The Barnes Family of Fleming County, Kentucky
Larry D. Bowling
The "Barnes Family" arrived in Fleming County in 1787 along with several other
Marylanders to establish the first white settlement in that county. This article
explores what has been learned about this family and their associates and raises
the question: "are these some of the descendants of James and Ketura Shipley
Barnes through their son Robert and Lois (Porter) Barnes of Washington County,
ROBERT BARNES2 (James1) was married 11 Feb. 1728 St. Anne's Parish,
Anne Arundel Co., Md., to Lois Porter, d/o Peter and Lois (Shipley) Porter. The
will of Robert Barnes (now called Robert, Sr.), of Chew's Farm, Frederick (now
Washington) Co., Md., was written 2 Dec. 1773. Depending upon how one
interprets the contents, the names listed below were the surviving issue of that
marriage. Using the order in which they were named in the will to construct a
hypothetical time frame for children born of this union, one would begin with the
date 1728/1729 for the first child and proceed to add a child approximately every
two years, thus:
i. RACHEL, (b. ca. 1728/1729)
ii. JOSHUA, (b. ca. 1730/1731)
iii. ROBERT, (b. ca. 1732/1733)
iv. NATHAN, (b. ca. 1734/1735)
v. KATY (Katherine? Or Keturah, for his mother?) (b. ca. 1736/1737)
vi. PETER (or is he the son of Katy?), (b. ca. 1738/1739)
vii. SARAH, (b. ca. 1740/1741)
viii. SYLVANUS, (b. ca. 1742/1743)
ix. EZEKIAL, (b. ca. 1744/1745)
Sylvanus3 and Ezekial3 were called the "two youngest sons" in Robert's will. Of
these two sons, we know that both served in Joseph Chapline's Co., from
Washington Co., Md., in the Revolution. Sylvanus was married 21 June 1779 in
Washington Co., Md. to Sarah Phelps. He and Ezekial moved to the Springhill
and Georges Twp. area of Westmoreland1 (now Fayette) Co., Pa., and from
there to Wood Co., Va.(W.Va.). Ezekial and wife, Nelly, were also in Wood Co.
in 1798; thus, the locations of the two youngest sons are known.
A lawsuit between John Dorsey and Joshua Barnes "of Robert" was recorded 1
Apr. 1779 [Washington County Circuit Court Record RR Bg 27]. The addition of
the identification may be an indication that there was another Joshua Barnes
who was a contemporary residing in the same county. Bits of information which
may help to support this theory are: Henry Barnes and Joshua Barnes served in
the same unit in the Revolution. Henry is identified as the "son of Joshua" when
he purchased horses from Joshua Barnes 14 Mar. 1783 [Washington County
Deed Record C:265]. A Henry Barnes later appeared in Fayette Co., Pa. with
Sylvanus and Ezekial and one later appeared in Fleming Co., Ky. The 1790
federal census of Washington County listed Joshua Barnes as a white male over
age 16, with 1 m under 16 and 2 females in the household. A charge of assault
and battery was brought against Joshua Barnes in the Washington County
Circuit Court 20 April 1791 by Michael Salovan (Sullivan?).
Meanwhile, Joshua Barnes' name appeared on the tax lists of Bourbon Co., Ky.,
in 1787, which then included Mason and Fleming counties. In the spring of
1787, "the Barnes and Williams families"2 accompanied George Stockton and
wife, Rachel Dorsey Stockton (daughter of Edward Dorsey of Ann Arundel Co.,
Md.) , and Stockton's cousin, Isaiah Keith, from southwestern Pennsylvania
down the Monongahela and Ohio Rivers to Fleming , Ky., where they built a
stockaded settlement known as Stockton's Station. The "Williams family"
included Basil, John, Jarred, Thomas, Laurence, and Zadock (later reported as
Zedekiah by his brothers) (who was killed by the Indians in 1788) Williams - all
from Washington Co., Md. The "Barnes family" included Joshua Barnes whose
wife was Delila Williams, and possibly others. Of this Joshua Barnes family, the
JOSHUA BARNES, born sometime around 1753 (per DAR records and to have
a son born ca. 1772/1777). His will was written 31 May 1806 and probated at
July Term, 1806, Fleming Co., Ky. His wife was Delila Williams and they had the
following issue [not necessarily listed in the order of birth]:
i. BASIL, b. ca. 1770/1780 (probably the male 16-21 who first appears
with Joshua in 1792); deceased by Oct. 1833 when his son,
JOSHUA PORTER BARNES, was named administrator of the
estate. Basil was married 11 May 1809 in Fleming Co., Ky. to
v. ANARY/ANN/ARAH; m. 5 Oct. 1813 John Callerman/Colterman,Jr.
