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					      LABOR & COLLECTIVE BARGAINING:
   Best Internet Sites for Research & Practice

                         Donna L. Schulman, Librarian
                          212-340-2845 / dls30@cornell.edu
                         Lenz Library / Cornell University ILR
                                16 E. 34th Street, NYC




                                                             union contracts




    study skills




   digital collections




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                                        INTRODUCTION

This document is designed as an Internet pathfinder for students, workers, and practitioners
in the labor relations field. It lists web sites that have proved to be helpful to people who
negotiate collective bargaining agreements, who work with or belong to labor unions, who are
students and teachers in labor education programs. I have written brief descriptions (some a
little opinionated) for most of these sites, and, as an added bonus, have started giving ―tips‖ on
Internet research techniques and strategies. For students in Cornell ILR’s Labor Studies
programs, I have included a section on Study Skills & College. For specialists attending
Cornell ILR’s Labor Relations Certificate Program workshops, there is an expanded section on
Collective Bargaining. I have added a ―Fun‖ section because I love to share.

Although it would not be impossible to list every single web site or resource that relates to
labor relations and collective bargaining, it would be a very long task and one that would
basically duplicate what Google Directory and Yahoo! Directory and the intrepid people at
organizations like XPDNC and the Cyber Picket Line are already doing. So, check out the
―Starting Points‖ and ―Labor Union Resources & Directories‖ listed in the first two sections for
additional web resources.

This guide assumes you, the searcher, has basic Internet skills. If you would like to learn
more about how to do research effectively online, there are several options:

       Take my Labor Studies course, ―Internet Literacy for Unionists‖, at the NYC ILR
       Conference Center (e-mail me for details).
       Hire me to teach a workshop at your union or organization (yes, shameless self-
       promotion, but it really is a good way to educate your membership.)
       Check out an online tutorial such as USC’s Bare Bones 101 (see Internet Tutorials
       section).
       Read one of these excellent books:
       The Extreme Searcher's Internet Handbook: A Guide for the Serious Searcher, by
       Randolph Hock, Cyberage Bks, 2004.
       Find It Online : The Complete Guide to Online Research, 4 th edition, by Alan M. Schlein,
       Facts on Demand Press, 2004.

The Internet is transient and mutable. Web addresses that are perfectly good today might
lead to an error message tomorrow. Please e-mail me if you find that happening here. And,
e-mail me if you have discovered the next great Labor web site. Search critically, search time
efficiently. And, if you are still not getting results there is always the Elizabethan Curse
Generator.

donna lynn schulman
1/05




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                                    TABLE OF CONTENTS

     SECTION                                                     PAGE NUMBER

     Starting Points/ Megalink Sites                             4
     Labor Union Resources & Directories                         5
     Labor News                                                  6
     Labor Unions (Selected)                                     7
     Labor-Related Organizations                                 9
     Labor-Related Magazines & Journals                          10

     News Sites                                                  11
     Law, Government & Politics                                  13
     Campaign Finance                                            14
     Labor Law                                                   14
     Organizing                                                  16

     Company Information                                         18
     Wages & Salaries                                            21
     Statistics & Economics                                      23
     Safety & Health                                             24

     Collective Bargaining Agreements Online                     25
     Collective Bargaining Resources                             32

     Labor History                                               34
     Labor Culture                                               36
     Reference & Periodical Sources                              37
     Digital Books                                               38
     Study Skills & College                                      39
     Fun                                                         41

     Search Engines & Directories                                42
     Internet Tutorials & Guides                                 46


* For easy access to these web sites, use the Labor Links section of the Lenz Library web site:
http://www.ilr.cornell.edu/extension/lenzlibrary. An interactive copy of this guide (i.e., clickable)
is available in the Downloads section.




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 STARTING POINTS FOR LABOR RESEARCH

see also Search Engines & Directories, page 39


YAHOO’S INDEX TO LABOR INFORMATION
http://dir.yahoo.com/Business_and_Economy/Business_to_Business/Labor/

YAHOO’S INDEX TO LABOR UNION INFORMATION
http://dir.yahoo.com/Business_and_Economy/Business_to_Business/Labor/Unions/
Yahoo lists over 650 labor-related websites. Use the first address to access subjects such as Occupational Safety
and Health, Child Labor, History; use the second address for labor union sites.

GOOGLE WEB DIRECTORY: UNIONS
http://directory.google.com/Top/Society/Work/Labor_Movement/Unions/
Assortment of labor-related sites, from major to small but surprising, plus 15 related categories.

AFL-CIO
http://www.aflcio.org
The newly designed AFL-CIO web site makes it easier to find information on AFL-CIO programs, political & labor
campaigns, speeches, press releases, family-related information, plus directories and links to member unions and
affiliates.

LABOR RESEARCH PORTAL (UC, Berkeley, Institute of Industrial Relations Library)
http://socrates.berkeley.edu/~iir/library/laborportal/
Recently revised and expanded, the IIR Library now has ―Labor Guides‖ to online & print resources as well as its
basic web guides to unions, labor studies programs and libraries, government agencies, and career guides.

INTERNET RESOURCE GATEWAY : HENNING CENTER FOR INTERNATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS (UC
Berkeley Labor Center)
http://www.iir.berkeley.edu/henningcenter/gateway/index.html
―Links to organizations, articles, position papers, and training materials on Labor and the Global Economy:‖

WORKINDEX
http://www.workindex.com
Directory of work-related sites by subject area; sites are reviewed and summarized by Cornell ILR information
specialists.

RESEARCH & INTERNET GUIDES / LABOR UNIONS AND THE INTERNET
http://www.ilr.cornell.edu/library/subjectGuides/
Internet research guides on labor and employment issues prepared by the library staff of the Cornell University
School of Industrial and Labor Relations, including ―Labor Unions and the Internet‖.

LABOR RELATIONS: STRATEGIC RESEARCH ONLINE (Lenz Library, Cornell University ILR)
http://www.ilr.cornell.edu/extension/lenzlibrary
Online version of this handout can be printed out at ―Downloads‖ section. The ―Links‖ section contains hundreds
of labor & employment-related web links (including those listed here), organized by topic.




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 LABOR UNION RESOURCES & DIRECTORIES

CYBER PICKET LINE
http://www.cf.ac.uk/socsi/union/
World Directory of Trade Unions‖, organized by geographic area, international list of union resources.

XPDNC LABOUR DIRECTORY
http://www.xpdnc.com/links/links.html
Excellent directory with an international perspective; useful & interesting categories such as Corporate Agenda,
Labour Online, Media Outreach. Geographic and topic-oriented lists.

LABOR UNIONS – UNITED STATES (IIR Library, UC Berkeley)
http://socrates.berkeley.edu/~iir/library/webguides/unionsgd.html
Listings of union locals, rank-&-file groups, and ―union support‖ organizations.

BIG LABOR.COM
http://www.biglabor.com/
Created by Union Communications Services, this site features extensive links to U.S. union web sites
(internationals and locals), updated weekly, plus a weekly labor cartoon, song, quote, book, steward tip, & today in
labor history. Interesting feature: ―Info about Your Union‖ enables you to look up U.S. DOL LM2 (financial) reports,
and to locate unions by zip code.

DIRECTORY OF UNIONS AND ASSOCIATIONS WITH EXCLUSIVE RECOGNITION IN THE FEDERAL
SERVICE. (U.S. Office of Personnel Management)
http://www.opm.gov/cplmr/html/unions.htm

DIRECTORY OF LABOR UNIONS & EMPLOYEE ASSOCIATIONS IN NEW YORK STATE
http://www.labor.state.ny.us/labor_market/lmi_business/unions/search.htm
Searchable database of labor unions in NYS, primarily compiled in 2001; note that unions can elect to be omitted
from this listing.

NYC LOCAL UNIONS [NEW YORK CITY CENTRAL LABOR COUNCIL]
http://www.nycclc.org/affiliates.asp
A-Z directory, includes names of local presidents, address and telephone numbers, but does not link to web sites.

THE GREAT SPECKLED BIRD STRIKE PAGE
http://thebird.org/strikes/
Listing of strikes worldwide, with links to strike web pages and contact people. Not always comprehensive, but
interesting.

THE WORK SITE
http://www.theworksite.org/
This new web site, created by Matt Witt of the American Labor Education Service, aims to create online
communities focused on ―Tools You Can Use‖ and ―Resources & Strategy‖. The expanding ―Tools‖ section
includes nuts-and-bolts articles on using video, union communications, working with lawyers, etc. The newsletter
―World Wide Work‖ is a good source for new books and music on labor issues. Registration is required, but there
is no fee.




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UNION JOBS:

UNION JOBS CLEARINGHOUSE
http://www.unionjobs.com/
Listings of union staff openings, mainly in the United States.

XPDNC: LABOUR ORGANIZATION STAFF POSITION LINKS
http://www.xpdnc.com/links/losp.html
Links to web pages posting jobs in unions; mostly lists pages from union web sites.

UNION DISCLOSURE:

LMRDA REPORTING & PUBLIC DISCLOSURE (U.S. DOL)
http://www.dol.gov/esa/regs/compliance/olms/rrlo/lmrda.htm

INTERNET PUBLIC DISCLOSURE ROOM (U.S. DOL)
http://union-reports.dol.gov/olmsWeb/docs/index.html
Both of these U.S. Dept of Labor sites give information on how to order the documents that labor unions are
required to file under the Labor-Management Reporting and Disclosure Act (LMRDA). Reports filed for the year
2000 and after are available online at http://union-reports.dol.gov/olmsWeb/docs/formspg.html .



   LABOR NEWS
See also Labor-Related Magazines & Journals; News Sites; Reference & Periodical Sources.

In addition to these web sites, many union newspapers and magazines are available on their respective
international and local union web sites.

AFL-CIO WORK IN PROGRESS
http://www.aflcio.org/aboutaflcio/wip/
Weekly online newsletter on organizing triumphs and other major labor news items. Databank of back issues.

LABORNET
http://www.labornet.org
Labornet’s creators aim to create an ―information network and technology for all working people.‖ The site
currently features news of strikes, organizing drives, & other labor campaigns around the world, plus a number of
forums on labor issues.

LABOURSTART
http://www.labourstart.org
Very current labor news stories from newspapers and wire services worldwide, including many from and about the
United States. Edited by Eric Lee, a labor Internet guru.

THE INSTITUTE OF INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS LIBRARY’S WEBLOG
http://radio.weblogs.com/0126851/
A news and information service that covering labor and employment issues.

LABOR AND CALIFORNIA ON THE WEB (IIR Labor Research Portal)
http://www.iir.berkeley.edu/library/laborportal/index.html
Eclectic collection of links to union-related ―newspapers‖, traditional and alternative, on the Internet.

YAHOO! NEWS: LABOR AND UNIONS
http://dailynews.yahoo.com/fc/Business/Labor_and_Union_news
Compiles links to current news stories concerning unions or labor relations; news is from mainstream newspapers,
wire services, and NPR radio programs. [If this link fails to connect, look for the news link on the top of the Yahoo!
Labor page: http://dir.yahoo.com/Business_and_Economy/Business_to_Business/Labor/ ]

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   LABOR UNIONS (Selected)

These are union web sites that offer good, solid information on labor topics, or which are used often by labor
researchers. For additional international and local sites, see the directories listed above.

AFSCME
http://www.afscme.org
Wealth of information on social policy issues; excellent online publications including guide to corporate research
and how to build a union website.

AFSCME District Council 37 (NYC)
http://www.dc37.net/
The largest public sector unit in New York City; site includes contracts and constitution.

AMERICAN FEDERATION OF TEACHERS (AFT)
http://www.aft.org
Excellent salary information; contract language and full text of cba’s.

AMERICAN FEDERATION OF TELEVISION & RADIO ARTISTS (AFTRA)
http://www.aftra.org

CANADIAN LABOUR CONGRESS (CLC)
http://www.clc-ctc.ca/

CANADIAN UNION OF PUBLIC EMPLOYEES (CUPE)
http://www.cupe.ca/
News items concerning public sector locals and issues (women’s wages, privatization, globalization).

