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					         Table 4 A Comparison of Textbooks Inspection in Hong Kong and Taiwan


                                       Hong Kong                      Taiwan
                           Curriculum Development
           Prescription of
                           Council (CDC) & Hong
 Stage One Curriculum and                         Ministry of Education (MOE)
                              Kong Examination
              Syllabus
                              Authority (HKEA)
Stage Two        Compilation        Local Publishers                    Local Publishers
                                                                   National
                              Curriculum Development
                 Inspection,                          Government Institute for
      Stage                      Council (CDC) &
                Screening and                           (MOE) Compilation and
      Three                   Advisory & Inspectorate
                  Approval                                       Translation
                                      Division
                                                                   (NICT)
 Stage four       Selection               School Authority or Panel Teacher




                          Table 5 Explanations of ‘Chinese Music’


                                   CHINESE MUSIC
     Chinese Traditional Music          Folk Music         Modern and Contemporary
                                                                    Chinese Music

-Music between the Xia -Folk music of all -From Xia Dynasty to present
Dynasty (ca 27th – 16th (ethnic) nationalities in
centuries BC) and the Qing China     from     Xia
Dynasty (1644-1911)        Dynasty to present
Remarks:


i.      The continuation of Chinese “traditional”music after the Qing Dynasty;


ii.     Folk music in China; and


iii. New music: Europeanised Chinese music, from 1885 to present – an additional
     category of Chinese music from the late 19th century, a new genre transplanting
     European musical forms which have been mistakenly regarded as the main stream
     of Chinese music by the Chinese during the 20th century, and which have indeed
     affected other categories of Chinese music.

                                            90
Selected from Liu (1997), Studies of Ethnomusicology Series, No. 6, P.6.




                                         91
          Table 6 Research Procedures Based on Bereday Modified Model


                                Collection of Data

                  Stage 1
                                -   the gathering of statistical data as well as
                Description
                                    information from the selected textbooks
                                    undertaken in each place
Area
                                Interpretation of Data
Studies

                  Stage 2       -   the background leading to these results the
               Interpretation       major features characterize the different result
                                    in respective places


                                Matching Data and Formulation of Questions


                                -   in what ways and patterns the four textbooks
                  Stage 3
                                    from the two countries are similar to or differ
               Juxtaposition
                                    from one another, with respect to cultural
                                    contents
Comparative
Studies                         Simultaneous Comparison


                                -   compare and contrast with reference to the
                  Stage 4
                                    cultural contents from each textbook
                Comparison

                                -   by rotation and fusion to answer the above
                                    question


Adopted from Yu (1996). Bereday Modified Model.




                                      92
                             Table 7a Song: Integrated Music Book 1


                                          SPECIFIC AREA CULTURE                              INTEGRATED AREA CULTURE

Particulars                               Chinese Culture Western Culture Other Culture      Lyrics Remark


                                                                                             Foreign     Foreign     English
                                          Folk Song
                                                           Folk Song        Folk Song        Melody with Melody with Melody with
Song                       Composer       *Popular Song
                                                           * Popular Song   * Popular Song   Chinese     English     Chinese
                                          #Contemporary
                                                                                             Lyrics      Lyrics      Lyrics


Wishing Star                                               USA                                                           X

Johnny has Gone For a                                      Britain
                                                                                                                         X
Soldier                                                    (Ireland)

Kookaburra                                                 Australia                                                     X

What Have They Done to
                                                           USA                                                           X
the Rain

Jamboree                                                   France                                X           X

Do-Re-Mi                   R. Rodgers                      USA*

The Happy Wanderer         W. Moller                       Germany                               X           X

小城故事                       翁清溪/黃河         Taiwan*#

Little Brown Jug           J. E. Winner                    USA                                                           X

Billy Boy                                                  USA                                                           X

Planting Rice                                                               Philippines          X           X           X

That Doggie in the Window B. Merrill                       USA                                                           X

Minuet                     J. S. Bach                      Germany                               X           X

Holla Hi! Holla Ho!                                        Germany                               X           X

                                          Hong
快樂                         許冠傑
                                          Kong*#

我家在那裏                      劉家昌            Taiwan*#

Aura Lee                                                   USA                                                           X

Five Hundred Miles                                         USA

Sing-a-ling-a-ling                                         Britain                                                       X

牧羊小姑娘                                     Yunnan

Clementine                 P. Montrose                     USA                                                           X

Strawberries                                               Finland                               X           X

This Old Man                                               Britain

Fill the World with Love   T. A. Metz                      Unknown                               X           X

Cradle Song                J. Brahms                       Germany                               X           X

踏雪尋梅                       黃自             Taiwan#



                                                          93
Hope                                                                              Israel (Jew)         X           X

La Cucaracha                                                     Mexico                                X           X

一呼百應                       G. Morder &                           Inter-nation
                                                                                                       X           X
(Hand in Hand)             T. Whitlock                           al*

Susie Brown                                                      USA                                                           X

The Drunken Sailor                                               Britain

Happy Holiday                                                    Britain                                                       X

Songs My Mother Taught
                           A. Dvorak                             Czech                                 X           X
Me

Sweet Music                W. A. Mozart                          Austria                               X           X

青春舞曲                                            Xinjiang

The Blue Danube            J. Strauss                            Austria                               X           X

Cuckoo                                                           Germany                               X           X

Long, Long Ago             T. H. Bayly                           Britain

Who Am I?                  H. J. Sayers                          Unknown                               X           X

The Wind                                                         France                                X           X

Portland Town              D. Adams                              USA                                                           X

Edelweiss                  R. Rodgers                            USA*                                                          X

Go off to the Army         W. A. Mozart                          Austria                               X           X

Silent Night               F. Gruber                             Germany                                           X

O’ Christmas Tree                                                Germany                               X           X

月光光                                             Guangdong

採茶歌                                             Fujian

鳳陽花鼓                                            Anhui

清江河                                             Hubei



                             Table 7b Song: Integrated Music Book 2
                                                SPECIFIC AREA CULTURE                              INTEGRATED AREA CULTURE

Particulars                                     Chinese Culture Western Culture Other Culture      Lyrics Remark


                                                                                                   Foreign     Foreign     English
                                                Folk Song
                                                                 Folk Song        Folk Song        Melody with Melody with Melody with
Song                       Composer             *Popular Song
                                                                 * Popular Song   * Popular Song   Chinese     English     Chinese
                                                #Contemporary
                                                                                                   Lyrics      Lyrics      Lyrics


Donkey                                                           Unknown

Whatever will be will be   Livingston & Evans                    USA                                                           X

Set Me Free                                                      Britain                                                       X

Some Folks                                                       USA                                                           X



                                                                94
海鷗                             劉家昌                  Taiwan*#

Santa Lucia                                                       Italy                    X   X

My Bonnie                      H. J. Fuller                       USA

朋友 (Today)                     R. Stark                           USA*                     X

Over the Meadow                                                   Czech                    X   X

She Wore a Yellow Ribbon                                          USA

When the Saints Go
                                                                  USA
Marching In

Cuckoo                                                            Austria                  X   X

                               R. M. Sherman &
It’s a Small World                                                USA*
                               R. B. Sherman

Blowin’ in the Wind            D. Dylan                           USA                                  X

Bengawan Solo                                                               Indonesia      X

Puff, the Magic Dragon         Yarrow & Lipition                  USA

Walking at Night                                                  Czech                    X   X

Stage Coach                                                       USA                                  X

Getting to Know You            R. Rodgers                         USA

Shalom                                                                      Israel         X   X

When Johnny came
                                                                  Britain                              X
Marching Home

Yellow Submarine               Lennon & McCartney                 USA

鼓舞                             陳百強                  Hong Kong*

Sakura                                                                      Japan          X   X   (Japanese)@


Sailing Boat in the Sky                                                     Korea          X

Do you Hear the People Sing?   Schoenberg                         Austria                  X   X

Voyage                                                            Czech                    X   X

Bella Bimba                                                       Italy

漫步人生路                          中島美雪                                         Japan*         X

寂寞的旅途                                                             Spain                    X

Moscow Nights                                                               Russia         X   X

Yellow Bird                                                                 Creole

Cindy                                                             USA

Canoe Song                                                        USA                                  X

Land of the Silver Birch                                          Canada                               X

父母恩                            許冠傑                  Hong Kong*#

花非花                            黃自                   Taiwan#

Tumbalalaika                                                                Israel (Jew)   X   X



                                                               95
Katusha                                                                          Russia               X           X

中華人民共和國國歌
                               聶耳              Mainland#                                              X           X
(National Anthem of the PRC)

Santa Claus is Coming to       J. F. Coots &
                                                                USA
Town                           H. Gillespie

Jingle Bells                   J. Pierpont                      USA                                                           X

Hedge Rose                     F. Schubert                      Austria                               X           X

Wandering                      F. Schubert                      Austria                               X           X

The Miller’s Flowers           F. Schubert                      Austria                               X           X

Toreador Song                  G. Bizet                         France                                X           X

Greensleeves                                                    Britain                                                       X

康定情歌                                           Xikang

對花                                             Shaanxi

在那遙遠的地方                        王洛賓             Xinjiang

送我一枝玫瑰花                                        Xinjiang

@: Song with Japanese lyrics
                                 Table 7c Song: Integrated Music Book 3


                                               SPECIFIC AREA CULTURE                              INTEGRATED AREA CULTURE

Particulars                                    Chinese Culture Western Culture Other Culture      Lyrics Remark


