Final Exam 3300 SP10

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Final Exam 3300 SP10 Powered By Docstoc
					                                     Final Exam
                                 Worldviews and Faith
                                     Spring 2010
                                   Dr. Maltsberger

Attached you will find two sets of texts, Thomas Jefferson’s The Virginia Act For
Establishing Religious Freedom (1786) and the Taliban proclamation Amr Bil Ma‟ruf
(Command the Good): A Proclamation of General Presidency (1996). Thomas Jefferson
considered himself a Deist, and was the author of not only the US Declaration of
Independence, but also served as the third President of the United States. The Taliban are
a Shiite sect of Islam that is currently fighting for control of Afghanistan.

Read both texts thoroughly. You may also wish to do some additional background
reading on either of the authors or their cultural or religious backgrounds.

In a paper of approximately four pages (approx. 4 pages), compare and contrast the
worldviews that created both documents. Consider how the role of religion is stated to
function within the worldview. What forces shaped that perspective?. Be sure to take
into account the six-fold description of worldviews as delineated by Ninian Smart in the
textbook and other information shared in class. Consider how such worldviews are
similar, how they differ, how their backgrounds and believes affect their expressions in
religion, politics, culture, etc.

NOTE: Please do not “preach” in your paper. The Instructor is already very familiar with
the evangelical worldview and has previously chosen to follow it—witnessing is not
required. However, in a separate paragraph, you may compare worldviews presented in
the question to your own unique worldview and identify similarities and differences.

Finally, you should discuss how the study of multiple worldviews can assist you in
the attainment of your own goals of work and service to the community and world.

Please use a coversheet with your name and class information on it, and staple all pages.
The Exam must be submitted in English.

                 LATER THAN MAY 5TH AT 2:45 pm
                                      From the Bible
“For you were called to freedom, brothers and sisters; only do not use your freedom as
an opportunity to indulge your flesh, but through love.” Galatians 5:13

“Let every person be subject to the governing authorities. For there is no authority
except by God‟s appointment, and the authorities that exist have been instituted by God.”
Romans 13:1

                 The Virginia Act For Establishing Religious Freedom
                               Thomas Jefferson, 1786

Well aware that Almighty God hath created the mind free; that all attempts to influence it
by temporal punishments or burdens, or by civil incapacitations, tend only to beget habits
of hypocrisy and meanness, and are a departure from the plan of the Holy Author of our
religion, who being Lord both of body and mind, yet chose not to propagate it by
coercions on either, as was in his Almighty power to do; that the impious presumption of
legislators and rulers, civil as well as ecclesiastical, who, being themselves but fallible
and uninspired men, have assumed dominion over the faith of others, setting up their own
opinions and modes of thinking as the only true and infallible, and as such endeavoring to
impose them on others, hath established and maintained false religions over the greatest
part of the world, and through all time; that to compel a man to furnish contributions of
money for the propagation of opinions which he disbelieves, is sinful and tyrannical; that
even the forcing him to support this or that teacher of his own religious persuasion, is
depriving him of the comfortable liberty of giving his contributions to the particular
pastor whose morals he would make his pattern, and whose powers he feels most
persuasive to righteousness, and is withdrawing from the ministry those temporal
rewards, which proceeding from an approbation of their personal conduct, are an
additional incitement to earnest and unremitting labors for the instruction of mankind;
that our civil rights have no dependence on our religious opinions, more than our
opinions in physics or geometry; that, therefore, the proscribing any citizen as unworthy
the public confidence by laying upon him an incapacity of being called to the offices of
trust and emolument, unless he profess or renounce this or that religious opinion, is
depriving him injuriously of those privileges and advantages to which in common with
his fellow citizens he has a natural right; that it tends also to corrupt the principles of that
very religion it is meant to encourage, by bribing, with a monopoly of worldly honors and
emoluments, those who will externally profess and conform to it; that though indeed
these are criminal who do not withstand such temptation, yet neither are those innocent
who lay the bait in their way; that to suffer the civil magistrate to intrude his powers into
the field of opinion and to restrain the profession or propagation of principles, on the
supposition of their ill tendency, is a dangerous fallacy, which at once destroys all
religious liberty, because he being of course judge of that tendency, will make his
opinions the rule of judgment, and approve or condemn the sentiments of others only as
they shall square with or differ from his own; that it is time enough for the rightful
purposes of civil government, for its officers to interfere when principles break out into
overt acts against peace and good order; and finally, that truth is great and will prevail if
left to herself, that she is the proper and sufficient antagonist to error, and has nothing to
fear from the conflict, unless by human interposition disarmed of her natural weapons,
free argument and debate, errors ceasing to be dangerous when it is permitted freely to
contradict them.
Be it therefore enacted by the General Assembly, That no man shall be compelled to
frequent or support any religious worship, place, or ministry whatsoever, nor shall be
enforced, restrained, molested, or burdened in his body or goods, nor shall otherwise
suffer on account of his religious opinions or belief; but that all men shall be free to
profess, and by argument to maintain, their opinions in matters of religion, and that the
same shall in nowise diminish, enlarge, or affect their civil capacities.
And though we well know this Assembly, elected by the people for the ordinary purposes
of legislation only, have no powers equal to our own and that therefore to declare this act
irrevocable would be of no effect in law, yet we are free to declare, and do declare, that
the rights hereby asserted are of the natural rights of mankind, and that if any act shall be
hereafter passed to repeal the present or to narrow its operation, such act will be an
infringement of natural right.

