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                   Volume 36
                   2007 - 2008
               2007-2008 DOUGLAS CLAY RIDGLEY LECTURE
             Since 2000, the Department, with proceeds from an endowment courtesy of the
                 George and Martha Means Family, has brought to campus each year an
             individual of high standing in the discipline of Geography to deliver the Ridgley
              Lecture and otherwise interact with students, faculty, and the community. For
                 2007-2008, the Ridgley Lecture, by Jerome Dobson, entitled “Restoring
                Geography in America,” took place during the second week of November.

                                                           Jerome Dobson, Professor of
                                                           Geography at the University of
                                                           Kansas, spoke to a large
                                                           audience in the Bowling and
                                                           Billiards Center Auditorium, and
                                                           afterward answered a number of
                                                           questions from those in

Prior to his Ridgley Lecture, Professor
Dobson, who is also the President of
the American Geographical Society,
spoke to standing room only in a
Felmley classroom about the long and
distinguished history of the Society.
Among those in attendance were
Illinois State’s Professor John
Kostelnick (left), who was a student of
Dobson at Kansas, and Illinois State
retiree Professor James Carter (right),
who was a Dobson professor at the
University of Tennessee.

                                                                       Between his presentation on the
                                                                       AGS and his late-afternoon Ridgley
                                                                       Lecture, Professor Dobson
                                                                       participated in the ribbon-cutting
                                                                       ceremony to mark the grand
                                                                       opening of GEOMAP (see page
                                                                       33). Dobson offered a few words of
                                                                       encouragement and posed for
                                                                       photographic and video captures,
                                                                       while others, including his former
                                                                       professor, James Carter (far left),
                                                                       and President Al Bowman (next to
                                                                       Carter), enjoyed light refreshments.
                              Volume 36
                      Department of Geography-Geology
                           Illinois State University
                               Campus Box 4400
                           Normal IL 61790-4400

                              Michael D. Sublett

                              Jill Freund Thomas

                             Associate Editor
                               David H. Malone

Cover: Zeppo Romano, the Second Life version of the Department’s Bill Shields,
rules Geo Island. On the island, Zeppo helps Bill teach the hundreds of students
that register for Principles of Geology each semester. Students, who wish to do
so, come to life on the island as an avatar like Zeppo, go to the area where
Zeppo (Bill) is teaching, and participate much as they would in real life. See
page iv for more details.
                            TABLE OF CONTENTS

2007-2008 Ridgley Lecture                       Inside Front Cover

From the Editor’s Desk                                      iii

A Second Life/William E. Shields                            iv

Tsunami Survivor/Michael Stagg                               1

Rocks and Minerals                                           8

Grand Haven Golf Club/John C. Rooney                         9

Geography Interns: Class of 2007                           14

Robert G. Corbett Wins Award                               19

Survival in Wartime England/Elaine C. Grabill              20

Reinventing Elaine/Ellen Dietz                             24

Career Fair Tables                                         26

Student Awards                                             28

In the Field with GEO 310                                  29

Majors and Graduate Students                               30

Retreat                                                    32

GEOMAP                                                     33

Conference Presentations                                   34

Around Town                                                37

Faculty and Staff Sketches                                 38

Posting Locally                                            54

Yesteryears/Michael D. Sublett                             56

2007-2008 Distinguished Geographer Lecture      Inside Back Cover
                      FROM THE EDITOR’S DESK

         ichael Stagg came to Lincoln, Nebraska, in June of 2007 as one of several new
         readers for Advanced Placement Human Geography. The leadership assigned
         him to my table for our week of reading and scoring essay answers. As table
leader, in addition to training Michael and the other five readers at my table on the
rubric for one of the three free response questions that week and overseeing (back
reading) their work, I tried to help them know one another better. I got an idea from the
paper hangers that the residence hall staff hung on our door knobs early each morning,
for us to find when we emerged. On the first hanger of the sequence were several “Fun
Facts” about Nebraska. Why not, it occurred to me, ask each reader at our table to give
us a daily fact about something in their lives and then have the rest of us guess who
was who? So, with the assistance of our clerk, we devised a scheme wherein each of
us would write on a sticky note something that was not obvious about our past; and
then the clerk would transcribe the contents of all notes to a single page, copy the page,
and deliver the copies to me for distribution to table members. We took a few minutes
after lunch to try and guess identities. Staggo wrote on the first day about surviving the
2004 tsunami. Later that week I approached him about writing for our yearbook, and he
seemed interested. When I returned to Felmley, I sent him a letter formally requesting
an article and included the most recent volume of Glacial Deposits. Later I forwarded
Volume 35 and again encouraged him to compose and submit his story. In the fall of
2007 he complied, sending essentially what we have published here, beginning on page
1. What are the chances of Staggo having such a story to tell, coming all the way from
Singapore for the 2007 reading, being assigned to my table, revealing his story to us,
agreeing to write about the day after Christmas 2004, and then actually following
through as promised? I say they are pretty slim.

By the way, none of the other articles came sliding under the door unexpectedly. John
Rooney touched briefly on Grand Haven Golf Club in his Homecoming 2007 address to
faculty and students, and later agreed to write up its story. Elaine Graybill took on the
assignment of interviewing Jo Miller and writing about Jo’s World War II recollections,
particularly as they pertain to food, shelter, and clothing. Then, when Elaine announced
that she was retiring, Ellen Dietz seemed the perfect choice to compose a piece about
Elaine’s writing career and post-retirement plans. Bill Shields mentioned to me one day
that he has an alter ego, in a virtual world, and that he uses that world to help students
in his classes. Further conversation and guided tours by Bill of Geo Island in Second
Life led to the cover artwork and Bill’s one-page article (on the reverse of this page).

Standard features of our yearbook continue, such as faculty and staff sketches and lists
of student awards, majors and graduate students, and conference presentations.
“Yesteryears” is one of my favorite sections because I get to reflect on people and
events from decades past. Graphic items occupy considerable space again, and seem
to me critical to telling the departmental story for any given year. Jill Thomas rendered
the maps for the tsunami and golf course articles, and Bill Shields provided the screen
shots from Second Life. In addition to my photographs, we publish here others from
Amy Bloom, Dagmar Budikova, Lisa Ann Carrillo, Elaine Graybill, Johanna Haas, Brian
Hanson, John Kostelnick, Carlos T. Miranda, John Rooney, and Michael Stagg. Thanks
go to Deb Lescher for word processing, Jill Thomas for major and minor graphic efforts,
and Dave Malone for consulting with me about content and continuing to allocate
departmental funds for preparation and publication. MDS
                                                                          By William E. Shields

       eeping current with technology and innovative teaching techniques has always been a
       high priority for the Geography-Geology Department. Recently, I have been working with
       the Center for Teaching and Learning Technologies (CTLT) on campus to incorporate
Virtual Interactive Classroom Environments (VICE) into our repertoire of teaching tools. During
the spring 2008 semester, the Department purchased a virtual island in the online virtual world
simulator Second Life <>.

Second Life, which opened in 2003, is a 3-D virtual world that its residents create. Since
commencement its population has grown to over 6,000,000 and adds some 20,000 new
residents each day. There are more than 200 educational institutions with a presence in this
world, including Bradley University, the University of Illinois, and Northern Illinois University.
Classrooms and lecture areas can be constructed and include screens for slideshows and
streaming videos. Government agencies like NASA and NOAA have property in this world and
regularly host public discussion forums with guest speakers. Residents form groups and hold
meetings to discuss common interests. Creating an avatar (character) in Second Life is free and
takes half an hour. Once “in-world,” avatars are free to explore the multitude of islands, attend
events, and meet and interact with people from around the world.

We purchased “Geo Island” in February of 2008, and I then introduced this technology in my
Principles of Geology class the same semester. Because my class was large, over 650
students, I was looking for a mechanism to connect with students who could not attend my
normal office hours and review sessions. Eventually over 60 of my students, all with avatars in
Second Life, met virtually with me on a regular basis in the evenings and on weekends. I
submitted a proposal to and was awarded a grant from the University to pursue the
development of this cutting-edge technology on campus. I attend and present at group meetings
to promote the use of Second Life.

Known as Zeppo Romano in-world, I am currently working with Jo Mercer, Neosome Anatine in-
world, a colleague from Robert Gordon University in Aberdeen, United Kingdom, to develop in-
world topographic and geologic mapping exercises for online courses. I have also been
instrumental in retooling traditional Department classes that we plan to offer online. Stop by
Second Life for a virtual visit.

EDITOR’S NOTE: Please see the covers (front and back) for views of Geo Island.

                                TSUNAMI SURVIVOR
                                                                               By Michael Stagg

        t about 10 a.m. on the morning of December 26, 2004, three tsunami waves triggered by
        a submarine earthquake of above 9.0 on the Richter Scale, hit the west coast of the Thai
        island of Phuket. The waves hit at intervals of about ten minutes. Without any
        forewarning, having no alarm system, and with no living memory of such a natural
disaster striking Phuket before, locals and foreign vacationers were caught unaware. The result
was catastrophic. In Phuket alone, more than 5,300 people died, and property damage was
incalculable. The Phuket economy relies largely on tourism and fishing. Both industries were
utterly devastated.

Thanks to video clips of the event, and to saturation coverage by international news media in
the immediate aftermath, the situation is now well known. With the assistance of hindsight, all
seems clear and explicable. Yet at the time, on the beach, watching the devastation unfold, the
situation was confusing, awe-inspiring, and chaotic. What follows is my personal account of
events that happened that morning at Ya Nui Beach, on the southwestern tip of Phuket.

The morning of December 26, 2004, Boxing Day for those with a British upbringing, began with
a normality that was to prove deceptive. Phuket had been the vacation haunt of my family for
many years, so we were very familiar with the terrain; and we had developed some comfortable
habits. For my wife, Elspeth, and me, the normal holiday routine was to rise at first light, hop on
a rented motorbike, and breeze downhill to the nearby Nai Harn Beach for a constitutional stroll.
On that day, in the early morning cool, all was tranquil. The aqua water of the Andaman Sea
lapped gently up the white sandy shoreline, and rows of beach chairs lay in orderly rows,
awaiting the arrival of foreign holidaymakers who were still sleeping off their Christmas dinners.
Few people stirred. It seemed like Paradise, but it is probable that at this moment of tranquility,
the fateful earthquake, which was to bring utter devastation to these shores, struck off the coast
of Aceh, Sumatra.

Second stop of the morning ritual was a cup of good fresh German coffee and a croissant at
Bruno's Bakery, a pleasant hole-in-the-wall, set a kilometer back from the beach on the edge of
an old rubber plantation. By the time Elspeth and I arrived back at our bungalow to check on the
progress of our two daughters, it was approaching 9.30 a.m., time for my morning swim. To wait
much longer would be to miss the luxuriant shade of the mid-morning, and to invite being baked
by the tropical sun. My daughters, Caitlin and Hanna, having risen later, were still mulling over
the last of their pancake breakfast at the bungalow restaurant. For these sun-lovers, there was
no rush; and they would join me down at the beach in due course.

Our bungalow sat with a couple of dozen others, nestled in the soothing shade of a mature
cashew tree plantation. The nearest beach, Ya Nui, a tiny crescent shaped inlet, nestled among
steep hills, is a five-minute walk down the precipitous coast road. Equipped minimally with a
sarong, swim shorts, and flip flops, I shuffled down the steep descent to the beach. At the
second, and last, hairpin bend in the road, I looked out to sea and across the bay to the more
distant Nai Harn beach where we had strolled earlier.

The vision I beheld at that moment was anything but the aquamarine tranquility I expected. The
surface of the water was a churning brown mass of turbulence, heavy with sediment, sweeping
at speed towards the beach. It appeared that a huge ocean current, like a river in full flood, was
sweeping ashore, forcing itself between the rocky peninsula on which I stood, and the small
island a half mile off shore, angling south-westward to the beach. I knew this stretch of water
well but the sight before me was entirely foreign. The sea kept rushing inwards, as if a dam had
broken; and a huge mass of pent-up water was now free to race away. I was not seeing a wave,
but rather a rushing current; and it seemed as if the entire ocean was coming ashore.

After briefly observing this mystifying scene, my interest piqued, I hurried down to the beach to
see at close hand what was happening. Given hindsight, it might have been smarter to have
held my position on the high ground. Ya Nui Beach was to be one of the hardest hit locations in
Phuket, because of its peculiar geography. It faces southwest, which made it vulnerable to
experience the full impact of the incoming tsunami waves. Furthermore, the beach is narrow,
perhaps 150 yards wide, and it is hemmed in by surrounding hills, which had the effect of
concentrating the mass of water roaring in from the Andaman Sea. Finally, a small island sits a
half mile off the beach, which further exacerbated the channeling of the incoming tsunami
waves, forcing the water to pile up even higher as it tried to rush between the island and the
peninsula that forms the cove’s southern perimeter.

Although I did not realize it at the time, what I had witnessed from the road above was the
closing moments of the first tsunami wave hitting Ya Nui Beach. There were to be three waves,
each successively larger and more destructive, spaced about 10 minutes apart. As I turned into
the beach’s small palm-fringed car park, middle-aged European holidaymakers, clad in
swimsuits, were fleeing the beach in a state of pandemonium, trying to maintain their balance as
they fled through calf-height swirling seawater. The wave had swamped the beach, carrying all
before it, and had risen up the shallow incline to damage a small family-run restaurant. I did not
realize the seriousness of the surge, nor did I know that in all likelihood that first wave took the
lives of a woman and child caught by the surging waters. The sea continued to rush in for
several minutes, then the water reversed direction, and the churning water retreated back out,
sucking with it beach chairs, umbrellas, scuba diving tanks, restaurant tables, anything
unattached. It was this scene of retreating water, and fleeing tourists, that I encountered when I
reached the beach.

Curiosity grabbed me, and my instinct was to venture down onto the beach to survey the scene.
The water was rapidly receding, exposing a naked seabed, and the waters beyond were boiling
with debris. It was a sight to behold, and it seemed that the danger had passed. As I reached
the crude stairway of three wooden steps to the beach below, a European man asked me what I
thought had just occurred. I replied that it might be the result of an earthquake, as I had read an
article in the previous day's Bangkok Post that an earthquake had occurred off the coast of
Tasmania. Perhaps the effect was being felt here now. My sense of how quickly waves move,
and how far it was from Tasmania to Phuket, was vague at best. I do not remember thinking of
the word “tsunami.”

But this was no time for quiet reflection, as the beach beckoned. Everything before me was in
complete disarray. The beach chairs and umbrellas, so carefully arranged in a line to face the
sea, had disappeared. They had been upturned, washed inland; and some had then been
sucked back out to sea. The exposed seabed was the most remarkable feature of the chaotic
scene. Fish, shells, and other sea creatures that had not been carried out by the receding water
were now lying totally exposed. One could venture out hundreds of yards, an impossible
scenario on a normal day; and, like a siren, it lured me out towards it.

A rocky outcrop, normally attached to the beach, but now separated by a channel of retreating
seawater, had become the refuge of a woman who had been on the beach when the first wave

hit. She had become separated from her husband, and had instinctively taken to high ground to
save herself, while he had rushed inland. Now she shouted for assistance to get off her
precarious perch and to be reunited with her husband. Gauging the out-flowing current to be
negotiable, I edged through the retreating current, took her hand, and together we made it back
to the beach.

Moments later, the second tsunami surge hit. I do not remember seeing it approach, but
responded to the cries of those around me, clambering back up the stairway, past the inundated
restaurant, and across the car park. I was caught by the speed of the surge; and within
moments the water was swirling about my calves, then my thighs. The torrent had great force,
picking up and carrying all in its path. Motorcycles were hurled off their kickstands and began to
topple over and add to the mix of dangerous flotsam being rushed inland. The geography of the
inlet saved me, as once I was able to reach the road, I could turn and immediately increase
elevation, running up the hill towards our bungalow. This second wave was larger than the first,
and swept farther inland, tearing through the low-lying bungalows across from the beach.

By this time my wife and two daughters had arrived; and, along with other refugees from the
beach, we tried to assist some scuba divers as they attempted to rescue their tanks from the
swirling waters. Within minutes, there was a repeat occurrence; the incoming surge reversed
direction, and sucked back out to sea. Again, curiosity, and a sense that the danger had
passed, won the day. The restaurant, perched just above the beach, where we had so
frequently eaten, had taken a big hit; and we instinctively began to help clean up. I recall
watching daughter Hanna pick up a beach umbrella, heavy with the weight of sand and water,
and suggesting to her that she might want to chose something more manageable. Some tourists
who had been on the beach for the first wave had lost their backpacks containing passports and
money, so this was another lure to return, to search for, and to return valuable items. The
danger seemed to have passed.

