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GLOSSARY Powered By Docstoc
[THE purpose of a Glossary being simply to facilitate intelligent reading, it
has not been sought either to trace the words explained below to their etymo
logical sources, or to give all the meanings that may be attached to some of
    The dialect of Aberdeenshire is so peculiar that many of its words will
hardly be intelligible even to the inhabitant of the southern and western districts
of Scotland.   It is, however, tolerably consistent in its peculiarities and, there

fore, while the Glossary presents the meanings, a remark or two may be allowed
with the view of enabling the reader to arrive at the pronunciation of the
    In certain present participles, and participial nouns, the only difference be
tween them and the same words in English is the dropping of the terminal g ;
thus, workin' for working; and therefore it has not been thought necessary to
cumber the Glossary by the insertion of such words. In many of the words the
digraph ch has been substituted for gh in the spelling, in order to indicate the
guttural sound ; thus, nicht for night.     Wh is changed into /, to express the
actual pronunciation ; thus, wha (who), fa ; whip, fup.
    Oo in the south of Scotland has the sound of the French u ; as, in shoon,
moon, spoon, but, by the time he has crossed the Dee, the philologist will find
the oo changed into ee, sounded precisely as in the name of that beautiful river,
and thus we get                     There are, however, various exceptions to
                        sheen, meen, speen.
this rule    ;    example, becomes leuk, not leek ; and book, beuk, not beek.
                 look, for
Th gets changed into d ; as fader for father ; breeder for brother, and so on.
The change of wh into /, and of th into d, both find illustration in one word,
fudder (sometimes futher), whether.
    Diminutives, in which Aberdeenshire Scotch is peculiarly rich, are generally
formed by adding ie to the noun, as lass, lassie ; dog, doggie.   Ock, supposed by
some to represent the Gaelic og, young, is not, however, uncommon, as la*s,
lassock.  And, frequently, as indicating a still greater degree of diminution, both
are employed, thus     lass, lassock, lassockie.
                                                          But, not satisfied with this, the
natives carry the diminution yet farther, by            two or three degrees.         And   so   we
have a      bit lassockie, a wee bit lassockie ; and lastly,     a     wee bit lassockie, in
the     fifth degree of comparison.     Examples of such        kindly diminution occur in
the lines
                       There was a -we, bit vnfockie, an' she gaed to the fair,
                       She gat a wee bit drappockie that bred her muckle care.

     D, t, and I (at the end of words are often dropped : thus, respect becomes
 respeck ; wind, win* ; and wall, wa\ The omission of final d after I is uniform,
 and distinguishes the dialect from classical Scottish. Thus aul, baul, faul, (pi.
fauls), for avid, baidd, fauld ; English old, etc.      is alsoVfrequently omitted
 wherever it occurs : thus have becomes hae, and harvest, hairst.
 320                                      GLOSSARY.

    In the spelling of certain words y or e has been introduced to indicate, as near
 as might be, the veritable pronunciation ; as gyaun, neuk, leuk.        and k are           G
 always pronounced before n, as in German, thus gnash, p'nap, /fcnife.
    The greater part of the words will be found in Jamieson's Scottish Dictionary,
 though by no means the whole. It has not been thought necessary to adhere to
 Jamieson's spelling, the author taking   it upon him to believe that neither in
 Jamieson nor elsewhere     authoritative or perfectly satisfactory guidance to be

 got in determining the correct orthography of the Aberdeenshire dialect. In the
 circumstances, while taking care to make his characters speak with idiomatical
 accuracy in the text, he has endeavoured there and in the Glossary to present
 their speech to the eye with as little departure from relative Saxon or other
forms as might be, and yet with such regard to phonetic considerations as seemed
likely to give a measure of guidance in pronunciation.]

                                                   Aught, eight.
                                                   Aul, old auVer, older.

Ablich or ablach, an insignificant person          Aumry, cupboard ; ambry.
Aboot, about.                                      Ava,   at all.
Adee, ado.                                         Aw, I.
A/,      off.                                      Awa, away.
Ahin, behind.                                      Awat,     I wot.
Aifter, after.                                     A were,   acre.
Aifterneen, afternoon.                             Aweel, well       !

Ain, own.                                          Aweers    o',   on the point        of.

Airm, arm.
Airt, quarter of the heaven         ;   point of
   the compass.                                                                  B
Aise, ashes.
Aise-backet, a box for ashes.                      Sack, to address a            letter.

Aisp, asp.                                         Back -chap, back -stroke;                 to   hand in
Aiven, even.                                          [interpose]        a back-chap;        to back one.
Aleberry, oatmeal boiled in beer and               Backin, the address on a letter.
  sweetened with sugar.                            Bairn, child.
Aleen, alone.                                      Bairnheid, childhood.
Amnin aw ? am      not   I ?                       Bandster, one who binds sheaves.
Amo\ among.                                        Basketie, small basket.
Anersmas, St. Andrew's Day, the             last   Bather, trouble ; teasing conduct.
  day of November.                                 Bauch, sheepish ; backward through
Aneth, beneath.                                      bashfulness.
Aneuch, enough.                                    Bauk, balk ; (1) uncultivated strip of
Anidder, another.                                    land between fields ; (2) cross beam
Antrin, occasional ; accidental.                     uniting the rafters of a roof.
Argle-bargle, to chaffer ; to haggle.              Baul, bold.
Aries, the earnest given in striking a             Bawbee, a halfpenny.
   bargain.                                        Behaud'n, beholding or beholden ; be-
Arreenge, to arrange.                                haud'n to, beholden to ; under obli
Asseer, to assure.                                    gation to.
A ten,    eaten.                                   Beheef, behoof.
A'thegither, altogether.                           Bess, to play or sing bass (in music).
Athort, athwart.                                   Bet, behoved.
Ation, generation ; family connections.            Beetikin, bootikin        ;
Atween, between.                          Beetle, to beat clothes with a heavy
Audit) property.                             wooden mallet.
Aucht, to owe ; auchtin, due.             Beetlin-stane, the stone on which clothes
Aucht nor oucht, nothing at all ; neither    are beetled.
  one thing nor the other.                Begeck, disappointment ; to disappoint.
Audiscence,  audience ; encouragement        [Comp. English geek, a dupe. ]
  to speak ; a hearing.                   Begood, began ; pret. of begin.
                                                     GLOSSARY.                                                                321

 Ben and         t>u(,     the two cuds of a cottage          Brakfist, breakfast.
    [see But-f-i(].                                           Braw,      fine       ;       elegant      :       in braw time, in
 Bestial, cattle.                                              good time.
 Beuk, book.                                                 Brawly, bravely                     ;   finely       ;   prosperously.
 Beukiti '-nicht, the night on which the                     Breeder, brother.
   names of the persons about to be                          Breeks, breeches.
   married are booked, or given in to                        Breem, broom.
   the Session-Clerk to have the banns                       Breet, brute ; wonderfully attenuated
   proclaimed.                                                 in signification when applied to a
Bield, shelter ; a house.                                       person peer breet, poor fellow.

Billie, a companion ; comrade.                               Breid, bread ; breadth.
Bing, a heap.                                                Britchen, breeching ; harness on breech
Binna, be not.                                                  of horses.
Birkie, a smart roguish fellow.                              Broch, burgh ; the Broch, emphatically
Birn, a burden.                                                applied to the nearest burgh.
Birr, force       ;       energy.                            Brocht, brought.
Birsle, to toast ; birslin, toasting ; com                   Brod, the collecting-box in church ; the
   pletely dry so as to be rustling.                            ladle.