vi. CYNTHIA, b. ca. 1786/1787 Pa.; d. 3 May 1857 Fleming Co.; m. 17
Feb. 1807 William Dudley, Jr.
vii. RACHEL, b. Mar 1795; d. 26 Mar. 1835; m. 28 Apr. 1818 Thomas
viii. DELILAH, b. 20 Nov. 1796; d. 15 Feb. 1834; m. 21 Dec. 1830 Elisha
So we now have a Joshua Barnes with a daughter named Lois (after his mother,
Lois Porter?) and a grandson named Joshua Porter Barnes. The name of the
eldest son, Basil/Bazle may be for Basil Williams; it is interesting, however, to
note the following: Bazil Barnes sued Frances Castiol in a case of ejectment in
Washington Co., Md. Prothonotary Court, April Term 1782. The deposition of
Thomas Pollock "of Kentucky" was taken and the case was dismissed in 1784
[Appearance Docket 1782-1792, p.41, case 106].
When the U.S. Census of Maryland was taken in 1790, the following were
among those listed in Washington County:
Robert Barnes, 1 m 16+, 4 m -16, 3 f, 4 slaves
Robert Barnes, Jr., 4 m 16+, 1 m -16, 5 f, 2 slaves
These are not necessarily father and son. The terminology may have been
applied to indicate the younger of two men with the same name.
The Robert Barnes who is believed to be the ancestor of Larry D. Bowling, joined
Joshua Barnes at Stockton's Station by 1 November 1793, which is the date
Robert's name first appeared on the Mason Co. (parent county of Fleming),
Kentucky tax list. Listed as a white male over age 21, sharing his household was
a male over 16 but under 21. This would put his birth prior to 1756 if the male is
his child (probably his son, Robert, Jr.) In the 1800 tax list of Fleming County,
Robert Barnes Sr. had two additional white males over age 21 in his household
and one white male between 16 and 21. Adding Robert Barnes Jr., who is now
listed separately, the number and approximate age brackets of these males now
closely match the Robert Barnes of the 1790 census of Washington Co., Md.
In 1798, the year Fleming County was formed, Robert purchased 200 acres of
land there from Michael Cassidy, who was also from Maryland. Robert Barnes,
Sr. was still alive in September 1809 when "he conveyed the plantation whereon
I now live containing 100 acres and Robert is to live there and use as much of
the cleared land as he chooses rent free for and during his natural life" to
Samuel Barnes. On March 11, 1812 the Sheriff of Fleming Co. "as a result of a
judgment in favor of Alexander Dougherty against Robert Barnes, Jr., Robert
Barnes, Sr. and Samuel Barnes, the deputy seized, advertised and sold lots #75,
77, 79 in Flemingsburg to William P. Roper, the high bidder, for $12." This is the
last time Robert Barnes, Sr. is mentioned in the court records or other
documents. Additionally, no will was found. Based entirely upon circumstantial
evidence, the following is presented as that possible family unit.
