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					BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES
College of Natural Sciences and Mathematics

Department Chair                                                     Health Professions Advisors
Laura Kingsford                                                      Carol A. Itatani
Department Office                                                    Toni L. Stanton
PH1-109                                                              Clinical Laboratory Scientist/Medical Technology Advisor
Telephone/FAX                                                        Carol Itatani
(562) 985-4806/(562) 985-8878
Faculty
Professors
Rajen S. Anand
James Archie
David M. Carlberg
                                                                            he Biological Sciences Department Advisory Council
Charles T. Collins
L.K. (Vern) Eveland
Henry C. Fung
Charles P. Galt
                                                                     T      consists of individuals prominent in the community
                                                                            who represent a wide variety of biological disciplines,
                                                                     including professionals from industry and the health-related
Kenneth M. Gregory                                                   fields. They advise the Department regarding its instructional
Ju-Shey Ho                                                           program and provide information concerning opportunities for
Carol A. Itatani                                                     interaction between the Department and the community and
Kenneth L. Jenkins                                                   about employment opportunities.
Ira Jones
Balwant S. Khatra                                                    The Biological Sciences
Juhee Kim                                                                The biological sciences include all of the areas of scientific
Laura Kingsford                                                      endeavor centered around the general question of the nature of
Lisa Klig                                                            life. Such diverse areas as biochemistry, ecology, paleontology,
Steven L. Manley
                                                                     and animal behavior are all part of the biological sciences. On
Andrew Z. Mason
                                                                     this campus the biological sciences is distributed among three
Donald L. Maurer
Alan C. Miller                                                       separate Departments in the College of Natural Sciences and
Donald R. Nelson                                                     Mathematics. The discipline of biochemistry is located in
Brenda M. Sanders                                                    Chemistry and Biochemistry and the disciplines of invertebrate
Toni L. Stanton                                                      and plant paleontology are located in Geological Sciences.
Stuart Warter                                                        For information about the programs in these disciplines, con-
Associate Professors                                                 sult the appropriate section of this Catalog. The remaining dis-
Philip C. Baker                                                      ciplines of the biological sciences represented in the College of
Editte Gharakhanian                                                  Natural Sciences and Mathematics are located in the Depart-
David G. Huckaby                                                     ment of Biological Sciences, which offers seven degrees: both
Terrence A. Shuster                                                  a Bachelor of Arts and a Bachelor of Science in Biology, a
Edward Tjioe                                                         Bachelor of Science in Marine Biology, a Bachelor of Science in
Assistant Professors                                                 Microbiology, a Master of Science in Biology, a Master of Sci-
Judith Brusslan                                                      ence in Microbiology, and a Master of Public Health. The B.S.
Kevin Kelley                                                         in Biology has, in addition to a general option, five specialized
Niles Lehman                                                         options in Botany, Cellular and Molecular Biology and Genet-
Antonia Wijte                                                        ics, Ecology and Environmental Biology, Physiology, and Zoolo-
Department Secretary                                                 gy. The B.S. in Microbiology has, in addition to a general
Janice Taylor                                                        option, a more specialized option in Medical Microbiology. The
                                                                     Master of Public Health has options in Medical Laboratory Su-
Students desiring information should contact the Department Office   pervision and Nursing Epidemiology. See below for the specif-
for referral to one of the faculty advisors.                         ic requirements for each of these degrees and options.
Credential Advisor                                                       The Department occupies facilities in four science build-
William C. Ritz                                                      ings. Courses and student research in organismal biology and
                                                                     ecology are enhanced by a marine biology laboratory with an
Undergraduate Advisors
                                                                     extensive seawater system, greenhouses, and research and
Biology — David G. Huckaby
                                                                     teaching collections of algae, vascular plants, invertebrates
Marine Biology — Donald L. Maurer
Microbiology — Carol A. Itatani                                      (including insects), and vertebrates. Because the campus is
Physiology — Toni L. Stanton                                         near the ocean, mountains, and deserts, the Department is
                                                                     able to offer a number of field and laboratory courses in botany,
Graduate Advisor
                                                                     ecology, entomology, marine biology, and vertebrate zoology.
Alan C. Miller
                                                                     Courses and student research opportunities are available in


                                                          1997/98 CSULB Catalog • Biological Sciences • 197
biotechnology, experimental biology, and clinical laboratory            Students desiring entrance into one of the various
scientist (medical technology). State-of-the-art facilities are     health-related professional schools including chiropractic,
available for graduate and undergraduate research in the W.         dentistry, medicine, optometry, osteopathy, pharmacy, podia-
M. Keck Cellular and Molecular Biology Laboratory, electron         try, and veterinary, or to a graduate program in physical ther-
microscope facility, and the Molecular Ecology Institute.           apy should consult with the Pre-Health Professions Office of
   The Department of Biological Sciences also participates in       the College of Natural Sciences and Mathematics (FO5-104)
the Desert Studies Consortium and the Ocean Studies Insti-          for more information. Most of these schools do not require
tute. Information on the latter program is listed in this Catalog   students to major in any particular discipline and many do
under University Programs.                                          not even require a bachelor’s degree; rather, they want stu-
                                                                    dents who have done well in their major and who also took
The Richard B. Loomis Research Award                                the prerequisite courses required by that particular school.
   This annual departmental award provides supply and travel
support for thesis research projects. Graduate students sub-        Facilitated Enrollment into Classes
mit research proposals to the Department’s Graduate Studies             All entering students who declare a major in a degree pro-
Committee, which grants funding to the more meritorious pro-        gram offered by this Department must participate in the Col-
posals.                                                             lege of Natural Sciences and Mathematics’ Science Safari to
                                                                    Success (for first time freshmen) or EONS (Enrollment and
Linda Warren Graham Medical Technology                              Orientation in the Natural Sciences and Mathematics for
Scholarship                                                         transfer students) Program. These programs are held in
    The Linda Warren Graham Medical Technology Scholarship          June-July for those starting in the Fall Semester and in Janu-
is available to senior microbiology majors who have been ac-        ary for those starting in the Spring Semester. Department
cepted into a Clinical Laboraroty Scientist (or a Medical Tech-     advisors will be available to provide an overview of the stu-
nology) Internship program. Scholarship applications can be         dents’ chosen baccalaureate degree program, to assist with
obtained from the Biological Sciences Department Office dur-        academic advisement, to provide information on the many
ing the month of March prior to graduation.                         career opportunities available, and to aid students in enroll-
Financial Support, Assistantships                                   ing in classes. Contact the Student Access to Science Cen-
    The Department of Biological Sciences offers a limited          ter (FO5-109) or Department Office for additional information.
number of teaching associate and graduate assistant appoint-        Bachelor of Arts in Biology (code 2-7621)
ments. Forms requesting consideration for these appoint-
ments are available in the Department Graduate Office.                  This degree is designed primarily for those interested in
Duties consist of approximately 20 hours per week devoted to        teaching high school biology; it is the liberal arts degree of
preparation and/or instruction in general undergraduate labo-       this Department and is designed to offer broad coverage of
ratory classes. These appointments are limited to a maximum         the many areas of study within the biological sciences with-
of six semesters per individual.                                    out specializing in any one field. Students interested in grad-
                                                                    uate work in biology should opt for one of the B.S. degrees in
    The Department also has a limited number of technical as-
                                                                    this Department. The B.A. requires approximately 65-71
sistant positions as well as some hourly employment.
