Appendix B Weather Data - Gaston County by liuhongmei

VIEWS: 6 PAGES: 86

									                                      Appendix B

                                   Weather Events



The majority of weather data contained within this section was obtained from the National
Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration or NOAA from listed Storm Events and Local
Climatological Data of the National Climatic Data Center, (NCDC). Although reporting has
greatly improved with time and new tools and techniques, this is not a complete listing of
weather events, which would be far too numerous to list in this document. In viewing this data,
the reader is advised not to draw any conclusions as to climatic change. The number of weather
events shown, have increased in part to better reporting and not necessarily any type of climatic
change. Information regarding climate change is available from the NCDC and is not addressed
in this document.
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                                       B- 2
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010




Gaston County – Drought Events 1994 to Aug. 2008
32 DROUGHT event(s) were reported in Gaston County,
North Carolina between 01/01/1950 and 05/31/2009.                         Mag:    Magnitude
Click on Location or County to display Details.                           Dth:    Deaths
Source NOAA: http://www4.ncdc.noaa.gov/cgi-win/wwcgi.dll?wwevent~storms
                                                                           Inj:   Injuries
                                                                          PrD:    Property Damage
                                                                          CrD:    Crop Damage
                                           North Carolina
        Location or County                 Date           Time    Type    Mag Dth Inj PrD CrD
1 NCZ033>037 - 048>059 -               10/01/1998 12:00          Drought N/A 0        0   0          0
062>072 - 082                                     AM
2 NCZ033>037 - 048>059 -               11/01/1998 12:00          Drought N/A 0        0   0          0
062>072 - 082                                     AM
3 NCZ034>037 - 054>057 -               07/01/1999 12:00          Drought N/A 0        0   0          0
066>072 - 082                                     AM
4 NCZ033>037 - 048>059 -               08/01/1999 12:00          Drought N/A 0        0   0          0
062>072 - 082                                     AM
5 NCZ033>037 - 048>059 -               09/01/1999 12:00          Drought N/A 0        0   0          0
062>072 - 082                                     AM
6 NCZ033>037 - 048>059 -               10/01/1999 12:00          Drought N/A 0        0   0          0
062>072 - 082                                     AM
7 NCZ033>037 - 048>059 -               08/01/2000 12:00          Drought N/A 0        0   0          0
062>072 - 082                                     AM
8 NCZ033>037 - 048>059 -               09/01/2000 12:00          Drought N/A 0        0   0          0
062>072 - 082                                     AM
9 NCZ033>037 - 048>059 -               10/01/2000 12:00          Drought N/A 0        0   0          0
062>072 - 082                                     AM
10 NCZ033>037 - 048>059 -              11/01/2000 12:00          Drought N/A 0        0   0          0
062>072 - 082                                     AM
11 NCZ033>037 - 048>059 -              02/01/2001 12:00          Drought N/A 0        0   0          0
062>072 - 082                                     AM
12 NCZ033>037 - 048>059 -              03/01/2001 12:00          Drought N/A 0        0   0          0
062>072 - 082                                     AM
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                           B- 3
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010


13 NCZ033>037 - 048>059 -              04/01/2001 12:00   Drought N/A 0   0   0          0
062>072 - 082                                     AM
14 NCZ033>037 - 048>059 -              05/01/2001 12:00   Drought N/A 0   0   0          0
062>072 - 082                                     AM
15 NCZ033>037 - 049>059 -              08/01/2001 12:00   Drought N/A 0   0   0          0
062>072 - 082                                     AM
16 NCZ033>037 - 048>059 -              11/01/2001 12:00   Drought N/A 0   0   0          0
062>072 - 082                                     AM
17 NCZ033>037 - 048>059 -              12/01/2001 12:00   Drought N/A 0   0   0          0
062>072 - 082                                     AM
18 NCZ033>037 - 048>059 -              08/01/2002 12:00   Drought N/A 0   0   0          0
062>072 - 082                                     AM
19 NCZ034>037 - 054>057 -              05/01/2004 12:00   Drought N/A 0   0   0          0
066>072 - 082                                     AM
20 NCZ033 - 035>037 - 048>053 -        05/01/2007 00:00   Drought N/A 0   0   0K         0K
056>059 - 062>065 - 068>072 -                     AM
082 - 501
21 NCZ033 - 035>037 - 048>053 -        06/01/2007 00:00   Drought N/A 0   0   0K         0K
056>059 - 062>065 - 068>072 -                     AM
082 - 501
22 NCZ033 - 035>037 - 048>052 -        07/01/2007 00:00   Drought N/A 0   0   0K         0K
056>059 - 062>065 - 068>072 -                     AM
082 - 501
23 NCZ033 - 035>037 - 048>053 -        08/01/2007 00:00   Drought N/A 0   0   0K         0K
056>059 - 062>065 - 068>072 -                     AM
082 - 501
24 NCZ033 - 035>037 - 048>053 -        09/01/2007 00:00   Drought N/A 0   0   0K         0K
056>059 - 062>065 - 068>072 -                     AM
082 - 501
25 NCZ033 - 035>037 - 048>053 -        10/01/2007 00:00   Drought N/A 0   0   0K         0K
056>059 - 062>065 - 068>072 -                     AM
082 - 501
26 NCZ033 - 035>037 - 048>053 -        11/01/2007 00:00   Drought N/A 0   0   0K         0K
056>059 - 062>065 - 068>072 -                     AM
082 - 501
27 NCZ033 - 035>037 - 048>053 -        12/01/2007 00:00   Drought N/A 0   0   0K         0K
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                                    B- 4
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010


056>059 - 062>065 - 068>072 -                        AM
082 - 501
28 NCZ033 - 035>037 - 048>053 -        01/01/2008 00:00          Drought N/A 0     0   0K         0K
056>059 - 062>065 - 068>072 -                     AM
082 - 501
29 NCZ033 - 035>037 - 048>053 -        06/01/2008 00:00          Drought N/A 0     0   0K         0K
056>059 - 062>065 - 068>072 -                     AM
082 - 501
30 NCZ033 - 035>037 - 048>053 -        07/01/2008 00:00          Drought N/A 0     0   0K         0K
056>059 - 062>065 - 068>072 -                     AM
082 - 501
31 NCZ033 - 035>037 - 048>053 -        08/01/2008 00:00          Drought N/A 0     0   0K         0K
056>059 - 062>065 - 068>072 -                     AM
082 - 501
32 NCZ033 - 035>037 - 048>053 -        09/01/2008 00:00          Drought N/A 0     0   0K         0K
056>059 - 062>065 - 068>072 -                     AM
082 - 501
                                                                     TOTALS: 0     0   0          0

Source NOAA: http://www4.ncdc.noaa.gov/cgi-win/wwcgi.dll?wwevent~storms

32 Drought events were reported in Gaston County, North Carolina between 01/01/1950
and 05/31/2009.

                                     Event Record Details


Event:             Drought                                         State: North Carolina
Begin Date:        01 Sep 2008, 00:00:00 AM EST                           Map of Counties
Begin Location:    Not Known                                    Forecast Alexander, Avery,
                                                                   Zones Buncombe, Cabarrus,
End Date:          30 Sep 2008, 23:59:00 PM EST
                                                                affected: Catawba, Cleveland,
End Location:      Not Known                                              Davie, Gaston,
Magnitude:         0                                                      Graham, Haywood,
Fatalities:        0                                                      Henderson, Iredell,
Injuries:          0                                                      Lincoln, Macon,
                                                                          Madison, Mecklenburg,
Property           $ 0.0K
                                                                          Mitchell, Northern
Damage:
                                                                          Jackson, Rowan,
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                                B- 5
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010



Crop Damage:      $ 0.0K                                             Southern Jackson,
                                                                     Swain, Transylvania,
                                                                     Union, Yancey


Description:
EPISODE NARRATIVE: The heavy rain brought by Tropical Storm Fay in late August
provided some relief to the drought conditions across the area. This was particularly true
across the North Carolina piedmont, where improving conditions were aided by normal
September rainfall. However, another dry month resulted in a persistence of extreme to
exceptional drought conditions across the North Carolina mountains and foothills. Voluntary
water restrictions remained widespread during the month. A few communities held onto
mandatory restrictions early in the month, but many of these were lifted by the end of the
month. Well water remained near record low levels in many areas, while lake levels persisted
well below normal stages. Rainfall from Fay resulted in some improvement in streamflows,
although most rivers and major streams remained at less than 25 percent of normal, with
many still running at less than 10 percent of normal. By the end of the month, government
officials had requested a federal disaster declaration for most of the counties in the area, due
to crop damages.


Event:            Drought                                      State: North Carolina
Begin Date:       01 Aug 2008, 00:00:00 AM EST                        Map of Counties
Begin Location:   Not Known                                 Forecast Alexander, Avery,
                                                               Zones Buncombe, Cabarrus,
End Date:         31 Aug 2008, 23:59:00 PM EST
                                                            affected: Catawba, Cleveland,
End Location:     Not Known                                           Davie, Gaston,
Magnitude:        0                                                   Graham, Haywood,
Fatalities:       0                                                   Henderson, Iredell,
Injuries:         0                                                   Lincoln, Macon,
                                                                      Madison, Mecklenburg,
Property          $ 0.0K
                                                                      Mitchell, Northern
Damage:
                                                                      Jackson, Rowan,
Crop Damage:      $ 0.0K                                              Southern Jackson,
                                                                      Swain, Transylvania,
                                                                      Union, Yancey


Description:
EPISODE NARRATIVE: Dry weather persisted across much of the area for most of August,
although portions of the North Carolina Piedmont began to see relief from the dry conditions
early in the month, due to an increase in daily thunderstorm activity. Elsewhere, exceptional
drought conditions persisted and even expanded slightly westward to cover more of far
western North Carolina and northeast Georgia. During the early part of the month, flows on
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                             B- 6
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010


most of the major streams across the area were running at record low levels, with the French
Broad River setting a minimum flow record that had stood for almost 100 years. Only a
handful of streams were running at more than 1 to 7 percent of normal. Groundwater levels
were 2-5 feet below normal. Significant agricultural impacts persisted, with losses to summer
crops, including hay, estimated at 30%. The dry weather also affected the livestock industry,
due to shortages of pasture crops necessary for feeding. By the end of the month, Tropical
Storm Fay had dropped up to 11 inches of rainfall across the area, providing some relief from
the drought conditions, especially across the North Carolina Piedmont.



Event:            Drought                                    State: North Carolina
Begin Date:       01 Jul 2008, 00:00:00 AM EST                      Map of Counties
Begin Location:   Not Known                               Forecast Alexander, Avery,
                                                             Zones Buncombe, Cabarrus,
End Date:         31 Jul 2008, 23:59:00 PM EST
                                                          affected: Catawba, Cleveland,
End Location:     Not Known                                         Davie, Gaston,
Magnitude:        0                                                 Graham, Haywood,
Fatalities:       0                                                 Henderson, Iredell,
Injuries:         0                                                 Lincoln, Macon,
                                                                    Madison, Mecklenburg,
Property          $ 0.0K
                                                                    Mitchell, Northern
Damage:
                                                                    Jackson, Rowan,
Crop Damage:      $ 0.0K                                            Southern Jackson,
                                                                    Swain, Transylvania,
                                                                    Union, Yancey


Description:
EPISODE NARRATIVE: Unusually dry weather continued through the month of July, with
severe to extreme drought conditions persisting across the area. Afternoon and evening
thunderstorms provided some degree of relief across portions of the North Carolina piedmont,
but locations across Upstate South Carolina and extreme western North Carolina reported
annual rainfall deficits of nearly 11 inches by the end of the month. Mandatory water
restrictions were instituted across much of the North Carolina foothills. Water well levels
began to descend below record low levels, most of which were recorded during the 1999-2002
drought. The vast majority of major streams across the area continued to run 1-10 percent of
normal flow. Agriculture continued to be hard hit, with some areas reporting a 100 percent
loss of the corn crop.




Event:            Drought                                   State: North Carolina
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                            B- 7
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010



Begin Date:       01 Jun 2008, 00:00:00 AM EST                      Map of Counties
Begin Location:   Not Known                               Forecast Alexander, Avery,
End Date:         30 Jun 2008, 23:59:00 PM EST               Zones Buncombe, Cabarrus,
End Location:     Not Known                               affected: Catawba, Cleveland,
                                                                    Davie, Gaston,
Magnitude:        0                                                 Graham, Haywood,
Fatalities:       0                                                 Henderson, Iredell,
Injuries:         0                                                 Lincoln, Macon,
Property          $ 0.0K                                            Madison, Mecklenburg,
Damage:                                                             Mitchell, Northern
                                                                    Jackson, Rowan,
Crop Damage:      $ 0.0K
                                                                    Southern Jackson,
                                                                    Swain, Transylvania,
                                                                    Union, Yancey


Description:
EPISODE NARRATIVE: Although near normal rainfall was observed across much of the
area during the late winter and early spring, another period of abnormally dry weather in
May and June exacerbated severe to extreme drought conditions over the western Carolinas
and northeast Georgia. Much of the area saw less than 2 inches of rain during this period of
time. By the end of the month, much of the mountains and foothills of western North Carolina
were running 10 inches below normal annual rainfall. Total rainfall deficits since the
beginning of 2007 were around 20 inches or more in the hardest hit areas. By the end of the
month, flow on almost all major streams was running less than 10 percent of normal. Many
area crops suffered.


Event:            Drought                                    State: North Carolina
Begin Date:       01 Jan 2008, 00:00:00 AM EST                      Map of Counties
Begin Location:   Not Known                               Forecast Alexander, Avery,
                                                             Zones Buncombe, Cabarrus,
End Date:         31 Jan 2008, 23:59:00 PM EST
                                                          affected: Catawba, Cleveland,
End Location:     Not Known                                         Davie, Gaston,
Magnitude:        0                                                 Graham, Haywood,
Fatalities:       0                                                 Henderson, Iredell,
Injuries:         0                                                 Lincoln, Macon,
                                                                    Madison, Mecklenburg,
Property          $ 0.0K
                                                                    Mitchell, Northern
Damage:
                                                                    Jackson, Rowan,
Crop Damage:      $ 0.0K                                            Southern Jackson,
                                                                    Swain, Transylvania,
                                                                    Union, Yancey
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                                 B- 8
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010



Description:
EPISODE NARRATIVE: January saw a return to dry weather across western North
Carolina. Most observing stations across the region reported a rainfall deficit of 1 to 2 inches
during the month, resulting in another month of exceptional drought conditions across most
of the area. Water levels on area lakes remained within a foot or two of record low stages.
However, rivers and streams remained somewhat recharged from the December rains, with
streamflow on most waterways running 25 to 75 percent of normal.


Event:            Drought                                      State: North Carolina
Begin Date:       01 Dec 2007, 00:00:00 AM EST                        Map of Counties
Begin Location:   Not Known                                 Forecast Alexander, Avery,
                                                               Zones Buncombe, Cabarrus,
End Date:         31 Dec 2007, 23:59:00 PM EST
                                                            affected: Catawba, Cleveland,
End Location:     Not Known                                           Davie, Gaston,
Magnitude:        0                                                   Graham, Haywood,
Fatalities:       0                                                   Henderson, Iredell,
Injuries:         0                                                   Lincoln, Macon,
                                                                      Madison, Mecklenburg,
Property          $ 0.0K
                                                                      Mitchell, Northern
Damage:
                                                                      Jackson, Rowan,
Crop Damage:      $ 0.0K                                              Southern Jackson,
                                                                      Swain, Transylvania,
                                                                      Union, Yancey


Description:
EPISODE NARRATIVE: The latter half of December saw a transition to a wetter pattern
across the southeast. Most observing stations in western North Carolina reported above
normal monthly rainfall for the first time since January 2007. However, this was not enough
to put much of a dent in the long-term drought as extreme to exceptional drought conditions
persisted into the New Year. Although the increase in rainfall did allow for some recharge of
area streams, many were still running at less than 25 percent of normal flow at the end of the
month.


Event:            Drought                                      State: North Carolina
Begin Date:       01 Nov 2007, 00:00:00 AM EST                        Map of Counties
Begin Location:   Not Known                                 Forecast Alexander, Avery,
                                                               Zones Buncombe, Cabarrus,
End Date:         30 Nov 2007, 23:59:00 PM EST
                                                            affected: Catawba, Cleveland,
End Location:     Not Known                                           Davie, Gaston,
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                               B- 9
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010



Magnitude:        0                                                 Graham, Haywood,
Fatalities:       0                                                 Henderson, Iredell,
Injuries:                                                           Lincoln, Macon,
                  0
                                                                    Madison, Mecklenburg,
Property          $ 0.0K                                            Mitchell, Northern
Damage:                                                             Jackson, Rowan,
Crop Damage:      $ 0.0K                                            Southern Jackson,
                                                                    Swain, Transylvania,
                                                                    Union, Yancey


Description:
EPISODE NARRATIVE: November provided no relief from the effects of the long term
drought. In fact, another month of well-below normal rainfall made an already dire situation
even worse. Many locations remained on pace to set annual records for rainfall deficit. By the
end of the month, the vast majority of the region was experiencing exceptional drought
conditions. Streamflow on area rivers remained extremely low, generally less than 10 percent
of normal. Meanwhile, lakes continued to gradually fall toward record low levels.


Event:            Drought                                     State: North Carolina
Begin Date:       01 Oct 2007, 00:00:00 AM EST                       Map of Counties
Begin Location:   Not Known                                Forecast Alexander, Avery,
                                                              Zones Buncombe, Cabarrus,
End Date:         31 Oct 2007, 23:59:00 PM EST
                                                           affected: Catawba, Cleveland,
End Location:     Not Known                                          Davie, Gaston,
Magnitude:        0                                                  Graham, Haywood,
Fatalities:       0                                                  Henderson, Iredell,
Injuries:         0                                                  Lincoln, Macon,
                                                                     Madison, Mecklenburg,
Property          $ 0.0K
                                                                     Mitchell, Northern
Damage:
                                                                     Jackson, Rowan,
Crop Damage:      $ 0.0K                                             Southern Jackson,
                                                                     Swain, Transylvania,
                                                                     Union, Yancey


Description:
EPISODE NARRATIVE: Unusually dry weather continued across western North Carolina
through October. Although a soaking rain near the end of the month resulted in near-normal
monthly precipitation for the mountains, the piedmont saw another month of well-below
normal rainfall. Most areas were on pace to break yearly rainfall deficit records. By the end of
the month, exceptional drought conditions were reported across the majority of the area.
Water flow on area streams continued at 3 to 6 percent of normal, while lake levels remained
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                                B- 10
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010


at near-record lows. Although most cities and towns were requesting voluntary water
restrictions be observed, mandatory restrictions were ordered in quite a few communities. In
some areas, the water situation was becoming dire, with Monroe, NC officials reporting that
water supplies would be exhausted by early 2008 if significant rain did not occur. Also, private
wells were beginning to dry up in many areas. Agriculture continued to be severely impacted
by the drought. As of this writing, county by county dollar estimates of drought damage have
not been made available.



Event:            Drought                                     State: North Carolina
Begin Date:       01 Sep 2007, 00:00:00 AM EST                       Map of Counties
Begin Location:   Not Known                                Forecast Alexander, Avery,
                                                              Zones Buncombe, Cabarrus,
End Date:         30 Sep 2007, 23:59:00 PM EST
                                                           affected: Catawba, Cleveland,
End Location:     Not Known                                          Davie, Gaston,
Magnitude:        0                                                  Graham, Haywood,
Fatalities:       0                                                  Henderson, Iredell,
Injuries:         0                                                  Lincoln, Macon,
                                                                     Madison, Mecklenburg,
Property          $ 0.0K
                                                                     Mitchell, Northern
Damage:
                                                                     Jackson, Rowan,
Crop Damage:      $ 0.0K                                             Southern Jackson,
                                                                     Swain, Transylvania,
                                                                     Union, Yancey


Description:
EPISODE NARRATIVE: Extreme drought conditions persisted across western North
Carolina through September, as the region experienced another month of well-below normal
precipitation. By the end of the month, most locations were running a yearly rainfall deficit of
11-17 inches. Stream flows and groundwater levels were near record low levels, with many
streams running at 5 percent or less of normal flow. Water levels on area reservoirs were
some of the lowest in recorded history. Agricultural interests continued to be especially hard
hit. Farmers continued to struggle to feed livestock due to a lack of hay and poor pasture
conditions, forcing many cattle to be sold or slaughtered. Agricultural and other losses
attributed to the drought are estimated to be in the hundreds of millions of dollars. County-
based losses for the growing season will be included in next month's Storm Data.



