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  Before Reading

            1. American Dream

            2. Immigrants

           3. The Great Depression

            4. Mortgage

            5. Warm-up Questions




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                        American Dream

                                      American Dream is the
                                      belief that everyone in the
                                      United States has the
                                      chance to achieve success
                                      and prosperity. For ordinary
                                      people, it means a happy
                                      family, an ideal job, and a
                                      nice house. For minorities
                                      and immigrants, it also
                                      includes freedom and equal
                                      rights.




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                               Immigrants
 1.Introduction

   Listen to the passage and fill in the blanks with the missing words.
                  Apart from “Native Americans” -- ______      ,
                                                        Indians all
              Americans have ancestors who were immigrants.
              The United States has                  ______
                                                      become
              the home of immigrants from all over the world.
              Some immigrants come to the United States
             ________a place to practice their religion freely,
             in search of
                                             ______
              while others seek political or economic protection.
              Still others arrive in hopes of building a better life
              for ________ and their families.
                   themselves
                                                                Close




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                               Immigrants
 2. First Immigrants


            The first immigrants to America came almost from
            western Europe. During the first decades of the 17th
            century, settlers from England colonized Virginia and
            New England. Immigration to New England began in
            1620 when English Puritans established Plymouth
            Colony in present-day Massachusetts. The values of
            these Puritan settlers strongly influenced the culture
            of the American colonies and later of the United
            States.
                                                           Close




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                        The Great Depression
                                     The     Great      Depression     is
                                     considered the most severe
                                     economic        crisis     in   the
                                     industrialized world. It began
                                     when American stock market fell
                                     on Friday, Oct. 24, 1929, and
                                     continued the following Tuesday,
                                     known as Black Tuesday, with a
                                     greater fall. The Depression
                                     struck many other countries as
                                     well, particularly Germany, Japan,
                                     and Britain. In the early 1930s
     millions of people lost their jobs, and millions of businesses and
     banks failed. President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal
     policies improved the situation, but the Great Depression did not
     come to an end until World War II when industrial production for
     the war increased.


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                                  Mortgage
    1.Mortgage



                 Mortgage is an agreement to have money lent,
                 especially to buy a house or land, with the
                 house or land belonging to the lender until the
                 money is repaid. It enables a person to buy a
                 house without having enough money to pay for
                 it completely. If the borrower fails to repay the
                 loan, the lender may force the sale of the
                 house to recover the amount of the loan.
                                                               Close




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                                    Mortgage
    2.How to Get a Mortgage



                 A borrower can get a mortgage from a bank, credit
                 union, or other lender. Most lenders require the
                 borrower to have a certain amount of money to use
                 as a down payment. For example, if an individual
                 wants to buy a home priced at $50,000 and the
                 lender requires a down payment of $2,000, the
                 individual will apply for a loan of $48,000 to pay for
                 the difference. Payments for the loan are usually
                 made monthly. The life of the mortgage can be 15,
                 20, 30, or even 40 years.
                                                                 Close




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      Warm-up Questions


     1. What is the American Dream in your opinion?

     2. In what ways can a person be considered as
        being successful?
     3. What is the key to success?

     4. Tell a story of a successful person.




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  Global Reading


           1.Part Division of the Text

           2.Further Understanding

                 For Part 1 Chart Completion

                 For Part 2 Questions and Answers




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                         Part Division of the Text




     Parts       Lines                  Main Ideas


       1         1~82          Life story of Tony Trivisonno.

                              The author’s reflections on the story of
       2         83~95
                              Tony.




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                             Chart Completion
   How Tony Fulfilled His American Dream


        Lines Time Expressions Tony’s Steps toward Success
                 one evening         Tony started to work as a
       1~26      during the Great    help at Mr. Crawford’s
                 Depression          house.

                 summer passed       Tony got a job clearing snow
       27~33
                 into fall           at Mr. Crawford’s factory.
                                     Tony asked to be trained as
       34~43       one day           an apprentice, and later
                                     learned to be a skilled worker.




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                            Chart Completion
   How Tony Fulfilled His American Dream


       Lines Time Expressions        Tony’s Steps toward Success

                 a year or two        Tony bought a house with the
       44~58     passed               help of Mr. Crawford.

                 after about two      Tony bought a farm and sent
      59 ~76
                 years                for his family in Italy.
                                      Tony died, leaving his family a
       77~82     during the war       prosperous farm and his
                                      children educated.




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                   Questions and Answers

   1. What is the key to Tony’s success?
     Tony worked very hard to create his American Dream. Besides,
     he was determined, self-controlled, optimistic, self-respected,
     honest and responsible. All these helped him become
     successful.
    2. Compare Tony with the greatest industrialists.
      Both Tony and the greatest industrialists are successful in
      pursuing their American Dreams. They reached their success
      by working hard, and by the same values and principles. The
      only difference was that they had different financial
      achievements.



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                 Tony Trivisonno’s American Dream

      He came from a rocky farm in Italy, somewhere south
   of Rome. How or when he got to America, I don’t know.
   But one evening I found him standing in the driveway,
   behind my garage. He was about five-foot-seven or eight,
   and thin.
     “I mow your lawn,” he said. It was hard to comprehend
   his broken English.
      I asked him his name. “Tony Trivisonno,” he replied. “I
   mow your lawn.” I told Tony that I couldn’t afford a
   gardener.

   Sentence       Word


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                                  Tony Trivisonno’s American Dream

                              He came from a rocky farm in Italy, somewhere south
How many times is the sentence -- “I mow your
                           text? Why is How or when he got to America, I don’s know.
lawn. ” -- repeated in the of Rome. it repeated?
                           But one evening I found him standing in the driveway,
  The sentence is repeated four times. That’s
                           behind my garage. He was about five-foot-seven or eight,
  because it shows Tony’s determination in finding
                           and thin.
  a job, and his optimistic view that people would
  help a man who needed a“I mow your lawn,” he said. It was hard to comprehend
                              job.

                           his broken English.
                                              Close
                              I asked him his name. “Tony Trivisonno,” he replied. “I
                           mow your lawn.” I told Tony that I couldn’t afford a
                           gardener.

                    Sentence       Word


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     “I mow your lawn,” he said again, then walked away. I
   went into my house unhappy. Yes, these Depression days
   were difficult, but how could I turn away a person who had
   come to me for help?
     When I got home from work the next evening, the lawn
   had been mowed, the garden weeded, and the walks
   swept. I asked my wife what had happened.
    “A man got the lawn mower out
  of the garage and worked on the
  yard,” she answered.“ I assumed
  you had hired him.”
    I told her of my experience the
  night before. We thought it strange
  that he had not asked for pay.

   Sentence      Word


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      The next two days were busy, and I forgot about Tony.
    We were trying to rebuild our business and bring some
    of our workers back to the plants. But on Friday,
    returning home a little early, I saw Tony again, behind
    the garage. I complimented him on the work he had
    done.
     “I mow your lawn, ” he said.
      I managed to work out some kind of small weekly pay,
    and each day Tony cleaned up the yard and took care
    of any little tasks. My wife said he was very helpful
    whenever there were any heavy objects to lift or things
    to fix.


   Sentence      Word


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    Summer passed into fall, and winds blew cold. “Mr. Craw,
  snow pretty soon, ” Tony told me one evening. “When winter
  come, you give me job clearing snow at the factory. ”
    Well, what do you do with such determination and hope?
  Of course, Tony got his job at the factory.
                                 The months passed. I asked
                              the personnel department for a
                              report. They said Tony was a
                              very good worker.
                                 One day I found Tony at our
                              meeting place behind the
                              garage. “I want to be ’prentice, ”
                              he said.

