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					            Achieving the best Quality of Life in the UK
                      by:
                             Removing Barriers
                             Improving Earnings
                             Conserving our Environment



                  Project Initiation Document

                                          OUTCOME

                                           To reduce crime




 Outcome lead:                    Jerry Mitchell
 Delivery partnership:            Cornwall Community Safety Partnership
 Responsible organization:        Police

Document History:

Version    Date          Author                Change
1.0        14/03/06      Jerry Mitchell        Agreed Project Initiation Document for delivery of the outcome
                                               replacing the previous templates




                                                   1                                               SAFE6
                                                                                               14/03/2006
    Summary business case
       Reducing crime is a mandatory outcome for the LAA (Home Office PSA1).
       The government has established a target to reduce crime by 15% by 2007-08 based on 2003-04. This
        reduction is cascaded to CDRPs, each of which is required to have an explicit target. Cornwall and Isles
        of Scilly has six District Authorities as well as a unitary authority responsible for the Isles of Scilly and
        each of these is required to set a target for its contribution. Additionally the government required the
        police to align its targets with those of its CDRPs through discussion and agreement.
       Many of the key priorities for Community Safety relate to reducing crime.
       Within the reducing crime outcome the BCS comparator crime of criminal damage has been identified
        as needing to have a particular emphasis placed upon it. Criminal damage forms approximately 25% of
        all crime and 44% of the BCS Comparator crime group that is targeted under PSA1.
       The Community Safety and Drugs Rolling Audit (September 2005) and the Cornwall and Isles of Scilly
        BCU Police Assessment (December 2005) have identified an adverse trend for criminal damage, and
        particularly criminal damage to vehicles, which needs to be addressed as a matter of urgency.
       This is further reinforced by iQuanta figures which show that Cornwall and Isles of Scilly is currently
        experiencing a rate of offences that is above the average for similar BCUs nationally.
       Criminal damage is a tangible, measurable aspect of anti-social behaviour. As with other types of anti-
        social behaviour, its frequency and cumulative impact mean it has a 'signal' quality that
        disproportionately influences people's view of their area (Innes and Fielding, 2002). Research shows
        that anti-social behaviour is particularly strongly related to fear of violence and property crime and also
                                                                               1
        to the basic extent to which people enjoy living in a particular area .
       Tackling criminal damage, therefore, is not simply a crime reduction issue – successfully addressing
        this problem in our communities not only reduces the number of people that experience the crime itself,
        it impacts positively on the community as a whole, and this makes it a key issue for the partnership,
        requiring an effective, multi-agency approach.
       Research has also identified that a high proportion of offences are committed by young people. The
        anti-social behaviour escalation/de-escalation model will therefore have a significant role to play in
        identifying offenders at an early stage by involving parents and schools and a target for this is included
        within the Anti-Social Behaviour outcome (SAFE 2). Partner interventions and diversionary work will
        make a considerable contribution to a reduction in young people related criminal damage.
    Arson

       Arson is an offence type that is grouped under criminal damage. Recognising the significance in tackling
        arson specifically, because of the high risk to the community and to the individual, the Community
        Safety Partnership developed distinct objectives for the reduction of arson offences.
    Violent Crime
    Reducing the harm that alcohol [and drugs] cause to our communities in Cornwall is one of the priority
    outcomes for Community Safety, cutting across all five themes in the recently published Community Safety
    and Drugs Strategy (Communities, Young People, Criminal Justice, Health & Social Care and Volume
    Crime).
    Alcohol misuse was identified in the 2004 Crime and Drugs Audit as significantly contributing to violent
    crime, often being consumed by offenders prior to an offence and inextricably linked to disorder in our town
    centres.
    Reducing violent crime is one of the key priorities for Cornwall and in addition, we have challenging
    Government-set targets to reduce crime by 15% over the next three years (PSA1).
                                                          2
    During 2004/05 in Cornwall, there were over 3000 violent crimes where alcohol was recorded as a factor.
    In addition to the immediate impact on victims these crimes can result in loss of work and considerable

1
    Home Office Findings 252 Perceptions and experiences of anti-social behaviour
2
    Devon and Cornwall Constabulary crime data
                                                              2                                             SAFE6
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    financial costs to county agencies including the health service – estimated costs for Cornwall for 2004/05
                       3
    were £21.3 million .
    In 52.6% of domestic violence offences, alcohol and / or drugs were involved and Devon and Cornwall
    Probation Area report that for approximately 80% of domestic violence perpetrators, alcohol misuse was
    contributory to their offence.
    Violent crime is the top-most priority for the Police and signs that efforts were starting to bring rewards were
    seen towards the end of 2004/05, when violent crime in general started to decrease. This has continued
    into 2005/06 but worryingly, although minor assaults are continuing to reduce at an encouraging rate, more
    serious assaults are still showing an upward trend. During 2004/05, almost 60% of serious assaults were
    linked to alcohol and of these 42% took place on licensed premises.
    Under-age and binge drinking links to street disorder, anti-social behaviour, and criminal damage as well as
    putting the young drinker at risk of alcohol poisoning, injury, relationship dysfunction, poor school
    performance and unprotected sexual activity. Almost a quarter of 15-16 year olds get drunk at least three
    times a month and between 1995 and 1999 there was an increase of 8% in the number of those who binge
                                         4
    drink more than three times a month. Under-16s today (2004) drink twice as much they did in 1990 (10.7
                                    5
    units per week compared to 5.3.
    Cornwall‟s rurality, lack of access to services and amenities (apart from a disproportionately high number of
    pubs and off-licences, when compared with other rural areas in the SouthWest) and the resulting boredom,
    combined with low income can be seen to encourage our young people into alcohol misuse. Drink-related
    tourism in hot spots, such as Newquay and Bude, helps de-sensitise them to the dangers. Cornwall also
    has amongst the highest teenage pregnancy rates in Europe.
    Key areas of work within this outcome will be

