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					BRUSH
  illODEL D


INSTRUCTION
   BOOK
    KSJ
Instructionsfor


           B
           Brush Runabout Company
           Detroit,        Michisan
                                     INTRODUCTORY.
      'l'ltc
                                       n
         i r r f t - r r l t l a t i o ? , l t r l i n s t r n ( : t i o n sr : o n t a i n e t li n
 this llouk, tugcthcr rvith a study of the car itself
 s l t t , t t l t lg i v c \ ' o t l a g c o r l \ \ ' ( ) r ' l < i rir..rq ( ) \ \ , l r : r l g c ) , o g r
                                                                            r                     of
 lll:rclrine.\\ie knti\r'frorn e\l)crierrr:that it is ver),                       e
 t l i f f r c r r l tt o i r n p : t r t t o : r , , , , r i i . , " c o l r r p l c t c \ \ , o r k i r r g
 i n f t ) r I l l : t t i o l ta l r o t t t : u l a u t o n l o l r i l c l r v n r e a l t s o f a i i
 i n s t r u c t i o r r l l o t - r l < r r u c l rl c s s i s i t ) ( ) s s i l r ltrr:; t e l l , i r r
                                          r,
 I t n \ ' \ \ ' orl lt tl l l l cc , ,If r c ; t s ( ) t r ::r lllllle i z e. : r l l t l r c t l r i n g s t l r c r t :
 l _ ' (                         l n                      r r s       e
 Itl'e to l<ttott' ttllottt antolltollilt:s.                                                        e
                                                                                              \ \\''e s lu g.grc s t ,
                                                                                                           u, r es .
 tlrcrcforc, tltat \'ou ttot onlt' farniliarize yortrself
 t l r o r o n g l r l y u , i t l i t l r i . s l r o o k , l r r r t r r l s . rg c t i ; t o r r c l t
                                                                                          n
 l v i t l r l n o t o r ( : a l ' u s c r . s , ( ' x l ) c r t s i f l ) ( ) s s i l l l c ,; r n d p a r -
 t icttlarll. u'itlr I lr6slr owper.s, irr ()r(lt'r t, lcar' as
 tttttt'lt its I)ossrlllc lrlrorrt \,out' car.
       Ilarrl'1',f the lroittts.,,r,ercrlirr tlris lrook tnay
 s c e l l - lf t l t l l i s h t o \ : o t . ti f \ ' o r 1 h : r v c r l r i v c n a c a r , l l t r t f o r
 t l t t ' l l e g i r r r r e rt l r e v a r c : r l ; s t l l r r t c l yc s s c r r t i a l .
       'lltc
                    i l l t l ) o t ' t : t t t tI ) u i r r t s i r r t l r e c a r e o f a c a r a r e , :
 t o k e e l r i t s r r l J i c i c t t t l t ' l u l r r i c a t c t l , ) a r t i c r r l : r r l yt f i c
                                                                                       l
 l l l ( ) t o t - ,t r ) c l c l u r u l ) ( ) ( . ( . l l s i ( ) n : l l l t o ; g ( ) o v c r i t a t
                                                                                     1'
 I t ' l t s t r t l t ( ' ci l t t ' c t ' l i t o . s e L ' i f : r n v r t u t s , s c r c w s , r t , i r c s .
t ' 1 c . ,; t l ' ( ' g c t t i n g l u o s c ; t u c l c a n t l r c c ) ,l i r r r l e r a p r l
                                                (
l r i r r t l t l t t ' r ' n 1 \ ' ( ' s ) n ( ' ( f( l r t n ' i r ' c : t s c ; t s ( ) n ;t o k e e l r
i t s t l l l l l i i t ' , 11 1 ' i t l r\ \ ' ; r t c ; 1 1 ( l ! ' a s p l i t l t , i 1 r ) l - c , 1 ( , w l r l
                                                                                                                    t
f r : t t t ( ' l - i t ' .\s ' l l t ' n t l r c v l l r t ' o n r c \ \ , ( : : r k , t n ( l l l r s t l l t r t l t o t
                            \                                                         l
I t ' ; t s t , t o t t ' t ' ; t t i t l v i t l r r l r r c ( : ( ) r ' r s i t l r r a l i o r r .l ) o r r o t
t i r r k c r n ' i t l r t l t l - \ 'i ) : I l - t o I t ' ( ) l l r ' r ] u r c l r i r r er r p l c s s y 1 1 1
: t r c l ' c : r s)(n ; r l t l - ts l l l - c i t r r c ' e d sl r t l j r r . s t n l ( ' n t .
                                          '
       N o l l t o t o t ' . t r t -( ) r o t l t c r l l i e c c , , i n r a c h i n c r y i s
                                                                                                                llroof
a g a i n s t t t t i s - t r e : r t n t c t t ta r r r l w ' l r i l e t h e I i r u s l r h a s
Iert'cr parts to lre atterrtletl to tlrarr alrnost :uty
otlter (';tr, )'c! thcsc ntrrst havc atterrtiol trl give
thc l;cst results.
   Again l_.t the question of oiling be emphasized. A
motor u'ill only rtln a short timC rvithout oiling and
all other parts need oiling more or less fregufntly.
                                                                       o
     I l e f o r e t a k i n g l o n g a n d d i f f i c r - r lj t u n l e y s , l l e c o n r e
f a m i l i a r w i t h t l r c u l ) e r a t i o no f t h c c a r . ( ) 1 r r a t i n g    e
i t w i l l s o o t t l l e c o n l e a s n a t u r a l a n t l i n s t i r r c t t v ea - s
tusirrg our knife and fork.
              y
     I i o r c l i r r r b i n ga h i l l o r g o i r r u t l r r o u g h n r u < l o r
< r t l t e r w i s el u t t i n g a h a r d l t r a r lo n t h e c n { r i r r eo p e n
                     l                                                                         ,
t h c t h r o t t l c , t h a t i s , m r ) v c t l r c t h r o t t l c l t ' r ' e rf o r g ' a r c l
a t t t l a t t h e s a n l et i n r c r c t a r r l t l r c s p a r k , t h a t i s l l u l l
                                                         'l'lris
the sllark lcl'cr backrvard.                                        l r o i r r ti s c x l ) l a i n e d
f t r r t l r c ro n a t t t ls i n t l l l ca s i t : r l ) l ) c a r s o t h o s c f a r n i l i a r
                                                                        t
n ' i t l t a t t t o n t o b i l e s ,\ A ' c l r a v c f t i t r r r r l i t i l f r c r l r r c r r t
s o t l r c c o f l t t i s u t r d c r s t a n c l i ro gl t h c I ) a r t o f a c o l n -
                                                            rl
lllete n0\'ice.
  Remember the lubrication. Remember that the
radiator must be kept supplied with water. Re-
member that the car will not run without gasoline
nor with gasoline which contains much airt or
water. Remember that batteries play out in time.
       I r i n a l l y r e n t e t n b c rt h ; r t e v e r y t r o u b l e h a s i t s c a u s e ,
 r v l t i c h t t t a y b e l n o r c o r l c s s t l e f i r r i t c l yr c f { u l a t e c l r y
 t h e l ) r o c e s s f e l i n r i r r a t i r ; n .F o r e x a r r r l r l e , ' itfh e p i ; -
                          o
 t t t t t s t i c k si n t h e c y l i n d e rs o t h a t i t i s t l i f f i c u l tt o t u r l l
 t h e e t t g i r r e v e r , t l t i s m u s t l l e d r r ct o l a c k o f l u b r i c a -
                         o
t i o r t a r t d c o u l t l t t o t l ) o s s i b l y b c c : l l r s e cllr y t h e c a r -
l l u r c t o r . 1 f t h i . s h a p p c n s y o u c a n r r r ; tf i x i t ( " r \ ^ , e
h a v e s e c n a t t e n i l r t c d )l r ) , a t l j u s t i n a t h c c a r b u r e t o r .
                                                                     '
    . ' f l t e s p a r k c o i l i s o n e o f t h e l a s t t h i r r g sl i k e l y t o
                            ,
Q i v c t r c l t t b l ea t l c a s t u n t i l i t l ) r ' c o r l l c s l d a n d u / o r n .
                                                                          o
I t s h o u l c ln o t l l e t i r r k e r c d w i t h u n l c s s ) , o u a r e s u r e
i t n e e d s i t . T h e c a r b u r c t o r l i k c w ' i s es h o u l d n o t b e
t i l t k e r e d w i t h u n l e s sy o u a r c ' c o n f i d c n ti t i s n e c e s -
sary. It is not vl'iseto arljust it rvithont under-
standingthe prrinciples n which it works.      o




                                                3
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    o
    ttt
    o
    a
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.c
u
                       K.y to Sketch of Chassis.
 .\    ('l'lirrtlcr lcad (.renrovabl.).
                  I
 I]    It:rdiator.
 ('   J I l r r r t l - l r o lIco v e r r , n L ' r a r r k - c i t s c .
                                  '
       ( , ; r s oi 1r e    'l'an
 I)                  r                 k.
If                                (
       S p ; r r k - p l t r g ' a l ) ( r en r o v a b l e o v er I r r l c t V a l v e .
                                                                   )
 |"                                   : r
      l t c r r r ( ) \ ' : r l r(l 'c r 1 ) ) \ ' c r I i x l r a u s t V a l v e .
(;     Ilufllcr-.
1l     Starting (,-rank.
]     Stccrin.g 'car.     (
J     I-ubricatiorr'J'ank.
      'I'ransnrission
I-                                     L.:rsc.
l{    I)iflcrcntial (;car Casc.
N      Ilrakc I'cdal.
l)    . ' \ c l j u s t a b l ci r i c t i o n - j o i r r to f l t a r l i u sI t o r l .
                                I
a     Driving Sllrocket.
R     I t a r l i u s .I t o d .
S     Slrring.
'l'   (icar and.ClutchLcver.
\/    C a r b ur et o r .