Birst, to burst.                                             Brodmil, brood of chickens.
Birze, to press ; to push forward as in                      Bruik, broke.
   an opposing crowd ; the- southern                         Bubblyjock, turkey cock.
   form     is Brlzz, e.g., We 'II brizz yont;               Buckies, univalve whorled shells.
   a   phrase     attributed to the titled                   Bucklin's, marriage paraphernalia,                                 or
   owner     of an extensive Highland pro                       other outfit.
   perty,    when remonstrated with on                       Buff, idle talk ; nonsense.
  the apparent folly of building his                         Bull, bill.
  castle at a point closely touching                         Bullyrag, to treat in a bullying manner.
  the marches of certain feebler neigh                       Bun, bound bun-bed, a wooden bed

  bours.                                                       shut in with folding or sliding doors.
Blaewort, the blue-bell.                                     Bunchie, dim. of bunch j a small quan
Hlnik, to blacken.                                              tity.
Blate, sheepish                ;
                                   bashful.                  Bung, ill-humour ; pet ; huff.
Blaud, to spoil                ;   to deteriorate.           Burn, a small stream dim. burnie.           :

Blaw, to boast   to speak ostentatiously.
                           ;                                 But-bed, a cottage is divided into two
Bleb, to sip freely or continuously ; to                       apartments, the but and the ben,
  tipple.                                                      properly the outer and inner rooms ;
Bleck, to puzzle ; to surpass.                                 the but bed, therefore, is the bed in
Bleed, blood.                                                  the but, or semi-parlour end.
Bleezes, blazes ! used as an expletive.                      Byous, out of the common ; extra
Bleezin (literally), blazing ; convention                      ordinary ; exceedingly.
  ally) hilariously tipsy.                                   Byoutifu, beautiful.
Blythe, glad ; cheerful ; happy.                             Byre, a cow-house.
Boddom, bottom.                                              By'se, besides.
Booet, a lantern.
Bools, bowls.                                                                                        C
Boose, a bout of drinking                     ;   to drink
  freely.                                                    Caimin\ laying on                        in cairns or heaps        ;

Bonn's, bounds ; limits.                                       spreading thickly.
Bourach, knot or group as of people.                         Cairt, cart.
Bow, an arch ; the part of the harness                       Caller, cool       ;       fresh.
  bent under the neck of the draught-                        Can'lesmas, Candlemas.
  ox in the old-fashioned team to fasten                     ?anna, can't ; cannot.
  the yoke      wore the bows signifies
                                                             Cannas, canvas                  ;       especially         that used
  acting in an obstreperous or irregular                       in   winnowing grain                          :    cannas    breid,
  manner.                                                      the breadth or size of such a piece of
Bowie, a cask.                                                 canvas.
Brae, sloping ground ; acclivity.                             'anny, prudent ; cautious ; sly ; skilful.
Braig, to brag to boast.   ;                                 Cantte-up, to brighten up, as on regain
Braivity, show ; splendour ; finery.                           ing health.
322                                                            GLOSSARY.

Carle, churl : dim. carlie.                                             Cour, to recover (said of health).
Carline, fern, of carl ; a rough, voci                                  Cowshus, cautious.
  ferous woman.                                                         Crackie,     talkative             ;    pleasingly     com
Catechis, Catechism.                                                      municative.
Cauf, calf; dim.                  caujie.                               Craft, croft ; dim. era/tie.
Cauff, chaff.                                                           Crap, crop, particularly of cereals ;
Caums, moulds                 for balls,            horn spoons,          dim. crappie ; also the crop of a
  etc.                                                                    bird.

Caup, a bowl turned out of a single                                     Craw, to crow to craw in your crap,

  piece of wood.                                                          to prove indigestible, used meta. of
Cept, or cep, except.                                                     what     will give trouble afterwards.

Chack, blue and white chequered linen                                   Creelie,   dim. of creel, an osier basket.
  or calico cloth.                                                      Creengin, cringing             ;       obsequious.
Chafts, chops            ;   jaws (used contemptu                       Cronies, familiar companions.
  ously).                                                               Croon, crown.
Chanter, the flute-like part of the bag                                 Cudna, couldn't  ;
                                                                                            could not.
                                                                                           to drive home    the
  pipes on which the tune is played.                                    Culph,      culph't,
CJiap, a young fellow ; to knock ; to                                     wadding,  or culphin.
  strike with a hammer.                                                 Curryborum, confidential conversation,
Chaep, cheap.                                                             of a quiet, earnest, and semi-gossip
Chamber, a chamber, applied                                  to sleep     ing sort.
  ing place for farm servants in out
  houses ; to shut up in a chamber.                                                                    D
Cheenge, to change.
Cheer, chair.        .
                                                                        Daar, dear  ; expensive.
Chiel, a proper fellow                 ;       dim.    chielie.         Daccle, to slacken one's pace.
Chimley, chimney.                                                       Daily-day, every day ; continually.
Chop, shop.                                                             Dargin, working as a day labourer.
Chuckens, chickens.                                                     Daumer't, stunned              ;       stupefied.
Chyne, chain.                                                           Daurin, daring.
Claer, correct ; distinct                      ;   ready.               Daursay, daresay.
Claes, clothes.                                                         Dawtie, a pet.
Claikit, idly tattled.                                                  Deave, to deafen           ;
                                                                                                       to       annoy by impor
Claiks, clacks       ;       gossip.                                      tunity.
Clampin, walking                   noisily, as          with hob        Dee, to do  ;
                                                                                      to die.
  nailed shoes.                                                         Deece, a long wooden seat in the form
Clench, to limp                                                           of a sofa, with panelled back, and no
Cleuk, a claw or talon                     ;       the hand (con          padding.
  temptuously).                                                         Deed, indeed.
Clivver, clover.                                                        Deem, dame ; lass dim. deemie. :

Clossach, a mass ; sum of hoarded                             money.    Deen, done ; used in a secondary sense,
Clype, to carry tales.                                                    thus : nae that deen ill, not so very
Clypes, tattle       ;       tell-tale gossip.                            ill.

Coblie,       dim.           of   coble ;  a                 wayside    Deesters,    doers     ;
                                                                                                       actors      ;   promoters     ;

  watering-place.                                                         agents.
Cockernony, the starched kell or crown                                  Deeth, death.
  of a woman's cap.                                                     Deid, dead.
Confeerin, suitable ; corresponding.                                    DeVin,      delving    ;       cultivating          with the
Connach, to spoil ; to destroy.                                           spade.
Confer, contrary ; to oppose.                                           Dementit, mad ; unreasonable.
Contermin't, countermiuded ;      contra                                Dennerin, providing or serving dinner.
  dictory.                                                              Descryve, to describe.
Coont, to count.                                                        Deval, to cease.
Coontin, arithmetic.                                                    Deykn, deacon ; one who excels in his
Coorse, coarse ; harsh ; course.                                          profession.
Coort, court.                                                           Didnin, didn't  ; did not.
Coup, to upset ; to tilt up ; to over                                   Diffeekwalty, difficulty, accented on the
  turn    :    to    coup            the           creels,     meta..     second syllable.
  completely to upset a plan or project.                                Dilse, dulse.
                                                                               GLOSSARY.                                                      323

               to ruin or snow.                                                              EesefiC useful.
 I tin mi,   don't ; do not.                                                                 Eeswal, usual :            war nor   eeswal, worse
 />//>/,   to drive or cast violently.                                                         than usual.
 JUxiihuIisli, to abolish.                                                                   Kill nt, industrious ; diligent.