Event:            Drought                                     State: North Carolina
Begin Date:       01 Aug 2007, 00:00:00 AM EST                       Map of Counties
                                                            Forecast Alexander, Avery,
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                               B- 11
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010



Begin Location:   Not Known                                   Zones Buncombe, Cabarrus,
End Date:         31 Aug 2007, 23:59:00 PM EST             affected: Catawba, Cleveland,
End Location:                                                        Davie, Gaston,
                  Not Known
                                                                     Graham, Haywood,
Magnitude:        0                                                  Henderson, Iredell,
Fatalities:       0                                                  Lincoln, Macon,
Injuries:         0                                                  Madison, Mecklenburg,
Property          $ 0.0K                                             Mitchell, Northern
Damage:                                                              Jackson, Rowan,
                                                                     Southern Jackson,
Crop Damage:      $ 0.0K
                                                                     Swain, Transylvania,
                                                                     Union, Yancey


Description:
EPISODE NARRATIVE: Severe to extreme drought conditions persisted across much of
western North Carolina during August. By the end of the month, voluntary water restrictions
continued in almost all North Carolina counties along and west of I-77. Stream flows and
groundwater levels approached record low levels. Water levels on some reservoirs decreased
by as much as 1 foot every 10 days. Agricultural interests continued to be especially hard hit,
and the North Carolina governor requested federal disaster aid by the end of the month.
Dollar values for the drought should be included in either the September or October Storm
Data for this region.


Event:            Drought                                     State: North Carolina
Begin Date:       01 Jul 2007, 00:00:00 AM EST                       Map of Counties
Begin Location:   Not Known                                Forecast Alexander, Avery,
                                                              Zones Cabarrus, Catawba,
End Date:         31 Jul 2007, 23:59:00 PM EST
                                                           affected: Cleveland, Davie,
End Location:     Not Known                                          Gaston, Graham,
Magnitude:        0                                                  Haywood, Henderson,
Fatalities:       0                                                  Iredell, Lincoln,
Injuries:         0                                                  Macon, Madison,
                                                                     Mecklenburg, Mitchell,
Property          $ 0.0K
                                                                     Northern Jackson,
Damage:
                                                                     Rowan, Southern
Crop Damage:      $ 0.0K                                             Jackson, Swain,
                                                                     Transylvania, Union,
                                                                     Yancey


Description:
EPISODE NARRATIVE: Drought conditions persisted across much of western North
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                                 B- 12
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010


Carolina during July. By the end of July, voluntary water restrictions were instituted in
almost all North Carolina counties along and west of I-77. Some mandatory restrictions were
introduced in Union County, NC. Agricultural interests continued to be especially hard hit.
The absence of rain negatively affected the hay crop, creating concern for the loss of livestock.
Dollar values for the drought damage should be included in either the August or September
Storm Data for this region.


Event:            Drought                                      State: North Carolina
Begin Date:       01 Jun 2007, 00:00:00 AM EST                        Map of Counties
Begin Location:   Not Known                                 Forecast Alexander, Avery,
                                                               Zones Buncombe, Cabarrus,
End Date:         30 Jun 2007, 23:59:00 PM EST
                                                            affected: Catawba, Cleveland,
End Location:     Not Known                                           Davie, Gaston,
Magnitude:        0                                                   Graham, Haywood,
Fatalities:       0                                                   Henderson, Iredell,
Injuries:         0                                                   Lincoln, Macon,
                                                                      Madison, Mecklenburg,
Property          $ 0.0K
                                                                      Mitchell, Northern
Damage:
                                                                      Jackson, Rowan,
Crop Damage:      $ 0.0K                                              Southern Jackson,
                                                                      Swain, Transylvania,
                                                                      Union, Yancey


Description:
EPISODE NARRATIVE: Despite an increase in thunderstorm activity, drought conditions
persisted across much of western North Carolina. The persistent drought continued to cause
hardships to agricultural interests that were still recuperating from the April freeze. Dollar
values for the drought damage should be included in either the August or September Storm
Data for this region.




Event:            Drought                                   State:    North Carolina
Begin Date:       01 May 2007, 00:00:00 AM EST                        Map of Counties
Begin Location:   Not Known                                 Forecast Alexander, Avery,
                                                            Zones Buncombe, Cabarrus,
End Date:         31 May 2007, 23:59:00 PM EST
                                                            affected: Catawba, Cleveland,
End Location:     Not Known                                           Davie, Gaston,
Magnitude:        0                                                   Graham, Haywood,
Fatalities:       0                                                   Henderson, Iredell,
                                                                      Lincoln, Macon,
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                                B- 13
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010



Injuries:         0                                                 Madison, Mecklenburg,
Property          $ 0.0K                                            Mitchell, Northern
Damage:                                                             Jackson, Rowan,
Crop Damage:                                                        Southern Jackson,
                  $ 0.0K
                                                                    Swain, Transylvania,
                                                                    Union, Yancey


Description:
EPISODE NARRATIVE: The effects of an extended period of dry weather were exacerbated
by an abnormally dry May, with many locations reporting one of the driest Mays in recorded
history. By the end of May, many climatological stations were reporting yearly rainfall deficits
as high as 10 inches. The result was severe to extreme drought conditions across much of
western North Carolina by the end of the month. Water restrictions were implemented in
some counties across extreme western North Carolina. The very dry conditions added to
agriculture hardships caused by a hard freeze and widespread damaging winds in April.


Event:            Drought                                  State:    North Carolina
Begin Date:       01 May 2004, 12:00:00 AM EST                       Map of Counties
Begin Location:   Not Known                                Forecast Alexander, Burke,
                                                           Zones Cabarrus, Caldwell,
End Date:         31 May 2004, 11:59:00 PM EST
                                                           affected: Catawba, Cleveland,
End Location:     Not Known                                          Davie, Gaston, Iredell,
Magnitude:        0                                                  Lincoln, Mcdowell,
Fatalities:       0                                                  Mecklenburg, Polk,
Injuries:         0                                                  Rowan, Rutherford,
                                                                     Union
Property          $ 0.0
Damage:
Crop Damage:      $ 0.0


Description:
A period of dry weather that began in August of 2003 resulted in moderate drought conditions
across portions of western North Carolina by late spring of 2004. Streamflow and lake levels
began to run below normal, and a few communities instituted water restrictions.


Event:         Drought
Begin:         01 Aug 2002, 12:00:00 AM EST
End:           31 Aug 2002, 11:59:00 PM EST
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                                    B- 14
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010


Zone:            GASTON
Description: The water supply situation reached crisis levels in some communities as the
effects of the long-term drought continued to plague western North Carolina. Particularly hard
hit were several Piedmont communities along the I-77 corridor. The city of Shelby was forced to
buy water from surrounding communities and even from private companies and citizens. In
Statesville, emergency construction of wells and a dam was necessary to prevent the city from
running out of water, as the South Yadkin River reached historically low levels. Water levels on
area lakes were as much as 10 feet below full pond. Most of the larger towns and cities along the
I-77 corridor had imposed mandatory water restrictions by the end of the month, including the
Charlotte metro area.

Event:          Drought
Begin:          01 Dec 2001, 12:00:00 AM EST
End:            31 Dec 2001, 11:59:00 PM EST
Zone:           GASTON
Description: Very little active weather during December signaled that the drought was still
present and becoming critically important to more and more people. The Charlotte area recorded
an all-time record dry calendar year with just 26.23 inches of rainfall during 2001. Records have
been kept in the area since 1878. Many communities initiated either mandatory or voluntary
water restrictions. At Kings Mountain, NC a new pump was required at Lake Moss because the
water level dropped below 2 of the 3 existing pumps. Record low ground water supplies, lake
levels, and stream flows were reported across all of Western North Carolina.

Event:         Drought
Begin:         01 Nov 2001, 12:00:00 AM EST
End:           30 Nov 2001, 11:59:00 PM EST
Zone:          GASTON
Description: Drought was again the major concern during November. An extended short-term
dry spell exacerbated the 3.5 year drought, beginning in mid October and persisted through late
November. During that stretch of weeks, many areas received no measurable rainfall. Toward the
end of the month, wildfires became common, burning many acres, especially in the higher
terrain. Extremely low lake levels affected boating and water supplies. The North Carolina
piedmont had received about half the normal rainfall for the calendar year by the end of
November. Many additional wells and ponds dried up, tree farms closed and many communities
began or expanded water restrictions. Streams were observed with record low flow levels.

Event:         Drought
Begin:         01 Aug 2001, 12:00:00 AM EST
End:           31 Aug 2001, 11:59:00 PM EST
Zone:          GASTON
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                                   B- 15
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010


Description: The effects of the long-term drought became more severe, especially in the North
Carolina piedmont. Critical water conditions were beginning to concern officials and residents of
Charlotte.

Event:        Drought
Begin:        01 May 2001, 12:00:00 AM EST
End:          31 May 2001, 11:59:00 PM EST
Zone:         GASTON
Description: Unprecedented drought conditions continued. Some rivers and lakes reached
record-low levels. Well-drilling companies in the North Carolina piedmont were recording twice
as much business as usual.

Event:          Drought
Begin:          01 Apr 2001, 12:00:00 AM EST
End:            30 Apr 2001, 11:59:00 PM EST
Zone:           GASTON
Description: Some relief to the long-term drought occurred at mid-month, but for the most part,
the rainfall deficit for the 3 year period actually grew larger by the end of April. Mandatory
water restrictions continued at a few mountain locations, with voluntary water restrictions urged
at many others. Numerous wells went dry during April.

Event:         Drought
Begin:         01 Mar 2001, 12:00:00 AM EST
End:           31 Mar 2001, 11:59:00 PM EST
Zone:          GASTON
Description: Despite beneficial rain during March, the drought continued to grip most of the
area. Severe water restrictions were implemented in parts of the North Carolina piedmont, where
reservoir had dropped to all-time low levels. In Concord, food establishments were asked to
use paper and plastic products to conserve water.

Event:          Drought
Begin:          01 Feb 2001, 12:00:00 AM EST
End:            28 Feb 2001, 11:59:00 PM EST
Zone:           GASTON
Description: The long-term drought's impact became more severe, even during the winter, as
water levels in lakes dropped and stream flow on rivers reached the lowest in memory. More and
more communities began water restrictions and started preparing for a busy fire weather season.



Event:         Drought
Begin:         01 Nov 2000, 12:00:00 AM EST
End:           30 Nov 2000, 11:59:00 PM EST
Zone:          GASTON
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                                      B- 16
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010


Description: The long-term drought continued to affect the region. Rainfall during the month
was near or slightly above normal, but this had little effect on the ground water levels. Numerous
wells dried up during the fall, and well borers and drillers could not keep up with the demand.
Large lakes reported record low levels and some communities continued or initiated water
control measures.

Event:         Drought
Begin:         01 Oct 2000, 12:00:00 AM EST
End:           31 Oct 2000, 11:59:00 PM EST
Zone:          GASTON
Description: Effects of the drought intensified as many areas received absolutely no rain during
the month, setting records for the longest stretch without measurable rainfall in several locations.
Wells and mountain streams continued to dry up and lake levels continued to drop. Many
communities were forced to start more stringent water conservation measures.

Event:         Drought
Begin:         01 Sep 2000, 12:00:00 AM EST
End:           30 Sep 2000, 11:59:00 PM EST
Zone:          GASTON
Description: Overall, drought conditions continued across western North Carolina despite some
locations receiving near their month's average rainfall. Low stream flow and municipal water
supply remained the largest issues with many towns and cities enacting water restrictions.
Citizens were quoted as saying this is the driest they have ever seen it. Despite the drought
conditions, impact on crops seemed to be minimal.

Event:         Drought
Begin:         01 Aug 2000, 12:00:00 AM EST
End:           31 Aug 2000, 11:59:00 PM EST
Zone:          GASTON
Description: The 2 year drought was reaching a critical stage by late summer. Many 80 to 100
foot wells were going dry. Area lakes were at record low levels causing property damage to
docks, boats, etc.

Event:          Drought
Begin:          01 Oct 1999, 12:00:00 AM EST
End:            31 Oct 1999, 11:59:00 PM EST
Zone:           GASTON
Description: The return of some rainfall as well as lower evaporation rates due to the change of
seasons, resulted in the drought easing somewhat. Drought classifications were lowered in some
cases, and some places lifted water restrictions. However, the drought had not ended by the end
of the month.

Event:         Drought
Begin:         01 Sep 1999, 12:00:00 AM EST
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                                    B- 17
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010


End:           30 Sep 1999, 11:59:00 PM EST
Zone:          GASTON
Description: Rainfall continued to be scarce across much of western North Carolina through
the month of September, prolonging the drought conditions which existed all summer. However,
some areas in the piedmont picked up some rain from the remnants of Hurricane Dennis early in
the month and from Hurricane Floyd itself two weeks later. Although this rain brought some
relief, more wells ran dry and many more areas began mandatory water restrictions.

Event:            Drought
Begin:            01 Aug 1999, 12:00:00 AM EST
End:              31 Aug 1999, 11:59:00 PM EST
Zone:             GASTON
Description: The drought worsened during the month of August as high evaporation rates and
little rainfall occurred. The most severe conditions by the end of the month had developed in the
foothills and piedmont. Water restrictions began in several communities, and for some, the first
time in memory. Hay and late crops dried up in many counties. Ponds and wells began to dry up
as well, affecting homeowners, farmers, and businesses such as nurseries. In addition, boaters
were running aground on recreational lakes due to low water levels.

Event:         Drought
Begin:         01 Jul 1999, 12:00:00 AM EST
End:           31 Jul 1999, 11:59:00 PM EST
Zone:          GASTON
Description: A long-term dry spell became a drought in July. Without any widespread rain
events, the only relief came in the form of widely scattered afternoon and evening thunderstorms.
But, even those were few and far between. The lack of rainfall lowered water tables significantly
and significant damage to crops began to occur. The North Carolina northern foothills and
northwest piedmont were affected first, followed by the southern foothills and southern
piedmont. Dollar amounts of the damage were unavailable at the time of this writing.

Event:         Drought
Begin:         01 Nov 1998, 12:00:00 AM EST
End:           30 Nov 1998, 11:59:00 PM EST
Zone:          GASTON
Description: Dry weather persisted into the late fall with rainfall deficits between 5 and 10
inches. This affected late season crops and caused water shortages. Water usage restrictions were
initiated in many communities.
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                                   B- 18
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010


Event:          Drought
Begin:          01 Oct 1998, 12:00:00 AM EST
End:            31 Oct 1998, 11:59:00 PM EST
Zone:           GASTON
Description: The drought, which began during the summer continued through October. The
only significant rainfall during the month occurred on the 7-8th. Cities and counties began to
restrict water usage and stream flows for several mountain locations were reduced to the lowest
seen in 50 years.

Event:           Drought
Begin:           01 Jul 1998, 12:00:00 AM EST
End:             31 Jul 1998, 11:00:00 PM EST
Zone:            GASTON
Description: Dry weather continued through much of the month of July, affecting crops during
the critical part of the growing season. Corn and other vegetables sustained the most damage, but
a dollar amount was not available at the time of this writing.
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                                    B- 19
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010


Gaston County – Drought Events
NC DROUGHT ADVISORY COUNCIL
The NC Drought Management Advisory Council (DMAC) originated in 1992 and given
statutory authority on July 17, 2003 (NCGS 143.355.1) to issue drought advisories. The NC
Drought Advisory Council is an interagency body which takes into consideration a number of
local factors in determining and forecasting drought conditions. These conditions include:
stream flows, ground water levels, reservoir levels, weather forecasts, seasonal information and
other factors for determining the location and severity of drought conditions on a local basis.
Agencies and groups participating in or supplying data include, but are not limited to: US
Drought Monitor, USDA, NOAA, National Drought Mitigation Center, NCDWQ and others.

                                                          Archival drought data is also available,
                                                          such as the drought events shown below
                                                          for the Catawba Basin from 2000 to
                                                          2009. By using local data drought
                                                          conditions and forecasts are much more
                                                          relevant for given areas.

 December 2007 Drought Conditions
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                                                 B- 20
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010


Gaston County – Drought Events- Palmer Index
Prior to the creation of the NC Drought Management Advisory Council, drought information was
primarily issued by Climate Region and the use of the Palmer Index. Below is the Palmer
Drought Index for Climate Region 5 of North Carolina, which contains Gaston County. As the
viewer can see the Drought ending in late 2002 was one of the most sever on record.




                                       Source: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/oa/climate/onlineprod/drought/xmgrg3.html

The Palmer Index was developed by Wayne Palmer in the 1960’s and uses temperature and
rainfall information in a formula to determine dryness. This system has been adopted by most
agencies to determine drought conditions.
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                                       B- 21
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010



Gaston County - Flood Events 1993 to May 2009
18 Flood Events were reported in Gaston County, North Carolina between 03/23/1993 and
05/31/2009.
Source NOAA: http://www4.ncdc.noaa.gov/cgi-win/wwcgi.dll?wwevent~storms

                                           North Carolina
    Location or
                          Date        Time                Type            Mag Dth Inj       PrD   CrD
     County
1 South Fork           03/23/1993 0000          Flood                     N/A 0   0     0         0
2 NCZ001>510           03/23/1993 1200          Flash Floods              N/A 0   0     0         0
3 Gastonia             06/22/1995 1715          Flash Flood               N/A 0   0     0         0
4 Gastonia             08/05/1996 01:00         Flash Flood               N/A 0   0     0         0
                                  PM
5 Dallas               04/28/1997 08:00         Flood                     N/A 0   0     0         0
                                  PM
6 Gastonia             06/13/1997 08:30         Flash Flood               N/A 0   0     0         0
                                  PM
7 Mt Holly             06/10/1998 08:30         Flash Flood               N/A 0   0     0         0
                                  AM
8 Gastonia             07/24/1999 04:50         Urban/sml Stream          N/A 0   0     0         0
                                  PM            Fld
9 Lowell               09/03/2000 01:00         Flash Flood               N/A 0   0     0         0
                                  PM
10 NCZ070              03/20/2003 09:00         Flood                     N/A 0   0     2.0M      0
                                  AM
11 NCZ070              04/10/2003 01:00         Flood                     N/A 0   0     0         0
                                  PM
12 NCZ070              05/22/2003 10:30         Flood                     N/A 0   0     0         0
                                  AM
13 Gastonia            06/14/2004 05:00         Flash Flood               N/A 0   0     3K        0
                                  PM
14 NCZ070              09/07/2004 10:00         Flood                     N/A 0   0     0         0
                                  PM
15 NCZ070              12/10/2004 04:00         Flood                     N/A 0   0     0         0
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                                 B- 22
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010


                                    AM
16 Gastonia           06/09/2005 05:00          Flash Flood       N/A 0      0   0         0
                                 PM
17 Cherryville        05/26/2006 05:30          Flash Flood       N/A 0      0   0         0
                                 PM
18 Cherryville        08/27/2008 00:45          Flash Flood       N/A 0      0   0K        0K
                                 AM
                                                              TOTALS: 0      0   2.003M 0



Event:             Flash Flood                                State:  North Carolina
Begin Date:        27 Aug 2008, 00:45:00 AM EST                       Map of Counties
Begin Location:    1 Mile East of Cherryville                 County: Gaston
Begin              35°22'N / 81°22'W
LAT/LON:
End Date:          27 Aug 2008, 01:45:00 AM EST
End Location:      2 Miles East South East of Cherryville
End LAT/LON:       35°22'N / 81°21'W
Magnitude:         0
Fatalities:        0
Injuries:          0
Property           $ 0.0K
Damage:
Crop Damage:       $ 0.0K


Description:
EVENT NARRATIVE: Pine Ave and Moose St were inpassable due to flooding along
Beaverdam Creek. Very high water was reported at an apartment complex in this same area.
EPISODE NARRATIVE: The remnants of Tropical Storm Fay stalled just west of the
Appalachian mountains, resulting in a prolonged, moist south to southeasterly flow over
western North Carolina. During the early morning hours of Wed, August 27th, rainfall
became especially heavy over the western North Carolina Piedmont as the southerly winds
were lifted over a weak stationary front. Storm total rainfall in this area averaged 8 to 10
inches, with locally higher amounts, resulting in significant urban and stream flooding.


Event:             Flash Flood                                State:   North Carolina
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                               B- 23
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010



Begin Date:        26 May 2006, 05:30:00 PM EST                     Map of Counties
Begin Location:    Cherryville                              County: Gaston
End Date:          26 May 2006, 06:30:00 PM EST
End Location:      High Shoals
Magnitude:         0
Fatalities:        0
Injuries:          0
Property           $ 0.0
Damage:
Crop Damage:       $ 0.0


Description:
Numerous creeks and small streams overflowed their banks in northern Gaston County after
3 to 5 inches of rain fell from a series of severe thunderstorms. Numerous roads were flooded,
especially in the High Shoals area.



Event:             Flash Flood                              State:  North Carolina
Begin Date:        09 Jun 2005, 05:00:00 PM EST                     Map of Counties
Begin Location:    Gastonia                                 County: Gaston
Begin              35°16'N / 81°11'W
LAT/LON:
End Date:          09 Jun 2005, 06:00:00 PM EST
End Location:      Gastonia
End LAT/LON:       35°16'N / 81°11'W
Magnitude:         0
Fatalities:        0
Injuries:          0
Property           $ 0.0
Damage:
Crop Damage:       $ 0.0


Description:
A creek overflowed its banks, flooding part of Franklin Bvd.