COMMUNICATION WORKERS OF AMERICA (CWA)
http://www.cwa-union.org/

DEPARTMENT FOR PROFESSIONAL EMPLOYEES (DPE), AFL-CIO
http://www.dpeaflcio.org/
See Programs & Publications: DPE Analyses ( http://www.dpeaflcio.org/programs/analyses.htm), Professionals:
Professionals in the Workplace (http://www.dpeaflcio.org/pros/workplace.htm), and Professionals: Charts & Tables
(http://www.dpeaflcio.org/pros/charts.htm) for brief analytic and statistical reports on various aspects of
professional employment.

INDUSTRIAL WORKERS OF THE WORLD (IWW)
http://www.iww.org
See the Organizing page (http://www.iww.org/organize/) for articles and pamphlets on how to organize, how to
plan and publicize events, workers rights, the IWW Organizing Manual, ―What is a Union‖, and much more.

INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF MACHINISTS AND AEROSPACE WORKERS (IAM)
http://www.iamaw.org

INTERNATIONAL ALLIANCE OF THEATRICAL STAGE EMPLOYEES, MOVING PICTURE TECHNICIANS,
ARTISTS AND ALLIED CRAFTS OF THE UNITED STATES (IATSE)
http://www.iatse-intl.org/

INTERNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF ELECTRICAL WORKERS (IBEW)
http://www.ibew.org
Check out ―Resources for Union Stewards‖ for material on Weingarten rights & the investigatory interview.




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LABORERS INTERNATIONAL UNION (LIUNA)
http://www.liuna.org

NATIONAL EDUCATION ASSOCIATION (NEA)
http://www.nea.org

PACE INTERNATIONAL UNION (Paper, Allied-Industrial, Chemical and Entergy Workers International Union)
http://www.paceunion.org/
Interesting features: Histories of five original unions, model by-laws for locals, Steward’s Review.

PSC/CUNY (THE PROFESSIONAL STAFF CONGRESS ON THE CITY UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK)
http://www.psc-cuny.org/

RETAIL, WHOLESALE AND DEPARTMENT STORE UNION (RWDSU)
http://www.rwdsu.org
Extensive health and safety information.

SEIU (Service Employees International Union)
http://www.seiu.org
Expanded web site now includes online Stewards Manual under ―Education and Leadership‖, plus online training
for members.

SEIU LOCAL 1100NY
http://www.1199seiu.org/

SPEEA (Society of Professional Engineering Employees in Aerospace), IFPTA Local 2001
http://www.speea.org/
Example of well-designed union web page.

TEAMSTERS
http://www.teamster.org

TUC (Trade Unions Congress)
http://www.tuc.org.uk
Umbrella organization for Great Britain’s trade unions.

UAW (United Automobile, Aerospace & Agricultural Implement Workers of America)
http://www.uaw.org

UE (United Electrical, Radio And Machine Workers Of America)
http://www.ranknfile-ue.org/
Steward’s guides to handling grievances, guide to costing out the contract.

UFCW (United Food and Commercial Workers)
http://www.ufcw.org

UNITE HERE!
http://www.unitehere.org/
The merged web site of this new, merged union; features historical material on the founding unions, including the
photographic essay ―The Women of UNITE!‖, the Union Hotel Guide, and steward resources.




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                                         RANK-AND-FILE LABOR SITES

TEAMSTERS FOR A DEMOCRATIC UNION
http://www.tdu.org

UAW NEW DIRECTIONS MOVEMENT
http://www.uawndm.com

RANK AND FILE LABORERS
http://www.laborers.org

ASSOCIATION OF UNION DEMOCRACY LINKS
http://www.uniondemocracy.org/AUDLinks/AUDLinks.htm
Comprehensive list of rank-and-file and reform organizations on the web.




  LABOR-RELATED ORGANIZATIONS (selected list)

For exhaustive listings of labor-related organizations, see Starting Points and Labor Union Resources &
Directories, above.

AMERICAN ARBITRATION ASSOCIATION
http://www.adr.org

ASSOCIATION FOR UNION DEMOCRACY
http://www.uniondemocracy.com
Information about the rights of union members, selected articles from ―Union Democracy Review‖, extensive links
to rank-and-file groups.

CORNELL UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF INDUSTRIAL AND LABOR RELATIONS EXTENSION DIVISION
http://www.ilr.cornell.edu/extension

ECONOMIC POLICY INSTITUTE
http://epinet.org/
Briefings and reports on economic issues such as minimum wage, trade policies, employment trends.

FAIRJOBS.ORG / NORTH AMERICAN ALLIANCE FOR FAIR EMPLOYMENT
http://www.fairjobs.org/
The NAAFE is a network of organizations concerned about contingent work (temporary, part-time, subcontracting).
 This site is a great resource, featuring news items and research reports.

JOBS WITH JUSTICE
http://www.jwj.org

LABOR EDUCATION NEWSLETTER
http://lists.topica.com/lists/laboreducation/
This newsletter, edited by labor education information guru Ed Czarnecki, keeps you up-to-date on labor articles,
books, and events. Subscribe for monthly mailings or read online.

LABOR PROJECT FOR WORKING FAMILIES
http://www.laborproject.org/
Contract language and newsletter on work/family issues.




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LABOR RESEARCH ASSOCIATION
http://www.laborresearch.org
Current labor news briefs; statistical reports.

NATIONAL LABOR COMMITTEE
http://www.nlcnet.org/
The nonprofit organization that has spearheaded the fight against sweatshops, child labor, and other worker
abuses around the world. News on current campaigns, archives of past campaigns, educational resources.

9 to 5, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF WORKING WOMEN
http://www.9to5.org/

UALE (UNITED ASSOCIATION FOR LABOR EDUCATION
http://www.uale.org/
http://www.uale.org/links/links.shtml
UALE is the professional association of university and union labor educators. In addition to information on its own
conferences, this is where you can find out about the regional women’s union summer institutes, the Labor Studies
Journal, position announcements in the field, and postings on ―What’s Happening in Labor Education.‖ See the
Links page for listings of Labor Education programs in colleges, universities, and independent organizations.




 LABOR-RELATED MAGAZINES & JOURNALS

These publications can be read in whole or in part on the Internet. Keep in mind that periodicals in general are
dependent on subscription fees for survival. Most academic journals are available in full-text through fee-based
databases, some of which may be accessed through your public library web site (see Reference & Periodical
Sources)

DOLLARS & SENSE
http://www.dollarsandsense.org/
Bimonthly magazine offering "left perspectives on current economic affairs".

IN THESE TIMES
http://www.inthesetimes.com/

LABOR NOTES
http://www.labornotes.org/magazine/

MULTINATIONAL MONITOR
http://multinationalmonitor.org/
Monthly magazine devoted to examining the activities of multinational companies, as well as labor, environmental,
health care, and development issues in a global context.

THE NATION
http://www.thenation.com

NEW LABOR FORUM
http://qcpages.qc.edu/newlaborforum/
Abstracts of current articles, full text of selected archived articles.

WORKINGUSA
http://www.workingusa.org/
Articles no longer available under new publisher, Blackwell.



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WORKPLACE: A JOURNAL FOR ACADEMIC LABOR
http://www.louisville.edu/journal/workplace/

ZNET LABOR WATCH
http://www.zmag.org/LaborWatch.cfm
A collection of labor-related articles from Z Magazine and other ―progressive‖ labor magazines and web sites.

PERIODICALS : HOLT LABOR LIBRARY
http://www.holtlaborlibrary.org/Links.html.,
An eclectic listing of online labor, progressive, and left magazines from this unique library. Also, links news
sources, digital collections, and cultural resources related to radical history and the working class struggle.



   NEWS SITES

                                           NEWS SEARCH ENGINES
GOOGLE NEWS
http://news.google.com/
Google’s newest feature, searches for news articles from over 4,500 sources from around the world, going back
30 days, and also presents current headlines.

YAHOO! NEWS
http://dailynews.yahoo.com/
Today’s headlines and links to the full stories, from major newspapers (but not NYT), wire services, and NPR,
mostly U.S. sources.


       WEB SEARCH TIP: KEEPING UP-TO-DATE
Use the News Alert feature, available on both Google News and Yahoo!, News to keep current; all you do is type-
in your topic, and news alerts will be delivered to your e-mail box.



                                                 PLAIN OLD NEWS

CNN INTERACTIVE
http://cnn.com

NEW YORK 1 NEWS
http://www.ny1.com/

NEW YORK TIMES
http://www.nyt.com
Registration required.

WASHINGTON POST
http://www.washingtonpost.com

ADD YOUR LOCAL OR FAVORIATE NEWS WEB SITE :




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             MEDIA WEB SITES: LINKS TO LARGE & SMALL, U.S. & FOREIGN NEWS SOURCES


NEWSLINK
http://newslink.org/
Links to newspapers, TV & radio stations, U.S. and other countries. Little advertising (so far!).

NEWSPAPERS GALORE
http://www.wcow.com/html/news.html
Quick links to hundreds of online versions of city newspapers, organized alphabetically by city.

INTERNET PUBLIC LIBRARY : NEWSPAPERS
http://www.ipl.org./div/news/
A listing of online newspapers from around the world, organized geographically and alphabetically.

YAHOO! NEWSPAPERS
http://dir.yahoo.com/News_and_Media/Newspapers/
Links to web sites for major and regional newspapers.

OPEN DIRECTORY: NEWSPAPERS: REGIONAL: UNITED STATES
http://dmoz.org/News/Newspapers/Regional/United_States/
Index to over 1800 newspapers publshed in the U.S., arranged by state.

INTERNET PUBLIC LIBRARY : BLOGS
http://www.ipl.org/div/blogs/
A listing of weblogs by topic; includes blog directories & search engines, as well as blogs about politics, history,
news, cooking, books, economics, health, computers, law, etc.




Back to Table of Contents




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 LAW, GOVERNMENT & POLITICS
    See also Labor Law

LAW:

LEGAL INFORMATION INSTITUTE (Cornell University)
http://www.law.cornell.edu
Text of major court decisions, federal legislation, some state laws.

FINDLAW
http://www.findlaw.com
Index & directory to legal information, including electronic law journals.

THOMAS (LIBRARY OF CONGRESS)
http://thomas.loc.gov
U.S. legislative information, including Congressional Record, current bills, committee information.

MARTINDALE-HUBBELL LAWYER LOCATOR
http://www.martindale.com/locator/home.html
International searchable database of lawyers.

INTRODUCTION TO BASIC LEGAL CITATION / CORNELL LAW SCHOOL
http://www.law.cornell.edu/citation/


GOVERNMENT & POLITICS:

FIRSTGOV
http://www.firstgov.gov
Portal (first stop) for any U.S. government Internet site, including agencies, services, & masses of information.

NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION
http://www.gpoaccess.gov/nara/index.html
Links to Code of Federal Regulations, Federal Register, Public Laws, US Government Manual, and more.

PROJECT VOTESMART
http://www.vote-smart.org
Tracking of candidate positions and votes.

CITIZEN’S ACCESS TO GOVERNMENT
http://www.state.ny.us/access.html
Link to federal, state, local government sites.

STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS ON THE NET
http://www.statelocalgov.net/index.cfm
Well-organized, up-to-date guide to state & local government Internet sites.

TAPPING OFFICIAL SECRETS
http://www.rcfp.org/tapping/index.cgi
Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press guide to open records and meetings laws.




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 CAMPAIGN FINANCE

YAHOO: CAMPAIGN FINANCE
http://dir.yahoo.com/Government/U_S__Government/Politics/Elections/Campaign_Finance/
Extensive list of websites offering analyse and studies on this topic; see ―Databases‖ subcategory for sites that
provide current and recent filing info, U.S. and state.

OPEN SECRETS
http://www.opensecrets.org
Find out who contributed how much to whom; you can look up individuals or PACS. Federal-level elections only.