As with the aftermath of the earlier wave, the seabed was now miraculously exposed, for at
least a hundred yards, and there was so much to see and do. I wandered back down to the
beach. It was while poking around the exposed seabed, eyes cast downwards, that I recall
looking up and out to sea towards the southwest, from whence the earlier surges had come. It is
interesting how certain images stay fixed in your memory, in clear detail, despite the passage of
time. As I looked out, I thought to myself: “Funny, the water level in the middle distance appears
to be higher than the beach, and that cannot be a good thing.” Sensing that something pretty
serious was amiss, and knowing that time was of the essence, I turned and bolted up the sandy
beach. Dimly, I recall the voices of others raising the alarm as they also saw the danger. I doubt
that my hurried retreat could have lasted more than 30 seconds, but those seconds seem to
have transpired in slow motion. In my haste to flee, I quickly lost a flip flop, and I remember
thinking: “That is a size 13 Adidas; you cannot find those in Thailand, so stop and pick it up,” but
I did not give in to the temptation. Reaching the little incline to the car park, I noticed that the
wooden stairs were no longer, and so my progress was slowed while I slithered up the bank,
sporting only one flip flop. To my right, beyond the restaurant, was a one-story concrete beach
house nestled among tall trees. As I raced across the parking lot with my back to the ocean, I
was somehow aware that a huge and destructive force was fast catching me. I do not remember
hearing a noise, but I imagine that a roaring of surf as the surge behind me built up into a 10
meter wave was acting as a pressing danger signal. As I exited the car park and turned right,
uphill, onto the blacktop road, I was now paralleling the surge. A green picket fence and the
beach house obscured my vision. At that moment the beach house was hit by the third tsunami
wave and was smashed like a matchbox under the enormous weight and force. I did not see it,
but I thought: “I am next; there are no more barriers.” Elspeth and our two daughters had been

on slightly higher ground in the car park when the third wave was spotted, and were thus a few
yards ahead of me as we all ran for our lives up the hill. Our elder daughter, Caitlin, had just
reached a safe elevation herself and turned around to watch my fate. I was conscious of her
screaming at me to run faster, which even in the chaos of the moment seemed harsh advice, as
I was honestly doing my best, clad only in one flip-flop. I fully expected to see and hear the
green picket fence on my right splinter, and to be picked up and shredded by the huge force
behind me. I had grown up body surfing in Australia, and I was familiar with the horrible moment
of being caught up in a giant dumper of a wave, though nothing in my upbringing could have
prepared me for the force of a tsunami. Yet miraculously I kept running. Within seconds I was
on higher ground, above the wave, and I could turn to see the destruction being wreaked behind
me. Had I been seconds slower, I would have been just another piece of mangled flotsam and a
statistic amongst those dead or missing. Shaken, our family hugged each other and just stood
looking down the road in disbelief at the miraculous survival of all four of us.

Standing safely on high ground above Ya Nui Cove, we (a group of a couple of dozen lucky
survivors) watched below as the raging waters play havoc with all in their path. When fleeing the
beach from the third and most destructive surge, I had not been aware of who if anyone might
have been behind me; but quickly people around me began to ask if anyone knew of the
whereabouts of “the French guy.” No one did. Apparently he had been behind me, and he had
not made it up the road. It was hard to imagine he could have survived if the surge had picked
him up and hurled him inland like a missile. From our elevated vantage point we could observe
the sea to our left, roaring backwards and forwards as if in complete and devastating disarray.

We watched a brightly painted fishing boat, a traditional long-tail with outboard engine, dragging
its anchor closer and closer to the rocks, then being smashed to pieces like a toy. Across the
bay, dozens of white yachts, pulled on their anchors in unison, first facing shoreward, then
pulling seaward, as the surge changed direction. And looking down the road we could also see
the impact of the sea as it surged inland, covering the road below, and inundating all in its path,
before reversing direction and sucking back towards the ocean with apparently even greater

We still had no comprehension of the extent of the situation. Our simple bungalow did not have
television service, and we were hardly likely to return to our rooms given the tumultuous events
occurring before our very eyes. Mobile phone service was spotty as lines were jammed, and
people were having trouble getting calls through. Eventually, a motorcycle policeman
approached, coming from the high ground inland. He warned that another surge was expected,
far more damaging than the first three. This prediction proved false, but without reliable
information, rumors were flying thick and fast. Although we knew nothing yet of the earthquake
or events around the Indian Ocean, by now we assumed that we had experienced a tsunami.

One thing was clear, and that was that the two cinder block private beach homes below us had
been completely devastated, as had the gaggle of wood and bamboo frame bungalows that had
sat on low, exposed ground, just across the road from Ya Nui. A woman who owned one of the
beach houses had been on an errand when the first wave struck, and had rushed back to the
house on receiving a mobile phone call that her house had sustained damage. Her house was
in the most vulnerable of locations, and trying to flee by car would have doomed her on the flat
expanse around her property. And where was the French guy?

Two young couples, friends of each other, had been staying in the two bungalows next to ours
for the past few nights. One of the couples had left early in the morning for Phi Phi island; and,
as the realization began to dawn that this event was much bigger than just Ya Nui Beach, the

remaining couple tried repeatedly but unsuccessfully to reach their friends by mobile phone.
They recounted the riveting story of having phoned them just after the big wave hit Ya Nui
Beach, and telling them to get to high ground immediately. We heard later that the couple on
Phi Phi Island had indeed survived, thanks to their friends’ phone call. But at that time, no one
knew anything.

For much of the rest of the day we waited nervously, prepared for the next inundation which
never came. After an hour or so, and always keeping an eye out to sea, we ventured on a
motorcycle down into Ya Nui and up the next hill to an overlook above Nai Harn beach. Another
gaggle of people stood there, viewing the devastation below at Nai Harn. Some of the people in
that group had narrowly escaped the tsunami at Nai Harn, and we exchanged stories. Others
contributed reports from mobile phone calls to people on other parts of Phuket, and together we
tried to piece together a coherent picture of the enormity of the situation. As movement to other
parts of the island involved driving on low-lying roads strewn with debris, we did not consider
venturing further afield that afternoon. More policemen arrived on motorbikes foretelling of an
even bigger wave due at 4 p.m. Although it seemed unlikely, we were not taking any more

Tourists who had managed to run from the beach, or from their low-lying bungalows, had only
the clothes they stood up in. Luggage, passports, money had vaporized, though that seemed
insignificant. To be alive was the blessing. As night fell, “refugees” with nowhere else to go, and
careful to stay on high ground, settled in the restaurant of our elevated bungalow compound, on
makeshift mats, with bedclothes provided by the kindly owner.

By the next day, December 27, CNN and BBC were awash with constant news of the tsunami
across the Indian Ocean. But as we were without TV or email reception, our world still seemed
narrow. We had heard of devastation to the main tourist beach at Patong, a little farther north,
and decided to see for ourselves. Reluctant to take our motorbikes on the coast road, we caught
the local bus, which takes a higher, inland route. Sure enough, Patong was a shambles. The
beach is long, with a shallow incline to the main road, across which lay a continuous strip of
small commercial enterprises and one or two hotels. All were smashed, all flooded. The tell-tale
high water marks showed the extent of the inundation. The saddest sight was that of a
basement level artists’ showroom, in which twenty or so local artists sat daily at their easels,
copying artwork. There was only one entrance to the showroom, down a dozen or so steps
leading in from the beach, and this also served as the only exit. I can only imagine what it was
like inside this windowless, subterranean shelter, when the surge began sweeping down the
steps with the force of a hurricane. At least I had had the opportunity to run. These poor souls
were trapped in an airless basement. We left Patong, even more shaken.

Ya Nui Beach had fared no better. All the chalets had been smashed and then swept off their
foundations and carried inland. Those who had run inland on the low ground between the two
hills stood no chance against the speeding force which soon overtook them. My French “friend,”
who had been behind me when the third wave struck, miraculously survived. I saw him a day or
two later amongst the ruins of Ya Nui Beach, walking gingerly, swathed in bandages. He said
that he had been picked up by the force of the surge, and lifted up, over houses, trees and other
sizeable impediments, and then rudely deposited in a concrete fish tank some hundreds of
yards inland. My own experience pales in comparison. The two private beach houses, closest to
the waves, were utterly destroyed. In one, two people perished, including the owner, Leonie
Cousens, and a British school teacher, Heather.

We remained on Phuket for another five days, becoming increasingly aware day by day of the
scope of the disaster. We busied ourselves by helping clear debris and salvaging personal
items for the owners of the restaurant and nearby bungalows. In retrospect, we might have
better volunteered our time to help with some of the more major missing persons and injury
treatment activities further up the island; but the nature of being amidst a disaster is not being
aware of needs even 10 kilometers away.

It is remarkable how quickly the terrain recovers from a natural disaster, if not the psyche of
human survivors. Since the tsunami, we have returned twice to Ya Nui for vacations. After a
year, the cleanup had been achieved, but little was evident in terms of reconstruction. After two
years, the little restaurant by the beach was doing steady business; and the deck chairs and
colorful umbrellas were once again organized in military fashion along the white sands. The
gutted bungalows were being renovated, though one wonders the wisdom of rebuilding on such
marginal land. No doubt it is economics.

Some rudimentary warning signs now adorn the waterfront, though they are of questionable
utility. One sign announces “Tsunami Hazard Zone, In Case of Earthquake, Go To High Ground
or Inland.” That feat is easier said than done with a wave of bullet train speed approaching.
Another sign stands by the roadside farther inland, and establishes that this location is a
Tsunami Evacuation Site. Of greater value is a network of tsunami sirens atop tall poles on
many of Phuket’s beaches. The sirens are electronically connected to tsunami buoys floating in
the Indian Ocean. Perhaps the most poignant memorial to the Boxing Day tsunami are two
modest granite plaques, affixed to the rocks above the waterline at Ya Nui. They read as

Leonie Cousens, nee Thomas (NZ)                                    For Heather My Love
13th October 1953–26th December 2004                               Taken by the Tsunami
A Lost Treasure                                                    Our Future Died
                                                                   But Love Endures

EDITOR’S NOTE: Michael Stagg taught high school geography classes, including Advanced
Placement Human Geography, at Singapore American School, in Singapore, for six years.

     Survivor and author
          Michael Stagg
  (Staggo to his friends)
         posed after the
    tsunami, outside the
      beach house at Ya
       Nui where Leonie
      Cousens perished.

                                            Vehicles, humans, and
                                            just about everything
                                            else stood little chance
                                            in the path of the third
                                            and final tsunami wave
                                            to hit Ya Nui.

    Several miles north of Ya Nui but
also on Phuket Island, Patong Beach
and its Starbucks outlet took a major
    hit from the Boxing Day tsunami.

                        ROCKS AND MINERALS

                                            Associate Professor of Geology Liz
                                            King left the University after the fall
                                            2007 semester to pursue a new life
                                            with her husband and sons in the
                                            American West. Her six plus years
                                            here were extremely productive.
                                            Find her faculty sketch on page 45.

   Geologist Bill Shields takes on a
new identity when his avatar roams
   Geo Island in Second Life on the
Internet. Occasionally his alter ego,
   Zeppo Romano, catches a break
  on the beach to contemplate how
  best to educate the large number
 of students that he helps Bill teach
           in Principles of Geology.

                                                   Steve Van der Hoven (right) is one
                                                   of the two principal professors in
                                                   the Hydrogeology Master’s
                                                   Program at Illinois State. It is a
                                                   proud day for Steve and colleague
                                                   Eric Peterson when a student of
                                                   theirs, in this case Samanta Lax,
                                                   makes the final thesis-research
                                                   presentation and prepares to

                                                                               By John F. Rooney

        s an undergraduate geography major and then a geography master’s candidate at Illinois
        State Normal University in the late 1950s and early 60s, I became a golf addict. I
        absolutely fell in love with the game. It was a great walk in the park, (Bloomington’s)
        Highland Park Golf Course to be precise. I cherished the competition, relished getting
better, and soon came to appreciate golf’s rich traditions.

The late Arthur Watterson, head of the Department in those days, often referred to me as the
only major sporting a suntan in March. Dr. Watterson and I developed a friendly banter about
my “golf problem” and a real friendship to boot. He became my mentor and convinced be to
pursue a Ph.D. rather than teach high school geography and coach. I followed his advice,
knowing that my golf game would suffer as a result. Not only did he push me hard toward
doctoral work, but he insisted that I reject local offers from Illinois and Michigan State. Rather he
urged me to I accept a fellowship at Clark University in far away Worcester, Massachusetts.

I did not play much golf at Clark, where my wife, Sandra, supported us by working at a local
bank. But I met and worked under Robert Kates, specializing in environmental geography.
Through Kates, I was introduced to the new field of recreational geography and soon came to
realize that golf and other sports were fair game for geographical analysis. So a few years after
obtaining my doctorate, I began delving into the geographical study of sport. Within a decade I
wrote numerous articles and two books on the geography of American sport.

As a result of my research agenda, several sports organizations contacted me to assist them on
solutions for a variety of their locational and geo-demographic marketing problems. The
National Golf Foundation was among my first clients. From 1982 through 1988 I assisted them
in the development of a U.S. golf facility supply database measuring golf facility-to-population
ratios at the county level. That work led to my appointment to the National Commission for the
Development of Public Golf Facilities in 1984, and to my involvement in golf course ownership.

Timber Ridge, just north of Lansing, Michigan, was the first upscale public golf course in central
Michigan. I was one of seven investors in the project, which was a response to providing high
quality golf to the public golfer at a price substantially lower than membership costs at a private
club. Timber Ridge won national recognition as one of the top five public courses opened in
1988. Our architect, Jerry Matthews, received numerous awards for his design work at Timber
Ridge. Over the next several years our investment group continued to use the Matthews team
for other projects in Michigan, Virginia, and Oklahoma.

It was the Matthews connection that led me to Grand Haven. The Grand Haven Golf Club
opened in 1965, designed by Bruce Mathews and son Jerry, the same person that our group
had worked with so successfully. Jerry Matthews frequently boasted that the best course
design, with which he had been associated over a 45 year career, was the Grand Haven Golf
Club. He explained that it had been laid out among the dunes adjacent to Lake Michigan, on a
site that exceeded any in his vast experience. His position was verified by those who rate the
quality of golf courses throughout the U.S. The Grand Haven Golf Club design had been
honored by Golf Digest as one of the best 50 courses in the nation from 1980 through 1994. But
by 1997, when we made our first visit to the course, conditions had deteriorated. My son, Dan,
said it was like “finding a very dusty Picasso in your attic.”

             Location of Grand Haven, Michigan

We soon realized that the old club had great potential, and we quickly negotiated a purchase
agreement. Assuming a controlling interest by mid-1998, we assembled a plan to refurbish the
course and improve the clubhouse and surrounding environs. But, before proceeding, we
thought it was important to have an in-depth understanding of both the physical setting and the
economics of the Grand Haven golf market.

The eastern shore of Lake Michigan contains the most impressive array of freshwater coastal
dunes in the world. Most of them have been deposited over the past 3,000 to 4,000 years.
Grand Haven Golf Club occupies an area of back dunes and dune forests. The dense
vegetation helped to promote sand accumulation by binding sand particles together, eventually
leading to stabilization of the dune features. Sand blows upslope from the lakeshore, reaching a
maximum height between 30 and 300 feet, then slumps down the slip face. The back of the
dune, the slip face, typically has an angle of 30-34 degrees above the horizontal.

Much of the Grand Haven Golf Club lies on dune ridges and between a series of linear dunes.
Most of the ridges are parallel to the shoreline and vary in height from 35 to 65 feet. If the
course had been designed today, it would have been confined primarily to the dune valleys, with
the ridges reserved for real estate development. Thus it is somewhat unusual in terms of golf
course land use, in that some of the premier housing sites are premier view sites for golfers.

From the moment we first encountered this property, we knew that it had all the underpinnings,
once again, to become one of the Midwest’s great golf venues. We began restoration work in
1999. Like a great round of golf, the renaissance of the Grand Haven Golf Club has been
purposeful, consistent, controlled, and successful. Over the past eight years, we have invested
over five million dollars in course and infrastructure improvements.

We soon realized that the old clubhouse could not be modernized. So in 2002, we tore it down
and built a new clubhouse complex, inspired by America’s first golf clubhouse, Shinnecock Hills,
in Suffolk County, Long Island. Our new clubhouse embodies the history and traditions of the
game. It has become a gathering spot for golfers, business folk, social groups, and those
celebrating special occasions. It has taken on a significant role in the community for charity fund
raising, dining, and a variety of community activities.

    clubhouse at
    Grand Haven
     Golf Club.

In addition to the typical pro shop, dining, and office functions, the new clubhouse features a
banquet and business center that can accommodate 300 guests. There is an outside pavilion
and landscaping for all seasons. We viewed the clubhouse complex not just as buildings, but as
a critical marketing component for the club. It put us in a new niche, one that allowed us to
compete for a myriad of events that were out of our reach with the existing facilities.

After completing the clubhouse project, we addressed the needs of the golf course. The most
important elements of a great golf course are conditioning, conditioning, and conditioning.
Today golfers expect high quality putting surfaces, greens that are both smooth and fast. They
also expect manicured fairways and superb tee complexes. None of these were totally
attainable, with the irrigation system that came with a 40 year old golf course. Thus we installed
“wall to wall” irrigation in 2005, enabling us to expand the fairways with dual and triple-row
heads, and to water the greens on a precise schedule.

We also added new tees on every hole, adding distance and taking full advantage of the high
dunes sites on holes 14 and 15. We paved and rerouted new cart paths throughout the entire
golf course. Finally we built two new holes, one on a spectacular dunes site that features sand
from tee to green. It was inspired by the third hole at New Jersey’s Pine Valley, the number one
ranked course in the world. We also built a new practice facility to make way for a 42 unit
housing development between the new #10 hole and #18.

In summary, our development plan is near completion. What remains is a constant march
toward outstanding golf course conditioning. With new turf grass plus an irrigation system that is
capable of finely tuned watering, we are close to absolutely superb playing conditions. The face
of Grand Haven Golf Club has forever changed and will continue to evolve in dramatic fashion.

The golf course business is extremely competitive. In most areas there is an excess of supply.
As a result, the competition for golfers and golf events is intense. The environment in which golf
course entrepreneurs now find themselves requires astute management to succeed. By utilizing
geographic based marketing, one can gain a major edge on the competition.

