LABOR & COLLECTIVE BARGAINING:
Best Internet Sites for Research & Practice
Donna L. Schulman, Librarian
212-340-2845 / firstname.lastname@example.org
Lenz Library / Cornell University ILR
16 E. 34th Street, NYC
This document is designed as an Internet pathfinder for students, workers, and practitioners
in the labor relations field. It lists web sites that have proved to be helpful to people who
negotiate collective bargaining agreements, who work with or belong to labor unions, who are
students and teachers in labor education programs. I have written brief descriptions (some a
little opinionated) for most of these sites, and, as an added bonus, have started giving ―tips‖ on
Internet research techniques and strategies. For students in Cornell ILR’s Labor Studies
programs, I have included a section on Study Skills & College. For specialists attending
Cornell ILR’s Labor Relations Certificate Program workshops, there is an expanded section on
Collective Bargaining. I have added a ―Fun‖ section because I love to share.
Although it would not be impossible to list every single web site or resource that relates to
labor relations and collective bargaining, it would be a very long task and one that would
basically duplicate what Google Directory and Yahoo! Directory and the intrepid people at
organizations like XPDNC and the Cyber Picket Line are already doing. So, check out the
―Starting Points‖ and ―Labor Union Resources & Directories‖ listed in the first two sections for
additional web resources.
This guide assumes you, the searcher, has basic Internet skills. If you would like to learn
more about how to do research effectively online, there are several options:
Take my Labor Studies course, ―Internet Literacy for Unionists‖, at the NYC ILR
Conference Center (e-mail me for details).
Hire me to teach a workshop at your union or organization (yes, shameless self-
promotion, but it really is a good way to educate your membership.)
Check out an online tutorial such as USC’s Bare Bones 101 (see Internet Tutorials
Read one of these excellent books:
The Extreme Searcher's Internet Handbook: A Guide for the Serious Searcher, by
Randolph Hock, Cyberage Bks, 2004.
Find It Online : The Complete Guide to Online Research, 4 th edition, by Alan M. Schlein,
Facts on Demand Press, 2004.
The Internet is transient and mutable. Web addresses that are perfectly good today might
lead to an error message tomorrow. Please e-mail me if you find that happening here. And,
e-mail me if you have discovered the next great Labor web site. Search critically, search time
efficiently. And, if you are still not getting results there is always the Elizabethan Curse
donna lynn schulman
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION PAGE NUMBER
Starting Points/ Megalink Sites 4
Labor Union Resources & Directories 5
Labor News 6
Labor Unions (Selected) 7
Labor-Related Organizations 9
Labor-Related Magazines & Journals 10
News Sites 11
Law, Government & Politics 13
Campaign Finance 14
Labor Law 14
Company Information 18
Wages & Salaries 21
Statistics & Economics 23
Safety & Health 24
Collective Bargaining Agreements Online 25
Collective Bargaining Resources 32
Labor History 34
Labor Culture 36
Reference & Periodical Sources 37
Digital Books 38
Study Skills & College 39
Search Engines & Directories 42
Internet Tutorials & Guides 46
* For easy access to these web sites, use the Labor Links section of the Lenz Library web site:
http://www.ilr.cornell.edu/extension/lenzlibrary. An interactive copy of this guide (i.e., clickable)
is available in the Downloads section.
STARTING POINTS FOR LABOR RESEARCH
see also Search Engines & Directories, page 39
YAHOO’S INDEX TO LABOR INFORMATION
YAHOO’S INDEX TO LABOR UNION INFORMATION
Yahoo lists over 650 labor-related websites. Use the first address to access subjects such as Occupational Safety
and Health, Child Labor, History; use the second address for labor union sites.
GOOGLE WEB DIRECTORY: UNIONS
Assortment of labor-related sites, from major to small but surprising, plus 15 related categories.
The newly designed AFL-CIO web site makes it easier to find information on AFL-CIO programs, political & labor
campaigns, speeches, press releases, family-related information, plus directories and links to member unions and
LABOR RESEARCH PORTAL (UC, Berkeley, Institute of Industrial Relations Library)
Recently revised and expanded, the IIR Library now has ―Labor Guides‖ to online & print resources as well as its
basic web guides to unions, labor studies programs and libraries, government agencies, and career guides.
INTERNET RESOURCE GATEWAY : HENNING CENTER FOR INTERNATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS (UC
Berkeley Labor Center)
―Links to organizations, articles, position papers, and training materials on Labor and the Global Economy:‖
Directory of work-related sites by subject area; sites are reviewed and summarized by Cornell ILR information
RESEARCH & INTERNET GUIDES / LABOR UNIONS AND THE INTERNET
Internet research guides on labor and employment issues prepared by the library staff of the Cornell University
School of Industrial and Labor Relations, including ―Labor Unions and the Internet‖.
LABOR RELATIONS: STRATEGIC RESEARCH ONLINE (Lenz Library, Cornell University ILR)
Online version of this handout can be printed out at ―Downloads‖ section. The ―Links‖ section contains hundreds
of labor & employment-related web links (including those listed here), organized by topic.
LABOR UNION RESOURCES & DIRECTORIES
CYBER PICKET LINE
World Directory of Trade Unions‖, organized by geographic area, international list of union resources.
XPDNC LABOUR DIRECTORY
Excellent directory with an international perspective; useful & interesting categories such as Corporate Agenda,
Labour Online, Media Outreach. Geographic and topic-oriented lists.
LABOR UNIONS – UNITED STATES (IIR Library, UC Berkeley)
Listings of union locals, rank-&-file groups, and ―union support‖ organizations.
Created by Union Communications Services, this site features extensive links to U.S. union web sites
(internationals and locals), updated weekly, plus a weekly labor cartoon, song, quote, book, steward tip, & today in
labor history. Interesting feature: ―Info about Your Union‖ enables you to look up U.S. DOL LM2 (financial) reports,
and to locate unions by zip code.
DIRECTORY OF UNIONS AND ASSOCIATIONS WITH EXCLUSIVE RECOGNITION IN THE FEDERAL
SERVICE. (U.S. Office of Personnel Management)
DIRECTORY OF LABOR UNIONS & EMPLOYEE ASSOCIATIONS IN NEW YORK STATE
Searchable database of labor unions in NYS, primarily compiled in 2001; note that unions can elect to be omitted
from this listing.
NYC LOCAL UNIONS [NEW YORK CITY CENTRAL LABOR COUNCIL]
A-Z directory, includes names of local presidents, address and telephone numbers, but does not link to web sites.
THE GREAT SPECKLED BIRD STRIKE PAGE
Listing of strikes worldwide, with links to strike web pages and contact people. Not always comprehensive, but
THE WORK SITE
This new web site, created by Matt Witt of the American Labor Education Service, aims to create online
communities focused on ―Tools You Can Use‖ and ―Resources & Strategy‖. The expanding ―Tools‖ section
includes nuts-and-bolts articles on using video, union communications, working with lawyers, etc. The newsletter
―World Wide Work‖ is a good source for new books and music on labor issues. Registration is required, but there
is no fee.
UNION JOBS CLEARINGHOUSE
Listings of union staff openings, mainly in the United States.
XPDNC: LABOUR ORGANIZATION STAFF POSITION LINKS
Links to web pages posting jobs in unions; mostly lists pages from union web sites.
LMRDA REPORTING & PUBLIC DISCLOSURE (U.S. DOL)
INTERNET PUBLIC DISCLOSURE ROOM (U.S. DOL)
Both of these U.S. Dept of Labor sites give information on how to order the documents that labor unions are
required to file under the Labor-Management Reporting and Disclosure Act (LMRDA). Reports filed for the year
2000 and after are available online at http://union-reports.dol.gov/olmsWeb/docs/formspg.html .
See also Labor-Related Magazines & Journals; News Sites; Reference & Periodical Sources.
In addition to these web sites, many union newspapers and magazines are available on their respective
international and local union web sites.
AFL-CIO WORK IN PROGRESS
Weekly online newsletter on organizing triumphs and other major labor news items. Databank of back issues.
Labornet’s creators aim to create an ―information network and technology for all working people.‖ The site
currently features news of strikes, organizing drives, & other labor campaigns around the world, plus a number of
forums on labor issues.
Very current labor news stories from newspapers and wire services worldwide, including many from and about the
United States. Edited by Eric Lee, a labor Internet guru.
THE INSTITUTE OF INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS LIBRARY’S WEBLOG
A news and information service that covering labor and employment issues.
LABOR AND CALIFORNIA ON THE WEB (IIR Labor Research Portal)
Eclectic collection of links to union-related ―newspapers‖, traditional and alternative, on the Internet.
YAHOO! NEWS: LABOR AND UNIONS
Compiles links to current news stories concerning unions or labor relations; news is from mainstream newspapers,
wire services, and NPR radio programs. [If this link fails to connect, look for the news link on the top of the Yahoo!
Labor page: http://dir.yahoo.com/Business_and_Economy/Business_to_Business/Labor/ ]
LABOR UNIONS (Selected)
These are union web sites that offer good, solid information on labor topics, or which are used often by labor
researchers. For additional international and local sites, see the directories listed above.
Wealth of information on social policy issues; excellent online publications including guide to corporate research
and how to build a union website.
