Science Fair Projects Proposals Examples - DOC by njl12492

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									Dear Parents,

This letter is to inform you that, in addition to the regular science lessons, your child will
be conducting a long-term science experiment from home. Attached to this letter is a
timeline of the major stages of this project. It is important that your child participate in
this long-term project to the best of his/her ability and that he/she meet the deadlines
assigned by the teacher. Failure to participate will almost certainly lead to a failing grade
for the 4th quarter when the final report is due.

During late February to mid-March, your child should be performing scientific
experiments. This may require the purchase of supplies. Please encourage your child to
plan ahead, so that a last minute shopping trip for an unusual item will not stand in the
way of a successful project.

I encourages you to participate in your child’s project experience by staying abreast of
his/her progress, by encouraging your child to be diligent yet creative, and by providing
the support needed during this long-term project.


Mr. Lichtenwalter
CIC 8th Grade Science

   Choosing a topic—You must choose an investigative question to be approved by your
    teacher. You will first be asked to choose three possible topics, and then you will choose from
    among these three.

   Category—Your project must fit into the categories below.
        1. Biological Sciences:
                  includes projects that involve living things or once living things, health, psychology or consumer/product
                  examples of projects in this category are studies of cell structure, molds, preservatives, growth and
                   development, perception studies, aptitude and attitude surveys, product comparisons, studies of organisms in
                   their habitat, relationships between various organisms, and studies on how people‟s actions affect the
        2. Chemical Sciences:
                   includes projects involving living and non-living things
                  examples for projects are factors that affect chemical reactions, chemical properties of substances, monitoring
                   of environmental chemical systems, and the chemistry of life.
        3. Physical Sciences:
                  includes projects involving non-living things
                  math, computer, and engineering projects are included in this category
                  other topics in this category are aerodynamics, probability, crystal growth, evaporation, solar power, electrical
        4. Earth Sciences:
                  includes projects involving the earth and physical phenomena
                  examples for projects in this category are weather, astronomy, rocks/minerals, and water

   Timeline—You will be asked to design and carry out your investigations over a period of
    several months. Your teacher will give you a timeline for when various aspects of the project
    are due.

   Scientific Method—Your experimentation must follow the scientific method.
        Question, Research, Hypothesis, Plan, Investigation, Analysis, Discussion, Conclusion

   Assessment—Your project will be assessed using the Rubrics at the bottom of this document.
                                                       Timeline Due Dates
   Begin Science Fair Project……………………………..                       31-Aug-10     ________________
   Three Proposals…………………………………………
    Do some research—ask your friends, parents and teachers,
    look in the library or search online for ideas. Come up
    with three investigative questions that interest you and
    continue to use the Proposal Form, submitting 3 ideas at a
    time, until a topic is approved by the teacher. Every idea
    proposed must be accompanied by stating the independent
    and dependent variables.
   Topic Approval                                                1-Nov-10      ________________
    Topic’s are accepted on a first come basis- no two
    students will be allowed to do the same experiment

   Pre-Lab                                                       21- Nov-10    ________________
    Plan your experiment. Here you must include:
    hypothesis, variables, materials and a diagram of how you
    will use them, method, and empty data tables where you
    will record your measurements and observations. You will
    give a 5-minute presentation to the class on you project
    and plan.

   Preliminary Research and current Literature Cited -           7-Dec-10      ________________
    What new science did you have to learn to understand
    your topic? Using the proper in-text citation format,
    describe a professional experiment similar to yours and
    answer 1) what did they investigate 2) how was the
    experiment designed 3) What did they find out. Also be
    sure to include your Literature Cited to date.

   Literature Review………………………………..                               14-Feb-10     ________________
    Write a summary of the things you learned from your
    research: general overview of your field of science,
    followed by a detailed explanation of the important
    concepts that relate directly to your experiment, which
    also includes the description of 2 professional experiments
    previously done in your field of study. Conclude this
    10page minimum double spaced paper with 10 sources
    with intext citations, and a summary of what your research
    is about including the object and experimental design and
    a justification for it.

