IV. COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT NEEDS

Document Sample
IV. COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT NEEDS Powered By Docstoc
					TARRANT COUNTY 2005-2009 CONSOLIDATED PLAN




                    IV. COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT NEEDS


The non-housing community development needs of the urban county vary greatly across each
individual municipality. The majority of the consortium member cities are comprised of
predominantly single family homes with minimal business or industrial base. These small
communities lack a vibrant and diverse economy in which to properly finance capital
improvement bond programs necessary to fully address the public works needs of their aging
neighborhoods. Subsequently, the streets, drainage, water and sewer needs of low income
neighborhoods are these cities greatest priorities. The areas of greatest need are aging, low
income neighborhoods experiencing not only inadequate utilities but the strain on theses
sensitive infrastructures is compounded by accelerated use due to strong population growth
throughout Tarrant County.

COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT PRIORITIES

Each year, members of the urban county consortium, the Tarrant County Mayors’ Council,
evaluate their communities’ needs. The most pressing needs in PY 2005 are the repair and
replacement of water and sanitary sewer lines in order to maintain and protect public health.
The second priority need is for improvements of failing streets that contribute to an atmosphere
of blight in low income neighborhoods, and curb, gutter and drainage improvements to prevent
flooding, further street decay, and provide protection to personal property.

Profiles of each of the consortium member cities are provided in the Community Profiles section
of the Consolidated Plan. Here, details of the housing and community development needs of
each city are summarized. The level of need is wide ranging, from rapidly growing bedroom
communities with increasingly less affordable housing stock to small cities where a vast majority
of homes well over 35 years old with high concentrations of low income families and seniors
with dwindling resources in which to maintain the quality of their homes.

OBSTACLES TO MEETING UNDERSERVED AREAS

The areas of Tarrant County with the greatest needs are neighborhoods quite often squeezed
out of the rewards of the current rapid growth and development. Comprehensive development
spurred by upper income neighborhood communities are most often located on undeveloped
land as opposed to being targeted as revitalization projects within older communities. As
identified in the Housing Market Analysis, the desire for new, larger homes with modern
amenities out paces the desire for living in long established neighborhoods. New streets with
modern water and sewer delivery, full curb and guttering, proper storm drainage and sidewalks
are integrated into the new developments with a majority of the costs passed on to the new
homeowners. As with most build or repair decisions, it is often less expensive to build anew,
than repair the old.

City budget restrictions to meet the needs of underserved areas are many fold. As communities’
age and its residents approach retirement and fixed incomes, there is increased pressure by
local voters to not raise property taxes. Flat property values of older communities flatten
revenues available to fix and maintain streets. Every city council has to weigh the needs of its
oldest infrastructure with the advantages of luring high valued development with higher property
values in order to strengthen its tax base. The community development block grant process is a


COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT NEEDS                                                       Section IV Page 1
TARRANT COUNTY 2005-2009 CONSOLIDATED PLAN



critical tool in closing the gap on funding basic infrastructure demands for the urban county
especially for the small cities with very limited bond program purchasing and borrowing power.


LONG TERM OBJECTIVES FOR NON-HOUSING COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT NEEDS

The Mayors’ Council, during its annual February 7, 2005 public forum on funding priorities for
community development, housing, and services to the homeless, reaffirmed the county’s non-
housing community development goals that would support providing decent housing, a suitable
living environment, and expanded economic opportunities for their citizens. These objectives
are:

          •   Basic infrastructure replacement
          •   Handicapped accessibility improvements for public facilities
          •   Senior Centers repair and improvement and senior services

SHORT TERM OBJECTIVES FOR NON-HOUSING COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT NEEDS

Each year consortium member cities examine the target areas within their communities and
develop projects representing the areas greatest needs. (The target areas are detailed in the
Community Development Appendix.) These projects are submitted and reviewed by a
committee of seven consortium mayors and the Tarrant County Community Development
Division. A thorough examination and site visit of the projects is conducted and each is
evaluated across several criteria including the eligibility of the projects for CDBG funding,
location, need, project beneficiaries, and the measurable outcomes for the community. The
committee makes final recommendations to be considered by the entire Mayors Council, the
Tarrant County Commissioners Court, and the residents of Tarrant County. The projects
become the short term objectives implemented in the urban county annual Action Plan.




COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT NEEDS                                                    Section IV Page 2
TARRANT COUNTY 2005-2009 CONSOLIDATED PLAN



SPECIFIC COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT NEEDS AND OBJECTIVES

Specific community development needs were identified through the Tarrant County Mayors’
Council Mayors Survey taken in January – February 2005, public forums, public comment
submissions, and the 31st Year CDBG application process.
Table 2B
                                                                        Year/
                                                          Priority                     Source
 Priority Community                                                  Goal Units or
                      Objective/Unmet Priority Need        Need                          of
 Development Needs                                                     Persons
                                                           Level                       Funds
                                                                       Served
Public Facilities
Senior Centers        1. Bedford – Increased               High      2005: 10          CDBG
                      handicapped parking, ramps and                 parking units
                      wheel chair accessibility senior
                      center.
Parks, Recreational   2. Forest Hill – Recreational       Medium     Approx. 3,412
Facilities            center and gymnasium for its                   youth under
                      youth.                                         age 19

                      3. Haltom City – Replacement of      High      2005: 3,314       CDBG
                      park equipment                                 persons
Water/Sewer           4. Everman - Water well at the       High      2006-2008:
Improvements          city’s new ground storage tank to              5,836 persons
                      provide supplemental potable
                      water supply.

                      5. Azle – Sewer line replacement     High      2005: 205         CDBG
                      Dusk Ave.                                      persons
                      6. Crowley – Water line              High      2005: 500         CDBG
                      replacement                                    persons
                      7. Euless – Sewer line               High      2005: 525         CDBG
                      replacement                                    persons
                      8. Forest Hill – Water line          High      2005: 65          CDBG
                      replacement Nell Street                        persons
                      9. Grapevine – Water line            High      2005: 84          CDBG
                      replacement S. Eckley Street                   persons
                      10. Haslet – Sewer line              High      2005: 56          CDBG
                      Improvements Main and 1st                      persons
                      Streets
                      11. Hurst – Water main               High      2005: 3,355       CDBG
                      improvements, street                           persons
                      improvement and storm drainage
                      Mary Drive
                      12. Kennedale – Sewer line           High      2005: 147         CDBG
                      improvement Oak Crest Addition                 persons
                      13. Mansfield – Water line           High      2005: 300         CDBG
                      improvements Kimball Street                    persons
                      14. Richland Hills – Sewer line      High      2005: 150         CDBG
                      serving Gumwood park                           persons
                      15. River Oaks – Sewer line          High      2005: 125         CDBG
                      improvements                                   persons
                      16. Saginaw – Water line             High      2005: 60          CDBG
                      replacement on Northern Ave.                   persons
                      17. Sansom Park – Water system       High      2005: 4,181       CDBG


COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT NEEDS                                                          Section IV Page 3
TARRANT COUNTY 2005-2009 CONSOLIDATED PLAN



