COTSWOLD FUCHSIA & PELARGONIUM SOCIETY MAGAZINE
May / June / July / August 2010
ENOUGH RIGHT BONES?
May 24th - Species Pelargoniums
COMPETITION – four kind of bones.
The body of every organisation is structured from An Angel Pelargonium
There are the jawbones who do a lot of talking, but – Mini Show
June 28th little else.
The wishbones who spend theirCOMPETITION – A vase of spring flowers
time wishing someone would do the work.
July 26th – Mr J Tolkien Hardy Geraniums
There are the knuckle-bones who criticise everything others try to do.
Luckily, however, all organisations COMPETITION – A Fuchsia plant load and do the work!
also have backbones, who carry the
A HANDY HINT
Though fuchsias root quite easily in just water, they do grow very brittle roots this way and tend to have
DATES FOR To avoid this setback, simply add a little compost to the
difficulty adjusting to the move into compost. YOUR DIARIES
Isn’t it nice to have
some decent weather to
water every few days, forget the 'water roots' thus acclimatised to your potting medium.
The key to it seemed as if
a change, success is Pelargonium Show May 29th at Shurdington
self discipline and the
the cold spell was going
go to forever!*
towill on motivate Fuchsia Show August 7th at Shurdington
yourself to do things
Things are springing
when you don't really up
all like the them!
feel overdoing garden, the Mini Show June 28th
Daffodils and the
Snowdrops have been JANUARY / FEBRUARY 2005
lovely this year. I am Fibrex Nurseries July 31st
waiting to see if
anything has succumbed Trip August 12th
to the freezing weather.
Fingers crossed my
Fuchsias and Pele’s FIBREX NURSERIES
seem mostly to have
survived, I shall be glad
when it can all go into On the 31st July we have arranged for us to visit Fibrex who
the garden now. hold the National Pelargonium collection, if anyone is interested
I have a little helper let Meryl know. We will be travelling in our own transport
every Tuesday now Ella but if you would like to come and don’t have transport again let
my 2 year old Meryl know. The cost will be £1.50 to see the plants or £3.50 for
very interested in the
plants and refreshments. Contact Meryl on 01242 673926 or
garden. She has grown email@example.com.
some Sweet peas, and
picked an Aquilegia TRIP 2010
from the garden centre
which she has planted in This years outing will be to Water Perry Gardens near th. Oxford
the garden. and a Garden centre if there’s time. The date is August 12
I am finalising arrangements at the moment and will let you
Happy planting. know costs etc as soon as I have worked it all out. Meryl
Some of my favorite fuchsia web pages John Nicholass
These days the internet has a huge influence on our lives, but it also gives us unparalleled access to
information that was until a few decades ago almost unthinkable. It is also an opportunity for any enthusiast
to put up information onto the web about themselves or their hobbies. Fuchsias are no exception to this!
Below, a list and some information of some of my favorite websites put up by fuchsia enthusiasts. I have
restricted this mainly to individuals and excluded societies and nurseries, though you will probably find
links to them of the sites listed. This could be perhaps for a future article if you are interested!
Find That Fuchsia
This website, created by Rick Stevens probably has the largest list of fuchsias on the web, with links to
some pictures though not all work. Also includes a list of fuchsias available in the UK with links to and
contact details of the nurseries, which can supply them.
This is Chris Martin’s excellent website with a collection his fuchsia photographs. There is also some
information about him and his interests and links to other fuchsia websites & nurseries.
The website of Kath van Hanegem has a lot written about fuchsias, including fuchsia tutorials and growing
bonsai fuchsias. There are many nice pictures of her garden and Bonsia’s and links to other fuchsia
Joan and Jack Lamb’s website
It includes pictures of the UK national collection of fuchsia species with many pictures of the individual
species and pictures of the free growing species in their garden.
Dave Clark’s website
This is a nice website with pictures of his raisings and a lot of useful informative and in-depth information
on fuchsia culture and hybridizing. There are links to other fuchsia websites
Fraser Ross’ website
Website with information and tips on growing fuchsias in Scotland
Kenneth Nilsson’s website
This is an excellent site on fuchsias in Swedish and English with some interesting threads on fuchsia
hardiness. It includes an extensive list of fuchsias and pictures of his summer cottage in Stockholm. This
site originally hosted the Swedish Fuchsia Society’s site.
Gelderse Fuchsia Info-Site
A large website created by Gerrit van Veen of the Netherlands. There is a lot of useful information
including Dutch winter hardiness tests and many fuchsia links plus tips for searching for fuchsia websites in
Dutch/English. There is a checklist of 5,500 cultivars in Dutch. In addition, a lot of material about the
history of the fuchsia and old prints of fuchsias.