AFSCME District Council 37 (NYC)
The largest public sector unit in New York City; site includes contracts and constitution.
AMERICAN FEDERATION OF TEACHERS (AFT)
Excellent salary information; contract language and full text of cba’s.
AMERICAN FEDERATION OF TELEVISION & RADIO ARTISTS (AFTRA)
CANADIAN LABOUR CONGRESS (CLC)
CANADIAN UNION OF PUBLIC EMPLOYEES (CUPE)
News items concerning public sector locals and issues (women’s wages, privatization, globalization).
COMMUNICATION WORKERS OF AMERICA (CWA)
DEPARTMENT FOR PROFESSIONAL EMPLOYEES (DPE), AFL-CIO
See Programs & Publications: DPE Analyses ( http://www.dpeaflcio.org/programs/analyses.htm), Professionals:
Professionals in the Workplace (http://www.dpeaflcio.org/pros/workplace.htm), and Professionals: Charts & Tables
(http://www.dpeaflcio.org/pros/charts.htm) for brief analytic and statistical reports on various aspects of
INDUSTRIAL WORKERS OF THE WORLD (IWW)
See the Organizing page (http://www.iww.org/organize/) for articles and pamphlets on how to organize, how to
plan and publicize events, workers rights, the IWW Organizing Manual, ―What is a Union‖, and much more.
INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF MACHINISTS AND AEROSPACE WORKERS (IAM)
INTERNATIONAL ALLIANCE OF THEATRICAL STAGE EMPLOYEES, MOVING PICTURE TECHNICIANS,
ARTISTS AND ALLIED CRAFTS OF THE UNITED STATES (IATSE)
INTERNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF ELECTRICAL WORKERS (IBEW)
Check out ―Resources for Union Stewards‖ for material on Weingarten rights & the investigatory interview.
LABORERS INTERNATIONAL UNION (LIUNA)
NATIONAL EDUCATION ASSOCIATION (NEA)
PACE INTERNATIONAL UNION (Paper, Allied-Industrial, Chemical and Entergy Workers International Union)
Interesting features: Histories of five original unions, model by-laws for locals, Steward’s Review.
PSC/CUNY (THE PROFESSIONAL STAFF CONGRESS ON THE CITY UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK)
RETAIL, WHOLESALE AND DEPARTMENT STORE UNION (RWDSU)
Extensive health and safety information.
SEIU (Service Employees International Union)
Expanded web site now includes online Stewards Manual under ―Education and Leadership‖, plus online training
SEIU LOCAL 1100NY
SPEEA (Society of Professional Engineering Employees in Aerospace), IFPTA Local 2001
Example of well-designed union web page.
TUC (Trade Unions Congress)
Umbrella organization for Great Britain’s trade unions.
UAW (United Automobile, Aerospace & Agricultural Implement Workers of America)
UE (United Electrical, Radio And Machine Workers Of America)
Steward’s guides to handling grievances, guide to costing out the contract.
UFCW (United Food and Commercial Workers)
The merged web site of this new, merged union; features historical material on the founding unions, including the
photographic essay ―The Women of UNITE!‖, the Union Hotel Guide, and steward resources.
RANK-AND-FILE LABOR SITES
TEAMSTERS FOR A DEMOCRATIC UNION
UAW NEW DIRECTIONS MOVEMENT
RANK AND FILE LABORERS
ASSOCIATION OF UNION DEMOCRACY LINKS
Comprehensive list of rank-and-file and reform organizations on the web.
LABOR-RELATED ORGANIZATIONS (selected list)
For exhaustive listings of labor-related organizations, see Starting Points and Labor Union Resources &
AMERICAN ARBITRATION ASSOCIATION
ASSOCIATION FOR UNION DEMOCRACY
Information about the rights of union members, selected articles from ―Union Democracy Review‖, extensive links
to rank-and-file groups.
CORNELL UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF INDUSTRIAL AND LABOR RELATIONS EXTENSION DIVISION
ECONOMIC POLICY INSTITUTE
Briefings and reports on economic issues such as minimum wage, trade policies, employment trends.
FAIRJOBS.ORG / NORTH AMERICAN ALLIANCE FOR FAIR EMPLOYMENT
The NAAFE is a network of organizations concerned about contingent work (temporary, part-time, subcontracting).
This site is a great resource, featuring news items and research reports.
JOBS WITH JUSTICE
LABOR EDUCATION NEWSLETTER
This newsletter, edited by labor education information guru Ed Czarnecki, keeps you up-to-date on labor articles,
books, and events. Subscribe for monthly mailings or read online.
LABOR PROJECT FOR WORKING FAMILIES
Contract language and newsletter on work/family issues.
LABOR RESEARCH ASSOCIATION
Current labor news briefs; statistical reports.
NATIONAL LABOR COMMITTEE
The nonprofit organization that has spearheaded the fight against sweatshops, child labor, and other worker
abuses around the world. News on current campaigns, archives of past campaigns, educational resources.
9 to 5, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF WORKING WOMEN
UALE (UNITED ASSOCIATION FOR LABOR EDUCATION
UALE is the professional association of university and union labor educators. In addition to information on its own
conferences, this is where you can find out about the regional women’s union summer institutes, the Labor Studies
Journal, position announcements in the field, and postings on ―What’s Happening in Labor Education.‖ See the
Links page for listings of Labor Education programs in colleges, universities, and independent organizations.
LABOR-RELATED MAGAZINES & JOURNALS
These publications can be read in whole or in part on the Internet. Keep in mind that periodicals in general are
dependent on subscription fees for survival. Most academic journals are available in full-text through fee-based
databases, some of which may be accessed through your public library web site (see Reference & Periodical
DOLLARS & SENSE
Bimonthly magazine offering "left perspectives on current economic affairs".
IN THESE TIMES
Monthly magazine devoted to examining the activities of multinational companies, as well as labor, environmental,
health care, and development issues in a global context.
NEW LABOR FORUM
Abstracts of current articles, full text of selected archived articles.
Articles no longer available under new publisher, Blackwell.
WORKPLACE: A JOURNAL FOR ACADEMIC LABOR
ZNET LABOR WATCH
A collection of labor-related articles from Z Magazine and other ―progressive‖ labor magazines and web sites.
PERIODICALS : HOLT LABOR LIBRARY
An eclectic listing of online labor, progressive, and left magazines from this unique library. Also, links news
sources, digital collections, and cultural resources related to radical history and the working class struggle.
NEWS SEARCH ENGINES
Google’s newest feature, searches for news articles from over 4,500 sources from around the world, going back
30 days, and also presents current headlines.
Today’s headlines and links to the full stories, from major newspapers (but not NYT), wire services, and NPR,
mostly U.S. sources.
WEB SEARCH TIP: KEEPING UP-TO-DATE
Use the News Alert feature, available on both Google News and Yahoo!, News to keep current; all you do is type-
in your topic, and news alerts will be delivered to your e-mail box.
PLAIN OLD NEWS
NEW YORK 1 NEWS
NEW YORK TIMES
ADD YOUR LOCAL OR FAVORIATE NEWS WEB SITE :
MEDIA WEB SITES: LINKS TO LARGE & SMALL, U.S. & FOREIGN NEWS SOURCES
Links to newspapers, TV & radio stations, U.S. and other countries. Little advertising (so far!).
Quick links to hundreds of online versions of city newspapers, organized alphabetically by city.
INTERNET PUBLIC LIBRARY : NEWSPAPERS
A listing of online newspapers from around the world, organized geographically and alphabetically.
Links to web sites for major and regional newspapers.
OPEN DIRECTORY: NEWSPAPERS: REGIONAL: UNITED STATES
Index to over 1800 newspapers publshed in the U.S., arranged by state.
INTERNET PUBLIC LIBRARY : BLOGS
A listing of weblogs by topic; includes blog directories & search engines, as well as blogs about politics, history,
news, cooking, books, economics, health, computers, law, etc.
Back to Table of Contents
LAW, GOVERNMENT & POLITICS
See also Labor Law
LEGAL INFORMATION INSTITUTE (Cornell University)
Text of major court decisions, federal legislation, some state laws.
Index & directory to legal information, including electronic law journals.
THOMAS (LIBRARY OF CONGRESS)
U.S. legislative information, including Congressional Record, current bills, committee information.
MARTINDALE-HUBBELL LAWYER LOCATOR
International searchable database of lawyers.
INTRODUCTION TO BASIC LEGAL CITATION / CORNELL LAW SCHOOL
GOVERNMENT & POLITICS:
Portal (first stop) for any U.S. government Internet site, including agencies, services, & masses of information.
NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION
Links to Code of Federal Regulations, Federal Register, Public Laws, US Government Manual, and more.
Tracking of candidate positions and votes.
CITIZEN’S ACCESS TO GOVERNMENT
Link to federal, state, local government sites.
STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS ON THE NET
Well-organized, up-to-date guide to state & local government Internet sites.
TAPPING OFFICIAL SECRETS
Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press guide to open records and meetings laws.
YAHOO: CAMPAIGN FINANCE
Extensive list of websites offering analyse and studies on this topic; see ―Databases‖ subcategory for sites that
provide current and recent filing info, U.S. and state.
Find out who contributed how much to whom; you can look up individuals or PACS. Federal-level elections only.