                                                                                Year/
                                                                Priority                     Source
 Priority Community                                                        Goal Units or
                          Objective/Unmet Priority Need          Need                          of
 Development Needs                                                            Persons
                                                                 Level                       Funds
                                                                               Served
                          improvements SH199 and                           persons
                          Morfleet
                          18. Watauga – Water and sewer          High      2005: 98          CDBG
                          improvements beginning at                        persons
                          Dream Lane                                       2006: 60
                                                                           2007:110
                          19. Westworth Village – Water          High      2005: 2,115       CDBG
                          line improvement to complete
                          looped water distribution for city.
                          20. White Settlement – Sewer line      High      2005: 69          CDBG
                          improvement Odie Drive                           persons
 Street Improvements      21. North Richland Hills - Street      High      2005: 33          CDBG
                          reconstruction Rita Beth Drive                   persons
                          22. Blue Mound – Reconstruction        High      2005: 102         CDBG
                          of Glenn Drive                                   persons
                          23. Haltom City – Parrish Road         High      2005:             CDBG
                          and Solona Street
                          24. Lake Worth – Street                High      2005: 150         CDBG
                          reconstruction on Hodgkins Road                  persons
 Sidewalks                25. Benbrook – San Saba and            High      2005:             CDBG
                          Del Rio Streets                                  Driveway
                                                                           approaches
                                                                           and sidewalks
                                                                           for 34 homes
 Removal of               26. Benbrook – Curb cut ramps          High      2005: 151         CDBG
 Architectural Barriers   along San Saba and Del Rio                       persons
                          Streets
                          27. Haltom City – Install              High      2005              CDBG
                          sidewalks and curbs to access
                          public park
                          28. Bedford – Sidewalk                 High      2005: 276         CDBG
                          installation and barrier free ramps              persons
                          Chattanooga Drive and
                          Charleston Drive



SENIOR CENTERS

Services and facilities dedicated to the needs of senior citizens continue to be a Tarrant County
priority. Since the inception of the CDBG program in 1975, over $2.8 million dollars of federal
funds have been used to provide new, expanded and improved public facilities for seniors
throughout the county including Benbrook, Crowley, Kennedale, Bedford, Hurst, Keller, North
Richland Hills, Richland Hills, Watauga, Lake Worth and Saginaw. Not only have these centers
served the increasing senior population, but many have provided much needed facilities for
programs serving handicapped and mobility impaired residents. As use of these facilities
increases, the amount of handicapped accessible parking has also increased. The city of
Bedford Senior Center needs to expand safe, accessible parking for its residents.




COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT NEEDS                                                                Section IV Page 4
TARRANT COUNTY 2005-2009 CONSOLIDATED PLAN



PARKS, RECREATIONAL FACILITIES

Making public parks accessible to all residents, including the mobility impaired is a Tarrant
County priority. Particular emphasis is placed on those parks that provide green space and
activity for children living in low income areas. The parks improvement needed in Haltom City
will do just that, located in a neighborhood with a concentration of Housing Choice Voucher
families.

WATER AND SEWER IMPROVEMENTS

Providing safe, clean water to neighborhoods is a high priority in Tarrant County. Repair,
replacement, and modernization of water and sewer utilities throughout the county provides not
only for the public’s health, but sustains aging communities that most often have the largest
stock of affordable homes for low and moderate income households. It is essential that existing
neighborhoods of low income persons are served by their communities with decent, livable
environments. Aging utility infrastructure impacts every corner of the county and will continue to
be of the greatest community development need.

STREET AND DRAINAGE IMPROVEMENTS

Enhancing neighborhoods with well maintained streets, proper curbs, gutters and storm
drainage is a priority in Tarrant County. Preventing decay and blight starts with the pathway to
the neighborhood. Elimination of potholes, failed streets, crumbled pavement and curbs can
begin the transformation of a neighborhood, providing pride and a renewed sense of ownership.

SIDEWALKS and REMOVAL OF ARCHITECTURAL BARRIERS

Sidewalks that provide safe passage from neighborhood to neighborhood, home to school, or
home to public transportation are a priority for Tarrant County. Additionally, the removal of
architectural barriers for handicapped persons is done concurrently with sidewalk installations.
These amenities are highly important in aging and low-income communities often home to
elderly citizens many with some level of mobility difficulty.


ANTIPOVERTY STRATEGY

Poverty within the urban county is primarily concentrated to female heads of households,
minorities, elderly and disabled. The highest concentrations of poverty are located in Forest Hill
(16%), Haltom City (10%), River Oaks (11.7%), Sansom Park (23%) and White Settlement
(15.2%).




COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT NEEDS                                                       Section IV Page 5
TARRANT COUNTY 2005-2009 CONSOLIDATED PLAN




                        AREAS OF LOW INCOME & MINORITY
                                CONCENTRATION
                                        Tract
                                                 Block
       City          Census Tract    Minority            Population      % Low/Mod
                                                 Group
                                    Population
        Azle            1142.04         7.12       3        905             51.8

      Bedford           1136.07                    2        1362            51.1
                        1136.18        17.01       4        1081            48.9
                        1136.28        28.32       3        1095            52.4
                        1136.27        21.73       3        2080            51.7
     Benbrook           1109.06        12.73       1        845             54.6
   *Blue Mound          1050.05        26.34       2         48             56.3
      Crowley           1110.13        15.24       1         661            60.2
                        1110.08         9.64       1        1601            49.5
                        1110.09        15.94       1         392            53.6
                        1110.08                    2          48            62.5
                        1110.13                    2         621            57.2
   Dalworthington        None
      Gardens
       Euless           1135.09        39.8        3         962            69.3
                        1135.14        51.79       4        2019            67.2
                        1135.14                    1        1655            61.0
                        1136.19        38.36       3         737            56.3
                        1136.19                    2         709            59.2
                        1136.19                    1        1295            81.5
     Everman            1112.02         54.2       5        1128            62.8
                        1112.02                    2         481            52.6
                        1112.02                    1        1479            53.5
     Forest Hill        1060.04        67.74       2          28            100
                        1111.02        85.06       3        1241            58.2
                        1111.02                    1        1816            58.6
                        1111.01        71.54       3        1570            69.4
                        1111.01                    1        1988            66.0
     Grapevine          1137.05        28.34       4        1201            71.8
                        1137.05                    2        1569            51.1
                        1137.05                    1         671            55.7
                        1136.20        21.87       2        2615            49.9
    Haltom City         1132.12        12.6        1         652            50.5
                        1132.06        22.43       4         163            67.5
                        1132.06                    3          80            67.5
                        1132.06                    2          34            70.6
                        1133.02        21.08       3         673            67.3
                        1132.12                    2          39            56.4
                        1101.02        32.01       4         881            68.4
                        1102.04        29.64       5         865            56.1
                        1102.04                    3         776            69.3
                        1102.02         32.8       4        1178            61.5
                        1102.02                    2         762            55.2
                        1101.02        32.01       5         689            49.1
                        1103.01        42.89       2        1243            57.9
                        1101.02                    3         998            60.9
                        1101.02                    2        1008            49.3
                        1101.02                    1         479            57.8
                        1103.01                    1        1019            76.4
                        1103.02        41.25       5         813            78.7
                        1103.02                    4        1302            77.7
                        1103.02                    3         889            75.5



COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT NEEDS                                           Section IV Page 6
TARRANT COUNTY 2005-2009 CONSOLIDATED PLAN



