linking pedagogy and space

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					prop o s e d pl a n n i n g p rinciples
... Department of Education and Training [Victoria]                               [16 March 2005]




   linking pedagogy and space




                                                         Dr Kenn Fisher
                                                      Director, Learning Futures
                                                      Rubida Research Pty Ltd
                                                             Knowledge&Skills
                                                                  Building a Future    0.00
             y b o the d o for l n e
storthe scope ofa rstoryboardu ttheiplanning and design principles in this document
... outlines                                                                                                                                                 [16 March 2005]




                 1.00                                            2.00                               3.00                                  4.00
     curriculum context                            pedagogy + space                    planning principles                 suite of spatial concepts

     teaching and learning principles              linking principles to place         the ‘learning hub’                  case study 01
                                                                                                                           australian maths + science school [sa]


     DE+T essential learning strands               linking pedagogical activities to   cluster models                      case study 02
     and domains                                   spatial settings                                                        mawson lakes school [sa]


     key pedagogical approaches                    learning settings                   clusters and affinities prep - 6    case study 03
                                                                                                                7-9        canning vale high school [wa]
                                                                                                                10 - 12

                                                   learning setting principles:        cluster options          prep - 6   case study 04
                                                                                                                7-9        reece high school [tas]
                                                   01     individual settings                                   10 - 12

                                                   02     group settings                                                   case study 05
                                                                                                                           copperfield school [vic]
                                                   03     activity rich settings

                                                   04     informal learning settings                                       case study 06
                                                                                                                           the big rug school [uk]
                                                   05     staff settings

                                                                                                                           case study 07
                                                                                                                           tight urban site . school design [uk]


                                                                                                                           case study 08
                                                                                                                           ‘zoo school’ [minnesota]
                                                                                                                                                                   0.01
                                                [16 March 2005]




curriculum context




                     proposed planning principles
                                 DE+T [vic toria]    1.00
               i n DE+T n d l Victorian schools
teachcurrentg aprinciples fore a r n i ng principles
... summary of                                                                                                          [source: Dr Kenn Fisher]




                                               educational principles
                                               Learning for all

       core principles p-12                    Pursuit of excellence

       Learning environment supportive &       Engagement and effort
       productive
                                               Respect for evidence
       Learning environment promotes
       independence & self motivation          Openness of mind                    essential learning standards

       Students’ needs, backgrounds,                                               Live in complex, rapidly changing,
       perspectives & interests reflected in                                       rich in ICT world
       learning program
                                                                                   Demands higher order knowledge &
       Students challenged & supported                                             understanding
       to develop deep levels of thinking &
       application
                                               sustainable                         Global
                                               Understand interaction of social,
                                               economic & environmental systems
       Assessment practices an integral
       part of teaching & learning
                                               innovative
                                               Skills to solve new problems,
       Learning connects strongly with
                                               different approaches and new
       communities & practice beyond the
                                               solutions
       classroom
                                               building stronger communities
                                               Build common purposes & values
                                               -mutual responsibility & trust in
                                               diverse sociocultural community

                                                                                                                                     1.01
                        s s e by DE+T in l e ar the attributes of successful learner and domains
DE+ T e strategiesnt i alVictoria includening s atrands and the strands and domains.
... current educational                                                                                                                                 [source: Department of Education + Training]
The principal activities in achieving these outcomes include delivering, applying, creating, communicating, decision making




                               a t t r i b ut e s o f a s u c c e s sful learner [P - 12]
                                                                                                                    strands and domains
                               - Social skills
                               - Links school & home                                                                physical, personal and social
                               - Curiosity / encouragement greater interest in learning
                               - Basic numeracy & literacy - simple technical & coordination                        learning
                                 skills                                                                             health and physical education
                                                                                                                    interpersonal development                delivering
                               - Organise ideas & use language with peers                                           personal learning
             junior school




                               - Master basic literacy, numeracy skills                                             civics and citizenship
                               - Awareness of other groups, cultures, times
                                                                                                                                                             applying
                                                                                                                    discipline-based learning
                               - Persistent & prolific in certain skills
                               - Participate in discussion about ideas & beliefs - express                          the arts
                                 informed opinions                                                                  english
                                                                                                                    languages other than english             creating
                               - More complex thinkers - apply problem solving strategies                           the humanities [economics,
                               - Participate in / lead small group activity                                         geography & history]
                               - Learn more deeply through more extended projects                                   mathematics
                                                                                                                    science
                                                                                                                                                             communicating
                               - Individual sense of identity - consider more complex ideas
                               - Interest in learning more independent / congruent with
             mi ddle sc hool




                                 personal goals                                                                     interdisciplinary learning
                               - Participate in a variety of physical activities                                    communication                            decision making
                               - Understand effects of risk taking                                                  design, creativity and technology
                                                                                                                    information and communications
                               - See themselves as young adults - independent thinkers, use                         technology
                                 formal methods of enquiry
                               - Seek to apply learning to the world outside school                                 thinking
                               - Set personal health & fitness goals, undertake activities to
                                 achieve them                                                                       authentic
                                                                                                                    authentic, integrated, problem
                               - Personalised learning and the application of specialised
             11 - 12




                                                                                                                    and resource based learning
                                 behaviour
                               - Pathways into further learning and/or employment                                                                                                        1.02
                     g o gi c a l subject matter and essential learning
kaey ofp e d awill be used according toa pproaches forms. These pedagogies will target and support
... range pedagogies                                                                                                                                                               [source: Dr Kenn Fisher]
improved student skills outcomes and enhanced student competencies. Students are at the centre of learning, with teachers as facilitators




                                                                                        project-based
                                                                     explicit
                                                                                                             research-based
                                                                     instruction


                                                         integrated                                                      resource-based
         t e ac h e rs a s f a c i l i t a t o r s




                                                                                                                                                   tea c h e r s a s f a ci lit at ors
                                                         curriculum                   student skills
                                                         [thematic]                   - writing
                                                                                      - reading
                                                                                      - talking                               team-collaborative
                                                                                      - presenting
                                                     self directed                    - making
                                                     [individual
                                                     reflective]                      student competencies
                                                                                      - critical thinking                       field-based
                                                                                      - communicating
                                                                                        (multi modes)
                                                           students as                - self organising
                                                           researchers                - collaborating                       constructivist



                                                                      discipline                                 individual
                                                                      speciality                                 learning
                                                                                                                 contracts
                                                                                              others



                                                                                                                                                                                                1.03
                                                [16 March 2005]




pedagogy and space




                     proposed planning principles
                                 DE+T [vic toria]    2.00
                g p r i n c i spatial s t to effective. Each
l inki nactivities require specificp l e qualitieso beplace principle requires specific pedagogical approaches to support that principle,
... pedagogical                                                                                                                                                                   [source: Department of Education + Training]
and these pedagogies are applied through the five core activities or modes. These modes have direct implications for learning settings design

   principle                                  pedagogical approach                       pedagogical                    imp l i c a t i o n s f o r b u i l d i n g d e s i g n
                                                                                         activity


   The learning environment is                Learner centred pedagogies                                                Design reflects community diversity, respects and
   supportive and productive                  with multiple learning settings                  deliver in g             values different cultures
                                              collocated                                                                Students have access to teachers


   The learning environment                   Peer to peer learning,                                                    Breakout spaces are provided to allow individual
   promotes independence,                     integrated problem- and                                                   student work
   interdependence and self                   resource- based                                   applying                Furniture is suitable for cooperative learning
   motivation


   Students are challenged                    Integrated, problem and                                                   Access to ICT, multi-media supports authentic
   and supported to develop                   resource based learning                                                   learning
   deep levels of thinking and
   application                                                                                  creating


   Students’ needs, backgrounds,              Theory linked to practice,                                                Quiet spaces
   perspectives and interests                 problems integrate both                                                   Multi-purpose rooms that enable students to work
   are reflected in the learning              aspects, resources used                                                   on different subjects over longer periods of time,
   program                                    continually and creatively,                                               encourage integrated curriculum
                                              integrated curriculum delivery               communi cating               Teacher spaces that encourage cross-disciplinary
                                                                                                                        teams of teachers working with groups of students


   Assessment practices are an                Continuous assessment,                                                    Spaces for student-teacher conferencing
   integral part of teaching and              utilising a pedagogy of                                                   Intranet facilities enable ongoing monitoring of
   learning                                   assessment                                                                student progress by students and parents

