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GLACIAL DEPOSITS GLACIAL DEPOSITS VOLUME 36 2007-2008 Volume 36 2007 - 2008 2007-2008 DOUGLAS CLAY RIDGLEY LECTURE Since 2000, the Department, with proceeds from an endowment courtesy of the George and Martha Means Family, has brought to campus each year an individual of high standing in the discipline of Geography to deliver the Ridgley Lecture and otherwise interact with students, faculty, and the community. For 2007-2008, the Ridgley Lecture, by Jerome Dobson, entitled “Restoring Geography in America,” took place during the second week of November. Jerome Dobson, Professor of Geography at the University of Kansas, spoke to a large audience in the Bowling and Billiards Center Auditorium, and afterward answered a number of questions from those in attendance. Prior to his Ridgley Lecture, Professor Dobson, who is also the President of the American Geographical Society, spoke to standing room only in a Felmley classroom about the long and distinguished history of the Society. Among those in attendance were Illinois State’s Professor John Kostelnick (left), who was a student of Dobson at Kansas, and Illinois State retiree Professor James Carter (right), who was a Dobson professor at the University of Tennessee. Between his presentation on the AGS and his late-afternoon Ridgley Lecture, Professor Dobson participated in the ribbon-cutting ceremony to mark the grand opening of GEOMAP (see page 33). Dobson offered a few words of encouragement and posed for photographic and video captures, while others, including his former professor, James Carter (far left), and President Al Bowman (next to Carter), enjoyed light refreshments. GLACIAL DEPOSITS Volume 36 2007-2008 Department of Geography-Geology Illinois State University Campus Box 4400 Normal IL 61790-4400 Homepage: www.geo.ilstu.edu Editor Michael D. Sublett Graphics Jill Freund Thomas Associate Editor David H. Malone Cover: Zeppo Romano, the Second Life version of the Department’s Bill Shields, rules Geo Island. On the island, Zeppo helps Bill teach the hundreds of students that register for Principles of Geology each semester. Students, who wish to do so, come to life on the island as an avatar like Zeppo, go to the area where Zeppo (Bill) is teaching, and participate much as they would in real life. See page iv for more details. TABLE OF CONTENTS 2007-2008 Ridgley Lecture Inside Front Cover From the Editor’s Desk iii A Second Life/William E. Shields iv Tsunami Survivor/Michael Stagg 1 Rocks and Minerals 8 Grand Haven Golf Club/John C. Rooney 9 Geography Interns: Class of 2007 14 Robert G. Corbett Wins Award 19 Survival in Wartime England/Elaine C. Grabill 20 Reinventing Elaine/Ellen Dietz 24 Career Fair Tables 26 Student Awards 28 In the Field with GEO 310 29 Majors and Graduate Students 30 Retreat 32 GEOMAP 33 Conference Presentations 34 Around Town 37 Faculty and Staff Sketches 38 Posting Locally 54 Yesteryears/Michael D. Sublett 56 2007-2008 Distinguished Geographer Lecture Inside Back Cover FROM THE EDITOR’S DESK M ichael Stagg came to Lincoln, Nebraska, in June of 2007 as one of several new readers for Advanced Placement Human Geography. The leadership assigned him to my table for our week of reading and scoring essay answers. As table leader, in addition to training Michael and the other five readers at my table on the rubric for one of the three free response questions that week and overseeing (back reading) their work, I tried to help them know one another better. I got an idea from the paper hangers that the residence hall staff hung on our door knobs early each morning, for us to find when we emerged. On the first hanger of the sequence were several “Fun Facts” about Nebraska. Why not, it occurred to me, ask each reader at our table to give us a daily fact about something in their lives and then have the rest of us guess who was who? So, with the assistance of our clerk, we devised a scheme wherein each of us would write on a sticky note something that was not obvious about our past; and then the clerk would transcribe the contents of all notes to a single page, copy the page, and deliver the copies to me for distribution to table members. We took a few minutes after lunch to try and guess identities. Staggo wrote on the first day about surviving the 2004 tsunami. Later that week I approached him about writing for our yearbook, and he seemed interested. When I returned to Felmley, I sent him a letter formally requesting an article and included the most recent volume of Glacial Deposits. Later I forwarded Volume 35 and again encouraged him to compose and submit his story. In the fall of 2007 he complied, sending essentially what we have published here, beginning on page 1. What are the chances of Staggo having such a story to tell, coming all the way from Singapore for the 2007 reading, being assigned to my table, revealing his story to us, agreeing to write about the day after Christmas 2004, and then actually following through as promised? I say they are pretty slim. By the way, none of the other articles came sliding under the door unexpectedly. John Rooney touched briefly on Grand Haven Golf Club in his Homecoming 2007 address to faculty and students, and later agreed to write up its story. Elaine Graybill took on the assignment of interviewing Jo Miller and writing about Jo’s World War II recollections, particularly as they pertain to food, shelter, and clothing. Then, when Elaine announced that she was retiring, Ellen Dietz seemed the perfect choice to compose a piece about Elaine’s writing career and post-retirement plans. Bill Shields mentioned to me one day that he has an alter ego, in a virtual world, and that he uses that world to help students in his classes. Further conversation and guided tours by Bill of Geo Island in Second Life led to the cover artwork and Bill’s one-page article (on the reverse of this page). Standard features of our yearbook continue, such as faculty and staff sketches and lists of student awards, majors and graduate students, and conference presentations. “Yesteryears” is one of my favorite sections because I get to reflect on people and events from decades past. Graphic items occupy considerable space again, and seem to me critical to telling the departmental story for any given year. Jill Thomas rendered the maps for the tsunami and golf course articles, and Bill Shields provided the screen shots from Second Life. In addition to my photographs, we publish here others from Amy Bloom, Dagmar Budikova, Lisa Ann Carrillo, Elaine Graybill, Johanna Haas, Brian Hanson, John Kostelnick, Carlos T. Miranda, John Rooney, and Michael Stagg. Thanks go to Deb Lescher for word processing, Jill Thomas for major and minor graphic efforts, and Dave Malone for consulting with me about content and continuing to allocate departmental funds for preparation and publication. MDS GEOGRAPHY-GEOLOGY GETS A SECOND LIFE By William E. Shields K eeping current with technology and innovative teaching techniques has always been a high priority for the Geography-Geology Department. Recently, I have been working with the Center for Teaching and Learning Technologies (CTLT) on campus to incorporate Virtual Interactive Classroom Environments (VICE) into our repertoire of teaching tools. During the spring 2008 semester, the Department purchased a virtual island in the online virtual world simulator Second Life <http://secondlife.com/>. Second Life, which opened in 2003, is a 3-D virtual world that its residents create. Since commencement its population has grown to over 6,000,000 and adds some 20,000 new residents each day. There are more than 200 educational institutions with a presence in this world, including Bradley University, the University of Illinois, and Northern Illinois University. Classrooms and lecture areas can be constructed and include screens for slideshows and streaming videos. Government agencies like NASA and NOAA have property in this world and regularly host public discussion forums with guest speakers. Residents form groups and hold meetings to discuss common interests. Creating an avatar (character) in Second Life is free and takes half an hour. Once “in-world,” avatars are free to explore the multitude of islands, attend events, and meet and interact with people from around the world. We purchased “Geo Island” in February of 2008, and I then introduced this technology in my Principles of Geology class the same semester. Because my class was large, over 650 students, I was looking for a mechanism to connect with students who could not attend my normal office hours and review sessions. Eventually over 60 of my students, all with avatars in Second Life, met virtually with me on a regular basis in the evenings and on weekends. I submitted a proposal to and was awarded a grant from the University to pursue the development of this cutting-edge technology on campus. I attend and present at group meetings to promote the use of Second Life. Known as Zeppo Romano in-world, I am currently working with Jo Mercer, Neosome Anatine in- world, a colleague from Robert Gordon University in Aberdeen, United Kingdom, to develop in- world topographic and geologic mapping exercises for online courses. I have also been instrumental in retooling traditional Department classes that we plan to offer online. Stop by Second Life for a virtual visit. EDITOR’S NOTE: Please see the covers (front and back) for views of Geo Island. iv TSUNAMI SURVIVOR By Michael Stagg A t about 10 a.m. on the morning of December 26, 2004, three tsunami waves triggered by a submarine earthquake of above 9.0 on the Richter Scale, hit the west coast of the Thai island of Phuket. The waves hit at intervals of about ten minutes. Without any forewarning, having no alarm system, and with no living memory of such a natural disaster striking Phuket before, locals and foreign vacationers were caught unaware. The result was catastrophic. In Phuket alone, more than 5,300 people died, and property damage was incalculable. The Phuket economy relies largely on tourism and fishing. Both industries were utterly devastated. Thanks to video clips of the event, and to saturation coverage by international news media in the immediate aftermath, the situation is now well known. With the assistance of hindsight, all seems clear and explicable. Yet at the time, on the beach, watching the devastation unfold, the situation was confusing, awe-inspiring, and chaotic. What follows is my personal account of events that happened that morning at Ya Nui Beach, on the southwestern tip of Phuket. The morning of December 26, 2004, Boxing Day for those with a British upbringing, began with a normality that was to prove deceptive. Phuket had been the vacation haunt of my family for many years, so we were very familiar with the terrain; and we had developed some comfortable habits. For my wife, Elspeth, and me, the normal holiday routine was to rise at first light, hop on a rented motorbike, and breeze downhill to the nearby Nai Harn Beach for a constitutional stroll. On that day, in the early morning cool, all was tranquil. The aqua water of the Andaman Sea lapped gently up the white sandy shoreline, and rows of beach chairs lay in orderly rows, awaiting the arrival of foreign holidaymakers who were still sleeping off their Christmas dinners. Few people stirred. It seemed like Paradise, but it is probable that at this moment of tranquility, the fateful earthquake, which was to bring utter devastation to these shores, struck off the coast of Aceh, Sumatra. Second stop of the morning ritual was a cup of good fresh German coffee and a croissant at Bruno's Bakery, a pleasant hole-in-the-wall, set a kilometer back from the beach on the edge of an old rubber plantation. By the time Elspeth and I arrived back at our bungalow to check on the progress of our two daughters, it was approaching 9.30 a.m., time for my morning swim. To wait much longer would be to miss the luxuriant shade of the mid-morning, and to invite being baked by the tropical sun. My daughters, Caitlin and Hanna, having risen later, were still mulling over the last of their pancake breakfast at the bungalow restaurant. For these sun-lovers, there was no rush; and they would join me down at the beach in due course. Our bungalow sat with a couple of dozen others, nestled in the soothing shade of a mature cashew tree plantation. The nearest beach, Ya Nui, a tiny crescent shaped inlet, nestled among steep hills, is a five-minute walk down the precipitous coast road. Equipped minimally with a sarong, swim shorts, and flip flops, I shuffled down the steep descent to the beach. At the second, and last, hairpin bend in the road, I looked out to sea and across the bay to the more distant Nai Harn beach where we had strolled earlier. The vision I beheld at that moment was anything but the aquamarine tranquility I expected. The surface of the water was a churning brown mass of turbulence, heavy with sediment, sweeping at speed towards the beach. It appeared that a huge ocean current, like a river in full flood, was sweeping ashore, forcing itself between the rocky peninsula on which I stood, and the small island a half mile off shore, angling south-westward to the beach. I knew this stretch of water well but the sight before me was entirely foreign. The sea kept rushing inwards, as if a dam had broken; and a huge mass of pent-up water was now free to race away. I was not seeing a wave, but rather a rushing current; and it seemed as if the entire ocean was coming ashore. After briefly observing this mystifying scene, my interest piqued, I hurried down to the beach to see at close hand what was happening. Given hindsight, it might have been smarter to have held my position on the high ground. Ya Nui Beach was to be one of the hardest hit locations in Phuket, because of its peculiar geography. It faces southwest, which made it vulnerable to experience the full impact of the incoming tsunami waves. Furthermore, the beach is narrow, perhaps 150 yards wide, and it is hemmed in by surrounding hills, which had the effect of concentrating the mass of water roaring in from the Andaman Sea. Finally, a small island sits a half mile off the beach, which further exacerbated the channeling of the incoming tsunami waves, forcing the water to pile up even higher as it tried to rush between the island and the peninsula that forms the cove’s southern perimeter. Although I did not realize it at the time, what I had witnessed from the road above was the closing moments of the first tsunami wave hitting Ya Nui Beach. There were to be three waves, each successively larger and more destructive, spaced about 10 minutes apart. As I turned into the beach’s small palm-fringed car park, middle-aged European holidaymakers, clad in swimsuits, were fleeing the beach in a state of pandemonium, trying to maintain their balance as they fled through calf-height swirling seawater. The wave had swamped the beach, carrying all before it, and had risen up the shallow incline to damage a small family-run restaurant. I did not realize the seriousness of the surge, nor did I know that in all likelihood that first wave took the lives of a woman and child caught by the surging waters. The sea continued to rush in for several minutes, then the water reversed direction, and the churning water retreated back out, sucking with it beach chairs, umbrellas, scuba diving tanks, restaurant tables, anything unattached. It was this scene of retreating water, and fleeing tourists, that I encountered when I reached the beach. Curiosity grabbed me, and my instinct was to venture down onto the beach to survey the scene. The water was rapidly receding, exposing a naked seabed, and the waters beyond were boiling with debris. It was a sight to behold, and it seemed that the danger had passed. As I reached the crude stairway of three wooden steps to the beach below, a European man asked me what I thought had just occurred. I replied that it might be the result of an earthquake, as I had read an article in the previous day's Bangkok Post that an earthquake had occurred off the coast of Tasmania. Perhaps the effect was being felt here now. My sense of how quickly waves move, and how far it was from Tasmania to Phuket, was vague at best. I do not remember thinking of the word “tsunami.” But this was no time for quiet reflection, as the beach beckoned. Everything before me was in complete disarray. The beach chairs and umbrellas, so carefully arranged in a line to face the sea, had disappeared. They had been upturned, washed inland; and some had then been sucked back out to sea. The exposed seabed was the most remarkable feature of the chaotic scene. Fish, shells, and other sea creatures that had not been carried out by the receding water were now lying totally exposed. One could venture out hundreds of yards, an impossible scenario on a normal day; and, like a siren, it lured me out towards it. A rocky outcrop, normally attached to the beach, but now separated by a channel of retreating seawater, had become the refuge of a woman who had been on the beach when the first wave 2 hit. She had become separated from her husband, and had instinctively taken to high ground to save herself, while he had rushed inland. Now she shouted for assistance to get off her precarious perch and to be reunited with her husband. Gauging the out-flowing current to be negotiable, I edged through the retreating current, took her hand, and together we made it back to the beach. Moments later, the second tsunami surge hit. I do not remember seeing it approach, but responded to the cries of those around me, clambering back up the stairway, past the inundated restaurant, and across the car park. I was caught by the speed of the surge; and within moments the water was swirling about my calves, then my thighs. The torrent had great force, picking up and carrying all in its path. Motorcycles were hurled off their kickstands and began to topple over and add to the mix of dangerous flotsam being rushed inland. The geography of the inlet saved me, as once I was able to reach the road, I could turn and immediately increase elevation, running up the hill towards our bungalow. This second wave was larger than the first, and swept farther inland, tearing through the low-lying bungalows across from the beach. By this time my wife and two daughters had arrived; and, along with other refugees from the beach, we tried to assist some scuba divers as they attempted to rescue their tanks from the swirling waters. Within minutes, there was a repeat occurrence; the incoming surge reversed direction, and sucked back out to sea. Again, curiosity, and a sense that the danger had passed, won the day. The restaurant, perched just above the beach, where we had so frequently eaten, had taken a big hit; and we instinctively began to help clean up. I recall watching daughter Hanna pick up a beach umbrella, heavy with the weight of sand and water, and suggesting to her that she might want to chose something more manageable. Some tourists who had been on the beach for the first wave had lost their backpacks containing passports and money, so this was another lure to return, to search for, and to return valuable items. The danger seemed to have passed. As with the aftermath of the earlier wave, the seabed was now miraculously exposed, for at least a hundred yards, and there was so much to see and do. I wandered back down to the beach. It was while poking around the exposed