PON-Seminar UF by the300e

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									Acterna FTTx / PON
     Seminar

   Singapore Feb. 25th
               Udo Fetzer
             Market Manager
              Fiber Optics
     email: Udo.Fetzer@acterna.com
       Agenda
FTTXs definitions
PON basics
Market view
PON standards
PON business case
Manufacturer approach
Acterna solutions for PON testing
Conclusion
                                 What is PON ?
                 Fiber Optics in Broadband Networks
                 Q3             Optical Distribution Network                         FTTx
                       Optical Splitter G671

 Internet                                                                            Fiber To The Home
                                                                             ONT



 Leased                                       Optical fiber G652
   line
                                                                                     Fiber To The Building
                                                                             ONT
Frame/cell
   relay
                OLT


                                                                              NT
                                                                                     Fiber To The Curb
                                                              ONU
Telephone
                                                              Twisted pair
                                                   ONU                       NT      Fiber To The Cabinet
Interactive
   video

                             PON                             VDSL
              OLT: Optical Line Termination       ONT: Optical Network Termination
              ONU: Optical Network Unit           NT: Network Termination
                         PON Basics
                         ONT
                                       • Passive Optical Network
      fiber
                                         • OLT & ONTs are “active” and in
OLT                              ONT       buildings
              splitter

                                         • Fiber and splitters are passive

                           ONT           • Single PON usually supports 32
                                           subscriber points

                                         • Use less fiber than direct runs
           How PON Works
• All optical passive loop plant
• Significantly reduced CO wiring and space requirement
• Significantly reduced plant OPEX
                                                   1
• Easy upgrade and long plant life        1
                                                       Phone
                                                   1
                                         ONU
                                         ONU
                Downstream                               P
                broadcast                          1     C
                 1       2       3
         OLT
         OLT                                  2         T
                     1       2       3                  V

                      Upstream           ONU
                                         ONU
                      TDMA
                                                        PBX
                                              3


                                         ONU
                                         ONU
                                                              PC
          4 Different types
        of PON Equipments
• A-PON:   ATM PON
• B-PON:   Broadcast PON (Interactive video)
• E-PON:   Ethernet PON
           uses Ethernet transmission protocol
           (e.g VoIP for phone calls…)
• G-PON: Gigabit PON
         similar to A-PON but at higher rate
         (1.25 -2.5 Gbps)
         Basic FTTx Architecture
                                   Video distr. center

                                        Video
       Central Office

                            Voice & Data                      Video
                            Downstream                                                                   Premise
Data                                                         1550 nm
              OLT            1490 nm Optical
                                        Couplers
                                                                                                         ONT
              (Optical                   (WDM)                                                       (Optical Network
Voice           Line                                                                                    Terminal)
                             Upstream
             Terminal)       1310 nm                                         Optical
                                                                                         1x32
                                                                                          Or
                                                                             Splitter   Cascade
                                                                                                     Video Data POTS
                                                                                                     Coax Ethernet



                              Bandwidths & Services
                        Upstream                              Downstream
                         1310 nm                   1490 nm                        1550 nm
                    Voice and Data             Voice and Data                     Video
                   @ 155 to 622 Mbps            at 622 Mbps
                                                                42 MHz             550 MHz            860 MHz

                                                                      Analog TV         Digital TV   HD/VOD
                          FTTx IP Architecture


        Central Office                          Voice & Data & Video
                                                   Downstream
                                                    1490 nm                                     Premise
Video
Data
                         OLT                                                                    ONT
           IP             (Optical                                                          (Optical Network
Voice                       Line                                                               Terminal)
                                     Upstream
                         Terminal)   1310 nm
                                                                                   1x32
                                                                       Optical      Or
                                                                       Splitter   Cascade
                                                                                            Video Data POTS
                                                                                            Coax Ethernet
 B-PON Transmission
   Characteristics
 Service                                          Voice
Networks                                          Ethernet
                         Voice/Data and Video     Video
 Voice                 1490nm/1310nm, 1550nm                 ONT
 Data      OLT
            (Optical
 Video                                                         Optical Network
              Line                                                Terminal
           Terminal)                   Passive
                                       Optical                     ONT
                                       Splitter      Voice
                                        (1x32)       n x DS1s
                                                     n x Ethernet
                                                     Specials
Characteristics                                      Video
<20 km:         1 or 2 Channels downstream (1550/1490 nm)
                1 Channel upstream (1310 nm)
Power levels: +21dBm composite power (amplifier in OLT)
Video:          +20 dBm (at 1550nm video)
Data/voice      + 5 dBm (at 1490nm)