                                                                    units in the major, of which 36-37 are in lower division and 29-
    Several members of the faculty have grants which provide        34 are in upper division, and a minimum of 124 units for
for research assistantships.                                        graduation.
    A number of scholarships are available through the Univer-          Lower Division: BIOL 211A, B, 260; CHEM 111A, B;
sity.                                                               MATH 119A or 122; NSCI 200; PHYS 100A, B.
Graduate and Health Professional Preparation                            Upper Division: CHEM 327 or both CHEM 320A, B; a
    In addition to preparing students for careers in teaching,      minimum of eight courses in biological science totaling at
industry, and government, the undergraduate programs in this        least 26 units including: BIOL 340, 350, 370; one of these
Department provide preparation for advanced study at the            three physiology courses: A/P 340 & 340L, 342 & 342L,
graduate level and for entry into various health professional       BIOL 447 & 447L; one of these four animal morphology/diver-
schools. Students should consider the degree requirements           sity courses: BIOL 313, 316, 324, 332; one of these three
listed in the Catalog as minimal; some graduate schools, pro-       plant morphology/diversity courses: BIOL 425, 427, 439;
fessional schools, or careers may require additional course-        and two additional courses totaling at least 6 units chosen in
work in mathematics, physics, chemistry, or biology.                consultation with a faculty advisor from upper division cours-
    Students desiring entrance into a graduate school to obtain     es in the Department of Biological Sciences. The student's
a master’s or doctoral degree in some area of the biological        entire program must include a minimum of two upper division
sciences should determine the entrance requirements for the         animal biology courses and two upper division plant biology
school(s) of interest early in their undergraduate years. Spe-      courses. Animal biology courses acceptable for this degree:
cifically, students contemplating graduate work in mathemati-       A/P 340, 342; BIOL 313, 314, 315, 316, 324, 332, 351, 413,
cally oriented areas of the biological sciences should consider     417, 419, 421, 423, 424, 453, 456, 460. Plant biology cours-
taking more calculus (MATH 122, 123, 224, and 364A or 370A          es acceptable for this degree: BIOL 328, 425, 439, 447, 450.
will substitute for MATH 119A and 119B) and those contem-           A/P 340 and 342 and BIOL 447 may also be used to satisfy
plating graduate work in chemically oriented areas should           the physiology requirement. Either CHEM 441A, B or 448 will
consider taking additional chemistry (CHEM 251; 320A,B;             count but A/P 305, 306, 307, 308I, 400, 401; BIOL 301, 302,
377A,B; 441A,B).                                                    303I, 305; MICR 300I, 302I, 303; NSCI 492 will not count to-
                                                                    ward these two additional required courses.



 198 • Biological Sciences • 1997/98 CSULB Catalog
    CSULB requires a "C" average in all upper division courses      dents contemplating graduate work should consider taking 1-3
in the major taken at CSULB. For students who do not meet           units of BIOL 496.
this requirement, the Department of Biological Sciences will            CSULB requires a "C" average in all upper division courses
allow graduation if they earn at least a "C" the last time they     in the major taken at CSULB. For students who do not meet this
complete each upper division course in their major at CSULB.        requirement, the Department of Biological Sciences will allow
                                                                    graduation if they earn at least a "C" the last time they complete
Bachelor of Science in Biology
                                                                    each upper division course in their major at CSULB.
   This degree includes a general option in biology and five
additional options for those desiring a more specialized pro-         Option in Ecology and Environmental Biology
gram.                                                                 (code 3-7623)
Biology (code 3-7621)                                                   This option is designed primarily for those students interest-
                                                                    ed in careers involving the study of organisms in relation to their
    This option is designed for students pursuing careers that
                                                                    environment, either in private industry or government service,
involve the study of life; it is especially appropriate for those
                                                                    as well as those students contemplating graduate work in this
contemplating graduate work in the biological sciences. This
                                                                    field. This option requires approximately 90-97 units in the ma-
option gives the student a broad background involving course-
                                                                    jor, of which 43-45 are in lower division and 47-52 are in upper
work in most of the major areas of biology, without requiring
                                                                    division, and a minimum of 124-132 units for graduation.
specialization in any one particular field. Students in this op-
tion have more elective courses in their major than in the other,       Lower Division: BIOL 211A,B, 260; CHEM 111A,B; GEOL
more specialized, options, which enables them to partially con-     102, 104 or 105; MATH 119A or 122, 119B or 123; NSCI 200;
centrate their studies in a particular area if they so choose.      and PHYS 100A,B.
This option requires approximately 81-83 units in the major, of         Upper Division: CHEM 320A, B; BIOL 312, 340, 350, 370,
which 39-41 are in lower division and 42 are in upper division,     427; A/P 340 & 340L or BIOL 447 & 447L; either BIOL 313 or
and a minimum of 124-132 units for graduation.                      324; five additional courses including one of these 11 in organic
    Lower Division: BIOL 211A, B, 260; CHEM 111A, B; MATH           diversity: BIOL 314, 315, 316, 413, 417, 419, 421, 423, 424,
119A or 122, 119B or 123; NSCI 200; PHYS 100A, B.                   425, 439; two of these 11 in ecology and environmental sci-
                                                                    ence: BIOL 414, 450, 453, 454, 455, 457, 458, 460, 464,
    Upper Division: CHEM 320A, B; at least 34 units in biologi-
                                                                    GEOG 440, 442; one of these three in quantitative biology:
cal science including BIOL 340, 350, 370; A/P 340 & 340L or
                                                                    BIOL 456, 465, 467; and another course from any of the pre-
BIOL 447 & 447L; BIOL 313 or 324; one of BIOL 425, 427, 439;
                                                                    ceding three lists or BIOL 351 or 353. With permission of the
and 12-13 additional units selected from upper division cours-
                                                                    appropriate faculty advisor, three units of BIOL 496 is accept-
es in the Department of Biological Sciences. At least two of
                                                                    able as this fifth additional course.