       Continuation of Amethyst project (rolling audit and data system)

       Reducing alcohol and violent crime will pilot a short referral programme of 4 to 6 weeks in length, for
        offenders who have been identified as having problems with binge drinking or chronic drinking

       The Pubs and Clubs (SMART) worker to target businesses
    More information can be found by visiting www.amethyst.gov.uk to view the full version of the Community
    Safety and Drugs Strategy 2005-2008.



    Scope
       The interventions described will benefit the whole of the population of Cornwall, irrespective of age,
        gender, religion or ethnicity.
       It will also include the business community.
       The risks attached to failing to achieve the stated objectives include resourcing issues related to staff
        and dedicated funding. It may also include a change in local and national priorities which deflect
        resources away from the original themes.
       The objectives are based on a recent audit and consultation process, which informed the writing of a
        comprehensive strategy focusing on identified local need and national priorities.
       This out come will contribute to the delivery of the Neighbourhood Renewal Agenda and the Mandatory
        Neighbourhood Renewal Outcome – “To improve the quality of life for people in the most
        disadvantaged neighbourhoods and ensure service providers are more responsive to the needs of
        communities and improve their delivery.”
       It will specifically target those neighbourhoods identified in West Cornwall as the most deprived, and
        will also use pooled NRF resources as well as other identified funding to target those communities with
        the furthest to travel in terms of current performance against indicators.


3
  The economic and social costs of crime against individuals and households 2003/04 Home Office Online Report 30/05
Update of HORS 217 Brand & Price
4
  Hibell et al 2001
5
  „Smoking, Drinking & Drug Use among Young People in England in 2004‟ – National Centre for Social Research 2005
                                                          3                                                 SAFE6
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Baseline evidence

Target Setting – PSA1 – crime targets

This is summary of the process for setting the PSA1 crime targets for Cornwall and the Isles of Scilly and
was originally written to inform those who were not part of the discussions but who may be affected either
within the police or another CDRP.

Background

The government has established a target to reduce crime by 15% by 2007-08 based on 2003-04. This
reduction is cascaded to CDRPs, each of which is required to have an explicit target. Cornwall and Isles of
Scilly has six District Authorities as well as a unitary authority responsible for the Isles of Scilly and each of
these is required to set a target for its contribution. Additionally the government required the police to align
its targets with those of its CDRPs through discussion and agreement.

The reduction, based on crime levels in 2003-04, is measured by the British Crime Survey (BCS). The BCS
is an annual survey and ongoing monitoring of progress is to be through recorded crime levels. Not all
crimes are represented in the BCS and the monitoring is to be by way of those crimes that most closely
match the survey and together these crimes are referred to as „BCS Comparator‟ crimes. In some cases
these do not perfectly match the way we have traditionally presented crime information and some important
categories of crime are not covered by the target or monitoring (e.g. sexual offences).

Crime performance is reported and monitored through the iQuanta website which helpfully provides a
calculator for establishing PSA1 targets in the BCS Comparator crime set. Each of the CDRPs in Cornwall
and the Isles of Scilly has completed this calculator, with police input on trends and recent performance,
and the result is shown in the table below:

                                            PSA1 Targets 2007-08

                              No. of          %             Estimated      Draft Target
                             crimes        reduction         outturn         2007/8
                             2003/04                         2004/5
 Theft or                          991          27.3%               838              720
 unauthorised taking
 of vehicle
 Theft from a vehicle              3882         24.8%              3164             2919
 Vehicle interference               385         35.8%               248              247
 Domestic burglary                 1586         20.6%              1450             1259
 Theft or                           422         14.7%               480              360
 unauthorised taking
 of a cycle
 Theft from person                  408         16.1%               415              342
 Criminal damage                   9103         10.0%              9472             8189
 (excl. 59)
 Common assault                    2090         11.0%              2334             1860
 (incl. on a PC)
 Woundings (serious                4131         13.9%              4546             3558
 and other)
 Robbery of personal                104         25.1%                 78              78
 property
 Total of selected               23102          15.4%             23025           19532
 offences

The 15% reduction is based on 2003-04 and in the period since then our crime rates across the BCU have
changed (e.g. violent crimes have risen and vehicle crime has fallen). These changes and our relative
position in our CDRP Family groups have been taken into account in establishing these demanding
reductions which together make up the PSA1 target.

