Republican Candidates

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					 Election 2008
The Race to the White House
   Election 2008
The Race for the White House
        Key Election Terms
 Political party – an organization to gain political
 Candidate – a person who seeks an office, honor,
 Primary election – a preliminary election in
  which voters of each party nominate candidates
  for office, party officers
 General election – a regularly scheduled local,
  state, or national election in which voters elect
        Key Election Terms
 Caucus – a meeting of party members within a
  legislative body to select leaders and determine
 Closed primary – direct primary in which only
  persons meeting tests of party membership may
 Open primary – a direct primary election in
  which voters need not meet a test of party
Electoral College? Huh??
    Electoral College? Huh??
 U.S. presidents are NOT chosen by direct popular
  vote (meaning they got the most votes from the
  people)…just ask Al Gore (2000), Grover
  Cleveland (1888), Sam Tilden (1876), Andrew
  Jackson (1828).
 Instead, the Electoral College actually decides the
 In every state, a list of electors is pledged to each
 The purpose of the direct popular vote in each
  state is to choose one of these electors.
    Electoral College? Huh??
 Usually, the candidate who wins the direct
  popular vote in a state gets all of the state’s
  electoral votes…
 These electors meet in their state capitals
  in December to cast their state’s electoral
  votes for president.
 These votes are sent to the U.S. Congress
  for official counting…
    Electoral College? Huh??
 The total number of votes in the Electoral
  College is 538.
 The presidential candidate who wins 270 or
  more of these votes wins the election!!!
 Election 2008
The Campaigning Begins!
    Democratic Candidates
   P.S. Why does the
    Democratic Party use
    a donkey as it’s
   Most associated with President
    Andrew Jackson, who was
    called a “jackass” by his
   President Jackson then took up
    the symbol to describe his own
   In 1874, Thomas Nast made
    the symbol popular in a
    political cartoon and it remains
    to this day!!
    Democratic Candidates

   Sen. Hillary Clinton (NY)
    Democratic Candidates

   Sen. John Edwards (NC)
    Democratic Candidates

   Sen. Barack Obama (IL)
    Other Democratic Candidates

 Gov. Bill Richardson (NM)
 Sen. Chris Dodd (CN)
 Rep. Dennis Kuchich (OH)
 Sen. Joseph Biden (DE)
    Republican Candidates
   P.S. Why does the
    Republican Party use
    an elephant as it’s
   In 1874, Thomas Nast
    again drew a political
    cartoon depicting the
    Democratic “donkey”
    kicking at a Republican
   The idea stuck and is still
    used today!
    Republican Candidates

   Gov. Mike Huckabee (AR)
    Republican Candidates

   Sen. John McCain (AZ)
    Republican Candidates

   Gov. Mitt Romney (MA)
     Other Republican Candidates

   Fmr. Mayor Rudy Giuliani
   Fmr. Sen. Fred Thompson
   Rep. Ron Paul (TX)
The Party Debates
Democratic Debates
Democratic Debates
Democratic Debates
Democratic Debates
Republican Debates
Republican Debates
Republican Debates
Republican Debates
       Nomination Process
 Each state holds a primary election or caucus
 Depending on state or party laws, voters often are
  voting for a “delegate” who will be “bound” to
  vote for that candidate at the party’s national
 “Unpledged” delegates also participate in the
  party’s nominating convention, but are not bound
  to vote for a particular candidate.
    Democratic Primaries
 Obama   – 2,206
 Clinton – 1,906
 Edwards – 26

 TOTAL   NEEDED – 2,118
Democratic Primaries

Obama = Green / Clinton = Red
    Republican Primaries
 McCain – 1,504
 Huckabee - 286
 Romney - 242

 TOTAL    NEEDED – 1,191
         Republican Primaries

McCain = Blue / Huckabee = Orange / Romney = Green
The Nominees
Republican Nominee
  Sen. John McCain
        Republican Nominee

 Sen.    John McCain

   U.S. Senator from Arizona
   72 years old
   U.S. Naval Academy, B.S.,
   National War College, 1974
Democratic Nominee
  Sen. Barack Obama
     Democratic Nominee

 Sen.   Barack Obama
 U.S. Senator from Illinois
 47 years old
 Columbia University, B.A.,
 Harvard University, J.D., 1991
Election 2008
   The Issues
    Iraq War & “War on Terror”
 Believes that the U.S.
  should fulfill it’s
  mission in Iraq.
 Believes U.S. troops
  should remain until
  the mission is
 Believes war in Iraq is
  directly related to the
  “War on Terror”
    Iraq War & “War on Terror”
   Believes in a slow,
    scheduled withdrawl from
   Believes war was a
    “strategic blunder”.
   Believes in open dialogue
    with Syria & Iran.
   Believes focus of “War on
    Terror” should be on Al-
    Qaeda and the Taliban.
          Illegal Immigration
 Supports giving illegal
  aliens eventual
  citizenship if earned.
 Advocates fines,
  waiting periods, and
  deportation in some
 Supports building a
  wall to increase border
          Illegal Immigration
 Supports giving illegal
  aliens eventual
  citizenship if earned.
 Supports border patrol
  and building a wall.
 Advocates holding
  employers accountable
  for hiring illegal
               Energy Crisis
 Advocates
  development of
  alternative fuels.
 Says oil profits should
  be reinvested into
  nuclear energy.
 Does not support the
  Kyoto Protocol.
             Energy Crisis
 Calls for more
  investment in hybrid
  and ethanol
 Advocates
  conservation and
  development of
  alternative fuels.
 Would look into more
  nuclear energy.
 Believes in rewarding
  good schools.
 Supports charter
 Opposed to national
  standards for funding.
 Believes states should
  decide school voucher
 Believes in providing
  incentives to improve
  the educational
 Increase teacher pay to
  attract more qualified
 Says “No Child Left
  Behind” is under
               Health Care
 Opposes universal,
  mandated health care
  and insurance.
 Supports tax credits
  and medical savings
  accounts for health
 Advocates more
  community health
               Health Care
 Believes U.S.
  Government should
  provide universal
  health care for all.
 Advocates more
  competition among
  insurance &
  markets to lower costs.
              Foreign Policy
 Advocates
  overthrowing “rogue
  governments” and
  using assertive tactics.
 Dialogue with China,
  not Cuba.
 Believes nuclear
  strength should be a
  tool in diplomacy.
                 Foreign Policy
   NATO should be
   U.S. policy should be to
    promote democracy &
    human rights.
   Supports African
   Supports Israel.
   Dialogue with Syria / Iran
The Party Tickets!!
Democratic Ticket
   Obama / Biden ‘08
Republican Ticket
   McCain / ?????? ‘08
Party Nominating Conventions
Democratic National Convention
Democratic National Convention
Democratic National Convention
Democratic National Convention
Republican National Convention
           Just ONE Vote!!!
   1776: One vote gave America the English
    language instead of German.
   1800: One vote kept Aaron Burr, later charged
    with treason, from becoming president.
   1850: One vote made California a state.
   1859: One vote made Oregon a state.
   1868: One vote saved President Andrew Johnson
    from being removed from office.
Still don’t get it??

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