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					Highlights of
Codes,
Regulations and
Laws For Public
Protection
Codes & Regulation For Public Protection:
            Federal Level:
Codes & Regulation For Public Protection:
      State Level Housing Codes

• State and local agencies adopt EPA and other
  federal regulations by ordinance.
   – This is what gives the regulations legal clout.

• States also adopt Building Codes that apply to
  new construction and/or rehabilitation.
   – This is what gives the building code legal clout.
Codes & Regulation For Public Protection:
      State Level Housing Codes

•International Building Code is the most recent
conventionally adopted code.

•History:
         •Uniform Building Code (UBC)
         •Building Officials and Code Administrators (BOCA)
         •International Building Code (IBC)
Common Federal Regulatory Agencies
EPA: US Environmental Protection Agency
  – EPA publishes its regulations at Title 40
    of the Code of Federal Regulations.

  – EPA establishes regulations on
    housing problems related to:
     • Lead-based paint
     • Air quality
     • Sanitary/potable water
     • Asbestos, etc.
Common Regulatory Agencies
• HUD: United States Department of
  Housing and Urban Development.

  – HUD publishes its regulations at Title 24 of the
    Code of Federal Regulations.

  – HUD establishes regulations for all housing
    and for housing receiving federal funds.
Common Regulatory Agencies
• HUD Regulates:

  – MORTGAGE AND LOAN INSURANCE PROGRAMS UNDER
    NATIONAL HOUSING ACT AND OTHER AUTHORITIES

  – NONDISCRIMINATION IN FEDERALLY ASSISTED PROGRAMS,
    FAIR HOUSING

  – HOUSING ASSISTANCE/PUBLIC HOUSING

  – HUD publishes its regulations at Title 24 of the Code of
    Federal Regulations.
Example of State Building Code Standards
Adoption
• The following is an example of federal
  regulation guidelines being adopted by State
  Legislature.

• www.energycodes.gov:
JCARR (Ohio Joint Committee on Agency Rule Review)
Core Elements of Housing Codes
that Address Health
•   General sanitation
•   Pest infestation
•   Plumbing
•   Ventilation
•   Carbon monoxide
•   Combustion devices
•   Non-absorbent flooring
•   Hazardous materials
•   Weather-tightness & Dampness
Public Nuisance Laws
• Local governments have the authority
  to address nuisances that threaten
  health & safety of the general public.

• The definition of a nuisance varies by
  state and locality.

• Most codes provide authority to take
  action when a condition in a residential
  property is harmful to health.
Landlord Tenant Laws
• These laws establish the responsibilities
  for tenants and landlords.

• For example:

  – Tenants may be required to keep premises
    free of clutter, which can help attract and
    harbor pests.

  – Landlords are required to provide
    maintenance to keep pests out and
    provide sufficient trash pick up.
A Closer Look At Building Codes
• Objectives of the building code:

  – To ensure safety & health of the
    occupants and general public
    • Life Safety
    • Fire Safety
    • Structural Safety


  – Does NOT deal with asthetics
Life Safety: Handrails
• Building code address life safety
  issues like guardrails/handrails
Life Safety: Stairs
Building code address life safety issues like:

• Tread/riser uniformity
• Accessibility regulations for handicapped
Fire Safety: Construction Methods

• Building code regulates fire safety
  related to fire-resistant construction
  materials and methods.

  – Ie, platform framing vs. balloon
    framing
     • Balloon framing has been outlawed by building codes
       in many areas because of the fire danger that it poses
Balloon vs. Platform Framing
Fire Safety: Code Required Passive
Fire Protection
– Requires use of fire-resistance rated wall
  and floor assemblies
   • Aids in managing/limiting spread of fire


– Requires occupancy separations, or
  firewalls, to keep fires, high
  temperatures and flue gases within the
  compartment of origin
   • Aids in firefighting and evacuation
Health & Welfare
• Provisions are included in the
  building code for:
  –   Lighting
  –   Ventilation
  –   Sanitation
  –   Temperature
  –   Noise control
• Minimum space requirements for
  habitable rooms
Enforcement of A Building Code
• Codes are enforceable through the
  police powers of the state.

• States usually delegate power to local
  jurisdictions
  – County/municipality
Building Officials
• Authority to enforce/administer code
  for jurisdiction.
  – Designs nothing
  – Builds nothing
  – Repairs nothing


• Responsibility:
  – To see that persons engaged in these
    activities do so within the requirements of
    law.

				
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posted:8/12/2011
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