   Sentence      Word


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           Summer passed into fall, and winds blew cold. “ Mr. Craw,
         snow pretty soon, ” Tony told me one evening. “ When
  Paraphrase the sentence. give me job clearing snow at the factory. ”
         winter come, you
            Well, what do you do with such determination and hope?
         Of refuse a Tony who is determined
It is hard tocourse, person got his job at the factory.
and hopeful to get a job.
                                           The months passed. I asked
                                        the personnel department for a
                                        report. They said Tony was a
                                        Close
                                        very good worker.
                                           One day I found Tony at our
                                        meeting place behind the
                                        garage. “I want to be ’prentice,”
                                        he said.

      Sentence      Word


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      We had a pretty good
   apprentice school that trained
   laborers. But I doubted whether
   Tony had the capacity to read
   blueprints and micrometers or do
   precision work. Still, how could I
   turn him down?
      Tony took a cut in pay to become an apprentice.
   Months later, I got a report that he had graduated as a
   skilled grinder. He had learned to read the millionths of an
   inch on the micrometer and to shape the grinding wheel
   with an instrument set with a diamond. My wife and I
   were delighted with what we felt was a satisfying end of
   the story.
   Sentence      Word


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                        We had a pretty good
                    apprentice school that trained
                    laborers.
1.Paraphrase the sentence. But I doubted whether
                    Tony had the capacity to read
  My wife and I were happy with what Tony had
                    blueprints and micrometers or do
  achieved, and thought that the whole thing had
  thus been settled.precision work. Still, how could I
                    turn him down?
2. Was Tony satisfied with this end?
                        Tony took a cut in pay to become an apprentice.
                    Months later, I working hard
 Tony was not satisfied. He kept ongot a report that he had graduated as a
 until he fulfilled skilled grinder. He had learned to read the millionths of an
                     his better dreams.
                    inch on the micrometer and to shape the grinding wheel
                                           Close
                    with an instrument set with a diamond. My wife and I
                    were delighted with what we felt was a satisfying end of
                    the story.
             Sentence      Word


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      A year or two passed, and again I found Tony in his
   usual waiting place. We talked about his work, and I
   asked him what he wanted.
     “Mr. Craw,” he said, “I like a buy a house.” On the edge
   of town, he had found a house for sale, a complete wreck.
      I called on a banker friend. “Do you ever loan money
   on character?” I asked. “No,” he said. “We can’t afford to.
   No sale.”
      “Now, wait a minute,” I replied. “Here is a hard-working
   man, a man of character, I can promise you that. He’s got
   a good job. You’re not getting a damn thing from your lot.
   It will stay there for years. At least he will pay your
   interest. ”

   Sentence      Word


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     Reluctantly, the banker wrote a mortgage for $2,000
   and gave Tony the house with no down payment. Tony
   was delighted. From then on, it was interesting to see that
   any discarded odds and ends around our place--a broken
   screen, a bit of hardware, boards from packing--Tony
   would gather and take home.
                             After about two years, I found
                          Tony in our familiar meeting spot.
                          He seemed to stand a little
                          straighter. He was heavier. He had
                          a look of confidence.
                           “Mr. Craw, I sell my house!” he
                          said with pride.“ I got $8,000.”
                             I was amazed. “But, Tony, where
                          are you going to live without
                          a house? ”
   Sentence      Word


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                  Reluctantly, the banker wrote a mortgage for $2,000
                and gave Tony the house with no down payment. Tony
                was delighted. From then on, it was interesting to see that
                any discarded discarded odds
1. Why did Tony take home the odds and ends around our place--a broken
and ends?       screen, a bit of hardware, boards from packing--Tony
                a house, which was take home.
  Tony bought would gather and a complete
  wreck. To fix and decorate it, and, above all, to
                                                   After about two years, I found
  save money, he took home the discarded odds
  and ends.                                   Tony in our familiar meeting spot.
2. Translate the sentence into Chinese.
                                              He seemed to stand a little
                                              straighter. He was heavier. He had
  从那以后,只要我家附近有什么被人丢弃的零星杂物,
  坏了的屏风啦,五金器具啦,包装纸板啦,托尼都要收
                                              a look of confidence.
  起来拿回家,看他这个样子真有意思。                               “Mr. Craw, I sell my house!” he
                                               said with pride. “I got $8,000.”
                                               Close
                                                   I was amazed. “But, Tony, where
                                               are you going to live without
                                               a house?”
            Sentence      Word


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    “ Mr. Craw, I buy a farm. ”
      We sat down and talked. Tony told me that to own a farm
   was his dream. He loved the tomatoes and peppers and all
   the other vegetables important to his Italian diet. He had
   sent for his wife and son and daughter back in Italy. He
   had hunted around the edge of town until he found a small,
   abandoned piece of property with a house and shed. Now
   he was moving his family to his farm.



   Sentence      Word


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                       “ Mr. Craw, I buy a farm. ”
                          refer to?
1. What does “property”We sat down and talked. Tony told me that to own a farm

                      was farm he wanted to loved the tomatoes and peppers and all
    “Property” refers to the his dream. He buy.
                      the other vegetables important to his Italian diet. He had
                      sent for his wife and son and daughter back in Italy. He
2. Translate the sentence into Chinese.
                      had hunted around the edge of town until he found a small,
    他在小镇周边到处找,终于找到一小块没人要的地产,
    有一幢房子,还有一间小棚子。    abandoned piece of property with a house and shed. Now
                      he was moving his family to his farm.
                                              Close




                 Sentence      Word


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      Sometime later, Tony arrived on a Sunday afternoon,
   neatly dressed. He had another Italian man with him. He
   told me that he had persuaded his childhood friend to
   move to America. Tony was sponsoring him. With an
   amused look in his eye, he told me that when they
   approached the little farm he now operated, his friend
   stood in amazement and said, “Tony, you are a
   millionaire!”
      Then, during the war, a message came from my
   company. Tony had passed away.



   Sentence      Word


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      I asked our people to check on his family and see that
   everything was properly handled. They found the farm
   green with vegetables, the little house livable and homey.
   There was a tractor and a good car in the yard. The
   children were educated and working, and Tony didn’t owe
   a cent.
      After he passed away, I thought more and more about
   Tony’s career. He grew in stature in my mind. In the end, I
   think he stood as tall, and as proud, as the greatest
   American industrialists.



   Sentence      Word


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                      I asked our people to check on his family and see that
                   everything was properly handled. They found the farm
1. Paraphrase the sentence.
                   green with vegetables, the little house livable and homey.
   He grew taller and greater in my mind. His social a good car in the yard. The
                   There was a tractor and
   status greatly improved in my mind.
                   children were educated and working, and Tony didn’t owe
                   a cent.
                      After he passed away, I thought more and more about
                                     Next       Close
                   Tony’s career. He grew in stature in my mind. In the end, I
                   think he stood as tall, and as proud, as the greatest
                   American industrialists.