   Data Collection………………………………...                                21-March-10   ________________
    Turn in a copy of the measurements and observations that
    you made.
   Final Report…………………………………….                                   14-April-10   ________________
    Turn in a copy of your final report (be sure to cover the
   Science Fair                                                  4-May-10      ________________
    Arrive early to set up your display
Required Elements

    Title page
    Abstract
    Introduction
           o Research Question
           o Hypothesis (Ho and Ha)
           o Predictions
           o Variables
                    Independent
                    Dependent
                    Constants
           o Literature Review
    Materials and Methods (a.k.a. Experimental Design)
           o Selection of materials and apparatus (diagram)
           o Design of procedures
    Results
           o Data collection (Tables)
           o Processing of Data (Graphs)
    Discussion and Conclusions
    Evaluations
           o Evaluation of Conclusion
           o Evaluation of Experimental Procedures and Materials
           o Suggestions for Improvement
    Acknowledgements
    Literature Cited (MLA Format)
    Appendices: (if necessary)
                        Experiment Report Format

     Provides a clear description of the project

Abstract: (written in the past tense-1 PAGE MAX.)
   Brief description of what the study was about
   Brief outline of experimental design
   Brief summary of the results

     Research Question
     Hypothesis (Ho & Ha)
     Predictions
     Variables
          o Independent
          o Dependent
          o Constants
Literature Review (background reading)should address the following
questions: 1)why did you undertake this study 2)what is the state of
existing knowledge 3) what are you specifically going to do

Materials and Method (written in the past tense)
   Materials list including exact quantities
   Site Location & Organisms (field studies only)
   Procedures for experimental set-up and Data Collection (include a

    Tables
    Graphs
      (A full description (written in the past tense)of the results including
      tables and graphs. This section should not discuss the results, but
      can state trends)
Discussion and Conclusions: (written in the past tense)
    An interpretation of the results written in paragraph form
    Experimental error/ways to improve experiment
    Future experiments leading from these findings
    Conclusion: a clear statement describing whether or not the results
      of the investigation support the hypothesis (do you accept or reject
      the hypothesis?).

Literature Cited:
    Use proper and consistent format (e.g. MLA)

    If you have an Appendix place it after the Bibliography
Research Question
       Your objective as a scientist in the science fair is to perform an investigation that
       allows you to answer a question—the research question. Identifying this focused
       research question is perhaps the most difficult part of your project. Choose a
       topic that interests you and then narrow it down. The question should not be too
       vague, or too broad. Avoid yes and no questions. Avoid questions that are
       impossible to answer with an investigation in the school laboratory or at home.

Here are three categories of questions that you should choose from:
    Cause and Effect Relationships—What affect does one variable have on another
       variable? What is the relationship between variable x and variable y? Examples
       include: “What affect does temperature have on crystal growth?” and “Does the
       size of a kidney bean affect the speed and success rate of germination?”
    Comparison—Which among x,y, and z are best at doing A. Examples include:
       “Which antacid, Tums, Rolaids or Zylax is best at neutralizing stomach acid?”
       and “Which type of milk, cow, goat, or sheep, contains the most fat.”
    Measure or Identify—What is the value of X? What is the identity of Y?
       Examples include: “What is the speed of a dart shot from a toy dart gun?” and
       “Which common fruits are the most acidic?”

Bad Examples
Here are some examples of project titles that are not appropriate for a science fair
         How to make a hovercraft
         What is a volcano?
         Build a stereoscope microscope
         Demonstrate the strength of a suspension bridge using egg shells
         How are roads and pavement made?
         Can water be split in to oxygen and hydrogen?
         How to grow your own crystal garden
         What are the different methods of purifying water?

Science Projects and Animals
       As a general rule, science projects that involve doing experiments on animals are
       not allowed. There may be exceptions if your experiments will in no way harm
       the animals, but in any case, you must have permission from your teacher before
       any project is chosen.
           Project Proposals

This form is due on                                   __

Proposal 1
Category (place a check beside the category)
Biological            Chemical               Physical                         Earth
Science_______        Science_______         Science_______              Science_______

Research Question(s)
EXAMPLE: Does local soil contain dangerous levels of lead? This is significant because
the results will indicate where the soil is hazardous to the health of humans, especially

Resources (what resources, if any, did you use to come up with your investigative
question? Be specific.)