                                                                                                  Foreign     Foreign     English
                                               Folk Song
                                                                Folk Song        Folk Song        Melody with Melody with Melody with
Song                           Composer        *Popular Song
                                                                * Popular Song   * Popular Song   Chinese     English     Chinese
                                               #Contemporary
                                                                                                  Lyrics      Lyrics      Lyrics


Seasons in the Sun             T. Jacks                         USA                                                           X

Home, Sweet Home               R. Bishop                        Britain                                                       X

Mary Ann                                                        USA

Sunrise, Sunset                J. Bock                          USA                                                           X

峇里島                                                                              Indonesia            X

Scarborough Fair                                                Britain

                               T. Evans &
Carry on Till Tomorrow                                          USA                                                           X
                               P. Ham

Meadowlands                                                                      Russia               X           X

                               J. Lennon &
Yesterday                                                       USA
                               P. McCartney

March of the King                                               France                                X           X

Linden Tree                    F. Schubert                      Austria                               X           X



                                                               96
保衛黃河                  冼星海              Mainland#

                                       Hong
浪子心聲                  許冠傑
                                       Kong*#

Home on the Range                                    USA                              X

Vive L’Amour                                         France                   X   X

Beautiful Dreamer     S. C. Foster                   USA                              X

Memory                A. L. Webber                   USA

                      Simon &
El Condor Paza                                       USA                          X
                      Garfuniel

O Sole Mio            E. Capua                       Italy                    X   X

Gypsy Song                                           Czech                    X   X

Jamaica Farewell                                               Caribbean      X   X

願                     木森敏之                                     Japan*         X

Donna Donna           S. Secunda                               Israel (Jew)   X   X

明天會更好                 羅大佑              Taiwan*#

Over the Rainbow      H. Arlen                       USA                              X

Wind Flowers          Seals & Crofts                 USA

Triumphal March       Verdi                          Italy                    X   X

Paloma Blanca                                        Spain                    X   X

Old Black Joe         S. Foster                      USA                              X

900 Miles                                            USA                              X

Troika                                                         Russia         X

                      Miyuki/
莫再悲                                                            Japan*         X
                      Nakajima

The Trout             F. Schubert                    Austria                  X   X

Song of Peace         Sibelius                       Finland                  X   X

Let’s Be Happy                                                 Israel         X   X

Those were the Days   G. Raskin                                Russia         X   X

The Spanish Girl      V. Chiava                      Spain

Joy to the World
                      Handel                         Germany                          X


The Birdcatcher’s     W. A. Mozart                   Austria                  X   X

滿江紅                                    Traditional

陽關三疊                                   Traditional




                                                  97
                         Table 8a Song: New Course in Music Book 1


                                         SPECIFIC AREA CULTURE                              INTEGRATED AREA CULTURE

Particulars                              Chinese Culture Western Culture Other Culture      Lyrics Remark


                                                                                            Foreign     Foreign     English
                                         Folk Song
                                                          Folk Song        Folk Song        Melody with Melody with Melody with
Song                     Composer        *Popular Song
                                                          * Popular Song   * Popular Song   Chinese     English     Chinese
                                         #Contemporary
                                                                                            Lyrics      Lyrics      Lyrics


Together we meet         Mozart                           Austria                               X           X

The Joy of Fishing       Bach                             Germany                               X           X

This Old Man                                              Britain                                                       X

Sing A-ling, A-ling                                       Britain

Cradle Song              Brahms                           Germany                               X           X

Frontier Song                                                              Russia               X

The Orchestra                                             USA

依拉拉 (Ye ha ha)                           Xinjiang

Cindy                                                     USA

Do-Re-Mi                 R. Rodgers                       USA*                                                          X

農家樂

(The Joy of Farmers’                     Traditional

Family)

The Happy Wanderer       Moller                           Germany                               X           X

Appreciate Flowers in
                                                          France                                X
Spring

The Wandering Miller     F. Schubert                      Austria                                           X

Cuckoo                                                    Germany                                           X
Two Christmas Carols                                      Germany                               X

                                                          Britain
The Ash Grove                                                                                                           X
                                                          (Wales)

Sweet Nightingale                                         Britain                                                       X

花非花
                         黃自              Taiwan#
(Dream-like)

Aura Lee                 G. R. Poviton                    USA

社會的主人翁(The Future
                                         Taiwan
Owners of Our Society)

Work, for the Night is   L. Mason &
                                                          Britain                                                       X
Coming                   A. L. Coghill


                                                         98
Stage Coach                                              USA                             X

花鼓歌
                                           Anhui
(The Flower Drum Song)

紫竹調
                                           Traditional
(Ballad of Purple)

康定情歌

(The Love Song of King                     Xikang

Ding)

新鳳陽歌
                                           Anhui
(New Flower Drum Song)

Down in Mexico                                           Mexico                      X

Village Garden                                           Britain                         X

The Jolly Miller Upon the
                                                         Britain                         X
River Dec

Morning Has Broken                                       USA                             X

Shalom                                                               Israel      X   X

Kookaburra                                               Australia

Come & Sing Together                                     Hungary                 X   X

卡農歌 (Canon)                  黃自            Taiwan#

In the Forrest                                           Unknown                 X   X

Dear Mum                                                             Indonesia   X

One Day When We Were
                             J. Strauss                  Austria                     X
Young

In the Forest On the Plain                               Germany                 X

Song of Goldsmith            Mozart                      Austria                 X

Troublesome Love             Mozart                      Austria                 X   X

Spring Has Come              Mozart                      Austria                 X   X

Clementine                   P. Montrose                 USA                             X

藍花花
                                           Shaanxi
(Blue Flowers)

茉莉花 (Jasmine)                              Shaanxi

彌渡山歌
                                           Yunnan
(The Midu Mountain Song)

小河淌水
                                           Yunnan
(Little Stream)

水仙花 (Daffodils)                            Guangdong
月光光 (Moonlight Lullaby)                    Guangdong

採茶燈                                        Fujian

                                                     99
(Picking Tea Heaves)

Amazing Grace                                  USA   X

救國軍歌
                             冼星海   Mainland#
(Save the Nation Song)

中華人民共和國國歌

(National Anthem of PRC:
                             聶耳    Mainland#
The March of the Voluntary

Army)




                                           100
                           Table 8b Song: New Course in Music Book 2


                                                                                         INTEGRATED AREA
                                         SPECIFIC AREA CULTURE
                                                                                         CULTURE

                                         Chinese         Western
Particulars                                                             Other Culture Lyrics Remark
                                         Culture         Culture

                                                                                         Foreign   Foreign   English

                                         Folk Song                                       Melody    Melody    Melody
                                                         Folk Song      Folk Song
Song                       Composer      *Popular Song                                   with      with      with
                                                         * Popular Song * Popular Song
                                         #Contemporary                                   Chinese   English   Chinese

                                                                                         Lyrics    Lyrics    Lyrics

Old Zip Coon                                             USA                                                     X

                           Richard
It’s a Small World         Scherman &                    USA*                                                    X

                           Robert S.

Polly-Wolly-Doodle                                       USA                                                     X

黃昏裡的炊煙
                                                                        Kazak                X
(Smoke in the Evening)

The Shepherdess                                          France                              X         X

Rowing                     C. H. Weber                   Germany                             X         X

Bengawan Solo                                                           Indonesia            X         X

Kum be yah                                                              Africa                         X

Music Alone Shall Live                                   Germany                                       X

He is born                                               France                              X         X

The Happy Farmer                                         Germany                             X

Santa Lucia                                              Italy                               X         X

Hedge Rose                 F. Schubert                   Austria                             X

The Patriots                                             Germany                             X         X

踏雪尋梅(Searching Plums
                           黃自            Taiwan#
in the Snow)

阿美族月舞曲(Dance of the
                                         Taiwan
Ah Mei Province)

祝英台 (Song of the
                                         Yunnan
Butterfly Lovers)

唱出一個春天來
                                         Traditional
(Let’s Sing for Spring)

Land of the Silver Birch                                 Canada                                                  X


                                                     101
Roses                                                   Poland                       X

Norway Forever                                          Norway                       X       X

                            J. Lennon &
Yesterday                                               USA                                            X
                            P. McCartney

大雪 (Big Snow)                                                         Russia         X

The Sailing Boat                                        Canada

Tumbalalaika                                                          Israel (Jew)           X

送大哥 (Farewell, My                          Inner-Mong

Love)                                      olia

馬車夫之歌
                                           Xinjiang
(Song of the Coachman)

喀什噶爾(Kashigaer)                            Xinjiang

蒙古牧歌                                       Inner-Mong

(Mongolian Pastoral Song)                  olia

Sakura                                                                Japan          X   (Japanese)@


荒城之月 (The Moon Over
                            瀧廉太朗                                      Japan          X
a Deserted Place)

阿里郎 (Song of Departure)                                               Korea          X

小白船
                                                                      Korea          X
(The Little White Boat)

Vrenail                                                 Switzerland                  X       X

O’ Sole Mio                 E. Capua                    Italy                        X       X

The Kuckoo                                              Austria                      X       X

Leaving Home                                            Germany                      X       X

Paul’s Little Hen                                       Denmark                      X       X

Taffta Hindi                                                          Middle East    X       X

Katusha                                                               Russia         X       X

Spinning Girl                                                         Russia         X

                                                        Britain
The Minatrel Boy
                                                        (Ireland)

                                                        Britain
All Through the Night                                                                                  X
                                                        (Wales)

The Animals Went in Two
                                                        Britain                                        X
by Two

Red River Valley                                        USA                                            X

Poor Little Lolo                                        USA

Linden Tree                 F. Schubert                 Austria                      X       X