                                    From the Qu’ran
“True believers are those who, when Allah is mentioned, feel a tremor in their hearts, and
when they hear His revelation, find their faith strengthened, and put all their trust in their
Lord” (Al-Anfal, 2)

“He has chosen you, and has imposed no difficulties on you in religion; it is the faith of
your father Abraham. It is He Who has named you Muslims, both before and in this
Revelation.” (Al-Hajj, 78)

“Who speaks better than one who calls men to Allah, does what is right, and says, „I am
of those who bow in Islam?‟” (Fussilat, 33)
           A Proclamation of General Presidency of Amr Bil Maruf.
                           Kabul December 1996

           [translated from Dari to English by the Taliban.]

1. To prevent sedition and female uncovers (Be Hejabi). No drivers
   are allowed to pick up women who are using Iranian burqa. In case
   of violation the driver will be imprisoned. If such kind of
   female are observed in the street their house will be found and
   their husband punished. If the women use stimulating and
   attractive cloth and there is no accompany of close male relative
   with the, the drivers should not pick them up.

2. To prevent music. To be broadcasted by the public information
   resources. In shops, hotels, vehicles and rickshaws cassettes and
   music are prohibited. This matter should be monitored within five
   days. If any music cassette found in a shop, the shopkeeper
   should be imprisoned and the shop locked. If five people
   guarantee the shop should be opened the criminal released later.
   If cassette found in the vehicle, the vehicle and the driver will
   be imprisoned. If five people guarantee the vehicle will be
   released and the criminal released later.

3. To prevent beard shaving and its cutting. After one and a half
   months if anyone observed who has shaved and/or cut his beard,
   they should be arrested and imprisoned until their beard gets

4. To prevent keeping pigeons and playing with birds. Within ten
   days this habit/hobby should stop. After ten days this should be
   monitored and the pigeons and any other playing birds should be

5. To prevent kite-flying. The kite shops in the city should be

6. To prevent idolatry. In vehicles, shops, hotels, room and any
   other place pictures/portraits should be abolished. The monitors
   should tear up all pictures in the above places.

7. To prevent gambling. In collaboration with the security police
   the main centers should be found and the gamblers imprisoned for
   one month.

8. To eradicate the use of addiction. Addicts should be imprisoned
   and investigation made to find the supplier and the shop. The
   shop should be locked and the owner and user should be imprisoned
   and punished.

9. To prevent the British and American hairstyles. People with long
   hair should be arrested and taken to the Religious Police
   department to shave their hair. The criminal has to pay the

10.         To prevent interest on loans, charge on changing small
      denomination notes and charge on money orders. All money
      exchangers should be informed that the above three types of
      exchanging the money should be prohibited. In case of violation
      criminals will be imprisoned for a long time.

11.         To prevent washing cloth by young ladies along with water
      streams in the city. Violator ladies should be picked up with
      respectful Islamic manner, taken to their houses and their
      husbands severely punished.

12.         To prevent music and dances in wedding parties. In the case
      of violation the head of the family will be arrested and

13.         To prevent the playing of music drum. The prohibition of
      this should be announced. If anybody does this then the religious
      elders can decide about it.

14.         To prevent sewing ladies cloth and taking female body
      measures by tailor. If women or fashion magazines are seen in the
      shop the tailor should be imprisoned.

15.         To prevent sorcery. All the related books should be burnt
      and the magicians should be imprisoned until his repentance.

16.         To prevent not praying and order gathering pray at the
      bazaar. Prayer should be done on their due times in all
      districts. Transportation should be strictly prohibited and all
      people are obliged to go to the mosque. If young people are seen
      in the shops they will be immediately imprisoned.