Page 1 Introduction
Page 2 How to Get Involved
Page 3 Your House
Page 4 Saving Energy
Page 5 Renewable Electricity Suppliers
Page 5 Water
Page 6-7 Waste… Reduce, Reuse, Recycle!
Page 8-9 Recycling in Leeds
Page 10 Cleaning and Cosmetics
Around and About:
Page 11 Your Local Community
Page 12 Travel in the Leeds Area
Page 13 Going Further Afield
Page 14-15 Feel Like a Daytrip? Open Spaces Map
Page 16-17 Ethical Shopping
Page 18-19 Map of Local Green Services and Shops
Page 20 Food
Page 21 Fair Trade
Page 22 Banking and Money
Jobs and Uni:
Page 23 Ethical Careers
Page 24 How Green is Leeds Uni?
Inside Back Cover:
The Green Action Food Coop
Oxfam @ LUU
Chris Johnston, firstname.lastname@example.org, Responsible for Ethical matters in the Union.
Union Ethical and Environmental Assembly Contact, email@example.com
Keith Pitcher, firstname.lastname@example.org, University Environment Officer
Steffi Hasse, email@example.com, University Transport Coordinator
Amazing Links with Loads More Environmental Information:
The Centre For Alternative Technology: www.cat.org.uk
New Internationalist Magazine: www.newint.org
How to Save the World Blog: http://blogs.salon.com/0002007/
BBC Science - Climate Change: www.bbc.co.uk/climate
The Stop Climate Chaos Coalition: www.stopclimatechaos.org
World Wildlife Fund (WWF): www.wwf.org.uk/core
Friends of the Earth: www.foe.co.uk
Welcome to the Green Guide!
This booklet has been designed and written One of the most important things to
by students at Leeds University. Through it consider is that we each only take our fair
we hope to help you to understand the share of what the Earth can provide. The
impacts that our day-to-day lives are richest 20% of the world’s population
having on the planet and offer some already consume 80% of the Earth’s
possible solutions to the problems we are resources. As the rest of the world develops
contributing to. we are all going to have to be more careful
about what we take. Although it’s a great
The guide is also a one-stop reference to start, just recycling isn’t going to be
many aspects of life in Leeds. You can find enough; radical social change is needed
out how to get involved and meet loads of and as part of this we all need to work
people in the Union’s ethical societies (p.2) towards making bigger changes to our
as well as through activities outside of the lifestyles such as cutting down car and
University. You can discover fun places to plane use. By doing this, we can
visit for the day on the ‘Open Spaces’ map collectively make a real difference.
(p.14) and find out where to shop ethically
on the ‘Green Mile’ map (p.18). have a look
at whatever takes your fancy and when you
have eventually read about all you want to
please recycle the guide, or better still pass
Loads of students are already doing what
they can. Getting involved really can be fun
and rewarding. As Patrick Whitefield said in If you have any comments or feedback
his far more detailed guide ‘The Earth Care about this guide or would like to get
Manual’: involved in writing next years version
please email firstname.lastname@example.org.
“I feel it is important not to feel guilty
about our lifestyles, the time to make a You can also get an electronic version of
change is when the positive desire to do this guide online at:
so grows to a point where it is greater www.leeds.ac.uk/greenaction/greenguide
than the discomfort of giving up an old
habit. If we take the trouble to learn about Disclaimer:
the ecological impact of our daily lives the The Green Guide is intended for
process of lifestyle change happens information purposes only and does not
naturally. Then it is not a self-imposed necessarily represent the views of Leeds
penance but a process of liberation” University Union or The University of Leeds.
Patrick Whitefield 2004 This is not an endorsement of any products
www.permaculture.co.uk or companies featured within.
There are loads of great groups to get involved in at the University and in the wider
Leeds area. Find out more below and on the web then come and get involved!
Leeds University Union Societies:
For more details on these and all the other
Amnesty: great societies at LUU you can also check:
The Leeds Soc for the worldwide voluntary http://www.luuonline.com/societies/list
movement of people who campaign for human
Contact: email@example.com University Groups:
Sustainability Action Group: An ideas and
Conservation: Does regular conservation events network for those in, (or around) the
activities such as tree planting, dry-stone School of Earth & Environment. If you
walling and shrub clearance around Leeds and interested in incorporating Environment &
on trips further a field. Sustainability concerns into your University
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org life, send a request to join the mailing list to:
Ethical and Environmental Assembly:
Responsible for most green issues that affect Bicycle Users Group (B.U.G.): Informs and
the Union. Come to meetings and join the supports bike users who ride to, from and
mailing list to have your say! around the University campus. Has cycling
Contact: email@example.com info mailing list.
Web: lists.riseup.net/www/info/luu_ethical- Web: www.leeds.ac.uk/leedsbug
Environmental Boards: Every year the Uni
Green Action: The practical environmental needs help from students on its
society. Members run a food coop (see inside environmental programs.
back cover), have an allotment and hold regular Contact: Keith, firstname.lastname@example.org
veggie/vegan socials (all welcome). Web: www.leeds.ac.uk/environmental
People and Planet : A dedicated campaigning
society on issues surrounding world poverty, Leeds Cycling Action: Campaigns for cyclists
human rights, and the environment. in and around Leeds. Publishes a quarterly
Contact: Lizzie email@example.com newsletter.
Web: www.luupeopleandplanet.co.uk Web: www.leedscyclists.org.uk
Speak: Seeks to challenge global injustice Leeds Permaculture Network: A group
though prayer and campaigning on issues such practicing and learning about Permaculture in
as unfair trade, debt and the arms trade. Leeds. Holds monthly get-togethers.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Contact: email@example.com
Web: www.luucu.com/speak Web: www.permaculture.org.uk
STAR: Student Action for Refugees works and Leeds Vegetarian and Vegan Society: Holds
campaigns for the rights of refugees and asylum regular events and publishes an excellent
seekers in the local community. quarterly magazine available from the Green
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Action food co-op and Beano.