              Sentence      Word


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                        I asked our people to check on his family and see that
                     everything was properly handled. They found the farm
2. Describe the change of Tony’s social status in
   Mr. Crawford’s mind.
                     green with vegetables, the little house livable and homey.
  When Mr. Crawford first met Tony, Tony was“about
                     There was and his English
  five-foot-seven or eight, and thin”,a tractor and a good car in the yard. The
                     children were educated and working, and Tony didn’t owe
  was broken. He remained standing when he talked
  to Mr. Crawford. He did not have high social status.
                     a farm
  After he bought his cent. several years later, he
  “seemed to stand a little straighter”, and he “had a I thought more and more about
                        After he passed away,
  look of confidence”. He and Mr. Crawford “sat down
                     Tony’s career. He grew to
  and talked”. His social status improved enough in stature in my mind. In the end, I
                     think he Crawford. tall, and as proud, as the greatest
  allow him to sit down with Mr.stood as After he
  passed away, Mr. Crawford thought “he stood as tall,
                       as the industrialists.
  and as proud, American greatest American
 industrialists. ”
                                               Close

                        Sentence      Word


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     They had all reached their success by the same route
  and by the same values and principles: vision,
  determination, self-control, optimism, self-respect and,
  above all, integrity.
     Tony did not begin on the bottom rung of the ladder. He
  began in the basement. Tony’s affairs were tiny; the
  greatest industrialists’ affairs were giant. But, after all, the
  balance sheets were exactly the same. The only
  difference was where you put the decimal point.
    Tony Trivisonno came to America seeking the American
  Dream. But he didn’t find it--he created it for himself. All
  he had were 24 precious hours a day, and he wasted
  none of them.


   Sentence      Word


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                           They had all reached their success by the same route
                       and by the same values and principles: vision,
                       determination, does
1. What does “ladder” refer to? And whatself-control, optimism, self-respect and,
    “basement” refer to?
                       above all, integrity.
   “Ladder” refers to the way to success. “Basement”
                           Tony did was begin on
   refers to Tony’s starting point. He not worse than the bottom rung of the ladder. He
                       began in to help him seek
   ordinary people. He had nothing the basement. Tony’s affairs were tiny; the
   his American Dream.
                       greatest industrialists’ affairs were giant. But, after all, the
2. What can you infer from the sentence?
                       balance sheets were exactly the same. The only
                       difference was where
   Tony had nothing when he arrived in the Unitedyou put the decimal point.
   States, and he built up from nothing.
                          Tony Trivisonno came to America seeking the American
                       Dream. But he didn’t find it--he created it for himself. All
                                                 Close
                       he had were 24 precious hours a day, and he wasted
                       none of them.


                   Sentence      Word


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                             They had all reached their success by the same route
                         and by the same values and principles: vision,
1.                       determination, what does
       What do balance sheets refer to? And self-control, optimism, self-respect and,
                         above all, integrity.
       decimal point refer to?
                             used to not whether
     Balance sheets are Tony didshow begin onathe bottom rung of the ladder. He
                         began in the successful.
     person or a company is financially basement. Tony’s affairs were tiny; the
     Here they are used to judge a person’s life
     achievements. If the decimalindustrialists’ affairs were giant. But, after all, the
                         greatest point is moved, a
                         balance sheets were
     number will become either smaller or bigger. Here exactly the same. The only
                         difference was where you
     it shows the difference in the amount of money put the decimal point.
     Tony and the greatest industrialists had made.
                            Tony Trivisonno came to America seeking the American
                         Dream. But he didn’t find it─he created it for himself. All
                                          Next    Close
                         he had were 24 precious hours a day, and he wasted
                         none of them.


                      Sentence      Word


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                        They had all reached their success by the same route
                    and by the same values and principles: vision,
                    determination, self-control, optimism, self-respect and,
                    above all, integrity.
2. What can you infer from the sentences?
                        Tony did not begin on the bottom rung of the ladder. He
   What Tony and the greatest industrialists
                    began in the basement. Tony’s affairs were tiny; the
   achieved was exactly the same. The only
                    greatest industrialists’ affairs were giant. But, after all, the
   difference was that they had different financial
   success.         balance sheets were exactly the same. The only
                    difference was where you put the decimal point.
                       Tony Trivisonno came to America seeking the American
                    Dream. But he didn’t find it─he created it for himself. All
                                              Close
                    he had were 24 precious hours a day, and he wasted
                    none of them.


                  Sentence      Word


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     “I mow your lawn, ” he said again, then walked away. I
   went into my house unhappy. Yes, these Depression days
   were difficult, but how could I turn away a person who had
   come to me for help?
     When I got home from work the next evening, the lawn
   had been mowed, the garden weeded, and the walks
   swept. I asked my wife what had happened.
    “A man got the lawn mower out
  of the garage and worked on the
  yard, ” she answered. “I assumed
  you had hired him. ”
    I told her of my experience the
  night before. We thought it strange
  that he had not asked for pay.

   Sentence      Word


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                       “I mow your lawn, ” he said again, then walked away. I
                    went into my house unhappy. Yes, these Depression days
                    were difficult, but how enter
turn away: refuse to help (sb.) or allow (sb.) tocould I turn away a person who had
                    come to me for help?
              a place
s    他拒绝了所有的应征者。       When I got home from work the next evening, the lawn
T He turned all the applicants away.
                    had been mowed, the garden weeded, and the walks
        He turned away several people who didn’t have had happened.
                    swept. I asked my wife what
        the tickets. “A man got the lawn mower out
Collocation:
                   of the
 turn down 拒绝;调低 garage and worked on the
  turn in       交还,上交 ” she answered. “I assumed
                   yard,
 turn into      使变成 had hired him. ”
                   you
 turn off        关;拐弯 I told her of my experience the
 turn out       生产,制造;证明,结果
                   night before. We thought it strange
 turn over      仔细考虑
  turn up
                   that he had not asked for pay.
                出现,来到;开大,调大                 Close

                Sentence      Word


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      The next two days were busy, and I forgot about Tony.
    We were trying to rebuild our business and bring some
    of our workers back to the plants. But on Friday,
    returning home a little early, I saw Tony again, behind
    the garage. I complimented him on the work he had
    done.
     “I mow your lawn,” he said.
      I managed to work out some kind of small weekly pay,
    and each day Tony cleaned up the yard and took care
    of any little tasks. My wife said he was very helpful
    whenever there were any heavy objects to lift or things
    to fix.


   Sentence      Word


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                           The next two days were busy, and I forgot about Tony.
 work out: plan; solve; We were trying to rebuild our business and bring some
                         calculate
s 他们已经设计出把宇宙飞船送上太空      of our workers back to the plants. But on Friday,
   的方法。
                        returning home a little early, I saw Tony again, behind
T They’ve worked out a method of
                        the garage.
   sending a spacecraft to the space. I complimented him on the work he had
s The accountant has done. out
                        worked
   your share of the expense at
   1,000 yuan.
                          “I mow your lawn,” he said.
T 会计已算出你的那份花费为1,000元。
                           I managed to work out some kind of small weekly pay,
                                          work out
                        and each day Tony cleaned up the yard and took care
Collocation:
  work at      从事于,致力于  of any little tasks. My wife said he was very helpful
 work up
                        whenever there were any heavy objects to lift or things
               引起,激起,逐渐上升
                                              Close
                        to fix.