the courses selected to fulfill these additional units must have
numbers between 410-499. Either CHEM 441A, B or 448 will                CSULB requires a "C" average in all upper division courses
count but A/P 305, 306, 307, 308I, 400, 401; BIOL 301, 302,         in the major taken at CSULB. For students who do not meet this
303I, 305; MICR 300I, 302I, 305; NSCI 492 will not count to-        requirement, the Department of Biological Sciences will allow
ward these additional 12-13 units. Up to six of these additional    graduation if they earn at least a "C" the last time they complete
units may be substituted from courses in other departments in       each upper division course in their major at CSULB.
the College of Natural Sciences and Mathematics upon ap-              Option in Physiology (code 3-7624)
proval by the undergraduate advisor. Students contemplating
graduate work should consider taking 1-3 units of BIOL 496.             This option is designed primarily for those interested in ca-
                                                                    reers involving the study of function in animals, especially hu-
    CSULB requires a "C" average in all upper division courses
                                                                    mans, and is particularly appropriate for those contemplating
in the major taken at CSULB. For students who do not meet
                                                                    graduate work in this field or entering one of the health profes-
this requirement, the Department of Biological Sciences will
                                                                    sions such as medicine and physical therapy. This option re-
allow graduation if they earn at least a "C" the last time they
                                                                    quires approximately 80-82 units in the major, of which 39-41
complete each upper division course in their major at CSULB.
                                                                    are in lower division and 41 are in upper division, and a mini-
  Option in Botany (code 3-7622)                                    mum of 124-132 units for graduation.
   This option in designed primarily for those interested in ca-        Lower Division: BIOL 211A,B, 260; CHEM 111A,B; MATH
reers involving the biology of plants and is particularly appro-    119A or 122, 119B or 123; NSCI 200; and PHYS 100A,B.
priate for those contemplating graduate work in this field. This        Upper Division: CHEM 320A, B, 441A, B; BIOL 340, 350,
option requires approximately 83-85 units in the major, of which    370, one course in morphology and development from BIOL
39-41 are in lower division and 44 are in upper division, and a     332 or 433, either A/P 340 & 340L or 342 & 342L, nine addition-
minimum of 124-132 units for graduation.                            al units selected from A/P 340, 340L, 342, 342L, 442, 443, 445,
   Lower Division: BIOL 211A,B, 260; CHEM 111A,B; MATH              446, 447, BIOL 473, MICR 330. Students contemplating gradu-
119A or 122, 119B or 123; NSCI 200; and PHYS 100A,B.                ate school should consider taking an additional 1-3 units of
                                                                    BIOL 496.
   Upper Division: 44 units including CHEM 320A, B, 441A, B;
BIOL 340, 350 or 450, 370, 427, 439, 447, 447L. Remaining               CSULB requires a "C" average in all upper division courses
eight units selected in consultation with appropriate faculty ad-   in the major taken at CSULB. For students who do not meet this
visor. ENGL 317 is acceptable but A/P 305, 306, 307, 308I,          requirement, the Department of Biological Sciences will allow
400, 401, BIOL 301, 302, 303I, 305, MICR 300I, 302I, 303;           graduation if they earn at least a "C" the last time they complete
NSCI 492 are not acceptable towards these eight units. Stu-         each upper division course in their major at CSULB.



                                                        1997/98 CSULB Catalog • Biological Sciences • 199
  Option in Zoology (code 3-7625)                                 Bachelor of Science in Marine Biology. This degree is de-
                                                                  signed for students seeking positions in private industry and
    This option is designed primarily for those interested in
                                                                  governmental agencies and is also appropriate for those con-
careers that involve the biology of animals and is particularly
                                                                  sidering graduate work in marine biology and ecology. The
appropriate for those contemplating graduate work in this
                                                                  program takes ready advantage of the region's diverse habi-
field. This option requires approximately 84-88 units in the
                                                                  tats with a strong field orientation, supported by the R. V. Yel-
major, of which 43-45 are in lower division and 41-43 are in
                                                                  lowfin, an 80' teaching and research vessel. Coincidental with
upper division, and a minimum of 124-132 units for gradua-
                                                                  this environmental emphasis, faculty expertise in cellular and
tion.
                                                                  molecular biology applied to environmental problems in the
    Lower Division: BIOL 211A, B, 260; CHEM 111A, B;              Southern California Bight provide another area for student in-
GEOL 102, 104 or 105; MATH 119A or 122, 119B or 123;              terests.
NSCI 200; and PHYS 100A, B.
                                                                      This degree requires approximately 90-98 units in the major,
    Upper Division: CHEM 320A, B; A/P 340, 340L; BIOL             of which 39-41 are in lower division and 51-57 are in upper di-
312, 332, 340, 350, 370, 313 or 316; at least one course se-      vision, with a minimum of 124-132 units for graduation. The
lected from BIOL 324, 419, 421, 423, 424; and at least two        number of units and particular blend of science and mathe-
additional courses in biological science totaling at least six    matics makes this a very challenging learning experience.
units chosen in consultation with a faculty advisor. Either       However, the depth and strength of this degree provides a
CHEM 441A, B or 448 will count but A/P 305, 306, 307, 308I,       strong and flexible base to pursue a variety of careers. Obtain-
400, 401, BIOL 301, 302, 303I, 305; MICR 300I, 302I, 303;         ing a minor in another discipline, such as chemistry, microbiol-
NSCI 492 will not count toward these six units. Students con-     ogy, engineering, business, or computer science, may
templating graduate work should consider taking 1-3 units of      enhance one's marketability.
BIOL 496.
                                                                      Lower Division: BIOL 211A,B, 260; CHEM 111A,B; MATH
    CSULB requires a "C" average in all upper division cours-     119A or 122, 119B or 123; NSCI 200; and PHYS 100A,B.
es in the major taken at CSULB. For students who do not
                                                                      Upper Division: CHEM 320A, B; GEOL 364 & 364L or 465 &
meet this requirement, the Department of Biological Sciences
                                                                  466; A/P 340, 340L; BIOL 313, 340, 350, 353, 370, 419, 425;
will allow graduation if they earn at least a "C" the last time
                                                                  two courses selected from the following eight in marine sci-
they complete each upper division course in their major at
                                                                  ence: BIOL 413, 414, 417, 422, 454, 455, 458, 464, MICR 441;
CSULB.