                                                      102
Wandering                  F. Schubert                 Austria                  X

Die Forelle                F. Schubert                 Austria      X        (German)@


Dedication                 Schumann                    Germany   (German)@      X

Triumphal March            Verdi                       Italy        X           X

Toreador Song              Bizet                       France       X           X

Down the Road              A. Dvorak                   Czech        X           X

滿江紅                                      Traditional

暗香                         姜白石           Traditional

瑤族舞曲                                     Yunnan

                                         Inner-Mong
敖包相會
                                         olia



@: Song with German or Japanese lyrics




                                                  103
                            Table 8c Song: New Course in Music Book 3


                                            SPECIFIC AREA CULTURE                             INTEGRATED AREA CULTURE

Particulars                                 Chinese Culture Western Culture Other Culture     Lyrics Remark


                                                                                              Foreign     Foreign     English
                                            Folk Song
                                                            Folk Song        Folk Song        Melody with Melody with Melody with
Song                        Composer        *Popular Song
                                                            * Popular Song   * Popular Song   Chinese     English     Chinese
                                            #Contemporary
                                                                                              Lyrics      Lyrics      Lyrics


阿里山的姑娘(The Lady of
                                            Taiwan
A Li Mountain)

My Bonnie                   H. J. Fuller                    USA

Shenardoah                                                  USA                                                           X

Sing Low, Swing Charcot                                     USA                                                           X

Come Back to Sorrento       E. Curtis                       Italy                                 X           X

小白菜
                                            Hebe
(Little White Vegetable)

The Song of Capri                                           Italy                                 X

Over the Meadows                                            Czech                                 X           X

Albanian Wedding Song                                                        Albania                          X

She Wore a Yellow Ribbon                                    USA

Sweet By and By             J. P. Webster                   USA                                                           X

Beautiful Dreamer           S. C. Foster                    USA                                                           X

清江河
                                            Hebe
(Qingjiang River)

The Polka                                                   Czech                                 X

帶我逛一逛                                       Hong
                            李超源
(Hang Out With Me)                          Kong#

The Millers’ Flower         F. Schubert                     Austria                               X           X

A Star                                                      Belgium                               X

Greensleeves                                                Britain

Her Bright Smile Haunts Me W. T.
                                                                                                                          X
Still                       Wrighton

牧羊姑娘(The Shepherdess)                       Qinghai

Song of the Volga Boatmen                                                    Russia               X           X

有銀色的月光下(Under the                           Xikang

Silver Moonbeam)                            (Tataer)

O’ Christmas Tree                                           Germany                                           X

Dixie Land                  D. Emmett                       Unknown                               X           X

                                                        104
Angels We Have Heard On
                                                               France                    X      X
High

The Lorleley                    F Silcher                      Germany                   X      X

Cuckoo                          F. Abt                         Germany                   X

In the Gloaming                 A. F. Harrison                 Britain                                   X

Scarborough Fair                                               Britain

Angelique – O                                                                Haiti              X

蘇武牧羊
                                                 Traditional
(Sawn Tends Sheep)

山歌解得萬年愁(Mountain
                                                 Ke Race
Song Can Ease Worry)

南泥灣
                                馬可
(Nanni Bay)

The Troika                                                                   Russia      X

Upidee                                                         Switzerland               X      X        X

A Tour in Spring                                               France                    X

John Brown’s Body                                              USA

Grandfathers’ Clock             H. C. Work                     Unknown                   X      X

Flow Gently, Sweet Afton        J. E. Spilman                  Unknown                   X      X

                                                               Britain
Swansea Town
                                                               (Wales)

本事 (Anecdote)                   黃自               Taiwan#

Shirley Nanty                                                                Indonesia   X      X

When Love is Kind                                              Britain

Home, Sweet Home                J. H. Payne                    Britain                                   X

Song of the Beach               成田為三                                         Japan       X      X

在那遙遠的地方 (Far Far
                                                 Qinghai
Away)

雨不灑花花不紅(Without

the Rain, the Flower will not                    Yunnan

be Red)

採蓮謠 (Picking Water Lily
                                黃自               Taiwan#
Song)

                                                               Britain
Auld Lang Syne                  R. Burns                                                                 X
                                                               (Scotland)

Farewell                        J. D. Ordway                   Britain                                   X

Voi Che Sapete                  W. A. Mozart                   Austria                   X   (German)@




                                                           105
胡笳十八拍                        Traditional



@: Song with German lyrics




                                      106
              Table 9a Song: Guo Zhang Yin Yue Book 1a (國中音樂 一上)


                                    SPECIFIC AREA CULTURE                             INTEGRATED AREA CULTURE

Particulars                         Chinese Culture Western Culture Other Culture     Lyrics Remark


                                                                                      Foreign     Foreign     English
                                    Folk Song
                                                    Folk Song        Folk Song        Melody with Melody with Melody with
Song                 Composer       *Popular Song
                                                    * Popular Song   * Popular Song   Chinese     English     Chinese
                                    #Contemporary
                                                                                      Lyrics      Lyrics      Lyrics


牛犁歌                  張清郎            Taiwan#

微笑吧!朋友               邱慶彰            Taiwan#

大家一起來唱歌                                             Germany                               X

快樂去踏青                                               Germany                               X

歡天喜地                                                                 Malaysia             X

                                    Taiwan
天公落水
                                    (Hakka)

                                    Taiwan
臺灣是一個好所在             盧豐吉
                                    (Minnen)#

有了愛                  潘朝明            Taiwan#

英文字母歌                                               France                                            X

哈薩克                                 Xinjiang

瑪依拉                                 Xinjiang

愛,多一點點               鄭啟宏            Taiwan#

大家來唱二部輪唱

卡農歌                  蕭而化            Taiwan#

鐘

風光無限好                                                                Malaysia             X

四季花                                                                  Philippines          X

秋蟬                   李子恆            Taiwan#

細語般的希望               A. Hawthorne                   USA                                                           X

美麗的椰子島                                                               Indonesia            X

台北的天空                陳復明            Taiwan#

                                    Taiwan
六月茉莉
                                    (Minnen)

咸思的心                 陳樂融            Taiwan#

布穀鳥                                 Taiwan




                                                107
                 Table 9b Song: Guo Zhang Yin Yue Book 1b (國中音樂 一下)


                                              SPECIFIC AREA CULTURE                              INTEGRATED AREA CULTURE

Particulars                                   Chinese Culture Western Culture Other Culture      Lyrics Remark


                                                                                                 Foreign      Foreign    English

                                              Folk Song        Folk Song        Folk Song        Melody with Melody with Melody with
Song                          Composer
                                              * Popular Song   * Popular Song   * Popular Song   Chinese      English    Chinese


                                                                                                 Lyrics       Lyrics     Lyrics


愛的真締                          簡銘燿             Taiwan#

                                              Taiwan
平板
                                              (Hakka)

木棉道                           馬兆駿             Taiwan#

半個月亮爬上來                                       Qinghai

快樂的時光                         張茂倉             Taiwan#

                                              Taiwan
四季四句話                         陳武雄
                                              (Minnen)#

再會吧!原野                                                         USA                                                           X

如果                            邰肇玫             Taiwan#

                                              Taiwan
望春風                           鄧雨賢
                                              (Minnen)#

阿頓河                           J. E. Spilman                    USA                                                           X

陽光少年                          溤肇英             Taiwan#

彩霞                            黃友棣             Guangdong#

卡布利鳥                                                           Italy                                 X

萍聚                                            Unknown                                                X

樅樹                                                             Germany                               X
乘著馬車蕩遊田野                                                       Mexico                                X

                                                               Italy                                 X
散塔蘆淇亞
                                                               (Napoli)                          (Italian)@

子母音歌                          Mozart                           Austria                               X

可愛的家鄉                         朱西湖             Taiwan#

父母情思                          劉昌良             Taiwan#

啊!牧場上綠油油                                                       Germany                               X

                                              Taiwan
好地方                           陳和昌
                                              (Hakka)#



@: Song with Italian lyrics




                                                           108
                    Table 9c Song: Guo Zhang Yin Yue 2 (國中音樂 二)


                                    SPECIFIC AREA CULTURE                              INTEGRATED AREA CULTURE

Particulars                         Chinese Culture Western Culture Other Culture      Lyrics Remark


                                                                                       Foreign     Foreign     English

                                    Folk Song        Folk Song        Folk Song        Melody with Melody with Melody with
Song                   Composer
                                    * Popular Song   * Popular Song   * Popular Song   Chinese     English     Chinese


                                                                                       Lyrics      Lyrics      Lyrics


                                    Taiwan
草仔枝                    張炫文
                                    (Minnen)#

                                    Taiwan
無通嫌臺灣                  蕭泰然
                                    (Minnen)#

                                    Taiwan
馬蘭姑娘                                (Ah Mei

                                    Province)

花非花                    黃自           Taiwan#

玫塊花開了                  濱口庫之助                                          Japan                X

我愛中華                   呂泉生          Taiwan#

奧拉麗                    H. Frey                       USA                                                           X

山村姑娘                                                 Italy                                 X

山谷裡的燈火                                               USA                                                           X

夕陽伴我歸                  羅義榮          Taiwan#

A Merry Christmas                                    England

寂寞的雲                   林福裕          Taiwan#

偶然                                  Unknown

小雨中的回憶                 林詩達          Taiwan#

踏浪                     古月           Taiwan#

再別康橋                   李達濤          Taiwan#

多那多那                   S. Secunda                                     Israel (Jew)         X

                                    Taiwan
採茶歌
                                    (Hakka)