                  Sentence      Word


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                           The next two days were busy, and I forgot about Tony.
  weekly:                We were trying to rebuild our business and bring some
1. adj. happening once a week or every week
                         of our workers back to the plants. But on Friday,
                         returning 100 yuan little early, I saw Tony again, behind
       He thinks his weekly wage of home a is enough.
2. adv. once a week; every week; by the week
s    《21世纪报》每周出版一次。
                         the garage. I complimented him on the work he had
T                        done.
     21st Century is published weekly.
                          “I mow your lawn,” he said.
3. n. a publication issued once a week
                           I managed to work out some kind of small weekly pay,
                                           work out
   Business Weekly       《商业周刊》
                         and each day Tony cleaned up the yard and took care
   Publishers’ Weekly (美)《出版商周刊》 tasks. My wife said he was very helpful
                         of any little
   a twice weekly        whenever there were any heavy objects to lift or things
                         半周刊
                         to fix.
                                           Close


                  Sentence      Word


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    Summer passed into fall, and winds blew cold. “Mr. Craw,
  snow pretty soon, ” Tony told me one evening. “When winter
  come, you give me job clearing snow at the factory. ”
    Well, what do you do with such determination and hope?
  Of course, Tony got his job at the factory.
                                 The months passed. I asked
                              the personnel department for a
                              report. They said Tony was a
                              very good worker.
                                 One day I found Tony at our
                              meeting place behind the
                              garage. “I want to be ’prentice, ”
                              he said.

   Sentence      Word


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                           Summer passed into fall, and winds blew cold. “Mr. Craw,
 do with:                snow pretty soon, ” Tony told me one evening. “When winter
 1) (used in questions with what)you give me job clearing snow at the factory. ”
                         come, deal with
s                            with what
     Tell me what you did Well,yourself do you do with such determination and hope?
     this week.          Of course, Tony got his job at the factory.
s    The child didn’t know what to do with
     himself for excitement.
                                                        The months passed. I asked
2) tolerate                                           the personnel department for a
 s    我不能忍受他和他的无礼。                                    report. They said Tony was a
T I can’t do with him and his impoliteness.           very good worker.
3) (often with could, can) desire                       One day I found Tony at our
 s I could do with a cup of tea.                      meeting place behind the
                                           Next Close
                                                      garage. “I want to be ’prentice, ”
                                                      he said.

                    Sentence      Word


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                       Summer passed into fall, and winds blew cold. “Mr. Craw,
                    snow pretty soon,” Tony told me one evening. “When winter
Collocation:
                    come, you give me job clearing snow at the factory. ”
 do without                    没有„也行,将就
                       Well, what do you do with such determination and hope?
 do away with                  Tony got
                    Of course, 废除,去掉 his job at the factory.
                                                  The months passed. I asked
 have something to do with     和„有点关系
                                                the personnel department for a
 have nothing to do with      和„毫无关系            report. They said Tony was a
                                                very good worker.
                                        Close     One day I found Tony at our
                                                meeting place behind the
                                                garage. “ I want to be ’prentice,”
                                                he said.

                  Sentence      Word


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                      Summer passed into fall, and winds blew cold. “ Mr. Craw,
                    snow pretty soon,” Tony told me one evening. “ When winter
                    come, to continue trying clearing snow at the factory. ”
determination: n. the ability you give me jobto
                       what you have decided to
               achieve Well, what do you do with such determination and hope?
               do even when this is difficult
                    Of course, Tony got his job at the factory.
      He has great determination to learn English well.
                                                          The months passed. I asked
                                                        the personnel department for a
                                                        report. They said Tony was a
                                                        very good worker.
                                                Close
                                                          One day I found Tony at our
                                                        meeting place behind the
                                                        garage. “ I want to be ’prentice,”
                                                        he said.

                   Sentence      Word


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                      Summer passed into fall, and winds blew cold. “ Mr. Craw,
                    snow pretty soon,” Tony told me one evening. “When winter
 personnel: n.
                    come, you give me job clearing snow at the factory. ”
1) the department in a large organization that deals
                       Well, what do you do with such determination and hope?
   with employees; human resources (uncountable
                    Of course, Tony got
   noun, used with a singular or plural verb). his job at the factory.
 personnel administration 人事管理                  do with The months passed. I asked
                                                        the personnel department for a
 personnel department      人事部/处/科
                                                        report. They said Tony was a
 personnel director        人事部长/处长/科长
                                                        very good worker.
                                                          One day I found Tony at our
                                        Next      Close
                                                        meeting place behind the
                                                        garage. “I want to be ’prentice,”
                                                        he said.

                  Sentence      Word


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                          Summer passed into fall, and winds blew cold. “ Mr. Craw,
 2) all the persons working in pretty soon,” in the told me one evening. “ When winter
                        snow an organization, Tony
    army, etc. ( often used withyou give me job clearing snow at the factory. ”
                        come, a plural verb)
                          Well, what do increased.
s The personnel of the company has been you do with such determination and hope?

s   全体员工都允许参加晚会。        Of course, Tony got his job at the factory.
                                                 do with The months passed. I asked
                                                        the personnel department for a
                                                        report. They said Tony was a
                                                        very good worker.
T All personnel were allowed to take part in the party.   One day I found Tony at our
                                        Next      Close meeting    place behind the
                                                        garage. “I want to be ’prentice,”
                                                        he said.

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                            Summer passed into fall, and winds blew cold. “ Mr. Craw,
                         snow pretty soon,” Tony told me one evening. “When winter
 NB: 此外注意与personal的区别。
                         come, you give me job clearing snow at the factory. ”
 personal: 个人的,私人的,亲自的,秘密的
                             Well, what do you do with such determination and hope?
s Like their personal lives, women’s history is
                         Of
    fragmented, interrupted. course, Tony got his job at the factory.
T 如同她们的个人生活一样,妇女的历史是支离破碎且中断的。                            The months passed. I asked
  Translate the following into Chinese.               the personnel department for a
 a personal appearance 亲自出面
                                                      report. They said Tony was a
                                                      very good worker.
  I have something personal to tell you.
                                                         One day I found Tony at our
   我有秘密的事要告诉你。
                                                      meeting place behind the
                                                Close garage. “I want to be ’prentice,”
                                                      he said.

                    Sentence      Word


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      We had a pretty good
   apprentice school that trained
   laborers. But I doubted whether
   Tony had the capacity to read
   blueprints and micrometers or do
   precision work. Still, how could I
   turn him down?
      Tony took a cut in pay to become an apprentice.
   Months later, I got a report that he had graduated as a
   skilled grinder. He had learned to read the millionths of an
   inch on the micrometer and to shape the grinding wheel
   with an instrument set with a diamond. My wife and I
   were delighted with what we felt was a satisfying end of
   the story.
   Sentence      Word


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                          We had a pretty good
                      apprentice school that trained
capacity: n.          laborers. But I doubted whether
1) the ability to understand or do sth.;
                      Tony had the capacity to read
                      blueprints and micrometers or do
        His capacity for remembering things is
        interesting. precision work. Still, how could I
                      turn him sth. ;
2) the ability to hold or containdown?
     the maximum amount that can be contained
                          Tony took a cut in pay to become an apprentice.
   s The trunk is filled to capacity.
                      Months later, I got a report that he had graduated as a
                      skilled grinder. He had learned to read the millionths of an
                      inch on the micrometer and to shape the grinding wheel
                                        Next   Close
                      with an instrument set with a diamond. My wife and I
                      were delighted with what we felt was a satisfying end of
                      the story.
                 Sentence      Word


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                          We had a pretty good
                       apprentice school that trained
                       laborers. But I doubted whether
CF: capacity, ability, capability & proficiency
这些词都可以表示“能力”的意思。       Tony had the capacity to read
                       blueprints and micrometers or do
capacity 用于物时,指容纳接受的能力,如容积、容量、生产
能力;用于人时,指潜在的能力,多用于才智、道德,尤指接受 could I
                       precision work. Still, how
能力、领悟性、敏感性等。
                       turn him down?
ability 既指天赋的能力, 也指培养造就而获得的本领;主要用
                          Tony took a cut
于人,指已经表现出来的实际能力,尤指人的思维能力。 in pay to become an apprentice.
                       Months later, I got a
capability 较多用于人,指胜任某项工作的能力、本领。 report that he had graduated as a
                       skilled grinder. He had learned to read the millionths of an
proficiency 正式用语,带有技术性,指对业务的精通和熟练。
                       inch on the micrometer and to shape the grinding wheel
                                           Next Close
                       with an instrument set with a diamond. My wife and I
                       were delighted with what we felt was a satisfying end of
                       the story.
                 Sentence      Word