 Discoont, discount.                                                                         Eik, to make an addition : to eik                   him
Dittjeest, digest.                                                                             up, to egg him on.
 JJixf,    dust       ;           the pollen of oats detached                                EVers or dyers, elders (in the Presby
   in grinding, used for feeding poultry,                                                      terian Church).
   etc.                                                                                      Errant, errand    message.

Dit, to close                     ;
                                          to      fill.                                      Ettercap, a poisonous spider ; a person
Div, do      j       fan div ye gae                               ?   when do you              of a crabbed and troublesome or irrit
   go?                                                                                         able disposition.
Divnin, do not                            ?                                                         endeavour to aim at.
                                                                                            Ettle, to                     ;

Divot, a flat turf.                                                                         Excamb, one piece of ground exchanged
Dizzen, dozen.                                                                                 for another.
Dog-dirder, whipper-in                                        ;       kennel atten          Exkeesable, excusable.
   dant.                                                                                    Expeckit, expected.
Dog-oil, oil extracted from the livers of                                                   Expoon t expound.
Doitit, stupid                        ;    stupefied.
Dominie, a schoolmaster (from domine).
Dook, to bathe.
Dooker, one who ducks, or bathes.                                                           Fa, who.
Doon, down.                                                                                 Fa',    fall.

Doosht, a soft heavy blow.                                                                  Fader, father.
Doot, doubt nae doot, no doubt.
                                                                                            Foe, from.
Dossie, a small quantity in the form of                                                     Fan, when.
   a knot or cluster.                                                                       Fangs, louts ; lumpish fellows.
Dottier, daughter.                                                                          Fant, faint.
Dottl't, forgetful (chiefly                                       through age)          :
                                                                                            Fash, trouble.
   dottlin,          becoming stupid or                                    forgetful.       Fat, what.
Dozen't, exclamation equivalent to con                                                      Fatsomever, whatsoever.
   found     it       !
                              stupefy it                  !
                                                                                            Faugh, to plough stubble land in wide,
Drap, drop                :    dim. drappie.                                                  shallow furrows.
Dreeve, drove.                                                                              FauP, fold      :   to      foul your    fit,   to   sit

Drogs, drugs.                                                                                 down.
Draw, fit of sickness.                                                                      Faulies, dim. offaulds; orig. folds for
Dud, cloth duds, clothes.
                      :                                                                       cattle or sheep, applied to the fields
Dummie, one who is dumb      a mute.                                   ;
                                                                                              where these had been.
Dunt, to knock ; strike with a hollow                                                       Faur, where.
  sound to dunt it oot, to settle a dis
                                                                                            Faiovour, favour.
  pute by a stand-up encounter.                                                             Feal-dyke, a fence made of turf.
Dwebble, feeble ; bending with weak                                                         Feck, the greater part ; the majority.
  ness.                                                                                     Feckly, chiefly ; for the most part.
Dyker, a builder of rough stone fences                                                      Fedder, feather.
  or dykes.                                                                                 Feedle, field.
                                                                                            Feelish, foolish; thoughtless.
                                                                                            Feerious, furious ; but used in a curi
                                                                                              ously  softened sense, as feerious het,
                                                                                              exceedingly or very hot ; feerious
Ear   or air, early.                                                                          gweed     natur't, very good-natured.
Eargh,      frightened                                ;       superstitiously               Fegs, a minced oath,     presumably for
  afraid.                                                                                     faith/
Easedom, ease ;                            relief.                                          Feingyin, fejgning.
Edder, either.                                                                              Feint, exclusively used in strong nega
Edick, an edict.                                                                              tives : feint ane, never a one.
Een, eyes.                                                                                  Ferlie, wonder      ;    oddity.
Eenoo, even               now                 ;   just now.                                 Fer - nothing,          fear - nothing   ;      dread
Eese, use        ;
                      to use.                                                                 nought.
324                                                                  GLOSSARY.

Fernyear, last year.                                                           Fuskers, whiskers.
Fersell, forceful                   ;   energetic.                             Fusky, whisky.
Fesh, to fetch.                                                                Futher, whether.
Fess't, fast      ;           engaged.                                         Fyou, few    :
                                                                                                comp. fyouer.
File, while           :       dim. filie, a          little while.
Filk,                     ?
First-fit,    first person that meets a
   marriage party or other procession.                                         Gae, gave ; pret. of gie.
Fit, foot ; to give one up his fit, to                                         Gae, to go ; pr. part, gyauin (going),
  reprove one.                                                                   or gaen.
Fite, white.                                                                   Gae-lattin, letting go ; meta. at the
Flaucht, flight ;
                  hurried walk or run.                                           gae-lattin, on the eve of bankruptcy.
Flee, fly   nae a flee, not a particle.
             :                                                                 Gain, Gavin, proper name.
Fleerish, a steel for striking fire from                                       Gang, to go ; to walk.
   flint, by which match, or touch paper                                       Gar, to force        ;    oblige.
  is kindled.                                                                  Gast, fright     ;
                                                                                                        what takes one suddenly
Fleg, to frighten.                                                               aback.
Fley, to frighten.                                                             Gatefarrin, presentable ; fit to be seen
Foifteen, fifteen.                                                               on the road.
Folia, fellow.                                                                 Gawkie, a silly, loutish person.
Fond, fund.                                                                    Gawkitness, uncouth silliness.
Fools, fowls : dim. foolies.                                                   Gedder, to gather ; to collect.
Foort, fourth.                                                                 Gey, considerable.
Fooshtit, fusted.                                                              Geyan, rather ; somewhat geyan               :
Foraneen, forenoon.                                                              rather stout.
Forbears, or forebears, ancestors.                                             Geylies, pretty well.
Forder, further.                                                               Gie, to give : giein, giving.
Forebreist, front of a church or other                                         Gin,   if.

   gallery ; front of a cart.                                                  Girss, grass.
Forfecht, overdo ; overtask.                                                   Gizzen't,shrunk through drought.
Forgather, to meet together.                                                   Glack, ravine ; point where two                          ways
Forhoo, forsake ; spoken of a mother                                             separate or branch off.
  bird deserting its nest during in                                            Glaid, glad      ;       happy.
   cubation.                                                                   Glaiket, idle        ;   thoughtless.
Forquant, to acquaint ; to intimate.                                           Olives, gloves.
Forrit, forward.                                                               Gloamin, evening twilight.
Fortiggan, fatiguing                          ;    tiresome.                   Gluff, a sudden gust of air   ;
Foryet, to forget.                                                               experienced on    plunging into cold
Fou, full ; drunk.                                                               water.
Foumart, polecat.                                                              Gnap, a morsel of anything eatable.
Fowk, folk ; people.                                                           Go-och, oh !
Fozy, spongy (as a turnip)                              ;
                                                                hollow   (as   Goshie, an expression of surprise.
  a laugh).                                                                    Goupenfu', the fill of the two hands
Fraise, to use phrases; to speak flat                                            hollowed and placed side by side.
  teringly, with a desire to ingratiate.                                       Gow, to talk over ; to gull ; to decoy.
Fremt, strangers ; those not related by                                        Gow/, ruin ; destruction.
  blood.                                                                       Graip, three -pronged dung fork.
Freely, very : freely fine, very or re                                         Graith, harness.
  markably fine.                                                               Grain, groan.
Fudder, whether                         ;    alsofuther.                       Grat, wept.
Fuish, pret. of fesh, fetched                               ;    brought   ;   Greet, to cry ; to weep.
  I fuish, I brought.                                                          Grieve, farm overseer.
Full, to fill.                                                                 Grippie, inclined to greed                       ;
                                                                                                                                    also dim.
Fung, to throw with a jerking motion.                                            of grip    :       a grippie
                                                                                                       yird, bending   o'