FEC
http://www.fec.gov
Web source of original campaign finance data. You can also look up original reporting documents.

NEW YORK STATE BOARD OF ELECTIONS CAMPAIGN
http://www.elections.state.ny.us/
Click on the ―Campaign Finance‖ tab for access to NYS campaign finance disclosure records from July 1999 to
the present.

NEW YORK CITY CAMPAIGN FINANCE BOARD
http://www.cfb.nyc.ny.us/
See the ―Public Disclosure‖ section for the NYC campaign finance database and other disclosure info.



 LABOR LAW

GENERAL:

FINDLAW / LABOR LAW
http://www.findlaw.com/01topics/27labor/index.html

YAHOO'S INDEX TO EMPLOYMENT LAW SITES
http://dir.yahoo.com/Government/Law/Employment_Law/
Yahoo's directory of employment law sites is a good starting point.

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
http://www.dol.gov

ELAWS: DOL EMPLOYMENT WORKPLACE LAWS
http://www.dol.gov/elaws

LAWMEMO.COM : EMPLOYMENT LAW
http://www.lawmemo.com
Successor to popular Ross Runkel web sites. Current news & cases, links to related Internet sites.




Back to Table of Contents



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                                             ADMINISTRATIVE BOARDS

U.S. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS BOARD
http://www.nlrb.gov

PUBLIC EMPLOYEE RELATIONS BOARDS
http://www.afscme.org/otherlnk/weblnk28.htm
A list of all existing boards, including links to web sites where available, courtesy of AFSCME.

NYS PUBLIC EMPLOYMENT RELATIONS BOARD
http://www.perb.state.ny.us/

NJ PUBLIC EMPLOYMENT RELATIONS COMMISSION
http://www.state.nj.us/perc/

                                                       CASES
U.S. Supreme Court and U.S. Court of Appeals decisions are widely available on the Internet. Availability of other
federal and state court decisions varies widely. For links to what is available (at no cost) on the Internet, start with
the ―Court Opinions‖ option on the Legal Information Institute home page: http://www.law.cornell.edu/.

U.S. NLRB: DECISIONS
http://www.nlrb.gov/nlrb/legal/decisions/

NYS PERB DECISIONS
http://www.perb.state.ny.us/dec.asp (recent)
http://www.perb.state.ny.us/Decarc.asp (archived back to 3/00)

NYC OFFICE OF COLLECTIVE BARGAINING CASES (archived by ILR Catherwood Library)
http://www.ilr.cornell.edu/library/keyWorkplaceDocuments/local/nycocb.html
Searchable archives.

NJ INTEREST ARBITRATION AWARDS
NJ SYNOPSES OF RECENT COMMISSION DECISIONS
http://www.state.nj.us/perc/html/reference.htm



       Web Search Tip: FINDING LEGAL DECISIONS.
The legal decisions available from the above web sites are examples of ―The Invisible Web‖. The Invisible Web is
composed of online information items that cannot be easily located using common search techniques. Legal
decisions are part of this category because they are archived in online databases that search engines cannot
index. When searching for legal decisions, it is most useful to find out which agency or court adjudicates the
decisions you are looking for and then check out that web site.

Unfortunately, many court cases, especially those from the lower courts, are still not available outside of fee-
based (and expensive) databases such as Lexis and Westlaw.



       Web Search Tip: ARBITRATION AWARDS.
I am often asked, ―Where are the Arbitration Awards?‖ Labor Arbitration decisions are propriety material, they
belong to the parties involved. You may find some decisions on the web, but the case books and databases used
by dispute resolution practitioners are only available on the Internet through fee-based databases (i.e., not for
free). For a complete listing of Arbitration Award resources, online and print, see the Catherwood Library’s online
Subject Guide: Arbitration: http://www.ilr.cornell.edu/library/subjectGuides/arbitration/arbitrationAwards.html .



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  ORGANIZING


                                           RESOURCES & TECHNIQUES

GOOGLE WEB DIRECTORY: ORGANIZING
http://directory.google.com/Top/Society/Work/Labor_Movement/Organizing/

BUILDING POWER IN THE WORKPLACE: THE AFSCME INTERNAL ORGANIZING MANUAL
http://www.afscme.org/wrkplace/bpwtc.htm

THE FIVE BASIC STEPS TO ORGANIZING A UNION (UE)
http://www.ranknfile-ue.org/org_steps.html

MIDWEST ACADEMY DIRECT ACTION ORGANIZING PROCESS
http://www.mindspring.com/~midwestacademy/Organize/page5.html
Outlines basic techniques of direct action organizing.

NATIONAL WORK RIGHTS INSTITUTE: THE RIGHT TO ORGANIZE
http://www.workrights.org/issue_organize.html
See ―Article‖ for explanation of basic legal principles and current status of the right to organize.

IWW: THE BASICS OF ORGANIZING
http://www.iww.org/organize/
―Why Organize‖ and ―Basic Steps to a Workplace Organizing Campaign‖

IWW ORGANIZING MANUAL
http://www.iww.org/PDF/IWW_organizing_manual.PDF
Organizing techniques and strategies combined with the IWW class perspective. (23 p., PDF format)

THE VIRTUAL ACTIVIST 2.0: A TRAINING COURSE
http://www.netaction.org/training/v-training.html
Text-based interactive guide to using ―email and the Web as effective, inexpensive, and efficient tools for
organizing, outreach, and advocacy.‖. Extensive text.


                                             ORGANIZING CAMPAIGNS

FAIRJOBS.ORG (NORTH AMERICAN ALLIANCE FOR FAIR EMPLOYMENT)
http://www.fairjobs.org/index.php
Focuses on issues related to organizing contingent workers. Reports, statistics, campaigns, news.

CNA 101: A Manual for Organizing with the California Nurses Association
http://www.calnurses.org/?Action=Category&id=349
Effective presentation of facts (dues, strikes) and puncturing of anti-union myths (―Navigating Through an Anti-
Union Campaign‖).

GE WORKERS UNITED
http://geworkersunited.org/
Coalition of the 14 unions who bargain with GE; encourages solidarity and coordinated bargaining worldwide.




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UNION 4 WAL-MART
http://www.union4walmart.com/
―Official national campaign website‖ for organizers of Wal-mart workers. See ―Websites‖ page for listings of
+additional Wal-mart organizing campaign sites.

WASHTECH (WASHINGTON ALLIANCE OF TECHNOLOGY WORKERS, CWA)
http://www.washtech.org/wt/
Legislative advocacy, training, organizing, focusing on dot.com workers in the Seattle area.

XPDNC: SECURING WORKER RIGHTS
http://WWW.Xpdnc.com/links/links.html
See Organizing Drives, Campaigning Groups categories.




WEB SEARCH TIP: ADVANCED SEARCH ENGINE PAGES
Take advantage of the Advanced Features of your Search Engine. Advanced Search Menus for Google,
Yahoo! Search, and MSN Search, for example, allow you to narrow your search by file type, date, or domain.

▫ http://www.google.com/advanced_search

▫ http://search.yahoo.com/search/options

▫ http://search.msn.com/advanced.aspx




WEB SEARCH TIP: DOMAIN SEARCHING
This is an amazingly useful feature that can be found in the Advanced Search Menus cited above.
Domain searching means you can select whether you want .org or .edu or .com or .gov web sites in your Results
List. Since most union web sites end in ―.org‖, you can easily weed out unwanted sites by specifying “only .org”
under the “Domain” heading. Similarly, you can limit your results to those from colleges & universities by
specifying ―only .edu”.




Back to Table of Contents




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 COMPANY INFORMATION


                                                RESEARCH GUIDES

FACTS @ YOUR FINGERTIPS: AN INTERNET RESEARCH GUIDE FOR AFSCME ACTIVISTS – CORPORATE
RESEARCH (AFSCME)
http://www.afscme.org/wrkplace/ftipstc.htm (Index)
http://www.afscme.org/wrkplace/ftips02.htm (―Corporate Research‖)
The ―Corporate Research‖ section of this newly released guide from AFSCME updates their excellent ―Company
Research on the World Wide Web‖ Internet guide. Good section on nonprofits.

FAST MANUAL OF CORPORATE INVESTIGATION
http://fastaflcio.org/
This online guide takes the researcher through every single possible step of corporate research, including verifying
the name of the company and accessing court records. Available free to Food and Allied Services Trades unions,
$25/year to other union people (fax request on union letterhead to 202-737-7208).

CWA STRATEGIC RESEARCH MANUAL
http://www.cwa-union.org/resources/strategic_research/
Guide to research procedures for unionists working on strategic campaigns.

RESEARCHING COMPANIES ONLINE
http://www.learnwebskills.com/company/
A step-by-step tutorial that focuses on free Internet sites that contain corporate, nonprofit, and industry
information.

CORPORATE RESEARCH: AN ONLINE GUIDE (Berkeley Labor Guides)
http://www.iir.berkeley.edu/library/blg/corprsch.html
―Top picks‖ of online business research sources with knowledgeable annotations.

HANDS-ON CORPORATE RESEARCH GUIDE (CORPWATCH)
http://corpwatch.radicaldesigns.org/article.php?id=945
&
INDUSTRY RESEARCH (CORPWATCH)
http://corpwatch.radicaldesigns.org/article.php?id=946
Step-by-step guide to researching U.S. and non-U.S. corporations and industries on the web. Less detailed than
many of the above sites, but some interesting links to sites with ―socially conscious‖ information.

THE VIRTUAL CHASE: COMPANY INFORMATION GUIDE
http://www.virtualchase.com/coinfo/index.htm
The Virtual Chase is a well-known legal research site. This section addresses corporate research from the lawyer
point of view, with links to sources for law suites, public opinion, info on directors. Some interesting sources, not
listed elsewhere.




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                                            CLASSIFICATION SYSTEMS

NORTH AMERICAN INDUSTRY CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM (NAICS)
http://www.bls.gov/bls/naics.htm
This new system for classifying industries and businesses uses a 6-digit hierarchical coding system, organizing all
economic activity into 20 industry sectors.

STANDARD INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM (SIC) SEARCH
http://www.osha.gov/oshstats/sicser.html
The SIC served as the structure for the collection and analysis of economic data for over 60 years, and is still used
by many companies and organizations.

STANDARD OCCUPATIONAL CLASSIFICATION (SOC) SYSTEM
http://www.bls.gov/soc/home.htm
The classification system used by the U.S. government to classify workers into occupational categories; consists
of over 820 occupations, organized into 23 major groups.

                                              CORPORATE PROFILES

YAHOO! FINANCE: COMPANY AND FUND INDEX
http://biz.yahoo.com/i/
Company profiles include thumbnail description of business, basic financials, names & compensation of
executives; good starting point for researching publicly traded companies.

HOOVERS ONLINE
http://www.hoovers.com
Profiles of major corporations; bypass the fee & request samples.

                                    CORPORATION & ORGANIZATIONAL DATA

CORPORATE INFORMATION
http://corporateinformation.com
Links to wide range of corporate information sites, U.S. and international, free and fee-based; companies can be
searched by industry or geographically. Registration now required, but still free.

EDGAR (SEC ONLINE)
http://www.sec.gov or
http://www.secinfo.com
Full text of financial documents filed by publicly owned U.S. corporations; see proxies for executive compensation
disclosure. SECInfo is one of the few commercial sites that still offer this information for no fee (as of this writing).

NEW YORK STATE CORPORATIONS AND BUSINESS ENTITIES DATABASE
http://appsext5.dos.state.ny.us/corp_public/enter_search
Searchable database of corporations and partnerships registered with the NYS Dept. of State. For other states,
see Search Systems, below.

GUIDESTAR
http://www.guidestar.org
Main resource for U.S. nonprofit organizations, with focus on charities. New feature: copy of IRS form 990.

CHARITY NAVIGATOR
http://www.charitynavigator.org/
A ―consumer reports‖ for people who contribute to charities, this web site ranks charities’ efficiency based on 990
data; it lists revenues, expenses, and executive compensation.




