[THE purpose of a Glossary being simply to facilitate intelligent reading, it
has not been sought either to trace the words explained below to their etymo
logical sources, or to give all the meanings that may be attached to some of
The dialect of Aberdeenshire is so peculiar that many of its words will
hardly be intelligible even to the inhabitant of the southern and western districts
of Scotland. It is, however, tolerably consistent in its peculiarities and, there
fore, while the Glossary presents the meanings, a remark or two may be allowed
with the view of enabling the reader to arrive at the pronunciation of the
In certain present participles, and participial nouns, the only difference be
tween them and the same words in English is the dropping of the terminal g ;
thus, workin' for working; and therefore it has not been thought necessary to
cumber the Glossary by the insertion of such words. In many of the words the
digraph ch has been substituted for gh in the spelling, in order to indicate the
guttural sound ; thus, nicht for night. Wh is changed into /, to express the
actual pronunciation ; thus, wha (who), fa ; whip, fup.
Oo in the south of Scotland has the sound of the French u ; as, in shoon,
moon, spoon, but, by the time he has crossed the Dee, the philologist will find
the oo changed into ee, sounded precisely as in the name of that beautiful river,
and thus we get There are, however, various exceptions to
sheen, meen, speen.
this rule ; example, becomes leuk, not leek ; and book, beuk, not beek.
Th gets changed into d ; as fader for father ; breeder for brother, and so on.
The change of wh into /, and of th into d, both find illustration in one word,
fudder (sometimes futher), whether.
Diminutives, in which Aberdeenshire Scotch is peculiarly rich, are generally
formed by adding ie to the noun, as lass, lassie ; dog, doggie. Ock, supposed by
some to represent the Gaelic og, young, is not, however, uncommon, as la*s,
lassock. And, frequently, as indicating a still greater degree of diminution, both
are employed, thus lass, lassock, lassockie.
But, not satisfied with this, the
natives carry the diminution yet farther, by two or three degrees. And so we
have a bit lassockie, a wee bit lassockie ; and lastly, a wee bit lassockie, in
the fifth degree of comparison. Examples of such kindly diminution occur in
There was a -we, bit vnfockie, an' she gaed to the fair,
She gat a wee bit drappockie that bred her muckle care.
D, t, and I (at the end of words are often dropped : thus, respect becomes
respeck ; wind, win* ; and wall, wa\ The omission of final d after I is uniform,
and distinguishes the dialect from classical Scottish. Thus aul, baul, faul, (pi.
fauls), for avid, baidd, fauld ; English old, etc. is alsoVfrequently omitted
wherever it occurs : thus have becomes hae, and harvest, hairst.
In the spelling of certain words y or e has been introduced to indicate, as near
as might be, the veritable pronunciation ; as gyaun, neuk, leuk. and k are G
always pronounced before n, as in German, thus gnash, p'nap, /fcnife.
The greater part of the words will be found in Jamieson's Scottish Dictionary,
though by no means the whole. It has not been thought necessary to adhere to
Jamieson's spelling, the author taking it upon him to believe that neither in
Jamieson nor elsewhere authoritative or perfectly satisfactory guidance to be
got in determining the correct orthography of the Aberdeenshire dialect. In the
circumstances, while taking care to make his characters speak with idiomatical
accuracy in the text, he has endeavoured there and in the Glossary to present
their speech to the eye with as little departure from relative Saxon or other
forms as might be, and yet with such regard to phonetic considerations as seemed
likely to give a measure of guidance in pronunciation.]
Aul, old auVer, older.
Ablich or ablach, an insignificant person Aumry, cupboard ; ambry.
Aboot, about. Ava, at all.
Adee, ado. Aw, I.
A/, off. Awa, away.
Ahin, behind. Awat, I wot.
Aifter, after. A were, acre.
Aifterneen, afternoon. Aweel, well !
Ain, own. Aweers o', on the point of.
Airt, quarter of the heaven ; point of
the compass. B
Aise-backet, a box for ashes. Sack, to address a letter.
Aisp, asp. Back -chap, back -stroke; to hand in
Aiven, even. [interpose] a back-chap; to back one.
Aleberry, oatmeal boiled in beer and Backin, the address on a letter.
sweetened with sugar. Bairn, child.
Aleen, alone. Bairnheid, childhood.
Amnin aw ? am not I ? Bandster, one who binds sheaves.
Amo\ among. Basketie, small basket.
Anersmas, St. Andrew's Day, the last Bather, trouble ; teasing conduct.
day of November. Bauch, sheepish ; backward through
Aneth, beneath. bashfulness.
Aneuch, enough. Bauk, balk ; (1) uncultivated strip of
Anidder, another. land between fields ; (2) cross beam
Antrin, occasional ; accidental. uniting the rafters of a roof.
Argle-bargle, to chaffer ; to haggle. Baul, bold.
Aries, the earnest given in striking a Bawbee, a halfpenny.
bargain. Behaud'n, beholding or beholden ; be-
Arreenge, to arrange. haud'n to, beholden to ; under obli
Asseer, to assure. gation to.
A ten, eaten. Beheef, behoof.
A'thegither, altogether. Bess, to play or sing bass (in music).
Athort, athwart. Bet, behoved.
Ation, generation ; family connections. Beetikin, bootikin ;
Atween, between. Beetle, to beat clothes with a heavy
Audit) property. wooden mallet.
Aucht, to owe ; auchtin, due. Beetlin-stane, the stone on which clothes
Aucht nor oucht, nothing at all ; neither are beetled.
one thing nor the other. Begeck, disappointment ; to disappoint.
Audiscence, audience ; encouragement [Comp. English geek, a dupe. ]
to speak ; a hearing. Begood, began ; pret. of begin.
Ben and t>u(, the two cuds of a cottage Brakfist, breakfast.
[see But-f-i(]. Braw, fine ; elegant : in braw time, in
Bestial, cattle. good time.
Beuk, book. Brawly, bravely ; finely ; prosperously.
