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					                                   Water:
          Economics, Policy, Politics and Agricultural Celebration

 At the International Expo, Auditorio-Palacio de Congresos de Zaragoza, Sala Luis Galve (Street:
                                        Eduardo Ibarra 3)
                                         Zaragoza, Spain
                                         May 12-15, 2008

Organized by

Agrifood Research and Technology Center               Development            Research              Group
The Water Tribune
Department of Science, Technology & University        World                                         Bank
International Expo Zaragoza 2008
Government of Aragon, Zaragoza                                                          Washington DC
Water and Sustainable Development
Spain                                                 USA
Spain
(contact person Dr. Jose Albiac maella@unizar.es)               (contact    person   Dr.   Ariel   Dinar
adinar@worldbank.org)        (contact person Dr. Eduardo Mestre

emestre@expo2008.es)

Sponsors:




                                          World     Bank,      Development        Research         Group
IAMZ-CIHEAM


Background to the 4 day event:

Management of water resources becomes a very fine science that includes also a great deal of art.
In an attempt to link management science and policy, the set of activities under the Water
Celebration will incorporate various disciplines and experiences from all over the world.
Economics, Policy, Politics and Agricultural sciences will feature in the proposed activities. All will
have the common objective, which is simply to demonstrate how the integration of several
disciplines has a great potential in addressing water management problems across political and
physical situations in the world.
The Agenda:

The water celebration events will span over 4 days and will consist of a morning technical session
and of an afternoon roundtable session.

The morning sessions will bring internationally recognized expert on various topics in the water
arena to present their work and to discuss possible interventions relevant for policy makers.

The roundtable session will include several of the participants of the morning technical sessions
and several policy makers from Spain (simultaneous translation—English/Spanish—is provided).
The roundtable sessions are meant to spark debate and exchange experiences, criticism, and
solutions.

The 4 morning sessions are:

1.      Think Water—Think Strategically, May 12, 2008, 9am-12:30pm.
2.      Issues in Water Resource Policy—Learning from Int‟l Experience, May 13, 2008, 9am-
        12:50pm.
3.      Irrigation Technology to Achieve Water Conservation, May 14, 2008, 9am-12:30pm.
4.      Non-point Source Pollution Regulation Approaches, May 15, 2008, 9am-12:30pm.


The 4 afternoon roundtable sessions are (programs are tentative):

1.      Water sector scarcity and allocation, May 12, 2008, 3pm-5pm.
2.      Ground water, May 13, 2008, 3pm-5pm.
3.      Command and control, water pricing and water markets, and collective action, May 14,
        2008, 3pm-5pm.
4.      Aragon strategy against climate change, May 15, 2008, 3pm-5pm.
                              Session plan:
                    "Think Water Think Strategically"
     Session 1 in “Water: Economics, Policy, Politics and Agricultural
                              Celebration”
     International Water Expo, Zaragoza Spain, May 12, 2008, 9am-
                                12:30pm



Background:

The potential for conflict over allocation and use of water becomes more likely. Our world
witnesses several phenomena suggesting that individuals and groups behave strategically to
maintain their livelihood and survival when dealing with water resources. This is the result of (1)
population increase while water resources remain constant; (2) a clear pattern of increase in
externalities both among individuals and nations; and (3) increased stochasticity of water supply
resulting from climatic change. Game Theory, originally developed during WWII for logistical
purposes, has become one of the important analytical tools for addressing strategic issues in the
field of Economics and is increasing its influence in policy making. Game Theory has had a
relevant role in this field: activities such as development of water supplies, water treatment, water
storage, and water delivery have been among the most common water sector development and in
nearly 4 decades, Game Theory has been applied to issues associated with financing joint
investment cost in water resources. Game Theory has been providing important documented
input to policy making in several sectors (e.g., communication, transportation). In the natural
resources field, the seminal work of Ransmeier [J. S. Ransmeier (1942) The Tennessee Valley
Authority: A Case Study in the Economics of Multiple Purpose Stream Planning, Nashville, TN:
Vanderbilt University Press] not only contributed to the multi billion dollar inter-state project
management, but also affected the policy of apportioning direct and indirect costs of regional
development, and until these days inspires many applications of allocation decisions. These
examples, to count a few, suggest that Game Theory has an important role in supporting policy
making. It becames apparent that strategic thinking in water allocation and use is a common
pattern across the world. Interaction of experts from this field with policy makers could benefit
public policies in various water related aspects.