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WHO OWNS WHAT
http://www.cjr.org/tools/owners/
Columbia Journalism Review guide to major media corporations.

freeERISA.COM
http://www.freeerisa.com
Easy access to benefit and pension plan filings of U.S. employers, large and small, private and nonprofit.
Registration (free) required.

SEARCH SYSTEMS (Pacific Information Resources, Inc.)
http://www.searchsystems.net/
Links to public records databases open to the public; international in scope. Databases vary by country & state,
but may include corporation records, professional licenses, court decisions, court records, campaign finances,

CORPORATE WATCH
http://www.corpwatch.org
Activist-oriented corporate news alerts, with focus on environmental and labor issues.

THE RILEY GUIDE: EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES & JOB RESOURCES ON THE INTERNET
http://www.rileyguide.com/
Excellent starting point for career research; links to guidance sites, salary surveys, resume & interview guides,
how-to’s on researching employers.


                                        INDUSTRY INFORMATION & LINKS

FULD COMPETITIVE INTELLIGENCE GUIDE: INTERNET INTELLIGENCE INDEX
http://www.fuld.com/i3/
Industry-oriented guide to corporate data, news, directories.

INDUSTRY RESEARCH DESK: INDUSTRY PORTALS
http://www.virtualpet.com/industry/mfg/mfg.htm
Industry-related web site; use this site or Fuld (above) to locate industry associations online.



       WEB SEARCH TIPS : CORPORATE RESEARCH:

Use Ticker Symbols for researching publicly traded corporations. They can be found at
Yahoo: http://finance.yahoo.com/l
Quote.com: http://finance.lycos.com/qc/lookup/symbol_search.aspx

Check newspapers and periodicals for information on privately held companies. (These companies are not
required to file reports with the Securities & Exchange Commission, so information on them from the ―usual‖
sources is limited.)




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                                                                                                                    20
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  WAGES & SALARIES

                                              WAGE & SALARY DATA

OVERVIEW OF BLS STATISTICS ON WAGES, EARNINGS, AND BENEFITS
http://www.bls.gov/bls/wages.htm
Brief overview of the type of data available from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the main source of earnings
and employment data for United States workers and employees.

NATIONAL COMPENSATION SURVEY (NCS)
http://www.bls.gov/ncs/
This U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics survey of employee salaries, wages, and benefits replaces three previous
BLS surveys (ECI, OCSP, EBS). The BLS recommends this survey for those who want wage estimates for pay
setting purposes.

OCCUPATIONAL EMPLOYMENT STATISTICS
http://www.bls.gov/oes/
This BLS survey of wage and salary workers produces estimates for over 750 occupations in over 400 industry
classifications. It can be tailored to specific industries and areas, and is a good source for obtaining a general
overview of wages by occupation, industry, and local area.

NEW YORK STATE DEPT. OF LABOR: LABOR MARKET INFORMATION - WAGES
http://www.labor.state.ny.us/labor_market/LMI_business/wages.html
Links to tables on wages & employment by industry; also tables on prevailing wages.

WAGE DATA FROM THE OCCUPATIONAL EMPLOYMENT SURVEY IN NEW YORK STATE
http://64.106.160.140:8080/lmi/oeswage.html or
http://www.labor.state.ny.us/labor_market/LMI_business/wage_occ_info.html then click on ―Salary Finder‖.
Search for salary ranges by occupation and region.

EXECUTIVE PAYWATCH
http://www.paywatch.org
http://www.paywatch.org/ceou/database.cfm
This AFL-CIO created web site tracks trends in CEO compensation (with, of course, a labor slant). The database
documents CEO pay data for companies in the Standard & Poor's Super 1,500 Index.


                           COMPILATIONS & SOURCES FOR WAGE & SALARY DATA

JOBSMART
http://jobsmart.org/tools/salary/Index.htm
This career-search website, created by California librarians, includes the best collection of links to salary surveys
on the Internet.

ECONOMIC RESEARCH INSTITUTE (ERI): SALARY SOURCES AND SURVEYS
http://www.erieri.com/index.cfm?FuseAction=SurveysSources.Main or
http://www.erieri.com/sources, click on ―Salary Survey Sources‖
Extensive listing of salary surveys plus listings of surveys on employee benefits, cost-of-living, executive
compensation, and HR practices. Over 1900 U.S. salary surveys are listed alphabetically, mixing those for sale by
consulting firms with those available free (but not always on the Internet) from states, BLS, and professional
organizations. ERI is a consulting firm known for its ―Assessor‖ wage & salary analyses.




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YAHOO DIRECTORY: LABOR STATISTICS—SALARY INFORMATION
http://dir.yahoo.com/Business_and_Economy/Business_to_Business/Labor/Statistics/Salary_Information/
A listing of various types of salary surveys available on the Internet. Warning: Some of these sites offer free
salary analyses as advertisements for their fee-based reports. Be sure you know where the data comes from and
how it was calculated if you intend to use this information.

                                                   GLOSSARY

ECONOMIC RESEARCH INSTITUTE (ERI): GLOSSARY OF SALARY & COMPENSATION TERMS
http://eri-salary-survey.com/glossary.htm
Brief definitions of terms like ―merit progression‖, ―base payroll‖, and ―ESOP‖.




WEB SEARCH TIP : THINK OUT OF THE BOX (OR WEB)
Don’t limit your research to the Internet, even when it seems to be overflowing with information. Check the public
library, courthouses, and – yes – people when appropriate.




WEB SEARCH TIP : CHECK FOR CREDIBILITY & ACCURACY
Remember that anybody can post information on the Internet. Make sure your information comes from credible,
accurate, up-to-date Internet sites. For more information on how to evaluate web sites, see:
▫ Cornell University, Five Criteria for Evaluating Web Pages
http://www.library.cornell.edu/olinuris/ref/research/webcrit.html
▫ UC Berkeley, Evaluating Web Pages: Techniques to Apply & Questions to Ask
http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/TeachingLib/Guides/Internet/Evaluate.html




Back to Table of Contents




                                                                                                                 22
   may 2005/v.1/us/
 STATISTICS & ECONOMICS

U.S. GOVERNMENT SITES:

U.S. BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
http://stats.bls.gov/
The major site for U.S. employment, cost-of-living, and other labor-related statistics.

U.S. CENSUS BUREAU
http://www.census.gov
The major site for locating population and housing statistics.

FEDSTATS
http://www.fedstats.gov

ECONOMIC STATISTICS BRIEFING ROOM
http://www.whitehouse.gov/fsbr/esbr.html

SOCIAL STATISTICS BRIEFING ROOM
http://www.whitehouse.gov/fsbr/ssbr.html


STARTING POINTS & GUIDES:

FINDING DATA ON THE INTERNET
http://nilesonline.com/data/

STATISTICAL RESOURCES ON THE WEB (Univ. Michigan)
http://www.lib.umich.edu/govdocs/statsnew.html
Great ―hub site‖ for finding U.S. & foreign statistical online info.

THE DISMAL SCIENTIST
http://www.dismal.com
Comprehensive and timely economic analysis, tools, and message boards.

JOBWATCH (Economic Policy Institute)
http://jobwatch.org
EPI tracks and analyzes current trends on U.S. jobs and wages.

POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU
http://www.prb.org/
News, reports, powerpoint presentations on populations issues, including health, employment, immigration, and
diversity. Most of this info is free if downloaded online.

KNOWING THE NUMBERS: A GUIDE TO PUBLIC BUDGET ANALYSIS (AFSCME)
http://www.afscme.org/wrkplace/numberst.pdf
http://www.afscme.org/wrkplace/ktntc.htm
Written for public sector unions, a good, succinct guide to what type of information should be acquired and what
questions to ask once you get it.

THE BASICS OF FUNDAMENTAL ANALYSIS
http://www.thestreet.com/basics/fundamental/19519.html
Online tutorial on how to read a balance sheet, from ―The Street‖.




                                                                                                                   23
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 SAFETY & HEALTH


OSHWEB
http://oshweb.me.tut.fi/index.html
Index of OSH Internet sites; developed by the Institute of Occupational Safety Engineering at Tampere University
of Technology, Finland.

FACTS @ YOUR FINGERTIPS: AN INTERNET RESEARCH GUIDE FOR UNION ACTIVISTS –AN INTERNET
RESEARCH GUIDE FOR AFSCME ACTIVISTS – HEALTH AND SAFETY
http://www.afscme.org/wrkplace/ftips04.htm
A guide to online resources, including statistics, chemical hazards, inspections, laws.

U.S OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION (OSHA)
http://www.osha.gov
Full text laws, regulations, manuals, statistics and data.

U.S ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
http://www.epa.gov

U.S. NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH (NIOSH)
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh
Provides access to safety and health databases and publications, including ―Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards‖
and the NIOSH bibliography of current literature.

HEALTH INFORMATION (NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE)
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/hinfo.html
Gateway to a number of free medical databases on such topics as clinical trials, senior health, toxic substances,
household products, genetics, and AIDS; see MedlinePlus, the National Library of Medicine’s web site for
consumer health information for consumer health information.

NEW YORK COMMITTEE ON OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH (NYCOSH)
http://www.nycosh.org
http://www.nycosh.org/link.html (Resource & Internet Link Guide)
News briefs, guides to dealing with workplace safety problems such as air quality; information on the NYS
Workers Compensation process; new, comprehensive links site.

COMPUTER RELATED REPETITIVE STRAIN INJURY
http://www.engr.unl.edu/ee/eeshop/rsi.html
Guide to dealing with RSI; equipment, ergonomics, exercises, resources. (note: author of page is not a
―professional‖ RSI specialist, but rather an interested, informed consumer.)

COMPUTER TIP:


                                                           Is your computer monitor positioned correctly? It
                                                           should be directly in front of you and at a comfortable
                                                           height, so your head is not angled or tilted up or down.
                                                           See CORNELL UNIVERSITY ERGONOMICS WEB
                                                           http://ergo.human.cornell.edu/ergoguide.html
                                                           for more information.



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                                                                                                                    24
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  COLLECTIVE BARGAINING AGREEMENTS ONLINE

An increasing number of labor contracts (collective bargaining agreements or cba’s) are available on the Internet.
This list is designed to indicate the best representative sites; it is not comprehensive. Use a search engine such as
―Google‖ (see Search Engine section) if you are looking for a specific contract that is not listed here.

NOTE: Web sites of CBA’s are particularly subject to change, if you cannot access the indicated contract, try
truncating the address and checking the home page.

FEDERAL & STATE & IIR CBA LIBRARIES
U.S. DOL COLLECTIVE BARGAINING AGREEMENTS PAGE
http://www.bls.gov/cba/cbaprogd.htm (general description of program)
http://www.bls.gov/cba/cbaccess.htm (how to order contracts)
http://www.bls.gov/cba/cbaindex.htm (online listing of contracts)
This site does NOT contain full text contracts; it does give ordering information for the U.S. Dept. of Labor
collection of over 6,000 contracts. CBA’s are listed by company, with separate lists for public and private sectors.
[This contract list is also available at http://www.freeerisa.com/extras/cba.asp as a one-page listing (easier to
search).]

U.S. OPM LABOR AGREEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM
http://www1.opm.gov/cplmr/lairs.html-ssi
This searchable database contains current information on labor-management and employee
relations in the U.S. Government. Includes text of Federal collective bargaining agreements.

CALIFORNIA DEPT. OF PERSONNEL ADMINISTRATION: BARGAINING UNIT CONTRACTS
http://www.dpa.ca.gov/collbarg/contract/bumenu.shtm
Text of bargaining agreements between the State of California and CSEA (Calif. State Employees Association)
other unions representing state workers, 21 bargaining units in all. Current and past contracts are available.