                                                                  one course selected from the following four in methodology
  Option in Cellular and Molecular Biology and                    and techniques: BIOL 457, 465, 467, 468; and six additional
  Genetics (code 3-7627)                                          units selected from upper division courses in the College of
                                                                  Natural Sciences and Mathematics and the Ocean Studies
    This option is designed primarily for those interested in     Institute with approval of a marine biology advisor, including
careers that involve biology at the cellular and molecular lev-   courses not already selected from the preceding lists. The
els and/or genetics and is particularly appropriate for those     following courses are not acceptable toward these six units: A/
contemplating graduate work in these fields. This option re-      P 305, 306, 307, 308I, 400, 401; BIOL 301, 302, 303I, 305;
quires approximately 83-88 units in the major, of which 44-46     MICR 300I, 302I, 303; NSCI 492.
are in lower division and 39-42 are in upper division, and a
                                                                      CSULB requires a "C" average in all upper division courses
minimum of 124-132 units for graduation. Students in this
                                                                  in the major taken at CSULB. For students who do not meet
option might also want to pursue the Certificate in Biotechnol-
                                                                  this requirement, the Department of Biological Sciences will
ogy described elsewhere in this Catalog.
                                                                  allow graduation if they earn at least a "C" the last time they
    Lower Division: BIOL 211A, B, 260; CHEM 111A, B; MATH         complete each upper division course in their major at CSULB.
119A or 122, 199B or 123; MICR 211; NSCI 200; PHYS
100A,B.                                                           Bachelor of Science in Microbiology
    Upper Division: Chem 320A, B, 441A, B; BIOL 340, 350,             Microbiology is the study of microorganisms and their inter-
370, 433, 473; one course selected from BIOL 468, 477L,           actions with people and the environment. This degree in-
MICR 452, both MICR 450 and 451, CHEM 443; one course             cludes a general option in microbiology and one additional
selected from A/P 445, CHEM 547, BIOL 312, both 447 and           option for those desiring a more specialized program in medi-
447L, 464, 465, 467, 477; and 2-3 units of BIOL 496.              cal microbiology. Either option, with the inclusion of appropriate
    CSULB requires a "C" average in all upper division cours-     classes, may be utilized by pre-professional students who are
es in the major taken at CSULB. For students who do not           preparing for medical, dental, pharmacy and veterinary
meet this requirement, the Department of Biological Sciences      school. A major in microbiology prepares students for a wide
will allow graduation if they earn at least a "C" the last time   range of employment opportunities in clinical and public health
they complete each upper division course in their major at        fields, genetic engineering, environmentally related fields, and
CSULB.                                                            industries concerning food, pharmaceuticals and hospital sup-
                                                                  plies. There is a common core of courses for these varied edu-
Bachelor of Science in Marine Biology                             cational and employment opportunities and specific programs
(code 3-7626)                                                     can be arranged by counseling with advisors in this depart-
   Rocky shores, sandy beaches, tidal wetlands, kelp for-         ment. These baccalaureate degree programs are recognized
ests, and the open ocean coupled with the anthropogenic           by the American Society for Microbiology as meeting their core
activities of a major urban area provide the seascape for our     curriculum for the baccalaureate degree programs in microbi-
                                                                  ology.



200 • Biological Sciences • 1997/98 CSULB Catalog
  Microbiology (code 3-7654)                                       Minor in Physiology (code 0-7624)
    This option has a broad nature that emphasizes the genet-         A minimum of 18 upper division units. Twelve of these 18
ics and biochemistry of microorganisms and prepares stu-           units must be selected from the following courses:
dents for graduate school and/or careers in industrial             A/P 307, 340, 340L, 342, 342L, 442, 443, 445, 446, 447, 490.
microbiology, molecular biology, and related areas. This option    The other six of these eighteen units must be selected from
requires a total of 91-92 units in the major, of which 46-47 are   other courses in the above list or from BIOL 473; CHEM
in lower division and 45 are in upper division, and a minimum      441A,B, 443, or 448. At least one of the upper division cours-
of 124-132 units for graduation.                                   es taken for this minor must have a laboratory. Most of these
    Lower Division: BIOL 211A, B, 260; CHEM 111A, B, 251;          upper division courses require CHEM 111A, B and BIOL 211A,
MATH 119A or 122; MICR 211; NSCI 200; PHYS 100A, B.                B as prerequisites; some have other prerequisites in addition.
    Upper Division: BIOL 340; CHEM 320A, B, 441A, B; MICR          Certificate Program in Biomedical Art
320, 330, 331, 452, 453, 471, 450 and 451 or BIOL 370, and 6       (code 1-5010)
units from: MICR 322, 323, 412, 432, 425, 429, 441, 473, 480,
490, 496, BIOL 473, 477. The following courses are not ac-             The Certificate Program in Biomedical Art is an interdiscipli-
ceptable towards these 6 units: MICR 300I, 301, 302I, 303.         nary program sponsored by the Art and Biological Sciences
                                                                   Departments. Requirements for the certificate are listed in the
    CSULB requires a "C" average in all upper division courses
                                                                   Art section of this Catalog. Co-directors of the CSULB biomed-
in the major taken at CSULB. For students who do not meet
                                                                   ical art program are in Art, Mr. Peter Mendez; and in Biological
this requirement, the Department of Biological Sciences will
                                                                   Sciences, Dr. Kenneth Gregory. Questions may be addressed
allow graduation if they earn at least a "C" the last time they
                                                                   to them during office hours , which are listed in the respective
complete each upper division course in their major at CSULB.
                                                                   departmental offices.
  Option in Medical Microbiology (code 3-7655)                     Certificate in Biotechnology (code 1-7060)
    This option emphasizes the host-parasite relationships of
                                                                       Biotechnology is a rapidly growing field which encompass-
humans and microbes and prepares students for careers in
                                                                   es many domains of science. Specifically, biotechnology re-
clinical laboratory science (medical technology), medical re-
                                                                   fers to a process which ultimately yields a product. The
search, and related areas. This option requires a total of 89-95
                                                                   products can be loosely subdivided into five categories; bio-
units in the major, of which 46-47 are in lower division and 43-
                                                                   logical organisms with novel traits, DNAs, RNAs, proteins, and
48 are in upper division, and a minimum of 124-132 units for
                                                                   compounds. The Undergraduate Certificate in Biotechnology
graduation.
