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PSSA Math 08-09

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					 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                                 Getting Ready
                                                             2008-2009
                                                            PSSA Math




                                                                                                          1
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education                       www.pde.state.pa.us



                              2008–2009
                         PSSA Testing Window
    Assessment                                              Dates                            Grade(s)

    PSSA Grade 12 Retest in Math,
                                                            October 20 - 31, 2008            12
    Reading, & Writing

    PSSA Writing                                            February 9 - 20, 2009            5, 8, 11

    PSSA Reading & Math                                     March 16 - 27, 2009              3 through 8, 11

    PSSA Science                                            April 27 - May 8, 2009           4, 8, 11

    PASA Math & Reading                                     February 16 - March 27, 2009     3 through 8, 11

    PASA Science                                            May 4 - 29, 2009                 4, 8, 11

    ACCESS for ELLs                                         January 12 - February 20, 2009   K - 12

    NAEP - in selected schools                              January 26 - March 6, 2009       4, 8, 12
                                                                                                                              2
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education                         www.pde.state.pa.us



                              2009-2010
                          PSSA Testing Window
     Assessment                                                Dates                           Grade(s)
     PSSA Grade 12 Retest in Math,
                                                               October 26 - November 6, 2009   12
     Reading, Science, & Writing
     PSSA Reading & Math and
                                                               April 12 - 16, 2010             3 through 8, 11
     PSSA-Modified Reading & Math
     PSSA Writing                                              April 19 - 23, 2010             5, 8, 11
     PSSA Science and
                                                               April 26 - 30, 2010             4, 8, 11
     PSSA-Modified Science
     PSSA and PSSA-Modified
                                                               May 3 - 7, 2010                 As Applicable
     Make-Ups for All Subjects
     PASA Math & Reading                                       TBD                             3 through 8, 11
     PASA Science                                              TBD                             4, 8, 11
     ACCESS for ELLs                                           TBD                             K - 12
     NAEP - in selected schools                                TBD                             TBD                              3
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




    Academic Standards and Anchors
      • Academic Standards – Revised
        – Mathematics
        – Reading, Writing, Speaking and Listening

      • Assessment Anchors/Eligible Content
        – Existing Anchors Have Not Changed
        – Assessment Anchors for Writing will be developed

                                                                                                          4
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                   PSSA Test Design
    • Data Recognition Corporation (DRC) is contractor
    • Embedded Field Test
    • Multiple Choice and Open Ended Items
    • Equating Block
       – Items that enable scores to be compared from last
         year to this year
    • Matrix has been eliminated


                                                                                                          5
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                                         Scoring
     • Multiple Choice Items are Machine Scored

     • Open Ended Items are Hand Scored
       – Item Specific Scoring Guidelines for Math,
         Reading, and Science
       – Mode Specific Scoring Guidelines for Writing




                                                                                                          6
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                    Accommodations
    • Accommodations Guidelines for Students with IEPs
      and 504 Plans

    • Posted on PDE website

    • Training presentation
       – January 7, 2009
       – Broadcast from 3 PaTTAN sites

    • Accommodations Guidelines for ELLs
                                                                                                          7
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                          Modified Test Format
    • Braille and Large Print Books
      – Order from DRC

    • Spanish Side By Side Translated Versions for Math
      and Science




                                                                                                          8
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                  Performance Levels

     • Cut Scores remain the same for all subjects.

     • Performance Level Descriptors remain the same for
       all subjects.




                                                                                                          9
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




             Pennsylvania Information
            Management System (PIMS)
    • All student information for pre-code labels will come
      from PIMS.

    • IMPORTANT – Information in PIMS must be
      correct.

    • Questions about PIMS, contact the PIMS Help Desk.
      – http://remedyweb.state.pa.us/PDESubmit.jsp
                                                                                                      10
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                        MONITORING
    • In 2007, PDE began monitoring schools and districts
      regarding test security, administration, etc. This
      process will continue in 2009 and beyond. All visits
      will be unannounced.