Our marketing and research company, Longitudes Group, LLC, has a national database of golf
course supply and demand. As geographers, we have known the importance of both where and
who. Where are your customers coming from? Who are they? What is their demographic

We compiled data on our local and regional golfer business. We calculated our positive results
by ZIP code within 10, 20, and 30 mile radii. We also focused on the large metropolitan areas
within a three hour drive of Grand Haven. And we were quick to respond to change. Prior to the
new high speed ferry service between Milwaukee and our metro area, it took Wisconsin players
5-6 hours to reach Grand Haven. By ferry, they can be in our pro shop in half that time.

A partnership between Grand Haven Golf Club and the high speed ferry service was crafted in
2006. Stay-and-play programs have been negotiated with several hotels within easy driving
distance of the golf club. And we continue to explore new opportunities with golf travel planners
in Chicago and Detroit.

Yes, owning and managing a golf club is a challenging business. My training as a geographer
has helped immensely in the process. And the days at Illinois State with Art Watterson and the
other great faculty was a bonus that defies measurement.

EDITOR’S NOTE: John Rooney returned to campus twice during the 2007-2008 academic year,
first as a guest of the Department to deliver an address at homecoming in October and then in
March for his induction into the College of Arts and Sciences Hall of Fame.

                                                              When John Rooney was an
                                                         undergraduate and later a graduate
                                                        student in Geography at Illinois State,
                                                         only the original (eastern portion) of
                                                        Schroeder Hall was in service. During
                                                         his return visit to campus in October
                                                        2007, John stood next to the doorway
                                                         complex that today leads and in his
                                                        student days led from the older part of
                                                                Schroeder to the Quad.

  Geography at Illinois State has a long tradition of sending nonteaching undergraduate major
  students (and a few on the teacher education side) out into the world to practice their skills
and learn new skills as an intern. Since the late 1980s, such a capstone internship has been a
graduation requirement for those not planning to certify as a teacher. In 2007, the Geography
 Program fielded 17 interns, scattered from California to Carolina. Images of many appear on
 this page and the pages that follow. We did not have images for these interns: Lauren Faivre
   (Cape Hatteras National Seashore, North Carolina), Bryce Hervert and Gustava Hoskins
(Nielsen Media Research, conducting map research in various states), and Andrew Trzaskus
                        (Los Alamos National Laboratory, New Mexico).

                                                                           Laura Honigman (left)
                                                                           chose the Air Quality
                                                                           Planning Section, Bureau
                                                                           of Air, Illinois
                                                                           Environmental Protection
                                                                           Agency for her required
                                                                           Geography internship.
                                                                           Doing so meant she got a
                                                                           chance to work with Matt
                                                                           Harrell (right), who did his
                                                                           Geography internship in
                                                                           1991 for the Vermilion
                                                                           County office of the Soil
                                                                           Conservation Service.

  Jennifer MacNeil (right)
  got a chance that none
      of her predecessor
    Geography interns at
    Department enjoyed,
    which was working in
    the freshly renovated
  Government Center on
       East Washington.
  Jenny’s supervisor was
      Mark Hocking (left).

      Geography has now sent two
                     interns to the Will
    County/Southern Cook County
   office of the Natural Resources
  Conservation Service, outside of
 New Lenox, Illinois. Alex Brumley
        (left) interned there in 2004,
     earned his bachelor’s in 2005,
       and came back to work as a
    Resource Analyst. Our second
intern, Emily Zmek (right), won an
   award from NRCS for recording
  the highest number of volunteer
 hours during 2007 for the roughly
       20 counties that make of the
   district in which the New Lenox
 office resides. A new high school
    was under construction across
                         Gouger Road.

                                                The Canal Corridor Association
                                                asked intern Amanda Pruss (right)
                                                to photograph and otherwise
                                                catalog the numerous signs and
                                                other markers along the Illinois and
                                                Michigan Canal. Her supervisor,
                                                Greg Fiala, stood with Amanda
                                                next to one of the signs outside
                                                their Lockport office.

   Jaimee Johnston (left) majored
     in Geography and minored in
       Tourism Studies and in Park
     and Recreation Management
   so an internship working out of
      the headquarters of Comlara
    Park in northwestern McLean
   County was a good choice. Bill
            Wasson (right) was her
          supervisor and mentored
        several Geography interns
   during his two-plus decades at

   The Department provided
two National Forest Service
     interns in the summer of
      2007. One of them was
 Brian Hanson, who worked
  at the visitor center and on
 the trails at Tahoe National
         Forest, in California,
   northwest of Lake Tahoe.
     Following his internship,
 Brian began master’s work
   in Geography at Western
            Illinois University.

                                           Matt Stewart lived in a FEMA trailer and
                                         conducted research on invasive species in
                                         wilderness segments of Shawnee National
                                        Forest, deep in southern Illinois. For his extra-
                                          special efforts, Matt won a Forest Service
                                        Honor Award (for the Forest Service’s Eastern
                                         Region of the country). With Matt (center) at
                                           the ranger station in Jonesboro were his
                                          supervisor, Kelly Pearson (right), and the
                                        Assistant Ranger for Recreation and Timber,
                                                       Ron Moore (left).

                                        Stefani Carlson worked at Sequoia National
                                        Park in the Sierra Nevada of California as a
                                        transportation interpreter for her Geography
                                        internship. Primary among her duties was
                                        providing visitors with information about the
                                        park as a whole and in-depth looks at certain
                                        features, such as the world’s largest living
                                        organism, the General Sherman Tree.

                                   MORE INTERNS

     Merritt Burns (center) was the
  only 2007 intern who also was a
      Geography Education major,
     and thus did not have to do a
      credit-generating internship.
         Supervising Merritt at the
     Peoria County Department of
         Planning and Zoning was
   Planner Anuja Lala (right). Matt
   Wahl (left), Director of Planning
   and Zoning, is a 1984 graduate
  in Geography from Illinois State.

                                               Greg Koos (standing), Executive
                                               Director of the McLean County
                                               Museum of History, asked intern
                                               Andrew Meseke (seated) to
                                               conduct the research for and
                                               prepare a draft version of the
                                               nomination of Miller Park (in
                                               Bloomington) for the National
                                               Register of Historic Places.
                                               Director Koos keeps a close eye
                                               on employees and interns.

  Amber Mead (left) interned at the
 Greater Peoria Sanitary District in
         the summer of 2006. After
 graduation, she left the District for
a planning position at another local
agency and then came back as the
        principal GIS person at the
     Sanitary District, just in time to
     work with summer 2007 intern
               Jerry Ingram (right).

                         Mark Smith (right), a 1973 Geography graduate
                          from Illinois State, is a Senior Planner for the
                          City of Decatur, and has long been a friend of
                          the Program. His latest intern from State was
                         Melissa Dougherty-O’Hara (left), who primarily
                              did GIS work, but also some field-data
                                        collection in the city.

      Water quality was the
 focus for the GIS-intensive
         internship that Kyle
    Haynes (center) served
          last summer at the
         Bloomington Water
   Treatment Plant, at Lake
Bloomington. Flanking Kyle
   were Jill Mayes (left), the
           Water Laboratory
   Supervisor, and Richard
                 Twait (right),
   Superintendent of Water
     Purification and Kyle’s
     immediate supervisor.


       obert G. Corbett, won the American Institute of Professional Geologists’ Martin Van
       Couvering Award at the AIPG Annual Meeting in Traverse City, Michigan, on October 9,
       2007. Bob’s career has involved training students as a university professor of geology,
applying geology as a consultant, geological research, and administrative responsibilities. In the
1970s, Bob realized the need for quick professional recognition in order to provide expert
testimony. He became, in 1979, CPG-4502, or a Certified Professional Geologist.

After declining a vague employment offer from the U.S.G.S., he became an Assistant Professor
at West Virginia University, and soon after also became a principal investigator in the West
Virginia Water Research Institute. He served in West Virginia from 1962 to 1969. Bob accepted
an offer in 1969 from the University of Akron as Associate Professor, where he remained until
1989. He completed his career in academe as Department Chair and Professor at Illinois State
University. Bob became a consultant in 1969 to corporations, law firms, and government
agencies. In addition, he was a reviewer for applications and manuscripts for nine organizations.
Among his administrative responsibilities, he was Department Head at the University of Akron
and Department Chair at Illinois State University. He also served as Industrial Security
Supervisor, Director of Research Services, and Coordinator of Research at the University of
Akron. Bob organized and obtained funding for a John Wesley Powell celebration. The events
celebrated inauguration of the Geohydrology Program at Illinois State University, and also
commemorated Powell, who was Illinois State’s first Professor of Geology.

During his career, Dr. Corbett understood significant tasks for professional societies. Some
examples are editing articles of research and field guides for field trips of the 1988 North Central
Sectional Meetings of the Geological Society of America, publishing them in a dedicated issue
of the Ohio Academy of Sciences, and then serving as Co-chair for the 35th Annual Sectional
Meetings of the North Central Section of GSA in April, 2001. He just completed a term on the
GSA’s Committee on Professional Development. Some readers will know of Bob’s efforts for the
American Institute of Professional Geologists, starting with his chairing of the Academic
Education Committee. In 2001, Bob was AIPG Vice President, and from 2003 through 2005
President-elect, President, and Immediate Past President. Bob has been President of two
chapters of Sigma Xi, and the East-Central Section of the National Association of Geology
Teachers. Bob continues as Chair of the Academic Education Committee and has just begun a
term (until 2011) as a member of Illinois Board of Licensing for Professional Geologists.

The Martin Van Couvering Memorial Award was established by the Executive Committee, in
1979, in posthumous honor of the first President of the Institute. Martin Van Couvering made the
presidency a full-time occupation for the first two years of the Institute’s history. His dynamic
leadership, diplomacy, and organizational abilities established the solid foundation from which
the Institute has grown. Few, if any, have given so much to the Institute.

EDITOR’S NOTE: Since 1963 the American Institute of Professional Geologists has certified
the creditials of practicing geologists and advocated on behalf of the profession. The
Department joins AIPG in commending Bob for his long and productive career.

                                                                          By Elaine C. Graybill

       hey called it “austerity,” but that was a euphemism. The word referred to hardships that
       the British experienced starting post-World War I and going on through the Depression,
       World War II, post-World War II, and into the 1950s. It included shortages, rationing, and
diehard British creativity with sparse resources involving food, coal, clothing, and most articles
of daily life. Austerity was a word that one could write a book about, and Geography Professor
Emerita E. Joan Wilson Miller has started doing just that.

For the benefit of her alma mater, Girton, a women’s college of Cambridge University, Miller is
writing her memoir, An English Geographer Remembers. In the first chapter of her memoir,
Miller gives flesh and life to the term austerity as she experienced it during the years of her
education that coincided with World War II, from the end of high school through college: 1939-
1945. The deprivation of those years, largely as it applied to food, is a major theme. “We were
really operating in low gear,” she said. “You were just crawling along, working to survive.”

Interestingly enough, however, Miller said that even though shortages of everything shaped her
existence, she–a student and scholar, above all–never read newspapers or discussed the war;
and she was largely unaware that Cambridge was a Communist “nursery” before and during her
time there. It produced some of the world’s most notorious spies in the 1930s, including Kim
Philby. “We worked very hard at the academic demands and survived,” she said. Looking back,
she recalls things that puzzled her at the time and now realizes were connected to intelligence
efforts. For example, she and fellow geography students were put to work mapping from aerial
photos seaweed beds that could provide food; but the maps and the man who assigned them
disappeared. “We never had to eat seaweed,” Miller said, gratefully. A group of “silent” RAF
pilots were in Cambridge geography classes. Women from two colleges of London University
were evacuated to Cambridge, and were taught differently from the rest of the students.

Food was scarce to the point that Miller recalls after all these years at which events food was
served and what was served, from sandwiches of grated vegetables on dry bread at the
International Club to the rumored glasses of wine for those who joined the Conservative Club.
Food served at her college was “adequate though rationed,” she said, and the cook was
creative. Types of meat and fish consumed at the college as in the rest of England went beyond
the traditional. “Once [at the college] we had a meal of some dark flesh, obviously some winged
creature. The maids said it was swan. As swan was a Royal bird and was culled, perhaps it
was.” Former fishermen were occupied in the war effort so the government brought in snoek, a
fish from South Africa; thus the British could continue to eat their beloved fish and chips with
potatoes grown at home. Pets ate horse meat, painted green to look unpalatable to humans.

In those days, Spam was a canned meat from the United States for which the British were very
grateful. Other staples, too, such as dried eggs, dried milk, and sausage meat in cans came on
ships from the United States. Preventing German U-Boats from sinking the food convoys from
America was a main thrust of the British, who felt mass starvation was a goal of their enemy and
a real possibility if those ships were destroyed. “I’m the generation that appreciates what the
Americans did,” Miller said. “We were going to be starved out.”

Miller’s mother was particularly good at scouring the shops and obtaining offal, which usually
was not rationed so it was in great demand and included liver, ox tails and hearts, pig heads,
feet, and intestines, sheep brains and testicles, lamb tails and kidneys, and tripe (cows’
stomachs). Whale was not rationed and began showing up as steaks, canned whale meat loaf,
whale steak and kidney pudding, whale casseroles, and curried whale, according to an article
by Gillian Freeman in The Listener of August 14, 1969.

Miller listed rationed food for an adult for one week, which she obtained from Marguerite
Patten’s book We’ll Eat Again. The ration permitted a small quantity of meat, 2 ounces each of
butter, cheese, and tea; 4 ounces of cooking fat; 3 pints or less of milk; 8 ounces of sugar; 1
“shell egg” each week if available plus one packet of dried eggs every 4 weeks; 1 pound of
preserves every two months; and 12 ounces of “sweets” every four weeks. No wonder people
knitted little woolen cozies to keep their one-a-week boiled egg warm at breakfast and their
teapots hot. Vegetarians registered as such and received more cheese and less meat.

During the war years, there was one only kind of tea; one kind of bread, called the “national
loaf,” which was the standard until 1956; and one kind of cookie. Some relief was possible at
one of the “British Restaurants.” Miller said of those establishments, “…there was mass feeding
for a low cost; it was an attempt by the government to add to our rations. It worked well if you
were hungry and did not mind army style of delivery.”

In 1993, Miller wrote an article describing the making of a cake using the special ingredients
available in wartime England including brick-like margarine “firm enough to be written on” and
made to last a long time on a shelf, English beet sugar, and the American powdered eggs and
milk. These special ingredients changed the chemistry of the baking, and cooks had to re-learn
how to create a cake that would rise.

Food was not the only thing rationed, so not only did the British have to think about eating, but
also staying warm and adequately clothed. Miller’s memories of college years also include the
single bucket a week of coal rationed to each student, where the warm rooms were, where the
girls dried their hair during the winter, repairing clothing, and knitting wool vests. “Lipstick was
for those who had American boyfriends with access to their PX store,” Miller said. Stylish
clothing and shoes, cosmetics, hand cream, and hairdressers were largely unavailable to
honest citizens. “There was a black market if you had the money and no scruples,” she said.

The six years of wartime life was wearying to the British. Coal was rationed until 1948, and food
rationing continued until 1954. But the austerity that the war brought was not a sudden shock to
Miller and her contemporaries, whose entire lives had been lived first in the aftermath of World
War I and then in the decade of the Depression. “The horrors of the Great War [WWI] and the
famine that followed were a trial run,” she said, and led to extensive preparation by the British
for providing nutritionally adequate food and other survival commodities to their citizens in the
war they saw coming. “During the Depression there were some people who couldn’t afford
coal.” Wartime rationing ensured that deprivation was spread across all of society so no one
starved and no one died from the cold. “Very poor people were better off during the war
because of rationing of coal and food,” Miller said. “The ration book limited the hoarding and the
black market,” she said.

Future chapters of Miller’s memoir will cover the period from 1945 up to her 1993 retirement and
beyond. After college, she taught in London from 1947 to 1957; and then she emigrated to the
United States to study and teach at Indiana University. She married Indiana University
geographer Dr. George J. Miller; and in 1962 they moved to Normal, where she joined the

faculty at what was then called Illinois State Normal University. In 1965 she was awarded her
doctorate in geography at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Miller said she found interesting the wartime experiences of two colleagues in her department.
Department Chairperson Arthur Watterson was in intelligence during WWII, and Professor John
Trotter piloted U.S. aircraft in Southeast Asia.

EDITOR’S NOTE: Please see <> to read the entire
first chapter of Jo Miller’s memoir. Elaine Graybill has written many times for Glacial Deposits;
but this piece may be her last, given her recent retirement from Illinois State. This issue contains
also an article about Elaine, by Ellen Dietz.

                                                     The Girton College crest serves as a
                                                     background for two tea mugs.
                                                     Wartime mugs were white to save
                                                     resources, but later it became the
                                                     vogue to paint three half-inch-wide
                                                     blue stripes on the white china.

            Holding a postwar mug,
             Jo Miller pointed to the
            building where she lived
                   at Girton College,
               Cambridge, England.

                             Adjunct/Emerita Professor of
                             Geography E. Joan Miller
                             (then Wilson) got one
                             rationed egg (if available) per
                             week during World War II. A
                             knitted egg cozy like this
                             would keep the precious egg
                             warm after she boiled it for

       Hand-knit tea
    cozies (to keep
teapots warm) and
   egg cozies were
  part of the British
wartime attitude of
  stewardship over
   meager rationed
      food supplies.
 Little faces on the
   egg cozies were
  there to cheer up
      the war-weary

                              The Cape Cod Canal is the
                              backdrop for this relaxed
                              image of Elaine C. Graybill,
                              the author of the Jo Miller
                              piece and subject of the Ellen
                              Dietz piece that follows.
                              Elaine’s post-Normal home
                              will be near the canal, which
                              connects Buzzards Bay with
                              Cape Cod Bay.