Stop AIDS: A member of the national student Web: www.leedsveg.co.uk
Stop AIDS campaign which aims to educate and
inform young people to enable campaigning.
The first section of this guide focuses on • Washing machines do an average of
the impacts that your house has and offers 274 cycles a year, having an A rated
some ideas on how to implement make washing machine can reduce the power
small changes within your daily routine that required by 30%.
will help save both resources and money.
• Fridges and freezers are another big
If you are living in a University Residence electricity user, an A rated model can
this year and want to have more control use 60% less power, cutting your
over environmental decisions made electricity bill by more than £35.
concerning your housing, then you might
want to consider becoming an • For detailed info on energy labels see:
Environmental Rep for your residence. http://www.defra.gov.uk/environment/consum
Hopefully starting in September 2006 there erprod/energylabels/energylabel.pdf
will be a Rep for each residence with
monthly get-togethers and campaigns to • A property’s hot water and heating
make the Uni's residences more system is another key thing to check. If
environmentally friendly. Email Chris, the boiler looks old then consider asking
C.B.Johnston@leeds.ac.uk, in the Union for for a new one to be fitted. High
more details. efficiency condensing boilers are now
standard and waste very little energy
Choosing a House (90% fuel efficiency).
When you decide on a place to live after
first year, you generally make a • Try and check what insulation a house
commitment to that place for at least a has before you decide on a property, the
year so it’s worth thinking long and landlord should know. This could save
hard about it before rushing in to sign up. you a significant amount of money as it
will reduce heat loss and therefore
Here are a few things to consider: energy usage. Also look for double
glazing and loft insulation at least
• Is the house registered with Unipol 270mm thick.
and does it fulfil the Unipol code of
standards? This provides you with some • Finally, If you house was built post
protection if landlords refuse to comply 1930’s check and see if the cavity walls
with any reasonable requests you make have been insulated. It only takes
concerning the property. Unipol are also around 3 hours to get it installed and
working towards incorporating the average saving on energy bills
environmental requirements into the afterwards are more than £100/year. If
code. www.unipol.leeds.ac.uk. it hasn’t been done ask your landlord!
• One key thing to ensure is that your Alternatives
contract doesn’t restrict you from It is also worth considering alternative
changing electricity and gas suppliers housing options, although they may be
(more information in the ‘Renewable more suited to when you finish Uni then
Electricity Suppliers’ section on p.5). If it while you’re still here.
does, ask the landlord if you change it
before you sign. • Housing Co-operatives work in much the
same way as renting but they are self-
• You should also check that appliances managed, you are your own landlord!
are not old models which can be This means property is communally
energy inefficient. owned rather then being grabbed by rich
landlords out to get richer. It is relatively
easy to set up your own! For more
Energy • Set your heating to come on around half
• Energy use in homes (heat, light, power) an hour before you come home rather
accounts for 27% of the UK’s CO2 than leave it on all day whilst no one is
emissions. in the house.
• The average UK household creates 6 • Does your hot water tank have an
tonnes of CO2 a year. insulating jacket? If not you can pick
• Your household could save up to £250 one up for less than a tenner and this
by saving 20% of its energy… will help reduce heat loss (it needs to be
• …and you could save even more energy more than 3 inches thick).
by switching to a renewable provider
(see the next page), walking, cycling, Lighting:
using public transport (p.11), cutting • Conserve energy by switching off lights
food miles (p.20), and so on. when you leave the room.
• Try to buy A rated energy efficient
Cutting Down What You Use: light bulbs. One of these light bulbs can
• Minimise your use of electrical lower lighting costs by up to £78 over
appliances where you can. Don’t just the lifetime of one bulb as they last up
switch things to standby as this still to 12X longer than an ordinary bulb and
uses 10-60% as much electricity. use a lot less energy. They’re available
• Only fill the kettle with the amount of form Essentials in the Union, or contact
water needed, if you’re making hot your energy supplier as they might be
drinks, use a cup to measure the able to provide them cheaper or for free.
amount you need- you might be
If you live in halls, a few things to
• When cooking, choose the right size
bear in mind:
pan, fill with only as much water as
• Heating controls are pre-set for
you need, keep the lid on and on a gas
7am to 11pm, please don’t alter
hob don’t allow the flame to lick up the
these unless shown how to by a
edges. All this will cut energy usage.
member of staff.
• Washing your clothes at 40° instead of
• Please don’t alter the thermostats
60° uses 1/3 less power. Always
but adjust the heating directly via
wash a full load or use the half load/
• Hot water controls are normally set
• Tumble dryers are massively wasteful of
to 60° all day to prevent growth of
energy. If you can, hang your clothes
bacteria. Please don’t alter controls
outside or if not get a clothes horse.
for this reason.
• Contact a member of staff if you
have any queries or suggestions, or
• How about putting on a jumper before
you could consider becoming an
you reach to switch the heating on? Or
Environmental Rep (info on p.3)!
think about turning down the heating.
Cooler houses are healthier and turning
down your heating by just 1°C can
save up to 10% on your energy bill. See the ‘Your House’ section on p.3 for
• Try not to have the heating on at the information on energy efficient electrical
same time as windows are open, this is appliances.
obviously quite wasteful!
• Shut your curtains as soon as it is Links:
becoming dark, this will help keep the
• Stop draughts from badly fitting www.est.org.uk
windows and doors and you could save
up to £20 on your bills.
Renewable Electricity for Your House
Traditionally, all of our electricity has come the suggestions in the ‘Energy’ section
from coal or gas fired power stations and (p.4) because it’s necessary to reduce what
the only alternative has been to buy your we use too.
own solar panels or wind turbine. Recently
another option has become available; it is If you are living in a house then you have
now law for your energy provider to show more freedom to change your supplier.
where they are sourcing your power Check your contract to make sure you
from on your bill, allowing you to choose are allowed to and if not get your landlord
a supplier based on how ‘green’ they are. to agree to the change.