小草                     陳輝雄          Taiwan#

老師, 斯卡也答               陳雲山          Taiwan#

走在雨中                   李泰祥          Taiwan#

                                    Taiwan
天黑黑
                                    (Minnen)

                                    Taiwan
叫做臺灣的搖籃                張炫文
                                    (Minnen)#


                                                 109
110
              Table 9d Song: Guo Zhang Yin Yue 3 (國中音樂 三)


                               SPECIFIC AREA CULTURE                             INTEGRATED AREA CULTURE

Particulars                    Chinese Culture Western Culture Other Culture     Lyrics Remark


                                                                                 Foreign     Foreign     English
                               Folk Song
                                               Folk Song        Folk Song        Melody with Melody with Melody with
Song             Composer      *Popular Song
                                               * Popular Song   * Popular Song   Chinese     English     Chinese
                               #Contemporary
                                                                                 Lyrics      Lyrics      Lyrics


國歌               程懋筠           Taiwan#

國旗歌              黃自            Taiwan#

國父紀念歌            黎錦暉           Taiwan#

總統蔣公紀念歌          李中和           Taiwan#

燕子                             Xinjiang

阿拉木汗             王洛賓           Xinjiang#

一根扁擔                           Henan

                               Inner-Mong
牧歌
                               olia

賣布謠              趙元任           Taiwan#

可愛的陽光            Capua                         Italy                                 X

金陵酒肆留別           黎國鋒           Taiwan#

小小的果實            G. Bizet                      France                                X

山腰上的家                                          USA                                   X

菩提樹              Schubert                      Austria                               X

旗正飄飄             韋瀚章           Taiwan#

                               Taiwan
河邊春夢             黎明
                               (Minnen)#

是愛               吳文棟           Taiwan#

友情               林文隆           Taiwan#

美麗的夢仙            S. Foster                     USA                                                           X

請相信我             李抱忱           Taiwan#

愛的真締             簡銘燿           Taiwan#

憧憬                                             Spain                                 X

媽媽               C. A. Bixio                   Unknown

                               Taiwan
雨夜花              鄧雨賢
                               (Minnen)#

歸來吧                                            Italy                                 X

畢業歌                            Unknown



                                           111
驪歌        李子恆   Taiwan#

                            USA
珍重再見                                         X
                            (Hawaii)

                            Britain
羅莽湖邊                                         X
                            (Scotland)

感謝媽媽      林福裕   Taiwan#

春夜洛城聞笛    劉雪厂   Taiwan#

進軍                          France       X

在那遙遠的地方         Qinghai

本事        黃自    Taiwan#

牛犁歌       張清郎   Taiwan#

採蓮謠       陳田鶴   Taiwan#

春郊                          USA              X

西風的話      黃自    Taiwan#

揚子江                         Spain        X




                          112
              Table 10a Song: Guo Min Zhang Zhi Yin Yue Book 1 (國民中學音樂 第一冊)
                                         SPECIFIC AREA CULTURE                             INTEGRATED AREA CULTURE

Particulars                              Chinese Culture Western Culture Other Culture     Lyrics Remark


                                                                                           Foreign     Foreign     English
                                         Folk Song
                                                         Folk Song        Folk Song        Melody with Melody with Melody with
Song                       Composer      *Popular Song
                                                         * Popular Song   * Popular Song   Chinese     English     Chinese
                                         #Contemporary
                                                                                           Lyrics      Lyrics      Lyrics


國中入學歌                      蔡中文           Taiwan#

採蓮謠                        陳田鶴           Taiwan#

英文字母歌                                                    France                                            X

靜夜星空                       Hays, W. S.                   USA                                                           X

登鸛鵲樓                       錢善華           Taiwan#

漁翁                         Bach                          Germany                               X

憫農詩                        蔡中文           Taiwan#

卡農歌                        蕭而化           Taiwan#

一把芝麻                       馬孝駿           Taiwan#

西風的話                       黃自            Taiwan#

西北風                        Root                          USA                                                           X

                                         Inner-Mong
女英豪
                                         olia

蝴蝶歌                        Mozart                        Austria                               X

一顆豆子                                     Sichuan

吟詩調                                      Taiwan

小河淌水                                     Yunnan

打漁                                       Yunnan

跳舞歌                                      Gansu

自衛                         趙元任           Taiwan#

彩霞                         黃友棣           China

我們齊來歌唱                     Silcher                       Germany                               X

                                                         Britain
晚安                                                                                                                     X
                                                         (Scotland)

中華健兒                                     Taiwan#

塞下曲                        杜夢絃           Taiwan#

月臺販賣歌                                                                     Japan                X

本事                         黃自            Taiwan#

快樂時光                       郭芝苑           Taiwan#

楓橋夜泊                       陳茂萱           Taiwan#



                                                     113
黃鶴樓送孟浩然之廣陵   黃德賢         Taiwan#

牛犁歌                      Taiwan

孝親                       Shanxi

遊子吟                                  Germany           X

粟祭                       Taiwan

春郊                                   USA                   X

阿里嵐                                            Korea   X

玩具交響曲        L. Mozart               Austria           X

中國童子軍歌       杜庭修         Taiwan#

中國女童軍歌       李永剛         Taiwan#

熱血           黃自          Taiwan#

揚子江                                  Spain             X

建設大中華        李永剛         Taiwan#




                                   114
          Table 10b Song: Guo Min Zhang Zhi Yin Yue Book 2 (國民中學音樂 第二冊)


                                       SPECIFIC AREA CULTURE                             INTEGRATED AREA CULTURE

Particulars                            Chinese Culture Western Culture Other Culture     Lyrics Remark


                                                                                         Foreign     Foreign     English
                                       Folk Song
                                                       Folk Song        Folk Song        Melody with Melody with Melody with
Song                      Composer     *Popular Song
                                                       * Popular Song   * Popular Song   Chinese     English     Chinese
                                       #Contemporary
                                                                                         Lyrics      Lyrics      Lyrics


Do Re Mi                  R. Rodgers                   USA*                                                          X

                                       Taiwan
捕魚歌
                                       (Ah Mei)

儲蓄歌                       李永剛          Taiwan#

藍色多瑙河                     J. Strauss                   Austria                               X

快樂的晚上                                                  Germany                               X

下江陵                       黃自           Taiwan#

收穫                                                     Germany                               X

秋郊                        錢善華          Taiwan#

過故人莊                      陳茂萱          Taiwan#

號角已響                      謝隆廣          Taiwan#

天黑黑                                    Taiwan

春半                        謝隆廣          Taiwan#

露珠                        曾興魁          Taiwan#

搖籃曲                                                    France                                X

華尼妲                                                    Spain                                 X

Ah! Vous Dirai-je Maman                                France                            (French)@

踏雪尋梅                      黃自           Taiwan#

秋蟬                        李子恆          Taiwan#

梅花                        楊兆禎          Taiwan#

山村姑娘                                                   Italy                                 X

                                                       Yugoslavia
薩摩亞島之歌                                                                                       X
                                                       (Bosnia)

在那遙遠的地方                                Qinghai

我若是小小鳥                                                 Germany                               X

春夜洛城聞笛                    劉雪厂          Taiwan#

出塞作                       陳茂萱          Taiwan#

歸園田居                      盧炎           Taiwan#

音樂萬歲                      張遠鎮          Taiwan#



                                                   115
草                            盧炎               Taiwan#

土撥鼠                          Beethoven                    Germany     X

感謝媽媽                         林福裕              Taiwan#

團結力量大                        滕樹勳              Taiwan#

長江水                          侯俊慶              Taiwan#

朋友舞                                           Xikang

進軍                           Bizet, G                     France      X

                                                          Britain
歡樂的日子                        Wallace, W. V.                               X
                                                          (Ireland)

少女的願望                        Chopin                       Poland      X

一把筷子                                          Guangdong

卡布利鳥                                                      Italy       X



@: Song with French lyrics




                                                        116
              Table 10c Song: Guo Min Zhang Zhi Yin Yue Book 3 (國民中學音樂 第三冊)
                                           SPECIFIC AREA CULTURE                             INTEGRATED AREA CULTURE

Particulars                                Chinese Culture Western Culture Other Culture     Lyrics Remark


                                                                                             Foreign     Foreign       English
                                           Folk Song
                                                           Folk Song        Folk Song        Melody with Melody with Melody with
Song                       Composer        *Popular Song
                                                           * Popular Song   * Popular Song   Chinese     English       Chinese
                                           #Contemporary
                                                                                             Lyrics      Lyrics        Lyrics


四季歌                                        Qinghai

東北太平鼓舞曲                                    Dongbe

幻想之鳥                                       Xinjiang

一根扁擔                                       Henan

擺渡歌                        陳鋒              Taiwan#

阿拉木汗                                       Xinjiang

小小的果實                      Bizet                           France                                X

蘇羅河之流水                                                                      Java                 X

Hallelujah/Messiah         Handel                          Germany                                             X

妙爸爸                        陳鋒              Taiwan#

華爾茲舞曲                      Brahms                          Germany                               X

金陵酒肆留別                     黎國鋒             Taiwan#

重陽思親                       Kodaly                          Hungary                               X

小小水車長又長                                    Anhui

科羅拉多之夜                                                     USA                                                             X

農家盼                                        Guangxi

春天                         Hawthorne, A.                   USA                                                             X

                                                                                                               X
請相信我                       李抱忱             Taiwan#                                                       (Chinese

                                                                                                             melody)

可愛的陽光                      Capua                           Italy                                 X

約斯蘭催眠曲                     Godard, B.                      France                                X