The proposed session:

"Think Water - Think Strategically" will bring Game Theory (GT) practitioners to interact with
Policy Makers from various countries, addressing specific issues. The session will demonstrate the
usefulness of GT frameworks, by interactions between these two groups. The session will consist
of several presentations of application of GT approaches to water resources and how it made a
difference in policy issues. Each presentation will then be discussed jointly by the policy maker
participants and the GT practitioners, and will be lead by a GT expert moderator. At the
conclusion of the session will be a forward looking and reflections discussion on opportunities to
incorporate strategic decision tools such as GT into various aspects of water policy in Spain and
elsewhere.


Session agenda:

0.      9:00-9:10 Opening
1.      9:10-9:30 Munther Haddadin—Former Water and Irrigation Minister, Amman, Jordan, and
        Courtesy Professor at Oregon State University, U. of Oklahoma, and U. of Central Florida,
        USA.
        (Presentation: Water conflicts: issues in international water, water allocation
        and water pricing with focus on Jordan). ¡Download!
2.      9:30-9:50 Jerson Kelman—General Director of the Brazilian Electric Energy Agency
        (ANEEL), Brasilia, Brazil.
        (Presentation: Good and bad forms of participation in water management: some
        lessons from Brazil). ¡Download!
3.      9:50-10:10 Barbara Schreiner—Former Deputy Director General Policy and Regulation,
        Department of Water and Forestry, South Africa and Strategy Analyst, Pegasys Strategy
        and Development, Pretoria, South Africa.
       (Presentation: Issues of balancing international, environmental and equity
       needs in a situation of water scarcity). ¡Download!
Break 10:10-10:30
4.     10:30-10:50 Carlo Carraro—Chairman and Professor of Environmental Economics and
       Econometrics, Department of Economics, University of Venice, Italy.
       (Presentation: Modelling negotiated decision making under uncertainty: an
       application to the Piave river basin, Italy). ¡Download!
5.     10:50-11:10 Ariel Dinar—Lead Economist, Development Economics Research Group,
       World Bank, Washington DC, USA.
       (Presentation: Strategic behavior in international water allocation).
6.     11:10-11:30 George Frisvold—Professor of Agricultural and Resource Economics,
       University of Arizona, Tucson, USA.
       (Presentation: Strategic behavior in transboundary water and environmental
       management). ¡Download!
7.     11:30-11:50 Leo Simon—Professor of Game Theory, University of California, Berkeley,
       USA.
       (Presentation: Strategic behavior in water policy negotiations: lessons from
       California). ¡Download!
Discussion 11:50-12:30
8.     Fioravante Patrone—Professor of Game Theory, University of Genoa, Italy.
       (Moderator)
9.     Teodoro Estrela—Deputy Director for Planning and Sustainable Use of Water, Ministry of
       Environment, Spain.
       (Reflections on conflicts and approaches presented in the session from the point
       of view of a policy maker)




                           Session Plan:
 "Issues in Water Resource Policy—Learning from Int’l Experience"
  Session 2 in “Water: Economics, Policy, Politics and Agricultural
                           Celebration”
 International Water Expo, Zaragoza Spain, May 13, 2008, 9:00am-
                             12:50pm



Background:

The water situation in many countries is very complicated, involving various aspects and
dimensions (quality, quantity, sources, uses, ecosystems). This necessitates a well coordinated
set of policies. This is not an easy task and, indeed, many countries do still face water problems
similar to what they have faced many years ago. A well designed water policy is a multi-facet
concerted intervention that could be specific to a given set of political, physical and socio-
economic conditions. As opposed to science, there is no one formula that solves water problems.
A great deal of progress can be achieved by sharing experience of policy formulation and
implementation by experienced experts. Therefore, having a set of documented country-level
contemporary issues and analyses is a unique opportunity to share with other interested parties.