seabed, eyes cast downwards, that I recall looking up and out to sea towards the southwest, from whence the earlier surges had come. It is interesting how certain images stay fixed in your memory, in clear detail, despite the passage of time. As I looked out, I thought to myself: “Funny, the water level in the middle distance appears to be higher than the beach, and that cannot be a good thing.” Sensing that something pretty serious was amiss, and knowing that time was of the essence, I turned and bolted up the sandy beach. Dimly, I recall the voices of others raising the alarm as they also saw the danger. I doubt that my hurried retreat could have lasted more than 30 seconds, but those seconds seem to have transpired in slow motion. In my haste to flee, I quickly lost a flip flop, and I remember thinking: “That is a size 13 Adidas; you cannot find those in Thailand, so stop and pick it up,” but I did not give in to the temptation. Reaching the little incline to the car park, I noticed that the wooden stairs were no longer, and so my progress was slowed while I slithered up the bank, sporting only one flip flop. To my right, beyond the restaurant, was a one-story concrete beach house nestled among tall trees. As I raced across the parking lot with my back to the ocean, I was somehow aware that a huge and destructive force was fast catching me. I do not remember hearing a noise, but I imagine that a roaring of surf as the surge behind me built up into a 10 meter wave was acting as a pressing danger signal. As I exited the car park and turned right, uphill, onto the blacktop road, I was now paralleling the surge. A green picket fence and the beach house obscured my vision. At that moment the beach house was hit by the third tsunami wave and was smashed like a matchbox under the enormous weight and force. I did not see it, but I thought: “I am next; there are no more barriers.” Elspeth and our two daughters had been 3 on slightly higher ground in the car park when the third wave was spotted, and were thus a few yards ahead of me as we all ran for our lives up the hill. Our elder daughter, Caitlin, had just reached a safe elevation herself and turned around to watch my fate. I was conscious of her screaming at me to run faster, which even in the chaos of the moment seemed harsh advice, as I was honestly doing my best, clad only in one flip-flop. I fully expected to see and hear the green picket fence on my right splinter, and to be picked up and shredded by the huge force behind me. I had grown up body surfing in Australia, and I was familiar with the horrible moment of being caught up in a giant dumper of a wave, though nothing in my upbringing could have prepared me for the force of a tsunami. Yet miraculously I kept running. Within seconds I was on higher ground, above the wave, and I could turn to see the destruction being wreaked behind me. Had I been seconds slower, I would have been just another piece of mangled flotsam and a statistic amongst those dead or missing. Shaken, our family hugged each other and just stood looking down the road in disbelief at the miraculous survival of all four of us. Standing safely on high ground above Ya Nui Cove, we (a group of a couple of dozen lucky survivors) watched below as the raging waters play havoc with all in their path. When fleeing the beach from the third and most destructive surge, I had not been aware of who if anyone might have been behind me; but quickly people around me began to ask if anyone knew of the whereabouts of “the French guy.” No one did. Apparently he had been behind me, and he had not made it up the road. It was hard to imagine he could have survived if the surge had picked him up and hurled him inland like a missile. From our elevated vantage point we could observe the sea to our left, roaring backwards and forwards as if in complete and devastating disarray. We watched a brightly painted fishing boat, a traditional long-tail with outboard engine, dragging its anchor closer and closer to the rocks, then being smashed to pieces like a toy. Across the bay, dozens of white yachts, pulled on their anchors in unison, first facing shoreward, then pulling seaward, as the surge changed direction. And looking down the road we could also see the impact of the sea as it surged inland, covering the road below, and inundating all in its path, before reversing direction and sucking back towards the ocean with apparently even greater force. We still had no comprehension of the extent of the situation. Our simple bungalow did not have television service, and we were hardly likely to return to our rooms given the tumultuous events occurring before our very eyes. Mobile phone service was spotty as lines were jammed, and people were having trouble getting calls through. Eventually, a motorcycle policeman approached, coming from the high ground inland. He warned that another surge was expected, far more damaging than the first three. This prediction proved false, but without reliable information, rumors were flying thick and fast. Although we knew nothing yet of the earthquake or events around the Indian Ocean, by now we assumed that we had experienced a tsunami. One thing was clear, and that was that the two cinder block private beach homes below us had been completely devastated, as had the gaggle of wood and bamboo frame bungalows that had sat on low, exposed ground, just across the road from Ya Nui. A woman who owned one of the beach houses had been on an errand when the first wave struck, and had rushed back to the house on receiving a mobile phone call that her house had sustained damage. Her house was in the most vulnerable of locations, and trying to flee by car would have doomed her on the flat expanse around her property. And where was the French guy? Two young couples, friends of each other, had been staying in the two bungalows next to ours for the past few nights. One of the couples had left early in the morning for Phi Phi island; and, as the realization began to dawn that this event was much bigger than just Ya Nui Beach, the 4 remaining couple tried repeatedly but unsuccessfully to reach their friends by mobile phone. They recounted the riveting story of having phoned them just after the big wave hit Ya Nui Beach, and telling them to get to high ground immediately. We heard later that the couple on Phi Phi Island had indeed survived, thanks to their friends’ phone call. But at that time, no one knew anything. For much of the rest of the day we waited nervously, prepared for the next inundation which never came. After an hour or so, and always keeping an eye out to sea, we ventured on a motorcycle down into Ya Nui and up the next hill to an overlook above Nai Harn beach. Another gaggle of people stood there, viewing the devastation below at Nai Harn. Some of the people in that group had narrowly escaped the tsunami at Nai Harn, and we exchanged stories. Others contributed reports from mobile phone calls to people on other parts of Phuket, and together we tried to piece together a coherent picture of the enormity of the situation. As movement to other parts of the island involved driving on low-lying roads strewn with debris, we did not consider venturing further afield that afternoon. More policemen arrived on motorbikes foretelling of an even bigger wave due at 4 p.m. Although it seemed unlikely, we were not taking any more chances. Tourists who had managed to run from the beach, or from their low-lying bungalows, had only the clothes they stood up in. Luggage, passports, money had vaporized, though that seemed insignificant. To be alive was the blessing. As night fell, “refugees” with nowhere else to go, and careful to stay on high ground, settled in the restaurant of our elevated bungalow compound, on makeshift mats, with bedclothes provided by the kindly owner. By the next day, December 27, CNN and BBC were awash with constant news of the tsunami across the Indian Ocean. But as we were without TV or email reception, our world still seemed narrow. We had heard of devastation to the main tourist beach at Patong, a little farther north, and decided to see for ourselves. Reluctant to take our motorbikes on the coast road, we caught the local bus, which takes a higher, inland route. Sure enough, Patong was a shambles. The beach is long, with a shallow incline to the main road, across which lay a continuous strip of small commercial enterprises and one or two hotels. All were smashed, all flooded. The tell-tale high water marks showed the extent of the inundation. The saddest sight was that of a basement level artists’ showroom, in which twenty or so local artists sat daily at their easels, copying artwork. There was only one entrance to the showroom, down a dozen or so steps leading in from the beach, and this also served as the only exit. I can only imagine what it was like inside this windowless, subterranean shelter, when the surge began sweeping down the steps with the force of a hurricane. At least I had had the opportunity to run. These poor souls were trapped in an airless basement. We left Patong, even more shaken. Ya Nui Beach had fared no better. All the chalets had been smashed and then swept off their foundations and carried inland. Those who had run inland on the low ground between the two hills stood no chance against the speeding force which soon overtook them. My French “friend,” who had been behind me when the third wave struck, miraculously survived. I saw him a day or two later amongst the ruins of Ya Nui Beach, walking gingerly, swathed in bandages. He said that he had been picked up by the force of the surge, and lifted up, over houses, trees and other sizeable impediments, and then rudely deposited in a concrete fish tank some hundreds of yards inland. My own experience pales in comparison. The two private beach houses, closest to the waves, were utterly destroyed. In one, two people perished, including the owner, Leonie Cousens, and a British school teacher, Heather. 5 We remained on Phuket for another five days, becoming increasingly aware day by day of the scope of the disaster. We busied ourselves by helping clear debris and salvaging personal items for the owners of the restaurant and nearby bungalows. In retrospect, we might have better volunteered our time to help with some of the more major missing persons and injury treatment activities further up the island; but the nature of being amidst a disaster is not being aware of needs even 10 kilometers away. It is remarkable how quickly the terrain recovers from a natural disaster, if not the psyche of human survivors. Since the tsunami, we have returned twice to Ya Nui for vacations. After a year, the cleanup had been achieved, but little was evident in terms of reconstruction. After two years, the little restaurant by the beach was doing steady business; and the deck chairs and colorful umbrellas were once again organized in military fashion along the white sands. The gutted bungalows were being renovated, though one wonders the wisdom of rebuilding on such marginal land. No doubt it is economics. Some rudimentary warning signs now adorn the waterfront, though they are of questionable utility. One sign announces “Tsunami Hazard Zone, In Case of Earthquake, Go To High Ground or Inland.” That feat is easier said than done with a wave of bullet train speed approaching. Another sign stands by the roadside farther inland, and establishes that this location is a Tsunami Evacuation Site. Of greater value is a network of tsunami sirens atop tall poles on many of Phuket’s beaches. The sirens are electronically connected to tsunami buoys floating in the Indian Ocean. Perhaps the most poignant memorial to the Boxing Day tsunami are two modest granite plaques, affixed to the rocks above the waterline at Ya Nui. They read as follows. Leonie Cousens, nee Thomas (NZ) For Heather My Love 13th October 1953–26th December 2004 Taken by the Tsunami A Lost Treasure Our Future Died But Love Endures EDITOR’S NOTE: Michael Stagg taught high school geography classes, including Advanced Placement Human Geography, at Singapore American School, in Singapore, for six years. Survivor and author Michael Stagg (Staggo to his friends) posed after the tsunami, outside the beach house at Ya Nui where Leonie Cousens perished. 6 Vehicles, humans, and just about everything else stood little chance in the path of the third and final tsunami wave to hit Ya Nui. Several miles north of Ya Nui but also on Phuket Island, Patong Beach and its Starbucks outlet took a major hit from the Boxing Day tsunami. 7 ROCKS AND MINERALS Associate Professor of Geology Liz King left the University after the fall 2007 semester to pursue a new life with her husband and sons in the American West. Her six plus years here were extremely productive. Find her faculty sketch on page 45. Geologist Bill Shields takes on a new identity when his avatar roams Geo Island in Second Life on the Internet. Occasionally his alter ego, Zeppo Romano, catches a break on the beach to contemplate how best to educate the large number of students that he helps Bill teach in Principles of Geology. Steve Van der Hoven (right) is one of the two principal professors in the Hydrogeology Master’s Program at Illinois State. It is a proud day for Steve and colleague Eric Peterson when a student of theirs, in this case Samanta Lax, makes the final thesis-research presentation and prepares to graduate. 8 GRAND HAVEN GOLF CLUB: A GLACIAL DEPOSIT By John F. Rooney A s an undergraduate geography major and then a geography master’s candidate at Illinois State Normal University in the late 1950s and early 60s, I became a golf addict. I absolutely fell in love with the game. It was a great walk in the park, (Bloomington’s) Highland Park Golf Course to be precise. I cherished the competition, relished getting better, and soon came to appreciate golf’s rich traditions. The late Arthur Watterson, head of the Department in those days, often referred to me as the only major sporting a suntan in March. Dr. Watterson and I developed a friendly banter about my “golf problem” and a real friendship to boot. He became my mentor and convinced be to pursue a Ph.D. rather than teach high school geography and coach. I followed his advice, knowing that my golf game would suffer as a result. Not only did he push me hard toward doctoral work, but he insisted that I reject local offers from Illinois and Michigan State. Rather he urged me to I accept a fellowship at Clark University in far away Worcester, Massachusetts. I did not play much golf at Clark, where my wife, Sandra, supported us by working at a local bank. But I met and worked under Robert Kates, specializing in environmental geography. Through Kates, I was introduced to the new field of recreational geography and soon came to realize that golf and other sports were fair game for geographical analysis. So a few years after obtaining my doctorate, I began delving into the geographical study of sport. Within a decade I wrote numerous articles and two books on the geography of American sport. As a result of my research agenda, several sports organizations contacted me to assist them on solutions for a variety of their locational and geo-demographic marketing problems. The National Golf Foundation was among my first clients. From 1982 through 1988 I assisted them in the development of a U.S. golf facility supply database measuring golf facility-to-population ratios at the county level. That work led to my appointment to the National Commission for the Development of Public Golf Facilities in 1984, and to my involvement in golf course ownership. Timber Ridge, just north of Lansing, Michigan, was the first upscale public golf course in central Michigan. I was one of seven investors in the project, which was a response to providing high quality golf to the public golfer at a price substantially lower than membership costs at a private club. Timber Ridge won national recognition as one of the top five public courses opened in 1988. Our architect, Jerry Matthews, received numerous awards for his design work at Timber Ridge. Over the next several years our investment group continued to use the Matthews team for other projects in Michigan, Virginia, and Oklahoma. It was the Matthews connection that led me to Grand Haven. The Grand Haven Golf Club opened in 1965, designed by Bruce Mathews and son Jerry, the same person that our group had worked with so successfully. Jerry Matthews frequently boasted that the best course design, with which he had been associated over a 45 year career, was the Grand Haven Golf Club. He explained that it had been laid out among the dunes adjacent to Lake Michigan, on a site that exceeded any in his vast experience. His position was verified by those who rate the quality of golf courses throughout the U.S. The Grand Haven Golf Club design had been honored by Golf Digest as one of the best 50 courses in the nation from 1980 through 1994. But by 1997, when we made our first visit to the course, conditions had deteriorated. My son, Dan, said it was like “finding a very dusty Picasso in your attic.” 9 Location of Grand Haven, Michigan We soon realized that the old club had great potential, and we quickly negotiated a purchase agreement. Assuming a controlling interest by mid-1998, we assembled a plan to refurbish the course and improve the clubhouse and surrounding environs. But, before proceeding, we thought it was important to have an in-depth understanding of both the physical setting and the economics of the Grand Haven golf market. The eastern shore of Lake Michigan contains the most impressive array of freshwater coastal dunes in the world. Most of them have been deposited over the past 3,000 to 4,000 years. Grand Haven Golf Club occupies an area of back dunes and dune forests. The dense vegetation helped to promote sand accumulation by binding sand particles together, eventually leading to stabilization of the dune features. Sand blows upslope from the lakeshore, reaching a maximum height between 30 and 300 feet, then slumps down the slip face. The back of the dune, the slip face, typically has an angle of 30-34 degrees above the horizontal. 