Fup, whip.                                                                       the point of the sock slightly to the
Furm, form,                     a           long    seat        or   bench       yird or earth.
   without a back.                                                             Gruesome, frightful ; horrible.
Fusion, power strength.         ;                                              Grun, ground  j  land   grunie, dim. of

Fusionless, powerless ; weak.
                                                      GLOSSARY.                                                              325

Gryte, great.                                                        Henwife,     woman who               has          charge of
       a stout, thick-set fellow.
('in/:/!;                                                              poultry.
Gutter, sound in the throat,                          as    of       Hi-rriiil, means of harrying ; ruin                         :

  choking.                                                             perfect herrial, perfectly ruinous.
(ulli'f, knife,         commonly       of large   size.              Het, hot.
Gumption, common-sense.                                              Heth, exclamation equivalent to faith f
Gurk, stout lad.                                                     Heugh, a crag ; a rugged steep.
Gushet, anything shaped like a gusset                            ;   Hillockie, dim. of hillock: an instance
   triangular bit of land.                                             of double formation       hill, hillock,
Gioeed, good ; God.                                                    hillockie.

Gieeed-breeder, good-brother               ;
                                               brother-              Hin\   at the end, or behind.
  in-law.                                                            Hinna, have    not.
Gweeshtens, exclamation expressive                          of       Hirehoose, place of servitude.
  surprise.                                                          Hirsle, to draw oneself along as on
Gya, gave.                                                             a seat, without rising      hirsle yont,

Gyana, gave not.                                                        move a little farther off.
Gyaun, going.                                                        Hir't (lit. hired), seasoned, made palat
Gype, simpleton ; a stupid fellow.                                     able by the addition of butter, etc.                      :

Gyte, mad ; demented.                                                  weel hirt, well seasoned.
                                                                     Hisna, has not.
                                                                     Hiz, us.
                                                                     Hizzie, hussy.
Hack, a notch.                                                       Hodd'n, hid or hidden.
ffae, to have ; imperative, hae, take                      it.       Hoo, how.
Haill, whole.                                                        Hoose, house.
Hain, to save ; to husband.                                          Hoosewifeskip, housewifery.
Hairst, harvest.                                                     Hoot, interj. expressive of surprise,
Haiveless, unmannerly ; reckless.                                      irritation, or sometimes doubt ; also
Haiver, to talk foolishly, incoherently,                               implying remonstrance                     :
                                                                                                                     Hoot,   min 1
   or nonsensically.                                                   Why, man             !

Haivril, a person that talks foolishly ;                             Horsie, dim. of horse.
  half-witted (from haiver).                                         Hotter, a rough shake.
Hallach, light-witted and noisy.                                     Hoven, heaved, swollen.
ffamewuth, homeward.                                                 Howffin, a clumsy, senseless fellow.

Han'/u , handful.                                                    Howp, hope.
Hantle, a considerable quantity or                                   Huddry, towsy disordered.   ;

  number ; a deal.                                                   Huickie, small rick or stack.
Harass-merit, fatigue.                                               Humoursome, affably disposed ; merry.
Harns, brains           :   harn pan, the      skull.                Hunner, hundred.
Haud, hold.                                                          Hurb, clumsy, awkward person.
Haudin, holding possession. ;                                        Hurl, to be driven in any soil of
Haugh, alluvial ground on the margin                                   carriage     ;
                                                                                            also to drive.
   of a stream.                                                      Hyne, afar         :
                                                                                            hyne awa\     far        off.

Haumer, to walk clumsily.                                            Hyse, banter           ;
                                                                                                boisterous play or frolic.
Ild'ver, to halve ; to lay open.
Hay-soo, haystack.
Heeld, held.
lleely, cautiously           ;
                                  used as an exclama
  tion, it is equivalent to                  Ilka, each ; every.
                                          Stop   take

  care      !
               Heely,            heely, Tarn I Stop,
                                             Ill-win', coarse or abusive language.
   stop,     Tarn   !
                                             Immedantly, immediately.
Heemlin, humbling          fitted to humble.
                                  ;          Income, an ailment whose cause is un
Heich, high comp. heicher, higher.
                :                               known.
Heid, head.                                  Induck, to induct.
Heidie, headstrong         opinionative.
                                 ;           Insnorl, to entrap.
//- i'l i/
           -peers, persons of equal height.  IntilVt, into it.
Helpener, minister's assistant.              Intoon, originally the land nearest
II cuttle, familiar appellation for hen-        adjoining the toon or farm-house ;
    wife.                                       the best land on the farm.
326                                                                GLOSSARY.

Inveetor, inventory                         ;    value        of   goods   Kist, chest.
   inventoried.                                                            Ritchie,     kitchen     ;       whatever           seasons
Isnint,    is    not       it ?      or, is it          not   ?              bread.
Ither, other.                                                              Kittle, difficult   ;   critical.
Ihnost, utmost             ;
                                   to the greatest degree.                 Klyack, the conclusion of reaping                             :

                                                                             klyack supper, the harvest - home

                                                                           Knablick, an irregularly-formed loose
Jalouse, to suspect                     ;
                                                to surmise.                Knag, a knob or         pin.
Jaud, jade.                                                                Kneevlick, a roundish piece of any
Jaw, a wave ; pert, or ill-considered                                        thing that may be cut or broken,
  and abusive talk ; to talk continu    as cheese.
  ously and idly.                     Kneggum, sharp or disagreeable smell
Jeedge, to judge.                                                            or flavour.
Jeesty, matter for jest ;                            used ordinarily       Kneif, well in health   intimate.;