                                                                                     by Ellen Dietz

      s the calendar pages fall away, the boxes are packed, and the For Sale sign goes up,
      Elaine C. Graybill is on the cusp of change. We are celebrating her retirement and the
      opening of the next adventure in Elaine’s life. Elaine’s first article for Glacial Deposits was
about Norm Bettis’s retirement (volume 28, 1999-2000). We consider for a moment that from
the beginning (as the writer) to this juncture (as the subject) her story comes full circle.

But we get ahead of ourselves. We have to go back a bit in time to find out what makes Elaine
tick, and how she cultivated the traits that made her such a good writer for Glacial Deposits. It
all began in Providence, Rhode Island, where she helped in her family’s fish market. She
learned first-hand a strong work ethic from her parents, who helped operate the four-generation
business. Born and raised on the Atlantic coast, Elaine can still tell a fish’s age by its smell. She
moved inland to Iowa, where one of her first impressions was the sight and sound of cows,
surely a culture shock from the sights and sounds of the coast.

Soon thereafter, she hopped a bit further east and landed at the Pantagraph in Bloomington,
Illinois. Elaine started in the newsroom in 1977, later becoming a feature writer, where she
stayed until 1992. Newspapers have a never-ending string of deadlines, and reporters must
winnow the wheat from the chaff before handing their work to an editor. Elaine learned how to
meet all of these deadlines, how to ferret out information, and how to make people comfortable
enough to tell her their story. The result is years of solid work attached to her byline. From there,
Elaine went to work as the editor for Illinois Wesleyan’s alumni magazine. She spent five years
in this position, then moved to Illinois State. She split her time initially here between University
Marketing and Communications (UMC) and the College of Business. In 2005 she went full-time
with UMC, which is where she retired from in March 2008.

Along the way, Elaine spent a year in the University of Illinois College of Law. She is grateful for
the education it gave her, not so much in the practice of law, but in its approach. Law school
taught her to think in a systematic manner and how to develop points in making an argument.
These skills translated to her writing, adding to her already full bag of tools in interviewing,
editing, researching, reporting, and feature writing. Elaine taught freshman English at Illinois
Wesleyan, and she also taught English and Reporting at Illinois State. Elaine likens this to
“cross training, like being an athlete.” She used this training to develop an admirable body of
work, and also taught other people the finer points of writing, from preparation to execution. And
she has had marvelous fun along the way.

At State, Elaine’s talents were immediately in demand. Mike Sublett asked Elaine to pen an
article about Norm Bettis in 1999, which is the same year she started with ISU. Elaine kept her
ties to the Geography-Geology Department throughout her nine years here. When asked what
part of writing for Glacial Deposits was the most rewarding, she answers, “All of it.” She
becomes animated when talking about the interviews she did for these articles, and was
especially taken with the pieces that involved interviewing and sleuthing, perhaps a throwback
to her days in the newsroom. In particular, she talked about the 2004-2005 article “Meteorite or
Meteorwrong,” for which she had the joy of tracking down information about people who had
called the Department over the years, asking for a geologist to come out and identify this sure-
to-be-a-meteorite that landed in their yard/roof/house/front window. As we talked, her bright
smile underscored her amusement and delight with this “wacky side of science,” wherein Skip

Nelson (usually) had the task of interviewing the homeowner and taking samples back to the lab
or sending them to a test lab in Arizona for positive identification. So far, there have been no
true meteors. One person, in particular, was “crestfallen” when his find, a 283-pound copper
nugget that he had driven to campus in his pickup truck, turned out to be terrestrial rather than

Elaine has an abiding respect for Mike Sublett and the topics he chooses for inclusion in Glacial
Deposits. She appreciates his approach to stories, suggesting a slant or a quirk or a focus that
always made it an interesting undertaking. Elaine asserts that not everyone she has worked for
or with has shown such good sense in laying out an idea and giving it full attention before
handing it off to a writer.

She says that she has grown to have a deep regard for geographers and geologists who
approach the world with an “intellectual playfulness.” She describes geographers and geologists
as using an outlook that is both applied and creative, and says they are fortunate to work in
such interesting disciplines. Having spent years in universities, she can confirm that not all
academicians approach their work, especially field work, with such gusto. Truly, the
geoscientists she has met have been excited about the world we live in. She has lived with their
disciplines vicariously through her writings for Glacial Deposits and her connections to the staff,
for which she is humbly grateful.

Elaine says that working with the Geography-Geology Department was “always an upper.” She
happily anticipated Mike’s calls, always wondering what kind of an assignment he had in store
for her. For last year’s assignment, she interviewed President Bowman (volume 35, 2006-2007)
for Mike, clearly remembering how Dr. Bowman’s love of mountaineering tied directly into
leadership abilities. Elaine was pleased to make this and other connections about people and
about life through her assignments for the departmental yearbook.

As Elaine finished this year’s story, about Dr. E. Joan Miller, her travels were about to begin.
She was preparing to head off to Seattle to spend some time with her son, Jules, and his wife
and their two sons. Jules travels frequently in his capacity as the head of all images, worldwide,
for She was looking forward to helping out with her grandchildren, Ian and Adam.
She would then travel to her daughter, Emily’s, home in Atlanta. Emily is working on a Ph.D. in
School Psychology from Georgia State. No doubt, when Emily’s first child is born this year,
Elaine will be there to welcome baby into the world. She also plans to visit her close friend,
Richard Payne, and two more grandchildren, Alyson and Dylen McMillen. Elaine plans to take
plenty of time with all of her flock, as she calls them, before venturing on to the next part of her

From there, Elaine will return to her roots back East. She has a home in Buzzards Bay,
Massachusetts, waiting for her. She will return to the place where her father taught her about
tides, channels, and ledges; to places where fish are still served fresh from the ocean; and
where she can cast a fishing line into the water, if she so desires. All in good time, she hopes to
land a job teaching freshman English at an eastern university. With her credentials, she is sure
to find a job quickly, and the students will be lucky to have her. In the meantime, she will pick up
a little freelance work, and perhaps do a bit more traveling. No, retirement is not the right
description. Elaine is reinventing herself, yet again.

EDITOR’S NOTE: Ellen Dietz lives in Bloomington and works there for Project Oz. Volume 35
carried her article “On Being a Traveler.”

                            CAREER FAIR TABLES

                  Professor Amy Bloom was circulating at the annual
             Geography Career Fair, on the 20th of March, and captured
                  several images from the tables segment (during the
              afternoon). Career Fair 2008 marked the 19th consecutive
             year that the Department has hosted this event and the 10th
                 year in the Circus Room of the Bone Student Center.

                                                           Rachael Masa (left) is the
                                                           Education Coordinator at the
                                                           McLean County Museum of History
                                                           and a 2005 Geography graduate
                                                           from Illinois State. Talking with
                                                           Rachael was Geography major
                                                           Casey Eberlin. Looking at Rachel’s
                                                           display was a retired geographer,
                                                           Professor James Carter.

     Dana Gusek (left)
        represented her
  employer, Nystrom,
              an old-line
  production firm from
            Chicago that
     specializes in wall
    maps, desk maps,
teaching atlases, and
globes. She is a 2004
         graduate of the
 Geography Program
 at Illinois State and a
Designer at Nystrom.

Rocky Bundy (left), a Geography major,
        and Amber Mead (right), a 2006
     graduate of the Program enjoyed a
 lighter moment, as Rocky browsed the
  displays. Amber was at Career Fair to
    represent her employer, the Greater
         Peoria Sanitary District, and the
      internship class of 2006. Standing
       beyond Amber was Brent Bazan,
    Geography graduate from 1993 and
  Survey Crew Chief for the Farnsworth
             Group, out of Bloomington.

                                                  Emeritus Professor of Geography James
                                                  Carter (left) keeps active by attending
                                                  campus events like Career Fair and using a
                                                  small office the Department provides for him
                                                  in Felmley Hall. Among his former students
                                                  who came back for Career Fair was Connie
                                                  Pokorny (right), a GIS Analyst for the
                                                  Barrington Area Council of Governments and
                                                  2002 graduate of the Geography Program.

        Mitch Horrie interned at the
 McLean County Regional Planning
    Commission in 2006, graduated,
 and immediately began work on his
   master’s degree in Geography at
        Southern Illinois University-
      Carbondale. Part of his role at
    Career Fair 2008 was to discuss
 graduate school options and issues
             with the current crop of

               FALL 2007 THROUGH SUMMER 2008

Eunice Blackburn Geography Capstone Scholarship                               Casey A. Eberlin
                                                                              Curtis L. Russell
                                                                              James E. Tompkins

Illinois Geographical Society Outstanding Senior                              Sarah F. Tedrow

Illinois GIS Association Outstanding Student Award                            Todd Green
                                                                              Chris Walker

Illinois State University Undergraduate Research Scholarship                  Phillip D. Ferguson

Harry O. Lathrop Memorial Award                                               Sarah Clark
                                                                              Sarah F. Tedrow

George R. Means Geography Scholarship                                         Chenay D. McDaniel

Louis E. Miglio Geography-Geology Scholarship                                 Andrew Fiala
                                                                              Kyle Roberts
                                                                              Erin Spencer

        Louis E. Miglio donates each year funds to cover the Miglio Scholarships for Geography
       Education majors and for Earth and Space Science Education majors. Jill Freund Thomas
          (second from right) teaches the departmental methods course (GEO 307) for these
        students and does much of their curriculum advisement. Miglio Scholars for 2007-2008
             were Erin Spencer (left), Andrew Fiala (next to Erin), and Kyle Roberts (right).

                           IN THE FIELD WITH GEO 310
      Except for sabbatical years (1987 and 2000), Mike Sublett has taught GEO 310, Field
  Geography, every fall, and only in the fall, since 1979. Students number typically between 5 and
                             10, but reached an unwieldy 19 one year.

     In September students walked
     several miles of streams in the
 Twin Cities looking for evidence of
  channelization and of reassertion
         of natural conditions by the
      streams. Standing next to the
   Franklin Avenue bridge in south
   Normal were Geography majors
   (left to right) Rocky Bundy, Matt
    Stewart, Earl Hammond, Emily
        Zmek, Jim Tompkins, Curtis
           Russell, and Rich Frontz.

                                                         Days in the field sometimes run late for
                                                         GEO 310. After conducting an afternoon
                                                         recon mission at ParkLands Merwin
                                                         Nature Preserve, the class took a break
                                                         and then began looking closely on foot
                                                         at a couple of modest residential
                                                         subdivisions near Carver’s Corner,
                                                         which on the map is between Curtis
                                                         (Cubs shirt) and Rich. Note that east is
                                                         at top of map. From the left, in front,
                                                         were Rocky and Emily. Standing, from
                                                         left, were Earl, Matt, Curtis, Rich, and

 For the last few years the class has stopped
     by the home of a retired geographer and
         part-time instructor in the Department,
          Mohammad Hemmasi, who lives in a
   subdivision on the far north side of Normal
    and is willing to discuss issues he and his
   neighbors encounter, such as accelerated
 erosion alongside the retention lake. A short
 walking tour of the area allowed him to point
  out problems and solutions to the students,
   each of whom soon would be investigating
  quality of life in different subdivisions. From
the left were Rocky, Earl, Matt, Dr. Hemmasi,
                    Curtis, Jim, Rich, and Emily.

                  GEOGRAPHY MAJORS—MAY 2008

Nonteaching Geography               Nonteaching Geography (cont.)

Alipour, John           (J)         Theobald, Bernard          (J)
Allen, Walter           (J)         Tompkins, James            (S)
Bohn, Heather           (F)         Townley, Elizabeth         (S)
Bundy, Rocky            (S)         Walker, Chris              (S)
Bussan, Stephanie       (S)
Cahill, Denise          (So)
Caldwell, Cindy         (S)
Clementz, Michael       (J)         Geography Education Sequence
Culbertson, Ian         (S)
Debus, Lisa             (J)         Bonarek, Nicholas          (So)
Duff, Jamieson          (So)        Bradley, Mark              (S)
Eberlin, Casey          (S)         Cagley, Dawn               (S)
Ferguson, Phillip       (J)         Clark, Tamara              (S)
Ford, Trenton           (So)        Collins, Chaas             (S)
Frontz, Richard         (S)         Dekeyrel, Kristin          (S)
Green, Todd             (S)         Evans, Christopher         (S)
Hammond, Earl III       (S)         Fisher, Steve              (S)
Heckmann, Dawn          (S)         Froehner, John             (S)
Heggen, Daniel          (S)         Gillespie, Steven          (F)
Holt, Stephen           (J)         Gorell, Kevin              (J)
Hutchins, Alex          (J)         Hudak, Zack                (J)
Kahan, Jeffrey          (J)         Klausing, Joshua           (S)
Kinkelaar, Grant        (S)         Lajeunesse, Marc           (S)
Kline, Matthew          (J)         Ly, Jimmy                  (F)
Lofrano, Mark           (J)         Miller, David              (J)
Maes, Jill              (So)        Miskell, Mark              (S)
Mattimoe, Tara          (S)         Padaoan, Justin            (J)
McDaniel, Chenay        (S)         Parker, Cory               (So)
Moreland, Jonathan      (S)         Peterson, Jarrod           (S)
Nordstrom, Andrew       (S)         Pink, Thomas               (S)
Peters, Nicholas        (S)         Ponsot, Thomas             (S)
Puczkowskyj, Nicholas   (S)         Prociuk, Sarah             (J)
Rock, Nathaniel         (S)         Rackauskas, Natasha        (S)
Rogers, Jeremy          (J)         Reilly, David              (S)
Russell, Curtis         (S)         Roberts, Kyle              (S)
Smith, Meghan           (So)        Schroeder, Heather         (J)
Sullivan, Richard       (S)         Taylor, Natalie            (S)
Tedrow, Sarah           (S)         Weber, Greg                (So)
                                    Yess, Macrae               (S)

                    GEOLOGY MAJORS—MAY 2008

Nonteaching Geology                                  Earth & Space Science Sequence

Bernardi, Ryan                (So)                   Armour, Joseph            (So)
Block, Britany                (S)                    Caldwell, Brittany        (J)
Breiner, Kenneth              (J)                    Fiala, Andrew             (S)
Chott, Nathan                 (S)                    Hager, David              (J)
Clark, Sarah                  (S)                    Happel, Audrey            (So)
Davis, Kenneth                (S)                    Jordan, Jamal             (So)
Guse, Paul                    (S)                    Kuecher, Ryan             (J)
Hanna, Emily                  (F)                    Moses, Stephanie          (S)
Hardwick, Andrew              (F)                    Munson, Erik              (F)
Hartz, Matthew                (So)                   Nyczaj, Patrick           (J)
Hayden, Kelly                 (So)                   Spencer, Erin             (S)
Henrickson, Bennett           (J)                    Vandenbroucke, Stephan    (S)
Henry, Christian              (S)                    Weiss, Alexander          (J)
Hinds, Amie                   (So)
Hoots, Ryan                   (S)
Howard, Matthew               (S)
Kats, Andy                    (S)                    HYDROGEOLOGY MASTER’S
Kaufman, Matthew              (F)
Kelly, David                  (So)                   Angel, Julie              (G)
Kimple, Darren                (J)                    Bansah, Samuel            (G)
King, Bradley                 (S)                    Beach, Vanessa            (G)
King, Travis                  (S)                    Becker, Joseph            (G)
Lander, Nora                  (J)                    Carlock, Drew             (G)
Lant, Elizabeth               (S)                    Glennon, Carol            (G)
Leary, Michael                (J)                    Harlan, Lara              (G)
Longton, Christopher          (S)                    Harris, Joyce             (G)
Markus, Katherine             (J)                    Hughes, Kevin             (G)
McGrenera, James              (S)                    Kizer, Kathryn            (G)
Papendorf, Jeffrey            (S)                    Kunkel, Donald            (G)
Reeves, Nicholas              (J)                    McLaughlin, Brooke        (G)
Runyon, Simone                (So)                   Roche, Erin               (G)
Schwab, Timothy               (J)                    Simpson, Steven           (G)
Strope, Shane                 (S)                    Strezo, Dominic           (G)
Trela, Jarek                  (So)                   Thornton, James           (G)
White, Steven                 (F)                    Vyakaranam, Phalguni      (G)
Wolf, Daniel                  (S)                    Woodside, John            (G)

EDITOR’S NOTE: Letters following the student names indicate the class:
F (freshman), So (sophomore), J (junior), S (senior), G (graduate student).

 Retreats by the Department of Geography-Geology often occur in August, before fall classes start,
but seldom prior to spring semester. Receiving encouragement from various faculty and an invitation
to use the new facility of the Towanda Volunteer Fire Department, Dave Malone scheduled a winter
retreat in January 2008. Geologists met in the morning, geographers took over in the afternoon, and
           all were there for a hot lunch and tour conducted by Assistant Chief Skip Nelson.

                                     Towanda’s fire and rescue
                                     volunteers serve rural areas, the
                                     Village of Towanda, and a
                                     significant stretch of Interstate 55.

       Geology Professor Robert (Skip)
      Nelson has taken an active role in
         the affairs of the Towanda Fire
      Department for decades, including
        many years as Assistant Chief.
       Because of strict rules regarding
        age he is no longer able to fight
        fires, but he continues to assist
               with paperwork and other
                    administrative duties.

