Docstoc

Leonard7e_Mod12_Exam_CE

Document Sample
Leonard7e_Mod12_Exam_CE Powered By Docstoc
					1. The combining form genit/o refers to:

~ Rationale: Genit/o means reproductive organs (genitals, genitalia), both internal
and external, for males and females.
Objective: Recall and define word parts related to the female and male reproductive
systems and their functions.
Text page(s): 359, 361
MTO: Section I, Lesson 1.2

a. the medical specialty that treats diseases of the female reproductive system
b. the relationship between the urinary and reproductive systems
*c. organs of reproduction
d. copulation

2. The lower part of the uterus that connects the uterus with the vagina is the:

~ Rationale: The cervix of the uterus (cervix uteri) is the lower, necklike portion of
the uterus.
Objective: Identify the major structures of the female reproductive system and their
functions.
Text page(s): 362
MTO: Section I, Lesson 1.6

*a. cervix
b. uterine tube
c. body or corpus
d. fundus

3. The fallopian tubes perform which function?

~ Rationale: Each ovary is associated with a fallopian, or uterine, tube. When an
ovum is produced, the fimbriae sweep the ovum into the fallopian tube, through
which the ovum moves toward the uterus. The fallopian tube is the most common
site of fertilization of the ovum.
Objective: Identify the major structures of the female reproductive system and their
functions.
Text page(s): 360-361
MTO: Section I, Lesson 1.8

a. prepare their inner lining each month to prepare for a fertilized ovum
b. release an ovum into the ovary
*c. move the ovum toward the uterus
d. connects the internal and external genitalia

4. The primary organ(s) of the male reproductive system is/are the:

~ Rationale: The testes are the main organs of the male reproductive system. They
produce spermatozoa and hormones.
Objective: Identify the major structures of the male reproductive system and their
functions.
Text page(s): 379
MTO: Section II, Lesson 1.2
*a. testes
b. glans penis
c. prostate gland
d. penis

5. The _____ stores sperm until they are released.

~ Rationale: The epididymis is one of a pair of comma-shaped, tightly coiled tubes in
which sperm cells continue to mature until they are either ejaculated through the
urethra, or disintegrate and are reabsorbed by the body.
Objective: Identify the major structures of the male reproductive system and their
functions.
Text page(s): 380
MTO: Section II, Lesson 1.5

a. prostate gland
b. testes
*c. epididymis
d. seminal vesicle

6. The external male organ that consists of a root, the body, and the tip is the:

~ Rationale: The penis is part of the external male genitalia. It transfers sperm to
the vagina during intercourse.
Objective: Identify the major structures of the male reproductive system and their
functions.
Text page(s): 380
MTO: Section II, Lesson 1.12

*a. penis
b. scrotum
c. testes
d. Cowper’s gland

7. The innermost layer of the uterus is the:

~ Rationale: The inner (endo–) layer of the uterus (metr/o) is the endometrium.
Objective: Identify the major structures of the female reproductive system and their
functions.
Text page(s): 363
MTO: Section I, Lesson 1.7

a. myometrium
b. perimetrium
c. parametrium
*d. endometrium

8. The thick, muscular layer of the uterus is the:

~ Rationale: The thick, muscular (my/o) layer of the uterus is the myometrium.
Objective: Identify the major structures of the female reproductive system and their
functions.
Text page(s): 363
MTO: Section I, Lesson 1.7

*a. myometrium
b. perimetrium
c. circumetrium
d. endometrium

9. Metr/o means:

~ Rationale: Metr/o means uterus, uterine tissue.
Objective: Recall and define the word parts related to the female reproductive
system and use them to build and analyze terms.
Text page(s): 361
MTO: Section I, Lesson 1.7

a. breast tissue
b. menstrual flow
c. ovarian tissue
*d. uterine tissue

10. What is the term for the area between the vaginal opening and the anus?

~ Rationale: The perineum is the area between the vaginal opening and the anus.
Objective: Identify the major structures of the female reproductive system and their
functions.
Text page(s): 360
MTO: Section I, Lesson 1.10

a. broad ligament
*b. perineum
c. vagina
d. uterus

11. What is the term for the monthly maturation and rupture of one or more ovarian
follicles, thus releasing a developed ovum?

