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HOW MEAP RELEASED ANCHOR SETS CAN HELP US IMPROVE WRITING

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HOW MEAP RELEASED ANCHOR SETS CAN HELP US IMPROVE WRITING Powered By Docstoc
					      HOW MEAP RELEASED ANCHOR SETS CAN HELP US IMPROVE WRITING

The following information was obtained from analyzing the MDE MEAP 2007 anchor sets for
Writing from Knowledge and Experience. Members of the Macomb Regional Literacy Training
Center Management Team spent time analyzing MEAP anchor papers that scored fours and
fives for grades 3 to 8. Not only did they surface some very important information for students
and teachers about what kind of writing will score fours and fives, but they also shared how
much they enjoyed the experience. They felt it would be one they would like to share with
colleagues. I thought about it and was reminded how similar it was to the protocol that was
used when we did the Profiles project. The only difference is the source of the papers. I know
the grade-level groups worked with the papers in different ways. To enhance the process I will
suggest that the actual Profile Protocol be used.

PROFILE PROTOCOL (PROCESS FOR A NALYZING WRITING)
After determining the number of words, sentences and paragraphs for the papers, engage in
the following protocol to surface the attributes of the papers.

Begin with the papers that are scored four. Copy enough for each member of the grade-level
group to have their own copy. Make a copy of the prompt that the students used to write the
papers. Each member reads the same 3 or 4 papers. They read the papers looking for the
attributes (what makes them good pieces of writing). They make margin notes indicating the
where they see vivid verbs, details, snapshots, flashbacks, etc. They also note where they hear
sentences presenting interesting rhythms and flow. They make comments about genre and
organization. In short, they are looking for all the ways students had effectively responded to
the prompt.

After the members of the team have completed their analysis of the papers, they rank them
from what they consider most effective to less effective. The discussion consists of each
member lobbying for his/her favorite pointing out the attributes that have been found and the
rationale for the choice. This protocol encourages members to dig very deep into each paper
and the discussion surfaces even more attributes. The groups come to consensus on the
ranking of the papers. All papers are used to generate a list of attributes of papers written at
that grade level that scored that score.

This same process can be used for papers that have scored a five at that grade level. Members
follow the same procedure for the fives that was used to analyze and rank papers scored at the
level of four. Comparison of papers that scored four and papers that scored five of numbers of
words, sentences and paragraphs, as well as, the list of attributes will reveal the specific
differences between four and five.
USING MDE MEAP RELEASE ANCHOR SETS WITH STUDENTS
   1. Models of Writing
      Students can benefit from just having an opportunity to read what students have
      written to score fours, or fives or especially sixes. One activity is to distribute the papers
      to students and have them look at the papers that scored one higher than the score
      they received. Ask them to analyze each and determine what they need to do to their
      paper to make it qualify for the higher score.
   2. Analyze the Papers for Comment Code attributes.
      Give the students different color highlighters and a set of anchor sets at their grade
      level. Ask them to highlight certain attributes. For example, one of the most difficult
      skill is writing with relevant details. Ask the students to highlight every relevant detail
      they have found with one color and a regular detail with another color. You could then
      have them tell how the regular detail could be made relevant to the story.
   3. Rewriting Anchor Papers Either Up or Down
      This is an interesting activity that I learned from Gretchen Bernabei. Give students a
      paper written at the four and five level (at their grade level) and ask them to write it
      down to one score lower or you can give them the rubric and ask them to write it “down
      the rubric levels” from a four or five to a one. You can also give them an anchor paper
      scored at a lower level and have them write it up a level. A group activity could be to
      take a paper that scored one and write it up to a four or five.
   4. Use the same Profile Protocol described above for teachers with students.
   5. Use the Anchor Papers to prepare students to develop the skills for MEAP Peer Editing.
      Project one of the anchor papers for all students to view. Ask the questions that are
      posed for the construction response in this portion of the MEAP assessment.

I want to thank the literacy team members for their work. I hope you will take advantage of
this very valuable resource that could provide teachers and students information to improve
writing.

