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Science Fair Projects Proposals Examples - PDF

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					             Science Fair Proposal Form                                                               Normandy
Grades 2-6

Student Name: ____________________________________________________

Teacher: _____________________________                    Grade:       2    3     4     5     6

(6th grade only) Partner name, if entering jointly as a team:   ______________________
                                                                                                      Science Fair
Contact info (parent(s) for information & reminder emails):                                           February 24, 2011

    #1 – Parent name _________________________ and Email ________________________________

    #2 – Parent name _________________________ and Email ________________________________

 Proposals are due no later than Tuesday, November 23rd by 3:00 PM in the front office
Please select two different projects you would be interested in working on for the Science Fair. We will do our best to
give you your first choice; the 2nd-choice option would only be used if two students in the same grade submit the same
exact experiment proposal. You will receive this form back 12/3, along with your approved project & ID#.
                                                                                                          Will you need an
MY FIRST CHOICE:              please choose one that could represent your type of project                 electrical outlet?
                                                                                                              Yes    No
A. Investigation - Question You’re Asking: ________________________________________________________

B. Demonstration - Idea: _____________________________________________________________

C. Collection - Kind of Collection: ______________________________________________________
Briefly describe your project/idea: _______________________________________________________

 _____________________________________________________________________________________

 _____________________________________________________________________________________
                                                                                                  Will you need an
MY ALTERNATE CHOICE:                    please choose one that could represent your type of project
                                                                                                  electrical outlet?
                                                                                                      Yes    No
A. Investigation - Question You’re Asking:               ________________________________________________________

B. Demonstration - Idea: _____________________________________________________________

C. Collection - Kind of Collection: ______________________________________________________
Briefly describe your project/idea: _______________________________________________________

 _____________________________________________________________________________________

 _____________________________________________________________________________________
    Questions? Contact our Science Fair Coordinator Angie Taylor at NormandyScienceFair@gmail.com or 720-922-8394
                        Visit our Normandy Science website at http://www.normandyscience.com
       Office Use Only:       Date Received ____________         ID# ____________       Payment Rec’d ____________
                  Parent Volunteer Form                                                              Normandy




                                                                                                                         Grades K-6
   Parents – We need lots of help making our Science Fair a successful event.
          Please let us know how you can help share your support of
                 and enthusiasm for Science with our children!

Parent(s) Name(s): _________________________________________________
(we will contact you via the email and phone information provided on your Student’s Proposal Form)

Student’s Name: ___________________________________________________
                                                                                                     Science Fair
Teacher: ________________________________________ Grade: ___________                                 February 24, 2011

   Please remit this form along with your student’s Science Fair or Expo Proposal Form to the office.

In advance of the Science Fair, I can help by:

  ____ Helping distribute Display Boards immediately after school December 6th, 7th, or 8th
       in the Traffic Room

  ____ Making copies; distributing copies for Friday Folders

  ____ Help create a layout map for where students will need to set up in the Gym and hallways

  ____ Assist with securing donations/sponsors for prizes
       (there will be one winner per grade 2-6 plus one overall grand prize winner)

The day of the Science Fair (Feb. 24, 2011) I can help:

  ____ Set-up from 2:30 to 4:00 in the Gym and Hallways (need 6 people)

  ____ Help set out catered dinner for the judges and volunteers 3:30 to 4:00 (need 2 people)

  ____ Judge Science Fair Projects for grades 2-6 (need 10-12 judges)
       4:15pm initial review of projects; 5:30 student interviews begin; complete by 7:00pm
       My background in Science is as follows: ________________________________________

  ____ Review and score Science Expo projects for grades K-1 (need 4 people)

  ____ Scorecard Runner (need 4 people)
       (take judges’ sheets to Teacher’s Lounge for tallying, 5:30 – 7:00pm)

  ____ Tally Counter (need 2–3 people)
       (add scores and verify point totals for awards, 5:30 – 7pm)

  ____ Help supervise Science Expo in the Hallways: 5:20 to 6:15pm                             or    6:10 to 7:15pm

  ____ Clean-up upon conclusion of event (approximately 7:30 – 8:00pm; need 6 people)




    Questions? Contact our Science Fair Coordinator Angie Taylor at NormandyScienceFair@gmail.com or 720-922-8394
                        Visit our Normandy Science website at http://www.normandyscience.com
                     Types of Projects                                                      Normandy