Proposal 2
Category (place a check beside the category)
Biological            Chemical               Physical                         Earth
Science_______        Science_______         Science_______              Science_______

Research Question(s)

Resources (what resources, if any, did you use to come up with your investigative
question? Be specific.)

Proposal 3
Category (place a check beside the category)
Biological            Chemical               Physical                         Earth
Science_______        Science_______         Science_______              Science_______

Research Question(s)

Resources (what resources, if any, did you use to come up with your investigative
question? Be specific.)

Hypothesis (Must include Ha and Ho: see Example Pre-Lab.doc)


          Ho is the hypothesis of no difference.

          Ha is the hypothesis stating that a difference does exist between the control and various experimental
          groups containing the independent variable(s)

You will be writing your hypothesis in the form of a hypothesis-testing statistic where in you will compare the properties
of samples. Statistical testing operates in what at first seems a rather perverse manner. Suppose you think a
treatment has an effect. The theory you actually test is that it has no effect; the test tells you how improbable your data
would be if the theory were true. The „no effect‟ theory is the null hypothesis (NH). If your data are very improbable
under the NH, then you may suppose it to be wrong, and this would support your original idea (the „alternative
hypothesis‟). By convention, the critical probability for rejecting the NH is 5% (i.e. P=.05). This means we reject the
NH if the observed result would have come up less than one time in twenty by chance. If the modulus of the test
statistic is less than the tabulated critical value of P=.05, then we accept the NH and the result is said to be „not
significant‟ (NS for short). If the modulus of the test statistic is greater than the tabulated critical value for P=.05, then
we reject the NH in favor of the alternative hypothesis that the treatments had different effects on the result and the
result is „statistically significantly‟.

Hints to writing a hypothesis
1. A simple research hypothesis should name two variables(dependent and independent)and indicate the type of
relationship expected between them.
3. A simple hypothesis should be as specific as possible, yet expressed in a single sentence.
5. Because most hypotheses deal with the behavior of groups plural forms should usually be used.
6. A hypothesis should be free of terms and phrases that do not add to its meaning.
7. A hypothesis should indicate what will actually be studied- not the possible implications of the study or
   value judgments of the author.
8. A hypothesis usually should name variables in the order in which they occur or will be measured.
10. Avoid using the word “prove” in a hypothesis.
11. Avoid using different terms to refer to the same variable in a hypothesis.
12. Avoid making precise statistical predictions in a hypothesis.

For instance, let's imagine that you are investigating the effects of a new road tracking system for haulers
and that you believe one of the outcomes will be that there will be a change in travel time as the drivers will be
monitored on-line. Your two hypotheses might be stated something like this:
The null hypothesis for this study is:
Ho: As a result of the new road tracking system for Haulers Company, there no
significant difference in travel time.

Which is tested against the alternative hypothesis:
Ha: As a result of the new road tracking system for Haulers company, there will be a significant
change in travel time.
Guidelines for Summary of Background Research
   I.         Introduction—Introduce your science fair topic and the questions you need to
              answer. Include:
              a. Investigative question
              b. A list of the questions you will answer in the research paper
   II.        Answers to research questions
              a. Answers in your own words!
              b. Sources (book (with page numbers) or web site you used to find the
              c. Reasons why each question is important for your science project
   III.       Complete bibliography of your sources

             Do not copy directly from any source!
             Do not use words you don’t understand!
             Spelling and grammar do count!
             Type your report and use TIMES ROMAN 12-POINT FONT, double spaced.
             Save a copy of your report so that you can make corrections for the copy you
              will turn in with your science fair project.
Experimental Design
Now that you have asked a research question, and think you know the answer, you need to design an experiment to
prove (or disprove) this hypothesis. The experimental design should contain three elements: selection of variables,
selection of materials and apparatus, and a procedure.