                                                                   is the integrated use of specific offerings of the College of Nat-
    Lower Division: BIOL 211A, B, 260; CHEM 111A, B, 251;          ural Sciences and Mathematics, including the departments of
MATH 112 or 119A or 122; MICR 211; NSCI 200; PHYS 100A,            Biological Sciences and Chemistry and Biochemistry. Labora-
B.                                                                 tory facilities and selected courses will serve to provide a fun-
    Upper Division: A/P 342; CHEM 327 (or both 320A and B),        damental background in the theory and techniques of
441A, B, 447; MICR 320, 322, 323, 330, 331, 452, and 6 units       biotechnology. The certificate may be earned in conjunction
from: MICR 412, 425, 429, 432, 441, 450, 451, 453, 471, 473,       with or subsequent to a baccalaureate degree. Courses of-
480, 490, or 496. The following courses are not acceptable         fered for the certificate may be used to satisfy, as appropriate,
towards these 6 units: MICR 300I, 301, 302I, 303.                  major or minor requirements.
    CSULB requires a "C" average in all upper division courses     Prerequisites for Admission
in the major taken at CSULB. For students who do not meet
this requirement, the Department of Biological Sciences will       1. Completion of the following courses with a grade of “C” or
allow graduation if they earn at least a "C" the last time they       better (or permission of the biotechnology certificate
complete each upper division course in their major at CSULB.          program director): CHEM 111A,B; CHEM 320A,B; CHEM
                                                                      441A,B; BIOL 340; BIOL 370; MICR 200.
Minor in Biology (code 0-7621)                                     2. Consent of the biotechnology certificate program director
   A minimum of 19 units is required for the minor.                Requirements
   Lower Division: BIOL 211A, B. (211A requires CHEM
                                                                   1. A baccalaureate degree (can be concurrent);
111A; 211B requires CHEM 111B.)
                                                                   2. Completion of the program’s prerequisite course require-
   Upper Division: A minimum of nine units selected from up-
                                                                      ments;
per division biology courses with at least one course selected
from the 400 series. The following courses are not acceptable      3. Approval by the program director;
toward these nine units: A/P 305, 307, 308I, 401; BIOL 301,        4. Completion of the Core Curriculum: BIOL 477/577 (3);
302, 305; MICR 300I, 302I, 303, 429.                                  BIOL 477L/577L (4); BIOL 473/573 (3); BIOL 480/580 (1);
                                                                      Additional 3 units to be selected in consultation with the
Minor in Microbiology (code 0-7654)                                   program director
    A minimum of 21 units which must include:                      5. Completion of 3 units consisting of an approved research
    Lower Division: MICR 211.                                         project in biotechnology to be taken from one or more of
    Upper Division: MICR 320, 330, and 452; plus a minimum            the following: BIOL 496; CHEM 496; or MICR 496 (under-
of five units from the following: MICR 322, 441, 450, 471, and        graduate students); BIOL 697; CHEM 697; or MICR 697
473.                                                                  (graduate students)
                                                                   6. Total Units Required for Certificate: 18 units


                                                        1997/98 CSULB Catalog • Biological Sciences • 201
Concurrent and/or Summer Enrollment in Another College              4. Official report of scores on the Graduate Record Examina-
   Students who wish to take course work in a community or             tion Subject Test in Biology or the Subject Test in Biochem-
another college to meet curricular requirements while enrolled         istry, Cell, and Molecular Biology. The applicant should
as undergraduates in the College of Natural Sciences and               have taken this examination well prior to applying to the
Mathematics must petition the appropriate department for prior         Department, because the official score must reach the
approval to enroll in specific courses. This policy applies to         Department by the deadlines above.
concurrent enrollment or summer enrollment. University policy       Review by the Graduate Studies Committee
must also be met. See ‘Concurrent Enrollment’ and ‘Transfer of
                                                                       The Graduate Studies Committee will review all folders
Undergraduate Credit’ in this Catalog. Courses not receiving
                                                                    completed by the deadlines and recommend either accep-
prior approval will not be accepted for credit by the depart-
                                                                    tance of the applicant as a Classified or Conditionally Classi-
ment.
                                                                    fied graduate student or deny admission. All accepted
Master of Science in Biology (code 6-7621)                          students who expect to enroll in the next semester must sched-
                                                                    ule an interview with the Graduate Advisor during the in-person
     The available programs in this degree cover a wide spec-
                                                                    registration period that initial semester. This interview will focus
trum of biology and include both laboratory and field study. This
                                                                    on counseling and orienting the applicant with special attention
degree requires a thesis based on original scientific research; a
                                                                    to any academic deficiencies.
list of research areas with the names of faculty specializing in
these areas can be obtained from the Department's Graduate          Admission to the Department of Biological Sciences as a
Office.                                                             Classified Graduate Student (7621-052)
Admission to the Department                                           The Department of Biological Sciences will admit as a Clas-
                                                                  sified graduate student any applicant who:
Prerequisites                                                     1. Has met all prerequisites;
   In addition to the prerequisites for entrance into CSULB as a 2. Has a complete folder of all required documents and;
graduate student stated previously in this Catalog under Gradu-
                                                                  3. Has obtained acceptance by a faculty member as the
ate Degrees and Post Baccalaureate Studies, the Department
                                                                       Chair of the student’s thesis committee.
of Biological Sciences requires:
                                                                      The student should then set up a Program of Study (see
1. A bachelor's degree in the biological or related sciences
                                                                  below).