   in the negative form                          :   ifs nae jeesty,       Knoweheid, top of a hillock.
  it is   not to be                trifled with.                           Korter, quarter of an oat cake.
Jelly, jolly     ;    buxom.                                               Kwintra, country.
Jilin', jailing        ;    putting into                 jail.             Kwite, coat.
Jilp, an indefinite small quantity of Kyaaks, oatmeal cakes.
   any liquid, applied contemptuously, Kye, cows.
   e.g. to inferior liquor.            Kyeuk, cook.
Jinniprom, ingenious ; natty.
Jinse, Janet.
Jist, just   ;   merely.
Jouk,     to stoop             ;
                                    to          joule an* lat the
  jaw gae            owre,           to          yield to circum           Laddie, dim. of lad          ;       a boy.
  stances.                                                                 Ladle  (kirk ladle), small oblong box
Joulcry -pawkry, underhand dealing ;                                         attached to a long handle for the
  trickery ; deception.                                                      purpose of collecting the offering ;
Jow, to move from side to side ; to                                          otherwise the brod.
  ring (said of a bell).                                                   Laft, the gallery in a church.
Juggie, dim. of jug.                                                       Laimiter, one       who      has been lamed              ;
                                                                           Lair, place of repose ; bed ; grave.
                                                                           Laird, squire ; proprietor of land.
                                                                           Lairdskip,      lordship         ;     right       as   pro
Kail, colewort (greens).                                                     prietor.
Kaim, to comb ; a comb.                                                    Lairstane, table or altar-shaped grave
Kebbuck, a cheese    dim. kebbuckie.:                                        stone.
Keepit, kept.                                                              Lane    or leen, lone        ;
                                                                                                                alone    :
                                                                                                                             yer   leen,
Keerious, curious ; strange.                                                 by   yourself.
Keest, cast.                                                               Lang, long.
Kelt, caul ; the puckered part of a                                        Langheidit,     long-headed             ;         knowing     ;
   woman's mutch that rises over the                                         shrewd.
   back part of the head.                                                  Langiges, languages.
Ken, to know ; to recognise ; kenna,                                       Lanstells, parapets of a bridge.
  know     not.                                                            Lant, to jeer or taunt.
Kenspeckle, easily recognisable.                                           Lassie, dim. of lass ; a girl.
Kettlie, dim. of kettle.                                                   Lat, to let ; to permit.
Kibble, strong and active ; compactly                                      Lave, the rest ; the remainder.
  formed.                                                                  Lauwyers, lawyers.
Kirktoon, hamlet near or around the                                        Lee, a lie ; to lie.
  parish church.                                                           Leeft, left.
Kiss a caup, lit. to put a vessel with                                     Leems,     implements        ;       apparatus      ;   also
  drink to the lips   onbeen bidden kiss:
                                                                             any kind      of vessel over a                  somewhat
  a caup, without being asked to take                                        wide range,       e.g.     the jovial laird of
  liquid refreshment.                                                        Balnamoon,            We   inaun hae a leem

   V   7J ArtwZ in, spoken of his carriage                           .]/,n'tifiTn,   to maintain.
  after     he hail                 been     unluckily      .spilt   Mnir, more.
  therefrom.                                                         M'n'iT/1,    march    ;       boundary.
7>wi,      to learn         ;
                                    also to teach.                   Mnixt-'r, master.
Leemiii, learning   leenit, learned.:                                M uitters,
                                                                              matters ;                    affairs.

Lcet, let ; allowed  leet at him, struck:                            Maksna, makes not                     ;
                                                                                                             matters not.
   or assailed him.                                                  Miiiiuny,    mamma;                   mother.
Leevin, living (being) ; a person.                                   Afannie, dim. of              man             :       siv      mannie      sic

Legible, intelligible, according to Dawvid                             horsie, like       master like man.
  Hadden.                                                            Maronjus, harshly stern.
Lethal, legal.    Dawvid misapplies the                              Marrow, equal ; companion.
   word in the display of his learning.                              Mask, to infuse.
Leuch, laughed.                                                      Maugre, despite           :       V maugre                     o'   my   neck,
Leiik or litik, to look.                                               in spite of all I could do.
Licht, to alight.                        Meaty-mou't, nice ; squeamish.
Lichtlifie, to undervalue.               Mear, mare.
LicTdy, likely ; probably.               Meesic, music.
Li fill, elevated  overjoyed.
                            ;            Mell, to meddle.
Liki'in, like as  for example.
                        ;                Mengyie, a multitude ; a huddled mass.
Li miner, a worthless -woman ; a term of Menners, manners.
  reproach.                                                          Merciment, mercy                  ;
Lippen, to trust                ;   to put confidence in.            Mertyreese, to torture one as a martyr.
Lippie, the quarter of a peck.                                       Milkness, the business of caring for and
Littleanes, little ones ; children                     :   little      preparing milk ; milk.
   littleanes, small children.                                       Min\ to mind ; to care for ; to remem
Liveliheid, livelihood.                                                ber.
Loan, a piece of uncultivated land about                             Min, man   ; used chiefly in the vocative.

   a town or homestead.                                              Minit, minute.
Locker, a small compartment in the end                               Mink, a noose ; the noose of a hang
  of a chest.                                                          man's halter.
Loon, a lad ; a boy.                                                 Mint, to endeavour feebly ; to insinuate ;
Loot, let   ;    to stoop.                                             to allude to.
Lordifu\ lordly                 ;
                                        bountiful to lavish-         Misca\ to miscall                 ;   to vilify.
  ness.                                                              Misdoot, distrust             ;
                                                                                                           doubt                :
Loshie, interj. expressive of wonder.                                  intensified     by mis.
Loss, to lose.                                                       Mishanter, accident                       :   contracted form
Loup, to leap ; to jump.                                               of misadventure.
Lowrin          Fair,           Lawrence
                             Fair ; the                              Mislippen, to neglect.
  annual        fair referred to in
                             the ballad                              Missionar, missionary                             :
                                                                                                                            derisively ap
  where the fates of a hapless maiden's                                plied to the early                                  congregational
  two lovers are described :                                           preachers and their followers.
                                                                     Mith, might mithna, might not.

  " The tane was killed in a Lowrin
                                     Fair,                           Mither, mother.
    An" the tither was droont in Dee."                               Mithnin, might not ?
                                                                     Mixter-maxter, confusion                               ;
                                                                                                                                    a confused
Lowse, to loose or loosen                     ;   to leave off
                                                                     Mizzour, measure.
Lozen, pane of glass.                                                Mochie, misty, the idea of moistnesa
Luggie, a small wooden vessel for table                                and warmth being implied.
  use, with lugs or handles on the                                   Mochs, moths.
  sides.                                                                         Prior to and at the Disrup
Lugs, the ears          ;
                                handles.                               tion the two parties in the Church of
Lyaug, to talk idly and copiously.                                     Scotland were known as Moderates
Lythe, shelter'; sheltered.                                            and Evangelicals. In the Presbyterian
                                                                       Church, to moderate in a call is to
                                                                       hold a meeting of Presbytery, at
                                                                       which the congregation sign the call to
                                                                       a preacher to become their minister.
Maet, meat        ;   victuals.                                      Moggans, stockings without feet.
328                                                                      GLOSSARY.

Molie,     familiar                  designation                    of   mole-     Non-intrusion, not intruding a minister
  catcher.                                                                           on a reclaiming congregation.
Moniment, anything conspicuous by                                          its     Noo, now.
  oddity.                                                                          Nor, than (after a comparative).
Moots,     moulds            ;           earth             cast     out of a       Not, needed ; required.
  grave.                                                                           Notionate, opinionative    obstinate.      ;

Morn,  the, to-morrow.                                                             Nowte, nolt cattle.;

Mou\ mouth.                                                                        Ny alter, to talk peevishly to grumble.        ;

Moudiewort, mole.                                                                  Nyod, semi-profane exclamation, equi
Moufu* mouthful.                                                                     valent to ods or od, with the character
Mows,      jests     ; but used in the negative                                      istic   negative prefixed.
  form     :       nae mows, that may not be
  treated jestingly                       ;   dangerous.
Moyen, influence                     ;   means: tolaymoyen,
  to use means.
Muckle-boukit, large-sized.                                                        Ochtna, ought not.
Multiteed, multitude.                                                              On-been, without being.
Munsie, one who has been made, or has                                              On-cairry, ongoing.
  made himself, a spectacle, as by ill-                                            Ondeemas, enormous ; extraordinary.
  treatment.                                                                       Onfeelin\ unfeeling.
Mutch, a woman's cap.                                                              Ongaens, ongoings ; transactions ; pro
Mutchkin, a liquid measure of four                                                   ceedings.
  gills.                                                                           Ongrutt'n, lit. uncried ; without shed
                                                                                      ding tears    cudna been ongrutt'n,

                                                                                      could not have refrained from crying.
                                          N                                        Oo', wool a' ae oo, all one wool.