Broadband Service Capability
Data:        622 Mbps
Video:       860 MHz
             (~600 analog and digital channels; HDTV; VOD)
PON Activities Worldwide




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                                          Why PON Worldwide
                                                                                                                                                   1 Gbit/s
                     1 Gbit/s




                                                                                  2004
                                                                                                               100 Mbit/s                                    nd
                                                                                                                                                          ba
                                                                                                                                                       ad
                100 Mbit/s                                                                                                                     d   b ro
                                                                                                                                          xe
                                                                                                                                    for fi
                                                                                                  10 Mbit/s                   ion
                                                                                                                           tat
Bit rate (kbit/s)




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                                                                                                            Mark                                   bro
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                     1 Mbit/s                                               we                                                      or
                                                                        ‘Po                                                    nf




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                    100 kbit/s                                                    us
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                     10 kbit/s                          Tr
                                             4
                                          14.
                                    9.6
                                 2.4




                      1 kbit/s
                              1987         1992        1997                      2002                2007            2012                  2017
               Worldwide FTTP activities
                         NA                                                       EU
-   About 150K subscribers, 1M homes passed,       - About 400K FTTP subscribers in 2003 mostly by CLECs
    mostly by small operators                      - Deployments by
-   Verizon and SBC have selected vendors for           - Fastweb in Italy - ~130K subscribers
    the initial deployments                             - B2 in Sweden - ~ 100K subscribers
-   Verizon plans to pass ~3M premises by 2005     - Growing Interest in FTTP from smaller/under served
-   SBC plans large field trials in 2004; deploy     communities
    300k homes per year beginning in 2005          - Interest in triple play by PTTs




                                                                                    APAC
                                                            - Strong governmental push (e.g. e-Japan Policy)
                                                            - Mass deployment in Japan; NTT, SBB, and other
                                                              carriers already deploy large numbers
                        LAM                                 - NTT: 1.7M subs in Oct. 2004
          - No significant deployments                        NTT plans to invest US$48B to reach 30 Million
          - Telemax evaluating FTTP                           subs by 2010
          - Other operators in early evals                  - SBB plans 300K subs in 2004
                                                            - China, Korea, & Australia in early stages of FTTP
                                                              deployments
                                                            - China big push by Olympic Games in Beijing
                        Fast Growth of PON OLT
                               Hardware

Worldwide PON OLT Hardware M anufacturer Revenue
                                                                          PON OLT revenue

                                                                          • OLT is about 35% of
                                                    $750                    OLT + ONT revenue
                                             $736




                                                           Revenue ($M)
                                                    $500                  • 556% CAGR 2003-07

                                                    $250                  • 3Q04:   56% Asia,
                 $112                                                               27% N.A.
           O
            LT                                    $0
  PO
       N     CY03       CY04   CY05   CY06     CY07                       • EPON strong in Asia
                               Year
                                                                          • BPON strong in N.A.
APON, BPON, EPON, GPON




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       Evolution of FTTx standards &
                 products
• ATM PON (APON)
   •   First PON standard, primarily business        Funtionality &
                                                      bandwidth
• Broadband PON (BPON)                                                          Early in
   •   Expanded version of APON, supporting                                     adoption cycle
       WDM, survivability, dynamic upstream
       bandwidth allocation, higher upstream rates     Standardized,                GPON
                                                       adopted by market
• Ethernet PON (EPON)
   •   IEEE/EFM standard                                                     EPON
       using Ethernet for packet data
                                                                      BPON
   •   1.25Gpbs up/downlink, DBA, OAM, etc

• GigaPON (GPON)                                      APON
   •   Evolution of BPON to higher rates,
       choice of L2 support (Ethernet or ATM),                                           Time
       enhanced security
    BPON Evolution Timeline


