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					Cattle Farming
 By: Amar Johl
Cattle Farming: Description
              • Cattle farming is an
                age old tradition of
                raising cattle for food
                consumption,
                clothing, and has
                economic benefits
              • Cattle farming is
                either on a pasture,
                feedlot, or kept inside
  Cattle Farming: How it Works
• are raised and nourished on pastures and
  forages
• some pastureland is unsuitable for any other
  cropping practices
• cattle receive a nutritionally balanced mixture of
  hay, grasses, clover, alfalfa and silage (usually
  fermented corn)
• Cattle in the feedlot receive silage, hay and
  rolled grain such as barley, corn, wheat and
  oats, the feed is mixed together so it looks like
  granola.
Cattle feeding in a   Cattle feeding in a
pasture               feedlot
                  Impacts
Atmosphere:
• Grazing cattle produce a large amount of
  methane, which is one of the leading causes in
  the greenhouse effect
• Brazil and India are the leading cattle farming
  countries, and are the worst countries for
  contributing to greenhouse gasses
• Cattle contribute an estimated 29 percent of the
  total volume of methane emitted
• Worldwide, livestock methane emissions reach
  approximately 94 teragrams
• Cattle ranching is the driving force behind the
  burning of the Amazon, and other forests, this
  also results in global worming
                Impacts
Biosphere:
• Burning of forests for cattle grazing
• Cattle roaming all around is affecting
  certain communities like in Mexico where
  the cattle are roaming on deserts,and
  ruining plant life
• Cattle help to maintain grasslands, for
  example, like in Alberta
Mexico
                    Impacts
Lithosphere:
• Cattle compact the soil
      -this cause runoff of water
      -which causes the soil to be less
       permeable, and infiltration cannot
       occur
      -if there is a stream, lake, or river near
       the runoff of water could cause a flood
      -the runoff could also have unwanted
       substances that may go into one of the
       bodies of water near by
The land is dry do to no infiltration, due to the cattle walking on it
                   Impacts
Hydrosphere:
• Because cattle compact the soil, there could be
  runoff of their feces into close bodies of water
• Cattle can affect the quality of water, just by
  drinking out of it (stream, lake, etc…)
• Cattle can destroy vegetation along stream
  banks which can lead to stream bank erosion
• Cattle can cause algae to grow ,when algae dies
  and decomposes, oxygen in the water can be
  depleted and cause fish to die
           Pro’s and Con’s
Pro’s:
• Cattle farming is a good source of income
• Cattle can produce many things like milk,
  meat, etc…
• Taken care of, by a cattle farmer, who
  provides them with nutrients and vitamins
• The meat produced is of the best quality
• Help with a countries economy
• Con’s:
• Produce methane, which contributes to
  greenhouse gasses
• Cattle farming is destroying forests, like the
  Amazon
• Cattle compact soil which causes runoff
• Runoff pollutes any body of water near by
• Cattle can contaminate bodies of water rapidly,
  with manure, by drinking the water
• Cattle can cause algae to grow in stream banks,
  causing oxygen depletion in the water
• Life threatening diseases like foot and mouth
  disease and mad cow disease could occur
   Sustainability, Exploitation, or
          Preservation?
• Cattle farming is both sustainability and
  exploitation
Sustainability, because the cattle farmers
  take good care of their cattle and keep the
  land at a certain level for their cattle.
Exploitation, because cattle farmers keep
  burning forests for their personal gain of
  obtaining more land, but using cattle as an
  excuse for doing it.
             Examples
Locally:
• Alberta
• Kamloops
• Kelowna
Globally:
• India
• Brazil
                    Bibliography
• http://cattlefeeder.ab.ca/manure/climate20021217.shtml
• http://www.cowindia.org/meat%20resons%20for%20not%20promoti
  ng%20meat.htm
• http://www.cattle.ca/NEWSROOM/Archive/SINKS%2011Jul01.pdf
• http://www.tierramerica.net/2000/1126/acent.html
• http://www.coastalzone.com/webcourse/env1300/Notes/Lithosphere.
  doc
• http://agriculture.de/acms1/conf6/ws4poll.htm
• http://agriculture.de/acms1/conf6/ws4poll.htm
• http://www.quantumlynx.com/water/vol10no1/story2a.html
• http://www.wetaskiwinonline.com/wolcattle-grainmarket.html
• http://www.ofac.org/factsheets/fact7.html

				
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posted:8/12/2011
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