Beukiti '-nicht, the night on which the Breeder, brother.
names of the persons about to be Breeks, breeches.
married are booked, or given in to Breem, broom.
the Session-Clerk to have the banns Breet, brute ; wonderfully attenuated
proclaimed. in signification when applied to a
Bield, shelter ; a house. person peer breet, poor fellow.
Billie, a companion ; comrade. Breid, bread ; breadth.
Bing, a heap. Britchen, breeching ; harness on breech
Binna, be not. of horses.
Birkie, a smart roguish fellow. Broch, burgh ; the Broch, emphatically
Birn, a burden. applied to the nearest burgh.
Birr, force ; energy. Brocht, brought.
Birsle, to toast ; birslin, toasting ; com Brod, the collecting-box in church ; the
pletely dry so as to be rustling. ladle.
Birst, to burst. Brodmil, brood of chickens.
Birze, to press ; to push forward as in Bruik, broke.
an opposing crowd ; the- southern Bubblyjock, turkey cock.
form is Brlzz, e.g., We 'II brizz yont; Buckies, univalve whorled shells.
a phrase attributed to the titled Bucklin's, marriage paraphernalia, or
owner of an extensive Highland pro other outfit.
perty, when remonstrated with on Buff, idle talk ; nonsense.
the apparent folly of building his Bull, bill.
castle at a point closely touching Bullyrag, to treat in a bullying manner.
the marches of certain feebler neigh Bun, bound bun-bed, a wooden bed
bours. shut in with folding or sliding doors.
Blaewort, the blue-bell. Bunchie, dim. of bunch j a small quan
Hlnik, to blacken. tity.
Blate, sheepish ;
bashful. Bung, ill-humour ; pet ; huff.
Blaud, to spoil ; to deteriorate. Burn, a small stream dim. burnie. :
Blaw, to boast to speak ostentatiously.
; But-bed, a cottage is divided into two
Bleb, to sip freely or continuously ; to apartments, the but and the ben,
tipple. properly the outer and inner rooms ;
Bleck, to puzzle ; to surpass. the but bed, therefore, is the bed in
Bleed, blood. the but, or semi-parlour end.
Bleezes, blazes ! used as an expletive. Byous, out of the common ; extra
Bleezin (literally), blazing ; convention ordinary ; exceedingly.
ally) hilariously tipsy. Byoutifu, beautiful.
Blythe, glad ; cheerful ; happy. Byre, a cow-house.
Boddom, bottom. By'se, besides.
Booet, a lantern.
Bools, bowls. C
Boose, a bout of drinking ; to drink
freely. Caimin\ laying on in cairns or heaps ;
Bonn's, bounds ; limits. spreading thickly.
Bourach, knot or group as of people. Cairt, cart.
Bow, an arch ; the part of the harness Caller, cool ; fresh.
bent under the neck of the draught- Can'lesmas, Candlemas.
ox in the old-fashioned team to fasten ?anna, can't ; cannot.
the yoke wore the bows signifies
Cannas, canvas ; especially that used
acting in an obstreperous or irregular in winnowing grain : cannas breid,
manner. the breadth or size of such a piece of
Bowie, a cask. canvas.
Brae, sloping ground ; acclivity. 'anny, prudent ; cautious ; sly ; skilful.
Braig, to brag to boast. ; Cantte-up, to brighten up, as on regain
Braivity, show ; splendour ; finery. ing health.
Carle, churl : dim. carlie. Cour, to recover (said of health).
Carline, fern, of carl ; a rough, voci Cowshus, cautious.
ferous woman. Crackie, talkative ; pleasingly com
Catechis, Catechism. municative.
Cauf, calf; dim. caujie. Craft, croft ; dim. era/tie.
Cauff, chaff. Crap, crop, particularly of cereals ;
Caums, moulds for balls, horn spoons, dim. crappie ; also the crop of a
Caup, a bowl turned out of a single Craw, to crow to craw in your crap,
piece of wood. to prove indigestible, used meta. of
Cept, or cep, except. what will give trouble afterwards.
Chack, blue and white chequered linen Creelie, dim. of creel, an osier basket.
or calico cloth. Creengin, cringing ; obsequious.
Chafts, chops ; jaws (used contemptu Cronies, familiar companions.
ously). Croon, crown.
Chanter, the flute-like part of the bag Cudna, couldn't ;
to drive home the
pipes on which the tune is played. Culph, culph't,
CJiap, a young fellow ; to knock ; to wadding, or culphin.
strike with a hammer. Curryborum, confidential conversation,
Chaep, cheap. of a quiet, earnest, and semi-gossip
Chamber, a chamber, applied to sleep ing sort.
ing place for farm servants in out
houses ; to shut up in a chamber. D
Cheenge, to change.
Cheer, chair. .
Daar, dear ; expensive.
Chiel, a proper fellow ; dim. chielie. Daccle, to slacken one's pace.
Chimley, chimney. Daily-day, every day ; continually.
Chop, shop. Dargin, working as a day labourer.
Chuckens, chickens. Daumer't, stunned ; stupefied.
Chyne, chain. Daurin, daring.
Claer, correct ; distinct ; ready. Daursay, daresay.
Claes, clothes. Dawtie, a pet.
Claikit, idly tattled. Deave, to deafen ;
to annoy by impor
Claiks, clacks ; gossip. tunity.
Clampin, walking noisily, as with hob Dee, to do ;
nailed shoes. Deece, a long wooden seat in the form
Clench, to limp of a sofa, with panelled back, and no
Cleuk, a claw or talon ; the hand (con padding.
temptuously). Deed, indeed.
Clivver, clover. Deem, dame ; lass dim. deemie. :
Clossach, a mass ; sum of hoarded money. Deen, done ; used in a secondary sense,
Clype, to carry tales. thus : nae that deen ill, not so very
Clypes, tattle ; tell-tale gossip. ill.
Coblie, dim. of coble ; a wayside Deesters, doers ;
actors ; promoters ;
Cockernony, the starched kell or crown Deeth, death.
of a woman's cap. Deid, dead.
Confeerin, suitable ; corresponding. DeVin, delving ; cultivating with the
Connach, to spoil ; to destroy. spade.
Confer, contrary ; to oppose. Dementit, mad ; unreasonable.