06/2003      RBOC Consortium (JPC) selects BPON for FTTP
1998-2002    G.983.1 – G983.7
             ATM based BPON basic architecture and
             BPON enhancements and amendments
1996         G.982 - STM PON to support services
             Up to ISDN primary rate speeds
1995         FSAN Group is formed and
             work on PON standardization starts
1980s~1995   Proprietary PON system
             based on TDM technology
1982         First concept for PONs by British Telecom
          GPON Evolution Timeline


2006~2010    Migration of BPON/EPONs to GPONs

2004         Standards compliant GPON field trials

04/2004      G.984.4 GPON
             ONT Management and Ctrl Interface (OMCI) spec

2003         G.984.1 – G984.3
             General Characteristics of Gigabit-Capable PON

1998~2002    BPON Technology Standardization
             and Deployment.
  EPON Evolution Timeline

                   EPON deployments in
                   Asia (Japan)

11/2004   NTT announces plan to spend $48B and
          upgrade 30 Million homes by 2010

10/2004   Yahoo!BB announce GigaBB EPON service

06/2004   IEEE802.3ah standard ratified

2002/03   IEEE802.3ah standardization enhancements

2001      IEEE802.3ah standardization start
                       Standards Overview
                                            IEEE EPON                 ITU-T GPON                 ITU-T BPON

Downstream Line Rates (Mb/s)                   1250                1244.16 or 2488.32         155.52 or 622.08 or
                                                                                                1244.16 (am. 2)
Upstream Line Rates (Mb/s)                     1250                155.52 or 622.08 or      155.52 or 622.08 (am. 1)
                                                                   1244.16 or 2488.32
Line coding                                   8b/10b               NRZ (+ scrambling)         NRZ (+ scrambling)
Addressing capability (min)                     16                         64                         32
Addressing capability (max)                     256                        128                        64

Logical reach                             10 km or 20 km          60 km with 20 km max.              20 km
                                                                    diff. Logical reach
                                                                 between the farthest and
Layer 2 protocol                             Ethernet              Ethernet over GEM                 ATM
                                                                       and/or ATM

                                                                  Native TDM and/or
TDM support                              TDM over Packet         TDM over ATM and/or            TDM over ATM
                                                                   TDM over Packet

Number of traffic flows/ PON system   Dep. on # of LLIDs / ONT            4096                        256

Upstream bandwidth capacity (for IP          <900 Mb/s            1160 Mb/s (for 1.244      500 Mb/s (for 622 Mb/s
data throughput )                                                  Gb/s symmetrical)            symmterical)
OA&M and Management                   Eth OAM, optional SNMP        PL OAM + OMCI              PL OAM + OMCI

Downstream Security                            Open                AES (counter mode)       Churning or AES (am.2)
           Video on PONs




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               Video Services Over FTTx – RF Overlay

                                Analog                                                                           Analog Broadcast
 Analog                        Encoders
                                               Network Capable of Supporting All Types of Video Services:        => no STB required
Channels                                       • Analog Broadcast
                                               • Digital Broadcast and HDTV
                                               • Video On Demand (VOD)                                  ONT

                                Digital                                                                       Coax
                               Encoders                                       FTTx
                                                                  EDFA
 Receivers                                                                    Acces                               Digital Broadcast
                                                                                s                                 => STB is required
 Digital
                    Video RF
                      Mux




Channels                                                                                             ONT
                                  Video                                  WDM
   Private                        optical
                                                                  OLT                                      Coax
   Network                     transmitter
                                                                                                                Broadcast and VOD
                                             IP Network                                                         => STB is required
                           Network
VOD                          VOD
        Ethernet            Server                                                                   ONT


                   Router
                                                                                                       Coax + Ethernet
                                                                          STB = Set Top Box (converts dig. Video into analog video)


                                 Leverages cable economies of scale and offers full suite of services
                                  IP Video over FTTx
                Network VoD          IP Video
                Server              Middleware




   Receiver                                                       FTTx
                                                                  Acces
          Digital Encoder w/ IP    IP Network                       s
                                                                 OLT
                                    HSI + VIDEO                                                        IP STB
                                                                                          ONT
                                     services
                                                      GigE