Web source of original campaign finance data. You can also look up original reporting documents.
NEW YORK STATE BOARD OF ELECTIONS CAMPAIGN
Click on the ―Campaign Finance‖ tab for access to NYS campaign finance disclosure records from July 1999 to
NEW YORK CITY CAMPAIGN FINANCE BOARD
See the ―Public Disclosure‖ section for the NYC campaign finance database and other disclosure info.
FINDLAW / LABOR LAW
YAHOO'S INDEX TO EMPLOYMENT LAW SITES
Yahoo's directory of employment law sites is a good starting point.
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
ELAWS: DOL EMPLOYMENT WORKPLACE LAWS
LAWMEMO.COM : EMPLOYMENT LAW
Successor to popular Ross Runkel web sites. Current news & cases, links to related Internet sites.
Back to Table of Contents
U.S. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS BOARD
PUBLIC EMPLOYEE RELATIONS BOARDS
A list of all existing boards, including links to web sites where available, courtesy of AFSCME.
NYS PUBLIC EMPLOYMENT RELATIONS BOARD
NJ PUBLIC EMPLOYMENT RELATIONS COMMISSION
U.S. Supreme Court and U.S. Court of Appeals decisions are widely available on the Internet. Availability of other
federal and state court decisions varies widely. For links to what is available (at no cost) on the Internet, start with
the ―Court Opinions‖ option on the Legal Information Institute home page: http://www.law.cornell.edu/.
U.S. NLRB: DECISIONS
NYS PERB DECISIONS
http://www.perb.state.ny.us/Decarc.asp (archived back to 3/00)
NYC OFFICE OF COLLECTIVE BARGAINING CASES (archived by ILR Catherwood Library)
NJ INTEREST ARBITRATION AWARDS
NJ SYNOPSES OF RECENT COMMISSION DECISIONS
Web Search Tip: FINDING LEGAL DECISIONS.
The legal decisions available from the above web sites are examples of ―The Invisible Web‖. The Invisible Web is
composed of online information items that cannot be easily located using common search techniques. Legal
decisions are part of this category because they are archived in online databases that search engines cannot
index. When searching for legal decisions, it is most useful to find out which agency or court adjudicates the
decisions you are looking for and then check out that web site.
Unfortunately, many court cases, especially those from the lower courts, are still not available outside of fee-
based (and expensive) databases such as Lexis and Westlaw.
Web Search Tip: ARBITRATION AWARDS.
I am often asked, ―Where are the Arbitration Awards?‖ Labor Arbitration decisions are propriety material, they
belong to the parties involved. You may find some decisions on the web, but the case books and databases used
by dispute resolution practitioners are only available on the Internet through fee-based databases (i.e., not for
free). For a complete listing of Arbitration Award resources, online and print, see the Catherwood Library’s online
Subject Guide: Arbitration: http://www.ilr.cornell.edu/library/subjectGuides/arbitration/arbitrationAwards.html .
RESOURCES & TECHNIQUES
GOOGLE WEB DIRECTORY: ORGANIZING
BUILDING POWER IN THE WORKPLACE: THE AFSCME INTERNAL ORGANIZING MANUAL
THE FIVE BASIC STEPS TO ORGANIZING A UNION (UE)
MIDWEST ACADEMY DIRECT ACTION ORGANIZING PROCESS
Outlines basic techniques of direct action organizing.
NATIONAL WORK RIGHTS INSTITUTE: THE RIGHT TO ORGANIZE
See ―Article‖ for explanation of basic legal principles and current status of the right to organize.
IWW: THE BASICS OF ORGANIZING
―Why Organize‖ and ―Basic Steps to a Workplace Organizing Campaign‖
IWW ORGANIZING MANUAL
Organizing techniques and strategies combined with the IWW class perspective. (23 p., PDF format)
THE VIRTUAL ACTIVIST 2.0: A TRAINING COURSE
Text-based interactive guide to using ―email and the Web as effective, inexpensive, and efficient tools for
organizing, outreach, and advocacy.‖. Extensive text.
FAIRJOBS.ORG (NORTH AMERICAN ALLIANCE FOR FAIR EMPLOYMENT)
Focuses on issues related to organizing contingent workers. Reports, statistics, campaigns, news.
CNA 101: A Manual for Organizing with the California Nurses Association
Effective presentation of facts (dues, strikes) and puncturing of anti-union myths (―Navigating Through an Anti-
GE WORKERS UNITED
Coalition of the 14 unions who bargain with GE; encourages solidarity and coordinated bargaining worldwide.
UNION 4 WAL-MART
―Official national campaign website‖ for organizers of Wal-mart workers. See ―Websites‖ page for listings of
+additional Wal-mart organizing campaign sites.
WASHTECH (WASHINGTON ALLIANCE OF TECHNOLOGY WORKERS, CWA)
Legislative advocacy, training, organizing, focusing on dot.com workers in the Seattle area.
XPDNC: SECURING WORKER RIGHTS
See Organizing Drives, Campaigning Groups categories.
WEB SEARCH TIP: ADVANCED SEARCH ENGINE PAGES
Take advantage of the Advanced Features of your Search Engine. Advanced Search Menus for Google,
Yahoo! Search, and MSN Search, for example, allow you to narrow your search by file type, date, or domain.
WEB SEARCH TIP: DOMAIN SEARCHING
This is an amazingly useful feature that can be found in the Advanced Search Menus cited above.
Domain searching means you can select whether you want .org or .edu or .com or .gov web sites in your Results
List. Since most union web sites end in ―.org‖, you can easily weed out unwanted sites by specifying “only .org”
under the “Domain” heading. Similarly, you can limit your results to those from colleges & universities by
specifying ―only .edu”.
Back to Table of Contents
FACTS @ YOUR FINGERTIPS: AN INTERNET RESEARCH GUIDE FOR AFSCME ACTIVISTS – CORPORATE
http://www.afscme.org/wrkplace/ftips02.htm (―Corporate Research‖)
The ―Corporate Research‖ section of this newly released guide from AFSCME updates their excellent ―Company
Research on the World Wide Web‖ Internet guide. Good section on nonprofits.
FAST MANUAL OF CORPORATE INVESTIGATION
This online guide takes the researcher through every single possible step of corporate research, including verifying
the name of the company and accessing court records. Available free to Food and Allied Services Trades unions,
$25/year to other union people (fax request on union letterhead to 202-737-7208).
CWA STRATEGIC RESEARCH MANUAL
Guide to research procedures for unionists working on strategic campaigns.
RESEARCHING COMPANIES ONLINE
A step-by-step tutorial that focuses on free Internet sites that contain corporate, nonprofit, and industry
CORPORATE RESEARCH: AN ONLINE GUIDE (Berkeley Labor Guides)
―Top picks‖ of online business research sources with knowledgeable annotations.
HANDS-ON CORPORATE RESEARCH GUIDE (CORPWATCH)
INDUSTRY RESEARCH (CORPWATCH)
Step-by-step guide to researching U.S. and non-U.S. corporations and industries on the web. Less detailed than
many of the above sites, but some interesting links to sites with ―socially conscious‖ information.
THE VIRTUAL CHASE: COMPANY INFORMATION GUIDE
The Virtual Chase is a well-known legal research site. This section addresses corporate research from the lawyer
point of view, with links to sources for law suites, public opinion, info on directors. Some interesting sources, not
NORTH AMERICAN INDUSTRY CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM (NAICS)
This new system for classifying industries and businesses uses a 6-digit hierarchical coding system, organizing all
economic activity into 20 industry sectors.
STANDARD INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM (SIC) SEARCH
The SIC served as the structure for the collection and analysis of economic data for over 60 years, and is still used
by many companies and organizations.
STANDARD OCCUPATIONAL CLASSIFICATION (SOC) SYSTEM
The classification system used by the U.S. government to classify workers into occupational categories; consists
of over 820 occupations, organized into 23 major groups.
YAHOO! FINANCE: COMPANY AND FUND INDEX
Company profiles include thumbnail description of business, basic financials, names & compensation of
executives; good starting point for researching publicly traded companies.
Profiles of major corporations; bypass the fee & request samples.
CORPORATION & ORGANIZATIONAL DATA
Links to wide range of corporate information sites, U.S. and international, free and fee-based; companies can be
searched by industry or geographically. Registration now required, but still free.
EDGAR (SEC ONLINE)
Full text of financial documents filed by publicly owned U.S. corporations; see proxies for executive compensation
disclosure. SECInfo is one of the few commercial sites that still offer this information for no fee (as of this writing).
NEW YORK STATE CORPORATIONS AND BUSINESS ENTITIES DATABASE
Searchable database of corporations and partnerships registered with the NYS Dept. of State. For other states,
see Search Systems, below.
Main resource for U.S. nonprofit organizations, with focus on charities. New feature: copy of IRS form 990.
A ―consumer reports‖ for people who contribute to charities, this web site ranks charities’ efficiency based on 990
data; it lists revenues, expenses, and executive compensation.
WHO OWNS WHAT
Columbia Journalism Review guide to major media corporations.
Easy access to benefit and pension plan filings of U.S. employers, large and small, private and nonprofit.
Registration (free) required.
SEARCH SYSTEMS (Pacific Information Resources, Inc.)