                                                                                          decision making
   Learning connects strongly                 Project and resource-based                                                Buildings and facilities that bring the community into
   with communities and practice              learning on practical problems                                            the school
   beyond the classroom                                                                                                 ICT facilities that support curriculum links to
                                                                                                                        professional and community practice                                                        2.01
l inking pedagogical types.
... categoric pedagogical practices have associated space
                                                          activities to spatial settings
                                                                                                                                 [source: Scott-Webber]



  pedagogical activity   pedagogical attribute         process ste ps              behaviou r a l p r e m i s e   spatial icon
                         Formal presentations          Prepare & generate          Bring information before
  delivering             Instructor controls           presentation                the public
                         presentation                  Deliver to an audience      Instructor lead
                         Focus on presentation         Assess understanding        Knowledge is in one
                         Passive learning                                          source

                         Controlled observation        Knowledge transferred via   Learner-centered
  applying               One-to –one                   demonstration               Apprentice model
                         Master & apprentice           Practice by recipient
                         alternative control           Understanding achieved
                         Informal
                         Active learning

                         Multiple disciplines          Research                    Innovation or knowledge
  creating               Leaderless                    Recognise need              moved from abstract to a
                         Egalitarian                   Divergent thinking          product
                         Distributed attention         Incubate
                         Privacy                       Interpret into product /
                         Casual                        innovation
                         Active learning
                         Knowledge is dispersed        Organise information        Share information
  communicating          Impromptu delivery            Deliver                     Provide quick exchange
                         Casual                        Receive & interpret
                         Active learning               Confirm




                         Knowledge is dispersed        Review data                 Make decisions
  decision making        Information is shared         Generate strategy
                         Leader sets final direction   Plan
                         Situation is protected        Implement one course of
                         Semi-formal to Formal         action                                                                                2.02
                         Passive / active learning
learning settings
... possible learning settings for various modes and group sizes. These multi-modal learning settings should be collocated and clustered to                      [source: Dr Kenn Fisher]
allow students to move around the various learning environments to suit the particular learning task



   colloboration                                  group                                               presentation                            teacher
   incubator                                      learning                                            space                                   meeting
                                                                                                                                              space




   resources,
   supply + store

                                                                                                                                              individual pod
                                                                                                                                              [place to think]
                                                                                                     student
                                                                                                     home base
   specialised
   focus
   lab




   project
   space +                                        outdoor                                             display                                 breakout
   wet areas                                      learning                                            space                                   space




                                                                                                                                                                              2.03
learning setting principlesresearch/ they are essentiallysettings learning
... describes types of spaces and spatial qualities that support individuals and
                                                                                 - 01 individual
                                                                                                 for self-directed




                student home base                                                                     individual pod [place to think]

                space                                                                                 space
                Space for an individual to personalise and in which                                   Quiet Spaces for individuals or small groups.
                to work and study.
                Gathering place for learners and teachers.
                                                                                                      pedagogy
                pedagogy                                                                              Provides quiet place for work, study, reflection, or
                Provides sense of ownership and teaches                                               rest.
                responsibility for one’s own learning.
                Provides a common space to start a learning                                           size
                activity, seek assistance and resources, share                                        10 sqm.
                ideas, and hold group discussions.

                size
                1-2 sqm.


                                                                                                                                                             2.04
                                  ttin g that support groups. these should have movable s ettings
l ear n ing se spatial qualitiespri nciples - 0 2 gro upfurniture so that the spatial organisation is
... describes types of spaces and
learner-controlled. These are for small group collaborative and cooperative learning activities




                   group learning space                                                           collaboration incubator

                   space                                                                          space
                   Individual or team spaces for staff that has adjacent                          Idea generation space, team meeting space,
                   material preparation area and meeting space.                                   access to technology and other resources and
                                                                                                  display space for models and ideas.
                   pedagogy
                   Encourages team teaching, mentoring of                                         pedagogy
                   other faculty, integrated planning, and informal                               Support creativity, idea generation, teamwork and
                   discussions.                                                                   prototyping of concepts.
                                                                                                  Encourages involvement of local employers in the
                   size                                                                           development of projects.
                   20-25 sqm.
                                                                                                  size
                                                                                                  20 sqm.



                                                                                                                                                      2.05
learnin g se ttin g principles                                                    - 0 2 gr ou p se tt in gs
... describes types of spaces and spatial qualities that support groups. these are essentially for larger groups where presentations and
exhibitions will occur




                   presentation space                                                                                    display space

                   space                                                                                                 space
                   Places for individuals or teams to demonstrate and                                                    White boards, black boards, tack surfaces, and
                   perform.                                                                                              show cases. Place furnishings to display work in
                                                                                                                         progress or completed projects. Can overlap with
                   pedagogy                                                                                              circulation.
                   Gives opportunity to practice, share acquired skills
                   and knowledge with learners, staff and the public                                                     pedagogy
                   and receive feedback.                                                                                 Provides places to show ideas, work-in-progress
                                                                                                                         and finished products.
                   size                                                                                                  Supports and shares learning process by
                   40-50 sqm, generally dividable.                                                                       showcasing concept development, learning
                                                                                                                         activities, development process and finished
                                                                                                                         products and services.

                                                                                                                         size
                                                                                                                         20 sqm.
                                                                                                                                                                            2.06
learning setting principles - 0will be technologically enhanced and contain a range of
... describes types of spaces and spatial qualities that support activity. these spaces
                                                                                        3 activity rich settings
services and other resources according to the studio space type




                  project space + wet areas                                                    specialised focus laboratory

                  space                                                                        space
                  Space that provides a variety of work surfaces,                              Areas to support learning activities requiring
                  cabinets for supplies, storage areas for projects in                         specialised equipment or furnishings [eg. Science,
                  development stage, access to tools and technology.                           technology, art, music, dance, fabrication,
                  Specialised lighting, and other infrastructure such as                       troubleshooting].
                  sinks and disposal.
                                                                                               pedagogy
                  pedagogy                                                                     Provides space and infrastructure to develop and
                  Provides space to produce information, services or                           practice specialised skills.
                  products.                                                                    Brings relevancy of work, family and community to
                  Encourages critical thinking, problem solving, and                           the learning process.
                  team work.
                                                                                               size
                  size                                                                         80-100 sqm.
                  40-50 sqm, generally dividable.
                                                                                                                                                    2.07
learning setting principles problem-based learninglearning settingsactivities
... describes types of spaces and spatial qualities that support informal learning.
                                                                                    - 04 informal
                                                                                                  and collaborative and team
will occur in non timetabled spaces scattered across the campus in corridors, verandahs, cafeteria and library




                  outdoor learning                                                                               ‘breakout’ spaces
                  space                                                                                          space
                  Outdoor areas of any scale that are semi-defined by                                            Lounge areas, small study rooms, widened corridor
                  landscape, building edge or lightweight cover, with                                            spaces that allow gathering away from formal
                  provision for seating.                                                                         learning activities.

                  pedagogy                                                                                       pedagogy
                  Provides informal outdoor area for socialising,                                                Provides psychological and physiological relief from
                  private study, reflection or discussion. Can be used                                           formal environments. Allows for individual reflection,
                  for structured small group activities.                                                         informal discussion or social activity for small
                                                                                                                 groups.
                  size
                  varied.                                                                                        size
                                                                                                                 15-20 sqm.



                                                                                                                                                                          2.08
                              ettin g that support activity these spaces and staff settings
l e ar n in g sand spatial qualitiesp rinciples - 05 places should not be isolated from students – an adult
... describes types of spaces
learning approach supports staff taking ‘time out’




                   teacher meeting                                                       resources, supply + store
                   space                                                                 space
                   Individual or team spaces for staff that has adjacent                 Space within or adjacent to the learning activities
                   material preparation area and meeting space.                          spaces to provide resources, store supplies for
                                                                                         classroom projects, tools, learning products and
                   pedagogy                                                              materials.
                   Encourages team teaching, mentoring of other
                   faculty members, integrated planning, and informal                    pedagogy
                   discussions.                                                          Provides ready access to needed supplies, tools and
                                                                                         storage for learning projects.
                   size
                   20-25sqm.                                                             size
                                                                                         20-30 sqm.