Signing up for a green energy supply
reduces your household emissions by There are currently only two electricity
around 1.42 tonnes of CO2 a year and companies that supply 100% renewable
won’t add much if anything to your bill. power:
Good Energy: www.good-energy.co.uk or
If you are living in a University call 0845 4561 640
Residence then your electricity supply Ecotricity: www.ecotricity.com or call
already comes from either a green supplier 08000 326 100
or the University’s combined heat and
power plant based on campus. The supply You will still receive electricity in exactly
is managed by Estate Services and as a the same way from the national grid. Price
result cannot be changed by students. differences are small and sometimes a
However these are both quite renewable supply is cheaper. It will only
environmentally sound sources and there’s take 5 minutes to make the change!
nothing to stop you following some of
In the UK we're used to a rainy climate and by reporting them to your landlord or
not having to think twice before flushing residence site office.
the loo, but the reality is that the global
trend is for greater year-on-year water Have a look at the tips on washing
consumption at the same time as the machines in the 'Energy' section (p.4) and
future security of supply looks increasingly only use bio-degradable detergents and
uncertain. cleaners (more information in the 'Cleaning
and Toiletries' section (p.10). Don’t
Its easy to use water more efficiently unnecessarily flush tissues, cotton buds
• Turn the tap off while you're brushing etc. down the toilet.
your teeth and you can save up to five
litres of water a minute. Links
• Have showers instead of baths. 5- An Environment Agency site with lots of
minute shower uses 1/3 the water information on the future of water resource
needed for a bath (although a power management in the UK and why its
shower might use more than a bath in important:
five minutes). www.environment-
• Old toilets can use up to 9 litres of agency.gov.uk/subjects/waterres
water every time you flush. Put a brick
or a 'hippo' in the cistern to save water International charity working for everyone
without reducing the flush effectiveness. to have access to safe water and effective
See: http://hippo.antiapathy.org to sanitation:
order a free Hippo! www.wateraid.org.uk
• Dripping taps and leaks can waste lots of
water over time - get these fixed ASAP
Waste… Reduce, Reuse, Recycle!
In Leeds over 340,000 tonnes of waste is 65,000 tonnes of plastic, enough to cover
generated every year, that’s about enough the whole of London with a layer of bags.
to fill the Corn Exchange every half hour.
See the Ethical Shopping Section for more
The UK as a whole throws away a information about the Freecycle email
staggering 434 million tonnes of rubbish a list. A great way for everyone to reuse
year! And we only recycle around 12% of stuff for free in Leeds!
our household waste- one of the lowest
rates in Europe. Austria sends just over You can reduce your use of plastic
20% of its total waste to landfill, whilst it carrier bags by reusing them when you
recycles or composts about 60%! If Austria shop. In the Union there is a small charge
and other countries in the EU can be this for carrier bags, this is to try and
great at managing their waste, there’s no encourage you to re-use them! They’re nice
reason why we can’t try to do it too! and strong bags, and it doesn’t take up
much space to keep some in your bag in
case you do some shopping.
How about re-filling your water bottle?
Or buying a flask? Research by the
University of Geneva shows that bottled
water sells for up to 1,000 times the price
of tap water, but that the quality is often
no better. Generally the only difference is
that bottled water has added minerals and
salts, which doesn’t necessarily make it
healthier. Some bottled waters are
exactly the same as tap water and
whilst tap water comes from underground
pipes, the manufacture, distribution and
disposal of bottled water requires much
more energy and fuel.
This is the first and most important step in You can donate unwanted items to
reducing our waste. Industries should aim charity shops, or maybe have a go at
to become more efficient in production and repairing them, use you imagination!
manufacturing of goods, and we as
consumers can choose to show a Envelopes can’t be recycled because of the
preference for goods with no packaging or type of glue used on them, but they can be
minimal packaging. How about buying reused!
loose fruit and veg, and carrying it home
in re-used carrier bags? Here’s another Rechargeable batteries can be expensive
idea: you don’t have to put up with so to buy, but as the name suggests they can
much junk mail landing on your doorstep be us again and again. Standard batteries
(and creating waste)! You can reduce the are a hassle to dispose of, they shouldn’t
amount of junk mail you receive by be chucked in the bin as they contain
writing to: Mailing Preference Service, hazardous chemicals which can pollute.
London, FREEPOST 22, W1E 7EZ. Also, try Lets make rechargeables the norm!
putting a postcard in your window stating
‘No advertising or circulars’.
Every year, food shops in the UK give away
roughly 8 billion plastic carrier bags- over
Compost! compost to one of the allotments in Leeds.
Over half the rubbish in your bin can The Green Action society has an allotment
be composted to provide a nutrient rich where you can take your compost; get in
compost. touch with them for more info:
Why compost? Well organic waste in
landfill sites produces environmental
pollutants including methane, a greenhouse Recycle
gas responsible or global warming. If you It generally takes far more energy to
can lay your hands on a bucket with a lid, extract and process raw material than to
put this in your kitchen, and you can throw recycle the materials we already have, plus
in fruit and veg peelings, any garden bits (if recycling also reduces the environmental
you have one), tea bags an coffee grounds, damage associated with obtaining raw
eggshells, scrunched up paper and card + materials.
lots more. Cooked food and dairy products
are best left out.
Where to take it: if you don’t have a
garden to use it on, you could take your
What can you put in your green bin?
Key to University Residences
A Bodington, B Oxley, C Tetley, D Lupton,
E Clarence Dock, F Devonshire, G St Mark’s,
H Montague Burton, I Sentinel Towers,
J Henry Price, K Charles Morris, L Ellerslie,
M Lyddon, N James Ballie, O North Hill
Court and P Leodis.
Council Recycling Centres
take most kinds of household
waste and recycling including:
Plastic, Clothes, Paper,
Cardboard, Glass, Metal,
Batteries, Mobile Phones, Books,
Garden Waste and Waste Oil.