ROBERT BARNES, born sometime before or during the early 1750s (to have a
son b. ca. 1774); died after 11 March 1812, Fleming Co., Ky. Name of wife
i. Robert, Jr., b. ca. 1772/1774; m/1, before 1798, Maryan _______; m/2,
Ann (Hineman/Hindman/Hyneman Nichols, d/o John Hineman and widow
of John Nichols, of Mason Co., Ky., 25 Feb. 1808 [bond]. Robert Barnes,
Jr. purchased some town lots from the trustees of Flemingsburg 14 May
1798. He and his wife, Maryan, sold part of these 11 September 1798.
From 1798 through 1820, these are the only two men named Robert
Barnes found in Fleming County. Consistently designated as Jr. and Sr.,
they are believed to be father and son and will be treated as such from
this point forward.
Robert, Jr. was listed in the 1820 census of Fleming Co., Ky., as a male
45 & up. In his household was 1 female 45+, 1 f 26-45, 2 f 16-26, 1 f
10-16, 1 m 10-16 and 1 m 0-10. His name appeared on the tax lists of
Fleming County for the year 1824. In 1826 Robert Barnes, Jr. of
Nicholas Co., Ky. sold lot 39 in Fleming Co. to James Graham (Fleming
Co. Deeds 0:130). He was taxed in Nicholas County in 1826 and 1827
but was gone from the lists in 1830 and 1831. From 1835 through 1837,
he was taxed in Mason County, but again disappeared in 1838. An
unidentified Daniel Barnes appeared on the tax lists of Mason for the first
and only time in 1838. Without documentation to support our theory, we
can only suggest that the following are his probable issue: Margaret (b.
ca 1800), m. 6 Feb. 1821 Simeon Lloyd; Alvin (b. ca. 1803; d. after
1880), n. m.; Nathan m. Amelia Roper 13 Sep. 1825; Thomas m. Melvina
Jackson 18 July 1825; and Sally Ann m. Robert Stockwell 27 Jan. 1825.
Alvin and Margaret both listed Maryland as the birthplace of both of their
parents when the 1880 census of Fleming County was taken.
ii. JOSEPH, b. before 1779; date and place of death are unknown since no
will has been found, however, much can be determined about his family
by court documents in Fleming Co. He was m. 20 Feb. 1800 to Phebe
Stockton (b. 22 Sep. 1782; d. 7 Apr. 1830; bur. Stockton Station
Cemetery), d/o George Stockton, and had issue: John S.; George F.;
Joshua; Rachel, Phebe; Ruah; and Leakum/Lakin D. Barnes.
Joseph last appeared on the 1834 Fleming tax list. He is undoubtedly
the male 50-60 living with his son, George F. in the 1830 U. S. Census;
thus, Joseph would have been born between 1770-1780. On 5 July,
1830, Joseph gave guardianship of his minor children, Leakem and Ruan
Barnes, to Leaken D. Stockton. G. F. Barnes was security. Joseph's
sons George F. Barnes d. 12 May 1864 in Fleming Co.; Joshua Barnes
moved to Mason Co., Ky.; and, Dr. Lakin D. Barnes resided in Bourbon
Co., Ky. in 1850.
iii. EPHRAIM, b. between 1765 and 1775 according to census data and
from his appearance on the tax lists it would appear that his birth was
about 1774. He was deceased by March 1836 when Andrew Yeates
filed his mortgage foreclosure and listed Epharaim's [sic] heirs. In
Fleming Co. May Court 1831, "Sally Ann Barnes came into court and by
and with the consent thereof chose Abram Hillis as her guardian"
(Fleming Co. Order Book E:292). Ephraim Barnes last appeared on the
1825 tax list and in 1826, James, his oldest son, appeared for the first
time with the same amount of personal property. Moreover, on the 1829
tax list, Andrew Yeates is listed with the 100 acres on Triplett Creek
which is the subject of the 1836 mortgage foreclosure. Thus it would
appear that Ephraim may have died in 1826. Ephraim Barnes was
undoubtedly married in Fleming Co. as a bond was filed there 2 Feb.
