Rating Requirements for Air Traffic Controllers Approach Control

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					Danish CAA ATS CCC Unit Training
Unit Training - APS              Approach Control Surveillance Radar Rating Endorsement




                       Rating Requirements
                   for Air Traffic Controllers


       Approach Control Surveillance Rating
                                       APS
                        Radar Endorsement
                                      RAD
  Precision Approach Radar and Surveillance
                 Radar Approach Endorsement
                                 PAR - SRA




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Unit Training - APS              Approach Control Surveillance Radar Rating Endorsement


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Unit Training - APS              Approach Control Surveillance Radar Rating Endorsement



Table of Contents

1. INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................................ 5

  1.1      Background ......................................................................................................................................... 5

  1.2      Determining Competence by Assessment.......................................................................................... 5

  1.3      Summary of terms............................................................................................................................... 6

  1.4      Training ............................................................................................................................................... 6

  1.5      Minimum training time (OJT)............................................................................................................... 7

  1.6      Extension of license, same rating/endorsement – another unit .......................................................... 7

  1.7      Examination/Assessment.................................................................................................................... 7

KEY ROLES AND TOPICS FOR APPROACH SURVEILLANCE CONTROL – APS/RAD ............ 9

TOPICS AND SUB-TOPICS FOR APPROACH SURVEILLANCE CONTROL – APS/RAD......... 10




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Unit Training - APS              Approach Control Surveillance Radar Rating Endorsement



1.    INTRODUCTION

1.1   Background

      This document is derived from the Requirements for Air Traffic Controllers developed for the
      European ATC Licence harmonisation project. The terminology used was developed by
      Drafting Group 4 of the Common Core Content Task Force.

      The requirements in this document represent the minimum level for approving a Unit
      Training Plan. Every ATS Unit must on this background produce its own Unit Training Plan
      (UTP) which should satisfy these requirements and have it approved by the Danish CAA.

      The Requirements are the outcome of a functional analysis of the controller's job, which
      produced a series of statements called Performance Objectives which describe the
      actions, behaviours or outcomes that the controller should be able to demonstrate.

      Each control discipline contains a number of Key Roles. For instance a key role common to
      all ratings is to ‘Correlate information useful for the safe and efficient conduct of flights’ This
      key role is divided into two Topics, one dealing with Meteorological information and the
      other with Aeronautical information. Each Topic is then divided into Sub-topics, in this case
      to ‘collect, to collate and to disseminate the information’.

      Topics common to more than one discipline, Aerodrome, Approach or Area control, can be
      identified and credit given to staff who have already undergone training in those topics in a
      different discipline. As not all topics are applicable to every discipline, the numbering used
      will not necessarily be sequential.

      Each sub-topic contains a number of Performance Objectives.

      Each Performance Objective is qualified by a statement of Conditions. Conditions describe
      the context in which the Performance Objectives apply, which means in its simplest form
      ‘can the controller act with equal ability by day or night, and in good or poor weather
      conditions?’

      Finally the Requirements contain detail of the Essential Knowledge that is, the knowledge
      and understanding a controller needs to carry out the task. In order to separate aircraft, the
      controller must not only know the separation standard to be applied, he must also
      understand how to apply it. Similarly the controller needs to understand some aspects of the
      formation of thunderstorms in order to be able to predict their effect on operations and to
      make allowance for those effects when exercising control.


1.2   Determining Competence by Assessment

      In order to determine Competence an Assessor (Examiner) seeks evidence of performance
      (Can the student/trainee controller actually do the job) both by direct observation and by
      reference to the training records. Assessment differs from an examination system, by taking
      a longer more detailed view of performance, rather than taking an intense but short sample
      of the trainees’ work. Performance is assessed in all areas under all conditions seeking to
      prove that the trainee can perform reliably and consistently to the required level of
      competence.




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Unit Training - APS              Approach Control Surveillance Radar Rating Endorsement


      Performance must be assessed against the Performance Objectives on sufficient occasions
      to ensure competence has been demonstrated across all the Conditions for which
      performance evidence is required. Where performance is tested in only some of the
      contexts in the conditions, the application of knowledge must be tested by questioning for
      the remainder.
      All items listed as Content must be tested to prove an understanding of the knowledge, the
      underlying principles and the application of the knowledge to performance in the workplace.
      A Student/Trainee who demonstrates practically that he can do the job and can explain his
      reasons for acting in a particular manner, thereby demonstrating understanding, has fulfilled
      all the requirements without the need for additional written testing. It is essential that the
      Assessor (Examiner) determines understanding, rather than pure knowledge, when
      determining competence.


1.3   Summary of terms

      Key Role
      Describes in broad terms, the principal components of the controller's job.

      Topic
      Divides the Key Role into definable common areas.

      Sub-Topic
      Defines specific areas of the topic.

      Performance Objective
      Describes the actions of the controller that demonstrate the correct performance of the Sub-
      Topic.

      Conditions
      Describes the contexts in which the Performance Objective applies.

      Essential Knowledge
      The fundamental knowledge and understanding necessary to perform to the Requirements
      and to transfer the skills from one situation to another.


1.4   Training

      The Unit Training consist of theoretical aspects as well as practical aspects. The training
      must be planned in a way that the Student/trainee benefits most profitable from this.

      The Unit Training plan must indicate the content of the Transitional OJT and the Pre-OJT.
      As a minimum the following subjects must be included:
      Regional and local geography
      ATS message handling
      Search and Rescue
      Local equipment
      Local ATS Procedures
      Simulator training if necessary according to BL 6-95.




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      For the PAR and SRA endorsement a special theoretical course must be included in the
      Transitional OJT course. The minimum content of this special theoretical course is attached
      in attachment A to this document.


1.5   Minimum training time (OJT)

      For APS/RAD          320 hours

      Additional endorsements:

      For PAR:             200 approaches, ½ of which may be performed in an approved
                           simulator
      For SRA:             50 approaches, ½ of which may be performed in an approved
                           simulator

      Training time (OJT) is meant to be, time “on position” operationally meaningful acquiring
      skills relevant to the rating/endorsement.
      Hours with very little or no traffic should not be counted as training time (OJT).


1.6   Extension of license, same rating/endorsement – another unit

      Minimum training time required for extending the privileges of the license for the same
      rating/endorsement to another unit is

      For APS/RAD:          160 hours

      Additional endorsements:

      For PAR:             50 approaches, ½ of which may be performed in an approved
                           simulator
      For SRA:             15 approaches, ½ of which may be performed in an approved
                           simulator


1.7   Examination/Assessment

      For every 1st time application for a rating/endorsement an examination must be passed.

      The examination will include:
      -   Review the summative report from the Unit Training Plan (UTP)
      -   the practical check (min. 2hrs on each endorsement, for PAR/SRA endorsement min. 2
          approaches per endorsement)
      -   the scenario interview (oral examination)
      -   the final assessment


      To Pass the Examination, the Student/Trainee must:
      -   satisfactorily have fulfilled the objectives of the UTP



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      -   satisfactorily have passed the practical check
      -   satisfactorily have passed the scenario interview
      All three has to be passed during the same examination.