  Most of the faculty and staff were present at the January retreat to the firehouse, which stands
   between Towanda and Interstate 55. From the left, front row, were Jill Thomas, Amy Bloom,
 Johanna Haas, and Jed Day. Nearest the truck, from left, were Mike Sublett, Dave Malone, Eric
  Peterson (partly hidden), Steve Van der Hoven, Karen Dunton, Skip Nelson, Bill Shields, John
 Kostelnick, and Heather Conley. Skip was holding his helmet and what firefighters call a turnout
coat, a garment that provides redundant protection and has reflective striping so that they can see
                               one another under extreme conditions.

The Institute for Geospatial Analysis & Mapping, GEOMAP, came into existence during the fall
of 2007; but Professor Dagmar Budikova had been setting the stage for it through various
projects over the last couple of years. As we read in her faculty sketch (page 39), the “mission
is to support research, training, and outreach activities related to geospatial sciences and
technologies on campus and in our community.” Top Several individuals played important
roles in the launch of GEOMAP. Among them were, left to right, in back, Melissa Dougherty-
O’Hara, Samanta Lax, Dr. Budikova, and Todd Green. Up front were Gretchen Knapp and John
Kostelnick. Middle GEOMAP had its grand opening and ribbon cutting on Friday, 9 November
2007. Assisting was Dean Gary Olson (left) of the College of Arts and Sciences. Wielding the
scissors was President Al Bowman. Bottom Those present at the grand opening thanked Dr.
Budikova (left) with a hearty round of applause. Among the supportive guests were (left to right)
Dean Olson, President Bowman, and Professor Jerry Dobson from the University of Kansas.


                      (in alpha order by last name of first departmental author)

“Lakes as Recorders of Climate Change,” by Amy M. Bloom; Department of Physics, Illinois
State University; Normal, Illinois.

“Recent Climate Change in the Central Sierra Nevada, California, USA, as Indicated by High-
resolution Diatom Analysis,” by Amy M. Bloom, David F. Porinchu, Aaron P. Potito, and Glen
M. MacDonald; Association of American Geographers; Boston, Massachusetts.

“Shallow Geophysical Analysis of Gas Accumulations within Geologic Units above a Gas
Storage Field in North-Central Illinois,” by Evan R. Bowen, David H. Malone, and A. Pugin;
Geological Society of America; Denver, Colorado.

“Breathe Easy or Breathe Wheezy,” by Stephanie Bussan; Illinois State University
Undergraduate Research Symposium; Normal, Illinois.

“‛Fighting the Bite’ in Idaho: Scale, Precision and Accuracy of Mosquito Abatement Efforts,” by
Heather K. Conley; Association of American Geographers; Boston, Massachusetts.

“Anthropogenic CO2 and Global Warming,” by Robert G. Corbett and Gary Dannemiller;
American Institute of Professional Geologists; Traverse City, Michigan.

“Upper Devonian Conodont Biostratigraphy Key to Understanding the Timing and Cause of
Shelly Fossil Faunal Extinctions and Carbonate Platform Evolution in the Iowa and Western
Illinois Basins,” by James E. Day; Geological Society of America; Denver, Colorado.

“Carbon and Nutrient Cycling during the Frasnian-Famennian Extinction Event, Rocky
Mountains, Western Canada,” by J. Payne, M.T. Whalen, and James E. Day; AAPG-SEPM;
Houston, Texas.

“Magnetic Susceptibility and Insights into Devonian Sea Level and Climate Change, Alberta
Rocky Mountains, Western Canada,” by James E. Day, M.T. Whalen, R. Missler, and D.J.
Over; Subcommission on Devonian Stratigraphy and IGCP 499 Devonian Land-Sea Interaction;
Eureka, Nevada.

“Middle-Upper Devonian (Middle Givetian-Early Famennian) Record of Relative Sea Level and
Climate Change in the Iowa and Western Illinois Basins, Western Laurussia,” by B.J. Witkze,
James E. Day, and B. Bunker; Subcommission on Devonian Stratigraphy and IGCP 499
Devonian Land-Sea Interaction; Eureka, Nevada.

“Middle-Upper Devonian (Middle Givetian-Early Frasnian) Brachiopod Sequence in the Flume
and ‘Waterways’ Formation: Kakwa Park, British Columbia,” by James E. Day, M.T. Whalen,
and D.J. Over; Geological Society of America; Denver, Colorado.

“Modeling Hyporheic Zone Thermal Pulses through a Sediment Pack in a Laboratory Flume,” by
Toby J. Dogwiler, John Woodside, and Eric W. Peterson; Geological Society of America;
Denver, Colorado.

“The Speleogenesis of the Cave Branch and Horn Hollow Karst Systems, Carter Caves State
Resort Park, Northeastern Kentucky,” by Toby J. Dogwiler, Eric W. Peterson, Julie C. Angel,
John Woodside, and Kimberly A. Gorecki; Appalachian Karst Symposium; Johnson City,

“Out of the Woods and onto Our Grills,” by Casey A. Eberlin; Illinois State University
Undergraduate Research Symposium; Normal, Illinois.

“Law and Disorder: A Political Economy of Complex Change in Extractive Industries,” by
Johanna Haas; Association of American Geographers; Boston, Massachusetts.

“What Are They Putting in Your Water?,” by Earl Hammond; Illinois State University
Undergraduate Research Symposium; Normal, Illinois.

“Multiple Punctuated Pulses of Voluminous Silicic Magmatism in Idaho: In Situ Geochronology
and Isotope Geochemistry of the Idaho Batholith,” by R.M. Gaschnig, J. Vervoort, R. Lewis,
Elizabeth M. King, and J.W. Valley; Geological Society of America; Denver, Colorado.

“Oxygen Isotope Ratios of Refractory Mineral Phases from Tertiary Intrusions of the Black Hills,
South Dakota,” by Elizabeth M. King, Paul A. Meister, M.J. Spicuzza, and J.W. Valley;
Geological Society of America; Denver, Colorado.

“Visualizing Sea Level Rise,” by D. McDermott, John C. Kostelnick, R.J. Rowley, J. Meisel, K.
Hulbutta, N. Haas, and D. Braaten; North American Cartographic Society; St. Louis, Missouri.

“Creating a Model that Predicts Stream Chloride Concentration as a Function of Land Use
Change,” by Samanta M. Lax and Stephen J. Van der Hoven; Geological Society of America;
Denver, Colorado.

“Creating a Model that Predicts Stream Chloride Concentration as a Function of Land Use
Change for two Small Watersheds in Central Illinois,” by Samanta M. Lax and Stephen J. Van
der Hoven; Illinois Groundwater Association; East Peoria, Illinois.

“Getting a Farmer’s Tan in Illinois,” by Chenay D. McDaniel; Illinois State University
Undergraduate Research Symposium; Normal, Illinois.

“The Role of the Hyporheic Zone in the Transport and Fate of Solutes,” by Eric W. Peterson;
Department of Geology, Northern Illinois University; DeKalb, Illinois.

“Using Geophysics and Stereographic 3D Visualization to Improve Conceptual Models,” by Tim
Sickbert, Todd Holihan, Eric W. Peterson, and Stephen J. Van der Hoven; Geological Society
of America; Denver, Colorado.

“Urban Sprawl in the United States,” by Nicholas Scott Peters; Illinois State University
Undergraduate Research Symposium; Normal, Illinois.

“Hook, Line, and Sinker: Freshwater Fishing and the American Angler,” by Curtis L. Russell;
Illinois State University Undergraduate Research Symposium; Normal, Illinois.

“Quantifying the Effects of Beaver Dams on Hyporheic Nitrogen Cycling,” by Dominic Strezo
and Stephen J. Van der Hoven; Illinois Groundwater Association; East Peoria, Illinois. (Note:
Dominic Strezo presented paper with same title at the Illinois State University Graduate
Research Symposium.)

“Climbing Mount Assessment: One Program’s Plan,” by Michael D. Sublett; National Council
for Geographic Education; Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.

“Grassroots Government: Illinois Townships Then and Now,” by Michael D. Sublett;
Conference on Illinois History; Springfield, Illinois.

”Afghan Migration Experiences: Personal Histories of Movement and Perspectives on
Repatriation,” by Sarah F. Tedrow; Association of American Geographers; Boston,

“Quality of Life in Small Town Illinois: Hudson,” by James E. Tompkins; Illinois Geographical
Society; Springfield, Illinois.

                  Geology majors and Hydrogeology graduate students regularly
               present papers and posters at the annual meeting of the Geological
                Society of America, but it has been many years since a Geography
                   student presented at the comparable annual meeting of the
               Association of American Geographers. Sarah Tedrow (right) took her
               senior honors thesis research, packaged it as a double-panel poster,
               and represented the Department well at the Boston meeting of AAG
               in April 2008. With Sarah was her faculty mentor and thesis advisor,
                                  Professor Johanna Haas (left).

                                 AROUND TOWN

   Contrary to what students may
    believe, faculty and staff have
     lives beyond Felmley Hall of
         Science. For Jill and Fred
   Thomas, sponsorship of foster
        children has long been an
avocation. Roughly two dozen of
  these challenged children have
    at one time or another been a
          part of their Bloomington
 household. The Pantagraph ran
    a story about their foster-care
      efforts on 20 May 2008 and
 included this photo, showing Jill
       (right) playing with her own
      children, Zane (left), Shailer
(center), and Rya. Credit: Carlos
      T. Miranda/The Pantagraph

                                            A new addition (spring of 2008) to
                                            the side of Normal’s water storage
                                            facility facing the Interstate 55/74
                                            bypass includes the Reggie
                                            Redbird logo and the words “Illinois
                                            State Redbirds.” College Avenue is
                                            in the foreground.

                                                        The winter of 2007-2008
                                                        seemed colder and
                                                        nastier than many in
                                                        recent memory. On a
                                                        snowy Saturday
                                                        afternoon in December,
                                                        the photographer looked
                                                        eastward past “In
                                                        Exchange,” an artistic
                                                        replacement for a portion
                                                        of School Street; over
                                                        Watterson Commons;
                                                        past the north tower of
                                                        Watterson Towers
                                                        dormitory; and toward
                                                        the tower crane that was
                                                        and still is a dominant
                                                        landscape feature as the
                                                        construction of the new
                                                        hotel and convention
                                                        center in Uptown Normal
                    FACULTY AND STAFF SKETCHES

Amy M. Bloom, Assistant Professor of Geography. B.A. (Cum Laude), 1997, Geology,
     Augustana College; M.S., 2001, Geography, University of Utah; Ph.D., 2006,
     Geography, University of Utah. As well as continuing to teach GEO 201 (Physical
     Geography II), GEO 207 (Natural Disasters), and GEO 303 (Geographic Information
     Systems), this year Amy taught a new course she developed in Biogeography (GEO
     344). Biogeography is the scientific study of past and present geographic distributions of
     plants and animals. Biogeographers are not only interested in where different species
     are located, but what factors (e.g., biological, physical, etc.) play a role in their
     distributions and how they change over time and are predicted to change in the future.
     Biogeography unites theories and information from the fields of ecology, evolutionary
     biology, geology, and physical geography. The new Biogeography course incorporated a
     semester-long research project on Lake Bloomington, which included a day field trip to
     the lake and hands-on processing, analysis, and interpretation of samples collected at
     Lake Bloomington by the students. In addition to working with her Biogeography
     students on the Lake Bloomington project, Amy continued her Sierra Nevada and Great
     Basin research. She also began working with a new research team on samples from
     Lake Nicaragua, a large (in fact the largest lake in Central America) freshwater lake in
     Nicaragua that is tectonic in origin. Amy served as a mentor for Andrew Fiala (Earth and
     Space Science Education 2008) during the spring semester. Andrew helped process
     and mount lake sediment samples from a lake in Great Basin National Park and from
     Lake Nicaragua for diatom analysis. Amy presented her research on recent climate
     change in the central Sierra Nevada, California, based on high-resolution diatom
     analysis at the AAG meeting in Boston this year. Once again she co-organized sessions
     on “Quaternary Environments of the Americas,” four sessions in total, two of which she
     chaired, at this meeting. Amy was excited to return to Augustana College (Rock Island),
     her alma mater, to serve on the Department of Geology Alumni Advisory Council in
     October. This year’s 2-day meeting was scheduled to overlap with Augustana’s
     Homecoming Weekend, and coincidently Amy’s 10-year class reunion. She noticed that,
     while some things have definitely changed in the last 10 years, many things have
     remained the same. In March, Amy was invited to present “Lakes as Recorders of
     Climate Change” for the Department of Physics Spring 2008 Seminar Series at Illinois
     State University. Email:

Dagmar Budikova, Associate Professor of Geography. B.Sc. (Honors), 1988, Environmental
     Science and Mathematics, University of Toronto; Ph.D., 2001, Climatology, University of
     Calgary. Dr. Budikova joined the Department in fall of 2000. In spring of 2007, Dr.
     Budikova taught our senior undergraduate/graduate course in statistics and GIS
     Applications. In fall 2007 she was on sabbatical, which relieved her from formal teaching
     duties. At this time, Dr. Budikova devoted a considerable amount of effort to a newer
     research agenda, studying the recently observed and anticipated climate and
     environmental changes in the Arctic, and looking at ways by which this changing
     landscape may reflect on local Arctic and remote climates of the Northern Hemisphere.
     To help with data management tasks and other efforts related to the project, Dr.
     Budikova was fortunate to recruit an excellent undergraduate research assistant, John
     Ehlers, who just recently presented some of their work at the Undergraduate Research
     Symposium. This work has so far led to one publication in Climate Research, a
     prestigious international and multidisciplinary journal. Although research was her first

       priority during the fall, Dr. Budikova was also involved in several departmental activities
       related to GIS at this time. On November 9, as the Director, she organized the opening
       ceremonies of the Department’s Institute for Geospatial Analysis & Mapping (GEOMAP),
       whose mission is to support research, training, and outreach activities related to
       geospatial sciences and technologies on campus and in our community. Dr. Budikova
       helped host the 2007 Ridgley Lecturer, Dr. Jerome Dobson from the University of
       Kansas and the current President of the American Geograhical Society. Later in the
       month she and a few of her colleagues hosted GIS Day activities in the Department. In
       the fall, GEOMAP also launched the online Aging in Place Atlas for East Central Illinois
       that concluded a three-year effort with the East Central Illinois Area Agency on Aging
       (ECIAAA) to study the demographic distribution of elderly in the area. The Atlas has
       since been well received by our community and is being extensively used for city and
       government planning purposes across the region to help our elderly citizens age in place
       successfully. Dr. Budikova would like to thank all of those involved in this project over
       the years, most importantly Samanta Lax who managed the effort and students; Melissa-
       Dougherty O’Hara whose tireless efforts were instrumental in helping finish the last 13
       counties and in putting together the website; as well as nine undergraduate and
       graduate students including Jonathan Bauer, Doug Brown, Rian Crowley, Julia
       Ferguson, Raymond Heitner, Mitchell Horrie, Amber Mead, Neal Schroeder, and Kelly
       Slattery, whose hard work was essential in making the project a success. This spring,
       Dr. Budikova spearheaded our Department’s discussions regarding a new M.S. graduate
       program in Sustainability and Global Change. The faculty envisions this program to be
       multi-disciplinary, drawing upon the strengths of Illinois State’s faculty across several
       disciplines in the social and natural sciences, and technology. Early this spring, Dr.
       Budikova received a Summer Faculty Professional Development Fellowship issued by
       the Office of the Provost for designing and teaching a 1-day workshop entitled
       Community Mapping in GIS that will be offered beginning January 2009 to faculty and
       staff, as well as to members of our community. Finally, in late April, Dr. Budikova was
       selected as an Administrative Fellow of the College of Arts and Sciences for fall 2008.
       During her appointment, she will be engaged in various administrative activities and
       special projects. Dr. Budikova is honored to receive such a unique opportunity and is
       looking forward to the experience. Email:

James R. Carter, Emeritus Professor of Geography. B.A., 1958, Geology, Indiana University;
     M.S., 1966, Geography, University of Maryland, College Park; Ph.D., 1973, Geography,
     University of Georgia. The third year of retirement was quite productive. Last May Jim
     attended the Geographic Education Conference in Chile. While there he asked
     educators what they knew about Dora the Explorer, the cartoon show on Nickelodeon for
     preschoolers. Many persons knew of the program, but no one knew much details. Finally
     someone suggested that Jim write an article on Dora the Explorer as the television
     program that teaches geography to preschoolers. The paper has been accepted for the
     Journal of Geography and is to be in a forthcoming issue. He got into this topic because
     two years ago former student Charles Nuttall told him his 18-month old son knew what a
     map is because he watches Dora the Explorer. Jim’s interest in ice flowers and extruding
     ice keeps expanding. Last summer he planted seeds of Verbesina virginica that he had
     collected in Tennessee the year before. The plants grew and in early November the
     Carters had ice flowers in their backyard. That permitted him to keep watch on the plants
     at all times of the day. By early January he had seen ice on 20 separate occasions and
     had taken hundreds of photos. He was able to capture the sequence of the formation of
     these ice flowers over time, although he had to take photos when he would normally be

       asleep. With the new information he updated his web pages at
       <>. In 2006 he received an email from Wales with photos of
       ice growing on a piece of beech wood on the ground. He added a section on this to his
       website. In the past year, he heard from many about this form of ice growth. It looked
       like all of the ice on wood comes from Europe and the ice flowers from North America.
       Then this year he got emails from persons on Vancouver Island and the Olympic
       Peninsula showing ice growing on branches of wood. More recently he received photos
       from the Netherlands showing ice flowers on plant stems. In addition, he has been
       corresponding with a researcher in Switzerland who has been working on the ice
       formations on branches of wood, which he calls Haareis. He thinks these ice formations
       relate to the presence of a fungus. In January 2006 Jim was introduced to ribbons of ice
       growing from a steel fence in British Columbia. He felt challenged to understand the
       process, and was able to grow some of his own ice ribbons from steel pipes that winter
       but was much more successful this winter. Again, his results are presented on his web
       pages. In July, he moved on to become Past President of the Normal Rotary Club and
       kept busy in that role this year. Soon the day will come that he will no longer have to go
       to Rotary board meetings. In September Dr. Carter received a request from the
       University’s Media Relations to compose a piece on the opening of the Northwest
       Passage, given the rapid retreat of ice from the Arctic Ocean. He wrote a 230 word
       statement overnight, and the next day it was posted on the Illinois State Website under
       “In the News: Expert of the Week.” Later in the year, WGLT-FM radio interviewed him on
       the same subject. In October the old cartographer, Jim, joined the young cartographer,
       John Kostelnick, for a trip to NACIS in St. Louis, NACIS being the North American
       Cartographic Information Society. Last fall he read the book 1491, about the nature of
       the Americas before contact with the Europeans. Early in the book reference is made to
       the work of the geographer William Denevan. Jim highly recommends the book to
       geographers. To add to his understanding on this topic, he and his wife took a tour in
       Mexico in January, going from Mexico City to the Yucatan, passing through the hearths
       of many civilizations written about in 1491. Retirement is a time to learn all of the things
       you did not have time to look into as a student or as a teacher. One pleasant surprise
       this year was learning that his paper on Digital Elevation Models published in
       Cartographica has become one of the ten most-cited articles from this journal.
       Email: Homepage:

