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					 Cabell County Board of Education             File:  JGHA
                                                     (Also: GAR)
 Adopted by Cabell County Board of            Title: Wellness Policy
 Education: September 19, 2006


                                WELLNESS POLICY


The Cabell County Schools recognizes a relationship exists between nutrition, physical
activity, and learning. Healthy eating and activity patterns are essential for students to
achieve their full academic potential, full physical and mental growth, and lifelong
health and well-being. Healthy eating and physical activity, essential for a healthy
weight, are also linked to reduced risk for many chronic diseases, such as diabetes,
heart disease and obesity. Schools and the community have a responsibility to help
students learn, establish, and maintain lifelong, healthy eating and activity patterns.
Research indicates that well-planned and effectively implemented school nutrition and
fitness programs have been shown to enhance students’ overall health, as well as their
behavior and academic achievement in school. Also, staff wellness is an integral part of
a healthy school environment, since school staff can be daily role models for healthy
behaviors.


 I.   INTRODUCTION AND RATIONALE

      The Cabell County Wellness Policy will implement wellness policies that
      address nutrition and physical activity by the start of the 2006-2007 school year.
      The policy is designed to promote children’s health and well-being. The
      increasing rates of obesity and overweight among youth threaten to jeopardize
      the future health and productivity of our children.            A healthy school
      environment goes beyond the school meal served in the cafeteria. Living a
      healthy lifestyle and maintaining a healthy weight requires a combination of
      healthy food choices, knowledge of nutrition, and appropriate amounts of
      physical activities. All foods made available on school campuses should offer
      children nutritious choices. Nutrition education and physical activity
      should be incorporated into the school day as often as possible. The healthy,
      nutritionally, and physically active child is more likely to be academically
      successful.

                                         FACTS

             64% of West Virginia adults are obese or overweight.



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           29% of West Virginia high school students are overweight or at risk
            of becoming overweight.
           28% of low-income children between 2 and 5 years of age in West
            Virginia are overweight or at risk of becoming overweight.
           Only 2% of children (2 to 19 years) eat a healthy diet consistent
            with the five main recommendations for the Food Guide Pyramid.
           Obesity rates have doubled in children and tripled in adolescents
            over the last two decades, and physical inactivity and excessive
            calorie intake are the predominant causes of obesity.
           Heart disease, cancer, stroke, and diabetes are responsible for two-
            thirds of death in the United States, and major risk factors for those
            diseases, including unhealthy eating habits, physical inactivity, and
            obesity, often are established in childhood.
           33% of high school students do not participate in sufficient
            vigorous physical activity and 72% of high school students do not
            attend daily physical education classes.
           33.6% of West Virginia adults report no physical activity.


II. FOCUS

   The Cabell County Board of Education recognizes that while parents are the
   primary teachers and caregivers for their children, the present and future health,
   safety, and well-being of students are also the concern of Cabell County
   Schools. Schools will focus on:

   A.       School environment: A school environment that is safe; that is
            physically, socially, and psychologically healthful; and that promotes
            health-enhancing behaviors.

   B.       Physical Education Curriculum: A physical education curriculum
            involves moderate to vigorous physical activity that teaches knowledge,
            motor skills, land positive attitudes, that promotes activities and sports
            that all students enjoy and can pursue, that is coordinated with the
            comprehensive school health education curriculum.

   C.       Health Education Curriculum: A health education curriculum that is
            designed to motivate and help students maintain and improve their
            health, prevent disease, and avoid health-related risk behaviors that is
            taught by well-prepared and well-supported teachers.

   D.       Nutrition Services Program: A nutrition services program that includes a
            food service program that employs well-prepared staff who efficiently


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            serve appealing choices of nutritious foods; a comprehensive school
            health education curriculum and coordinated with the food service
            program; and a school environment that encourages students to make
            healthy food choices.

       E.   Health Services Program: A school health services program that is
            designed to prevent and control communicable disease and other health
            problems; provide emergency care for illness or injury, and is provided by
            well-qualified and well-supported health nurses.

       F.   Counseling and Student Services Program: A counseling and student
            services program that is designed to ensure access or referral to
            assessments, interventions, and other service for students mental,
            emotional, and social health and whose services are provided by well-
            qualified and well-supported professionals.

       G.   Staff Health Promotion Program: A staff health promotion program that
            provides opportunities for school staff to improve their health status
            through activities such as health assessments, health education, and
            health-related fitness activities.


III.   GOALS

       A.   Schools will provide nutrition education to foster life long habits for
            healthy eating and will establish links between health education and
            school meal programs.

       B.   Schools will provide physical education programs that are designed to
            stress physical fitness and encourage healthy, active lifestyles.