Selection of Variables
Describe in detail, in three paragraphs, the variables that will be involved in your investigation. There are three
categories of variables that can appear in an experiment: controlled, independent and dependant:
Controlled variables---These are the variables that you the experimenter control. You may be holding this variable
constant so that it does not effect the outcome (for example, in a test to see if the amount of sand in the soil affects the
rate at which pea plants grow, you would use the same type of pea seed for all your tests—the type of pea seed would
be a controlled variable).
Independent Variable---This is the variable you are deliberately changing to see what effect it has on something else
(you would change the amount of sand in the soil and plant the seeds in these various soil types—the amount of sand
would be an independent variable). Time is almost always an independent variable (the time interval to wait between
each height measurement of a pea plant would be an independent variable).
Dependant variable---This variable responds to the independent variable—it is a variable that you measure and you
suspect that its outcome depends upon the independent variable. (The growth rate of each pea plant would be a
dependant variable, as the growth rate depends upon the amount of sand in the soil.)

Selection of Materials and Apparatus
         If this stage, you choose the materials you are going to use for your experiments and decide how you will set
         them up (the apparatus). In your lab report, give the materials in a list (be specific about size and quantity,
         for example, “three 100ml beakers”). Then draw a diagram of the apparatus (how the materials have been
         set up for the experiment).

Design of Procedure
        Even though you haven‟t done the experiment yet, the final version of this section for the lab report must be
        written in past tense. The purpose is to give a clear account of how the experiment was carried out. Give
        details sufficient to permit the experiment to be accurately repeated by someone who has never done it
        before (include the instruments used and the number of measurements taken). Emphasize any special
        procedures necessary for success in the experiment.
Your experiment should be designed. You know what materials you need. You have made a plan and are ready to
follow it. Follow your plan and do your experiment.

Data Collection
         The data you collect during your experiment can be quantitative (numbers) or qualitative (descriptive
         observations). Whatever the type of data you collect, you should record it properly. Most often this is with the
         use of a data table. Proper data tables should contain the following elements:
               Title (Ex. Figure 2: Collected Data)
               Units in column or row headings but not with every cell
               Measurements from the same instrument should be recorded to the same precision
               Numbers in a column should be aligned by decimal point
               An accompanying paragraph that describes what the table displays and where the data comes from
                (what instruments were used), how many trials were made, what formulas were used to calculate the
                data, an example calculation, and where the uncertainty in the data comes from

Processing of Data
In this section you process the raw data you collected during your investigation. You may do calculations (averages,
etc…) with your collected data. You may generate graphs or charts and use them to looks for trends. Or you may
perform a statistical analysis. No matter which option or options you choose, it is important that you explain fully
the steps you followed while processing the data.

        If you use a formula to transform your collected data, be sure to show your work with a sample calculation. If
        you use the same formula multiple times, it is not necessary to show it each time—a single sample
        calculation is sufficient.

          If you need to put any transformed data into a table, remember that the same formatting used for the
          collected data applies in this section. An accompanying paragraph is also required.

          The following elements are required for graphs:
         Axes are labeled and have the units shown
         An appropriate scale is chosen that allows for the maximum use of available space
         Trends are represented with best fit lines or curves, not by “connecting the dots”
         The graph is labeled with an appropriate title
         A brief paragraph is written that describes what the graph displays. Mathematical language is used to
          describe any trends or patterns that have been found.

Conclusion and Evaluations
        Give a valid conclusion. This should be an answer to the research question asked at the beginning of the
        investigation. (Sometimes your conclusion may be that your data was bad and that you can‟t answer the
        question.) Justify your conclusion using the results from the Processing of Data section (the graph you
        plotted, or the averages you took, etc…) and using science ideas. Compare your answer with your
        hypothesis and any published data if available. Explain any differences.

Evaluation of Experimental Design
         Here are some questions that need to be addressed in this section:
     Did the procedures that you followed allow you to collect adequate data to successfully answer the research
     Was the data that you collected good enough to give you adequate results?
     Did you make any mistakes during the investigation?
     Was the equipment good enough for the data you needed to collect?
     What are all the possible sources of error that could explain any discrepancies in your results?