Contermin't, countermiuded ; contra Dennerin, providing or serving dinner.
dictory. Descryve, to describe.
Coont, to count. Deval, to cease.
Coontin, arithmetic. Deykn, deacon ; one who excels in his
Coorse, coarse ; harsh ; course. profession.
Coort, court. Didnin, didn't ; did not.
Coup, to upset ; to tilt up ; to over Diffeekwalty, difficulty, accented on the
turn : to coup the creels, meta.. second syllable.
completely to upset a plan or project. Dilse, dulse.
to ruin or snow. EesefiC useful.
I tin mi, don't ; do not. Eeswal, usual : war nor eeswal, worse
/>//>/, to drive or cast violently. than usual.
JUxiihuIisli, to abolish. Kill nt, industrious ; diligent.
Discoont, discount. Eik, to make an addition : to eik him
Dittjeest, digest. up, to egg him on.
JJixf, dust ; the pollen of oats detached EVers or dyers, elders (in the Presby
in grinding, used for feeding poultry, terian Church).
etc. Errant, errand message.
Dit, to close ;
to fill. Ettercap, a poisonous spider ; a person
Div, do j fan div ye gae ? when do you of a crabbed and troublesome or irrit
go? able disposition.
Divnin, do not ? endeavour to aim at.
Ettle, to ;
Divot, a flat turf. Excamb, one piece of ground exchanged
Dizzen, dozen. for another.
Dog-dirder, whipper-in ; kennel atten Exkeesable, excusable.
dant. Expeckit, expected.
Dog-oil, oil extracted from the livers of Expoon t expound.
Doitit, stupid ; stupefied.
Dominie, a schoolmaster (from domine).
Dook, to bathe.
Dooker, one who ducks, or bathes. Fa, who.
Doon, down. Fa', fall.
Doosht, a soft heavy blow. Fader, father.
Doot, doubt nae doot, no doubt.
Dossie, a small quantity in the form of Fan, when.
a knot or cluster. Fangs, louts ; lumpish fellows.
Dottier, daughter. Fant, faint.
Dottl't, forgetful (chiefly through age) :
dottlin, becoming stupid or forgetful. Fat, what.
Dozen't, exclamation equivalent to con Fatsomever, whatsoever.
found it !
stupefy it !
Faugh, to plough stubble land in wide,
Drap, drop : dim. drappie. shallow furrows.
Dreeve, drove. FauP, fold : to foul your fit, to sit
Drogs, drugs. down.
Draw, fit of sickness. Faulies, dim. offaulds; orig. folds for
Dud, cloth duds, clothes.
: cattle or sheep, applied to the fields
Dummie, one who is dumb a mute. ;
where these had been.
Dunt, to knock ; strike with a hollow Faur, where.
sound to dunt it oot, to settle a dis
pute by a stand-up encounter. Feal-dyke, a fence made of turf.
Dwebble, feeble ; bending with weak Feck, the greater part ; the majority.
ness. Feckly, chiefly ; for the most part.
Dyker, a builder of rough stone fences Fedder, feather.
or dykes. Feedle, field.
Feelish, foolish; thoughtless.
Feerious, furious ; but used in a curi
ously softened sense, as feerious het,
exceedingly or very hot ; feerious
Ear or air, early. gweed natur't, very good-natured.
Eargh, frightened ; superstitiously Fegs, a minced oath, presumably for
Easedom, ease ; relief. Feingyin, fejgning.
Edder, either. Feint, exclusively used in strong nega
Edick, an edict. tives : feint ane, never a one.
Een, eyes. Ferlie, wonder ; oddity.
Eenoo, even now ; just now. Fer - nothing, fear - nothing ; dread
Eese, use ;
to use. nought.
Fernyear, last year. Fuskers, whiskers.
Fersell, forceful ; energetic. Fusky, whisky.
Fesh, to fetch. Futher, whether.
Fess't, fast ; engaged. Fyou, few :
File, while : dim. filie, a little while.
First-fit, first person that meets a
marriage party or other procession. Gae, gave ; pret. of gie.
Fit, foot ; to give one up his fit, to Gae, to go ; pr. part, gyauin (going),
reprove one. or gaen.
Fite, white. Gae-lattin, letting go ; meta. at the
Flaucht, flight ;
hurried walk or run. gae-lattin, on the eve of bankruptcy.
Flee, fly nae a flee, not a particle.
: Gain, Gavin, proper name.
Fleerish, a steel for striking fire from Gang, to go ; to walk.
flint, by which match, or touch paper Gar, to force ; oblige.
is kindled. Gast, fright ;
what takes one suddenly
Fleg, to frighten. aback.
Fley, to frighten. Gatefarrin, presentable ; fit to be seen
Foifteen, fifteen. on the road.
Folia, fellow. Gawkie, a silly, loutish person.
Fond, fund. Gawkitness, uncouth silliness.
Fools, fowls : dim. foolies. Gedder, to gather ; to collect.
Foort, fourth. Gey, considerable.
Fooshtit, fusted. Geyan, rather ; somewhat geyan :
Foraneen, forenoon. rather stout.
Forbears, or forebears, ancestors. Geylies, pretty well.
Forder, further. Gie, to give : giein, giving.
Forebreist, front of a church or other Gin, if.
gallery ; front of a cart. Girss, grass.
Forfecht, overdo ; overtask. Gizzen't,shrunk through drought.
Forgather, to meet together. Glack, ravine ; point where two ways
Forhoo, forsake ; spoken of a mother separate or branch off.
bird deserting its nest during in Glaid, glad ; happy.
cubation. Glaiket, idle ; thoughtless.
Forquant, to acquaint ; to intimate. Olives, gloves.
Forrit, forward. Gloamin, evening twilight.
Fortiggan, fatiguing ; tiresome. Gluff, a sudden gust of air ;
Foryet, to forget. experienced on plunging into cold
Fou, full ; drunk. water.
Foumart, polecat. Gnap, a morsel of anything eatable.
Fowk, folk ; people. Go-och, oh !