Links to public records databases open to the public; international in scope. Databases vary by country & state,
but may include corporation records, professional licenses, court decisions, court records, campaign finances,
Activist-oriented corporate news alerts, with focus on environmental and labor issues.
THE RILEY GUIDE: EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES & JOB RESOURCES ON THE INTERNET
Excellent starting point for career research; links to guidance sites, salary surveys, resume & interview guides,
how-to’s on researching employers.
INDUSTRY INFORMATION & LINKS
FULD COMPETITIVE INTELLIGENCE GUIDE: INTERNET INTELLIGENCE INDEX
Industry-oriented guide to corporate data, news, directories.
INDUSTRY RESEARCH DESK: INDUSTRY PORTALS
Industry-related web site; use this site or Fuld (above) to locate industry associations online.
WEB SEARCH TIPS : CORPORATE RESEARCH:
Use Ticker Symbols for researching publicly traded corporations. They can be found at
Check newspapers and periodicals for information on privately held companies. (These companies are not
required to file reports with the Securities & Exchange Commission, so information on them from the ―usual‖
sources is limited.)
Back to Table of Contents
WAGES & SALARIES
WAGE & SALARY DATA
OVERVIEW OF BLS STATISTICS ON WAGES, EARNINGS, AND BENEFITS
Brief overview of the type of data available from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the main source of earnings
and employment data for United States workers and employees.
NATIONAL COMPENSATION SURVEY (NCS)
This U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics survey of employee salaries, wages, and benefits replaces three previous
BLS surveys (ECI, OCSP, EBS). The BLS recommends this survey for those who want wage estimates for pay
OCCUPATIONAL EMPLOYMENT STATISTICS
This BLS survey of wage and salary workers produces estimates for over 750 occupations in over 400 industry
classifications. It can be tailored to specific industries and areas, and is a good source for obtaining a general
overview of wages by occupation, industry, and local area.
NEW YORK STATE DEPT. OF LABOR: LABOR MARKET INFORMATION - WAGES
Links to tables on wages & employment by industry; also tables on prevailing wages.
WAGE DATA FROM THE OCCUPATIONAL EMPLOYMENT SURVEY IN NEW YORK STATE
http://www.labor.state.ny.us/labor_market/LMI_business/wage_occ_info.html then click on ―Salary Finder‖.
Search for salary ranges by occupation and region.
This AFL-CIO created web site tracks trends in CEO compensation (with, of course, a labor slant). The database
documents CEO pay data for companies in the Standard & Poor's Super 1,500 Index.
COMPILATIONS & SOURCES FOR WAGE & SALARY DATA
This career-search website, created by California librarians, includes the best collection of links to salary surveys
on the Internet.
ECONOMIC RESEARCH INSTITUTE (ERI): SALARY SOURCES AND SURVEYS
http://www.erieri.com/sources, click on ―Salary Survey Sources‖
Extensive listing of salary surveys plus listings of surveys on employee benefits, cost-of-living, executive
compensation, and HR practices. Over 1900 U.S. salary surveys are listed alphabetically, mixing those for sale by
consulting firms with those available free (but not always on the Internet) from states, BLS, and professional
organizations. ERI is a consulting firm known for its ―Assessor‖ wage & salary analyses.
YAHOO DIRECTORY: LABOR STATISTICS—SALARY INFORMATION
A listing of various types of salary surveys available on the Internet. Warning: Some of these sites offer free
salary analyses as advertisements for their fee-based reports. Be sure you know where the data comes from and
how it was calculated if you intend to use this information.
ECONOMIC RESEARCH INSTITUTE (ERI): GLOSSARY OF SALARY & COMPENSATION TERMS
Brief definitions of terms like ―merit progression‖, ―base payroll‖, and ―ESOP‖.
WEB SEARCH TIP : THINK OUT OF THE BOX (OR WEB)
Don’t limit your research to the Internet, even when it seems to be overflowing with information. Check the public
library, courthouses, and – yes – people when appropriate.
WEB SEARCH TIP : CHECK FOR CREDIBILITY & ACCURACY
Remember that anybody can post information on the Internet. Make sure your information comes from credible,
accurate, up-to-date Internet sites. For more information on how to evaluate web sites, see:
▫ Cornell University, Five Criteria for Evaluating Web Pages
▫ UC Berkeley, Evaluating Web Pages: Techniques to Apply & Questions to Ask
Back to Table of Contents
STATISTICS & ECONOMICS
U.S. GOVERNMENT SITES:
U.S. BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
The major site for U.S. employment, cost-of-living, and other labor-related statistics.
U.S. CENSUS BUREAU
The major site for locating population and housing statistics.
ECONOMIC STATISTICS BRIEFING ROOM
SOCIAL STATISTICS BRIEFING ROOM
STARTING POINTS & GUIDES:
FINDING DATA ON THE INTERNET
STATISTICAL RESOURCES ON THE WEB (Univ. Michigan)
Great ―hub site‖ for finding U.S. & foreign statistical online info.
THE DISMAL SCIENTIST
Comprehensive and timely economic analysis, tools, and message boards.
JOBWATCH (Economic Policy Institute)
EPI tracks and analyzes current trends on U.S. jobs and wages.
POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU
News, reports, powerpoint presentations on populations issues, including health, employment, immigration, and
diversity. Most of this info is free if downloaded online.
KNOWING THE NUMBERS: A GUIDE TO PUBLIC BUDGET ANALYSIS (AFSCME)
Written for public sector unions, a good, succinct guide to what type of information should be acquired and what
questions to ask once you get it.
THE BASICS OF FUNDAMENTAL ANALYSIS
Online tutorial on how to read a balance sheet, from ―The Street‖.
SAFETY & HEALTH
Index of OSH Internet sites; developed by the Institute of Occupational Safety Engineering at Tampere University
of Technology, Finland.
FACTS @ YOUR FINGERTIPS: AN INTERNET RESEARCH GUIDE FOR UNION ACTIVISTS –AN INTERNET
RESEARCH GUIDE FOR AFSCME ACTIVISTS – HEALTH AND SAFETY
A guide to online resources, including statistics, chemical hazards, inspections, laws.
U.S OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION (OSHA)
Full text laws, regulations, manuals, statistics and data.
U.S ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
U.S. NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH (NIOSH)
Provides access to safety and health databases and publications, including ―Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards‖
and the NIOSH bibliography of current literature.
HEALTH INFORMATION (NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE)
Gateway to a number of free medical databases on such topics as clinical trials, senior health, toxic substances,
household products, genetics, and AIDS; see MedlinePlus, the National Library of Medicine’s web site for
consumer health information for consumer health information.
NEW YORK COMMITTEE ON OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH (NYCOSH)
http://www.nycosh.org/link.html (Resource & Internet Link Guide)
News briefs, guides to dealing with workplace safety problems such as air quality; information on the NYS
Workers Compensation process; new, comprehensive links site.
COMPUTER RELATED REPETITIVE STRAIN INJURY
Guide to dealing with RSI; equipment, ergonomics, exercises, resources. (note: author of page is not a
―professional‖ RSI specialist, but rather an interested, informed consumer.)
Is your computer monitor positioned correctly? It
should be directly in front of you and at a comfortable
height, so your head is not angled or tilted up or down.
See CORNELL UNIVERSITY ERGONOMICS WEB
for more information.
Back to Table of Contents
COLLECTIVE BARGAINING AGREEMENTS ONLINE
An increasing number of labor contracts (collective bargaining agreements or cba’s) are available on the Internet.
This list is designed to indicate the best representative sites; it is not comprehensive. Use a search engine such as
―Google‖ (see Search Engine section) if you are looking for a specific contract that is not listed here.
NOTE: Web sites of CBA’s are particularly subject to change, if you cannot access the indicated contract, try
truncating the address and checking the home page.
FEDERAL & STATE & IIR CBA LIBRARIES
U.S. DOL COLLECTIVE BARGAINING AGREEMENTS PAGE
http://www.bls.gov/cba/cbaprogd.htm (general description of program)
http://www.bls.gov/cba/cbaccess.htm (how to order contracts)
http://www.bls.gov/cba/cbaindex.htm (online listing of contracts)
This site does NOT contain full text contracts; it does give ordering information for the U.S. Dept. of Labor
collection of over 6,000 contracts. CBA’s are listed by company, with separate lists for public and private sectors.
[This contract list is also available at http://www.freeerisa.com/extras/cba.asp as a one-page listing (easier to
U.S. OPM LABOR AGREEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM
This searchable database contains current information on labor-management and employee
relations in the U.S. Government. Includes text of Federal collective bargaining agreements.
CALIFORNIA DEPT. OF PERSONNEL ADMINISTRATION: BARGAINING UNIT CONTRACTS
Text of bargaining agreements between the State of California and CSEA (Calif. State Employees Association)
other unions representing state workers, 21 bargaining units in all. Current and past contracts are available.
MASSACHUSETTS HUMAN RESOURCES DIVISION: COLLECTIVE BARGAINING AGREEMENTS
Current copies of contracts and salary charts for unions that bargain with the State of Massachusetts. Unions:
ALLIANCE/AFSCME-SEIU, NAGE, MCOFU.