          Digital Encoder w/ IP
                                                  •   1490nm for downstream/1310nm for upstream
                                                      for all services
                                                  •   Video streams transported along with voice and
 Local                                                data with assigned QoS
Content
                                                  •   IGMP Supported in OLT for SDV


                     Offers the best long term solution for video and potential
                          competitive advantages against Cable MSOs
 PON Business Case




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           Japan Triple Play PON Business Case
                                                                                                                                                                                                     1:8 split


                                                  OLT
Internet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  ONU
                                                                               LINK                                                   LINK
                                                                               DATA                                                   DATA
                                  S
                                  Y
                                  M
                                  E
                                  T   L
                                      K
                                      I
                                      N       D
                                              A
                                              T



                                                    OLT 1 OLT 2 OLT 3OLT 4 2 34ACTIVE     L
                                                                                          N
                                                                                          A           S
                                                                                                      E
                                                                                                      T
                                                                                                      R

                                                                                                                                      ACTIVE
                                                                                                           OLT 1OLT 2 OLT 3 OLT 4 2 3 4           L
                                                                                                                                                  A
                                                                                                                                                  N           T
                                                                                                                                                              S
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                                                                         1                                                      1




                                                                              LINK                                                    LINK
                                                                              DATA                                                   DATA
                                                  OLT 1 OLT 2 OLT 3 OLT 4 2 34ACTIVE                                                 ACTIVE
                                                                                                          OLT 1OLT 2 OLT 3 OLT 4 2 3 4
                  E
                  M
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                  Y
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                                                                               LINK                                                     LINK
                                                                               DATA                                                     DATA
                                                                               ACTIVE                                                   ACTIVE
                          E
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                          S
                          Y
                          T       K
                                  N
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                                                   OLT 1 OLT 2 OLT 3OLT 4 2 3 4                                                  4
                                                                                                           OLT 1 OLT 2 OLT 3 OLT 1 2 3 4
                                                                                      L
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                                                                        1




                                                                                                                                                                  1:4 split
              Central Office                                                                                                                                                                                             Home


Revenue Model                                                                                                                                                       Per Sub                         Cost Model                  Per Sub
(per month)                                                                                                                                                           ($)                           (per month)                   ($)
                                                                                                                                                                                                    Fixed Cost
Installation                                                                                                                                                                  Free   Est. 8 month    OLT                            $50
Basic Service                                                                                                                                                                        payback time    ONU                           $150
  Highspeed optical access                                                                                                                                                    $55
                                                                                                                                                                                                     IPTV Headend                   $50
  Internet ISP Service                                                                                                                                                        $10
                                                                                                                                                                                                     IP STB                        $150
  Terminal Rental                                                                                                                                                              $5
                                                                                                                                                                                                     VoIP Infrastructure            $50
  Total Basic Service                                                                                                                                                         $70
                                                                                                                                                                                                     Installation                  $300
Optional Service
                                                                                                                                                                                                     Total Fixed Cost              $750
  WLAN                                                                                                                                                                      $5
                                                                                                                                                                                                    Recurring Cost
  IPVoice                                                                                                                                                                  $10
                                                                                                                                                                                                     Fiber/Coupler Rental           $15
  IPTV (basic)                                                                                                                                                             $35
                                                                                                                                                                                                     Service/Provision/other        $10
  Total Optional Service                                                                                                                                                   $50
                                                                                                                                                                                                     Total Recurring cost           $25
Total Monthly Revenue                                                                                                                                                     $120
            Manufacturers
              Approach




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                                     Alcatel Application
                       7340 FTTU – Triple Play Services over fiber
                                                                   Passive            End
                Central Office                                   Outside Plant       Users
Internet    IP Video    NGN Voice
                                           730x
                                          DSLAM
                                           7330            20 km (12.4 mi.)          Single
                                           FTTN                                      Family
                                                                                      Unit
                                  GigE
           IP Aggregation                7340           Voice, Data,                  Multi
                  &                      FTTU                          Splitters
                                                          & Video                    Dwelling
           Service Routers        GigE                                                Unit