          TREATMENT OF THE NEW CAR.
    Water-On receiving your car fronr the factory
and before you have made any attempt to stdrt the
m o t o r , f i l l t h c r a d i a t o r . Jn t c m p e r a te w e a t h e r u s e
pure sclft water. At the vcry approach of colcl
w ea t h c r l t t r t a g o o d a n t i - f re e z e n r i x t u r e i r r t o t h e
r a d i a t o r . C ) n eo f t h e s i n t t r l l c sa n d l l e s t i s a n r i x t u r e
                                                      t
o f + 0 p e r c en t . r v o o d a l c o h c l la n d 6 0 p c r c c n t . w a t e r .
Jn r c p l en i s h i n g t h e e\ r a p o r a t i o nu s c h a l f a n d h a l f.
 llris tnixture is safc dou'n to allout zero weather.
Below that use more alcohol. Lea\rethis in urrtil
the last danger of frost in the spring. Should the
w a t e r i n t h e r a c l i a t o ra r r d c y l i n d e r j " . k e t s l t e a l -
l o w e d t o f r ee z e , b o t l ' re n g i n e a n d r a d i a t o r r n i g h t r : er y

                                            5
 casily be rtrined. Water containing alkali is not
 f i t t o u s e f r r c o o l i n g p r l r p o s e s ,a s i t r v i l l l e a v e a
                                                      j
 c ( ) a t i r r g r r t h c r : 1 ' l i r r c l e*r. k e t s a n r l r a c l i a t o rt u b e s .
                     i
         To fill gasolinetank alrvaysbe sure there is no dirt
 ( ) r w a t c r i r r t l r c ! l a s , - ) l r r r? s, l r o t h o f t h e s e a r e v e r y
                                                          e
                                 'l'his
 tr"oulllcsomc.                               t r o u b l e r v i l l b e o v e r c o m eb y a l -
 \ \ ' ! l v ss t r a i n i n g g a s o l i n et h r o u g h a c h a r n o i ss k i n .
         Fill the dash oiler with a sood grarle of high fire
 t c s t g a s e r r g i n ec y l i r r d e ro i l .
         Put a little over half a pint of cylinder oil in the
 crank case before starting for the first time. h{ ore
 t l t a r tt h i s r v i l l r l o n o c l a n r a g e u t r v i l l b e b l o w n o u t
                                                               b
 t l t r o r r g l rt l r c t ' a l v e s a n ( l l t t a k e t h i n g s n l ( ) r e o r l e s s
 i . ll ' c a s ) ' . A f t e r t h a t a l t t t u t 7 o r S r l r o l ) sa u r i r r u t ef r o n r
 t h c d a s l rc t i l e rw i l l b e s u f i i c i e n tf o r t h e c n g i n e l u b r i -
 c a t i o r r f o r o r r l i n a r y s p e e d s ,. s & Y t i o r l ? n r i l e s p e r
                                                                      l
 Itour. ] n rulrniltgtlte tnotor fastcr for a corrtinuous
                                                                       'l'he
 I ) e r i o t l ,l e r tt h e o i l r l r o l r f a s t e r .                  oil feerl is by
i{.lavity. Ptrlling the little levcr (,n top of the clasir
o i l e r t l l ) i n t r r a v e r t i c a lp o s i t i o r r u r n s t l i e r , i l o n . B e
                                                                   t
careful to turn it off when you stop. Arljustnrent
r , f t h c l l o t v i s l l _ vt u r r r i n g t h e k n r r r l c t lr r , , r n i ln u t .
        Transmission should be lubricated as follows:
( ) n r e c e i v i r r g a l ' ( a l t h o 1 1 g 1 1 n l e l r a s l > e e nf i l l e c l
                                c                               sa
u ' i t h o i l l r e f o l r : c a v i n e 't l r t :f a c t r l r \ , )p u t a l l o r r ta h a l f
                                 l
l l i n t t o a l l i r r tu i c t ' l g i r r t ' o iilr r t t tt l r c t r a n s l n i s s i o n y
                                                                                                   b
t a k i t t . q { Tt l r c s ( l u a r el i r l . I r r h o t } v e a t h e ro r i p c a s e
                 o                                                                       ,
thc cltrtches rc            a       ' d l i t t l e t o o a l r r u p t ,n t . ) n - f l u i c l
                                                                                            oil (nclt
r l t l P c ) t t t a \ " l l c t t s c r l . ] ) r r t n r r ) r eo i l i r r o c c a s i c l r r a l l y ,
s t l v c v c r \ ' 5 { ) ( r t r i l c s . I r r s l l c c t i o n ' i l l t e l l r v h e ni t I t
                                )                                     u
                      'l-lrcrc
                r
l l c e t l t '. l                                 l
                                   s l t o t r l r n c v c r l r e n r o r e t l r ; r na p i r r t i n
                                                                      ly
t h c c a s c . L ' l c a r r t t t t ( ) c c a s i o r r a l n , i t l rk e r o . s e r i a n c l
                                     t                                                           e,
r l r a i n t h r o u g h t l r c p l r r ul u r ( l c r r r c ; r t l r .
    The differential is fillcrl n'itlr,qrcase u'hen tt
l e a v c s t h c f a c t t i r l ' a r ' t ( ln ' i l l r l o t l r : r v ct t l l r c f i l l e d f 0 l '
s o n l ( ' t i r n c . \ \ ' l r " t ' 'i t r r c c r l s l l l i n g , t h e 1 ; l t r g t a ) ,b e
                                                          f                                 n
r e n r r l v c t lf r o r r r t l r c t o l l o f t l r c c ; l s c . ' l ' h e
                                                                                  f { r t : a s ec u p s

                                                    6
over thc frictiurrj,rints at the radius rod brackets
                                        'f
s h o u l d b e k e p t f i l 1 e d . h e g r e a s ec u p s o 1 1 a c h s i d e   e
o f t h c d i f r e r e n t i a l ,( ) n t h c r i g l r t h a n c l s i d e o f t h e
t r a n s n r i s s i o na n d e l s e n ' h e r c s h o u l d b c f i l l c d a r r d
screu'edclon'n a coulrle of turns. \\ihen the car
i s i n u s e , t h e l ' s h o u l d l l e q i v en a c o u l l l e o f t u r n s
e v e r y l i f t t ' t o s e v e n t r ' - f i v t t t i l e s , : r r r c l' l t e n t t t r n e d
                                                  c                       n
rlown as far as tlrev u'ill gcl, should tlten lle re-
nrovedanrl filled again.
     The oil cups in the steering knuckles should be
k e p t w e l l o i l e d . O c c a s i o n a l-l t 'lpe t a c l r o p o f o i l i n t h e
                                                         t iu
n c , i c ho n t l r c f r o n t s i d e c l f                  hul; jdst under the
s t e c r i n g r v h e l . J ' u t g r ei l s e i n t h c s t c c r i r r gg e a r b y
                       e
r c n r o v i r r gt h c l r l u g i n t h c t o p o f t h c s t c e r i r r gg e a r       l
                                                        l
l r o u s i n g . 1 ' r r t o i l i r r t l r c r - r i c t l u a t t l r c l u n ' e r e t t c lo f
t h e s t ee r i n g ' 1 r o s t ,u r r r l t l r e o i l c u l ) s i r r t h e l . l r a k c
s h i e l d s . T h e l l r a l < e c ( l r la l i z e r c o n s i s t s o f t r v o r o d s
rurlrring across thc car lrelow the j^.kshafi, arrd
 t e l e s c o p i n go l l e w i t h t h e o t h c r . O i l t h e j o i n t
through a hole on top.
                                                                      cr
     \ V h e r e v e r t h c r c i s a c ( . ) n t l ) r e s s r ( )u l ) , u s e g r e a s e .
                                                              'l'llere
I n . s p r i n i i c l c l s e ccl u l ) s u s e o i l .                arc nunterous
p l a c e sr v i t h n ( ) c u l ) s w h c r c a d r o l l o f c l i l o c c a s i o n a l l y
i s a g o o d t h i r r g ,s u c h a s t h c j o i n t s o f t h e p u l l r o d s ,
spark ancl throttle levers,ctc. I n gene al use oil                           r
wherever there is friction.
                                                                  'l't)o
     Use plenty of oil and grease.                                       trtu,,:h   oil can
rlo no nrol'ctharr grlnr tlrings rll) or soot the sllark
             'I'oo
plug.                  l i t t l c o i l u ' i l l c a r l s ea g r c a t c l c a lo f d a n r -
age. Therefore, until \'ou arc farniliar rvith thc
                                   ,
r i g h t ( l u a n t i t i e s u s c r a t h c r t o o r n u c l rt h a n t < t ol i t t l e .
    W h e n y o u h a v e s t o c k c r l u l ) r v i t h g : r s o l i n ea r t t l
water and have oiled everything in sight, see that
t h e u ' i r i r r g i s i r r a c c o r d a n c cr v i t h t l i a f { r a n t .



                                                7
to rlrive the ntagneto arrrl a llracket to support it.
l l a g n e t o e q u i p r n e n t c a n l r c f u r r r i s h e dw i t h h { o d e l
D I t u t r a b o u t si f s ( ) u r d c r c t l .
     I l a t t e r l ' a n t l n t a g r r e t os ) ' s t c n r sc a n b e t t s e d a t t h e
s a n r et i m e .
     'l'he
               m a g n e t o r u l t s a t t l r e s l l e e t la n d i n t h e s a n t e
d i r e c t i o r ra s t t r e n - l o t o r .
     The gears and thcir l;earings are oiled by thc
s p l a s h o f t h e e n g i n e a r r c lr e q u i r e n o a t t e n t i o n .
     The magneto armature has llall llearings and foul'
t o s i x d r o p s o f o i l s h o u l c lb e p u t i n t o t h e o i l h o l e s
coveredwith llrass plates rnarked "C)il" about once
a month. ;\ little oil should also l:e put on the
coupling bet\reen the arnrature ancl its driving
shaft.
     The magrreto has two electrical connections, one
frorn a pust on the colrpling errd of the Inagneto,
a n d ( ) n ef r o n r a p o s t o n t h e l t r e a k e r b o x o n t h e f r o n t
end of the magneto to a switch on the floor boarcl
near the riash. \\Ihen this su'itch is open the rnag-
rreto will produce a spark at the spark plug if the
engine is rnnning or beins turned over 60 or 75
r ev o l u t i o n s p e r m i n u t e b y t h e s t a r t i n g c r a n k . C l o s b
the switch to stop the engine. The magneto spark
carl be advanced arrd retarcletland, it starting a
m o t o r w i t h t h e m a g n e t o , i t i s n e c e s s a r yt o a d v a n c e
the spark allout half way on the quadrant, ?s a
spark is not produced so quickly when the motor
is runnlng very slowly.
     The distancebetween the poittts of a spark plug
when used with a magneto should be not less than
a sixty-fourth nor nlore than a thirty-second of an
inch.
     On the front end of the magneto is a brass cover
held in place by -* flat sprirrq and post. Turn thc
spritrS, remove the cover and rotate the armature
slorvly and observe the nlovemeut of the make and

                                             I
l l r e a k a r m . T h e c l i s t a n c eb e t w e e n t h e p o i n t s r v h e n
th e contact is broken should be about one one-
h u n dr e d t h o f a n i n c h o r a b o u t t h e t h i c k n e s s o f 2 ,
b u s i n e s sc a r d . B e s u r e t h a t t h e p o i n t s m a k e c o n -
t a c t r v h e r rt h e y c o t n e t o g e t h er . O i l o r w a t er o n t h e
1 : o i n t s w i l l p r e v en t t h e t n a g n e t o f r o m w o r k i n g a s
there ttrust bc a clean break at the points to get a
good spark at the plug. The spark at the pllg
occtlrs at the instant that the break is made. In
tirning the magneto the spark colltrol should be
retardecl the full amottnt allowed at the trt.aker
b o x , t h e p i s t o n b e i n g o n t h e u p p e r d ea d c e n t e r a n d
the ltreak should occur immediately. The magneto
gives a spark at each revolution of the motor, one
iit which- is used to ignite the charge, the other
occurs just before the exhaust valve closesand is
wasted.
      To use every spark made by the magneto it
would lle necessaryto run half the motor speed,
which would be too slow to give a good spark for
starting the engine.
      Keep the magneto clean and dry-should it then
give tiouble, take it to a competent repair man to
put it in order.