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                               We had a pretty good
                          apprentice school that trained
                          laborers. But I doubted whether
capacity, ability, capability & proficiency
                          Tony had the
Fill in the blanks with the words given above. capacity to read
 1.Her mental             blueprints and micrometers or do
                              is very great.
                          precision work. Still, how could I
 2.The film is beyond the turn him down? children.
                                          of the
                               Tony took a cut in pay to become an apprentice.
 3.                 in several foreign languages is
                          Months later,
 needed for work as a traveler’s guide. I got a report that he had graduated as a
                          skilled grinder. He had learned to read the millionths of an
 4.He has the               of solving practical problems.
                          inch on the micrometer and to shape the grinding wheel
                          with an instrument set with a diamond. My wife and I
                                                   Close

                          were delighted with what we felt was a satisfying end of
                          the story.
                    Sentence      Word


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                          We had a pretty good
                       apprentice school that trained
 skilled: adj.         laborers. But I doubted whether
                       Tony had the capacity to read
 1) having skill; trained; experienced
    a skilled worker blueprints and micrometers or do
                         技术熟练的工人
                       precision work. Still, how could I
2) needing skill       turn him down?
     skilled work         Tony
                      技术性工作 took a cut in pay to become an apprentice.
                       Months later, I got a report that he had graduated as a
                       skilled grinder. He had learned to read the millionths of an
                                      micrometer and to shape the grinding wheel
                       inch on the Next     Close
                       with an instrument set with a diamond. My wife and I
                       were delighted with what we felt was a satisfying end of
                       the story.
                 Sentence      Word


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                            We had a pretty good
                        apprentice school that trained
 CF: skilled & skillful laborers. But I doubted whether
                        Tony had the capacity to read
 skilled, skillful 表示“有技术的,熟练的”时可以互换,但
 skilled 通常是指受过正规训练,有多年实践经验而掌握某项专
                        blueprints and micrometers or do
 门技术。
                        precision work. Still, how could I
 skillful 是指人聪明,做事很灵巧,尤指手的灵巧。
                        turn him down?
s He is a skilled/skillful surgeon.
                            Tony took a cut in pay to become an apprentice.
s 罗斯的父亲是个熟练的机械师,因而她     Months later, I got a report that he had graduated as a
    也很会修理自行车。
                        skilled grinder. He had learned to read the millionths of an
T Rose’s father is a skilled mechanic micrometer and to shape the grinding wheel
                        inch on the
   so she has become skillful at
                        with an instrument set with a diamond. My wife and I
   repairing bicycles too.
                                              what
                        were delighted with Close we felt was a satisfying end of
                        the story.
                   Sentence      Word


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      A year or two passed, and again I found Tony in his
   usual waiting place. We talked about his work, and I
   asked him what he wanted.
     “Mr. Craw,” he said, “I like a buy a house.” On the edge
   of town, he had found a house for sale, a complete wreck.
      I called on a banker friend. “Do you ever loan money
   on character?” I asked. “No,” he said. “We can’t afford to.
   No sale.”
      “Now, wait a minute,” I replied. “Here is a hard-working
   man, a man of character, I can promise you that. He’s got
   a good job. You’re not getting a damn thing from your lot.
   It will stay there for years. At least he will pay your
   interest.”

   Sentence      Word


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                         A year or two passed, and again I found Tony in his
                      usual waiting place. We talked about his work, and I
for sale: available to be bought 待售,供出售
                      asked him what he wanted.
                        “Mr. Craw,” he sale.
      The company will put the houses for said, “I like a buy a house.” On the edge
                      of town, he had found a house for sale, a complete wreck.
   s Not for Sale. 非卖品。

Collocation:             I called on a banker friend. “Do you ever loan money
                          character?” I asked. “No,” he said. “We can’t afford to.
                          character
                      on 上市,出售;减价,贱卖
 on sale
                      No sale.”
 a sale on credit         赊购
                         “Now, wait a minute,” I replied.“Here is a hard-working
  on sale or return man, a man of character, I can promise you that. He’s got
                          包退包换的,无法销售可
                          以退货的
                      a good job. You’re not getting a damn thing from your lot.
                                              Close

                      It will stay there for years. At least he will pay your
                      interest.”

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                                 A year or two passed, and again I found Tony in his
                             usual waiting place. We talked about his work, and I
  call on:
                             asked him what he wanted.
  1) visit sb. for a short time
s    I’ll call on him tomorrow.
                                “Mr. Craw,” he said, “I like a buy a house.” On the edge
  2) summon; appeal of town, he had found a house for sale, a complete wreck.
s 他们号召全市工人支持这次罢工。                I called on a banker friend. “Do you ever loan money
                                   called on
                             on character?” I asked. “No,” he said. “We can’t afford to.
                                  character
T They called on the workers of the city to support
    the strike.              No sale. ”
 3) invite; require              “Now, wait a minute,” I replied.“Here is a hard-working
s    The host of the party man, on man of character, I can promise you that. He’s got
                              called a the Chairman
     to speak.               a good job. You’re not getting a damn thing from your lot.
                                             there Closeyears. At least he will pay your
                             It will stay Next      for
                             interest.”

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                     A year or two passed, and again I found Tony in his
                  usual waiting place. We talked about his work, and I
Collocation:      asked him what he wanted.
                    “Mr. Craw,” he said, “I like a buy a house.” On the edge
 call for      邀约;要求;需要
                  of town, he had found a house for sale, a complete wreck.
 call off      取消    I called on a banker friend. “Do you ever loan money
                  on character?” I asked. “No, ” he said. “We can’t afford to.
                      character
               打电话;召集;使人想起
 call up
                  No sale.”
  call in            “Now,
               顺路到某处;收回 wait a minute,” I replied. “Here is a hard-working

                  man, a man of character, I can promise you that. He’s got
                  a good job. You’re not getting a damn thing from your lot.
                                       Close
                  It will stay there for years. At least he will pay your
                  interest. ”

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                             A year or two passed, and again I found Tony in his
                         usual waiting place. We talked about his work, and I
loan:
 1. vt. lend             asked him what he wanted.
                            “Mr. Craw,” he said, “I like a buy a house.” On the edge
s The bank loaned me some money.
                         of town, he had found a house for sale, a complete wreck.
s The artist loaned her pictures to the museum.
                             I called on a banker friend. “Do you ever loan money
                                called on
                               character
  2. n.
     1) sth. lent, esp. aon character?” I asked. “No, ” he said. “We can’t afford to.
                          sum of money
 s The dictionary is a No sale.”gift.
                         loan, not a
 s                           “Now, wait
     Does the loan carry any interest? a minute,” I replied. “Here is a hard-working
     2) lending          man, a man of character, I can promise you that. He’s got
 s 我可以借你的打字机用一下吗? job. You’re not getting a damn thing from your lot.
                         a good
 T
                         It will typewriter?
     May I have the loan of yourstay there for years. At least he will pay your
                         interest.” Next
                                          Close


