CODE OF ETHICS

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					CODES OF ETHICS




  Sara Frances (Fran) Whitfield
            IT 3700
  Dr. Sarah M. North, Professor
          Summer 2004
Why Have a Code of Ethics?

    “There has been a dramatic increase in the ethical
 expectations of businesses and professions over the past
ten years. Increasingly, customers, clients, and employees
  are deliberately seeking out those who define the basic
 ground rules of their operations on a day to day basis…”

  (quote from website of the International Ethical Business Registry)
                Ethics Defined

 A branch of philosophy that focuses on morality and the
  way in which moral principles apply to one’s conduct in
  daily life.
 Business ethics – what constitutes right or wrong
  behavior in the business world and how moral and
  ethical principles are applied by businesspersons to
  situations that arise in their daily activities in the
  workplace.
 Business ethics can sometimes be much more complex
  than personal ethics.
    What is a Code of Ethics?

Management tool for establishing and
 articulating:

 Corporate Values
 Responsibilities
 Obligations
 Ethical Ambitions of the Organization
 Guidance to employees
       Reasons for Developing a
           Code of Ethics

 to define accepted/acceptable behaviors;
 to promote high standards of practice;
 to provide a benchmark for members to use for
  self evaluation;
 to establish a framework for professional
  behavior and responsibilities;
 as a vehicle for occupational identity;
 as a mark of occupational maturity.
  Ethical Test for a Business Decision

                    Do I mind others
Transparency        knowing what I have
                    decided?
                    Who does my decision
Effect              effect or hurt?


                    Would my decision be
Fairness            considered fair by those
                    affected?
 Best Test for Ethical Decisions


                    Will I regret or be
                    ashamed of the
Light of day test   decision I made
                    today, after I wake up
                    tomorrow morning?
                  Ethics and IT

 Unlike the United States many countries do not have
  copyright laws.
    Software publishers estimate that there is a 2:1 ratio
     of illegal copies of software in the U.S.
    The ratio elsewhere in the world is 20:1

 The Dilemma
    Should the professional ethics that are supported by
     national laws be considered as ethics in a country
     where such actions are not illegal?
IT Organizations with Codes of Ethics


 Association for Computing Machinery, Inc.
 Association of Informational Technology
    Professionals
   Independent Computer Consultants Association
   Institute for Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.
   International Web Masters Association
   SAGE – Professional System Administrators
   Urban and Regional Information Systems Association
Sample Code Of Ethics
 Major IT Code of Ethics Topics
 Respectful General Attitude
 Personal(/institutional) qualities:
   Conscientiousness
   Honesty
   Positive Attitude
   Competence
   Efficiency
 Promotion of information privacy and data
  integrity
 Production and flow of information
 Attitude towards regulations
   Employees Must be Trained

 Codes tend to keep honest people honest while
  the others must be taught.
 Codes are not effective without the training that
  go with them.
 The more employees are exposed to Codes of
  Ethics, the higher the probability they will stop
  and decide what it right and wrong before
  making a decision.
We must remember that a code of ethics will
not solve all ethical problems.

Aristotle Said, “But we must remember that good laws, if
they are not obeyed, do not constitute good government.
Hence there are two parts of good government: one is the
actual obedience of citizens to the laws, the other part is
the goodness of the laws which they obey…”(Aristotle,
Politics 1294a3-6).
                Works Cited


International Ethical Business Registry
http://www.news.org/services/groups/iebr.html
Clarkson, Miller, Jentz, & Cross. (2004) West’s
Business Law. Ohio: Thompson Learning
http://www.ibe.org.uk/codesof conduct.html
Aristotle, Politics 1294a3-6

				
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