ICT for Local Governance Needs Analysis and Research Priorities

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					      ICT for Local Governance:
A Case Study for e-Local Governance in the Kebeles of the City
           Government of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia


   LOG-IN Africa Project, Team Leaders Meeting


             Dawit Bekele, Solomon Atnafu,
       Dessalegn Mequanint, and Yigeremew Adal
            Department of Computer Science
                Addis Ababa University

                    November 17 -18, 2006
                     Kampala, Uganda
         Outline
1.   Overview
2.   General Objectives
3.   Developments since the Tanger Workshop
4.   Research Methodology
5.   Preparation of the Inception Report
6.   Addis Ababa
7.   Services Rendered at Kebele Level
8.   Issues for Discussion
9.   Conclusion
1. Overview
• The LOGIN Africa Network, objectives:
    – Define a standard framework of measurement and a commonly accepted
      methodology of monitoring and evaluation of the impact of ICTs on local
      governance in Africa;
    – Create and design a standard roadmap for e-Local Governance Projects in
      Africa;
    – etc.
• The Ethiopian team, under the framework of LOGIN, focuses on e-
  local governance at Kebeles,
    – which are the lowest administrative units in Ethiopia where citizen-
      centered services are rendered.
• The team has chosen Addis Ababa since it provides a number of
  opportunities for the successful implementation of the Project.
2. General Objectives
• to identify the key drivers/factors for successful
  implementation of e-local governance in the local
  administrative systems (“Kebeles”) of the Addis Ababa
  City Government;
• to identify policy and strategy-related issues for
  successful implementation of e-local governance; and
• to propose a roadmap for an effective implementation
  of e-local governance at the Kebeles of the City
  Government of Addis Ababa.
3. Developments Since the Tanger Workshop

    •   Recruiting an additional Researcher
    •   Defining Working Procedures and division
        of Responsibilities,
    •   Setting the Methodology
    •   Preliminary Survey,
    •   Writing Inception Report,
4. Research Methodology

 • Identification of the Data to be Collected,
 • Identification of the Sources of data
 • Sampling
4.1 Data to be Collected
• Structure, powers and duties of local governments (Kebeles),
• Types and nature of services rendered to citizens by Kebeles,
• Socio economic conditions of communities and citizens in general at local
  government areas as obtained from secondary data,
• ICT equipments and systems in use at local government level,
• ICT equipments and tools in use by citizens,
• Level of knowledge and awareness to use ICT tools among local
  governments civil servants, and citizens,
• Citizens participation in and interactions with the local governance,
• Service delivery by kebeles and citizens’ satisfaction.
• Economic potentials of local governments and citizens to invest on ICTs
  for e-local governance, and
• Opinions of citizens, local government civil servants and stakeholders
  about promoting good governance
4.2. Sources of data

• Local government (Kebele) offices,
• Civil and political local government officials as
  key informants,
• Documentations: proclamations related to local
  governance, guidelines, organizational structure,
  relevant articles and reports of local governments,
• Residents,
• Consultative workshops.
4.3. Sampling


•   Large number of Kebeles, (99 in Number)
•   How,
•   What parameters to Consider,
•   Preliminary data collection
5.     Preparation of the Inception Report

     • Literature review
     • Establishing contact with sub-cities
     • Investigating the organization of city-
       governments
       – City Government
       – Sub-city
       – Kebele
6. Addis Ababa
     City Government of Addis Ababa:
            Population ≈ 3 Million



           Sub-City Administrations:
                Sub-cities:- 10
             Population ≈ 300,000



           Kebeles Administrations:
                 99 Kebeles
            A/Population ≈ 30,000
City map boundaries (Addis Ababa)


                      Factors:
                      - Economy,
                      - Level of awareness & education,
                      - Culture,
                      - Infrastructure,
Bole Sub-City
  • With 11 Kebeles and 280,000 population




                                      Factors:
                                      - Economy,
                                      - Level of awareness, education,
                                      - Culture,
                                      - Infrastructure,
Municipal Services City Government Level)
  • Land Administration Authority
  • Infrastructure& Construction Works Authority
  • Water& Sewerage Authority
  • Road Authority
  • Transport Authority
  • Land Development Agency
  • Housing Agency
  • Sanitation, Beautification & Parks Development Agency
  • Acts & Civil Status Documents Record..
  • Fire and Services
  • Code Enforcement Service
  • Public Enterprises
Sub-Cities / No of Kebeles / Population
                         No of   Total
     No Kifle-Ketema Kebeles Population
      1 Arada             10    303,810
      2 Addis Ketema       9    320,389
      3 Lideta             9    296,073
      4 Kirkos            11    318,508
      5 Yeka              11    304,550
      6 Bole              11    298,000
      7 Akaki-Kality       8    182,502
      8 Nifas Silk-Lafto  10    304,550
      9 Kolfe-Keranio     10    261,235
     10 Gulelle           10    333,998
                          99   2,923,615
The Organs of Kebele Administration:

  •   Kebele council
  •   Kebele chief Executive
  •   Kebele Standing Committee
  •   Kebele Social Court
 7. Services Rendered at Kebele Level
• Issuance of ID (new, renewal, replacement),
• Housing (Registration, distribution, maintenance),
• Evidences (health, employment, economic status,
  residence, marriage, decides, family, departed, new
  arrivals, etc.),
• Communication (other offices, sub-city, City, etc.),
• Social organizations (license, support, etc.),
• Developmental activities (schools, sanitation, health,
  village roads, house construction, etc.)
• etc.
8. Issues for Discussion
• Good Governance, (participation, transparency,
  responsiveness, equity, effectiveness & efficiency,
  accountability, rule of law, consensus orientation, and
  strategic vision)
• Metrics of measuring good governance,
• Sample Selection,
• Selection of Service to deal with (selection criteria),
• Data collection tools
• Data analysis (qualitative & quantitative),
• Result / Output (road map, strategy, model, design, etc).
• The Language Issue (Localization, training, etc)
9. Conclusion

• The Ethiopian project is moving forward,
• Currently the inception report is produced,
• We will try to use the good initiation of the city
  government to execute our research project,
• Data collection will start after the Kampla
  Team leaders meeting,
Thank You 
  Merci 