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                            A year or two passed, and again I found Tony in his
                         usual waiting place. We talked about his work, and I
Collocation:
                         asked him what he wanted.
 ask for the loan of                 请求借用„
                           “Mr. Craw,” he said, “I like a buy a house.” On the edge
 have the loan of …                  借„
 on loan                 of town, he had found a house for sale, a complete wreck.
                                     出借的
 a domestic (foreign) loan called on a banker friend. “Do you ever loan money
                                      on
                            I called 内(外)债
                             character I asked. “No, ” he said. “We can’t afford to.
                         on character?”国库券
 a public / government loan         公债,
 a loan for consumption sale.” 消费贷款
                         No
                                     担保贷款
 a loan on security         “Now, wait a minute,” I replied. “Here is a hard-working
 a gift (interest-free) loan         无息贷款
                         man, a man of character, I can promise you that. He’s got
                                     长期贷款
 a long-term loan
 a mortgage loan         a good job. You’re not getting a damn thing from your lot.
                                    抵押贷款, 抵押借款
                         It will stay there for years. At least he will pay your
                         interest.”           Close



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                            A year or two passed, and again I found Tony in his
                        usual waiting place. We talked about his work, and I
 character: n.
                        asked him what he wanted.
1) the particular collection of qualities that make
                           “Mr.
sb./sth. different from others Craw,” he said, “I like a buy a house. ” On the edge
s He has a strong butof town, he had found a house for sale, a complete wreck.
                         gentle character.
s 品质的培养应是教育的重点。             I called on a banker friend. “Do you ever loan money
                              called on
                        on character?” I asked. “No, ” he said. “We can’t afford to.
T Character building should be the main point of
                             character
   education.
                        No sale.”
s The new buildings have    “Now, wait a minute,” I replied. “Here is a hard-working
   changed the character of a man of character, I can promise you that. He’s got
                        man,
   the village.
                        a good job. You’re not getting a damn thing from your lot.
                        It will stay there for years. At least he will pay your
                                          Next      Close
                        interest. ”

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                              A year or two passed, and again I found Tony in his
                          usual waiting place. We talked about his work, and I
 2) person in a play, movie, etc.
                          asked him what he wanted.
s    I find all the characters in his new play very real.
                             “Mr. Craw,” he said, “I like a buy a house. ” On the edge
3) letter, sign or mark used in a system of writing or
     printing             of town, he had found a house for sale, a complete wreck.
s    a Chinese character 一个汉字 on a banker friend. “Do you ever loan money
                              I called
s   汉字看起来像是一幅幅小图画。        on character?” I asked. “No,” he said. “We can’t afford to.
                               character
T The characters in No sale.”
                           Chinese
    writing look like “Now, wait a minute,” I replied. “Here is a hard-working
                               small
    pictures.             man, a man of character, I can promise you that. He’s got
                          a good job. You’re not getting a damn thing from your lot.
                                            Next      Close

                          It will stay there for years. At least he will pay your
                          interest. ”

                    Sentence      Word


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                           A year or two passed, and again I found Tony in his
                       usual waiting place. We talked about his work, and I
CF: character, characteristic, feature & personality
                       asked him what he wanted.
这些词都是名词,都有“性格”、“品质”、“特征”的意思。
                          “Mr. Craw,” he said, “I like a buy a house.” On the edge
character 指成年人已经充分发展的生活方式,而且往往与品格 house for sale, a complete wreck.
                       of town, he had found a
有关。
                            I called on a banker friend. “Do you ever loan money
characteristic 指某物的任何方面,不涉及全局的重要性,但常
指有代表性的一个侧面,常用于科技领域。    on character?” I asked. “No,” he said. “We can’t afford to.
                             character
                       No sale.”
feature 通常指外貌的特征或特别的、附加的、有吸引力的东西。
                            “Now, wait a minute,” I replied. “Here is a hard-working
personality 偏重指一个人表现出来的无法明确阐述的整个情绪
                       man, a man of character, I can promise you that. He’s got
方面的特点,不与形容词连用时表示情感上的吸引力。
                       a good job. You’re not getting a damn thing from your lot.
                       It will stay Next  there for years. At least he will pay your
                                                   Close
                       interest.”

                    Sentence      Word


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                               A year or two passed, and again I found Tony in his
                           usual waiting place. We talked about his work, and I
  character, characteristic, feature & personality
                           asked given above and
  Fill in the blanks with the wordshim what he wanted.
                              “Mr. Craw,”
  translate the sentences into Chinese. he said, “I like a buy a house.” On the edge
                           of best
1. An aquiline nose was her town, he had .found a house for sale, a complete wreck.
    鹰钩鼻是她最明显的特征。 I called on a banker friend. “Do you ever loan money
2. He can read a guy’s                 at the
                                character first glance.
                           on character?” I asked. “No,” he said. “We can’t afford to.
    他一眼就可以看出一个人的品质。
                           No sale.”
3. He has character but no                  .
                               “Now, wait a minute,” I replied. “Here is a hard-working
    他有性格但没有个性。
4. A psychological reportman, a man of character, I can promise you that. He’s got
                            lists every possible
                           a good job. You’re not getting a damn thing from your lot.
   of the person being studied.
                           It will stay there
    一份心理学报告列举了研究对象所有可能有的特性。 for years. At least he will pay your
                           interest.”              Close


                     Sentence      Word


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     Reluctantly, the banker wrote a mortgage for $2,000
   and gave Tony the house with no down payment. Tony
   was delighted. From then on, it was interesting to see that
   any discarded odds and ends around our place—a broken
   screen, a bit of hardware, boards from packing—Tony
   would gather and take home.
                             After about two years, I found
                          Tony in our familiar meeting spot.
                          He seemed to stand a little
                          straighter. He was heavier. He had
                          a look of confidence.
                            “Mr. Craw, I sell my house! ” he
                          said with pride. “I got $8,000. ”
                             I was amazed. “But, Tony, where
                          are you going to live without
                          a house? ”
   Sentence      Word


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                            Reluctantly, the banker wrote a mortgage for $2,000
                        and gave Tony the house with no down payment. Tony
                        was delighted. From then on, it was interesting to see that
                        1.Fable
confidence: n. the quality of being certain of one’s
                        any discarded odds and ends around our place—a broken
           abilities or of trusting other people
                        screen, a bit of hardware, boards from packing—Tony
s I took them into my confidence.
                             Two Famous Fables
                        would gather and take home.
s I have every confidence in your ability to succeed.

s 我告诉你这件事是因为绝对相信你会保守秘密的。                                  After about two years, I found
                                                       Tony in our familiar meeting spot.
                                                       He seemed to stand a little
                                                       straighter. He was heavier. He had
                                                       a look of confidence.
T I am telling you this in strict confidence.           “Mr. Craw, I sell my house! ” he
                                                 Close said with pride. “ I got $8,000.”
                                                          I was amazed. “But, Tony, where
                                                       are you going to live without
                                                       a house? ”
                   Sentence      Word


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    “Mr. Craw, I buy a farm. ”
     We sat down and talked. Tony told me that to own a farm
   was his dream. He loved the tomatoes and peppers and all
   the other vegetables important to his Italian diet. He had
   sent for his wife and son and daughter back in Italy. He
   had hunted around the edge of town until he found a small,
   abandoned piece of property with a house and shed. Now
   he was moving his family to his farm.