       C.   Child nutrition meals served through the National School and Breakfast
            Programs will meet all requirements of the federal, state and local
            nutrition standards.

       D.   Schools will take every measure to ensure that student access to foods
            and beverages meet federal, state and local laws and guidelines.

       E.   Schools will provide a healthy and safe environment that supports
            academic success before, during and after school.




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   F.    Schools will strive to have a wellness coordinator and wellness committee
         in each Cabell County school to organize wellness events for students,
         professional and service personnel staff.


IV. NUTRITION EDUCATION

   Cabell County schools aims to teach, encourage, and support healthy eating by
   students, community and staff. Schools should provide nutrition education and
   engage in nutrition promotion with the following actions:

   A.    Nutrition education is offered at each grade level and designed to provide
         students with the knowledge and skills necessary to promote and protect
         their health.

   B.    Nutrition education includes enjoyable, developmentally-appropriate,
         culturally-relevant, participatory activities, such as contests, promotions,
         taste testing, farm visits, and school gardens.

   C.    Schools promote fruits, vegetables, whole grain products, low-fat and fat-
         free dairy products, healthy food preparation methods, and health-
         enhancing nutrition practices.

   D.    Educators emphasize caloric balance between food intake and energy
         expenditure (physical activity/exercise).

   E.    Schools show a link with school meal programs, other school foods, and
         nutrition-related community services.

   F.    Schools shall actively develop and support the engagement of students,
         families and staff in community health enhancing activities and events at
         the school or throughout the community.

   G.    Students in grades K-12 shall receive nutrition education that teaches the
         knowledge and skills needed to adopt healthy eating behaviors and is
         aligned with the West Virginia Health and Physical Education content
         standards. Nutrition education shall be integrated into the curriculum.
         Nutrition information and education shall be offered throughout the
         school campus and based on the U.S. Dietary Guidelines for Americans.
         Staffs that provide nutrition education shall have the appropriate training,
         such as in health enhancement or family and consumer sciences, etc.




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   H.    Students shall be taught communication, goal setting, and decision
         making skills that enhance personal, family, and community health.

   I.    Nutrition education emphasizes the importance of healthy eating and
         physical activity to maintain healthy weight.


V. PHYSICAL ACTIVITY

   The Cabell County physical education program shall be designed to stress
   physical fitness and encourage healthy, active lifestyles:

   A.    Students shall be provided varied opportunities for enjoyment, challenge,
         self-expression and social interaction that will lead to a physically active
         lifestyle.

   B.    Students shall be provided a daily recess period, which is not used as a
         punishment or a reward. Schools should consider a recess before lunch
         since research indicates that physical activity prior to lunch can increase
         the nutrient intake and reduce food waste.

   C.    Schools will be encouraged to have a wellness coordinator and a
         committee to work with students and staff concerning the wellness policy.

   D.    Physical education includes the instruction of individual activities as well
         as competitive and non-competitive team sports to encourage life-long
         physical activity.

   E.    Schools will provide information to families to help them incorporate
         physical activity into their students’ lives.

   F.    Schools encourage families and community members to institute
         programs that support physical activity.

   G.    All schools shall encourage supervised recess, preferably outdoors, during
         which schools should encourage moderate to vigorous physical activity.

   H.    Schools should discourage extended periods (periods of two or more
         hours) of inactivity. When activities, such as mandatory school-wide
         testing, make it necessary for students to remain indoors for long periods
         of time, schools should give students periodic breaks during which they
         are encouraged to stand and be moderately active.



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   I.    Schools will offer a range of activities that meet the needs, interests, and
         abilities of all students, including boys, girls, students with disabilities,
         and students with special health-care needs.


VI. NUTRITION GUIDELINES FOR ALL FOODS ON CAMPUS

   Cabell County Schools will make available healthy food and beverage choices
   whenever and wherever food and beverages are served or sold on school
   premises or at school sponsored events.

   A.    All foods made available on campus will comply with the current USDA
         Dietary Guidelines for Americans: vending machines, beverage contracts,
         fundraisers, concession stands, student stores, and school
         parties/celebrations.

   B.    Schools will take every measure to ensure that student access to foods
         and beverages meets federal, state and local laws and guidelines. Food
         providers will offer a variety of age appropriate healthy food and
         beverage selections for elementary schools, middle schools and high
         schools.

   C.    Nutritional information for products offered in snack bars, vending, and
         school stores is readily available near the point of purchase.

   D.    The County shall monitor all food and beverages sold or served to
         students, including those available outside the federally regulated child
         nutrition programs (i.e., vending, student stores, classroom rewards,
         fundraising efforts). The County shall consider nutrient density and
         portion size before permitting food and beverages to be sold or served to
         students. The County shall continually evaluate vending policies and
         contracts. Vending contracts that do not meet the intent and purpose of
         this policy shall be modified accordingly or not renewed.

