U.S. Department of the Interior
• 2010 Budget: $12.008 billion
• Enacted 2009: $11.141 billion
The Department of the Interior protects and provides access to our nation’s natural and cultural
heritage, honoring our past while helping to create new opportunities for the future. Through
the Interior Department, we honor our trust responsibilities to Indian Tribes and our
commitments to island communities.
The budget includes $12 billion for Interior, with initiatives to: protect and preserve America's
national parks and public lands; conserve wetlands and wildlife habitat; strengthen Native
American communities; enhance outdoor opportunities for young people; and promote energy
security with a focus on clean renewable sources and strategies to address climate change. The
budget supports programs to expand environmental education activities, strengthens Native
American communities through increased funding for law enforcement and education,
promotes renewable energy programs on Federal lands and waters, and creates a new
contingent funding reserve to anticipate costs for catastrophic wildfires. The budget includes
proposals to encourage the responsible development of federal oil and gas resources and to
ensure that taxpayers receive a fair return from the sale of these assets.
OUR NATION’S NATURAL RESOURCES
• Protects national parks. The President is committed to preserving our national parks,
with a $134 million increase in park operations to protect the investments made
through the Recovery Act and maintain facilities and natural resources. An additional
$25 million will provide matching funds to leverage private donations in preparation for
the 100th anniversary of the National Park Service.
• Conserves new lands. The budget increases Land and Water Conservation Fund (LWCF)
funding for DOI by $95 million, bringing the total request for the Departments of
Agriculture and the Interior up to $420 million in 2010 and putting the Administration
on track to fully fund LWCF programs at $900 million by 2014.
• Establishes a dedicated reserve fund to fight wildfires. In addition to fully funding the
10‐year average for wildfire suppression operations, the budget establishes a $75
million discretionary contingent reserve fund for emergency wildfire suppression, which,
coupled with program reforms, will improve wildfire operations and promote safe, cost‐
effective and accountable results from investments made in managing fire on
• Conserve Western water. The Bureau of Reclamation will award cost‐shared challenge
grants on a competitive basis for eligible projects and activities to assist local
communities in obtaining and conserving water. In addition, the Bureau’s water reuse
and recycling program (Title XVI) will provide financial and technical assistance to local
water agencies for the planning, design, and construction of water reclamation and
reuse. Additional conservation activities, such as voluntary water banks, wastewater
treatment, and other market‐based conservation measures, will also be part of the
A CLEAN ENERGY FUTURE
• Invests in a clean energy future. The budget includes more than $50 million in
increases to conduct the environmental evaluations and technical studies needed to
spur development of renewable energy projects, assess available alternative resources,
and mitigate the impacts of development on Federal lands and waters.
• Assesses and responds to the impact of climate change on wildlife. The budget
includes increases of more than $130 million, of which $40 million is shared with the
states for wildlife adaptation. Additionally, the budget increases funds by $10 million
for North American Wetlands Conservation activities to acquire, restore, or protect
wetlands used by migratory waterfowl and other birds.
ECONOMIC RECOVERY AND A BETTER RETURN TO TAXPAYERS
• Provides a better return to taxpayers from mineral development. The public receives
more than $12 billion annually from fees, royalties, and other federal payments related
to oil, gas, coal, and other mineral development. Yet, that return could be improved by
charging appropriate fees and reforming how royalties are set.
• Encourages youth education and involvement. The budget provides an increase of $30
million to help states and DOI bureaus establish creative new programs and strategies to
encourage young people and minority populations to responsibly hunt and fish. The
funding also provides $20 million for internships to develop environmental awareness
and resource management skills.
STRENGTHENS NATIVE AMERICAN COMMUNITIES.
• Increases funding for the Bureau of Indian Affairs. The President’s budget includes
more than $161 million in increased funding to the Bureau of Indian Affairs, including
significant increases for law enforcement and education.
(Net discretionary funding)
Bureau of Indian Affairs
2010 budget: $2.4 b 2009 Enacted: $2.5b
The mission of the Bureau of Indian Affairs is to fulfill its trust responsibilities and promote self‐
determination on behalf of federally recognized Indian Tribes. Programs funded by BIA and
administered by either Tribes or BIA include an education system of elementary and secondary
students as well as colleges and universities; law enforcement; social services; economic
development programs; repair and maintenance of roads, bridges, dams, and irrigation
infrastructure; and natural resources management on 56 million acres of trust land.
Bureau of Land Management
2010 budget: $1.1b 2009 Enacted:$1.0b
The Bureau of Land Management manages 264 million acres of surface acres of public lands
located primarily in the 12 Western States, including Alaska.
Bureau of Reclamation
2010 budget: $985.6m 2009 Enacted: $1.0b
The mission of the Bureau of Reclamation is to manage, develop, and protect water and related
resources in an environmentally and economically sound manner in the interest of the
Minerals Management Service
2010 budget: $180.6m 2009 Enacted: $163.7m
The Minerals Management Service regulates and manages the development of energy and
mineral resources in the Federal waters off the Nation's shores.
National Park Service
2010 budget: $2.7b 2009 Enacted: $2.5b
The National Park Service preserves, unimpaired, the natural and cultural resources and values
of the national park system for the enjoyment, education, and inspiration of this and future
Office of Surface Mining
2010 budget: $159.4m 2009 Enacted: $164.7m
The Office of Surface Mining mission is to carry out the requirements of the Surface Mining
Control and Reclamation Act in cooperation with States and Tribes. OSM's primary objectives
are to ensure that coal mines are operated in a manner that protects citizens and the
environment during mining, assuring that the land is restored to beneficial use following
mining, and to mitigate the effects of past mining by aggressively pursuing reclamation of
abandoned coal mines.
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
2010 budget: $1.6b 2009 Enacted: $1.4b
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is the only agency of the U.S. Government whose primary
responsibility is fish, wildlife, and plant conservation. The Service helps protect a healthy
environment for people, fish and wildlife, and helps Americans conserve and enjoy the
outdoors and our living treasures. The Service's major responsibilities are to protect and
conserve migratory birds, endangered species, certain marine mammals, and freshwater and
U.S. Geological Survey
2010 budget: $1.1b 2009 Enacted: $1.0b
The U.S. Geological Survey serves the Nation as an independent fact‐finding agency that
collects, monitors, analyzes, and provides scientific understanding about natural resource
conditions, issues, and problems. The USGS carries out studies on a national scale and conducts
long‐term monitoring and assessment of natural resources.