   Sentence      Word


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                         “Mr. Craw, I buy a farm.”
send for: ask for the arrival of
                         We sat down and talked. Tony told me that to own a farm
    I was seriously ill and my father had to send for
    a doctor.         was his dream. He loved the tomatoes and peppers and all
s                     the other vegetables important to his Italian diet. He had
    Do you want to send for the police?
                      sent for his wife and son and daughter back in Italy. He
                      had hunted around the edge of town until he found a small,
                      abandoned piece of property with a house and shed. Now
                                               Close
                      he was moving his family to his farm.



                       Sentence     Word


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 hunt: v.                     “Mr. Craw, I buy a farm. “
1) search thoroughly (for)     We sat down and talked. Tony told me that to own a farm
s   警察在山中搜索逃犯。
                            was his dream. He loved the tomatoes and peppers and all
T The police are hunting for the escaped criminal in
   the mountain.            the other vegetables important to his Italian diet. He had
s They were hunting the area for a
                            sent for his wife and son and daughter back in Italy. He
   new apartment.
                            had hunted around the edge of town until he found a small,
2) go after (wild animals) for food or sport
                            abandoned piece of property with a house and shed. Now
s We often go out hunting in the holiday.
                            he was moving his family to his farm.

                                               Close



                             Sentence   Word


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                            “Mr. Craw, I buy a farm. ”
 abandon: v. give up completely and forever
                            We sat down and talked. Tony told me that to own a farm
                          was his dream. He loved the tomatoes and peppers and all
s The cruel father abandoned his newborn daughter.

                          the other vegetables important to his Italian diet. He had
      One of my classmates had to abandon the
      trip because of his sent for his wife and son and daughter back in Italy. He
                          father’s illness.
                          had hunted around the edge of town until he found a small,
                          abandoned piece of property with a house and shed. Now
                          he was moving his family to his farm.
                                            Close




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property: n.                  “Mr. Craw, I buy a farm. ”
1) land, buildings or both together
                              We sat down and talked. Tony told me that to own a farm
s Little property was left in the small country after
   the war.                was his dream. He loved the tomatoes and peppers and all
                           the other
 2) The thing or things that sb. owns vegetables important to his Italian diet. He had
s The factory is my uncle’s private property.
                           sent for his wife and son and daughter back in Italy. He
     public property         公共财产 sent for
     personal property     had hunted around the edge of town until he found a small,
                             动产      hunted
     real property         abandoned piece of property with a house and shed. Now
                             不动产
                                   abandoned      Close
                           he was moving his family to his farm.



                     Sentence      Word


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      Sometime later, Tony arrived on a Sunday afternoon,
   neatly dressed. He had another Italian man with him. He
   told me that he had persuaded his childhood friend to
   move to America. Tony was sponsoring him. With an
   amused look in his eye, he told me that when they
   approached the little farm he now operated, his friend
   stood in amazement and said, “Tony, you are a
   millionaire!”
      Then, during the war, a message came from my
   company. Tony had passed away.



   Sentence      Word


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                             Sometime later, Tony arrived on a Sunday afternoon,
 sometime: adv. at a time neatly dressed. He had another Italian man with him. He
                          that is unknown or has not
           yet been fixedtold me that he had persuaded his childhood friend to
CF: sometime, sometimes & some time
 sometime 在某时候, 曾经 move to America. Tony was sponsoring him. With an
 sometimes 有时,不时,间或       amused look in his eye, he told me that when they
 some time 一段时间           approached the little farm he now operated, his friend
s 我希望明年某个时候你再来。
                          stood in amazement and said, “Tony, you are a
T I hope you will come again sometime next year.
s 我有时会收到他的信。              millionaire! ”
T I sometimes hear from him. Then, during the war, a message came from my
s 我已经等了你一些时候了。
                          company. Tony had passed away.
T   I have been waiting for you some time.
                                                    Close



                          Sentence           Word


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                              Sometime later, Tony arrived on a Sunday afternoon,
 sponsor:                  neatly dressed. He had another Italian man with him. He
 1.v. support by giving money, encouragement or
       other help          told me that he had persuaded his childhood friend to
                            sponsored America. Tony was sponsoring him. With an
       The exhibition was move to by the
       Society of Culture.
s 一些大公司赞助了这次的时装表演。         amused look in his eye, he told me that when they
T Some large companies     approached the little farm he now operated, his friend
   sponsored this fashion show. in amazement and said, “Tony, you are a
                           stood
 2. n. one who puts forward or
                           millionaire! ”
         guarantees a proposal
     a sponsor country 主办国    Then, during the war, a message came from my
                                              Close
                           company. Tony had passed away.



                   Sentence      Word


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                           Sometime later, Tony arrived on a Sunday afternoon,
 approach:             neatly dressed. He had another Italian man with him. He
 1.v. come near or nearer to
                       told me that he had persuaded his childhood friend to
s The boys had approached the tunnel when they
   played the game.    move to America. Tony was sponsoring him. With an
s 性能近乎完美。
T The performance
                       amused look in his eye, he told me that when they
                       approached the little farm he now operated, his friend
   approaches perfection.
                       stood in amazement and said, “Tony, you are a
s The young teacher is easy to
  approach and all the students
                       millionaire!”
  like to answer her questions.
 2. n. way                 Then, during the war, a message came from my
s 每个人的学习方法都不一样。
                       company. Tony had passed away.
T   Everyone has his own approach to study.
                                                Close



                       Sentence       Word


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                      Sometime later, Tony arrived on a Sunday afternoon,
  pass away: die   neatly dressed. He had another Italian man with him. He
                   told me that he had persuaded his childhood friend to
s He passed away peacefully.

 collocation:      move to America. Tony was sponsoring him. With an
      pass by    不注意,忽视
                   amused look in his eye, he told me that when they
      pass down  使传下来
                   approached the little farm he now operated, his friend
      pass over  对„不加考虑 in amazement and said, ”Tony, you are a
                   stood
     pass out      millionaire!”
                 失去知觉,昏倒

     pass off    终止,停止Then, during the war, a message came from my
                                     Close
                   company. Tony had passed away.



                 Sentence      Word


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      I asked our people to check on his family and see that
   everything was properly handled. They found the farm
   green with vegetables, the little house livable and homey.
   There was a tractor and a good car in the yard. The
   children were educated and working, and Tony didn’t owe
   a cent.
      After he passed away, I thought more and more about
   Tony’s career. He grew in stature in my mind. In the end, I
   think he stood as tall, and as proud, as the greatest
   American industrialists.



   Sentence      Word


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                              I asked our people to check on his family and see that
 handle:                  everything was properly handled. They found the farm
 1.v.
 1) manage; control green with vegetables, the little house livable and homey.
                          There was a tractor and a good car in the yard. The
s How to handle the contradiction correctly among the
   people is important to steady development.
                          children were educated and working, and Tony didn’t owe
T 正确处理人们内部的矛盾对稳定发展很重要。
                          a cent.
 2) touch, lift, or hold with the hands
                             After he passed away, I thought more and more about
      Wash your hands before you handle the white paper.
                          Tony’s career. operated with
 2. n. a part that is designed to be held or He grew in stature in my mind. In the end, I
         the hand         think he stood as tall, and as proud, as the greatest
s The handle is not well fixed.
                          American industrialists. Close




                    Sentence      Word


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     They had all reached their success by the same route
  and by the same values and principles: vision,
  determination, self-control, optimism, self-respect and,
  above all, integrity.
     Tony did not begin on the bottom rung of the ladder. He
  began in the basement. Tony’s affairs were tiny; the
  greatest industrialists’ affairs were giant. But, after all, the
  balance sheets were exactly the same. The only
  difference was where you put the decimal point.
    Tony Trivisonno came to America seeking the American
  Dream. But he didn’t find it ─ he created it for himself. All
  he had were 24 precious hours a day, and he wasted
  none of them.