Not all information is available in English.
Web Site of the Dutch hybridiser Teilko Koerts
The link takes you directly to the excellent gallery of photographs of his fuchsias. There is other fuchsia
information, mainly in Dutch.
French language web site with a lot of nice pictures, information and links.
The Australian website of Sue and Dave from Melbourne has more than 200 lovely pictures. The pictures
are an interesting mix of Australian, American and European cultivars.
Barbara’s fuchsia website
This is all about growing fuchsias in the Blue Mountains near Sydney, Australia. There are pictures of her
garden and some articles and tips on growing.
Fuchsias in Colour Order
This is a very useful Japanese website with a large gallery of photographs organised in flower colour order.
It is very useful for finding cultivars with a particular colour or identifying unknown cultivars.
Website of the Deutsche Dahlien-, Fuchsien - und Gladiolen-Gesellschaft eV (German Dahlia, Fuchsia and
I have included this website despite it being a society website and in the German language! The main reason
is the excellent database of fuchsias, which is easy to use and very searchable.
Note this is a German language only website.
Clicking on Fuchsienverzeichnis link takes you to the fuchsia database section. Alternatively, the link below
takes you directly to the database
This has a gallery of fuchsia pictures and a fuchsia finder all in the German language. Searching of the
database is in three different ways.
1) Search by name.
Click on the Suche nach Name (Search by name) button, click in the entry line and type the name or part of
the name. Click on the Suchen! (Search) button. It will bring up a list of hyperlinked names. Note if part of a
name is entered, the search returns all names which matches the character string entered, anywhere in the
name. For instance if you enter “ali” it will find all starting with ali, alice, alison, but also will find cultivars
like Bealings, California, etc. Clicking a name in the list opens the record for that entry with pictures and a
description. Also gives a list of supplying nurseries in mainland Europe where known. You can go through
the rest of the list found by the search by pressing the nächste (next) button above the picture to jump to the
next cultivar in the list.
2) Search by properties. Click on the Suche nach Eigenschaften (Search by Properties button). You can
select from a list for tube colour, sepal colour and corolla colour, flower type (single, semi-double, double)
and growth (upright, lax upright (halb(uber-)hängend) or trailer). Of course, you need to figure out the
Google translate can help here! The default selection is keine Auswahl (no Selection). Ticking the bottom
box just above the Suchen! labelled (Nur Fuchsien mid Bild anzeigen) restricts the results to records with
3) Search by Hybridiser. Click on the Suche nach Zücher (Search by Breeder). This brings up a list of
hybridisers in alphabetical order. Clicking on a name brings up a list of all the cultivars associated with that
hybridiser in the database. Again clicking on the cultivar name brings up the record.
Currently there are around 11,500 fuchsias in the database and about 3000 with pictures. If you have digital
pictures of any cultivars without pictures, you are willing to share, why not send an e-mail to Manfried
Kleinau with the pictures.
Delving into these websites should keep us busy! If you have some other favorites – please let me know!
Arthur’s Article - Just a few thoughts:
As I sit here writing these thoughts, we are in the middle of what the media are describing our “Deep
Freeze”. We here in the West Midlands certainly seem to have so far managed to escape the worst of the
snow. But we have certainly experienced some cold and frosty nights. My Min-Max thermometer hanging
outside the potting shed has registered a minimum temperature of minus ten Centigrade.
The temperatures have certainly been cold enough to keep the greenhouse heaters working flat out. Glad
that I took the precaution of giving both my heaters a full service at the beginning of October. I heat by
natural Gas and fortunately, I employ people holding “Gas Safe” certificates, who can certificate my work.
If you are using any type of gas heater, all work carried out on these appliances Must be carried out by
persons holding the current Gas Safe Certificate for that type of heater.
I wonder, will these severe cold nights kill off our recent attacks of Fuchsia Gall Mite? I know that in the
Pacific Northwest of the United States, the cold weather of last winter certainly slowed down the spread of
the attacks. We can only hope that this is the case here.
This prolonged cold spell will certainly severely test some of the fringe plants that have been thought hardy,
planted out and survived the recent milder winters. Any that do survive our current cold spell, should
certainly be classed as truly hardy. It will certainly be interesting to see if our “self set” seedling of F.
excorticata that managed to root itself between the cracks in the slabs just outside the potting shed will
manage to survive. I would certainly think its roots will be fairly well protected, being below the slabs and
having three to four inches of snow covering them.
But we will see.