The original targets included the Isles of Scilly, which is not included within the LAA.
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The revised targets are below:

                                                                 Baseline Milestones
 PSA1 Targets                                   2003/4      2005/6   2006/7    2007/8    % change
 BCS Comparator Crime Type
 Theft of motor vehicle / TWOC                      987        810        763      717   -27.4%
 Theft from vehicle                                3880       3155       3072     2918   -24.8%
 Vehicle interference                               385        261        255      248       -35.6%
 Domestic burglary                                 1580       1362       1308     1254       -20.6%
 Theft of cycle                                     411        437        394      351       -14.6%
 Theft from person                                  407        385        363      341       -16.2%
 Criminal damage                                   9055       8964       8556     8148       -10.0%
 Common assault                                    2076       2040       1943     1847       -11.0%
 Woundings                                         4110       4033       3787     3540       -13.9%
 Robbery                                            104         81         80       78       -25.0%
 Total                                            22995      21528      20520    19442       -15.5%

Arson is an offence type that is grouped under criminal damage. Recognising the significance in tackling
arson specifically, because of the high risk to the community and to the individual, the Community Safety
Partnership developed distinct objectives for the reduction of arson offences.

The following targets were developed by Cornwall Fire Brigade:

Objective: to reduce number of deliberately set fires by 5% by 2007/08

Arson
Baseline

                                                Annual Milestones
                                                2004/5     2005/6      2006/7   2007/8

 Count                                              513          504      496      487

 % reduction from base                                      -1.67%     -3.33%   -5.00%


Objective: to reduce the number of road vehicle arsons by 5% by 2007/08

RV Arson
Baseline

                                                Annual Milestones
                                                2004/5     2005/6      2006/7   2007/8

 Count                                                 39        38        38       37

 % reduction from base                                      -1.67%     -3.33%   -5.00%




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Method of approach

Consultees and delivery partners:
       Caradon District Council
       Carrick District Council
       Central Primary Care Trust
       Community and voluntary sector
       Cornwall County Council
       Cornwall County Fire Brigade
       Devon and Cornwall Constabulary
       Devon and Cornwall Probation Area
       Drug and Alcohol Action Team
       Government Office for the South West
       Kerrier District Council
       Local Criminal Justice Board
       Local Strategic Partnerships
       North Cornwall District Council
       North and East Primary Care Trust
       Penwith District Council
       Project Amethyst
       Restormel Borough Council
       West of Cornwall Primary Care Trust
       Youth Offending Team (YOT)
There are wide ranging delivery partners particularly from the voluntary and community sector which support
victims, such as Victim Support and self-help groups such as Neighbourhood Watch.
Other bodies such as charitable organisations in the youth and drugs arena are commissioned to deliver
services.
It will be partly delivered via a pooled treatment budget managed by the DAAT Board, and other funding
sources (e.g. police)
Targets will be delivered partly through the Integrated Criminal Justice Team which is funded through a
partnership comprising of Police Authority, Probation, Community Safety Partnerships, and DAAT.



Objectives

Priority Aim: To reduce the number of incidents of violent crime.
Objectives
 To reduce incidents of common assault (including on a PC) by 11% by 2008
    Performance Measure:
    The number of recorded crimes of common assault (including on a PC).
    Baseline:
    Number of recorded crimes in 2003/4 (2076)

   To reduce the number of woundings (serious and other) by 13.9% by 2008
    Performance Measure:
    Number of recorded crimes.
    Baseline:
    Number of recorded crimes 2003/2004 (4110)

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Priority Aim: To reduce the number of deliberately set fires in Cornwall
Objectives
 To reduce the number of deliberate fires by 5% by 2008 from the 2004/2005 baseline
    Performance Measure:
    The number of deliberately set fires,
    Baseline:
    Number of deliberate fires in 2004/5 (513)

   To reduce the number of road vehicle arsons by 5% by 2007/2008 from the 2004/2005 baseline
    Performance Measure:
    The number of road vehicle arsons (recorded by Cornwall County Fire Brigade)
    Baseline:
    Number of road vehicle arsons 2004/5 (39)

1. Baseline taken as 2004/2005 throughout due to changes in recording standards by Cornwall County Fire
Brigade. These came into effect in May 2004.
2. This reduction will be determined by the effects of the “End of Life” vehicle directive.

Priority Aim: To reduce the number of incidents of domestic burglary in Cornwall

Objective
 To reduce the number of incidents of domestic burglary by 20.6% (including attempts) by 2008
   Performance Measure:
   Numbers of domestic burglaries
   Baseline:
   Numbers of domestic burglaries for 2003/04 (1580)

Priority Aim: To reduce the number of incidents of vehicle crime

Objectives
 To reduce the number of thefts of, and thefts from vehicles by 2,311 (36.9%) by 2006 (LPSA target) and
   maintain that reduced level until 2008.
   Performance Measure:
   Number of reported incidents of thefts of and from vehicles.
   Baseline:
   6,257 recorded incidents of vehicle crime for 1999/2000 (LPSA baseline)

   To reduce the number of incidents of vehicle interference by 35.8% by 2008
    Performance Measure:
    Number of recorded crimes
    Baseline:
    Number of recorded crimes in 2003/2004 (385)




What you are going to deliver
   Vehicle crime
A high proportion of thefts are opportunistic from insecure vehicles, with holiday makers, in particular, being
targeted. Awareness raising campaigns are proposed for 2006 and will include
    o   Vehicle Action/Awareness Days
    o   Roll out of the Vulnerable Vehicle Scheme across the county
    o   A Crime Prevention/Community Safety Message delivered via literature, Tourist Information
        Centres, websites, and trailer advertising boards through the marketing department of Cornwall
        Tourist Board
    o   Delivery of the “Just in Case” campaign, a focused awareness initiative for vehicle owners.
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Through the Devon and Cornwall Police, a covert capture car will be utilised to target known and identified
hotspot areas for vehicle crime.