楓橋夜泊                       郭芝苑             Taiwan#

菩提樹                        Schubert                        Austria                               X

登山歌                        Denza, L.                       Italy                                 X

念故鄉                        Dvorak                          Czech                                 X

母親教我唱的歌                    Dvorak                          Czech                                 X

老黑爵
                           Foster                          USA                                                             X
(Old Black Joe)

茉莉花                                        Dongbe



                                                       117
山上的白雲   曾興魁      Taiwan#

畢業歌     張炫文      Taiwan#

美麗的夢仙   Foster                USA   X

                 Inner-Mong
蒙古牧歌
                 olia




                           118
            Table 11 Frequency of Songs in Western Cultures within Textbooks


    PARTICULARS                     FREQUENCY OF SONGS IN WESTERN CULTURES

                               A                B                 C               D
Country        Composer
                           1    2     3   1     2   3   1a   1b       2   3   1   2   3

               Unknown     1    0     0   1     0   0   0    0        0   0   0   0   0
Australia
                 Total     1    0     0   1     0   0   0    0        0   0   0   0   0

                Mozart     2    0     1   4     0   1   0    1        0   0   2   0   0

                Schubert   0    3     1   1     4   1   0    0        0   1   0   0   1

Austria         Strauss    1    0     0   1     0   0   0    0        0   0   0   1   0

               Unknown     0    1     1   0     1   0   0    0        0   0   0   0   0

                 Total     3    4     3   6     5   2   0    1        0   1   2   1   1

               Unknown     0    0     0   0     0   1   0    0        0   0   0   0   0
Belgium
                 Total     0    0     0   0     0   1   0    0        0   0   0   0   0

                 Bayly     1    0     0   0     0   0   0    0        0   0   0   0   0

                Bishop     0    0     1   0     0   0   0    0        0   0   0   0   0

                 Burns     0    0     0   0     0   1   0    0        0   0   0   0   0

                 Payne     0    0     0   0     0   1   0    0        0   0   0   0   0

                Harrison   0    0     0   0     0   1   0    0        0   0   0   0   0
 Britain
                Mason
                           0    0     0   1     0   0   0    0        0   0   0   0   0
               & Coghill

                Wallace    0    0     0   0     0   0   0    0        0   0   0   1   0

               Unknown     5    3     1   6     3   5   0    0        1   1   1   0   0

                 Total     6    3     2   7     3   8   0    0        1   1   1   1   0

               Unknown     0    0     0   0     2   0   0    0        0   0   0   0   0
Canada
                 Total     0    0     0   0     2   0   0    0        0   0   0   0   0

                Dvorak     1    0     0   0     1   0   0    0        0   0   0   0   2

 Czech         Unknown     0    3     1   0     0   2   0    0        0   0   0   0   0

                 Total     1    3     1   0     1   2   0    0        0   0   0   0   2

               Unknown     0    0     0   0     1   0   0    0        0   0   0   0   0
Denmark
                 Total     0    0     0   0     1   0   0    0        0   0   0   0   0

                 Bizet     0    1     0   0     1   0   0    0        0   1   0   1   1

                Godard     0    0     0   0     0   0   0    0        0   0   0   0   1
 France
               Unknown     2    0     2   1     2   2   1    0        0   1   1   2   0

                 Total     2    1     2   1     3   2   1    0        0   2   1   3   2

                Sibelius   0    0     1   0     0   0   0    0        0   0   0   0   0
Finland
               Unknown     1    0     0   0     0   0   0    0        0   0   0   0   0



                                          119
                 Total      1   0   1   0     0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0

                 Abt        0   0   0   0     0   1   0   0   0   0   0   0   0

                 Bach       1   0   0   1     0   0   0   0   0   0   1   0   0

              Beethoven     0   0   0   0     0   0   0   0   0   0   0   1   0

               Brahms       1   0   0   1     0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   1

                Gruber      1   0   0   0     0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0

                Handel      0   0   1   0     0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   1
 Germany
                Moller      1   0   0   1     0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0

              Schumann      0   0   0   0     1   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0

                Silcher     0   0   0   0     0   1   0   0   0   0   1   0   0

                Weber       0   0   0   0     1   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0

              Unknown       3   0   0   3     4   1   2   2   0   0   1   3   0

                 Total      7   0   1   6     6   3   2   2   0   0   3   4   2

               Kodaly       0   0   0   0     0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   1

 Hungary      Unknown       0   0   0   1     0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0

                 Total      0   0   0   1     0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   1

                Capua       0   0   1   0     1   0   0   0   0   1   0   0   1

                 Cutis      0   0   0   0     0   1   0   0   0   0   0   0   0

                Denza       0   0   0   0     0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   1
   Italy
                Verdi       0   0   1   0     1   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0

              Unknown       0   2   0   0     1   1   0   2   1   1   0   2   0

                 Total      0   2   2   0     3   2   0   2   1   2   0   2   2

              Unknown       0   0   0   0     1   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0
 Norway
                 Total      0   0   0   0     1   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0

               Chopin       0   0   0   0     0   0   0   0   0   0   0   1   0

  Poland      Unknown       0   0   0   0     1   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0

                 Total      0   0   0   0     1   0   0   0   0   0   0   1   0

                Chiava      0   0   1   0     0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0

  Spain       Unknown       0   1   1   0     0   0   0   0   0   2   1   1   0

                 Total      0   1   2   0     0   0   0   0   0   2   1   1   0

              Unknown       0   0   0   0     1   1   0   0   0   0   0   0   0
Switzerland
                 Total      0   0   0   0     1   1   0   0   0   0   0   0   0

                Adams       1   0   0   0     0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0

                Arlen       0   0   1   0     0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0

   USA           Bock       0   0   1   0     0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0

                Coots
                            0   1   0   0     0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0
              & Gillespie



                                        120
             Evans & Ham      0    0    1    0     0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0

                 Dylan        0    1    0    0     0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0

                 Foster       0    0    2    0     0   1   0   0   0   1   0   0   2

                 Frey         0    0    0    0     0   0   0   0   1   0   0   0   0

                 Fuller       0    1    0    0     0   1   0   0   0   0   0   0   0

              Hawthorne       0    0    0    0     0   0   1   0   0   0   0   0   1

                 Hayes        0    0    0    0     0   0   0   0   0   0   1   0   0

                Lennon
                              0    1    1    0     1   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0
             & McCartney

              Livingston
                              0    1    0    0     0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0
               & Evans

                 Jacks        0    0    1    0     0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0

               Pierpont       0    1    0    0     0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0

                Poviton       0    0    0    1     0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0

                Rodgers       2    1    0    1     0   0   0   0   0   0   0   1   0

                 Root         0    0    0    0     0   0   0   0   0   0   1   0   0

                Merrill       1    0    0    0     0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0

               Montrose       1    0    0    1     0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0

             Seals & Crofts   0    0    1    0     0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0

             R. M. Sherman

                & R. B.       0    1    0    0     1   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0

               Sherman

                Simon
                              0    0    1    0     0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0
              & Garfuniel

                Spilman       0    0    0    0     0   1   0   1   0   0   0   0   0

                 Stark        0    1    0    0     0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0

                Yarrow
                              0    1    0    0     0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0
              & Lipition

                Webber        0    0    1    0     0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0

                Webster       0    0    0    0     0   1   0   0   0   0   0   0   0

                Winner        1    0    0    0     0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0

               Unknown        6    6    3    5     4   4   0   1   1   3   1   0   1

                 Total        12   16   13   8     6   8   1   2   2   4   3   1   4

               Unknown        0    0    0    0     0   0   0   0   0   0   0   1   0
Yugoslavia
                 Total        0    0    0    0     0   0   0   0   0   0   0   1   0




                                             121
    Table 12 Percentage of Song in Western Cultures within Textbooks


PARTICULAR                    FREQUENCY OF SONGS IN WESTERN CULTURES

                          A                    B                       C                   D
  Country
                   1      2        3   1       2        3   1a    1b       2   3   1       2        3

                   1      0        0   1       0        0   0     0        0   0   0       0        0
 Australia
                       1 (1.11%)           1 (1.09%)                   0                   0

                   3      4        3   6       5        2   0     1        0   1   2       1        1
  Austria
                   10 (11.11%)         13 (14.13%)               2 (7.69%)             4 (10.26%)

                   0      0        0   0       0        1   0     0        0   0   0       0        0
  Belgium
                          0                1 (1.09%)                   0                   0

                   6      3        3   7       3        8   0     0        1   1   1       1        1
  Britain
                   12 (13.33%)         18 (19.57%)               2 (7.69%)             3 (7.69%)

                   0      0        0   0       2        0   0     0        0   0   0       0        0
  Canada
                          0                2 (2.17%)                   0                   0

                   1      3        1   0       1        2   0     0        0   0   0       0        2
  Czech
                       5 (5.56%)           3 (3.26%)                   0               2 (5.13%)

                   0      0        0   0       1        0   0     0        0   0   0       0        0
 Denmark
                          0                1 (1.09%)                   0                   0

                   2      1        2   1       3        2   1     0        0   2   1       3        2
  France
                       5 (5.56%)           6 (6.52%)             3 (11.54%)            6 (15.38%)

                   1      0        1   0       0        0   0     0        0   0   0       0        0
  Finland
                       2 (2.22%)               0                       0                   0

                   7      0        0   6       6        3   2     2        0   0   3       4        1
 Germany
                       7 (7.78%)           15 (16.3%)            4 (15.38%)            7 (20.51%)

                   0      0        0   1       0        0   0     0        0   0   0       0        1
 Hungary
                          0                1 (1.09%)                   0               1 (2.56%)

