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ORDER OF THE ARROW

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ORDER OF THE ARROW Powered By Docstoc
					WINTER AWARENESS
     FIRST AID
   GENERAL INFORMATION
Most First Aid Issues can be prevented easier
 than treated in the field.
        CONDITION
        ELEVATION (Higher altitudes = higher heart rate & increased breathing)
        CLOTHING
        SUN EXPOSURE
        WIND EXPOSURE
SIGNS & SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION
TREATMENT
CAUSE: Cooling of Inner Body Core to BELOW normal temperature.
 Inadequate CLOTHING
 Inadequate SHELTER
 Prolonged EXPOSURE to Wind, Dampness and Cool Temperatures
 Over-exerting to the point of SWEATING
 Inadequate FLUID and FOOD intake, particularly during long periods of
activity.
  Chilly
  Shivering
  Complaint of being COLD
  Difficulty Speaking
  Tired (wants to sleep)
  Slowing of PULSE & RESPIRATION
  Inability to Stand or Walk (Stumbling)
NOTE: If one person shows symptoms, there may be others!
                   CHECK EACH OTHER!!!
Begin by Layering Clothing
Ensure continued Hydration & Food Intake
REMOVE victim from cold environment
If Victim is conscious, PROVIDE warm
 drink & energy snack
REMOVE wet clothing
WARM the victim BUT DO NOT RUB
CAUSE: Freezing of an extremity
 Exposure to cold temperature
 Direct contact to freezing items like liquid fuels,
 metal etc.
 Restricted circulation – tight boots, gloves etc.
  Area appears Yellowish to Gray
  Area will be cold & hard to the touch.
  Complaints of being painful or numb
  Can turn Black
NOTE: If one person shows symptoms, there may be others!
                   CHECK EACH OTHER!!!
Wear proper clothing & footwear
Exercise (improves circulation)
Layer sock (remove wet ones)
THAW area ONLY if extremity can STAY thawed
May be painful, blisters may form DO NOT POP
THEM
DO NOT RUB or Massage (skin tears)
Get victim inside if possible
Transport to Medical Facility
CAUSE: “Flash” freezing of a body part
 Direct contact with an object like metal
 Direct contact to freezing items like liquid fuels.
Area appears Gray & White
Complaints of being painful
Damage is superficial
               CHECK EACH OTHER!!!
Avoid contact with cold metal objects:
Stoves, Tent Poles, Shovels etc.
WARM with hands or put against warm bare skin
Get victim Inside
Use sleeping bag with WARM NOT HOT water
bottle for feet.
CAUSE: Exposure to Sun
 Direct exposure to the sun
 Sun reflected off snow, sand, or water for
 prolonged period of time
Complains of SAND or a GRITTY feeling in the eyes
Redness, swelling, tears in eyes
Eyes closed and inability to open eyes
Sensitivity to light
Headache
Wear Eye Protection (sunglasses, goggles)
NO EYE DROPS
REMOVE from direct light
COOL COMPRESS to cover eyes
CAUSE: Exposure of Feet to moist environments
 Just above Freezing
 Exposure for 24-48 hours
Feet & Toes feel NUMB
Feet have a “WOODEN” feeling
Flesh COLD & GRAY tone to them
STIFF
PAINFULL
REMOVE WET socks
DRY Feet
LAYER Socks
Wear WARM Socks
REPLACE socks with DRY SOCKS
Dry feet
WARM feet with Chemical Packs or Warm Water
Bottles
CAUSE: Lack of Fluid Intake
 Sweating even thought it is cold
Disoriented
Loss of Coordination
Nausea
Feeling of Sluggishness
Headache
Regular breaks to drink fluids
Avoid caffeinated drinks (caffeine
accelerated fluid loss)
DO NOT drink fluids all at once
Drink SMALL amounts of fluid frequently
CONTINUE drinking fluids increasing amounts
until person needs to urinate
MONITOR intake and continue intake of fluids
CAUSE: Inhaling Carbon Monoxide
 Burning fuel in UNVENTILATED areas like
 TENTS/SNOW SHELTERS
BLUE TINT around lips
BLUE TINT under nails
CHERRY RED look to face
AVOID FLAMES/FUMES IN SHELTER
Shut off and REMOVE device from shelter
FRESH AIR take victim outside of shelter
RESCUE BREATHING/CPR as needed
TRANSPORT to medical facility NOW
CAUSE: Direct exposure to Sun & Wind
 Long periods of exposure to Sun & Wind to skin
BURING
BLISTERING
CHAPPING/IRRITATION
REDDENING of skin
SUNBLOCK with High SPF rating
Apply ‘AFTER SUN” Lotion that contains Aloe
Vera
AFTER ABSORBED reapply Sun Block
Limit exposure

				
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posted:8/14/2011
language:English
pages:35