Suggestions for Improvement
        Based upon the weaknesses you identified above, make suggestions that would improve the materials or
        procedures for the investigation.
                                  Science Project Ideas
          Can nonliving things grow?                                   Effects of toothpaste on bacteria growth.
          The effect of light on plants.                               Effects of noise on the growth of plants.
          How does root position affect plant growth?                  How does the proportion of oxygen in the air
          Factors affecting germination.                          affect the rusting of iron?
          Will bean stems grow downward if the only                    What effect does a prism's shape have on
    light source comes from below?                                 the refraction of light?
          Testing acids and bases to determine the                     How do colored filters affect perceptions of
    pH.                                                            colors of objects?
          Use red cabbage juice to determine whether                   How does length, tension, or mass of a
    materials are acids or bases.                                  string affect the pitch of sound?
          Factors that affect leaf decay.                              How do different solids affect the
          The effect of colored light bulbs on the                transmission of sound?
    growth of plants.                                                   To what extent do different metals conduct
          Factors affecting wave frequency.                       heat?
          The composition of soils in our area.                        What is the effect of temperature on the
          Ways to desalinate water.                               volume of air?
          At what temperature does condensation                        What is the effect of heat on different
    start?                                                         liquids?
          The relationship of relative humidity and                    To what extent do different insulating
    barometric readings to changes in the weather.                 materials affect heat loss/gain of water?
          Factors affecting the ability to memorize.                   How does the color of an object affect its
          How does heat affect sugar?                             reflection and absorption of solar energy?
          The effect of light sources in producing                     What is the effect of household liquids and
    shadows.                                                       powders on the indicator bromothymol blue
          How colored filters affect fading.                      (BTB)?
          The effects of different types of fertilizer                 How does wattage affect the radiation of
    (artificial and natural) on plant growth.                      heat from a light bulb?
          What effect does the depth of a planted                      How do different fabrics affect heat loss
    seed have on the plant's growth?                               from an object?
          How water can be purified at home.                           To what extent does air temperature affect
          Expansion rates of different metals.                    the height that a ball will bounce?
          How sound is transmitted.                                    How does the number of batteries and the
          How copper plating takes place.                         way they are connected affect the brightness of a
          Reaction of protozoa to different chemicals.
                                                                        How does the number of batteries and the
          Developing photographic film.
                                                                   way they are connected affect the strength of an
          Photosynthesis in lower species of plants.
          The growth of bacteria in different
                                                                        What is the effect of the size of the iron core
    commercial disinfectants.
                                                                   on the strength of an electromagnet?
          How to measure the Earth.
                                                                        What is the effect of density of the object on
          Mold growth on different types of bread                 the buoyancy of an object?
    (wheat, white, rye).
                                                                        What is the effect of different detergent
          Growth patterns of yeast.                               solutions on the surface tension of water?
          The growth of grasses in different soils.         More ideas at:
          How does acid rain affect seed germination?
          How we see colors.                                fairstudio/ideas.htm
          How the human digestive system works.
          An examination of plant cells.
          Reactions of seeds to different chemicals.
          Effects on germination rates of seeds
    exposed to ultraviolet light.
          Phototropism and its effect in different
          The effects of light direction on plant growth.
          Effects of aspirin on the growth of selected
          Do different types of music affect individual's
    learning power?
          Effects of car exhaust on different plants.
          Ways to slow down plant growth.
                                                                    Super   Good    Poor      Bad
                      JUDGES RUBRIC                                   3      2       1         0
Display is well done; a lot of work and attention to detail are
Title of Experiment and Investigative Question are clearly
Display is interesting and relevant

Scientific Procedure:
Clear and specific question
Clear and specific hypothesis with a scientific reason to
support it
Complete and thorough method (step by step)
Complete and thorough data (logs, graphs, tables, photos….)
Conclusion supported by data
Conclusion relevant to hypothesis

Originality and Simplicity:
Topic and approach are original, creative
Materials and construction are appropriate
Overall clarity of project

Verbal presentation to judge is competent and clear
Students are able to answer judge’s questions and explain the
scientific principles involved in the experiment
                                      Total Points in each column

                                                                        Total Points earned
                                                    Student Name:

                                                  A: One World
      This criterion allows you to demonstrate that you know ways in which science impacts the world at large and
      is not always used for doing good things, and that sometimes developments that are good for some are bad
      for others.
   Rookie Scientist
              0-5                      Emerging Scientist                Promising Scientist             Super Scientist
                                              6                                 7-8                          9-10
                                                          Literature Review

