Basic Skills for the TOEFL® iBT
Speaking - 1
WORD PARTS SAMPLE SENTENCE
break n. I need a break from my work.
during prep. He fell asleep during the show.
dull adj. My math class is a little dull.
relax v. We need to relax after our long day.
think v. She thought that your shoes were pretty.
enjoy v. Do you enjoy reading comics when you have free time?
serious adj. His son is a very serious student.
academic adj. Jane is a member of an academic club at school.
job n. Your job will be to clean the house and wash the dog.
deserve v. They deserve to win the first prize for their efforts.
wake up phrase She needs to wake up and listen to her teacher in class.
plus prep. Michael brought his boots plus an umbrella.
contribute v. Will you be able to contribute some money for the party?
prefer v. I prefer chocolate chip to peanut butter cookies.
waste v. Don’t waste time on small problems.
exam n. Our teacher said that we will have an exam on Friday.
trouble n. I am having trouble understanding grammar.
resume v. Mrs. Kim will resume teaching after she gets married.
especially adv. I especially like to go hiking in the fall.
doubt v. If you doubt his plan, you should tell him.
due to phrase He was sleepy due to the fact that he was up all night.
good point phrase Marie made some good points in her speech.
final adj. Today will be my final day of school.
access n. Do you have access to our website?
permanent adj. Sally will be a permanent part of our company.
ordinary adj. His new cellphone is pretty ordinary.
announcement n. Mr. Lee gave an important announcement for everyone in the
prepare v. office. be sure to prepare lunch for tomorrow’s trip.
plenty of phrase On a hot day you should drink plenty of water.
remind v. Will you remind me to call mom at noon?
pastime n. In Mexico, soccer is a popular pastime.
adventurous adj. He’s quite adventurous so I’m not surprised he likes skydiving.
interesting adj. Lisa has a very interesting way of dressing.
usually adv. My dog usually likes to take a walk in the evenings.
outgoing adj. My youngest brother is quite an outgoing person.
together adv. John and Karen often work together.
opposite adj. Use the opposite side of your paper to solve the math problem.
best friend n. Finding a best friend is not always easy.
personality n. Do you think you have a good personality?
indoor activities n. Indoor activities are not affected by the rain.
different adj. We walked a different way to school today.
outdoor activities n. Water skiing is a popular outdoor activity.
activity n. My favorite activity is riding my bike.
similar adj. Jenny’s laptop is similar to mine.
example n. If you give me an example of the problem, I may be able to help you.
outdoor adj. We went to an outdoor concert yesterday.
studio n. Julie was looking for a larger studio for her art work.
speed n. The car’s speed was too fast for the icy road.
scene n. He tried to find the perfect scene to photograph.
medium n. The medium of television has brought the world closer than ever.
unique adj. His recipe for fried chicken was very unique.
feminine adj. The girls looked so feminine in their new dresses.
nature n. I like to be close to nature whenever I get the chance.
influence v. Sometimes scary movies can influence young children.
realistic adj. His paintings are so realistic that they look like photos.
critic n. The food critic said the food in our restaurant was great!
popular adj. Their song is very popular with many teenagers today.
experience n. I had some funny experiences growing up on a farm.
supply n. Before we went camping, we had to buy lots of supplies.
copy v. I tried to copy his picture but it was too hard for me.
old-fashioned adj. My parents are quite old-fashioned about marriage.
online adv. Computers have allowed people to work online at home.
Because we were in the mountains, I couldn’t get reception on my
text messages n. I often receive text messages on my phone.
conversation n. I had a long conversation with dad.
instant n. Because of computers, money can be sent to banks in an instant.
technology n. Technology allows us to live easy lives.
in addition conj. In addition, he broke his middle finger when he fell off his horse.
complicated adj. For me science is too complicated to understand.
dependable adj. My best friend is the most dependable person I know.
chatting n. Chatting is a good way to get to know someone.
multiple adj. Our family car has multiple scratches and dents.
custom n. She has a custom of praying before she eats.
hate v. I hate it when it rains on the weekends!
communicate v. There are many ways to communicate without words.
move away phrase I’m sad that my brother moved away last week.
miss out phrase If you arrive too late, you will miss out on dinner.
freedom n. I like the freedom to go where I want.
Someone’s hometown is the town where they live or the town that
they come from.
motivate v. I was motivated to go on a diet after I read his book.
schedule n. Following a simple exercise schedule will help you get into shape.
important adj. Getting a good education is very important for everyone.
flexible adj. If you can be flexible, you will have more choices.
guidance n. You may need a little guidance for the first few days of your new
job. responsible for taking care of my brother while my parents are
immediately adv. James immediately called the police after he saw the accident.
cheap adj. We shop at local markets because they are cheap.
independent adj. Koreans want more independent policy toward U.S.
