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Austin LifeGuard high school curriculum selection

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					Austin LifeGuard HS Curriculum




                                                            Approximately 19 million new cases                                                   STDs are infections caused by viruses,
                                                             every year. 1,2                                                                       bacteria, or protozoa and spread by
                                                                                                                                                   sexual activity.
                                                            One out of four sexually active high
                                                             school students will get an STD.3
                                                                                                                                                  VIRAL STDs: A virus causes an infection that cannot
                                                                                                                                                   be cured. Medicines can slow down viruses, but
                                                            About half of newly reported STDs
                                                                                                                                                   cannot eliminate them.
                                                             occur in 15-24 year olds1

                                                                                                                                                  BACTERIAL STDs: Bacteria and protozoa cause
                                                                                                                                                   infections, but can usually be treated with
       1.
       2.
            Weinstock H, Berman S, Cates W Jr. Sexually transmitted diseases among American youth: incidence and prevalence estimates, 2000.
            United States. Center for Disease Control. ―Sexually Transmitted Diseases Surveillance, 2007‖ 1 July 2009.
                                                                                                                                                   medicines called antibiotics.
            <http://www.cdc.gov/std/stats07/trends.htm.>
       3.   U.S. Teen Sexual Activity (pdf). Kaiser Family Foundation (January 2005). 16 July 2009.
            <http://www.kff.org/youthhivstds/upload/U-S-Teen-Sexual-Activity-Fact-Sheet.pdf.>




                                                                                                                                                Before           Syphilis and Gonorrhea
                                                                                                                                                 1960             were the only major STDs.

                                                                                                                                                1976             Chlamydia first recognized.

                                                                                                                                                1981             AIDS identified in U.S.

                                                                                                                                                1982             Genital Herpes becomes common.




                  Today there are now 27 different STDs.1,2                                                                                        Sexual Activity - Most STDs are transmitted
                                                                                                                                                       through sexual activity.

                  Over 19 million people get a new STD                                                                                                 Oral Sex is a very common way for
                   infection every year.3                                                                                                                many STDs to spread.
                                                                                                                                                      Skin to skin
                  Each year over 4 million teenagers get an                                                                                          Contact with lesions
                   STD infection every year. 4                                                                                                        Contact with infected fluids
            1. Holmes KK, Sparling PF, Stamm WE, et al. Sexually Transmitted Dieseases, 4th Ed. New York, NY: McGraw Hill Medical; 2008
            2. http://www.medinstitute.org/public/121print.cfm
                                                                                                                                                      Some STDs may also be acquired
            3. United States. Center for Disease Control. ―Sexually Transmitted Diseases Surveillance, 2007‖ 1 July 2009.
                   <http://www.cdc.gov/std/stats07/trends.htm.>
            4. U.S. Teen Sexual Activity (pdf). Kaiser Family Foundation (January 2005). 16 July 2009.
                                                                                                                                                       congenitally (at birth).
                   <http://www.kff.org/youthhivstds/upload/U-S-Teen-Sexual-Activity-Fact-Sheet.pdf.>




                                                                                                                                                                                                         3
Austin LifeGuard HS Curriculum




         Protection from                    Studies have proven that correct and consistent
         STDs:                              (every time) latex condom use decreases the
                                            risk of HIV by 85%. Condoms provide partial
                                            protection from other STDs except HPV
                                            (minimal to no protection). Unfortunately, most
                                            sexually active teens do not use condoms
                                                                                                        Consistent use means 100% use
                                            consistently and correctly.                                  during all sex acts indefinitely
         Risks &
         Complications:
                                            There is a 2% -- 4% breakage and slippage rate
                                            with condom use.                                            Even 100% condom use does not
         SUMMARY:                           Condoms do reduce the risks of pregnancy and
                                                                                                         eliminate (100%) risk of any STD
                                            HIV only if used consistently and correctly. This
                                            protection is not 100%. The terms “safe” sex or
                                                                                                         including HIV.1,2
                                            “protected” sex are often used to refer to the use
                                            of condoms with sexual activity. It must be                 Slippage or breakage on average 1-4%
                                            understood that this protection is not 100%.                       3,4

                                                                                                   1. Ahmed S, et al. 2001. AIDS.
                                                                                                   2. Baeten JM, et al. 2001. Am J Obstet Gynecol.
                                                                                                   3. Steiner M, et al. 2003. Obstet Gynecol.
           2004, Scott and White Memorial Hospital and Scott, Sherwood and Brindley Foundation.   4. NIH. 2001. The Condom Report.
           Scott and White Sex Education Program, “Contraception & Teens: Providing the FACTS!”




            Avoid exposure to direct sunlight or storage for prolonged periods
                    at temperatures above 100 degrees Fahrenheit.
         Trojan® brand latex condoms, when used properly, are highly effective
          against pregnancy – although no contraceptive can guarantee 100%
         effectiveness. Any use of Trojan® brand latex condoms for other than
            vaginal intercourse can increase the potential for damage to the
         condom. Trojan® brand latex condoms, when used properly, may help
          reduce the risk of catching or spreading many Sexually Transmitted
         Diseases (“STDs”) such as Syphilis, Gonorrhea, Chlamydia infections,
           Genital Herpes and AIDS; however, they cannot eliminate the risk.

          For maximum benefits, it is important to follow the instructions for use
         printed on the inner side of this package. Failure to do so may result in
          the loss of the benefits of a condom. During intimate contact, lesions
          and various body fluids can transmit STDs. Therefore, a new condom
         should be applied each and every time before any such contact occurs.
                           DISTRIBUTED BY CARTER PRODUCTS, DIVISION OF CARTER-WALLACE,
                            INC. NEW YORK, NY 10105 ©1998, 1991, 1996 CARTER-WALLACE, INC.
                                                    MADE IN U.S.A




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Austin LifeGuard HS Curriculum




        1. You can’t get pregnant the first
           time you have sex.
        2. You can’t get pregnant during                                                                                              20% of teens under 18 yrs using condoms
           your period.                                                                                                                 get pregnant over a period of 1 year.1

        3. You have to have intercourse
           to get pregnant.
                                                                                                                                 1 . 2004, Scott and White Memorial Hospital and Scott, Sherwood and Brindley Foundation.
                                                                                                                                 Scott and White Sex Education Program, “Contraception & Teens: Providing the FACTS!‖




             1 out of 3 teens become
              pregnant before the age of
              20


         Hoffman, Saul D. Ph.D. By the Number. The National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unintended Pregnancy. Oct. 2006. 21
                                     Aug. 2009.< http://www.thenationalcampaign.org/costs/pdf/report/BTN_National_Report.pdf.>




                                                                                                                                                                                                                            19
Austin LifeGuard HS Curriculum




        1. You can’t get pregnant the first
           time you have sex.
        2. You can’t get pregnant during                                                                                              20% of teens under 18 yrs using condoms
           your period.                                                                                                                 get pregnant over a period of 1 year.1

        3. You have to have intercourse
           to get pregnant.
                                                                                                                                 1 . 2004, Scott and White Memorial Hospital and Scott, Sherwood and Brindley Foundation.
                                                                                                                                 Scott and White Sex Education Program, “Contraception & Teens: Providing the FACTS!‖




             1 out of 3 teens become
              pregnant before the age of
              20


         Hoffman, Saul D. Ph.D. By the Number. The National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unintended Pregnancy. Oct. 2006. 21
                                     Aug. 2009.< http://www.thenationalcampaign.org/costs/pdf/report/BTN_National_Report.pdf.>




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