1801 for the pending marriage of Ephraim Barnes to Elizabeth McIntyre
with James McIntyre as the bondsman. An account of the search which
led us to Ephraim Barnes as the ancestor of Larry D. Bowling and
information on Ephraim's descendants is included at the end of the
dissertation concerning the possible issue of Robert Barnes.
iv. SAMUEL, b. ca 1781; deceased by 29 Aug. 1820, the date of his estate
inventory in Fleming Co., Ky. [Will Book B]; m. 27 Feb. 1806 in Mason
Co., Ky., to Anna Waller, d/o Thomas Waller. Anna appears as the head
of the household in the 1820 census and later court documents identify
their children as: Frederick Mortimer Barnes; Sophia Ann Barnes who m.
Elias Wheatley; Elizabeth Eleanor Barnes who m. Thomas M. Small; Ary
S. Barnes; and Thomas Waller Barnes.
A lawsuit was filed in Fleming County Circuit Court 4 Feb. 1815 by
Samuel Barnes in which he accuses Robert Barnes, Jr. of taking
numerous household items "which he (Robert) knew were rightfully his
(Samuel's)." Earlier, on 3 Sep. 1809, Samuel had sued Robert Barnes,
Sr. in a case of "covenant broken." Reading between the lines, one
might conclude that the arrangement whereby the elder Robert
transferred his home and land to Samuel, with the stipulation that he be
allowed to remain and live there, was no longer satisfactory. The raid on
the household goods could have been Robert, Jr.'s attempt to take some
of the personal effects which would have remained in Robert, Sr.'s home
after his death, items which, not being specifically listed in the contract,
might be considered part of his estate to be shared among the other
v. HARRIET, b. by 1787 (if married at age 18); Robert Barnes was the
bondsman for her marriage to Samuel McDonald 3 Oct. 1805 in Fleming
vi. RACHEL, b. ca. 1780-1790; Robert Barnes was the bondsman for her
marriage to William Davis 25 June 1808 in Fleming Co.
THE SEARCH FOR THE PARENTS OF ALVIN BARNES
A four year search for the ancestors and descendants of Alfred Barnes (also
known as Alvin and Alvah) who "was born in Kentucky (16 March 1808) where
he grew to manhood"3 before moving to Brown Co., Ohio, yielded the following
information. He married Margaret Schick (daughter of Lewis, son of Ludwig)
there on 12 March 1835. The search for Alvin's parents began with only two
pieces of information, he was born in Kentucky and his father was born in
Maryland4. Since Alvin, as he was known, first appears in Brown Co., Ohio, the
search began in the Kentucky counties directly across the Ohio River from there.
These included Pendleton, Bracken, Mason, Lewis, Robertson and Fleming
counties. Visiting the courthouses of these counties began to yield a wealth of
information on various Barnes/Barns families, but nothing on Alvin's family. The
search was expanded to other counties and went as far south as Pulaski County,
a Barnes stronghold. Still no luck, but the information on Barnes in Kentucky
continued to grow. A process of elimination using Barnes/Barns with males
under 10 years of age in the 1810 Kentucky census was used to create a list of
candidates. This yielded some 44 candidates as the potential father of Alvin!
From this, a short list of "likely candidates" was developed which included
Ephraim Barnes of Fleming County. About this time a revisit to the Fleming
County Courthouse, uncovered an unindexed document dated March 1836
where Andrew Yeates foreclosed on a mortgage on the land of Ephraim Barnes,
deceased, to protect it from his heirs. The heirs were listed as James, Samuel,
Alfred, Sally Ann, Joseph, Uriah, Bradford and Susan.
Armed with this new document, much previous research began to make sense.
For example, Joseph Barnes lived near Alvin in Brown Co. in 1840 and was
married there only six month before Alvin. Both were from Kentucky and had
named children after their brother's wives, Azenith and Margaret. Similarly, the
reason Alvin moved from Brown Co. to Bartholomew Co., Indiana in 1851 and
then to Des Moine County, Iowa in 1855 became clear. His brothers, Uriah and
his previously documented brother Garland B.(radford) Barnes, had moved to
Indiana and then to Des Moine Co., near where Alvin moved in 1855. It was
later learn that Sally Ann Barnes, who had married Stephen Hester on 3 May
1831 in Fleming Co., Ky., had been the first of the siblings to move to Brown Co.,
Oh., shortly after her marriage. They then moved to Montgomery Co., Indiana in
1838 where Uriah and Garland were living. In 1840 they moved again to Des
Moines Co., Ia. Susan Barnes married Franklin Loper in Des Moine Co., Ia. on
13 Apr 1842, having moved there from Montgomery Co., Ind. Uriah and Garland
moved to Des Moine Co. in 1843. Ephraim's children had all left Fleming
County about the same time. There are many other things that tie these people
together, including the use of siblings names for their children.