   Domestic burglary
Similarly the highest proportion of dwelling burglaries are opportunistic and from insecure properties, or
vulnerable individuals. Initiatives being introduced will include:-
    o   The Active Communities Co-ordinator and Crime Reduction Officers providing training to vulnerable
        victims, front line staff and members of the community to raise awareness and reduce the
        opportunities for burglary dwelling
    o   Delivery of specific Action Days/promotional events to raise awareness
    o   Delivery of the “Just in Case” campaign focussing on holiday home dwelling burglary.
 Opportunistic vehicle crime and dwelling burglary are predominantly carried out by offenders to feed
substance misuse habits. The Cornwall and Isles of Scilly Community Safety Partnership tackles these
offenders through the Prolific and Other Priority Offender Scheme which forms part of the wider Integrated
Criminal Justice Team.

   Violent crime
Violent crime has a strong link to alcohol consumption. It is often the case that alcohol is consumed by
offenders prior to an offence being committed, and it is inextricably linked to disorder around pubs and
clubs. Although it is too early to gauge the effect of the Licensing Act 2003, the legislation will provide us
with an opportunity to manage licences more effectively than has been possible in the past.
County-wide initiatives to reduce violent crime include:-
        o   “Three Strikes” campaign
        o   “Last Drink” initiative
        o   Promotion of Pubwatch, Clubsafe and Offwatch schemes
        o   Employment of a Substance Misuse and Alcohol Worker to liaise with pubs and clubs, promote
            awareness, and train door and bar staff.
        o   Extended use of Alcohol Exclusion Zones in identified hot spot areas.
        o   Extended use of Licensed Premise Exclusion Orders
        o   Introduction by Devon and Cornwall Probation Area of a short referral programme of 4 to 6
            weeks in length, for offenders who have been identified as having problems with binge drinking
            or chronic drinking. The programme will teach self-control and self-management of binge /
            chronic drinking and consequent violent behaviour. It is hoped that the project will result in a
            reduction in the number of woundings, focusing on offences resulting in more serious injury
            (grievous bodily harm, with and without intent) and where alcohol is perceived to be a factor (the
            offender is perceived by the victim to be in drink and / or the offence took place on licensed
            premises) Baseline: none. New project. Performance indicators will include no. of programmes
            run, no. of referrals, no. of commencements, no. of successful completions
        o   A reduction in the incidents of alcohol sales to those under-age through an increase in the
            number of test purchase operations of licensed premises (on and off) investigated, covering a
            wider geographical area. Baseline: 6 test purchase operations that involved underage persons
            attempting to buy alcoholic drinks, during covert operations in 2004/05, resulted in finding 46%
            of licencees selling drink illegally.

   Criminal damage
Achievement of the PSA1 target will require us to make good progress in reducing criminal damage and the
following steps have been identified for action:-
    o   Continuing liaison with the police to identify hotspots and crime series.
    o   Early removal of graffiti in conjunction with the Probation Service, Community Punishment Teams.
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    o   Greater efforts to identify offenders. This will include photographing graffiti to identify „tags‟, and the
        collation of all incidents.
    o   Further investigate the implementation of a county-wide, generic recording system to collate
        information regarding anti-social behaviour and criminal damage incidents which will, in turn,
        facilitate hot spotting and identification of offenders.
    o   Pro-active campaigns at known problem times (e.g. Halloween, bonfire night). This will focus around
        schools, guidance to shops on the sales of flour/eggs to children at these times, etc
    o   Use of restorative justice, ABCs and ASBOs.
    o   Research has identified that a high proportion of criminal damage is committed by young people.
        The Anti-Social Behaviour esculation/de-esculation model has a role to play in identifying offenders
        at an early stage and involving parents and schools in remedial action.

   Vehicle arson
As vehicle arson makes up almost 50% of all arson crime, we have implemented a pilot initiative “Car Clear”
in the districts of Penwith and Kerrier (West Cornwall). This initiative will be fully evaluated. It is anticipated
that it will be rolled out across the county as best practice, and should see a decrease in vehicle arson by
50% on 2004/05 baseline.
Particular emphasis will be placed on preventative measures through projects such as Hot Spot and
Phoenix, which support young people who are at risk of becoming young offenders, or who have already
entered the criminal justice system. Further preventative education is provided through the Flashpoint
Centre, Community Safety Fire Advisors and a mentoring scheme.

   Data sharing and support
Project Amethyst is a web enabled, crime mapping and data exchange hub, which provides statistical data
and hot spot information to Community Safety Partnerships (CSPs). This data is used to target resources
appropriately. Amethyst will also provide a six monthly rolling audit aligned the Police strategic assessment
and the and the proposed LAA outcome plans on behalf of the CSPs.
Amethyst provides the link between the police and CSPs. The objective will be to enhance liaison and
ensure that CSPs have the information to identify developing trends and to support crime-reduction work in
an increasingly responsive way.