MASSACHUSETTS HUMAN RESOURCES DIVISION: COLLECTIVE BARGAINING AGREEMENTS
http://www.state.ma.us/hrd/agency_services/Rules_and_Guidelines/Collective_Bargaining/collectivebargainingagr
eements.htm
Current copies of contracts and salary charts for unions that bargain with the State of Massachusetts. Unions:

ALLIANCE/AFSCME-SEIU, NAGE, MCOFU.
NEW YORK STATE GOVERNOR’S OFFICE OF EMPLOYEE RELATIONS: COLLECTIVE BARGAINING
http://www.goer.state.ny.us/CNA/
Text of bargaining agreements between New York State and various unions representing state workers; matrix of
―articles‖ in each contract by topic; salary schedules; negotiated training programs.
http://www.goer.state.ny.us/CNA/bumatrix.html
This is a subject matrix of contract articles in NYS public sector contracts; a convenient way to research particular
contract clauses.

NEW YORK STATE DEPARTMENT OF LABOR: COLLECTIVE BARGAINING SETTLEMENTS
http://www.labor.state.ny.us/labor_market/lmi_business/cbs/index.html
Summaries of wage & compensation changes in NYS contracts, updated quarterly (formerly the print publication
―Collective Bargaining Settlements in New York State‖). Archived back to 1999. Suspended indefinitely with the
May 2003 issue, which contains settlements reached in 2002 through December.

STATE OF OHIO OFFICE OF COLLECTIVE BARGAINING
http://www.webtest.state.oh.us/das/dhr/ocb/index.htm
Look under ―Labor Agreements‖ for text of bargaining agreements between the state and the five unions
representing state employees.

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WISCONSIN OFFICE OF STATE EMPLOYEE RELATIONS: LABOR RELATIONS
http://oser.state.wi.us/subcategory.asp?linksubcatid=946&linkcatid=389&linkid=27
http://oser.state.wi.us/section_detail.asp?linkcatid=389&linkid=27&sname=Human%20Resource%20Services
Or, http://oser.state.wi.us/ - Reference Center – Agreements
Text of state bargaining agreements with unions and employee associations representing state attorneys, building
trades, professional employees, health care professionals, physicians and dentists, teachers, clerical employees,
and more. 2003-2005 Agreements (first link) and past agreements (second link).

UNION CONTRACTS DATABASE, U.C. BERKELEY INSTITUTE OF INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS LIBRARY
http://iir.berkeley.edu/library/contracts/
The IIR folks hope to create a ―one-stop public on-line clearinghouse for catalogued and digitized complete text of
union contracts‖; hopefully, recent cutbacks won’t shut this project down. At present, the database contains 300+
contracts, many of which were formerly not available on the web. Many of the contracts are public sector and from
California.

EDUCATION
This area is chock full of online contracts; the ones listed below are good examples of what you can find. Use a
search engine or the AFT site listed below to locate specific contracts, or check the Berkeley database (above) or
the AFSCME page (see below).

AMERICAN FEDERATION OF TEACHERS
http://web.archive.org/web/20040209135658/http://www.aft.org/research/models/contract.htm
http://web.archive.org/web/20030621184654/http://www.aft.org/research/models/contract.htm
The new AFT web site has unfortunately eliminated the Research Dept.’s library of Sample contracts and of Model
Contract Language, but most of this material can be retrieved through the Internet Archive. Be aware the this
material may be dated.

CALIFORNIA FACULTY ASSOCIATION (NEA AFFILIATE) & CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY
http://www.calfac.org/contract.html
Full text of current contract. CFA represents tenure-track faculty, librarians, counselors, and lecturers.

CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH EMPLOYEES ASSOCIATION (CREA) & THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
http://www.crealocal75.org
CREA is an independent federal union representing all employees, from librarians to messengers, at the
Congressional Research Service. Click on ―collective bargaining agreement‖, left-hand column, for full-text.

DUVALTEACHERS UNITED & DUVAL COUNTY SCHOOL BOARD (FLORIDA)
http://www.educationcentral.org/employees/contracts/DTU_Paras_2002-05.pdf
Paraprofessional contract.

PRINCETON UNIV. LIBRARY ASSISTANTS, LOCAL 956, AFSCME & PRINCETON UNIVERSITY
http://www.princeton.edu/hr/contracts/library/index.htm
2002-2004 contract; includes innovative pay-for-performance and salary survey clause.

PROFESSIONAL STAFF CONGRESS, AFT & CITY UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK
http://www.psc-cuny.org/contract.htm
1996-2000 contract and salary schedules, amendments agreed to in 2002, and current bargaining proposals from
labor and management for 2004.

ROCHESTER TEACHERS ASSOCIATION & THE CITY SCHOOL DISTRICT OF ROCHESTER, N.Y.
http://www.rochesterteachers.com/contrtoc1.htm
A leader in cooperative union/management educational reform.

TEACHING ASSISTANTS ASSOCIATION, AFT/WFT & UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN-MADISON
http://www.taa-madison.org/contract.html
2001-2003 contract and salary schedules.



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   may 2005/v.1/us/
UAW LOCAL 1950, UAW 2178, AFSCME 1094, AAUP, NMUFA & NORTHERN MICHIGAN UNIVERSITY
http://www.nmu.edu/humanres/
Full text of 5 contracts, cover faculty, administrative/professional, clerical/technical, and custodial/security
employees of NMU. Click on ―Contracts‖ on left-hand side.




PUBLIC SECTOR (see also federal & state libraries, above)
AFSCME CONTRACTS ONLINE
http://www.afscme.org/otherlnk/weblnk38.htm
Links to over 100 AFSCME & CSEA agreements online; these mostly public-sector contracts are with state,
county, city, and higher education employers, and cover clerical, technical, and professional workers.

AFSCME MODEL CONTRACT LANGUAGE
http://www.afscme.org/wrkplace/ftips03.htm
Under ―Contract Language‖, this section of ―Facts @ Your Fingertips‖ lists AFSCME model contract language on
computer use, sexual harassment, domestic violence, work/family options, disabilities, and political activities that is
―buried‖ in AFSCME’s numerous publications.

AFSCME DISTRICT COUNCIL 37 (NYS)
http://www.dc37.net/dc37contracts/citywide.pdf - Citywide Contract, 1995-2001
http://www.dc37.net/dc37contracts/2002_05contract.pdf - Economic Agreement, 2000-2005

AMERICAN POSTAL WORKERS UNION & U.S. POSTAL SERVICE.
http://www.apwu.org/dept/ind-rel/sc/ircba.htm
Links to Contract Extension Agreement, 2000-2003 CBA 1998-2000 CBA.

LIUNA LOCAL 28 & U.S. ARMY GARRISON, ARMY MEDICAL COMMAND… FORT SAM HOUSTON, TEXAS
AFGE LOCAL 1004 & BROOKE ARMY MEDICAL CENTER, FORT SAM HOUSTON, TEXAS
http://www.cs.amedd.army.mil/cpac/LABOR.html (scroll down)
Example of federal union contracts, in this case between two different unions, LIUNA (Laborers) and AFGE, and
U.S. Army units at Fort Houston.

REEDY CREEK (FL) FIREFIGHTERS ASSOCIATION LOCAL 2117 & REEDY CREEK (FL) IMPROVEMENT
DISTRICT.
http://www.reedycreek.org/contract.html

SAN FRANCISCO MUNICIPAL TRANSPORTATION AGENCY (MUNI): EMPLOYEE RELATIONS &
AGREEMENTS
http://www.sfmuni.com/cms/rptpub/mouindx.htm
Current agreements with IAM,, IBEW, SEIU, & TWU locals; includes ―cooperative work‖ agreement, war leave
language.

WASHINGTON ASSOCIATION OF PROFESSIONAL BIOLOGISTS & WASHINGTON DEPT. OF FISH &
WILDLIFE
http://wapb.olympiaonline.com/contracts.html
Contract negotiated as part of a coalition of state unions.




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PRIVATE & NONPROFIT SECTOR
BAKERY, CONFECTIONARY, TOBACCO WORKERS, AND GRAIN MILLERS INTERNAITONAL UNION
(BCTGM) LOCAL 317T & LORILLARD TOBACCO COMPANY, GREENSBORO, N.C.
http://317t.com/contractbook.html
Master agreement for tobacco factory workers.

COALITION OF KAISER PERMANENTE UNIONS & KAISER PERMANENTE
http://www.lmpartnership.org/contracts/agreements/2000.html
1997 & 2000 agreements establishing KP’s well-known labor-management partnership. See ―local contracts‖ for
over 25 cba’s with KP’s individual unions, covering nurses, technicians, optical workers, social workers, clerical
workers, and more.

CWA, LOCAL 2108
http://www.cwalocal2108.org/html/contracts.html
CWA local for Maryland, D.C., Virginia, & W. Virginia; Contracts Page currently lists the 2000-2003 contract with
Verizon Communications, which includes language on flextime, shortened work week, and technological change,
and the 1996 contract with Bell Atlantic. Possibly new contracts are listed on ―members only‖ page.

GAE UNION CONTRACT DATABASE
http://www.gain.net/human_relations/union.html
GAE is the Printing Industries of America’s section for unionized printers. They maintain a union contract data-
base of contract language and data. The database is available to members only; this page offers information if you
are interested in contacting them.

IAM DISTRICT 751 & BOEING, GKN AEROSPACE CHEM-TRONICS, TRIUMPH- SPOKANE
http://www.iam751.org/contract/ (2002-2005)
http://www.iam751.org/contract/gkn_contract/
http://www.iam751.org/contract/triumph_contract/ (2003-2007)
These agreements include language on joint committees and, in Boeing, a voluntary part-time program.

INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF EMERGENCY MEDICAL TECHNICIANS & PARAMEDICS & HALL
AMBULENCE SERVICE, INC.
http://www.local911.org/laboragreement.htm

INTERNATIONAL LONGSHORE AND WAREHOUSE UNION, LOCAL 5 & POWELL’S BOOKS
http://www.ilwulocal5.com/ Click on ―Contract with Powell’s‖
The workers at Powell’s Books are longshoremen. Who knew?

INTERNATIONAL PAPER UNION COUNCIL
http://www.ipcouncil.org/Contract%20Links.htm or http://www.ipcouncil.org/ - Contracts
This group of unions that work at IPU sites around the world is collecting cba’s from members; current cba’s on file
are from PACE and IBEW locals.

IUE & GENERAL ELECTRIC (NATIONAL AGREEMENT)
CAW LOCAL 512 & 524 & GENERAL ELECTRIC CANADA
http://geworkersunited.org/bargaining/contracts.asp
Sponsored by the Coordinated Bargaining Committee (CBC) of General Electric Unions, this site currently features
the national IUE contract and a Canadian Auto Workers contract.

NATIONAL BASKETBALL PLAYERS ASSOCIATION & NATIONAL BASKETBALL ASSOCIATION
http://www.nbpa.com/cba/cba.html
A unique agreement. http://www.sfmuni.com/rid/rptpub/documents/2003cbaseiu790.pdf




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THE NEWSPAPER GUILD/CWA, LOCAL 31222 & ASSOCIATED PRESS, UPI.
http://www.newsmediaguild.org/contract_info/current_contract/index.cfm
News Media Guild agreement, 2003-2005.

OPEIU, LOCAL 140 & WALT DISNEY ENTERPRISES.
http://www.opeiu140.org
Office workers at WD in California; includes contract language on temporary workers.

SEIU 32BJ: ―LIST OF CONTRACTS‖
http://www.seiu32bj.org/cd/list.asp
Master contracts for building service workers with various employer and contractor groups in the NYC metropolitan
area.

UFCW, LOCAL 951 & MEIJER
http://www.ufcwlocal951.com/3levelpages/meijer_contract_2003.php
Full-text of agreements covering 36,000 retail and distribution center workers employed by the Midwest grocery
chain.

UNITED TRANSPORTATION UNION
http://www.jaysworks.com/1637/agree/jlsutu1.htm
Fulltext of over 20 agreements between UTU locals and railroad employers; includes cba’s and memoranda.