      Assessment for validating or revalidating a Unit Endorsement should be made according to
      the Performance Objectives in this document for the appropriate Rating/Endorsement at the
      Unit.




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KEY ROLES AND TOPICS FOR APPROACH SURVEILLANCE CONTROL – APS/RAD
(RADAR RATING ENDORSEMENT)

KEY ROLES                                   TOPIC TITLES
KEY ROLE A                                  A1    CHECK AND OPERATE
COMMUNICATE WITH AIRCRAFT AND OTHER               COMMUNICATIONS EQUIPMENT
AGENCIES                                    A5    COMMUNICATE FROM AN APPROACH
                                                  RADAR CONTROL UNIT
KEY ROLE B                                  B1    CORRELATE FLIGHT DATA INTO
ESTABLISH AND UPDATE A REPRESENTATIVE             APPROPRIATE PROFORMA FOR
FLIGHT DATA DISPLAY                               DISPLAY
                                            B4    MAINTAIN A REPRESENTATIVE FLIGHT
                                                  DATA DISPLAY FOR APPROACH RADAR
                                                  CONTROL
KEY ROLE C                                  C1    OBTAIN, INTERPRET AND DISSEMINATE
CORRELATE INFORMATION USEFUL FOR THE              METEOROLOGICAL INFORMATION
SAFE AND EFFICIENT CONDUCT OF FLIGHTS       C2    OBTAIN, INTERPRET AND DISSEMINATE
                                                  AERONAUTICAL INFORMATION
KEY ROLE E                                  E1    SELECT AND SET UP SURVEILLANCE
SET UP AND USE SURVEILLANCE RADAR                 RADAR EQUIPMENT
                                            E2    USE PRIMARY RADAR
                                            E3    USE SECONDARY RADAR
KEY ROLE G                                  G21    PROVIDE APPROACH CONTROL
MANAGE THE OPERATIONAL POSITION AND ITS            SERVICE WITH THE USE OF
TRAFFIC                                            SURVEILLANCE RADAR
                                            G22    CO-ORDINATE WITH OTHER AGENCIES
                                            G23    WITH THE AID OF SURVEILLANCE
                                                   RADAR MANAGE DIVERSIONS AND
                                                   HOLDING SITUATIONS
                                            G24    WORK AS A TEAM MEMBER ON THE
                                                   APPROACH RADAR CONTROL
                                                   OPERATIONAL POSITION
KEY ROLE H                                  H4    MANAGE DEVELOPED EMERGENCIES
MANAGE EMERGENCIES AND DOMESTIC                   FROM THE RADAR EQUIPPED
CONTINGENCIES                                     APPROACH CONTROL UNIT
                                            H5    MANAGE DOMESTIC CONTINGENCIES IN
                                                  AN APPROACH CONTROL ROOM




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TOPICS AND SUB-TOPICS FOR APPROACH SURVEILLANCE CONTROL – APS/RAD
(RADAR RATING ENDORSEMENT)

KEY ROLE A                                            COMMUNICATE WITH AIRCRAFT AND OTHER
                                                      AGENCIES
TOPICS                                                SUB-TOPICS
A1    Check and operate communications                A1.1 Establish and monitor the communications
      equipment                                             equipment serviceability
                                                      A1.2 Use the communications equipment
A5    Communicate from an approach radar              A5.1 Use standard phraseology applicable to
      control unit                                          approach radar control.
KEY ROLE B                                            ESTABLISH AND UPDATE A REPRESENTATIVE
                                                      FLIGHT DATA DISPLAY
TOPICS                                                SUB-TOPICS
B1    Correlate flight data into appropriate          B1.1 Obtain flight data information
      proforma for display                            B1.2 Insert flight data into the appropriate proforma
B4    Maintain a representative flight data display   B4.1 Correlate flight data into a display for
      for approach radar control                           approach radar control
                                                      B4.2 Update the approach radar control flight data
                                                           display
KEY ROLE C                                            CORRELATE INFORMATION USEFUL FOR THE
                                                      SAFE AND EFFICIENT CONDUCT OF FLIGHTS
TOPICS                                                SUB-TOPICS
C1    Obtain, interpret and disseminate               C1.1 Obtain meteorological information
      meteorological information                      C1.2 Interpret meteorological information
                                                      C1.3 Disseminate meteorological information

C2             Obtain, interpret and disseminate      C2.1 Obtain aeronautical information
aeronautical information                              C2.2 Interpret aeronautical information
                                                      C2.3 Disseminate aeronautical information
KEY ROLE E                                            SET UP AND USE SURVEILLANCE RADAR
TOPICS                                                SUB-TOPICS
E1         Select and set up surveillance radar       E1.1 Select and set up primary surveillance radar
equipment                                             E1.2 Select and set up secondary surveillance
                                                            radar
E2            Use primary radar                       E2.1 Identify aircraft using primary radar
                                                      E2.2 Use primary radar information
E3            Use secondary radar                     E3.1 Identify aircraft using secondary radar
                                                      E3.2 Validate and Verify secondary radar
                                                            information
                                                      E3.3 Use secondary radar information
KEY ROLE G                                            MANAGE THE OPERATIONAL POSITION AND
                                                      ITS TRAFFIC
TOPICS                                                SUB-TOPICS
G21   Provide approach control service with the       G21.1 Provide approach control service with the
      use of surveillance radar.                             use of surveillance radar.
                                                      G21.2 Provide advisory approach service with the
                                                             use of surveillance radar.
                                                      G21.3 Provide flight information service with the
                                                             use of surveillance radar.
G22           Co-ordinate with other agencies         G22.1 Co-ordinate with adjacent area control
                                                            positions
                                                      G22.2 Co-ordinate with aerodrome control
G23     With the aid of surveillance radar manage     G23.1 Handle diversions
        diversions and holding situations             G23.2 Handle holding situations




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G24   Work as a team member on the approach     G24.1 Accept responsibility for the operational
      radar control operational position              position
                                                G24.2 Monitor performance whilst responsible for
                                                      the operational position
                                                G24.3 Transfer responsibility for the operational
                                                      position
KEY ROLE H                                      MANAGE EMERGENCIES AND DOMESTIC
                                                       CONTINGENCIES
TOPICS                                          SUB-TOPICS
H4    Manage developed emergencies from the     H4.1 Manage radio failures
      radar equipped approach control unit      H4.2 Manage situations arising from unlawful
                                                      interference
                                                H4.3 Manage Aircraft Emergencies
                                                H4.4 Provide Alerting Service
                                                H4.5 Recover from a radar failure.
H5    Manage domestic contingencies in an       H5.1 Safely evacuate the control room
      approach control room




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Topic       A1              CHECK AND OPERATE COMMUNICATIONS EQUIPMENT

Sub-Topic   A1.1            ESTABLISH AND MONITOR THE COMMUNICATIONS EQUIPMENT
                            SERVICEABILITY

Performance Objectives           Conditions                   Essential Knowledge
A1.1.1 Visual and/or aural       Procedures:                  Local procedures
       indications are           Unit specific.               Equipment visual and aural
       checked whilst making                                  indications.
       and receiving                                          Watch log entries.
                                                              Local standing procedures for
       transmissions for
                                                              reporting equipment faults.
       indications of normal
       operation.                                             Underpinning knowledge
A1.1.2 Documentation                                          Deriving information from
       confirming equipment                                   NOTAMS.
       status is checked.
A1.1.3 Malfunctions and
       defects are recorded
       and reported to the
       appropriate authority
       according to standing
       procedures.