    • PDE representatives were treated very well.




                                                                                                      11
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                           PSSA
                                          MATH
                                       ASSESSMENT
                                         2008-2009


                                                                                                      12
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                                     2008-2009
    • Student score comes from:
       – 60 Multiple Choice questions
       – 3 Open-Ended questions
    • Students take:
       – 72 MC at grades 3 - 8 and 11
       – 4 Open-Ended
    • All Grades will alternate subject areas with Math
      coming first.

                                                                                                      13
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education                               www.pde.state.pa.us




                                                     2008-2009
                                    2008 PSSA Mathematics Test                            Format
                                       Number of Multiple                             Number of Open-
                                        Choice Items per                               Ended Items per
                                       Student (1 pt. each)                          Student (4 pts. each)


                  Estimated         Common                                          Common                        Total
                                                    Equating          Field                  Equating   Field
                                    Multiple                                         Open-                       Number
     Grade         Time of           Choice
                                                     Block             Test
                                                                                     Ended
                                                                                              Block      Test
                                                                                                                 of Score
                     Test                            Items            Items                   Items     Items
                                     Items                                           Items                        Points



     3-8 and       2.5 hours                                                                                      60+12=
       11                               60               2              10            3         0        1
                   3 sessions                                                                                        72


    Scores come from the COMMON ONLY.
                                                                                                                                  14
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education                          www.pde.state.pa.us




                                          Test Blueprint
      Reporting               Grade           Grade            Grade            Grade    Grade    Grade     Grade
      Category                  3               4                5                6        7        8        11
     Numbers and
                              40-50%         43-47%           41-45%            28-32%   20-24%   18-22%   12-15%
      Operations

     Measurement              12-15%         12-15%           12-15%            12-15%   12-15%   12-15%   12-15%

        Geometry              12-15%         12-15%           12-15%            15-21%   15-21%   15-20%   12-18%

        Algebraic
                              12-15%         12-15%           13-17%            15-20%   20-27%   25-30%   36-42%
        Concepts
     Data Analysis
          and                 13-16%         12-15%           12-15%            15-20%   15-20%   15-20%   12-18%
      Probability
                               72              72               72               72       72       72        72
     Total Points
                              Points          Points           Points           Points   Points   Points    Points
                                                                                                                             15
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                                     2008-2009
    • Criterion Referenced
    • Based on the Assessment Anchor Content Standards
    • 5 Reporting Categories
       – Numbers and Operations
       – Measurement
       – Geometry
       – Algebra
       – Data Analysis

                                                                                                      16
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                                     2008-2009
    • MC items are based solely on the Eligible Content

    • OE items are based on the Anchor. The Content
      comes from EC but what students are asked to do, the
      Verbs (such as show, explain, create), can come from
      the Eligible Content, the Descriptor, or the Anchor.

    • Have students read the OE items carefully and answer
      exactly what is being asked.
                                                                                                      17
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                                     2008-2009
    • Examples of how OE items might be phrased:
       – Show or explain all your work.
       – Show all your work. Explain why you did each
         step.
       – Explain why [something is true or false]
       – Explain how [doing something affects something
         else; to find something, etc]



                                                                                                      18
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                                     2008-2009
    • Examples of how OE items might be phrased: (cont.)
       – List…               – Describe…
       – Graph…              – Solve…
       – Determine…          – Complete…
       – Tell…               – Show….
       – Shade…              – Create…
       – Complete…           – Estimate…


                                                                                                      19
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                                     2008-2009
    • Embedded Field Test
    • Open-Ended items scored on a 0-4 scale
    • Item-specific scoring guidelines but no general
      rubric.
    • Formula sheets will be provided for grades 7, 8 and
      11. Formulas needed in grades 5 and 6 are provided
      with the item.
       – See Resource Materials on our website for the
         formula sheets and item samplers.
                                                                                                      20
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                     Example OE Item
    • Roy is running for class president. He polls 50 students. 60%
      of them say they will vote for him.