Heather K. Conley, Assistant Professor of Geography. B.S., 1993, Geography, Northwest
      Missouri State University; M.S., 2001, Geography, University of Iowa; Ph.D., 2006,
      Geography, University of Iowa. Dr. Conley once again managed to escape the heat and
      humidity of the midwestern summer by arranging travel to Big Sky Country. After
      teaching Natural Disasters last summer (2007), she packed up a University vehicle and
      headed out to Idaho to study mosquito habitat following the 2006 West Nile outbreak.
      While her original intent was to build a dynamic GIS-based model of mosquito habitat to
      predict where mosquito populations were likely to surge based on a suite of
      climatological variables, logic and reason entered the picture; and she decided to talk to
      the people who might use such a model before she built it. As luck would have it, none
      of the local decision-makers indicated that this was a necessary research endeavor.
      Public health officials already had the information they needed, specifically that West
      Nile Virus had arrived in Idaho. That it arrived without them successfully capturing an
      infected mosquito discouraged them from trying to predict where the risk was highest.
      Instead, West Nile Virus is now considered endemic to the area; and anyone with
      symptoms similar to West Nile Virus is treated as though they have West Nile Virus, until
      their symptoms worsen, at which point they will test the person to determine whether

       they actually have West Nile Virus. While this did not bode well for her research agenda,
       Heather was not ready to return to the oppressive midwestern summer, so she
       refocused the research and decided to talk to the mosquito abatement managers to
       determine how they determine when it was time to begin the fight again. Hoping to
       uncover gems of local knowledge about the relationship between mosquitoes and
       weather in the area, Heather was a little disappointed to find out the mosquito abatement
       in Idaho is all about phone calls and chemicals. When the phone calls start ringing with
       complaints about the mosquito population, it is time to start spraying; and spraying
       continues until the chemicals run out for the summer. This summer (2008), she will
       return to Idaho, to ride along in mosquito abatement trucks and study local knowledge of
       weather and landscape. The goal is to investigate what extent GIS-enabled technologies
       replace tacit knowledge about weather and the landscape in the fight against
       mosquitoes. Heather also finagled a trip to Boulder, Colorado, last summer to attend the
       Weather and Society Integrated Studies meeting held at the National Center for
       Atmospheric Research. She authored a paper based on the Idaho research for a
       compendium on Weather and Society. The research was presented in a departmental
       GGGEO colloquium in September and at the annual meeting of the Association of
       American Geographers in Boston in April. Heather taught Natural Disasters, Geographic
       Information Systems I, and Applied Climatology this year. She also continued to serve
       as the Geography Club/GTU advisor, and Honors Program Coordinator, and sat on the
       Awards Committee and the Colloquium Committee. For the third year in a row, she
       served as the emcee for the Geography Jeopardy tournament during Geography
       Awareness Week. Email:

Gail A. Corbett, Former Lecturer in Geography. B.A., 1958; M.S., 1960; and Ph.D., 1967, The
       University of Michigan. Gail and daughter Erica are collaborating on analyzing remnant
       roadside and cemetery prairie vegetation in central Illinois. A paper is in preparation and
       being reviewed by the Torrey Botanical Club. Last fall, she participated in a field trip to
       Grass River Nature Area in west-central Michigan, which includes a wetlands area with
       marsh grass surrounded by cedar woodland and, farther from the water, deciduous
       forest. Two naturalists planned and led the trip. On another field trip to the Old Mission
       Peninsula that separates East and West Bay of the Grand Traverse, Gail stood on the
       45th Parallel, and visited some of the early settlements of the area. An old schoolhouse
       had been converted to a winery salesroom; and this and other wineries produced grape,
       cherry, and cranberry wines. The Old Mission Lighthouse, from 1870, had been
       converted to a museum. She retains her memberships in Sigma Xi, The Ecological
       Society of America, Michigan Botanical Club, Southern Appalachian Botanical Society,
       and the American Society of Plant Taxonomists, and continues as an Adjunct in the
       Department of Biological Sciences.

Robert G. Corbett, Emeritus Professor of Geology. B.S., 1958; M.S., 1959; and Ph.D., 1964,
      The University of Michigan. Bob continues daily rehabilitation exercises after his knee
      replacement surgery. He has shown slow but steady progress. During rehabilitation, Bob
      remains active with the AIPG and GSA, and the Illinois Department of Professional
      Regulation. He also is an active member of the Department’s Means Committee,
      interviewing students and selecting awardees. For AIPG, he continues as Chair of the
      Academic Education Committee, has reviewed applications for AIPG Scholarships, and
      coordinated the committee of four Certified Professional Geologists who selected the top
      three applicants. Bob also has published an article in The Professional Geologist entitled
      “The Causes of Global Warming, Are We Certain?” and presented a talk at the annual
      meeting of the American Institute of Professional Geologists, “Anthropogenic CO2 and

       Global Warming.” Each was coauthored by Gary Dannemiller. Also at the meetings, Bob
       felt highly honored in receiving the Martin Van Couvering Award. The American Institute
       of Professional Geologists (AIPG) established this award in 1979 to recognize an
       exemplary record of distinguished service to the profession of geology and to the
       Institute. Bob received the award October 9, 2007, from Kelvin Buchanan, current AIPG
       President, at a reception at the Park Place Hotel in Traverse City, Michigan. Bob is
       pleased to join the company of past recipients, many of whom he has known, starting
       with Larry Woodfork, retired state geologist of West Virginia and including Susan
       Landon, who visited Illinois State and gave a public lecture on the occurrence of shallow
       petroleum in southern Illinois. Bob has been appointed to a board of the Illinois
       Department of Financial and Professional Regulation. He is now involved with licensing
       of professional geologists through January 2011. The practice of professional geology
       involves the performance of services of a licensed geologist, including consultation,
       investigation, evaluation, planning, mapping, inspection of geologic laws, formulas,
       principles, practices, and methods of data interpretation. In Illinois, the requirements for
       licensure include a degree in geology from a recognized department of geology, four or
       more years of supervision working under a licensed professional geologist, passing
       examinations, and subscribing to a set of professional ethics. There are also continuing
       education requirements once the license is awarded. Email:

James E. Day, Professor of Geology. B.S., 1979, Oregon State University; M.S., 1984,
     Northern Arizona University; Ph.D., 1988, The University of Iowa. Over the past year Dr.
     Day taught one section of GEO 202 (Evolution of the Earth), GEO 295 (Sedimentology-
     Stratigraphy I) in the fall of 2007, and GEO 385 (Invertebrate Paleontology) during the
     spring of 2008. He also was a coauthor of two articles published in the Society for
     Sedimentary Geology Special Paper 89 (“Magnetic Susceptibility, Biostratigraphy, and
     Sequence Stratigraphy: Insights into Devonian Carbonate Platform Development and
     Basin Infilling, Western Alberta”), and Geological Association of Canada Special Paper
     series. (“Record of the Late Devonian Hangenberg Global Positive Carbon Isotope
     Excursion in Epeiric Sea Setting: Carbonate Production, Organic Carbon Burial, and
     Paleoceanography During the Late Famennian”). He was elected to serve as a Titular
     Member (representing Canada) of the Subcommission on Devonian Stratigraphy of the
     International Union of Geological Sciences-Commission on Stratigraphy. He was also an
     author or coauthor of five abstracts presented at a variety of professional international,
     national, and regional conferences in the United States. The field trip for GEO 385 was
     cut short from three days to two in late April because of snow in northern Iowa, where
     the class group dodged tornadoes and looked at the Devonian stratigraphy and
     paleontology of Cedar Valley Group rocks in eastern and central Iowa. Dr. Day and
     collaborating Illinois State geology undergraduate major students Sarah Clark and Matt
     Howard conducted core-based biostratigraphic, chemostratigraphic, and magneto-
     stratigraphic research on Upper Devonian rocks in southeastern Iowa (Clark) and
     northern Iowa (Howard). Matt Howard worked most of the summer of 2007 as Dr. Day’s
     lab assistant, processing shale samples from the Sullivan Core for the major Upper
     Devonian Paleoclimate Project. Results of their projects will be presented at the National
     GSA meeting in Houston in the fall of 2008. Dr. Day attended the Field Conference of
     the Subcommission on Devonian Stratigraphy in Eureka, Nevada, September of 2007
     and was a coauthor on two presentations at that conference. He attended the National
     Meeting of the Geological Society of America in Denver, Colorado, and was a coauthor
     of one poster presentation at that conference. He attended the North-Central Section
     Meeting of the GSA in Evansville, Indiana, and chaired the Pander Society Symposium
     entitled “Conodont Biostratigraphy and Correlation of Paleozoic and Early Mesozoic

       Records of Environmental Change” and presented one paper in that session. He also
       chaired the SEPM-Paleontological Society luncheon and business meeting at that
       meeting. He completed a three year term as Associate Editor of the journal Palaios in
       April of 2008. He served as President of the Great Lakes Section of the Society for
       Sedimentary Geology (SEPM) for 2007-2008, and was elected to serve a second term
       for 2008-2009 at the SEPM Business Meeting at the North-Central GSA Meeting. Dr.
       Day has been cooperating with Joe Devera of the ISGS Mapping Group to fund field-
       based student research projects on Paleozoic bedrock strata in quadrangle areas
       presently being mapped or previously mapped by ISGS mapping geologists through the
       EDMAP-STATEMAP programs. In 2007 the ISGS provided a final $2000 for faculty and
       student travel, sample preparation, and geochemical anaylses through the ISGS
       Ancillary Mapping Program. Matt Howard received ISGS support for work during the
       summer and fall of 2007. Dr. Day will receive another $5000 in the fall of 2008.

Karen Dunton, Staff Clerk. Karen continues to be busy as President of the Clerical and Support
      Staff Union on campus. Karen is still negotiating a first contract for the Health
      Professionals, a new subset of the Clerical and Support Staff Union. First contracts take
      a long time to settle. Karen decided that the gypsy lifestyle was getting old, so she
      moved into her own apartment in July. Of course, it was the hottest weekend of the
      summer for the move. Her sense of wanderlust has not been fulfilled in the past year as
      her commitments have interfered with her love of travel. Hopefully, there will be some
      travel coming up within the next year. Email:

Johanna Haas, Assistant Professor of Geography. B.A., (Phi Beta Kappa, Summa Cum
      Laude), 1993, English and Medieval and Renaissance Studies, West Virginia University;
      J.D. (with honors in law), 2001, The Ohio State University; Ph.D., 2008, Geography, The
      Ohio State University. Johanna has greatly enjoyed her second year at Illinois State.
      She earned her Ph.D. in March from OSU, for her dissertation entitled “Law and
      Property in the Mountains: A Political Economy of Resource Land in the Appalachian
      Coalfields.” Additionally, Johanna saw her chapter entitled “Law of Regions: The Role of
      Mining Law in Creating East and West” published as part of the edited volume
      Contentious Geographies: Environmental Knowledge, Meaning, and Scale from Ashgate
      Press and edited by Mike Goodman, Max Boykoff, and Kyle Evered. (Note the last name
      on that list for another Illinois State connection.) In April, Johanna headed to Boston with
      honors student Sarah Tedrow to present research at the Annual Meeting of the
      Association of American Geographers (AAG). Sarah’s presentation, “Afghan Migration
      Experiences: Personal Histories of Movement and Perspectives on Repatriation,” was
      part of her honors thesis, which Johanna supervised. In addition to presenting a poster
      at the national meeting, Sarah also completed a written thesis and presented her
      research at a departmental colloquium. Johanna presented her paper, “Law and
      Disorder: A Political Economy of Complex Change in Extractive Landscapes.” At the
      conference, Johanna joined the board of directors for the Energy and Environment
      Specialty Group. You can visit them and see what is new at <>. This
      summer, Johanna is heading to Alaska in June with two undergraduate research
      assistants, Dawn Heckmann and Phil Ferguson, to begin a comparative study of
      Alaskan mining to Appalachian mining. Johanna received a New Faculty Initiative Grant
      from the College of Arts and Sciences to help fund this research. Phil was awarded to
      honors research mentorship fellowship from the Honors Program to assist Johanna in
      her research. The team is excited about learning the ins and outs of a new place.
      Johanna will be teaching Dawn and Phil how to do field work as they talk to people in the

       south-central area of Alaska about the potential opening of new coal mines. They hope
       to find areas where consensus building is taking place among communities, mining
       interests, and environmental interests, as well as expand Johanna’s theoretical work on
       understanding land as an holistic entity. Johanna taught Living in the Environment,
       Geography of the US (and Canada), and Honors World Regional Geography this year.
       Additionally, she added a class in Political Geography, which focused on ideas of
       territory and geopolitics. Students in that class worked hard to write a major paper (20-
       30 pages) as well as taking part in a series of debates over current security issues
       including taking part in a mock United Nations. Johanna was invited to speak across
       town as part of Illinois Wesleyan University’s Environmental Studies speaker series
       program. In April, she presented “Putting Lipstick on a Corpse: Appalachia and the Local
       Costs of U.S. Energy Policy” to an eager audience there. Shae Davidson, Johanna’s
       husband, is a member of the Creative Synthesis Collaborative Project of the MIT Media
       Lab at <>. His publications include analysis, reviews, and
       exhibit design; his poetry has appeared in journals in the United States, Britain, and
       Canada. The pair have been exploring Illinois, and greatly treasured the opportunity to
       talk with Ernie Edwards after the sad 2007 fire loss of his Pig Hip Restaurant and
       Museum in Broadwell. Mr. Edwards shared stories of the history, geography, and
       significance of Route 66. Johanna urges all geographers and friends of geography to
       work to help keep these types of unique, local places alive. Email:

Terry L. Harshbarger, Lecturer in Geography. A.B., 1964, University of Illinois; M.S., 1970, and
       Ph.D., 1974, Purdue University; and M.S., 1996, Indiana State University. Terry twice
       taught World Geography at Illinois State during the 2007-2008 academic year, but his
       primary responsibilities are teaching World Geography, Geography of Underdeveloped
       Areas, Economic Geography, and Aviation at Parkland College in Champaign, where he
       is a Professor of Geography. In addition, he again taught World Geography to the Ford
       ASSET students, a joint program between Parkland College and Ford Motor Company.
       Since 2006, he has served as Past-President of the Illinois Geographical Society, as well
       as chairing its Nominating Committee. Terry continues to refine two online geography
       courses at Parkland College. His research on Champaign County Schools, especially
       before 1900, is ongoing. In 2006, he received the Distinguished Geographer Award from
       the Illinois Geographical Society. Terry is also listed in numerous Who’s Who
       publications. Email:

Mohammad Hemmasi, Lecturer in Geography. B.A., 1960, Tehran University, Iran; M.A., 1968,
     and Ph.D., 1971, Indiana University. Mohammad taught Urban Geography, an important
     systematic course for the geography majors, and the regional geography of the Middle
     East, a general education course. He also agreed to teach two courses (235 and 250)
     on Africa while Henry Zintambila was ill and out for treatment. Mohammad continues his
     research on urban, population, and political geography, as well as developments in the
     Middle East. Last year he participated in public speaking and in reviewing manuscripts
     for a social science journal. Email:

David B. Johnson, Lecturer in Geography. B.S., 1963, Physics, Illinois Wesleyan University;
      M.S., 1976, Meteorology, Pennsylvania State University; M.S., 1993, History, Illinois
      State University; ABD, History, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. David
      Johnson teaches one large section of GEO 135, World Geography, each semester. He
      is ABD in history from the University of Illinois. David served in the U.S. Air Force from
      1963 through 1991 as a meteorologist and an intelligence officer specializing in special
      operations and contingency support. He and his wife, Carol, live in Bloomington and

       have four daughters, all grown and off the payroll, and one granddaughter. When time
       permits, which is not often, he busies himself with an HO-gauge model railroad in his
       basement. David teaches various courses in the History Department and specializes in
       20th century political history. Email:

Elizabeth M. King, Associate Professor of Geology. B.S., 1994, Carleton College; M.S., 1997,
       and Ph.D., 2001, University of Wisconsin-Madison. This past year was marked with the
       good news of Liz’s tenure and promotion approved as well as her relocation to Jackson
       Hole, Wyoming. She spent summer 2007 at home caring for the new addition to the
       family, but also finishing up all research that was still incomplete in order to publish the
       data in some form or another. She finally submitted a manuscript on the basalt dikes
       exposed at Cathedral Cliffs, Wyoming, to Geofluids despite all warnings from Dave
       Malone that the Heart Mountain problem is the Bermuda Triangle of the geologic world.
       She also submitted a manuscript to Precambrian Research on her work in the St.
       Francois Mountains with Andy Trzaskus (B.S. 2007) as a co-author. Her manuscript in
       Lithos on the Idaho Batholith as well as a manuscript in Journal of Geoscience
       Education were published in the summer and fall, respectively. The last little bit of
       research not yet published went into an abstract for the GSA meeting in Denver to
       present the Black Hills Tertiary intrusion data. She taught a full load for the fall semester
       of Mineralogy and Evolution of the Earth. The workload was made even fuller with the
       pressing move date in mid-December. So once she turned in final grades, the family
       packed up and migrated westward to Wyoming. Liz is lucky enough to not only live in an
       amazing location, but also obtain a fantastic new job. She is now working as the Director
       of Corporate Sustainability for EnerCrest, an oil field services company with offices in
       Jackson. Even though she did not officially start the job until January, she attended an
       Energy Summit in Jackson Hole in December to get her feet wet in the world of
       environmental sustainability and energy development. Luckily the summit convinced Liz
       that she was ready, willing, and able to make the jump to the private sector and tackle
       some big issues facing the integration of energy development and the environment in
       the Rocky Mountain region. If ever in the Jackson Hole area, please do not hesitate to
       contact her. Visitors are part of the contract when you live in Jackson.