                   0      2        2   0       3        2   0     2        1   2   0       2        2
   Italy
                       4 (4.44%)           5 (5.43%)             5 (19.23%)            4 (10.26%)

                   0      0        0   0       1        0   0     0        0   0   0       0        0
  Norway
                          0                1 (1.09%)                   0                   0

                   0      0        0   0       1        0   0     0        0   0   0       1        0
  Poland
                          0                1 (1.09%)                   0               1 (2.56%)

                   0      1        2   0       0        0   0     0        0   2   0       1        0
   Spain
                       3 (3.33%)               0                 2 (7.69%)             1 (2.56%)

                   0      0        0   0       1        1   0     0        0   0   0       0        0
Switzerland
                          0                2 (2.17%)                   0                   0



                                       122
             12   16    13   8      6    8    1    2       2   3    3       1        4
  USA
              41 (45.56%)     22 (29.34%)         7 (30.78%)            8 (20.53%)

             0    0     0    0      0    0    0    0       0   0    0       1        0
Yugoslavia
                  0                 0                  0                 1 (2.56%)

             33   30    27   30     33   29   4    8       4   11   10      15       14
  Total
             90 (100%)       92 (100%)            26 (100%)         39 (100%)




                              123
             Table 13 Frequency of Songs in Chinese Cultures within Textbooks


      PARTICULARS                    FREQUENCY OF SONGS IN CHINESE CULTURES

                                A                B                 C               D
   Region        Composer
                            1    2    3   1      2   3   1a   1b       2   3   1   2   3

   Anhui         Unknown    1    0    0   2      0   0   0    0        0   0   0   0   1
   (安徽)           Total     1    0    0   2      0   0   0    0        0   0   0   0   1

   Dongbe        Unknown    0    0    0   0      0   0   0    0        0   0   0   0   2
   (東北)           Total     0    0    0   0      0   0   0    0        0   0   0   0   2

   Fujian        Unknown    1    0    0   1      0   0   0    0        0   0   0   0   0
   (福建)           Total     1    0    0   1      0   0   0    0        0   0   0   0   0

Guangdong (      Unknown    1    0    0   2      0   0   0    0        0   0   0   1   0
    廣東)           Total     1    0    0   2      0   0   0    0        0   0   0   1   0

  Guangxi        Unknown    0    0    0   0      0   0   0    0        0   0   0   0   1
   (廣西)           Total     0    0    0   0      0   0   0    0        0   0   0   0   1

    Hebe         Unknown    0    0    0   0      0   2   0    0        0   0   0   0   0
   (河北)           Total     0    0    0   0      0   2   0    0        0   0   0   0   0

   Henan         Unknown    0    0    0   0      0   0   0    0        0   1   0   0   1
   (河南)           Total     0    0    0   0      0   0   0    0        0   1   0   0   1

   Hubei         Unknown    1    0    0   0      0   0   0    0        0   0   0   0   0
   (湖北)           Total     1    0    0   0      0   0   0    0        0   0   0   0   0
                  許冠傑       1    1    1   0      0   0   0    0        0   0   0   0   0

Hong Kong (       陳百強       0    1    0   0      0   0   0    0        0   0   0   0   0
    香港)           李超源       0    0    0   0      0   1   0    0        0   0   0   0   0

                  Total     1    2    1   0      0   1   0    0        0   0   0   0   0

Inner-Mongolia   Unknown    0    0    0   0      3   0   0    0        0   1   1   0   1
   (內蒙古)          Total     0    0    0   0      3   0   0    0        0   1   1   0   1

  Ke Race        Unknown    0    0    0   0      0   1   0    0        0   0   0   0   0
 (客族山地)           Total     0    0    0   0      0   1   0    0        0   0   0   0   0
                   聶耳       0    1    0   1      0   0   0    0        0   0   0   0   0
  Mainland
                  冼星海       0    0    1   1      0   0   0    0        0   0   0   0   0
   (大陸)
                  Total     0    1    1   2      0   0   0    0        0   0   0   0   0

   Qinghai       Unknown    0    1    0   0      0   2   0    1        0   1   0   1   1
   (青海)           Total     0    1    0   0      0   2   0    1        0   1   0   1   1

   Sichuan       Unknown    0    0    0   0      0   0   0    0        0   0   1   0   0
   (四川)           Total     0    0    0   0      0   0   0    0        0   0   1   0   0




                                           124
         翁清溪/ 黃河   1   0   0   0     0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0

          李抱忱      0   0   0   0     0   0   0   0   0   1   0   0   1

           陳鋒      0   0   0   0     0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   2

          劉家昌      1   1   0   0     0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0

           黃自      1   1   0   2     1   2   0   0   1   2   4   2   0

          羅大佑      0   0   1   0     0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0

          張清郎      0   0   0   0     0   0   1   0   0   1   0   0   0

          邱慶彰      0   0   0   0     0   0   1   0   0   0   0   0   0

          盧豐吉      0   0   0   0     0   0   1   0   0   0   0   0   0

          陳田鶴      0   0   0   0     0   0   0   0   0   1   1   0   0

          潘朝明      0   0   0   0     0   0   1   0   0   0   0   0   0

          鄭啟宏      0   0   0   0     0   0   1   0   0   0   0   0   0

          蕭而化      0   0   0   0     0   0   1   0   0   0   1   0   0

          簡銘燿      0   0   0   0     0   0   0   1   0   1   0   0   0

          馬兆駿      0   0   0   0     0   0   0   1   0   0   0   0   0

          張炫文      0   0   0   0     0   0   0   0   2   0   0   0   1

          蕭泰然      0   0   0   0     0   0   0   0   1   0   0   0   0

          呂泉生      0   0   0   0     0   0   0   0   1   0   0   0   0
Taiwan
          錢善華      0   0   0   0     0   0   0   0   0   0   1   1   0
(台灣)
          羅義榮      0   0   0   0     0   0   0   0   1   0   0   0   0

          馬孝駿      0   0   0   0     0   0   0   0   0   0   1   0   0

          林福裕      0   0   0   0     0   0   0   0   1   1   0   1   0

          侯俊慶      0   0   0   0     0   0   0   0   0   0   0   1   0

          滕樹勳      0   0   0   0     0   0   0   0   0   0   0   1   0

          林詩達      0   0   0   0     0   0   0   0   1   0   0   0   0

           古月      0   0   0   0     0   0   0   0   1   0   0   0   0

          李達濤      0   0   0   0     0   0   0   0   1   0   0   0   0

          陳輝雄      0   0   0   0     0   0   0   0   1   0   0   0   0

          陳雲山      0   0   0   0     0   0   0   0   1   0   0   0   0

          李泰祥      0   0   0   0     0   0   0   0   1   0   0   0   0

          趙元任      0   0   0   0     0   0   0   0   0   1   1   0   0

          黎國鋒      0   0   0   0     0   0   0   0   0   1   0   0   1

          韋瀚章      0   0   0   0     0   0   0   0   0   1   0   0   0

          劉雪厂      0   0   0   0     0   0   0   0   0   1   0   1   0

           黎明      0   0   0   0     0   0   0   0   0   1   0   0   0

          吳文棟      0   0   0   0     0   0   0   0   0   1   0   0   0

          林文隆      0   0   0   0     0   0   0   0   0   1   0   0   0



                               125
           張茂倉       0   0   0   0     0   0   0    1    0    0    0    0    0

           陳武雄       0   0   0   0     0   0   0    1    0    0    0    0    0

           邰肇玫       0   0   0   0     0   0   0    1    0    0    0    0    0

           鄧雨賢       0   0   0   0     0   0   0    1    0    1    0    0    0

           馮肇英       0   0   0   0     0   0   0    1    0    0    0    0    0

           朱西湖       0   0   0   0     0   0   0    1    0    0    0    0    0

           杜夢絃       0   0   0   0     0   0   0    0    0    0    1    0    0

           郭芝苑       0   0   0   0     0   0   0    0    0    0    1    0    1

           陳茂萱       0   0   0   0     0   0   0    0    0    0    1    2    0

            盧炎       0   0   0   0     0   0   0    0    0    0    0    2    0

           張遠鎮       0   0   0   0     0   0   0    0    0    0    0    1    0

            黃德       0   0   0   0     0   0   0    0    0    0    1    0    0

           杜庭修       0   0   0   0     0   0   0    0    0    0    2    0    0

           李永剛       0   0   0   0     0   0   0    0    0    0    2    1    0

           劉昌良       0   0   0   0     0   0   0    1    0    0    0    0    0

           曾興魁       0   0   0   0     0   0   0    0    0    0    0    1    1

           楊兆禎       0   0   0   0     0   0   0    0    0    0    0    1    0

           謝隆廣       0   0   0   0     0   0   0    0    0    0    0    2    0

           蔡中文       0   0   0   0     0   0   0    0    0    0    2    0    0

           陳和昌       0   0   0   0     0   0   0    1    0    0    0    0    0

           李子恆       0   0   0   0     0   0   1    0    0    1    0    1    0

           陳復明       0   0   0   0     0   0   1    0    0    0    0    0    0

           陳樂融       0   0   0   0     0   0   1    0    0    0    0    0    0

           Unknown   0   0   0   1     1   1   3    1    3    0    4    2    0

            Total    3   2   1   3     2   3   12   11   16   16   21   20   7

Shanxi     Unknown   0   0   0   0     0   0   0    0    0    0    1    0    0
 (山西)       Total    0   0   0   0     0   0   0    0    0    0    1    0    0

Shaanxi    Unknown   0   1   0   2     0   0   0    0    0    0    0    0    0
 (陝西)       Total    0   1   0   2     0   0   0    0    0    0    0    0    0

Xikang     Unknown   0   1   0   1     0   1   0    0    0    0    0    1    0
 (西康)       Total    0   1   0   1     0   1   0    0    0    0    0    1    0
           王洛賓       0   1   0   0     0   0   0    0    0    1    0    0    0

Xinjiang   Unknown   1   1   0   1     2   0   2    0    0    1    0    0    2
 (新疆)       Total    1   2   0   1     2   0   2    0    0    2    0    0    2

Yunnan     Unknown   1   0   0   2     2   1   0    0    0    0    2    0    0
 (雲南)       Total    1   0   0   2     2   1   0    0    0    0    2    0    0




                                 126
                       姜白石            0       0      0      0      1        0     0      0       0     0      0       0       0

                        馬可            0       0      0      0      1        1     0      0       0     0      0       0       0
    *Others
                       黃友棣            0       0      0      0      0        0     0      1       0     0      1       0       0
     (其他)
                     Unknown          0       0      2      2      2        2     0      1       1     1      0       0       0

                        Total         0       0      2      2      3        3     0      2       1     1      0       0       0

*Others: The composers in this category are those who are Chinese but researcher does not know their own specific regions.