                                                                                                                  Grades 2-6
#1 - INVESTIGATIONS

A. Comparative Survey:

   Comparative surveys are sometimes called “natural experiments.” A
   survey is a useful approach for the student who identifies two or more
   groups that might be alike in many ways but might show a difference in
   one of more factors. An example of this type of project might be to
                                                                                           Science Fair
   compare the differences between the heartbeats of boys and girls.                        February 24, 2011
   The hypothesis might be that while sitting at rest in the classroom,
   fifth grade boys’ hearts beat faster than the hearts of fifth grade girls.

      Other examples:
      • Igneous Rocks – discuss mineral size to compare intrusive and extrusive
      • Volcanoes – compare the different kinds: types, explosions, active vs. dormant
      • Ecosystems – carnivores vs. herbivores; primary consumers vs. secondary consumers


B. Controlled Experiment:

   A controlled experiment would be used for a project where a student worked with an
   experimental group, a control group, and a variable. An example of this type of experiment
   might be keeping all other conditions the same but watering almost identical plants using sea
   water for the experimental group of plants and fresh water for the control group of plants.
   The experimenter would then observe any difference that the variable made in plant growth.

      Other examples:
      • Ball Drop – drop balls into different surfaces to make a crater; different weighted balls;
         different heights
      • Marble Run – run marbles down a ramp to go the furthest; different marble weights;
         different heights
      • Light affecting a Plant – different amount of light; types of light
      • Mineral Growth – cooling the solution


C. Simple Experiment:

   The purpose of a simple experiment is to show a change in something. For example, a student
   might fasten a balloon to the top of a plastic soda bottle filled with cola, and then, with a
   string, measure the diameter of the balloon after one, two, and three minutes have passed.
   In this way, the investigator would be able to show that the balloon was being inflated by the
   release of carbon dioxide gas from the cola.

      Other examples:
      • Light affecting a Plant – moving the light closer
      • Ice Melting – using different items to melt it faster
      • Floating or Sinking – showing different density of items


  Questions? Contact our Science Fair Coordinator Angie Taylor at NormandyScienceFair@gmail.com or 720-922-8394
                      Visit our Normandy Science website at http://www.normandyscience.com
                      Types of Projects                                                      Normandy




                                                                                                                   Grades 2-6
#2 - DEMONSTRATIONS
Demonstrations can take on one of three forms, demonstrating a scientific
principle, demonstrating a complex natural phenomenon, or demonstrating
how a practical product of some sort works.
A. Demonstrating a Scientific Principle:
   A student might want to demonstrate how a particular scientific law works.
                                                                                            Science Fair
       Examples:                                                                 February 24, 2011
       • Air Friction – Galileo’s experiment
       • Gravity – dropping balls
       • Newton’s Law #1 – An object will stay at rest unless something acts upon it.
       • Newton’s Law #2 – An object will stay in motion unless something acts upon it.
       • Newton’s Law #3 – For every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction.
       • Ecosystem – Food Web/Energy Flow
B. Demonstrating a Complex Natural Phenomenon:

   Making a tornado, cloud chamber, or volcano might be an example of demonstrating
   a natural phenomenon
       Other examples:
       • Volcano types
       • Earthquake types
       • Mineral Growth – using salol
       • Water Cycle
C. Demonstrating a Practical Product:

   Building a model of the Panama Canal to demonstrate how locks work or writing a computer
   program to run a robot would be examples of a demonstration of a practical product
       Other examples:
       • Telescope
       • Camera Obscura (pin-hole)
       • Steam engine

#3 - COLLECTIONS
Creating a collection for display is the third type of project. A good science fair project requires
that the student take some additional steps besides bringing in a collection.
For example, the student who wants to display a collection of rocks might ask some interesting
questions about rocks, such as: Do all rocks have the same hardness? Does the density of a rock
correlate with its hardness? Then the student can make a hypothesis and test it by using the
rocks in the rock collection. Graphs, charts, and other notes could be displayed on the display
board.
       Other examples:
       • Minerals – hardness
       • Igneous Rocks – intrusive vs. extrusive
       • Planets – location, size, number of moons

