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					                      Study Guide




         Romeo and Juliet
                     William Shakespeare


             Name:___________________________________
             English I Academic

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           Romeo and Juliet Character List


                    Prince Escalus- Prince of Verona



Montagues                                     Capulets
Romeo- young lover                            Juliet- young lover
Lord Montague- father                         Lord Capulet- father
Lady Montague- mother                         Lady Capulet- mother
Benvolio- cousin, peace-maker                 Tybalt- short-tempered cousin
Mercutio- witty friend                        Nurse- nanny
Abram and Balthazar- servants                 Peter- servant
                                              Sampson and Gregory- servants




                         Friar Lawrence- advice-giver
                           Friar John- another Friar
                          Paris- wants to marry Juliet
                           Apothecary- pharmacist




 “From forth the fatal loins of those two foes
 A pair of star-crossed lovers take their life.”


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                            Romeo and Juliet Act 1

Act 1 Prologue
   1. The Prologue gives information to the viewer/reader. What does it say about the
      plot and setting of the play?




   2. What is meant by “star-crossed” lovers?




Act 1 scene 1
   3. Explain how Sampson tries to provoke Abram to not only fight with him, but to
      actually initiate the fight.




   4. Explain how Benvolio and Tybalt create foil in this scene. Give a quotation from
      each character to illustrate this point.




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   5. Prince Escalus foreshadows what will happen if the street brawls between the
      Montagues and Capulets occur again. Quote and explain his statement.




   6. Why has Romeo been in such a melancholy (sad) mood lately? Quote a line to
      support your answer. (Find examples of oxymoron in one of Romeo’s speeches.)




   7. What is Benvolio’s advice to Romeo? How does Romeo respond to it?




Act 1 scene 2
   8. Capulet, Juliet’s father, gives her age and a plan for Paris. Report these two pieces
      of information.




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   9. What kind of father does Capulet seem to be? Why? Quote a line to support your
      answer.




   10. Explain how Romeo and Benvolio find out about the party at the Cauplet house.
       How has “fate” had a role in the meeting of Romeo and Juliet?




   11. Explain why Benvolio thinks it is a good idea for Romeo to go to the party.




   12. Explain how Romeo feels about going to the party. Quote a line to support your
       answer.




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Act 1 scene 3
   13. How does Juliet react to her mother’s idea of marriage? What does Juliet agree to
       do about Paris’ wooing her?




   14. There are three metaphors used to describe Paris. Explain one and what it “says”
       about Paris.




Act 1 scene 4
   15. Find two examples of a pun in Romeo’s comments to Mercutio. Explain what he
       means by the puns.




   16. What is Mercutio’s advice to Romeo about love? Quote lines for support.




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   17. What does Mercutio’s long monologue about Queen Mab reveal about the way he
       feels about dreams? How does Mercutio act as a foil to Romeo?




   18. Romeo says it is not a good idea to go to the feast because of a dream he had.
       Quote and explain an example of foreshadowing in the final lines of the scene.




Act 1 scene 5
   19. Explain what kind of mood Capulet is in at the beginning of the scene. What fond
       memory of his past does he recall?




   20. Romeo first lays eyes on Juliet on line 51. Explain the dramatic irony of this
       moment. (HINT: What do we know that Romeo does not know?)




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   21. How does Tybalt react to Romeo’s presence? What does Capulet decide to do?




   22. How does Tybalt foreshadow what will happen the next time he meets Romeo?
       Hint- line 100.




   23. Romeo and Juliet’s first conversation is written in the form of a sonnet. What does
       this show about their relationship? Explain.




   24. How do Romeo and Juliet feel about each other? How do they feel after they learn
       that each is from an enemy family?




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                             Romeo and Juliet Act 2

Act 2 scene 1
   25. Where does this scene take place? How much time has passed since the end of Act
       1?




   26. Dramatic irony is a technique used by writers when the audience knows
       something that the characters do not know. At the beginning of the scene, what
       do we know that Mercutio and Benvolio don’t know?




Act 2 scene 2
   27. Find the metaphor that Romeo uses to describe Juliet’s beauty, as he sees her
       appear at her balcony. What does this metaphor suggest about Juliet?




   28. Summarize Juliet’s monologue from lines 41-52. Why does she say, “O be some
       other name!”?




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   29. After Romeo appears, what is Juliet embarrassed about?




   30. What object does Romeo offer to swear his love by? Why doesn’t Juliet like this
       idea?




   31. Juliet says, “..I have no joy of this contract tonight. It is too rash, too unadvised,
       too sudden…” Nonetheless, what arrangement does she make with Romeo?




   32. Where is Romeo headed at the end of the scene and for what purpose?




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Act 2 scene 3
   33. Who is Friar Lawrence? What is he doing at the beginning of the scene?




   34. In Friar Lawrence’s opening soliloquy, quote an example of personification AND
       an example of simile.




   35. Why does the Friar agree to perform the marriage ceremony?




   36. What are Friar Lawrence’s final words of advice to Romeo in this scene? (Quote
       actual lines.) Why is this especially appropriate, knowing what the reader knows
       about Romeo?




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Act 2 scene 4
   37. Explain the dramatic irony at the beginning of the scene. (What do you know
       that Benvolio and Mercutio do not know?)




   38. What news concerning Tybalt does Benvolio bring?




   39. Give one example of Mercutio’s rudeness to the Nurse. Why do you think he
       behaves in this manner?




   40. Romeo gives the Nurse two important instructions regarding Juliet. Report these
       instructions.




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Act 2 scene 5
   41. Why does Juliet become annoyed with the Nurse in this scene?