~ Rationale: Ovulation is the release of the ovum from a follicle.
Objective: Identify the major structures of the female reproductive system and their
functions.
Text page(s): 364
MTO: Section I, Lesson 2.3

a. perioneostasis
b. ovariorrhaphy
c. folliculosis
*d. ovulation

12. Which word parts are used to create a term that means backward displacement
of the uterus?

~ Rationale: Retroversion is the backward (retro–) displacement of the uterus. If the
uterus is tipped forward, the term is anteversion. Vers/o means turn, turning.
Objective: Recall and define word parts related to pathologic conditions of the female
reproductive system and use them to build and analyze terms.
Text page(s): 372-373
MTO: Section I, Lesson 3.7

a. ante– + –flexion
b. ante– + –version
c. later/o + –version
*d. retro– + –version

13. When the testicles do not descend into the scrotum, the condition is diagnosed
as:

~ Rationale: Cryptorchidism is a developmental defect characterized by the failure of
one or both testes to descend into the scrotum. Translated literally, cryptorchidism
means hidden (crypt/o) testicle (orchid/o).
Objective: Match pathologic conditions of the male reproductive system to their
descriptions.
Text page(s): 385
MTO: Section II, Lesson 2.2

a. orchidopexy
b. orchioplasty
*c. cryptorchidism
d. cryptospermia

14. Which word parts are needed to build the term for the surgical procedure that
removes a portion of each vas deferens for the purpose of sterilization?

~ Rationale: A vasectomy is the excision (–ectomy) of a portion of the vas deferens.
Objective: Recall and define word parts related to pathologic conditions of the male
reproductive system and use them to build and analyze terms.
Text page(s): 389
MTO: Section II, Lesson 4.7

a. duct/o + –plasty
b. vas/o + –ostomy
c. duct/o + duct/o + anastomosis
*d. vas/o + –ectomy

15. Which word parts are needed to build the term that means absence of production
and development of sperm cells?

~ Rationale: Aspermatogenesis is the absence (a–) of production and development
(–genesis) of sperm (spermat/o).
Objective: Recall and define word parts related to pathologic conditions of the male
reproductive system and use them to build and analyze terms.
Text page(s): 384
MTO: Section II, Lesson 2.10

a. retro– + spermat/o + –penia
b. hypo– + sperm/o + –osis
c. olig/o + spermat/o + –ia
*d. a– + spermat/o + –genesis
16. What does PID stand for?

~ Rationale: Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is any inflammatory condition
affecting the female pelvic organs, particularly one caused by bacterial infection.
PID is characterized by fever; pain in the lower abdomen; foul-smelling vaginal
discharge; abnormal uterine bleeding; and pain in the uterus, uterine tube, or ovary.
Objective: Recognize and define abbreviations related to the female reproductive
system.
Text page(s): 372
MTO: Section I, Lesson 3.6

a. papillary interstitial diagnostic
b. premenstrual interductal disease
*c. pelvic inflammatory disease
d. Papanicolaou infectious disease

17. What does D & C stand for?

~ Rationale: Dilation and curettage is a surgical procedure in which the cervix is
dilated to allow the insertion of a curette into the uterus. A curette is a surgical
instrument used for the scraping and removal of material from the endometrium.
Objective: Recognize and define abbreviations related to the female reproductive
system.
Text page(s): 378
MTO: Section I, Lesson 5.2

a. dissection and cauterization
*b. dilation and curettage
c. dysplasia and carcinoma
d. dilation and cryosurgery

18. What is the abbreviation for the hormone that causes the mature follicle to
rupture and release its ovum?

~ Rationale: Luteinizing hormone (LH) causes the mature follicle to rupture and to
release its ovum. LH also stimulates the formation of the corpus luteum.
Objective: Recognize and define abbreviations related to the female reproductive
system.
Text page(s): 364-365
MTO: Section I, Lesson 2.6

a. FSH
b. R & R
*c. LH
d. HCG

Type: F
19. Write the term for the surgical procedure that removes all or part of the external
female genitalia.

~ Rationale: The surgical removal (–ectomy) of all or part of the external female
genitalia, the vulva (vulv/o), is a vulvectomy. This procedure is typically used to
treat cancer of the vulva.
Objective: Analyze, define, and build terms related to the diagnosis of and
treatments for pathologic conditions of the female reproductive system.
Text page(s): 376
MTO: Section I, Lesson 5.7

a. vulvectomy

20. Which hormone is produced by the Leydig cells?

~ Rationale: The seminiferous tubules are surrounded by cells called interstitial cells
of Leydig. These cells produce a major male sex hormone, testosterone.
Objective: Identify the major structures of the male reproductive system and their
functions.
Text page(s): 381
MTO: Section II, Lesson 1.4

a. estrogen
*b. testosterone
c. progesterone
d. follicle-stimulating hormone

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:643
posted:8/13/2011
language:English
pages:6