One advantage of living alone is that you can watch what you want
unlike prep. Unlike me, my sister did not go to college.
living n. Living near the coast is great.
countryside n. I like visiting my relatives who live in the countryside.
museum n. The artwork in some museums is quite lovely.
air n. Getting some fresh air into your home is a good idea.
shop n. Many small shops can be found along the main road.
advantage n. It is to your advantage to speak properly.
space n. I hope we have enough space to put up our camping tent.
include v. The set menu will include a drink.
view n. The view is beautiful beyond description.
moreover adv. I jog everyday; moreover, I lift weights.
convenient adj. The internet has made searching for information very convenient.
Korean credit card spending overseas increased more than 20%
compared to phrase
compared to last year.
Our team will be at a disadvantage because our best player is
backyard n. It is usually safe to play in the backyard.
Arctic n. Some people have risked their lives traveling to the Arctic.
tundra n. It is too cold for trees to grow above the tundra.
tusk n. Elephants have long white tusks.
thick adj. The bread was cut into thick slices.
dwelling n. There are few dwellings in the middle of the desert.
hoof n. A horse usually wears metal shoes on its hooves.
herd n. A herd of cattle were quietly eating grass.
fur n. Most animals grow extra fur in the winter to keep them warm.
migrate v. Many types of birds migrate to warmer weather in the winter.
Over many years, some animals have adapted to match the
conditions they live in.
enemy n. Dogs are a common enemy for most cats.
develop v. We’ve developed a new way of producing energy.
avoid v. Please try to avoid eating too much sugary foods.
There was a small layer of snow on the ground when we woke up in
environment n. Hawaii is a group of islands that has a warm and sunny
athletic adj. She is very athletic since she regularly goes to the health club.
competitive adj. My brother and I are competitive in everything that we do.
energize v. Taking a short vacation can really energize you.
An advanced country should increase its economic aid to developing
character n. Actors get to play many different kinds of characters in their movies.
focus v. You need to focus on your studies not on playing computer games.
physical adj. American football is very physical sport.
brain n. All of our thinking power comes from our brain.
participate v. Do you like to participate in academic debates?
anywhere adv. You can listen to music anywhere these days.
socialize v. Whenever I’m around groups of people, I always socialize.
chance n. I really hope that we get a chance to play in tomorrow’s big game.
It is hard to hurt yourself while writing since it is a nonphysical
sport n. A good way of staying active is to play any kind of sport.
It is very difficult for anyone to connect with him since he hardly
education n. I received a good education from my school.
pointless adj. Washing your car in the rain is pointless.
as such phrase I was out in the rain all day as such I’m feeling sick.
concern v. I am concerned about his poor health.
fees n. The fees for this private school are very high.
announce v. They will announce the winner after school.
available adj. Mr. Smith will be available after 2pm today.
cut back phrase I think I will have to cut back on ice cream, I’m getting fat.
frequent v. My friends and I often frequent this café for lunch.
appoint v. Did your boss appoint this duty to you yesterday?
at random phrase We chose a movie at random since there were so many playing.
assistance n. If you need any assistance with your work please let me know.
aid v. I will work hard to aid the sick and poor.
start n. Our company is small now but it’s a start.
service n. What special services does your company offer?
spend v. Did you spend much money on your clothes?
expensive adj. A diamond ring can be very expensive.
concert n. We will go to a live outdoor concert tonight.
lose v. Please do not lose your house keys.
save v. You should save a small percent of your salary.
replace n. You should always replace anything you break.
spare n. If you forgot your pen I have a spare I could lend you.
style n. People with their own style make good clothing designers.
fashion n. I really enjoy fashion and I’d like to have a job in that area.
buy v. You will need to buy warm clothes for the winter.
modern adj. Modern airplanes are much faster than they were.
allow v. Will mom allow you to come with me to the store?
emergency n. There was a big emergency at the school.
part time n. I got a part time job after school.
future n. I can’t wait for what will happen in the future.
explosion n. The bomb made a large explosion.
astronomer n. She went to school to become an astronomer.
crater n. The moon’s ground has many craters.
universe n. All the stars and planets live in the universe.
telescope n. I can look at the stars with a telescope.
eclipse v. A few times each year the moon will eclipse the sun and hide it.
sphere n. The balloons were in the shape of spheres.
altogether adv. Altogether, there were over 1,000 people.
astronomy n. The Mayans developed astronomy, numbers and their own
binocular n. calendar. a pair of binoculars when I go bird watching.