Is it not a joy to go into a nice warm greenhouse and see all of the fuchsias coming slowly back into growth,
bringing forth the plans we have for the coming season? Last year I cannot recall taking any cuttings at all,
quite a strange phenomenon for me. But this year I all ready have several pots of cuttings growing on, some
almost ready to be potted on.
The other pleasure these cold days is to scan the new crop of fuchsia catalogues, and dream of the new
cultivars you would like to add to your collection, if only you had the room to cram any more plants into the
available space. One very tempting Catalogue/web site is the one from Gower Fuchsia. All of those lovely
photographs are very persuasive. I suspect the hand of Mr J.J. Lennel at work there, or should I say
For any one who might be interested, The Oregon Fuchsia Society are staging an International Fuchsia
Convention 30 September to 3 October 2010 in Portland, Oregon, USA. For more information please go to
www.oregonfuchsiasociety.com Oregon has some very attractive countryside, and I can personally
recommend any one who does visit. The Oregon coast from Washington State to California is truly
stunning. That is as well as being very well entertained by the fuchsia growers of the Pacific Northwest.
Fuchsia Gall Mite – the latest!
Cold weather may have been again in our favour this winter – but for the coming year we must still be
vigilant and keep an eye on our own and other peoples plants! Cases were reported through the autumn
again in limited areas but slightly different from previously – Isle of Wight, Weymouth and around Newlyn
to name a few. The relative warmth of the South coast seems to have been a favoured area so far but that
does not mean that this will always be the case.
I have as ever been keeping in close liaison with Joe Ostoja-Starzewski who works for The Food and
Environmental Research Agency in York and the following is the latest advice.
“Fuchsia gall mite remains a notifiable pest at the present time, should its status change, all relevant parties
will be informed. So if you think that you may have it then you do still need to report it. The Plant Health
inspectorate do not have the time or resources to visit every domestic outbreak site, but they still have a duty
to ensure eradication on sites that are supplying Fuchsias on a commercial basis e.g. nurseries.
With regard to outbreaks in private gardens, we still like to monitor and confirm what is going on through
the public sending in samples for confirmation. This data is important as it will ultimately help to dictate
future policy with regard to this organism.
Once confirmed, the recommendation is to physically remove as much of the infested material as possible,
which should be burnt, and to then spray what remains with an appropriate Pesticide/Acaricide. I do not
have any efficacy data on these pesticides, however these were recommended by professionals in this area,
and they would not have done so if they were considered to be ineffective. The number of pesticides that are
approved and available has recently been dramatically reduced across the EU, so we are lucky to have
anything chemical treatments at all!”
For more details http://www.fera.defra.gov.uk/plants/plantClinic/documents/factsheets/fuchsiaGallMite.pdf
I will keep the website up to date regarding any more information – please look at the bulletin board on
www.thebfs.org.uk on a regular basis
GROWING MONTH BY MONTH
GENERAL: - Temperatures can be high in the greenhouse so good management of ventilation, watering,
humidity and shading is vital. Stay watchful of caterpillars and Red spider on Geraniums. Strengthen
shading and continue to turn plants regularly. Check ties as sap expands stems.
Hardy plants continue to harden off plants intended for planting out next month, feed well and continue to
pinch at every three leaves to give good strong plants. Complete any stopping early in the month for August
show plants, and also final potting. All double plants should have had their final stop. Feed Chempak 3 or
Bio 5. Maintain training programme for trained plants. This is the best time to take cuttings for show plants
grown on biennial system. Cut 1/3 below nodes and insert one or two nodes below soil level to give plenty
of basal growth for shrub plants.
Show plants; - Remove spent flowers heads and dead leaves. Hold back rather than disbud. Check plants
against schedule. Prepare clean pots in case of accidents. Complete transport arrangements. Harden off
plants intended for bedding out next month, beware of late frosts. Feed well stop tall plants; remove
premature flower buds on young Zonals. Regals should be starting to flower naturally. Feed Bio 2 or
Chempak 4 with occasional feeds of Bio 5 or Chempak 2 or 3. Early in the month water with PBI Multi
tonic for plants in peat based composts.
GENERAL: - Whitefly and other pests may be more in evidence now so remain diligent. Keep inspecting
your plants. Get to know them so you know if anything is wrong. Providing they are not in flower they can
be immersed upside down in insecticide if you have an infestation. Ventilate well and feed regularly, all
plants should be growing rapidly. Apply PBI multi tonic to plants growing in peat based composts.
FUCHSIAS: – Hardies can be planted out when danger of frost is passed make new plantings of hardy
cultivars. Plant top of roots 3” - 6” below soil level to protect from drought and frost. Water well during dry
spells. Feed regularly. Remember Fuchsias do not enjoy high temperatures without humidity, but do not
over water. Pot on next years show plants from cuttings taken last month. Stop and pinch out as necessary.