    with minimum course work similar to the lower division
    requirements of a degree program in the Department of         Admission to the Department of Biological Sciences as a
    Biological Sciences, CSULB, including cell biology and        Conditionally Classified Graduate Student (7621-051)
    statistics, ecology, and genetics (other undergraduate            Applicants who fail to meet the criteria above for Classified
    degrees will be considered by the Graduate Studies            admission to the Department and who fall into one of the fol-
    Committee);                                                   lowing three categories may be considered by the Graduate
2. An undergraduate grade point average in all completed          Studies Committee for admission as Conditionally Classified
    science and math courses of at least 2.70, or a grade point graduate students
    average of at least 3.00 in the last 40 semester (60 quarter) 1. Applicants with course and/or unit deficiencies. The
    units of science and math courses completed; and                   Graduate Studies Committee will determine what deficien-
3. The Graduate Record Examination Subject Test in Biology             cies each applicant has and indicate on the back of the
    or the Subject Test in Biochemistry, Cell, and Molecular           Department Application Form which course(s) the appli-
    Biology, which must have been taken prior to applying to the       cant must take to make up those deficiencies. These
    department. By the end of the second semester in resi-             courses are in addition to the minimum 30 units on the
    dence one of these tests must be passed at, or above, the          student’s Program of Study (see below). The applicant must
    50th percentile. The GRE Subject Test must have been               make up all such deficiencies before attaining Classified
    taken within five years prior to the intended admission date.      status;
Application                                                       2. Applicants with GPA deficiencies. An applicant with a
                                                                       undergraduate GPA in science and math courses between
   Prospective graduate students in M.S. in Biology, including
                                                                       2.50 and 2.75 and a GPA in the last 40 semester (60
CSULB graduates, must formally apply for admission to CSULB
                                                                       quarter) units of science and math courses between 2.75
as described previously in this Catalog and must also apply
                                                                       and 3.00 may secure admission as a Conditionally Classi-
directly to the Department of Biological Sciences. All applicants
                                                                       fied graduate student. The applicant must first obtain
must submit the following documents directly to the Department
                                                                       sponsorship from a Department of Biological Sciences
no later than 15 March for the fall semester or 15 October for
                                                                       faculty member; this faculty member must indicate in
the spring semester to receive consideration for admission:
                                                                       writing to the Graduate Studies Committee willingness to
1. Departmental Application Form, available from the depart-           serve as the Chair of the applicant’s thesis committee and
    mental graduate office;                                            the reasons why the Graduate Studies Committee should
2. Official transcripts of all college level academic work             admit the applicant. Thus, applicants with low GPA must
    including that done at CSULB, in addition to those tran-           contact potential thesis advisors before the Graduate
    scripts required for general graduate admission to CSULB;          Studies Committee can consider the application. In
3. Two letters of recommendation from persons familiar with            addition, an applicant receiving Conditional Classification
    the applicant’s academic performance and research                  must complete, with a grade of A or B, three approved
    potential;                                                         courses totalling at least nine units acceptable to the


 202 • Biological Sciences • 1997/98 CSULB Catalog
   Graduate Studies Committee and the Department Chair              5. Achievement of a score at, or above, the 50th percentile on
   before attaining Classified status. These approved courses          the Graduate Record Examination Subject Test in Biology
   may appear on the student’s Graduate Program of Study. If           or the Subject Test in Biochemistry, Cell, and Molecular
   the applicant receives less than a “B” in any of the three          Biology. This requirement must be met by the end of the
   courses, the applicant cannot continue pursuit of a master’s        second semester in residence. Normally, students not
   degree in this Department. An applicant who fails to meet           meeting this requirement will be dropped from the pro-
   the GPA criteria for normal, Classified admission and has           gram. Only in cases where English is not the student’s
   either an undergraduate GPA in science and math courses             native language or if a disability impedes the student’s
   of less than 2.50 or a GPA in the last 40 semester (60              performance may an alternative be petitioned. In these
   quarter) units of science and math courses of less than             cases, the Chair of her/his Thesis Committee must petition,
   2.75 is not eligible for admission to the M.S. in Biology           in writing, the Graduate Studies Committee to provide an
   degree program.                                                     alternate method for meeting this requirement. This petition
3. Applicants who meet all prerequisites but who do not yet            must provide full documentation of the student’s progress
   have a Chair for the thesis committee. All students must            to date, professional promise, and a schedule for meeting
   obtain a chair and set up a graduate program by the end of          all degree requirements. If granted, the alternate method
   the second semester in residence following admission to             will consist of an exam, oral and/or written, in which the
   the Master of Science program or they will be dropped               student must demonstrate extensive knowledge of the
   from the program.                                                   major areas of biology. The exam committee will consist of
                                                                       three faculty members selected by the Graduate Studies
The Program of Study                                                   Committee. No member of the student’s Thesis Committee
    After admission to the Department as a Classified or Condi-        may serve on this committee. The Graduate Advisor will
tionally Classified graduate student, the student must establish       normally also participate in the examination.
a program of study. The student and Thesis Committee Chair          6. Requests to graduate must be received by Enrollment
will select at least two additional members to serve on the stu-       Services during the preceding May for Spring/Summer
dent’s thesis committee. The Departmental Graduate Advisor             graduation or preceding December for Fall graduation.
serves as an ex-officio member of all thesis committees. Each          Filings after the deadline are not accepted.
student must prepare a written thesis proposal for approval by
the student’s Thesis Committee. The Thesis Committee will           Requirements for the Master of Science in Biology
then meet with the student to determine what courses the stu-       (code 6-7621)
dent must take and indicate them on the M.S. in Biology Grad-          In addition to the general University requirements stated
uate Program Form. The Program of Study must be                     previously in this Catalog, the student must meet the following
established before the end of the second semester after ad-         requirements before receiving the degree of Master of Science
mission to the department; in addition, the University Writing      in Biology.
Proficiency Examination must be passed and a score at, or           1. Advancement to candidacy (see above);
above, the 50th percentile on the Graduate Record Examina-          2. Each program must include six units of Thesis (BIOL 698),
tion Subject Test in Biology or in Biochemistry, Cell, and Molec-       one-three units of Directed Research (BIOL 697), one unit
ular Biology must be achieved by this time. Failure to meet             of Seminars (BIOL 580 or MICR 580), and two units from:
these requirements will result in dismissal from the Depart-            BIOL 661, 662, 663, 664, 665, A/P 661, CHEM 595A; these
ment’s M.S. in Biology program.                                         may be repeated if the topic covered is different. Of the 30
Advancement to Candidacy                                                units, no more than three may come from BIOL 661-665, A/
    In addition to the general university requirements stated           P 661, and CHEM 595A; no more than six may come from
previously under Post-Baccalaureate and Graduate Degrees in             transfer credit; and no more than two 300-level courses
this Catalog, the student must complete the following steps             may be included.
before receiving Candidate status (7621-053) in the Depart-         3. Maintenance of a 3.00 (“B” average), or better, overall
ment of Biological Sciences.                                            graduate grade point average (includes all upper-division
1. Admission to the Department of Biological Sciences                   and graduate level courses taken since admission to this
     Master’s Degree program as a Classified graduate student           University and after completion of the baccalaureate
     (see above);                                                       degree) and graduate program GPA. If either GPA falls
                                                                        below 3.00, it must be elevated to a 3.00 at the end of the
2. Upon evidence of satisfactory progress and completion of
                                                                        following semester or the student will be dropped from their
     the University Writing Proficiency Examination, the thesis
                                                                        graduate program.
     committee may recommend the student for advancement
     to candidacy, by forwarding its recommendation to the          4. Completion of a written thesis, an oral thesis defense, and a
     Department Graduate Advisor, Department Chair, and                 public presentation to the Department of Biological
     Associate Dean for Graduate Accountability in the College          Sciences. The members of the candidate's Thesis
     of Natural Sciences and Mathematics. This should occur at          Committee must have read and approved the thesis before
     least one year before graduation. Upon approval by the             the student may schedule the public presentation. The
     Associate Dean, the student will attain the status of              student may not complete any of these requirements
     Classified graduate standing.                                      during summer sessions.