                              OC-n                WDM                                 Multi
                  Voice                                                              Tenant
  TDM              GW                                                         7340   Building
  Voice                           RF Video 1550 nm                            ONTs
                                  Amplifier
                       RF Video
                                            Optional
                                                                                      Small
                                                                                     Business
                                                                                       Unit
                         Many deployment models - One access platform
                        Offering scalability, QoS, and operational continuity
Acterna Approach & Solutions
       for PON testing




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 FTTx: T&M Requirements
• Construction and Installation Testing
  • Fiber characterization:                                 => PON-OTDR
     test of: fiber, splices, connectors and splitters at
    1310/1490/1550nm
  • Qualification of installed equipment:                   => OLTS, OBR
    optical loss testing and optical return loss testing at
    1310/1490/1550nm
    verification of fiber lengths

• PON Service Activation Testing and Troubleshooting
  • Downstream power measurement                         => PON-PM
    with selective 1490/1550nm power meter
  • Upstream power measurement                           => PON-PM
    with ‘through-mode’ selective power meter at 1310nm
  • Service testing: IP testing
  • Video testing
  • Fault isolation and localization with OTDR        => PON-OTDR
FTTx Measurement Challenges & Solutions
 Downstream power measurement challenges
 • Combined wavelengths on the fiber
 • Two separate signals at different wavelengths / power levels
   e.g:   1490nm 622Mbps           at -7 dBm
          1550nm analog CATV at +13 dBm
 • Standard PM not suitable
 => Wavelength selective PM with 2 detectors
    and high isolation filters (termination mode)


                         1490 / 1550nm         OLP-57/01
                OLT



      OLP-57/01                                     Meter    Meter
                                                     1        22
                                                    1490nm   1550nm
FTTx Upstream Measurement Challenges

• Upstream channel at 1310nm only activated by downstream signal
  => OLT    ONT communication must be established (through mode)
• Upstream signal active only in predefined time slots (framed)
  => burst mode signals
• Standard average PM not suitable     Downstream voice/data
                                           cont. mode




                                                               ONT
                                            sel.
                                            PM


 OLT
                                         Upstream TDMA
                                           burst mode
        FTTx Complete Solution
  • Standard power meter not suitable
  • OLP-57/02 Three wavelength selective PM
     • can handle downstream at 1490 and 1550nm
     • can handle upstream at 1310nm
     • ‘through-mode’ capability (1 input + 1 output)
     • ‘burst-mode’ capability

      1490 / 1550nm                                 1490 / 1550nm
                               OLP-57/02                            ONT
OLT
                                                        1310nm
          1310nm




                      Meter      Meter    Meter
                       3          1        22
                      1310nm     1490nm    1550nm
                                                         OLP-57/02
                   Fiber Plant Construction
                                  Head End

                                  Video
       Central Office


                                                                        Premise
Data
              OLT                  Optical
                                  Couplers
                                                                        ONT
              (Optical             (WDM)                            (Optical Network
Voice           Line                                                   Terminal)
             Terminal)
                                                                    Video Data POTS
                                                                    Coax Ethernet
                         Testing Includes:
              • Bi-directional insertion loss testing,
                optical budget verification                                  OFI 2000
                (power level for each wavelength)                            Loss Test
                                                                                Set
              • Bi-directional ORL testing
                1310/1490/1550nm
                                                           MTS-5100/
              • OTDR for troubleshooting
                                                         TB-8000 OTDR
 Fiber Construction:
 OTDR testing ?
• Installation:
  Not required as potentially one splice along the link.
  So only one measurement from the OLT could be
  done to qualify the splice close to the splitter

• Maintenance & Troubleshooting:
  OTDR will however be used for trouble shooting purpose
   1. Test will be performed from the OLT if issue between
      the OLT splitter (for simple analysis)
   2. Test will be performed from the leg with launch cable if issue
      on the splitter or after it (for simple analysis)
   3. When Digital video only will be available, in-service OTDR
      measurement could be possibly performed for troubleshooting