Dr. Elaine Weber, Director of Macomb Regional Literacy Training Center
             THE RESULTS OF THE MEAP 2007 ANCHOR PAPER ANALYSIS

GRADE THREE
Analysis of Anchor Papers that Scored a Four

    1. Average number of words                    140
    2. Average number of sentences                 15
    3. Average number of paragraphs                 2

The following attributes were observed:
   1. Title for the writing                                           6. Variety of sentences (length and
   2. Interesting opening (statement                                      kind)
        including theme)                                              7. Logical sequence of events
   3. Transition words (moves piece along                             8. Metaphor
        - so, then, first, next, one time)                            9. Problem and solution
   4. Dialogue                                                        10. Relevant details
   5. Closing                                                         11. Simile
                                                                      12. Vivid verbs

Analysis of Anchor Papers that Scored a Five

    1. Average number of words                    145
    2. Average number of sentences                 14
    3. Average number of paragraphs                 2

The following attributes were observed:
   4. Title for the writing                                           11. Metaphor
   5. Interesting opening (statement                                  12. Problem and solution
        including theme)                                              13. Relevant details
   6. Transition words (moves piece along                             14. Simile
        - so, then, first, next, one time)                            15. Vivid verbs
   7. Dialogue                                                        16. Complex sentences
   8. Closing                                                         17. Voice
   9. Variety of sentences (length and                                18. Thought shot
        kind)                                                         19. “Book language”
   10. Logical sequence of events

                                                        RD
THANKS TO THE FOLLOWING EDUCATORS FOR PREPARING THE 3        GRADE DATA :

                rd
Nicole Provo,3 Grade Teacher, Fitzgerald Schools
Sharon Charnesky Fraser Public Schools
Shirley Starman,Van Dyke Schools
GRADE FOUR
Analysis of Anchor Papers that Scored a Four

    1. Average number of words                    233
    2. Average number of sentences                 15
    3. Average number of paragraphs                 2

The following attributes were observed:
   1. Paragraphs                                                     11. Specificity
   2. Complex sentences                                              12. Dialogue
   3. Foreshadowing                                                  13. Effective ending
   4. Compelling opening                                             14. Shrink a Century
   5. Engaged the reader                                             15. Thought shot
   6. Cause and effect                                               16. Description
   7. Biography                                                      17. Cause and effect
   8. Precise words                                                  18. Snapshot
   9. Adverbs and adjectives                                         19. Flashback
   10. Voice

Analysis of Anchor Papers that Scored a Five

    1. Average number of words                    312
    2. Average number of sentences                 26
    3. Average number of paragraphs                 3

The following attributes were observed:
   1. Paragraphs                                                          16. Description
   2. Complex sentences                                                   17. Cause and effect
   3. Foreshadowing                                                       18. Snapshot
   4. Compelling opening                                                  19. Flashback
   5. Engaged the reader                                                  20. Simile
   6. Cause and effect                                                    21. Show not Tell
   7. Biography                                                           22. Varying Sentences
   8. Precise words                                                       23. Transitional words
   9. Adverbs and adjectives                                              24. Sentence fluency (rhythm)
   10. Voice                                                              25. Word choice
   11. Specificity                                                        26. Engaging lead
   12. Dialogue                                                           27. Metaphor
   13. Effective ending                                                   28. Circular closing
   14. Shrink a Century                                                   29. Personification
   15. Thought shot
                                                          RD
THANKS TO THE FOLLOWING EDUCATORS FOR PREPARING THE 4TH        GRADE DATA :

Clare Baxter, Literacy Coach, Roseville Schools, cbaxter@roseville.k122.mi.us
Kathy Ming, Literacy Consultant, Utica Community Schools, kathleen.ming@uticak12.org
Mary Lou Paye, Literacy Coach, Roseville Schools, mpaye@roseville, k12.mi.us
Melissa Labadie, Literacy Consultant, Utica Community Schools, melissa.labadie@uticak12.org
GRADE FIVE
Analysis of Anchor Papers that Scored a Four