The proposed session:

"Issues in Water Resource Policy: Learning from Int‟l Experience" will bring high-level policy
makers and policy analysts from various countries who are involved in setting policies and
documenting policy implementation experience in their countries, to share knowledge regarding
some specific policy issues that are featured in almost any country in the world and have been
addressed differently by each country. Each set of policy issues in the participating countries has
been documented recently (in a country level book in the series „Issues in Water Resource Policy‟)
by Resources for the Future Press and will be on display in the session.
Session agenda:

0.      9:00-9:10 Opening
1.     9:10-9:30 Munther Haddadin—Former Water and Irrigation Minister, Jordan, and Courtesy
       Professor at Oregon State University, U. of Oklahoma, and U. of Central Florida, USA
       [Editor of “Water Resources in Jordan Evolving Policies for Development, the Environment,
       and Conflict Resolution”].
       (Presentation: Issues in water resource policy in Jordan) ¡Download!
2.     9:30-9:50 Helena Naber—Environmental Economist/Young Professional World Bank, USA.
       (Presentation: Water scarcity, quality and environmental protection policies in
       Jordan). ¡Download!
3.     9:50-10:10 Bonnie G. Colby—Professor of Economics and Hydrology and Water
       Resources, University of Arizona USA [Co Editor of “Arizona Water Policy Management
       Innovations in an Urbanizing, Arid Region”].
       (Presentation: Water management in urbanizing, arid regions: innovative
       voluntary transactions as a response to competing water claims). ¡Download!
Break 10:10-10:30
4.     10:30-10:50 Katharine Jacobs—Executive Director, Arizona Water Institute, Professor of
       Soil Water and Environmental Science, University of Arizona, USA [Co Editor of “Arizona
       Water Policy Management Innovations in an Urbanizing, Arid Region”].
       (Presentation: Groundwater management issues and innovations in Arizona).
       ¡Download!
5.     10:50-11:10 Lin Crase—Associate Professor of Economics, La Trobe University, Australia
       [Editor of “Water Policy in Australia: The Impact of Change and Uncertainty”].
       (Presentation: Water policy in Australia: the impact of change and uncertainty).
       ¡Download!
6.     11:10-11:30 Terry Hillman— Adjunct Professor of Environmental Management and
       Ecology, La Trobe University, Australia.
       (Presentation: The policy challenge of matching environmental water to
       ecological need). ¡Download!
7.     11:30-11:50 Alberto Garrido—Professor of Economics, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid
       (and Ramon Llamas Spain Royal Academy of Science, Spain) [Co-Editors of “Water Policy
       in Spain”].
       (Presentation: Water management in Spain: an example of changing paradigms).
       ¡Download!
8.     11:50-12:10 Ana Iglesias—Professor of Economics, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid.
       (Presentation: Policy issues related to climate change in Spain) ¡Download!
Discussion 12:10-12:50
9.     Ariel Dinar—Lead Economist, Development Research Group, World Bank, USA [Editor of
       the book series “Issues in Water Resource Policy”]
       (Moderator)
10.    Francisco Amarillo—General Director of Rural Development, Ministry of Agriculture, Spain.
       (Reflections on policies presented in the session)




                           Session plan:
      "Irrigation Technology to Achieve Water Conservation"
  Session 3 in: “Water: Economics, Policy, Politics and Agricultural
                            Celebration”
 International Water Expo, Zaragoza Spain, May 14, 2008, 9:00am-
                             12:30pm



Background:

Water scarcity is a common problem facing many countries in the world. Irrigation is the sector
that consumes the lion share of countries‟ scarce water. However, it is already recognized that
irrigation efficiency varies across countries, influenced by both technology use and policies
supporting adoption of advanced irrigation technologies.          Countries that lead in irrigation
technology adoption and supporting policies, such as Israel, Spain and California, have certain
traits in common. They face very high scarcity and are pushed to find innovative solutions, both
technical and policy related. The recent investment in irrigation technologies amounting to 6 billion
euros in Spain, and the proposal of investing 3 billion euros in Australia, are examples of the
importance that both countries place on irrigation technologies. The session will share the
experience in facing water scarcity and necessary policy for technology development and adoption.


The proposed session:

"Irrigation Technology to Achieve Water Conservation" will bring scientists and economists dealing
with technology development and adoption from various countries that face high water scarcity. In
the session they will share their country experience regarding scarcity-technology-policy. The
session includes experts who have studied the interaction among these three key factors.