Event:             Flood                                   State:    North Carolina
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                                 B- 24
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010



Begin Date:        10 Dec 2004, 04:00:00 AM EST                      Map of Counties
Begin Location:    Not Known                                Forecast
End Date:          10 Dec 2004, 10:00:00 AM EST             Zones GASTON
End Location:      Not Known                                affected:
Magnitude:         0
Fatalities:        0
Injuries:          0
Property           $ 0.0
Damage:
Crop Damage:       $ 0.0


Description:
The South Fork of the Catawba River flooded low-lying areas in and around Cramerton.



Event:             Flood                                       State: North Carolina
Begin Date:        07 Sep 2004, 10:00:00 PM EST                       Map of Counties
Begin Location:    Not Known                                Forecast
                                                               Zones GASTON
End Date:          08 Sep 2004, 07:00:00 AM EST
                                                            affected:
End Location:      Not Known
Magnitude:         0
Fatalities:        0
Injuries:          0
Property           $ 0.0
Damage:
Crop Damage:       $ 0.0


Description:
An extended period of moderate to heavy rain associated with the remnants of Hurricane
Frances led to gradual rises along creeks and streams, culminating in flooding across the
county by late evening. In addition to smaller streams, the South Fork of the Catawba River
and several of its tributaries exceeded flood stage. Several roads were flooded, as was a mobile
home park near Kings Mountain. A large sinkhole in Kings Mountain forced the closure of
another road.


Event:             Flash Flood                                 State: North Carolina
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                                  B- 25
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010


Begin Date:        14 Jun 2004, 05:00:00 PM EST                        Map of Counties
Begin Location:    Gastonia                                    County: Gaston
End Date:          14 Jun 2004, 06:00:00 PM EST
End Location:      Gastonia
Magnitude:         0
Fatalities:        0
Injuries:          0
Property           $ 3.0K
Damage:
Crop Damage:       $ 0.0


Description:
Severe urban flooding was reported in some locations across the city, including Gaston Day
School Rd, which was covered by as much as 2 feet of water. Several cars stalled in the high
water.


Event:        Flood
Begin:        22 May 2003, 10:30:00 AM EST
End:          22 May 2003, 11:00:00 PM EST
Zones:        GASTON
Description: Slow rises along creeks and streams culminated in flooding that began during
mid-day. Numerous creeks flooded, especially along the US 321 HWY corridor. A dike along
Crowders Creek broke, causing water to flow into a mobile home park. At least one mobile home
was destroyed while others sustained damage.

Event:         Flood
Begin:         10 Apr 2003, 01:00:00 PM EST
End:           10 Apr 2003, 09:00:00 PM EST
Zones:         GASTON
Description: An extended period of moderate to heavy rainfall resulted in slow rises and
eventual flooding along numerous creeks and streams across the county, including along the
South Fork of the Catawba River near Lowell. Some urban flooding also developed.

Event:          Flood
Begin:          20 Mar 2003, 09:00:00 AM EST
End:            21 Mar 2003, 03:00:00 PM EST
Zones:          GASTON
Description: An extended period of moderate to heavy rain combined with heavy upstream
rainfall caused slow rising on numerous creeks and streams, which culminated in an extended
period of flooding across the county. The South Fork of the Catawba River overflowed its banks
in the Lowell/McAdenville area, resulting in some of the worst flooding observed in the area in
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                                     B- 26
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010


35 years. The river crested at 16.6 feet at McAdenville. Several adjacent buildings were flooded,
and some vehicles received extensive damage. Twenty-five people required rescuing from a
flooded mobile home park along Crowder’s Creek.

Event:         Flash Flood
Begin:         03 Sep 2000, 01:00:00 PM EST
End:           03 Sep 2000, 04:00:00 PM EST
Zones:         GASTON
Description: Slow-moving thunderstorms producing very heavy rain caused high water in a
few locations which flooded and closed roads for a couple of hours.


Event:          Flash Flood
Begin:          10 Jun 1998, 08:30:00 AM EST
End:            10 Jun 1998, 09:30:00 AM EST
Zones:          GASTON
Description: A warm front pushing north through western North Carolina helped initiate heavy
rain and severe thunderstorms during the morning of the 10th. Many reports of trees down and
large hail were received from the western piedmont. A car was blown off the road near Kings
Creek. Chicken houses were damaged near Taylorsville allowing ten thousand chickens to run
free. Numerous trees were uprooted in Monroe. Windows were broken and cars damaged by
golf ball sized hail. Heavy rain in a short period of time resulted in some urban flooding from the
Belmont and Mount Holly areas to the south side of Charlotte. Numerous roads were flooded and
several motorists required rescue in different parts of the city. Lightning severely damaged a
church in Millersville, but no damage estimate was available. Several homes were struck by
lightning in the Charlotte area, causing extensive damage. In Wingate, one house was severely
damaged and two others had minor damage caused by lightning. Lastly, a lightning strike in
Highlands ignited a fire that burned a large house and its contents, including a Corvette. No
damage estimates were given.

Event:         Flash Flood
Begin:         13 Jun 1997, 10:00:00 PM EST (Gastonia)
End:           13 Jun 1997, 10:00:00 PM EST (Gastonia)
Zones:         GASTON
Description: Slow moving thunderstorms developed in the mountains and one became briefly
severe near Weaverville blowing down some trees. Weak funnel clouds were reported in the
same area. Around Shelby, Gastonia and Charlotte late in the evening, thunderstorms repeated
over the same areas causing some severe urban flooding. Damaging winds occurred from east
Gastonia into the northwest side of the Charlotte area. The most concentrated damage happened
northwest of the airport where numerous trees were downed. Some fell on homes and cars and
streets were blocked for several hours. Roads were closed around the area because of flooding.
Lightning started an attic fire in Shelby. After midnight, thunderstorms moved through the North
Carolina mountains after crossing the Tennessee border. One became severe blowing down trees
in Jackson County.
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                                 B- 27
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010



Event:         Flood
Begin:         28 Apr 1997, 08:00:00 PM EST (Dallas)
End:           29 Apr 1997, 05:00:00 PM EST (Belmont)
Zones:         GASTON
Description: 4 to 6.5 inches of rain fell in about 4 hours over a small part of the piedmont
causing a significant flood episode. Water entered homes and virtually every stream in Iredell
County was reported to have flooded. Flooding persisted for many hours in parts of Gaston
County. Sheep were drowned, a small earthen dam broke, mobile home parks were threatened,
vehicles were flooded out and damaged, and other significant property damage occurred. No
dollar amounts were available.

Event:         Flash Flood
Begin:         05 Aug 1996, 01:00:00 PM EST (Gastonia)
End:           05 Aug 1996, 03:00:00 PM EST (Gastonia)
Zones:         GASTON
Description:   None Reported

Event:         Flash Flood
Begin:         22 Jun 1995, 1715 EST
End:           Not Known
Zones:         GASTON
Description:   Mobile home park flooded by Crowder’s Creek.

Event:         Flood
Begin:         23 Mar 1993, 0000 EST (South Fork)
End:           24 Mar 1993, EST (Catawba River)
Zones:         GASTON
Description:   None Reported
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                                         B- 28
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010



Gaston County – Lightning Events
16 LIGHTNING events were reported in Gaston County, North Carolina and
surrounding areas between 01/01/1993 and 05/31/2009.

Source NOAA: http://www4.ncdc.noaa.gov/cgi-win/wwcgi.dll?wwevent~storms
Please note that not all damage was reported or dollar amounts given.

                                        Query Results
                                                                            Mag:    Magnitude
                                                                            Dth:    Deaths
                                                                             Inj:   Injuries
                                                                            PrD:    Property Damage
Click on Location or County to display Details.                             CrD:    Crop Damage

 Location or County            Date          Time           Type      Mag Dth Inj          PrD     CrD
1 Dallas                   01/24/1993     1300            Lightning   N/A     0      0    5K       0
2 Gastonia                 08/05/1996     02:00 PM        Lightning   N/A     0      2    0        0
3 Gastonia                 07/23/1997     01:40 AM        Lightning   N/A     0      0    20K      0
4 Gastonia                 07/24/1999     04:50 PM        Lightning   N/A     0      0    0        0
5 Belmont                  06/15/2000     04:00 PM        Lightning   N/A     0      0    0        0
6 Cherryville              07/04/2002     05:00 PM        Lightning   N/A     0      1    30K      0
7 Gastonia                 08/24/2002     05:45 PM        Lightning   N/A     0      0    0        0
8 Gastonia                 02/22/2003     10:00 AM        Lightning   N/A     0      3    10K      0
9 Crowders                 08/04/2003     08:00 PM        Lightning   N/A     0      0    10K      0
10 Dallas                  05/26/2004     07:43 PM        Lightning   N/A     0      0    1K       0
11 Cherryville             07/04/2004     06:00 PM        Lightning   N/A     0      0    7K       0
12 Belmont                 07/12/2004     05:00 PM        Lightning   N/A     0      0    10K      0
13 Gastonia                05/10/2005     01:50 PM        Lightning   N/A     0      1    0        0
14 Gastonia                06/27/2005     06:00 PM        Lightning   N/A     0      0    50K      0
15 Gastonia                07/28/2005     05:00 PM        Lightning   N/A     0      0    0        0
16 Gastonia                05/18/2006     05:40 PM        Lightning   N/A     0      0    250K     0
                                                                   TOTALS: 0         7    393K     0
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                                B- 29
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010


                                     Event Record Details


Event:             Lightning                                  State: North Carolina
Begin Date:        18 May 2006, 05:40:00 PM EST                      Map of Counties
Begin Location:    Gastonia                                 County: Gaston
End Date:          18 May 2006, 05:40:00 PM EST
End Location:      Gastonia
Magnitude:         0
Fatalities:        0
Injuries:          0
Property           $ 250.0K
Damage:
Crop Damage:       $ 0.0


Description:
Lightning ignited a fire at a home, causing extensive damage to the second story.




Event:             Lightning                                  State: North Carolina
Begin Date:        28 Jul 2005, 05:00:00 PM EST                      Map of Counties
Begin Location:    Gastonia                                 County: Gaston
End Date:          28 Jul 2005, 05:00:00 PM EST
End Location:      Gastonia
Magnitude:         0
Fatalities:        0
Injuries:          0
Property           $ 0.0
Damage:
Crop Damage:       $ 0.0


Description:
Several structural fires caused by lightning.


Event:             Lightning                                  State: North Carolina
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                                B- 30
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010



Begin Date:        27 Jun 2005, 06:00:00 PM EST                     Map of Counties
Begin Location:    Gastonia                                 County: Gaston
End Date:          27 Jun 2005, 06:00:00 PM EST
End Location:      Gastonia
Magnitude:         0
Fatalities:        0
Injuries:          0
Property           $ 50.0K
Damage:
Crop Damage:       $ 0.0


Description:
Lightning sparked several structural fires in the county.




Event:             Lightning                                  State: North Carolina
Begin Date:        10 May 2005, 01:50:00 PM EST                      Map of Counties
Begin Location:    Gastonia                                 County: Gaston
End Date:          10 May 2005, 01:50:00 PM EST
End Location:      Gastonia
Magnitude:         0
Fatalities:        0
Injuries:          1
Property           $ 0.0
Damage:
Crop Damage:       $ 0.0


Description:
Lightning struck and injured a person.


Event:             Lightning                                  State: North Carolina
Begin Date:        12 Jul 2004, 05:00:00 PM EST                      Map of Counties
Begin Location:    Belmont                                  County: Gaston
End Date:          12 Jul 2004, 05:00:00 PM EST
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                                B- 31
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010



End Location:      Belmont
Magnitude:         0
Fatalities:        0
Injuries:          0
Property           $ 10.0K
Damage:
Crop Damage:       $ 0.0


Description:
Lightning ignited a fire at a church, destroying the steeple and causing additional damage.



Event:             Lightning                                  State: North Carolina
Begin Date:        04 Jul 2004, 06:00:00 PM EST                      Map of Counties
Begin Location:    Cherryville                              County: Gaston
End Date:          04 Jul 2004, 06:00:00 PM EST
End Location:      Cherryville
Magnitude:         0
Fatalities:        0
Injuries:          0
Property           $ 7.0K
Damage:
Crop Damage:       $ 0.0


Description:
A lightning strike killed 7 cattle.




Event:             Lightning                                  State: North Carolina
Begin Date:        26 May 2004, 07:43:00 PM EST                      Map of Counties
Begin Location:    Dallas                                   County: Gaston
End Date:          26 May 2004, 07:43:00 PM EST
End Location:      Dallas
Magnitude:         0
Fatalities:        0
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                              B- 32
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010



Injuries:          0
Property           $ 1.0K
Damage:
Crop Damage:       $ 0.0


Description:
Lightning struck a trailer.


Event:             Lightning                                State: North Carolina
Begin Date:        04 Aug 2003, 08:00:00 PM EST                    Map of Counties
Begin Location:    Crowders                               County: Gaston
End Date:          04 Aug 2003, 08:00:00 PM EST
End Location:      Crowders
Magnitude:         0
Fatalities:        0
Injuries:          0
Property           $ 10.0K
Damage:
Crop Damage:       $ 0.0


Description:
Continuous lightning ignited several structural fires.



Event:             Lightning                                State: North Carolina
Begin Date:        22 Feb 2003, 10:00:00 AM EST                    Map of Counties
Begin Location:    Gastonia                               County: Gaston
End Date:          22 Feb 2003, 10:00:00 AM EST
End Location:      Gastonia
Magnitude:         0
Fatalities:        0
Injuries:          3
Property           $ 10.0K
Damage:
Crop Damage:       $ 0.0
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                                 B- 33
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010



Description:
Lightning struck a home, causing 3 minor injuries, and significant damage to the home.


Event:             Lightning                                   State: North Carolina
Begin Date:        24 Aug 2002, 05:45:00 PM EST                       Map of Counties
Begin Location:    Gastonia                                  County: Gaston
End Date:          24 Aug 2002, 05:45:00 PM EST
End Location:      Gastonia
Magnitude:         0
Fatalities:        0
Injuries:          0
Property           $ 0.0
Damage:
Crop Damage:       $ 0.0


Description:
Lightning damaged equipment at the 911 center, disrupting service.


Event:             Lightning                                   State: North Carolina
Begin Date:        04 Jul 2002, 05:00:00 PM EST                       Map of Counties
Begin Location:    Cherryville                               County: Gaston
End Date:          04 Jul 2002, 05:00:00 PM EST
End Location:      Cherryville
Magnitude:         0
Fatalities:        0
Injuries:          1
Property           $ 30.0K
Damage:
Crop Damage:       $ 0.0


Description:
Lightning caused a minor injury at a baseball field. Lightning was also blamed for the loss of
equipment at a radio station.
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                              B- 34
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010



Event:             Lightning                                State: North Carolina
Begin Date:        15 Jun 2000, 04:00:00 PM EST                    Map of Counties
Begin Location:    Belmont                                County: Gaston
End Date:          15 Jun 2000, 04:00:00 PM EST
End Location:      Belmont
Magnitude:         0
Fatalities:        0
Injuries:          0
Property           $ 0.0
Damage:
Crop Damage:       $ 0.0


Description:
A supercell thunderstorm moved through the northwest piedmont producing significant wind
damage in a 3 to 4 mile wide path. In and around Harmony thousands of trees were downed,
barns were destroyed, and a roof was blown off a frame house. Debris was blown up to 500
yards in some cases. Golf ball size hail was also reported in Harmony. The damage track
continued into western Davie county where numerous trees were blown down and roofs were
blown off several structures, including a mobile home. Numerous trees and power lines were
downed in eastern Catawba county as well. Later in the evening a severe thunderstorm in
southeast Union county blew a tree onto a recreational vehicle at the Cane Creek
Campground. Lightning ignited an attic fire in a house in Belmont.



Event:             Lightning                                State: North Carolina
Begin Date:        24 Jul 1999, 04:50:00 PM EST                    Map of Counties
Begin Location:    Gastonia                               County: Gaston
End Date:          24 Jul 1999, 04:50:00 PM EST
End Location:      Gastonia
Magnitude:         0
Fatalities:        0
Injuries:          0
Property           $ 0.0
Damage:
Crop Damage:       $ 0.0


Description:
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                                B- 35
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010


Clusters of slow-moving thunderstorms developed during the afternoon on another hot and
humid summer day. Some of the storms became severe, producing large hail the size of nickels
and quarters, and straight-line winds which downed numerous trees. In Kannapolis, the roof
of a commercial building was blown off. The Gastonia area experienced a severe
thunderstorm which lasted nearly an hour. Numerous trees and power lines were downed,
some of which fell on a trailer and homes. Urban flooding in normally flood-prone areas
stranded a few cars and lightning strikes caused several house fires. In rural areas around
Monroe, small streams briefly came out of their banks and flooded typical flood-prone areas.



Event:             Lightning                                  State: North Carolina
Begin Date:        23 Jul 1997, 01:40:00 AM EST                      Map of Counties
Begin Location:    Gastonia                                 County: Gaston
End Date:          23 Jul 1997, 01:40:00 AM EST
End Location:      Gastonia
Magnitude:         0
Fatalities:        0
Injuries:          0
Property           $ 20.0K
Damage:
Crop Damage:       $ 0.0


Description:
Lightning started a fire in the attic of a house. A cluster of thunderstorms producing very
heavy rain sank south in the Charlotte metro area shortly before midnight of the 23rd and
continued to redevelop over the area through mid-morning. Severe flash flooding resulted as
nearly 10 inches of rain fell in some spots. Mecklenburg county officials requested that people
not try to go to work or drive around. Numerous roads and bridges were washed out or
damaged. A railroad trestle collapsed, dropping a locomotive 100 feet into a raging creek. Two
women died after their vehicles became trapped in flood waters around 2 AM EST. A young
girl perished around 9 AM EST when she went to play in the waters and was swept away. In
Cabarrus county, 3 of the 4 injuries occurred when a plant roof collapsed due to the weight of
the rain water. The fourth injury occurred in Mount Pleasant when a person drove into a
wash-out.