                                  CONTROL.
    Before driving the car or even starting the motor'
n r a k e s u r e t h a t y o u u n d e r s t a n dt h e a c t i o n o f t h e
s e l e c t i v eh a n d l e v e r , f o o t b r a k e , t h r o t t l e a n d s p a r k
                'fhe
levers.                  h a n d l e v e r , b e s i d em o v i n g f o r w a r d a n d
b a c k , r n o v e s s i d e w i s e , a n d o p e r a t e s a s f o l l o w s:
O u t s i d e b a c k i s l o w s p e e d o u t s i d ef o r w a r d r e v e r s e
                                               ;                                          ;
ilrside forr'r'ard,           high speed                 hen releasedfrom
a n ) , p o s i t i o r rt h e h a n d l e v e r s h o u l d t h r o w i t s e l f i n t o
n e i r t i a l ,w h i c h i s h a l f w a y b e t w e e nt h e i n s i d e a n d
t h e o u t s i d ep o s i t i o n ,a n d i n s u c h a p l a c et h a t i t c a n

                                           IO
                                                 Htou
                                                    ,SPEED




  PryE6



                                             /VE UTnAL




/.ow
   SPaED




           Control l*vu   Positions. Fig,2
                                                                                          'l'11'
I t e p t l . \ h c < ln e i t h e r f o t ' l v a r r l n ( ) r l r a c k .                          slrifting
t h i s l c ' t ' c l ' i r r t o c a c l r l ) o . s ii to r r s e v c r a l t i r n c s , es l ) e -
cially shiftirrg frottt lorv spcerl I)ositi,;nirrto higlr.
.'\ftcr tt littlc l)ractit'c\'urt u'ill lirrtl it (,usv to rlo
l v i t h ( ) n r l l t r s h f t , r w ' ; r r ra r r r l i r r .
                                                         i
      'l'rv
                  tltt' actiott ,,I tlrc foot llrake rrrrtil\'orlr foot
l i r r t l si t r e a t l i l r ' .
     'l'ltc.sllark
                                 a l t ( l t l l r ( ) t t l e c o r r t r o l sa r c ( ) n ( ) l ) l l u s i t e
sitlcs r,f tlre:.tecrittq' stafT. the tlrror.tlclrcirrg on
t h e r i g h t l r a r t t ls i t l c a n ( l r p ; r r k ( ) n t l r c l c f t . \ \ ' h c n
t l r e t \ \ ' t , l e v e r s i u - c I ) u s l t e r lb a c k t o r i v a r r l s h c s e a t a s
                                                                                              t
f : r r ; I S l ) ( ) . s s i l r l t l ,r c t l r r o t t l c i s c l o s c r l a r r d t h e s p a r k
                          'l'llc c
rctitrtlctl.                           t l t t ' o t t l e i . s ( ) l ) e l l e ( la r r r l t h e s p a r k
a t l t ' a t t c c t l r ) ' J ) l . l s l r i n t l r c r c s l ) e c t i v cl c v e r s f r l r u ' a r d .
                                                    g
      I ' t t s h i n g t l r c f o o t l , c r l : r l1 l : r r t \ \ / i t \ /f t r r r , r ' a r rrle l e a s e s
t h c c l t r t c h , a l l o r v i r r ut h c c a l - t o c t r a s t . L c t t i n g t l r e
foot lrerlal lrack, allr)\vs tlre hislr sircctl c'lutcl: to
e l t i l ' a i I c a g t t i r r . I ' r t s l t tr t1 , -t h c p c r l x l a l l t l r c \ v a v f o r -
r n ' a r c ls c t s t h c l r r a k c s r \ l r i ' a v s t l o t l r i s r t i t h s c ) r l t e
carc, not allrrrlltly.


                       TO START THE MOTOR.
      To start the motor, closc thc su'itclr, I)rrsh thc
s p a r k l c v c r a s f a r l r a c k t o l v a r r l st h c s c i l t : r s l ) o . \ s i l l l e ,
a r r d p t r s ht h c t h r o t t l e l e v c r r r c a r l l ' l r a c k . S e e t h a t
t h e c h a n g e s p c e t ll e r , c r i s i n n e u t r a l l r u s i t i o na n c l
that the brake is locked. Ntrticc tlrat this lnotor
c r a r t k s c o u n t c r - c l o r : k \ , \ , i str ' , t i s , a s \ ' () r l s t a r r r i i r r
                                                       ha
f t ' o t t t ,f a c i n g t h e r a r l i a t r l r t h c c r a n k t r r r r r si r r a r l i -
                                                      ,
- e c t i o n o p p o s i t et o t h e n 1 ( ) \ ' e n r e nrt f t h e h a n d s o f
                                                                      ,
a clock.
      I ' u s h t h e s t a r t i r r gc r a r r k i n , t r r r n i t s l o n ' l y u n t i l
                                                                                          'l'r1rn
y o u a r t : s r r r ct h e r a t c h c t h a s c a u g h t s c c r r rle ' .      \
the rnotor over urrtil \'ou llcgin to fecl cr-lnrl)ression,
                                                                             l
t l r e n p t r l l t r p s h a r l r l t ' l ) a s tc o n l l ) r c s s i u r lru t n ' i t h o t t t
jerking. If thc ll't()torails to start on the first ef-
                                               f