   E.    Classroom snacks feature healthy choices.

   F.    Healthy food choices will be offered for Professional and Service
         Personnel meetings and events.

   G.    Nutrition education is incorporated during classroom snack times, not just
         during meals. Foods and beverages sold at fundraisers include healthy
         choices.



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H.   Schools will discourage the sale of soft drinks. Alternate healthy
     beverages will be made available to students such as low-fat (1%) milk
     choices, water without sweeteners, and 100 percent fruit or vegetable
     juice. Of the total beverages offered for sale, at least fifty percent shall be
     healthy beverages. These sales shall be in the same location or
     substantially similar location as those of soft drinks.

I.   Healthy beverages are defined as water, 100% fruit and vegetable juice,
     low-fat milk and other juice beverages with a minimum of twenty percent
     real juice.

J.   Except for foods served in the school nutrition programs, no food shall be
     sold in elementary schools from the time the first child arrives until 20
     minutes after all students are served lunch.

K.   Wherever or whenever foods are sold or otherwise offered on school
     premises both during and outside the school day, such foods should
     include nutritious choices.

L.   Schools will not use foods or beverages, especially those that do not meet
     the nutrition standards for “other foods” and beverages as rewards for
     academic performance or good behavior. Schools will not withhold food
     or beverages (including food served through school meals) as a
     punishment.

M.   Snacks sold or served during the school day will contain less than 40
     percent sugar by weight, and not more than 8 grams of fat per ounce.
     Juice drinks will contain at least 20 percent juice.

N.   Milk machines that offer a variety of flavors of flavored low fat (1%) and
     fat free dairy products such as milk and yogurt will be available to
     students.

O.   Schools may offer bottled water as a choice for students.

P.   County Food Service Department and schools will assist volunteer groups
     and student organizations that currently operate concessions or food sales
     to understand and implement this provision.




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VII. CHILD NUTRITION OPERATIONS

    The Cabell County Child Nutrition Program will serve students school breakfast
    and lunch that ensure quality meals that are nutritious, appealing, and meet
    USDA Guidelines.

    A.    Schools will make sure all students have affordable access to the varied
          and nutritious foods they need to stay healthy and learn well.

    B.    Schools will strive to increase participation in the available federal Child
          Nutrition programs (e.g. school lunch, school breakfast, after-school
          snack, and summer food service programs).

    C.    Schools will arrange bus schedules and utilize methods to serve school
          breakfasts that encourage participation.

    D.    All food service personnel shall have adequate staff development training
          in food service operations.

    E.    A child’s need for nutrients does not end when school does. Cabell
          County Schools will make every effort to offer meals during breaks in the
          school calendar and to coordinate with other agencies and community
          groups to operate, or assist with operating, a summer food service
          program for children and adolescents who are eligible for federal program
          support.

    F.    Students are encouraged to start each day with a healthy breakfast.
          Newsletter articles, take-home materials, or other means will be provided
          to the student concerning the importance of eating a healthy breakfast.

    G.    School meals will be appealing and attractive to children as well as served
          in a clean and pleasant setting.

    H.    School meals will meet, at a minimum, nutrition requirements established
          by the USDA and the State of West Virginia.

    I.    School meals will offer a variety of milk choices which include low fat
          (1%) and fat free milk and nutritionally - equivalent non-dairy alternatives
          (as defined by USDA) when medically necessitated.

    J.    Schools should share information about the nutritional content of meals
          with parents and students. Such information could be made available on



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     menus, a website, on cafeteria menu boards, placards, or other point-of-
     purchase materials.

K.   Schools will provide students with at least 10 minutes to eat after sitting
     down for breakfast and 20 minutes after sitting down for lunch.

L.   Schools should schedule meal periods at appropriate times, not less than
     3, or more than 4 ½ hours elapsing from the beginning of the school
     breakfast service to the beginning of the school lunch service.

M.   Schools should not schedule tutoring, club, or organizational meetings or
     activities during mealtimes, unless students may eat during such
     activities.

N.   Schools shall discourage students from sharing their foods or beverages
     with one another during meal or snack times, given concerns about
     allergies and other restrictions on some children’s diets.

O.   Drinking water is made available to students during meal times.

P.   Food Service personnel will observe guidelines for portion and food
     components as specified by the National School Lunch Programs (NSLP)
     regulations and United States Department of Agriculture (USDA).