                                                                                   Ooncanny,              uncanny     ;
                                                                                                                                  mischievous   ;

Na, no     ;       nay direct negative.
Nabal,         ill-natured ; churlish (1                                 Sam.      Oor, our   :oor nain, our own.
  xxv.)                                                                            'Oor, hour.
Nace, destitute threadbare.      ;                                                 Oorlich, shivering with cold and rain                        :

Nae, no as nae sense, no sense.
               :                                                                      oorlich nicht, a cold, raw night.
Naething, nothing.                                                                 Ootfeedles, outfields.
Nain, own           :   nown             is    an ostensibly more                  Ootgang, outgo             ;
                                                                                                                  excess over weight or
  refined pronunciation.                                                             measure.
Naitral, natural.                                                                  Ootwulh, outwardly ; fully.
Naitur-girss, natural herbage.                                                     Opingan, opinion.
Na-say, nay-say refusal.             ;                                             Ordeen, to ordain.
Near-Ugyaunness, niggardliness.                                                    Orpiet, peevish ; querulous.
Nedder, Nedderin, neither.                                                         Orra, unappropriated     orra man, one :

Neen, none.                                                                          who does odd jobs not appropriated
Neeps, turnips.                                                                      to the other servants.
Negleck, to neglect                                   .
                                                            negleckit,     ne      Ouk, week.
  glected.                                                                         Overly, incidental ; incidentally.
Neibourheid, neighbourhood.                                                        Owdience, audience.
Neist, next.                                                                       Ourre, over.
Nervish, nervous.                                                                  Owsen, oxen  ; applied specially to those

Neuk or nyeuk, nook                               ;       corner.                    trained for the dratight.
Newse, to talk or gossip.                                                          Oxter, the arm-pit ; the bosom.
Newsie, full of news ; communicative.
Nickel, disappointed                          ;   put in a dilemma.
Nickum, mischievous or roystering boy.
Nievefu', handful.
Niffer, to exchange.                                                               Pairis\ parish.
Niz, nose.                                                                         Pairts, parts ; abilities.
Nizzin, nosing               ;
                                     a        sharp reception              ;
                                                                               a   Pape, the Pope.
  drubbing.                                                                        Parkie, dim. of park ; a small enclosed
No, now, at                  the              end of sentences,                      field.

  especially            when             interrogative.                            Parian, crab.
                                                   GLOSSARY.                                                 329

Pass, passage.                                                   Puckle, a quantity or number: dim.
Peek, forcible emission of the breath                        ;     pucklie.
  something between a sigh and a                                 Pumphel, enclosure or pen for cattle ;
  groan.                                                           the laird's seat being " boxed in," by
Peeak, to complain peevishly;                      to cry          the greater elevation of the panelling,
                                                                                                 " irreve
  like a chicken.                                                  suggested the comparison to
Peer, poor.                                                        rent youth."
Penner, penholder wooden
                                                                 Pun' and poun', a pound ; when used
  or tin case for holding quill pens.                              for weight, pronounced pun', but for
Percurrence.    Dawvid meant concur                                money poun'.
  rence.                                                         Put an' row (wC           a),   with difficulty    :

Perjink, precise.                                                  possibly from putting the stone,
Pernickity, precise ; fastidious.                                  where the goal is reached only by
Piece, a bit of oatcake, etc., given as                            the stone rolling after it falls.
   extemporised lunch.                                           Purpie, purple.
Pig, a jar.
PUgit, contest ; struggle.             .

Pirl, to stir gently ; to move anything
  .from its place by slow degrees.
Pit, to put : pitten, put.                                       Quaetness, quietness       ;    peace.
Place, the laird's residence,                    by emi          Queetikins, gaiters.
  nence.                                                         Queets, ankles.
Placie, dim.      of place         ;
                                       a small farm,             Quine, quean ; sometimes implying
  croft, etc.                                                      moral delinquency, and sometimes
Plaids, blankets.                                                  not.           .   .

Pleuch, plough ; dim. pleuchie.
Plype, to plump, or fall into water                     ;
  dabble in any liquid.                                                                    II

Points, shoe-strings or shoe-ties.
Poleetics, politics : politician is applied                      Raffy, abundant ; liberal          ;   generous.
   to one given to discussion or the ex                          Raik, to reck; to care.:               what raikst
   pression of opinion, whether political                          what does it signify ?
   or not.                                                       Raith, quarter of a year.
Pooder, powder: lattin' oot the pooder,                          Raither, rather.
  divulging the secret.                                          Rampauge, fury ; rage.
Poo'er, power ; poo'er 0' pot an* gal                            Ramsh, hasty ; rash.
   lows, the old feudal power to hang                            Ramshackle, thoughtless ; also loose-
   or drown.                                                       jointed or crazy, as applied to any
Poopit, pulpit.                                                    kind of framework.
Pow,   poll   ;   head   ;       wag       his   pow   in a      Randy, a scold ; a loose - tongued
  poopit, periphrasis for to preach.                               woman.
Pran, to crush ; to hurt.                                        Ranigill, renegade.
Preceesely, precisely ; exactly.                                 Rantletree, the beam across the chim
Precent, to lead the psalmody                          in    a     ney from which the crook is sus
  Presbyterian kirk.                                               pended.
Precunnance, footing ; understood con
                                                                 Rape, a rope, especially one made of
  ditions ; upo that precunnance, upon                             straw.
  that footing or understanding.                                 Rauchle, noisy ; clamorous.
Preen, pin.                                                      Rave, pret. of rive ; synon. with rievc.
Preen-heidit, pin-headed ; of diminutive                         Reamin', creaming ; mantling ; foam
  mental calibre.                                                   ing.
Prent, print.                                                    Rebat, to retort ; to speak again.
Progresses, processes ; Mrs. Birse meant                         Redd, to clear out ; redd up, to put in
   the legal means of bringing the de                               order.
   fendant into court.                                           Reed, rood      ;    land measure.
Protticks, rash or idle experiments.                             Reef, roof.
Puchil, self-important ; consequential ;                         Reek, smoke      to give one his kail

   a puchil mannie, a conceited little                             through the reek, is to punish him, as
   man.                                                             by     fisticuffs.
330                                            GLOSSARY.