Topic       A1              CHECK AND OPERATE COMMUNICATIONS EQUIPMENT

Sub-Topic   A1.2            USE THE COMMUNICATIONS EQUIPMENT

Performance Objectives           Conditions                   Essential Knowledge
A1.2.1 The readability of        Communication methods:       Communications technique.
       transmissions is          Radiotelephony, Telephone.   Speech technique.
       assessed.                                              Test transmissions.

A1.2.2 Standard speech
       technique is adhered
       to.
A1.2.3 The appropriate
       frequency is selected
       and used.
A1.2.4 Transmit and intercom
       switches are used in
       accordance with
       standard procedures.
A1.2.5 The appropriate
       telephone is used.
A1.2.6 Ancillary telephone
       equipment is used in
       accordance with
       standard procedures.




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Topic        A5           COMMUNICATE FROM AN APPROACH RADAR CONTROL UNIT

Sub-Topic    A5.1         USE STANDARD PHRASEOLOGY APPLICABLE TO APPROACH RADAR
                          CONTROL

Performance Objectives            Conditions                   Essential Knowledge
A5.1.1 Standard phraseology       Communication by:            Standard approach radar control
       is employed wherever       Radiotelephone, telephone.   phraseology.
       possible in                                             Standard speech abbreviations.
       communications.            Message Types:               Radiotelephony callsigns.
                                  Clearances, instructions,    Communication with aircraft.
A5.1.2 Composition of             information.                 Transfer of communications.
       messages is concise                                     Transmission of company
       and unambiguous.                                        messages.

A5.1.3 Station identity is used
       correctly.
A5.1.4 Acknowledgements
       and readbacks are
       obtained and verified
       when required.
A5.1.5 Abbreviated
       phraseology is used
       when appropriate.




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Topic        B1               CORRELATE FLIGHT DATA INTO APPROPRIATE PROFORMA FOR
                              DISPLAY

Sub-Topic    B1.1             OBTAIN FLIGHT DATA INFORMATION

Performance Objectives             Conditions                  Essential Knowledge
B1.1.1 Flight data information     Methods of Display:         Doc. 4444 Appendix 2
       is extracted from all       Flight progress strips.     Content of full and abbreviated
       appropriate sources.        Electronic data displays.   flight plans
                                                               ATS service messages.
B1.1.2 Relevant flight data is                                 Doc. 7910
       included at the earliest                                ICAO location indicators
       opportunity.                                            Doc.8585
                                                               ICAO abbreviations
B1.1.3 Flight data is checked
       to ensure                                               Filing of flight plans
       completeness.                                           Non standard routes
                                                               Repetitive flight plan
B1.1.4 Any significant                                         Exemptions and non standard
       deficiency in flight                                    flights
       data is rectified.
                                                               Local procedures
                                                               Flight plan processing


Topic        B1               CORRELATE FLIGHT DATA INTO APPROPRIATE PROFORMA FOR
                              DISPLAY

Sub-Topic    B1.2             INSERT FLIGHT DATA INTO THE APPROPRIATE PROFORMA


Performance Objectives             Conditions                  Essential Knowledge
B1.2.1 Strip marking is legible    Methods of Display:         Doc. 7910
       and conforms to             Flight progress strips.     ICAO location indicators
       standard procedures.        Electronic data displays.   Doc. 8585
                                                               ICAO abbreviations
B1.2.2 Correct message
       entry formats are                                       Local procedures
       used.                                                   Conventional strip marking
B1.2.3 Relevant flight data is
       included at the earliest
       opportunity.




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Topic         B4            MAINTAIN A REPRESENTATIVE FLIGHT DATA DISPLAY

Sub-Topic     B4.1          CORRELATE FLIGHT DATA INTO A DISPLAY FOR APPROACH RADAR
                            CONTROL

Performance Objectives             Conditions                            Essential Knowledge
B4.1.1  Strip marking is legible   Types of display:                     Local Procedures
        and conforms to            Progress strip displays.              Layout and use of flight progress
        standard procedures.       Electronic flight data displays.      strips.
                                                                         Layout of and use of electronic
B4.1.2 Correct message                                                   flight data displays.
       entry formats are
       used.
B4.1.3 All relevant traffic is
       included on the
       display.
B4.1.4 Flight progress strips
       are organised in a
       manner which reflects
       the traffic situation in
       accordance with laid
       down procedures.
B4.1.5 Electronic flight data
       displays are organised
       in accordance with
       laid down procedures.

Topic         B4            MAINTAIN A REPRESENTATIVE FLIGHT DATA DISPLAY FOR
                            APPROACH RADAR CONTROL

Sub-Topic     B4.2          UPDATE THE APPROACH RADAR CONTROL FLIGHT DATA DISPLAY

Performance Objectives             Conditions                            Essential Knowledge
B4.2.1 Information is              Sources of information:               Aircraft performance.
       extracted from all          Pilot reports.                        Time, speed, distance
       relevant sources.           Information from other controllers.   calculations.
                                   Information from other agencies.      Effects of wind.
B4.2.2 The display is updated      Computer derived information.         Conventional strip marking
       using information                                                 EDD display parameters.
       received.                   Methods of display:
                                   Flight progress strips.
B4.2.3 Clearances and              Electronic data displays.
       instructions passed to
       aircraft and other
       agencies are
       recorded.
B4.2.4 Co-ordination agreed
       with other agencies is
       recorded.
B4.2.5 The integrity of EDD
       performance and data
       is monitored.




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Topic       C1           OBTAIN, INTERPRET AND DISSEMINATE METEOROLOGICAL
                         INFORMATION

Sub-Topic   C1.1         OBTAIN METEOROLOGICAL INFORMATION

Performance Objectives           Conditions                      Essential Knowledge
C1.1.1 Current and forecast      Types of briefing:              Altimeter setting and vertical
       weather information is    Self and Met office briefing.   reference.
       obtained before taking
       over watch.               Types of report:                Windshear.
                                 Routine and special reports.
C1.1.2 Current and forecast      Met Warnings.                   Meteorological services:-
       weather information is    Reports from pilots.            Briefing of controllers.
       monitored during the                                      Explanation of terms.
       watch.                                                    Supply of information.
                                                                 Aerodrome meteorological reports
C1.1.3 Weather information                                       (Routine)
       and reports from pilots                                   Aerodrome meteorological reports
       are recorded.                                             (Special)
                                                                 Coded aerodrome weather
                                                                 reports.
                                                                 SIGMET.
                                                                 Forecasts