                                                                                                                                               2.09
                                                 [16 March 2005]




planning principles




                      proposed planning principles
                                  DE+T [vic toria]    3.00
             ‘ l e settings i clustered that ’
the learninga r n aren g hsou bindividuals and groups have easy access to a range of pedagogical settings
... multiple                                                                                                            [source: Department of Education + Training]


 multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media
 multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media
 multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-
 media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media
 multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media
       learning studios               teacher                        distributed                       professional
 multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media
                                      preparation                    resources                         development
 multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media
                                      centres                        + multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media
 multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media library
 multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media
 multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media
 multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-
 media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media
 multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media
 multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media
        multi-media
 multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media learning commons multi-
                                                                                                       multi-media multi-media
       development                                             learning hub                            + flexible learning
 media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media
       cluster linked to
 multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media
                                                                                                       centre
        subjects
 multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media
 multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media
 multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-
 media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media
 multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-
 media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media
       clustered                      clustered student                                              learning laboratory
 multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-
        ‘shopfronts’                         services
 media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media
 multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media
 multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media
 multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-                          3.01
 media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media multi-media
    lust e r models d e l s
cpotential alternative m o of clustering groups are suggested clusters may be based on syndicate group, or home group, of ‘family’ sized
...                                                                                                                                                     [source: Department of Education + Training]
groupings




                  home base                                       home base                                     5 student                              5 student
                  20 students                                     20 students                                  workstations                           workstations


                                          ‘family’                                                                                         ‘family’
                                           centre                                                                                           centre

                  home base                                       home base                                     5 student                              5 student
                  20 students                                     20 students                                  workstations                           workstations




            usual home group arrangement                                                                team based arrangement


              personal
               space
                                         personal                    personal
                                          space                       space
                   shared
                   space

                                                    personal
                                                     space
            personal
             space
                                                           shared
                                                           space
                                       personal
                 shared                 space
                 space                                                personal
                                                                       space

                                                                                                                                                                                         3.02
            learner determined arrangement
c l us t e r s a n d a f fi ni t ie s                                   [ pr e p-6 ]
... various learning settings are clustered around common space and these are in ‘family’ groups or clusters




                          store           technology                                                           technology              store
                                          area                                                                       area
          porch or                                                                                                                                porch or
          verandah                                                                                                                                verandah
          work area       floor sitting area                                                                               floor sitting area     work area
                                                                                            shared
                   project wet                 open                                        specialist               open                project wet
                   area                        resources                                   teaching
                                                                                             space             resources                       area


                          seats and desks                                                                                    seats and desks



                                               courtyard /
                                               outdoor
                                                                                       common                  courtyard /
                                                                                                                  outdoor
                                               learning                              learning hub                learning




                          seats and desks                                                                                     seats and desks



                   project wet                  open                                                                open                project wet
                                                                                             library
                   area                         resources                                 multi-media          resources                       area
                                                                                           computers
                                                                                          project area
          porch or                                                                                                                                    porch or
                          floor sitting area                                                                               floor sitting area         verandah
          verandah
          work area                                                                                                                                   work area
                                          technology                                                           technology              store
                          store
                                          area                                                                       area


                                                                                                                                                                  3.03
    lust e r settings are able a f f n i i es
cclustered learnings a n d to accessi sharedtlearning studios [ 7-9 ]
...



                         shared breakout                                                             shared breakout



            home group                      home group                   reading        home group                     home group

courtyard                                                                                                                           courtyard
or
outdoor                    learning                                                                    learning                            or
                                                                                                                                      outdoor
learning                   common                                                                      common                        learning
                                                                        resources

            home group                      home group                                  home group                     home group


                         shared breakout
                                                                 learning studio                     shared breakout


                                                                 multi-media
                                                                 science + technology
                                                                 performing arts
                         shared breakout                                                             shared breakout
                                                                 art + design


            home group                      home group                                  home group                     home group

courtyard                                                               interview                                                   courtyard
or                                                                                                                                         or
outdoor                    learning                                                                    learning                       outdoor
learning                   common                                                                      common                        learning



            home group                      home group                                  home group                     home group


                         shared breakout                                                             shared breakout                            3.04
    lust e r arranged to conform f VCE requirements and [ three distinct clusters
cthese clusters are s a n d a to f i n i t i es provide 10-12 ] of learning possibilities
...


                                                                                                                                          instructional learning
                                                                                                 interview
                                                                                                                               external
                                                                                                                               distance
                                                      seminar                                                                  learning
                                                                                    meeting                                      centre
                                                                                                             video
 practice based learning                                                                                     conference
                                                                    lecture +
                                                                    instructional



                                     project areas



              learning studio
                                                                       student
              multi-media
              science + technology                                    social hub
              performing arts
              art + design




                                                                                              resources
                                                                                                                            self-directed + informal learning

                                                     workstations                   cafe

                                                                                                                 learning
                                                                                                                  support
                                                                    lounge /                                    helpdesk
                                                                    reading area
                                                                                                                                                                   3.05
    lust e o for i o n s                             [
cvarious potentialroptionsp tclustered learning settingsp rep-6]
...




             learning cluster                                               linear cloister
             building design partnership                                    cottrell + vermeulen

             Using a block stacked, hexagonal formal module, these          Flexible classroom spaces spawn from an adaptable
             classbase spaces can enclose centrally located share           size central linear circulation space. Providing increased
             resources, for instance, group social/play space or ict        teaching flexibility within the classroom space [with
             facilities without creating ‘unusable’ corner spaces.          necessary support facilities] and non-programmed
             Each space can be thought as if it were composed of a          teaching within cloister space, further learning can be
             series of trapezoidal activity forms to increase flexibility   programmed through the moveable partitions between
             within the classbase.                                          classbases.


                                                                                                                                         3.06
    lust e o for i o n s                             [
cvarious potentialroptionsp tclustered learning settings7- 9]
...




              learning cluster                                         learning cluster
              mace                                                     wilkinson eyre

              Flexible learning clusters, each capable of further      Centrally located resource pods comprise the central
              division or combination, provide further potential       space within a large scale learning pod. Traditional
              expansion to this model as demonstrated above. Social    classbases are integrated within a flexible learning
              or collective resource spaces separate learning spaces   space and pedagogy.
              from spiratic activity of circulation cloisters.




                                                                                                                              3.07
    lust e o for i o n s                             [
cvarious potentialroptionsp tclustered learning settings1 0-12 ]
...




             learning cluster                                      learning atrium
             woods bagot                                           alsop

             Providing specialist learning and pedagogy, these     Centrally located social/resource pods comprise the
             spaces emphasize how individual, group and flexible   central space within a large central atrium space.
             learning spaces can be combined. Central ‘informal’   Traditional classbases form learning wings to vibrant
             spaces progress through to task oriented resource     hub spaces for ict or resources. The diversity of such
             rich learning environments.                           spaces integrated within the tower proposal develops
                                                                   notions of community and living towards a micro-village
                                                                   learning environment.


                                                                                                                             3.08
                                        [10 February 2005]




case studies




               proposed planning principles
                           DE+T [vic toria]     4.00
          Learning d y 0 1 . a u s t ralian maths + science school [sa]
       c ase s t uCommons, Learning
                 Studios and Other Facilities.
        theme 1                         theme 2                                                           theme 3                                                              theme 4                                                                                                                    theme 5
        context of the project in       educational philosophy                                            specific proposed                                                    key planning + design                                                                                                      evaluation of strengths &
            A key feature of
        relation to state, school orthe school is the break                                               pedagogical activities                                               features                                                                                                                   weaknesses
            away from teaching
        discipline trends inthe traditional concepts of
        and learning
            classrooms and laboratories. These have
            been replaced by such concepts
       Conceived as a focus driven science Challenge pre-conceptions of                                 Interdisciplinary approach to                                      ASMS is designed as a single, two                                                                                              Strengths:
                                           science and “learning
            as”learning commons” and mathematics teaching
       and mathematics school, within the                                                               curriculum design, teaching and                                    level building, composed of learning
            studios”.
       campus of Flinders University.      through four principles;                                     learning, supporting an ‘inquiry’                                  commons and learning studio                                                                                                    Close collaboration with institutional
                                              “A passion for learning creates                           approach and ‘constructivist’                                      spaces, able to adapt to groups of                                                                                             staff and resources
       Interdependent upon industry and       inspiration”                                              learning.                                                          varying size and configuration.
              The spaces capitalises “Choice is an essential part of
       business partnerships andare designed to be student                                                                                                                                                        Advancement of student centred,
       upon centred,torather than learning”
              relationships other             teacher centred, and                                      Inquiry approach to Learning                                       Classrooms and centrally located       flexible learning ideology
       educational institutional facilities.  “Learning is social and collaborative”                                                                                       common spaces to each floor, open
                                              “All syndicate and
              will foster collaborativeknowledge is connected”                                          Encouraging and developing                                         to outdoor [learning, recreational and Integration of advanced ICT
              project based learning.
       Fostering professional relationships                                                             higher order thinking skills and                                   social] environments.                  infrastructure within curriculum
       with the Schools of Education and      Encouraging learning and problem                          metacognitive processes