Reek-hen, a hen exacted for every reek                    Scla/ert, a stroke with the                           palm of the
   ing chimney or inhabited house ; later,                  hand.
  hens were exacted in proportion to                      Sclaittie,    dim. of             sclate,       a   slate.
  rent of farm.                                           Sclaive,      to
                                                                      proclaim                            sinister     reports
Reerie, uproar ; clamour.                                   open-mouthed.
Reest, to arrest     ;   to put an arrest      upon   ;   Scoon'rel, scoundrel.
   to roost.                                              Scoug, a shelter ; a pretence.
Reet, root.                                               Scouth,      room         ;   accommodation.
Refeese, to refuse.                                       Scraichin, screaming; screeching.
Reive, pret. of rive; tore.                               Scronach, a querulous outcry.
Remorsin'    expressing regret.
             ',                                           Scry, to cry ; to proclaim as an ad
Repree, to reprove.                                         vertisement.
Requair, to require.                                      Scunner, disgust.
Richt, to right ; richtet, righted.                       Scunnerfu\ disgusting                       ;    loathsome.
Rickle, a structure put loosely together,                 Seelent, silent.
   or getting dilapidated.                                Seen, soon        :    seenert sooner.
Rig, a ridge ; a practical joke or frolic.                Seenit,      Synod.
Rin, to run ; rinnin\ running.                            Seerly, surely.
Rink, to scramble, as over a fence.                       Seet, site    ;       ground on which to build.
Rinnins, outlines ; principal points                  ;   Seetivation, situation.
  heads.                                                  Selfitncss, selfishness.
Robbie, dim. of Eobert.                                   Sells an thrammels, the fastenings of
Roch, rough ; coarse.                                       cattle. The sell goes round the neck.
Roon, round.                                                The thrammel is a chain with swivel
Roose, to rouse ; to stir up.                               in    it    for attaching the                      .sell   to   the
Row,     to roll.                                           stake.
Rowle, rule.                                              Sen's, those sent as forerunners.
Royt, wild ; full of rough frolic.                        'Serve 's, contraction of preserve us.
Ruck, a corn-stack ; dim. ruckie.                         Settril, slightly             stunted in growth.
Rug, to pull.                                             Seyven, seven.
Rumgumption, common-sense                 ;   mother-     Shall, shell          :
                                                                                    shally, shelly,               abounding
  wit.                                                      in shells.
Ryn,   rein.                                              Shalt, a pony.
                                                          Shakker, the part of a threshing-mill
                                                            which shakes out the straw.
                                                          Shank, a stocking in process of being
                                                            knitted ; the leg.
&ae, so.                                                  Sharger, one who is stunted in growth.
Saick, sack.                                              Sharnie, besmeared with sharn or cow's
Sair, to serve ; sairin, serving.                           dung.
Sair, sore ; painful ; oppressive.                        Sharries, contentions ; quarrels.
Sang, expletive, possibly from sanguis,                   Sheelocks, the shells or husks of ground
  blood.                                                    oats.
Sanna, shall not.                                         Sheen, shoes.
Sanshach, saucy ; disdainful.                             Sheet, to shoot.
Sattle, to settle    ;   satWt, settled.                  Shelvins, slipboards to put on the top-
Sauchen,    still   and unsociable      in manner.          sides of a cart.
Saunters, Alexander.                                      Sheugh, a ditch               ;   a small ravine.
Saurless, tasteless, or spiritless.                       Shirra, sheriff.
Saut, salt.                                               Shooter, shower.
Sauter, salter ; one who can do sharp or                  Shoulders or shooders, shoulders.
   severe things.                                         Shrood, shroud.
Sawna, saw not.                                           Sib, allied       by blood.
Sax, six.                                                 Sic, such.
Scaad, scald.                                             Siccan, such.
Scabbit, scabbed.                                         Siccar, sure ; secure.
Scaum, to scorch          ;      to   burn or heat        Siclike, such -like.
  slightly.                                               Siller, silver ; money in general.
Scaup, hard, thin        soil.                            Simmer, summer.
                                                                 GLOSSARY.                                                                    331

>'/'//',   since.                                                                    ,    example guide.          ;

Sindoon, sundown.                                                         &l<i<illaehin t    clamorous noise; squeal
Sin'er, to sunder ; to separate.                                            ing.
Sin'ry, separate ; apart.                                                 Sta/y-nevel, staff- in-hand                               ;   staffy-nevel
Sinsyne, since that tiiue.                                                  job, fight with cudgels.
Sipper, supper.                                                           Stainch, staunch.
Sizzon, season.                                                           Staito, statue.
Skaikit, bedaubed ; besmeared.                                            Sta-mack, stomach : dim. stamackie.
,SM, to break up or dismiss, as a con                                     Stan, a set.
   gregation.                                                             Stance, a station, or site.
Skaillie, slate-pencil.                                                   Stfine, steen, stone.
Skair't, frightened.                                                      Stank, a ditch.
Skance, glance              ;    cursory examination.                     Starn, a star ; a very small quantity.
Skelbs, splinters                ;   broken pieces.                       Starshie, uproar ; quarrel.
Skelf, shelf.                                                             Stappin\ stepping.
Skellack, charlock, wild mustard.                                         Steadin', farm-house and its appurten-
Skirp, to splash; to throw water, or
   any      liquid matter, in drops or small                              Stech, to  cram ; to satiate ; to gorge ;
                                                                             also to  fill any given space uncom
  quantities : skirpit, splashed.
Skowff, to quaff ; to drink off.                                             fortably, as with hot or bad air.
Skweel, school.                                                           Steel, stool.

Skyrin, shining glaringly, obtrusively,                                   Sten'in, standing                       ;       walking with long
  or ostentatiously.                                                        strides.
Sleicht, sleight.                                                         Stibble, stubble.
Sleumin, hint               ;    surmise            ;   faint intima      Sticket,       stuck        ;       unsuccessful                ;   sticket
   tion.                                                                     minister, one who, after a certain
Slichts, slights.                                                            extent of study, has failed to get
Slype, contemptible fellow ; a peculiarly                                    licence as a preacher.
   opprobrious epithet.                                                   Stickie, dim. of stick, a piece of wood.
Smatchet, a wilful or impertinent child ;                                 Sti/en, stiffening                  ;       starch.
  a pert and insignificant person.                                        Stilperts,          stilts      ;       meagre,               long-legged
Smeddum, shrewdness ; intelligence.                                          chickens.
Snapper, to stumble, as a horse.                                          Stob-thacket, thatched  by driving in the
Snappus, snappish.                                                           straw with a stob.
Sneeshinie, snuffy                   :   from sneeshin,          snuff.   Stock, a good-natured fellow.
Snell,     keen     ;   piercing.                                         Stoit, or style, nonsense  stoit, to walk            :

Snifterin,          drawing                   air        through the        jerkingly or staggeringly.
  nose ; breathing in                                   a lachrymose      Stoot, stout ; healthy.
  manner.                                                                 Stoups, props ; supports ; the two pieces
Snippet, having a white streak down                                          of the frame of a cart that project
  the face.                                                                  beyond the body, and support it when
Snod, neat.                                                                  tilted up.
Snorl, a difficulty                  ;   a scrape.                        Stramash, disorder                          ;    broil.
Soo, sow.                                                                 Strae, straw.
Sook, suck.                                                               Strap, to bind as                   with an iron plate.
Sorra, sorrow; the devil in semi -pro                                     Strappin, tall, handsome, and agile.
  fane exclamations, as, Sorra tak* you.                                  Straucht, straight ; to straighten.
Sough, an indistinct sound                               ;   a rumour.    Stravaig, to wander about idly.
Soun\ sound             ;       in religion, orthodox.                    Streck, strict.
Souter, shoemaker.                                                        Streek, to stretch                      :
                                                                                                                          streekit,      stretched   ;

Sowens, oatmeal flummery.                                                    begun, applied primarily to ploughing.
Spats, abbreviation of spatterdashes;                                     Streen, yesternight.
    gaiters.                                                              Streetch, to stretch.
Spean, to wean.                                                           Strunge, sour           ;       surly.
Speer, to ask ; to question.                                              Stur, stir      :
                                                                                               sturrin, stirring.
Spin' I in', to spindle                   ;    to       grow up   as a    Succar, sugar.
   spindle.                                                               Sucken, the district thirled to a mill ;
Sprots, coarse grass.                                                       generally the district in which any
Spull, spill.                                                                one carries on business.
 332                                           GLOSSARY.