3. Pass the University Writing Proficiency Examination (WPE);       5. Recognizing that effective organization and verbal commu-
                                                                        nication of biological information and ideas are a neces-
4. Establishment of a thesis committee and program of study
                                                                        sary part of a successful graduate program, the
     (see above);


                                                         1997/98 CSULB Catalog • Biological Sciences • 203
   Department of Biological Sciences normally requires that a         a “B” in any of the three courses, the applicant cannot contin-
   graduate student serves as a teaching associate or                 ue pursuit of a master’s degree in this Department. An appli-
   graduate assistant as part of the Master of Science                cant who fails to meet the GPA criteria for normal, Classified
   program.                                                           admission and who has either an undergraduate GPA in sci-
6. The degree must be completed within 6 years from when              ence and math courses of less than 2.50 or a GPA in the last
   the first course on the program of study was completed,            40 semester (60 quarter) units of science and math courses
   including academic leaves, or the student's degree                 of less than 2.75 is not eligible for admission to the M.S. in
   program will be terminated.                                        Microbiology degree program.
                                                                          Applicants must have completed or will complete prior to
Master of Science in Microbiology (code 6-7654)                       admission to Classified graduate standing in the Microbiolo-
    This degree is available to qualified students preparing for      gy Graduate Program the following core courses:
professional careers in the paramedical sciences in industry          Biochemistry (CHEM 441 A,B or their equivalent; 6 semester
and government, and those preparing for further studies at the             units)
doctoral level. In addition, a masters degree in microbiology,
                                                                      Molecular or Cellular Biology (BIOL 340 or equivalent; 3
combined with appropriate courses in education, can be uti-
                                                                           semester units)
lized for a community college teaching credential.
                                                                      General Microbiology with Laboratory (MICR 211 or equiva-
    Inquiries concerning the graduate program in microbiology
                                                                           lent; 4-5 semester units)
and requests for application forms for graduate admission
should be directed to the Department Graduate Advisor. Pro-           Two upper division Microbiology Laboratory courses (4 or
spective graduate students in microbiology, including CSULB                more semester units each)
graduates must formally apply for admission to CSULB as de-               In addition, applicants should have completed 24 semes-
scribed in the University Catalog and also apply directly to the      ter units or their equivalent of upper division courses appro-
Department of Biological Sciences. Application packets are            priate for a baccalaureate degree in microbiology or related
available from the Department Graduate Office. Preference will        fields. Upper division courses already completed which sat-
be given to applicants filing applications before March 15 for        isfy any of the “core courses” may be included in determin-
the fall semester and before October 15 for the spring semes-         ing these 24 units. Students are required to achieve a grade
ter. All applicants should submit their applications, original        of "B" or better in each “core course”. If students have re-
transcripts, Graduate Record Examination Subject Test                 ceived a "C" or "D", they will be obligated by the Graduate
Scores, and three letters of recommendation to the Graduate           Studies Committee to repeat the course or to demonstrate
Advisor before the above dates. Transcripts and letters of rec-       proficiency in these areas as part of their “entrance require-
ommendations must be sent directly to the Graduate Advisor.           ment”.
    Teaching associateships and graduate assistantships are               The Graduate Record Examination Subject Test in Biology
available within the resources of the Department to qualified         or the Subject Test in Biochemistry, Cell and Molecular Biolo-
individuals. Requests for application forms should be directed        gy must be taken prior to applying to the department. By the
to the Department’s Graduate Office.                                  end of the second semester in residence one of these tests
                                                                      must be passed at, or above, the 50th percentile. The GRE
Prerequisites                                                         must have been taken within 5 years prior to the intended
    A bachelor’s degree with a major in microbiology or related       admission date.
fields from an accredited institution, with an undergraduate              The Department’s Graduate Committee will review each
grade point average in all completed science and math cours-          applicant’s records to determine the student’s overall caliber
es of at least 2.70, (on a 4.0 scale), or a grade point average       for graduate studies, evaluate transcripts to detect any aca-
of at least 3.00 in the last 40 semester (60 quarter) units of sci-   demic deficiencies, and counsel the student in his/her cho-
ence and math courses completed.                                      sen discipline. A qualified student is thus admitted with
    Applicants with GPA deficiencies. An applicant with an            Conditionally Classified graduate standing to the graduate
undergraduate GPA in science and math courses between                 degree curriculum in microbiology.
2.50 and 2.75 and a GPA in the last 40 semester (60 quarter)
                                                                      Advancement to Candidacy
units of science and math courses between 2.75 and 3.00 may
secure admission as a Conditionally Classified graduate stu-          1. A 3.0 GPA and the completion of all academic deficien-
dent. The applicant must first obtain sponsorship from a De-             cies and incompletes.
partment of Biological Sciences faculty member; this faculty          2. Achievement of a score at, or above, the 50th percentile
member must indicate in writing to the Graduate Studies Com-             on the Graduate Record Examination Subject Test in
mittee willingness to serve as the chair of the applicant’s thesis       Biology or the Subject Test in Biochemistry, Cell, and
committee and the reasons why the Graduate Studies Commit-               Molecular Biology. This requirement must be met by the
tee should admit the applicant. Thus, applicants with low GPA            end of the second semester in residence. Normally,
must contact potential thesis advisors before the Graduate               students not meeting this requirement will be dropped
Studies Committee can consider their application. In addition,           from the program. Only in cases where English is not the
an applicant receiving Conditional Classification must com-              student’s native language or if a disability impedes the
plete, with a grade of A or B, three approved courses totalling          student’s performance may an alternative be petitioned.
at least nine units acceptable to the Graduate Studies Commit-           In these cases, the chair of her/his thesis committee must
tee and the Department Chair before attaining Classified sta-            petition, in writing, the Graduate Studies Committee to
tus. These approved courses may appear on the student’s                  provide an alternate method for meeting this requirement.