Gretchen E. Knapp, Research Associate. B.A. (Summa Cum Laude), 1980, Classics
      (Latin/Greek), State University of New York at Buffalo; M.L.S., 1989, Archives &
      Information Science, University of Maryland, College Park; M.S., 1991, and Ph.D., 1995,
      History, State University of New York at Buffalo. Dr. Knapp joined the Department in the
      fall of 2007, as a Research Associate for the newly dedicated Institute for Geospatial
      Analysis & Mapping. She is an Adjunct Professor in Biological Sciences and Collections
      Manager for the John Wesley Powell and Dale Birkenholz Natural History collections. In
      September 2007 she became an ESRI-authorized ArcGIS instructor, and teaches the
      two-day Introduction to Arc GIS I to state and local government employees, Illinois State
      faculty and staff, State Farm employees, and (recently) a senior undergraduate in
      Biological Sciences. With Drs. Budikova and Kostelnick, she helped organize GIS Day
      (2007), publicize GEOMAP and GIS through radio and newspaper interviews, and
      arrange the first joint Biological Sciences/Geography-Geology symposium on GIS and
      Conservation Biology with Illinois Natural History Survey scientists Tari Tweddale and
      Diane Szafoni. Knapp serves as the liaison between Biological Sciences and
      Geography-Geology to recruit and support Biological Sciences graduate students in the
      new Biology Graduate Certificate in GIS. She is pursuing a postbaccalaureate certificate
      in GIS from Pennsylvania State University, and expects to begin PSU’s MGIS program
      in fall 2008. With Dr. Angelo Capparella of Biological Sciences (BSC), Knapp co-

       authored a National Science Foundation (NSF) Biological Research Collections grant
       proposal to georeference the entire collection of birds and mammals dating back to John
       Wesley Powell’s curatorship. With Drs. Capparella and Budikova, Knapp also co-
       authored an NSF preproposal for an IGERT (Interdisciplinary Graduate Education,
       Research and Training) in Conservation Biogeography involving multidisciplinary
       research between Biological Sciences and Geography-Geology. With GEOMAP and
       BSC faculty she is preparing a NSF Research Experiences for Undergraduates (REU)
       Site proposal due in August. She enjoyed making presentations on GIS and GEOMAP to
       the College Research Coordinators and the College of Applied Sciences & Technology,
       and attending the McLean County GIS Consortium meetings. Knapp participated in the
       ILGISA conference in Springfield and visited the Missouri Botanical Gardens for the
       annual Systematics Symposium on South America. Knapp’s ongoing projects include
       developing a GIS parcel inventory and maps for the ParkLands Foundation, a local
       conservation land trust in McLean and Tazewell counties, and preparing an organic food
       farm-to-market network study for The Land Connection, a non-profit organization
       promoting the preservation and expansion of organic food production in Illinois. With
       Capparella she is scoping out a major project in avian biogeography involving the
       Scarlet-banded Barbet (Barbet capitoninae) discovered on his expedition to the eastern
       Andes of Peru in 1996. During the summer she plans to attend the Society for
       Conservation GIS conference in Monterrey with husband Angelo; teach Introduction to
       ArcGIS in June and August; visit family and friends in Buffalo, New York and Chapel Hill,
       North Carolina; and go birdwatching, hiking, and canoeing whenever possible. Email:

John C. Kostelnick, Assistant Professor of Geography. B.A., (With Distinction, Phi Beta
     Kappa), 1998, History, Iowa State University; M.A., 2000, Geography, University of
     Nebraska-Lincoln; Ph.D., 2006, Geography, University of Kansas. John Kostelnick
     joined the geography faculty at Illinois State as an Assistant Professor in August 2007.
     He is also affiliated with the Department’s newly dedicated Institute for Geospatial
     Analysis & Mapping (GEOMAP). John’s broad interests include geographic information
     systems (GIS), cartography, geographic visualization, remote sensing, and human
     geography. More specifically, his research interests include developing GIS methods
     and techniques for modeling and visualizing the impacts of sea level rise; designing and
     promulgating new cartographic symbols for landmines, minefields, and landmine
     removal; evaluating the design and usability of animated, 3-D, and interactive maps; and
     the geography of American religion. In the past academic year, John has published
     research from these projects in The Cartographic Journal, Cartographic Perspectives,
     Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Sciences, and Earthzine. In the fall, he and his
     colleagues at the University of Kansas and Haskell Indian Nations University presented
     a poster on their research with visualizing sea level rise at the North American
     Cartographic Information Society (NACIS) Annual Meeting. Throughout the year, John
     has assisted Dagmar Budikova and Gretchen Knapp in the development and publicity of
     GEOMAP. In the fall, he helped arrange a visit by Dr. Jerome Dobson, President of the
     American Geographical Society and one of John’s mentors in graduate school, as this
     year’s Ridgley Lecturer in geography. This academic year, John taught GEO 300
     (Cartography), GEO 304 (GIS Applications), and GEO 140 (Human Geography). He also
     supervised an independent study in remote sensing for four graduating seniors. Next fall,
     he will be introducing a new course GEO 305, Remote Sensing. He attended the spring
     Illinois Geographic Information Systems Association (ILGISA) spring conference along
     with students and faculty from Illinois State. John and his wife, Ayrrin, along with their

       two daughters, Isabelle and Francesca, have greatly enjoyed settling into the area and
       getting to know their new surroundings. Email:

Deborah L. Lescher, Secretary. Debbie completed her seventeenth year with the Department
      and her thirty-second with the Civil Service System. Debbie, and her husband, Ray,
      have finally started decorating the garage that they gutted last year and totally
      remodeled. It is looking great and should be done sometime during the summer. Even
      though their car and Ray’s truck will be in that particular garage, they still have room for
      their party area in the right-hand corner and spend many evenings out there watching
      races, etc. She has her Dale Jr. bar table and two Dale Jr. bar stools and two Dale Sr.
      bar stools for everyone’s comfort. They also have a dart board up for anyone who likes
      to shoot darts and later this summer they are going to be putting a gas wall heater in so
      that they can continue partying and watching their sports events even when it is cold and
      nasty outside. Debbie and Ray met themselves coming and going last fall with their
      oldest granddaughter, Brittany’s (15) band competitions, along with filling in with the
      other two girls’ activities of soccer, etc. They were basically somewhere new every
      weekend, but they totally enjoyed the experience and already are looking forward to fall
      of 2008 with the band. Since Ray was a truck driver for 34 years and retired, it did not
      take long for him to become one of the truck drivers for all the competitions and that was
      something he really enjoyed. So it was no surprise he got the nod to drive the semi out
      to Phoenix, Arizona, for the band because they had been invited to the Fiesta Bowl over
      the Christmas Holidays; and, of course, Debbie was allowed to ride with him in the semi,
      instead of having to fly with all the other band members, staff, and parents. What an
      experience! They totally enjoyed the whole trip and would do it again in a minute. Debbie
      said even though it was a long trip in a semi, seventeen hundred miles one way, she
      would not change the experience they had for anything in the world. While Christmas
      found them in Phoenix, Arizona, backing up to the Thanksgiving Holiday found them in
      Dallas, Texas. They met their middle son, Troy, who came in from Lubbock, Texas,
      where he is going to Texas Tech to get his Ph.D.; and they all went to the Dallas
      Cowboys Game on Thanksgiving day. Debbie was in the height of her glory, as she
      made one of her dreams of getting to a Cowboys game a reality. And it was made even
      sweeter by them winning the game. They then spent a couple days in the Dallas area,
      also going to the Fort Worth Stockyards, watching the cows come right down the middle
      of the street, and topped it off by going to the rodeo and then on to Billy Bob’s Dance
      place for some partying/dancing. From there they headed west to Lubbock, Texas, to
      visit Texas Tech, his living quarters, and see the area attractions. It was a great trip and
      they hope to be able to get down to Dallas, Fort Worth, and Lubbock in the next couple
      years. Debbie said, maybe when the new Dallas Cowboys stadium is done that could be
      their excuse to get there again. She can hope anyway! Spring 2008 found Debbie and
      Ray at soccer games with not only Kourtney (11) and Hanna (soon to be 7) but with
      Brittany, who tried out and made the JV Soccer team at Normal West. So many
      evenings and all their Saturdays were at soccer fields of some sort all spring season.
      February 2008 also found Debbie and Ray, for the second year in a row, at the Daytona
      500, in Florida. They have now come to the conclusion that this race is probably another
      yearly event added to their agenda, a race that they just enjoy too much to give up going
      to. So, as you can see, there is no grass growing under their feet; but they would not
      have it any other way. They just enjoy their kids and grandkids, along with all the
      activities that come with that, way too much.

David H. Malone, Professor of Geology and Department Chairperson. B.S., 1988, Illinois State
      University; M.S., 1990, and Ph.D., 1994, The University of Wisconsin. Travel was the

       name of the game for Dave this past year. The year began by Dave teaching field camp
       in Wyoming for the sixteenth time. The group was small for 2007, as Northern Illinois did
       not formally participate for the first time in 35 years. To balance things out, Illinois State
       brought Western Kentucky University faculty and students along for the first time. After
       field camp, Dave took his family to Albuquerque, New Mexico, for Brian Urlacher’s Youth
       Football Camp. Football was only in the morning, so they took advantage of the
       afternoon to see the sites. In July, Dave spent four weeks doing field work based out of
       Chicken, Alaska (the settlers could not spell Ptarmagin, so Chicken it was). This was the
       third summer that he spent in Alaska doing consulting for Full Metal Minerals.
       Specifically, he studied and mapped the Pb-Zn-Ag deposits that are scattered
       throughout the 40-Mile Range. The highlight of this trip was a trip to Dawson and the
       famous Klondike Schists. In August, Dave returned to Illinois to chair the Department
       and teach Structural Geology. The early part of the fall semester was spent coaching his
       sons’ football teams and watching his daughter play volleyball for Prairie Central High
       School. The highlight of the semester was the trip to the Denver Geological Society of
       America meetings. He attended a pre-meeting field trip to the Gunnison area to visit the
       Precambrian structure. Just before Thanksgiving, he hit the lecture circuit and visited
       former colleague Bill Anderson at Appalachian State University. In December, graduate
       student Evan Bowen finished his master’s thesis, and took a job with Unimin INC in
       Ottawa, Illinois. The spring semester saw Dave teach Stratigraphy. In March, Dave
       made a trip to Washington, DC, to lobby for more geologic mapping monies for the U.S.
       Geological Survey. He was accompanied by scientists from four states, and visited with
       most of Illinois’s congresssional delegation. In March, Dave realized a lifelong dream
       and hiked to the bottom of the Grand Canyon with his daughter, Hayley. The trip to
       Phantom Ranch followed a 28 hour train ride to Flagstaff on AMTRAK. After visiting the
       Grand Canyon, Dave took Hayley to the “real desert” in Death Valley. On the
       professional side, Dave’s research was funded by the U.S. and Illinois State Geological
       surveys. He had six geologic maps of Illinois quadrangles published by the Illinois State
       Geological Survey. He also had a paper published on his Ticona Channel research in
       Environmental Geoscience, and another paper published on his Heart Mountain
       research in Mountain Geologist. Email:

E. Joan Miller, Adjunct/Emerita Professor of Geography. B.A. (Hons.), M.A., in Geography, and
       Graduate Certificate in Education, all from Cambridge University (Girton College and
       Cambridge Training College for Women), England, United Kingdom; Ph.D., Geography,
       University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. An alumnus of Cambridge University found
       that there were few facts about the students who were there during the war years, 1939
       to 1945. Girton College asked for information, and a single page questionnaire has
       become her memoirs of a lifetime of teaching geography, field work and publishing. Part
       One of these memoirs “An English Geographer Remembers: The War Years 1939 to
       1945” is at <>. Current work is on her
       London decade, 1947 to 1957. Her interest in the revolution in methods of teaching
       geography, as fostered by the Herbartians of Illinois State Normal University, caused her
       to buy locally a rare book by Hugh Murray entitled Encyclopaedia of Geography,
       published in Philadelphia in 1838. It is now in Milner Library. Email:

Robert S. Nelson, Associate Professor of Geology. B.A., 1965, Augustana College; M.S., 1968,
      and Ph.D., 1970, The University of Iowa. At 4:37 a.m., Friday, April 18, 2008, the earth
      shook. This was a 5.2 magnitude quake on the Wabash Valley Fault System. The quake
      was felt over most of the Midwest. At 6 a.m., Jay Groves, University Vice-President for
      Media Relations, called and asked if Dr. Nelson was ready for a radio interview. Thus,

       began a busy week. At 10:15 a.m., a 4.7 magnitude aftershock occurred as he was
       briefing the media on the earthquake. The briefing was carried on the Internet. In total,
       there were 24 aftershocks in the week that followed the initial quake. One week and one
       day after the quake, Dr. Nelson was helping lead an Illinois State Geological Survey
       Educational Extension Field Trip in the Thebes area in far southern Illinois. The
       participants had numerous questions about earthquakes in Illinois. In June 2007 he
       instructed field camp, and stopped in Denver for a day on the way to camp. There he
       and his son, Brad, attempted to summit Mt. Evans; but there was too much snow and ice
       to attempt safely the final few hundred feet to the summit. The last three weeks of field
       camp had few showers; but most of the rain and hail was in the Alkali Project, where the
       bentonite gets nasty. Besides the Survey field trip, Dr. Nelson was busy running other
       trips and workshops. These included the Illinois Association of Aggregate Producers
       Teachers Workshop in Rockford and two Illinois Environmental Protection Agency field
       trips to far southern Illinois. The October field trip focused on the area from Carbondale
       west to Mississippi River and south to Tamms. The March field trip focused on the area
       from Harrisburg east to the Ohio River. On the October field trip, one of the stops was at
       the Inheritance Valley Vineyard. Their red wine is from grapes on limestone; their white
       wine is from grapes on sandstone. The limestone is separated from the sandstone by a
       fault. Also in October, Dr. Nelson led a field trip for Illinois State students at GSA into the
       mountains west of Denver. This trip included Mt. Falcon. FDR wanted a western White
       House. After the footings were laid on Mt. Falcon, the nation entered WWII and the
       project ended. Email: Homepage:

Eric W. Peterson, Assistant Professor of Geology. B.S., 1995, and M.A., 1997, Mathematics,
      University of South Dakota, Vermillion; M.S., 1998, University of Arkansas-Fayetteville;
      Ph.D., 2002, University of Missouri-Columbia. The 2007-2008 school year marked Eric’s
      sixth year at Illinois State. In the fall semester, he taught Principles of Geology,
      Groundwater Hydrogeology, and Applied Groundwater Modeling. In the spring semester,
      he taught a new course, Seminar in Hydrogeology Research. The past year was a
      productive research year, as Eric advised seven students, had two papers accepted,
      and submitted four additional papers for review. Scott Maguffin successfully defended
      his thesis, which focused on assessing the effects of altering land use on Wolf Creek,
      last May. This summer Julie Angel, Kevin Hughes, Vanessa Beach (Druke), John
      Woodside, and Carol Glennon plan to defend their theses. Julie is examining the water
      chemistry of Carter Caves State Park (CCSP) in eastern Kentucky and comparing the
      chemistry to other karst systems. Kevin is examining the role of sediment in forming
      caves. Vanessa is investigating whether the size of streambed sediment controls the
      transmission of heat. John is examining the longitudinal profile of Horn Hollow in CCSP
      to determine whether the karst system is an unroofed cave system or a naturally down-
      cutting stream. Carol is testing the hypothesis that a more sinuous segment of a stream
      will have greater denitrification rates than lower sinuosity segments. In the fall, Joe
      Becker and Lara Harlan joined Eric’s research group. Joe is looking at the impact of
      stream channelization on sediment mobility, while Lara will focus on the development of
      a GIS based model of CCSP. In September, Eric presented a talk about his current
      research entitled “The Role of the Hyporheic Zone in the Transport and Fate of Solutes,”
      as an invited speaker at Northern Illinois University. Last fall, Eric co-authored the poster
      “Modeling Hyporheic Zone Thermal Pulses through a Sediment Pack in a Laboratory
      Flume” presented at the Geological Society of America annual meeting. In May, Eric
      presented “The Speleogenesis of the Cave Branch and Horn Hollow Karst Systems,
      Carter Caves State Resort Park, Northeastern Kentucky” at the Second Appalachian
      Karst Symposium in Johnson City, Tennessee. This summer, Eric will be co-teaching the