In the 1880 U.S. Census for Des Moine Co., Ia. Uriah, Alvin, and Joseph listed
the birthplace of their father as Maryland, as did Sally Ann Barnes Hester, who
had moved west again to Harrison Co., Ia. Susan Barnes Loper died 20 August
1855 in Des Moine Co., Ia.
The History of Fleming County by R. E. Cottrell provides valuable insight into
pioneer life in Kentucky while clearly documenting early events. The first white
settlers of Fleming County came down river on flatboat in spring of 1787 with
George Stockton who had visited the area in 1776 and had built a cabin and
surveyed his preemption in 1784. Stockton brought his wife, Rachel Dorsey
Stockton and their children, George, Joshua, Phoebe (later wife of Joseph
Barnes), and Edward. Michael Cassiday who had returned to Berkeley County in
June 1786, came back to Kentucky in 1787 and in all probability came with
Stockton. The Barnes family and the Williams family also came with Stockton
and together they built a stockaded station known as Stockton's Station. Isaiah
Keith, Stockton's cousin, settled in the station. Elsewhere in his book, Cottrell
names many of the Barnes and Williams as well as other early settlers of the
area. Early tax list also provide some indication of the arrival of these settlers.
Joshua Barnes appears to have been with Stockton in 1787 as he is listed as
one of those living in Stockton Station between 1788 and 1799 by Cottrell and
appears on a 1788 tax list for Bourbon County, Ky. (now Fleming Co.). Others
living in the station prior to 1800 included Robert Barnes, Sr., who first appears
on a Mason Co. tax list of 1793 (now Fleming Co.), Robert, Jr., Samuel Barnes,
Ephraim Barnes and Joseph Barnes who married Phoebe Stockton on 20
February, 1800. The Williams family included John, Basil, Jarred, Thomas,
Zadock and Laurence Williams.
In the spring of 1788 a second station was established by John Fleming, and a
little later that spring, Michael Cassiday established a third. Primarily because of
the indian threat these early settlers lived within the protection of these three
stockaded stations. Others mentioned as early settlers included the Overleys,
Thomas Jones, John Clifford and John Burke. Others living at Stockton's Station
before 1800 included Larkin (Lakin/Leakum) Dorsey, John Ross, Bruce Wartley,
John Murphy, James Finley (he was a sixteen year old boy at Kenton's Station
when the Washburns arrived in 1785), the famous minister, William Dudley and
Daniel Peck. At Cassiday Station lived the Cliffords, Murphys, Craigs, Coles,
Dilliplans, and Simon Kenton. At Fleming Station lived the Overlays, Thomas
Jones, Andrew Thompson, Thomas Williams, John Jackson, Thomas Barton,
Robert Henderson, Daniel Peck, John Faris, William Robinson, Owen
Humphrey, William Grimes, and Thomas Kellum. Many of the early settlers of
Fleming Co. came from the northern valley of Virginia (Berkeley Co., now W.
Va.), southwestern Pennsylvania (Fayette, Westmoreland and Washington Cos.)
and western Maryland. Those from Maryland included the well-known Maryland
family, the Dorseys5 (John, Edward, Rachel, Larkin6), Darnalls, Kirks, Fitchs,
Plummers, Donovans, Shockleys, Spencers, Hollands, and Reeves. Those from
Pennsylvania included the Finleys, Keiths, Sousleys, Pecks, Fultons, Harpers,
Drennans, Andrews' and Evans7.