   Questions? Contact our Science Fair Coordinator Angie Taylor at NormandyScienceFair@gmail.com or 720-922-8394
                       Visit our Normandy Science website at http://www.normandyscience.com
                      Scientific Method                                                      Normandy




                                                                                                                   Grades 2-6
The Scientific Method is the basic process used by scientists in EVERY
effective experiment conducted! It is a way to ask and answer questions by
doing experiments and making observations.

The steps of the Scientific Method are:

   1) Ask a question: what is your Purpose for this experiment?
   2) Create a hypothesis                                                                   Science Fair
   3) Test your hypothesis                                                                   February 24, 2011
       A. Gather your data
       B. Analyze (or look closely at) your data
       C. Draw a conclusion
   4) Reflection

1) What question do you want to answer? This is what you will be doing for your project, and it is
usually phrased as a question.

2) What do you think will happen? Or, what will the outcome or result of your project be? This is
called your ‘Hypothesis’, which is your predicted outcome.

3) Describe and perform your experiment. (Test your hypothesis.)

   A. Do your experiment.

   B. Record your results. Write down and list what happened in your experiment.

   C. Did your predicted outcome match your actual outcome? Was your hypothesis correct? Why
   or why not? Why do you think it happened? Draw a conclusion based on your actual results.

       Don’t worry if your experiment does not go as expected or if your results are different from
       your hypothesis! Even if the experiment was a failure, you learned something, and you may
       have an opportunity to re-do your experiment and learn even MORE the next time around!

       EACH AND EVERY DAY around the world, scientists work hard…and sometimes their
       experiments go wrong, too!

4) What would you do next or differently? This is your Reflection.

5) Communicate the results by preparing your Project Display board.




   Questions? Contact our Science Fair Coordinator Angie Taylor at NormandyScienceFair@gmail.com or 720-922-8394
                       Visit our Normandy Science website at http://www.normandyscience.com
                   Scientific Method                                                      Normandy




                                                                                                                Grades 2-6
                                Ask Questions



                                                                                         Science Fair
                                                                                          February 24, 2011
                                Do Background
                                   Research




                                  Construct                           Think!
                                  Hypothesis                        Try Again!




                                 Test with an
                                 Experiment




                              Analyze Results
                              Draw Conclusion



                                             Hypothesis is False
           Hypothesis is True
                                              or Partially True




                                Report Results




                                   Reflection




Questions? Contact our Science Fair Coordinator Angie Taylor at NormandyScienceFair@gmail.com or 720-922-8394
                    Visit our Normandy Science website at http://www.normandyscience.com
         Sample Science Fair Project:                                                        Normandy




                                                                                                                   Grades 2-6
                       (Type: Investigation Project)

Purpose:

Do different brands of popcorn leave different amounts of un-popped kernels?

Hypothesis:
                                                                                            Science Fair
I think that different brands of popcorn will leave different amounts of un-                 February 24, 2011
popped kernels.

Procedure:

1) Use 3 different brands of microwave popcorn for this experiment. Make sure the bags are the
same size/weight in ounces. Label 1 bag “A”, one bag “B”, and the third bag “C.”

2) Pop each bag for the same amount of time.

3) Pour popped corn into a bowl and separate the popped kernels from the un-popped kernels.

4) Count the popped kernels and the un-popped kernels. Record the information.

5) Create a chart displaying the results of the experiment.

6) Repeat the process 1 more time and compare results.

7) Have 2 family members taste the popcorn for comparison.

8) Chart the results of the taste test.

Observation/Gathering Data:

Day 1: I popped brand A of microwave popcorn. I separated the popped kernels from the un-
popped kernels from bag A and counted each. I recorded my results on a graph. I drew a picture of
my results. I had my mom and sister taste the popcorn from bag A and I recorded the results on a
chart. Brand A popped almost completely. It also tasted very good.

Day 2: I popped brand B...