They are open everyday 9am-
5pm in Summer and 9am-4pm Council Recycling
in Winter. Centre
Meanwood Road Recycling
Centre, Meanwood Road, LS7 Plastic Recycling
2LP. (0113) 2621106
Kirkstall Road Recycling Centre,
Evanston Avenue, Kirkstall Road, Paper Recycling
Where to Recycle in Leeds
• If you live in Hyde Park, Headingley or at a University
of Leeds residence then you should have mixed
recycling facilities provided by Leeds City Council. If
you live anywhere else there are a number of sites
where you can take you recycling. The catered halls on
campus can make use of facilities at the School of
Geography or outside the Union.
• At residences there are also separate white bins for
glass recycling. You can also ask at your site office
for a free recycling bin for your kitchen, which you
then just empty into the right bin outside.
• In Hyde Park and Headingley your green recycle bin is
emptied either every fortnight or once a month, on the
same day as your black bin. Look at the date stickers
• You should put your bin out before 7am
on collection day, so taking it out the night
before might be best.
• Make sure you put your bins back into your
yard once they’ve been emptied.
• If you put the wrong items into your green
bin it won’t get emptied, so make sure you
only put in the items shown in the
diagram (no crusty pizza boxes!).
• Please make an effort to keep your gardens
and yards tidy and free from rubbish, this
shows respect for your neighbourhood, plus if
you leave them a mess you could be fined
• If you don’t have a green bin, or have any
other problems please call the Leeds City
Council Environmental Call Centre on
0113 398 4760.
If you’re interested in recycling issues you can
join the ‘Up Your Street’ volunteers, an
environmental community action project. Please
contact Charlie Cusden on 0113 209 8443,
Cleaning and Cosmetics
Cleaners capitalise on the natural image by
Try to reduce unnecessary and launching new product lines.
poisonous chemicals. Unfortunately, the few token ‘natural’
The main ingredient in many commercial ingredients invariably mask the usual
cleaners is surfactants (detergents) chemical cocktail.
which help remove grease and dirt. • Try to buy products made by Faith in
These can be naturally derived from Nature: www.faithproducts.com, Green
vegetable substances but many big People: www.greenpeople.co.uk,
brands use petroleum derivatives. Honesty, Lush, Natura Organics and
These are non-renewable and Kingfisher (for toothpaste).
biodegrade slower and not as completely
as the naturally derived alternatives. • Soap: hand made soap keeps more
They can also form dangerous people employed! Suma and other firms
chemicals during the degrading use a cold saponification process which
process. is more energy efficient than commercial
European governments are discussing processing that uses a boiling process
policies to give consumers the right to (this could consume up to 65kw hours of
know about all the chemicals in electricity and 15 tons of water in
household cleaners, but for now we have producing one ton of soap).
to do our own research!
All bleaches act by oxidising, which • Makeup: Beauty Without Cruelty
sterilises organic matter, manufactures natural colour cosmetics
undermining the bacterial action that that are not tested on animals and do
breaks down sewage. not contain animal ingredients. It is
Ecover and Bio D use acids which based on the principles of high quality,
dislodge waste rather than sterilise it. fair pricing and environmental
sensitivity. Available from Out of This
What can I do then?
Keep it simple, try to use one type of
• Animal testing is also as serious an
multisurface cleaner for all household jobs.
issue as ever, with companies
Choose Ecover and Bio D products (these can
continually competing with each other to
also be refilled in some places including the
find new products (that aren’t really
Green Action Co-op at Uni and Out of This World
much different to all the others on the
shelves) and often carrying out
Use concentrated products in smaller
unnecessary and cruel tests on
bottles. Water is the main ingredient in many
animals in the process. For the time
commercial cleaners and transporting it wastes
being, new products can be produced
energy and packaging.
using the more than 8,000 ingredients
Choose products packaged in HDPE, LDPE, PP,
already available and considered
PE and PET plastics as these have fewer
safe. Together with test tube methods
environmental problems in their manufacture
and ethical volunteer studies of new
and disposal than PVC (shown by a 3 inside a
products formulated with existing
ingredients, safety can be assured.
DIY: white vinegar, baking powder, lemon juice,
Britain and the Netherlands have already
and olive oil are all useful for cleaning.
ended animal testing for cosmetic
purposes, but it still takes place in other
EU countries. The RSPCA has a fact
sheet entitled ‘The testing of cosmetics
• Synthetics and chemicals are often
using animals’ available at:
• An ever increasing interest in organic
produce means that mainstream
companies have begun to successfully
Your Local Community
Community • The Common Place: An independent,
Thriving local communities, and a strong collectively-run social centre on Wharf
sense of community, are essential to Street in Leeds (see map p19). Free
creating a more sustainable world. space for groups to meet, vegan Cafe on
Students can play a strong role in their Sundays and regular events.
community, generating a mutually Web: www.thecommonplace.org.uk
enriching and sustainable living experience.
• Hyde Park Source: Voluntary group
See www.healheadingley.org.uk for working with young people beautifying
information on building community in LS6. urban space.
What’s the Link with Being Green? Tel: (0113) 2458863
Being active in your local community is one
area in which it is easy to make a big • Oblong Resource Centre: Facilities for
difference to many people. Consuming community use in Burley / Hyde Park
and producing on a local level, whether it’s area.
food grown at a community allotment Web: www.oblongleeds.org.uk
project or going to a gig at the community
centre, massively reduces the need to • Swarthmore Centre: A community
transport people and goods long distances, education centre.
which reduces burning of fossil fuels and Web: www.swarthmore.org.uk
emissions of greenhouse gases – and best
of all, it makes a happier life for everyone! • Up Your Street: LMUSU group focusing
on environmental social action and
What Can I Do? neighbourhood issues.
Here are 5 suggestions of ways to get more Web:
involved in your local area. www.lmusu.org.uk/club_homepage.asp?