   42. Do you think the Nurse approves of Romeo? Why or why not?




Act 2 scene 6
   43. “These violent delights have violent ends/ And in their triumph die, like fire and
       powder.” Explain the oxymoron and simile at work in Friar Lawrence’s lines
       above. What is Friar Lawrence concerned about?




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                             Romeo and Juliet Act 3

Act 3 scene 1
   44. Explain how Mercutio teases Benvolio in the beginning of the scene.




   45. Why does Romeo refuse to fight Tybalt? Quote lines to support your response.




   46. Why do you think Mercutio draws his sword and provokes Tybalt in this scene?




   47. Explain the pun that Mercutio uses in his final moments (line 96). What is the
       pun and how is it used?




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   48. Romeo does not appear to be a passionate fighter. Explain what drives him to kill
       Tybalt.




   49. Summarize the Prince’s speech (lines 196-207).




Act 3 scene 2
   50. Identify and explain the allusions in lines 1-4. (Hint- remember the Phaethon
       myth?)




   51. Find one example of a literary device in the scene: pun, oxymoron,
       personification, simile, or metaphor. Copy the lines and provide an explanation.




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Act 3 scene 3
   52. What does Romeo do when he finds out he is banished? How does the Friar
       respond?




   53. Explain why Friar Lawrence criticized Romeo in this scene. Quote lines to
       support your response.




Act 3 scene 4
   54. What important decision is made in this scene? Explain its negative implications.




Act 3 scene 5
   55. Explain why Romeo and Juliet are talking about the lark and the nightingale in
       this scene. Why do they both wish it were a nightingale they heard singing?




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   56. Explain Lord Capulet’s reaction to Juliet’s refusal to marry Paris. Quote lines to
       support your response.




   57. What is the Nurse’s advice to Juliet? How does Juliet receive it?




                              Romeo and Juliet Act 4

Act 4 scene 1
   58. Find and explain an allusion in Paris’ words to Friar Lawrence. (HINT: the
       allusion is a reference to mythology.)




   59. How does Paris explain the sudden haste of marriage plans?




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   60. Explain the dramatic irony that exists in the conversation between Juliet and
       Paris. (What do you (the reader) know that Paris does not know?)




   61. Describe the steps of the Friar’s plan for Juliet.




   62. Why would the Friar ask Juliet to carry out such a dangerous plan instead of just
       going to her parents and explaining that she was already married to Romeo?




Act 4 scene 2
   63. What is happening in the Capulet household at the beginning of this scene?




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   64. Quote the lines that tell Juliet is consenting to marry Paris, even though she
       doesn’t mean it.




   65. Describe how her father reacts to this news.




Act 4 scene 3
   66. One of the important soliloquies in this play is in this scene. Put Juliet’s soliloquy,
       lines 14 – 58, in your own words.




   67. Juliet has three concerns with Friar Lawrence’s plan. Name the three concerns.




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   68. What thought finally gives Juliet the strength to drink the potion?




Act 4 scene 4
   69. What time of day is it in this scene? What has gone on all night long?




Act 4 scene 5
   70. What discovery was made at the beginning of this scene? Who makes this
       discovery?




   71. There is much grief and sadness in this scene. How does each character (Capulet,
       Lady Capulet, Paris, Friar Lawrence) differ in his/her grief?




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   72. What advice does Friar Laurence give to comfort the Capulet family? Would this
       reaction seem odd to anyone else?




   73. From this Act, define and select and explain an example of ONE of the following
       figures of speech: simile, metaphor, OR personification.




   74. Find 2 examples of dramatic irony in Act4. What does the reader know that one
       or more characters do not know? List them and explain.




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                             Romeo and Juliet Act 5

Act 5 scene 1
   75. Explain Romeo’s dream at the beginning of Act 5. How was Romeo’s dream both
       good and bad?




   76. What news does Balthasar deliver to Romeo? How does Romeo react to this
       news? Quote actual lines to support your answer.




   77. Describe the apothecary and the apothecary’s shop. Quote actual lines to support
       your answer.




   78. Why does the apothecary at first refuse to sell the poison to Romeo?




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   79. How does Romeo convince the apothecary to sell him the poison?




Act 5 scene 2
   80. Why was Friar John unable to deliver Friar Lawrence’s letter to Romeo?




   81. What does Friar Lawrence plan to do after learning that Romeo never received his
       letter?




Act 5 scene 3
   82. When scene 3 opens, who is at the Capulet’s vault? Why is this character there?




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   83. Paraphrase the conversation between Paris and Romeo. What does Romeo do to
       Paris? Why?




   84. Explain the dramatic irony in the final scene between Romeo and Juliet.




   85. What has happened to Lady Montague? Why has this taken place?




   86. Which events in this act could be due to fate? How much responsibility do you
       think fate bears in tragedy? Explain.




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   87. The Prince blames Montague, Capulet, and himself for this tragedy. Who do you
       think should take the most blame? Explain.




   88. Do you think either Romeo or Juliet grows in character from the beginning of the
       play to the end? Support your answer with evidence from the play?




   89. Explain the agreement that was made between Lord Capulet and Lord Montague
       at the very end of the play. How do Lord Capulet and Lord Montague promise to
       honor the other’s loss?




To receive full credit for your answers, you must write COMPLETE SENTENCES.        25

				
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