Links
There are a number of other outcomes in the community safety arena that are specifically linked as
perpetrators of crime do not legislate on where, whom and when they commit their crimes.
The Community Safety structure in Cornwall is robust and underpinned by the Amethyst Information hub
and performance management system that monitors and allows for timely interventions if outcomes are not
being met.
There will be clear synergy between the Safer outcomes.
In regard to other proposed outcomes dialogue is taking place between appropriate outcome leads to avoid
duplication
The outcomes with this proposal are taken from the current existing Community Safety Strategy for Cornwall
2005/08. In the preparation of the outcomes contained within that document wide contact was made with
other public and voluntary and community sector bodies to ensure that where possible the needs of other
organisations were met
Environmental Crime
Crime and disorder has a number of detrimental environmental effects – litter, noise nuisance, oil spillages
through road traffic accidents etc therefore a reduction in these areas would have a significant improvement
on the environment.


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 Currently the partners liaise with the district‟s Environmental Waste Managers to reduce bottles litter in
 public places, and other street mess caused by drunken behaviour. This liaison will be enhanced through
 the project‟s success.
 Arson is closely linked with vehicle crime – disposal of vehicle, emissions release into the environment.
 Development on this further will show the link with the car clear scheme.
 There are no negative impacts that will be attributable to this outcome
 Economic well being
 A reduction in crime will see reductions in the number of crimes that impact on the business community
 through commercial burglary, fraud and offences such as shoplifting. The reduction in the number of
 assaults and anti social behaviour in town centres will attract shoppers and visitors which will support both
 the day and night time economy



 Diversity check

Diversity is still seen, by many, to predominantly cover issues of race and culture, and because, according to
the 2001 census, less than 1% of the county‟s population is from an ethnic minority, it has not, in the past,
been afforded high priority status. The Community Safety Partnership recognises that diversity is a broad
agenda covering race/ethnicity, age, gender, disability,
sexuality, and religion/belief and is determined to overcome the difficulties of engaging with individuals and
minority communities.

The issue of disproportionality in terms of Black Minority Ethnic (BME) people becoming the victims of crime
because of their race is documented. There was a rise in the number of reported racial assaults and
harassment incidents from 81 in 2002/03, to 122 in 2003/04, a rise of 50%.
Prosecutions and convictions have also increased. Some of this increase may reflect the efforts of
organisations to give individuals the confidence to report incidents. It is accepted however, that there is still
much that needs to be done to support victims to seek recourse through the Criminal Justice System and
preferably, introduce initiatives that will reduce and prevent diversity crime and harassment in our
communities.

Migrant workers continue to be an emerging issue for a county which traditionally supports a high
percentage of transient seasonal workers. Indeed there are an increasing number of these workers taking up
year round residence and the challenges this can bring to the local community, the infrastructure, and in
terms of community safety, need to be addressed proactively and appropriately.

The Community Safety Partnership does not currently have its own diversity policy but partner agencies and
organisations do have such policies and work to them when delivering services, including community safety.
These policies recognise that there are distinct demographic groups that have long been disadvantaged and
that discrimination in all its forms is a priority challenge for the delivery of fair and equitable services that,
when appropriate, support individual need. This challenge includes the delivery of initiatives to tackle crime,
disorder and substance misuse.

Community safety is represented on the countywide Diversity Forum and the three locally based Diversity
Groups. There is also a direct representation to the Fear of Crime POG and the Practitioners Group. The
Community Safety Partnership is committed to improving its links with the community to ensure we
understand the issues and identify solutions that challenge crime and disorder. Diversity is seen as a cross
cutting agenda which impacts on all areas of this work.

It is accepted that the 2004 Crime Audit did not go far enough to identify the crime and disorder issues that
affect minority groups in our communities. To address this, the Partnership intends to work with the county-
wide Diversity Forum, local Diversity groups and the County and Local Strategic Partnerships to undertake a
review of individuals, groups and representatives of our diverse communities. The review will also take
account of the results of recent surveys and consultations.

The review, (to be completed and published by April 2006) will inform and promote:

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     An adjustment of Partnership membership to ensure it is representative of the diverse community it
      serves.
     The formation of local community forums that can influence and support community safety priorities and
      delivery.
     Work with key partners and stakeholders, identifying the value of a diverse community and the need to
      respond appropriately to their community safety issues.
     Accountability to the community for Partnership performance in tackling crime, disorder and substance
      misuse.
     How the delivery of community safety initiatives can best have a positive influence on the issues raised
      by the diversity agenda.