In the early 1770's, George Stockton and his half brother, John Fleming moved
to southwestern Pa. In 1776, George Stockton, John Fleming, William McClary,
and Samuel Strode launched a pirogue into the Monongahela River on whose
banks they lived and drifted down river entering the Ohio River at Pittsburgh and
continuing on to Kentucky. This is the same path followed in 1787 when
Stockton, the Barnes family and the Williams family left southwestern Pa. for Ky.
Thus were the early beginnings of Fleming County, Kentucky.
In addition to these early settlers of Fleming Co., several other Barnes are
present early in Fleming Co. These include Neriah Barnes, Sr. who was born
between 1760 - 1765, moved from Fayette Co., Ky. where he was living in 1802 -
1803 to Fleming Co. where he appears on a tax list of 24 April, 1807. In March
1818, he bought the personal property of Robert Barnes, Jr. at a sheriff's sale
and leased it back to Robert for $10 per year. Nathan Barnes appears on a 27
July 1810 tax list and is in Capt. Wallingford's Co., Ky. Militia during the War of
1812. He sued George Collins over a debt dating from August 1823. In 1808
Samuel Barnes assigned the rights to a slave to Henry Barnes. Henry
relinquished those rights in 1809. Francis Barnes is a private in Capt. George
Stockton's company in 1814. James Barnes is listed on the 1794 and 1795
Mason Co. tax list as a male 21+, as is Aaron Barnes. James Barnes married
Silence Montgomery in Mason County 25 March 1795.
So what is the relationship of these members of the Barnes Family that settled
Fleming Co. and perhaps more importantly, where did they come from? A look at
their relative ages gives some indication of their relationship. Both Joshua and
Robert, Sr. were born in the mid-1700's, while Robert, Jr., Ephraim, Joseph, and
probably Samuel were born after 1765. Thus, one could speculate that Joshua
and Robert, Sr. are brothers and, since the children of Joshua are known from
his will, that Robert, Jr., Ephraim, Joseph, and Samuel are the sons of Robert,
Sr., who had four males living with him between 1795 and 1800.
The answer to the question of the origins of the "Barnes Family of Fleming Co."
is more difficult because of the paucity of records during the period following the
American Revolution. However, some indications can be gained from what is
known. First, Ephraim Barnes was born in Maryland between 1765-1775.
Interestingly, an Ephraim Barnes married an Eleanor Barnes in Frederick Co.,
Md. 19 August, 17948. The names of Robert, Joshua, Nathan, Henry, Francis
and Rachel Barnes are also found in the Frederick Co., Md. area during that time
period, some as members of the family of Robert Barnes and Lois Porter
Barnes9. As stated earlier, Basil Barnes, oldest son of Joshua Barnes, named
his son born in 1814 Joshua Porter Barnes and his daughter, Lois. Did these
names come from their great grandmother Lois Porter? Furthermore, the names
James, Robert, Samuel, Albert, Joshua, Joseph, Sarah and Rachel are used
repeatedly by descendants of the Barnes family of Fleming Co. as witnessed by
Ephraim's children James, Samuel, Albert, Joseph and Sarah Ann.
There are other reasons to believe that the Barnes family of Fleming Co. came
from the Washington and Frederick Co., Md. area. First, the "Williams family",
made up of Jarret, Laurence, Thomas, John, Zadock and Basil were also from
the Washington Co. area. Jarret and Laurence were the sons of Capt. Basil
Williams, Revolutionary War soldier10. Similarly, Garland Bradford (namesake of
Ephraim's youngest son Garland Bradford Barnes) was the son of William
Bradford. William Bradford enlisted in Capt. John Reynolds unit from Frederick
Co. in July 1776. Laurence Williams enlisted in the same unit in June 1776 for
six months. William Bradford later enlisted in Joseph Chapline's Co.,
Washington Co., Md., along with Henry, James, Joshua, Silvanus, and Ezekiel
Following the War several of the Barnes and Williams of Washington Co., Md.