• Get to know your neighbours – knock on clubid=6631
the door and introduce yourself, or say
hello when you can! • Woodhouse Ridge Action Group:
• Organise, or volunteer for, a “community Fortnightly clean-ups on The Ridge.
clean-up” Contact: email@example.com
• Shop locally
• Start a teaching session at your local Venues
community centre Want to hold an event but not sure where?
• Get involved in a community allotment Here are some suggestions…
• OR use these contacts to join an • The Common Place: See above.
• Headingley Community Centre: On
• Action: LUU group with over 20 projects North Lane 274 5727
working in local community.
Web: www.luuonline.com/action • Woodhouse Community Centre: On
Woodhouse Lane 0113 2445259
• Bandstand Community Gardens:
Allotment project based in Woodhouse. • Woodsley Road Community Centre:
Web: www.bandstand.tk 64-67 Woodsley Road, serving Hyde
Park / Burley area 0113 2435104
• BTCV: A conservation charity working
with community groups. Hollybush • Wrangthorn Church Hall: Hyde Park
Conservation Centre, Kirkstall. corner
Travel in the Leeds Area
From the way we get to Uni in the • University Transport Website:
morning, to how we go on holiday, the www.leeds.ac.uk/estate_services
choices we make as to how we move /pages/06_corp/environ/06cenv5
around the globe have direct impacts on .htm
There are plenty of green spaces to
What can you do about it? explore within Leeds; just a few of these
Leave your car at home! Its unlikely that are shown on the map overleaf. The Hollies
you really need to bring your car to Uni, is an area of ancient woodland next to
everywhere is accessible by walking, Meanwood Park and close to Headingley.
cycling or public transport. Cars cost Woodhouse Ridge is a relaxing place to
money for maintenance, petrol and parking have a jog or cycle through. You can find
permits, clog up streets and roads, and out more detailed directions to these and
account for 15% of greenhouse gas many other green spaces on some of the
emissions, thus contributing to global web pages listed below the map, but you
warming. If you really need to use a car try can walk to all of them.
a lift share scheme such as
www.liftshare.org There are loads of places to visit if you
fancy a day trip out of Leeds. Check out
Cycling is a great way to get fit and during the map on pages 15 and 16 for some
rush hour it can be quicker than the bus! ideas. As well as being accessible by bus or
Leeds is an ideal city for cycling: loads of train, you can also cycle to all of them and
students cycle to and from Uni, and there still have plenty of time to explore once
are a growing number of cycle lanes all you’re there and get back for some dinner.
over the city. Hyde Park has a couple of
friendly independent bike shops (see map).
Check out www.sustrans.org.uk for cycle
routes around the country. Look out for
• There is now a workers co-op bike shop
in Leeds! See:
If you’re short on money and feel like
having some interesting conversations try
hitching or car sharing; both are great
Links ways to meet people and save on travel
• Metro Journey Planner: costs. A lot of myth surrounds hitching but
www.wymetro.com if you follow the golden code you’ll have a
• Local travel (Metroline): 0113 great time:
• National travel (Traveline): 0870 • Don’t go alone.
608 2 608 • Let a trusted friend know
• National Rail Enquries: 08457 your route before you go.
484950 / www.nationalrail.co.uk • Don’t hitch at night.
• Bike User Group: • Getting a lift from petrol
www.leeds.ac.uk/leedsbug stations lets you suss out
• Leeds Cycling Action Group: the driver before hand.
Going Further Afield
If you’re looking to spend more time away, growth of the airline sector (Tyndall
consider staying in the UK. Not only are Centre for Climate Change Research).
there many diverse places to explore, but • Given that even the aviation industry
by avoiding long-distance overseas travel itself is predicting that global passenger
the environment won’t be paying for your numbers could triple by 2050,
trip. incremental increases in fuel efficiency
such as those offered by the latest
England, Scotland and Wales can all be generation of planes won’t be of much
explored by bus, train, bike or on foot, and use in the fight against climate change.
it’s becoming easier to book early and
get cheap tickets. You could even make But its so cheap!
yourself useful at the same time in • Tickets are unrealistically priced as
exchange for free food and a place to stay. aviation fuel isn’t taxed.
• The total tax break to the aviation
WWOOF- Worldwide Opportunities on industry in Britain has been calculated at
Organic Farms £6.8 billion/year. This is equivalent to a
WWOOF is an organisation with a UK subsidy of £182.45 for every adult and
branch. You pay about £15 for a years child in Britain (Caroline Lucas MEP).
membership and in return you’re given with • The industry and passengers get away
a list of host farms which are willing to without paying for any of the
provide you with free food and external costs of flying: climate
accommodation in exchange for your help. change, noise pollution, all the negative
www.wwoof.org.uk bits which someone will have to pay for.
BTCV- British Trust of Conservation • With air travel, the government
Volunteers obviously aren’t prepared to tax it, so
Offers working conservation holidays. we as ‘consumers’ with a choice
www.btcv.org.uk need to act to choose goods and
services which are less
Links environmentally damaging but may
Book ahead for cheap train tickets (even cost more.
cheaper with a Young Person’s Railcard):
www.nationalrail.co.uk So what’s the alternative?
Get good coach deals with a discount coach Trains, ferries, coaches… What’s the rush?
card: www.nationalexpress.com The journey can be the best part of any
Very good bus deals available: adventure, plus you can meet loads of
www.megabus.com people and see a lot more of the country
along the way.
Tempted by those cheap flights to Europe Links
or even further? Please stop and think A brilliant website which explains how to
about the effect flying has on the get to just about anywhere in Europe and
environment before you buy. If you were to Asia overland or sea. It tells you how to
follow only one suggestion in this guide, buy tickets and get the best deals:
then the best thing you could do is quit www.seat61.com
flying. The potential benefits of this single
act far outweigh those of any of our other Eco-travel mailing list:
Why is flying so bad? Take the train and ferry to Dublin for
• To meet government CO2 targets set for around £45 return: www.sailrail.co.uk
2050 manufacturing industries and
private households would have to emit Finally this website explains some of the
no carbon at all to compensate for the impacts of tourism:
As consumers, we need to be making and make an effort to favour local
intelligent, responsible and ethical choices independent businesses and co-ops
in our daily lives, as companies depend over supermarkets.
entirely on their customers’ goodwill, so if • Check out ethical consumers
you and a few thousand other people let a comprehensive boycott list if you are
company know that you think their attitude interested in wrongdoers.
is rubbish, then (if they have any sense) • LUU also has a list of goods/
they’ll change it. The same goes for organisations banned from the
supporting companies that you believe are union and companies/ organisations
doing good- they’ll keep it up. not banned but frowned upon.