    1. Average number of words                     244
    2. Average number of sentences                  20
    3. Average number of paragraphs                  4-6

The following attributes were observed:
   1. Paragraphs                                                     8. transitions
   2. good hooks                                                     9. specific nouns
   3. dialogue                                                       10. Repetition of the theme
   4. snapshots                                                      11. Exploded moment
   5. thoughtshots                                                   12. Behind the scenes detail
   6. vivid verbs                                                    13. voice
   7. complex sentences                                              14. shrink a century

Analysis of Anchor Papers that Scored a Five

    1. Average number of words                    333
    2. Average number of sentences                 27
    3. Average number of paragraphs                 4

The following attributes were observed:
   1. Paragraphs                                                     12. Behind the scenes detail
   2. good hooks                                                     13. voice
   3. dialogue                                                       14. shrink a century
   4. snapshots                                                      15. Dialogue in the closing
   5. thoughtshots                                                   16. Simile
   6. vivid verbs                                                    17. Show not tell
   7. complex sentences                                              18. Theme in focus
   8. transitions                                                    19. Circular closing
   9. specific nouns                                                 20. Metaphor
   10. Repetition of the theme                                       21. Voice
   11. Exploded moment                                               22. Compelling lead (snapshot)




                                                          RD
THANKS TO THE FOLLOWING EDUCATORS FOR PREPARING THE 5TH        GRADE DATA :

Amber White, North Branch Area Schools, awhite@nbbroncos.net
Durga Miranda, Firzgerald Schools, durmir@fps.fitz.k12.mi.us
Carol Karlstad, Firzgerald Schools, carkar@fps.fitz.k12.mi.us
GRADE SIX
Analysis of Anchor Papers that Scored a Four

    1. Average number of words                    296
    2. Average number of sentences                 25
    3. Average number of paragraphs                 5.5

The following attributes were observed:
   1. Opening with dialogue                                          10. Voice
   2. Specific nouns                                                 11. Specificity
   3. Internal thoughts                                              12. Dialogue
   4. Compelling opening                                             13. Effective ending with a life’s lesson
   5. Personification                                                14. Shrink a Century
   6. Shrink a century                                               15. Relevant details
   7. Created hyphenated word adjective                              16. Concrete comparison
        (snotty-popular)                                             17. Background for the story
   8. Precise words                                                  18. Snapshot
   9. Show not tell

Analysis of Anchor Papers that Scored a Five

    1. Average number of words                    422
    2. Average number of sentences                 36
    3. Average number of paragraphs                 8

The following attributes were observed:
        1. Opening with dialogue                                          16. Concrete comparison
        2. Specific nouns                                                 17. Background for the story
        3. Internal thoughts                                              18. Snapshot
        4. Compelling opening                                             19. Metaphor
        5. Personification                                                20. Internal dialogue
        6. Shrink a century                                               21. Control with sentence length
        7. Created hyphenated word                                        22. Figure of speech personification
            adjective (snotty-popular)                                    23. Specific time
        8. Precise words                                                  24. Foreshadowing
        9. Show not tell                                                  25. Time transition
        10. Voice                                                         26. Idiom
        11. Specificity                                                   27. Thought shot
        12. Dialogue                                                      28. Experiment with genre
        13. Effective ending with a life’s                                29. Poetic language
            lesson                                                        30. Relevant examples
        14. Shrink a Century                                              31. Lesson-learned closing
        15. Relevant details
                                                          RD
THANKS TO THE FOLLOWING EDUCATORS FOR PREPARING THE 6TH        GRADE DATA :

Sara Taylor, Lapeer Community Schools, staylor@lapeerschools.org
Elaine Gantos-O’Brien, Literacy Consultant, Utica Community Schools, Elaine.gantos -obrien@uticak12.org
Roberta Rickett, Lapeer Community Schools, rrickett53@yahoo.com
GRADE SEVEN
Analysis of Anchor Papers that Scored a Four