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   http://www.cybertext.net.au/tct2002/disc_papers/learning/need_mather.htm
       Science and Engineering at Flinders solving within individual and group                                                                            Incorporates a range of                                                                                                                         Close links with industry and other
              Each student will contexts, or her own
       University, the professional teachershave histhrough collaborative                               Learning centred curriculum,                      environmentally sustainable features,                                                                                                           institutions
       associations and the curriculum        working relationships and flexible                        informed through; fertile questions,              consistent with modern ‘moral,
              “home-base” work station located in one
       policy directorate with the SA         teaching and learning groups.                             wonderings, problems, issues,                     ethical and environmental issues…                                                                                                               Working to challenge and renew




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   http://www.cybertext.net.au/tct2002/tour/aus_sc_maths.htm
              of the learning commons. Students may
       government Department of Education                                                               emotions, in collaboration with                   associated with ‘new sciences’’                                                                                                                 approach to traditional school




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   http://www.cybertext.net.au/tct2002/keynote/lake.htm
              flexibly organise their “homeofbases”learning
       and Children’s Services.               Development individual to                                 teaching and learning methodologies                                                                                                                                                               disciplines




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   http://www.aspa.asn.au/Confs/Aspa2004/asms.htm
                                              plans, containing multiple entry                             Zones are to instructor
                                                                                                        ranging from studentallocated for visiting teachers
                                                                                                                                                          School physically open for twelve
                                                group needs.
              meet social or studypoints and pathways, fostered
       Use of ‘best available resources’,                                                                  to collaborate and observe the school’s
                                                                                                        centred.                                          hour days throughout the year,                                                                                                                  Weaknesses:




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   http://www.asms.sa.edu.au/student_life/
                                              by teacher the school,
              Students will move around and student interest,
       particularly ICT                                                                                                                                   focussing toward longer learning
                                              producing understanding.                                     innovative to embody ‘a
                                                                                                        Use of ICT resources approachessessions.            to science and
              the University campus and the local




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   http://www.woodsbagot.com.au/
       Curriculum development within a                                                                     maths teaching, learning and research.
                                                                                                        student centred learning at anyplace,




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   http://www.asms.sa.edu.au/
       seriescommunity, spending significant amounts
               of “BIG IDEAS” rather than     ‘repackage knowledge to create                                          Australian Science and
                                                                                                        anytime philosophy’, promoting
                                                                                                                      Mathematics School
                    subjects: learning in
       traditional time in each, but new understandings to meet the
              of                               always able to                                           independent learning and individual
                                                                                                                      Flinders University,South Australia


                                                                                                          A Day In The Life of
                                                                                                                                                                                  Australian Science and

       the workplace, community and the       complexities of the modern world’                         learning styles.                                                          Mathematics School


              identify with their “home base” in the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Flinders University,South Australia



       university.
                                                                             Learning Commons, Learning


                                                                                                          ASMS Students
                                                                             Studios and Other Facilities.
eak

              school.                         Interdisclipinary life and learning,                      Focus toward development of generic
                                                                             A key feature of the school is the break
 f                                                                           away from the traditional concepts of
have                                                                         classrooms and laboratories. These have
                                                                             been replaced by such concepts


g                                             promoting the collaboration of                            skills and attributes and how to apply
                                                                             as”learning commons” and “learning
                                                                             studios”.



                                              theoretical, conceptual and practical                     these to specific subjects and the
                                                                             The spaces are designed to be student
                                                                             centred, rather than teacher centred, and


                                                                                                           A typical day might
                                                                                                        understanding of major concepts start with a literature
                                                                             will foster collaborative syndicate and



              Eight specialist learning studios cater for
nt                                                                           project based learning.

 and                                          knowledge from various fields of
                                                                             Each student will have his or her own



                                                                                                        and big ideas.with students from local high
                                                                                                           forum                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   4.01
                                                                             “home-base” work station located in one
d
                                              study.
                                                                             of the learning commons. Students may



                 the eight learning areas in the South
                                                                             flexibly organise their “home bases” to       Zones are allocated for visiting teachers
                                                                             meet social or study group needs.             to collaborate and observe the school’s
                                                                             Students will move around the school,         innovative approaches to science and
n

                                                                                                                schools. Then, with students from more
                                                                             the University campus and the local           maths teaching, learning and research.
                                                                             community, spending significant amounts



                 Australian Curriculum, Standards and
 one                                                                         of time in each, but always able to
                                                                                                                           A Day In The Life of                          Main Entry to the Science and Mathematics School
                                                                             identify with their “home base” in the
may                                                                          school.
                                                                                                                           ASMS Students
 to

                                                                                                                distant high schools, the ASMS students
       Zones are allocated for visiting teachers                                                                           A typical day might start with a literature
                                                                                                                                                                                                                Introduction
                                                                             Eight specialist learning studios cater for



                 Accountability Framework; the studios
                                                                                                                           forum with students from local high
       to collaborate and observe the school’s                               the eight learning areas in the South
                                                                                                                           schools. Then, with students from more                                               The South Australian Department of           The ASMS vision is to prepare students
ol,    innovative approaches to science and
                                                                             Australian Curriculum, Standards and
                                                                                                                           distant high schools, the ASMS students                                              Education,Training and Employment, in        to shape our world, our future, our global
                                                                             Accountability Framework; the studios                                                                                                                                           community and our environment through
                                                                                                                           might join a video conference class on                                               association with Flinders University, have
                                                                             will take a group of students working on
c ase s t u d y 0 1 . a u s t ralian maths + science s cho ol
cons t r u c t e d : c o m p l e t e d 2003
loca t i o n :        b e d f o r d park, flinders university
arch i t e c t :      w o o d s b agot architects                                                                              focus labs =                       meeting =                learning
popu l a t i o n :    4 5 0 s t u d ents, staff n/a                                                                               specialised focus labs                staff meeting     common =
build i n g a r e a : 1 8 . 4m 2 p er student - 8300 m 2 total                                                                                                                                 group learning
build i n g c o s t : $ 1 6 8 6 / m 2 - $ 14.0mil total project cost
year l e v e l s :    10, 11, 12


                                                                                                                                 computer labs,                formal presentation,                 +
                                                                                                                                quiet or specialist              meeting spaces           project space + wet areas

                                                                                                                                    areas for                       for various
                                                                                                                               concentrated study                  sized groups
central atrium
      =                                                                                                                                                                                             +
      breakout space                              fo c u s l a b s
                                                                                                                                                                                           collaboration incubator




                                                                                               presentation
                                             store

                                                             teacher
           +                                                 prep
                                                                       learning                                                  l ear ni ng                                            multi-modal learning
       display space                   seminar
                                                                       common                 f o c us l a b s
                                                                                                                                 common                                                  setting conducive
                                                          store
                                                                                                                                                                                          to group work,
                                                                                                                                                                                        project discussions
                                                                                         teacher        meeting   t e ach er                               i nfo rmal                    and collaborative
           +                                                                                prep                  prep                                     meet in g
                                                                                                                                                                                              meeting
       individual pod


                                                                                  central atrium


                                                                                                                                 p resent at io n



    opportunity for
  informal meeting,
     discussion or
       display of
                                                                                                                                                                                                          4.02
     project work
                                  ground floor plan
c ase s t u d y 0 2 . m a w son lakes school [sa]
theme 1                                theme 2                                  theme 3                                 theme 4                                theme 5
context of the project in              educational philosophy                   specific proposed                       key planning + design                  evaluation of strengths &
relation to state, school or                                                    pedagogical activities                  features                               weaknesses
discipline trends in teaching
and learning


Utilising a variety of on site         “learn for a full life”                 Individually and flexibly planned,       Four main single storey flexible       Strengths:
neighbourhood learning centres or                                              facilitated and managed learning         learning spaces [family units]
hubs that are technologically linked   “learn how to learn”                    program.                                 accessible from a covered spine to     - Connection to outdoor spaces
to maximise student learning.                                                                                           the west and abutting the eastern      - Visible ESD design elements
                                       “develop higher order thinking skills” Access to a range of collaborative        street boundary                        - Emphasis on life-long learning
Complementing the services of                                                  and supportive processes to                                                     - Connection to other institutions and
DETE [e.g. School of the Future,       “ develop the confidence and            support their learning and facilitate    Varying bays and windows …             wider community
Open Access College, the Australian    skills to use advanced learning         the development of their social,         are primarily places of retreat and    - IT and wireless networks




                                                                                                                                                                                                          http://www.architecture.com.au/awards_search?option=showaward&entryno=20045012
Science and Mathematics School,        technologies”                           emotional, physical, cognitive and       small groupings to students within,    - Individual identity for ‘family units’
etc] and the directions of State                                               creative needs [i.e. development of      providing them with unique windows
Government [e.g. economic              “develop an enterprising learning       the whole student]                       to the world for outlook and display   Weaknesses:
development, export of education       community culture”
services and products]                                                         Be amplified, extended and               Solar and Thermal ventilation
                                       Create a community where learning       transformed through the use of           chimneys express the importance of
Expanding its curriculum offerings     is available for everyone, at any time, learning technologies.                   sensitive environmental design.