moved to southwestern Pennsylvania. Silvanus and Ezekiel Barnes, sons of
Robert and Lois Porter Barnes, are living in Springhill Township, Westmoreland
Co., Pa. in 178311. A Robert Barnes (7 whites) is living about 40 miles away in
Rostraver Twp., Westmoreland Co., Pa. in 178312. Living in the same township
are John Fleming, Rev. James Finley, William Barnes, Samuel Burns (Barnes?),
Arthur Burns, Obediah Robins and Samuel Hodgkins, all families that moved to
Fleming Co. or Brown Co., Oh. Living in adjoining Washington Co., Pa. are
Jarrett, Basil, Thomas, Zadock, and John Williams arriving there from 177913 to
Also serving in the Revolutionary War from Maryland and moving to Fleming Co.
was Michael Cassiday. John Rohrer, b 1765, Samuel Rohrer, b 1787 in
Washington Co., Md. and Rev. John Tevis, b 1792 in Baltimore Co., Md. also
migrated to Fleming Co., Ky. early on. These same surnames later appear in
Brown Co., Ohio area settled by the children of Ephraim Barnes.
And who was the Robert Barnes, Jr. in Washington Co., Md. in 1790 and what
happened to him? Under the assumption that Robert Barnes and Joshua
Barnes, sons of Robert and Lois (Porter) Barnes, were born about 1730-40 and
that they probably married 1755-65 producing issue 1756-1786, and that each
would have named their sons Joshua and Robert, then there is room for the third
Robert Barnes, along with others (such as the Ephraim Barnes who married
Eleanor Barnes in Washington Co. in 1794 and moved to Fayette Co., Pa., and
the Neriah/Uriah Barnes, Jr. and Sr., who appear in Ky.), who remain
unidentified but who appear in the same areas as those of direct interest.
Other Barnes' related information gathered from the Washington Co., Md. court
records and other sources include: A Washington Co., Md., Circuit Court case,
dated 25 August 1792, was entered in the Appearance Docket as: Conrod
Kanode vs Robert Barnes, note filed, Hezekiah Barnes Spba. (In 1790, Robert
Jr.'s neighbor was John Knode.)
In the record of Trials, 28 September 1792, the following: John Callahan, for the
use of Lodwick Davis vs Ezekiah Barnes and John Barnes D f 20 C money;
Robert Barnes Spba rule plea payment on amt. of debt, etc. signed 4 December
Another court case was entered April 1793 in the Judicials of Washington Co.,
Md., as: "George Mansell, for the use of Benjamin Gaither, for the use of Robert
Barnes vs Ehraim Porter, Co Sa D f 15 C money dams cost issue Sci fa.
On June 3, 1793 Robert Barnes, Jr. was sued for slander by William Larkin,
An Ephraim Porter is in Woodford Co., Ky. by 1810; James Porter is in Fleming
Co., Ky. Gaither "Gater" Barnes and his brother, Luther, resided for a time
across the river from Fleming County, Kentucky, in Adams County, Ohio, (the
county adjoining Brown County, where Ephraim's children resided) before
relocating to Illinois and Des Moines Co., Iowa. Gates/Gater and Luther were
the names of two of Ezekial Barnes' sons.
In 1802, Robert Barnes (b. before 1765) appeared in Clark Co., Ky., where he
remained until his death between 1820 and 1830, and where he was involved in
numerous lawsuits in the circuit court. His wife was deceased by 1808 when he
deeded land to his only son, Alfred Barnes (b. 1 June 1790 Md.). Two years
prior to the appearance of Robert Barnes in Clark Co., Archibald Edmondson
died. By 1795, Archibald and his wife, Malinda (Barnes), had moved to Clark
Co., Ky., from Washington Co., Md., where John Barnes was their neighbor in
1790. In 1800 Neriah Barnes was the witness to the will of Archibald
Edmundson. Neriah Barnes was in Fayette Co., Ky. in 1802; in Fleming Co.,
Ky., 1807-1822; Bath Co., Ky., in 1830, where he was enumerated as a male 60
- 70 years old. He may be the same Uriah Barnes (b. ca. 1764) who died in
Montgomery Co., Ky., in 1857 at the age of 93.