Event:          Lightning                                     State: North Carolina
Begin Date:     05 Aug 1996, 02:00:00 PM EST                         Map of Counties
Begin Location: Gastonia                                    County: Gaston
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                                B- 36
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010



End Date:          05 Aug 1996, 02:00:00 PM EST
End Location:      Gastonia
Magnitude:         0
Fatalities:        0
Injuries:          2
Property           $ 0.0
Damage:
Crop Damage:       $ 0.0


Description:
None Reported


Event:             Lightning                                  State: North Carolina
Begin Date:        24 Jan 1993, 1300 EST                             Map of Counties
Begin Location:    Dallas                                   County: Gaston
End Location:      Not Known
Magnitude:         0
Fatalities:        0
Injuries:          0
Property           $ 5.0K
Damage:
Crop Damage:       $ 0.0


Description:
The impact of lightning blew a hole through a brick exterior wall and sheetrock off interior
walls of a house. Extensive damage also occurred to the electrical system.
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                                     B- 37
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010




Gaston County – Hail Events 1962 to May 2009
111 Hail event(s) were reported in Gaston County, North Carolina between 01/01/195 and
05/31/2009. (*Note reporting dates begin on May 9, 1962)
Source NOAA: http://www4.ncdc.noaa.gov/cgi-win/wwcgi.dll?wwevent~storms


                                           Gaston County
  Location or County             Date         Time        Type     Mag      Dth   Inj   PrD    CrD
1 GASTON                    05/09/1962      1535          Hail   1.75 in.   0     0     0     0
2 GASTON                    05/20/1967      1707          Hail   1.00 in.   0     0     0     0
3 GASTON                    06/21/1970      0532          Hail   0.75 in.   0     0     0     0
4 GASTON                    04/03/1974      1730          Hail   4.50 in.   0     0     0     0
5 GASTON                    06/22/1978      1645          Hail   1.75 in.   0     0     0     0
6 GASTON                    06/22/1978      1745          Hail   1.75 in.   0     0     0     0
7 GASTON                    06/16/1980      1555          Hail   1.75 in.   0     0     0     0
8 GASTON                    04/26/1982      2324          Hail   1.75 in.   0     0     0     0
9 GASTON                    05/06/1984      0400          Hail   0.75 in.   0     0     0     0
10 GASTON                   05/26/1984      1945          Hail   0.75 in.   0     0     0     0
11 GASTON                   06/03/1985      1715          Hail   0.75 in.   0     0     0     0
12 GASTON                   06/04/1985      1800          Hail   1.75 in.   0     0     0     0
13 GASTON                   06/04/1985      2150          Hail   1.00 in.   0     0     0     0
14 GASTON                   06/05/1985      1800          Hail   1.75 in.   0     0     0     0
15 GASTON                   06/06/1985      1548          Hail   1.00 in.   0     0     0     0
16 GASTON                   06/06/1985      1617          Hail   0.75 in.   0     0     0     0
17 GASTON                   06/07/1985      1544          Hail   1.00 in.   0     0     0     0
18 GASTON                   06/07/1985      1618          Hail   1.00 in.   0     0     0     0
19 GASTON                   07/10/1985      2000          Hail   0.75 in.   0     0     0     0
20 GASTON                   07/13/1985      1537          Hail   1.00 in.   0     0     0     0
21 GASTON                   08/06/1986      1107          Hail   0.75 in.   0     0     0     0
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                                 B- 38
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010


22 GASTON                   04/15/1987      1258          Hail   0.75 in.   0   0   0     0
23 GASTON                   05/02/1987      1350          Hail   1.75 in.   0   0   0     0
24 GASTON                   06/03/1987      1710          Hail   0.75 in.   0   0   0     0
25 GASTON                   05/16/1988      1800          Hail   0.75 in.   0   0   0     0
26 GASTON                   05/24/1988      1124          Hail   0.90 in.   0   0   0     0
27 GASTON                   06/26/1988      1448          Hail   1.50 in.   0   0   0     0
28 GASTON                   06/26/1988      1517          Hail   1.00 in.   0   0   0     0
29 GASTON                   04/01/1990      1900          Hail   0.75 in.   0   0   0     0
30 GASTON                   04/01/1990      1918          Hail   1.75 in.   0   0   0     0
31 GASTON                   05/01/1990      1722          Hail   0.75 in.   0   0   0     0
32 GASTON                   06/08/1990      1618          Hail   0.75 in.   0   0   0     0
33 GASTON                   06/08/1990      1700          Hail   1.00 in.   0   0   0     0
34 GASTON                   07/01/1990      1345          Hail   1.75 in.   0   0   0     0
35 GASTON                   03/07/1992      1435          Hail   1.00 in.   0   0   0     0
36 GASTON                   03/07/1992      1454          Hail   1.25 in.   0   0   0     0
37 GASTON                   03/19/1992      1415          Hail   1.00 in.   0   0   0     0
38 GASTON                   06/08/1992      1739          Hail   0.75 in.   0   0   0     0
39 GASTON                   06/21/1992      1423          Hail   1.75 in.   0   0   0     0
40 Cherryville              05/13/1993      1601          Hail   1.00 in.   0   0   0     0
41 Catawba Heights          08/19/1994      1642          Hail   1.00 in.   0   0   0     0
42 Nr Kannapolis ?          05/01/1995      2059          Hail   0.75 in.   0   0   0     0
43 Gastonia                 05/01/1995      2103          Hail   1.75 in.   0   0   0     0
44 Crowders Mt.             05/19/1995      1304          Hail   0.75 in.   0   0   0     0
45 Cherryville              03/16/1996      06:55         Hail   1.75 in.   0   0   0     0
                                            PM
46 Gastonia                 04/15/1996      07:20         Hail   0.75 in.   0   0   0     0
                                            AM
47 Bessemer City            05/24/1996      09:27         Hail   0.75 in.   0   0   0     0
                                            PM
48 Gastonia                 06/13/1997      08:03         Hail   1.00 in.   0   0   0     0
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                                 B- 39
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010


                                            PM
49 Bessemer City            08/28/1997      02:00         Hail   0.75 in.   0   0   0      0
                                            PM
50 Mt Holly                 01/08/1998      07:55         Hail   0.75 in.   0   0   0      0
                                            PM
51 Bessemer City            01/08/1998      08:12         Hail   0.75 in.   0   0   0      0
                                            PM
52 Belmont                  03/20/1998      01:40         Hail   0.75 in.   0   0   0      0
                                            PM
53 Mt Holly                 06/10/1998      08:52         Hail   0.75 in.   0   0   0      0
                                            AM
54 Mt Holly                 06/10/1998      09:07         Hail   0.75 in.   0   0   0      0
                                            AM
55 Mt Holly                 06/10/1998      09:10         Hail   0.75 in.   0   0   0      0
                                            AM
56 Gastonia                 07/06/1999      05:14         Hail   1.00 in.   0   0   0      0
                                            PM
57 Kings Mtn                07/31/1999      04:00         Hail   0.75 in.   0   0   0      0
                                            PM
58 Gastonia                 04/01/2001      10:15         Hail   0.75 in.   0   0   0      0
                                            AM
59 Gastonia                 05/25/2001      09:30         Hail   0.75 in.   0   0   0      0
                                            PM
60 Gastonia                 06/26/2001      02:47         Hail   0.75 in.   0   0   0      0
                                            PM
61 Gastonia                 08/02/2002      03:05         Hail   1.50 in.   0   0   0      0
                                            PM
62 Bessemer City            05/15/2003      06:05         Hail   0.75 in.   0   0   0      0
                                            PM
63 Stanley                  05/15/2003      06:05         Hail   1.00 in.   0   0   0      0
                                            PM
64 Belmont                  05/15/2003      06:20         Hail   1.75 in.   0   0   300K   0
                                            PM
65 Mt Holly                 05/15/2003      06:20         Hail   1.75 in.   0   0   0      0
                                            PM
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                                 B- 40
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010


66 Belmont                  07/09/2003      03:33         Hail   0.75 in.   0   0   0     0
                                            PM
67 Gastonia                 07/09/2003      03:51         Hail   1.00 in.   0   0   0     0
                                            PM
68 Dallas                   07/12/2003      08:42         Hail   0.75 in.   0   0   0     0
                                            PM
69 Mt Holly                 07/12/2003      09:05         Hail   0.75 in.   0   0   0     0
                                            PM
70 Gastonia                 07/12/2003      10:00         Hail   0.75 in.   0   0   0     0
                                            PM
71 Gastonia                 07/16/2003      05:37         Hail   1.00 in.   0   0   0     0
                                            PM
72 Belmont                  07/16/2003      05:57         Hail   0.75 in.   0   0   0     0
                                            PM
73 Gastonia                 07/19/2003      07:50         Hail   1.75 in.   0   0   0     0
                                            PM
74 Cherryville              08/05/2003      02:46         Hail   1.00 in.   0   0   0     0
                                            PM
75 Cherryville              08/05/2003      03:20         Hail   0.75 in.   0   0   0     0
                                            PM
76 Mt Holly                 08/05/2003      04:15         Hail   0.75 in.   0   0   0     0
                                            PM
77 Dallas                   05/22/2004      04:25         Hail   0.75 in.   0   0   0     0
                                            PM
78 Gastonia                 05/23/2004      04:25         Hail   1.00 in.   0   0   0     0
                                            PM
79 Lowell                   05/10/2005      03:42         Hail   1.00 in.   0   0   0     0
                                            PM
80 Belmont                  06/19/2005      01:25         Hail   0.88 in.   0   0   0     0
                                            PM
81 Gastonia                 04/22/2006      03:42         Hail   0.88 in.   0   0   0     0
                                            AM
82 Dallas                   04/25/2006      04:18         Hail   0.75 in.   0   0   0     0
                                            PM
83 Dallas                   05/18/2006      04:52         Hail   0.75 in.   0   0   0     0
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                                  B- 41
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010


                                            PM
84 Bessemer City            05/20/2006      04:07         Hail   0.88 in.   0   0   0      0
                                            PM
85 Belmont                  05/20/2006      04:25         Hail   0.75 in.   0   0   0      0
                                            PM
86 Gastonia                 05/20/2006      05:21         Hail   1.00 in.   0   0   0      0
                                            PM
87 Cherryville              05/26/2006      03:25         Hail   1.00 in.   0   0   0      0
                                            PM
88 Cherryville              05/26/2006      04:45         Hail   1.00 in.   0   0   0      0
                                            PM
89 Cherryville              05/26/2006      05:12         Hail   1.25 in.   0   0   0      0
                                            PM
90 Cherryville              05/26/2006      05:18         Hail   1.75 in.   0   0   0      0
                                            PM
91 Lucia                    06/10/2006      09:55         Hail   0.88 in.   0   0   0      0
                                            PM
92 Gastonia                 06/11/2006      04:17         Hail   1.00 in.   0   0   0      0
                                            PM
93 Dallas                   07/02/2006      05:22         Hail   0.88 in.   0   0   0      0
                                            PM
94 Gastonia                 04/11/2007      23:05         Hail   0.75 in.   0   0   0K     0K
                                            PM
95 Dallas                   05/12/2007      12:55         Hail   1.00 in.   0   0   0K     0K
                                            PM
96 Mt Holly                 06/11/2007      13:35         Hail   0.75 in.   0   0   0K     0K
                                            PM
97 Gastonia                 06/11/2007      14:56         Hail   0.88 in.   0   0   0K     0K
                                            PM
98 Cherryville              06/24/2007      17:45         Hail   0.75 in.   0   0   0K     0K
                                            PM
99 Gastonia                 06/24/2007      18:20         Hail   0.88 in.   0   0   0K     0K
                                            PM
100 Gastonia                06/25/2007      18:32         Hail   0.75 in.   0   0   0K     0K
                                            PM
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                                  B- 42
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010


101 Gastonia                07/27/2007      19:15         Hail   0.75 in.   0   0   0K     0K
                                            PM
102 Dallas                  04/26/2008      16:46         Hail   1.00 in.   0   0   0K     0K
                                            PM
103 Dallas                  05/20/2008      14:22         Hail   0.88 in.   0   0   0K     0K
                                            PM
104 Stanley                 05/20/2008      14:22         Hail   1.00 in.   0   0   0K     0K
                                            PM
105 Stanley                 05/20/2008      14:45         Hail   0.75 in.   0   0   0K     0K
                                            PM
106 Gastonia                05/20/2008      17:35         Hail   1.00 in.   0   0   0K     0K
                                            PM
107 High Shoals             06/22/2008      19:50         Hail   0.88 in.   0   0   0K     0K
                                            PM
108 Cherryville             08/16/2008      22:40         Hail   0.75 in.   0   0   0K     0K
                                            PM
109 Mt Holly                04/10/2009      14:34         Hail   0.75 in.   0   0   0K     0K
                                            PM
110 Gastonia Arpt           04/10/2009      16:45         Hail   0.88 in.   0   0   0K     0K
                                            PM
111 Cherryville             05/09/2009      15:06         Hail   0.88 in.   0   0   0K     0K
                                            PM
                                                                 TOTALS: 0      0   300K   0


Hail is a form of solid precipitation associated with thunderstorms. Hail stones, created by
strong updrafts usually range in size between 5 and 150mm. These stones can consist of layers
of ice or clumps of hail stones frozen together.
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                                     B- 43
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010




Gaston County – Ice & Snow Events 1993 to May 2009
39 Ice and Snow event(s) were reported in Gaston County, North Carolina between
02/10/1994 and 05/31/2009.
Source NOAA: http://www4.ncdc.noaa.gov/cgi-win/wwcgi.dll?wwevent~storms



                                           North Carolina
 Location or County           Date        Time            Type      Mag Dth Inj       PrD      CrD
1 Statewide               03/12/1993 1600           Winter Storm N/A 2      10 50.0M           0
2 Northern Interior And 02/10/1994 1000             Ice Storm       N/A 0   0     0            0
3 NCZ070>072 - 082        01/06/1996 06:00          Winter Storm N/A 0      0     0            0
                                     PM
4 NCZ033>037 -            01/11/1996 06:00          Winter Storm N/A 0      0     0            0
048>058 - 065>072 -                  PM
082
5 NCZ066>072 - 082        02/02/1996 06:00          Ice Storm       N/A 0   0     10.0M        0
                                     AM
6 NCZ034>037 -            02/03/1996 06:00          Snow            N/A 0   0     0            0
054>057 - 067>072                    PM
7 NCZ033 - 048>059 -      02/16/1996 02:00          Snow            N/A 0   0     0            0
062>072                              AM
8 NCZ034>037 -            02/13/1997 03:00          Ice Storm       N/A 0   0     0            0
056>057 - 068>071 -                  PM
082
9 NCZ049 - 053>055 -      02/13/1997 10:00          Winter Storm N/A 0      0     0            0
064>070                              AM
10 NCZ066>068 -           12/29/1997 05:30          Snow            N/A 0   0     0            0
070>072 - 082                        AM
11 NCZ070>072 - 082       01/19/1998 06:00          Snow            N/A 0   0     0            0
                                     AM
12 NCZ033 - 035>036       12/23/1998 09:00          Freezing        N/A 0   0     0            0
- 048>053 - 055 -                    AM             Rain/sleet
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                              B- 44
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010


058>059 - 062>064 -
066>068 - 070>071 -
082
13 NCZ070>071             12/24/1998 05:00          Ice Storm    N/A 0   0   0          0
                                     AM
14 NCZ036 - 068>070       01/02/1999 06:00          Ice Storm    N/A 0   0   0          0
                                     PM
15 NCZ034>037 -           02/01/1999 12:00          Freezing     N/A 0   0   0          0
054>057 - 066>070                    AM             Rain
16 NCZ034>037 -           02/19/1999 12:00          Snow         N/A 0   0   0          0
049>050 - 054>057 -                  PM
067>072
17 NCZ035 - 048 - 052 03/09/1999 03:00              Snow And     N/A 0   0   0          0
- 056 - 059 - 064>070 -          AM                 Sleet
072
18 NCZ048>050 - 054       01/18/2000 04:00          Snow         N/A 0   0   0          0
- 068 - 070>072 - 082                AM
19 NCZ033>037 -           01/22/2000 03:00          Heavy Snow   N/A 0   0   0          0
048>056 - 058>059 -                  PM
062>072 - 082
20 NCZ057 - 068 -         01/24/2000 01:00          Heavy Snow   N/A 0   0   0          0
070>072 - 082                        PM
21 NCZ033 - 048>053       01/29/2000 09:00          Ice Storm    N/A 0   0   0          0
- 058 - 064>065 -                    PM
070>072 - 082
22 NCZ033>037 -           11/19/2000 06:00          Snow         N/A 0   0   0          0
048>059 - 062>072 -                  AM
082
23 NCZ034>037 -           04/17/2001 07:00          Snow         N/A 0   0   0          0
053>057 - 065>070                    AM             Showers
24 NCZ034>037 -           01/03/2002 12:00          Heavy Snow   N/A 0   0   0          0
055>057 - 062 -                      AM
067>070 - 072
25 NCZ063>064 - 068       12/04/2002 03:00          Ice Storm    N/A 0   0   99.0M      0
- 070>072 - 082                      PM
26 NCZ036>037 -           01/16/2003 06:00          Winter       N/A 0   0   0          0
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                                B- 45
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010


056>057 - 066>072 -                     PM          Weather/mix
082
27 NCZ070>072 - 082       01/23/2003 06:00          Heavy Snow     N/A 0    0   0         0
                                     AM
28 NCZ033>037 -           02/27/2003 12:00          Winter         N/A 0    0   0         0
049>050 - 053 -                      AM             Weather/mix
056>057 - 065>072
29 NCZ066>068 -           01/27/2004 12:00          Winter         N/A 0    0   0         0
070>072 - 082                        AM             Weather/mix
30 NCZ033 - 036 -         02/26/2004 10:00          Heavy Snow     N/A 0    0   3.1M      0
049>050 - 054>057 -                  AM
066>072 - 082
31 NCZ068>071             01/29/2005 01:00          Winter Storm N/A 0      0   0         0
                                     PM
32 NCZ068>071             01/29/2005 04:00          Winter         N/A 0    0   0         0
                                     AM             Weather/mix
33 NCZ065>068 - 070       12/15/2005 06:00          Ice Storm      N/A 0    0   450K      0
                                     AM
34 NCZ065>068 - 070       12/15/2005 12:00          Winter         N/A 0    0   0         0
                                     AM             Weather
35 NCZ033 - 035>037       01/18/2007 06:00          Winter         N/A 0    0   0K        0K
- 049>050 - 053 -                    AM             Weather
056>057 - 063>065 -
068>072 - 082 - 501
36 NCZ068 - 070 - 082 02/01/2007 06:00              Winter Storm N/A 0      0   0K        0K
- 508 - 510                      AM
37 NCZ036 - 057 -         01/16/2008 20:00          Winter         N/A 0    0   0K        0K
068>072 - 082                        PM             Weather
38 NCZ035>037 -           01/20/2009 02:00          Winter         N/A 0    0   0K        0K
056>057 - 068>071 -                  AM             Weather
502 - 504 - 506
39 NCZ035>037 -           03/01/2009 14:00          Heavy Snow     N/A 0    0   0K        0K
056>057 - 069>072 -                  PM
082 - 504
                                                                TOTALS: 2   10 162.580M 0
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                              B- 46
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010



Event:         Heavy Snow
Begin:         01 Mar 2009, 14:00:00 PM EST
End:           02 Mar 2009, 03:00:00 AM EST
Zone:          Alexander, Cabarrus, Catawba, Davie, Gaston, Iredell, Lincoln,
               Mecklenburg, Rowan, Union
Description:
EPISODE NARRATIVE: Rain changed to snow during the early evening across portions
of the foothills and the western Piedmont of North Carolina. Snow became heavy at times
throughout the evening, and up to 4 inches had accumulated across the area by 10 pm.
Snow, heavy at times and accompanied by occasional lightning, continued into the late
evening and early overnight hours. By the time the snow tapered off, accumulations of 3-6
inches were common across the area. However, localized amounts of up to 9 inches were
reported, especially along a corridor extending from Shelby to Hickory. The heavy wet
snow caused quite a few trees and power lines to fall, resulting in numerous power outages.
Some structures received minor to moderate roof damage due to the weight of the snow.
Some customers were without power for several days. A tree fell on the library in Belmont,
NC, causing damage to the roof. Numerous traffic accidents also occurred.


Event:         Winter Weather
Begin:         20 Jan 2009, 02:00:00 AM EST
End:           20 Jan 2009, 11:00:00 AM EST
Zone:          Alexander, Catawba, Cleveland, Davie, Gaston, Iredell, Lincoln,
               Mecklenburg, Rowan
Description:
EPISODE NARRATIVE: Snow developed across the foothills and western Piedmont of North
Carolina. The snow continued through the overnight hours before tapering off during the
morning. Total snowfall accumulations ranged from trace amounts across the NC foothills, to
3 inches in the Charlotte metro area and surrounding locations.


Event:         Winter Weather
Begin:         16 Jan 2008, 20:00:00 PM EST
End:           17 Jan 2008, 11:00:00 AM EST
Zone:          Cabarrus, Cleveland, Gaston, Iredell, Lincoln, Mecklenburg, Rowan, Union
Description:
EPISODE NARRATIVE: Light snow developed across the Piedmont during mid-evening,
and continued through much of the overnight hours. By mid-morning on the 17th, total
accumulations ranged from around an inch south of I-85, to 3 inches or so along the I-40
corridor. Sleet and freezing rain mixed in with the snow before the event ended.


Event:         Winter Storm
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                              B- 47
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010


Begin:         01 Feb 2007, 06:00:00 AM EST
End:           01 Feb 2007, 13:00:00 PM EST
Zone:          Cleveland, Gaston, Union
Description:
EPISODE NARRATIVE: Light snow began around sunrise across the southern piedmont and
foothills of North Carolina. The precipitation became heavy at times during mid-morning
before mixing with sleet and freezing rain. By late morning, up to 3 inches of snow had
accumulated across the area, while some locations received light accumulations of sleet. A mix
of sleet and freezing rain continued across the southern foothills through early afternoon. By
late morning, up an eigth of an inch of ice and as much as a half inch of sleet had accumulated
on top of 2-3 inches of snow. By early afternoon, most of the precipitation had transitioned to
rain.


Event:         Winter Weather
Begin:         18 Jan 2007, 06:00:00 AM EST
End:           18 Jan 2007, 13:00:00 PM EST
Zone:          Alexander, Avery, Buncombe, Cabarrus, Catawba, Cleveland, Davie,
               Gaston, Henderson, Iredell, Lincoln, Mecklenburg, Mitchell, Rowan,
               Southern Jackson, Transylvania, Union, Yancey
Description:
EPISODE NARRATIVE: Widespread light precipitation, mainly in the form of freezing
rain, produced light ice accretion, mainly across the foothills and piedmont during the
morning hours. Accretion was mainly confined to elevated surfaces, although some slick
spots developed on bridges and overpasses. Quite a few traffic accidents occurred,
especially in the Charlotte metro area and in the northern North Carolina foothills. A few
sporadic power outages were reported. In some areas, mainly across the northwest
piedmont, precipitation started out as a combination of sleet and snow, resulting in some
light accumulations.