    Milestones

     Projects or specific time limited interventions based on „hotspotting‟ through research and analysis and
      delivered by partners to the Community Safety and Drugs Strategy will help to ensure that the outcome
      is achieved.
     Where the need for a specific intervention is required using partnership resources (financial or
      otherwise), the activity will be managed through the partnership performance management system
      (CISSY) and will take into account details of that activity, financial resources and the outcome of the
      work undertaken which will be monitored quarterly.
     The location where each intervention takes place will be similarly identified with an anticipated
      completion date if appropriate.
     Amethyst is currently completing a rolling audit. The audit will profile at a county district and ward level
      by way of exceptional reporting those areas             which are suffering the highest and lowest
      crimes/incidence. This will focus resources to those areas which require the most attention
     Interventions currently in place that have helped to deliver current outcomes to date are contained in
      Part 1 (what are you doing to deliver). Continued monitoring of current and emerging trends will ensure
      where future task and finish activity will be so that targets are met
     The agreed activity and the performance against that activity will be regularly measured through the
      CISSY performance management system

    Date          Description of key stage that will have been completed by this date
                  VIOLENT OFFENDERS
                       Reduce woundings
      st
    31 March      Increased police activity in town centres specifically in those areas and at those times where
    2007          and when violent crime occurs.
                  Work closely with Local Authority Licensing
                  Work with SMART worker
                  Work with domestic violence co-ordinator
                  Implement appropriate elements of alcohol strategy
      st
    31 March      Review progress against targets. Brief and task accordingly
    2008          Increased police activity in town centres specifically in those areas and at those times where
                  and when violent crime occurs.
                  Work with SMART worker
                  Work with domestic violence co-ordinator
                  Working closely with Local Authority Licensing
      st
    31 March      Review progress against targets. Brief and task accordingly
    2009          Increased police activity in town centres specifically in those areas and at those times where
                  and when violent crime occurs.
                  Work with domestic violence co-ordinator
                  Work closely with Local Authority Licensing
                  Work with SMART worker
                       Introduction of Probation short referral programme
      st
    31 March
    2007          Complete feasibility study to establish staffing requirements, check demand, criteria for entry,
                  identify and recruit staff, run pilot programme. Expand alcohol arrest referral to new custody

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                   suite
      st
    31 March
    2008           Run 6 six week programmes
                   Measure performance against targets
                   Monitor, review and implement change if appropriate
      st
    31 March
    2009           Run 6 six week programmes
                   Measure performance against target
                       Increase Test Purchasing
      st
    31 March       Target area to be included in test purchase operations. Recruit young people. Implement
    2007           operation. Act where appropriate. Review and publish findings.
      st
    31 March       Target area to be included in test purchase operations. Recruit young people. Implement
    2008           operation. Act where appropriate. Review and publish findings.
      st
    31 March       Target area to include in test purchase operations. Recruit young people. Implement
    2009           operation. Act where appropriate. Review and publish findings.


    Risks

     The risks attached to failing to achieve the stated objectives include resourcing issues related to staff
      and dedicated funding.
     It may also include a change in local and national priorities, which deflect resources away from the
      original themes.

    Risk                                                Action proposed to manage and minimise the risk
    Complexity and scale of issue may outstrip          There are no identified resources for the delivery of the
    current planning and resource provision             Alcohol Strategy. Risk moderate. Solution - identify full
                                                        time co-ordinator via reconfiguration of current staff
                                                        within partnership.
    Probation funding and restructuring                 Risk moderate. The Probation Service will be eligible for
                                                        full contestability during 2006, leading to potential
                                                        destabilisation of staffing and funding. Solution –
                                                        recommission to alternative organisation.
    In respect of the target for reduction in serious   Risk high. Monitor and report to partners in six months
    woundings: ACPO officers and senior judges          time. If necessary negotiate adjusted targets.
    believe that there is every likelihood of an
    additional increase in these offences due to the
    liberalisation of the licensing laws (24 hour
    opening).



    Roles and responsibilities

The responsibility deliver the overall PSA 1 target lies with the CDRP‟s across Cornwall, and the Cornwall
and Isles of Scilly Community Safety Partnership. The following are members on one or more of these
partnerships:-

Local authorities in England and Wales are responsible for many key local services which have a significant
impact on community safety, including education, social services, planning, roads, fire and rescue, housing,
trading standards, and environmental health. They work with primary care trusts to co-deliver health
improvement and tackle the health inequalities that are at the heart of many of the social and economic
regeneration programmes that reduce the incidence of criminal behaviour. The Crime and Disorder Act 1998
requires local authorities and the police, with other key agencies in the community, to work together at
unitary and district council level to develop and implement strategies for reducing crime and disorder in their
areas. Local authorities are also responsible for developing Children‟s trust arrangements which bring
together all services for children and young people in an area, underpinned by the Children Act 2004 duty to
co-operate and focus on improving outcomes for all children and young people

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Local Strategic Partnerships are multi-agency partnerships, led by local government and sited at local
authority level, with the objective of working together to identify common objectives for their local
communities. They bring together at local level different parts of the public, private, community and voluntary
sectors and are responsible for producing the local area‟s Sustainable Community Strategy. Alongside their
other roles, LSPs contribute to reducing crime and anti-social behaviour.

Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnerships were created following the Crime and Disorder Act 1998. They
are the key local vehicle for community safety strategic planning and delivery, bringing together all the main
players at local level under the leadership of the police, local authority, police authority, fire & rescue
authority and primary care trust as the responsible authorities under the Act. There are many lessons to be
learnt from partnerships which have adopted a process of self-improvement and we are keen to look further
at what capabilities need to be in place for CDRPs to act effectively on the issues which affect communities
most

Under the Crime and Disorder Act 1998, Drug Action Teams are responsible for identifying local needs and
commissioning drug treatment and other interventions to meet them. There are 149 DATs in England (one
for every upper tier or unitary local authority area). They are consortia of local partners involved in the
delivery of the Government‟s Drug Strategy, including responsible authorities under the Act – primary care
trusts, police, probation, prisons and local authorities. They are required to review the level and pattern of
drug misuse in their area. These audits inform decisions on the partnership‟s strategic priorities and
commissioning of services, and enable progress to be tracked. Most DATs are expected to be a part of
CDRPs. Many also take responsibility for local strategies on alcohol misuse.


Following the Police Reform Act 2002, PCTs have had a statutory responsibility to work in partnership with
other responsible authorities to tackle crime, disorder and the misuse of drugs. PCTs have a duty to:

   participate in an audit of crime and disorder, anti-social behaviour and drug misuse for the CDRP area or
    areas in which they fall; and

   contribute to the development of local strategies that effectively deal with the issues which are identified

Jobcentre Plus increases the number of those in employment by assisting those who can to find work, and
by providing security through the benefit system for those who cannot. Through employment and benefit
surgeries in prisons, and arranging Jobseeker‟s Allowance interviews as soon as possible on release,
Jobcentre Plus contributes to reducing re- offending.

As well as supporting offenders via a network of regional and district partnerships, Jobcentre Plus also offers
enhanced support through programmes, such as progress2work and LinkUP, helping those with a range of
disadvantages, including drug misusers, to find and keep employment. Jobcentre Plus also plays a key role
in developing Local Area Agreements as part of Local Strategic Partnerships

Local Criminal Justice Boards (LCJBs) exist in each of the 42 criminal justice areas in England and Wales.
LCJBs are the principal vehicles for delivering the improvements in criminal
justice services set out in this plan. They are responsible and accountable for:

   local delivery of Criminal Justice System (CJS) objectives;

   improvement in the delivery of justice;

   the service provided to victims and witnesses;

   securing public confidence

Until recently, the Fire and Rescue Service in the UK has chiefly been concerned with firefighting, but it is
now developing in other directions to fulfil its significant potential to promote community safety. The Police


                                                       13                                                SAFE6
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Reform Act 2002 made Fire and Rescue Authorities full partners of the CDRPs established under the Crime
and Disorder Act 1998

The Home Secretary‟s key priorities for the police service for 2006-09 have taken account of the Association
of Chief Police Officers‟ (ACPO) National Strategic Assessment and individual force assessments. They are
also closely tied to the Government‟s Public Service Agreements (PSAs). The Government expects that
these national priorities will be reflected by police forces and authorities in developing their local policing
plans. Local priorities based on community consultation and engagement should be identified within this
national framework

The Government‟s five key priorities for the police service for 2006-09 are to:

     reduce overall crime by 15% by 2007-08 and more in high crime areas bring more offences to justice in
      line with the Government‟s PSA

     provide every area in England and Wales with dedicated, visible, accessible and responsive
      neighbourhood policing teams; and reduce public perception of anti-social behaviour

     tackle serious and organised crime including through improved intelligence and information sharing
      between partners

     protect the country from both terrorism and domestic extremism.

    Role/Responsibility               Organisation/who within the organisation
                                      (please state if it is a new post to be funded by the LAA)

    Violent Offenders
        Woundings                    Delivery - police
                                      Monitor – police analyst
                                      Target achievement – district commanders
                                      Tech support – police analysts, etc
                                      Budget responsibility - police
                                      Management - police
        Probation programme          Delivery – probation officers/AddactionCADA (new posts)
                                      Monitor – Probation Service
                                      Target achievement – Senior Probation Officer
                                      Tech support – Probation Service
                                      Budget responsibility – DAAT joint commissioning group
                                      Management – Probation Service
        Test purchasing              Delivery – Trading Standards
                                      Monitor – Trading Standards
                                      Target achievement – Trading Standards
                                      Tech support – Cornwall CC
                                      Budget responsibility – Cornwall CC
                                      Management – Trading Standards



    Budget
                                   £                   £                     £                 £
                                 2006/7              2007/8                2008/9         Total years
    Revenue                 £ 240,966          £ 240,966             £ 193,466           £ 675,398

    Capital                 41,356             41,356               41,356               124,068

    Total                   £ 282,322          £ 282,322             £ 234,822           £ 799,466




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    Funding
Please mark all funding already secured with * and any in-kind funding with #
                                  £                  £                   £                  £
                                2006/7             2007/8              2008/9          Total years
    Revenue
    SSCF                   £ 168,466          £168,466             £168,466           £ 505,398
    BCU fund or equiv      £ 25,000.00        £ 25,000.00          £ 25,000.00        £ 75,000
    LPSA 1 Reward          £ 47,500           £ 47,500                                £95,000


    Total                  £ 240,966          £ 240,966            £ 193,466          £ 675,398

    Capital
    SSCF                   £ 41.356.00        £ 41.356.00          £ 41.356.00        £124.068.00

    Total                  £ 282,322          £ 282,322            £ 234,822          £ 799,466



Measuring performance
     Performance will be measured using Devon and Cornwall Constabulary recorded crime data for BCS
      Comparator crime types, collated by BCU Performance Manager. Annual milestones have been set (as
      below) but these have also been broken down further into CDRP areas, by quarter, for on-going
      monitoring, thus ensuring early identification of any deterioration in performance and appropriate timely
      response.