ENTERTAINMENT INDUSTRY
ACTORS’ EQUITY ASSOCIATION
http://www.actorsequity.org/Services/library.html
Document Library links to PDF copies of a number of Equity contracts, including Off-Broadway and Cabaret.
AMERICAN GUILD OF MUSICAL ARTISTS
http://www.musicalartists.org/Agreements/agreements.htm
A growing (we hope) collection of contracts with opera, ballet, and concert companies in the U.S.

ANIMATION GUILD, IATSE
http://www.mpsc839.org/_Home/home_FRM1.html
The web site of Local 839, International Alliance of Theatrical Stage Employes and Moving Picture
Technicians, Artists and Allied Crafts; click on the ―Contract‖ tab, top of screen, for links to the 839 Contract Book
with a number of studios, plus additional contracts negotiated by other IATSE locals, in Los Angeles and Florida
(see left-hand column links). Some of these contracts have language dealing with new technology.

SCREEN ACTORS GUILD
http://www.sag.org/ See right-hand column ―Resources‖ menu, select ―Contract Information‖. then select
―Contract Summary‖.
The full-text of the 2003-2000 6 Commercials Contract can be retrieved here (236 pages), plus an 18-page
summary of the 2001-2004 Theatrical Motion Picutres and Television contract.

SEATTLE MUSICIANS ASSOCIATION, AFM Local 76-493
http://www.local76-493.org/departments_theater.htm or
http://www.local76-493.org/ - Departments – Theatre
CBA’s negotiated with local Seattle theatres.

THE SOCIETY OF STAGE DIRECTORS AND CHOREOGRAPHERS
http://www.ssdc.org/index.php - click on ―Contracts & Rates‖, left-hand site
Broadway, Off-Broadway, Summer Stock, LORT, College & University theatre agreements, and more.




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TEAMSTERS LOCAL 399 & individual television commercial production companies
http://www.locationscout.com/union/contract/index.html
Location scouts and managers.

UE, LOCAL 404 & WBAI, PACIFICA FOUNDATION
http://www.glib.com/contract.html



CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY
Because of its unique employment structure, construction industry agreements are often very different in content
and language from other cba’s. As indicated below, many agreements can be found at employer association web
sites.

ALLIED CONSTRUCTION EMPLOYERS ASSOCIATION (SOUTHEASTERN WISCONSIN) – CONTRACTS
http://www.buildacea.org/contracts.asp
Full text of contracts with Carpenters, Brick Layers, Ironworkers, Cement Masons, Building Laborers, Piledrivers,
Millwrights. Laborers’ contract listed below.

ASSOCIATED GENERAL CONTRACTORS OF WASHINGTON
http://www.agcwa.com/Public/labor_relations/collectivebargaining.asp
Full Text of Master Agreements with Operating Engineers (see below), Teamsters, Cement Masons, Laborers,
Carpenters.

ASSOCIATED GENERAL CONTRACTORS OF AMERICA, SAN DIEGO CHAPTER
http://www.agcsd.org/labor/agreements.htm
Full text of Labor Agreements with Plasterers and Cement Masons (see below), Teamsters, Carpenters (building),
Carpenters (engineering), Iron Workers, Laborers (building), Laborers (engineering), Operating Engineers.

KNOXVILLE BUILDING TRADES & CONSTRUCTION TRADES COUNCIL & MK-FERGUSON OF OAK RIDGE
CO.
http://www.bechteljacobs.com/info/cla_010104.pdf
Construction labor agreement for Dept. of Energy projects.

MINNESOTA MECHANICAL CONTRACTORS ASSOCIATION
http://www.minnesotamca.org/
See ―volume 3‖, right-hand column, for links to Working Agreements with Plumbers Local 15 (see below),
Plumbers Local 34, Pipefitters locals, and more.Working Agreement between Plumbers Union Local 15 &
Minnesota Mechanical Contractors Association (2002 - ?)




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MODEL CONTRACTS & CONTRACT LANGUAGE

A MODEL CONTRACT FOR EMPLOYEES OF BORDERS AND WALDENBOOKS STORES
http://retailworker.com/borders/contract.htm

SAMPLE IWW CONTRACT (SAMPLE IS BERKELEY ECOLOGY CENTER)
http://bari.iww.org/organize/laborlaw/Curbside2000.html

IBEW GUIDELINES TO LABOR AGREEMENT TOPICS, LANGUAGE & PROCESSING
http://www.ibew.org/guidlines.htm
Guidelines for local IBEW officers on the scope, content, and format of new contracts.

NATIONAL IMMIGRATION LAW CENTER: SAMPLE CONTRACT LANGUAGE FOR USE BY UNIONS IN
WORKING WITH EMPLOYERS ON HANDLING INS INQUIRIES
http://www.nilc.org/immsemplymnt/
Listed under ―Reverification of Workers' Employment Authorization‖.

WORK AND FAMILY – MODEL CONTRACT LANGUAGE
LABOR PROJECT FOR WORKING FAMILIES
http://www.laborproject.org/
http://www.laborproject.org/bargaining/index.html
The Work/Family Database summarizes contract language on child care, eldercare, flextime, and family leave;
exact language is not duplicated but summaries are detailed.

AFSCME GUIDE TO WINNING WORK/FAMILY PROGRAMS: OPTIONS AND EXAMPLES OF CONTRACT
LANGUAGE
http://www.afscme.org/wrkplace/wfp05.htm

WORK AND FAMILY PROVISIONS IN CANADIAN COLLECTIVE AGREEMENTS (Human Resources
Development, Canada)
http://www.hrsdc.gc.ca/en/gateways/topics/wnc-pup.shtml
A lengthy study (in PDF format); includes sample clauses covering a wide range of work/family issues (ex.: time
scheduling, health and safety for pregnant employees, assistance programs) taken from union contracts.

COLLECTIVE AGREEMENTS AND OLDER WORKERS IN CANADA
http://www.hrsdc.gc.ca/en/gateways/topics/wnc-pup.shtml
Study of provisions in major Canadian agreements that have an impact on older workers; includes examples of
language on technological change, flexible scheduling, job sharing,
http://www.hrsdc.gc.ca/en/gateways/topics/wnc-pup.shtml educational leave, seniority.




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 COLLECTIVE BARGAINING RESOURCES



RESEARCH GUIDES & BACKGROUND INFORMATION
FACTS @ YOUR FINGERTIPS: AN INTERNET RESEARCH GUIDE FOR UNION ACTIVISTS – COLLECTIVE
BARGAINING
http://www.afscme.org/wrkplace/ftips03.htm
http://www.afscme.org/wrkplace/ftipstc.htm (Index)
Excellent guide to online resources for collective bargaining research. Includes sample member surveys, contract
language sites, salary & wage data, a guide for developing contract language, a guide to analyzing public sector
budgets (listed separately below), and more. Resources are a mix of AFSCME and outside web sites.

COLLECTIVE BARGAINING (Labor Education Program, Univ. of Missouri – Columbia)
http://web.missouri.edu/~labored/Collective%20Bargaining.htm
Series of lectures by Paul K. Rainsberger, on collective bargaining (structure, historic models, techniques,
arithmetic); oriented towards labor students but very straightforward, can be used by all practitioners.

COLLECTIVE BARGAINING FAQ’S (Center for Labor Education and Research, Univ. of Hawaii)
http://homepages.uhwo.hawaii.edu/~clear/CB-FAQ.html
Collective bargaining basics.

COLLECTIVE BARGAINING EUROPE
http://www.etuc.org/etui/CBeurope/
Information on current bargaining developments collected and published by the European Trade Union Institute;
includes country reports, news on coordination activities, labor and wage statistics.

U.S. GOVERNMENT RESOURCES
COLLECTIVE BARGAINING HOME PAGE (U.S. DOL)
http://www.bls.gov/cba/home.htm
Links to the web pages produced by the U.S. Dept. of Labor related to collective bargaining (some included
separatedly here, some not).

MONTHLY LABOR REVIEW (U.S. DOL)
http://www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/mlrhome.htm
Online version of BLS journal; articles on labor force, labor relations, also tables of current labor statistics.

COMPENSATION AND WORKING CONDITIONS (U.S. DOL)
http://www.bls.gov/opub/cwc/cwchome.htm
Online version of BLS quarterly; articles on collective bargaining issues, employment benefits, occupational safety
& health, also National Compensation Survey tables.

LABOR-MANAGEMENT RELATIONS GLOSSARY (U.S. Office of Personnel Management)
http://www1.opm.gov/lmr/glossary/index.asp




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RESEARCH & STUDIES
COLLECTIVE BARGAINING IN THE FACE OF INSTABILITY: A RESOURCE FOR WORKERS AND
EMPLOYERS IN THE U.S. AEROSPACE INDUSTRY. [MIT, March 2001].
http://web.mit.edu/ctpid/lara/prodpub/collbarg.html
This 142-page study of contract language in the aerospace industry features contract language on high
performance work places and working with new technology taken from actual contracts; download in PDF format.

WORKERS' CONTRACT NEGOTIATIONS IN THE STEEL INDUSTRY OF THE UNITED STATES
http://web.archive.org/web/20030625195234/http://www.uswa.org/resources/steelnet3.html
Comprehensive treatise, updated in 1996, on the history and current practices of collective bargaining in the steel
industry. No longer available from the United Steel Workers website, but can be accessed through the Internet
Archive.

THE STRATEGIC INITIATIVES OF THE CWA: ORGANIZING, POLITICS, AND COLLECTIVE BARGAINING
http://mitsloan.mit.edu/iwer/tfbatt.pdf
Academic paper (1999) by R. Batt, H. Katz, & J. Keefe analyzing CWA’s approach to collective bargaining and
organizing; written for MIT symposium.

COLLABORATIVE LABOR NEGOTIATIONS: A TOOL FOR ORGANIZATIONAL CHANGE
http://collaborateatwork.com/resources/iaflabor.html
A case study on how collaborative methods were used in negotiations at a community college in Michigan.


ANALYZING THE NUMBERS: COSTING THE CONTRACT & READING THE BALANCE
SHEETS
NUMBERS ―CRUNCHING FOR NEGOTIATIONS (Costing Out a Contract, the Easy Version!) / UE
http://www.ranknfile-ue.org/ic_costcon.html
Just what it says, the basics of costing out (no spreadsheet needed), from the United Electrical Workers.

SEIU ONLINE LEARNING: CONTRACT COSTING AND ANALYSIS
http://www.seiu.org/olc/workshop/costing/index.cfm#more
http://www.seiu.org/olc/global/readingroom.cfm (Reading Room materials)
Although this online workshop is available to SEIU members only, the materials are available in the ―Reading
Room‖.

KNOWING THE NUMBERS: A GUIDE TO PUBLIC BUDGET ANALYSIS (AFSCME)
http://www.afscme.org/wrkplace/numberst.pdf
http://www.afscme.org/wrkplace/ktntc.htm
Written for public sector unions, a good, succinct guide to what type of information should be acquired and what
questions to ask once you get it.

THE BASICS OF FUNDAMENTAL ANALYSIS
http://www.thestreet.com/basics/fundamental/19519.html
Online tutorial on how to read a balance sheet, from ―The Street‖.




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 LABOR HISTORY

The number and variety of web sites devoted to the history of labor unions and working people continues to grow,
and the sites listed below are just a sample. For a longer list, request the Lenz Library handout on Labor History
on the Internet.

                                                 STARTING POINTS

LABOUR AND BUSINESS HISTORY (WWW VIRTUAL LIBRARY)
http://www.iisg.nl/~w3vl
Listing of labor history web sites around the world.

YAHOO! U.S. LABOR HISTORY
http://dir.yahoo.com/Arts/Humanities/History/U_S__History/By_Subject/Labor

LABOR AND WORKING CLASS HISTORY ASSOCIATION
http://www.lawcha.org/
See the Resources section for links to online oral history projects, exhibits, talks & tours, journals, and more.