            A. There are 350 students in Roy’s class. Based on his
              survey, how many students should he expect to vote for
              him? Show or explain all your work.

            B. Roy will sell fruit drinks to raise money for his campaign.
              A fruit drink cost $0.10 and he sells it for $0.50. How many
              fruit drinks does Roy need to sell to earn $80? Show all
              your work. Explain why you did each step.
                                                                                                      21
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                                            Rubric
    Part A:
       ½ point for correct answer
       1 point for complete and correct work OR
         ½ point for correct but incomplete work.
    Part B:
       1/2 point for correct answer
       1 point for correct and complete work OR
         ½ point for correct but incomplete work.
       1 point for correct and complete explanation.
         ½ point for correct but incomplete explanation.
                                                                                                      22
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education                www.pde.state.pa.us




                                            Rubric Metric
          Total Points (within)                                                     Score (on)

                    4                                                                    4
                   3–3½                                                                  3
                   2–2½                                                                  2
                   ½-1½                                                                  1
                    0                                                                    0



                                                                                                                   23
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                                     2008-2009
    • Testing time is approximately 2.5 – 3 hours for Math.

    • Testing in Grades 3 - 8 and 11.

    • Can have a “blemish” and still get a score of 4.

    • “e.g. missing $” may or may not be a blemish
      depending on the item and grade.

                                                                                                      24
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                                     2008-2009
    • Grade 4 and up: calculators ARE permitted on all but
      the beginning few items.
    • Rulers will be provided at grades where needed.
      Students must use the rulers provided for the PSSA.
    • Rulers scaled in Metric and US Customary.
    • Protractors are provided as needed within the item
      itself.



                                                                                                      25
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education                   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                                          Rulers
        Grade                                 Scaled to                                 Measure to

              3                         ¼th inch and                                   Nearest ½ inch
                                         centimeter
              4                        1/8th inch and                                Nearest ¼th inch or
                                         centimeter                                      centimeter
              5                        1/16th inch and                              Nearest 1/8th inch or
                                         centimeter                                      centimeter
              6                        1/16th inch and                              Nearest 1/16th inch or
                                         millimeter                                      millimeter
                                                                                                                      26
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                                     2008-2009
    • CALCULATOR POLICY
            – The PSSA is designed so that calculators are not necessary
              for students to be successful. If students choose to use a
              calculator on the portions of the PSSA for which
              calculators are permitted then they must adhere to the
              guidelines listed below. It is incumbent upon the school test
              coordinator to ensure that all calculator policies are
              implemented and followed, including making sure
              calculators have no programs stored in their memory.
              Please note that if a student wants to restore the deleted
              programs he or she will have to back them up prior to the
              assessment.

                                                                                                      27
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                                     2008-2009
    The following are NOT allowed for the PSSA:
        – Non-calculators such as cell phones, PDAs, laptops, minicomputers,
           pocket organizers, etc.
        – Beaming capabilities. (These must be disabled.)
        – Wireless communication technologies. Calculators having wireless
           communication technologies may be used if those technologies are
           disabled.
        – Calculators with QWERTY keyboards or other typewriter-like
           keyboards or keypads (e.g. Dvorak).
        – Calculators with built in Computer Algebra Systems – CAS.
        – Calculators that make noise, have paper tape, need to be plugged in or
           talk unless these specific calculators are required as an accommodation.
           (Please refer to the Accommodations Manual.)
        – Sharing calculators by students during a test session.
        – All programs / information stored in a calculator. These must be
           deleted prior to using that calculator on any section of the PSSA.
           Typically these are graphing calculators but scientific calculators may
           also contain stored programs.
                                                                                                      28
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                                     2008-2009
    • This is intended to be a general description of
      what is not allowed. It is not meant to be an
      exhaustive list of specific calculators, devices
      or technologies that cannot be used on the
      PSSA.
    • As technology changes this policy will be
      reviewed and may also change.