NEW YORK STATE GOVERNOR’S OFFICE OF EMPLOYEE RELATIONS: COLLECTIVE BARGAINING
Text of bargaining agreements between New York State and various unions representing state workers; matrix of
―articles‖ in each contract by topic; salary schedules; negotiated training programs.
This is a subject matrix of contract articles in NYS public sector contracts; a convenient way to research particular
NEW YORK STATE DEPARTMENT OF LABOR: COLLECTIVE BARGAINING SETTLEMENTS
Summaries of wage & compensation changes in NYS contracts, updated quarterly (formerly the print publication
―Collective Bargaining Settlements in New York State‖). Archived back to 1999. Suspended indefinitely with the
May 2003 issue, which contains settlements reached in 2002 through December.
STATE OF OHIO OFFICE OF COLLECTIVE BARGAINING
Look under ―Labor Agreements‖ for text of bargaining agreements between the state and the five unions
representing state employees.
WISCONSIN OFFICE OF STATE EMPLOYEE RELATIONS: LABOR RELATIONS
Or, http://oser.state.wi.us/ - Reference Center – Agreements
Text of state bargaining agreements with unions and employee associations representing state attorneys, building
trades, professional employees, health care professionals, physicians and dentists, teachers, clerical employees,
and more. 2003-2005 Agreements (first link) and past agreements (second link).
UNION CONTRACTS DATABASE, U.C. BERKELEY INSTITUTE OF INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS LIBRARY
The IIR folks hope to create a ―one-stop public on-line clearinghouse for catalogued and digitized complete text of
union contracts‖; hopefully, recent cutbacks won’t shut this project down. At present, the database contains 300+
contracts, many of which were formerly not available on the web. Many of the contracts are public sector and from
This area is chock full of online contracts; the ones listed below are good examples of what you can find. Use a
search engine or the AFT site listed below to locate specific contracts, or check the Berkeley database (above) or
the AFSCME page (see below).
AMERICAN FEDERATION OF TEACHERS
The new AFT web site has unfortunately eliminated the Research Dept.’s library of Sample contracts and of Model
Contract Language, but most of this material can be retrieved through the Internet Archive. Be aware the this
material may be dated.
CALIFORNIA FACULTY ASSOCIATION (NEA AFFILIATE) & CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY
Full text of current contract. CFA represents tenure-track faculty, librarians, counselors, and lecturers.
CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH EMPLOYEES ASSOCIATION (CREA) & THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
CREA is an independent federal union representing all employees, from librarians to messengers, at the
Congressional Research Service. Click on ―collective bargaining agreement‖, left-hand column, for full-text.
DUVALTEACHERS UNITED & DUVAL COUNTY SCHOOL BOARD (FLORIDA)
PRINCETON UNIV. LIBRARY ASSISTANTS, LOCAL 956, AFSCME & PRINCETON UNIVERSITY
2002-2004 contract; includes innovative pay-for-performance and salary survey clause.
PROFESSIONAL STAFF CONGRESS, AFT & CITY UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK
1996-2000 contract and salary schedules, amendments agreed to in 2002, and current bargaining proposals from
labor and management for 2004.
ROCHESTER TEACHERS ASSOCIATION & THE CITY SCHOOL DISTRICT OF ROCHESTER, N.Y.
A leader in cooperative union/management educational reform.
TEACHING ASSISTANTS ASSOCIATION, AFT/WFT & UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN-MADISON
2001-2003 contract and salary schedules.
UAW LOCAL 1950, UAW 2178, AFSCME 1094, AAUP, NMUFA & NORTHERN MICHIGAN UNIVERSITY
Full text of 5 contracts, cover faculty, administrative/professional, clerical/technical, and custodial/security
employees of NMU. Click on ―Contracts‖ on left-hand side.
PUBLIC SECTOR (see also federal & state libraries, above)
AFSCME CONTRACTS ONLINE
Links to over 100 AFSCME & CSEA agreements online; these mostly public-sector contracts are with state,
county, city, and higher education employers, and cover clerical, technical, and professional workers.
AFSCME MODEL CONTRACT LANGUAGE
Under ―Contract Language‖, this section of ―Facts @ Your Fingertips‖ lists AFSCME model contract language on
computer use, sexual harassment, domestic violence, work/family options, disabilities, and political activities that is
―buried‖ in AFSCME’s numerous publications.
AFSCME DISTRICT COUNCIL 37 (NYS)
http://www.dc37.net/dc37contracts/citywide.pdf - Citywide Contract, 1995-2001
http://www.dc37.net/dc37contracts/2002_05contract.pdf - Economic Agreement, 2000-2005
AMERICAN POSTAL WORKERS UNION & U.S. POSTAL SERVICE.
Links to Contract Extension Agreement, 2000-2003 CBA 1998-2000 CBA.
LIUNA LOCAL 28 & U.S. ARMY GARRISON, ARMY MEDICAL COMMAND… FORT SAM HOUSTON, TEXAS
AFGE LOCAL 1004 & BROOKE ARMY MEDICAL CENTER, FORT SAM HOUSTON, TEXAS
http://www.cs.amedd.army.mil/cpac/LABOR.html (scroll down)
Example of federal union contracts, in this case between two different unions, LIUNA (Laborers) and AFGE, and
U.S. Army units at Fort Houston.
REEDY CREEK (FL) FIREFIGHTERS ASSOCIATION LOCAL 2117 & REEDY CREEK (FL) IMPROVEMENT
SAN FRANCISCO MUNICIPAL TRANSPORTATION AGENCY (MUNI): EMPLOYEE RELATIONS &
Current agreements with IAM,, IBEW, SEIU, & TWU locals; includes ―cooperative work‖ agreement, war leave
WASHINGTON ASSOCIATION OF PROFESSIONAL BIOLOGISTS & WASHINGTON DEPT. OF FISH &
Contract negotiated as part of a coalition of state unions.
PRIVATE & NONPROFIT SECTOR
BAKERY, CONFECTIONARY, TOBACCO WORKERS, AND GRAIN MILLERS INTERNAITONAL UNION
(BCTGM) LOCAL 317T & LORILLARD TOBACCO COMPANY, GREENSBORO, N.C.
Master agreement for tobacco factory workers.
COALITION OF KAISER PERMANENTE UNIONS & KAISER PERMANENTE
1997 & 2000 agreements establishing KP’s well-known labor-management partnership. See ―local contracts‖ for
over 25 cba’s with KP’s individual unions, covering nurses, technicians, optical workers, social workers, clerical
workers, and more.
CWA, LOCAL 2108
CWA local for Maryland, D.C., Virginia, & W. Virginia; Contracts Page currently lists the 2000-2003 contract with
Verizon Communications, which includes language on flextime, shortened work week, and technological change,
and the 1996 contract with Bell Atlantic. Possibly new contracts are listed on ―members only‖ page.
GAE UNION CONTRACT DATABASE
GAE is the Printing Industries of America’s section for unionized printers. They maintain a union contract data-
base of contract language and data. The database is available to members only; this page offers information if you
are interested in contacting them.
IAM DISTRICT 751 & BOEING, GKN AEROSPACE CHEM-TRONICS, TRIUMPH- SPOKANE
These agreements include language on joint committees and, in Boeing, a voluntary part-time program.
INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF EMERGENCY MEDICAL TECHNICIANS & PARAMEDICS & HALL
AMBULENCE SERVICE, INC.
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHORE AND WAREHOUSE UNION, LOCAL 5 & POWELL’S BOOKS
http://www.ilwulocal5.com/ Click on ―Contract with Powell’s‖
The workers at Powell’s Books are longshoremen. Who knew?
INTERNATIONAL PAPER UNION COUNCIL
http://www.ipcouncil.org/Contract%20Links.htm or http://www.ipcouncil.org/ - Contracts
This group of unions that work at IPU sites around the world is collecting cba’s from members; current cba’s on file
are from PACE and IBEW locals.
IUE & GENERAL ELECTRIC (NATIONAL AGREEMENT)
CAW LOCAL 512 & 524 & GENERAL ELECTRIC CANADA
Sponsored by the Coordinated Bargaining Committee (CBC) of General Electric Unions, this site currently features
the national IUE contract and a Canadian Auto Workers contract.
NATIONAL BASKETBALL PLAYERS ASSOCIATION & NATIONAL BASKETBALL ASSOCIATION
A unique agreement. http://www.sfmuni.com/rid/rptpub/documents/2003cbaseiu790.pdf
THE NEWSPAPER GUILD/CWA, LOCAL 31222 & ASSOCIATED PRESS, UPI.
News Media Guild agreement, 2003-2005.
OPEIU, LOCAL 140 & WALT DISNEY ENTERPRISES.
Office workers at WD in California; includes contract language on temporary workers.
SEIU 32BJ: ―LIST OF CONTRACTS‖
Master contracts for building service workers with various employer and contractor groups in the NYC metropolitan
UFCW, LOCAL 951 & MEIJER
Full-text of agreements covering 36,000 retail and distribution center workers employed by the Midwest grocery
UNITED TRANSPORTATION UNION
Fulltext of over 20 agreements between UTU locals and railroad employers; includes cba’s and memoranda.
ACTORS’ EQUITY ASSOCIATION
Document Library links to PDF copies of a number of Equity contracts, including Off-Broadway and Cabaret.