• First off though, do you really need Supermarkets
those new shoes, that new mobile phone • 80% of the British grocery market is
or yet another pair of jeans? Probably controlled by supermarkets.
not. • Tesco is the third biggest retailer in the
• If you really do need to replace world. Last year the chain made a profit
something, how about having a look of £2.2 billion.
round charity shops and jumble • Supermarkets wield disproportionate
sales? And you’d be amazed what buying power which they use to secure
students throw away when they move low prices and exclusive deals at the
out! expense of producers and smaller
• Keep a look out on Freecycle (see retailers.
below) to see if anyone is getting rid of • In 2000 the UK Competition Commission
what you’re looking for, or if you have to identified 52 abusive trading
buy an electrical appliance new, try and practices being carried out by
find out how socially responsible the supermarkets.
manufacturers are. For things like • By buying in small independent shops,
fridges, try and get one with a good small local chains like Out of This World
energy efficiency rating (there should and co-ops like Beano and the Green
be a sticker on it). Action Food Co-op, or in local markets,
• If you have something to get rid of or you are helping the local economy and
want something a bit more obscure why keeping money in the community rather
not join the Freecycle Leeds. It’s an than with big multinationals.
email list of people in Leeds who share • Buying from local producers and shops is
around stuff that they’ve finished with. also often cheaper and is definitely more
It’s almost like a free, local version of e- environmentally friendly.
bay. They also exist in most other
towns, so you could look out for one if Chocolate
you move away from Leeds too. • Plamil is a vegan company which
Web: groups.yahoo.com/group/freecycleleeds doesn’t use the Fairtrade mark as the
Join the List: freecycleleeds- mark only protects humans from
firstname.lastname@example.org exploitation and not animals as well. But
• If you’ve finished with lots of things you all it cocoa is from the Dominican
could even do a “Free Shop”, a collection Republic and fulfils social standards
of things that anyone you know can add set out by the Fairtrade Labelling
to or take away from. There is also a Organisation.
free shop at The Common Place (p.11) • You might also want to think about
• Try and buy clothes that are from a purchasing organic chocolate. Lindane
socially responsible source, even better is a chemical fertiliser banned in the EU
if they have a Fairtrade cotton as it is a hormone disrupter and it has
certification. See the ‘Fairtrade’ section been linked with health problems such
for more info. as breast cancer, but it is still used on
• Try to buy fairtrade and organic food cocoa plantations, thus exposing
(see the ‘Food’ section for more info), workers.
• Divine, Plamil and Traidcraft are all
ethically sound companies that make Shoes
chocolate. • Vegetarian Shoes do a wide range of
shoes, and the ECRA (Ethical Consumer
Tea and Coffee Research Association) rate them best for
• Try Teadirect/Cafedirect, Equal both environmental reporting and code
Exchange, Clipper and Traidcraft. of conduct.
Clothing • Choose an ethical utility supplier (see
www.bishopstontrading.co.uk Energy and Gas section).
www.naturalcollection.com www.ethiscore.org and
Tampons, Sanitary Towels and Alternatives
• Every day 2.5 million tampons What’s the alternative?
are flushed down the toilet,
along with 1.4 million sanitary The Mooncup: the Mooncup is a
towels and 700,000 panty liners. reusable menstrual cup made out of
• Almost 70% of all blockages in silicone rubber that is worn
the sewerage system are internally to collect the blood. It
attributed to "disposable" really isn’t as icky as it may sound
sanitary items. and most people wonder why they
never tried it before! Visit
Why are disposable sanitary products www.mooncup.co.uk for further
a problem? Firstly, they are a huge information. You can buy these in
source of waste as commercial brands Beano and Boots.
aren’t usually biodegradable as they
contain some plastics. If thrown away, Ecological brands of disposable
they are going to end up in landfill and if tampons and sanitary towels:
flushed down the toilet, they are going to brands such as Natracare make
end up floating next to you whilst you are biodegradable organic cotton
taking a dip in the sea on your next tampons and towels. You can buy
holiday. And that’s only the environmental these in Beano, at the Green Action
impact… Food Co-op, Out of This World and
other shops in Leeds.
Healthwise, most products on the
market are a bit sketchy. The highly
processed non-organic cotton used
in them contains toxins called
dioxins from the pesticides used in DIY sanitary towels, tampons
growing the cotton, and from the and menstrual cups: it is entirely
chemicals used to bleach and possible to make your own
process the cotton. Dioxins have alternatives to these products rather
been linked to endometriosis, the than buying commercial brands. For
condition where the lining of the a wealth of information on all things
womb grows elsewhere in the body. menstrual, visit
Tampons with higher amounts of http://community.livejournal.com/m
synthetic components have also enstrual_lib/profile which has plenty
been implicated in causing Toxic of links to information on how to
Shock Syndrome. make your own pads etc.
Food coriander. Chillies are really easy to grow
Your choice of food and drink is an area in your window, look good and can impress
where small changes can make a big your mates. Or, for those special
difference. Buying locally produced or moments, strawberries are surprisingly
organic food needn’t be as expensive as the easy too.
supermarkets would have you believe!