                           AREAS OF LOW INCOME & MINORITY
                                   CONCENTRATION
                                           Tract
                                                    Block
        City            Census Tract    Minority            Population      % Low/Mod
                                                    Group
                                       Population
                          1103.02                     2        1204            61.8
                          1103.02                     1         781            64.3
                          1103.01                     3        1678            53.6
       Haslet              None
       Hurst              1134.08         16.1        1        1172            63.1
                          1134.07         34.03       1        1478            62.9
                          1134.07                     2        1434            80.3
                          1134.04         17.09       5        1401            65.6
                          1136.19         38.36       4         31             54.8
                          1136.19                     3        1089            68.1
                          1136.13         15.51       3        1531            50.0
       Keller              None
     Kennedale            1114.05         14.42       2         739            49.7
                          1114.05                     2         220            49.7
                          1114.05                     1        1096            59.0
                          1111.02         85.06       1         170            79.4
     Lake Worth           1104.01         18.97       2          21            100
                          1104.01                     3        1018            50.7
                          1104.01                     4        1440            56.4
      Lakeside             None
      Mansfield           1304.07                     2          25            100
                          1304.07                     1         396            54.8
                          1113.06         32.61       2         308            50.9
                          1113.06                     2        1010            50.9
 North Richland Hills     1132.19         28.29       4        2839             63
                          1132.06         22.43       1         856            59.5
      Pantego              None
    Richland Hills        1134.05         27.04       3         517            57.4
                          1133.02         21.08       1        1300            54.8
     River Oaks           1105.00         30.36       7         657            59.2
                          1105.00                     6         737            60.8
                          1105.00                     5        1243            49.4
                          1105.00                     4         773            58.0
                          1105.00                     3        1140            63.2
                          1105.00                     2        1058            70.2
                          1105.00                     1        1343            69.5
      Saginaw             1140.01         34.31       3         46             87.0
    Sansom Park           1104.02          31         3         905            77.6
                          1104.02                     2         683            79.1
                          1104.02                     1        1136            75.0
                          1104.02                     5         712            61.2
     Southlake             None
     Watauga              1138.09         19.8        4        589             49.1
                          1138.10         20.61       2        396             56.2
                          1138.11         24.07       2        133             100
     Westlake              None
  Westworth Village       1106.01         28.06       1         372            48.9
                          1106.01                     2         312            64.3
  White Settlement        1107.01          18.7       1        1043            54.1
                          1107.01                     3        1168            55.1
                          1107.01                     4        1015            65.3
                          1107.01                     5        1232            61.5
                          1107.01                     1         528            55.9
                          1107.01                     7         808            59.0



COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT NEEDS                                              Section IV Page 7
TARRANT COUNTY 2005-2009 CONSOLIDATED PLAN



                             AREAS OF LOW INCOME & MINORITY
                                     CONCENTRATION
                                              Tract
                                                            Block
        City             Census Tract      Minority                       Population      % Low/Mod
                                                            Group
                                          Population
                            1107.03            24.51           1             1018            58.4
                            1107.03                            2             1572            71.8
                            1107.03                            3             1064            58.4
                            1107.04            24.79           1              850            51.1
                            1107.04                            2             1332            58.8
                            1107.04                            3             1685            68.5


According to the 2000 Census, 10.6 percent of the Tarrant County population had incomes
below the poverty levels. The 2003 American Community Survey estimated this percentage to
be 11.4. The largest number of persons living below the poverty level were children. Within the
urban county (not including the cities of Fort Worth, Arlington and Grand Prairie) the average
poverty level from the 2000 Census was seven percent, up from 6.4 percent
reported in 1990.             Tarrant County
                              PERCENT BELOW POVERTY IN THE PAST 12 MONTHS
PROGRAMS AND                  Individuals                      11.4     10.0       12.9
POLICIES                      18 years and over                9.8      8.5        11.1
                                65 years and over                   9.0       6.5         11.5
The primary method for
which the TCCDD can Related children under 18 years               14.8       12.1      17.4
impact poverty in the urban Related children under 5 years        22.1       17.5      26.6
county is by increasing         Related children 5 to 17 years    11.7       9.1       14.3
access       to    affordable Unrelated individuals 15 years and 20.7        17.5      23.9
housing.             Housing over
                                                                 SOURCE: American Community Survey 2003
assistance           program
identified in the consolidated plan help individuals and families stabilize housing and focus their
attention on attaining a better standard of living.

Other divisions within Tarrant County actively participate in services and programs that play a
significant role in combating poverty.