                                                                 Underpinning knowledge
                                                                 Meteorology:-
                                                                 Wind, cloud, thunderstorms,
                                                                 microbursts, icing, line squalls.
                                                                 Pilot in flight reports (PIREPS)
                                                                 Low level charts.
                                                                 Significant weather charts.
                                                                 Aerodrome warnings




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Topic        C1            OBTAIN, INTERPRET AND DISSEMINATE METEOROLOGICAL
                           INFORMATION

Sub-Topic    C1.2          INTERPRET METEOROLOGICAL INFORMATION

Performance Objectives           Conditions                  Essential Knowledge
C1.2.1 Significant weather       Significant weather:        Altimeter setting and vertical
       changes are               Thunderstorms and           reference.
       recognised                Cumulonimbus clouds.
                                 Freezing rain,              Windshear.
C1.2.2 The relevance of          Moderate / Severe icing.
       meteorological            Severe turbulence.          Meteorological services:-
       information to            Severe mountain waves.      Briefing of controllers.
       individual flights or     Low visibility.             Explanation of terms.
       agencies is                                           Supply of information.
       established.                                          Aerodrome meteorological reports
                                                             (Routine)
                                                             Aerodrome meteorological reports
                                                             (Special)
                                                             Coded aerodrome weather
                                                             reports.
                                                             SIGMET.
                                                             Forecasts

                                                             Underpinning knowledge
                                                             Meteorology:-
                                                             Wind, cloud, thunderstorms,
                                                             microbursts, icing, line squalls.
                                                             Pilot in flight reports (PIREPS)
                                                             Low level charts.
                                                             Significant weather charts.
                                                             Aerodrome warnings

Topic        C1            OBTAIN, INTERPRET AND DISSEMINATE METEOROLOGICAL
                           INFORMATION

Sub-Topic    C1.3          DISSEMINATE METEOROLOGICAL INFORMATION


Performance Objectives           Conditions                  Essential Knowledge
C1.3.1 Aircraft are advised of   Significant weather:        Effects of weather on flight
       significant changes in    Thunderstorms and           operations.
       weather information.      Cumulonimbus clouds.        Meteorology:-
                                 Freezing rain.              Wind, cloud, thunderstorms, icing,
C1.3.2 Other agencies are        Moderate / Severe icing.    jetstreams, clear air turbulence,
       advised of significant    Severe turbulence.          microburst, marked mountain
       changes in weather        Severe mountain waves.      waves, line squalls, solar
       information.              Low visibility.             radiation.

                                                             Approach control:-
                                                             Transmission of Meteorological
                                                             information.
                                                             ATIS.




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Topic        C2            OBTAIN, INTERPRET AND DISSEMINATE AERONAUTICAL
                           INFORMATION

Sub-Topic    C2.1          OBTAIN AERONAUTICAL INFORMATION

Performance Objectives           Conditions                       Essential Knowledge
C2.1.1 Aeronautical              Sources of information:          DK/GREENLAND/FAROE AIP
       information is obtained   AIP, NOTAMS, Local notices.      Content and use of AIP, NOTAM.
       before taking over        Airspace restrictions.           Aeronautical information circulars.
       watch.                                                     Restricted, prohibited airspace.
                                                                  Danger areas.
C2.1.2 Aeronautical                                               Aeronautical charts.
       information is                                             Aeronautical Information Circulars.
       monitored during the
       watch.
C2.1.3 Pilots' requests for
       information are
       promptly and
       appropriately
       responded to.
C2.1.4 Required information is
        obtained promptly
        from appropriate
        agencies.

Topic        C2            OBTAIN, INTERPRET AND DISSEMINATE AERONAUTICAL
                           INFORMATION

Sub-Topic    C2.2          INTERPRET AERONAUTICAL INFORMATION

Performance Objectives           Conditions                       Underpinning Knowledge
C2.2.1 Significant changes       Operating conditions:            Communication and navigation
       are recognised.           Normal conditions.               systems, uses and limitations.
                                 Unserviceable navigation aids.   Conditions affecting operations at
C2.2.2 The relevance of          Restrictions at aerodromes.      aerodromes.
       aeronautical                                               Airspace restrictions.
       information to
       individual flights or
       agencies is
       established.




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Topic        C2           OBTAIN, INTERPRET AND DISSEMINATE AERONAUTICAL
                          INFORMATION

Sub-Topic    C2.3         DISSEMINATE AERONAUTICAL INFORMATION

Performance Objectives           Conditions                       Essential Knowledge
C2.3.1 Aircraft are advised of   Operating conditions:            Flight information service.
       significant changes in    Normal conditions.
       aeronautical              Unserviceable navigation aids.   Essential aerodrome information.
       information.              Restrictions at aerodromes.
                                                                  Underpinning Knowledge
C2.3.2 Other agencies are                                         Communication and navigation
       advised of significant                                     systems, uses and limitations.
       changes in                                                 Conditions affecting operations
       aeronautical                                               at aerodromes.
       information.                                               Airspace restrictions.




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Topic       E1           SELECT AND SET UP SURVEILLANCE RADAR EQUIPMENT

Sub-Topic   E1.1         SELECT AND SET UP PRIMARY SURVEILLANCE RADAR

Performance Objectives          Conditions                      Essential Knowledge
E1.1.1 Most suitable            Operating conditions:           Primary radar principles of
       available surveillance   Normal atmospheric and          operation.
       radar is selected.       anomalous propagation           Limitations of primary radar.
                                conditions.                     Radar accuracy and definition.
E1.1.2 Controls are adjusted    Weather and ground clutter.     Operational radar coverage.
       to provide best                                          The use and effects of controls
       available                Types of Radar:                 available to the controller.
       performance.             Analogue and processed radar.   The use and effects of
                                                                suppressors.
E1.1.3 Accuracy of radar is                                     Processing and display of primary
       checked against laid                                     radar data.
       down criteria.
E1.1.4 Deficiencies are
       notified in accordance
       with local procedures.

Topic       E1           SELECT AND SET UP SURVEILLANCE RADAR EQUIPMENT

Sub-Topic   E1.2         SELECT AND SET UP SECONDARY SURVEILLANCE RADAR

Performance Objectives          Conditions                      Essential Knowledge
E1.2.1 Most suitable            Secondary Radar Modes:          Secondary radar principles of
       available surveillance   Modes A, C and S.               operation.
       radar is selected.                                       Limitations of secondary radar.
                                Types of Radar display:         Processing and display of
E1.2.2 Controls are adjusted    Analogue and processed radar.   secondary radar data.
       to provide best
       available
       performance.
E1.2.3 Accuracy of radar is
       checked against laid
       down criteria.
E1.2.4 Deficiencies are
       notified in accordance
       with local procedures.




Released issue                       Version 1.0 May 2004                          Page 21 of 39
Danish CAA ATS CCC Unit Training
Unit Training - APS              Approach Control Surveillance Radar Rating Endorsement


Topic        E2            USE PRIMARY RADAR

Sub-Topic    E2.1          IDENTIFY AIRCRAFT USING PRIMARY RADAR

Performance Objectives             Conditions                         Essential Knowledge
E2.1.1 Probable target is          Types of Radar display:            Radar Operation:-
       located using               Analogue and processed displays.   Identification using primary radar.
       available information.                                         Summary identification and
                                   Special conditions:                position information.
E2.1.2 Identification is carried   Mis-identification.
       out using standard
       methods.
E2.1.3 Aircraft are informed,
       where necessary, of
       identification.