  Insufficient background         Insufficient background
                                                                     Sufficient background
5 information(6 pages or          information(less than 10
                                                                     information(10 page min.)
                                                                                                     Sufficient background
  less) that does not gives an    pages but more than 6 pages)                                       information(10 page
                                                                     so that it gives an in depth
  in depth look into the          that does not give an in                                           min.) so that it gives an
                                                                     look into the science related
  science related to your         depth look into the science                                        in depth look into the
                                                                     to your topic, but fails to
  topic, and/or fails to          related to your topic, and/or                                      science related to your
                                                                     address current or past
  address current or past         fails to address current or                                        topic, addresses current
                                                                     research (less than 2
  research (less than 2           past research (less than 2                                         and past research in the
                                                                     professional experiments
  professional experiments        professional experiments                                           field of study (including 2
                                                                     described) and/or the
  described) and/or the           described) and/or the                                              professional
                                                                     experiment is not clearly
  experiment is not clearly       experiment is not clearly                                          experiments), and clearly
                                                                     described and/or the
  described and/or the            described and/or the                                               describes your
                                                                     purpose of study is not
  purpose of study is not         purpose of study is not                                            experiment and justifies
                                                                     precisely clear- struggles to
  precisely clear- struggles to   precisely clear- struggles to                                      why your research is valid
                                                                     clearly justify why your
  clearly justify why your        clearly justify why your                                           and useful.
                                                                     research is valid and useful
  research is valid and useful    research is valid and useful
                                             B: Communication
This criterion allows you to show that you can communicate to others and understand things that are communicated to
you. This will often be by writing and reading. You may need to use diagrams, graphs and tables to communicate to
others. It may be by giving an oral presentation, preparing a sound recording or video, or acting in a role-play.
Sometimes you will have to communicate pretending, for example, to be already out at work, or taking a side in an
argument that you may not normally take.

                  Rookie Scientist                                    Promising
                          0-5           Emerging Scientist             Scientist              Super Scientist
                                               6                          7-8                     9-10
                                          Understanding and using language
              3                         I have trouble
                                                          I usually use                    I almost always use
                                        using correct
                  More than 12                            correct grammar                  correct grammar
                                        grammar when
                  grammar or                              when writing or                  when writing or
                                        writing or
                  spelling mistakes                       speaking.5-8                     speaking. 1-4
                                        speaking. 9-12
                                                          mistakes                         mistakes

                                                                                           Report is clearly
                                                                                           written and
                                        Overall my report        I have organized
              6                                                                            logically organized;
                                        is written such that     my ideas so that
                                                                                           understanding of
                                        others have trouble      they mostly make
                                                                                           the content clearly
                                        understanding my         sense to others; I
                                                                                           demonstrated by
                                        ideas; I have not        have somewhat

                                                                                           the author;
                  Very poorly done      considered putting       considered putting
                                                                                           appropriate grade
                                        my mind towards          my mind towards
                                                                                           level of rigor;
                                        having my report         having my report
                                                                                           aesthetically the
                                        look aesthetically       look aesthetically
                                                                                           presentation is
                                        neat and                 neat and
                                                                                           polished and
                                        professional             professional
                                                                 Citations include
                                                                 an insufficient
              7 Citations include       Citations include        number of                 Citations include a
                an insufficient         an insufficient          citations (less than      sufficient (10
                number(less than        number(less than 9       10 but greater            sources) and
                7) of citations         but greater than 7)      than 8) but are           appropriate
                and/or are not          of citations and/or      appropriate               (related) scope of
                appropriate             are not appropriate      (related) to the          study; correct in
                (related) to the        (related) to the         scope of study;           tex tcitation and
                scope of study;         scope of study;          correct in tex            literature cited
                incorrect citation      incorrect citation       citation and              MLA
                methodology.            methodology.             literature cited          methodology.
                                                   D: Scientific Enquiry
This criterion allows you to show that you can plan and carry out an experiment.

