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PowerPoint Presentation - Integrated Pest Management

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					Integrated Pest
 Management
             What is IPM?
    Integrated pest management (IPM) is
    an ecosystem-based strategy that
    focuses on long-term prevention of
    pests or their damage through a
    combination of techniques such as
     – biological control,
     – habitat manipulation,
     – modification of cultural practices,
     – and use of resistant varieties.
              Why use IPM?
 To reduce the pesticide load in the
  environment.
 To produce pest control programs that are
  economical and environmentally acceptable
 To increase utilization of natural pest controls.

 To minimize the risk to human health and the
  environment, by decreasing the use of
  pesticides.
Harmful Insects
Deer Tick


        Causes Lyme
         disease.
                 Termites
 Eat wood-- become
  a problem when
  they consume
  structural lumber.
 Are helpful when
  they are used for
  recycling wood and
  plant material in an
                         Feeds on wood in buildings
  ecosystem.
                        Aphids
   Biological Control -Natural
    Predators Include:
        Ladybugs
        Parasitic wasps
        Fungal diseases
        Lacewing larvae

   By using these natural controls
    we can control the aphid
    population.

   If pesticides are used
    The biological controls will be Small insects that feed on
    killed as well as the aphids.   plant leaves.
Mosquito

       Carries disease
        Biological Control :
        – Get rid of any free
          standing water
        – If you have a pond
          stock it with
          mosquito eating fish.
        – Dragonflies eat
          mosquitoes
              Clothes Moth
    Larva stage feeds on
     woolen clothes.
    Biological Control
1.   Low humidity
2.   Dry clean or launder
     frequently
3.   Use mothballs or
     crystals to protect
     stored clothes.
Cockroach

          Contaminates food
          Cockroaches will
           leave and not return
           if there is no food,
           shelter and water--
           Sanitary conditions
           will usually grant
           you freedom from
           cockroaches
                     Bedbug
        Biological Control
   Bed bugs cannot climb
    polished glasss or metal
    easily and they don't fly, so
    that the legs of beds can
    also be placed inside glass
    jars or metal cans. Simple
    physical control methods
    include:
     – standing the legs of         Feeds on the blood of
       beds in soapy water,         man and animals.
     – coating the legs with
       petroleum jelly or
       double-sided sticky tape.
                      Ants
 Sanitation is essential--
  clean up spills
 Antlions-- eat ant
  larvae
 There are also many
  home remedies that
  have proven effective--
   – Soap
   – Pepper, etc…
Helpful Insects
                Ant Lion
                        Larva feeds on
                         ants

                           Antlion larvae


Adult antlion
Silkworm Moth
          Larva spins silk
           threads
           Honeybees
 Provide honey
 Pollinates
  flowers
Ladybird beetle
  (Ladybug)

             Feeds on plant
              aphids,
              mealbugs, and
              mites.
            Praying Mantid

   Feeds on a
    variety of insects   The Poster child for
    harmful to man.      Helpful insects.
Dragonfly


        Preys on
         mosquitoes and
         flies.

				
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posted:8/12/2011
language:English
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