Topic        E2            USE PRIMARY RADAR

Sub-Topic    E2.2          USE PRIMARY RADAR INFORMATION

Performance Objectives             Conditions                         Essential Knowledge
E2.2.1 Tracks and speeds           Atmospheric conditions:            Indicated airspeed, true airspeed
       are accurately              Cyclonic, anticyclonic and zero    and ground speed.
       assessed using              wind conditions.                   Heading and track.
       displayed information.      Wind Shear                         Effects of wind.

E2.2.2 Vectors are provided        Traffic speeds:                    Radar operation:-
       to make good a track        Low and high speed traffic.        Position information.
       or reach a specified                                           Vectoring.
       location.                                                      Terrain clearance.
                                                                      Unknown aircraft.
E2.2.3 Aircraft are informed,                                         Traffic information.
       where necessary, of
       their position, other                                          Obstacle clearance criteria
       traffic and significant                                        Position information
       displayed weather.




Released issue                          Version 1.0 May 2004                              Page 22 of 39
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Unit Training - APS              Approach Control Surveillance Radar Rating Endorsement


Topic        E3            USE SECONDARY RADAR

Sub-Topic    E3.1          IDENTIFY AIRCRAFT USING SECONDARY RADAR

Performance Objectives             Conditions                           Essential Knowledge
E3.1.1 Probable target is          Types of Radar display:              Radar Operation:-
       located using               Analogue and processed displays.     Identification using secondary
       available information.                                           radar.
                                   Special conditions:                  Summary identification and
E3.1.2 Identification is carried   Mis-identification.                  position information.
       out using standard
       methods.
E3.1.3 Aircraft are informed,
       where necessary, of
       identification.

Topic        E3            USE SECONDARY RADAR

Sub-Topic    E3.2          VALIDATE AND VERIFY SECONDARY RADAR INFORMATION

Performance Objectives             Conditions                           Essential Knowledge
E3.2.1 Mode A information is       Received indications:                Altimetry, Heights, Altitudes and
       validated using laid        Correct and incorrect, correctable   Flight Levels.
       down procedures.            and non-correctable indications.
                                   Code Callsign conversion failure.    DK/GREENLAND/FAROE AIP
E3.2.2 Action is taken to          Special purpose codes.               Allocation of SSR codes.
       rectify incorrect Mode                                           Originating region code allocation
       A information in                                                 method.
       accordance with laid
       down procedures.                                                 Methods of validating mode A.
                                                                        Actions in the event of incorrect
E3.2.3 Mode C information is                                            mode A indications.
       verified using laid                                              Methods of verifying mode C.
       down procedures.                                                 Actions in the event of incorrect
                                                                        mode C indications.
E3.2.4 Action is taken to
       rectify incorrect mode                                           Procedures for confirming the
       C indications in                                                 accuracy of Mode S information.
       accordance with laid
       down procedures.
E3.2.5 Mode S information is
       confirmed in
       accordance with laid
       down procedures.
E3.2.6 Action is taken to
       minimise the effects of
       incorrect indications.




Released issue                          Version 1.0 May 2004                                Page 23 of 39
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Unit Training - APS              Approach Control Surveillance Radar Rating Endorsement


Topic        E3           USE SECONDARY RADAR

Sub-Topic    E3.3         USE SECONDARY RADAR INFORMATION

Performance Objectives          Conditions                        Essential Knowledge
E3.3.1 Tracks and speeds        Atmospheric conditions:           Indicated airspeed, true airspeed
       are accurately           Cyclonic, anticyclonic and zero   and ground speed.
       assessed using           wind conditions.                  Heading and track.
       displayed information.   Wind Shear.                       Effects of wind.

E3.3.2 Vectors are provided     Traffic speeds:                   Radar operation:-
       to make good a track     Low and high speed traffic.       Position information.
       or reach a specified                                       Vectoring.
       location.                                                  Terrain Clearance.
                                                                  Unknown aircraft.
E3.3.3 Aircraft are informed,                                     Traffic information.
       where necessary, of
       their position, and                                        Obstacle clearance criteria.
       other traffic.                                             Position information.




Released issue                       Version 1.0 May 2004                            Page 24 of 39
Danish CAA ATS CCC Unit Training
Unit Training - APS              Approach Control Surveillance Radar Rating Endorsement


Topic         G21           PROVIDE APPROACH CONTROL SERVICE WITH THE USE OF
                            SURVEILLANCE RADAR

Sub-Topic     G21.1         PROVIDE APPROACH CONTROL SERVICE WITH THE USE OF
                            SURVEILLANCE RADAR

Performance Objectives            Conditions                            Essential Knowledge
G21.1.1 Flight data is            Airspace category:                    Altimetry, Heights, Altitudes and
        assessed for actual       A, C, D, E.                           Flight Levels. Radar principles of
        and potential traffic     Control zone, Control area of         operation and limitations.
        conflictions.             limited extent.                       Aircraft performance.
                                                                        Effects of weather on flight
G21.1.2 Aircraft are identified   Types of Radar:                       operations.
        on radar.                 Primary, Secondary, Analogue,         Use and limitations of navigation
                                  Processed Radar.                      and communications aids.
G21.1.3 A control strategy is                                           Vectoring techniques.
        developed to achieve      Control techniques:                   Speed control techniques.
        separation with the       Radar Monitoring, Vectoring,
        least average delay to    Speed Control.                        Rules of the Air
        flights.                                                        General Flight Rules
                                  Types of flight:                      Instrument Flight Rules
G21.1.4 Appropriate radar         Aircraft operating within, joining,   Visual Flight Rules
        separation is             crossing and leaving controlled
        achieved.                 airspace.                             Air traffic services:-
                                                                        Introduction.
G21.1.5 The radar is monitored                                          Air traffic service
        to ensure that                                                  Air traffic control service
        separation is not                                               Radar operation:-
        eroded.                                                         Radar services.
                                                                        Penetration by independent units
G21.1.6 The applied
                                                                        Identification using primary radar.
        separation is the most                                          Identification using secondary
        appropriate taking into                                         radar.
        account safety and                                              Transfer of identity.
        expedition.                                                     Lost Identity.
G21.1.7 Immediate action is
                                                                        Non radar separation standards
        taken to restore                                                applicable to a radar environment.
        separation when it has                                          Radar separation standards.
        been eroded.                                                    Wake turbulence spacing.
G21.1.8 Appropriate essential                                           Traffic information.
                                                                        Unknown traffic information.
        traffic information is                                          Actions in the event of loss of
        passed without delay.                                           separation.
G21.1.9 Radar procedures are                                            Weather avoidance by pilots.
        adjusted to allow for                                           Weather avoidance by radar
                                                                        controllers.
        the effects of weather
        on flight operations.                                           Approach Control:-
G21.1.10 Radar procedures                                               Provision of services
        are adjusted to allow                                           Delegation
        for the effect of                                               Arriving aircraft
                                                                        Visual approach
        degradation of
                                                                        Instrument approaches
        essential navigational                                          Approach sequence.
        and communication                                               Departing aircraft.
        services on flight                                              Joining and overflying aircraft.
                                                                        Approach radar:-