                          DIGITAL COLLECTIONS, EXHIBITS, ARCHIVES, LIBRARIES

AMERICAN MEMORY: HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS FOR THE NATIONAL DIGITAL LIBRARY
http://rs6.loc.gov/amhome.html
The Library of Congress has made available hundreds of photographs, texts, and audio recordings from its
archival collections on this web site. Collections include ―African American Odyssey‖, ―Voices from the Dustbowl‖,
and ―Votes for Women.‖

ARCHIVES OF LABOR AND URBAN AFFAIRS, WALTER P. REUTHER LIBRARY (Wayne State University)
http://www.reuther.wayne.edu/
Online stories and exhibits (Flint sit-down strike, the IWW, and more); United Farm Workers of America
collections guide; current exhibits.

DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN SOUTH (UNC – Chapel Hill)
http://metalab.unc.edu/docsouth/index.html
                                                             th
Digitized primary materials on ―the Southern experience in 19 century America‖. Includes slave narratives,
southern gentry memoirs, and literature of the period.

THE TRIANGLE FACTORY FIRE
http://www.ilr.cornell.edu/trianglefire
Excellent multimedia site created by the Cornell ILR Kheel Center and UNITE!; history, photographs, documents,
oral histories, cartoons, research guide for high school students.




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                                                WORKING WOMEN

SOURCES IN WOMEN’S U.S. LABOR HISTORY
http://www.nyu.edu/library/bobst/research/tam/women/cover.html
Online version of a guide to scholarly resources (books, records, videos, etc.), including a section on Internet
resources.

WORKING WOMEN, 1870 – 1930 (Harvard University Libraries Open Collections Program)
http://ocp.hul.harvard.edu/ww/
Digital collection of books, pamphlets, photographs, and manuscripts from Harvard’s libraries ―exploring women’s
roles in the U.S. economy between the Civil War and the Great Depression‖. Still in process, and growing.

                                         AFRICAN AMERICAN WORKERS

AFRICAN AMERICAN LABOR HISTORY LINKS (AFSCME)
http://www.afscme.org/about/aframlink.htm
Excellent bibliography of online resources on African American workers and general history, including links to
materials on the Sleeping Car Porters, A. Philip Randolph, and Martin Luther King, Jr.

I AM A MAN: An Exhibit Honoring the 1968 Memphis Sanitation Workers' Strike
http://www.reuther.wayne.edu/man/1intro.htm
An online exhibit on the famous strike. There is a wealth of material on the web on the Memphis strike; see the
―Links‖ page for more.

                                               ONLINE DISCUSSION

H-LABOR
http://www.h-net.org/~labor/
Part of the H-Net academic family of online discussion groups, H-Labor is the place to go for knowledgeable
discourse on the history of workers and their organizations. You can read the messages at this web site, or
subscribe and have the messages delivered to your e-mail address.




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 LABOR CULTURE

LABOR CULTURE (Berkeley Labor Guides)
http://www.iir.berkeley.edu/library/blg/culture.html
Art, music, songs, organizations.

BREAD AND ROSES CULTURAL PROJECT
http://www.bread-and-roses.com/
The online home of the 1199 Bread and Roses Project. Features online exhibitions; also sells Bread and Roses’
well-known poster series and a new Ralph Fasanella calendar.

LABORARTS
http://www.laborarts.org
New web site exhibiting photographs, paintings, buttons, artifacts and more related to the history and current world
of workers. Co-sponsored by the Wagner Archives, Bread and Roses, and the Shelley and Donald Rubin
Foundation.

LABOR HERITAGE FOUNDATION
http://www.laborheritage.org/
Excellent source for books, CD’s, films about working people & labor history. Also offers calendar of cultural
events and a directory of labor artists and musicians.

LABOR AND LABOR HISTORY : DOCUMENTARIES (Media Resources Center, UC Berkeley)
http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/MRC/LaborVid.html
LABOR THEMES IN THE MOVIES AND ON TV (Media Resources Center, UC Berkeley)
http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/MRC/labormovies.html
If you are looking for ideas of what labor films to view or screen, these two listings are good starting points.
Selective rather than exhaustive, each title is annotated and linked to the IMDB. The MRC also offers a
bibliography of books and articles about labor films.
For more film listings, see also the Video Catalog of the Cornell ILR Lenz Library at
http://www.ilr.cornell.edu/extension/lenzlibrary .

H-LABOR-ARTS
http://www.h-net.org/~laborart/
―A place for historians, labor activists, and artists to discuss the cultural and artistic artifacts of working people‖;
like H-Labor above, this is part of the H-Net academic discussion group network, interested non-academics are
welcome.




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 REFERENCE                                See also “Directories & Subject Indexes”.


INTERNET PUBLIC LIBRARY
http://www.ipl.org
Organized by librarians to be the first stop for students (& people) who want to do research on the Internet.

REFDESK
http://www.refdesk.com
Quick access to online dictionaries, thesauri, and other reference books, plus today’s news, weather, virus threats,
e-mail sites, lottery results—anything you need to know right away.

THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
http://lcweb.loc.gov
Wonderful digital collections from the Smithsonian on U.S. history and culture.


                       PERIODICAL ARTICLES – DATABASES, PORTALS, DIRECTORIES
                               See also: Labor-Related Magazines & Journals

INGENTA
http://www.ingenta.com/
Vast database of over 26,000 paper and online publications. Table of contents available free; full-text of articles is
fee-based.

FINDARTICLES.COM
http://www.findarticles.com/
Collection of free magazine articles, going back to 1998. Mainly ―newsstand‖ titles.

MAGPORTAL.COM
http://www.magportal.com/
Accesses many of the magazines available at no cost over the Internet; mostly in the areas of business,
entertainment, and hobbies, no academic journals.

INTERNET PUBLIC LIBRARY : MAGAZINES
http://www.ipl.org./div/serials/
A listing of hundreds of online magazines, journals & e-zines, organized by topic.


                                                PUBLIC LIBRARIES

Many public libraries now provide off-site access to electronic resources (databases of newspaper & magazine articles,
online reference books), to members of their community (i.e., people who have library cards). The E-Resource web
sites of the three public library systems in NYC are listed here. If you are from outside NYC, check with your local
public library to see what they have available.

NEW YORK PUBLIC LIBRARY ELECTRONIC RESOURCES
http://www.nypl.org/databases/index.cfm
(Click in left-hand column on ―databases available from home‖, where the little house icon is located.)
Electronic resources available off-site to holders of a NYPL card; expanded resources include EbscoHost (full-text
business & general interest newspaper and magazine articles), several history databases, and the New York
Times full-text for 4-years.




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BROOKLYN PUBLIC LIBRARY E-RESOURCES
http://www.brooklynpubliclibrary.org/eresources.htm
Electronic resources available off-site to holders of a BPL card; over 50 databases available.

QUEENSBOROUGH PUBLIC LIBRARY REFERENCE DATABASES
http://www.queenslibrary.org/internet/refdb1.asp
Or, go to http://www.queenslibrary.org & click on ―Research & Internet--Databases‖
Electronic resources available off-site to holders of a QBPL card; resources include EbscoHost databases (full text
and summaries of business & general interest journals & magazines).




WEB SEARCH TIP : PERIODICAL ARTICLES ONLINE – YOU GET WHAT YOU PAY FOR
 Although it is tempting to use free periodical article sites for research, the most comprehensive and scholarly
sources remain fee-based databases, such as those produced and published by ProQuest, EbscoHost, and IAC.
Take advantage of the offerings from your local public library, as described above. It may take a few extra minutes
to access these databases, but the payoff will come in the quality and credibility of your information.




 DIGITAL BOOKS


OAISTER (University of Michigan Digital Library)
http://www.oaister.org/.
A search portal for digital book collections, online journals, digital dissertation collections, and media files provided
by the research library community.

THE ONLINE BOOKS PAGE (University of Pennsylvania.)
http://digital.library.upenn.edu/books
A searchable database of over 20,000 book titles and serial titles available from other archives and web sites.

PROJECT GUTENBERG
www.promo.net/pg/
Created in 1971, PG provides access to over 6,000 digital titles, from Shakespeare to Sherlock Holmes to
almanacs. (Don’t look for recent bestsellers here, titles are all in the public domain.) Titles are stored in zip files.


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 STUDY SKILLS & COLLEGE

                                           STUDY & RESEARCH SKILLS

STUDY SKILLS SELF-HELP INFORMATION (Virginia Tech)
http://www.ucc.vt.edu/stdyhlp.html
Tips and online workshops.

STUDY SKILLS: STRATEGIES FOR EFFECTIVE LEARNING
http://www.bucks.edu/~specpop/studyskills.htm
Tips on time management, reading, note-taking, test-taking.

RESEARCH 101 (UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON LIBRARIES)
http://www.lib.washington.edu/uwill/research101/
An excellent tutorial for students doing a research paper for the first time (or second or third…). Outlines types of
information sources, determining your research topic, Internet search queries, reading a citation, and finding
sources in the library and on the Internet. Highly recommended.

                                                 WRITING SKILLS

ONLINE WRITING LAB (Purdue University)
http://owl.english.purdue.edu/workshops/
http://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/index.html
A collection of PowerPoint presentations, online workshops, and handouts on various writing topics, including
writing the research paper, focusing your argument, using APA & MLA format, and developing a resume.

WRITERS’ WORKSHOP (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign)
http://www.english.uiuc.edu/cws/wworkshop/
Although developed for students at the U of Ill., there are many resources here that would be helpful to any writer:
 a Grammar Handbook, a Writing Techniques Handbook that offers advice on such topics as developing a thesis,
and links to additional resources for students and teachers.

THE WRITING CENTER (University of Wisconsin, Madison)
http://www.wisc.edu/writing/Handbook/index.html

PARADIGM ONLINE WRITING ASSISTANT
http://www.powa.org/
An ―interactive, menu-driven, online writer’s guide and handbook‖, developed by a college writing professor.

                        BIBLIOGRAPHICAL STYLE HANDBOOKS (WRITING CITATIONS)

BIBLIOGRAPHY STYLES HANDBOOK (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign)
http://www.english.uiuc.edu/cws/wworkshop/bibliography.htm
Rules for MLA and APA citation formats.

ONLINE! A REFERENCE GUIDE TO USING INTERNET SOURCES
http://www.bedfordstmartins.com/online/citex.html
This is an excellent guide to how to cite Internet sources using MLA, APA, and Chicago. The instructions may
seem rather technical; just scroll down to the examples.




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                                                 COLLEGE PREP

MAPPING YOUR FUTURE : ADULT STUDENTS
http://mapping-your-future.org/adult/
This site walks you through all the issues you need to consider as a student returning to college, and directs you to
additional information on the Internet. Topics include planning, distance learning, and financial aid.

PETERSON’S EDUCATIONAL PORTAL
http://www.petersons.com/
The publisher of college handbooks, Peterson’s here offers databases to help you select colleges, distance
learning programs (the main feature of its Adult Learner section), and scholarships.

THE NATIONAL LABOR COLLEGE
http://www.georgemeany.org/
Affiliated with the AFL-CIO, the National Labor College at the George Meany Center offers undergraduate and
graduate programs as well as continuing labor training workshops.




Back to Table of Contents




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 FUN


IMDB (INTERNATIONAL MOVIE DATABASE)
http://www.imdb.com
Cast & credits for films and television series. Not always accurate, but extensive and widely used.

INTERNET BROADWAY DATABASE
http://www.ibdb.com/
The official Broadway database, sponsored by the League of American Theatres and Producers. Look up casts,
theatres, years, from 1800’s to the present.

TELEVISION WITHOUT PITY
http://www.televisionwithoutpity.com
“Snarky” recaps and discussions; you can register and add your two cents, or just lurk and laugh.

THE ONION
http://www.theonion.com/
A satiric take on current news and the media, the online equivalent to “The Daily Show”.

FREECELL: INDEX OF SOLUTIONS
http://home.earthlink.net/~fomalhaut/freecell.html
For those of us addicted to the computer-based solitaire game.