Fozy, spongy (as a turnip) ;
hollow (as Goshie, an expression of surprise.
a laugh). Goupenfu', the fill of the two hands
Fraise, to use phrases; to speak flat hollowed and placed side by side.
teringly, with a desire to ingratiate. Gow, to talk over ; to gull ; to decoy.
Fremt, strangers ; those not related by Gow/, ruin ; destruction.
blood. Graip, three -pronged dung fork.
Freely, very : freely fine, very or re Graith, harness.
markably fine. Grain, groan.
Fudder, whether ; alsofuther. Grat, wept.
Fuish, pret. of fesh, fetched ; brought ; Greet, to cry ; to weep.
I fuish, I brought. Grieve, farm overseer.
Full, to fill. Grippie, inclined to greed ;
Fung, to throw with a jerking motion. of grip : a grippie
yird, bending o'
Fup, whip. the point of the sock slightly to the
Furm, form, a long seat or bench yird or earth.
without a back. Gruesome, frightful ; horrible.
Fusion, power strength. ; Grun, ground j land grunie, dim. of
Fusionless, powerless ; weak.
Gryte, great. Henwife, woman who has charge of
a stout, thick-set fellow.
Gutter, sound in the throat, as of Hi-rriiil, means of harrying ; ruin :
choking. perfect herrial, perfectly ruinous.
(ulli'f, knife, commonly of large size. Het, hot.
Gumption, common-sense. Heth, exclamation equivalent to faith f
Gurk, stout lad. Heugh, a crag ; a rugged steep.
Gushet, anything shaped like a gusset ; Hillockie, dim. of hillock: an instance
triangular bit of land. of double formation hill, hillock,
Gioeed, good ; God. hillockie.
Gieeed-breeder, good-brother ;
brother- Hin\ at the end, or behind.
in-law. Hinna, have not.
Gweeshtens, exclamation expressive of Hirehoose, place of servitude.
surprise. Hirsle, to draw oneself along as on
Gya, gave. a seat, without rising hirsle yont,
Gyana, gave not. move a little farther off.
Gyaun, going. Hir't (lit. hired), seasoned, made palat
Gype, simpleton ; a stupid fellow. able by the addition of butter, etc. :
Gyte, mad ; demented. weel hirt, well seasoned.
Hisna, has not.
Hack, a notch. Hodd'n, hid or hidden.
ffae, to have ; imperative, hae, take it. Hoo, how.
Haill, whole. Hoose, house.
Hain, to save ; to husband. Hoosewifeskip, housewifery.
Hairst, harvest. Hoot, interj. expressive of surprise,
Haiveless, unmannerly ; reckless. irritation, or sometimes doubt ; also
Haiver, to talk foolishly, incoherently, implying remonstrance :
Hoot, min 1
or nonsensically. Why, man !
Haivril, a person that talks foolishly ; Horsie, dim. of horse.
half-witted (from haiver). Hotter, a rough shake.
Hallach, light-witted and noisy. Hoven, heaved, swollen.
ffamewuth, homeward. Howffin, a clumsy, senseless fellow.
Han'/u , handful. Howp, hope.
Hantle, a considerable quantity or Huddry, towsy disordered. ;
number ; a deal. Huickie, small rick or stack.
Harass-merit, fatigue. Humoursome, affably disposed ; merry.
Harns, brains : harn pan, the skull. Hunner, hundred.
Haud, hold. Hurb, clumsy, awkward person.
Haudin, holding possession. ; Hurl, to be driven in any soil of
Haugh, alluvial ground on the margin carriage ;
also to drive.
of a stream. Hyne, afar :
hyne awa\ far off.
Haumer, to walk clumsily. Hyse, banter ;
boisterous play or frolic.
Ild'ver, to halve ; to lay open.
lleely, cautiously ;
used as an exclama
tion, it is equivalent to Ilka, each ; every.
Heely, heely, Tarn I Stop,
Ill-win', coarse or abusive language.
stop, Tarn !
Heemlin, humbling fitted to humble.
; Income, an ailment whose cause is un
Heich, high comp. heicher, higher.
Heid, head. Induck, to induct.
Heidie, headstrong opinionative.
; Insnorl, to entrap.
//- i'l i/
-peers, persons of equal height. IntilVt, into it.
Helpener, minister's assistant. Intoon, originally the land nearest
II cuttle, familiar appellation for hen- adjoining the toon or farm-house ;
wife. the best land on the farm.
Inveetor, inventory ; value of goods Kist, chest.
inventoried. Ritchie, kitchen ; whatever seasons
Isnint, is not it ? or, is it not ? bread.
Ither, other. Kittle, difficult ; critical.
Ihnost, utmost ;
to the greatest degree. Klyack, the conclusion of reaping :
klyack supper, the harvest - home
Knablick, an irregularly-formed loose
Jalouse, to suspect ;
to surmise. Knag, a knob or pin.
Jaud, jade. Kneevlick, a roundish piece of any
Jaw, a wave ; pert, or ill-considered thing that may be cut or broken,
and abusive talk ; to talk continu as cheese.
ously and idly. Kneggum, sharp or disagreeable smell
Jeedge, to judge. or flavour.
Jeesty, matter for jest ; used ordinarily Kneif, well in health intimate.;
in the negative form : ifs nae jeesty, Knoweheid, top of a hillock.
it is not to be trifled with. Korter, quarter of an oat cake.
Jelly, jolly ; buxom. Kwintra, country.
Jilin', jailing ; putting into jail. Kwite, coat.
Jilp, an indefinite small quantity of Kyaaks, oatmeal cakes.
any liquid, applied contemptuously, Kye, cows.
e.g. to inferior liquor. Kyeuk, cook.
Jinniprom, ingenious ; natty.
Jist, just ; merely.
Jouk, to stoop ;
to joule an* lat the
jaw gae owre, to yield to circum Laddie, dim. of lad ; a boy.
stances. Ladle (kirk ladle), small oblong box
Joulcry -pawkry, underhand dealing ; attached to a long handle for the
trickery ; deception. purpose of collecting the offering ;
Jow, to move from side to side ; to otherwise the brod.
ring (said of a bell). Laft, the gallery in a church.
Juggie, dim. of jug. Laimiter, one who has been lamed ;
Lair, place of repose ; bed ; grave.