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Unit Training - APS              Approach Control Surveillance Radar Rating Endorsement


       operations.                                        Area of responsibility
                                                          Services.
                                                          Control of inbound traffic.
                                                          Altimeter setting
                                                          Radar vectoring to final approach
                                                          Surveillance radar approaches
                                                          Missed approach instructions
                                                          Discontinuing of radar approach
                                                          Radar departures.
                                                          Integration of VFR flights with IFR
                                                          flights:-
                                                          Introduction.
                                                          Flight rules.
                                                          Control of VFR flights.
                                                          Operation of gliders in class D
                                                          airspace.
                                                          Letters of agreement.




Released issue                   Version 1.0 May 2004                        Page 26 of 39
Danish CAA ATS CCC Unit Training
Unit Training - APS              Approach Control Surveillance Radar Rating Endorsement


Topic         G21           PROVIDE APPROACH CONTROL SERVICE WITH THE USE OF
                            SURVEILLANCE RADAR

Sub-Topic     G21.2         PROVIDE ADVISORY APPROACH SERVICE WITH THE USE OF
                            SURVEILLANCE RADAR

Performance Objectives             Conditions                            Essential Knowledge
G21.2.1 Flight data is             Airspace category:                    Altimetry, Heights, Altitudes and
        assessed for actual        F, G                                  Flight Levels. Radar principles of
        and potential traffic                                            operation and limitations.
        conflictions.              Types of Radar:                       Aircraft performance.
                                   Primary, Secondary, Analogue,         Effects of weather on flight
G21.2.2 Aircraft are identified    Processed Radar.                      operations.
        on radar.                                                        Use and limitations of navigation
                                   Control techniques:                   and communications aids.
G21.2.3 A control strategy is      Radar Monitoring, Navigation          Vectoring techniques.
        developed to avoid         assistance, Speed Control.            Speed control techniques.
        conflicts with the least
        average delay to           Types of flight:                      Rules of the Air
        flights.                   Aircraft operating outside, joining   General Flight Rules
                                   and leaving controlled and            Instrument Flight Rules
G21.2.4 Appropriate radar          advisory airspace.                    Visual Flight Rules
        separation is
        achieved.                                                        Air traffic services:-
                                                                         Introduction.
G21.2.5 The radar is monitored                                           Air traffic service
        to ensure that traffic                                           Air traffic advisory service
        conflicts are avoided.                                           Radar operation:-
G21.2.6 The applied                                                      Radar services.
                                                                         Penetration by independent units
        separation is the most
                                                                         Identification using primary radar.
        appropriate taking into                                          Identification using secondary
        account safety and                                               radar.
        expedition.                                                      Transfer of identity.
G21.2.7 Immediate action is                                              Lost Identity.
        taken to restore
                                                                         Non radar separation standards
        separation when a                                                applicable to a radar environment.
        collision conflict has                                           Radar separation standards.
        been potential.                                                  Wake turbulence spacing.
G21.2.8 Information on                                                   Traffic information.
                                                                         Unknown traffic information.
        unknown traffic                                                  Actions in the event of loss of
        considered to                                                    separation.
        constitute a hazard is                                           Weather avoidance by pilots.
        passed promptly to                                               Weather avoidance by radar
        participating aircraft                                           controllers.
G21.2.9 Radar procedures are                                             Approach Control:-
        adjusted to allow for                                            Provision of services
        the effects of weather                                           Delegation
        on flight operations.                                            Arriving aircraft
                                                                         Visual approach
G21.2.10Appropriate traffic
                                                                         Instrument approaches
        information is passed                                            Approach sequence.
        without delay.                                                   Departing aircraft.
                                                                         Joining and overflying aircraft.
                                                                         Approach radar:-




Released issue                          Version 1.0 May 2004                                 Page 27 of 39
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Unit Training - APS              Approach Control Surveillance Radar Rating Endorsement


G21.2.11Radar procedures are                              Area of responsibility
        adjusted to allow for                             Services.
        the effect of                                     Control of inbound traffic.
        degradation of                                    Altimeter setting
                                                          Radar vectoring to final approach
        essential navigational
                                                          Surveillance radar approaches
        and communication                                 Missed approach instructions
        services on flight                                Discontinuing of radar approach
        operations.                                       Radar departures.
                                                          Integration of VFR flights with IFR
                                                          flights:-
                                                          Introduction.
                                                          Flight rules.
                                                          Control of VFR flights.
                                                          Letters of agreement.




Released issue                   Version 1.0 May 2004                        Page 28 of 39
Danish CAA ATS CCC Unit Training
Unit Training - APS              Approach Control Surveillance Radar Rating Endorsement


Topic         G21           PROVIDE APPROACH CONTROL SERVICE WITH THE USE OF
                            SURVEILLANCE RADAR

Sub-Topic     G21.3         PROVIDE FLIGHT INFORMATION SERVICE WITH THE USE OF
                            SURVEILLANCE RADAR

Performance Objectives            Conditions                            Essential Knowledge
G21.3.1 Flight data is            Airspace category:                    Altimetry, Heights, Altitudes and
        assessed for actual       C, D, E, F, G                         Flight Levels. Radar principles of
        and potential traffic                                           operation and limitations.
        conflictions.             Types of Radar:                       Aircraft performance.
                                  Primary, Secondary, Analogue,         Effects of weather on flight
G21.3.2 Aircraft are identified   Processed Radar.                      operations.
        on radar.                                                       Use and limitations of navigation
                                  Control techniques:                   and communications aids.
G21.3.3 The radar is monitored    Radar Monitoring, Navigation          Vectoring techniques.
        to provide information    assistance, Speed Control.            Speed control techniques.
        on displayed weather.
                                  Types of flight:                      Rules of the Air
G21.3.4 The radar is monitored    Aircraft operating outside, joining   General flight rules
        to provide information    and leaving controlled airspace       Instrument flight rules
        on observed traffic.      and advisory airspace.                Visual flight rules
G21.3.5 Information on
                                                                        Air traffic services:-
         observed weather is
                                                                        Introduction.
         passed to pilots and                                           Air traffic service:-
         appropriate agencies.                                          Radar information service
G21.3.6 Appropriate traffic                                             Radar operation:-
        information is passed                                           Radar services.
                                                                        Provision of services.
        without delay.
                                                                        Radar information service.
G21.3.7 Radar procedures are                                            Identification using primary radar.
        adjusted to allow for                                           Identification using secondary
        the effects of weather                                          radar.
        on flight operations.                                           Transfer of identity.
                                                                        Lost Identity.
G21.3.8 Radar procedures are                                            Traffic information.
        adjusted to allow for                                           Unknown traffic information.
        the effect of                                                   Weather avoidance by pilots.
        degradation of                                                  Weather avoidance by radar
        essential navigational                                          controllers.
        and communication
        services on flight
        operations.