                                                     l2
                                                                                                 'l'ltere
f u r t , t t t t ' t t i t ( ) \ ' c r1 r r i c k l v t h r e c o r f o r r r t i r t : e s .
                                         1
i . - : r l i t t l c k r r ; r c kt u c r a r r k i n l { , s ( ) ( ) n t a i r r e t rl v i t l r
                                                                                 at
l)racticc. l)ort't t't'unktlrc nrotor r,r'itlr lre spark                               t
                         tt
a r l v a r r c c ( l l r a t i s n ' i t l r . t l r t ' s l r a r lk v c r f o r \ v a r c l ; I S
                                                                         c                           i
i t r t h a t c : t s ct h c t x p l o s i o t tr t ' i l l o c r r l r l r c f o r et h e p i s -
 t t r t tr c a c l t c s l r e t o l l o f i t s s t r o k c a r r r lt l r e c n g i n e r v i l l
                             t
kick lritcl<.
      , ' \ l \ \ ' a y sr : r a r r kn ' i t l r t l r c r i g l r t h a r r c l ] f \ ' o u k e e p
                                                                               .
] ' ( ) u r k n c e s o u t o f t h c \ \ ' A \ ' ,t l r c r e i s l ) r : r c t i c a l l v o      n
c l a t t g e r r o n t a I ) o s s i l l l e r a c l < i c k , f o r i t \ \ ' o u l r lo n l v
                    f                                l         k
 t l r r o n ' ] ' o r r r h : r r r r l r r r tn f t l r c \ \ ' ; r v i n s t e a r lo f i r r , a s
                                        c
 l v o u l t l l r a l ) l )r t i f \ ' ( ) u \ \ ' c r t : t o c r - : r r r k i t l r t h e l c f t
                               e                                                  u
l r a r r t l . ] r r c i r l c r r t ; r lilrv \ \ ' a st o g e t t l r c u s e o f t h e r i g ih t
                                                                                                   ' t
i r a r r t l i r r c r a n k i n g -a n ( l a t t l i e s : u n t : t i n r c n l a k e
I ) r a c ' t i c a l l ri,r'r r l r o s s i l l l e6 g 1 3 t t u r t i ' c A S e, f a b a c k
                                                   t            l
k i r : k t h a t t h e n t ( ) t o r ' \ v a sr l c s i g n c r t o r u n c o r l n t c r ' -
                                                                            l
                                                                                c
c l t t c k w i s c , t l r a t i s - , r r s t t l r c ( ) l ) l r o s i t r l i r c c t i o nf r o n r
                                            j
nrclstnrot<lr.s.
      l n c o l r l o r l l ' e t \ v e a t l t e r i, f t l r e r c i s t r o u l r l c i n s t a r t -
i r r g t h c n t o t o r , I ) r i t r t ct h c c ; r r l l r t r ( ' t o b 1 ' a f e w p u l l s
                                                                               r
o n t h c u ' i r c t l r a t l r t t s h t : sh e c o r k f l o a t 1 1 ( ) w la r r r la l -
                                                       t                                     l
l o w s l n o r e g a s o l i n ct o f l o n ' t l r r o t r u l r .
      I f t h a t t l o e s n o t w o r k , l ) ( ) u r a t a l r l c s l ) o o r r f t olf          r
                       r
g a . s o l i n ie r t o t h c c ) ' l i n r l c rl , ) ' r e n r o v i r r g h t ' r ' a l v ec a p
                                                                                  t
o r s l r a r k p l u g . I I c a t i r r g t l r e c ) ' l i l r r l c rl , y p u t t i r r g
h o t w a t e r i r r t o t h e r a d i a t o r l v i l l c i r u s ei t t o s t a r t
ea s i l y .
                                                          ,
      \ V i t l r d i f f e r c n t t t t u t r ' : - sd i f f e r c n t l ) o s i t i r ) n s f t h c
                                                                                             o
tlrrottle ntay bc ntore far'()rtrlllfor starting. A lrr-              c
t l e c x p e r i e n r : cl c t c r n l i n c st h i s .
                                 r
      A s s o o l t a s t h e n t o t r l r s t a r t s , a r l v a l t c ct h e s l l a r k .
A l a t e o r r e t a r t l e r ls l l a r k h e a t s t l r c c ) ' l i . n r l e u n n r c e s -
                                                                                          r
s a r i l y , a n r l ,i f c o n t i r r t r e co r a n y l c r r g t h o f t i n r c , w i l t
                                                       fl
p r o \ fe v e r y r l c t r i r n c n t : r l . I t a l s o \ \ ' a s t c si { a s o l i n e      .
      I i o r l ) r o l ) e r r l r i v i r r g ( t h e c o r l r l i t i o r rl r e . s tf o r t l r c
n t ( ) t r l r a r r d m o s t e c o n ( ) n t i c a o i ! l a s o l i r r e )t l r e s l r a r k
                                                               l
                    l
s l r o t r l <b e a t l v a r t c e da s f a r a s l ) o s s i b l ew i t h o u t g e t -
tirrg a krrock.
                                                  IS
                                        DRIVING.
       T o s t a r t t h e c a r , r c l e a s et h e b r a k c , o l ) e n t h e t h r o t -
 t l e s l i g h t l y - t l t u s s l ) e e d i n gu p t h e r n o t o r a l i t t l e -
  atrrl lltrll thc hancl lcver gerrtly uut uncl llack until
 y o u f c c l t h e s l o w s p e e c l c l u t c h l - r e g i nt o e l t g a g e .
 V e r v g r a t l t t a l l r ' 1 l u tl r o r cl ) r e s s r l r e) n t h c h a n t l l e v e r
                                           l                            (
 u n t i l t h e c a r i s w e l l u n d e r w a y . A s s o o r la s t h e c a r
 i s w e l l s t a r t e c l t l t r o n ' o u t o f l o w s J l e e di n t o h i g h ,
 t h a t i s p r u s hf o r r v a t r ca r r r li n a t t h e s a n l e t i m e , b e i n g
                                               l
 c a r e f u l t r o t t o . q o b y n t i s t a k ei r r t o r c v c r s e ,w h i c h i s
 f o r w a r r l a n r l o u t . l t w o u l r l b e c l i l f i c u l t t o t el l y o u
 ryst what speed to attain bcforc going into ,high.
 tr*perience r,r,ill teach you. \'ou nlay stall il,e
 tnotor a few tirncs at first, arrrl if you do, set
 t h e h a n c ll e v e r i n I l c u t r a l p o s i t i u n ,r e t a r d t h e s p a r k ,
 set the foot brake and take a frcsh start. After a
 l i t t l e l ) r a c t i c ey o u r , r ' i l lb c a l l l e t o t h r o w i n t h e h i g h
 s p e e c lr : l u t c h a f t e r t h c c a r h a s g o n e t w o o r t h r e e
 t i m e s i t s ( ) w n l c n g t h . Jn c l r i v i r r Sr,c g u l a t et h e t h r o t -
 t l e a n d s l r a r k s o A s t o a t t a i n t h e c l e s i r e d p e e da n d   s
a t t h e s a n t et i n r e h a v e t h c n r o t o r n l r l n i n g s m o o t h l y .
       To stop the car, lrull the hand lever into neutral
position arrrlaplrly the brakes. Apply thenr gradu-
ally irr ejther casc,for they are vcry powerfui, ancl
l r y c l a l t - l l ) i r rtgt e r r ta r r d s k i d d i n g t h e w h e e l s ,n o t o n l y
                              l
a r e t i r c s \ v u n r o u t n e e d l e s s l yb u t t h e e f f e c t o f t h e
                                                                 ,
b r a k e si s l o s t .
       \\'herr the r,vhccls rc lockcrl an(l llegin to slide
                                              a
t h c r e i s l c s s s t o p l l i r r g ' u c t i r ;fro r t h e c a r t h a n w h e n
                                                                r
t h e t t ' l t e e l st r c t u r r r i r r gs l o \ \ ' l vl l r r t a r e l l e i n g r e t a r d e d
                        i
l r ) ' t h e l l r a k c s , t l t c r c f o r c w ' l r c r rt h e n , h e c l sl o c k a n d
s k i t l , r c l e ; r s et h e l r r a k c a n r l c n s a g l e i t a g a i n l e s s
v i o l e nt l ) ' .
      T o r e v e r s e - } I : r v i r r g f ir s t c o n l c t o a d e a d s t o p ,
r e l e A s ct h e l l r a k c s ; r n ( l l v i t h n r o t t t r r u r r r r i n ga l l c l u t
t h e s a n l e s p e e d a s i r r s t ; r r t i n g ,g r a d u a l l y ' p u s h t h e
h a n d l c r , ' e ri n t r ) ! ' c v c r s ep o s i t i o n .
                                                r{
      When cunting to a standstill frclnrlow speedor
 r c v e r s e ,b e c a r e f u l t o r e l e a s e h e c l u t c h b e f o r e a l l p l y -
                                                         t
                               'fhe
 ing the brake.                         i r r a k c p e d a l i r r t e r l o c k so n l y w i t h
 the high speed clutch, rrot u'ith low or rever.se.
      To stop the motor open the throttle and as the
 n t o t o r a c c c l e r a t e st,h r o r v o f f t h c . s n ' i t c h . I n l e a v i n g
 t h e c a r s t a r t t l i n S w h e t h e r t h c n r o t r : r i s r u t r r r i n go r
                                   ,
           ,
 n r - r t a l \ A : a ) 'b e s u r e t h a t t h e b r a k e s a r e s c t a n d t h e
                          s
 h a n d l e v c r i n n c u t r a l l r o s i t i o n . Sont IJrush               e
 o w n e r s s t o p f f I e r c l y l r y s e t t i n g t h e b r a k e a r r r ll e a v c
 t l r e i r c a r s t e n t l ) o r a r i l yr v i t h t h e h a n d l e v e r n o t i n
 n e u t r a l p o s i t i o n ,b u t n t e r c l y h e l d b a c k b y t h e f o o t
                 'l'lris
 ltedal.                   i s b a c l l ) r a c t i c e . P u t t h c h a r i c ll e v e r i n
 neutral. When you leavethe car at the curb with
 nrotor rurlning, close the throttle, and see that the
 spark is in such a position that *he rnotor runs
 quietly and easily.
      D o n o t b e g r u d g e a f e w m o m e n t s s p en t a t f i r s t
m a k i n g s t a r t s , u s i n g t h e b r a k e s , r e v e r s i n g ,t u r n i n g
corners, and in short familiarizing yourself with
t h e e n t i r e o p e r a t i o n o f t h e c a r b e fo r e a t t e m p t i n g a
nln of any length. You will not fully appreciate
motoring until ,youhave become so thoroughly ac-
quainted with the car that its operation is secorrcl
                                'l'his
nature to yor.r.                            will take a surprisingly short
time if you go slow),ly at first and study the be-
h a v i o r o f t h e c a r c a r e f u l l y . C o n t r o l t h e s p e e do f t h e
c a r l r y n t e a n so f t h e t h r o t t l e a n d s p a r k a n d b y s l i p -
p i n g c ) r t e m p o r a r i l y r e l c a . s i n gh e h i g h s p e e dc l u t c h
                                                           t
i n p r e f e r e n c e o u s i r r gt h c l o w g e a r . T h e h i g h g e a r
                            t
or direct drive is easier on the engine arrd entire
car.
     Take ordinary grades at a comfortablespeedon
tlre high gear,openingthe throttle as you reach the
grade. Do not rush hills, but if you find the grade
too steep for the high gear and that you are over-
working the nlotor, resort to the low gear. A little
p r a c t i c ew i l l t e l l y o u w h e n t o u s e t h e l o w .
                                                15
    'l'he
          s t e e r i n g g e a r l s s o n c a r l ' ' , i' r r e v c r s i l t l e t h a t a
yery slight touch on the stcerirts rvhcel is all that
r s n e c e . s s a r yc x c c p t i n t t t r n i r t g c ( ) n l e r s w h c n b
                         ,
firnrer hold is necessarlr.
   t J s e c a r c a n r l l l r o d e r a t i o t t w ' h e r r r ( ) u r r r l i n gc o r -
rlers.
      C a r e i n a \ ' o i c l i n g s h a r p s t o n c s , s u s l l i c i o t r ss t i c k s
that nra], have rrails in thcnr, brokerrglass, switch
l r o i n t s a n d r a i l j o i n t s i n c a r t r a c k s ,e t c . , w i l l p r o -
long the life of yotlr tircs. K ecll oil anclhcat awa)'
ft'ottt tires as much as possilrle. Keell them well
blclwn up. (,o ()\'er the littlc cuts in thern anrl
pick out the flirrty pieccs of stone that lodge in
t h e s e c u t s . ] f t h e c a r i s t o s t a r r r li r r a l r a r r rf o r s o n r e
w e e k s , j a c k i t u p a n c l d e f l a t et h c t i r e s .
      Iirom tirne to tirne exanrine the brakes and see
                                                          'I'ires
t h a t t h e y a r e a d j u s t e c la l i k e .                   are spared by
careful use of the brakes and moderate driving,
e s p e c i a l l ya r o u n c l c o r n e r s .
      l ' h e B r u s h m o t o r i s o f t h e f o r r r - c y c l et y 1 l e ,w i t h a
s i n g l e c y l i n d e r h a r , ' i n ga l l o r e o f { i n . a n d a s t r o k e
o i 5 i n . I l o t h i r r l e t a n t l e x h a u s t v a l v e sa r e n - l e c h a n i -
c d l l y o p e r a t e d . I ' h e f o u r - c ) ' cl e e ug i n e i s o f t e n
s p o k e n o f a s a 4 - s t r o k e en g i n e ; i . e . , t h er e a r e f o u r
strokesor two revolutionsto every explosion. The
f i r s t s t r o k e d o r r y nt h e i n l e t v a l v e o p e n s , g a s i s a d -
mittecl to the c)'lincler: the second stroke is up,
c o n t p r e s s i n gt h i s g a s . A t t h e c n d o f t h i s c o n t p r e s -
s i o n s t r o k e t h e . r { a si s e x p l o r l e d ,p u s h i n g t h e p i s t o r r
down, thus making the third stroke the working or
expansiotr troke. The fourth is the exhauststroke,
                      s
during which period the burned gases are forced
out through the open exhaust valve. The first,
                               r
second and fclu th strokes are carried by flywheel
mornentum
     'l'ltc
               t i r r t e o f e v e t t t si n t h e l J r u s h r n c l t o ri s a s f o l -

                                             l6
            Figurc 3.
SectionalVicw of thc Brush Motor'

               1?
    l o w s : J n l e t v a l v e o p en s a f t e r t 5 e p i s t o n h a s m o v e d
    c i t l w l t 1 - 1 6 i n c h p " s t r l e a t l c c n t e r a n d c l o s e sw h e p
    t h e p i s t o t t h a s n t o v c c l u p 1 3 - t6 o f a n i ' c 5 o n t h e
    s e c o n c ls t r o k e . ' l ' l t e s p a r k s h o u l c lo c c u r a l i t t l e b e -
    f o r e o r a f t e r t h e e n d , r l s e c o n ds t r c l k e , e p c n d i p go n
                                                                            d
    the s1rced the lnotnr and regulated by t6e
                           of
                                                                                          flori-
    tion of the spark levcr.
        'I'he
                     exhatrst valve opetrs ?-16 of an inch before
    the end of thc third stroke and closes 1-16 inch
   a f t e r t h e c n c l o f t h e I o u r t h s t r o k e; i . e . , j u s t b e f o r e
   t h e i n l e t v a l r - eo p e t l s .
       W h e n t l - r . . 1 t i s t o ns l n o v i n g s l o w l y , a s w h e n t h e
                                              i                           -explosiop
   e n g i n e i s b e i n g s t a r t e c l ,s h o u i A t h e                           takc
   placc beforc.                       p
                               ! 1 1 . . i t t o n h a s r e a c h e c lt l i e t o p o f i t s
   s t r o k c i t w i l l k i c k t h e p i s t o n l - r a c km a k i n g t h e s h a f t
                                                                       ,
                     c
   r e \ r r - r l vo t l c e o r t w i c c i n t h e w r o n g c l i r e c i i o , r . T h i s
   is the back kick rvhich occurs *Jr*,r the operator
   tries to cratrkthe nlotor with the spark too far acl-
  v l t l l c e r l ,t l t a t i t , t o o c a r l y . I I o w . u e r , i t t a k e s a
  certain length of tinte for the spark to ignite t6e
  ..h"rge in the cylitttler,ancl for that reason wherr
  the erlginc is rttnrring fast it is necessary-for
 e c o n o n l y a l t d n t a x i t r r u r n p o w er - t h a t                      -
                                                                                t'e spark
 . s l t o t r l d a - k ep l a c e u , c l l b e f o r e t h e t o p o f t 5 e s t r o k e
                   t
 s o t h a t t h e e x p l o s i o t rw i l l o c c u r i m i n e d i a t e l y a f t e r
 the pistotr has-                                                                     -*,rrcls,
                                  Pqssed         d e a c lc e n t c r , i n o t h . ,
                 poirt o{ highest conrpfession. If the explo-
 i        1oc
 sl l o-n h . c u r s r v h e t t t h e p i s t o n h a s t r a v e l e d a q u a r t e r
 o r h a l f w a y c l { - r $ ' ttth c g a s } r a s a l r e a d y e x p a n c l e t l
                                            ,                                               to
 sttch an extettt that the explosion has much
                                                                                          Ies.s
e l l e . r g yi n i t a n d a t t h e s a m e t i m e h a s l e s s s t r o k e i '
r ' v l t i c ht o e x e r t i t s l ) o w e r . I { e t l c e t 5 e l a c k o f p o w e r
o n a l a t e s p a r k . , i \ s i d ef r o r n c a u s i p g a l o s s o f p o r " . ,
the late spark o'crheats the motor.
      T ' h e l t r b r i c a t i o r tr t f t - h ee n g i n e i s a c c o m p l i s h e d y
                                                                                           b
means of a t{ravity fccd lubricator orl the
                                                                                        clash,
t h r o t r g h t h e s i g h t f e e d o n t h e d a s h a n c lt S e n t h r o u g h