Laird, squire ; proprietor of land.
Lairdskip, lordship ; right as pro
Kail, colewort (greens). prietor.
Kaim, to comb ; a comb. Lairstane, table or altar-shaped grave
Kebbuck, a cheese dim. kebbuckie.: stone.
Keepit, kept. Lane or leen, lone ;
Keerious, curious ; strange. by yourself.
Keest, cast. Lang, long.
Kelt, caul ; the puckered part of a Langheidit, long-headed ; knowing ;
woman's mutch that rises over the shrewd.
back part of the head. Langiges, languages.
Ken, to know ; to recognise ; kenna, Lanstells, parapets of a bridge.
know not. Lant, to jeer or taunt.
Kenspeckle, easily recognisable. Lassie, dim. of lass ; a girl.
Kettlie, dim. of kettle. Lat, to let ; to permit.
Kibble, strong and active ; compactly Lave, the rest ; the remainder.
formed. Lauwyers, lawyers.
Kirktoon, hamlet near or around the Lee, a lie ; to lie.
parish church. Leeft, left.
Kiss a caup, lit. to put a vessel with Leems, implements ; apparatus ; also
drink to the lips onbeen bidden kiss:
any kind of vessel over a somewhat
a caup, without being asked to take wide range, e.g. the jovial laird of
liquid refreshment. Balnamoon, We inaun hae a leem
V 7J ArtwZ in, spoken of his carriage .]/,n'tifiTn, to maintain.
after he hail been unluckily .spilt Mnir, more.
therefrom. M'n'iT/1, march ; boundary.
7>wi, to learn ;
also to teach. Mnixt-'r, master.
Leemiii, learning leenit, learned.: M uitters,
matters ; affairs.
Lcet, let ; allowed leet at him, struck: Maksna, makes not ;
or assailed him. Miiiiuny, mamma; mother.
Leevin, living (being) ; a person. Afannie, dim. of man : siv mannie sic
Legible, intelligible, according to Dawvid horsie, like master like man.
Hadden. Maronjus, harshly stern.
Lethal, legal. Dawvid misapplies the Marrow, equal ; companion.
word in the display of his learning. Mask, to infuse.
Leuch, laughed. Maugre, despite : V maugre o' my neck,
Leiik or litik, to look. in spite of all I could do.
Licht, to alight. Meaty-mou't, nice ; squeamish.
Lichtlifie, to undervalue. Mear, mare.
LicTdy, likely ; probably. Meesic, music.
Li fill, elevated overjoyed.
; Mell, to meddle.
Liki'in, like as for example.
; Mengyie, a multitude ; a huddled mass.
Li miner, a worthless -woman ; a term of Menners, manners.
reproach. Merciment, mercy ;
Lippen, to trust ; to put confidence in. Mertyreese, to torture one as a martyr.
Lippie, the quarter of a peck. Milkness, the business of caring for and
Littleanes, little ones ; children : little preparing milk ; milk.
littleanes, small children. Min\ to mind ; to care for ; to remem
Liveliheid, livelihood. ber.
Loan, a piece of uncultivated land about Min, man ; used chiefly in the vocative.
a town or homestead. Minit, minute.
Locker, a small compartment in the end Mink, a noose ; the noose of a hang
of a chest. man's halter.
Loon, a lad ; a boy. Mint, to endeavour feebly ; to insinuate ;
Loot, let ; to stoop. to allude to.
Lordifu\ lordly ;
bountiful to lavish- Misca\ to miscall ; to vilify.
ness. Misdoot, distrust ;
Loshie, interj. expressive of wonder. intensified by mis.
Loss, to lose. Mishanter, accident : contracted form
Loup, to leap ; to jump. of misadventure.
Lowrin Fair, Lawrence
Fair ; the Mislippen, to neglect.
annual fair referred to in
the ballad Missionar, missionary :
where the fates of a hapless maiden's plied to the early congregational
two lovers are described : preachers and their followers.
Mith, might mithna, might not.
" The tane was killed in a Lowrin
Fair, Mither, mother.
An" the tither was droont in Dee." Mithnin, might not ?
Mixter-maxter, confusion ;
Lowse, to loose or loosen ; to leave off
Lozen, pane of glass. Mochie, misty, the idea of moistnesa
Luggie, a small wooden vessel for table and warmth being implied.
use, with lugs or handles on the Mochs, moths.
sides. Prior to and at the Disrup
Lugs, the ears ;
handles. tion the two parties in the Church of
Lyaug, to talk idly and copiously. Scotland were known as Moderates
Lythe, shelter'; sheltered. and Evangelicals. In the Presbyterian
Church, to moderate in a call is to
hold a meeting of Presbytery, at
which the congregation sign the call to
a preacher to become their minister.
Maet, meat ; victuals. Moggans, stockings without feet.
Molie, familiar designation of mole- Non-intrusion, not intruding a minister
catcher. on a reclaiming congregation.
Moniment, anything conspicuous by its Noo, now.
oddity. Nor, than (after a comparative).
Moots, moulds ; earth cast out of a Not, needed ; required.
grave. Notionate, opinionative obstinate. ;
Morn, the, to-morrow. Nowte, nolt cattle.;
Mou\ mouth. Ny alter, to talk peevishly to grumble. ;
Moudiewort, mole. Nyod, semi-profane exclamation, equi
Moufu* mouthful. valent to ods or od, with the character
Mows, jests ; but used in the negative istic negative prefixed.
form : nae mows, that may not be
treated jestingly ; dangerous.
Moyen, influence ; means: tolaymoyen,
to use means.
Muckle-boukit, large-sized. Ochtna, ought not.
Multiteed, multitude. On-been, without being.
Munsie, one who has been made, or has On-cairry, ongoing.
made himself, a spectacle, as by ill- Ondeemas, enormous ; extraordinary.
treatment. Onfeelin\ unfeeling.
Mutch, a woman's cap. Ongaens, ongoings ; transactions ; pro
Mutchkin, a liquid measure of four ceedings.
gills. Ongrutt'n, lit. uncried ; without shed
ding tears cudna been ongrutt'n,
could not have refrained from crying.