                                                                                                      29
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                                     2008-2009
    • Grade 3:

            – Cannot use calculators

            – Mark answers in the test booklet




                                                                                                      30
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪    Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education                              www.pde.state.pa.us




                       Performance Level Cut
                        Scores – All Grades
                                                             Mathematics

    Performance
                                  Grade          Grade           Grade               Grade    Grade    Grade     Grade
        Level                       3              4               5                   6        7        8        11
                               1370              1445             1483                1476     1472     1446     1509
       Advanced               and up            and up           and up              and up   and up   and up   and up

                                  1180-          1246-            1312-              1298-    1298-    1284-      1304-
       Proficient                 1369           1444             1482               1475     1471     1445       1508

                                  1044-           1156-           1158-              1174-    1183-    1171-      1167-
          Basic                   1179            1245            1311               1297     1297     1283       1303

                                  750-            700-             700-               700-     700-     700-      700-
     Below Basic                  1043            1155             1157               1173     1182     1170      1166            31
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                       Who is Excused?
    • Those who qualify to take the PASA
       • Students must meet 6 criteria in order to take the alternate
         assessment for students who have significant cognitive
         disabilities.
         See www.pasaassessment.org .
    • ELLs in their first 12 months of enrollment in a US School
      (not including PR)
       • Must take PSSA Math. Participation counts for AYP;
         performance does not.
       • Are not required to take PSSA Reading
       • Reading scores will not count
         for AYP performance. See www.pde.state.pa.us/esl/ .
                                                                                                      32
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education      www.pde.state.pa.us




                                   Who oversees the
                                  ACCESS for ELLs?
                              Pennsylvania participates in the WIDA consortium; the
                              consortium provides tester training and manages the
                              test development, distribution, scoring, and score
                              reporting processes with its partner, Metritech.


                              WIDA is accessible at this web address:
                              http://www.wida.us/, by emailing help@wida.us, or
                              calling toll free 1-866-276-7735.


                              At the PDE website you can find more information about
                              ACCESS and testing for ELLs at the ESL program page,
                              http://www.pde.state.pa.us/esl/ .
                                                                                                         33
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                     PSSA - Modified
        • Data Recognition Corporation (DRC) is test
          contractor
        • Field tests in all grades.
           – May 18-22, 2009
        • Operational in 2010
        • Focused Sample
        • Cognitive Labs


                                                                                                      34
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us



                                                        PVAAS
    Has been approved for determining AYP
    • If a subgroup does not make AYP by any of the existing 7
      methods, then the Growth Model (really Projections) are
      applied.
    • The projection for each student to a future PSSA is calculated
      – the target grade is specified in the proposal.
    • If the student does not have enough data to calculate a
      projection, the student’s actual test score is used.
    • Actual score for 3rd grade and 11th grade are used since
      projections cannot be calculated for these grades.
    • The percent of students in the subgroup that are projected to be
      proficient (or actually proficient only if no projection can be
      calculated) is then computed. If this percent is greater than or
      equal to the AMO target for that subject, the subgroup is
      identified as making AYP.
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




 NATIONAL ASSESSMENT OF
  EDUCATIONAL PROGRESS
        2008-2009



                                                                                                      36
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us



              National Assessment of
            Educational Progress (NAEP)
     • NAEP is a congressionally mandated project
       overseen by the National Center for Education
       Statistics (NCES) to continuously monitor the
       knowledge, skills, and performance of the nation’s
       children and youth.
     • As the “Nation’s Report Card” it measures and
       reports on a regular basis what America’s students
       know and can do in core subjects like reading,
       mathematics, writing and science
     • http://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard
                                                                                                      37
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                       NAEP 2008-2009
    • In Pennsylvania, NAEP is required of the randomly
      selected schools.

    • Grades tested are 4, 8 and 12.