Think about… Once you have a taste for home-grown
vegetables, you could even get your own
How was it produced? Choose Organic! allotment. For around £30 a year, you
Organic farming uses less- can rent one from the council or local
intensive practices which allotment association see
seeks to minimise www.leeds.gov.uk/allotments for more info.
environmental impact. The The Green Action Society has one you can
use of artificial chemical get involved with too.
fertilisers and pesticides is
restricted (these can damage ecosystems Vegetarianism and Veganism
and pollute rivers). Organic foods do not A vegetarian is someone who does not eat
contain Genetically Modified Organisms any products derived directly or indirectly
“GMOs” (no one quite knows what these from the slaughter of animals. A vegan
will do). This means the food you eat is takes this a stage further by not eating or
not full of added chemicals and neither is wearing any product which involves the
the land it is grown on. exploitation of animals. This means no
dairy products, eggs, honey, silk and other
One of the cheapest ways to buy organic items. People have different reasons for
fruit and veg is from a vegbox scheme. deciding to follow a veggie or vegan diet;
Join the one in the Green Action Food Co- these might be concern for animal welfare,
op, or get together with your housemates human health or the environment.
for a delivery anywhere in Leeds. See:
www.goosemoor.info Why is it better for the environment?
Resource Use: a 1993 study by the USDA
If you choose to eat meat and eggs, try to (partly funded by the Californian Beef
buy organic and free-range. Soil Council) calculated that whilst wheat
Association organic rules try to ensure the requires 130 litres of water per kg
welfare of animals. produced, beef requires 3700 litres per kg!
Try to Minimise “Food Miles” Energy Inputs Vs Energy Outputs:
Buying local produce that is in season Corn and barley produce 5x as much food
means that you get fresher, tastier and energy as energy used in production,
often cheaper food. It also helps cut where as beef uses 3x as much.
pollution as it doesn’t have to be
transported so far. Check out Leeds City There is far too little space here to discuss
Markets (by the bus station) during the the conventional meat and dairy industries
week or the Farmer’s Market (same in terms of animal welfare, but you might
place) every 1st and 3rd Sunday of the want to have a look at some of the links
month for some bargains! Better still – why below for yourself to make your own mind
not grow your own? up.
Grow your own! Links
It’s cheap and infinitely tastier to grow www.viva.org.uk/
your own food! You know exactly what’s www.vegsoc.org/
been put on it and where it’s come from, www.vegansociety.com
and it’s fun! Windowsills are great for
tomato plants or fresh herbs like mint or
Many of the things we buy from a pair of American Apparel
trainers to a bag of coffee have often Ethical company manufacturing clothes in
travelled many thousands of miles before Los Angeles but now available in the UK,
they reach us and were made in including from The Attic.
conditions that wouldn’t be allowed in www.americanapparel.co.uk
the UK for a rate of pay that also wouldn’t
be allowed. This is all a result of
companies using the world markets to
maximise their profits. In countries
where there is no minimum wage and no
environmental regulations the
manufacturing of goods is much cheaper.
So cheap that its worthwhile shipping The Fairtrade Foundation
goods right around the globe to do so. The Fairtrade Foundation was set up by
several NGOs and is the body that awards
This isn’t fair! Both the workers and the the Fairtrade mark, shown above. It
customers are losing out whilst companies provides an independent guarantee that
try to make a fast buck to become even the producers are being paid fairly. Many
richer. Whilst the workers are rarely paid products are now available including a wide
a living wage the customers are paying a range of foodstuffs, clothes and jewellery.
price that would only be justified if this
wage was actually much higher and Over 500,000 growers and producers
therefore fairer. across the world are now benefiting from
this system of fairer trade. It provides them
But don’t despair; there is a fairer way with a guaranteed price to cover
to buy things! There are now many production and provide a living wage, as
trustworthy companies that aim to give a well as a social premium to help bring
fair price to the people who made the benefits to the community. Fairtrade
goods. There are some good links in the products are now available in many shops
‘Ethical Shopping’ section and a few and around Uni, please show your support
more suggestions below: by buying products where you see them,
and if you don’t see them ask!
Produces sweatshop-free clothes and For more detailed information about
shoes. Available from The Attic in the fairtrade and the Foundation check out
Merrion Centre (see map p19) and online at www.fairtrade.org.uk. Also look our for
www.nosweatapparel.com. events and stalls around the University and
Leeds during Fairtrade Fortnight which is
the 1st-14th of March every year.
Fairtrade in Leeds
Leeds was awarded the status of Fairtrade
City in March 2004 after an increasing
number of shops and other outlets began
Traidcraft to stock fairtrade goods. For more
Sells a wide range of fairtrade wine, foods, information see www.fairtradeleeds.org.
beverages and gifts. Available in many
shops. www.traidcraft.co.uk Links
- Leeds Fairtrade University:
- Oxfam: www.maketradefair.com
- The Trade Justice Movement:
Banking and Money
What happens to your money when it’s in
the bank is just as important as what
you spend it on. Once your money is in
the bank it gets invested all over the
world. Banks lend or invest billions of
pounds every day on your behalf but often Ecology
you have no say in these investments at For savings accounts the Ecology Building
all. Society is the most ethical option possible.
They only lend money for green build/
ecological housing projects in the UK. Their
offices are based in an eco-design building
in Silsden, West Yorkshire but their postal
services are excellent and very quick via
pre-paid envelopes. For more information
Most of the main high street banks carry
out some pretty unsavoury business
practices such as dealing with countries
with poor human rights records and
providing banking services to arms
companies. There is another option
though! Ethical investment puts social
and environmental considerations before Ecology Building Society’s Headquarters
profit so you can be sure your money is
being invested in environmentally and Things you can do:
ethically sound practices. You can check • Switch your bank to Smile or the Co-
your bank’s record at www.ethiscore.org operative Bank so there is a clear ethical
or in Ethical Consumer magazine (which investment policy for investments made
there are copies of in the Green Action on your behalf.
Food Co-op). • When you make the change write to
your old bank and tell them why you
• Only buy things that you need and
when you do spend money try and
spend it in as ethical a place as possible.
See the ‘Ethical Shopping’ section (p.16)
Co-operative Bank for more information.