N Oo', wool a' ae oo, all one wool.
Ooncanny, uncanny ;
Na, no ; nay direct negative.
Nabal, ill-natured ; churlish (1 Sam. Oor, our :oor nain, our own.
xxv.) 'Oor, hour.
Nace, destitute threadbare. ; Oorlich, shivering with cold and rain :
Nae, no as nae sense, no sense.
: oorlich nicht, a cold, raw night.
Naething, nothing. Ootfeedles, outfields.
Nain, own : nown is an ostensibly more Ootgang, outgo ;
excess over weight or
refined pronunciation. measure.
Naitral, natural. Ootwulh, outwardly ; fully.
Naitur-girss, natural herbage. Opingan, opinion.
Na-say, nay-say refusal. ; Ordeen, to ordain.
Near-Ugyaunness, niggardliness. Orpiet, peevish ; querulous.
Nedder, Nedderin, neither. Orra, unappropriated orra man, one :
Neen, none. who does odd jobs not appropriated
Neeps, turnips. to the other servants.
Negleck, to neglect .
negleckit, ne Ouk, week.
glected. Overly, incidental ; incidentally.
Neibourheid, neighbourhood. Owdience, audience.
Neist, next. Ourre, over.
Nervish, nervous. Owsen, oxen ; applied specially to those
Neuk or nyeuk, nook ; corner. trained for the dratight.
Newse, to talk or gossip. Oxter, the arm-pit ; the bosom.
Newsie, full of news ; communicative.
Nickel, disappointed ; put in a dilemma.
Nickum, mischievous or roystering boy.
Niffer, to exchange. Pairis\ parish.
Niz, nose. Pairts, parts ; abilities.
Nizzin, nosing ;
a sharp reception ;
a Pape, the Pope.
drubbing. Parkie, dim. of park ; a small enclosed
No, now, at the end of sentences, field.
especially when interrogative. Parian, crab.
Pass, passage. Puckle, a quantity or number: dim.
Peek, forcible emission of the breath ; pucklie.
something between a sigh and a Pumphel, enclosure or pen for cattle ;
groan. the laird's seat being " boxed in," by
Peeak, to complain peevishly; to cry the greater elevation of the panelling,
like a chicken. suggested the comparison to
Peer, poor. rent youth."
Penner, penholder cyliiulric.il wooden
Pun' and poun', a pound ; when used
or tin case for holding quill pens. for weight, pronounced pun', but for
Percurrence. Dawvid meant concur money poun'.
rence. Put an' row (wC a), with difficulty :
Perjink, precise. possibly from putting the stone,
Pernickity, precise ; fastidious. where the goal is reached only by
Piece, a bit of oatcake, etc., given as the stone rolling after it falls.
extemporised lunch. Purpie, purple.
Pig, a jar.
PUgit, contest ; struggle. .
Pirl, to stir gently ; to move anything
.from its place by slow degrees.
Pit, to put : pitten, put. Quaetness, quietness ; peace.
Place, the laird's residence, by emi Queetikins, gaiters.
nence. Queets, ankles.
Placie, dim. of place ;
a small farm, Quine, quean ; sometimes implying
croft, etc. moral delinquency, and sometimes
Plaids, blankets. not. . .
Pleuch, plough ; dim. pleuchie.
Plype, to plump, or fall into water ;
dabble in any liquid. II
Points, shoe-strings or shoe-ties.
Poleetics, politics : politician is applied Raffy, abundant ; liberal ; generous.
to one given to discussion or the ex Raik, to reck; to care.: what raikst
pression of opinion, whether political what does it signify ?
or not. Raith, quarter of a year.
Pooder, powder: lattin' oot the pooder, Raither, rather.
divulging the secret. Rampauge, fury ; rage.
Poo'er, power ; poo'er 0' pot an* gal Ramsh, hasty ; rash.
lows, the old feudal power to hang Ramshackle, thoughtless ; also loose-
or drown. jointed or crazy, as applied to any
Poopit, pulpit. kind of framework.
Pow, poll ; head ; wag his pow in a Randy, a scold ; a loose - tongued
poopit, periphrasis for to preach. woman.
Pran, to crush ; to hurt. Ranigill, renegade.
Preceesely, precisely ; exactly. Rantletree, the beam across the chim
Precent, to lead the psalmody in a ney from which the crook is sus
Presbyterian kirk. pended.
Precunnance, footing ; understood con
Rape, a rope, especially one made of
ditions ; upo that precunnance, upon straw.
that footing or understanding. Rauchle, noisy ; clamorous.
Preen, pin. Rave, pret. of rive ; synon. with rievc.
Preen-heidit, pin-headed ; of diminutive Reamin', creaming ; mantling ; foam
mental calibre. ing.
Prent, print. Rebat, to retort ; to speak again.
Progresses, processes ; Mrs. Birse meant Redd, to clear out ; redd up, to put in
the legal means of bringing the de order.
fendant into court. Reed, rood ; land measure.
Protticks, rash or idle experiments. Reef, roof.
Puchil, self-important ; consequential ; Reek, smoke to give one his kail
a puchil mannie, a conceited little through the reek, is to punish him, as
man. by fisticuffs.
Reek-hen, a hen exacted for every reek Scla/ert, a stroke with the palm of the
ing chimney or inhabited house ; later, hand.
hens were exacted in proportion to Sclaittie, dim. of sclate, a slate.
rent of farm. Sclaive, to
proclaim sinister reports
Reerie, uproar ; clamour. open-mouthed.
Reest, to arrest ; to put an arrest upon ; Scoon'rel, scoundrel.
to roost. Scoug, a shelter ; a pretence.
Reet, root. Scouth, room ; accommodation.
Refeese, to refuse. Scraichin, screaming; screeching.
Reive, pret. of rive; tore. Scronach, a querulous outcry.
Remorsin' expressing regret.
', Scry, to cry ; to proclaim as an ad
Repree, to reprove. vertisement.
Requair, to require. Scunner, disgust.
Richt, to right ; richtet, righted. Scunnerfu\ disgusting ; loathsome.