Superannuat, annually,    according                  to    Ticht, tight.
   Mrs. Raffan.                                            Tig,  to touch               lightly      ;
                                                                                                         to dally       ;     to
Suppit, eaten with a spoon.                                  meddle playfully.
Supplicant, a beggar.                                     Tine, to lose  past part, tint, lost.

Swarf, fainting-fit  swoon.  ;                            Tinkler, tinker : tinkler's curse, some
Sweer, lazy ; indolent.                                     thing of no consideration or value.
Sweetie-wives, women who attend                    mar    Toitin', moving about ploddingly, or
  riages to sell confections.                               without energetic action.
Swick, blame.                                             Toon, a town ; a farm steading.
Swye, sway ; influence.                                   Tout, to sound as a horn.
Swype, sweep.                                             Toosht, a small undefined quantity of
Swyvpirt, swift j sudden             j   abrupt.            anything to toosh't aboot, to handle

Syne, since.                                                carelessly, or be subject to such
                                                          Tow, rope.
                                                          Towmon, twelvemonths.
                                                          Trachel, to draggle                ;
                                                                                                 to abuse through
Tack, the lease of a farm            ;
                                         the farm so        slovenliness.
  leased.                                                 Trag, persons of mean character ; trash ;
Tacket, a hobnail : tacketie,                full   of      worthless stuff.            .

  hobnails.                                               Trance, the entrance ; the lobby or
Tae, tea ; toe : tabit, toepiece.                           passage.
Tak\ to take                                              Transack, transaction                  ;

Tatie, potato.                                            Treeshin, calling cattle.
Taul, told.                                               Tribble, trouble ; distress                    ;       affliction   ;

Taupie, simpleton    a slatternly female.
                                                            to trouble.
Ted, toad ; a term of contempt, as                        Troch,     small        ;
                                                                                     goods of little
  applied to a man : the dim. teddie,                       value    ;
                                                                         to exchange ; to trade in a
  is used as a term of endearment,                          small way.
  however, as        ye bonnie teddie,                    Truncher, trencher.
  addressed to a child.                                   Trypal,    tall   ;   lank, or slovenly person.
Tee, too ; likewise.                                      Tryst, to  appoint a time or place of
Teds, tools  implements.
             ;                                              meeting ; an engagement.
Teem, empty.                                              Tyeuk, took.
Teen, tune ; humour ; temper.                             Turkis, nippers or pincers.
Terrible, this word is very frequently                    Turnkwite, turncoat ; backslider.
  used in the sense of exceedingly, as                    Turra, Turriff, the name of a town.
  terrible little, or terrible bonnie.                    Twa, two.
Tes'ment, testament.                                      Twall, twelve.
Thack, thatch.                                            Tycein, enticing          ;       treating in a kindly
That, used instead of so: that drunk,                       wheedling manner.
  so drunk, etc. : nae that ill, not so
  bad (haud      ita male).
Theets, the traces by which cattle draw                                                     U
  in a plough, etc.  oot o' theet, or owre

  the theets,    is   acting disorderly or out            Umbrage, umbrage.
  of rule.                                                Unce, ounce.
Thegither, together.                                      Unco, strange ; uncommon                           :    an unco
Thereoot, outside ; in the open air.                        man, a stranger.
Thig, to beg ; generally applied to                       Un'ersteed, understood.
  the olden practice of begging seed                      Upfeshin, upbringing ; training.
  oats to sow first crop on entering a                    Upsetting pretentious.
  farm.                                                   Uptak, apprehension.
Thirl, to astrict or bind.                                Up-throu\ upper part of the country.
Thole, to suffer ; to endure ; to permit.
Thoom, thumb : to keep one's thoom
   upon, to conceal.
Threep, to insist pertinaciously.
Throu-the-muir, quarrel          ;   contention.          Veelent, violent.

      very.                                                               Wi\      with.
Veto-law, Scotch                      ecclesiastical
                                         term,                            II
                                                                               '/>, a little        woman, whether a              wife
     signifying a law to empower a con                                         or not.
     gregation to object to the     ordination                            Wil\ wild or wildly.
     of u ii in 1st IT over them, should tlu-y
                                                                          Wile, wyle, to wale ; to select.
     consider him unsuit:il>le.                                           Wilificn, vilipend ; vilify ; to defame.
Vtackle,     vehicle          ;   conveyance.                            Winsome, attractive  ; comely.
Vizzy, look   vizzy backart, retrospect.
                     :                                                   Win'y, windy ; boastful.
Vokie, jocular ; in exultant spirits.                                    Witter, barb of a dart or hook : witters
Vrang, wrong.                                                              (withers), the throat.
Vratch, wretch.                                                          Won'er, wonder.
Vreet, vreetin, writing.                                                 Woo, call to a horse to stand still.
Vrote, wrote             ;
                             written.                                    Wordle, world.
    >"".'/   a   woman            of coarse or unruly                    Wordy, worthy                  ;    deserving.
     character.                                                          Wormit, wormwood.
                                                                         Wraith, apparition of a person supposed
                                                                           to be seen immediately before or after
                                  W                                            his death.
                                                                         Wud, would wudna, would:                         not.
                  like,        van ished- like              ;   thin;    Wud, mad.
  meagre-looking.                                                        Wudden, wild ; mad.
Wale, to select.                                                         Wuddie, withe,                the withe by which

Wdttoch, a characteristic                                   Highland           the criminal           hanged ; hence the

  dance.                                                                       word      is   popularly used for the gibbet
Walls, wells.                                                                  itself.

Wallydraggle, an insignificant, untidy                                   Wunt,     want to
                                                                                      to            ;
  person ; an ill-grown animal.                                          Wup, to bind round,                   as with thread, etc.
Walthy, wealthy.                                                         Wusna, was not.
Wan, way         ;
                     direction             :
                                               Ba'dy-fash        wan     Wiiss, to wish.
    in the direction of Baldyfash.                                       Wye, way ; manner.
Wanworth, unworth                      :       an insignificant          Wyme, stomach ; belly.
    price.                                                               Wyte, to wait ; blame.
Warna, were not.
Warsh or warsh-like,                       insipid      ;   sickly.
Wa's, walls.
Waucht, draught.
Wauger, to wager                  ;   to bet.
Waur, worse.                                                             YabUe, to speak loudly and rapidly
Wear-awa\ to wear away                            ;   to die.                  with indistinct utterance.
Wecht, weight.                                                           Yatta, yellow.
Wed, well.                                                               Yap, hungry.
Weel-a-wuns, exclamation expressive                                      Yaucht, to own.
  of soothing and endearment.                                            Yauws, arms, e.g. of a windmill.
Weel-faur't, well-favoured ; comely.                                     Yawfu\ awful.
Weer, wire ; knitting-needles.                                           Yearock, a hen not exceeding a year
Weet, wet.                                                                 old ; a pullet.
Weirdies* worthless; thriftless.                                         Yer, your.
Went, glance ; blink.                                                    Yerl, earl.
Weesht, whist I silence.                                                 Yett,     a gate.
\Yhiiimaleerie,              whim      ;       fancy.                    Yirnin, rennet             ;
                                                                                                            the stomach of a     calf.
Whitet       or whitie-broons,                        unbleached         Yokit, yoked.
    lint thread.                                                         Yule and Yeel, Christmas.

                                                                THE END.

                                           Printed by K.         &    R. CLARK, Edinburgh.

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