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Chapter 11 Test Review

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					       Chapter 11 Test Review

1.   Where were most of the nation’s early
     factories located and why?


     Northeast; swift-moving rivers, families
     willing to work in factories, ships and
     access to ocean for shipping
       Chapter 11 Test Review

2.   Why did the “Lowell girls” keep
     working in the early years at the
     Lowell mills despite the deafening
     noise and long hours?

     High paying job, and most married after
     only a few years
       Chapter 11 Test Review

3.   How did Eli Whitney’s invention of the
     interchangeable part transform
     manufacturing?


     allowed the mass production of parts
     that were exactly alike
       Chapter 11 Test Review

4.   What did Samuel F.B. Morse invent
     and what did it do?



     Telegraph; allowed people to
     communicate quickly over long
     distances
       Chapter 11 Test Review

5.   How did the telegraph, the steam-
     powered locomotive, and the
     steamboat unite the different regions
     of the country?

     faster communication and
     transportation created a stronger bond
     between the regions as trade and
     interdependence increased
       Chapter 11 Test Review

6.   What body of water connected the
     Hudson River and Lake Erie?



     Erie Canal
       Chapter 11 Test Review

7.   By 1841, what two cities did the
     National (Cumberland) Road connect?



     Cumberland, Maryland and Vandalia,
     Illinois
       Chapter 11 Test Review

8.   What did Eli Whitney invent in 1793
     and how did it change the south?



     Cotton Gin; expanded slavery,
     southerners grew more cotton,
     triggered westward expansion
       Chapter 11 Test Review

9.   In what ways did the cotton gin affect
     Native Americans?



     Native Americans lost more land as
     cotton plantations expanded
       Chapter 11 Test Review

10. In 1840, what percentage of African
    Americans in the south were free



     8%
       Chapter 11 Test Review

11. What percentage of white families in
    the south owned slaves in 1840?



     Approximately 30%
       Chapter 11 Test Review

12. In what ways did slaves depend on
    spirituals?



     Expression of religious beliefs,
     communicate in coded messages
       Chapter 11 Test Review

13. Who was Nat Turner and for what is
    he best known?



     Slave and preacher who, along with 70
     other slaves, was responsible for leading
     a bloody slave revolt known as “Turner’s
     Rebellion”
       Chapter 11 Test Review

14. What was the name of the plan to
    make the United States economically
    self-sufficient?


     “American System”
       Chapter 11 Test Review

15. What was the reason for the close
    bond that developed between the
    Midwest and Northeast


     Trade in agricultural and manufactured
     products
       Chapter 11 Test Review

16. How did the growth of the textile mills
    in the Northeast affect the demand for
    crops in the South?


     Demand for cotton increased as textile
     mills production capacities increased
       Chapter 11 Test Review

17. How did the Supreme Court’s rulings
    in McCulloch v. Maryland and Gibbons
    v. Ogden affect the national
    government?

     Strength of the Federal Government
     increased
       Chapter 11 Test Review

18. What was the court’s decision in
    McCulloch v. Maryland?



     States were prohibited from taxing a
     national bank
       Chapter 11 Test Review

19. What was the court’s decision in
    Gibbons v. Ogden?



     Only the Federal Government could
     regulate interstate commerce
       Chapter 11 Test Review

20. What did Southern slaveholders do to
    try and control free African
    Americans?


     They passed laws severely limiting the
     rights of free African Americans
       Chapter 11 Test Review

21. What two foreign nations did the
    United States have border disputes
    with in 1818 and 1819?


     Spain and Britain
       Chapter 11 Test Review

22. What treaty with Spain gave the
    United States control of Florida and
    the Oregon Country?


     Adams-Onis Treaty of 1819
       Chapter 11 Test Review

23. What were the sectional interests of
    each of the following?:



     South – cotton and slavery
     Northeast – manufacturing and trade
     West – cheap land and good
     transportation
       Chapter 11 Test Review

24. Which plan allowed slavery to spread to
     some areas but not to others in order
     to maintain a balance of power
     between slave and free states?


     Missouri Compromise of 1820
       Chapter 11 Test Review

25. What is sectionalism?




     Placing the interests of one’s state or
     region above the interests of the nation
       Chapter 11 Test Review

26. What is nationalism?




     A feeling of pride, loyalty, and
     protectiveness toward one’s country
       Chapter 11 Test Review

27. What effectively closed the Americas
    to further European colonization in
    exchange for America’s promise to
    stay out of European affairs?

     The Monroe Doctrine
       Chapter 11 Test Review

28. What agreement limited the naval
    forces of both the United States and
    Britain in the Great Lakes


     Rush-Bagot Agreement of 1817
       Chapter 11 Test Review

29. Who did President Monroe send to put
    a stop to the Seminole raids that
    plagued Georgia in the early 1800s


     General Andrew Jackson
       Chapter 11 Test Review

30. What was Robert Fulton’s contribution
    to the Industrial Revolution?



     The Steamboat, “Clermont”, which
     could move against the current or
     strong winds
           Chapter 11 Essays

1.   The Cotton Gin

o    Discuss its Impact on slavery
o    Discuss its Impact on cotton production
o    Discuss its impact on Native Americans
o    Discuss its impact on Westward
     expansion
           Chapter 11 Essays

1.   Missouri Compromise

o    What was the issue?
o    What was at stake?
o    Who suggested the plan?
o    Who were the players?
o    How did it resolve the issue
           Chapter 11 Essays

1.   Lowell Mills

o    How did it benefit women?
o    What was unique about the mill?
o    How did it impact the South?
           Chapter 11 Essays

1.   Samuel F.B. Morse

o    What did he invent?
o    How did it work?
o    What was its impact on the United
     States?
o    How was it an improvement?

				
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