Early in the month complete final pinching of single flowered show plants. Remove damaged foliage, train
growths unobtrusively. Check for capsid bug and red spider mites. Feed regularly with Chempak 3 and 4.
PELARGONIUMS: – Show day allow plenty of time to arrange and dress plants, don’t forget cut flowers
classes (2 own leaves). Check plants are in their correct classes with the appropriate entry card. Remember
to water and shade plants left in the greenhouse. Complete hardening off plants put out permanently when
danger of frost is passed. Remove premature flower buds until plants are established. Cuttings taken now
and next month won’t be noticed from display. Feed water and remove spent flowers regularly. Enjoy the
display of Regals now at their full glory.
GENERAL: - Most plants are probably better outside now except Fuchsia show plants. Make sure there is
plenty of ventilation and humidity in the greenhouse. Keep watch for pests which can multiply rapidly at
this time of year. Continue to feed regularly.
FUCHSIAS: - Hardies – continue to water and commence feeding with balanced fertiliser. Complete new
plantings as soon as possible to give plants a chance to become established.
Greenhouse – ensure adequate humidity to prevent bud drop, also plenty of shade and ventilation. Protect
show plants from damage by bees etc, remove spent blooms. Keep floor damp. Spray plants in early bud
stage with insecticide – beware of red spider mite and white fly. Turn plants regularly and provide support
as necessary. Check ties on trained plants. Pot on and remove buds on biennial grown plants. Feed with
Chempak 4 and once weekly with Chempak 3 or Bio 5 or Bio 2.
PELARGONIUMS: - After Regals have finished flowering, pick off blooms, feed well to encourage further
flushes. Check for white fly.
Take cuttings from plants for growing on for next year’s show plants and new stock plants. Choose actively
growing non-budding shoots from healthy plants that are “good doers”. Pot on when rooted. Remove spent
blooms from garden displays, feed well to get full potential of blooms.
Show plants need checking against schedule for classes, pot sizes etc. keep removing all dead and damaged
material and flowers to discourage disease. Remove seed pods except for on species plants; keep an eye on
variegated leaves for signs of reversion remove green leaves where necessary. Clean pots and water well
Hardies – Water well and feed as appropriate, remove spent flowers and keep a watchful eye out for pests
and diseases spray if necessary.
Cuttings rooted last month need a first stop if not self branching. Pot on as needed and remove flower buds
to allow plants to build up strength. Try not to pot and stop close together, allow at least ten days between
the two. Continue to feed dead head and spray display plants if they show signs of pest or disease. This is
the traditional time to take cuttings as no bottom heat is required, these will make good basket plants for
Please if anyone has any unwanted items that would be suitable for the Tombola
stall, could I have them? Last year I had to purchase items which reflected in the
Libby will be very happy to collect items from you as it can sometimes be
difficult to bring them to the meetings. Please contact Libby on 01452 854579
For Committee or club information please ring
Robert 01452 730343
Colin (Secretary) 01242 523740
Meryl 01242 673926
If all our members would be prepared to take some plant cuttings now we could have a
really good supply of plants to put on the plant stall for the Shows. It would be lovely if
we could have a nice full display to sell and make some much needed funds for the club.
Thanks in anticipation Meryl
Jan 23rd (9) F Swain 30th (22) J Oak
Feb 6th (5) G Oak 13th (9) J Tolkien
20th (19) M Cruttenden 27th (47) T Chalkley
March 6th (43) CFPS 13th (46) C Holland
20th (26) G Stevens 27th (24) J Rhymes
April 3rd (45) F Swain 10th (27) J Rhymes
17th (45) F Swain
MINI SHOW CLASSES
1. FUCHSIA 2. PELARGONIUM
3. SMALL PELARGONIUM 4. FOLIAGE PLANT
5. FLOWERING PLANT 6. FUCHSIA FOR OUR SHOW “DELTAS SARAH
7. ORCHID 8. VASE OF FLOWERS
Money raised from the vase of flowers is to be donated to “The Willow Trust”.
LAST BUT NOT LEAST
I’M SURE YOU WILL ALL JOIN ME IN SAYING A HUGE THANK YOU TO CLEM
FOR THE HARD WORK SHE HAS DONE AS OUR TREASURER. CLEM HAS
DONE THIS JOB FOR 40 YEARS AND WITHOUT HER THE CLUB COULD NOT
HAVE SURVIVED. SO THREE CHEERS FOR CLEM: - HIP HIP HOORAY, HIP HIP
HOORAY, HIP HIP HOORAY - WELL DONE THAT GIRL.