By Jill Schnall and Tim DiPaolo Introduction States are contracting private prisons to take prisoners from public prisons mainly to relieve overcrowding States pay certain amount to firms for each prisoner in the private prison depending on security level Corrections Corporation of America vs. GEO group Inc. (Wackenhut Corrections) has built prisons in US, Australia, UK and Canada and under contract in New Zealand and the Netherlands History Cont. • 1998 Corrections Corporation of America charged with maintaining unsafe conditions by allowing inmates needing maximum security transferred into a minimum security prison in Youngstown, Ohio from Washington, D.C. due to relaxed screening – fatal for 2 inmates • 1999 2 CCA prisons in NM had stabbings and deaths 2002 TN Supreme Court decided in Memphis Publishing Company vs. Cherokee Children and Family Services that private facilities performing government services have to fulfill public reporting requirements History Cont. 2005 Prison Legal News sued GEO group for incompliance with FL laws on public records 2007 Friedmann v. CCA – PLN sued due to incompliance with 2002 court decision CCA unwilling to comply with Freedom of Information Act 2002-2008, 85 CCA employees were charged with crimes 2007 Proposed H.R. 1889, Private Prison Information Act would require private companies to disclose information History • Began to appear in early 1980s primarily in the South and West • The Justice Assistance Act of 1984 allowed prisons to contract out inmates to private entrepreneurs • 1985 first state-level private-prison contract was signed in KY • 1990 Illinois expressly forbidding prison privatization – government function • 1998 North Carolina ended contractual arrangement with CCA for operation of 2 facilities CCA had built For Private Prisons Prevent overcrowding Save tax payer dollars Not a new idea Contractual and legal safeguards to ensure quality Contract can be terminated for mismanagement For Private Prisons Cont. Financial incentives help to maintain order and security Many studies show that privately run prisons have a higher quality of service and level of performance Freedom to set their own budget and design their own facilities Provide healthcare, education, and rehab Against Private Prisons Savings are a result of lower quality services (food, medical care, basic needs) Lower levels of staff and training Misplacement of inmates Doing justice should be the government’s job Profit motives cause operators to cut corners Against Private Prisons Cont. Officials in private prisons report the behavior of prisoners to state authorities States often do not oversee prisoner transfers in privatized prisons Gaining power may cause private companies to have influence over corrections policy Corrections Corporation of America (CCA) Innovative, efficient, cost effective, forward- thinking correctional solutions Helps Economy Pays sales taxes and property taxes Pays utility payments and construction costs. Creates jobs for an average of 200 skilled tradespersons on new construction projects Employs hundreds of new professionals Revitalizes existing local businesses and helps establish new ones CCA Cont. Helps Community Community Relations Committees Supports a variety of causes and organizations ○ Habitat for Humanity, the American Cancer Society, March of Dimes, the American Red Cross Variety of rehabilitation/education programs addictions treatment, GED preparation/testing, post-secondary studies, life skills, employment training, recreational options & work opportunities American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees (AFSCME) Prison run on taxpayers' expense Gets lower quality of services Understaffed, unqualified and poorly trained corrections personnel Public workers are laid off Corruption scandals “preserve quality public services, ensure that public service employees are treated fairly and hold elected officials accountable to the public” AFSME Cont. Supports H.R. 2305 – Public Safety Act End taxpayer-supported privatization Corporations care more about profit than public safety and security Fundamental government responsibility Table 3. Number of State or Federal Prisoners in Private Facilities, 2000- 2008 Number of Prisoners Year Total Federal State Percent of All Prisoners 2000 87,369 15,524 71,845 6.3% 2001 91,828 19,251 72,577 5.8% 2002 93,912 20,274 73,638 6.5% 2003 95,707 21,865 73,842 6.5% 2004 98,628 24,768 73,860 6.6% 2005 107,940 27,046 80,894 7.1% 2006 113,697 27,726 85,971 7.2% 2007 123,942 31,310 92,632 7.8% 2008 128,524 33,162 95,362 8.0% Average annual change 2000-07 5.1% 10.5% 3.7% : Percent change 2007-08 3.7% 5.9% 2.9% : Source: Sabol, William J., Heather C. West, and Matthew Cooper, Prisoners in 2008, Appendix Table 18. Note: Figures are as of December 31 for each calendar year. Evidence/Statistics For Private Prisons Prison population is growing by more than 400% each decade Federal prisons would need 35,000- 40,000 new beds each year Control 87,000 beds at 65 institutions 2009 – net income of $42.5 million Evidence/Statistics: Against Private Prisons Arizona 49% more assaults on staff members 66% more inmate on inmate assaults 53% turnover rate of employees Starting wages 23.4% lower Higher position wages 39.4% lower Evidence/Statistics Against Private Prisons GAO spent 1 year examining studies of private and public prison costs http://www.afscme.org/publications/2550.cfm Recent Developments July 3 2010 prisoners escape from AZ private prison – untrained guards and faulty security system 2010 SB 1070 (Arizona Immigration Law) would put more inmates into private prisons in AZ Nov 2010 AZ state audit found private prisons cost taxpayers per inmate $55.89 per day while public prisons $48.13 a day Prop. 19 in CA – less prisoners for CCA private prisons Nov 2010 Walnut Grove, the Walnut Correctional Authority and GEO group vs. Dennis Earl Holmes Green Party Private prisons should be illegal Prisons treat people as their product Provide worse service than government run facilities Profits come from understaffing Arnold Schwarzenegger’s View on Private Prisons In favor of private prisons Public Prisons are too crowded Government spends too much money on prisons Cut costs on prisons Arizona Democrats Oppose giving control of state prisons to private corporations Unregulated Safety Issue Additional Information http://www.correctionscorp.com/ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yXOH tlvO9jI Works Cited 2001, By. "Prisons, Privatization, And Public Values." Restructuring Local Government. Web. 03 Nov. 2010. <http://government.cce.cornell.edu/doc/html/PrisonsPrivatization.htm>. "About Us | Corrections Corporation of America." CCA. Web. 03 Nov. 2010. <http://www.correctionscorp.com/about/>. o "AFSCME - AFSCME Corrections United: 10 Years of Federal Legislative Advocacy ." American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees (AFSCME). N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Nov. 2010. <http://www.afscme.org/workers/6590.cfm>. o "AFSCME - Corrections." American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees (AFSCME). N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Nov. 2010. <http://www.afscme.org/workers/67.cfm>. o Anderson, George M.. "Prisons for Profit." America Magazine . N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Nov. 2010. <http://www.americamagazine. Buduson, Sarah. "Audit: Private Prisons Cost Slightly More - Phoenix News Story - KPHO Phoenix." 4 Nov. 2010. Web. 04 Nov. 2010. <http://www.kpho.com/news/25628062/detail.html>. "CCA." CCA. N.p., n.d. 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