Event:         Winter Weather
Begin:         15 Dec 2005, 12:00:00 AM EST
End:           15 Dec 2005, 06:00:00 AM EST
Zone:          Cleveland, Gaston, Henderson, Polk, Rutherford
Description:   None Reported


Event:         Ice Storm
Begin:         15 Dec 2005, 06:00:00 AM EST
End:           15 Dec 2005, 02:00:00 PM EST
Zone:          Cleveland, Gaston, Henderson, Polk, Rutherford
Description:   None Reported
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                                    B- 48
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010



Event:        Winter Weather/mix
Begin:        29 Jan 2005, 04:00:00 AM EST
End:          29 Jan 2005, 01:00:00 PM EST
Zone:         Cleveland, Gaston, Lincoln, Mecklenburg
Description:
Light precipitation, mainly in the form of sleet, developed during the early morning hours
across portions of the Upstate and the NC piedmont, resulting in some slick roads and traffic
accidents.


Event:         Winter Storm
Begin:         29 Jan 2005, 01:00:00 PM EST
End:           30 Jan 2005, 01:00:00 AM EST
Zone:          Cleveland, Gaston, Lincoln, Mecklenburg
Description:
Light sleet, occasionally mixed with snow, fell for much of the early morning hours across the
piedmont. The precipitation began to increase in intensity during mid-to-late morning.
Precipitation began to change over to freezing rain during the afternoon, and this continued
into the evening hours. Up to an inch of snow fell across the area during the morning, but sleet
and ice made the greatest impact. Most locations received between 1/2 to 1 inch of sleet. In
addition, freezing rain deposited a glaze of ice over the sleet during the afternoon and evening,
creating extremely dangerous driving conditions, and numerous accidents.




Event:         Heavy Snow
Begin:         26 Feb 2004, 10:00:00 AM EST
End:           27 Feb 2004, 02:00:00 AM EST
Zone:          GASTON
Description: Heavy snow began to fall across the foothills, piedmont, and northern mountains
of North Carolina during the late morning. Although snowfall intensity decreased dramatically
during the early-to-middle portion of the afternoon, heavy snow redeveloped during the late
afternoon, and continued into the evening and overnight hours. Scattered thunderstorms
contributed to intense snowfall rates of 2 to 3 inches per hour from time to time, especially
in the piedmont, where total snowfall of 12-22 inches occurred. The heaviest amounts
occurred in the southwest piedmont, particularly in southern portions of Charlotte metro.
Thousands of people were stranded on I-77 during the early afternoon, and some required
rescue. The weight of the snowfall caused damage to numerous roofs, while some roofs
completely collapsed. Across the foothills and northern mountains, accumulations were
considerably lighter, generally in the 4-8 inch range, although amounts of 10-16 inches fell along
the Blue Ridge north of I-40.
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                                    B- 49
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010




Event:         Winter Weather/Mix
Begin:         27 Jan 2004, 12:00:00 AM EST
End:           27 Jan 2004, 06:00:00 AM EST
Zone:          GASTON
Description: Light, freezing rain developed during the early morning hours of the 27th across
the southern foothills and southwest piedmont. This added an additional layer of glaze to the
mixture of sleet and ice that was already present. The layer of ice was as thick as 2 inches in
some areas. Hundreds of traffic accidents occurred overnight and into the morning rush hour.
Many of the accidents involved injuries and some fatalities. The ice was slow to melt, and traffic
accidents continued for another 2 days.

Event:          Winter Weather/mix
Begin:          27 Feb 2003, 12:00:00 AM EST
End:            27 Feb 2003, 06:00:00 AM EST
Zone:           GASTON
Description: A light freezing rain developed during the overnight hours in areas from the Blue
Ridge eastwards to the I-77 corridor. Light ice accumulations were mainly confined trees,
bushes, and automobiles. However, some slick spots did develop on bridges and overpasses,
especially in the piedmont.

Event:         Heavy Snow
Begin:         23 Jan 2003, 06:00:00 AM EST
End:           23 Jan 2003, 08:00:00 AM EST
Zone:          GASTON
Description: Light snow began around midnight in the southwest piedmont of North Carolina.
A burst of heavy snow during the pre-dawn hours resulted in total accumulations of 3 to 8 inches
by mid morning.

Event:        Winter Weather/mix
Begin:        16 Jan 2003, 06:00:00 PM EST
End:          16 Jan 2003, 10:00:00 PM EST
Zone:         GASTON
Description: Light snow fell during the evening across portions of the foothills and piedmont
of North Carolina, and accumulated to 1 to 2 inches. Numerous traffic accidents ensued.

Event:         Ice Storm
Begin:         04 Dec 2002, 03:00:00 PM EST
End:           05 Dec 2002, 08:00:00 AM EST
Zone:          GASTON
Description: Freezing rain began over the extreme southern mountains of North Carolina
during the early afternoon on the 4th, and had spread into the southwest piedmont by mid
afternoon. Resultant damage due to ice accumulation began during the mid-to-late afternoon.
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                                     B- 50
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010


The intensity of the freezing rain increased after midnight, and by sunrise on the 5th,
devastating ice accumulations of 1/2 to 1 1/2 inches were observed. The hardest hit area was
Charlotte metro. Hundreds of thousands lost power and the outages lasted for as long as 2 weeks
in some areas.
Event:          Heavy Snow
Begin:          03 Jan 2002, 12:00:00 AM EST
End:            03 Jan 2002, 12:00:00 PM EST
Zone:           GASTON
Description: Flurries and light snow began in the early evening and became moderate to heavy
by late evening on the 2nd. Heavy snowfall accumulations were reached across this portion of
the foothills and piedmont overnight on the 3rd, with 4 to 6 inches observed by noon.

Event:         Snow Showers
Begin:         07 Apr 2001, 07:00:00 AM EST
End:           17 Apr 2001, 03:00:00 PM EST
Zone:          GASTON
Description:   None Reported

Event:        Snow
Begin:        19 Nov 2000, 06:00:00 AM EST
End:          19 Nov 2000, 06:00:00 PM EST
Zone:         GASTON
Description: Light to moderate snow started in the mountains and spread southeast, lasting
through the day. Generally 1 to 3 inches of snow fell, but some higher elevations of the central
and southern mountains reported more than 4 inches.

Event:          Ice Storm
Begin:          29 Jan 2000, 09:00:00 PM EST
End:            30 Jan 2000, 06:00:00 PM EST
Zone:           GASTON
Description: Weakening low pressure in the Ohio River Valley, developing low pressure along
the Gulf Coast and cold, arctic air in place across the Carolinas resulted in a wintry mess across
western North Carolina. This was the last in a series of 5 winter storms that wreaked havoc on
western North Carolina in an 11-day span. The ice storm in the mountains consisted mainly of a
couple inches of sleet. However, the combined accumulation of the mixture of sleet and snow
was generally 2 to 3 inches. Some freezing rain mixed in during the morning of the 30th. Across
the foothills and piedmont, precipitation which briefly began as some light sleet and snow,
turned quickly to freezing rain. The freezing rain was heavy enough across the southern
piedmont, including the Charlotte area, to result in a 1/4 to 1/2 inch glaze. Scattered power
outages resulted, with Gaston county reporting 2500 people without power. The entire
Duke Power system reported 77,000 people without power.

Event:         Heavy Snow
Begin:         24 Jan 2000, 01:00:00 PM EST
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                                    B- 51
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010


End:            25 Jan 2000, 02:00:00 AM EST
Zone:           GASTON
Description: Low pressure rapidly deepened near the Carolina coast, wrapping abundant
moisture back across the piedmont of the Carolinas. Snow fell all day and into the night, heavy at
times south and east of Interstate 85. By the time snow ended, accumulations ranged from a trace
to 4 inches to the immediate north and west of Interstate 85, to 4 to 8 inches from eastern
Rowan county to Charlotte and Gastonia, and 10 to 14 inches across southeastern
Mecklenburg county and all of Union county. Utility damage in Union county alone was above
$4 million, with damage in Monroe at more than $1 million. This storm followed no more than
36 hours after the area received several inches of snow and ice from a previous storm over the
weekend.


Event:          Heavy Snow
Begin:          22 Jan 2000, 03:00:00 PM EST
End:            23 Jan 2000, 12:00:00 AM EST
Zone:           GASTON
Description: A cold dome of arctic high pressure centered over the Mid-Atlantic States
provided very cold and dry air to western North Carolina. Meanwhile, weak low pressure moved
east along a frontal boundary stalled across the Gulf Coast States to the Georgia coast. Abundant
moisture flowed north into the sub-freezing air over western North Carolina, resulting in light
snow as early as the afternoon on the 22nd. Snow became heavy by mid-afternoon across the
mountains and by evening across the foothills and piedmont. A general 4 to 7 inch snowfall
occurred in the mountains with as much as 10 inches reported in Jackson County. Generally 4 to
6 inches of snow fell across the foothills and piedmont, with a local maximum of 7 inches in
western Lincoln county. Rowan County failed to meet heavy snow criteria with accumulations
of up to 3 inches. Freezing rain and sleet mixed with the snow for a short time before the
precipitation ended, and for the most part, caused little additional problems. The one exception
was across southern Union county where freezing rain lasted all night and through much of the
morning on the 23rd. Ice accumulations reached damaging levels there around 3 am, causing a
large number of trees and power lines to fall throughout the morning. This in turn, resulted in
widespread power outages.

Event:         Snow
Begin:         18 Jan 2000, 04:00:00 AM EST
End:           18 Jan 2000, 12:00:00 PM EST
Zone:          GASTON
Description: Low pressure moved east across Tennessee and weakened as it ran into a surface
high-pressure ridge along the East Coast. Nevertheless, enough moisture was available to cause
heavy snow to fall from Avery County, east across the northern foothills and northwest
piedmont. Precipitation began as light rain in the mid-evening hours on the 17th, but quickly
turned to snow as the atmosphere cooled to below freezing. Snowfall ranged between 3 and 6
inches across the area by noon on the 18th, with a narrow band of 1 to 3 inch accumulation of
snow and sleet to the immediate south.
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                                   B- 52
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010



Event:         Snow and Sleet
Begin:         09 Mar 1999, 03:00:00 AM EST
End:           09 Mar 1999, 12:00:00 PM EST
Zone:          GASTON
Description: Light snow and sleet fell during the morning, associated with a strong low-
pressure area moving north through the Mississippi River Valley. Accumulations by noon ranged
between 1 and 3 inches. Some light freezing rain mixed in from time to time as well.

Event:         Snow
Begin:         19 Feb 1999, 12:00:00 PM EST
End:           19 Feb 1999, 06:00:00 PM EST
Zone:          GASTON
Description: A surface low moving across central Georgia and South Carolina combined with a
strong upper level system to produce light snow across much of western North Carolina during
the afternoon. Most accumulations were between 1 and 2 inches, although, there was a band of
3-inch accumulations stretching from the northern mountains and southeast through Morganton
and to Shelby. Also, some isolated accumulations of around 8 inches were reported from the
very highest peaks in the northern mountains.

Event:         Freezing Rain
Begin:         01 Feb 1999, 12:00:00 AM EST
End:           01 Feb 1999, 06:00:00 AM EST
Zone:          GASTON
Description: Moisture flowing north over sub-freezing surface air resulted in a light coating of
freezing rain during the early morning hours across the foothills and western piedmont of North
Carolina. Accumulations of ice were up to 1/8th inch and mainly on trees.

Event:           Ice Storm
Begin:           02 Jan 1999, 06:00:00 PM EST
End:             02 Jan 1999, 11:59:00 PM EST
Zone:            GASTON
Description: As moisture from a strong storm system in the Tennessee Valley moved north and
encountered a shallow, arctic air mass over the piedmont of western North Carolina, freezing
rain fell. The freezing rain became heavy at times during the evening of the 2nd and accumulated
to damaging levels. Trees and power lines fell causing much damage to homes and
widespread power outages. An area from near Shelby into northwest Gaston County was
especially hard hit and locals said it was the worst ice storm in 45 years.

Event:         Ice Storm
Begin:         24 Dec 1998, 05:00:00 AM EST
End:           24 Dec 1998, 12:00:00 PM EST
Zone:          GASTON
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                                     B- 53
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010


Description: Freezing rain built a glaze to damaging levels by sunrise and many power
outages continued to occur until late morning. Power was not restored to some places until
the next morning.

Event:        Freezing Rain/sleet
Begin:        23 Dec 1998, 09:00:00 AM EST
End:          24 Dec 1998, 05:00:00 AM EST
Zone:         GASTON
Description: Freezing rain and some sleet developed early Wednesday morning and persisted
through the morning of Christmas Eve. Some areas later received enough glaze to cause
damage.

Event:        Snow
Begin:        19 Jan 1998, 06:00:00 AM EST
End:          19 Jan 1998, 09:00:00 AM EST
Zone:         GASTON
Description: A wet snow fell at a pretty good rate early in the morning across the southern
piedmont, including the Charlotte metro area. Despite temperatures hovering just above freezing,
the snow accumulated between 1 and 3 inches.

Event:         Snow
Begin:         29 Dec 1997, 05:30:00 AM EST
End:           29 Dec 1997, 03:00:00 PM EST
Zone:          GASTON
Description: Snow moved north across the foothills and piedmont during the morning and
became heavy north and west of the Charlotte area before ending in the middle of the afternoon.
Snowfall ranged between 1 and 4 inches across the southern foothills and southern piedmont, to
4-8 inches across the northern foothills and northwest piedmont. In addition, Macon County in
the southern mountains received up to 5 inches of snow before the middle of the morning. There
were hundreds of traffic accidents and a few thousand people in the foothills were without power
for a while.

Event:        Winter Storm / Ice Storm
Begin:        13 Feb 1997, 03:00:00 PM EST
End:          13 Feb 1997, 10:00:00 PM EST
Zone:         GASTON
Description: A winter storm brought a variety of weather woes to western and central North
Carolina. Snow in the mountains gradually became heavy as it spread east with the highest
accumulations in the higher elevations west and north of Asheville. Four to six inches fell with
similar amounts in the mountainous parts of the foothill counties. Several inches fell in parts of
the piedmont with up to 3 1/2 inches around Cherryville. In the foothills and piedmont the
snow changed to a sleet storm during the afternoon with several inches accumulations.
Around Charlotte and Monroe freezing rain during the evening caused scattered power
outages.
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                                   B- 54
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010


Event:         Snow
Begin:         16 Feb 1996, 02:00:00 AM EST
End:           16 Feb 1996, 10:00:00 AM EST
Zone:          GASTON
Description:   Snow fell and accumulated to several inches with heavier amounts in the northern
mountains.

Event:        Snow
Begin:        03 Feb 1996, 06:00:00 PM EST
End:          03 Feb 1996, 11:59:00 PM EST
Zone:         GASTON
Description: Light snow accumulated to 1 to 3 inches on top of the ice. Travel problems
worsened in some places.

Event:         Ice Storm
Begin:         02 Feb 1996, 06:00:00 AM EST
End:           02 Feb 1996, 04:00:00 PM EST
Zone:          GASTON
Description: Rain began to freeze in the southern foothills and most of the piedmont. Bridges
and overpasses quickly became icy with numerous problems reported on highways and streets.
Rain was falling so heavily that not much was accumulating as ice. However, by about noon, ice
storm conditions began to develop quickly with numerous power outages reported. Areas
west and north of Charlotte were hardest hit. Damage estimates for this major ice storm
are a broad estimate and not reliable. Road repair/cleanup costs in North Carolina exceeded
$20 million. Numerous traffic accidents caused many injuries and some indirect fatalities.

Event:         Winter Storm
Begin:         11 Jan 1996, 06:00:00 PM EST
End:           12 Jan 1996, 08:00:00 AM EST
Zone:          GASTON
Description: The second snowstorm within a week caused more excitement in North Carolina.
Up to a foot of snow was reported in some of the mountains with most mountain and foothill
locations receiving 3 to 6 inches. In the piedmont, there was more of a mixture of ice with
minimal ice storm conditions reported in and around the Charlotte area. There were some
power outages and numerous traffic accidents.

Event:         Winter Storm
Begin:         06 Jan 1996, 06:00:00 PM EST
End:           07 Jan 1996, 09:00:00 PM EST
Zone:          GASTON
Description: Rain gradually changed to freezing rain and then snow and sleet across the
southern Piedmont. The precipitation continued well into the next day. The layer of ice under
the 1 to 2 inches of snow (3 to 4 inches in Gaston county) caused serious traffic problems.
The ice accumulation was enough to cause widespread power outages around the Charlotte
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                                   B- 55
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010


Metro area. All across western and central North Carolina, numerous traffic accidents and
sledding accidents were reported. There were numerous indirect injuries and a few fatalities
associated with the storm. Most injuries and deaths were traffic related. In Alexander, a man was
crushed when an outbuilding collapsed from the weight of the snow.

Event:         Ice Storm
Begin:         10 Feb 1994, 1000 EST
End:           11 Feb 1994, 1200EST EST
Zone:          GASTON
Description: A strong cold front brought a surge of arctic air into North Carolina on the 10th
and plunged temperatures 40 to 50 degrees from readings the previous day to below freezing.
Low pressure developed along the front causing widespread sleet and freezing rain across
northern and western sections. The greatest ice accumulation of one to two inches and associated
damages to trees and power lines occurred in the northern Piedmont and North Foothills regions.
Elsewhere in northern interior and western sections, ice accumulations ranged from one-quarter
to one1 inch. Numerous motor vehicle accidents were also reported.
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                                      B- 56
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010



Gaston County – Thunderstorm and High Wind Events

162 THUNDERSTORM & HIGH WIND events were reported in Gaston
County, North Carolina and surrounding areas between 01/01/1950 and
05/31/2009.
        Source NOAA: http://www4.ncdc.noaa.gov/cgi-win/wwcgi.dll?wwevent~storms

        Please note that with the progression of time, reporting has increased. This is most likely
due to population increases, new weather data tools, better techniques and a commitment by
NOAA. It does not necessarily indicate any shifts in the frequency of weather events.

A summary of all Thunderstorm & High Wind Events is listed below. Due to the number of
events and limited data (in many cases) Record Event Details have been omitted. However these
may be located at the NOAA Website.