        1. Average number of words                               275
        2. Average number of sentences                            28
        3. Average number of paragraphs                            5

The following attributes were observed:
        1. Opening with quotation                                             12. Used prompt as hoot
        2. Dialogue                                                           13. Specific noun
        3. Sentence variations                                                14. Summary statement at the closing
        4. Use of short sentence to control story                             15. Imagery
        5. Thoughtshots                                                       16. Self reflection
        6. Snapshots                                                          17. Foreshadowing
        7. Relevant details                                                   18. Universal connection
        8. Good story sequence                                                19. Voice
        9. Stays on topic                                                     20. Pulled emotions of reader
        10. Effective examples                                                21. Interesting word choice
        11. Universal statement

Analysis of Anchor Papers that Scored a five

        1. Average number of words                               332
        2. Average number of sentences                            20.6
        3. Average number of paragraphs                            5.6

The following attributes were observed:
        1. Opening with quotation                                             17. Foreshadowing
        2. Dialogue                                                           18. Universal connection
        3. Sentence variations                                                19. Voice
        4. Use of short sentence to control story                             20. Pulled emotions of reader
        5. Thoughtshots                                                       15. Interesting word choice
        6. Snapshots                                                          16. Time transitions
        7. Relevant details                                                   17. Examples
        8. Good story sequence                                                18. Shrink a century
        9. Stays on topic                                                     19. juicy word
        10. Effective examples                                                20. Explode a moment
        11. Universal statement                                               21. Footnote
        12. Used prompt as hoot                                               22. Authentic connection (real world)
        13. Specific noun                                                     23. Specific details
        14. Summary statement at the closing                                  24. Builds suspense
        15. Imagery                                                           25. Empathy
        16. Self reflection                                                   26. Talks directly to reader
                                                          RD
THANKS TO THE FOLLOWING EDUCATORS FOR PREPARING THE 7TH        GRADE DATA :

Linda Clinton, East Detroit Public Schools, lclinton@eds.misd.net
Amber Henness, Est Detroit Public Schools, ahenness@eds.misd.net
Rebecca Schmidt, Colin Powell Academy, Detroit/Harper Woods, Schmidt-detroit@yahoo.com
GRADE EIGHT
Analysis of Anchor Papers that Scored a Four

        1. Average number of words                               283 (140 to 401)
        2. Average number of sentences                            12 -13
        3. Average number of paragraphs                             4-5

The following attributes were observed:
        1. Relevant details                                                   8. Creative delivery
        2. Good examples                                                      9. Transitional words
        3. Dialogue                                                           10. Personal experiences
        4. Word Choice                                                        11. Thesis statement
        5. Accurate historical facts and events                               12. Dialogue moves reader through text
        6. Interesting introduction                                           13. Concluding statements
        7. Voice                                                              14. Circular ending

Analysis of Anchor Papers that Scored a Four

        1. Average number of words                               366
        2. Average number of sentences                            37
        3. Average number of paragraphs                            8.8

The following attributes were observed:
        1. Relevant details                                                   13. Concluding statements
        2. Good examples                                                      14. Circular ending
        3. 3.Dialogue                                                         15. Voice
        4. Word Choice                                                        16. Use dialogue to tell the story
        5. Accurate historical facts and events                               17. Foreshadowing
        6. Interesting introduction                                           18. Internal dialogue
        7. Voice                                                              19. Show not tell
        8. Creative delivery                                                  20. Poetic language
        9. Transitional words                                                 21. Slogan for closing
        10. Personal experiences                                              22. Experimenting with myth genre
        11. Thesis statement                                                  23. precise word choice
        12. Dialogue moves reader through text                                24. snapshots




                                                          RD
THANKS TO THE FOLLOWING EDUCATORS FOR PREPARING THE 7TH        GRADE DATA :

Debbie Parrish, Fraser Public Schools
Victoria Les, St. Clair RESA, vles@sccresa.org
Karla Mrtinek, East Detroit Public Schools, kmartinek@eds.misd.net

				
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