Session Agenda:

0.     Opening 9:00-9:10
1.     9:10-9:30 Munther Haddadin—Former Water and Irrigation Minister, Amman, Jordan, and
       Courtesy Professor at Oregon State University, U. of Oklahoma, and U. of Central Florida,
       USA.
       (Presentation: Irrigation technology and water conservation in Jordan).
2.     9:30-9:50 David BarYohai—Director of Irrigation Water Conservation Program, California
       Department of Water Resources, USA.
       (Presentation: Three essential elements of on-farm irrigation efficiency and
       conservation).
3.     9:50-10:10 Uri Shani—Israel Water Commissioner and Professor of Irrigation, Department
       of Soil and Water Sciences, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel.
       (Presentation: Irrigation technology and water conservation in Israel).
Break 10:10-10:30
4.     10:30-10:50 Chris Perry—Independent Consultant; Former Professor of Irrigation
       Economics, Cranfield University; Former Deputy Director General, International Water
       Management Institute.
       (Presentation: Pricing savings, valuing losses and measuring costs: do we really
       know how to talk about improved water management?).
5.     10:50-11:10 Lorenzo Avella—Professor of Agricultural Economics. Department of
       Economics and Social Sciences, Agricultural Engineering School, Polytechnic University of
       Valencia, Spain.
       (Presentation: Institutional factors and technology adoption in irrigated farming
       in Spain: impacts on water consumption).
6.     11:10-11:30 Mike Young—Professor of Water Economics and Management, School of
       Earth and Environmental Sciences, The University of Adelaide, Australia.
       (Presentation: The effects of water markets, water institutions and prices on the
       adoption of irrigation technology).
Discussion 11:30-12:30
7.     Luis Esteruelas—Director of the Mediterranean Agronomic Institute, IAMZ-CIHEAM, Spain
       (Moderator)
8.     José Eugenio Naranjo—Responsible for the Spanish National Irrigation Plan, General
       Directorate of Rural Development, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, Spain.
       (Reflections on issues presented in the session)
                              Session plan:
           "Nonpoint Source Pollution Regulation Approaches "
     Session 4 in: “Water: Economics, Policy, Politics and Agricultural
                               Celebration”
      International Water Expo, Zaragoza Spain, May 15, 2008, 9am-
                                12:30pm


Background:

Water management has both the quantity and the quality dimensions. Agriculture is considered to
be one of the main polluters of water bodies. Agricultural pollution is of a nonpoint source nature.
Pollution in agriculture may include pesticides, fertilizers and salinity. While it is very hard to
regulate pollution from agricultural sources (fields), attempts have been made to cope with such
pollution in very innovative ways, via taxes, standards, permits and subsidies. Coping with
nonpoint pollution in various countries took the form of both policy intervention and technology
development. As most countries face increasingly deteriorating water and environmental quality,
this issue has become of interest to many.



The proposed session:

"Nonpoint Source Pollution Regulation Approaches" will bring scientists/economists practicing
approaches to address nonpoint source pollution of various types. Each expert will present a
paper that summarizes experiences in their countries. Pollution will include salinity, pesticides,
and nitrates.



Session Agenda:

0.     Opening 9:00-9:10
1.     9:10-9:30 Uri Shani—Israel Water Commissioner and Professor of Irrigation, Department
       of Soil and Water Sciences, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel.
       (Presentation: Nonpoint pollution regulation approaches in Israel).
2.     9:30-9:50 Edwin Ongley—International Water Consultant, Montreal, Canada.
       (Presentation: Problems in assessing nonpoint source pollution in China: links to
       policy and regulation).
3.     9:50-10:10 Jose Albiac—Researcher at the Department of Agricultural Economics, CITA-
       Government of Aragon, Spain.
       (Presentation: Nonpoint pollution regulation approaches in Spain).
Break 10:10-10:30
4.     10:30-10:50 Marc Ribaudo—Agricultural Economist at the Resource, Environmental and
       Science Policy Branch, Economic Research Service, USDA, USA.
       (Presentation: Nonpoint pollution regulation approaches in the U.S).
5.     10:50-11:10 Mike Young—Professor of Water Economics and Management, School of
       Earth and Environmental Sciences, The University of Adelaide, Australia.
       (Presentation: Nonpoint pollution control: experience and observations from
       Australia).
6.     11:10-11:30 WANG Yi—Deputy Director-General, Institute of Policy & Management,
       Chinese Academy of Sciences, China.
       (Presentation: China’s water issues: transition, governance and innovation).
7.     11:30-11:50 Lewis Linker—Chair of the Modeling Subcommittee. Chesapeake Bay
       Program Office, EPA, USA.
       (Presentation: Integration of Modeling, Research, and Monitoring in the
       Chesapeake Bay Program).
Discussion 11:50-12:30
8.     Ramón Aragües—Director of the Department of Soil and Irrigation, CITA-Government of
       Aragon, Spain
       (Moderator)
9.     Ángel Barbero Martín—Deputy Director of Irrigation and Water Economics, and
       Responsible for the Program on Environmental Monitoring. General Directorate of Rural
       Development, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, Spain.
       (Reflections on issues presented in the session)
        Roundtable 1. Water sector scarcity and allocation
International Water Expo, Zaragoza Spain, May 12, 2008, 3pm-5pm

