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									Outline
   Syllabus Review
     Web   Site
   Introductions
     Me: Stuart Eimer
     You: ?



   Assignment
    Me…
   Stuart Eimer: From Sayreville, NJ…Exit 11 near NYC
       Grew up in a Union Household…electricians
   Education Scholarship from Father’s Union
       Rutgers University in New Brunswick, NJ
           Majored in Sociology & Journalism
       University of Wisconsin-Madison
           Studies and Researched Organized Labor in America
   Widener University Since 2000
       Intro to Sociology, Unions, Social Class, Poverty, Service Learning
       Continue to Research unions…mostly SEIU
   Live in Collingswood NJ up by Philly…
       Raise my kids, camp, hike, poke around Philly, fish, read, music…
    You…
   Name?

   Major?

   Why are you taking a class on unions, labor and society?

   Career goal…if you have one?
       Do you know if you are likely to be in a union?

   Any connection to unions?
       Have you ever been in one? Are you in one now? Are your parents
        or spouses in unions?
Assignment
   Read assigned readings…answer questions.
    Sociology 325
   1. Stuff     Web Site
       Syllabus, readings, books, review questions
   2. General Overview…Getting You to Scratch Your Head
     Solidarity Bingo: What we know and don’t know
     Union Density Overtime

   3. Introduction to the Structure of Organized Labor

   A word on notes:
       Don’t just copy…try to synthesize and summarize in your
        brain…jot down in your own words…Charts should not be
        ignored…they should be summarized with words
    Unions in the News:Extra credit

   If you pay attention…you’ll see the unions all around you

       Camden police, firefighter talks stalled, Inquirer, 1/13/11

       NJEA president offers to meet with Gov. Christie on his education
        proposals , 1/11/11

       U.A.W. to Renew Organizing Efforts at Foreign-Owned Plants, NYT
        1/12/11

       Value Of 'Right To Work' Laws Debated, Fox News Philadelphia 1/12/11

       Enjoy the NFL playoffs, but watch for the lockout Milwaukee Journal
        Sentinel, 1/12/11
What do you know???

   Solidarity Bingo
Few know much about labor or labor
history…
   The New York Times article “45 Dead” describes what
    happened in Ludlow, Colorado.

   What happened that prompted The New York Times
    to write a story?

   Had you heard of these events before?

   Were you surprised by the level of violence? Why or
    why not?
    Ludlow Massacre…Real Class
    Warfare




   Famous Woody Guthrie Song…Woody Guthrie?
   Parts of world are still like this…Columbia?
    Despite Violent Opposition, Union
    Density Grows
   As work shifts from
    the farm fields to
    the factories
    people organize
    unions

   Union Density
     Thepercentage of
      wage and salary        http://madeinamericathebook.wordpress.com/2010/09/08/labor%E2%80%99s-laboring-efforts/


      workers in unions
      (Chaison 2006 49)
Union membership as a percentage of the
nonagricultural labor force, 1930-1945
Correlation?
Unions Redistribute Income

          MEDIAN WEEKLY EARNINGS OF FULL-TIME
             WAGE AND SALARY WORKERS, 2000
The Percent of Workers Who Belong to Unions
                   Now

35%

30%

25%

20%
                                       2006
15%

10%

 5%

 0%                                                                           2006
         1935      1945      1955      1965      1975      1985      1995
      1930    1940      1950      1960      1970      1980      1990      2000

 Source: Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Handbook of Labor Statistics, 1980.
        Also, Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, January various years.
Union Density by State - 1983




     0% to 9%                    10% to 20%                 21% & over
Source: Union Members in 1983, Bureau of Labor Statistics
Union Density by State - 2006




      0% to 9%                   10% to 20%                 21% & over
Source: Union Members In 2006, Bureau of Labor Statistics
    Unions Concentrated in Key Industries

   1946, Core of Economy                    2009, Core of Economy
    almost completely union                   moslty non union

   80-100% unionized                        Today…Closer to 20%
       Aircraft, Aluminum, Auto,
        Breweries, Clothing, Electrical        Coal 20%
        Machinery, Meat packing,               Shipbuilding 20%
        Rubber, Shipbuilding Steel,
                                               MeatPacking 22%
        Coal, Construction, Long
        shoring, Trucking                      Construction

                                               Aluminum 25%

                                               Auto 18%
Predictions about Inequality?
Unions Decline…Inequality Grows
But Workers in One Sector of the Economy Have
       Seen Density Increase…Anyone?