Q.   USDA recipes will be used in all schools which moderate levels of fat,
     sugar, and salt.

R.   Schools will be encouraged to bake foods.

S.   School meals will offer a variety of fresh fruits and vegetables, whole
     grains, and foods lower in sodium and fat.

T.   Child Nutrition programs will provide taste testing activities for students
     with nutritional data handouts. Food Service Department will work
     towards providing a link with the classroom to develop a training video
     for children about new food choices, vegetables, and fruits to increase
     student awareness and knowledge of foods served in the school meals.

U.   Schools are encouraged to participate during the school day in a healthy
     snack program according to USDA, state and local Child Nutrition
     guidelines.




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    V.    Food Service Department will provide information that will increase the
          knowledge of every parent, staff member, and student of Cabell County
          regarding nutrition, healthy eating, and proper weight.


VIII. HEALTHY AND SAFE ENVIRONMENT

    Cabell County Schools will provide a healthy and safe environment that
    supports academic success before, during, and after school.

    A.    Cafeterias include enough serving areas so that students do not have to
          spend too much time waiting in line.

    B.    Dining areas are attractive and have enough space for seating all
          students.

    C.    Food is not used as a reward or a punishment for student behaviors,
          unless it is detailed in a student’s Individual Education Plan (IEP) or
          504 Plan.

    D.    School buildings and grounds, structures, buses and equipment shall
          meet all current health and safety standards, including environmental air
          quality, and be kept inviting, clean, safe and in good repair.

    F.    Schools and district offices shall maintain an environment that is free of
          tobacco, alcohol and other drugs.

    G.    Safety procedures and appropriate training for students and staff shall
          support personal safety and a violence and harassment free environment.

    H.    Each work site, school and classroom shall work to create an environment
          where students, parents/guardians and staff are respected, valued and
          accepted with high expectations for personal behavior and accomplish-
          ments.

    I.    Students shall be taught to understand and respect the differences in
          others and how to build positive interpersonal relations.

    J.    Each school shall provide a supportive environment that includes
          guidance, counseling, and school social work services that encourages
          students, families and staff to request assistance when needed and link
          them to school or community resources.



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      K.    All foods made available on campus comply with the state and local food
            safety and sanitation regulations. Hazard Analysis and Critical Control
            Points (HACCP) plans and guidelines are implemented to prevent food
            illness in schools.

      L.    Staff wellness programs will be conducted throughout the school year for
            those wishing to participate.


IX.   MONITORING AND POLICY REVIEW

      The Cabell County Superintendent or Designee will ensure compliance with
      established county nutrition and physical activity wellness policies. In each
      school, the principal or designee will ensure compliance with those policies in
      his/her school and will report on the school’s compliance to the school
      superintendent or designee.

      To help with the initial development of the county’s wellness policies, each
      school will conduct a baseline assessment of the school’s existing nutrition
      environments and policies using the School Health Index (SHI) from the Centers
      for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

      At the end of the first year of implementation, a school-by-school assessment will
      be conducted using the School Health Index (SHI). The complied results of this
      assessment will be used to review and refine the Wellness Policy.

      Assessments will then be repeated every five years to help review policy
      compliance, assess progress, and determine areas in need of improvement.

      The Food Service Program shall comply with state and federal regulations and
      guidelines concerning this policy.

      The local wellness council participants and school wellness committees will
      reevaluate progress with the Local Wellness Plan yearly.

      The local wellness council will provide an annual report to the Board of
      Education indicating successes and challenges in terms of the wellness initiatives
      in the district.

X.    SUMMARY

      The Cabell County Board of Education is committed to maximizing the health
      and wellness of its students and staff, and as a measure of this commitment


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formally sets into place this policy which visibly affirms the county’s steadfast
intent to support the following:

A.    Providing school environments that promote and protect children’s
      health, well-being, and ability to learn by supporting healthy eating,
      physical activity, and wellness.

B.    Engaging students, staff, parents, teachers, and community members in
      health promotion, disease prevention, and developing, implementing,
      monitoring, and upholding the district-wide wellness goals established in
      this policy.

C.    Maximizing all resources available to the county including fiscal and non-
      fiscal related resources (such as U.S. Dietary Guidelines for Americans)
      pertaining to health and wellness -- to the greatest extent possible and
      practicable that will ensure the adoption of life long habits of health and
      wellness among students, staff and the community we serve.

D.    Establishing this policy as a framework to guide program and curriculum
      development as it relates to health and wellness in the county.

F.    Establishing a continuing advisory board or wellness committee to assist
      in monitoring outcomes and advising on continuous improvement that
      can be made to further enhance health and wellness in the county.

G.    Establishing an ongoing evaluation of the effectiveness of this policy in
      improving health and wellness outcomes for students, staff and the
      community.




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