                                            I8
t h e s i r r g l e l e a d a r r c lt h r o u g h a l l a l l c h e c k ' u ' a i v et o
the lefr side of the crarrkcase. Iironr hcre thc oil
i s c a r r i e r l l r y a c h a r l n e l c a s t i n t l re c r : t t t k c a s c t o
b o t h s i d e s o f t h e e n g i r r e . ( ) r r o l l e s i d e t h e J c a di s
direct to the crank shaft lre rirrg. ()rr the otlter      a
side the oil is ferl into the cam casc (thus keeping
t h e c a n t s t h o r o u g h l l ' l u b r i c a t e r l ) a r r c lf r o t n t h e r e
the oil lcadsto the otlter crank shaft llearitts. f'he
surplus oil fr.rrn thesc trl'o ltcarings tlril;s irrto the
c r a n k c a s e a n r l l r ) ' t h e . s l l l a s h ) ' s t e t ni s t l i s t r i b t t t e c l
                                                             s
t o t h e c o t t n e c t i r r qt' ' r - ' ' illr c a r i t t g s a l l ( l t h e c ) ' l i r l d c r .
Irr case oil does not fced throngh frotn the sight
f e c d , t a k e o r - r tt h e b a l l c h c c k v a l v c a r r c l r r y a s h v i t h   r
gasoline.
      ] f a t a l l v t i n r e i t i s d e s i r ; r b l e o r i l l l y r c a s r ) t lt o s c e
                                                             f
t h e i n s i d e o f t h e c ) ' l i n d e r ,t h e c : 1 ' l i n t l cl r e a t l" ; \ l r i g .
                                                                              :
ll" tna)' be rem,tl'ed bY ltterclv lllls('.r(-'n'itrgl'trt                                      .
a p i e c e o f r o u n c l s t e e l t / r " c l i a . ,a l l o u t ( i " o r 1 " l o n g ,
agairrst the reinforced portion of oilr uf l ltt' r'ills
a n c l s t r i k e i t t i l l t h e I t e a c li s l o o s e e r l . l f i t i s
                                                                           n
oltstinate,tap it a ferv tirnes on tolt rvith a ham-
             'l'he
mer.                   p i s t o r r a n d c o n n e c t i r r gr o t l n t a ) ' a t a n Y
time lte taken out through the top of the c)'lirrder.
-l-o
         d o t h i s , t a k c t l f f t h e l r a r r c lh o l e ( : o v c r " C F i g .
l : ' u n s c r e w r r t r t" l ' , l i i g . i l , " r e t n o v ct h e c a l ) s ( : r e w
" C l l i g . 3 , " a r - r (tlh e l l i s t o l t a r r d c o n n c c t i r r e ' r o rn t a yl
be taken out.
      I f t h c c y l i n c l e r c a r ll e ; r k sa l i t t l c , t i s l r t c r ri t r v h i l c
                                  h
t h e e n g i n ei s s t i l l h o t .
     'fcl
                                                      r                         l
            a d j u s t t h e c o n n e c t i r r g o c ll r c a r i t t g , o o s c nl t . , c k
n u t " f J " a c o t l p l co f t u r t t s ; u r ( ln ' h i l c r t ; c k i r r r : ' t h l l l ' -
                                                                                                 c
wheel back anrl forth an inch or t\\'t;, tiglrterrul)
screw "C-'" till tlrc bearing llcgins to llirrcl very
                     'l-his
slightly.                       c a n b e v c l ' ) ' r c r t t l i l v c l e t e c t e rb ) '    l
                                                  .
n r e a n s o f t h e 1 1 1 , q ' h c e l \ \ / l t e r r t h c b e a r i r r { rl l e i 4 i n s
t o b i r r c l ,b a c k t h c c a l ) s c r c w r r f f 1 - ( i o I a t u r n a r r r l
l o c k t h e n u t " 1 i , " t h e l l c a r i r r uu ' i l l t l r c r rl r c i n p r o p e r
adjustment.
                                                19
      'J'(,,
               i n s l l e c t t l r e s 1 r : r r kl l l r r , q 'c l i s c ( ) l u t e ( t tl r e r v i r c
                                                                    ,                      '
i t l l ( l r c l l l ( ) \ ' el t l t r g a n ( l i r r l c t r ' ; r l v e t ' 3 1 )r n t a c t " l i "
                     'J'{)
J- i f a I                    a v o i t l t l r e n c c c s s i t _o 'f r en l o v i r r g s l r a r k
                                                                        t
l t l t r g f r , r t t ta l t o t c a l ) ,a n c x t r - u ; l p n ' i t l r : r c l e a ns l l a r k
                                                                c
pltrg irr it nr:l_\'c carrierl.     b
      'J'lle
                 cxltattst vall'e c:rl) "1,' lrig. 1," nlay llc re-
l l 1 o t ' c r il n t h e . s a l l l el n a r l n t : t ' a st l r c i n l c t I ' a l t , ec a l ) .
I n r eI ) l a c ' i r rei t h c r o f t h e s ec a l ) sn r c r c l l ' s c r e w c l o w r r
                              g
t r n t i l t l t c y ' . s c alti r n t l \ ' . N o g . r c a tI ) r c s s u r es r e ( l u i r e d
                                                                                       i
a s t h e s c : r t so f b o t h c a l ) sn , , j .g r r ) t i r r r il r r .
                                                              i
      J I t r e l ) l a c i n g h c c 1 ' l i r r d c lrr c ; r t o r v a l v c c : r l l s ,u s e
                                    t                                   l
; l l i t t l e p ( ) w c l e r c tg r a l r l r i t r '( ) n 1 h e t h r c l r t l s s o t h a . t
                                           l
they rvill not burn tight.
     'J'lte
              exh;ltlst or irrlct valvc nrirV bc renlrll,cd in a
 f c r v s c c t r t t c l a s f o l l o w s : ] t c r n r , r , Lr h e c a p a l l o v e i t
                               s
a s t l e s c r i l l e t t la r t d t h e n h a v i r r . g t l r e v a l i ' e c l o s e c l
                                  ,                                                                    ,
 r a i s e t l r e s l ) r i r r g l ' e t a i r r c r( ) n t h e 1 r , u ' c rc r r c lr ; f t I e
 t ' a l t , c , s t c n t , t t t l r c l n o v e t h e s l o t t e t l u , a s l r e r" I i I . ' i t { .
                            a
2." \\iherr this is tlone the spring antl sl)ring re-
 tairrcr w'ill tlrol) ofT the valve stern alcl ilt. i,alye
                                                                             .l
m a ) ' l l e I ' e n l o v e d h r o t r g h t l r c ( ) l ) e r r i l rc qi r e c t l , a l t o v c
                                       t                                                     v
it.
      S h t l t r l t li t l l c l t t : c e s . s a r y g r i r r r l a y a l \ , c ,g r e a t c a r e
                                                     to
s h t t t r l t ll r e u s e r.l l \ { i x a l i t t l e f l r r e l _ I ) o w d e r e r lg l a s s
                                                                          r,
or verv llrreenrer)'rlustu'ith cnough oil to form a
                                                                       '
t l r i n l l a s t c . l J s e a s r n a l l( l t l a r r t i t l o f t h i s t o g r i r r d i r r
t h e v a l \ ' ( ' ,l t e i r r gv e r \ : t ' a r c f t r l n o t t o g e t a n j ' i r r t h e
c y l i r r r l c ro r o r l a n y l l e a r i r r g ; a l s o u . q eg r e a t c a r e t o
a l l p l v l ) r e s s u r ct t r t l - v o t h e c e l t t e r o f t h c v a l l r e s o
                                              t
tlr;rt it u'ill ltot bc erourrrl rlncvcrrlv. \\'ash care-
fullv aftcrwarcl.

                                  CARBURETOR,
     ^ ' \ r ru r r r l e r s t a r r r l i no f I r o n ' a n d n , h v a c a r l : u r e t o r
                                             g
\ v ( ) r k si s v e r v v a l t r a l l l c .
     L i r ; ui r l g a s o l i n ei s n (r t e x l ) l o s i v e ; t n t t r s t l l e v a -
                                                                       i
I ) o ri z er l ; u l( l r r r x er l u , it h : r i r t o b c c t ) t n e o . G a s o l i n e
                              i                                           s
                                                  20
i . S ' r \ ' o l a t i l c t l r ; r t \ \ ' l r c n: " r i rl ) ; t s s r : ;sr ( ' t - ( ) s t , t l r c ; r i r
                                                                                              is
( ' l I I t ' i t ' ; ' a l ) r ) r r o n t t l r c g i r r u l i r r c ; r l o r r lg i t l r i t , t h t t s
                    \             f                                                       v
fr.rntirrg n exlrl,rsivtttixlrrrc.
                      a                           '
    .\                                    r
          ( ' ; t t ' l r t t 1 1 , { r r1 ' l n . s i . t t : , , f :