10 Much of the Grand Haven Golf Club lies on dune ridges and between a series of linear dunes. Most of the ridges are parallel to the shoreline and vary in height from 35 to 65 feet. If the course had been designed today, it would have been confined primarily to the dune valleys, with the ridges reserved for real estate development. Thus it is somewhat unusual in terms of golf course land use, in that some of the premier housing sites are premier view sites for golfers. From the moment we first encountered this property, we knew that it had all the underpinnings, once again, to become one of the Midwest’s great golf venues. We began restoration work in 1999. Like a great round of golf, the renaissance of the Grand Haven Golf Club has been purposeful, consistent, controlled, and successful. Over the past eight years, we have invested over five million dollars in course and infrastructure improvements. We soon realized that the old clubhouse could not be modernized. So in 2002, we tore it down and built a new clubhouse complex, inspired by America’s first golf clubhouse, Shinnecock Hills, in Suffolk County, Long Island. Our new clubhouse embodies the history and traditions of the game. It has become a gathering spot for golfers, business folk, social groups, and those celebrating special occasions. It has taken on a significant role in the community for charity fund raising, dining, and a variety of community activities. New clubhouse at Grand Haven Golf Club. 11 In addition to the typical pro shop, dining, and office functions, the new clubhouse features a banquet and business center that can accommodate 300 guests. There is an outside pavilion and landscaping for all seasons. We viewed the clubhouse complex not just as buildings, but as a critical marketing component for the club. It put us in a new niche, one that allowed us to compete for a myriad of events that were out of our reach with the existing facilities. After completing the clubhouse project, we addressed the needs of the golf course. The most important elements of a great golf course are conditioning, conditioning, and conditioning. Today golfers expect high quality putting surfaces, greens that are both smooth and fast. They also expect manicured fairways and superb tee complexes. None of these were totally attainable, with the irrigation system that came with a 40 year old golf course. Thus we installed “wall to wall” irrigation in 2005, enabling us to expand the fairways with dual and triple-row heads, and to water the greens on a precise schedule. We also added new tees on every hole, adding distance and taking full advantage of the high dunes sites on holes 14 and 15. We paved and rerouted new cart paths throughout the entire golf course. Finally we built two new holes, one on a spectacular dunes site that features sand from tee to green. It was inspired by the third hole at New Jersey’s Pine Valley, the number one ranked course in the world. We also built a new practice facility to make way for a 42 unit housing development between the new #10 hole and #18. In summary, our development plan is near completion. What remains is a constant march toward outstanding golf course conditioning. With new turf grass plus an irrigation system that is capable of finely tuned watering, we are close to absolutely superb playing conditions. The face of Grand Haven Golf Club has forever changed and will continue to evolve in dramatic fashion. The golf course business is extremely competitive. In most areas there is an excess of supply. As a result, the competition for golfers and golf events is intense. The environment in which golf course entrepreneurs now find themselves requires astute management to succeed. By utilizing geographic based marketing, one can gain a major edge on the competition. Our marketing and research company, Longitudes Group, LLC, has a national database of golf course supply and demand. As geographers, we have known the importance of both where and who. Where are your customers coming from? Who are they? What is their demographic profile? We compiled data on our local and regional golfer business. We calculated our positive results by ZIP code within 10, 20, and 30 mile radii. We also focused on the large metropolitan areas within a three hour drive of Grand Haven. And we were quick to respond to change. Prior to the new high speed ferry service between Milwaukee and our metro area, it took Wisconsin players 5-6 hours to reach Grand Haven. By ferry, they can be in our pro shop in half that time. A partnership between Grand Haven Golf Club and the high speed ferry service was crafted in 2006. Stay-and-play programs have been negotiated with several hotels within easy driving distance of the golf club. And we continue to explore new opportunities with golf travel planners in Chicago and Detroit. Yes, owning and managing a golf club is a challenging business. My training as a geographer has helped immensely in the process. And the days at Illinois State with Art Watterson and the other great faculty was a bonus that defies measurement. 12 EDITOR’S NOTE: John Rooney returned to campus twice during the 2007-2008 academic year, first as a guest of the Department to deliver an address at homecoming in October and then in March for his induction into the College of Arts and Sciences Hall of Fame. When John Rooney was an undergraduate and later a graduate student in Geography at Illinois State, only the original (eastern portion) of Schroeder Hall was in service. During his return visit to campus in October 2007, John stood next to the doorway complex that today leads and in his student days led from the older part of Schroeder to the Quad. 13 GEOGRAPHY INTERNS: CLASS OF 2007 Geography at Illinois State has a long tradition of sending nonteaching undergraduate major students (and a few on the teacher education side) out into the world to practice their skills and learn new skills as an intern. Since the late 1980s, such a capstone internship has been a graduation requirement for those not planning to certify as a teacher. In 2007, the Geography Program fielded 17 interns, scattered from California to Carolina. Images of many appear on this page and the pages that follow. We did not have images for these interns: Lauren Faivre (Cape Hatteras National Seashore, North Carolina), Bryce Hervert and Gustava Hoskins (Nielsen Media Research, conducting map research in various states), and Andrew Trzaskus (Los Alamos National Laboratory, New Mexico). Laura Honigman (left) chose the Air Quality Planning Section, Bureau of Air, Illinois Environmental Protection Agency for her required Geography internship. Doing so meant she got a chance to work with Matt Harrell (right), who did his Geography internship in 1991 for the Vermilion County office of the Soil Conservation Service. Jennifer MacNeil (right) got a chance that none of her predecessor Geography interns at Bloomington’s Engineering Department enjoyed, which was working in the freshly renovated Government Center on East Washington. Jenny’s supervisor was Mark Hocking (left). 14 Geography has now sent two interns to the Will County/Southern Cook County office of the Natural Resources Conservation Service, outside of New Lenox, Illinois. Alex Brumley (left) interned there in 2004, earned his bachelor’s in 2005, and came back to work as a Resource Analyst. Our second intern, Emily Zmek (right), won an award from NRCS for recording the highest number of volunteer hours during 2007 for the roughly 20 counties that make of the district in which the New Lenox office resides. A new high school was under construction across Gouger Road. The Canal Corridor Association asked intern Amanda Pruss (right) to photograph and otherwise catalog the numerous signs and other markers along the Illinois and Michigan Canal. Her supervisor, Greg Fiala, stood with Amanda next to one of the signs outside their Lockport office. Jaimee Johnston (left) majored in Geography and minored in Tourism Studies and in Park and Recreation Management so an internship working out of the headquarters of Comlara Park in northwestern McLean County was a good choice. Bill Wasson (right) was her supervisor and mentored several Geography interns during his two-plus decades at Comlara. 15 The Department provided two National Forest Service interns in the summer of 2007. One of them was Brian Hanson, who worked at the visitor center and on the trails at Tahoe National Forest, in California, northwest of Lake Tahoe. Following his internship, Brian began master’s work in Geography at Western Illinois University. Matt Stewart lived in a FEMA trailer and conducted research on invasive species in wilderness segments of Shawnee National Forest, deep in southern Illinois. For his extra- special efforts, Matt won a Forest Service Honor Award (for the Forest Service’s Eastern Region of the country). With Matt (center) at the ranger station in Jonesboro were his supervisor, Kelly Pearson (right), and the Assistant Ranger for Recreation and Timber, Ron Moore (left). Stefani Carlson worked at Sequoia National Park in the Sierra Nevada of California as a transportation interpreter for her Geography internship. Primary among her duties was providing visitors with information about the park as a whole and in-depth looks at certain features, such as the world’s largest living organism, the General Sherman Tree. 16 MORE INTERNS Merritt Burns (center) was the only 2007 intern who also was a Geography Education major, and thus did not have to do a credit-generating internship. Supervising Merritt at the Peoria County Department of Planning and Zoning was Planner Anuja Lala (right). Matt Wahl (left), Director of Planning and Zoning, is a 1984 graduate in Geography from Illinois State. Greg Koos (standing), Executive Director of the McLean County Museum of History, asked intern Andrew Meseke (seated) to conduct the research for and prepare a draft version of the nomination of Miller Park (in Bloomington) for the National Register of Historic Places. Director Koos keeps a close eye on employees and interns. Amber Mead (left) interned at the Greater Peoria Sanitary District in the summer of 2006. After graduation, she left the District for a planning position at another local agency and then came back as the principal GIS person at the Sanitary District, just in time to work with summer 2007 intern Jerry Ingram (right). 17 Mark Smith (right), a 1973 Geography graduate from Illinois State, is a Senior Planner for the City of Decatur, and has long been a friend of the Program. His latest intern from State was Melissa Dougherty-O’Hara (left), who primarily did GIS work, but also some field-data collection in the city. Water quality was the focus for the GIS-intensive internship that Kyle Haynes (center) served last summer at the Bloomington Water Treatment Plant, at Lake Bloomington. Flanking Kyle were Jill Mayes (left), the Water Laboratory Supervisor, and Richard Twait (right), Superintendent of Water Purification and Kyle’s immediate supervisor. 18 ROBERT G. CORBETT WINS THE 2007 AIPG MARTIN VAN COUVERING MEMORIAL AWARD R obert G. Corbett, won the American Institute of Professional Geologists’ Martin Van Couvering Award at the AIPG Annual Meeting in Traverse City, Michigan, on October 9, 2007. Bob’s career has involved training students as a university professor of geology, applying geology as a consultant, geological research, and administrative responsibilities. In the 1970s, Bob realized the need for quick professional recognition in order to provide expert testimony. He became, in 1979, CPG-4502, or a Certified Professional Geologist. After declining a vague employment offer from the U.S.G.S., he became an Assistant Professor at West Virginia University, and soon after also became a principal investigator in the West Virginia Water Research Institute. He served in West Virginia from 1962 to 1969. Bob accepted an offer in 1969 from the University of Akron as Associate Professor, where he remained until 1989. He completed his career in academe as Department Chair and Professor at Illinois State University. Bob became a consultant in 1969 to corporations, law firms, and government agencies. In addition, he was a reviewer for applications and manuscripts for nine organizations. Among his administrative responsibilities, he was Department Head at the University of Akron and Department Chair at Illinois State University. He also served as Industrial Security Supervisor, Director of Research Services, and Coordinator of Research at the University of Akron. Bob organized and obtained funding for a John Wesley Powell celebration. The events celebrated inauguration of the Geohydrology Program at Illinois State University, and also commemorated Powell, who was Illinois State’s first Professor of Geology. During his career, Dr. Corbett understood significant tasks for professional societies. Some examples are editing articles of research and field guides for field trips of the 1988 North Central Sectional Meetings of the Geological Society of America, publishing them in a dedicated issue of the Ohio Academy of Sciences, and then serving as Co-chair for the 35th Annual Sectional Meetings of the North Central Section of GSA in April, 2001. He just completed a term on the GSA’s Committee on Professional Development. Some readers will know of Bob’s efforts for the American Institute of Professional Geologists, starting with his chairing of the Academic Education Committee. In 2001, Bob was AIPG Vice President, and from 2003 through 2005 President-elect, President, and Immediate Past President. Bob has been President of two chapters of Sigma Xi, and the East-Central Section of the National Association of Geology Teachers. Bob continues as Chair of the Academic Education Committee and has just begun a term (until 2011) as a member of Illinois Board of Licensing for Professional Geologists. The Martin Van Couvering Memorial Award was established by the Executive Committee, in 1979, in posthumous honor of the first President of the Institute. Martin Van Couvering made the presidency a full-time occupation for the first two years of the Institute’s history. His dynamic leadership, diplomacy, and organizational abilities established the solid foundation from which the Institute has grown. Few, if any, have given so much to the Institute. EDITOR’S NOTE: Since 1963 the American Institute of Professional Geologists has certified the creditials of practicing geologists and advocated on behalf of the profession. The Department joins AIPG in commending Bob for his long and productive career. 19 LOW-GRADE SURVIVAL IN WARTIME ENGLAND: A VIVID MEMORY FOR A RETIRED GEOGRAPHY PROFESSOR By Elaine C. Graybill T hey called it “austerity,” but that was a euphemism. The word referred to hardships that the British experienced starting post-World War I and going on through the Depression, World War II, post-World War II, and into the 1950s. It included shortages, rationing, and diehard British creativity with sparse resources involving food, coal, clothing, and most articles of daily life. Austerity was a word that one could write a book about, and Geography Professor Emerita E. Joan Wilson Miller has started doing just that. For the benefit of her alma mater, Girton, a women’s college of Cambridge University, Miller is writing her memoir, An English Geographer Remembers. In the first chapter of her memoir, Miller gives flesh and life to the term austerity as she experienced it during the years of her education that coincided with World War II, from the end of high school through college: 1939- 1945. The deprivation of those years, largely as it applied to food, is a major theme. “We were really operating in low gear,” she said. “You were just crawling along, working to survive.” Interestingly enough, however, Miller said that even though shortages of everything shaped her existence, she–a student and scholar, above all–never read newspapers or discussed the war; and she was largely unaware that Cambridge was a Communist “nursery” before and during her time there. It produced some of the world’s most notorious spies in the 1930s, including Kim Philby. “We worked very hard at the academic demands and survived,” she said. Looking back, she recalls things that puzzled her at the time and now realizes were connected to intelligence efforts. For example, she and fellow geography students were put to work mapping from aerial photos seaweed beds that could provide food; but the maps and the man who assigned them disappeared. “We never had to eat seaweed,” Miller said, gratefully. A group of “silent” RAF pilots were in Cambridge geography classes. Women from two colleges of London University were evacuated to Cambridge, and were taught differently from the rest of the students. Food was scarce to the point that Miller recalls after all these years at which events food was served and what was served, from sandwiches of grated vegetables on dry bread at the International Club to the rumored glasses of wine for those who joined the Conservative Club. Food served at her college was “adequate though rationed,” she said, and the cook was creative. Types of meat and fish consumed at the college as in the rest of England went beyond the traditional. “Once [at the college] we had a meal of some dark flesh, obviously some winged creature. The maids said it was swan. As swan was a Royal bird and was culled, perhaps it was.” Former fishermen were occupied in the war effort so the government brought in snoek, a fish from South Africa; thus the British could continue to eat their beloved fish and chips with potatoes grown at home. Pets ate horse meat, painted green to look unpalatable to humans. In those days, Spam was a canned meat from the United States for which the British were very grateful. Other staples, too, such as dried eggs, dried milk, and sausage meat in cans came on ships from the United States. Preventing German U-Boats from sinking the food convoys from America was a main thrust of the British, who felt mass starvation was a goal of their enemy and a real possibility if those ships were destroyed. “I’m the generation that appreciates what the Americans did,” Miller said. “We were going to be starved out.” 20 Miller’s mother was particularly good at scouring the shops and obtaining offal, which usually was not rationed so it was in great demand and included liver, ox tails and hearts, pig heads, feet, and intestines, sheep brains and testicles, lamb tails and kidneys, and tripe (cows’ stomachs). Whale was not rationed and began showing up as steaks, canned whale meat loaf, whale steak and kidney pudding, whale casseroles, and curried whale, according to an article by Gillian Freeman in The Listener of August 14, 1969. Miller listed rationed food for an adult for one week, which she obtained from Marguerite Patten’s book We’ll Eat Again. The ration permitted a small quantity of meat, 2 ounces each of butter, cheese, and tea; 4 ounces of cooking fat; 3 pints or less of milk; 8 ounces of sugar; 1 “shell egg” each week if available plus one packet of dried eggs every 4 weeks; 1 pound of preserves every two months; and 12 ounces of “sweets” every four weeks. No wonder people knitted little woolen cozies to keep their one-a-week boiled egg warm at breakfast and their teapots hot. Vegetarians registered as such and received more cheese and less meat. During the war years, there was one only kind of tea; one kind of bread, called the “national loaf,” which was the standard until 1956; and one kind of cookie. Some relief was possible at one of the “British Restaurants.” Miller said of those establishments, “…there was mass feeding for a low cost; it was an attempt by the government to add to our rations. It worked well if you were hungry and did not mind army style of delivery.” In 1993, Miller wrote an article describing the making of a cake using the special ingredients available in wartime England including brick-like margarine “firm enough to be written on” and made to last a long time on a shelf, English beet sugar, and the American powdered eggs and milk. These special ingredients changed the chemistry of the baking, and cooks had to re-learn how to create a cake that would rise. Food was not the only thing rationed, so not only did the British have to think about eating, but also staying warm and adequately clothed. Miller’s memories of college years also include the single bucket a week of coal rationed to each student, where the warm rooms were, where the girls dried their hair during the winter, repairing clothing, and knitting wool vests. “Lipstick was for those who had American boyfriends with access to their PX store,” Miller said. Stylish clothing and shoes, cosmetics, hand cream, and hairdressers were largely unavailable to honest citizens. “There was a black market if you had the money and no scruples,” she said. The six years of wartime life was wearying to the British. Coal was rationed until 1948, and food rationing continued until 1954. But the austerity that the war brought was not a sudden shock to Miller and her contemporaries, whose entire lives had been lived first in the aftermath of World War I and then in the decade of the Depression. “The horrors of the Great War [WWI] and the famine that followed were a trial run,” she said, and led to extensive preparation by the British for providing nutritionally adequate food and other survival commodities to their citizens in the war they saw coming. “During the Depression there were some people who couldn’t afford coal.” Wartime rationing ensured that deprivation was spread across all of society so no one starved and no one died from the cold. “Very poor people were better off during the war because of rationing of coal and food,” Miller said. “The ration book limited the hoarding and the black market,” she said. Future chapters of Miller’s memoir will cover the period from 1945 up to her 1993 retirement and beyond. After college, she taught in London from 1947 to 1957; and then she emigrated to the United States to study and teach at Indiana University. She married Indiana University geographer Dr. George J. Miller; and in 1962 they moved to Normal, where she joined the 21 faculty at what was then called Illinois State Normal University. In 1965 she was awarded her doctorate in geography at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Miller said she found interesting the wartime experiences of two colleagues in her department. Department Chairperson Arthur Watterson was in intelligence during WWII, and Professor John Trotter piloted U.S. aircraft in Southeast Asia. EDITOR’S NOTE: Please see <http://www.geo.ilstu.edu/downloads/Miller.pdf> to read the entire first chapter of Jo Miller’s memoir. Elaine Graybill has written many times for Glacial Deposits; but this piece may be her last, given her recent retirement from Illinois State. This issue contains also an article about Elaine, by Ellen Dietz. The Girton College crest serves as a background for two tea mugs. Wartime mugs were white to save resources, but later it became the vogue to paint three half-inch-wide blue stripes on the white china. Holding a postwar mug, Jo Miller pointed to the building where she lived at Girton College, Cambridge, England. 