The Co-operative Bank is the only UK bank
to have an ethical investment policy. They Links
have a branch in Leeds at 41 Vicar Lane, - The Good Shopping Guide:
across the road from the market (0113 234 www.gooshing.co.uk
3703) or you can get an account with Smile - Ethical Consumer Magazine
their online branch at: www.smile.co.uk www.ethicalconsumer.org
Student accounts are available from both.
Smile also got the best buy award from
Which? Magazine for best bank and best
There is loads of advice available at Leeds The nationwide People and Planet also offer
University to help you think about what you a popular ethical careers service and
would like to do in the future. have teamed up with the Ethical Careers
Guide to bring you a comprehensive one-
This is a major topic to cover in just one stop site full of useful information
page and until recently it was difficult to www.ethicalcareers.org
find information about ethical employment.
But don’t worry! There is now a wealth of Scientists for Global Responsibility: For
easily accessible information available people in the fields of science and
about how to earn money and have a technology there are loads of guidelines
positive impact on the wider world. and lots of information available on the
SGR website at: www.sgr.org.uk
‘The Sustainable Careers Handbook’ by
Allan Shepherd and Fiona Rowe is worth
seeking out for more detailed information.
The Careers Centre
runs informative sessions with various
organisations and sometimes these focus
on NGOs, conservation groups or gaining
experience through voluntary work. They
will also give you lots of help in perfecting
your CV. Beware though: they have been
know to host companies with some rather
A low cost future?
seedy practices, so have your wits about
More and more these days there are
you and check out a companies track
pressures placed on us by society and the
record before signing up. If you’re
media to have more/bigger/faster
concerned about a companies ethical policy
things/houses/cars; however, it really
(or lack of) then ask questions and see if
doesn’t have to be this way. There is a
the representatives are able to justify this
growing movement now of people seeking
or any other dubious practices.
to minimalise and ‘downshift’ their lives.
There is now significant research which
Another great opportunity to learn about
shows that by working less, having less
ethical careers while you’re at Leeds is at
things and spending more time with family
the Ethical Careers Fair which is organised
and friends people can be much happier.
by People and Planet. Look out for details
You will have more time to do exactly
on their website:
what you want and can put the skills you
www.luupeopleandplanet.co.uk and for
have learnt during your degree to use in all
more info on how you can join and help
sorts of ways. For example, a friend who
did genetics at university now runs a small
seed company and breeds diverse and
tasty vegetables! Just use your imagination
to apply what you know in the best way
How Green is the University?
Leeds University has long sought to lead the consumption by 23%, despite rising student
way in environmental and ethical issues and numbers. The Uni and the hospital (LGI) have
this became more pronounced in 2003 with their own heat and power generator powering
the appointment of Dr Keith Pitcher as the main campus, and since 2005 all
Environmental Officer and Steffi Hasse as electricity supplied to large off-campus sites
Transport Coordinator. We gained fair-trade has come from renewable sources (green
status in 2005 for supplying and promoting electricity). Solar power is being incorporated
fair-trade products across campus, and have into many new buildings. Turn off lights if
the first carbon-neutral Geography department you are last to leave a room and switch
in the country! In 2006, the Uni won a Green off your computer monitor if no-one is
Gown award for the success of recycling waiting to use it when you’re finished to
projects. The Uni now has over 30 staff help this effort.
environmental coordinators and green
teams. Travel to and from Uni by so many people is
another major source of pollution. Cycle
storage facilities have improved a lot recently,
and the more people who use them the better
The University is huge. There are over 64
they will get! Look out for ‘free breakfast for
thousand students (32k full time), and
cyclists’ events, and cycling buddy schemes to
over 7,500 staff, not to mention the
get you used to Leeds roads. Students are
buildings. Our carbon dioxide (CO2)
not allowed to park on campus, and the
emissions in 2004/5 totalled 51, 700
traffic-wardens are ever wary! Check the
tonnes (the same as return flights from
Leeds Travel Section (p11) and The Uni’s
London to New York for 32,692 people),
excellent travel guide for more information.
with 72% from energy use and 27% from
staff and students commuting. We also
produce 1,772 tonnes of waste each year,
We use a lot of stuff! But there has been lots
with 26% currently being recycled. There
of recent progress in this area work is being
is still massive room for improvement!
done on getting recycled paper in all printers
and photocopiers and making doubled-
The University boasts many researchers who sided (duplex) printing standard in
lead the field in environmental and social clusters. Choose recycled paper for your notes
research, promoting environmental and use both sides where you can. Print
responsibility and sustainable development. doubled-sided (or reuse paper with a blank
Many of the staff and students have a keen side). Papers, notes and first-drafts of work
interest in the world around them and in both can even be printed 2 pages to a side. Do
research and daily life seek to “do their bit”. both and you use ¼ of the amount of paper!
Others are still waiting to join in. To help
ensure that the Uni’s policies & principles There are recycling bins in and near the
continue to make a real difference to our student union, around campus, in some
world, all you need is a willingness to do your departments and on residential sites. You can
bit! recycle your paper, cardboard, plastic bottles
and cups, glass bottles and cans. Even a
Environment composting scheme is available in some
There are lots of green spaces within our departments. If they aren’t there then ask
city campus. The University is planting trees, your department to provide them.
encouraging wildflower areas and reducing
pesticide use. You can help keep these areas More detailed information about the
nice by taking your litter with you (can you Universities environmental initiatives can be
recycle it?) and avoiding damage to plants. found at www.leeds.ac.uk/environmental
CO2 and other pollution
Since 2001, the Uni has been working to
reduce energy use and has decreased water
Oxfam at LUU
The Oxfam shop in your student union building welcomes
We cater for all student and staff needs, wants, and
whims, with a retro twist
New clothes * Course books * Music * DVDs
Fiction books * Crockery * Fancy dress *
Plus: have a go on the Xbox, Christmas unwrapped, chill-
out room, and very friendly people to chat with
We’re located in the basement of the student union
building between the hairdressers and the opticians – see
Tel. 0113 2450 861