AMERICAN GUILD OF MUSICAL ARTISTS
A growing (we hope) collection of contracts with opera, ballet, and concert companies in the U.S.
ANIMATION GUILD, IATSE
The web site of Local 839, International Alliance of Theatrical Stage Employes and Moving Picture
Technicians, Artists and Allied Crafts; click on the ―Contract‖ tab, top of screen, for links to the 839 Contract Book
with a number of studios, plus additional contracts negotiated by other IATSE locals, in Los Angeles and Florida
(see left-hand column links). Some of these contracts have language dealing with new technology.
SCREEN ACTORS GUILD
http://www.sag.org/ See right-hand column ―Resources‖ menu, select ―Contract Information‖. then select
The full-text of the 2003-2000 6 Commercials Contract can be retrieved here (236 pages), plus an 18-page
summary of the 2001-2004 Theatrical Motion Picutres and Television contract.
SEATTLE MUSICIANS ASSOCIATION, AFM Local 76-493
http://www.local76-493.org/ - Departments – Theatre
CBA’s negotiated with local Seattle theatres.
THE SOCIETY OF STAGE DIRECTORS AND CHOREOGRAPHERS
http://www.ssdc.org/index.php - click on ―Contracts & Rates‖, left-hand site
Broadway, Off-Broadway, Summer Stock, LORT, College & University theatre agreements, and more.
TEAMSTERS LOCAL 399 & individual television commercial production companies
Location scouts and managers.
UE, LOCAL 404 & WBAI, PACIFICA FOUNDATION
Because of its unique employment structure, construction industry agreements are often very different in content
and language from other cba’s. As indicated below, many agreements can be found at employer association web
ALLIED CONSTRUCTION EMPLOYERS ASSOCIATION (SOUTHEASTERN WISCONSIN) – CONTRACTS
Full text of contracts with Carpenters, Brick Layers, Ironworkers, Cement Masons, Building Laborers, Piledrivers,
Millwrights. Laborers’ contract listed below.
ASSOCIATED GENERAL CONTRACTORS OF WASHINGTON
Full Text of Master Agreements with Operating Engineers (see below), Teamsters, Cement Masons, Laborers,
ASSOCIATED GENERAL CONTRACTORS OF AMERICA, SAN DIEGO CHAPTER
Full text of Labor Agreements with Plasterers and Cement Masons (see below), Teamsters, Carpenters (building),
Carpenters (engineering), Iron Workers, Laborers (building), Laborers (engineering), Operating Engineers.
KNOXVILLE BUILDING TRADES & CONSTRUCTION TRADES COUNCIL & MK-FERGUSON OF OAK RIDGE
Construction labor agreement for Dept. of Energy projects.
MINNESOTA MECHANICAL CONTRACTORS ASSOCIATION
See ―volume 3‖, right-hand column, for links to Working Agreements with Plumbers Local 15 (see below),
Plumbers Local 34, Pipefitters locals, and more.Working Agreement between Plumbers Union Local 15 &
Minnesota Mechanical Contractors Association (2002 - ?)
Back to Table of Contents
MODEL CONTRACTS & CONTRACT LANGUAGE
A MODEL CONTRACT FOR EMPLOYEES OF BORDERS AND WALDENBOOKS STORES
SAMPLE IWW CONTRACT (SAMPLE IS BERKELEY ECOLOGY CENTER)
IBEW GUIDELINES TO LABOR AGREEMENT TOPICS, LANGUAGE & PROCESSING
Guidelines for local IBEW officers on the scope, content, and format of new contracts.
NATIONAL IMMIGRATION LAW CENTER: SAMPLE CONTRACT LANGUAGE FOR USE BY UNIONS IN
WORKING WITH EMPLOYERS ON HANDLING INS INQUIRIES
Listed under ―Reverification of Workers' Employment Authorization‖.
WORK AND FAMILY – MODEL CONTRACT LANGUAGE
LABOR PROJECT FOR WORKING FAMILIES
The Work/Family Database summarizes contract language on child care, eldercare, flextime, and family leave;
exact language is not duplicated but summaries are detailed.
AFSCME GUIDE TO WINNING WORK/FAMILY PROGRAMS: OPTIONS AND EXAMPLES OF CONTRACT
WORK AND FAMILY PROVISIONS IN CANADIAN COLLECTIVE AGREEMENTS (Human Resources
A lengthy study (in PDF format); includes sample clauses covering a wide range of work/family issues (ex.: time
scheduling, health and safety for pregnant employees, assistance programs) taken from union contracts.
COLLECTIVE AGREEMENTS AND OLDER WORKERS IN CANADA
Study of provisions in major Canadian agreements that have an impact on older workers; includes examples of
language on technological change, flexible scheduling, job sharing,
http://www.hrsdc.gc.ca/en/gateways/topics/wnc-pup.shtml educational leave, seniority.
COLLECTIVE BARGAINING RESOURCES
RESEARCH GUIDES & BACKGROUND INFORMATION
FACTS @ YOUR FINGERTIPS: AN INTERNET RESEARCH GUIDE FOR UNION ACTIVISTS – COLLECTIVE
Excellent guide to online resources for collective bargaining research. Includes sample member surveys, contract
language sites, salary & wage data, a guide for developing contract language, a guide to analyzing public sector
budgets (listed separately below), and more. Resources are a mix of AFSCME and outside web sites.
COLLECTIVE BARGAINING (Labor Education Program, Univ. of Missouri – Columbia)
Series of lectures by Paul K. Rainsberger, on collective bargaining (structure, historic models, techniques,
arithmetic); oriented towards labor students but very straightforward, can be used by all practitioners.
COLLECTIVE BARGAINING FAQ’S (Center for Labor Education and Research, Univ. of Hawaii)
Collective bargaining basics.
COLLECTIVE BARGAINING EUROPE
Information on current bargaining developments collected and published by the European Trade Union Institute;
includes country reports, news on coordination activities, labor and wage statistics.
U.S. GOVERNMENT RESOURCES
COLLECTIVE BARGAINING HOME PAGE (U.S. DOL)
Links to the web pages produced by the U.S. Dept. of Labor related to collective bargaining (some included
separatedly here, some not).
MONTHLY LABOR REVIEW (U.S. DOL)
Online version of BLS journal; articles on labor force, labor relations, also tables of current labor statistics.
COMPENSATION AND WORKING CONDITIONS (U.S. DOL)
Online version of BLS quarterly; articles on collective bargaining issues, employment benefits, occupational safety
& health, also National Compensation Survey tables.
LABOR-MANAGEMENT RELATIONS GLOSSARY (U.S. Office of Personnel Management)
RESEARCH & STUDIES
COLLECTIVE BARGAINING IN THE FACE OF INSTABILITY: A RESOURCE FOR WORKERS AND
EMPLOYERS IN THE U.S. AEROSPACE INDUSTRY. [MIT, March 2001].
This 142-page study of contract language in the aerospace industry features contract language on high
performance work places and working with new technology taken from actual contracts; download in PDF format.
WORKERS' CONTRACT NEGOTIATIONS IN THE STEEL INDUSTRY OF THE UNITED STATES
Comprehensive treatise, updated in 1996, on the history and current practices of collective bargaining in the steel
industry. No longer available from the United Steel Workers website, but can be accessed through the Internet
THE STRATEGIC INITIATIVES OF THE CWA: ORGANIZING, POLITICS, AND COLLECTIVE BARGAINING
Academic paper (1999) by R. Batt, H. Katz, & J. Keefe analyzing CWA’s approach to collective bargaining and
organizing; written for MIT symposium.
COLLABORATIVE LABOR NEGOTIATIONS: A TOOL FOR ORGANIZATIONAL CHANGE
A case study on how collaborative methods were used in negotiations at a community college in Michigan.
ANALYZING THE NUMBERS: COSTING THE CONTRACT & READING THE BALANCE
NUMBERS ―CRUNCHING FOR NEGOTIATIONS (Costing Out a Contract, the Easy Version!) / UE
Just what it says, the basics of costing out (no spreadsheet needed), from the United Electrical Workers.
SEIU ONLINE LEARNING: CONTRACT COSTING AND ANALYSIS
http://www.seiu.org/olc/global/readingroom.cfm (Reading Room materials)
Although this online workshop is available to SEIU members only, the materials are available in the ―Reading
KNOWING THE NUMBERS: A GUIDE TO PUBLIC BUDGET ANALYSIS (AFSCME)
Written for public sector unions, a good, succinct guide to what type of information should be acquired and what
questions to ask once you get it.
THE BASICS OF FUNDAMENTAL ANALYSIS
Online tutorial on how to read a balance sheet, from ―The Street‖.
Back to Table of Contents
The number and variety of web sites devoted to the history of labor unions and working people continues to grow,
and the sites listed below are just a sample. For a longer list, request the Lenz Library handout on Labor History
on the Internet.
LABOUR AND BUSINESS HISTORY (WWW VIRTUAL LIBRARY)
Listing of labor history web sites around the world.
YAHOO! U.S. LABOR HISTORY
LABOR AND WORKING CLASS HISTORY ASSOCIATION
See the Resources section for links to online oral history projects, exhibits, talks & tours, journals, and more.