   Sentence      Word


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                          They had all reached their success by the same route
                      and by the same values and principles: vision,
                      determination, self-control, optimism, self-respect and,
above all: most important of all
                                 all
                      above all, integrity.
s He was concerned above all with the truth of the
  accident.
                          Tony did not begin on the bottom rung of the ladder. He
Collocation:
                      began in the basement. Tony’s affairs were tiny; the
  after all         毕竟, 终究, 归根结底
                      greatest industrialists’ affairs were giant. But, after all, the
  at all           完全, 全然
                      balance sheets were exactly the same. The only
  first of all      首先balance
                      difference was where you put the decimal point.
  in all           总计;总的说来
                        Tony Trivisonno came to America seeking the American
  all but          几乎, 差一点;除„外全部
                      Dream. But he didn’ find it ─he created it for himself. All
  all in all       总之
                      he had were 24 precious hours a day, and he wasted
                                                Close
                      none of them.


                    Sentence      Word


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                           They had all reached their success by the same route
                        and by the same values and principles: vision,
 balance: 1.n.
                        determination, self-control, optimism, self-respect and,
                        above credit and the debit
 1) the difference between the all
      side; a remainder above all, integrity.
s a bank balance      银行余额 Tony did not begin on the bottom rung of the ladder. He
                        began in the
s 剩下来的工资全用来购买花卉栽培的新书上了。 basement. Tony’s affairs were tiny; the

                        greatest industrialists’ affairs were giant. But, after all, the
T The balance of the wages was devoted to new books
   on flower culture.   balance sheets were exactly the same. The only
s You may keep the balance.
                        difference was where you put the decimal point.
 2) a weighing device
                          Tony Trivisonno came to America seeking the American
s The balance is an apparatus for weighing, not for
   you to play.         Dream. But he didn’t find it ─he created it for himself. All
                                        24 Close
                        he had wereNext precious hours a day, and he wasted
                        none of them.


                      Sentence      Word


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                              They had all reached their success by the same route
                           and by the same values and principles: vision,
 3) a state of equilibrium determination, self-control, optimism, self-respect and,
s 孩子骑在他的新自行车上用双腿保持
                                   all
                           above all, integrity.
    平衡。
                              Tony did
T The child could keep his balance not begin on the bottom rung of the ladder. He
                           began
   with his legs on his new bicycle. in the basement. Tony’s affairs were tiny; the
2.v.                       greatest industrialists’ affairs were giant. But, after all, the
1) keep or put something in a
   steady position
                           balance sheets were exactly the same. The only
                           balance
                           difference was where you
s I’m trying to balance on the ball on one foot in order to put the decimal point.
  win the prize.             Tony Trivisonno came to America seeking the American
                           Dream. But he didn’t find it─he created it for himself. All
2) show equal totals of debits and credits
                           for had were 24 precious hours a day, and he wasted
s My accounts balancehe the first time this year!

                           none of them.             Close



                      Sentence      Word


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  After Reading

          1. Discussion
           2. Dictation
           3. Useful Expressions
           4. Sentence Translation
           5. Summary Writing
           6. Make Up a Story
           7. Proverbs and Quotations




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                             Discussion

    1. What is the author’s interpretation of the American
        Dream as illustrated in the story of Tony?

     2. Do you think integrity, determination and hard work
        can take everyone from log cabin to White House?
        Why or why not?

     3. Do you have a dream? If you have, how do you try to
        fulfill it?




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                              Dictation
      Listen and fill in the blanks with the missing words.


 1)     assume      2) determination   3)    capacity      4) precision

5)     graduate     6)   instrument    7) character        8) screen

9)     hardware    10)   confidence    11)    amaze       12)     diet

13)    abandon     14)    property
                                       15) approach 16)          handle
17)      route     18)    vision       19)     giant      20)    balance




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                        Useful Expressions

     1. 结结巴巴的英语                   broken English
     2. 大萧条时期                     the Depression days
     3. 上门求助                      come to sb. for help
     4. 重整业务                      rebuild one’s business
     5. 夏去秋来                      summer passes into fall
     6. 人事部门                      personnel department
     7. 培训工人                      train laborers
     8. 徒工学校                      an apprentice school
     9. 精密加工工作                    precision work
     10.减薪水                       take a cut in pay


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                        Useful Expressions

    11. 人品贷款                      loan money on character
    12. 没门                        no sale
    13. 人品端正                      a man of character
    14. 首付                        down payment
    15. 从那以后                      from then on
    16. 零星杂物                      odds and ends
    17. 样子自信                      have a look of confidence
    18. 穿戴整齐                      be neatly dressed
    19. 儿时的伙伴                     childhood friends
    20. 最后                        in the end


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                    Sentence Translation
          Translate the sentences from Chinese into English.

   1.她所遇到的挫折从未削弱她找出解决办法的决心。
      Her determination to work out the method was never
      weakened by the frustration she met with.

    2. 罢工者拒绝了老板们昨天提出的工资标准。

       The strikers have turned down yesterday’s pay offer
       from the employers.

    3. 他是一个有钱的人,同时又是一个人品端正的人。

       He is a man of property as well as a man of character.




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                    Sentence Translation
          Translate the sentences from Chinese into English.

    4. 冬天渐近,天气变得冷多了。

        As winter approached, the weather became much colder.

    5. 考生很有自信地回答问题。

        The examinee answered the question with confidence.




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                       Summary Writing

      From the start, Tony showed his determination to achieve his
   dream (实现梦想的决心).When he came to Mr.Crawford for help(找
   Crawford先生帮忙) for the first time, Mr. Crawford turned him down
   (拒绝了他), but he didn’t give up. Later, Mr. Crawford offered him a
   job in the factory, he worked hard, and learned to be a skilled
   worker (通过学习成为技术工人). Then with Mr. Crawford’s help, he
   managed to get a loan on character (以人品担保得到贷款) for a
   house. Finally he bought a farm, and he was able to send for his
   family (把家人接来). His dream came true.




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                          Make Up a Story

    Suppose you were Tony Trivisonno. You told your life story to
    your grandchildren according to the pictures given. Some key
    words are given to you.


      mow the lawn, clean up the yard,      clear snow,   an
      apprentice, skilled, buy a house, a wreck, buy a farm




                                      Click here to see the pictures!




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                   Proverbs and Quotations

     1. Slow and steady wins the race.

         不怕缓慢,只要意志坚定就能赢得胜利.


     2. When the going gets tough, the tough gets going.

         艰难之路,唯勇者行。


      3. Adversity reveals genius; fortune conceals it.
          苦难显才华,好运隐天资。




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                   Proverbs and Quotations

     4. Diligence is the mother of good luck.

         勤奋是幸运之母。


     5. Confidence in yourself is the first step on the road to success.

         自信是走向成功之路的第一步。


      6. A man is valued as he makes himself valuable.
          一个人价值的高低,全在他自己的所为。




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                  Proverbs and Quotations

     7. Work banishes those three great evils: boredom, vice and
        poverty.
                                        -- Voltaire, French writer
        工作撵跑三个魔鬼:厌烦、堕落和贫穷。
                                    -- 法国作家 伏尔泰

     8. Nothing is more dangerous than discontinued labor.
                                      -- Victor Hugo, French writer

         没有什么比停止劳动更危险的了。
                                     -- 法国作家 V. 雨果




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