162 THUNDERSTORM & HIGH WIND event(s) were
reported in Gaston County, North Carolina between                        Mag:     Magnitude
                                                                         Dth:     Deaths
01/01/1950 and 05/31/2009.
                                                                          Inj:    Injuries
                                                                         PrD:     Property Damage
Click on Location or County to display Details.                          CrD:     Crop Damage
                                           North Carolina
  Location or County           Date         Time          Type        Mag Dth Inj          PrD   CrD
1 GASTON                    07/28/1955 1800          Tstm Wind       0      0      0   0         0
                                                                     kts.
2 GASTON                    06/06/1963 1400          Tstm Wind       0      0      0   0         0
                                                                     kts.
3 GASTON                    05/01/1966 1700          Tstm Wind       0      0      0   0         0
                                                                     kts.
4 GASTON                    06/29/1966 1500          Tstm Wind       0      0      0   0         0
                                                                     kts.
5 GASTON                    06/30/1966 1500          Tstm Wind       0      0      0   0         0
                                                                     kts.
6 GASTON                    06/12/1968 1730          Tstm Wind       0      0      0   0         0
                                                                     kts.
7 GASTON                    08/05/1970 2035          Tstm Wind       0      0      0   0         0
                                                                     kts.
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                             B- 57
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010


8 GASTON                    08/03/1973 1800          Tstm Wind   0      0   0   0      0
                                                                 kts.
9 GASTON                    03/24/1975 1030          Tstm Wind   0      0   0   0      0
                                                                 kts.
10 GASTON                   06/16/1980 1655          Tstm Wind   0      0   0   0      0
                                                                 kts.
11 GASTON                   06/06/1981 1930          Tstm Wind   0      0   0   0      0
                                                                 kts.
12 GASTON                   08/21/1983 2315          Tstm Wind   0      0   0   0      0
                                                                 kts.
13 GASTON                   06/03/1985 0430          Tstm Wind   0      0   0   0      0
                                                                 kts.
14 GASTON                   06/07/1985 1551          Tstm Wind   0      0   0   0      0
                                                                 kts.
15 GASTON                   07/10/1985 2040          Tstm Wind   52     0   0   0      0
                                                                 kts.
16 GASTON                   07/10/1985 2100          Tstm Wind   0      0   0   0      0
                                                                 kts.
17 GASTON                   07/13/1985 1551          Tstm Wind   0      0   0   0      0
                                                                 kts.
18 GASTON                   07/13/1985 1615          Tstm Wind   0      0   0   0      0
                                                                 kts.
19 GASTON                   08/21/1985 0130          Tstm Wind   0      0   0   0      0
                                                                 kts.
20 GASTON                   07/21/1986 1730          Tstm Wind   0      0   0   0      0
                                                                 kts.
21 GASTON                   07/29/1986 1400          Tstm Wind   0      0   0   0      0
                                                                 kts.
22 GASTON                   08/03/1986 1650          Tstm Wind   0      0   0   0      0
                                                                 kts.
23 GASTON                   08/07/1986 1736          Tstm Wind   50     0   0   0      0
                                                                 kts.
24 GASTON                   06/03/1987 1650          Tstm Wind   0      0   0   0      0
                                                                 kts.
25 GASTON                   06/18/1987 1515          Tstm Wind   0      0   0   0      0
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                             B- 58
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010


                                                                 kts.
26 GASTON                   07/13/1987 1440          Tstm Wind   0      0   0   0      0
                                                                 kts.
27 GASTON                   05/17/1988 1330          Tstm Wind   0      0   0   0      0
                                                                 kts.
28 GASTON                   06/18/1988 1750          Tstm Wind   0      0   0   0      0
                                                                 kts.
29 GASTON                   06/26/1988 1537          Tstm Wind   0      0   0   0      0
                                                                 kts.
30 GASTON                   06/26/1988 1555          Tstm Wind   0      0   0   0      0
                                                                 kts.
31 GASTON                   05/05/1989 1720          Tstm Wind   0      0   0   0      0
                                                                 kts.
32 GASTON                   05/06/1989 1035          Tstm Wind   0      0   0   0      0
                                                                 kts.
33 GASTON                   05/06/1989 1045          Tstm Wind   0      0   0   0      0
                                                                 kts.
34 GASTON                   06/12/1989 1505          Tstm Wind   0      0   0   0      0
                                                                 kts.
35 GASTON                   07/27/1989 1715          Tstm Wind   0      0   0   0      0
                                                                 kts.
36 GASTON                   02/10/1990 0820          Tstm Wind   0      0   0   0      0
                                                                 kts.
37 GASTON                   04/28/1990 1755          Tstm Wind   0      0   0   0      0
                                                                 kts.
38 GASTON                   05/01/1990 1810          Tstm Wind   0      0   0   0      0
                                                                 kts.
39 GASTON                   07/01/1990 1400          Tstm Wind   0      0   0   0      0
                                                                 kts.
40 GASTON                   08/21/1990 1502          Tstm Wind   0      0   1   0      0
                                                                 kts.
41 GASTON                   08/21/1990 1540          Tstm Wind   0      0   0   0      0
                                                                 kts.
42 GASTON                   04/29/1991 1840          Tstm Wind   0      0   0   0      0
                                                                 kts.
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                                  B- 59
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010


43 GASTON                   03/19/1992 1430          Tstm Wind      0      0   0   0        0
                                                                    kts.
44 GASTON                   03/19/1992 1450          Tstm Wind      0      0   0   0        0
                                                                    kts.
45 GASTON                   06/21/1992 1620          Tstm Wind      0      0   0   0        0
                                                                    kts.
46 GASTON                   06/25/1992 1425          Tstm Wind      52     0   0   0        0
                                                                    kts.
47 GASTON                   07/18/1992 1315          Tstm Wind      0      0   0   0        0
                                                                    kts.
48 Gastonia                 08/03/1993 1556          Thunderstorm   52     0   0   0        0
                                                     Winds          kts.
49 Belmont                  08/20/1993 1820          Thunderstorm   0      0   0   0        0
                                                     Winds          kts.
50 S Portion                07/19/1994 1745          Thunderstorm   0      0   0   0        0
                                                     Winds          kts.
51 Gastonia                 08/19/1994 1605          Thunderstorm   0      0   0   0        0
                                                     Winds          kts.
52 Stanley                  08/19/1994 1605          Thunderstorm   0      0   0   0        0
                                                     Winds          kts.
53 NCZ033>037 -             01/18/1996 08:00         High Wind      0      0   0   75K      0
048>058 - 065>072                      PM                           kts.
54 Bessemer City            03/15/1996 02:50         Tstm Wind      0      0   0   0        0
                                       PM                           kts.
55 Gastonia                 03/15/1996 03:00         Tstm Wind      0      0   0   25K      0
                                       PM                           kts.
56 Gastonia                 04/20/1996 02:25         Tstm Wind      0      0   0   25K      0
                                       PM                           kts.
57 Dallas                   04/20/1996 02:45         Tstm Wind      0      0   0   15K      0
                                       PM                           kts.
58 Gastonia                 05/27/1996 10:38         Tstm Wind      52     0   0   0        0
                                       PM                           kts.
59 Cherryville              05/27/1996 10:40         Tstm Wind      50     0   0   0        0
                                       PM                           kts.
60 Cherryville              05/29/1996 04:10         Tstm Wind      50     0   0   0        0
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                               B- 60
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010


                                          PM                     kts.
61 Belmont                  06/15/1996 09:05         Tstm Wind   50     0   0   0        0
                                       PM                        kts.
62 Gastonia                 06/15/1996 09:30         Tstm Wind   50     0   0   0        0
                                       PM                        kts.
63 Dallas                   07/13/1996 03:10         Tstm Wind   50     0   0   0        0
                                       PM                        kts.
64 Bessemer City            07/15/1996 01:30         Tstm Wind   50     0   0   0        0
                                       PM                        kts.
65 Belmont                  08/24/1996 04:40         Tstm Wind   55     0   0   0        0
                                       PM                        kts.
66 Gastonia                 02/21/1997 05:35         Tstm Wind   52     0   0   0        0
                                       PM                        kts.
67 East Gastonia            06/13/1997 09:00         Tstm Wind   50     0   0   0        0
                                       PM                        kts.
68 Gastonia                 07/04/1997 09:30         Tstm Wind   50     0   0   0        0
                                       PM                        kts.
69 Gastonia                 07/16/1997 03:40         Tstm Wind   50     0   0   0        0
                                       PM                        kts.
70 Gastonia                 07/28/1997 04:00         Tstm Wind   50     0   0   0        0
                                       PM                        kts.
71 Gastonia                 07/28/1997 04:15         Tstm Wind   50     0   0   0        0
                                       PM                        kts.
72 Mt Holly                 07/28/1997 04:30         Tstm Wind   50     0   0   0        0
                                       PM                        kts.
73 NCZ034>037 -         02/24/1998 09:00             High Wind   50     0   0   20K      0
054>057 - 066>072 - 082            AM                            kts.
74 Mt Holly                 06/10/1998 08:52         Tstm Wind   50     0   0   0        0
                                       AM                        kts.
75 Cherryville              07/20/1998 07:15         Tstm Wind   50     0   0   0        0
                                       PM                        kts.
76 Central Portion          07/20/1998 07:25         Tstm Wind   50     0   0   0        0
                                       PM                        kts.
77 NCZ034 - 053 - 057 - 03/03/1999 11:00             High Wind   60     0   0   700K     0
068>070 - 072                      AM                            kts.
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                                 B- 61
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010


78 Gastonia                 06/10/1999 06:18         Tstm Wind     50     0   0   0        0
                                       PM                          kts.
79 Gastonia                 07/24/1999 04:50         Tstm Wind     60     0   0   0        0
                                       PM                          kts.
80 Bessemer City            07/31/1999 03:45         Tstm Wind     50     0   0   0        0
                                       PM                          kts.
81 Kings Mtn                08/01/1999 03:30         Tstm Wind     50     0   0   0        0
                                       PM                          kts.
82 NCZ035 - 053>054 -       09/15/1999 08:00         High Wind     45     0   1   0        0
062 - 064>065 - 067 -                  PM                          kts.
069>071 - 082
83 NCZ052>053 - 062 -       03/28/2000 12:00         High Wind     50     0   1   0        0
067>068 - 070>072                      PM                          kts.
84 Mt Holly                 05/10/2000 04:25         Tstm Wind     55     0   0   50K      0
                                       PM                          kts.
85 Gastonia                 05/13/2000 06:40         Tstm Wind     52     0   0   0        0
                                       PM                          kts.
86 Cherryville              08/10/2000 02:10         Tstm Wind     50     0   0   0        0
                                       AM                          kts.
87 Gastonia                 08/10/2000 02:42         Tstm Wind     50     0   0   0        0
                                       AM                          kts.
88 Cramerton                08/10/2000 02:45         Tstm Wind     50     0   0   0        0
                                       AM                          kts.
89 Gastonia                 08/18/2000 04:17         Tstm Wind     55     0   0   0        0
                                       PM                          kts.
90 NCZ033>037 -         11/09/2000 12:00             Gusty Winds   N/A 0      0   0        0
048>059 - 062>072 - 082            PM
91 NCZ034 - 036 - 055 - 03/06/2001 10:00             High Wind     55     0   0   0        0
057 - 068 - 070                    AM                              kts.
92 NCZ034>036 -         03/20/2001 07:00             High Wind     55     0   0   1.0M     0
049>050 - 052>057 - 059            AM                              kts.
- 062>071
93 Gastonia                 04/01/2001 10:15         Tstm Wind     50     0   0   0        0
                                       AM                          kts.
94 Bessemer City            06/22/2001 03:11         Tstm Wind     55     0   0   0        0
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                               B- 62
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010


                                          PM                     kts.
95 Gastonia                 10/25/2001 01:38         Tstm Wind   50     0   0   0        0
                                       AM                        kts.
96 NCZ034>037 -         02/04/2002 12:00             High Wind   50     0   0   0        0
054>057 - 066>072 - 082            PM                            kts.
97 Dallas                   05/13/2002 04:30         Tstm Wind   55     0   0   25K      0
                                       PM                        kts.
98 Belmont                  05/13/2002 04:45         Tstm Wind   55     0   0   5K       0
                                       PM                        kts.
99 Belmont                  07/02/2002 05:15         Tstm Wind   60     0   0   20K      0
                                       PM                        kts.
100 Cherryville             07/04/2002 05:05         Tstm Wind   50     0   0   5K       0
                                       PM                        kts.
101 Gastonia                07/22/2002 05:45         Tstm Wind   50     0   0   0        0
                                       PM                        kts.
102 Gastonia                08/02/2002 03:05         Tstm Wind   50     0   0   20K      0
                                       PM                        kts.
103 Belmont                 08/02/2002 03:20         Tstm Wind   50     0   0   0        0
                                       PM                        kts.
104 Gastonia                08/24/2002 05:45         Tstm Wind   55     0   0   0        0
                                       PM                        kts.
105 Dallas                  05/02/2003 03:55         Tstm Wind   52     0   0   5K       0
                                       PM                        kts.
106 Belmont                 07/09/2003 03:19         Tstm Wind   50     0   0   0        0
                                       PM                        kts.
107 Gastonia                07/09/2003 05:00         Tstm Wind   50     0   0   0        0
                                       PM                        kts.
108 Mt Holly                07/12/2003 09:05         Tstm Wind   60     0   0   50K      0
                                       PM                        kts.
109 Gastonia                07/12/2003 10:00         Tstm Wind   50     0   0   0        0
                                       PM                        kts.
110 Gastonia                07/19/2003 07:25         Tstm Wind   52     0   0   0        0
                                       PM                        kts.
111 Gastonia                07/19/2003 07:50         Tstm Wind   50     0   0   1K       0
                                       PM                        kts.
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                               B- 63
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010


112 Gastonia                07/19/2003 08:10         Tstm Wind   52     0   0   2K       0
                                       PM                        kts.
113 Gastonia                07/20/2003 07:00         Tstm Wind   50     0   0   0        0
                                       PM                        kts.
114 Belmont                 07/29/2003 05:10         Tstm Wind   50     0   0   1K       0
                                       PM                        kts.
115 Bessemer City           08/22/2003 03:45         Tstm Wind   50     0   0   0        0
                                       PM                        kts.
116 Dallas                  11/19/2003 07:30         Tstm Wind   50     0   0   1K       0
                                       AM                        kts.
117 NCZ036>037 -        03/07/2004 06:45             High Wind   65     1   2   385K     0
056>057 - 069>072 - 082            PM                            kts.
118 Gastonia                05/23/2004 04:25         Tstm Wind   50     0   0   0        0
                                       PM                        kts.
119 Gastonia                05/23/2004 04:25         Tstm Wind   60     0   0   0        0
                                       PM                        kts.
120 Mt Holly                05/23/2004 05:00         Tstm Wind   50     0   0   0        0
                                       PM                        kts.
121 Dallas                  05/26/2004 07:43         Tstm Wind   50     0   0   1K       0
                                       PM                        kts.
122 Mt Holly                05/31/2004 06:44         Tstm Wind   50     0   0   0        0
                                       AM                        kts.
123 Gastonia                06/08/2004 12:20         Tstm Wind   50     0   0   0        0
                                       PM                        kts.
124 Gastonia                03/08/2005 07:15         Tstm Wind   55     0   0   80K      0
                                       AM                        kts.
125 Belmont                 06/19/2005 01:25         Tstm Wind   50     0   0   0        0
                                       PM                        kts.
126 Cramerton               07/20/2005 06:00         Tstm Wind   50     0   0   3K       0
                                       PM                        kts.
127 Gastonia                07/28/2005 04:50         Tstm Wind   50     0   0   0        0
                                       PM                        kts.
128 Belmont                 08/20/2005 05:45         Tstm Wind   50     0   0   0        0
                                       PM                        kts.
129 Dallas                  04/03/2006 05:52         Tstm Wind   50     0   0   0        0
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                                  B- 64
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010


                                          PM                        kts.
130 Dallas                  05/20/2006 05:21         Tstm Wind      55     0   0   0        0
                                       PM                           kts.
131 Cherryville             05/26/2006 03:10         Tstm Wind      55     0   0   0        0
                                       PM                           kts.
132 Dallas                  05/26/2006 03:35         Tstm Wind      50     0   0   0        0
                                       PM                           kts.
133 Cherryville             05/26/2006 04:45         Tstm Wind      50     0   0   0        0
                                       PM                           kts.
134 Gastonia                06/10/2006 08:14         Tstm Wind      50     0   0   0        0
                                       PM                           kts.
135 Gastonia                06/11/2006 04:17         Tstm Wind      55     0   0   0        0
                                       PM                           kts.
136 Gastonia                06/11/2006 04:27         Tstm Wind      55     0   0   0        0
                                       PM                           kts.
137 Cherryville             06/22/2006 05:00         Tstm Wind      50     0   0   0        0
                                       PM                           kts.
138 Cherryville             07/04/2006 03:45         Tstm Wind      50     0   0   0        0
                                       PM                           kts.
139 Gastonia                07/15/2006 04:42         Tstm Wind      55     0   0   0        0
                                       PM                           kts.
140 Cramerton               07/22/2006 08:55         Tstm Wind      50     0   0   0        0
                                       PM                           kts.
141 Bessemer City           08/03/2006 04:10         Tstm Wind      50     0   0   0        0
                                       PM                           kts.
142 High Shoals             08/03/2006 04:13         Tstm Wind      55     0   0   0        0
                                       PM                           kts.
143 Lowell                  11/15/2006 22:53         Thunderstorm   50     0   0   20K      0K
                                       PM            Wind           kts.
144 Gastonia                04/15/2007 14:50         Thunderstorm   55     0   0   0K       0K
                                       PM            Wind           kts.
145 NCZ033 - 035>037 - 04/16/2007 09:00              High Wind      60     0   0   500K     0K
048>052 - 056>059 -               AM                                kts.
062>064 - 068>072 -
501>502 - 508
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                                 B- 65
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010


146 Gastonia                06/11/2007 14:25         Thunderstorm   50     0   0   0K      0K
                                       PM            Wind           kts.
147 Cherryville             06/24/2007 17:50         Thunderstorm   55     0   0   0K      0K
                                       PM            Wind           kts.
148 Bessemer City           06/24/2007 22:05         Thunderstorm   50     0   0   0K      0K
                                       PM            Wind           kts.
149 Mt Holly                06/25/2007 19:35         Thunderstorm   55     0   0   0K      0K
                                       PM            Wind           kts.
150 Gastonia                07/27/2007 19:15         Thunderstorm   55     0   0   0K      0K
                                       PM            Wind           kts.
151 Cherryville             08/21/2007 15:45         Thunderstorm   55     0   0   0K      0K
                                       PM            Wind           kts.
152 NCZ035>037 -        02/10/2008 13:00             High Wind      55     0   0   0K      0K
056>057 - 069>070 - 072            PM                               kts.
153 Dallas                  03/04/2008 19:45         Thunderstorm   50     0   0   0K      0K
                                       PM            Wind           kts.
154 Mt Holly                04/27/2008 15:58         Thunderstorm   55     0   0   0K      0K
                                       PM            Wind           kts.
155 Gastonia                06/26/2008 20:01         Thunderstorm   50     0   0   0K      0K
                                       PM            Wind           kts.
156 Ranlo                   07/08/2008 15:40         Thunderstorm   50     0   0   0K      0K
                                       PM            Wind           kts.
157 Bessemer City           07/09/2008 15:39         Thunderstorm   50     0   0   0K      0K
                                       PM            Wind           kts.
158 Mountian View           07/31/2008 14:00         Thunderstorm   50     0   0   0K      0K
                                       PM            Wind           kts.
159 Cherryville             08/16/2008 22:40         Thunderstorm   50     0   0   0K      0K
                                       PM            Wind           kts.
160 NCZ068>071 - 508        01/07/2009 12:00         High Wind      50     0   0   0K      0K
                                       PM                           kts.
161 Mountian View           02/11/2009 20:05         Thunderstorm   50     0   0   0K      0K
                                       PM            Wind           kts.
162 Cramerton               05/02/2009 16:20         Thunderstorm   50     0   0   0K      0K
                                       PM            Wind           kts.
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                      B- 66
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010


                                                          TOTALS: 1   5   3.034M 0
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                               B- 67
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010




Gaston County – Hurricane & Tropical Storm Events
                                                      Hurricanes & Tropical Storms Impacting
                                                                   Gaston County
                                                                   Date               Name
Although the NCDC of NOAA does not list any                 September 9, 1882         N/A
hurricanes or tropical storms for Gaston County,           August 27-29, 1893         N/A
there have been several occurrences. (See                  September 17, 1906         N/A
Appendix A - Hazard History).                               3 September, 1913         N/A
                                                             July 14-16, 1916         N/A
                                                             June 20-21, 1972        Agnes
                                                            September 5, 1979         David
                                                         September 21-22, 1989        Hugo
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                                          B- 68
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010



Gaston County – Tornado Events 1950 May 2009
12 Tornado events were reported in Gaston County, North Carolina between 01/01/1950
and 05/31/2009.
Source NOAA: http://www4.ncdc.noaa.gov/cgi-win/wwcgi.dll?wwevent~storms

                                                                              Mag:    Magnitude
                                                                              Dth:    Deaths
                                                                               Inj:   Injuries
                                                                              PrD:    Property Damage
Click on Location or County to display Details.                               CrD:    Crop Damage
                                           North Carolina
 Location or County            Date         Time          Type    Mag Dth Inj              PrD      CrD
1 GASTON                  04/06/1956      1300        Tornado     F1      0       0     250K        0
2 GASTON                  05/28/1973      1800        Tornado     F0      0       0     0K          0
3 GASTON                  04/02/1974      0153        Tornado     F1      1       10    250K        0
4 GASTON                  05/15/1975      1530        Tornado     F1      0       1     25K         0
5 Crowders                02/21/1997      05:22       Tornado     F1      0       0     250K        0
                                          PM
6 Cherryville             07/12/2003      08:00       Tornado     F1      0       0     2.0M        0
                                          PM
7 Gastonia                03/08/2005      07:15       Tornado     F0      0       0     1K          0
                                          AM
8 Gastonia                01/13/2006      08:06       Tornado     F1      0       0     350K        0
                                          PM
9 Cherryville             05/26/2006      05:14       Tornado     F1      0       0     5K          0
                                          PM
10 Cramerton              11/15/2006      22:51       Tornado     F1      0       0     50K         0K
                                          PM
11 Gastonia               01/05/2007      16:39       Tornado     F0      0       0     20K         0K
                                          PM
12 Gastonia               05/09/2008      01:10       Tornado     F2      0       0     7.0M        0K
                                          AM
                                                             TOTALS: 1            11    10.201M     0

                                          Event Details
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                              B- 69
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010



Event:         Tornado
Begin:         09 May 2008, 01:10:00 AM EST
Location:      1 Mile South of Gastonia
End:           09 May 2008, 01:23:00 AM EST
Location:      1 Mile East South East of North Belmont
Length:        9 Miles
Width:         75 Yards
Magnitude: F2
Fatalities:    0
Injuries:      0
Damages:       $ 7.0M
Crop Damage:          $ 0.0K
Description:
A tornado track began just southeast of Gastonia and continued well into Mecklenburg
County on the northwest side of Charlotte. Where the tornado first touched down, part of
the roof was blown off the roof of an office building near the intersection of Union Rd and
Garrison Bvd. The tornado continued east-northeast to the Garrison Blvd, S New Hope Rd
area, where numerous homes and businesses received minor to moderate roof damage and
numerous large trees were uprooted. The tornado produced sporadic, mainly minor
damage as it moved through McAdenville, where it crossed I-85, blowing several cars off
the interstate. The most significant damage was observed in the Catawba Heights/ Belmont
area, near I-85, where much of the metal roof was peeled from a large wharehouse, causing
7 million dollars in damage. Another industrial business in this area lost most of its roof.
EPISODE NARRATIVE: A mini-supercell thunderstorms produced a tornado with a
nearly 20 mile path through the Gastonia and Charlotte metro areas during the early
morning hours of May 9th.