 35%

 30%

 25%

 20%
                                        2006
 15%

 10%

  5%

  0%                                                                           2006
          1935      1945      1955      1965      1975      1985      1995
       1930    1940      1950      1960      1970      1980      1990      2000

  Source: Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Handbook of Labor Statistics, 1980.
         Also, Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, January various years.
        A Shift in Density Within the
        Economy
   Unions decline in private sector,
    but grow in public sector                           Percent Unionized
       Teachers, Cops, Firemen, Social
        Workers, Nurses, University Staff,    40.00%

        Department of Motor Vehicles, Toll    35.00%
        collectors, Snow plow drivers, etc.
                                              30.00%

                                              25.00%

   National Education Association is         20.00%                        Private
    now the largest union in the nation       15.00%
                                                                            Public
                                              10.00%


   Private Sector unions                     5.00%


    decline…wages stagnate for most           0.00%
                                                       1950 1970   1990
    Americans…taxes on wealthiest
    citizens are reduced…Predictions
    about conflicts over public sector
    unions?
        American Union Density Compared
   As capitalism develops, unions develop

   First across Europe and North
    America…then Latin America, Africa,
    Asia…
       China is fascinating place to watch right
        now?


   How does union density in US compare
    to other advanced industrial capitalist
    nations?
      Unions & Modern Society…
   US labor
    movement is
    smaller &
    weaker than in
    most other
    advanced
    industrial
    capitalist
    societies
    Mandatory Assignment Due
    Tuesday
   More specific directions will be      Will also be asked to
    provided on website                    compare wages for
                                           unionized members
   Choose the occupation closest          of that occupation
    to what you are doing                  and non-unionized
                                           members
                                              Table 4. Median
     Unionstats.com                           weekly earnings of
                                               full-time wage and
                                               salary workers by
     Record % Members (percent of             union affiliation,
      people in that occupation who            occupation, and
      are members of a unions                  industry
Structure of Organized Labor: The
Local Union
   For most union members, the most extensive
    interaction is through the local union

     33,000   local unions in the US

     Workers   can attend union meetings and vote for
      local union officers

     Locals  initiate grievance processing and direct
      strike or picketing activities
                                   (Kochan CB slide)
The Structure of Organized Labor:
National Unions
   National unions are the center of organizational
    power within most trade unions in the United States

     They  are involved in the negotiation of collective
        bargaining agreements



     They    sanction and provide assistance to their member
        local unions

     They            craft and carry out political action
       (Kochan CB Slide)
A Fragmented Labor Movement

               UFCW 8.3%       AFT 7.6%
   Teamsters 9.3%                     UAW 5.0%
                                       IBEW   4.9%
 AFSCME 9.8%                             CWA 4.8%
                                         UNITE HERE 3.4%
                                          IAM 2.8%
  SEIU 10.6%                             USWA 2.7%
                      26%               Laborers 2.7%
                 52 smallest unions
                                      IUOE 2.1%
    So what organizations do these union
    members belong to?
   Currently, there are two major Federations of national unions

   1)American Federation of Labor-Congress of Industrial
    Organizations (AFL-CIO)

   2)Change to Win

   Have no formal authority activities of member national unions
       Similar to UN or NFL

   Play important role in political mobilization and lobbying at the
    local, state and national level
Structure of Organized Labor in US

                           National Union
       AFL-CIO
                               IBEW



      PA AFL-CIO             Local Union
                            IBEW Local 98




     Phila AFL-CIO
 (Central Labor Council)
Structure of Organized Labor in US

                           National Union
    Change to Win
                                SEIU



      PA AFL-CIO             Local Union
                           SEIU Local 32BJ




     Phila AFL-CIO
 (Central Labor Council)
Next…
   Thinking about the function of unions…

								
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