    • Main subjects are Mathematics, Reading & Science

    • Additionally – U. S. History, Civics, Geography,
      Science (hands on test -HOT), Science (interactive
      computer test-ICT), and a high school transcript study
      (HSTCS)                                                                                         38
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                       NAEP 2008-2009
    • NAEP is administered by Westat Inc., the contractor
      for the U. S. Department of Education.

    • Testing window January 26 to March 6, 2009.

    • Testing time is usually 90 minutes. Additional time
      may be needed for Science HOT & ICT and students
      with special needs.

                                                                                                      39
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                       NAEP 2008-2009
    • Grades and schools are randomly selected according
      to criteria from the U. S. Department of Education

    • Reporting for Mathematics will be in the Fall of 2009

    • Reporting for Reading will be in the Spring of 2010,
      due to new framework for NAEP.

    • Reporting for Science will be in the Summer of 2010.

                                                                                                      40
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                  Is NCLB working?
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                    PA NAEP Grade 4
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                    PA NAEP Grade 8
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us
                       TIMSS 2007
0011 0010 1010 1101 0001 0100 1011

                                        1
                                             2
                                     4
          http://nces.ed.gov/timss/results07.asp
                             Overall
0011 0010 1010 1101 0001 0100 1011

        Significant progress in 4th & 8th Grade Math
        US performed above the international avg
        US scores have risen since 1995
                                           1
        # of countries outperforming US declining
                                                 2
                                       4
        US’s relative standing in math increase
        US’s relative standing in science steady
                             Overall
0011 0010 1010 1101 0001 0100 1011

        US is heading in the right direction in math
        and science


                                            1
                                                 2
        Still has a ways to go to catch up to high-
        performing Asian counterparts




                                        4
        US had made greater achievement gains
        over the past 12 years than Japan and
        Singapore
                      4 th   Grade Math
0011 0010 1010 1101 0001 0100 1011

          Performed as well or better than 23 of 35 participating
          countries
          Outperformed Australia, Italy, Sweden & Hungary,


                                                     1
                                                             2
          which outperformed US in 2003
          US outperformed by 8 countries compared to 11 in 2003
          Scores have risen 11 points since 1995 (increase all




                                                 4
          came b/w 2003 & 2007). Singapore had an increase of 9
          points.
          10% of students score at the Advanced level. Only 7
          other countries had a greater percentage.
                      8 th   Grade Math
0011 0010 1010 1101 0001 0100 1011

        Performed as well or better than 37 of 47 participating
        countries
        Outperformed Australia, Sweden, Scotland & Malaysia,


                                                      1
                                                             2
        which outperformed US in 2003
        US outperformed by just 5 countries compared to 9 in
        2003




                                                 4
        Scores have risen 16 points since 1995. Only 3 countries
        made greater gains. Hong Kong (4 pts), Japan (-11 pts),
        Russia (-11 pts), Singapore (-16 pts)
        6% of students score at the Advanced level. Only 7 other
        countries had a greater percentage.
                    Keep in mind…..
0011 0010 1010 1101 0001 0100 1011

        Similar students are not being compared
        (e.g. a country may score higher b/c it


                                          1
                                               2
        enrolls more students from a higher SES)
        Differences in scores may be a result of




                                      4
        differences in curricula, not quality of
        instruction
          National Math Panel Report
0011 0010 1010 1101 0001 0100 1011

                        Let’s count to 4…
                            “1,2,3,4”

                                            1
                                                2
                                            4
          National Math Panel Report
0011 0010 1010 1101 0001 0100 1011

     Executive Summary
     •   Curricular Content

                                                      1
                                                              2
             • Benchmarks for Critical Foundations (pg. 20)
             • Major Topics of School Algebra (pg.16)




                                                 4
     •       Learning Processes
             • Conceptual understanding, computational fluency,
               and problem-solving
             • Fractions (decimals and percents)
0011 0010 1010 1101 0001 0100 1011