                Table 14 Percentage of Song in Chinese Cultures within Textbooks


         PARTICULAR                               FREQUENCY OF SONGS IN CHINESE CULTURES

                                             A                     B                         C                       D
              Region
                                      1       2      3      1      2        3    1a     1b       2     3      1       2       3

                                      1       0      0      2      0        0     0      0       0     0      0       0       1
          Anhui (安徽)
                                          1 (4%)                2 (4.55%)                    0                    1 (1.54%)

                                      0       0      0      0      0        0     0      0       0     0      0       0       2
         Dongbe (東北)
                                              0                    0                         0                    2 (3.08%)

                                      1       0      0      1      0        0     0      0       0     0      0       0       0
         Fujian (福建)
                                          1 (4%)                1 (2.27%)                    0                        0

                                      1       0      0      2      0        0     0      0       0     0      0       1       0
      Guangdong (廣東)
                                          1 (4%)                2 (4.55%)                    0                    1 (1.54%)

                                      0       0      0      0      0        0     0      0       0     0      0       0       1
        Guangxi (廣西)
                                              0                    0                         0                    1 (1.54%)

                                      0       0      0      0      0        2     0      0       0     0      0       0       0
          Hebe (河北)
                                              0                 2 (4.55%)                    0                        0

                                      0       0      0      0      0        0     0      0       0     1      0       0       1
         Henan (河南)
                                              0                    0                   1 (1.49%)                  1 (1.54%)

                                      1       0      0      0      0        0     0      0       0     0      0       0       0
          Hubei (湖北)
                                          1 (4%)                   0                         0                        0

                                      1       2      1      0      0        1     0      0       0     0      0       0       0
      Hong Kong (香港)
                                          4 (16%)               1 (2.27%)                    0                        0

                                      0       0      0      0      3        0     0      0       0     1      1       0       1
   Inner-Mongolia (內蒙古)
                                              0                 3 (6.82%)              1 (1.49%)                  2 (3.08%)

                                      0       0      0      0      0        1     0      0       0     0      0       0       0
      Ke Race (客族山地)
                                              0                 1 (2.27%)                    0                        0

                                      0       1      1      2      0        0     0      0       0     0      0       0       0
        Mainland (大陸)
                                          2 (8%)                2 (4.55%)                    0                        0

                                      0       1      0      0      0        2     0      1       0     1      0       1       1
         Qinghai (青海)
                                          1 (4%)                2 (4.55%)              2 (2.99%)                  2 (3.08%)



                                                             127
                                      0       0       0     0       0        0    0      0       0     0      1       0        0
         Sichuan (四川)
                                              0                     0                        0                     1 (1.54%)

                                      3       2       1     3       2        3   12     11       16    16     21      20       7
         Taiwan (台灣)
                                           6 (24%)              8 (18.18%)            55 (82.09%)              48 (73.82%)

                                      0       0       0     0       0        0    0      0       0     0      1       0        0
         Shanxi (山西)
                                              0                     0                        0                     1 (1.54%)

                                      0       1       0     2       0        0    0      0       0     0      0       0        0
         Shaanxi (陝西)
                                           1 (4%)               2 (4.55%)                    0                        0

                                      0       1       0     1       0        1    0      0       0     0      0       1        0
          Xiang (西康)
                                           1 (4%)               2 (4.55%)                    0                     1 (1.54%)

                                      1       2       0     1       2        0    2      0       0     2      0       0        2
        Xinjiang (新疆)
                                           3 (12%)              3 (6.82%)              4 (5.97%)                   2 (3.08%)

                                      1       0       0     2       2        1    0      0       0     0      2       0        0
         Yunnan (雲南)
                                           1 (4%)               5 (11.34%)                   0                     2 (3.08%)

                                      0       0       2     2       3        3    0      2       1     1      0       0        0
         *Others (其他)
                                           2 (8%)               8 (18.18%)             4 (5.97%)                      0

                                      10     10       5    18      12       14   14     14       17    22     26      23       16
              Total
                                          25 (100%)             44 (100%)              67 (100%)                  65 (100%)



*Others: The composers in this category are those who are Chinese but researcher does not know their own specific regions.




                                                             128
            Table 15 Frequency of Songs in Other Cultures within Textbooks


    PARTICULARS                    FREQUENCY OF SONGS IN OTHER CULTURES

 Country/                     A                B                 C               D
              Composer
 Region                   1    2   3    1      2   3   1a   1b       2   3   1   2   3

              Unknown     0    0   0    0      1   0   0    0        0   0   0   0   0
 Africa
                Total     0    0   0    0      1   0   0    0        0   0   0   0   0

              Unknown     0    0   0    0      0   1   0    0        0   0   0   0   0
 Albania
                Total     0    0   0    0      0   1   0    0        0   0   0   0   0

              Unknown     0    0   1    0      0   0   0    0        0   0   0   0   0
Caribbean
                Total     0    0   1    0      0   0   0    0        0   0   0   0   0

              Unknown     0    1   1    0      0   0   0    0        0   0   0   0   0
 Creole
                Total     0    1   1    0      0   0   0    0        0   0   0   0   0

              Unknown     0    0   0    0      0   1   0    0        0   0   0   0   0
  Haiti
                Total     0    0   0    0      0   1   0    0        0   0   0   0   0

              Unknown     0    1   1    1      1   1   1    0        0   0   0   0   0
Indonesia
                Total     0    1   1    1      1   1   1    0        0   0   0   0   0

               Secunda    0    0   1    0      0   0   0    0        0   0   0   0   0

  Israel      Unknown     1    2   1    1      1   0   0    0        1   0   0   0   0

                Total     1    2   2    1      1   0   0    0        1   0   0   0   0

              Unknown     0    0   0    0      0   0   0    0        0   0   0   0   1
  Java
                Total     0    0   0    0      0   0   0    0        0   0   0   0   1

              中島美雪        0    1   0    0      0   0   0    0        0   0   0   0   0

              木森敏之        0    0   1    0      0   0   0    0        0   0   0   0   0

             濱口庫之助        0    0   0    0      0   0   0    0        1   0   0   0   0

              成田為三        0    0   0    0      0   1   0    0        0   0   0   0   0

  Japan        Miyuki /
                          0    0   1    0      0   0   0    0        0   0   0   0   0
              Nakajima

              瀧廉太郎        0    0   0    0      1   0   0    0        0   0   0   0   0

              Unknown     0    1   0    0      1   0   0    0        0   0   1   0   0

                Total     0    2   2    0      2   1   0    0        1   0   1   0   0

              Unknown     0    0   0    0      1   0   0    0        0   0   0   0   0
 Kazak
                Total     0    0   0    0      1   0   0    0        0   0   0   0   0

              Unknown     0    1   0    0      2   0   0    0        0   0   1   0   0
 Korea
                Total     0    1   0    0      2   0   0    0        0   0   1   0   0

              Unknown     0    0   0    0      0   0   2    0        0   0   0   0   0
Malaysia
                Total     0    0   0    0      0   0   2    0        0   0   0   0   0



                                         129
              Unknown   1   0   0   0     1   0   0   1   0   0   0   0   0
  Mexico
               Total    1   0   0   0     1   0   0   1   0   0   0   0   0

              Unknown   0   0   0   0     1   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0
Middle East
               Total    0   0   0   0     1   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0

              Unknown   1   0   0   0     0   0   1   0   0   0   0   0   0
Philippines
               Total    1   0   0   0     0   0   1   0   0   0   0   0   0

               Raskin   0   0   1   0     0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0

  Russia      Unknown   0   2   2   1     3   2   0   0   0   0   0   0   0

               Total    0   2   3   1     3   2   0   0   0   0   0   0   0




                                    130
        Table 16 Percentage of Song in Other Cultures within Textbooks


PARTICULAR                     FREQUENCY OF SONGS IN OTHER CULTURES

                           A                    B                       C                   D
Country/Region
                   1       2        3   1       2        3   1a    1b       2   3   1       2        3

                   0       0        0   0       1        0   0     0        0   0   0       0        0
    Africa
                           0                1 (4.55%)                   0                   0

                   0       0        0   0       0        1   0     0        0   0   0       0        0
   Albania
                           0                1 (4.55%)                   0                   0

                   0       0        1   0       0        0   0     0        0   0   0       0        0
  Caribbean
                       1 (4.76%)                0                       0                   0