       Environmental Field Camp with Dr. Van der Hoven. On a personal note, Eric and Sarah
       are kept busy running Morgan (11) and Aidan (6) around to their numerous activities.
       Email: Homepage:

Paul E. Russell, Lecturer in Geography. B.S., 1970, Geography, Southeast Missouri State
      University; M.S., 1973, Geography, Southern Illinois University-Edwardsville. Paul has
      been involved with his staff and committees in updating the McLean County Regional
      Comprehensive Plan, the City of Chenoa Comprehensive Plan, and the McLean County
      Regional Greenways Plan. He also completed his role as project coordinator on the
      redevelopment plan for the Main Street corridor through Bloomington and Normal. Paul
      continued to serve on the Steering Committee and the Project Study Group for the East
      Side Highway Study. Additionally, he continued to serve as chair of the Management
      Committee of the McLean County Regional GIS Consortium and in varying capacities on
      a number of other technical planning committees. During the past year, Paul also
      attended the Livable Cities Conference in Portland, Oregon, and toured the Pacific
      Northwest, including British Columbia and southeastern Alaska. He teaches GEO 370,
      Urban and Regional Planning each spring. Email:

William E. Shields, Lecturer in Geology. B.S., 1999, and M.S., 2001, Illinois State University.
       Bill has been busy this past year keeping the Department up to speed with their
       computational facilities. For the third year in a row, Bill has received an “Outstanding
       Professor” award from the Student Educational Association. He continues to be active in
       Boy Scouts and public speaking. This spring Bill received a grant from the Center for
       Teaching, Learning, and Technology to develop online classes that incorporate virtual
       classroom environments. Email:

Michael D. Sublett, Professor of Geography. B.A. (Phi Beta Kappa), 1966, and M.A., University
      of Missouri-Columbia, 1967; Ph.D., 1974, The University of Chicago. Mike arrived at
      Illinois State in 1970, chaired the Department from 1978 to 1988, served as Central
      Office Director of the Illinois Geographical Society from the creation of the office in 1985
      until 2007, has coordinated the Geography internship program since 1987, and has
      served as co-organizer of the annual Geography Career Fair since 1990. Teaching
      opportunities included two sections of Doing Geography in the fall semester, and one
      section each of Field Geography (fall), Illinois (spring), and Seminar in Geography
      (spring). Since its inception in spring of 2003, the Senior Field Problem for Geography
      majors has constituted a significant portion of the Seminar class and an important tool
      for assessing learning outcomes. For the spring 2008 iteration, Mike switched the Senior
      Field Problem from an urban focus on sequent occupance to a rural focus on sense of
      place, with the route of his coauthored 1973 field guide, Commentary on a Corn Belt
      Countryside, serving as the connecting link among the 23 McLean County survey
      sections that his Seminar students chose to investigate. Beyond the classroom, he
      coordinated the summer 2007 internship efforts of 17 Geography majors, at sites
      scattered from the high Sierra of California to the Outer Banks of North Carolina. A pair
      of those interns, Matt Stewart (Shawnee National Forest) and Emily Zmek (Natural
      Resources Conservation Service), won awards from their respective agencies for
      outstanding accomplishments. He supervised the independent study project of James
      Tompkins, which focused on quality of life in Hudson, Illinois, and resulted in a paper
      presentation by James at the 2008 annual meeting of the Illinois Geographical Society.
      Related to teaching was Mike’s presentation of “Climbing Mount Assessment: One
      Program’s Plan,” at the annual meeting of the National Council for Geographic
      Education, in Oklahoma City. Scholarship came to fruition with the publication of his

       article, “Phi Beta Kappas in Illinois,” in the Bulletin of the Illinois Geographical Society;
       presentation of an invited luncheon address entitled “Grassroots Government: Illinois
       Townships Then and Now” at the Conference on Illinois History, in Springfield; and an
       invitation to present a similar illustrated paper, “Illinois Townships: Grassroots
       Government Since 1850,” as part of the departmental colloquium series, which he did in
       March. His research on the modern landscape evidence of early nineteenth-century
       Indian treaties continued with field work during the summer of 2007 in southeastern
       Illinois. He and others in the University community are working on a book chapter
       dealing with on-campus efforts to help college students become autonomous learners.
       Mike also finds time for service activities. He finished in April a half dozen years of work
       on the Departmental Faculty Status Committee and continues as a member of the
       University’s Student Code Enforcement Review Board Grievance Committee. His
       affiliation with the growing Advanced Placement Human Geography endeavor around
       the world found him working as a Lead Table Leader at the 2007 annual reading of
       exams in Lincoln, Nebraska, and serving as one of two Senior Reviewers for the
       hundreds of course syllabi that the College Board monitors for this high school course.
       Those APHG roles continue for the immediate future. Locally, Mike served at the request
       of the Mayor of Normal on a committee seeking to make the Twin Cities more friendly to
       bicycles and pedestrians; and he is a leader with Children & Elders Forest, which
       establishes and monitors local groves of newly planted trees.
       Email: Homepage:

Jill Freund Thomas, Geography Education Specialist and Lecturer in Geography. B.S., 1982,
        Anthropology-Archaeology/Geography, Illinois State University; M.S., 1986, Geography/-
        Cartography, University of Idaho. Another year down, and it was just as chaotic as the
        last. You would think after teaching 23 years, a routine would exist, but not for Jill. She
        keeps changing and updating her classes and her job. She taught one course in the fall
        and two this past spring, as well as advising all the geography majors, minors, and
        education majors. The number of education majors is up, which means more time
        driving around the state visiting the student teachers, with eight this past fall and two this
        spring, spread out mostly in central and northern Illinois. This past spring, in her GEO
        351 course, Cartographic Processes, seven students created wonderful geographic/-
        cartographic posters for the Illinois State Undergraduate Poster Symposium. The
        symposium had a new twist this year: students had to give a five minute speech on their
        poster as well. Jill is still collecting data for the Department’s NCATE review for
        certification of the Earth and Space Science Education and the Geography Education
        programs. Every seven years the programs are reviewed, requiring collection of
        assessment data for the Department. To enhance the GEO 307 course, Teaching
        Geography/Earth Science, Jill applied for and received a grant for Urban Teacher
        Planning Course Development, so she will be spending several days visiting Chicago
        public schools this summer. This grant will help her to revise her class syllabus to
        incorporate urban teaching as well as allowing the GEO 307 students to visit the
        Chicago Schools this fall. Jill was busy as usual outside the office, including co-hosting
        the nineteenth annual Geography Career Fair held at the Bone Student Center. Jill also
        judged at the state of Illinois Geography Bee, held at the Chicago Field Museum. She
        also added a number of created maps and graphics to her portfolio from various
        individuals and organizations. And to add chaos to the mix, Jill and her family adopted a
        one year old this spring. There is never a dull moment in the Thomas household or at
        Jill’s office; waiting lines never cease to end. Email:

Stephen J. Van der Hoven, Associate Professor of Geology, B.S., 1985, Southampton
      College; M.S., 1994, University of Arizona; Ph.D., 2000, University of Utah. Steve
      reached a major milestone this year, receiving tenure and promotion to Associate
      Professor. Despite receiving tenure, Steve’s dedication to his students and research
      remains the same. In terms of teaching, the focus this academic year was primarily on
      graduate level courses. As usual, Steve’s summer teaching included Environmental
      Geology Field Camp. This year (2007) was the largest group so far, with 20 students
      from Illinois State, Northern, and several other universities. The 2007 camp also
      included a stream ecology exercise taught by Bill Perry, Steve’s research collaborator
      from the Department of Biological Sciences. In the fall, Steve taught Aqueous
      Geochemistry as well as Lab and Field Methods in Geochemistry. These two courses
      were complementary for the students who took both, with Aqueous providing the
      theoretical background and Lab and Field Methods providing practical applications for
      the theory. During the spring semester, Steve taught Contaminant Transport to graduate
      students and Regional and Area Studies: Southern Arizona to a group of students
      ranging from freshmen to graduate students. The Southern Arizona course culminated in
      a Spring Break field trip to the Tucson area. The focus of the field exercises was on
      Quaternary geologic processes, and included a mapping exercise at Murray Springs, a
      world famous mammoth kill excavation site. In December, graduate students Anirban
      Basu and Samanta Lax (to whom Steve served as research advisor) successfully
      defended their theses and graduated. Anirban is pursuing a Ph.D. at UIUC, and
      Samanta is employed by Wittman Hydro Planning in Indiana. One of Sam’s main
      projects is water supply for the city of Bloomington, Illinois, and so she is frequently back
      in town. Steve’s research program continued along two tracks. The majority of his efforts
      were focused on nutrient cycling and surface water-groundwater interactions. Current
      student Dominic Strezo is writing his thesis on the impact of beaver dams on nitrogen
      cycling in streams, Joyce Harris is collecting data on how quickly hyporheic zone
      denitrification returns after stream channelization and maintenance activites, and
      Phalguni Vyakaranam is developing a proposal to quantify the nitrate removal due to
      subsurface seepage from a constructed wetlands that receive treated waste water
      effluent. Steve’s other research focus is on the use of helium and other dissolved noble
      gases in understanding regional groundwater flow. Samuel Bansah traveled to Ghana in
      December and January to collect samples designed to understand the regional
      groundwater flow that results in elevated fluoride concentrations (a health hazard). Sam
      got married to Gloria while he was in Ghana. Other developments in the noble gas
      research include preparations to sample wells at the Massachusetts Military Reservation
      in the summer of 2008. This research is being conducted with colleague Amy Sheldon
      (SUNY Geneseo), and is designed to develop the use of 4He as a technique for young

Fred Walk, Lecturer in Geography. B.S., 1972, Eastern Illinois University; M.S., 1978, Illinois
      State University. Fred taught one section of Human Geography for the Department this
      past fall semester and one in the spring. He will continue to teach the Human Geography
      class this coming fall and spring. Fred spends a great deal of time doing consulting work
      for the Teacher Curriculum Institute program out of Palo Alto, California. He conducts
      teacher workshops around the nation, showcasing the Geography Alive! curriculum. He
      attended the National Council for Geographic Education annual meeting this past fall in
      Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, and ended his three year term serving on the Executive
      Council. Fred contributes much time and effort working on the “Historical Route 66: A
      Geographic Journey” linear parkway that he created in Towanda, Illinois. Fred, and his

      wife, Fran, spent this spring break enjoying the warm weather at White Sands National
      Monument in New Mexico. Fred is Past-President of the Illinois Geographical Society
      and is active in the Illinois Geographic Alliance. Email:

Henry J. Zintambila, Assistant Professor of Geography. B.S., 1968, Spicer Memorial College,
      India; M.A., 1970, University of Poona, India; Ph.D., 1982, University of Hawaii at
      Manoa. The whole year of 2007 Henry was on medical leave. He started teaching again
      in spring of 2008. During the semester he taught Earth’s Dynamic Weather and two
      sections of the Geography of Africa. Email:

                             Professor Henry Zintambila was part
                            of the large turnout for the Jay Harman
                              Distinguished Geographer Lecture.

                                 POSTING LOCALLY
  A Geography Learning Outcomes Assessment Plan accompanied the 2006 Geography
    Program Review. One of the measures of accomplishment in that plan is how many
 Geography majors present papers and posters in professional settings. Our stated goal is
that at least 10 percent of majors make such a presentation in a particular year. Given that
  the major count is just slightly more than 70 (page 30) and that eight Geography majors
   (the six on these pages plus Sarah Tedrow and James Tompkins) made professional
 presentations, the Program exceeded its goal with respect to this outcome in 2007-2008.

   Stephanie Bussan and
     the other students on
  this page (and the next)
    presented posters that
      they researched and
  designed for Jill Freund
       Thomas’s GEO 351
     course, Cartographic
 Processes. The focus for
  Stephanie was pediatric

                                                        Casey Eberlin took a look at the
                                                        patterns of deer hunting and deer
                                                        killed by vehicles on Illinois roads.

  Earl Hammond sought to
   find spatial relationships
     between fluoridation of
    drinking water and both
           adult arthritis and
       perinatal death rates.

               Chenay McDaniel
                     looked for a
             between skin cancer
                and farming jobs.

                                         Nicholas Peters focused
                                         on urban sprawl, with
                                         particular attention to
                                         Atlanta, Austin, New
                                         York, and Washington.

Curtis Russell compared
 freshwater anglers with
     jobs supporting that
sport and the amount of
  water space for fishing
                per state.


                                                                  By Michael D. Sublett

Glacial Deposits 30 Years Ago, Volume 6, 1977-1978

Ruth Sowers, Geography major and President of Gamma Theta Upsilon’s Alpha
Chapter, was Editor and principal author for Volume 6. Gamma Theta Upsilon came into
being here in 1928, so 1978 was the golden anniversary. Ruth featured a “Happy
Birthday” message to GTU on the front cover, dedicated the volume to GTU founder Dr.
Guy Buzzard, reprinted an anniversary history of GTU, copied the charter and put it on
page 10, authored “GTU in Review,” and reported on her trip to the meeting of the
Association of American Geographers in New Orleans (where she presented a poster
and attended both the GTU Executive Board meeting and GTU’s anniversary dinner).
She wrote about Jim Patterson’s Our National Parks class trip to the Great Smoky
Mountains and commissioned student Steve Gadbois to write about Mike Sublett’s
Regional and Area Studies class (of which Ruth was a member) and its focus on the
Illinois and Michigan Canal. Ruth used her “From the Editor’s Desk” page to urge that
Glacial Deposits become a “Geography and Geology publication,” and did her best to
bring in items pertinent to the Geology side of the house.

Glacial Deposits 20 Years Ago, Volume 16, 1987-1988

Retired Professor of Geography James Edward Patterson died on 30 August 1987, and
we dedicated Volume 16 to his memory. A photo of Jim, taken in 1963 on a field trip to
Montezuma’s Well, an Arizona sinkhole, graces the cover, while other photos of him and
a necrology by Student Editor Julie Glattfelt show the Department’s respect for him
elsewhere in 16. Faculty who knew Jim drew some consolation from the fact that one of
Jim and Lucy Patterson’s children, Janet Goucher, was at that time back from her U.S.
Army days and thriving in the Honors Program and as a Geography major. Her “A Map
Tale” (with Julie Glattfelt) chronicled in great detail their efforts to produce an
advertising-supported full-color campus map (with the assistance of their Cartographic
Processes instructor, Jill Freund Thomas). After earning her bachelor’s degree here and
a master’s in Geography at Southwest Missouri, and working as a planner in Missouri for
several years, Janet has returned to Illinois State, as Assistant Director of Research and
Sponsored Programs.

Glacial Deposits 10 Years Ago, Volume 26, 1997-1998

A decade back the Department was making some big changes. The relocation out of
Schroeder Hall to Felmley Hall of Science was beginning early in the summer of 1998,
as the geologists moved first. Photographs show Jed Day packing office files, senior
Geology major David Kaplan trucking Jed’s boxes eastward, and a North American Van
Lines semi backed in north of the planetarium to move most biologists and chemists out
of Felmley. Another big change that Volume 26 highlighted was the hiring of three new
faculty members, geologist Bill Anderson and geographers Rina Ghose and Shannon
O’Lear, for the coming academic year. We used that hiring bonanza as the takeoff point
for a wrap-around cover, listing all full-time geoscience faculty, beginning with Edwin C.
Hewitt in 1860, up through the three newbies. Ironically, finding greener academic
pastures elsewhere, Bill lasted only until 2000, Shannon until 2001, and Rina until 2003.

            The Department’s Distinguished Geographer Lecture dates from 1999, and
            always occurs in the spring of the year. All 10 of these lecturers have been
             professors at out-of-state institutions, from as far east as Old Dominion in
           Virginia and as far west as the University of California-Berkeley. This year the
           honor went to an Illinois State graduate and Michigan State professor, Jay R.
                  Harman. A donation by E. Joan Miller makes the series possible.

                                                                       Prior to his lecture, “Reflections
                                                                       on Globalization: Lessons from
                                                                       Geography, Environmental
                                                                       Ethics, and Bee-Keeping,” Jay
                                                                       Harman previewed his overhead
                                                                       slides with Geography major
                                                                       Daniel Heggen, who had
                                                                       volunteered to flip the
                                                                       transparencies for Dr. Harman
                                                                       as our guest speaker roamed the
                                                                       room with a wireless

    Once he had made the necessary
       preparations for his lecture, Jay
     Harman had a chance to visit with
      guests, like Jo Miller, as she and
          others sampled some of the
refreshments available before, during,
  and after the presentation. Dr. Miller
was part of the faculty when Jay was a
        student at Illinois State Normal

                                                               Jay Harman has been a fan of
                                                               trains for a long time. While a
                                                               student at Illinois State, he liked to
                                                               take time off from studying as the
                                                               midnight hour approached and
                                                               walk to the rail junction in Normal
                                                               to watch the passing freights. He
                                                               rode Amtrak to and from Normal for
                                                               his April visit.

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