 OLT                                                            ONT
                                           OTDR (2)
                OTDR (1)
             OTDR Testing through splitters:
                 Localization of a fault
• Localization of a fault: What the OTDR sees...
Splitter    Global           Full break on a fiber leg, at   1 dB loss on a fiber leg, at   3 dB loss on a fiber leg, at a
type        Insertion loss   a distance in which the         a distance in which the        distance in which the other
                             other branches are seen by      other branches are seen by     branches are seen by the OTDR
                             the OTDR                        the OTDR
1   :2      3.5              1.5 dB                          0.44 dB                        1.02   dB
1   :4      7                0.62 dB                         0.21 dB                        0.45   dB
1   :8      10               0.29 dB                         0.10 dB                        0.21   dB
1   :16     14               0.14 dB                         0.05 dB                        0.10   dB
1   :32     17               0.07 dB                         0.025 dB                       0.05   dB



                                        OTDR can only detect a 1 dB loss up to 1:8 splitter
                                        (0.10 dB is the minimum accurate detection threshold)


                                           ?
           OLT                                                                                           ONT

                                  OTDR
                        Central Office PON
                           Installations
                                   Head End

                                  Video
       Central Office


                                                     Premise
Data
              OLT                   Optical
                                   Couplers
                                                     ONT
              (Optical              (WDM)         (Optical Network
Voice           Line                                 Terminal)
             Terminal)
                                                 Video Data POTS
                                                 Coax Ethernet



                        Testing Includes:

                • Testing at 1490/1550nm        OLP-57/01
                  Power Level and ORL testing    ORL-55
                  Selective power meter
                        Head End Installations
                                   Head End

                                   Video
       Central Office


                                                                                 Premise
Data
              OLT                   Optical
                                   Couplers
                                                                                 ONT
              (Optical              (WDM)                                    (Optical Network
Voice           Line                                                            Terminal)
             Terminal)
                                       Testing Includes:                     Video Data POTS
                                                                             Coax Ethernet

          • Verify incoming digital video content from video source(s)       DTS-200
            Base band Digital Video (MPEG-2 Layer analysis)

          • Detect MPEG multiplexing (if local VOD or HD & Ad insertion)      RSAM-5600
            Verify video after local multiplexing/insertion
            => RF frequency response, power levels, digital video quality

          • Troubleshoot and isolate coax, video signal issues in facility   PSAM-1500
                    I&M Workgroup Testing
                                 Head End

                                 Video
       Central Office


                                                                     Premise
Data
              OLT                 Optical
                                 Couplers
                                                                     ONT
              (Optical            (WDM)                          (Optical Network
Voice           Line                                                Terminal)
             Terminal)
                                                                 Video Data POTS
                                                                 Coax Ethernet


                         I&M Testing Includes:

             • Fiber Drop, Power Level testing 1490/1550nm
                                                                     OLP-57/01
             • 1310 transmit power check in “through” mode           OLP-57/02
             • Video (CATV) signal testing (coax I/F)
               Video (IP-video) signal testing at Ethernet I/F
                                                                      PSAM-1500
             • Data Services testing (Ethernet I/F. PPPoE)
               ISP access, Web Access, FTP Through-put
           ACTERNA PON Product Portfolio

PSAM-1500                          HST-3000 (Data+ IP Video)
(Video + Data testing)             •XDSL
• Cable Modem Service Activation   •Ethernet Connectivity
• Analog and Digital TV            •POTS
• Ethernet Service Testing         •IP Video
• Voice over IP                    •VoIP
                                   •Copper


                                   OFI 2000 – (Full Optical Test)
MTS-5100 (OTDR)                    •Source/PM/ORL/Talk Set
• 1310/1550nm PON module
                                   •1310/1490/1550
• Fault locator mode



 OLP-57 (Selective Power Meter)    DTS-(Digital Video and Ethernet)
         • Selective wavelengths   • MPEG Stream Analysis
         • Through mode for        • Gig-E and QAM Interface
           up-stream wavelength
                Conclusions




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  PON & FTTX Conclusions
• Many types of FTTX, not all are PON
• PONs satisfy basic demand for bandwidth into the future
  • BPON
  • EPON
  • GPON
• Activities for BPON in North America,
  EPON in Asia
• Video is key service and technology:
  • RF TV on ITU wavelength (1550nm)
  • IPTV over data (1490nm)

• Rapidly growing market
Thank
 You

								
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