I like to take
solar system n. Our solar system has billions of stars and planets.
orbit v. The moon orbits around the Earth.
You shouldn’t stare at the sun too long because it is so bright that it
can hurt your eyes.
consider v. Have you ever considered seeing a doctor for the pain in your back?
There are many satellites in space that help people live a more
comfortable life on Earth.
find v. I find myself falling asleep in class.
correct adj. Every one of her answers was correct.
least adv. The music I like the least is country.
subject n. One of my favorite school subjects has always been history.
result n. The results for our test are now available.
feelings n. My feelings were hurt after she yelled at me.
goal n. My goal is to get a perfect score on my college entrance exam.
achieve v. We should all try to achieve great things in life.
actually adv. I would like to have lunch with you but I’ve just eaten actually.
particular adj. I like this particular color of red.
finish v. Did you already finish your homework?
My mother studied the humanities and now works as a music
inspirational adj. Some people are inspirational and make us want to achieve.
favorite n. Of all the fruits, strawberries are my favorite.
vacation n. I will take my family to Jeju Island for our summer vacation.
definitely adv. I will definitely make it to your party this weekend.
express v. I learned to express my ideas through writing.
decision n. What decision will you make about school?
plan n. Have you made any plans for your winter break?
responsibility n. It is my responsibility to make sure that you get to school on time.
discuss v. I discussed the problem with him.
culture n. I find Korean culture fascinating.
whole adj. Did you erase the whole file on accident?
relax v. Getting some time to relax is important for your health.
miss v. I miss my family so much when I’m away.
interest n. My grandmother has several interests including hiking and sailing.
youth n. Some older people wish they still had their youth.
traveling n. Traveling is one of my favorite past times.
abroad adv. I would like to study abroad in the US someday.
tuition n. Since tuition at my school is so high, I usually get a summer job.
violent adj. A violent person is dangerous.
real life phrase In real life, animals cannot talk.
behavior n. Your behavior at school is terrible.
help v. Can you help me paint the house tomorrow?
habit n. I have a bad habit of biting my nails.
content n. The content of her book is very funny.
amount n. I ate a large amount of ice cream.
grow v. If you really care for your plants, they will grow nicely.
outside adv. We didn’t stay outside long because it was too cold.
positive adj. Everyone at the office had a positive feeling about him.
message n. He tried to spread his message of happiness.
reduce v. Please try to reduce the amount of water you use.
comedy n. I enjoy all kinds of movies but comedies are my favorite.
acid n. Acid can be harmful if it touches your skin.
float v. The smoke was floating in the air.
contain v. The small box contains old letters and some pictures.
form v. A picture of a horse formed in the clouds.
release v. She released the dove from its cage.
warm adj. I prefer warm weather to hot or cold.
damage v. The young boy damaged his arm in the accident.
structure n. The structure of modern skyscrapers is very exact.
factory n. In factories many cars and trucks are built.
burn v. If you burn something it will make smoke.
mix v. When you mix the colors white and black, you get gray.
weak adj. After a long hike in the mountains I feel a little weak.
insect n. During the summer there are many insects.
forest n. In desert countries there is not enough water for there to be forests.
soil n. If the soil is too dry, nothing will grow from it.
rather adv. She would rather go swimming than hiking.
later on phrase We will go to the market later on.
comprehend v. We did not comprehend your directions.
late adv. Steve handed in his essay late.
success n. I am a success because of my family’s support.
grade n. I received the highest grade in my class.
manage v. Mary will be able to manage all of the changes in her new job.
again adv. Mr. Shin asked me to sing the song again.
routine n. Part of my routine is to read the paper on the bus.
It takes a lot of discipline to wake up every morning and go for a
quiet adj. The old house was dusty and quiet.
vital adj. Your passport is a vital document you need when traveling.
challenge v. Rita challenged me to a 100 meter race at school.
need v. I will need two eggs and some flour.
inform v. Will you inform your dad that I will arrive soon?
unexpected adj. The news from the hospital was much unexpected.
timetable n. What does your timetable for today look like?
demand v. Did they demand that you attend the meeting?
certain adj. Is there a certain type of car you are looking for?
conflict v. Our ideas about the current president conflict with each other.
cafeteria n. The food at our school cafeteria is pretty good.
respond v. Have you responded to her letter yet?
extra adj. I brought an extra ball in case we need one.
advance v. Technology always needs to advance.
dedicated adj. My work is dedicated to helping people.