 (I )      . ' \ \ ' c r t i c a l t r r l . , c r l -j . t g , r l t ; r i r r i r r g i t : r , l i t t c , l t t t t f
                                               r                                      !
                (,1)crtrt tltc toll ;
                             l
('2)       l l c a n s f , ; r t ] ] : r i r r t : r i r r i ri r ts o r ) s t a t t t c v c l u f g a s -
                                                                l                       i
                r - r l i n cn t h i s j c t ;
                             i
(:l)       ] l e a n s f o r i n c r c a s i r r gr t - l ' r : t r - i c t i r r t t h c ( l u a t t -
                t i t y o i g a s o l i n c t h r r t n l a v f ] , , 1 1t'l r r "r,t t g l t t h c
                jet;
( l )       \ l e a n s f o r c a t l s i r r gt l r e a i r - 1 u l ) : r s q t c r o s St h r
                                                                                     l
                 j e t , t l t u s c a r r f i n g i l a s t r l i t t cv a l ) ( ) ri r r t u t h e
                 nrotor rvith it ;
 ( 5 ) 1 1e i l n s f o r i r r c r e a s i r r o r r e s t r i c t i r r gt h c f l u n ' o f
                                                         g
                                                           j
                 a i r l l a s t t h e s a s u l i r r e. t ;
 ( ( t) I t t ' a n s f o r r e g n l a t i r u 4t h e t o t u l : r r t r i | 1 u lo f t h ' :
                                                                                             t
                 l i n a l t t t t x t t r r c u ' h i c h n r i l v l d ( )i r r t o t h c c v t ! n -
                 der.
     r\ constant levcl of f{asolirren the jet is rrtain-           i
tainerl lry reas()r1 f the jet havirrg a l)assagc-wa)'
                                        o
                                                                                               'J'hc
( ' o n ; r e c ' t i i r gt w i t ; r ; r s u n s t : r r r tl c v c l f t r c l c t r i r .
                          i
l e v e l o f g a s o l i r t ei n t l t e f r r e l - c u 1 irs n r u i r r t a i n e < r y     ll
n l e a n s o f a c o r k f l t ; a t , u , l t i c h i s c { ) n n c ( ' t c r r , r ' i t ha
                                                                                           l
little valve in tlre pipc frorn the gasoline tank.
i\s the gasc)lineevel irr tlrc frrcl crrll rises,it car-
                                    l
r i e s t h e f l o a t t l l ) , a r r r lt h c f l o a t c l o s e st h e v a l \ ' e , a r t d
t h u s c u t s o f f t h e s u l ) l ) l ) ' . . , , \ s h e $ { a s o l i n ec v e l f J o e s
                                                             t                        l
r l o r v t t ,t h c f l o a t l o t " e r . t a t t t l ( ) l ) e n st h e v a l v e , i h u s
letting in Inore gasoline.
     'l'lte
                antottnt clf .qasolirre hat nra\'.llt,rv through
                                                           t
the      j e t i s \ r a r i e r l l t r . m c a n s o f a r r e e d l e - \ ' a l l ' et,h a t
c o t n e s u p t h r o t r s . ht l r e c e n t e r o f t h e t o l t o f t h e c a r -
                       'l'urning
lluretor.                                  this valve trr the left permits
n l o r e g a s o l i r r et o f l o n ' t h r o u g h t h e j e t , a n d t h c
                                                         'l'urrrirrg
n r i x t u r e b e c o n t e sr i c h c r .                              it to the right
has the oppositeeffect.
                                                             2l
       The regulation of the amount of air flowing past
 t h e j e t a l s o c h a n g e st h e q u a l i t y o f t h e m i x t u r e -
 nrore air rnovirrgslowly rnaking a Ieaner mixture,
 and less air nrovirrgfaster, a richer mixture. The
 f a s t e r a g i v e r r v o l u m e o f a i r r n o v e sp a s t t h e j e t , t h e
                                                        'l'his
 n l o r e g a s o l i n ei t t a k e s r l l ) .                adjustmerrts very    i
 difficult for an anrateur to nlake, and seldom re-
 q u i r c s a n v c h a n g f r o n r t h e w a y i t l e ft t h e f a c t o r y .
                                    e
       A f { r e a t e r a n l o u r r t o f a i r s } r c l u l dl ) a s s t h e j e t a t
 h i g h l n o t o r s l r e c r lt h a r r a t l o w n r o t o r s p e e d . T h i s i s
                      ,
 l l e c A u s ca s s t a t c t l : r l l t r v ef,a s t n r o v i r r ga i r n r a k e sa
 r i c h e r n r i x t ur e ; c o n s e q u e n t l ya s t h e n r o t o r r u n s
 f : r s t e ra n ( l p u l l s t h e a i r t h r o u g h f a s t e r , t h e v o l u m e
o f a i r m u s t l l e i r t c r e a s e d r e l s et h e r n i x t n r e w i l l l l e
                                                  o
                       'l'his
too rich.                        i s g e n c r a l l y r e g u l a t e db y s o m e a u t o -
m a t i c n l e a n s , i r r t e r c o l u r r c t e du ' i t h t h e t h r o t t l e ,
 ( w h i c h c o r t t r o l st h e t c l t a l a n r o u n t o f n r i x t u r e t h a t
g o e s i n t o t h e c y l i r r r l e r )s o t h a t a s t h e t h r o t t l e i s
o p e n c c lt,h e ( l u a r r t i t vo f a i r t h a t f l o w s l l a s t t h e j e t i s
also irrcreaserl.
      I f t h i s \ \ ' e r c t r o t s ( ) a d j u s t e t l ,w h e r r t h e t h r o t t l e i s
opell the extra slre'ecl ith which the air must pass
                                             rv
thrtlugh woultl nrakcthc nrixturetoo rich.
     A s s t a t e c la l t o v c , t h e a i r r e f { u l a t i o r r h o u l d r r o t l l e
                                                                          s
c h a n g e db y t h e a n t e r t e u r .
                               t
      , \ r l j u s t n r e r ro f t h e . q a s o l i r r e ,r ) \ ^ / e v c irs e a s y ,a n c l
                                                           h                    ,
                  l
s h o t r l c b e n r a d c t o n r e e t v a r y i r r g c l i r n a t c sa n d s e a -
solts; usuallt' ollt: settirrg for a sonte hat leaner                       w
m i x t u r e f o r s u n u n e r , a n c l A t ' t o t h e rs c t t i n g f o r a
s l i g h t l - r ' r i c h c r n t i x t u r e f o r r v i n t e r , A , r ea l l t h a t i s
rlecessar)'.
     'J'hc
                  p r o p c r ; r r l j u s t n t e r ro f t h e r l e e r l l c v a l v e i s
                                                       t
tlsuallv allout thrc'e-quarters f a frrll turn from         o
                             'l'o
dearl .shut.                         get this adjustnrent just right,
start thc nlotor. If it u'ill rtot start at three-quar-
e t r s o f a t t r r r r o f t h c n e e r l l e - \ , a l v er y d i f f e r e n t p o -
                                                                     t,
s i ti o n s t r r r t i l i t c l o e ss t a r t .    'I'hen
                                                                   o p en t h e t h r o i t l c

                                             2?
wide, rctard the spark,and adjust the needle-valve
very gradually one way or another,utrtil )'ou get
i t t r - r p c r i n tw h e r e t h e m o t o r r u n s a t t h e m a x i r n r l m
           a
speccl.J'hen lock it in place.
Sy*ptollrs of too rich a mixtttre are:
    A smoky exhallst(rrot oil smoke ;                             )
    Sluggishness;
    L a c k o f s n a p;
    Inability to pick tll)pronlptlr";
    I n a b i l i t y t o r u n f a s t;
    'I'enderrcy
                           t o c h c l k eu p a n d s t o p u ' l t e t t t h e t l t r o t t l e
         i s o p e n e ds u d d e n l y .
S y r n p t o m so f t o o l e a n a m i x t t t r e a r c :
    Difficulty in starting;
    B a c k f i r i i l B , o r e x l ) l o s i c l l r sn t h e c a r b u r r t o r a t t c l
                                                           i
         muffler ;
    J n a b i l i t yt o p u l l w e l l a t l o w m o t o r s p e e d ;
    I - , i a b i l i t yt o s t o p , i f t h r o t t l e d d o w r r .
    C o n t i n u o u sc r a n k i n g a n d p r i m i n g w l t e n m o t o r i s
balky, often floods the carburetor. This is seenby
gasoline dripping down from the bottom of it.
I n t h i s c a s e ,€ i t h e r w a i t u n t i l t h e g a s o l i n eh a s e v a p -
o r a t e d o r e l s e c l o s e t h e n e e d l ev a l v e a n c l t h e n c r a n k
t h e r n o t o r . W h e n e n o u g h o f t h e e x c e s so f g a s o l i n e
has been carried aw ty, it should start. As soon as
is starts, adjust the needle valve as abore in-
s tr u c te d .

          INSTRUCTIONS FOR ADJUSTING
                 CARBURETOR.
  A f t e r h a v i n q c o n n e c t e i lC a r b n r c t o r t o m o t o r , S t a r t
m o t o r , a d v a n c es p a r k l e v e r o n e - f o u r t h o f i t s t r a v e l ,
m o v e t h r o t t l e l e v e r t c l h i g h s p e c c a r r c la d j u s t n e e d l e
                                                          l
valve so that motor gives best results with least
consumptionof gasoline.
  Should motor start hard, close butterfly in air
                                            23
 i r t t a k c 'l , ) ' n l c a n s o f l l r i n r i n ; 4 r o t l ( " ( ) I t i i i . 1 " ) w h i l e
                             'l'lti.s
 crankinii.                                r v i l l n r a k c i t p o . \ s i l r l ef o r a r i c h
 c l t a r g e t o l r e t a k c r r t h r o u g h t h e n l A r r i f o l c lt o t h e
 c ) ' l i r r r l e r ,t l r e r c l r _ \i'n s u r i r r g c : r s y s t a r t i r r g .
        I " ( t r c u l t l n ' c ; t t i t . t u t u l r e n r a 1 ,b c r r s e di l e t w e e r l t h e
 a i r i r r t a k co f ( ' i t r l ) u r e t u r r r r lt h c c x h a u s t l l i p c o r a r r y
                                                        a
 o t h e r l l l a c c u ' l r e r e \ \ ' i l r r na i r ( ' a n l r t : t a k e n .
       T o r e m o v e t r a n s m i s s i o r , t l i s c o nn e c t t h e c r o s s
  s h a f t f r o n t t h e i r r t e r l o c k i n gt l e v i c c . I t e r n o v e t h e c a p
 scrc\\I irr tlrc l)tlplirril'next tri tltc trarrsnrissiorr.
 'l'lte
               t r a l l s n li s s i u r t n r u r y t h e n l r e r c n r o v e t l { r o m t h e
 car ll1' llterclv retnor,ittg thc ntrts frorrr tIe fotrr
 s t t t d s n ' l t i c h l i r , l r li t t o t l i c r l i l T e r t ' n t i a l .I f t h e r e a r e
a t l v f l ' a s l i e t sl " r c t w e e t lt r ; r r r s n r i s s i o r a l l ( 1 d i f f e r e n t i a l ,
                                                                            r
 t a k e C a r e l l t i t t o l o s c t h er n a r r r l l l c s r l r e :t h e y a r e
                         tl
 l ' ( : l ) l z r c er v l t c t t t h e t r a l t s n r i . s s i o ri r l l u t l t a c k i n t h e
                                                                         s
car. Shoultl thesc u;lskets be lost, the alignnrent
o f t h c l l c v c l ! { c a r s w o u l r l l l e c h a r r r r e da n d t h e y
wtlrrld llrobalrll' r'un rloisill'.
       In casc it is at arlv tirne ne(-essaryo take the                              t
t r a n s n r i s s i o r r ; r 1 r a r tf,i r s t r e n r o v e t h e h i g h s p e e d
c l t t t c h v o k e t l r r o u g h t h e l r a r r r ll r o l c i r r t h e t o p o f
t h e t r a r r s r r r i s s i o r r: r s e ,t h e n l r ) ' n r c r e l y t a k i n g t h e
                                           c
ttttts front tlre fottr sturlsu'hich lrold thc two halves
lt.sctltcr, the front lralf rnay lle lifted off and the
[i('Ars, slr:lft an'tl cltttchcs r.t'ttrlverlas a unit. In
rloirrg thi.s lrc ver), carcful rrot to losc the small
stcel thrust washer at thc cn(l of the straight pro-
ltellcr shaft attd insirle of thc bearirrg in the gear
n t o u r r t . J r r r c a s s e r r r b l i r r gl e c x c e e r l i r r g l yc a r e f u l t o
                                                           l
1'trtevcrrr lrart ll;rck in its original position, espe-
cialll'this thrust washer. \\Ihcrr the transmission
l t a s b e e t t r e a . s s e m l r l ea n c l p l a c e r l i n t h e c a r b e s u r e
                                                     cl
t o f i l l i t w i t l r n o n - f l u i r lo i l l ; e f o r e u s i n g t h e c a r .
      To remove the differential, take off thc chains.
Itcrno\:c tlrc t$'r) sct scrcws frtlrrr the sleeveimme-
t l i a t e l y i n s i d e o f t l r e s n r a l l s l ) r o c k c t ,t h u l f ' e e i n g t l r e
                                                  z4
                                                           'l'ltis
j " . k - s h a ft - l r c a r i n g l r r r s h i r r g ,            ; r l l t ) \s t l r c j l r t ' k -
                                                                                   \
s h a f t w i t h s l ) r o c k e a n ( l l l u s l t i r r go l l e r l r a \ \ ' l o t t t : r s
                                        t                        t                          l
                  'l'hen
a unit.                        r e r n u v e r a r l i r r sr o r l a r t ( l l r r u I C k co n    t
l e f t s i r l e a l t d s l i r l e t h c r l i l T c r r r r t i ut l, r r t( ) n t l t a t s i t l t .
     T o d a m p e n t h e a c t i o n o f t h e s p r i n g , t i s l rt c t t t h c
n t r t o n t h c o u t s i d t o f t l r c r a t l i r r s o r l l r r u r - k c t . Jr r t l r c
                                     :                         r
c a s eo I t h e f r o n t s l ) r i n g ,t l r c r c i . sa 1 , , 1 ' t tit t t ( ) t ] t l r c
                                                                                    1
i n s i r l eo f t h i s l r r a c k e ti v h i c h r n r t s t l r e l u , , s t t c t l l r c -
                                                                                         e
f o r c t h c a d j u s t n r c r r t a n b e n r ; l t l c ,; u l ( l t i g l r t c t t e r l
                                            c
after\,vards. ,
     Adjustment of the chains is rna<lc: nreans df                             l,)'
t\\'oset scre\\'s n the rear sl<eirrs. \'lten tlrc cltairrs
                             o                                        \
a r e p r o p e r l y a d j u s t e r l ,s c e t h : r t t h c s c s t ' t s c r c \ \ ' s
a r c l o c k c d i n l ) o s i t i o r rr ) ' n r c : r l r s f t i r t ' i r j r t r n r r t t t s .
                                              l                    o
 IJe sure that bclth sct scre\,\'s n both sitlcs:ll'c            o
always tight a.qainst heir seat. lf orreis loose a
jerk might llreak either a set screw or thc ltrg
againstwhich it scts.
      The brakes will have to be arljuste now arrd                                d
t h e n a n d a l r v a y s a ft e r a t l j u s t i r t { c h a i r r s . I f b o t l t
brakes are equally loose,remove the llirr from thc
y o k e i n t h c l o n g p u l l r o d a t t a c h e dt o t h e { o o t p e d a l
a n d s c r e w t h i s y o k e o n t c l t h c p u l l r o d s e v e r a lt u r n s
b e f o r e r e p l a c i n gi n p o s i t i o n . I f , h o r r y e v e r ,n e l l r a k e
                                                                                      o
bears more than the other, adjust lry n-rcans f the                                         o
side pull rorls in the same manner.