Released issue                         Version 1.0 May 2004                                 Page 29 of 39
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Unit Training - APS              Approach Control Surveillance Radar Rating Endorsement


Topic         G22            CO-ORDINATE WITH OTHER AGENCIES

Sub-Topic     G22.1          CO-ORDINATE WITH ADJACENT AREA CONTROL OPERATIONAL
                             POSITIONS

Performance Objectives            Conditions                         Essential Knowledge
G22.1.1 Traffic situation is      Control positions:                 Aircraft performance.
        analysed to determine     Parent centre.
        the need for co-          Adjacent centres.                  Methods of co-ordination.
        ordination.
                                                                     Data on IFR traffic.
G22.1.2 Appropriate co-                                              Departing aircraft
        ordination is initiated                                      Releases to approach control.
        in sufficient time to                                        Radar release.
        permit negotiation and
        any agreement to be                                          Release subject.
        effected.
                                                                     Flow management procedures.
G22.1.3 The effect of co-
        ordination requested
        by adjacent air traffic
        units is assessed.
G22.1.4 An appropriate course
        of action is negotiated
        and agreed.
G22.1.5 The agreed course of
        action is effected.
G22.1.6 Flow management
        requirements are met.

Topic         G22            CO-ORDINATE WITH OTHER AGENCIES

Sub-Topic     G22.2          CO-ORDINATE WITH AERODROMES

Performance Objectives            Conditions                         Essential Knowledge
G22.2.1 Co-ordination for         Single and multiple arrivals and   Co-ordination.
        arriving aircraft is      departures.                        Transfer of control.
        initiated in sufficient
        time to permit its                                           Approach Control:-
                                                                     Co-ordination.
        implementation.
                                                                     Transfer of control.
G22.2.2 Departure clearances                                         Transfer of communications
        are formulated to
        expedite departures
        whilst minimising                                            Aircraft performance.
                                                                     Methods of co-ordination.
        disruption to the en
                                                                     Transfer of control.
        route flow of traffic.                                       Transfer of communication
G22.2.3 Flow management                                              Flow management procedures.
        requirements are met.




Released issue                         Version 1.0 May 2004                             Page 30 of 39
Danish CAA ATS CCC Unit Training
Unit Training - APS              Approach Control Surveillance Radar Rating Endorsement


Topic        G23              MANAGE DIVERSIONS AND HOLDING SITUATIONS

Sub-Topic    G23.1            HANDLE DIVERSIONS

Performance Objectives             Conditions                       Essential Knowledge
G23.1.1 Information necessary      Types of diversion:              Reasons for diversions.
        to facilitate the          Pilot initiated.                 Background on weather minima.
        diversion is obtained.     ATC initiated.                   Background on fuel management.
                                   Company initiated.
G23.1.2 Other relevant                                              Diversions.
        agencies are informed                                       Aerodromes receiving diversions.
        of the diversion.
G23.1.3 Flight plan data is
        amended.
G23.1.4 Diversion messages
        are issued when
        appropriate.

Topic        G23              MANAGE DIVERSIONS AND HOLDING SITUATIONS

Sub-Topic    G23.2            MANAGE HOLDING SITUATIONS

Performance Objectives             Conditions                       Essential Knowledge
G23.2.1 Radar information is       Holding:-                        Approach Control:-
        assessed to determine      For traffic, weather, airfield   Holding Procedures.
        the need for holding.      closure.                         Expected approach time including
                                                                    no ATC delay and delay not
G23.2.2 Aircraft are informed                                       determined.
        of the need to hold in                                      Holding for weather improvement.
        sufficient time.
                                                                    Doc 8168
G23.2.3 Aircraft are advised of                                     Holding Criteria.
        the expected delay.
G13.2.4 Other relevant
        agencies are informed
        of the holding.
G23.2.5 Flight data is
        amended.
G23.2.6 Identity is re-
        established when
        aircraft leave the
        holding pattern.




Released issue                          Version 1.0 May 2004                            Page 31 of 39
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Unit Training - APS              Approach Control Surveillance Radar Rating Endorsement


Topic        G24           WORK AS A TEAM MEMBER ON THE APPROACH RADAR CONTROL
                           OPERATIONAL POSITION

Sub-Topic    G24.1         ACCEPT RESPONSIBILITY FOR THE OPERATIONAL POSITION

Performance Objectives           Conditions                         Essential Knowledge
G24.1.1 Compliance with          Initial arrival for duty period.   Aeronautical information
        licensing and medical    Return following fatigue break.    circulars
        requirements is                                             Effects of drugs, medicines,
        confirmed.                                                  fatigue, stress, medical conditions.

G24.1.2 Pre task briefing is                                        Air Navigation Order
        carried out.                                                Licensing requirements.
                                                                    Certification of competence
G24.1.3 The current and
        projected traffic                                           Actions before taking over an
        situation is obtained                                       operational position.
        from the duty
        controller.
G24.1.4 Current and projected
        workload is evaluated
        to determine whether
        the resources
        available are
        appropriate.
G24.1.5 Action is taken to
        ensure resources are
        adequate for the task.




Released issue                        Version 1.0 May 2004                             Page 32 of 39
Danish CAA ATS CCC Unit Training
Unit Training - APS              Approach Control Surveillance Radar Rating Endorsement


Topic         G24           WORK AS A TEAM MEMBER ON THE APPROACH RADAR CONTROL
                            OPERATIONAL POSITION

Sub-Topic     G24.2         MONITOR PERFORMANCE WHILST RESPONSIBLE FOR THE
                            OPERATIONAL POSITION

Performance Objectives              Conditions                 Essential Knowledge
G24.2.1 Assistance is called        Traffic flow:              Scheme for regulation of the
        for in sufficient time to   Light, Medium, Heavy.      working hours of civil ATCOs
        ensure personal
        capabilities are not                                   Underpinning knowledge
                                                               Indications of stress
        exceeded.
                                                               Indications of fatigue.
G24.2.2 Assistance provided to                                 Workload sharing.
        other team members
        is appropriate to the
        circumstances.
G24.2.3 Current and projected
        workload is evaluated
        to determine whether
        the resources
        available are
        appropriate.
G24.2.4 Action is taken to
        ensure resources are
        adequate for the task.
G24.2.5 Rest/fatigue break
        requirements are
        complied with.
G24.2.6 Concentration is
        maintained at an
        appropriate level for
        the task.
G24.2.7 Indications of reduced
        or inadequate
        performance is acted
        upon in an appropriate
        manner.