Will you increase the amount of classes you are taking this
campus n. I’m really happy that they have planted more trees on campus.
work out phrase If your current plan works out, will you ask for a higher position?
reserve v. Since it is such a fancy restaurant, we should reserve a table.
lifestyle n. I live a very independent lifestyle.
dodge v. We had to dodge all the people on the street.
increase v. The temperature will increase next month.
exercise n. Not too many kids get enough exercise.
waste v. You shouldn’t waste your food.
necessity n. Water is a necessity of life.
healthy adj. It is good to have healthy eating habits.
maintain v. We hope to maintain a high level of service at the hotel.
nowadays adv. Many people are talking about the environment nowadays.
balance v. You have to make sure that the two scales are balanced.
behind adv. Since he practices soccer so often his grades are falling behind.
suggest v. Can you suggest a good movie for me to watch tonight?
typical adj. A typical breakfast in North America is cereal and toast.
optional adj. Wearing a tie is optional in my new office.
gym n. Let’s go to the gym together so we can get in shape.
huge adj. There was a huge wave that covered the beach.
theater n. I really enjoy watching live theater.
recent adj. Her most recent movie did very well.
remote control n. Having a remote control makes it easy to watch TV.
past n. Their argument happened in the past.
channel n. The music channel on TV is one of my favorites.
few adj. We still have a few pencils left if you need one.
record v. Did you remember to record your answers in the file?
currently adv. We currently only have green tea.
gradually adv. It is best if you lose your extra weight gradually.
disk n. Most of today’s information is held on a simple disk.
The researchers have been making good progress finding a cure for
entertainment n. There will be live entertainment at the party.
limited adj. Our supply of free soft drinks is limited.
press v. By pressing the button, the waiter will know that you need
despise v. I really despise taking the subway to work.
airport n. Because people travel so much, airports are always busy.
hectic adj. It is always hectic in my office at the end of the month.
great adj. Everyone had a great time at the party.
late adj. I’m happy to say that I’ve never been late to work.
worry v. I try not to worry about small things.
be supposed to phrase Mom said that we are supposed to clean our room today.
dislike n. She has a strong dislike for onions.
mostly adv. My family mostly eats dinner at home.
locate v. The police located the thief hiding in a closet.
mode n. What mode of transportation do you use to get to work?
near adv. Since I live near my work, I walk.
require v. My school requires me to wear a uniform.
slow adj. Today’s trains are not as slow as they were 100 years ago.
disappointed adj. I was disappointed with my performance in the game.
effort n. With a little more effort you can be an “A” student.
appear v. He will appear in front of his class to give a speech.
earn v. You can earn some money by tutoring students.
play n. Since plays are live, I find them more exciting than movies.
course load n. I never take a full course load during the year.
volunteer n. Being a volunteer gives you good experience for the future.
extra-curricular adj. I am involved with a few extra-curricular activities at school.
semester n. I did well in my first two semesters of school.
audition v. Most actors have to audition for parts in movies.
poorly n. Their entire project was done so poorly that they failed.
We can go to the movies or on the other hand, we can go to the
on the other hand conj.
degree n. She received her degree from a fine school in England.
join v. Let’s go and join the school band.
club n. My friends and I have formed a private club at my house.
In the drama club we get a chance to put on some interesting shows
for the school.
efficient adj. We found an efficient way to do our work.
instead of phrase Why don’t we go to the beach instead of the park?
rapidly adv. The guests filled the seats rapidly.
excess n. There was an excess of food after the wedding.
hard adj. Math has always been a hard subject for me.
source n. The source of his ideas is unknown.
sure adj. Are you sure that this is the right place for us to be?
professional adj. My sister is a professional musician.
online game n. For relaxation I often play online games on my computer.
vast adj. The explorers found a vast amount of treasure.
data n. Do you have enough data to solve the math problem?
control v. Trying to control a group of 4-year olds is very difficult.
topic n. We have many topics to cover in class today.
way n. Can I use this key as a way to get inside the building?
answer n. I am most happy when people give me a clear answer to a question.
orchestra n. Orchestras usually play in large auditoriums.
full-size adj. We took a full-size photo of us by the ocean.
sound n. Some of the strangest sounds that I’ve ever heard come from
member n. animals. so many members in our club.
conductor n. My uncle is a conductor with the local symphony.
baton n. A conductor uses a baton to guide musicians.
brass n. A saxophone is a brass instrument.
pull v. If you pull the rope it will tighten the knot.
group n. I am thinking of forming a music group with my brother.
hollow adj. When a bottle has nothing inside, we call it hollow.
stretch v. I tried stretching the shirt so that it would fit me.
instrument n. One of the earliest instruments ever made was the drum.
section n. The classroom has been divided into three sections.
string n. We tied the pieces of wood together with somestring.
We all feel very happy whenever we know that he will be leading