                      SPINDLE                 ADJUSTMENT.

  T h i s i s n e c e s s a r yw h e n y o l l p u t b a c k t h c r , r , l t e e l s ,
after takitg them off for greasing,which is dorre
once or twice a season. I t may also be necessary
through wear, You can tell this by pulling and
pushing the wheel sideways; if there is atry 1rla1',
the bearing should be adjusted.
  To remove wheel, unscrew thc hub cap, renro\re

                                                 25
pirr "C ltig. 4:' unscrew the rottntl nut " li F ig. 4,"
p r r l l o f f t h l w h e e l , a n t l w i t h i t t h e c ( ) t l e" , ' \ I t i g . 4 . "
 l ' h e b a l l s r e n l a i r ri n t h e w h e e l .
     A f t e r l l u t t i n g t h e r v h e e lb a c k , p u t l l a c k t h e c o l l c ,
lleing careful to have offset slitlc irrto slot ()tl the
s l l i n d l e ,s c r e w u l ) t h e n u t w i t h t h e f i n g e r s t o s t t c l t
a p o s i t i o r ra s l ) e r n r i t s r r o s h a k e i r r t h c w h e e l , b u t i t
still rvill revoll'e freel-v. Then lrut the pin through
t h e s l o t a r r d h o l c r v h i c ha r e n e a r e s ti n l i n e w i t h e a c h
o t her .
     On acrlurrt of therebeing terrslotsirr the nttt attcl
f o u r h o l e s t h r o u g l r t h e s l l i n d l ec t t d ,a v c r y f r n e a c l -
                                                   'l'lre
justmcnt is olrt;rirralrlc.                                    u'hecl tttust revolve
f r e e l v r n ' l t e ttth e a c l j t t s t t n c r ti ts t l t A c l e .
      ] l e c a r e f u l l r o t t o i { e t r l i r t o r s a r r r li r r t h c l t e a r -
i n f I . I f y ( ) u l l a v t : ( ) c c ; r s i o ttto t : r k c t h e v v l t e e Io f f ,
i n s p e c t I , r o t hc ( ) n e s a r r c lt h c l l a l l s t o s c c t l r : r t t l t e l '
are all right.


           P O S S I B L ES O U R C E S F T R O U B L E .
                                       O
     ,\ rlirtv spark lllug is conull()n. It is renrcdierl
l r y r e n ' r o v i n gt h e l l l u g a n ( l t ' l c : r n i r r g t r v i t h g a s o l i r r c
                                                                                    i
l r r ; r l a n t , l t l t o o t h l l r t r s l t ,( ) r a l l i c c r o f c l t t t l r . l t i s
, , \ , e l lt o t ; r k c t l r c l l l n g t o l l i c c e s . l f t h e c c ) r e i s
crackerl ()r leakl', it w'ill have to lrr tltrtlwn awa\'.
'l'lle
            p o i r r t . ss l r , r u l r ll r c a l i t t l t ' l c s s t l t a n 1 - 1 6 i n c l r
a p a r t f o r l r a t t c r v s ) ' s t c t t ti l n ( l a l ) ( ) u t 1 , , ' I ( i; r r c h i f t t l a g -
                                                                                         '
n et o i s u s ed .
     - , \ l l l t r i 4 n l : l \ ' l l c s l r o r t - c i r c u i t e r ll l , t ' c a r l ; o t r o r l c a k -
a g c , b u t s t i l l s l r o n ' a s p a r k l ; e t \ \ / c c nt l r e l l o i t t t s w l t e t t
i t i s o u t o f t h c t : 1 ' l i n r l c r n ( l r t r t r l c ra t n r o s l ) h c r i cl ) r c s -
                                                       a
s u r e , w l r i l c u r t r l c r t h e c o n r p r e s s i o n ,i n s i r l c o f t h c
c ) , l i n r l e r ,i t w o r r l d r r r t t s p a r k .
      C c r t a i r r k i r r r l s o f s l r a r k p l t r u s t l o t t t i t r v , r r l <r v c l l i r r
                                                                                              'l'ltosc
a high-spccrl nrotor likc thc ]',rrrsh.                                                                     that
c o m e w ' i t h t h e c a r a r e t h c l l c s t k i r r d w c c a n f i r r c lf o r

                                                      27
 t l re p u r p r ) s e . O c c a s i o n a l l l ' ,h o \ \ , c v e r ,s o m e u s e r s ,
 t t t t t i c t 't l r c i r ' ( ) \ \ ' l tc o r t r l i t i o n s g c t b c t t c r -r e s u l t s o u t
                                                                     r
 o f s ( ) n l eo t h e r f u r n r o f l t l t r u ^ .
      C a r b u r e t o r t r o u b l e i s r r r o s t : n l n t , fi n g . . ' l ' r o u b l e s
 r i t t e t o I ) ( ( ) r 'a d j u s t t n c n t ; u ' e r l c s c r j i l , c iu r r r l e r t l r e
                         )                                                                l
                                    t
  ( ' x l r l l t t t l t t i t rt , f t l r c c l l r l r r r r c t o r . ( ) t l r c r t r o r r l l l c sa r t :
  t l t t c c i t l t c r t o r l i r t o l ' u ' r r t e ri r r t l r e g i l s o l i r r c( ) r e l s c
                                                                                                     ,
  t o a i r l c : r k : r g er r t h c j o i n t s . \ \ ' a t c r i n t h e g a s o l i n e
                                       i
  i s r ' , . t ' ) 'f r e t 1 t c n t . Jt i s l r et n r v e t l l , l ' s l ) u t t er i r r g a r r d
                                t
        .
  l l l l . \ s i r t g l, t t t t l i s c r ) l " r e c t r tll, ) ' r l r a i n i r r g t h e c o r l t c n t s
  u f t h c r ' ; t r b u r eo 1 ' . I t i s , r ' * l l i n a l l I ' r r . , i r r l i l l i n g
                                       t
  t l r e t r u r k t u s t n l i r r t l r r u r r g l rr r c l r a r r r , i s .
        ] r r c a s e t l t t ' t - ci s a l c l r k v j o i r r t : l n v n ' l r c r c l l e t \ \ ' c c n
  t l t t ' c a r l l t t r c t o t ' i t t t tt ll r c n r o t n r ' , l r e c x c e s so f a i r t h r r s
                                                                        t
  i r r t r - o t l u c c r l' i i l c l r u s e t r o u l r l e .
                               n
        If the transmission becomes sluggish, so that thc
 c l t r t c l t e sn ' i l 1 r r o t l r o l t l o r t : n . g a t el l r o l n l ) t l ) ' , i t s h r _ n r l r l
 b c c a l ' c f u l l v t : l c u n e i lo r r t . l i i r s t r l r a i r r t l r r o u g h t h e
                                                   'l'lrcrr
 pltru irr titc lrottottt.                                                i
                                                              I)()rrrrr kerr)st:ne rid turrr    a
 the lllotttr ()\'cr a fcn' tinres, ()r let it rrln slorvll'
 f r , r t I t t t i t t t t t co r t u ' o . I ) r a i r r a u : r i r r , h e n l ) o u r i n a
                                                                                     t
 littlc girs'lirrc:trrrrrit ()\'cra fcu, tinres and drairr
 ; t s i t i r t ;l l t c r r l t r r t i r r f r c s h o i l ; l n ( l t l t e t r o u b l e s h o u l c l
 l l c o v er . I f s t i l l s l t r u g i s l r t a k c o u t t h c c l u t c h p l a t c s
                                                             ,
r u r ( l I r a s . s; r l i r r c l l l c ( . ) \ ' c rt h c n r c l r o r r g h t o r e n r ( ) v c
t l r e g l ; t z t ' f r u t t t t l r e s u r f a c c l l t r t n o t c n ( ) r r g ht o r e c l u c e
t l t c t t t : t l ) l ) r c c i : r l r liv t h i r ' k n c s s . I r r t i r n e t h e s e p l a t e s
                                             n
l n : r v l r e \ \ ' ( ) l ' n u t , n ( ' ( ' c s s i t a t i n g ' n c \ l\l,l a t e s .
                                     ,
       I t i s ; r l s r ,l ) o 5 s i b l ct I a t t l r c s e r i e s, I l ( , \ , c r s x t c r r r l -
                                                                                                  c
i r r t . lf r o t t t t l t t ' l t ; t t t r ll e v c r t r , t l r c i n s i t l c o f t h e t r a l l s -
t t t i s s i o n l l l ; t \ l l t ' c r ) l l t c r l i s ( { ) l u t e c t e r lw h i c h \ \ , o t r l r l
                                                                                        ,
r r ' s r r l ti r r u n c ( ) r - : r l lo f t h c s l ) ( ' e r l s o t h o l d i r r g .
                                                                             n