                  Rookie Scientist                                                Promising
                          0-5                 Emerging Scientist                   Scientist               Super Scientist
                                                     6                               7-8                       9-10
                                                       Abstract and Investigative Question
                                                                                                         I can write an accurate
                                                                             I attempted an abstract
                                                                                                         abstract in the past
              1                                                              in the past tense and
                                                                                                         tense and clearly and
                                                                             tried to state the
                  Abstract? What Abstract     I tried to write an abstract                               succinctly summarize
                                                                             problem, experimental
                                                                                                         the problem,
                                                                             design and results(1 page
                                                                                                         experimental design and
                                                                                                         results (1 page max.)
                                              My objective statement is                                  I can write a
                                              unclear or                    I can write a simple and     comprehensive
              2   Problem? What               inaccurateand/or in the       accurate objective           objective statement that
                  problem?                    form of an                    statement as a complete      explains the relevancy
                                              incomplete/fragment           sentence                     of the proposed
                                              sentence                                                   research
                                                                            I can write an accurate
                                                                            hypothesis that includes     I can write a
                                              I can write a hypothesis
                                                                            both the Null (Ho) and       comprehensive
                  I can write a simple        that includes both the Null
              3   hypothesis but it is        (Ho) and Alternative (Ha)
                                                                            Alternative (Ha)             hypothesis that, in
                                                                            hypothesis(when              stating the Ho and Ha,
                  inaccurate                  hypothesis but it is
                                                                            required for data that       implies the independent
                                                                            will be analyzed             and dependent variables

                                                                                                         You state the range of
                                                                             I can accurately identify   values and units for the
              4                                                              all the control,            independent variable
                                              I have tried to state the
                  I don’t know what a                                        dependent and               and units of the
                                              control, dependent,
                  variable is and have made                                  independent variables in    dependent variable in
                                              independent variables in
                  no effort to find out.                                     the experiment in the       the form of complete
                                              the experiment.
                                                                             form of complete            sentences along with
                                                                             sentences.                  appropriate control
                                                                                                         I can choose the correct
                  0-I can choose some                                        I can choose the correct    materials to use for an
              5   materials to use during
                                              I attempt to include a
                                                                             materials to use for an     experiment and include
                                              diagram of the main
                  an experiment but fail to                                  experiment and include a    a properly labeled and
                                              apparatus and
                  include a diagram of the                                   correct diagram of the      meticulously neat
                                              experimental set-up but it
                  main apparatus and                                         main apparatus and          diagram of the
                                              is incorrect
                  experimental set-up                                        experimental set-up         apparatus and
                                                                                                         experimental set-up.
                  Methods-Experimental Design
                                            I can write steps to do an       I can write the steps to
                                                                                                         I can correctly write the
                                            experiment, but the steps        do an experiment in
                                                                                                         steps for doing an
                                            are not complete and             narrative form that are
                                                                                                         experiment in narrative
                                            someone else would have          mostly complete and
                  5-My steps are almost                                                                  form, including what
              6                             trouble following them           could be followed by
                  incomprehensible or                                                                    and how I will observe
                                            and/or the overall               someone else. I have
                  highly unclear and/or                                                                  and measure things.
                                            experimental design does         mentioned those things I
                  confusing                                                                              Anyone could follow
                                            not allow me to test my          want to be observed or
                                                                                                         my steps. My Design
                                            hypothesis and/or is not         measured. My design
                                                                                                         allows me to accurately
                                            appropriate to my grade          allows me to accurately
                                                                                                         test my hypothesis
                                            level                            test my hypothesis
                  Discussion and Conclusion
                                                         When looking at the
                           When looking at the                                       When looking at the
                                                         results of an experiment,
                           results of an experiment, I                               results of an
                                                         I can analyze the results
                           can write a simple                                        experiment, I can
7                          discussion but do not
                                                         and accurately find and
                                                                                     analyze the results and
                                                         discuss trends and
    I fail to discuss my   make accurate analysis                                    find and discuss trends
                                                         patterns in the data by
    findings               and/or do not include a                                   and patterns in the data,
                                                         referencing all graphs,
                           statistical analysis and                                  and I include a statistical
                                                         but fail to include a
                           discussion and/or                                         analysis and discussion
                                                         statistical analysis and
                           conclusion and or do not                                  followed by an accurate
                                                         discussion and or
                           reference all graphs.                                     conclusion
                                                 E: Processing Data
This criterion allows you to show that you can organize, compute, and analyze formulae, qualitative and
quantitative data in many ways. You can make tables, graphs, diagrams, keys, etc…. You can turn a table
into a graph and a graph into a table. You can read tables, graphs, diagrams, keys, etc…, and use them to
make conclusions. Remember—there are different types of graphs! You can use formulas to make