Rickle, a structure put loosely together, Seelent, silent.
or getting dilapidated. Seen, soon : seenert sooner.
Rig, a ridge ; a practical joke or frolic. Seenit, Synod.
Rin, to run ; rinnin\ running. Seerly, surely.
Rink, to scramble, as over a fence. Seet, site ; ground on which to build.
Rinnins, outlines ; principal points ; Seetivation, situation.
heads. Selfitncss, selfishness.
Robbie, dim. of Eobert. Sells an thrammels, the fastenings of
Roch, rough ; coarse. cattle. The sell goes round the neck.
Roon, round. The thrammel is a chain with swivel
Roose, to rouse ; to stir up. in it for attaching the .sell to the
Row, to roll. stake.
Rowle, rule. Sen's, those sent as forerunners.
Royt, wild ; full of rough frolic. 'Serve 's, contraction of preserve us.
Ruck, a corn-stack ; dim. ruckie. Settril, slightly stunted in growth.
Rug, to pull. Seyven, seven.
Rumgumption, common-sense ; mother- Shall, shell :
shally, shelly, abounding
wit. in shells.
Ryn, rein. Shalt, a pony.
Shakker, the part of a threshing-mill
which shakes out the straw.
Shank, a stocking in process of being
knitted ; the leg.
&ae, so. Sharger, one who is stunted in growth.
Saick, sack. Sharnie, besmeared with sharn or cow's
Sair, to serve ; sairin, serving. dung.
Sair, sore ; painful ; oppressive. Sharries, contentions ; quarrels.
Sang, expletive, possibly from sanguis, Sheelocks, the shells or husks of ground
Sanna, shall not. Sheen, shoes.
Sanshach, saucy ; disdainful. Sheet, to shoot.
Sattle, to settle ; satWt, settled. Shelvins, slipboards to put on the top-
Sauchen, still and unsociable in manner. sides of a cart.
Saunters, Alexander. Sheugh, a ditch ; a small ravine.
Saurless, tasteless, or spiritless. Shirra, sheriff.
Saut, salt. Shooter, shower.
Sauter, salter ; one who can do sharp or Shoulders or shooders, shoulders.
severe things. Shrood, shroud.
Sawna, saw not. Sib, allied by blood.
Sax, six. Sic, such.
Scaad, scald. Siccan, such.
Scabbit, scabbed. Siccar, sure ; secure.
Scaum, to scorch ; to burn or heat Siclike, such -like.
slightly. Siller, silver ; money in general.
Scaup, hard, thin soil. Simmer, summer.
>'/'//', since. , example guide. ;
Sindoon, sundown. &l<i<illaehin t clamorous noise; squeal
Sin'er, to sunder ; to separate. ing.
Sin'ry, separate ; apart. Sta/y-nevel, staff- in-hand ; staffy-nevel
Sinsyne, since that tiiue. job, fight with cudgels.
Sipper, supper. Stainch, staunch.
Sizzon, season. Staito, statue.
Skaikit, bedaubed ; besmeared. Sta-mack, stomach : dim. stamackie.
,SM, to break up or dismiss, as a con Stan, a set.
gregation. Stance, a station, or site.
Skaillie, slate-pencil. Stfine, steen, stone.
Skair't, frightened. Stank, a ditch.
Skance, glance ; cursory examination. Starn, a star ; a very small quantity.
Skelbs, splinters ; broken pieces. Starshie, uproar ; quarrel.
Skelf, shelf. Stappin\ stepping.
Skellack, charlock, wild mustard. Steadin', farm-house and its appurten-
Skirp, to splash; to throw water, or
any liquid matter, in drops or small Stech, to cram ; to satiate ; to gorge ;
also to fill any given space uncom
quantities : skirpit, splashed.
Skowff, to quaff ; to drink off. fortably, as with hot or bad air.
Skweel, school. Steel, stool.
Skyrin, shining glaringly, obtrusively, Sten'in, standing ; walking with long
or ostentatiously. strides.
Sleicht, sleight. Stibble, stubble.
Sleumin, hint ; surmise ; faint intima Sticket, stuck ; unsuccessful ; sticket
tion. minister, one who, after a certain
Slichts, slights. extent of study, has failed to get
Slype, contemptible fellow ; a peculiarly licence as a preacher.
opprobrious epithet. Stickie, dim. of stick, a piece of wood.
Smatchet, a wilful or impertinent child ; Sti/en, stiffening ; starch.
a pert and insignificant person. Stilperts, stilts ; meagre, long-legged
Smeddum, shrewdness ; intelligence. chickens.
Snapper, to stumble, as a horse. Stob-thacket, thatched by driving in the
Snappus, snappish. straw with a stob.
Sneeshinie, snuffy : from sneeshin, snuff. Stock, a good-natured fellow.
Snell, keen ; piercing. Stoit, or style, nonsense stoit, to walk :
Snifterin, drawing air through the jerkingly or staggeringly.
nose ; breathing in a lachrymose Stoot, stout ; healthy.
manner. Stoups, props ; supports ; the two pieces
Snippet, having a white streak down of the frame of a cart that project
the face. beyond the body, and support it when
Snod, neat. tilted up.
Snorl, a difficulty ; a scrape. Stramash, disorder ; broil.
Soo, sow. Strae, straw.
Sook, suck. Strap, to bind as with an iron plate.
Sorra, sorrow; the devil in semi -pro Strappin, tall, handsome, and agile.
fane exclamations, as, Sorra tak* you. Straucht, straight ; to straighten.
Sough, an indistinct sound ; a rumour. Stravaig, to wander about idly.
Soun\ sound ; in religion, orthodox. Streck, strict.
Souter, shoemaker. Streek, to stretch :
streekit, stretched ;
Sowens, oatmeal flummery. begun, applied primarily to ploughing.
Spats, abbreviation of spatterdashes; Streen, yesternight.
gaiters. Streetch, to stretch.
Spean, to wean. Strunge, sour ; surly.
Speer, to ask ; to question. Stur, stir :
Spin' I in', to spindle ; to grow up as a Succar, sugar.
spindle. Sucken, the district thirled to a mill ;
Sprots, coarse grass. generally the district in which any
Spull, spill. one carries on business.