       Continue recording results of what happened until experiment is complete.

Conclusion:

My Hypothesis was correct. The three brands of popcorn I used each had a different amount of
popped and un-popped kernels. Although Brand B had less un-popped kernels that brands A and C,
brand C tasted the best out of the three brands used in my experiment.



   Questions? Contact our Science Fair Coordinator Angie Taylor at NormandyScienceFair@gmail.com or 720-922-8394
                       Visit our Normandy Science website at http://www.normandyscience.com
 Steps for Completing a FUN Project                                                          Normandy




                                                                                                                   Grades 2-6
1) Determine what type of a project you would like to complete.

       Are you interested in Race Cars? Magnets? Rocks? Plants?
       Sports? Space? Forensics? Human Body? Bugs? Volcanoes?
       What would you like to learn more about?

       Resources for project ideas are nearly limitless:                                    Science Fair
                                                                                             February 24, 2011
       - Google ‘Elementary Science Experiments Plants‘
         (or whatever topic you want!)

                        Parents, please help keep your kids safe on the internet!

       - A few other great starting point web sites:

              http://scienceprojectideasforkids.com
              Hundreds of project ideas by nationally-known author Janice VanCleave

              http://www.SteveSpanglerScience.com
              Local hero and local company based in Englewood, CO!

              http://school.discoveryeducation.com/sciencefaircentral
              Project ideas, plus great guideline ideas for helping parents learning how
              to act as ‘coach/mentor’ instead of ‘partner’.

              http://www.sciencebuddies.org/science-fair-projects/recommender_register.php
              Contains LOTS of helpful information;
              see especially their ‘Topic Selection Wizard’ that asks the student a
              series of questions to gauge what he or she is particularly interested in;
              the wizard then generates a customized list of project ideas

              http://www.lkwdpl.org/study/sfair/
              Lakewood Public Library’s Main Resource Page for LOTS of information

        - The local library has SHELVES of idea and reference books!
          see especially books by Janice VanCleave (web site, above)

        - Normandy Elementary’s ‘Science Fair’ web page (under ‘Extra-Curricular Activities’)
          has photos of some particularly successful projects from past years.

        - Find any other good sources? Email them to us (see below) and we may post them to our
          new Normandy Science website (http://www.normandyscience.com) Note: This website
          is maintained by parent volunteers and has no official association with Normandy Elementary.

2) Remember: this is a project for the STUDENT to complete - not the parent(s)!
A good rule of thumb is that 80% of the work should be done by the student, with about 20%
parental assistance.


   Questions? Contact our Science Fair Coordinator Angie Taylor at NormandyScienceFair@gmail.com or 720-922-8394
                       Visit our Normandy Science website at http://www.normandyscience.com
 Steps for Completing a FUN Project                                                          Normandy




                                                                                                                   Grades 2-6
3) Which category does your project best fit into?
    Is it an Investigation, Demonstration, or Collection?
    Refer to ‘Types of Projects’ for more on this, and for some Project Ideas.

4) Write out and answer the steps in the “Scientific Method.”
ALL SCIENTISTS use this same method, so when you grow up, you’ll STILL use
these steps if you become a famous scientist!                                               Science Fair
                                                                                             February 24, 2011
5) Make a list of what supplies you will need.

6) Create a “timeline” of how long your project will take to complete.
       A. If taking a survey or doing interviews, set time aside to meet with people.
       B. You may need to visit the Library to complete any research needed for your project.
       C. Don’t forget to allow time at the end to make your project display board.

7) Keep a record or journal of what you do each time you work on your project.
A separate notebook is handy for this!

8) Create graphs, tables, or charts if necessary. You may also use Pictures or Photographs if
you want. A laptop and PowerPoint presentation may be used. Please make note of your
request for an electrical outlet upon submission of your Proposal Form.

9) Use a Project Display Board to display your project results.

10) Practice how to display your project at home prior to the Science Fair.

11) Practice your presentation at home prior to the Science Fair. Refer to the ‘Science Fair (or
Expo) Judging Form’ for a guide of what the judges will be looking for and wanting to hear!

                             WITH EVERY STEP, DON’T FORGET TO HAVE FUN!!