                                                                                                                                                                                                          Architecture Australia November/December 2004 p76-77
through national and international     and in any place.
links utilising online technologies.                                           Have online access to a wide             Each unit has its own directly
                                       Optimal use of advanced information range of national and international          accessible courtyard which in turn




                                                                                                                                                                                                          http://www.mawsonlakes.sa.edu.au/index.html
Use of advanced ICT                    and communication technologies.         educational opportunities.               links to the open space going down
                                                                                                                        to the creek




                                                                                                                                                                                                          Mawson Lakes School Vision, 2000
Creating a Sustainable and Energy      Contribute to the economic              Be a part of a community in which
Efficient Environment                  sustainability of Mawson Lakes and      learning becomes an integral part of     Various landscape zones encourage
                                       become a catalyst and a conduit for     everyday activity                        different types of play
Developing a greater understanding     the creation of a community, which
of Aboriginal Heritage and Culture     continuously seeks to improve itself    Be able to learn independently,          The students… emphasised the
of the Kaurna Plains People the        and the lifestyle of its members.       interdependently and collaboratively     importance of natural ventilation,
traditional owners of the land                                                 in a local, national and international   accessibility to outdoors,
                                                                               context as appropriate.                  environmental concerns and the need
                                                                                                                        for different types of play spaces.

                                                                                                                                                                                                             4.03
c ase s t u d y 0 2 . m a w son lakes school
cons t r u c t e d : 2 0 0 2
loca t i o n :        m a w s o n lakes, south australia
                                                                                                                                                             courtyard =         staff areas =
arch i t e c t :      m g t c a n berra + russell & yelland
                                                                                                                                                                outdoor room      collaboration incubator
popu l a t i o n :    3 6 0 s t u d ents, 28 staff
build i n g a re a : 6 . 7 m 2 p e r student - 2350 m 2 total
build i n g c o s t : $ 2 0 2 1 / m 2 - $ 4.75mil total
year l e v e l s :    p r e - s c h o ol – yr 7


                                                                                                                                                            outdoor rooms for              +
                                                                                                                                                             group gathering,    resources, supply + store

                                                                                                                                                            informal learning
                                                                                                                                                              and socialising


 family group =                                                                                                                                                                 collaboration zones
                                                                         kiosk
                                                                                                                                           administration                         and resources
  project space + wet areas
                                                                                       hardplay




                                                                                                                                   covered walkway
            +                                                                                                                                                                   focus zones =
       group learning                                                                                                                                                              specialised focus labs
                                                           courtyard                                  courtyard


                                                 family                family                family               family
                                                 group                 group                 group                group
            +
     student home base                                                                                                                                                           computer labs +
                                                                                 courtyard                                 c o u r tyard
                                                                                                                                                                                  quiet specialist
                                                                                                                                                                                    areas for
                                                                                                                                                                                concentrated study
                                 floor plan

multi-modal learning
settings with flexible
    partitions and
 integral wet areas
                                                                                                                                                                                                 4.04
                                 cross section
c ase s t u d y 0 3 . c a n ning vale high school [ wa]
theme 1                               theme 2                               theme 3                               theme 4                                theme 5
context of the project in             educational philosophy                specific proposed                     key planning + design                  evaluation of strengths &
relation to state, school or                                                pedagogical activities                features                               weaknesses
discipline trends in teaching
and learning


Implementation of bold shared vision Empowering children to view the        Learning will be personalised for     Collaborative design/planning          strengths:
statement: ‘putting children first’   world critically, to think and act    every student, designed to nurture    process and community consultation
                                      independently, cooperatively and      mind, body spirit.                    resultant in the organic development   Integrated and responsive design and
Collaborative community design        responsibly.                                                                of the brief.                          strategic educational development of
generation process that involved the                                        Development of a curriculum                                                  project.
formulation of ten key principles for Develops and offers an environment    framework to supplement prescribed    Development of a range of
the schools planning process.         structure on a shared philosophy      curriculum and syllabus by            idiosyncratic design elements to      Use of urban or masterplanning
                                      of fundamental values, beliefs and    identifying common learning           encourage “unprogrammed” learning design guidelines to formulate a




                                                                                                                                                                                                http://www.designshare.com/portfolio/project/details.asp?projid=219&projview=projnarr
Development of a ‘town centre’        curriculum engendering young          outcomes for students.                opportunities, and cross-curricular   school design.
model of schooling: commons block adolescents to explore themselves                                               collaboration.
and periphery within the school       and their place within the world.     Learning will be authentic with a                                           Development of inclusive learning
become the school heart.                                                    significant project-based orientation School architecture to allow end user outcomes and objectives which
                                      Flexible learning spaces provide      and workplace relationship bent.      various modes of customisation of     implement guidance for the referred
                                      maximum scope for flexible learning                                         learning spaces. It should not limit  curriculum framework.




                                                                                                                                                                                                http://www.cvc.wa.edu.au/middleschool/program/learning2.asp
                                      styles.                               Combining teams of teachers and       users, rather empower and stimulate
                                                                            students within a learning cluster    the learning process.                 Implementation of cluster or
                                      The learning centre will provide a    enables curriculum deliver to                                               neighbourhood based flexible
                                      new centre of community.              be learner centred and focussed       Seamless transitions between          learning models with additional
                                                                            towards the interests and concerns of indoor and outdoor space that reflect informal learning settings.
                                                                            participants.                         the preservation and focus of the
                                                                                                                  environment within the school.
                                                                            Teaching programs that respond
                                                                            to local needs and circumstances,     Circulation spaces that integrate




                                                                                                                                                                                                http://www.cvc.wa.edu.au



                                                                                                                                                                                                http://fieldingnair.com/
                                                                            enabling greater student ownership, socialising, student display and large




                                                                                                                                                                                                www.spowers.com.au
                                                                            relevance and interest within their   group meetings.
                                                                            learning.
                                                                                                                  Neighbourhoods with individual
                                                                            Establishment of non-discriminatory identities as clusters of ‘family’
                                                                            learning outcomes based learning      learning groups, along a learning
                                                                            focus. Educational inputs are being   street.
                                                                            replaced by schooling results.                                                                                                         4.05
c ase s t u d y 0 3 . c a n ning vale high school
cons t r u c t e d : 2 0 0 2                                                                                                                               corroboree =
loca t i o n :        p e r t h , w estern australia                                                                                                              meeting

arch i t e c t :      s p o w e r s architects
popu l a t i o n :    1 2 0 0 s t u dents, n/a staff
build i n g a re a : 1 1 . 3 4m 2 per student - 13605 m 2 total
                                                                                                                                              corroboree
build i n g c o s t : $ 2 0 5 0 / m 2 - $ 27.9mil total approx                                                                                meeting
year l e v e l s :    8-12                                                                                            l e arning
                                                                                                                      n e ighbourhood                        discussion +




                                                                  lear ning stre et
                                                                                                                                                            meeting spaces
     backyard                                                                                                                                                  for various
    learning =                                                                                                                                               sized groups
        outdoor room




                                                                                                                                                              learning
                                                                                                                                                           neighbourhood
  outdoor room for
                                                                                                                                                                 =
                                                                                                                                                               group learning
  group gathering                                                                                                     b a ckyard learning
   or socialising


                                                                                                multipurpose
                                                                                                studio                                                             +
  multipurpose                                                                                                                                corroboree     student home base

   studio =                                                                                                                                   meeting
                                                                                                                      l e arning
    specialised focus labs                                                                                            n e ighbourhood