                     Rookie Scientist              Emerging Scientist         Promising Scientist           Super Scientist
                               0-5                        6                          7-8                        9-10
                                          Tables and Graphs (Refer to Tables and Graphs Guide-Rubric Handout)
                 1                                                                                   9-I can construct data
                     I forgot my ruler. I                                   I can correctly          tables that allow me to
                     will just write my data     I can construct simple     construct data tables    record a variety of
                     on a sheet of paper.        data tables and put        and generally I put the different data, and I
                     Why bother with a           data into these tables.    data correctly into      can correctly place and
                     table.                                                 these tables.            format this data into

                                                                                                     the tables.
                 3                                                                                   I can choose how to
                                                                            7-I can change my        change my data into
                                                                            collected data in simple graph form and label
                                                                            ways (calculating        all parts of the
                     With the teacher’s help     With the teacher’s help    averages, creating       correctly chosen type
                     I can change my data.       I can change my data.      simple graphs, etc…)     without asking for help
                                                                            with few labeling        and use technology to
                                                                            mistakes without         develop clear and

                                                                            asking for help          attractive graphical
                                                            Data Analysis and Computation
                 4                                                                                      I can see patterns or
                                                 I sometimes see
                                                                            I can see patterns or       trends in data, often on
                     I never see patterns or     patterns or trends in
                                                                            trends in data and can      graphs, and can explain
                     trends in data.             data and can explain
                                                                            usually explain them.       them using science

                                                 them with help.
                                                                                                        words or ideas.
                 5                                                                                      I can look at collected
                                                                            I can look at collected     data and use it to write
                     I have to ask for help      I have to ask for help
                                                                            data and use it to write    results for an
                     to make sense of my         to make sense of my
                                                                            results for an              experiment. I can also
                     data.                       data.
                                                                            experiment.                 use the data to make
                 6                               I have to ask for help
                     I consistently have                                                                I can consistently
                                                 often in order to          I can calculate
                     difficulties in correctly                                                          calculate formulae
                                                 calculate formulae         formulae correctly
                     computing formulae                                                                 correctly
                                       F: Performance in Experiments
This criterion allows you to show that you can follow directions and/or requirements correctly and
completely, that you can use the equipment in the science laboratory correctly and safely, that you can
accurately take measurements with the science equipment, and that you can cooperate with other students
while doing experiments and writing reports

                  Rookie Scientist         Emerging                Promising
                          0-5              Scientist                Scientist           Super Scientist
                                               6                      7-8                   9-10
                                                       Writing Reports
              3                         Report looks
                                        sloppy and there        Report looks tidy
                                                                                    Very professional
                  Numerous              are more than 8         but there are
                                                                                    report with no more
                  formatting errors,    errors but less         more than 4
                                                                                    than 4 formatting
                  greater than 12       than 12                 formatting errors
                                        formatting              but less than 8
              4 I cannot complete
                                        I can complete          I can complete      I can accurately
                all parts of the
                                        all parts of the        all parts of the    complete all parts of
                experiment and
                                        experiment with         experiment with     the
                have 3 or more
                                        only 2 mistakes         only 1 mistake      experiment/assignment

                                                  Observing and measuring
              6                                                 The data you
                                                                obtained were
                                        You collected
                                                                real, relevant to
                                        some data but                               The data you obtained
                                        perhaps not                                 were real, relevant to
                                                                investigation. It
                                        enough to draw                              your investigation, and
                                                                is evident from
                                        conclusions. It                             meticulously collected.
                                                                your data that
                  I have trouble        is evident from                             It is evident from your
                                                                you were
                  measuring things      your data that it                           data that you were
                                                                thorough and
                  and rarely get        was honestly                                thorough and
                                                                interested in
                  correct               collected. There                            interested in obtaining
                                                                obtaining honest
                  measurements.         may be major                                honest results.
                                                                results. There
                                        formatting                                  Unexpected results
                                                                may be minor
                                        mistakes in the                             were not discarded and
                                                                formatting or
                                        presentation of                             measurements were
                                                                data mistakes in
                                        your collected                              repeated if necessary.
                                                                the presentation
                                                                of your collected

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