Released issue                          Version 1.0 May 2004                     Page 33 of 39
Danish CAA ATS CCC Unit Training
Unit Training - APS              Approach Control Surveillance Radar Rating Endorsement


Topic        G24          WORK AS A TEAM MEMBER ON THE APPROACH RADAR CONTROL
                          OPERATIONAL POSITION

Sub-Topic    G24.3        TRANSFER RESPONSIBILITY FOR THE OPERATIONAL POSITION

Performance Objectives           Conditions                 Essential Knowledge
G24.3.1 The current traffic      Running handover.          Scheme for regulation of the
        situation is clearly                                working hours of civil ATCOs
        communicated to the
        relieving controller.                               Actions when handing over an
                                                            operational position
G24.3.2 The current and
        projected operating
        conditions are clearly
        communicated to the
        relieving controller.
G24.3.3 Current and projected
        workload is evaluated
        to determine whether
        the resources
        available are
        appropriate.
G24.3.4 Action is taken to
        ensure resources are
        adequate for the task.




Released issue                       Version 1.0 May 2004                     Page 34 of 39
Danish CAA ATS CCC Unit Training
Unit Training - APS              Approach Control Surveillance Radar Rating Endorsement


Topic         H4            MANAGE DEVELOPED EMERGENCIES FROM THE RADAR EQUIPPED
                            APPROACH CONTROL UNIT

Sub-Topic     H4.1          MANAGE RADIO FAILURES

Performance Objectives             Conditions                             Essential Knowledge
H4.1.1 Aircraft radio failure is   Types of failure:                      Pilot actions in the event of loss of
       recognised from             Ground radio.                          communications.
       available information.      Partial and complete aircraft radio.   ATC procedures in the event of
                                                                          loss of communications.
H4.1.2 Standard radio failure      Environment:
       procedures are              Radar.                                 Reporting actions.
       implemented.
                                                                          Availability of supplementary flight
                                                                          plan information.

Topic         H4            MANAGE DEVELOPED EMERGENCIES FROM THE RADAR EQUIPPED
                            APPROACH CONTROL UNIT

Sub-Topic     H4.2          MANAGE SITUATIONS ARISING FROM UNLAWFUL INTERFERENCE

Performance Objectives             Conditions                             Essential Knowledge
H4.2.1 The possibility of          Aircraft overflying, intending to      Indications of unlawful
       unlawful interference       land within area of jurisdiction.      interference.
       is recognised from                                                 Laid down handling procedures,
       available information.      Environment                            National and International.
                                   Radar                                  Special communications
H4.2.2 Standard procedures                                                procedures.
       are adhered to when                                                Reporting action.
       dealing with aircraft
       subject to unlawful                                                Availability of supplementary flight
       interference.                                                      plan information




Released issue                          Version 1.0 May 2004                                   Page 35 of 39
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Unit Training - APS              Approach Control Surveillance Radar Rating Endorsement


Topic        H4              MANAGE DEVELOPED EMERGENCIES FROM THE RADAR EQUIPPED
                             APPROACH CONTROL UNIT

Sub-Topic    H4.3            MANAGE AIRCRAFT EMERGENCIES

Performance Objectives            Conditions                 Essential Knowledge
H4.3.1 The possibility of an      Types of emergency:        Aircraft performance and
       emergency situation        Engine.                    performance limitations.
       existing is recognised     Airframe.
       from available             Fuel based.                Overdue aircraft, criteria and
                                  Medical.                   actions.
       information.
                                                             Phases of emergency.
H4.3.2 The nature of the          Environment                Categories of emergency.
       emergency is               Radar.
       determined.                                           Reporting action.

H4.3.3 The level of priority                                 Availability of supplementary flight
       over other traffic is                                 plan information.
       evaluated.

Topic        H4              MANAGE DEVELOPED EMERGENCIES FROM THE RADAR EQUIPPED
                             APPROACH CONTROL UNIT

Sub-Topic    H4.4            PROVIDE ALERTING SERVICE

Performance Objectives            Conditions                 Essential Knowledge
H4.4.1 Available information      Phases of emergency:       Overdue aircraft, criteria and
       is evaluated to            Uncertainty.               actions.
       determine the phase        Alert.                     Phases of emergency.
       of emergency existing.     Distress.                  Categories of emergency.

H4.4.2 Actions follow laid        Environment                Reporting action.
       down procedures            Radar.
       appropriate to the                                    Availability of supplementary flight
       phase of the                                          plan information.
       emergency.




Released issue                        Version 1.0 May 2004                       Page 36 of 39
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Unit Training - APS              Approach Control Surveillance Radar Rating Endorsement



Topic        H4           MANAGE DEVELOPED EMERGENCIES FROM THE RADAR EQUIPPED
                          APPROACH CONTROL UNIT

Sub-Topic    H4.5         RECOVER FROM A RADAR FAILURE

Performance Objectives            Conditions                             Essential Knowledge
H4.5.1 Aircraft are informed      Airspace category:                     Altimetry, Heights, Altitudes and
       of the failure             A, C, D, E, G.                         Flight Levels.
                                  Control zone                           Effects of weather on flight
H4.5.2 Flight data is                                                    operations.
       assessed for actual        Operating environment                  Use and limitations of navigation
       and potential traffic      Total or partial radar failure         and communications aids.
       conflictions.              Computer assisted failure
                                                                         Non radar separation standards.
H4.5.3 A control strategy is      Types of flight:                       Radar separation standards.
       developed to achieve       Aircraft en route, joining, crossing   Wake turbulence spacing.
       separation with the        and leaving controlled and             Aircraft performance.
       least average delay to     advisory airspace.                     Actions in the event of radar
       flights.                                                          failure.
                                                                         Reporting action.
H4.5.4 Immediate action is                                               Essential traffic information.
       taken to achieve non-                                             Traffic information.
       radar separation in
       accordance with the                                               Ground based collision avoidance
       unit contingency plan.                                            systems.

H4.5.5 Appropriate traffic                                               Contingency plans
       information is passed
       without delay.
H4.5.6 The applied
       separation is the most
       appropriate taking into
       account safety and
       expedition.
H4.5.7 Appropriate traffic flow
       restrictions are
       applied.
H4.5.8 Aircraft are identified
       on resumption of radar
       service.
H4.5.9 Aircraft are informed
       of the resumption of
       radar service.




Released issue                         Version 1.0 May 2004                                  Page 37 of 39
Danish CAA ATS CCC Unit Training
Unit Training - APS              Approach Control Surveillance Radar Rating Endorsement


Topic       H5           MANAGE DOMESTIC CONTINGENCIES IN AN APPROACH CONTROL
                         ROOM

Sub-Topic   H5.1         SAFELY EVACUATE THE CONTROL ROOM

Performance Objectives          Conditions                 Essential Knowledge
H5.1.1 Available information    Reasons for evacuation:    Local procedures
       is evaluated to          Fire and Bomb Warnings.    Evacuation of control room.
       determine the need to
       evacuate the control
       room.
H5.1.2 Traffic is disposed of
       in accordance with
       laid down procedures.
H5.1.3 Evacuation is
       conducted in
       accordance with laid
       down procedures.




Released issue                      Version 1.0 May 2004                     Page 38 of 39
Danish CAA ATS CCC Unit Training
Unit Training - APS              Approach Control Surveillance Radar Rating Endorsement


                                  End of Document




Released issue                   Version 1.0 May 2004                    Page 39 of 39

				
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