            +                                                                                                                                              open plan space
   wet area + project space                                                                                                                                enabling clusters
                                                                                                                                                            of multi-modal
                                                                                      lecture                                                              learning settings

  area for activity
 based project work
    or specialist                                                                                                                                                        4.06
      learning
                              s ite plan                                                        middle school build i n g f l o o r p l a n
   Department Of Education


     c ase s t
   Innovationsu d y                                              0 4 . r e e c e high school [ta s]
             theme 1                                                      theme 2                              theme 3                                  theme 4                                 theme 5
                        built Reece      School has been designed to create an innovative key planning + design
         The newlythe project in Higheducational philosophy
           context of                                            specific proposed                                                                                                              evaluation of strengths &
           relation environment to
         learning to state, school or complement the school's new project-based approach features
                                                                 pedagogical activities                                                                                                         weaknesses
           discipline trends in teaching
         to learning.
             and learning
                                                                        7/2/05 10:41 AM




          New philosophy of school                                     School’s vision of fostering a ‘love    A challenging, relevant and coherent    Variety of spaces and sizes to reflect   strengths:
          development; the first within                                of learning…through an integrated       curriculum, with delivery composed      different learning modalities;
          School Architecture
          Tasmania to embody a truly                                   project-based curriculum’.
Articles | Innovative School Designs | Site Search | E-News | Membership
                                                                                                               of three elements; communication,                                                Implementation of flexible learning
          To Enhance within school
  | Architects | Planners | Links | Contact Learning
          collaborative process             | Copyright | Home                                                 integration and personal learning.      Enhanced flexibility (operable walls,    directives to both school curriculum
          planning.
ure: Lessons From Tasmania                                             Fulfil learning ambitions of all                                                internal glass and inter-connectivity    and building facilities design.
          Interactive Whiteboard Trial                                 community members, realising            Project based learning, problem         of adjacent spaces)
                         a
          Promotethe culture of, and
o far away that we in
                                                                       learning asset potential of these       solving and practical application                                                Student centred learning approach;
          commitment to life long education
 Here are some ideas that                                              members and benefits to student         of knowledge and skills. Expansion      Provision of project learning            workstation base for individual
          with a community focus.
 Start every project with a
                                                                       development.                            towards individualised learning         areas and individual workstations;       students and flexible teaching styles.
process that focuses less on
          that
on the desires and
                                                                                                               plans.                                  individual space “ownership” - eg a
          Recognition of advancements in ICT Treatment of the school as a free,
ol and community.                                                                                                                                      workstation for each student in Grade    Integration of community with school




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         http://www.education.tas.gov.au/admin/ffps/comms/buildingworks/reece.htm
 ure that as many decisions
          and ecological building practices                         creative and enterprising expression       Incorporate diversity and flexibility to9 and 10;                                programs that goes beyond facilities




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         http://198.92.126.82/research/nair/lessonstasmania/LessonsTasmania.asp
n the context of what has
 ewhere. If there is a
          and their integration within education of learning community.
 , don't stop there. Extend
new ground if they seem         Reece students with a wireless
                                                                                                               curriculum through multiple teaching                                             sharing.
          settings.
 ontext of the school being     laptop computer lab on wheels
                                                                                                               and learning spaces and delivery         Maximizing use of natural light and
 . Bring in your planner and archit ect as early in the process as
have a fully worked-out "program" or "educational specifications"
                                                                    Develop as an information rich             methods.                                 ventilation and acoustic control;       Initiatives harnessed from state
 essionals. At Reece, the architects threw out everything they knew
 sed, instead, on the
                                                                    learning community combining                                                                                                strategic direction change of
he                                                                  current and futuristic ICT resources       Emphasis of the social dimensions      Innovative information resource           education planning need to be




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         http://www.cefpi.org/20031023_MacWinner.html
ded.
 gs.                                                                with effective learning objectives.        and responsibility of learning through centre incorporating online learning      further implemented with this
sion
any
                                                                                                               formal and informal means.             and vocational education and further      school forming new benchmarking
ould
is
                                                                         Foster stronger links between the                                            education resource information;           parameters for other developments.
                                                                         school and the broader community;     Community ‘peer’ tutoring and




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Education Week, February 4, 2004
some
s we




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         http://www.reece.tased.edu.au/
                                                                         promote students as both teachers     stimulated interaction.                Community access facilities, eg           Successful implementation of ICT.
         School Architecture
use
y and
 use                                                                     and mentors to community groups                                              performing arts/catering complex;
hers                                                                     and develop partnerships with local                                          Innovative furniture and equipment        weaknesses:
  o
 to
          A wireless laptop class in session. At Reece, all rooms are
          potential “computer labs”                                      business and industry.                                                       with the flexibility to re-configure;
                                                                                                                                                                                                Further exploration of outdoor
  itous
uitous
 bout giving students access to technology anytime and anywhere,
  places where that
d. A school designed with                                                                                                                              Seamless ICT provision supporting        learning environments could be
 l have few wasted spaces
  in the school are potential                                                                                                                          “anywhere/anytime learning”              developed.
 al, social, and emotional                                                                                                                             including a central ICT-rich focal
  Good school design is not
         school
  "program," but about                                                                                                                                 facility and de-centralized wireless
 quality called "usability."
 eas on the school campus
eerful, daylit, and            Students now have individual
                                                                                                                                                       and cabled systems.                                                                               4.07
                               workstations that they can
 essonsTasmania3.asp                                                         Page 1 of 2




           Architects Glenn Smith and Associates worked in conjunction with internationally renowned education
c ase s t u d y 0 4 . r e e c e high school
cons t r u c t e d : c o m p l e t e d november 2002
loca t i o n :        d e v e n p o r t, tasmania                                                                                 staff areas =                     circulation =           principal
arch i t e c t :      g l e n n s m ith + assoc with prakash nair                                                                       staff meeting                    breakout space    work area =
popu l a t i o n :    6 0 0 s t u d ents, 42 staff
                                                                                                                                                                                                group learning
build i n g a r e a : n / a m 2
build i n g c o s t : $ 9 . 7 7 5 mil approx
year l e v e l s :    7 - 10

                                                                                                                                            +                                  +                    +
                                                                                                                                  resources, supply + store              individual pod       presentation space




                                                                                                                                                                                                    +
 project studio                                                                                                                  preparation zones                                            student home base

       =                                                                                                                           and resources                      opportunity for
    focus or specialist labs                                                                                                                                         informal meeting
                                                                                                                                                                       or discussion
                                building 7 floor plan [nts]
                                                                                                                                                                                              multi-modal
                                                                                                                                                                                          learning setting for
             +                                                      project studio
                                                                                                              9-10 principal
                                                                                                                                                                                          general group work,
  project space + wet areas                                                                                   work area                                                                    presentations and
                                                                                                                                                              9-10 principal               student individual
                                                                                                                                                              work area
                                                                                                                                                                                              home base

             +
                                                                                                                                   lobby
  project based collaboration
                                                                                     circulation + breakout spaces



                                                                                                                                                              9-10 principal
                                                                                                                                                              work area

                                                                                                                               staff
   project specific              project studio                                          project studio
     small group
    activities and
      discussion
                                                                                                                                                                                                          4.08
                                building 1 floor plan
c ase s t u d y 0 5 . c o p per fi eld college junior campus [vic]
theme 1                                 theme 2                                theme 3                                  theme 4                                 theme 5
context of the project in               educational philosophy                 specific proposed                        key planning + design                   evaluation of strengths &
relation to state, school or                                                   pedagogical activities                   features                                weaknesses
discipline trends in teaching
and learning