               HO\I/ TO LOOK F'ORTROUBLE.
    'l'ltc
               n t (; s t f r c r l u c r r t r o u l r l c i s t h a t t h e c a r u ' i l l n t - r t
 s t a r l . ( ) r u ' i l l r i o t r u n . S h o u l d t h i s h a l l p e n ,i t n r u s t
l r e t l u e t () s ( ) n l e d e f i n i t c c a u s e o r c a u s e s . I t l i n d
                                                    28
                                            n
tinker.ing ill do r]o good. Go at it syste raticall)',
          w
one tfiin at a tinrc, for if vou r]o tn'o things at a
t i m e , y , ; i d o n o t k n o w w h a t y o l . l l t a l ' c c l t , r l t c ,t t c ly o t l
                                                                                          a
f i 1 a y i i r c o r r e c t i n g o n e t h i r r g l r r t t s ( ) l t l t t t h i t r u l : , ' .o t t L
                                                                                           c         :
of adjustntent.
     L e t u s a s s t t l r r e l (| \ v t h a t \\'e I t a t v cl l c f n r e t l s a c a r
                                  l
w h i c h w i l l r t o t s t a r t : l i i r s t \\' e l r , o k i r r t l r e g a s o l i n c
t a n k , t h e r r \ v e s e e i f t l l c r e i s f l a s o l i r r ei r t t h e c a r
b u r e t o r , l r ) ' l l u s h i n g t l o t l ' t t t hc l l o a t s t c t t t o l l c e L r l '
                'l'ltt:
twice.                   troultle is lttlt cltt to lack t,f !{asolilre.
                                                            e
     \ \ i c t u r n t h e e r r g i r r c( ) \ ' e' . l f i t t t t r t t s e x t r e l n e l - y
                                                      t
l r a r d , i t i s g u t o f o i l . 1 { i t t'u' r t cs c a s i l y a l l t h e r v & } ,
                                                        l l
                                                            n
therc is llo cornl)ressiorr.                                  t'alves are leakirrg
o l ' b r t - r k e n c ) r t h e r e i . s a l e a k s ( ) t t t e w l t c t ' c .( ) t l c c ( ) l '
                      ,
t u , i c e e a c h s e a s ( ) 1 h e v a l \ : c st t c c t l a d j t t s t i r r g . ( ) c c a -
                                    t1
siorrally a speck clf carltort ()r dirt gets uncler thc
v a l v e , p r e u e , r t i r r gi t f r o r n s e a t i n g o r a l l e x c c s s o f
carlton nlay rvork down along the t'alve stctn, catls-
irrg it to stick. Washirrg rvith kerr)setre r !'asolinc                      o
corrects this.
     The trouble is nrost likely to lrc n'ith thc igni-
               'furning
tion,                           on the switch, s'f tttrn over the
e r r g i n e , a r r d l i s t e n f o r t h c l > u z r .o f t h e c o i l . 1 f
tlrere is llo buzz, then there is no ctlrrettt throtrgh
 the coil, or the coil is defcctive. We go back over
 the wiring fronr the coil to the battcries,and see
 whether the irrsulatiorr as rublrcd off or solllethitr.g
                                            h
 e l s e h a s h a p p e n e dt o c a t l s e t h c s l t o r t - c i r c t r i t . \ \ r c
                                                                                   l
 e x a m i n e h n d f e e l o f a l l o f t h c c o r l n e c t i o n sl e t w e c r l
 t h e b a t t e r i e s ; i f o l t e o f t h e n t i s l o o s e ,t h e r e i s , o f
 c o u r s e ,n o c r r r r e r r t . I f w c h a v e a n a n t l ) c r c n ttte r i r r    :
 orlr kit (*'hich \\re should ltave). \\'e tcst eaclt cell
 for ampereaf{c. Ne\v cells registcr ncarl)' ?(},atlrl
 rvhen they get below 10, they are ttot \\'orth nltlch.
 I f w e f i n d o n e o r n r o r e d e a c l c - e l l si r r t h c c i r c t t i t ,
 we cut them ottt, atrd cotlple tll) rvithout them.
      I f w e h a v e n o a m p e r e n l e t e r ,a r r d f i r r d t h e c o n -

                                                    2!)
  n e c t i o n sa r e t i g h t , a n d t h e r e i s n o e v i d e n c eo f w a t e r
  or other damage to the coil, we guessthat the bat-
  teries are weak, and replacethem.
        I f t h e b a t t er i e s a r e r i g h t , a n d t h e c o i l d o e s n o t
  buzz,we look over the wiring to the motor, and see
  that our commutator is working, dnd then we ex-
  pcrimetrt with the coil lly seeing if the buzzer is
  stuck, anrl, if not, by changing the adjustmentof it.
        If we get a buzz in the coil, arrd stiil the motor
  will not start, we take out the spark plug and l"y
 or hold one side of it against the cylinder, being-
 c a r e f u l ,l t o w e v e r ,t h a t t h e w i r e a t t a c h e dt o t h e t o l r
 does not touch the cylinder. We turn the engine
 over, and look fclr a spark in the spark plug.                                               If
 there is no strark in the spark plug, but the coil
 b u z z e s .t h e n t h e r e m u s t b e a s h o r t - c i r c u i t b e L w e e n
 the coil and the spark plug. This will have to be
 s e a r c h e do u t l r y f o l l o w i n g t h e w i r e s .
       If the spark is goocl in the spark plr-rg, hen the                       t
 troullleis not with the ignition.
       In that case, we expect to firrd the carburetor
 t o t a l l y o t t t o f a c l j t r s t n t c n t .I f s o , w c n r u s t s t a r t w i t h
 t h e c a r b u r e t o r a r r c ls e t i t a p p r o x i m a t e l l ' r i g h t , a n c l
 t h e n , a f t e r w c h a v e s t a r t e c li l r . n r o t o r , - a d j i l s ti t a . s
n e a r l y r i g h t a . sp o s s i b l e .
      'fhere
                      are, thus, three !lroul)s of lllaces to look,
i n c a s et h e m o t o r d o e s n o t s t a r t :
                        'l'h
           I i i r s t,      e Ign ition Syrtem
                            ,
           S e c r ; n r lT h e V a l v e s a n d C v l i n r l e r
           'l'hird,
                          the Carburetor.
      'l'here
                      nlay be tn'o different parts out of order,
which is more confusing. When one has had a
l i t t l e e x p e r i e n c e ,h e w i l l b e a b l e t o t e l l d e f i n i t e l y
tliat certain thirrgs are not the matter, and thus
a , r r i v ea t t h e f a u l t b y a p r o c e s so f e l m i n a t i o n .
      All Automobile f)ealers are farniliar with the ex-
perience of sending a .repair man miles away to
                                            80
l r r i n g i n a c r i p l r l e dc a r , o n l y t o f i r r d t h a t t h e s o l c
t r o u b l e i s l a c k o f g a s o l i t t t , ,r f a i l u r et o t t t r n o n t h e
                                                o
switch.
      I n c a s e ) : o u r u r t t t t t t o f g a s o l i t t e ,a t t y k i n d o f
a l c o h o l u ' i l l r l o , a l s o k c r r ) s e n co i l , i f t h e n t o t o r i s
\ \ , a n n , ? l t h o u g h r , r , i t hk e r o s e n eo i l i t i s v e r y d i f f i c u l t
to start u'itlt a cold nl()tor. \\ie have even heard of
c a r s r u n n i r r g r t f e n ' r n i l e s o n u ' h i s k e y ,o r i n f a c t
a n v t h i n g t h a t c u l l t a i n sa h i g h l ) e r c e n t a g e f a l c o h o l
                                                                            o

       A POUND OR KN,OCKIN THE MOTOR,
     'l'hcrc
                       a r c s c v e r a l k i n d s o f k r r o c k sf a n r i l i a r t o a l l
                                          'l'he
                            e
a u t ( ) n l t - l b i lu s e r s .                sllark knock is a sharp me-
t z r l l i t :s o t l n d , a r r d i s r l u e t o h a v i n g t h e s p a r k t o o f a r
                     c
a t lv a n c e l o r t o : l t u o s u c l r l c no l ) e n i r r go f b o t h s p a r k
a n c lt h r o t t l e .
     I t lrlay llc also rlue to l)remattrre cxplosions,
c : l t l s e r l r y : l 1 1c ) v e r h c a t c rc : y l i r r d c ro r a n o v e r h c a t e d
                                                        l                 ,
spark 1rlu.q. \\/hcrr the cylinder becornes hot,
t h r o t r . q hi a c k o f o i l , o r l a c l <o f \ r a t e r ,o r a r r e x c c s so f
                   l
c : t r l ) ( ) t d e p o s i t , t h e r c l r l ' r l e r : r e a s i r rt h e c o l n p r e s s i o n
                                                                            g
s l ) a r : cc i t l l c r t h c . s p a r k p l u g , ( ) r p a r t i c l e so f c a r b o n ,
                  ,
( ) r l i t t l t : ; l o i n t s o f i r o r r i n s i d e t h c c o l n l ) r e . s s i oc h a m -
                                                                                             n
ltcr tll:tv lrecolrlercrl lrot, cflttsirrt prematttre ex-
l ) t () s l ( n s .
             )
      . ' \ l l u t l r e r f o n n s o f k r r , r c l <: r r e . q e r r c r a l l yd u l l
                     'l'ltey
s rt l l t t t l s
                 .             n l a \ ' l l c c a n s e ( ll l y a l r l o s e c o n n e c t -
i r r g r t ; r l , A l o o s c l l y w h e e l , a w ( ) r n c r a n k s h a ft b e a r -
              'r
i r r { . 1o , a f a u l t , v b a l a n c e g c a r b e a r i r r g .

    TO ADJUST BALANCE GEAR IN MOTOR.
     S h o u l dt h i s g c a r e v e r r e ( l u i r ea d j u s t i n g , t i s d o n e
                                                                         i
l r y t u r n i r r g t h e s h a f t . w h i c h r un s t h r o u g h t h e h u l l
i n t h e c r a n k c a s et o t h e r i g h t . N e a r t h e e n d o f t h i s
s h a f t , o n w h i c h t h e g e a r n r n s , i t i s e c c e n t r i cw i t h
                                                31
 thc'l)art in the crarrk case, so that revolvirg the
ltart in thc cnrttk casc throws the gcar nearer to
()r frrrtlrcr a\\'av fronr the other gear.
      'J-llesc                                                            'iight
                       gcars arc set slightlr'                                         w,herrthe1,
l c l t v c t h e f a c t c l r l ' ,a r r r l h a v e a t c n r l c n c y t o h u m a
                 'l'lti.s
littlc.                                               r
                               t c r r t l c n r : 1s ( ) ( ) nw c a r s o t r t , I ) a r t i c u l a r l y
rvltctrtltc lnotor i.s \\/urnr. Shoulrl thcsc gcars lle-
c ( ) n t cs o l o r : s ct l r ; r t t l l c ) ' r a t t l e , t h e v n l a y b e a d j u s t e d
c l o s e r t u g c t l t c r i n a c c o r t l a r - r ( :n : i t l r t h e a l l o v e i n -
                                                                      t'
s tr t r r : t i t ) l l s .
      S h o u i r l t h c l l a l a n c ( ' . q e a . rc \ : e r l l c t a k e r r o f f , b e
carcftrlirr putting it lrack to havc tlrc bcaring ad-
j t r s t c t l a s s n i t s l : ' a s l ) r ) s s i l l l e ' i t l r o r r tl r i n r l i r i g ,i r r
                                                                    u
 t l r e s t t t l t c\ \ ' i l v t h r r t t h c s l r i r r r l l c r l j r r s t r n c n it s n i a d e .
                                                                    a
      'l'hc
                  u'cigfrt,n                  tlre llalance gcar u,herr leas.-
s c l t t l l l c r ln r t t s t l r c r ) l l t l t c l o u ' e r s i r l c n ' h c r r t h e p i s t o l r
i s ( ) l ' tt l r c t o p c e l l t c r .




                                              IMPORTANT.
  When orering repair parts, lre surc to rivc cata-
logue number of Part, number on Cylinder arrrl
M o d e l o f C a r . ( ) t l r c r n ' i s c\ ' ( ) t ll l l a v l r r l i a l l l e ' t o v e x a -
tiousrlcl:tvs.
    Order repairs from your Dealer.

                                                                   32
                I t l : l ' l { l NI t ' l ) l 1 \ 'l t l ( t r s l l ( ) W N l : l { 5A S 5 (X l A l l ( ) N l / , ) 5

				
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posted:8/13/2011
language:English
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