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Art Elements Principles and Vocabulary

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					                                 Art Elements Principles and Vocabulary
Students will create an accordion style book that will illustrate and define the Elements and Principles
of art and vocabulary we use in art. The book will have two sides. Everything underlined should be
included. Everything in bold letters should be illustrated. Grades will be based on creative
presentation, using all the information, and the quality of the work.

   Cover Page Side One: Design an attractive cover that includes:
   Title: Elements of Art: Line, Color, Shape, Form, Space, Texture, Value
   They are the building blocks of all art and design.

   Page1: Line is a mark created by moving a point along in one direction.
      There are many different kinds of lines: straight - curved, jagged - smooth, thick - thin, weak
        - strong, dark - light, long - short, wavy - feathery, actual - implied.
      Lines can vary in width, length, and direction,
      Lines can be vertical, horizontal, or diagonal

   Page 2: Color is derived from reflected light.
      Primary colors are red, yellow, and blue.
      Secondary colors are made by mixing the primary colors. They are orange, green and
         violet.
      Color can show emotions and mood.
      Colors can be put into groups of warm and cool colors.
      Another name for color is hue.

   Page 3: Shape is sn object represented in two dimensions (flat).
      Shapes can be geometric, such as circle, oval, square, rectangle, or triangle
      Shapes can be 'organic', free form.

   Page 4: Space is the distance or area between, around, above, below, or within things.
      Depth (distance in space) can be created in space by overlapping shapes, using less detail
         in distance shapes, or positioning shapes higher or lower in the picture.
       Positive space-Like in positive shape it is the actual sculpture or building. Usually found in
          the foreground (in the front).
       Negative space-Also like negative shape it is the space around the sculpture or building.
          Usually found in the background (in the back ).

   Page 5: Texture refers to how a surface feels or looks like it would feel.
      Real Texture is the actual texture of an object.
      Implied Texture is the where a two-dimensional piece of art is made to look like a certain
         texture but in fact is just a smooth piece of paper
      There are many different kinds of surface textures including: rough, smooth, prickly, soft,
         coarse, furry, pebbly, shiny, gritty, and velvety.

   Page 6: Value: Value is the lightness or darkness of a color.
      Tint is adding white to color paint to create lighter values such as light blue or pink.
      Shade is adding black to paint to create dark values such as dark blue or dark red.

   Page 7: Form An object represented in three dimensions (3 or more sides).
      Form can be geometric such as cube, cylinder, cone, or sphere, or shape can be organic,
         free form.
      Form can be actual 3-D, or implied 3-D.
        Picture Plane is the flat surface of your drawing paper or canvas.
Page 8 Important Art Terms:

   Composition is the plan, organization, and placement of the elements of art in an artwork. It refers to any work of art.
   Subject Matter is the topic of the artwork.
   Still life: art work that shows objects that cannot move; usually includes fruit, flowers, bottles, books...
   Portrait, artwork that shows a person or group of people, usually from the shoulders up, or a Landscape is an
   artwork that has an outdoor scene.
   Format: the direction of the picture plane, either vertical or horizontal.
   Thumbnail sketch: a small scale drawing used to explore or experiment with design possibilities.
   Medium: the material used to create artwork such as clay or paint. Plural is media.

Side Two: Flip over book and turn it around!!

   Cover page: Design an attractive cover that includes:
   Title: Principles of Art: Balance, Unity, Emphasis, Contrast, Movement, Rhythm, Pattern
   How artist organize the elements of art in a design.

Page 1: Balance - Balance gives a feeling of equal weight in a design. There is balance when the
         parts of an image have the same visual weight
       Symmetrical balance is the same on both sides.
       Radial balance has a center point. A tire, pizza, and a daisy flower are all examples of
         design with radial balance.
       Asymmetrical balance creates a feeling of equal weight on both
         sides, even though the sides do not look the same

Page 2 Unity is the quality of wholeness.
       Unity can be achieved though various elements, such as in the combination of similar
         colors, lines, shapes, etc.

Page 3 Contrast refers to differences between values, colors, shapes, and other elements.
       Contrast is created when two unlike qualities are placed together.
       Contrast can be used to create excitement, and interest and to avoid monotonous designs.

Page 4 Movement is used to guide viewers though their work, often to focal points.
         Rhythm –One or more of the elements of an image appear again and again for effect.
       Movement adds excitement to your work by showing action and directing the viewer’s eye
        around the picture plane. Picture Plane is the flat surface of your drawing paper or canvas.
       Movement can be suggested with the direction and size of lines, placement and size of
        shapes, increase or decrease in values or textures.
       Rhythm can create movement by repeating colors, shapes, and lines to guide the eye
        around the picture.

   Page 5: Pattern is repeating colors, shapes, lines, forms or textures in artwork. It is the principle
           of art and design concerned with the planned repetition of one of more of the elements.
      Pattern can be organized or random.
      Repeated pattern can create rhythm.

   Page 6 Emphasis is used to call attention to a specific area in an image.
      Emphasis is sometimes also referred to as the focal point or center of interest.
      There are several ways to create emphasis:
      Use a contrasting color. Use a different or unusual line.
      Make a shape very large or very small. Use a different shape.
Student Name:
                                                                                                    Class Period:


Assignment:     Elements and Principles Book Assessment Rubric                                      Class periods
                                                                                                    used to finish:
Circle the number in pencil that best shows how well
                                                                                         Needs       Rate      Teacher’s
you feel that you completed that criterion for the      Excellent   Good    Average
                                                                                      Improvement   Yourself    Rating
assignment.
Criteria 1 –Did you include all the underlined
sentences and terms in your book?                        10-9        8        7           6

Criteria 2 –Did you illustrate all the elements and
principles correctly and creatively?                    30-27       26-24   23-21         20
Criteria 3 – Do you have the title on the book cover
and would it make someone want to open it up?           30-27       26-24   23-21         20
Criteria 4 – Craftsmanship – Neat, clean &
complete? Skillful use of the art tools & media?         10-9        8        7           6
Criteria 5 – Effort: took time to develop idea &
complete project? (Didn’t rush.) Good use of class
time? Spent more time working on project than talking    10-9        8        7           6
or wasting time?
What did you learn from this project? Use the
back.                                                    10-9        8        7           6
                                                                                                    YOUR        Grade
                                                                                                    TOTAL
Total Possible: 100




Student Name:
                                                                                                    Class Period:


Assignment:     Elements and Principles Book Assessment Rubric                                      Class periods
                                                                                                    used to finish:
Circle the number in pencil that best shows how well
                                                                                         Needs       Rate      Teacher’s
you feel that you completed that criterion for the      Excellent   Good    Average
                                                                                      Improvement   Yourself    Rating
assignment.
Criteria 1 –Did you include all the underlined
sentences and terms in your book?                        10-9        8        7           6

Criteria 2 –Did you illustrate all the elements and
principles correctly and creatively?                    30-27       26-24   23-21         20
Criteria 3 – Do you have the title on the book cover
and would it make someone want to open it up?           30-27       26-24   23-21         20
Criteria 4 – Craftsmanship – Neat, clean &
complete? Skillful use of the art tools & media?         10-9        8        7           6
Criteria 5 – Effort: took time to develop idea &
complete project? (Didn’t rush.) Good use of class
time? Spent more time working on project than talking    10-9        8        7           6
or wasting time?
– Do you have the title on the book cover and
would it make someone want to open it up?                10-9        8        7           6
                                                                                                    YOUR        Grade
                                                                                                    TOTAL
Total Possible: 100

				
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posted:8/12/2011
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