22 Adjunct/Emerita Professor of Geography E. Joan Miller (then Wilson) got one rationed egg (if available) per week during World War II. A knitted egg cozy like this would keep the precious egg warm after she boiled it for breakfast. Hand-knit tea cozies (to keep teapots warm) and egg cozies were part of the British wartime attitude of stewardship over meager rationed food supplies. Little faces on the egg cozies were there to cheer up the war-weary British. The Cape Cod Canal is the backdrop for this relaxed image of Elaine C. Graybill, the author of the Jo Miller piece and subject of the Ellen Dietz piece that follows. Elaine’s post-Normal home will be near the canal, which connects Buzzards Bay with Cape Cod Bay. 23 REINVENTING ELAINE: A CHANGE, NOT A RETIREMENT by Ellen Dietz A s the calendar pages fall away, the boxes are packed, and the For Sale sign goes up, Elaine C. Graybill is on the cusp of change. We are celebrating her retirement and the opening of the next adventure in Elaine’s life. Elaine’s first article for Glacial Deposits was about Norm Bettis’s retirement (volume 28, 1999-2000). We consider for a moment that from the beginning (as the writer) to this juncture (as the subject) her story comes full circle. But we get ahead of ourselves. We have to go back a bit in time to find out what makes Elaine tick, and how she cultivated the traits that made her such a good writer for Glacial Deposits. It all began in Providence, Rhode Island, where she helped in her family’s fish market. She learned first-hand a strong work ethic from her parents, who helped operate the four-generation business. Born and raised on the Atlantic coast, Elaine can still tell a fish’s age by its smell. She moved inland to Iowa, where one of her first impressions was the sight and sound of cows, surely a culture shock from the sights and sounds of the coast. Soon thereafter, she hopped a bit further east and landed at the Pantagraph in Bloomington, Illinois. Elaine started in the newsroom in 1977, later becoming a feature writer, where she stayed until 1992. Newspapers have a never-ending string of deadlines, and reporters must winnow the wheat from the chaff before handing their work to an editor. Elaine learned how to meet all of these deadlines, how to ferret out information, and how to make people comfortable enough to tell her their story. The result is years of solid work attached to her byline. From there, Elaine went to work as the editor for Illinois Wesleyan’s alumni magazine. She spent five years in this position, then moved to Illinois State. She split her time initially here between University Marketing and Communications (UMC) and the College of Business. In 2005 she went full-time with UMC, which is where she retired from in March 2008. Along the way, Elaine spent a year in the University of Illinois College of Law. She is grateful for the education it gave her, not so much in the practice of law, but in its approach. Law school taught her to think in a systematic manner and how to develop points in making an argument. These skills translated to her writing, adding to her already full bag of tools in interviewing, editing, researching, reporting, and feature writing. Elaine taught freshman English at Illinois Wesleyan, and she also taught English and Reporting at Illinois State. Elaine likens this to “cross training, like being an athlete.” She used this training to develop an admirable body of work, and also taught other people the finer points of writing, from preparation to execution. And she has had marvelous fun along the way. At State, Elaine’s talents were immediately in demand. Mike Sublett asked Elaine to pen an article about Norm Bettis in 1999, which is the same year she started with ISU. Elaine kept her ties to the Geography-Geology Department throughout her nine years here. When asked what part of writing for Glacial Deposits was the most rewarding, she answers, “All of it.” She becomes animated when talking about the interviews she did for these articles, and was especially taken with the pieces that involved interviewing and sleuthing, perhaps a throwback to her days in the newsroom. In particular, she talked about the 2004-2005 article “Meteorite or Meteorwrong,” for which she had the joy of tracking down information about people who had called the Department over the years, asking for a geologist to come out and identify this sure- to-be-a-meteorite that landed in their yard/roof/house/front window. As we talked, her bright smile underscored her amusement and delight with this “wacky side of science,” wherein Skip 24 Nelson (usually) had the task of interviewing the homeowner and taking samples back to the lab or sending them to a test lab in Arizona for positive identification. So far, there have been no true meteors. One person, in particular, was “crestfallen” when his find, a 283-pound copper nugget that he had driven to campus in his pickup truck, turned out to be terrestrial rather than extra-terrestrial. Elaine has an abiding respect for Mike Sublett and the topics he chooses for inclusion in Glacial Deposits. She appreciates his approach to stories, suggesting a slant or a quirk or a focus that always made it an interesting undertaking. Elaine asserts that not everyone she has worked for or with has shown such good sense in laying out an idea and giving it full attention before handing it off to a writer. She says that she has grown to have a deep regard for geographers and geologists who approach the world with an “intellectual playfulness.” She describes geographers and geologists as using an outlook that is both applied and creative, and says they are fortunate to work in such interesting disciplines. Having spent years in universities, she can confirm that not all academicians approach their work, especially field work, with such gusto. Truly, the geoscientists she has met have been excited about the world we live in. She has lived with their disciplines vicariously through her writings for Glacial Deposits and her connections to the staff, for which she is humbly grateful. Elaine says that working with the Geography-Geology Department was “always an upper.” She happily anticipated Mike’s calls, always wondering what kind of an assignment he had in store for her. For last year’s assignment, she interviewed President Bowman (volume 35, 2006-2007) for Mike, clearly remembering how Dr. Bowman’s love of mountaineering tied directly into leadership abilities. Elaine was pleased to make this and other connections about people and about life through her assignments for the departmental yearbook. As Elaine finished this year’s story, about Dr. E. Joan Miller, her travels were about to begin. She was preparing to head off to Seattle to spend some time with her son, Jules, and his wife and their two sons. Jules travels frequently in his capacity as the head of all images, worldwide, for Amazon.com. She was looking forward to helping out with her grandchildren, Ian and Adam. She would then travel to her daughter, Emily’s, home in Atlanta. Emily is working on a Ph.D. in School Psychology from Georgia State. No doubt, when Emily’s first child is born this year, Elaine will be there to welcome baby into the world. She also plans to visit her close friend, Richard Payne, and two more grandchildren, Alyson and Dylen McMillen. Elaine plans to take plenty of time with all of her flock, as she calls them, before venturing on to the next part of her odyssey. From there, Elaine will return to her roots back East. She has a home in Buzzards Bay, Massachusetts, waiting for her. She will return to the place where her father taught her about tides, channels, and ledges; to places where fish are still served fresh from the ocean; and where she can cast a fishing line into the water, if she so desires. All in good time, she hopes to land a job teaching freshman English at an eastern university. With her credentials, she is sure to find a job quickly, and the students will be lucky to have her. In the meantime, she will pick up a little freelance work, and perhaps do a bit more traveling. No, retirement is not the right description. Elaine is reinventing herself, yet again. EDITOR’S NOTE: Ellen Dietz lives in Bloomington and works there for Project Oz. Volume 35 carried her article “On Being a Traveler.” 25 CAREER FAIR TABLES Professor Amy Bloom was circulating at the annual Geography Career Fair, on the 20th of March, and captured several images from the tables segment (during the afternoon). Career Fair 2008 marked the 19th consecutive year that the Department has hosted this event and the 10th year in the Circus Room of the Bone Student Center. Rachael Masa (left) is the Education Coordinator at the McLean County Museum of History and a 2005 Geography graduate from Illinois State. Talking with Rachael was Geography major Casey Eberlin. Looking at Rachel’s display was a retired geographer, Professor James Carter. Dana Gusek (left) represented her employer, Nystrom, an old-line cartographic production firm from Chicago that specializes in wall maps, desk maps, teaching atlases, and globes. She is a 2004 graduate of the Geography Program at Illinois State and a Cartographic Designer at Nystrom. 26 Rocky Bundy (left), a Geography major, and Amber Mead (right), a 2006 graduate of the Program enjoyed a lighter moment, as Rocky browsed the displays. Amber was at Career Fair to represent her employer, the Greater Peoria Sanitary District, and the internship class of 2006. Standing beyond Amber was Brent Bazan, Geography graduate from 1993 and Survey Crew Chief for the Farnsworth Group, out of Bloomington. Emeritus Professor of Geography James Carter (left) keeps active by attending campus events like Career Fair and using a small office the Department provides for him in Felmley Hall. Among his former students who came back for Career Fair was Connie Pokorny (right), a GIS Analyst for the Barrington Area Council of Governments and 2002 graduate of the Geography Program. Mitch Horrie interned at the McLean County Regional Planning Commission in 2006, graduated, and immediately began work on his master’s degree in Geography at Southern Illinois University- Carbondale. Part of his role at Career Fair 2008 was to discuss graduate school options and issues with the current crop of undergraduates. 27 GEOGRAPHY-GEOLOGY STUDENT AWARDS FALL 2007 THROUGH SUMMER 2008 Eunice Blackburn Geography Capstone Scholarship Casey A. Eberlin Curtis L. Russell James E. Tompkins Illinois Geographical Society Outstanding Senior Sarah F. Tedrow Illinois GIS Association Outstanding Student Award Todd Green Chris Walker Illinois State University Undergraduate Research Scholarship Phillip D. Ferguson Harry O. Lathrop Memorial Award Sarah Clark Sarah F. Tedrow George R. Means Geography Scholarship Chenay D. McDaniel Louis E. Miglio Geography-Geology Scholarship Andrew Fiala Kyle Roberts Erin Spencer Louis E. Miglio donates each year funds to cover the Miglio Scholarships for Geography Education majors and for Earth and Space Science Education majors. Jill Freund Thomas (second from right) teaches the departmental methods course (GEO 307) for these students and does much of their curriculum advisement. Miglio Scholars for 2007-2008 were Erin Spencer (left), Andrew Fiala (next to Erin), and Kyle Roberts (right). 28 IN THE FIELD WITH GEO 310 Except for sabbatical years (1987 and 2000), Mike Sublett has taught GEO 310, Field Geography, every fall, and only in the fall, since 1979. Students number typically between 5 and 10, but reached an unwieldy 19 one year. In September students walked several miles of streams in the Twin Cities looking for evidence of channelization and of reassertion of natural conditions by the streams. Standing next to the Franklin Avenue bridge in south Normal were Geography majors (left to right) Rocky Bundy, Matt Stewart, Earl Hammond, Emily Zmek, Jim Tompkins, Curtis Russell, and Rich Frontz. Days in the field sometimes run late for GEO 310. After conducting an afternoon recon mission at ParkLands Merwin Nature Preserve, the class took a break and then began looking closely on foot at a couple of modest residential subdivisions near Carver’s Corner, which on the map is between Curtis (Cubs shirt) and Rich. Note that east is at top of map. From the left, in front, were Rocky and Emily. Standing, from left, were Earl, Matt, Curtis, Rich, and Jim. For the last few years the class has stopped by the home of a retired geographer and part-time instructor in the Department, Mohammad Hemmasi, who lives in a subdivision on the far north side of Normal and is willing to discuss issues he and his neighbors encounter, such as accelerated erosion alongside the retention lake. A short walking tour of the area allowed him to point out problems and solutions to the students, each of whom soon would be investigating quality of life in different subdivisions. From the left were Rocky, Earl, Matt, Dr. Hemmasi, Curtis, Jim, Rich, and Emily. 29 GEOGRAPHY MAJORS—MAY 2008 Nonteaching Geography Nonteaching Geography (cont.) Alipour, John (J) Theobald, Bernard (J) Allen, Walter (J) Tompkins, James (S) Bohn, Heather (F) Townley, Elizabeth (S) Bundy, Rocky (S) Walker, Chris (S) Bussan, Stephanie (S) Cahill, Denise (So) Caldwell, Cindy (S) Clementz, Michael (J) Geography Education Sequence Culbertson, Ian (S) Debus, Lisa (J) Bonarek, Nicholas (So) Duff, Jamieson (So) Bradley, Mark (S) Eberlin, Casey (S) Cagley, Dawn (S) Ferguson, Phillip (J) Clark, Tamara (S) Ford, Trenton (So) Collins, Chaas (S) Frontz, Richard (S) Dekeyrel, Kristin (S) Green, Todd (S) Evans, Christopher (S) Hammond, Earl III (S) Fisher, Steve (S) Heckmann, Dawn (S) Froehner, John (S) Heggen, Daniel (S) Gillespie, Steven (F) Holt, Stephen (J) Gorell, Kevin (J) Hutchins, Alex (J) Hudak, Zack (J) Kahan, Jeffrey (J) Klausing, Joshua (S) Kinkelaar, Grant (S) Lajeunesse, Marc (S) Kline, Matthew (J) Ly, Jimmy (F) Lofrano, Mark (J) Miller, David (J) Maes, Jill (So) Miskell, Mark (S) Mattimoe, Tara (S) Padaoan, Justin (J) McDaniel, Chenay (S) Parker, Cory (So) Moreland, Jonathan (S) Peterson, Jarrod (S) Nordstrom, Andrew (S) Pink, Thomas (S) Peters, Nicholas (S) Ponsot, Thomas (S) Puczkowskyj, Nicholas (S) Prociuk, Sarah (J) Rock, Nathaniel (S) Rackauskas, Natasha (S) Rogers, Jeremy (J) Reilly, David (S) Russell, Curtis (S) Roberts, Kyle (S) Smith, Meghan (So) Schroeder, Heather (J) Sullivan, Richard (S) Taylor, Natalie (S) Tedrow, Sarah (S) Weber, Greg (So) Yess, Macrae (S) GEOLOGY MAJORS—MAY 2008 30 Nonteaching Geology Earth & Space Science Sequence Bernardi, Ryan (So) Armour, Joseph (So) Block, Britany (S) Caldwell, Brittany (J) Breiner, Kenneth (J) Fiala, Andrew (S) Chott, Nathan (S) Hager, David (J) Clark, Sarah (S) Happel, Audrey (So) Davis, Kenneth (S) Jordan, Jamal (So) Guse, Paul (S) Kuecher, Ryan (J) Hanna, Emily (F) Moses, Stephanie (S) Hardwick, Andrew (F) Munson, Erik (F) Hartz, Matthew (So) Nyczaj, Patrick (J) Hayden, Kelly (So) Spencer, Erin (S) Henrickson, Bennett (J) Vandenbroucke, Stephan (S) Henry, Christian (S) Weiss, Alexander (J) Hinds, Amie (So) Hoots, Ryan (S) Howard, Matthew (S) Kats, Andy (S) HYDROGEOLOGY MASTER’S Kaufman, Matthew (F) Kelly, David (So) Angel, Julie (G) Kimple, Darren (J) Bansah, Samuel (G) King, Bradley (S) Beach, Vanessa (G) King, Travis (S) Becker, Joseph (G) Lander, Nora (J) Carlock, Drew (G) Lant, Elizabeth (S) Glennon, Carol (G) Leary, Michael (J) Harlan, Lara (G) Longton, Christopher (S) Harris, Joyce (G) Markus, Katherine (J) Hughes, Kevin (G) McGrenera, James (S) Kizer, Kathryn (G) Papendorf, Jeffrey (S) Kunkel, Donald (G) Reeves, Nicholas (J) McLaughlin, Brooke (G) Runyon, Simone (So) Roche, Erin (G) Schwab, Timothy (J) Simpson, Steven (G) Strope, Shane (S) Strezo, Dominic (G) Trela, Jarek (So) Thornton, James (G) White, Steven (F) Vyakaranam, Phalguni (G) Wolf, Daniel (S) Woodside, John (G) EDITOR’S NOTE: Letters following the student names indicate the class: F (freshman), So (sophomore), J (junior), S (senior), G (graduate student). 31 RETREAT Retreats by the Department of Geography-Geology often occur in August, before fall classes start, but seldom prior to spring semester. Receiving encouragement from various faculty and an invitation to use the new facility of the Towanda Volunteer Fire Department, Dave Malone scheduled a winter retreat in January 2008. Geologists met in the morning, geographers took over in the afternoon, and all were there for a hot lunch and tour conducted by Assistant Chief Skip Nelson. Towanda’s fire and rescue volunteers serve rural areas, the Village of Towanda, and a significant stretch of Interstate 55. Geology Professor Robert (Skip) Nelson has taken an active role in the affairs of the Towanda Fire Department for decades, including many years as Assistant Chief. Because of strict rules regarding age he is no longer able to fight fires, but he continues to assist with paperwork and other administrative duties. Most of the faculty and staff were present at the January retreat to the firehouse, which stands between Towanda and Interstate 55. From the left, front row, were Jill Thomas, Amy Bloom, Johanna Haas, and Jed Day. Nearest the truck, from left, were Mike Sublett, Dave Malone, Eric Peterson (partly hidden), Steve Van der Hoven, Karen Dunton, Skip Nelson, Bill Shields, John Kostelnick, and Heather Conley. Skip was holding his helmet and what firefighters call a turnout coat, a garment that provides redundant protection and has reflective striping so that they can see one another under extreme conditions. 