This is a third campus for            Team approach where year 7 to 9          Teachers work in middle years teams      Each team space is totally              strengths:
Copperfield, built in one of          students are grouped with a team of      with up to 200 years 7 to 9 students.    independent.
Melbourne’s outer west growth areas. cross KLA teachers for their time in                                                                                       Strong sense of belonging, identity
                                      the middle school.                       There are a mixture of flexible spaces   Each has a group of 6 GPC spaces,       and loyalty for students in each team
The design was carried out during the                                          which allows for less traditional        a junior Science froom, Technology
Middle Years of Schooling Research Teachers have developed integrated          teaching approaches such as              space, Art space and ICT pods.          Team toilets work well as an
and Development program – based       approaches to learning which             team teaching, small group, ICT                                                  antibullying strategy, as does the
on the Hill and Crevola research      best suit the learning needs of the      integration.                             Four of the GPCs are ‘double            glass – safety and security
and a key reform strategy at state    students.                                                                         classrooms’.
government level.                                                              Emphasis on the teacher student                                                  The team office fosters informal
                                      School’s strong belief, based on         relationship as a precursor for          Each team has their own team office,    discussion amongst teachers
At the Kings Park campus there was research and extensive experience           optimal learning – the teachers know     internal toilets, interview space and
considerable research into Middle     is that this structure is the best way   the students, and increasingly their     internal locker spaces.                 Sense of ownership of the design
Years reform, both pedagogy and       to address the middle stages of          families as well. This includes their                                            amongst the staff and school
structural.                           schooling.                               individual learning needs.               The design is open, glass used to       community through research and
                                                                                                                        allow supervision and security.         inclusive design process.
Local building projects adapted         Large size of school and rapid growth Emphasis on inquiry based learning
existing space to facilitate the new    means that sound pedagogy and                                                                                           Building orientation and natural light
structure and year 10 was moved         appropriate structures need to be in
to the senior campus. This lead         place.                                                                                                                  Weaknesses:
to a design brief for the Sydenham
campus based on philosophy and          As a multicampus school, we                                                                                             Internal lockers are higher than the
middle years principles.                are committed to two year 7 to 9                                                                                        optimum height of windows into
                                        campuses and one year 10 to 12                                                                                          corridors.
                                        campus.
                                                                                                                                                                Winds problematic for gardens.

                                                                                                                                                                The north side of each building
                                                                                                                                                                gets hot. Verandahs are designed
                                                                                                                                                                successfully to provide shade, as
                                                                                                                                                                well as a program in place to cool       4.09
                                                                                                                                                                computer rooms.
case study 05 . copper field college junior campus
constructed : 2004
location :      community hub sydenham
architect :     patrick architects
population :    students, staff                                                                                                       seminar area =
building area : n/a m 2                                                                                                                    group learning
                                                             cour tyard
building cost : $ 11.0 mil approx
year levels :   7 - 9


                                                                                                                                                +
  courtyard =                                                                                                                           informal presentation

        outdoor room
                                                                    seminar
                                                                              seminar                      group work=
                                                   seminar                                                  specialised focus labs


                                                                                                                                                +
                                                                                                                                         student home base

 outdoor rooms for                       seminar                                                                    +
  group gathering,                                     group work                presentation
                                                                                                           wet area + project space
 informal learning
   and socialising

                                                                                                                                       learning setting
                                                                                                           area for activity
                                                                                                                                      for general group
  staff areas =                                                                                           based project work
                                                                                                                                      learning, informal
        staff meeting                                                                                        or specialist
                                                                                                                                      presentations and
                                                                                                               learning
                                                                                                                                          discussion

                                                                                           existing gym


            +
  resources, supply + store




 preparation zones
   and resources                                                                                                                                      4.10
c ase s t u d y 0 6 . t h e big rug school [uk]
theme 1                                theme 2                                 theme 3                                 theme 4                                  theme 5
context of the project in              educational philosophy                  specific proposed                       key planning + design                    evaluation of strengths &
relation to state, school or                                                   pedagogical activities                  features                                 weaknesses
discipline trends in teaching
and learning


‘The Big Rug School’ operates as       Flexible spaces for individually        Development of formal and informal    Sustainable school for both the            strengths:
a woven textile of integration of      directed ‘life-long’ learning           curriculum                            community resources, composed




                                                                                                                                                                                                       http://www.teachernet.gov.uk/management/resourcesfinanceandbuilding/schoolbuildings/
pupils, community and staff with       throughout the school for both                                                as a classroom use block and               Connection to outdoor landscaped
the landscape, local conditions and    children and adults.                    Use of the external environment as an community block, with central              spaces and the environment beyond
collective aspirations.                                                        educational tool through connections divisionary individualistic identity
                                       Inclusivity                             to the ‘natural world’.               ‘pods’                                     Interaction of school hours and out-
Ecologically sustainable, low energy                                                                                                                            of-hours ideals
school buildings, emphasising          Flexibility in teaching formats and                                            Accessible, adaptive and integrated
design and construction efficiencies   spatial/furniture arrangements.                                                external and internal environments,       weaknesses:
and technology advancements.                                                                                          focussing on both as spaces for
                                       Involving the entire community in the                                          learning.                                 Classroom design may not provide
                                       life of the school                                                                                                       sufficient flexibility of spaces
                                                                                                                      Inviting, de-institutionalised learning
                                       Encouraging lifelong learning;                                                 spaces, preferring rather flexible
                                                                                                                      learning forums.
                                       ICT integration
                                                                                                                      A modular format of spaces remains




                                                                                                                                                                                                       exemplars/primary/sarawigglesworth/
                                       Traditional delivery method of                                                 distinct within the design proposal
                                       teaching being employed, 90% of                                                which incorporates a strong factory
                                       learning conducted in classrooms,                                              pre-fabrication off-site philosophy.
                                       with break out individual learning




                                                                                                                                                                                                       http://www.swarch.co.uk
                                       pods/resource, ICT and library                                                 Use of low-tech strategies,
                                       spaces.                                                                        embodying low energy, ecologically
                                                                                                                      sustainable design: ventilation
                                       Sequential spaces inviting informal                                            chimneys, double skin walls, day-
                                       learning, passage, rest and sensory                                            lighting controls through use of solar
                                       engagement.                                                                    blinds, energy efficient artificial
                                                                                                                      systems


                                                                                                                                                                                                           4.11
c ase s t u d y 0 6 . t h e big rug school                                                                                                       outdoor activity    circulation =
cons t r u c t e d : n o t b u i l t                                                                                                                space =               breakout space
loca t i o n :        u k - t he o re tical site
                                                                                                                                                     outdoor room
arch i t e c t :      s a r a h w i ggleswoth
popu l a t i o n :    4 2 0 s t u d ents + 26 nurser y students
build i n g a r e a : 2 2 4 4 m 2
build i n g c o s t : G B4 . 0 5 2 mil approx
year l e v e l s :    pr e p - 7                                                                                                                                               +
                                                                                                                                                 outdoor room for    resources, supply + store

                                                                                                                                                 group gathering
                                                                                                                                                  or socialising



                                                                                                                                                                     breakout space +
                                                                                                                                                                    resources provision
  classroom =
     student home base



                                                                                                                                                                     creative space
                                                                  classroom   classroom   classroom          classroom   classroom   classroom                         IT suite =
                                                                                                                                                                       specialist focus space

           +
       presentation


                                                   classroom
                                                                                             outdoor activity space       creative
                                                                                                                          space
                                                                                                                                                                               +
           +                                                                                          IT suite
                                                                                                                                                                     project space + wet areas

      group learning




                                                                                                                                                                     focus spaces for
                                                                                                      main hall
   project specific                                                                                                                                                  specialist activity
     small group
    activities and
      discussion
                                                                                                                                                                                     4.12
                                 floor plan
c ase s t u d y 0 7 . t i g h t urban site . school design [uk]
theme 1                                theme 2                                theme 3                                theme 4                                theme 5
context of the project in              educational philosophy                 specific proposed                      key planning + design                  evaluation of strengths &
relation to state, school or                                                  pedagogical activities                 features                               weaknesses
discipline trends in teaching
and learning


Promotion of the integration and      ‘Create a holistic environment,        Integration of advanced ICT            All spaces, at micro and macro scale, strengths:
advancement of ICT facilities.        which supports the social well being   facilities within school curriculum    inside and outside the classroom, are