   •   Tarrant County Housing Assistance Office – Administers over 2,000 housing choice
       vouchers to very low income families. This agency also provides case management and
       a Family Self-Sufficiency Program.
   •   The Resource Connection – The mission of the Resource Connection is to provide
       employment, education, health & human services in a one-stop environment that allows
       Tarrant County citizens to efficiently utilize resources that promote self-sufficiency, self-
       reliance and wellness. Tarrant County is the lead agency in this collaborative project and
       provides the administrative and management services for the agencies on the campus.
   •   Tarrant County Human Services - Provides financial assistance, case management, as
       well as information and referral services to individuals and families in Tarrant County
       who are: unemployed; disabled and have no on-going benefits from income; as well as
       the recently re-employed, new to job market, or those who have employment pending.
   •   Workforce Solutions Resource Center, Tarrant County (SERCO) - Provides specialized
       employment services to a variety of individuals. On-site programs include: Welfare to
       Work, Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Employment Program, Food



COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT NEEDS                                                            Section IV Page 8
TARRANT COUNTY 2005-2009 CONSOLIDATED PLAN



       Stamp Employment and Training, Training Scholarships through the Workforce
       Investment Act, Urban Inter-tribal Center, Community Supervision and Corrections, and
       other workforce solutions partners.

Additionally, a critical and sometimes overlooked component of preventing increased poverty
among children is the role of the Tarrant County Domestic Relations and Child Support Offices
who enhance the quality of life for children in Tarrant County by monitoring, collecting, and
disbursing child support obligations.




COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT NEEDS                                                   Section IV Page 9
TARRANT COUNTY 2005-2009 CONSOLIDATED PLAN



Table 2B Community Development Needs 2005-2009

                                       Priority    Unmet       Dollars to
          Tarrant County                Need       Priority     Address             Goals
       PRIORITY COMMUNITY               Level       Need         Unmet
       DEVELOPMENT NEEDS                          (persons      Priority
                                                   served)       Need
                                                              (constructio
                                                                   n
                                                               estimates)
PUBLIC FACILITY NEEDS
  Senior Centers                          H       6,400         $1,500,000 1 multi purpose
                                                                           centers in
                                                                           underserved
                                                                           communities
                                                                           (seniors, youth,
                                                                           neighborhood
                                                                           facility)
  Handicapped Centers                     M
  Homeless Facilities                    N/A
  Youth Centers                           H
  Child Care Centers                     N/A
  Health Facilities                      N/A
  Neighborhood Facilities                N/A
  Parks and/or Recreation Facilities     M                       $450,000    Accessibility,
                                                                             renovations,
                                                                             improvements of
                                                                             community centers
  Parking Facilities                     N/A
  Non-Residential Historic Pres.         N/A
  Other Public Facility Needs            N/A
INFRASTRUCTURE (projects)
  Water/Sewer Improvements                H       31,459       $8,481,393    Water and Sewer
                                                                             line replacements
  Street Improvements                     H       18,875       $5,088,836    Street, curb, gutter,
                                                                             drainage
                                                                             reconstruction
  Sidewalks                               H       3,495          $942,377    ADA barrier
                                                                             removal and
                                                                             sidewalk
                                                                             construction
  Solid Waste Disposal Improve.           N
  Flood Drain Improvements                M       1,100        $1,500,000    Storm and flood
                                                                             drainage
  Other Infrastructure Needs             N/A
PUBLIC SERVICE NEEDS (people)
  Senior Services                        M



COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT NEEDS                                                     Section IV Page 10
TARRANT COUNTY 2005-2009 CONSOLIDATED PLAN



  Handicapped Services                  M

  Youth Services                         L
  Child Care Services                   L
  Transportation Services                L
  Substance Abuse Services              M
  Employment Training                   N/A
  Health Services                       N/A
  Lead Hazard Screening                 M
  Crime Awareness                       N/A
  Other Public Service Needs            N/A
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
  ED Assistance to For-                 N/A
Profits(businesses)
  ED Technical Assistance(businesses)   N/A
  Micro-Enterprise                      N/A
Assistance(businesses)
  Rehab; Publicly- or Privately-Owned   N/A
  Commercial/Industrial (projects)
  C/I* Infrastructure Development       N/A
(projects)
  Other C/I* Improvements(projects)     N/A
PLANNING
  Planning                              L/A     $125,000
TOTAL ESTIMATED DOLLARS                       $18,087,606
NEEDED:




COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT NEEDS                                 Section IV Page 11