DIGITAL COLLECTIONS, EXHIBITS, ARCHIVES, LIBRARIES
AMERICAN MEMORY: HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS FOR THE NATIONAL DIGITAL LIBRARY
The Library of Congress has made available hundreds of photographs, texts, and audio recordings from its
archival collections on this web site. Collections include ―African American Odyssey‖, ―Voices from the Dustbowl‖,
and ―Votes for Women.‖
ARCHIVES OF LABOR AND URBAN AFFAIRS, WALTER P. REUTHER LIBRARY (Wayne State University)
Online stories and exhibits (Flint sit-down strike, the IWW, and more); United Farm Workers of America
collections guide; current exhibits.
DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN SOUTH (UNC – Chapel Hill)
Digitized primary materials on ―the Southern experience in 19 century America‖. Includes slave narratives,
southern gentry memoirs, and literature of the period.
THE TRIANGLE FACTORY FIRE
Excellent multimedia site created by the Cornell ILR Kheel Center and UNITE!; history, photographs, documents,
oral histories, cartoons, research guide for high school students.
SOURCES IN WOMEN’S U.S. LABOR HISTORY
Online version of a guide to scholarly resources (books, records, videos, etc.), including a section on Internet
WORKING WOMEN, 1870 – 1930 (Harvard University Libraries Open Collections Program)
Digital collection of books, pamphlets, photographs, and manuscripts from Harvard’s libraries ―exploring women’s
roles in the U.S. economy between the Civil War and the Great Depression‖. Still in process, and growing.
AFRICAN AMERICAN WORKERS
AFRICAN AMERICAN LABOR HISTORY LINKS (AFSCME)
Excellent bibliography of online resources on African American workers and general history, including links to
materials on the Sleeping Car Porters, A. Philip Randolph, and Martin Luther King, Jr.
I AM A MAN: An Exhibit Honoring the 1968 Memphis Sanitation Workers' Strike
An online exhibit on the famous strike. There is a wealth of material on the web on the Memphis strike; see the
―Links‖ page for more.
Part of the H-Net academic family of online discussion groups, H-Labor is the place to go for knowledgeable
discourse on the history of workers and their organizations. You can read the messages at this web site, or
subscribe and have the messages delivered to your e-mail address.
Back to Table of Contents
LABOR CULTURE (Berkeley Labor Guides)
Art, music, songs, organizations.
BREAD AND ROSES CULTURAL PROJECT
The online home of the 1199 Bread and Roses Project. Features online exhibitions; also sells Bread and Roses’
well-known poster series and a new Ralph Fasanella calendar.
New web site exhibiting photographs, paintings, buttons, artifacts and more related to the history and current world
of workers. Co-sponsored by the Wagner Archives, Bread and Roses, and the Shelley and Donald Rubin
LABOR HERITAGE FOUNDATION
Excellent source for books, CD’s, films about working people & labor history. Also offers calendar of cultural
events and a directory of labor artists and musicians.
LABOR AND LABOR HISTORY : DOCUMENTARIES (Media Resources Center, UC Berkeley)
LABOR THEMES IN THE MOVIES AND ON TV (Media Resources Center, UC Berkeley)
If you are looking for ideas of what labor films to view or screen, these two listings are good starting points.
Selective rather than exhaustive, each title is annotated and linked to the IMDB. The MRC also offers a
bibliography of books and articles about labor films.
For more film listings, see also the Video Catalog of the Cornell ILR Lenz Library at
―A place for historians, labor activists, and artists to discuss the cultural and artistic artifacts of working people‖;
like H-Labor above, this is part of the H-Net academic discussion group network, interested non-academics are
Back to Table of Contents
REFERENCE See also “Directories & Subject Indexes”.
INTERNET PUBLIC LIBRARY
Organized by librarians to be the first stop for students (& people) who want to do research on the Internet.
Quick access to online dictionaries, thesauri, and other reference books, plus today’s news, weather, virus threats,
e-mail sites, lottery results—anything you need to know right away.
THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Wonderful digital collections from the Smithsonian on U.S. history and culture.
PERIODICAL ARTICLES – DATABASES, PORTALS, DIRECTORIES
See also: Labor-Related Magazines & Journals
Vast database of over 26,000 paper and online publications. Table of contents available free; full-text of articles is
Collection of free magazine articles, going back to 1998. Mainly ―newsstand‖ titles.
Accesses many of the magazines available at no cost over the Internet; mostly in the areas of business,
entertainment, and hobbies, no academic journals.
INTERNET PUBLIC LIBRARY : MAGAZINES
A listing of hundreds of online magazines, journals & e-zines, organized by topic.
Many public libraries now provide off-site access to electronic resources (databases of newspaper & magazine articles,
online reference books), to members of their community (i.e., people who have library cards). The E-Resource web
sites of the three public library systems in NYC are listed here. If you are from outside NYC, check with your local
public library to see what they have available.
NEW YORK PUBLIC LIBRARY ELECTRONIC RESOURCES
(Click in left-hand column on ―databases available from home‖, where the little house icon is located.)
Electronic resources available off-site to holders of a NYPL card; expanded resources include EbscoHost (full-text
business & general interest newspaper and magazine articles), several history databases, and the New York
Times full-text for 4-years.
BROOKLYN PUBLIC LIBRARY E-RESOURCES
Electronic resources available off-site to holders of a BPL card; over 50 databases available.
QUEENSBOROUGH PUBLIC LIBRARY REFERENCE DATABASES
Or, go to http://www.queenslibrary.org & click on ―Research & Internet--Databases‖
Electronic resources available off-site to holders of a QBPL card; resources include EbscoHost databases (full text
and summaries of business & general interest journals & magazines).
WEB SEARCH TIP : PERIODICAL ARTICLES ONLINE – YOU GET WHAT YOU PAY FOR
Although it is tempting to use free periodical article sites for research, the most comprehensive and scholarly
sources remain fee-based databases, such as those produced and published by ProQuest, EbscoHost, and IAC.
Take advantage of the offerings from your local public library, as described above. It may take a few extra minutes
to access these databases, but the payoff will come in the quality and credibility of your information.
OAISTER (University of Michigan Digital Library)
A search portal for digital book collections, online journals, digital dissertation collections, and media files provided
by the research library community.
THE ONLINE BOOKS PAGE (University of Pennsylvania.)
A searchable database of over 20,000 book titles and serial titles available from other archives and web sites.
Created in 1971, PG provides access to over 6,000 digital titles, from Shakespeare to Sherlock Holmes to
almanacs. (Don’t look for recent bestsellers here, titles are all in the public domain.) Titles are stored in zip files.
Back to Table of Contents
STUDY SKILLS & COLLEGE
STUDY & RESEARCH SKILLS
STUDY SKILLS SELF-HELP INFORMATION (Virginia Tech)
Tips and online workshops.
STUDY SKILLS: STRATEGIES FOR EFFECTIVE LEARNING
Tips on time management, reading, note-taking, test-taking.
RESEARCH 101 (UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON LIBRARIES)
An excellent tutorial for students doing a research paper for the first time (or second or third…). Outlines types of
information sources, determining your research topic, Internet search queries, reading a citation, and finding
sources in the library and on the Internet. Highly recommended.
ONLINE WRITING LAB (Purdue University)
A collection of PowerPoint presentations, online workshops, and handouts on various writing topics, including
writing the research paper, focusing your argument, using APA & MLA format, and developing a resume.
WRITERS’ WORKSHOP (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign)
Although developed for students at the U of Ill., there are many resources here that would be helpful to any writer:
a Grammar Handbook, a Writing Techniques Handbook that offers advice on such topics as developing a thesis,
and links to additional resources for students and teachers.
THE WRITING CENTER (University of Wisconsin, Madison)
PARADIGM ONLINE WRITING ASSISTANT
An ―interactive, menu-driven, online writer’s guide and handbook‖, developed by a college writing professor.
BIBLIOGRAPHICAL STYLE HANDBOOKS (WRITING CITATIONS)
BIBLIOGRAPHY STYLES HANDBOOK (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign)
Rules for MLA and APA citation formats.
ONLINE! A REFERENCE GUIDE TO USING INTERNET SOURCES
This is an excellent guide to how to cite Internet sources using MLA, APA, and Chicago. The instructions may
seem rather technical; just scroll down to the examples.
MAPPING YOUR FUTURE : ADULT STUDENTS
This site walks you through all the issues you need to consider as a student returning to college, and directs you to
additional information on the Internet. Topics include planning, distance learning, and financial aid.
PETERSON’S EDUCATIONAL PORTAL
The publisher of college handbooks, Peterson’s here offers databases to help you select colleges, distance
learning programs (the main feature of its Adult Learner section), and scholarships.
THE NATIONAL LABOR COLLEGE
Affiliated with the AFL-CIO, the National Labor College at the George Meany Center offers undergraduate and
graduate programs as well as continuing labor training workshops.
Back to Table of Contents
IMDB (INTERNATIONAL MOVIE DATABASE)
Cast & credits for films and television series. Not always accurate, but extensive and widely used.
INTERNET BROADWAY DATABASE
The official Broadway database, sponsored by the League of American Theatres and Producers. Look up casts,
theatres, years, from 1800’s to the present.
TELEVISION WITHOUT PITY
“Snarky” recaps and discussions; you can register and add your two cents, or just lurk and laugh.
A satiric take on current news and the media, the online equivalent to “The Daily Show”.