Event:       Tornado
Begin:       05 Jan 2007, 16:39:00 PM EST
Location:    5 Miles East South East of Gastonia
End:         05 Jan 2007, 16:40:00 PM EST
Location:    Not Known
Length:      N/A
Width:       N/A
Magnitude: F0
Fatalities:  0
Injuries:    0
Damages:     $ 20.0K
Crop Damage: $ 0.0K
Description:
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                               B- 70
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010


EVENT NARRATIVE: A short tornado damage track ran through the Autumn Acres
subdivision in Gastonia. Eight homes received mostly minor roof damage. Some
outbuildings were also damaged. EPISODE NARRATIVE: A line of thunderstorms moved
into the southern Piedmont of North Carolina, spawning a weak tornado.



Event:        Tornado
Begin:        15 Nov 2006, 22:51:00 PM EST
Location:     Cramerton
End:          15 Nov 2006, 22:52:00 PM EST
Location:     Not Known
Length:       F1
Magnitude: F1
Fatalities:   0
Injuries:     0
Damages:      $ 50.0K
Crop Damage: $ 0.0K
Description:
EVENT NARRATIVE: An NWS survey found a short damage path, consistent with a
tornado, near Cramerton. The tornado damaged the West Cramerton Baptist Church,
removing several shingles, damaging stained glass windows, knocking off the steeple and
blowing off the front door. EPISODE NARRATIVE: A narrow line of showers and
thunderstorms developed ahead of a strong cold front during the evening hours of
November 15th. As the line moved into North Carolina a series of tornadoes formed along
a break in the line. In all, four tornadoes touched down from the east side of Gastonia to a
few miles east of Statesville. The strongest tornado produced a small area of F2 damage.
One person later died from injuries suffered in the last tornado in Iredell County. Areas of
damaging straight line winds also occurred in other parts of the line.



Event:      Tornado
Begin:      26 May 2006, 05:14:00 PM EST
Location:   4 Miles East North East of Cherryville
End:        26 May 2006, 05:18:00 PM
Location:   6 Miles East North East of Cherryville
Length:     2 Miles
Width:      40 Yards
Magnitude: F1
Fatalities: 0
Injuries:   0
Damages:    $ 5.0K
Crop Damage: $ 0.0
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                               B- 71
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010


Description:
This weak tornado touched down near the intersection of Hephzibah Church Rd and St
Marks Church Rd, then made intermittent contact with the ground along a 2 mile path
before lifting east of Landers Chapel Rd near its intersection with Gaston-Webb Chapel
Rd. Damage was mainly confined to downed trees. However, a carport was blown into the
tops of a tree and the roof of a barn on St. Marks Church Rd was blown off and tossed
approximately 0.5 miles. In addition to the tornado, hail up to the size of golfballs fell.




Event:        Tornado
Begin:        13 Jan 2006, 08:06:00 PM EST
Location:     4 Miles West North West of Gastonia
End:          13 Jan 2006, 08:07:00 PM EST
Location:     4 Miles West North West of Gastonia
Length:       1 Mile
Width:        100 Yards
Magnitude: F1
Fatalities:   0
Injuries:     0
Damages:      $ 350.0K
Crop Damage:$ 0.0
Description:
This small, weak tornado touched down just west of the highway 274/275 intersection in
Bessemer City, just north of highway 274 near the Barkers Ridge subdivision. The tornado
skirted a mobile home park, where it moved a trailer about 3 feet before moving across
Barkers Ridge. The roof was blown off of one unoccupied, newly constructed home. 5
additional homes in the small subdivision received significant exterior damage, and were
condemned. Several other homes received minor damage. After leaving the subdivision the
tornado appeared to lift briefly as it moved into a wooded area. However, additional
damage occurred near the intersection of Jim Clark and JK Road, where most of the tin
roof was removed from a barn. In addition, shingles were removed from the roof of a
home, and several trees were blown down, one of which fell on an outbuilding. The tornado
then blew over a travel trailer before lifting.



Event:         Tornado
Begin:         08 Mar 2005, 07:15:00 AM EST
Location:      3 Miles South South West of Gastonia
End:           08 Mar 2005, 07:15:00 AM EST
Location:      3 Miles South South West of Gastonia
Length:        0 Mile
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                                B- 72
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010


Width:        50 Yards
Magnitude: F0
Fatalities:   0
Injuries:     0
Damages:      $ 1.0K
Crop Damage : $ 0.0
Description:
A weak tornado developed within a squall line as it passed just south of Gastonia. A funnel
cloud was observed just west of highway 321, but the condensation funnel did not extend to
the ground. Eyewitnesses ran inside their home, at which time the house reportedly shook.
Shingles were torn off the roof of the home, and numerous large limbs were blown down.


Event:        Tornado
Begin:        12 Jul 2003, 08:00:00 PM EST
Location:     2 Miles South East of Cherryville (35°22'N / 81°21'W)
End:          12 Jul 2003, 08:25:00 PM EST
Location:     Mt Holly (35°18'N / 81°01'W)
Length:       18 Miles
Width:        200Yards
Magnitude: F1
Fatalities:   0
Injuries:     0
Damages:      $2.0M
Description: This weak tornado, or perhaps a series of weak tornadoes, caused widespread tree
and power line damage as it tracked across northern Gaston County. The most significant
damage occurred in the Mount Holly area, as well as far northern portions of Belmont. Many
trees and power lines were blown onto homes and vehicles. Several buildings had significant
roof damage, while numerous others incurred minor roof damage.




Event:         Tornado
Begin:         21 Feb 1997, 05:22:00 PM EST
Location:      1 Mile South West of Crowder’s (35°10'N / 81°14'W)
End:           21 Feb 1997, 05:35:00 PM EST
Location:      Belmont (35°15'N / 81°03'W)
Length:        15 Miles
Width:         200 Yards
Magnitude:     F1
Fatalities:    0
Injuries:      0
Damages:       $250.K
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan   B- 73
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010


Description: None Reported


Event:         Tornado
Begin:         15 May 1975, 1530 CST
Location:      35°22'N / 81°10'W
End:           Not Known
Location:      Not Known
Length:        Not Known
Width:
Magnitude:     F1
Fatalities:    0
Injuries:      1
Damages:       $25.0K
Description:   None Reported

Event:         Tornado
Begin:         02 Apr 1974, 0153 CST
Location:      35°21'N / 81°20'W
End:           Not Known
Location:      35°23'N / 81°10'W
Length:        10 Miles
Width:         100 Yards
Magnitude:     F1
Fatalities:    1
Injuries:      10
Damages:       $ 250.0K
Description:   None Reported

Event:         Tornado
Begin:         28 May 1973, 1800 CST
Location:      35°16'N / 81°11'W
End:           Not Known
Location:      Not Known
Length:        Not Known
Width:         Not Known
Magnitude:     F0
Fatalities:    0
Injuries:      0
Damages:       $0
Description:   None Reported


Event:         Tornado
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                                         B- 74
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010


Begin:         06 Apr 1956, 1300 CST
Location:      35°12'N / 81°18'W
End:           Not Known
Location:      35°12'N / 80°18'W
Length:        56 Miles
Width:         100 Yards
Magnitude:     F1
Fatalities:    0
Injuries:      0
Damages:       $ 250.0K
Description:   None Reported




                                         The Fujita
                                        Tornado Scale
Wind speeds in tornadoes range from values below that of hurricane speeds to more than 300
miles per hour! Unlike hurricanes, which produce wind speeds of similar values over relatively
widespread areas (when compared to tornadoes), the maximum winds in tornadoes are often
confined to extremely small areas, and vary tremendously over very short distances, even within
the funnel itself. The tales of complete destruction of one house next to one that is totally
undamaged are true and well documented.


In 1971, Dr. T. Theodore Fujita of the University of Chicago devised a six-category scale to
classify U.S. tornadoes into six intensity categories, named F0-F5. These categories are based
upon the estimated maximum winds occurring within the funnel. The Fujita Tornado Scale (or
the "F Scale") has subsequently become the definitive scale for estimating wind speeds within
tornadoes based upon the damage done to buildings and structures. It is used extensively by
the National Weather Service in investigating tornadoes (all tornadoes are now assigned an F
scale), and by engineers in correlating damage to building structures and techniques with
different wind speeds caused by tornadoes.


The Fujita scale bridges the gap between the Beaufort Wind Speed Scale and Mach numbers
(ratio of the speed of an object to the speed of sound) by connecting Beaufort Force 12 with
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                                     B- 75
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010


Mach 1 in twelve steps. The equation relating the wind velocities (V in mph) with the F scale (F)
is V = 14.1 * ((F+2) to the 1.5 power).


F1 on the Fujita scale is equal to B12 (73 mph) on the Beaufort scale, which is the minimum
wind-speed required to upgrade a tropical storm to a hurricane. F12 on the Fujita scale is equal
to M1 (738 mph) on the Mach numbers. Though the Fujita scale itself ranges up to F12, the
strongest tornadoes max out in the F5 range (261 to 318 mph).

                                   The Fujita Tornado Scale

                 Equivalent
 Maximum           Saffir-
                                                          Typical Effects
Wind Speeds       Simpson
                   Scale*
                                       F0 Category Tornado
                               Gale Tornado. Light Damage: Some damage to chimneys; breaks
40-72 mph                      twigs and branches off tress; pushes over shallow-rooted trees;
                NA
(35-62 kt)                     damages signboards; some windows broken; hurricane wind speed
                               begins at 73 mph.
                                       F1 Category Tornado
                               Moderate Tornado. Moderate damage: Peels surfaces off roofs;
73-112 mph                     mobile homes pushed off foundations or overturned; outbuildings
                Cat 1/2/3
(63-97 kt)                     demolished; moving autos pushed off the roads; trees snapped or
                               broken.
                                       F2 Category Tornado
                               Significant Tornado. Considerable damage: Roofs torn off frame
113-157 mph                    houses; mobile homes demolished; frame houses with weak
                Cat 3/4/5
(98-136 kt)                    foundations lifted and moved; boxcars pushed over; large trees
                               snapped or uprooted; light-object missiles generated.
                                       F3 Category Tornado
                               Severe Tornado. Severe damage: Roofs and some walls torn off
158-206 mph                    well-constructed houses; trains overturned; most trees in forests
                Cat 5
(137-179 kt)                   uprooted; heavy cars lifted off the ground and thrown; weak
                               pavement blown off roads.
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Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010



                                        F4 Category Tornado
                                Devastating Tornado. Devastating damage: Well constructed
207-260 mph                     homes leveled; structures with weak foundations blown off some
                 Cat 5?
(180-226 kt)                    distance; cars thrown and disintegrated; large missiles generated;
                                trees in forest uprooted and carried some distance away.
                                        F5 Category Tornado
                                Incredible Tornado. Incredible damage: Strong frame houses lifted
261-318 mph                     off foundations and carried considerable distance to disintegrate;
                 NA
(227-276 kt)                    automobile-sized missiles fly through the air in excess of 300 ft
                                (100 m); trees debarked; incredible phenomena will occur.
                                    F6-F12 Category Tornadoes
Gtr than 319
                                The maximum wind speeds of tornadoes are not expected to reach
mph              NA
                                the F6 wind speeds.
(277 kt)

* The Saffir-Simpson Scale is a five-category wind speed / storm surge classification scale used to
classify Atlantic hurricane intensities. The Saffir-Simpson values range from Category 1 to Category 5.
The strongest SUSTAINED hurricane wind speeds correspond to a strong F3 (Severe Tornado) or
possibly a weak F4 (Devastating Tornado) value. Whereas the highest wind gusts in Category 5
hurricanes correspond to moderate F4 tornado values, F5 tornado wind speeds are not reached in
hurricanes.

Source: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/oa/satellite/satelliteseye/educational/fujita.html


Enhanced F Scale

On February 1, 2007 a new updated scale was adopted by meteorologists, known as the
Enhanced F Scale for Tornado Damage or Enhanced Fujita Scale. The Enhanced Fujita Scale is
still based on a set of wind estimates and not actual wind measurements. It uses three (3) second
gusts estimates at the point of damage based on the judgment of eight (8) levels of damage(s) to
a set of twenty eight (28) standard indicators. Although estimates can and do vary with height
and exposure, the Enhanced scale is believed to be more accurate, but more involved. Below is a
comparison between the two scales.
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                                          B- 77
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010



                                  F SCALE COMPAIRSON TABLE
                                                     DERIVED EF               OPERATIONAL
                  FUJITA SCALE
                                                       SCALE                    EF SCALE
                       Fastest      3 Second        3 Second                          3 Second
           F                                   EF              EF
                      1/4-mile         Gust            Gust                             Gust
         Number                              Number          Number
                       (mph)          (mph)           (mph)                            (mph)
              0         40-72         45-78           0         65-85             0    65-85
              1        73-112        79-117           1         86-109            1    86-110
              2       113-157       118-161           2        110-137            2   111-135
              3       158-207       162-209           3        138-167            3   136-165
              4       208-260       210-261           4        168-199            4   166-200
              5       261-318       262-317           5        200-234            5   Over 200

More information on using the Enhanced F Scale is located in Appendix A and at
http://www.spc.noaa.gov/efscale/1.html




     Damage from May 9, 2008 Tornado in Gaston County. Photo by T. Almond, GCEM
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                                   B- 78
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010



Gaston County – Temperature Extremes 1950 through May
2009


4 Temperature Extremes (Cold) events were reported in Gaston County between
01/01/1950 and 05/31/2009 No Extreme Heat Events are recorded.
Source NOAA: http://www4.ncdc.noaa.gov/cgi-win/wwcgi.dll?wwevent~storms

                                              Gaston County
      Location or County               Date        Time         Type      Mag Dth Inj PrD CrD
 1 Statewide                        01/15/1994 0000          Extreme      N/A 3   0   500K 0
                                                             Cold
 2 Statewide                        01/19/1994 0000          Extreme      N/A 6   0   0       0
                                                             Cold
 3 NCZ033>037 - 048>059 -           04/01/1997 12:00         Cold         N/A 0   0   0       0
 062>072 - 082                                 AM
 4 NCZ033>037 - 048>059 -           12/01/2000 12:00         Extreme      N/A 0   0   0       0
 062>072 - 082                                 AM            Cold
                                                                     TOTALS: 9    0   500K 0

                                     Event Record Details
 Event:                      Extreme Cold
 Begin Date:                 01 Dec 2000, 12:00:00 AM EST
 Begin Location:             Not Known
 End Date:                   31 Dec 2000, 11:59:00 PM EST
 End Location:               Not Known
 Magnitude:                  0
 Fatalities:                 0
 Injuries:                   0
 Property Damage:            $ 0.0
 Crop Damage:                $ 0.0
Description:
December, 2000 will long be remembered for the brutal hold that cold weather had on the
region. Temperatures ran 6 to 8 degrees below normal for the entire month. At Charlotte, it
was the coldest month in 83 years.
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                             B- 79
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010




 Event:                       Cold
 Begin Date:                  01 Apr 1997, 12:00:00 AM EST
 Begin Location:              Not Known
 End Date:                    18 Apr 1997, 12:00:00 AM EST
 End Location:                Not Known
 Magnitude:                   0
 Fatalities:                  0
 Injuries:                    0
 Property Damage:             $ 0.0
 Crop Damage:                 $ 0.0
Description:
Several cold snaps following the relatively warm late winter caused temperatures to dip well
into the 20s at times yielding substantial damage to the apple crop and perhaps other crops.



 Event:            Extreme Cold
 Begin Date:       19 Jan 1994, 0000 EST
 Begin Location:   Statewide
 End Date:         22 Jan 1994, ?EST EST
 End Location:     Not Known
 Magnitude:        0
 Fatalities:       6
 Injuries:         0
 Property Damage: $ 0.0
 Crop Damage:      $ 0.
Description:
Another round of record low temperatures hit the state with minimum temperatures
ranging from below zero over the mountains to the teens along the coast. Daytime
temperatures remained below freezing on the 20th. Six people died of hypothermia, one in
Rockingham County , two in Caswell County , two in Guilford County , and one in
Robeson County. (M73O)(M41O)(M48P)(M77O)(M75O)(F72P)


 Event:                          Extreme Cold
 Begin Date:                     15 Jan 1994, 0000 EST
 Begin Location:                 Statewide
 End Date:                       17 Jan 1994, ?EST EST
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Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010


 End Location:                Not Known
 Magnitude:                   0
 Fatalities:                  3
 Injuries:                    0
 Property Damage:             $ 500.0K
 Crop Damage:                 $ 0.0
Description:
Three people died of hypothermia, one in Robeson County and two in Wayne County , in the
coldest outbreak since December 1989. Record breaking low temperatures dipped below zero
in the mountains and ranged to 10 to 15 degrees at the coast. Daytime temperatures remained
below freezing over most of the state on the 16th and 17th. Water pipes burst in many places
especially in beach cottages at the coast. (F87P)(M78P)(F59P)



                                  HEAT INDEX
                          Using Apparent Temperature Chart
The chart below lists the apparent temperatures in degrees Fahrenheit (F). The chart is
read by finding the ambient temperature on the left vertical column and the Relative
Humidity (RH) across the top horizontal row and reading where these values intersect.
If the ambient temperature is 90 degrees and the RH is 60 percent, then the apparent
temperature is 100 degrees.
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Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010



                                           Effects of Heat
      Heat Index        Possible Heat Disorder
      80-90 F           Fatigue possible
      90-105 F          Sunstroke, heat cramps, heat exhaustion possible
                        Sunstroke, heat cramps, heat exhaustion likely - Heat stroke
      105-130 F
                        possible
      130 F or
                        Heat stroke/Sun stroke highly likely
      greater
Source: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/ol/climate/conversion/heatindexchart.html
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                                                          B- 82
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010



MONTHLY MEAN MINIMUM TEMPERATURES
GASTONIA, NC
Data from NOAA, NC COOP Station ID # 313356, N 35 16 00 E -081 08 00 *Data after March 2009 not available.
Temperatures in Degree Fo
 YEAR      JAN      FEB      MAR       APR     MAY       JUN      JUL     AUG        SEP      OCT     NOV      DEC
 1971       31.7    29.7      36.0     43.5     52.2      64.5    66.2     65.4      62.8     55.5     36.4    39.4
 1972       36.7    30.7      38.7     44.4     53.5      58.1    66.0     66.0      60.3     47.7     38.8    38.4
 1973       30.3    28.9      44.4     46.0     53.1      65.4    69.1     67.5      63.4     50.0     41.7    33.2
 1974       42.0    33.6      43.5     48.1     57.9      61.1    66.8     67.0      58.5     43.2     37.3    33.5
 1975       34.9    36.3      39.4     47.1     60.0      63.2    66.3     67.7      61.3     51.4     41.5    30.7
 1976       26.8    37.3      44.9     44.9     54.3      61.7    66.3     64.2      57.8     45.0     32.0    28.8
 1977       21.6    28.2      43.3     50.2     57.3      63.7    70.7     68.5      63.8     46.8     43.7    31.7
 1978       24.9    24.4      36.0     47.2     54.5      64.4    67.5     68.1      63.0     44.9     43.0    32.2
 1979       27.3    28.3      42.3     48.4     56.7      61.6    66.3     66.3      62.0     47.1     41.0    33.0
 1980       33.7    27.3      35.7     46.9     56.6      62.3    68.6     68.1      64.8     46.8     37.1    30.0
 1981       23.7    30.3      35.4     50.8     52.0      67.3    69.4     67.2      57.1     46.2     36.6    29.6
 1982       25.8    34.4      40.3     44.1     57.7      64.5    69.1     66.4      58.9     48.9     41.3    37.9
 1983       29.1    30.0      39.0     42.1     54.0      62.1    68.4     68.1      59.8     49.7     39.0    29.2
 1984       27.3    32.4      37.0     44.7     52.6      64.6    66.7     67.1      56.3     56.2     35.0    38.5
 1985       24.7    32.5      40.0     46.8     56.5      64.0    66.8     65.8      58.0     55.1     49.0    28.1
 1986       27.5    36.7      38.7     46.9     56.0      67.8    70.6     66.9      63.5     52.7     45.7    32.7
 1987       29.3    31.6      37.9     46.3     60.3      66.7    69.7     70.3      62.6     40.3     40.1    36.5
 1988       26.2    29.7      38.6     46.5    N/A        60.6    67.2     67.5      60.1     43.2     40.4    31.5
 1989       35.0    34.4      40.2     47.0     49.9      65.0    67.3     67.0      60.0     51.1     38.3    26.6
 1990       38.4    41.9      43.2     48.9     57.5      66.6    68.6     68.7      62.8     50.9    N/A      38.6
 1991       33.5    36.1      45.9     54.8     65.0      67.0    72.1     70.1      64.5     51.9     37.5    37.5
 1992       35.6    37.3      41.1     49.4     54.5      64.7    72.3     68.4      64.2     49.8     43.4    35.5
 1993       35.8   N/A        38.5     44.6     58.9      66.2    72.5    N/A        64.5    N/A       41.0   N/A
 1994       26.3    34.4      46.3     51.2     54.2      68.1    70.7     68.1     N/A       51.3     42.7   N/A
 1995       32.5    32.9      42.9     49.3     59.7      65.0   N/A       71.5      61.0    N/A      N/A      29.8
 1996       28.7    34.7      35.1     48.3     60.3      66.0    67.9     68.2      61.4     47.4     37.1    33.3
 1997       32.3    36.4      44.3     46.1     54.3      64.3    69.7     69.1      63.2     51.0     37.5    33.1
 1998       36.2    39.1      39.3     48.5     62.6      69.0    72.1     69.5      66.6     53.3     43.8    38.9
 1999       35.3    36.3      37.1     51.1     56.4      66.4    71.5     70.9      60.6     50.5     43.6   N/A
 2000     N/A       31.7      43.1     46.8     59.4      67.2    68.6     68.1      61.0     48.5     37.8    26.3
 2001       28.6    36.4      37.4     49.6     56.2      66.0    67.8     69.1      59.1     44.3     42.2    36.3
 2002       29.3    31.0      38.5     53.8     54.6      66.2    70.7     68.3      65.1     55.4     39.0    31.3
 2003       27.9    32.6      43.0     47.9     58.4      64.6    68.5     69.9      60.5     50.6     43.5    27.5
 2004       27.5    29.4      41.2     47.2     62.8      67.2    69.1     66.4      62.3     54.9     43.7    29.9
 2005       32.7    33.1      37.0     48.6     54.9      65.8    71.2     70.3      64.5     52.4     41.6    29.7
 2006       34.9    32.5      40.6     51.7     54.9      64.9    69.5     70.0      60.9     47.9     41.5    36.2
 2007       35.4    28.0      44.1     49.1     57.2      66.2    69.6     74.5      64.8     56.2     42.7   N/A
 2008     N/A      N/A       N/A       48.1     55.0      66.7    68.1     67.1      63.9     48.0     36.9    36.9
 2009       29.4    29.8      40.3     45.2    N/A      N/A      N/A      N/A       N/A      N/A      N/A     N/A
 AVG        30.8    32.7      40.3     47.7     56.5      64.9    68.9     68.2      61.8     49.6     40.4    33.0
 MIN        21.6    24.4      35.1     42.1     49.9      58.1    66.0     64.2      56.3     40.3     32.0    26.3
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                                                          B- 83
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010



