regularly,
     – extend coverage (particularly to low income countries)
     – improve quality

June 2006                      Transport Indicators Workshop, Pretoria   8
Framework of core measures and
diagnostic indicators


June 2006   Transport Indicators Workshop, Pretoria   9
Transport Results framework

   Measures and Indicators consistent between three levels:

   •        diagnostic framework at sectoral level:
            –   promoted by WB Infrastructure Action Plan:

   •        headline indicators for national / global level:
            –   first established measure: Rural Access Index
            –   complementary ‘headlines’ are being developed

   •        core measures: transport sub-sectors
            –   sound and consistent basis for all diagnostic and headline
                indicators

   Working with regional, national and international partners

June 2006                      Transport Indicators Workshop, Pretoria   10
sector diagnostic framework
Initial sets of indicators have been proposed within the
following framework (under Recent Economic
Developments in Infrastructure):
            •   Accessibility             }
            •   Affordability             } initial focus
            •   Quality: technical        }
            •          : perceived        }
            •   Efficiency: economic
            •   Finance
            •   Governance and Institutions
            •   Environment and Social    } added for Transport

     …. broadly adopted by each of the regions and being
tested in about 50 countries ….
June 2006                 Transport Indicators Workshop, Pretoria   11
            Core measures: example




June 2006         Transport Indicators Workshop, Pretoria   12
   Measures and indicators: summary
    all sub-sectors: (passenger &
       freight) are being covered:
    •       Road transport
    •       Railways
    •       Air: inland & international
    •       Water: inland & coastal
    •       Seaports
    •       Trade logistics
    •       Urban transport
    •       Social (inclusion etc)
    •       Environmental
June 2006                    Transport Indicators Workshop, Pretoria   13
Including social and environmental
impacts


June 2006     Transport Indicators Workshop, Pretoria   14
Social + Environmental issues

• Inclusion:
    – Mainstreaming Gender issues + knowledge base
    – Universal access guidelines + toolkit : elderly and disabled;
• Employment:
    – Core labour standards (ILO);
    – Occupational health and safety: work place strategies
    – issues for reform in transport sector.
• Health: key targets:
    – access to health care: Maternal and Child Health;
    – mitigate spread of HIV/AIDS and other communicable diseases;
• Environment:
    – key issues of traffic and construction impacts for health + climate;
    – incentives and regulations to promote good practice.



 June 2006                 Transport Indicators Workshop, Pretoria    15
www.transport-links.org
 > Research > Search

                 sources


            www.worldbank.org
             /transport/ut_over


June 2006   Transport Indicators Workshop, Pretoria   16
Social impact indicators
examples:
• Inclusion
   – Are key statistics disaggregated (by gender, age, ability etc) so
     as to identify and monitor transport needs of these segments of
     the population?
   – are disaggregated surveys carried out significantly and effectively
     in practice?
• Universal Access: (elderly, disabled etc):
   – Is there a legal requirement to assess the particular transport
     needs of different segments of the population (eg. people with
     disability) and to plan and implement in such a way as to meet
     their needs?
• Employment Standards:
     – Does Government endorse the CLS and monitor implementation?
     – Are OH+S guidelines set and monitored?


June 2006                 Transport Indicators Workshop, Pretoria   17
   Environmental impact indicators

examples:
• Climate: Greenhouse Gases
     – System efficiency; power efficiency; fuel type
• Energy security:
   – System efficiency; power efficiency; fuel type
• Atmospheric pollution: gas and particulate
  emissions
   – Urban transit provision and use; car ownership
     and activity
• Land use:
     – Urban sprawl; land use for transport networks;
       impact on adjacent land

June 2006              Transport Indicators Workshop, Pretoria   18
            Governance indicators

            Institutions and Processes
            • Regulation
               –   Public Service Obligation
               –   Tariffs and cost recovery
               –   Service quality and safety
               –   Security
            • Service delivery
               – Passenger / freight
               – Formal – public / private
               – Informal / Own account
            • Infrastructure management
               – Ownership
               – Operation and maintenance

June 2006                Transport Indicators Workshop, Pretoria   19
            Transport Results Initiative:
               Outputs > tomorrow

• Headline indicators for the Transport
  Sector
     – Rural Access Index, Urban Mobility Index
• Policy guidance and implementation
     – Sectoral and central statistical capacity
• Economic growth and sustainability
• Livelihoods needs and equity
     – Household living standards and transport
       demand
June 2006             Transport Indicators Workshop, Pretoria   20
June 2006   Transport Indicators Workshop, Pretoria   21
Information is on WB web page:
  Home > Topics in Development > Transport
                                     >Social Responsibility
                                             >Transport and Health

 Home > Topics in Development > Transport > Transport Results

                                                         to be updated on CD




                       log on!



   June 2006               Transport Indicators Workshop, Pretoria             22

				
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