FREECELL: INDEX OF SOLUTIONS
For those of us addicted to the computer-based solitaire game.
NYC AUDUBON SOCIETY: NYC BIRDS
If you are interested in birdwatching, or just taking nice walks, this is a list of the best areas in NYC in which to
observe the amazing variety of birds in our area; the second website lists NYC birds and what you can expect to
see in each season.
PEEP RESEARCH: A STUDY OF SMALL FLUFFY CREATURES AND LIBRARY USAGE
ELIZABETHAN CURSE GENERATOR
Just try it.
ADD YOUR OWN:
SEARCH ENGINES & DIRECTORIES
GOOGLE / GOOGLE ADVANCED SEARCH
Developed at Stanford University, Google utilizes a link-related form of searching, and has no advertising!
Advanced search screen offers many additional search options, including search by file format, date, and domain.
Long a directory, Yahoo! recently bought up a number of search engine companies and now is doing “pure”
search using the Inktomi technology. It is currently the major challenger to Google.
MSN SEARCH / MSN ADVANCED SEARCH
Currently uses Inktomi (now owned by Yahoo!) for its search engine database; advanced features include
specifying type of file (ex.: PowerPoint, PDF.) and also specifying that resulting web pages should include a
certain type of file in its contents (ex.: Shockwave, Java, image).
This search engine, branded by Amazon but based on Google technology, also searches book texts from the
Amazon site, material from the IMDB and an online encyclopedia; it also allows you to view results from all
sources simultaneously. Personalized features include saved search terms (you must register for this, but it’s
Unique features: “Suggestions” of phrases to narrow your search and “Resources” of online “collections” relevant
to your search. . Has been criticized for lack of “freshness” (up-to-date web sites).
Results include “categories” for further searching generated by WiseGuide, an “intelligent” search system; has
been criticized for lack of “freshness” (listing of up-to-date web sites).
http://aolsearch.aol.com (AOL members)
http://search.aol.com/(outside the AOL community)
AOL currently relies on Google technology for it’s search engine results. However, the results are not exactly
the same as when you use Google. AOL subscribers also receive results from the AOL web site. But, internal
and external results do not include many Google features, such as cached pages.
Now owned by Yahoo!, AllTheWeb gives the same results as Yahoo!Search and AltaVista. It is no longer
considered a major player in the Internet research world.
ALTAVISTA / ALTAVISTA ADVANCED SEARCH
http://www.altavista.com (basic search)
http://www.altavista.com/web/adv (advanced search)
Use Basic Search for image, news, and MP3 search features. Now owned by Yahoo!, AltaVista gives the same
results as Yahoo!Search and AllTheWeb. No longer considered a major player in the Internet research world.
(Meta-search engines search several search engines simultaneously.)
Features ―natural language queries‖ (meaning, you can ask questions in plain old English). Very useful for simple
searches, NOT complex research.
These two search engines are produced by the same company and results are similar, though not always exactly
the same. Both clusters results by subject; an advantage when dealing with a name or phrase that is prevalent in
several different subject areas.
METACRAWLER / METACRAWLER ADVANCED
Use advanced screen to select search engines & directories to use in your search; as of this writing, MetaCrawler
includes Google and FAST as selections.
Rates results using stars; picture, news, & MP3 features engine.
New version includes ―vertical‖ searches.
This new entry into an increasingly crowded field features a fun interface from which you can select up to four
directories or search engines (including Google), and then directly compare results.
Back to Table of Contents
IMAGE SEARCH ENGINES
This Swedish search engine is totally oriented towards searching pictures and produces excellent results;
advanced options include searching by image size.
Google’s new search engine for locating graphics.
Access via Tabs for ―Pictures‖. Also searches for ―Video‖ and ―Audio‖ files.
Select ―Images‖ tab. Also ―MP3/Audio‖ and ―Video‖ tabs.
SPECIALIZED SEARCH ENGINES
(See ―News‖ for News Search Engines)
GOOGLE UNCLE SAM
Use to locate government information or web sites.
There are a number of interesting features here, including a search engine, a directory, and a way to find a blogs
in the ―neighborhood‖.
Searches web logs and news feeds. Still in development.
DIRECTORIES & SUBJECT INDEXES
―Classic‖ Yahoo!, it’s human-created directory of websites, organized by subject.
LIBRARIANS INDEX TO THE INTERNET
Created & run by Bay Area librarians, LII is an excellent source for reference and guru sites.
Focuses on identifying Internet resources with academic content, and the college and research level. A good way
to locate digital collections and database gateways.
INFOMINE: SCHOLARLY INTERNET RESOURCE COLLECTIONS
Excellent resource for finding university-level content, including digital collections, e-journals, e-textbooks, maps,
gateways, etc. Resources are selected on the first level by academic librarians.
THE OPEN DIRECTORY
Owned by Netscape, but run by volunteers, the Open Directory also appears as the directory on many portals, and
is the source of the:
Subject-oriented pages put together by self-styled expert ―guides‖. Quality of pages varies; annoying ads.
WEB SEARCH TIP : DIRECTORIES VS. SEARCH ENGINES
DIRECTORIES are collections of web sites selected and organized by HUMAN BEINGS. SEARCH ENGINES are
COMPUTER PROGRAMS that index web sites, allowing users to retrieve sites that match keywords. Use
directories when you need general information about a subject or an online reference book or an ―invisible web
site‖. Use search engines for specific information or when you need to combine several topics.
INFOSPACE TELEPHONE DIRECTORIES ON THE WEB
SWITCHBOARD THE ULTIMATE WHITE PAGES
EVERYTHING YOU ALWAYS WANTED TO KNOW ABOUT SEARCH ENGINES:
SEARCH ENGINE WATCH
Latest news on this always-changing technology, charts that compare how well major search engines work.
SEARCH ENGINE SHOWDOWN
Librarian Greg Notess runs periodic tests on which search engine is the ―freshest‖ (most up-to-date). Also news,
reviews, tips for good searching.
SEARCH ENGINE COLOSSUS
Listing of hundreds of search engines!
INTERNET TUTORIALS & GUIDES
FINDING INFORMATION ON THE INTERNET: A TUTORIAL
Comprehensive guide from the Teaching Library Internet Workshops, Univ. Of Calif. Berkeley.
BARE BONES 101: A BASIC TUTORIAL ON SEARCHING THE WEB
Good tutorial on using search engines, including separate sections for the major search engines.
FIVE CRITERIA FOR EVALUATING WEB SITES
EVALUATING WEB PAGES: TECHNIQUES TO APPLY AND QUESTIONS TO ASK
The first succinctly lists criteria you can use to make sure a web site is ―good‖, i.e., credible and accurate. The
second guide, from Berkeley, is a little more complex, but thorough.
CITATIONS, DEFINITIONS, THE TRUTH IS OUT THERE
STYLE SHEETS FOR CITING INTERNET & ELECTRONIC RESOURCES:
HUMANITIES (MLA & CHICAGO), SCIENTIFIC (APA & CBE), AND HISTORY (TURABIAN)
Online dictionary of words and terms related to the Internet and computers.
HOAXBUSTERS (CIAC, U.S. Dept. of Energy)
Where to go to find out the truth about the many pleas for money, warnings, offers, etc. that clog our e-mail
systems. CIAC stands for Computer Incident Advisory Capability.
URBAN LEGENDS REFERENCE PAGE
Another good place to check out those stories.
A good resource for technology news and reviews, including reviews of Internet Service Providers.
UNION INTERNET GUIDES
PUTTING YOUR UNION ON THE WEB: A "HOW TO" MANUAL FOR ACTIVISTS
CWA’S GUIDE TO ESTABLISHING AND MAINTAINING LOCAL WEB SITES
Excellent guide, oriented specifically to union leaders and webmasters. Includes sections on planning, keeping in
touch with members, building and structuring your site, where to get union graphics.
THE WAYBACK MACHINE
THE INTERNET ARCHIVE
Find web sites of the past with the Wayback Machine.
A ―fun‖ Internet activity, this feature also puts a new
spin on researching companies on the Internet.
WEB SEARCH TIP : BLASTS FROM THE PAST
Assorted experts bemoan the impermanence of the web; what’s here today is apt to be gone tomorrow.
There are at least 2 ways to find ―old‖ web pages:
(a) Use the ―Cached‖ feature in Google (good for recently deceased pages)
(b) Use The Internet Archive’s Wayback Machine (see above). Although the Archive does not preserve
EVERYTHING, it’s breadth is steadily increasing. You do need a web address to start the machine going.
REVIEW: Hints for Using Search Engines:
o If possible, use unique terms.
o Or, use 2 or 3 key words or phrases.
o Identify phrases by using quotation marks
example: “chocolate turtles” instead of chocolate turtles
o If you don’t get any results, think of synonyms
example: “medical care” or “health care”
o If you get too many results, explore the advanced features of the search engine
Can you search by key word in title?
Can you limit the date?
Can you limit the domain (.edu, .org)?
o Try the Advanced Search Page, it’s not that hard.
o Use credible web sites, by recognizable authors or organizations.
Remember that not everything is on the Internet! If you can’t find anything after using the above hints, try the print
resources or online periodical databases available through libraries and colleges.
CopyrightMay 2005 by Donna L. Schulman