                                                                                                                                                                                                     http://www.teachernet.gov.uk/management/resourcesfinanceandbuilding/schoolbuildings/exemplars/secondary/alsop/
                                      of young people as well as their       and establishing alternate delivery    potential learning zones, and places Building’s ecological adaptability
University teaching methodology       education development’                 methods.                               for social interaction                and impact at a macro scale to suit
may be integrated to later year                                                                                                                           several urban sites.
student education, coupled with the School composed of four learning           General assumption of teaching       Central circulation ‘street’ atrium
development of ‘real-time’ virtual      environments, each providing           spaces adapting in response to       framed by a four layers flexible      ‘Mixed-mode’ strategy for all
classes.                                differing delivery methods of the      curriculum developments, ICT         learning classroom zones: the         learning areas at the micro level.
                                        curriculum; the ‘bookcase’, the ‘test innovation and pastoral care.         bookcase and practical learning
Development of a passive ecological bed’, atrium and ‘pebbles’.                                                     spaces.                               Central circulation spine and informal
sustainability system of building,                                             Predicated upon ICT innovation                                             or social learning pods and clusters.
construction and operation              Integrated series of centralised       changing the school’s learning       ‘Test bed’: four storey series of
                                        informal self-directed learning pods environments to develop varying        vertical layers containing different  Passive ecological considerations
Strong sense of a community             through the building’s spine, a break room sizes, more open plan in nature practical learning activity spaces.    and response to external
campus, a ground level ‘street’         out from traditional teaching delivery encompassing a varietal of learning                                        environments.
develops the school meeting spaces used predominantly elsewhere within activities within a single space or          Architectural expression unique
as an enclosed piazza                   flexible internal class spaces.        learning studio.                     to each learning activity links       Weaknesses
                                                                                                                    curriculum ideologies and pedagogy
Adaptation of ‘kit-of-parts’                                                   Note: Current proposal based upon    with spatial concepts.                Remnants of traditional curriculum
ideology at masterplanning level,                                              traditional cellular spaces and                                            delivery methods and cellular spatial
incorporating strategic spatial intents                                        teaching methods with flexible       Creation of a sustainable environment arrangements hinder the progression




                                                                                                                                                                                                     http://www.alsoparchitects.com/
of new curriculum delivery.                                                    ‘internalised’ outcomes incorporated for future generations, principally   towards flexible, non-structured,
                                                                               there in.                            formed upon four themes: health and a-locale learning and challenges
                                                                                                                    well-being, education for sustainable conceptions of student centred
                                                                                                                    development, minimising resource      learning.
                                                                                                                    use and working with the community.

                                                                                                                    Continually evolving teaching styles
                                                                                                                    and technological advancements
                                                                                                                    enabled by spatial layouts with
                                                                                                                    adjustable partitions.                                                         4.13
c ase s t u d y 0 7 . t i g h t urban site . school des ig n
cons t r u c t e d : n o t b u i l t
loca t i o n :        u k - t h e o retical urban site
arch i t e c t :      a l s o p a r chitects                                        ‘the test bed’ =
popu l a t i o n :    1 1 5 0 s t u dents [sixth form 2500                            specialised focus labs

build i n g a re a : 1 0 1 6 7 m 2
build i n g c o s t : G B1 6 . 4 8 9 mil approx
year l e v e l s :    8 - 12

                                                                                    specialist activity
                                                                                       based work


    ‘bookcase’
  classrooms =                                                 ‘th e test bed ’
     student home base                                                               the atrium =
                                                                                         breakout space


                                                               ‘th e at riu m’



           +                                                                                  +
       presentation                                            ‘th e bo ok ca se’      individual pod space




           +                     ground floor plan                                            +
      group learning                                                                      display space




                                                                                    informal gathering,
    flexible group                                                                    socialising with
     spaces with                                                                     provision of small
 opportunity to open                                                                  group pods and
 out onto circulation                                                                    resources



                                                                                                    4.14
                                 longditudinal section
c ase s t u d y 0 8 . s c h ool of environmental studies [minnesota]
theme 1                                  theme 2                                 theme 3                                 theme 4                                  theme 5
context of the project in                educational philosophy                  specific proposed                       key planning + design                    evaluation of strengths &
relation to state, school or                                                     pedagogical activities                  features                                 weaknesses
discipline trends in teaching
and learning


Environmental Studies Specific          Interdisciplinary thematic curriculum:   Active, experiential, access to         Fit the building to the academic        strengths:
School located in a regional setting,   students shape their needs and           advanced ICT empowered learning         program: resolution of the school’s
adjacent the Minnesota Zoo.             interest to focus their education        where traditional disciplines are       pedagogy and curriculum intents         Integration and recognition of
                                        to environmental studies, through        integrated towards the study of the     prior to consultation of architects.    pragmatic ‘real-world’ experience
Strong environmental sustainability     thematic learning experiences.           environment.                                                                    and benefits to flexible learning
concepts used within building                                                                                            Exposed architecture, using the         outcomes and students’ curriculum.
design, to be used as a teaching       Authentic ‘real-world’ project based      Students to act as workers, teachers    building as a teaching tool to
mechanism.                             learning through collaborative            maintaining a less central role.        demonstrate how architect’s work        Use of building envelope as an
                                       partnerships with industry,                                                       with materials and the environment.     ecological teaching driver.
Discipline specific learning and       community, other institutions,            Flexible learning with an




                                                                                                                                                                                                           http://newdesigns.oregonstate.edu/updates/environmental_studies/section04.html
focus oriented school in later years   government and primarily the              environmental focus: in-depth,          Flexible, permeable and open            Development of specialist education
of education, serving as precursory to Minnesota Zoo.                            interdisciplinary research using        learning spaces of varying scales,      stream schooling, focus orientated




                                                                                                                                                                                                           http://www.designshare.com/HighSchoolLibrary/HSZoo/HSZoo2prog.htm
further studies.                                                                 innovative technology that results in   both within built forms and the         to future personal and career




                                                                                                                                                                                                           http://ali.apple.com/ali_sites/glefli/exhibits/1000610/The_Story.html
                                       Self-perpetuating learners, who           practical applications.                 external environment.                   development of students.
                                       accept the responsibility of the




                                                                                                                                                                                                           http://www.glef.org/php/article.php?id=Art_1010&key=189
                                                                                                                                                                                                           http://www.isd196.k12.mn.us/Schools/ses/hse/house.html
                                       afforded latitude to their education,     Coherent structured curriculum and      Design of building envelope provides Weaknesses
                                       to navigate their own learning and        instruction principles, modelling       direct visual connections to the ‘field’
                                       identification of resources within the    informed thought and decision                                                    Partial implementation of flexible
                                       global community.                         making through enhanced student         Promote sensory elements of identity spatial learning arrangements,




                                                                                                                                                                                                           http://www.glef.org/redesigning/intro.html
                                                                                                                                                                                                           http://glef.org/redesigning/html/zoo.html
                                                                                 needs and directed educational          and community through unique             adaptive or re-configurable internal
                                        Encourage sustainable environment        opportunities.                          building form.                           spaces can only form part of a
                                        actions.                                                                                                                  flexible learning space.
                                                                                 Removal of the traditional classroom    Adaptive learning spaces for unique
                                        Promote collaborative relationships      arrangements by transposing             learning experiences, within clusters Discussion of a lottery draw for
                                        among students and staff, fostering      the education setting within the        for student learning, common             student places impinges the active
                                        student learning to their individual     environment.                            workspaces and flexible use rooms. learning of those who strongly desire
                                        capabilities.                                                                                                             to attend the school and is reflective
                                                                                                                         Students should be able to move          in pedagogic intents and strategies.
                                        Develop active, environmentally                                                  about, with the development of a
                                        informed, self-perpetuating learners                                             central location; ‘everyone’s group,
                                        and citizens connected with the local                                            everyone’s house’                                                                                                    4.15
                                        and global community.
c ase s t u d y 0 8 . s c h ool of environmental stu di es
cons t r u c t e d : 1 9 9 5
loca t i o n :        a p p l e v a lley, minnesota
arch i t e c t :      H G A a r c hitects
popu l a t i o n :    4 4 0 s t u d ents, 20 staff                                                                                                          laboratory =
build i n g a r e a : 1 4 . 3 5m 2 per student - 6317 m 2 total                                                                                               specialised focus labs

build i n g c o s t : U S $ 8 5 7 . 9/m 2 - US $5 . 775 mil
year l e v e l s :    10 - 12



                                                                                                                                                            computer labs +
                                                                                                                                                             quiet specialist
                                                                                                                                                               areas for
                                                                                                                                                           concentrated study
                                                                                 laboratory
 classroom =                                                         classroom
                                                                                              classroom
      student home base
                                                                                                          l ab ora to r y
                                                        laboratory
                                                                                               resource
                                                                      resource                                                                               resources =
                                                                                                                            cl assro om
                                                                                                                                                              specialised focus labs
                                     classroom
                                                                                                                            resou rce
                                        resource
             +                                                                                                                            la bo rat or y


                                                                                                                                                                      +
  project space + wet areas


                                                                                                                                                            project space + wet areas




             +
  project based collaboration


                                                                                                                                                             central resource
                                                                                                                                                                areas with
                                                                                                                                                              opportunity for
                                                                                                                                                           informal discussion
   project specific
                                                                                                                                                             in small groups
     small group
    activities and
      discussion
                                                                                                                                                                            4.16
                                 conceptual floor plan

				
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