MONTHLY EXTREME MINIMUM TEMPERATURES
GASTONIA, NC
Data from NOAA, NC COOP Station ID # 313356, N 35 16 00 E -081 08 00 *Data after March 2009 not available.
Temperatures in Degree Fo
 YEAR      JAN      FEB      MAR       APR      MAY      JUN      JUL      AUG       SEP      OCT      NOV     DEC
 1971       13       11       20        29       33       54       58       57        55       40       21     23
 1972        8       16       21        25       40       43       54       58        50       28       21     16
 1973       13       12       27        29       38       57       61       60        53       34       22     16
 1974       22       11       26        32       39       51       61       62        42       28       20     17
 1975       19       20       19        30       48       55       59       60        46       32       25     11
 1976        9       15       28        29       39       45       58       51        46       26       17     12
 1977        2       11       24        34       32       46       62       58        47       32       21     14
 1978        8       11       17        32       39       52       61       57        53       33       35     19
 1979       11       11       26        34       44       51       58       55        52       32       19     18
 1980       20       14       -1        33       38       51       58       60        51       34       24     11
 1981        7       11       24        32       35       55       63       59        41       29       22     11
 1982        5       21       22        25       38       57       62       60        43       33       24     18
 1983       15       21       25        27       40       50       55       57        39       34       26      3
 1984       11       13       20        32       35       44       58       60        43       39       19     16
 1985       -5       15       22        27       42       49       60       55        41       40       30      9
 1986        5       21       20        30       34       60       60       49        52       35       21     19
 1987       16       19       21        28       43       58       63       61        50       28       23     21
 1988       10       11       23        30       43       45       54       61        49       31       27     17
 1989       23       15       21        29       32       56       59       56        40       38       21     11
 1990       23       20       29        31       44       56       57       61        42       30      N/A     18
 1991       22       11       32        42       52       58       67       66        51       43       24     21
 1992       22       23       27        29       35       54       66       61        47       38       29     23
 1993       25      N/A       14        30       39       55       67      N/A        45      N/A       29     N/A
 1994        4       24       34        34       41       57       68       63       N/A       37       28     N/A
 1995       19       12       26        36       42       58      N/A       66        46      N/A      N/A     20
 1996       18       13       15        36       39       50       55       62        51       36       26     11
 1997       13       26       32        34       42       53       62       58        52       35       24     21
 1998       19       26       22        37       50       52       67       62        52       36       32     26
 1999       15       20       27        36       45       59       60       56        46       34       30     22
 2000       22       20       30        35       48       52       63       61        47       34       19     16
 2001       15       27       27        35       47       58       62       52        43       29       30     23
 2002       15       17       19        33       41       54       66       57        60       39       23     22
 2003        6       22       29        35       52       50       63       64        44       38       27     19
 2004       18       20       24        33       38       60       60       51        50       39       28     14
 2005       13       24       22        35       45       59       64       63        56       34       25     20
 2006       23       22       27        36       44       54       61       63        45       30       30     17
 2007       18       19       27        33       42       59       60       67        50       36       26     27
 2008       14       19       32        32       43       56       57       60        55       30       18     19
 2009        9       14       16        30      N/A      N/A      N/A      N/A       N/A      N/A      N/A     N/A
 AVG        14.0    17.3     23.5      32.0     41.1      53.5    60.8      59.2     48.0     34.0      24.6   17.3
 MIN           -5     11        -1       25       32        43      54        49       39       26        17      3
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                                                         B- 84
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010


MONTHLY MEAN MAXIMUM TEMPERATURES
GASTONIA, NC
Data from NOAA, NC COOP Station ID # 313356, N 35 16 00 E -081 08 00 *Data after March 2009 not available.
Temperatures in Degree Fo
 YEAR      JAN      FEB      MAR       APR      MAY      JUN      JUL      AUG       SEP      OCT      NOV    DEC
 1971      50.6     55.4     59.7      76.1     78.8     88.5     85.9     86.8      84.4     75.5     62.0   62.1
 1972      57.0     54.4     65.5      74.0     77.8     84.6     88.1     89.3      86.4     70.5     59.1   55.8
 1973      51.5     52.4     64.5      69.6     76.7     83.6     87.7     85.8      84.8     73.8     65.5   51.0
 1974      61.3     57.8     69.7      74.6     80.5     83.0     87.4     85.9      79.7     75.2     64.5   53.0
 1975      56.8     59.1     60.9      72.4     81.5     85.5     85.4     89.7      79.7     75.7     66.1   53.5
 1976      50.8     66.1     68.8      77.0     77.3     82.3     87.3     85.7      80.7     67.0     58.1   52.0
 1977      41.5     57.6     67.6      76.6     82.3     87.2     93.7     88.6      84.2     70.4     61.7   52.2
 1978      44.5     48.5     62.3      72.8     78.2     86.7     89.5     88.3      85.2     73.8     65.4   55.5
 1979      49.1     49.8     66.5      72.6     78.3     82.3     86.7     89.2      79.6     73.2     66.4   57.0
 1980      51.9     53.4     61.0      73.7     80.8     85.8     91.6     93.6      85.3     71.3     62.0   55.7
 1981      50.0     56.4     63.9      78.1     79.7     89.7     90.7     86.3      82.8     71.8     64.1   48.4
 1982      48.4     56.8     65.9      69.7     84.6     85.5     88.5     86.6      81.7     72.4     63.5   58.1
 1983      48.8     54.6     64.4      68.5     79.6     85.3     93.7     93.3      83.4     73.5     65.1   52.4
 1984      51.0     59.5     63.3      69.2     79.5     87.6     85.8     87.2      82.6     79.3     61.6   64.1
 1985      48.3     54.3     69.6      76.6     81.1     88.1     87.8     85.6      82.8     74.4     68.8   52.2
 1986      52.3     57.9     65.2      77.7     80.5     90.9     94.6     83.9      81.8     72.5     59.6   51.4
 1987      48.9     51.4     61.9      70.0     81.3     86.7     91.8     91.7      81.2     69.4     64.7   55.1
 1988      45.5     54.0     64.0      73.1     N/A      90.7     91.6     92.6      81.1     69.8     66.1   56.5
 1989      58.3     59.3     64.4      72.0     78.4     88.0     89.1     87.3      79.4     76.1     63.7   46.7
 1990      58.2     63.6     66.6      73.1     80.0     88.3     90.9     90.0      84.3     73.8     N/A    58.4
 1991      48.7     58.5     65.6      73.8     83.4     87.6     92.0     87.7      83.4     75.0     60.7   55.8
 1992      54.4     58.8     62.0      71.6     75.7     82.9     91.1     84.5      79.8     70.7     60.6   50.3
 1993      51.5     N/A      58.2      71.0     80.4     87.5     94.7     N/A       84.1     N/A      61.9   N/A
 1994      47.9     54.4     70.5      74.6     76.6     86.7     86.6     84.6      N/A      69.3     65.7   N/A
 1995      51.5     52.4     66.3      74.6     79.5     83.5     N/A      89.5      79.1     N/A      N/A    51.0
 1996      N/A      55.6     58.5      70.1     82.4     85.5     88.1     84.1      80.2     71.6     55.9   55.3
 1997      51.9     58.2     69.2      68.8     76.5     79.7     89.6     92.1      84.1     73.2     58.3   50.6
 1998      54.8     57.5     60.3      73.4     82.5     88.7     91.6     89.2      86.4     76.3     65.1   58.7
 1999      55.9     58.1     61.5      74.0     79.1     83.3     89.3     91.4      83.3     70.1     69.9   N/A
 2000      N/A      59.8     69.0      69.7     83.5     88.3     88.2     87.2      80.2     75.1     60.6   47.0
 2001      52.0     59.1     60.9      74.4     82.1     87.8     87.8     90.2      80.1     73.6     71.4   60.5
 2002      54.5     57.5     63.2      77.1     77.4     89.3     92.6     89.9      81.4     70.6     60.0   51.5
 2003      48.8     52.6     64.9      68.9     76.1     83.8     86.4     86.9      81.1     71.5     68.6   53.0
 2004      51.4     49.6     65.7      72.7     83.8     84.9     87.8     83.8      79.4     72.1     65.5   54.7
 2005      55.3     55.4     61.5      71.1     77.1     83.2     90.1     88.5      87.1     74.3     65.7   51.6
 2006      58.7     55.3     63.6      76.9     77.4     86.2     89.3     88.5      80.1     69.9     62.9   60.6
 2007      55.1     51.6     68.3      71.7     80.8     88.0     88.4     95.7      87.4     77.2     64.4   N/A
 2008      N/A      N/A      N/A       68.2     78.2     92.0     89.4     87.6      81.4     71.9     59.9   55.9
 2009      49.5     55.0     60.5      71.6     N/A      N/A      N/A      N/A       N/A      N/A      N/A    N/A
 AVG       51.9     56.0     64.4      72.9     79.7     86.3     89.5     88.3      82.4     72.8     63.5   54.3
 MAX       61.3     66.1     70.5      78.1     84.6     92.0     94.7     95.7      87.4     79.3     71.4   64.1
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                                                           B- 85
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010


MONTHLY EXTREME MAXIMUM TEMPERATURES
GASTONIA, NC
Data from NOAA, NC COOP Station ID # 313356, N 35 16 00 E -081 08 00 *Data after March 2009 not available.
Temperatures in Degree Fo
 YEAR      JAN      FEB      MAR       APR     MAY        JUN      JUL      AUG       SEP       OCT     NOV      DEC
 1971        67       75        74       88        87        95       91        95      93        87       81      77
 1972        70       79        79       90        86        92       98        96      95        83       81      71
 1973        71       65        81       80        90        90       95        93      94        85       76      70
 1974        75       68        86       86        89        92       93        94      89        84       85      67
 1975        79       76        79       86        91        93       93        96      90        84       81      72
 1976        68       78        87       88        85        92       97        95      90        78       71      68
 1977        56       80        79       87        90        95     101         96      94        86       75      66
 1978        62       68        79       85        89        99       95        94      94        84       78      72
 1979        69       74        80       82        86        91       93        98      92        84       77      71
 1980        67       77        74       91        89        95     100       101       95        85       79      76
 1981        67       75        84       90        90        98       98        94      90        90       79      66
 1982        72       80        82       80        94        91       94        94      92        85       80      73
 1983        65       67        80       85        86        93     102       104       96        88       78      69
 1984        66       71        79       88        88        96       97        93      95        85       75      80
 1985        75       73        87       89        92        96       97        93      94        86       78      67
 1986        71       76        85       87        89        96     102         95      92        91       79      65
 1987        66       71        74       89        88        93       97        97      88        79       79      71
 1988        65       69        77       86        93      100        99      102       91        80       73      69
 1989        71       80        82       91        93        96       97        96      93        87       83      70
 1990        69       75        87       90        89        97     100         96      97        86    N/A        70
 1991        63       73        81       86        91        95       98        96      96        82       77      74
 1992        64       70        79       85        91        92     100         94      89        83       75      64
 1993        65    N/A          78       83        86        96     100     N/A         95     N/A         82   N/A
 1994        65       69        84       88        91        93       91        90   N/A          83       78   N/A
 1995        68       73        87       87        90        92   N/A           97      89     N/A      N/A        71
 1996     N/A      N/A       N/A      N/A      N/A       N/A      N/A       N/A      N/A       N/A      N/A     N/A
 1997        72       71        81       80        88        91       97      101       98        88       70      65
 1998        69       71        85       83        92        98       98        95      96        90       77      78
 1999        74       74        80       87        88        95     101       102       92        80       80      72
 2000        73       79        82       81        92        97       98        97      89        83       81      63
 2001        67       73        78       90        92        92       96        96      88        84       81      76
 2002        79       76        82       91        90        94     100         96      92        87       75      66
 2003        69       72        80       84        90        91       93        93      88        80       83      69
 2004        74       66        80       85        93        94       94        91      85        83       83      69
 2005        75       70        80       83        88        92     102         98      93        85       82      67
 2006        70       72        82       91        91        96       96        98      86        85       76      76
 2007        71       71        85       87        90        97       95      103       94        94       77      79
 2008        72       74        82       82        87        99       98        99      91        83       75      70
 2009        68       72        84       88    N/A       N/A      N/A       N/A      N/A       N/A      N/A     N/A
 AVG      69.2     73.1      81.2     86.3      89.6      94.4     97.1      96.3    92.1      84.8     78.3    70.5
 MAX      79.0     80.0      87.0     91.0     100.0     102.0    102.0     104.0    98.0      94.0     85.0    80.0
Gaston County Multi-jurisdiction Hazard Mitigation Plan                                                          B- 86
Appendix B –Weather Events, August 25, 2010


TOTAL MONTHLY PERCIPITATION
GASTONIA, NC
Data from NOAA, NC COOP Station ID # 313356, N 35 16 00 E -081 08 00 *Data after March 2009 not available.
Precipitation in inches
 YEAR      JAN      FEB      MAR       APR     MAY        JUN      JUL      AUG       SEP       OCT     NOV     DEC
 1971      2.57     5.16     4.16      2.64    7.89      3.90      7.74     3.46      5.80     6.80     3.16    2.40
 1972      4.77     3.37     4.11      2.41    5.21      4.69      4.01     1.36      5.22     2.18     4.84    5.65
 1973      4.22     4.00     5.38      3.29    4.51      4.01      3.34     4.16      2.94     2.67     0.79    6.33
 1974      5.02     4.98     2.25      4.70    4.94      4.86      3.18     8.47      3.71     0.48     3.55    5.02
 1975      6.66     4.83     7.38      0.98    12.65     3.68      7.53     3.21      5.60     3.41     2.50    3.54
 1976      2.53     2.84     3.93      0.35    4.03      4.67      2.06     3.11      4.42     4.76     2.89    6.06
 1977      2.86     1.33     7.52      1.47    0.94      2.80      0.70     2.51      6.96     4.29     5.22    2.92
 1978      7.99     0.87     9.22      3.79    5.00      4.57      5.41     5.47      0.99     0.64     2.50    4.20
 1979      6.16     5.49     3.74      5.88    3.98      5.25      5.43     2.16      8.00     2.30     4.35    1.30
 1980      4.96     0.97     8.46      2.35    5.32      4.76      2.66     4.07      6.76     3.45     3.87    1.31
 1981      0.76     2.09     2.30      0.85    4.36      4.63      4.35     1.84      6.28     4.34     0.69    8.44
 1982      6.21     5.60     1.66      3.12    3.63      6.62      4.37     2.76      2.99     4.13     3.15    4.61
 1983      3.25     5.18     6.61      4.70    2.69      3.39      0.37     4.21      1.52     3.02     5.61    8.98
 1984      4.30     6.49     5.20      3.68    6.40      3.07      5.52     4.20      0.97     2.72     1.22    2.38
 1985      3.85     5.37     1.05      2.96    4.15      3.35      5.09     9.16      0.20     6.14     7.74    2.29
 1986      1.50     1.29     4.06      0.71    1.28      0.20      1.97     6.45      1.31     4.94     4.32    4.57
 1987      4.83     5.48     5.93      3.49    0.31      1.87      0.91     0.94      7.53     1.37     5.75    4.01
 1988      4.31     2.04     2.37      1.12    2.47      3.27      2.92     5.36      5.86     4.42     2.65    1.51
 1989      2.46     4.62     4.92      2.80    5.38      2.23      4.68     5.13      9.42     2.92     2.08    3.44
 1990      4.96     5.21     3.78      2.56    3.39      1.35      3.21     2.49      3.50     11.34    N/A     0.93
 1991      5.61     2.46     4.12      4.73    2.84      0.47      3.12     11.71     0.85     0.00     0.66    2.31
 1992      1.89     4.78     3.08      2.55    4.05      8.01      2.21     4.42      8.06     10.27    5.36    2.28
 1993      6.82     3.87     10.12     1.59     N/A      0.01      2.19      N/A      2.07      N/A     3.14    N/A
 1994      2.62     2.44     2.51      2.64    1.01      4.41      2.70     5.49      N/A      4.00     1.63    N/A
 1995      5.53     4.76     0.97      0.46    1.76      6.97      N/A      6.20      2.72      N/A     N/A     1.82
 1996      4.55     3.65     4.63      5.05    0.98      1.75      5.12     5.35      3.40     2.60     3.02    1.98
 1997      4.13     4.88     2.75      5.29    1.29      6.00      4.63     0.73      0.78     3.25     3.44    4.06
 1998      5.96     3.38     2.94      4.53    3.94      1.99      4.28     2.31      3.26     4.90     0.72    3.87
 1999      3.61     2.87     0.41      3.04    1.15      4.81      3.20     1.60      2.55     4.03     1.14    1.40
 2000      1.47     2.09     2.10      2.97    0.59      2.90      0.86     1.77      7.54     0.00     2.97    1.27
 2001      1.01     2.30     4.51      0.80    1.70      3.26      0.89     1.64      3.82     0.89     1.14    2.70
 2002      5.14     1.67     4.68      0.96    2.09      0.85      0.98     5.82      3.96     5.08     3.58    5.56
 2003      1.79     4.59     6.73      8.70    8.60      6.38      8.13     5.65      2.18     2.04     0.76    2.30
 2004      1.13     3.35     1.49      2.02    3.16      9.48      5.84     3.98      7.81     1.06     2.51    3.02
 2005      2.63     2.55     4.91      3.03    2.29      10.66     2.54     0.85      0.56     4.76     3.92    4.86
 2006      4.34     1.40     1.16      2.21    1.45      6.28      3.01     12.58     3.22     2.70     5.70    2.30
 2007      3.84     2.22     2.95      4.14    3.31      1.96      2.65     2.16      1.14     2.40     0.61    0.30
 2008      1.47     1.60     2.36      2.13    2.81      0.96      4.27     9.57      2.80     2.28     2.10    1.72
 2009      2.27     1.45     4.92      0.67     N/A       N/A      N/A       N/A      N/A       N/A     N/A     N/A
 AVG        3.85     3.42     4.14      2.86    3.56       3.96     3.57     4.39      3.96     3.52     3.04    3.38
 MIN        0.76     0.87     0.41      0.35    0.31       0.01     0.37     0.73      0.20     0.00     0.61    0.30
 MAX        7.99     6.49    10.12      8.70   12.65     10.66      8.13    12.58      9.42    11.34     7.74    8.98

								
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