Moderator: Daniel Isidoro (CITA-Gobierno de Aragón)

1.     Andrés del Campo (Federación Nacional Comunidades de Regantes)
2.     Victor Viñuales (Ecología y Desarrollo)
3.     Manuel Omedas (Jefe de la Oficina de Planificación, Confederación Hidrográfica del Ebro)
4.     Amalio Garrido (Ente Público del Agua, Murcia)
5.     Antonio Rico Amorós (Universidad de Alicante)
6.     Lorenzo Avella (Universidad Politécnica de Valencia)
7.     Teodoro Estrela (Subdirector de Planificaión y Uso Sostenible, Ministerio de Medio
       Ambiente)
8.     Santiago Martín (Responsable del Área de agua, Ecologistas en Acción)
9.     Barbara Schreiner (PEGASYS, South Africa)
10.    Lin Crase (La Trobe University, Australia)
11.    Jerson Kelman (ANEEL, Brasil)

Coffee break at 4pm




                   Roundtable 2. Groundwater
International Water Expo, Zaragoza Spain, May 13, 2008, 3pm-5pm

Moderator: José Cavero (Estación Aula Dei-CSIC)

1.     Ramón Llamas (Real Academia de Ciencias)
2.     Alfonso Calera (Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha)
3.     Javier Ferrer (Jefe de la Oficina de Planificación, Confederación Hidrográfica del Júcar)
4.     Francisco Belmonte (Presidente del Junta Central de Regantes de la Mancha Oriental)
5.     José Ángel Rodríguez (Jefe de la Oficina de Planificación, Confederación Hidrográfica del
       Guadiana)
6.     José Manuel Hernández (Ecologistas en Acción)
7.     Uri Shani (Israel Water Commission)
8.     Katharine Jacobs (Arizona Water Institute)
9.     Bonnie Colby (University of Arizona)
10.    Edwin Ongley (International Consultant, Canada)

Coffee break at 4pm
   Roundtable 3. Command and control, water pricing and water
                  markets, and collective action
International Water Expo, Zaragoza Spain, May 14, 2008, 3pm-5pm


Moderator: Enrique Playán (Estación Aula Dei-CSIC)

1.          Marta García (Universidad Politécnica de Valencia)
2.          Chris Perry (Consultor Independiente, Reino Unido)
3.          Mike Young (University of Adelaide, Australia)
4.          Alberto Garrido (Universidad Politécnica de Madrid)
5.          George Frisvold (University of Arizona, USA)
6.          Juan José Moragues (Confederación Hidrográfica del Júcar)
7.          Javier Calatrava (Universidad Politécnica de Cartagena)
8.          Lewis Linker (Chesapeake Bay Program Office, EPA, Estados Unidos)
9.          WANG Yi (Chinese Academy of Sciences)
10.         Mark Ribaudo (Economic Research Service, Estados Unidos)

Coffee break at 4pm




      Roundtable 4. Aragon strategy against climate change
International Water Expo, Zaragoza Spain, May 15, 2008, 3pm-5pm

Moderator: José Albiac (CITA-Gobierno de Aragón)

      1.    Alfredo Boné (Consejero de Medio Ambiente-Gobierno de Aragón)
      2.    Antonio Valero (CIRCE-Universidad de Zaragoza)
      3.    Concepción Martínez (Oficina Española de Cambio Climático)
      4.    Carlo Carraro (University of Venice, Italy)
      5.    José María Cuadrat (Universidad de Zaragoza)
      6.    Ana Iglesias (Universidad Politécnica de Madrid)
      7.    Bar Yohai Davidoff (California Department of Water Resources, Estados Unidos)
      8.    Munther Haddadin (Jordan)
      9.    Terry Hillman (La Trobe University, Australia)
      10.   Ariel Dinar (World Bank)

      Coffee break at 4pm

				
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