The Robert Barnes, Jr., of Washington Co., Md., 1790, had only one male under
the age of 16 (Alfred b. 1790?). The three other males over 21 may not have
been his sons; they could have been unmarried brothers.
Issue of Ephraim Barnes and Elizabeth McIntire of Fleming County, Kentucky:
i. JAMES G., b. ca. 1803; d. between 1870 & 1880 Fleming Co., Ky.; m.
21 Mar. 1825 to Lucinda M. Choat (b. July 1810; d. after 1900
Montgomery Co., Ks.), d/o Richard Choate; 13 children.
ii. SAMUEL, b. 1800/1810; m/1, 24 Feb. 1825 to Cynthia Choat, d/o
Edward Choat; m/2, 17 Oct. 1829 to Sarah Oxley. Samuel was in
Pendleton Co., Ky. in 1860. His son, Harrison, moved to Modale, Ia.,
and to Douglas Co., Nebraska by 1900.
iii. ALFRED/ALVIN, b. 16 Mar. 1808 Ky; d. 16 Apr. 1884 Des Moines, Ia.;
m. 12 Mar. 1835 Brown Co., Oh., to Margaret Shick (b. 1815; d. 11
Feb. 1888 Ks.); and had 11 children.
iv. SARAH ANN, b. 16 Sept. 1812; d. 3 July 1888 in Burt Co., Ne.; m. 3
May 1831 Fleming Co., Ky. to Stephen Hester, and had 7 children.
v. JOSEPH, b. ca. 1812; d. after 1883; m/1, 18 Oct. 1834 to Asenith
Peddicord (b. 1811; d. 29 Sep. 1860) by whom he had 8 children;
m/2, 19 Jan. 1862 to Sarah Case; m/3, Rebecca (Hall) Wright, and
had 2 children. In 1880, Joseph was with his son, Nicholas, in Smith
vi. JOSHUA URIAH, b. 15 June 1814/1815; d. 15 Apr. 1898 Cherokee
Co., Ks.; m. 26 Apr. 1837 Montgomery Co., In., to Paulina/Pearlina
Barnhill (b. 3 Jan. 1818; d. 3 Nov. 1896), and had 9 children.
vii. GARLAND BRADFORD, b. ca. 1819; d. after 1887 probably in Burt
Co., Ne. m. 20 July 1837 Montgomery Co., In., to Elizabeth Ann
Westfall, and had four children; m/2 Mary A. ?.
viii. SUSAN, b. ca. 1820/1825; d. 20 Aug. 1855; m. 13 Apr. 1842 Des
Moines Co., Ia., to Franklin Loper and had 5 children.
Pennsylvania Archives, Series III, V 22, 1783 Tax list, Westmoreland Co., Pa., p. 419.
R. S. Cottrell, History of Fleming County, p. 24.
"Obituary," The Daily Gazette, Burlington, Iowa, Thursday Evening, April 17, 1884.
10th Census of the United States-1880, T9, Roll 337, Des Moine Co., Iowa, Kingston, household 146.
Cottrell, p. 24.
Fleming Gazette , Flemingsburg, Kentucky, April 3, 1928.
Cottrell, p. 87.
Robert Barnes, Maryland Marriages, 1778-1800 , (Baltimore: Gen. Pub. Co., Inc., 1975), p. 11.
Carol Ruth Gehrs Mitchell,"The Barnes Family of Frederick County", Bulletin of Maryland Genealogical
Society, 32 (1) 79.
Henry C. Peden, Jr., Marylanders to Kentucky 1775-1825, p. 155-156.
Pennsylvania Archives, Series III, V 22, 1783 Tax list, Westmoreland Co., Pa., p. 419.
Pennsylvania Archives, Series III, V 22, , 1783 Tax list, Westmoreland Co., Pa., p. 370.
Pension Papers - Fleming County, Ky., Jarrett Williams, p. 115.
Pennsylvania Archives, Series III, V 22, 1781 Effective Supply Tax, Washington Co., Pa., p. 713.