British Crime Survey Comparator Crime milestones 2005/06 to 2008/09
PSA1 Targets                       Baseline    Milestones                                            Maintain
                                                                                                      level
BCS Comparator Crime                2003/4       2005/6       2006/7       2007/8     % change       2008/09
Type                                                                                  from base
Theft of motor vehicle /               987        810           763            717       -27.4%        717
TWOC
Theft from vehicle                   3880         3155         3072         2918          -24.8%       2918
Vehicle interference                  385          261          255          248          -35.6%        248
Domestic burglary                    1580         1362         1308         1254          -20.6%       1254
Theft of cycle                        411          437          394          351          -14.6%        351
Theft from person                     407          385          363          341          -16.2%        341
Criminal damage                      9055         8964         8556         8148          -10.0%       8148
Common assault                       2076         2040         1943         1847          -11.0%       1847
Woundings                            4110         4033         3787         3540          -13.9%       3540
Robbery                               104           81           80           78          -25.0%         78
Total                               22995        21528        20520        19442          -15.5%      19442


This outcome will also deliver the Neighbourhood Renewal Mandatory Outcome :

“ Reduce overall crime in line with local Crime and Disorder Partnership targets and narrow the gap
between the worst performing wards/neighbourhoods and other areas across the district”




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Arson milestones 2005/06 to 2008/09
    Arson                      Baseline        Annual milestones
    Year                       2004/05         2005/06      2006/07           2007/08        2008/09
    Count                              513            504            496              487            479
    % reduction from base                         -1.67%         -3.33%           -5.00%         -6.67%

    Road vehicle Arson         Baseline        Annual milestones
                               2004/05         2005/06         2006/07        2007/08        2008/09
    Count                                 39             38              38             37           37
                                                                                                Maintain
    % reduction from base                          -1.67%          -3.33%        -5.00%            level

Managing performance within Community Safety

The Cornwall & Isles of Scilly Community Safety Partnership has an established performance management
protocol and specifically designed web based performance management software to which all partners have
access. All information in respect of projects and activities to achieve this outcome and identified related
targets will be held on this system and a responsible officer for each project and activity will be identified.
Progress reports (using a traffic light system) in respect of both practical progress/achievement and financial
spend will be received from the responsible officer at the end of each quarter and input on the performance
management system, producing a report submitted to the appropriate Policy and Operational Group and the
Partnership‟s Strategic Group. Similarly, a quarterly report in respect of progress in the achievement of
specific targets will also be collated and submitted for consideration and review. The Strategic Group will
recommend remedial action as appropriate to ensure progress and spend remain on target .
These action plans form the cornerstone of the Performance Management System, each action having:-
       o    An identified baseline
       o    A clear aim/objective in direct response to an identified problem
       o    A SMART target
       o    Detail of the interventions/actions by which the objective will be achieved
       o    The output expected
       o    The desired outcome in relation to the overall aim/objective
       o    The lead officer/agency
     All approved action plans to address crime and disorder and drugs issues, both county-wide and local
      district CDRP based, are held on the database on which quarterly progress reports are entered and
      monitored. In addition to monitoring the achievement of specific actions, the Partnership‟s performance
      management system enables the monitoring of both targets and financial resources to reduce crime and
      disorder on a quarterly basis. The unique shared web-based system enables all partners and agencies
      involved in community safety to view progress in respect of key initiatives.

     The Partnership recognises the importance of sound project management and has established a Project
      Management Protocol to ensure that key projects of high risk, high investment, or of strategic
      importance are managed in a structured way. This includes ensuring each project is satisfactorily
      planned, co-ordinated, monitored and finally evaluated. Considerable resources and effort are invested
      in approved action plans to achieve improvements in community safety for the benefit of citizens and it is
      vital that the worth of projects, against the outcomes achieved, is assessed providing the opportunity to
      learn, improve and where appropriate, disengage from projects or investments.




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 Reward Element - Target Safe 6

Outcome: Reduce Crime

Indicator by which performance will be measured
    1. The        number        of       recorded          crimes           of   criminal        damage.
        Data Source: Devon and Cornwall Constabulary.

Current performance
    1. 9055 recorded crimes of criminal damage 01 April 2003 to 31 March 2004 (PSA1 baseline target).
Performance at the end of the period of the Local Area Agreement
    1. 01 April 2006 to 31 March 2009

Performance expected without the Reward Element
    1. 7740 recorded crimes of criminal damage in 2008/09.

Performance target with the Reward Element
    1. 7460 recorded crimes of criminal damage in 2008/09.

Enhancement in performance with the Reward Element
   1. A reduction of 3.09% (280 crimes) in the number of recorded crimes of criminal damage.

Allocation of Performance Reward Grant (£300,000 anticipated)
    1. 100%

Conditions of grant:
Requirement to meet reduction target for criminal damage as part of PSA1.




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