32 GEOMAP The Institute for Geospatial Analysis & Mapping, GEOMAP, came into existence during the fall of 2007; but Professor Dagmar Budikova had been setting the stage for it through various projects over the last couple of years. As we read in her faculty sketch (page 39), the “mission is to support research, training, and outreach activities related to geospatial sciences and technologies on campus and in our community.” Top Several individuals played important roles in the launch of GEOMAP. Among them were, left to right, in back, Melissa Dougherty- O’Hara, Samanta Lax, Dr. Budikova, and Todd Green. Up front were Gretchen Knapp and John Kostelnick. Middle GEOMAP had its grand opening and ribbon cutting on Friday, 9 November 2007. Assisting was Dean Gary Olson (left) of the College of Arts and Sciences. Wielding the scissors was President Al Bowman. Bottom Those present at the grand opening thanked Dr. Budikova (left) with a hearty round of applause. Among the supportive guests were (left to right) Dean Olson, President Bowman, and Professor Jerry Dobson from the University of Kansas. 33 CONFERENCE PRESENTATIONS BY GEOGRAPHERS AND GEOLOGISTS REPRESENTING ILLINOIS STATE UNIVERSITY (in alpha order by last name of first departmental author) “Lakes as Recorders of Climate Change,” by Amy M. Bloom; Department of Physics, Illinois State University; Normal, Illinois. “Recent Climate Change in the Central Sierra Nevada, California, USA, as Indicated by High- resolution Diatom Analysis,” by Amy M. Bloom, David F. Porinchu, Aaron P. Potito, and Glen M. MacDonald; Association of American Geographers; Boston, Massachusetts. “Shallow Geophysical Analysis of Gas Accumulations within Geologic Units above a Gas Storage Field in North-Central Illinois,” by Evan R. Bowen, David H. Malone, and A. Pugin; Geological Society of America; Denver, Colorado. “Breathe Easy or Breathe Wheezy,” by Stephanie Bussan; Illinois State University Undergraduate Research Symposium; Normal, Illinois. “‛Fighting the Bite’ in Idaho: Scale, Precision and Accuracy of Mosquito Abatement Efforts,” by Heather K. Conley; Association of American Geographers; Boston, Massachusetts. “Anthropogenic CO2 and Global Warming,” by Robert G. Corbett and Gary Dannemiller; American Institute of Professional Geologists; Traverse City, Michigan. “Upper Devonian Conodont Biostratigraphy Key to Understanding the Timing and Cause of Shelly Fossil Faunal Extinctions and Carbonate Platform Evolution in the Iowa and Western Illinois Basins,” by James E. Day; Geological Society of America; Denver, Colorado. “Carbon and Nutrient Cycling during the Frasnian-Famennian Extinction Event, Rocky Mountains, Western Canada,” by J. Payne, M.T. Whalen, and James E. Day; AAPG-SEPM; Houston, Texas. “Magnetic Susceptibility and Insights into Devonian Sea Level and Climate Change, Alberta Rocky Mountains, Western Canada,” by James E. Day, M.T. Whalen, R. Missler, and D.J. Over; Subcommission on Devonian Stratigraphy and IGCP 499 Devonian Land-Sea Interaction; Eureka, Nevada. “Middle-Upper Devonian (Middle Givetian-Early Famennian) Record of Relative Sea Level and Climate Change in the Iowa and Western Illinois Basins, Western Laurussia,” by B.J. Witkze, James E. Day, and B. Bunker; Subcommission on Devonian Stratigraphy and IGCP 499 Devonian Land-Sea Interaction; Eureka, Nevada. “Middle-Upper Devonian (Middle Givetian-Early Frasnian) Brachiopod Sequence in the Flume and ‘Waterways’ Formation: Kakwa Park, British Columbia,” by James E. Day, M.T. Whalen, and D.J. Over; Geological Society of America; Denver, Colorado. 34 “Modeling Hyporheic Zone Thermal Pulses through a Sediment Pack in a Laboratory Flume,” by Toby J. Dogwiler, John Woodside, and Eric W. Peterson; Geological Society of America; Denver, Colorado. “The Speleogenesis of the Cave Branch and Horn Hollow Karst Systems, Carter Caves State Resort Park, Northeastern Kentucky,” by Toby J. Dogwiler, Eric W. Peterson, Julie C. Angel, John Woodside, and Kimberly A. Gorecki; Appalachian Karst Symposium; Johnson City, Tennessee. “Out of the Woods and onto Our Grills,” by Casey A. Eberlin; Illinois State University Undergraduate Research Symposium; Normal, Illinois. “Law and Disorder: A Political Economy of Complex Change in Extractive Industries,” by Johanna Haas; Association of American Geographers; Boston, Massachusetts. “What Are They Putting in Your Water?,” by Earl Hammond; Illinois State University Undergraduate Research Symposium; Normal, Illinois. “Multiple Punctuated Pulses of Voluminous Silicic Magmatism in Idaho: In Situ Geochronology and Isotope Geochemistry of the Idaho Batholith,” by R.M. Gaschnig, J. Vervoort, R. Lewis, Elizabeth M. King, and J.W. Valley; Geological Society of America; Denver, Colorado. “Oxygen Isotope Ratios of Refractory Mineral Phases from Tertiary Intrusions of the Black Hills, South Dakota,” by Elizabeth M. King, Paul A. Meister, M.J. Spicuzza, and J.W. Valley; Geological Society of America; Denver, Colorado. “Visualizing Sea Level Rise,” by D. McDermott, John C. Kostelnick, R.J. Rowley, J. Meisel, K. Hulbutta, N. Haas, and D. Braaten; North American Cartographic Society; St. Louis, Missouri. “Creating a Model that Predicts Stream Chloride Concentration as a Function of Land Use Change,” by Samanta M. Lax and Stephen J. Van der Hoven; Geological Society of America; Denver, Colorado. “Creating a Model that Predicts Stream Chloride Concentration as a Function of Land Use Change for two Small Watersheds in Central Illinois,” by Samanta M. Lax and Stephen J. Van der Hoven; Illinois Groundwater Association; East Peoria, Illinois. “Getting a Farmer’s Tan in Illinois,” by Chenay D. McDaniel; Illinois State University Undergraduate Research Symposium; Normal, Illinois. “The Role of the Hyporheic Zone in the Transport and Fate of Solutes,” by Eric W. Peterson; Department of Geology, Northern Illinois University; DeKalb, Illinois. “Using Geophysics and Stereographic 3D Visualization to Improve Conceptual Models,” by Tim Sickbert, Todd Holihan, Eric W. Peterson, and Stephen J. Van der Hoven; Geological Society of America; Denver, Colorado. “Urban Sprawl in the United States,” by Nicholas Scott Peters; Illinois State University Undergraduate Research Symposium; Normal, Illinois. “Hook, Line, and Sinker: Freshwater Fishing and the American Angler,” by Curtis L. Russell; Illinois State University Undergraduate Research Symposium; Normal, Illinois. 35 “Quantifying the Effects of Beaver Dams on Hyporheic Nitrogen Cycling,” by Dominic Strezo and Stephen J. Van der Hoven; Illinois Groundwater Association; East Peoria, Illinois. (Note: Dominic Strezo presented paper with same title at the Illinois State University Graduate Research Symposium.) “Climbing Mount Assessment: One Program’s Plan,” by Michael D. Sublett; National Council for Geographic Education; Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. “Grassroots Government: Illinois Townships Then and Now,” by Michael D. Sublett; Conference on Illinois History; Springfield, Illinois. ”Afghan Migration Experiences: Personal Histories of Movement and Perspectives on Repatriation,” by Sarah F. Tedrow; Association of American Geographers; Boston, Massachusetts. “Quality of Life in Small Town Illinois: Hudson,” by James E. Tompkins; Illinois Geographical Society; Springfield, Illinois. Geology majors and Hydrogeology graduate students regularly present papers and posters at the annual meeting of the Geological Society of America, but it has been many years since a Geography student presented at the comparable annual meeting of the Association of American Geographers. Sarah Tedrow (right) took her senior honors thesis research, packaged it as a double-panel poster, and represented the Department well at the Boston meeting of AAG in April 2008. With Sarah was her faculty mentor and thesis advisor, Professor Johanna Haas (left). 36 AROUND TOWN Contrary to what students may believe, faculty and staff have lives beyond Felmley Hall of Science. For Jill and Fred Thomas, sponsorship of foster children has long been an avocation. Roughly two dozen of these challenged children have at one time or another been a part of their Bloomington household. The Pantagraph ran a story about their foster-care efforts on 20 May 2008 and included this photo, showing Jill (right) playing with her own children, Zane (left), Shailer (center), and Rya. Credit: Carlos T. Miranda/The Pantagraph A new addition (spring of 2008) to the side of Normal’s water storage facility facing the Interstate 55/74 bypass includes the Reggie Redbird logo and the words “Illinois State Redbirds.” College Avenue is in the foreground. The winter of 2007-2008 seemed colder and nastier than many in recent memory. On a snowy Saturday afternoon in December, the photographer looked eastward past “In Exchange,” an artistic replacement for a portion of School Street; over Watterson Commons; past the north tower of Watterson Towers dormitory; and toward the tower crane that was and still is a dominant landscape feature as the construction of the new hotel and convention center in Uptown Normal proceeds. 37 FACULTY AND STAFF SKETCHES Amy M. Bloom, Assistant Professor of Geography. B.A. (Cum Laude), 1997, Geology, Augustana College; M.S., 2001, Geography, University of Utah; Ph.D., 2006, Geography, University of Utah. As well as continuing to teach GEO 201 (Physical Geography II), GEO 207 (Natural Disasters), and GEO 303 (Geographic Information Systems), this year Amy taught a new course she developed in Biogeography (GEO 344). Biogeography is the scientific study of past and present geographic distributions of plants and animals. Biogeographers are not only interested in where different species are located, but what factors (e.g., biological, physical, etc.) play a role in their distributions and how they change over time and are predicted to change in the future. Biogeography unites theories and information from the fields of ecology, evolutionary biology, geology, and physical geography. The new Biogeography course incorporated a semester-long research project on Lake Bloomington, which included a day field trip to the lake and hands-on processing, analysis, and interpretation of samples collected at Lake Bloomington by the students. In addition to working with her Biogeography students on the Lake Bloomington project, Amy continued her Sierra Nevada and Great Basin research. She also began working with a new research team on samples from Lake Nicaragua, a large (in fact the largest lake in Central America) freshwater lake in Nicaragua that is tectonic in origin. Amy served as a mentor for Andrew Fiala (Earth and Space Science Education 2008) during the spring semester. Andrew helped process and mount lake sediment samples from a lake in Great Basin National Park and from Lake Nicaragua for diatom analysis. Amy presented her research on recent climate change in the central Sierra Nevada, California, based on high-resolution diatom analysis at the AAG meeting in Boston this year. Once again she co-organized sessions on “Quaternary Environments of the Americas,” four sessions in total, two of which she chaired, at this meeting. Amy was excited to return to Augustana College (Rock Island), her alma mater, to serve on the Department of Geology Alumni Advisory Council in October. This year’s 2-day meeting was scheduled to overlap with Augustana’s Homecoming Weekend, and coincidently Amy’s 10-year class reunion. She noticed that, while some things have definitely changed in the last 10 years, many things have remained the same. In March, Amy was invited to present “Lakes as Recorders of Climate Change” for the Department of Physics Spring 2008 Seminar Series at Illinois State University. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Dagmar Budikova, Associate Professor of Geography. B.Sc. (Honors), 1988, Environmental Science and Mathematics, University of Toronto; Ph.D., 2001, Climatology, University of Calgary. Dr. Budikova joined the Department in fall of 2000. In spring of 2007, Dr. Budikova taught our senior undergraduate/graduate course in statistics and GIS Applications. In fall 2007 she was on sabbatical, which relieved her from formal teaching duties. At this time, Dr. Budikova devoted a considerable amount of effort to a newer research agenda, studying the recently observed and anticipated climate and environmental changes in the Arctic, and looking at ways by which this changing landscape may reflect on local Arctic and remote climates of the Northern Hemisphere. To help with data management tasks and other efforts related to the project, Dr. Budikova was fortunate to recruit an excellent undergraduate research assistant, John Ehlers, who just recently presented some of their work at the Undergraduate Research Symposium. This work has so far led to one publication in Climate Research, a prestigious international and multidisciplinary journal. Although research was her first 38 priority during the fall, Dr. Budikova was also involved in several departmental activities related to GIS at this time. On November 9, as the Director, she organized the opening ceremonies of the Department’s Institute for Geospatial Analysis & Mapping (GEOMAP), whose mission is to support research, training, and outreach activities related to geospatial sciences and technologies on campus and in our community. Dr. Budikova helped host the 2007 Ridgley Lecturer, Dr. Jerome Dobson from the University of Kansas and the current President of the American Geograhical Society. Later in the month she and a few of her colleagues hosted GIS Day activities in the Department. In the fall, GEOMAP also launched the online Aging in Place Atlas for East Central Illinois that concluded a three-year effort with the East Central Illinois Area Agency on Aging (ECIAAA) to study the demographic distribution of elderly in the area. The Atlas has since been well received by our community and is being extensively used for city and government planning purposes across the region to help our elderly citizens age in place successfully. Dr. Budikova would like to thank all of those involved in this project over the years, most importantly Samanta Lax who managed the effort and students; Melissa- Dougherty O’Hara whose tireless efforts were instrumental in helping finish the last 13 counties and in putting together the website; as well as nine undergraduate and graduate students including Jonathan Bauer, Doug Brown, Rian Crowley, Julia Ferguson, Raymond Heitner, Mitchell Horrie, Amber Mead, Neal Schroeder, and Kelly Slattery, whose hard work was essential in making the project a success. This spring, Dr. Budikova spearheaded our Department’s discussions regarding a new M.S. graduate program in Sustainability and Global Change. The faculty envisions this program to be multi-disciplinary, drawing upon the strengths of Illinois State’s faculty across several disciplines in the social and natural sciences, and technology. Early this spring, Dr. Budikova received a Summer Faculty Professional Development Fellowship issued by the Office of the Provost for designing and teaching a 1-day workshop entitled Community Mapping in GIS that will be offered beginning January 2009 to faculty and staff, as well as to members of our community. Finally, in late April, Dr. Budikova was selected as an Administrative Fellow of the College of Arts and Sciences for fall 2008. During her appointment, she will be engaged in various administrative activities and special projects. Dr. Budikova is honored to receive such a unique opportunity and is looking forward to the experience. Email: email@example.com Homepage: www.geo.ilstu.edu/Faculty_pages/Budikova James R. Carter, Emeritus Professor of Geography. B.A., 1958, Geology, Indiana University; M.S., 1966, Geography, University of Maryland, College Park; Ph.D., 1973, Geography, University of Georgia. The third year of retirement was quite productive. Last May Jim attended the Geographic Education Conference in Chile. While there he asked educators what they knew about Dora the Explorer, the cartoon show on Nickelodeon for preschoolers. Many persons knew of the program, but no one knew much details. Finally someone suggested that Jim write an article on Dora the Explorer as the television program that teaches geography to preschoolers. The paper has been accepted for the Journal of Geography and is to be in a forthcoming issue. He got into this topic because two years ago former student Charles Nuttall told him his 18-month old son knew what a map is because he watches Dora the Explorer. Jim’s interest in ice flowers and extruding ice keeps expanding. Last summer he planted seeds of Verbesina virginica that he had collected in Tennessee the year before. The plants grew and in early November the Carters had ice flowers in their backyard. That permitted him to keep watch on the plants at all times of the day. By early January he had seen ice on 20 separate occasions and had taken hundreds of photos. He was able to capture the sequence of the formation of these ice flowers over time, although he had to take photos when he would normally be 39 asleep. With the new information he updated his web pages at <www.ilstu.edu/~jrcarter/ice>. In 2006 he received an email from Wales with photos of ice growing on a piece of beech wood on the ground. He added a section on this to his website. In the past year, he heard from many about this form of ice growth. It looked like all of the ice on wood comes from Europe and the ice flowers from North America. Then this year he got emails from persons on Vancouver Island and the Olympic Peninsula showing ice growing on branches of wood. More recently he received photos from the Netherlands showing ice flowers on plant stems. In addition, he has been corresponding with a researcher in Switzerland who has been working on the ice formations on branches of wood, which he calls Haareis. He thinks these ice formations relate to the presence of a fungus. In January 2006 Jim was introduced to ribbons of ice growing from a steel fence in British Columbia. He felt challenged to understand the process, and was able to grow some of his own ice ribbons from steel pipes that winter but was much more successful this winter. Again, his results are presented on his web pages. In July, he moved on to become Past President of the Normal Rotary Club and kept busy in that role this year. Soon the day will come that he will no longer have to go to Rotary board meetings. In September Dr. Carter received a request from the University’s Media Relations to compose a piece on the opening of the Northwest Passage, given the rapid retreat of ice from the Arctic Ocean. He wrote a 230 word statement overnight, and the next day it was posted on the Illinois State Website under “In the News: Expert of the Week.” Later in the year, WGLT-FM radio interviewed him on the same subject. In October the old cartographer, Jim, joined the young cartographer, John Kostelnick, for a trip to NACIS in St. Louis, NACIS being the North American Cartographic Information Society. Last fall he read the book 1491, about the nature of the Americas before contact with the Europeans. Early in the book reference is made to the work of the geographer William Denevan. Jim highly recommends the book to geographers. To add to his understanding on this topic, he and his wife took a tour in Mexico in January, going from Mexico City to the Yucatan, passing through the hearths of many civilizations written about in 1491. Retirement is a time to learn all of the things you did not have time to look into as a student or as a teacher. One pleasant surprise this year was learning that his paper on Digital Elevation Models published in Cartographica has become one of the ten most-cited articles from this journal. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Homepage: www.ilstu.edu/~jrcarter Heather K. Conley, Assistant Professor of Geography. B.S., 1993, Geography, Northwest Missouri State University; M.S., 2001, Geography, University of Iowa; Ph.D., 2006, Geography, University of Iowa. Dr. Conley once again managed to escape the heat and humidity of the midwestern summer by arranging travel to Big Sky Country. After teaching Natural Disasters last summer (2007), she packed up a University vehicle and headed out to Idaho to study mosquito habitat following the 2006 West Nile outbreak. While her original intent was to build a dynamic GIS-based model of mosquito habitat to predict where mosquito populations were likely to surge based on a suite of climatological variables, logic and reason entered the picture; and she decided to talk to the people who might use such a model before she built it. As luck would have it, none of the local decision-makers indicated that this was a necessary research endeavor. Public health officials already had the information they needed, specifically that West Nile Virus had arrived in Idaho. That it arrived without them successfully capturing an infected mosquito discouraged them from trying to predict where the risk was highest. Instead, West Nile Virus is now considered endemic to the area; and anyone with symptoms similar to West Nile Virus is treated as though they have West Nile Virus, until their symptoms worsen, at which point they will test the person to determine whether 40 they actually have West Nile Virus. While this did not bode well for her research agenda, Heather was not ready to return to the oppressive midwestern summer, so she refocused the research and decided to talk to the mosquito abatement managers to determine how they determine when it was time to begin the fight again. Hoping to uncover gems of local knowledge about the relationship between mosquitoes and weather in the area, Heather was a little disappointed to find out the mosquito abatement in Idaho is all about phone calls and chemicals. When the phone calls start ringing with complaints about the mosquito population, it is time to start spraying; and spraying continues until the chemicals run out for the summer. This summer (2008), she will return to Idaho, to ride along in mosquito abatement trucks and study local knowledge of weather and landscape. The goal is to investigate what extent GIS-enabled technologies replace tacit knowledge about weather and the landscape in the fight against mosquitoes. Heather also finagled a trip to Boulder, Colorado, last summer to attend the Weather and Society Integrated Studies meeting held at the National Center for Atmospheric Research. She authored a paper based on the Idaho research for a compendium on Weather and Society. The research was presented in a departmental GGGEO colloquium in September and at the annual meeting of the Association of American Geographers in Boston in April. Heather taught Natural Disasters, Geographic Information Systems I, and Applied Climatology this year. She also continued to serve as the Geography Club/GTU advisor, and Honors Program Coordinator, and sat on the Awards Committee and the Colloquium Committee. For the third year in a row, she served as the emcee for the Geography Jeopardy tournament during Geography Awareness Week. Email: email@example.com Gail A. Corbett, Former Lecturer in Geography. B.A., 1958; M.S., 1960; and Ph.D., 1967, The University of Michigan. Gail and daughter Erica are collaborating on analyzing remnant roadside and cemetery prairie vegetation in central Illinois. A paper is in preparation and being reviewed by the Torrey Botanical Club. Last fall, she participated in a field trip to Grass River Nature Area in west-central Michigan, which includes a wetlands area with marsh grass surrounded by cedar woodland and, farther from the water, deciduous forest. Two naturalists planned and led the trip. On another field trip to the Old Mission Peninsula that separates East and West Bay of the Grand Traverse, Gail stood on the 45th Parallel, and visited some of the early settlements of the area. An old schoolhouse had been converted to a winery salesroom; and this and other wineries produced grape, cherry, and cranberry wines. The Old Mission Lighthouse, from 1870, had been converted to a museum. She retains her memberships in Sigma Xi, The Ecological Society of America, Michigan Botanical Club, Southern Appalachian Botanical Society, and the American Society of Plant Taxonomists, and continues as an Adjunct in the Department of Biological Sciences. Robert G. Corbett, Emeritus Professor of Geology. B.S., 1958; M.S., 1959; and Ph.D., 1964, The University of Michigan. Bob continues daily rehabilitation exercises after his knee replacement surgery. He has shown slow but steady progress. During rehabilitation, Bob remains active with the AIPG and GSA, and the Illinois Department of Professional Regulation. He also is an active member of the Department’s Means Committee, interviewing students and selecting awardees. For AIPG, he continues as Chair of the Academic Education Committee, has reviewed applications for AIPG Scholarships, and coordinated the committee of four Certified Professional Geologists who selected the top three applicants. Bob also has published an article in The Professional Geologist entitled “The Causes of Global Warming, Are We Certain?” and presented a talk at the annual meeting of the American Institute of Professional Geologists, “Anthropogenic CO2 and 41 Global Warming.” Each was coauthored by Gary Dannemiller. Also at the meetings, Bob felt highly honored in receiving the Martin Van Couvering Award. The American Institute of Professional Geologists (AIPG) established this award in 1979 to recognize an exemplary record of distinguished service to the profession of geology and to the Institute. Bob received the award October 9, 2007, from Kelvin Buchanan, current AIPG President, at a reception at the Park Place Hotel in Traverse City, Michigan. Bob is pleased to join the company of past recipients, many of whom he has known, starting with Larry Woodfork, retired state geologist of West Virginia and including Susan Landon, who visited Illinois State and gave a public lecture on the occurrence of shallow petroleum in southern Illinois. Bob has been appointed to a board of the Illinois Department of Financial and Professional Regulation. He is now involved with licensing of professional geologists through January 2011. The practice of professional geology involves the performance of services of a licensed geologist, including consultation, investigation, evaluation, planning, mapping, inspection of geologic laws, formulas, principles, practices, and methods of data interpretation. In Illinois, the requirements for licensure include a degree in geology from a recognized department of geology, four or more years of supervision working under a licensed professional geologist, passing examinations, and subscribing to a set of professional ethics. There are also continuing education requirements once the license is awarded. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org James E. Day, Professor of Geology. B.S., 1979, Oregon State University; M.S., 1984, Northern Arizona University; Ph.D., 1988, The University of Iowa. Over the past year Dr. Day taught one section of GEO 202 (Evolution of the Earth), GEO 295 (Sedimentology- Stratigraphy I) in the fall of 2007, and GEO 385 (Invertebrate Paleontology) during the spring of 2008. He also was a coauthor of two articles published in the Society for Sedimentary Geology Special Paper 89 (“Magnetic Susceptibility, Biostratigraphy, and Sequence Stratigraphy: Insights into Devonian Carbonate Platform Development and Basin Infilling, Western Alberta”), and Geological Association of Canada Special Paper series. (“Record of the Late Devonian Hangenberg Global Positive Carbon Isotope Excursion in Epeiric Sea Setting: Carbonate Production, Organic Carbon Burial, and Paleoceanography During the Late Famennian”). He was elected to serve as a Titular Member (representing Canada) of the Subcommission on Devonian Stratigraphy of the International Union of Geological Sciences-Commission on Stratigraphy. He was also an author or coauthor of five abstracts presented at a variety of professional international, national, and regional conferences in the United States. The field trip for GEO 385 was cut short from three days to two in late April because of snow in northern Iowa, where the class group dodged tornadoes and looked at the Devonian stratigraphy and paleontology of Cedar Valley Group rocks in eastern and central Iowa. Dr. Day and collaborating Illinois State geology undergraduate major students Sarah Clark and Matt Howard conducted core-based biostratigraphic, chemostratigraphic, and magneto- stratigraphic research on Upper Devonian rocks in southeastern Iowa (Clark) and northern Iowa (Howard). Matt Howard worked most of the summer of 2007 as Dr. Day’s lab assistant, processing shale samples from the Sullivan Core for the major Upper Devonian Paleoclimate Project. Results of their projects will be presented at the National GSA meeting in Houston in the fall of 2008. Dr. Day attended the Field Conference of the Subcommission on Devonian Stratigraphy in Eureka, Nevada, September of 2007 and was a coauthor on two presentations at that conference. He attended the National Meeting of the Geological Society of America in Denver, Colorado, and was a coauthor of one poster presentation at that conference. He attended the North-Central Section Meeting of the GSA in Evansville, Indiana, and chaired the Pander Society Symposium entitled “Conodont Biostratigraphy and Correlation of Paleozoic and Early Mesozoic 42 Records of Environmental Change” and presented one paper in that session. He also chaired the SEPM-Paleontological Society luncheon and business meeting at that meeting. He completed a three year term as Associate Editor of the journal Palaios in April of 2008. He served as President of the Great Lakes Section of the Society for Sedimentary Geology (SEPM) for 2007-2008, and was elected to serve a second term for 2008-2009 at the SEPM Business Meeting at the North-Central GSA Meeting. Dr. Day has been cooperating with Joe Devera of the ISGS Mapping Group to fund field- based student research projects on Paleozoic bedrock strata in quadrangle areas presently being mapped or previously mapped by ISGS mapping geologists through the EDMAP-STATEMAP programs. In 2007 the ISGS provided a final $2000 for faculty and student travel, sample preparation, and geochemical anaylses through the ISGS Ancillary Mapping Program. Matt Howard received ISGS support for work during the summer and fall of 2007. Dr. Day will receive another $5000 in the fall of 2008. Email: email@example.com Karen Dunton, Staff Clerk. Karen continues to be busy as President of the Clerical and Support Staff Union on campus. Karen is still negotiating a first contract for the Health Professionals, a new subset of the Clerical and Support Staff Union. First contracts take a long time to settle. Karen decided that the gypsy lifestyle was getting old, so she moved into her own apartment in July. Of course, it was the hottest weekend of the summer for the move. Her sense of wanderlust has not been fulfilled in the past year as her commitments have interfered with her love of travel. Hopefully, there will be some travel coming up within the next year. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Johanna Haas, Assistant Professor of Geography. B.A., (Phi Beta Kappa, Summa Cum Laude), 1993, English and Medieval and Renaissance Studies, West Virginia University; J.D. (with honors in law), 2001, The Ohio State University; Ph.D., 2008, Geography, The Ohio State University. Johanna has greatly enjoyed her second year at Illinois State. She earned her Ph.D. in March from OSU, for her dissertation entitled “Law and Property in the Mountains: A Political Economy of Resource Land in the Appalachian Coalfields.” Additionally, Johanna saw her chapter entitled “Law of Regions: The Role of Mining Law in Creating East and West” published as part of the edited volume Contentious Geographies: Environmental Knowledge, Meaning, and Scale from Ashgate Press and edited by Mike Goodman, Max Boykoff, and Kyle Evered. (Note the last name on that list for another Illinois State connection.) In April, Johanna headed to Boston with honors student Sarah Tedrow to present research at the Annual Meeting of the Association of American Geographers (AAG). Sarah’s presentation, “Afghan Migration Experiences: Personal Histories of Movement and Perspectives on Repatriation,” was part of her honors thesis, which Johanna supervised. In addition to presenting a poster at the national meeting, Sarah also completed a written thesis and presented her research at a departmental colloquium. Johanna presented her paper, “Law and Disorder: A Political Economy of Complex Change in Extractive Landscapes.” At the conference, Johanna joined the board of directors for the Energy and Environment Specialty Group. You can visit them and see what is new at <www.eesg.org>. This summer, Johanna is heading to Alaska in June with two undergraduate research assistants, Dawn Heckmann and Phil Ferguson, to begin a comparative study of Alaskan mining to Appalachian mining. Johanna received a New Faculty Initiative Grant from the College of Arts and Sciences to help fund this research. Phil was awarded to honors research mentorship fellowship from the Honors Program to assist Johanna in her research. The team is excited about learning the ins and outs of a new place. Johanna will be teaching Dawn and Phil how to do field work as they talk to people in the 43 south-central area of Alaska about the potential opening of new coal mines. They hope to find areas where consensus building is taking place among communities, mining interests, and environmental interests, as well as expand Johanna’s theoretical work on understanding land as an holistic entity. Johanna taught Living in the Environment, Geography of the US (and Canada), and Honors World Regional Geography this year. Additionally, she added a class in Political Geography, which focused on ideas of territory and geopolitics. Students in that class worked hard to write a major paper (20- 30 pages) as well as taking part in a series of debates over current security issues including taking part in a mock United Nations. Johanna was invited to speak across town as part of Illinois Wesleyan University’s Environmental Studies speaker series program. In April, she presented “Putting Lipstick on a Corpse: Appalachia and the Local Costs of U.S. Energy Policy” to an eager audience there. Shae Davidson, Johanna’s husband, is a member of the Creative Synthesis Collaborative Project of the MIT Media Lab at <www.creativesynthesis.net>. His publications include analysis, reviews, and exhibit design; his poetry has appeared in journals in the United States, Britain, and Canada. The pair have been exploring Illinois, and greatly treasured the opportunity to talk with Ernie Edwards after the sad 2007 fire loss of his Pig Hip Restaurant and Museum in Broadwell. Mr. Edwards shared stories of the history, geography, and significance of Route 66. Johanna urges all geographers and friends of geography to work to help keep these types of unique, local places alive. Email: email@example.com Terry L. Harshbarger, Lecturer in Geography. A.B., 1964, University of Illinois; M.S., 1970, and Ph.D., 1974, Purdue University; and M.S., 1996, Indiana State University. Terry twice taught World Geography at Illinois State during the 2007-2008 academic year, but his primary responsibilities are teaching World Geography, Geography of Underdeveloped Areas, Economic Geography, and Aviation at Parkland College in Champaign, where he is a Professor of Geography. In addition, he again taught World Geography to the Ford ASSET students, a joint program between Parkland College and Ford Motor Company. Since 2006, he has served as Past-President of the Illinois Geographical Society, as well as chairing its Nominating Committee. Terry continues to refine two online geography courses at Parkland College. His research on Champaign County Schools, especially before 1900, is ongoing. In 2006, he received the Distinguished Geographer Award from the Illinois Geographical Society. Terry is also listed in numerous Who’s Who publications. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Mohammad Hemmasi, Lecturer in Geography. B.A., 1960, Tehran University, Iran; M.A., 1968, and Ph.D., 1971, Indiana University. Mohammad taught Urban Geography, an important systematic course for the geography majors, and the regional geography of the Middle East, a general education course. He also agreed to teach two courses (235 and 250) on Africa while Henry Zintambila was ill and out for treatment. Mohammad continues his research on urban, population, and political geography, as well as developments in the Middle East. Last year he participated in public speaking and in reviewing manuscripts for a social science journal. Email: email@example.com David B. Johnson, Lecturer in Geography. B.S., 1963, Physics, Illinois Wesleyan University; M.S., 1976, Meteorology, Pennsylvania State University; M.S., 1993, History, Illinois State University; ABD, History, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. David Johnson teaches one large section of GEO 135, World Geography, each semester. He is ABD in history from the University of Illinois. David served in the U.S. Air Force from 1963 through 1991 as a meteorologist and an intelligence officer specializing in special operations and contingency support. He and his wife, Carol, live in Bloomington and 44 have four daughters, all grown and off the payroll, and one granddaughter. When time permits, which is not often, he busies himself with an HO-gauge model railroad in his basement. David teaches various courses in the History Department and specializes in 20th century political history. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Elizabeth M. King, Associate Professor of Geology. B.S., 1994, Carleton College; M.S., 1997, and Ph.D., 2001, University of Wisconsin-Madison. This past year was marked with the good news of Liz’s tenure and promotion approved as well as her relocation to Jackson Hole, Wyoming. She spent summer 2007 at home caring for the new addition to the family, but also finishing up all research that was still incomplete in order to publish the data in some form or another. She finally submitted a manuscript on the basalt dikes exposed at Cathedral Cliffs, Wyoming, to Geofluids despite all warnings from Dave Malone that the Heart Mountain problem is the Bermuda Triangle of the geologic world. She also submitted a manuscript to Precambrian Research on her work in the St. Francois Mountains with Andy Trzaskus (B.S. 2007) as a co-author. Her manuscript in Lithos on the Idaho Batholith as well as a manuscript in Journal of Geoscience Education were published in the summer and fall, respectively. The last little bit of research not yet published went into an abstract for the GSA meeting in Denver to present the Black Hills Tertiary intrusion data. She taught a full load for the fall semester of Mineralogy and Evolution of the Earth. The workload was made even fuller with the pressing move date in mid-December. So once she turned in final grades, the family packed up and migrated westward to Wyoming. Liz is lucky enough to not only live in an amazing location, but also obtain a fantastic new job. She is now working as the Director of Corporate Sustainability for EnerCrest, an oil field services company with offices in Jackson. Even though she did not officially start the job until January, she attended an Energy Summit in Jackson Hole in December to get her feet wet in the world of environmental sustainability and energy development. Luckily the summit convinced Liz that she was ready, willing, and able to make the jump to the private sector and tackle some big issues facing the integration of energy development and the environment in the Rocky Mountain region. If ever in the Jackson Hole area, please do not hesitate to contact her. Visitors are part of the contract when you live in Jackson. Gretchen E. Knapp, Research Associate. B.A. (Summa Cum Laude), 1980, Classics (Latin/Greek), State University of New York at Buffalo; M.L.S., 1989, Archives & Information Science, University of Maryland, College Park; M.S., 1991, and Ph.D., 1995, History, State University of New York at Buffalo. Dr. Knapp joined the Department in the fall of 2007, as a Research Associate for the newly dedicated Institute for Geospatial Analysis & Mapping. She is an Adjunct Professor in Biological Sciences and Collections Manager for the John Wesley Powell and Dale Birkenholz Natural History collections. In September 2007 she became an ESRI-authorized ArcGIS instructor, and teaches the two-day Introduction to Arc GIS I to state and local government employees, Illinois State faculty and staff, State Farm employees, and (recently) a senior undergraduate in Biological Sciences. With Drs. Budikova and Kostelnick, she helped organize GIS Day (2007), publicize GEOMAP and GIS through radio and newspaper interviews, and arrange the first joint Biological Sciences/Geography-Geology symposium on GIS and Conservation Biology with Illinois Natural History Survey scientists Tari Tweddale and Diane Szafoni. Knapp serves as the liaison between Biological Sciences and Geography-Geology to recruit and support Biological Sciences graduate students in the new Biology Graduate Certificate in GIS. She is pursuing a postbaccalaureate certificate in GIS from Pennsylvania State University, and expects to begin PSU’s MGIS program in fall 2008. With Dr. Angelo Capparella of Biological Sciences (BSC), Knapp co- 45 authored a National Science Foundation (NSF) Biological Research Collections grant proposal to georeference the entire collection of birds and mammals dating back to John Wesley Powell’s curatorship. With Drs. Capparella and Budikova, Knapp also co- authored an NSF preproposal for an IGERT (Interdisciplinary Graduate Education, Research and Training) in Conservation Biogeography involving multidisciplinary research between Biological Sciences and Geography-Geology. With GEOMAP and BSC faculty she is preparing a NSF Research Experiences for Undergraduates (REU) Site proposal due in August. She enjoyed making presentations on GIS and GEOMAP to the College Research Coordinators and the College of Applied Sciences & Technology, and attending the McLean County GIS Consortium meetings. Knapp participated in the ILGISA conference in Springfield and visited the Missouri Botanical Gardens for the annual Systematics Symposium on South America. Knapp’s ongoing projects include developing a GIS parcel inventory and maps for the ParkLands Foundation, a local conservation land trust in McLean and Tazewell counties, and preparing an organic food farm-to-market network study for The Land Connection, a non-profit organization promoting the preservation and expansion of organic food production in Illinois. With Capparella she is scoping out a major project in avian biogeography involving the Scarlet-banded Barbet (Barbet capitoninae) discovered on his expedition to the eastern Andes of Peru in 1996. During the summer she plans to attend the Society for Conservation GIS conference in Monterrey with husband Angelo; teach Introduction to ArcGIS in June and August; visit family and friends in Buffalo, New York and Chapel Hill, North Carolina; and go birdwatching, hiking, and canoeing whenever possible. Email: email@example.com. John C. Kostelnick, Assistant Professor of Geography. B.A., (With Distinction, Phi Beta Kappa), 1998, History, Iowa State University; M.A., 2000, Geography, University of Nebraska-Lincoln; Ph.D., 2006, Geography, University of Kansas. John Kostelnick joined the geography faculty at Illinois State as an Assistant Professor in August 2007. He is also affiliated with the Department’s newly dedicated Institute for Geospatial Analysis & Mapping (GEOMAP). John’s broad interests include geographic information systems (GIS), cartography, geographic visualization, remote sensing, and human geography. More specifically, his research interests include developing GIS methods and techniques for modeling and visualizing the impacts of sea level rise; designing and promulgating new cartographic symbols for landmines, minefields, and landmine removal; evaluating the design and usability of animated, 3-D, and interactive maps; and the geography of American religion. In the past academic year, John has published research from these projects in The Cartographic Journal, Cartographic Perspectives, Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Sciences, and Earthzine. In the fall, he and his colleagues at the University of Kansas and Haskell Indian Nations University presented a poster on their research with visualizing sea level rise at the North American Cartographic Information Society (NACIS) Annual Meeting. Throughout the year, John has assisted Dagmar Budikova and Gretchen Knapp in the development and publicity of GEOMAP. In the fall, he helped arrange a visit by Dr. Jerome Dobson, President of the American Geographical Society and one of John’s mentors in graduate school, as this year’s Ridgley Lecturer in geography. This academic year, John taught GEO 300 (Cartography), GEO 304 (GIS Applications), and GEO 140 (Human Geography). He also supervised an independent study in remote sensing for four graduating seniors. Next fall, he will be introducing a new course GEO 305, Remote Sensing. He attended the spring Illinois Geographic Information Systems Association (ILGISA) spring conference along with students and faculty from Illinois State. John and his wife, Ayrrin, along with their 46 two daughters, Isabelle and Francesca, have greatly enjoyed settling into the area and getting to know their new surroundings. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org. Deborah L. Lescher, Secretary. Debbie completed her seventeenth year with the Department and her thirty-second with the Civil Service System. Debbie, and her husband, Ray, have finally started decorating the garage that they gutted last year and totally remodeled. It is looking great and should be done sometime during the summer. Even though their car and Ray’s truck will be in that particular garage, they still have room for their party area in the right-hand corner and spend many evenings out there watching races, etc. She has her Dale Jr. bar table and two Dale Jr. bar stools and two Dale Sr. bar stools for everyone’s comfort. They also have a dart board up for anyone who likes to shoot darts and later this summer they are going to be putting a gas wall heater in so that they can continue partying and watching their sports events even when it is cold and nasty outside. Debbie and Ray met themselves coming and going last fall with their oldest granddaughter, Brittany’s (15) band competitions, along with filling in with the other two girls’ activities of soccer, etc. They were basically somewhere new every weekend, but they totally enjoyed the experience and already are looking forward to fall of 2008 with the band. Since Ray was a truck driver for 34 years and retired, it did not take long for him to become one of the truck drivers for all the competitions and that was something he really enjoyed. So it was no surprise he got the nod to drive the semi out to Phoenix, Arizona, for the band because they had been invited to the Fiesta Bowl over the Christmas Holidays; and, of course, Debbie was allowed to ride with him in the semi, instead of having to fly with all the other band members, staff, and parents. What an experience! They totally enjoyed the whole trip and would do it again in a minute. Debbie said even though it was a long trip in a semi, seventeen hundred miles one way, she would not change the experience they had for anything in the world. While Christmas found them in Phoenix, Arizona, backing up to the Thanksgiving Holiday found them in Dallas, Texas. They met their middle son, Troy, who came in from Lubbock, Texas, where he is going to Texas Tech to get his Ph.D.; and they all went to the Dallas Cowboys Game on Thanksgiving day. Debbie was in the height of her glory, as she made one of her dreams of getting to a Cowboys game a reality. And it was made even sweeter by them winning the game. They then spent a couple days in the Dallas area, also going to the Fort Worth Stockyards, watching the cows come right down the middle of the street, and topped it off by going to the rodeo and then on to Billy Bob’s Dance place for some partying/dancing. From there they headed west to Lubbock, Texas, to visit Texas Tech, his living quarters, and see the area attractions. It was a great trip and they hope to be able to get down to Dallas, Fort Worth, and Lubbock in the next couple years. Debbie said, maybe when the new Dallas Cowboys stadium is done that could be their excuse to get there again. She can hope anyway! Spring 2008 found Debbie and Ray at soccer games with not only Kourtney (11) and Hanna (soon to be 7) but with Brittany, who tried out and made the JV Soccer team at Normal West. So many evenings and all their Saturdays were at soccer fields of some sort all spring season. February 2008 also found Debbie and Ray, for the second year in a row, at the Daytona 500, in Florida. They have now come to the conclusion that this race is probably another yearly event added to their agenda, a race that they just enjoy too much to give up going to. So, as you can see, there is no grass growing under their feet; but they would not have it any other way. They just enjoy their kids and grandkids, along with all the activities that come with that, way too much. Email:email@example.com David H. Malone, Professor of Geology and Department Chairperson. B.S., 1988, Illinois State University; M.S., 1990, and Ph.D., 1994, The University of Wisconsin. Travel was the 47 name of the game for Dave this past year. The year began by Dave teaching field camp in Wyoming for the sixteenth time. The group was small for 2007, as Northern Illinois did not formally participate for the first time in 35 years. To balance things out, Illinois State brought Western Kentucky University faculty and students along for the first time. After field camp, Dave took his family to Albuquerque, New Mexico, for Brian Urlacher’s Youth Football Camp. Football was only in the morning, so they took advantage of the afternoon to see the sites. In July, Dave spent four weeks doing field work based out of Chicken, Alaska (the settlers could not spell Ptarmagin, so Chicken it was). This was the third summer that he spent in Alaska doing consulting for Full Metal Minerals. Specifically, he studied and mapped the Pb-Zn-Ag deposits that are scattered throughout the 40-Mile Range. The highlight of this trip was a trip to Dawson and the famous Klondike Schists. In August, Dave returned to Illinois to chair the Department and teach Structural Geology. The early part of the fall semester was spent coaching his sons’ football teams and watching his daughter play volleyball for Prairie Central High School. The highlight of the semester was the trip to the Denver Geological Society of America meetings. He attended a pre-meeting field trip to the Gunnison area to visit the Precambrian structure. Just before Thanksgiving, he hit the lecture circuit and visited former colleague Bill Anderson at Appalachian State University. In December, graduate student Evan Bowen finished his master’s thesis, and took a job with Unimin INC in Ottawa, Illinois. The spring semester saw Dave teach Stratigraphy. In March, Dave made a trip to Washington, DC, to lobby for more geologic mapping monies for the U.S. Geological Survey. He was accompanied by scientists from four states, and visited with most of Illinois’s congresssional delegation. In March, Dave realized a lifelong dream and hiked to the bottom of the Grand Canyon with his daughter, Hayley. The trip to Phantom Ranch followed a 28 hour train ride to Flagstaff on AMTRAK. After visiting the Grand Canyon, Dave took Hayley to the “real desert” in Death Valley. On the professional side, Dave’s research was funded by the U.S. and Illinois State Geological surveys. He had six geologic maps of Illinois quadrangles published by the Illinois State Geological Survey. He also had a paper published on his Ticona Channel research in Environmental Geoscience, and another paper published on his Heart Mountain research in Mountain Geologist. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org E. Joan Miller, Adjunct/Emerita Professor of Geography. B.A. (Hons.), M.A., in Geography, and Graduate Certificate in Education, all from Cambridge University (Girton College and Cambridge Training College for Women), England, United Kingdom; Ph.D., Geography, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. An alumnus of Cambridge University found that there were few facts about the students who were there during the war years, 1939 to 1945. Girton College asked for information, and a single page questionnaire has become her memoirs of a lifetime of teaching geography, field work and publishing. Part One of these memoirs “An English Geographer Remembers: The War Years 1939 to 1945” is at <http:www.geo.ilstu.edu/downloads/Miller.pdf>. Current work is on her London decade, 1947 to 1957. Her interest in the revolution in methods of teaching geography, as fostered by the Herbartians of Illinois State Normal University, caused her to buy locally a rare book by Hugh Murray entitled Encyclopaedia of Geography, published in Philadelphia in 1838. It is now in Milner Library. Email: email@example.com Robert S. Nelson, Associate Professor of Geology. B.A., 1965, Augustana College; M.S., 1968, and Ph.D., 1970, The University of Iowa. At 4:37 a.m., Friday, April 18, 2008, the earth shook. This was a 5.2 magnitude quake on the Wabash Valley Fault System. The quake was felt over most of the Midwest. At 6 a.m., Jay Groves, University Vice-President for Media Relations, called and asked if Dr. Nelson was ready for a radio interview. Thus, 48 began a busy week. At 10:15 a.m., a 4.7 magnitude aftershock occurred as he was briefing the media on the earthquake. The briefing was carried on the Internet. In total, there were 24 aftershocks in the week that followed the initial quake. One week and one day after the quake, Dr. Nelson was helping lead an Illinois State Geological Survey Educational Extension Field Trip in the Thebes area in far southern Illinois. The participants had numerous questions about earthquakes in Illinois. In June 2007 he instructed field camp, and stopped in Denver for a day on the way to camp. There he and his son, Brad, attempted to summit Mt. Evans; but there was too much snow and ice to attempt safely the final few hundred feet to the summit. The last three weeks of field camp had few showers; but most of the rain and hail was in the Alkali Project, where the bentonite gets nasty. Besides the Survey field trip, Dr. Nelson was busy running other trips and workshops. These included the Illinois Association of Aggregate Producers Teachers Workshop in Rockford and two Illinois Environmental Protection Agency field trips to far southern Illinois. The October field trip focused on the area from Carbondale west to Mississippi River and south to Tamms. The March field trip focused on the area from Harrisburg east to the Ohio River. On the October field trip, one of the stops was at the Inheritance Valley Vineyard. Their red wine is from grapes on limestone; their white wine is from grapes on sandstone. The limestone is separated from the sandstone by a fault. Also in October, Dr. Nelson led a field trip for Illinois State students at GSA into the mountains west of Denver. This trip included Mt. Falcon. FDR wanted a western White House. After the footings were laid on Mt. Falcon, the nation entered WWII and the project ended. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Homepage: lilt.ilstu.edu/rsnelso Eric W. Peterson, Assistant Professor of Geology. B.S., 1995, and M.A., 1997, Mathematics, University of South Dakota, Vermillion; M.S., 1998, University of Arkansas-Fayetteville; Ph.D., 2002, University of Missouri-Columbia. The 2007-2008 school year marked Eric’s sixth year at Illinois State. In the fall semester, he taught Principles of Geology, Groundwater Hydrogeology, and Applied Groundwater Modeling. In the spring semester, he taught a new course, Seminar in Hydrogeology Research. The past year was a productive research year, as Eric advised seven students, had two papers accepted, and submitted four additional papers for review. Scott Maguffin successfully defended his thesis, which focused on assessing the effects of altering land use on Wolf Creek, last May. This summer Julie Angel, Kevin Hughes, Vanessa Beach (Druke), John Woodside, and Carol Glennon plan to defend their theses. Julie is examining the water chemistry of Carter Caves State Park (CCSP) in eastern Kentucky and comparing the chemistry to other karst systems. Kevin is examining the role of sediment in forming caves. Vanessa is investigating whether the size of streambed sediment controls the transmission of heat. John is examining the longitudinal profile of Horn Hollow in CCSP to determine whether the karst system is an unroofed cave system or a naturally down- cutting stream. Carol is testing the hypothesis that a more sinuous segment of a stream will have greater denitrification rates than lower sinuosity segments. In the fall, Joe Becker and Lara Harlan joined Eric’s research group. Joe is looking at the impact of stream channelization on sediment mobility, while Lara will focus on the development of a GIS based model of CCSP. In September, Eric presented a talk about his current research entitled “The Role of the Hyporheic Zone in the Transport and Fate of Solutes,” as an invited speaker at Northern Illinois University. Last fall, Eric co-authored the poster “Modeling Hyporheic Zone Thermal Pulses through a Sediment Pack in a Laboratory Flume” presented at the Geological Society of America annual meeting. In May, Eric presented “The Speleogenesis of the Cave Branch and Horn Hollow Karst Systems, Carter Caves State Resort Park, Northeastern Kentucky” at the Second Appalachian Karst Symposium in Johnson City, Tennessee. This summer, Eric will be co-teaching the 49 Environmental Field Camp with Dr. Van der Hoven. On a personal note, Eric and Sarah are kept busy running Morgan (11) and Aidan (6) around to their numerous activities. Email: email@example.com Homepage: lilt.ilstu.edu/ewpeter Paul E. Russell, Lecturer in Geography. B.S., 1970, Geography, Southeast Missouri State University; M.S., 1973, Geography, Southern Illinois University-Edwardsville. Paul has been involved with his staff and committees in updating the McLean County Regional Comprehensive Plan, the City of Chenoa Comprehensive Plan, and the McLean County Regional Greenways Plan. He also completed his role as project coordinator on the redevelopment plan for the Main Street corridor through Bloomington and Normal. Paul continued to serve on the Steering Committee and the Project Study Group for the East Side Highway Study. Additionally, he continued to serve as chair of the Management Committee of the McLean County Regional GIS Consortium and in varying capacities on a number of other technical planning committees. During the past year, Paul also attended the Livable Cities Conference in Portland, Oregon, and toured the Pacific Northwest, including British Columbia and southeastern Alaska. He teaches GEO 370, Urban and Regional Planning each spring. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org William E. Shields, Lecturer in Geology. B.S., 1999, and M.S., 2001, Illinois State University. Bill has been busy this past year keeping the Department up to speed with their computational facilities. For the third year in a row, Bill has received an “Outstanding Professor” award from the Student Educational Association. He continues to be active in Boy Scouts and public speaking. This spring Bill received a grant from the Center for Teaching, Learning, and Technology to develop online classes that incorporate virtual classroom environments. Email: email@example.com Michael D. Sublett, Professor of Geography. B.A. (Phi Beta Kappa), 1966, and M.A., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1967; Ph.D., 1974, The University of Chicago. Mike arrived at Illinois State in 1970, chaired the Department from 1978 to 1988, served as Central Office Director of the Illinois Geographical Society from the creation of the office in 1985 until 2007, has coordinated the Geography internship program since 1987, and has served as co-organizer of the annual Geography Career Fair since 1990. Teaching opportunities included two sections of Doing Geography in the fall semester, and one section each of Field Geography (fall), Illinois (spring), and Seminar in Geography (spring). Since its inception in spring of 2003, the Senior Field Problem for Geography majors has constituted a significant portion of the Seminar class and an important tool for assessing learning outcomes. For the spring 2008 iteration, Mike switched the Senior Field Problem from an urban focus on sequent occupance to a rural focus on sense of place, with the route of his coauthored 1973 field guide, Commentary on a Corn Belt Countryside, serving as the connecting link among the 23 McLean County survey sections that his Seminar students chose to investigate. Beyond the classroom, he coordinated the summer 2007 internship efforts of 17 Geography majors, at sites scattered from the high Sierra of California to the Outer Banks of North Carolina. A pair of those interns, Matt Stewart (Shawnee National Forest) and Emily Zmek (Natural Resources Conservation Service), won awards from their respective agencies for outstanding accomplishments. He supervised the independent study project of James Tompkins, which focused on quality of life in Hudson, Illinois, and resulted in a paper presentation by James at the 2008 annual meeting of the Illinois Geographical Society. Related to teaching was Mike’s presentation of “Climbing Mount Assessment: One Program’s Plan,” at the annual meeting of the National Council for Geographic Education, in Oklahoma City. Scholarship came to fruition with the publication of his 50 article, “Phi Beta Kappas in Illinois,” in the Bulletin of the Illinois Geographical Society; presentation of an invited luncheon address entitled “Grassroots Government: Illinois Townships Then and Now” at the Conference on Illinois History, in Springfield; and an invitation to present a similar illustrated paper, “Illinois Townships: Grassroots Government Since 1850,” as part of the departmental colloquium series, which he did in March. His research on the modern landscape evidence of early nineteenth-century Indian treaties continued with field work during the summer of 2007 in southeastern Illinois. He and others in the University community are working on a book chapter dealing with on-campus efforts to help college students become autonomous learners. Mike also finds time for service activities. He finished in April a half dozen years of work on the Departmental Faculty Status Committee and continues as a member of the University’s Student Code Enforcement Review Board Grievance Committee. His affiliation with the growing Advanced Placement Human Geography endeavor around the world found him working as a Lead Table Leader at the 2007 annual reading of exams in Lincoln, Nebraska, and serving as one of two Senior Reviewers for the hundreds of course syllabi that the College Board monitors for this high school course. Those APHG roles continue for the immediate future. Locally, Mike served at the request of the Mayor of Normal on a committee seeking to make the Twin Cities more friendly to bicycles and pedestrians; and he is a leader with Children & Elders Forest, which establishes and monitors local groves of newly planted trees. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Homepage: lilt.ilstu.edu/mdsuble Jill Freund Thomas, Geography Education Specialist and Lecturer in Geography. B.S., 1982, Anthropology-Archaeology/Geography, Illinois State University; M.S., 1986, Geography/- Cartography, University of Idaho. Another year down, and it was just as chaotic as the last. You would think after teaching 23 years, a routine would exist, but not for Jill. She keeps changing and updating her classes and her job. She taught one course in the fall and two this past spring, as well as advising all the geography majors, minors, and education majors. The number of education majors is up, which means more time driving around the state visiting the student teachers, with eight this past fall and two this spring, spread out mostly in central and northern Illinois. This past spring, in her GEO 351 course, Cartographic Processes, seven students created wonderful geographic/- cartographic posters for the Illinois State Undergraduate Poster Symposium. The symposium had a new twist this year: students had to give a five minute speech on their poster as well. Jill is still collecting data for the Department’s NCATE review for certification of the Earth and Space Science Education and the Geography Education programs. Every seven years the programs are reviewed, requiring collection of assessment data for the Department. To enhance the GEO 307 course, Teaching Geography/Earth Science, Jill applied for and received a grant for Urban Teacher Planning Course Development, so she will be spending several days visiting Chicago public schools this summer. This grant will help her to revise her class syllabus to incorporate urban teaching as well as allowing the GEO 307 students to visit the Chicago Schools this fall. Jill was busy as usual outside the office, including co-hosting the nineteenth annual Geography Career Fair held at the Bone Student Center. Jill also judged at the state of Illinois Geography Bee, held at the Chicago Field Museum. She also added a number of created maps and graphics to her portfolio from various individuals and organizations. And to add chaos to the mix, Jill and her family adopted a one year old this spring. There is never a dull moment in the Thomas household or at Jill’s office; waiting lines never cease to end. Email: email@example.com 51 Stephen J. Van der Hoven, Associate Professor of Geology, B.S., 1985, Southampton College; M.S., 1994, University of Arizona; Ph.D., 2000, University of Utah. Steve reached a major milestone this year, receiving tenure and promotion to Associate Professor. Despite receiving tenure, Steve’s dedication to his students and research remains the same. In terms of teaching, the focus this academic year was primarily on graduate level courses. As usual, Steve’s summer teaching included Environmental Geology Field Camp. This year (2007) was the largest group so far, with 20 students from Illinois State, Northern, and several other universities. The 2007 camp also included a stream ecology exercise taught by Bill Perry, Steve’s research collaborator from the Department of Biological Sciences. In the fall, Steve taught Aqueous Geochemistry as well as Lab and Field Methods in Geochemistry. These two courses were complementary for the students who took both, with Aqueous providing the theoretical background and Lab and Field Methods providing practical applications for the theory. During the spring semester, Steve taught Contaminant Transport to graduate students and Regional and Area Studies: Southern Arizona to a group of students ranging from freshmen to graduate students. The Southern Arizona course culminated in a Spring Break field trip to the Tucson area. The focus of the field exercises was on Quaternary geologic processes, and included a mapping exercise at Murray Springs, a world famous mammoth kill excavation site. In December, graduate students Anirban Basu and Samanta Lax (to whom Steve served as research advisor) successfully defended their theses and graduated. Anirban is pursuing a Ph.D. at UIUC, and Samanta is employed by Wittman Hydro Planning in Indiana. One of Sam’s main projects is water supply for the city of Bloomington, Illinois, and so she is frequently back in town. Steve’s research program continued along two tracks. The majority of his efforts were focused on nutrient cycling and surface water-groundwater interactions. Current student Dominic Strezo is writing his thesis on the impact of beaver dams on nitrogen cycling in streams, Joyce Harris is collecting data on how quickly hyporheic zone denitrification returns after stream channelization and maintenance activites, and Phalguni Vyakaranam is developing a proposal to quantify the nitrate removal due to subsurface seepage from a constructed wetlands that receive treated waste water effluent. Steve’s other research focus is on the use of helium and other dissolved noble gases in understanding regional groundwater flow. Samuel Bansah traveled to Ghana in December and January to collect samples designed to understand the regional groundwater flow that results in elevated fluoride concentrations (a health hazard). Sam got married to Gloria while he was in Ghana. Other developments in the noble gas research include preparations to sample wells at the Massachusetts Military Reservation in the summer of 2008. This research is being conducted with colleague Amy Sheldon (SUNY Geneseo), and is designed to develop the use of 4He as a technique for young groundwater. Email:firstname.lastname@example.org Homepage: www.geo.ilstu.edu/Faculty_pages/vanderhoven/ Fred Walk, Lecturer in Geography. B.S., 1972, Eastern Illinois University; M.S., 1978, Illinois State University. Fred taught one section of Human Geography for the Department this past fall semester and one in the spring. He will continue to teach the Human Geography class this coming fall and spring. Fred spends a great deal of time doing consulting work for the Teacher Curriculum Institute program out of Palo Alto, California. He conducts teacher workshops around the nation, showcasing the Geography Alive! curriculum. He attended the National Council for Geographic Education annual meeting this past fall in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, and ended his three year term serving on the Executive Council. Fred contributes much time and effort working on the “Historical Route 66: A Geographic Journey” linear parkway that he created in Towanda, Illinois. Fred, and his 52 wife, Fran, spent this spring break enjoying the warm weather at White Sands National Monument in New Mexico. Fred is Past-President of the Illinois Geographical Society and is active in the Illinois Geographic Alliance. Email: email@example.com Henry J. Zintambila, Assistant Professor of Geography. B.S., 1968, Spicer Memorial College, India; M.A., 1970, University of Poona, India; Ph.D., 1982, University of Hawaii at Manoa. The whole year of 2007 Henry was on medical leave. He started teaching again in spring of 2008. During the semester he taught Earth’s Dynamic Weather and two sections of the Geography of Africa. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Professor Henry Zintambila was part of the large turnout for the Jay Harman Distinguished Geographer Lecture. 53 POSTING LOCALLY A Geography Learning Outcomes Assessment Plan accompanied the 2006 Geography Program Review. One of the measures of accomplishment in that plan is how many Geography majors present papers and posters in professional settings. Our stated goal is that at least 10 percent of majors make such a presentation in a particular year. Given that the major count is just slightly more than 70 (page 30) and that eight Geography majors (the six on these pages plus Sarah Tedrow and James Tompkins) made professional presentations, the Program exceeded its goal with respect to this outcome in 2007-2008. Stephanie Bussan and the other students on this page (and the next) presented posters that they researched and designed for Jill Freund Thomas’s GEO 351 course, Cartographic Processes. The focus for Stephanie was pediatric asthma. Casey Eberlin took a look at the patterns of deer hunting and deer killed by vehicles on Illinois roads. Earl Hammond sought to find spatial relationships between fluoridation of drinking water and both adult arthritis and perinatal death rates. 54 Chenay McDaniel looked for a correspondence between skin cancer and farming jobs. Nicholas Peters focused on urban sprawl, with particular attention to Atlanta, Austin, New York, and Washington. Curtis Russell compared freshwater anglers with jobs supporting that sport and the amount of water space for fishing per state. 55 YESTERYEARS By Michael D. Sublett Glacial Deposits 30 Years Ago, Volume 6, 1977-1978 Ruth Sowers, Geography major and President of Gamma Theta Upsilon’s Alpha Chapter, was Editor and principal author for Volume 6. Gamma Theta Upsilon came into being here in 1928, so 1978 was the golden anniversary. Ruth featured a “Happy Birthday” message to GTU on the front cover, dedicated the volume to GTU founder Dr. Guy Buzzard, reprinted an anniversary history of GTU, copied the charter and put it on page 10, authored “GTU in Review,” and reported on her trip to the meeting of the Association of American Geographers in New Orleans (where she presented a poster and attended both the GTU Executive Board meeting and GTU’s anniversary dinner). She wrote about Jim Patterson’s Our National Parks class trip to the Great Smoky Mountains and commissioned student Steve Gadbois to write about Mike Sublett’s Regional and Area Studies class (of which Ruth was a member) and its focus on the Illinois and Michigan Canal. Ruth used her “From the Editor’s Desk” page to urge that Glacial Deposits become a “Geography and Geology publication,” and did her best to bring in items pertinent to the Geology side of the house. Glacial Deposits 20 Years Ago, Volume 16, 1987-1988 Retired Professor of Geography James Edward Patterson died on 30 August 1987, and we dedicated Volume 16 to his memory. A photo of Jim, taken in 1963 on a field trip to Montezuma’s Well, an Arizona sinkhole, graces the cover, while other photos of him and a necrology by Student Editor Julie Glattfelt show the Department’s respect for him elsewhere in 16. Faculty who knew Jim drew some consolation from the fact that one of Jim and Lucy Patterson’s children, Janet Goucher, was at that time back from her U.S. Army days and thriving in the Honors Program and as a Geography major. Her “A Map Tale” (with Julie Glattfelt) chronicled in great detail their efforts to produce an advertising-supported full-color campus map (with the assistance of their Cartographic Processes instructor, Jill Freund Thomas). After earning her bachelor’s degree here and a master’s in Geography at Southwest Missouri, and working as a planner in Missouri for several years, Janet has returned to Illinois State, as Assistant Director of Research and Sponsored Programs. Glacial Deposits 10 Years Ago, Volume 26, 1997-1998 A decade back the Department was making some big changes. The relocation out of Schroeder Hall to Felmley Hall of Science was beginning early in the summer of 1998, as the geologists moved first. Photographs show Jed Day packing office files, senior Geology major David Kaplan trucking Jed’s boxes eastward, and a North American Van Lines semi backed in north of the planetarium to move most biologists and chemists out of Felmley. Another big change that Volume 26 highlighted was the hiring of three new faculty members, geologist Bill Anderson and geographers Rina Ghose and Shannon O’Lear, for the coming academic year. We used that hiring bonanza as the takeoff point for a wrap-around cover, listing all full-time geoscience faculty, beginning with Edwin C. Hewitt in 1860, up through the three newbies. Ironically, finding greener academic pastures elsewhere, Bill lasted only until 2000, Shannon until 2001, and Rina until 2003. 56 2007-2008 DISTINGUISHED GEOGRAPHER LECTURE The Department’s Distinguished Geographer Lecture dates from 1999, and always occurs in the spring of the year. All 10 of these lecturers have been professors at out-of-state institutions, from as far east as Old Dominion in Virginia and as far west as the University of California-Berkeley. This year the honor went to an Illinois State graduate and Michigan State professor, Jay R. Harman. A donation by E. Joan Miller makes the series possible. Prior to his lecture, “Reflections on Globalization: Lessons from Geography, Environmental Ethics, and Bee-Keeping,” Jay Harman previewed his overhead slides with Geography major Daniel Heggen, who had volunteered to flip the transparencies for Dr. Harman as our guest speaker roamed the room with a wireless microphone. Once he had made the necessary preparations for his lecture, Jay Harman had a chance to visit with guests, like Jo Miller, as she and others sampled some of the refreshments available before, during, and after the presentation. Dr. Miller was part of the faculty when Jay was a student at Illinois State Normal University. Jay Harman has been a fan of trains for a long time. While a student at Illinois State, he liked to take time off from studying as the midnight hour approached and walk to the rail junction in Normal to watch the passing freights. He rode Amtrak to and from Normal for his April visit.
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