NYC AUDUBON SOCIETY: NYC BIRDS
http://www.nycas.org/birding/
http://www.nycas.org/nycbirds/
If you are interested in birdwatching, or just taking nice walks, this is a list of the best areas in NYC in which to
observe the amazing variety of birds in our area; the second website lists NYC birds and what you can expect to
see in each season.

PEEP RESEARCH: A STUDY OF SMALL FLUFFY CREATURES AND LIBRARY USAGE
http://www.millikin.edu/staley/fluff/peep_research.html

ELIZABETHAN CURSE GENERATOR
http://trevorstone.org/curse/
Just try it.


ADD YOUR OWN:




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  SEARCH ENGINES & DIRECTORIES

                                               SEARCH ENGINES

GOOGLE / GOOGLE ADVANCED SEARCH
http://www.google.com
http://www.google.com/advanced_search
Developed at Stanford University, Google utilizes a link-related form of searching, and has no advertising!
Advanced search screen offers many additional search options, including search by file format, date, and domain.

YAHOO! SEARCH
http://search.yahoo.com/
Long a directory, Yahoo! recently bought up a number of search engine companies and now is doing “pure”
search using the Inktomi technology. It is currently the major challenger to Google.

MSN SEARCH / MSN ADVANCED SEARCH
http://search.msn.com/
http://search.msn.com/advanced.aspx
Currently uses Inktomi (now owned by Yahoo!) for its search engine database; advanced features include
specifying type of file (ex.: PowerPoint, PDF.) and also specifying that resulting web pages should include a
certain type of file in its contents (ex.: Shockwave, Java, image).




A9
http://www.a9.com/
This search engine, branded by Amazon but based on Google technology, also searches book texts from the
Amazon site, material from the IMDB and an online encyclopedia; it also allows you to view results from all
sources simultaneously. Personalized features include saved search terms (you must register for this, but it’s
free).

TEOMA
http://www.teoma.com/
Unique features: “Suggestions” of phrases to narrow your search and “Resources” of online “collections” relevant
to your search. . Has been criticized for lack of “freshness” (up-to-date web sites).

WISENUT
http://www.wisenut.com
Results include “categories” for further searching generated by WiseGuide, an “intelligent” search system; has
been criticized for lack of “freshness” (listing of up-to-date web sites).

AOLSEARCH
http://aolsearch.aol.com (AOL members)
http://search.aol.com/(outside the AOL community)
AOL currently relies on Google technology for it’s search engine results. However, the results are not exactly
the same as when you use Google. AOL subscribers also receive results from the AOL web site. But, internal
and external results do not include many Google features, such as cached pages.



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ALLTHEWEB/FAST
http://www.alltheweb.com
Now owned by Yahoo!, AllTheWeb gives the same results as Yahoo!Search and AltaVista. It is no longer
considered a major player in the Internet research world.

ALTAVISTA / ALTAVISTA ADVANCED SEARCH
http://www.altavista.com (basic search)
http://www.altavista.com/web/adv (advanced search)
Use Basic Search for image, news, and MP3 search features. Now owned by Yahoo!, AltaVista gives the same
results as Yahoo!Search and AllTheWeb. No longer considered a major player in the Internet research world.


                                          META-SEARCH ENGINES
                      (Meta-search engines search several search engines simultaneously.)

ASK JEEVES
http://askjeeves.com
Features ―natural language queries‖ (meaning, you can ask questions in plain old English). Very useful for simple
searches, NOT complex research.

CLUSTY
http://clusty.com/
VIVISIMO
http://vivisimo.com/
These two search engines are produced by the same company and results are similar, though not always exactly
the same. Both clusters results by subject; an advantage when dealing with a name or phrase that is prevalent in
several different subject areas.

METACRAWLER / METACRAWLER ADVANCED
http://www.metacrawler.com
http://www.metacrawler.com/_1_2H2RU2O03YSGUEZ__info.metac/dog/advance.htm
Use advanced screen to select search engines & directories to use in your search; as of this writing, MetaCrawler
includes Google and FAST as selections.

IXQUICK
http://ixquick.com
Rates results using stars; picture, news, & MP3 features engine.

PROFUSION
http://www.profusion.com
New version includes ―vertical‖ searches.

YW
http://www.yurweb.com/
This new entry into an increasingly crowded field features a fun interface from which you can select up to four
directories or search engines (including Google), and then directly compare results.




Back to Table of Contents




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                                            IMAGE SEARCH ENGINES
PICSEARCH
http://www.picsearch.com
This Swedish search engine is totally oriented towards searching pictures and produces excellent results;
advanced options include searching by image size.

GOOGLE IMAGES
http://www.google.com/images
Google’s new search engine for locating graphics.

ALLTHEWEB/FAST
http://www.alltheweb.com
Access via Tabs for ―Pictures‖. Also searches for ―Video‖ and ―Audio‖ files.

ALTAVISTA
http://www.altavista.com
Select ―Images‖ tab. Also ―MP3/Audio‖ and ―Video‖ tabs.


                                        SPECIALIZED SEARCH ENGINES
                                      (See ―News‖ for News Search Engines)

GOOGLE UNCLE SAM
http://www.google.com/unclesam
Use to locate government information or web sites.

BLOGSTREET
http://www.blogstreet.com/
There are a number of interesting features here, including a search engine, a directory, and a way to find a blogs
in the ―neighborhood‖.

DAYPOP
http://www.daypop.com
Searches web logs and news feeds. Still in development.




DIRECTORIES & SUBJECT INDEXES

YAHOO! DIRECTORY
http://dir.yahoo.com
―Classic‖ Yahoo!, it’s human-created directory of websites, organized by subject.

LIBRARIANS INDEX TO THE INTERNET
http://lii.org
Created & run by Bay Area librarians, LII is an excellent source for reference and guru sites.

ACADEMIC INFO
http://academicinfo.net/
Focuses on identifying Internet resources with academic content, and the college and research level. A good way
to locate digital collections and database gateways.




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INFOMINE: SCHOLARLY INTERNET RESOURCE COLLECTIONS
http://infomine.ucr.edu/
Excellent resource for finding university-level content, including digital collections, e-journals, e-textbooks, maps,
gateways, etc. Resources are selected on the first level by academic librarians.

THE OPEN DIRECTORY
http://dmoz.org
Owned by Netscape, but run by volunteers, the Open Directory also appears as the directory on many portals, and
is the source of the:

GOOGLE DIRECTORY:
http://directory.google.com/

ABOUT.COM
http://about.com
Subject-oriented pages put together by self-styled expert ―guides‖. Quality of pages varies; annoying ads.


        WEB SEARCH TIP : DIRECTORIES VS. SEARCH ENGINES
DIRECTORIES are collections of web sites selected and organized by HUMAN BEINGS. SEARCH ENGINES are
COMPUTER PROGRAMS that index web sites, allowing users to retrieve sites that match keywords. Use
directories when you need general information about a subject or an online reference book or an ―invisible web
site‖. Use search engines for specific information or when you need to combine several topics.



                                              PEOPLE DIRECTORIES

INFOSPACE                                                    TELEPHONE DIRECTORIES ON THE WEB
http://www.infospace.com                                     http://www.infobel.com/teldir/default.asp


SWITCHBOARD                                                  THE ULTIMATE WHITE PAGES
http://www.switchboard.com                                   http://www.theultimates.com/white/




                EVERYTHING YOU ALWAYS WANTED TO KNOW ABOUT SEARCH ENGINES:

SEARCH ENGINE WATCH
http://www.searchenginewatch.com
Latest news on this always-changing technology, charts that compare how well major search engines work.

SEARCH ENGINE SHOWDOWN
http://searchengineshowdown.com/
Librarian Greg Notess runs periodic tests on which search engine is the ―freshest‖ (most up-to-date). Also news,
reviews, tips for good searching.

SEARCH ENGINE COLOSSUS
http://www.searchenginecolossus.com/
Listing of hundreds of search engines!




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  INTERNET TUTORIALS & GUIDES

                                               SEARCH TUTORIALS

FINDING INFORMATION ON THE INTERNET: A TUTORIAL
http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/TeachingLib/Guides/Internet/FindInfo.html
Comprehensive guide from the Teaching Library Internet Workshops, Univ. Of Calif. Berkeley.

BARE BONES 101: A BASIC TUTORIAL ON SEARCHING THE WEB
http://www.sc.edu/beaufort/library/pages/bones/bones.shtml
Good tutorial on using search engines, including separate sections for the major search engines.

FIVE CRITERIA FOR EVALUATING WEB SITES
http://www.library.cornell.edu/olinuris/ref/research/webcrit.html

EVALUATING WEB PAGES: TECHNIQUES TO APPLY AND QUESTIONS TO ASK
http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/TeachingLib/Guides/Internet/Evaluate.html
The first succinctly lists criteria you can use to make sure a web site is ―good‖, i.e., credible and accurate. The
second guide, from Berkeley, is a little more complex, but thorough.


                             CITATIONS, DEFINITIONS, THE TRUTH IS OUT THERE

STYLE SHEETS FOR CITING INTERNET & ELECTRONIC RESOURCES:
 HUMANITIES (MLA & CHICAGO), SCIENTIFIC (APA & CBE), AND HISTORY (TURABIAN)
http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/TeachingLib/Guides/Internet/Style.html

NETLINGO
http://www.netlingo.com
Online dictionary of words and terms related to the Internet and computers.

HOAXBUSTERS (CIAC, U.S. Dept. of Energy)
http://hoaxbusters.ciac.org
Where to go to find out the truth about the many pleas for money, warnings, offers, etc. that clog our e-mail
systems. CIAC stands for Computer Incident Advisory Capability.

URBAN LEGENDS REFERENCE PAGE
http://www.snopes.com/
Another good place to check out those stories.

CNET.COM
http://www.cnet.com
A good resource for technology news and reviews, including reviews of Internet Service Providers.


                                            UNION INTERNET GUIDES

PUTTING YOUR UNION ON THE WEB: A "HOW TO" MANUAL FOR ACTIVISTS
http://www.afscme.org/publications/puttc.htm

CWA’S GUIDE TO ESTABLISHING AND MAINTAINING LOCAL WEB SITES
http://www.cwa-union.org/about/local_web_manual.asp
Excellent guide, oriented specifically to union leaders and webmasters. Includes sections on planning, keeping in
touch with members, building and structuring your site, where to get union graphics.



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                                            THE WAYBACK MACHINE


THE INTERNET ARCHIVE
http://www.archive.org/
Find web sites of the past with the Wayback Machine.
A ―fun‖ Internet activity, this feature also puts a new
spin on researching companies on the Internet.




WEB SEARCH TIP : BLASTS FROM THE PAST
Assorted experts bemoan the impermanence of the web; what’s here today is apt to be gone tomorrow.
There are at least 2 ways to find ―old‖ web pages:
(a) Use the ―Cached‖ feature in Google (good for recently deceased pages)
(b) Use The Internet Archive’s Wayback Machine (see above). Although the Archive does not preserve
EVERYTHING, it’s breadth is steadily increasing. You do need a web address to start the machine going.




REVIEW: Hints for Using Search Engines:
            o   If possible, use unique terms.
            o   Or, use 2 or 3 key words or phrases.
            o   Identify phrases by using quotation marks
                      example: “chocolate turtles” instead of chocolate turtles
            o   If you don’t get any results, think of synonyms
                      example: “medical care” or “health care”
            o   If you get too many results, explore the advanced features of the search engine
                      Can you search by key word in title?
                      Can you limit the date?
                      Can you limit the domain (.edu, .org)?
            o   Try the Advanced Search Page, it’s not that hard.
            o   Use credible web sites, by recognizable authors or organizations.
            o
Remember that not everything is on the Internet! If you can’t find anything after using the above hints, try the print
resources or online periodical databases available through libraries and colleges.




CopyrightMay 2005 by Donna L. Schulman




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