Superannuat, annually, according to Ticht, tight.
Mrs. Raffan. Tig, to touch lightly ;
to dally ; to
Suppit, eaten with a spoon. meddle playfully.
Supplicant, a beggar. Tine, to lose past part, tint, lost.
Swarf, fainting-fit swoon. ; Tinkler, tinker : tinkler's curse, some
Sweer, lazy ; indolent. thing of no consideration or value.
Sweetie-wives, women who attend mar Toitin', moving about ploddingly, or
riages to sell confections. without energetic action.
Swick, blame. Toon, a town ; a farm steading.
Swye, sway ; influence. Tout, to sound as a horn.
Swype, sweep. Toosht, a small undefined quantity of
Swyvpirt, swift j sudden j abrupt. anything to toosh't aboot, to handle
Syne, since. carelessly, or be subject to such
Trachel, to draggle ;
to abuse through
Tack, the lease of a farm ;
the farm so slovenliness.
leased. Trag, persons of mean character ; trash ;
Tacket, a hobnail : tacketie, full of worthless stuff. .
hobnails. Trance, the entrance ; the lobby or
Tae, tea ; toe : tabit, toepiece. passage.
Tak\ to take Transack, transaction ;
Tatie, potato. Treeshin, calling cattle.
Taul, told. Tribble, trouble ; distress ; affliction ;
Taupie, simpleton a slatternly female.
Ted, toad ; a term of contempt, as Troch, small ;
goods of little
applied to a man : the dim. teddie, value ;
to exchange ; to trade in a
is used as a term of endearment, small way.
however, as ye bonnie teddie, Truncher, trencher.
addressed to a child. Trypal, tall ; lank, or slovenly person.
Tee, too ; likewise. Tryst, to appoint a time or place of
Teds, tools implements.
; meeting ; an engagement.
Teem, empty. Tyeuk, took.
Teen, tune ; humour ; temper. Turkis, nippers or pincers.
Terrible, this word is very frequently Turnkwite, turncoat ; backslider.
used in the sense of exceedingly, as Turra, Turriff, the name of a town.
terrible little, or terrible bonnie. Twa, two.
Tes'ment, testament. Twall, twelve.
Thack, thatch. Tycein, enticing ; treating in a kindly
That, used instead of so: that drunk, wheedling manner.
so drunk, etc. : nae that ill, not so
bad (haud ita male).
Theets, the traces by which cattle draw U
in a plough, etc. oot o' theet, or owre
the theets, is acting disorderly or out Umbrage, umbrage.
of rule. Unce, ounce.
Thegither, together. Unco, strange ; uncommon : an unco
Thereoot, outside ; in the open air. man, a stranger.
Thig, to beg ; generally applied to Un'ersteed, understood.
the olden practice of begging seed Upfeshin, upbringing ; training.
oats to sow first crop on entering a Upsetting pretentious.
farm. Uptak, apprehension.
Thirl, to astrict or bind. Up-throu\ upper part of the country.
Thole, to suffer ; to endure ; to permit.
Thoom, thumb : to keep one's thoom
upon, to conceal.
Threep, to insist pertinaciously.
Throu-the-muir, quarrel ; contention. Veelent, violent.
very. Wi\ with.
Veto-law, Scotch ecclesiastical
'/>, a little woman, whether a wife
signifying a law to empower a con or not.
gregation to object to the ordination Wil\ wild or wildly.
of u ii in 1st IT over them, should tlu-y
Wile, wyle, to wale ; to select.
consider him unsuit:il>le. Wilificn, vilipend ; vilify ; to defame.
Vtackle, vehicle ; conveyance. Winsome, attractive ; comely.
Vizzy, look vizzy backart, retrospect.
: Win'y, windy ; boastful.
Vokie, jocular ; in exultant spirits. Witter, barb of a dart or hook : witters
Vrang, wrong. (withers), the throat.
Vratch, wretch. Won'er, wonder.
Vreet, vreetin, writing. Woo, call to a horse to stand still.
Vrote, wrote ;
written. Wordle, world.
>"".'/ a woman of coarse or unruly Wordy, worthy ; deserving.
character. Wormit, wormwood.
Wraith, apparition of a person supposed
to be seen immediately before or after
W his death.
Wud, would wudna, would: not.
like, van ished- like ; thin; Wud, mad.
meagre-looking. Wudden, wild ; mad.
Wale, to select. Wuddie, withe, the withe by which
Wdttoch, a characteristic Highland the criminal hanged ; hence the
dance. word is popularly used for the gibbet
Walls, wells. itself.
Wallydraggle, an insignificant, untidy Wunt, want to
person ; an ill-grown animal. Wup, to bind round, as with thread, etc.
Walthy, wealthy. Wusna, was not.
Wan, way ;
Ba'dy-fash wan Wiiss, to wish.
in the direction of Baldyfash. Wye, way ; manner.
Wanworth, unworth : an insignificant Wyme, stomach ; belly.
price. Wyte, to wait ; blame.
Warna, were not.
Warsh or warsh-like, insipid ; sickly.
Wauger, to wager ; to bet.
Waur, worse. YabUe, to speak loudly and rapidly
Wear-awa\ to wear away ; to die. with indistinct utterance.
Wecht, weight. Yatta, yellow.
Wed, well. Yap, hungry.
Weel-a-wuns, exclamation expressive Yaucht, to own.
of soothing and endearment. Yauws, arms, e.g. of a windmill.
Weel-faur't, well-favoured ; comely. Yawfu\ awful.
Weer, wire ; knitting-needles. Yearock, a hen not exceeding a year
Weet, wet. old ; a pullet.
Weirdies* worthless; thriftless. Yer, your.
Went, glance ; blink. Yerl, earl.
Weesht, whist I silence. Yett, a gate.
\Yhiiimaleerie, whim ; fancy. Yirnin, rennet ;
the stomach of a calf.
Whitet or whitie-broons, unbleached Yokit, yoked.
lint thread. Yule and Yeel, Christmas.
Printed by K. & R. CLARK, Edinburgh.