                   0       1        1   0       0        0   0     0        0   0   0       0        0
   Creole
                       2 (9.52%)                0                       0                   0

                   0       0        0   0       0        1   0     0        0   0   0       0        0
    Haiti
                           0                1 (4.55%)                   0                   0

                   0       1        1   1       1        1   1     0        0   0   0       0        0
  Indonesia
                       2 (9.52%)            3 (13.64%)            1 (14.29%)                0

                   1       2        2   1       1        0   0     0        1   0   0       0        0
    Israel
                       5 (23.82%)           2 (9.09%)             1 (14.29%)                0

                   0       0        0   0       0        0   0     0        0   0   0       0        1
    Java
                           0                    0                       0               1 (33.33%)

                   0       2        2   0       2        1   0     0        1   0   1       0        0
    Japan
                       4 (19.05%)           3 (13.64%)            1 (14.29%)            1 (33.33%)

                   0       0        0   0       1        0   0     0        0   0   0       0        0
   Kazak
                           0                1 (4.55%)                   0                   0

                   0       1        0   0       2        0   0     0        0   0   1       0        0
    Korea
                       1 (4.76%)            2 (9.09%)                   0               1 (33.33%)

                   0       0        0   0       0        0   2     0        0   0   0       0        0
  Malaysia
                           0                    0                 2 (28.55%)                0

                   1       0        0   0       1        0   0     1        0   0   0       0        0
   Mexico
                       1 (4.76%)            1 (4.55%)             1 (14.29%)                0

                   0       0        0   0       1        0   0     0        0   0   0       0        0
 Middle East
                           0                1 (4.55%)                   0                   0

                   1       0        0   0       0        0   1     0        0   0   0       0        0
 Philippines
                       1 (4.76%)                0                 1 (14.29%)                0

                   0       2        2   1       3        2   0     0        0   0   0       0        0
   Russia
                       4 (19.5%)            6 (27.24%)                  0                   0



                                              131
        3       9       9   3      13       6   4   1     2    0   2      0       1
Total
            21 (100%)           22 (100%)           7 (100%)           3 (100%)




                                  132
                             Table 17 Common Songs in Textbooks


                             PARTICULARS                                 NAMES OF

                                                                         TEXTBOOKS

Song                             Composer                Country     A     B   C     D

Kookaburra                                               Australia   1     1

The Happy Wanderer               W. Moller               Germany     1     1

Sing-a-ling-a-ling                                       England     1     1

Clementine                       P. Montrose             USA         1     1

This Old Man                                             England     1     1

Cradle Song                      J. Brahms               Germany     1     1

Cuckoo                                                   Germany     1     1

O’ Christmas Tree                                        Germany     1     3

My Bonnie                        H. J. Fuller            USA         2     3

She Wore a Yellow Ribbon                                 USA         2     3

Cuckoo (Kuckoo)                                          Austria     2     2

It’s a Small World               R. M. Sherman & R. B.   USA         2     2

                                 Sherman

Bengawan Solo                                            Indonesia   2     2

Shalom                                                   Israel      2     1

Sakura                                                   Japan       2     2

Aura Lee                         G. R. Poviton           USA         1     1

Stage Coach                                              USA         2     1

Tumbalalaika                                             Jew         2     2

Katusha                                                  Russia      2     2

National Anthem of the PRC       聶耳                      Mainland    2     1
(中華人民共和國國歌)

Hedge Rose                       F. Schubert             Austria     2     2

Wandering                        F. Schubert             Austria     2     2

The Millers’ Flower              F. Schubert             Austria     2     3

Toreador Song                    G. Bizet                France      2     2

Greensleeves                                             England     2     3

Home, Sweet Home                 R. Bishop               England     3     3

Scarborough Fair                                         England     3     3

Yesterday                        J. Lennon & P. McCartney USA        3     2

Triumphal March                  Verdi                   Italy       3     2

Troika                                                   Russia      3     3



                                                 133
Trout (Die Forelle)        F. Schubert         Austria         3   2

月光光                                            China           1   1

                                               (Guangdong)

清江河                                            China (Hubei)   1   3

康定情歌                                           China           2   1

                                               (Xikang)

滿江紅                                            China           3   2

                                               (Traditional)

Over the Meadow                                Czech           2   3

Cindy                                          USA             2   1

Land of the Silver Birch                       Canada          2   2

牛犁歌                        張清郎                 China                   1a/3   1

                                               (Taiwan)

英文字母歌                                          France                   1     1

秋蟬                         李子恆                 China                    1     2

                                               (Taiwan)

彩霞                         黃有棣                 China                   1b     1

                                               (Guangdong)

山村姑娘                                           Italy                    2     2

天黑黑                                            China(Taiwan/            2     2

                                               Minnen)

阿拉木汗                       王洛賓                 China                    3     3

                                               (Xinjiang)

一根扁擔                                           China (Henan)            3     3



金陵酒肆留別                     黎國鋒                 China                    3     3

                                               (Taiwan)

小小的果實                      G. Bizet            France                   3     3

請相信我                       李抱忱                 China (Hebe)             3     3

畢業歌                                            Unknown                  3     3

感謝媽媽                       林福裕                 China                    3     2

                                               (Taiwan)

春夜洛城聞笛                     劉雪厂                 China                    3     2

                                               (Taiwan)

進軍                                             France                   3     2

採蓮謠                        陳田鶴                 China                    3     1
                                               (Taiwan)

春郊                                             USA                      3     1


                                         134
西風的話                             黃自                       China                    3    1

                                                          (Taiwan)

揚子江                                                       Spain                    3    1

卡農歌 (Canon)                      蕭而化                      China                    1a   1

                                                          (Taiwan)

卡布利鳥                                                      Italy                    1b   2

Old Black Joe (老黑爵)              S. Foster                USA              3            3

The Blue Danube (藍色多瑙河)          J. Strauss               Germany          1            2

Songs My Mother Taught Me (母親    A. Dvorak                Czech            1            3
教我唱的歌)

Donna Donna (多那多那)               S. Secunda               Israel (Jew)     3       2

採茶歌                                                       China (Fujian)   1       3

茉莉花 (Jasmine)                                             China                1        3

                                                          (Shaanxi)

小河淌水 (Little Stream)                                      China                1        1

                                                          (Yunnan)

蒙古牧歌 (Mongolian Pastoral Song)                            China(Inner-M        2        3

                                                          ongolia)

Santa Lucia (散塔蘆洪亞)                                       Italy (Napoli)   2   2   1b

花非花                              黃自                       China            2   1   2

                                                          (Taiwan)

Do Re Mi                         R. Rodgers               USA              1   1        2

踏雪尋梅                             黃自                       China            1   2        2

                                                          (Taiwan)

本事 (Anecdote)                    黃自                       China                3   3    1

                                                          (Traditional)

Linden Tree (菩提樹)                F. Schubert              Austria          3   2   3    3

O Sole Mio (可愛的陽光)               E. Capua                 Italy            3   2   3    3

Beautiful Dreamer (美麗的夢仙)        S. Foster                USA              3   3   3    3

在那遙遠的地方                          王洛賓                      China            2   3   3    2

                                                          (Qinghai)




Combinations                           No. of Songs (%)

A-B                                    38 (50%)

C-D                                    21 (27.63%)

A-D                                    3 (3.95%)


                                                  135
A-C       2 (2.63%)

B-D       3 (3.95%)

A-B-C     2 (2.63%)

A-B-D     2 (2.63%)

B-C-D     1 (1.32%)

A-B-C-D   4 (5.26%)

Total     76 (100%)




                  136
                             Table 18 Frequency & Percentage of Melody with Foreign Lyrics




                                                                                   B                                                                           D
                                               A                                                                        C
               Textbooks

                                                           Sub-                                Sub-                                    Sub-                                Sub-
Lyrics                          1       2           3               1        2          3               1a      1b      2        3              1       2            3
                                                           total                               total                                   total                               total


No. of Foreign Melody with      19      21          19      59      15      29          19      63      6       6       5        8      25      8       12          10      30

   Chinese Lyrics (%)         (41.30) (42.86) (46.34) (43.38) (29.41) (50.00) (38.78) (39.87) (27.27) (27.27) (21.74) (24.24) (25.00) (21.05) (31.58) (32.26) (28.97)




No. of Foreign Melody with      20      16          16      52      13      23          15      51      1                                1      1                    2      3
                                                                                                                0       0        0                      0
    English Lyrics (%)        (43.48) (32.65) (39.02) (38.24) (25.40) (39.66) (30.61) (32.28) (4.55)                                   (1.00) (2.63)               (6.45) (2.80)




No. of English Melody with      15      10          10      35      11       8          10      29      1       2                4       7      4       2            4      10
                                                                                                                        0
   Chinese Lyrics (%)         (32.61) (20.41) (24.39) (25.74) (21.57) (13.79) (20.40) (18.35) (4.55) (9.09)                    (12.12) (7.00) (10.53) (5.26) (12.90) (9.35)




No. of Foreign Melody with
                                0       1J          0       0       0      1J, 2G       1G      3       0       1I      0        0       1      0       1F           0      0
   Original Lyrics (%)



                                46      49          41     136      51      58          49     158      22      22      23       33     100     38      38          31     107
Total Number of Songs (%)
                               (100)   (100)       (100)   (100)   (100)   (100)       (100)   (100)   (100)   (100)   (100)   (100)   (100)   (100)   (100)       (100)   (100)




          J: Japanese
          G: German
          F: French
          I: Italian




                                                                                   137

				
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