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Chains by Laurie Halse Anderson and her sister, Ruth, Isabel were owned by Miss Mary Finch. At Miss Finch’s funeral, Isabel goes to her mother’s grave to seek guidance about their freedom and future. Isabel – main character Ruth – Isabel’s sister Miss Mary Finch – owned Isabel, Ruth, and momma Rhode Island – where story begins Isabelattempts to convince Mr. Robert Finch that she are Ruth are to be freed as written in Miss Finch’s will. Mr. Robert refuses to free them and decides to take the girls to be sold in Newport. Isabelgrabs seeds as Mr. Robert comes to take her and her sister to Newport to be sold. Ruth and Isabel are sold to the Locktons. Jenny, a friend of their mother, tried to buy the girls but she couldn’t outbid the Locktons. The Locktons – a rich Loyalist couple Sullivan’s Tavern- the place where Isabel and Ruth were sold. and Ruth were on a boat Isabel headed for New York. They were sad that their momma would never see them again because ghosts can’t go over water. Isabel hoped that the ship would sink before reaching New York. Isabel,Ruth, and the Locktons arrive in New York. Mrs. Lockton denies Bellingham, a Patriot General, permission to search through her bags for proof that they’re Loyalists. Then, Curzon takes Isabel to the water pump. Loyalist – Isabel belongs to a Loyalist family and they believe England should have control. Bellingham – He was part of Patriots and is against the Locktons. His slave Curzon is trying to get Isabel to help. “Freedom and liberty has many meanings” – the Loyalists and Patriots think of it differently and Isabel is looking for freedom. WhileCurzon takes Isabel to the water pump, he tells her that Loyalists, such as the Locktons are wrong, and are trying to take freedom away. He asks her to deliver messages to him for the Patriots. Isabel needs to make a decision. Curzon – He is a Patriot’s slave. He tries to get Isabel to help the Patriots by listening to what Mr. Lockton says. Slave – Curzon tells Isabel that the Patriots will help her get her freedom if she helps them. Rebel – another name for Patriots; rebels are fighting for freedom from Loyalists. Isabelwas being taught by Becky, the Lockton’s servant, what to do in the household. Becky told her to stay away from Curzon because he might be trouble. Isabel learns that the Locktons are Loyalists but pretended to be Patriots on the docks to protect themselves. Tories – another name for a Loyalist Patriots – people who want independence from Britain. Loyalists – people who want to be united with Britain. Tea Water Pump – place where Isabel gets water Isabelexplains how her first day working at the Lockton’s house goes. Madam Lockton uses Ruth as her personal maid. Becky tells Isabel that Madam treats her slaves harshly so she should listen to her at all times. Isabel is troubled by Curzon’s offer to spy on the Locktons. Isabelwas dreaming about freedom while sharpening knives when she was called to meet Lady Seymour. There she saw that Ruth was scared and sad. She was then asked to serve Mr. Lockton and overheard his plans to bribe the rebel army. “Every man willing to switch sides is to be paid 5 guineas and 200 acres of land…” “His majesty’s ships are very close, closer that you know. This rebellion will be smashes like glass under a heavy boot…” “What did I tell you about silence?” She [Madam] said roughly. Ruth raised one shaking finger to her mouth and said, “Shh”.” AfterRuth is asleep, Isabel sneaks out to visit Curzon at his residence. She gives him information about Mr. Lockton’s hidden money and plot to bribe Patriots. Curzon tells Isabel that he will inform Colonel Bellingham and not to seem suspicious because the colonel will know who she is. When Isabel awakens she expects to be free. Patriot soldiers come to the Lockton’s home to search for the money Lockton was hiding. When the Patriot soldiers don’t find any money, Bellingham arrests Mr. Lockton for putting many peoples lives in danger by aiding the enemy. Isabel and Ruth aren’t freed. MasterLockton has been arrested. Becky sent Isabel to tell Lady Seymour what happened. Then Lady Seymour sent Isabel to the lawyers office and with a letter for Mrs. Lockton saying that Elihu [Mr. Lockton] would be home soon. Master Lockton returns from prison; however, he does not suspect Isabel. Isabel’s new duty is to go to the water pump every morning. One morning she sees Curzon again and he explains that they need a letter or some other kind of proof against Lockton because his aunt is well connected. Isabel doesn’t want to her Curzon talk about liberty anymore. Isabel over hears Mr. Lockton, Goldbutton, and the mayor’s conversation about the war. They are discussing their plan to kill General George Washington. They have a list of people who know about the plan. “The time for bribery and persuasion is past. This is the hour when we must unsheath our swords.” “The paper will serve as my insurance should I fall into rebel hands again. It will motivate you and our friends to do everything possible to secure my release.” Ruth has a seizure. Madam Lockton is angry and upset. She calls Ruth the devil and demands that Ruth be sold. Master Lockton reminds Mrs. Lockton that Ruth and Isabel are sister and refuses to have Ruth sold. Chapter XVI Isabel steals Mr. Locktons list of names. She presents it to Colonel Regan. She asks for freedom in trade for the information. Isabel believes she is closer than ever to her main goal. Freedom with Ruth. Chapter XVII Key words/people/place/battles Committee to Conserve Kings Peace – Treaty of assassination to kill General Washington Colonel Regan – Patriot colonel Isabel informed of the assassination Battery – fort for rebel soldiers Chapter XVII Isabel awaits news from Colonel Regan. Madam fears the “demon” inside Ruth. Mr. Goldbuttons arrives to inform Mr. Lockton that their plot to kill Washington was uncovered. So, Mr. Lockton plans to leave town to escape his consequences of planning the murder, leaving Madam Lockton. Nine conspirators were charged with treason. Chapter XVII Key words/people/battles/ places Ad Astra – the code/password to the rebel’s headquarters. Treason – Mr. Lockton was accused of treason for planning to kill George Washington Chapter XVIII Isabel goes to see the hanging of Thomas Hickey, who was arrested for attempting to kill George Washington. Her and Ruth are accompanied by Curzon. Isabel asks Curzon when her help will arrive. Together, they watch Thomas being hung and head back to the Locktons. Chapter XVIX Isabel, Ruth, and the Locktons are at church. Mass is interrupted by a boy running in shouting that the British sailed into the harbor. The church was then hit with many cannonballs as soldiers scattered around. Although, the noise causes Ruth to have a fit, she is carried home safely ale to return to work. Chapter XX News arrived in New York that Congress had declared independence. Isabel watched as a statue of Kin George III was being destroyed. When Isabel returns home she learns that Ruth is with Madam. Becky told her that Madam had baked and left milk for her. After eating and drinking, Isabel falls asleep. She regrets falling asleep and leaving Ruth with Madam.
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