Here are some helpful hints to keep in mind:

     Is my topic realistic? Can I do this without tons of help from mom/dad?
     Is it interesting?
     Can I afford and obtain what I’ll need to investigate my topic?
     Do I have enough time to complete the experiment and complete the display?
     Is it season-friendly? It’s hard to do an experiment on butterflies in the middle of winter.
     Is information on my topic easy to find?
     Can I gather all the supplies I’ll need?
     Is the experiment appropriate?
     Is the experiment safe? Will anyone or any animals be harmed by it?



   Questions? Contact our Science Fair Coordinator Angie Taylor at NormandyScienceFair@gmail.com or 720-922-8394
                       Visit our Normandy Science website at http://www.normandyscience.com
   Judging Expectations and Awards                                                           Normandy




                                                                                                                   Grades K-6
Judging and Expectations:

1) Each Science Fair Participant (grades 2–6) will be assigned an ‘ID number.’
   This allows for complete impartiality by the judges and tally-helpers.
   The display should contain the Title and Student ID number ONLY.
                                                                                            Science Fair
   Remember the student’s name may NOT appear on the display board                           February 24, 2011

2) Each student/SF Participant will complete an approved SF Project on his/her own.
   Remember that a good rule of thumb is that 80% of the effort will be done by the student,
   and only 20% will be parental guidance and support.

3) Science Expo projects (grades K–1) have a special judging form and criteria
   A. Refer to ‘Science Expo Judging Form K-1’ for specific goals
   B. Please do a display board about a simple demonstration or Experiment;
      or a report on your favorite scientist or your favorite animal / critter
   C. Evaluations will be done by impartial adults

              Student names MUST APPEAR on student’s display boards for students K-1

4) Science Fair projects (grades 2–6) will be judged on presentation, content and the student
interview.
   A. Refer to ‘Science Fair Judging Form 2-6’ for specific criteria
   B. Judging will be completed by Adults with a “Science Background.”

5) Parent volunteers will be needed to tally the judging sheets.

6) Students may work together in pairs in the 6th grade only. If the team wins a top prize,
   it will be split evenly among partners.

Awards:

- Each participant will receive a “Certificate of Achievement” for researching, working on
and completing a project for the Science Fair or Science Expo, K–6.

- 1st Place Ribbon: Given to one student per grade level 2–6

- 2nd Place Ribbon: Given to one student per grade level 2–6

- 3rd Place Ribbon: Given to one student per grade level 2–6

- Honorable Mention /4th Place Ribbon: Given to up to 3 students per grade level

- Prizes may be awarded to the top individual in grades 2–6, and/or to one overall Grand Prize winner.

   Questions? Contact our Science Fair Coordinator Angie Taylor at NormandyScienceFair@gmail.com or 720-922-8394
                       Visit our Normandy Science website at http://www.normandyscience.com
            Science Fair Judging Form                                                        Normandy




                                                                                                                   Grades 2-6
Grade:        2    3    4    5    6                  Project ID#: ______________

Title of Project: _____________________________________________________

Type of Project:       Investigation          Demonstration               Collection

                                                                                            Science Fair
            Sliding Scale           Low          Sufficient            Super
                                                                                             February 24, 2011
                                  1   2        3   4     5       6     7   8

            Presentation:
                    Originality of Idea                           _____
                    Quality of Exhibit Display                    _____
                    Clarity of Exhibit                            _____


            Scientific Thought:
                    Appropriate Problem/Question                  _____
                    Hypothesis/Outcome                            _____
                    Procedure/Steps Taken/Experiment              _____
                    Observations/Data Analysis                    _____
                    Conclusion                                    _____
                    Reflection                                    _____


            Interview with Student:
                   Knowledge                                      _____
                   Enthusiasm                                     _____
                    Oral Presentation                             _____


                                   Total Points: _____ / 96 possible


Comments: ___________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________


Judge Signature: ______________________________________________________________________




   Questions? Contact our Science Fair Coordinator Angie Taylor at NormandyScienceFair@gmail.com or 720-922-8394
                       Visit our Normandy Science website at http://www.normandyscience.com

				
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