     1. Teachers and Teachers Education (xx)
     2. Instructional Practices (xxii)

        Assessment (xxv)               1
     3. Instructional Materials (xxiv) &


                                            2
                                     4
     4. Research Policies and Mechanisms (xxvi)
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education    www.pde.state.pa.us




                                  Resource Materials
    • Assessment Handbook
            – http://www.pde.state.pa.us/a_and_t/lib/a_and_t/2007-
              2008_Assessment_Handbook.pdf
    • Performance Level Descriptors
            – http://www.pde.state.pa.us/a_and_t/cwp/view.asp?a=108&q=114348
    • Performance Level Cut Scores
            – http://www.pde.state.pa.us/a_and_t/cwp/view.asp?a=108&q=114026
    • Getting Ready 2008-2009 Presentation
            – http://www.pde.state.pa.us/a_and_t/lib/a_and_t/2008_PSSA_Rollout.ppt
    • Calculator Policy
            – http://www.pde.state.pa.us/a_and_t/lib/a_and_t/Calculator_Policy.pdf
    • Math Formula Sheets
            – http://www.pde.state.pa.us/a_and_t/cwp/view.asp?a=108&Q=73314&a_and_tNa
              v=|680|&a_and_tNav=|
                                                                                                       54
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                  Resource Materials
    • Item and Scoring Samplers
            – http://www.pde.state.pa.us/a_and_t/cwp/view.asp?a=108&Q=73314&a_and_t
              Nav=|680|&a_and_tNav=|
    • Standards-Aligned Strategies and Lesson Plans for the Teaching of Writing
            – http://www.pawritingprojectnetwork.org/
    • Pennsylvania Writing Project Network Writing Strategies
            – http://www.pawritingprojectnetwork.org/
    • Assessment Anchor Content Standards (Assessment Anchors)
            – http://www.pde.state.pa.us/a_and_t/cwp/view.asp?a=108&q=103127&a_and_t
              Nav=|6309|&a_and_tNav=|
    • Interpretation Aids
            – http://www.pde.state.pa.us/a_and_t/cwp/view.asp?a=108&Q=45153&a_and_t
              Nav=|681|&a_and_tNav=|
    • Accommodations Guidelines
            – http://www.pde.state.pa.us/a_and_t/lib/a_and_t/2008AccommodationsGuidelin
              es.pdf

                                                                                                      55
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




                                  Resource Materials
    • Assessment Anchor Toolkits
            – http://www.pde.state.pa.us/a_and_t/cwp/view.asp?a=108&Q=108454&a_and_t
              Nav=|6404|&a_and_tNav=|
    • Target Passage Types for Reading
            – http://www.pde.state.pa.us/a_and_t/lib/a_and_t/Target_Passage_Types_for_Re
              ading_PSSA.pdf
    • General Scoring Guidelines
            – http://www.pde.state.pa.us/a_and_t/cwp/view.asp?a=108&Q=73314&a_and_t
              Nav=|680|&a_and_tNav=|




                                                                                                      56
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education                      www.pde.state.pa.us




                                  Contact Information
Division of Assessment



      Jay Gift                                                 717-783-1144         rgift@state.pa.us
      Jack Hoerner                                             717-787-4865         jhoerner@state.pa.us
      Kevin Nlemchi                                            717-346-3290         knlemchi@state.pa.us
      Diane Simaska                                            717-346-8064         dsimaska@state.pa.us
      Stephanie Stauffer                                       717-346-7167         sstauffer@state.pa.us
      Charles Wayne                                            717-783-0358         cwayne@state.pa.us




                                                                                                                         57
 PSSA Assessment 2009
Edward G. Rendell, Governor   ▪   Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak, Secretary of Education   www.pde.state.pa.us




       Office of Elementary/Secondary Education
       Diane Castelbuono, Deputy Secretary

       Bureau of Assessment and Accountability
       Shula Nedley, Ph.D, Director

       Division of Assessment
       Ray Young, Division Chief

                                                                                                      58

				
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