Graduate Program of Study. If the applicant receives less than           This petition must provide full documentation of the


 204 • Biological Sciences • 1997/98 CSULB Catalog
     student’s promise, and schedule for meeting all degree         3. Completion of a written thesis, an oral thesis defense, and
     requirements. If granted, the alternate method will consist       a public presentation to the Department of Biological
     of an exam, oral and/or written, in which the student must        Sciences. The members of the candidate's Thesis
     demonstrate extensive knowledge of the major areas of             Committee must have read and approved the thesis
     biological sciences. The exam committee will consist of           before the student may schedule the public presentation.
     three faculty members selected by the Graduate Studies            The student may not complete any of these requirements
     Committee. No member of the student’s Thesis Committee            during summer sessions.
     may serve on this committee. The Graduate Advisor will         4. Recognizing that effective organization and communica-
     normally also participate in the examination.                     tion of biological information and ideas are a necessary
3.   The satisfactory completion of the University Writing             part of a successful graduate program, the Department of
     Proficiency Examination.                                          Biological Sciences normally requires that a graduate
4.   As early as possible and within one year after acceptance         student serves as a teaching associate or graduate
     by the Department as a Conditionally Classified graduate          assistant as part of the Master of Science program.
     student, each graduate student must choose a thesis            5. The degree must be completed within 6 years from when
     advisor who will establish the student’s Thesis Committee         the first course on the program of study was completed,
     consisting of at least three members (including the thesis        including academic leaves, or the student's degree
     advisor and at least one other member of the Department           program will be terminated.
     with expertise specific to the student’s chosen field of
     interest in microbiology).                                     Master of Public Health
5.   The Thesis Committee will formulate the student’s graduate         The Master of Public Health degree is planned for profes-
     degree program (a minimum of 30 units).                        sionals who have already had experience within a
                                                                    health-related field. It is designed to be completed within 12
6.   Upon evidence of satisfactory progress and completion of
                                                                    months of full-time study. There is a core curriculum with two
     the University Writing Proficiency Examination, the Thesis
                                                                    options. Rather than a thesis, field experience and a compre-
     Committee may recommend the student for advancement
                                                                    hensive examination are required. The program has few elec-
     to candidacy, by forwarding its recommendation to the
                                                                    tive courses. The Department of Biological Sciences offers
     Department Graduate Advisor, Department Chair, and
                                                                    two options under this degree program.
     Associate Dean for Graduate Accountability in the College
     of Natural Sciences and Mathematics. This should occur           Option in Medical Laboratory Supervision
     at least one year before graduation. Upon approval by the        (code 7-7657)
     Associate Dean, the student will attain the status of
     Classified graduate standing.                                      This option provides advanced instruction necessary for
                                                                    licensed laboratory personnel to advance to senior laboratory
7.   Requests to graduate must be received by Enrollment
                                                                    and supervisory positions.
     Services during the preceding May for Spring/Summer
     graduation or preceding December for Fall graduation.            Option in Nursing Epidemiology (code 7-7656)
     Filings after the deadline are not accepted.
                                                                        This option provides advanced instruction for licensed
Requirement                                                         nurses with bachelor degrees who wish to be infection con-
1. The completion of a minimum of 30 semester units. At least       trol nurses or practicing epidemiologists in hospitals and
    20 of these units must be in the 500-600 level courses of       hospital-related environments.
    which a minimum of 18 units must be in the Microbiology         Prerequisites
    500-600 series including 2 courses in the Microbiology 550
                                                                        Criteria for admission to the program are: (1) a bachelor’s
    series. Required courses include:
                                                                    degree in biological science with medical laboratory/clinical
   MICR 450 or an upper division/graduate course in genet-          laboratory scientist emphasis for the medical laboratory su-
   ics; MICR 471 or an upper division/graduate course in cell       pervisor option, or a bachelor’s degree in nursing for the
   physiology; MICR 550A-G courses (minimum: any two of             nurse epidemiology option; (2) minimum overall GPA of 2.5;
   the four courses); MICR 694; MICR 695 (minimum of one            (3) three letters of recommendation; and (4) two years of
   and a maximum of two enrollments in different topic areas);      full-time professional experience.
   MICR 697 (maximum of 3 units, Independent research/ in-
   tensive study approved under guidance of a faculty mem-          Advancement to Candidacy
   ber. Work completed is not research for the thesis.); MICR       1. Upon acceptance by the Department, a committee will be
   698 (minimum of 4 units and a maximum of 6 units. Two               established for each student specific to her/his chosen
   units to include literature search, written proposal, and pre-      and related fields of interest;
   sentation to student’s thesis committee). Other elective         2. After satisfactory completion of all prerequisites, the
   units included in the graduate program must be 400-600              committee will recommend the qualified student for
   level courses acceptable to the University and microbiolo-          advancement to candidacy.
   gy degree program;
                                                                    Requirements for the Master of Public Health
2. A reading knowledge of a foreign language or computer
    competency may be required, depending upon the                  1. Completion of 30 units of approved course work, of which
    candidate’s program of study as recommended by the                 at least 15 must be in 500 and 600 level courses;
    candidate’s Thesis Committee;                                   2. Satisfactory performance in the field experience;




                                                        1997/98 CSULB Catalog • Biological Sciences • 205
3. A final comprehensive examination after course work and               Upper Division
     field experience are completed.
                                                                         305. ## Pathophysiology (3) F,S
    All students must take the following core curriculum: BIOL           Prerequisites: A/P 207; CHEM 302; MICR 200. Pathogenesis
565, MICR 429, HCA 500, H/SC 528.                                        and pathophysiology of common disorders of human nervous,
                                                                         musculoskeletal, endocrine, cardiovascular, respiratory, excreto-
    For Option I, Medical Laboratory Supervisor, the following
                                                                         ry, digestive and reproductive systems with emphasis on the
courses are required: EE 407, MICR 691, 696.                             physiological basis of the disease process and clinical correla-
    For Option II, Nurse Epidemiologist, the following courses           tions. Not designed for majors in the College of Natural Sciences
are required: EE 407, MICR 425, 691, 696.                                and Mathematics. Not open to students with credit in A/P 345.
                                                                         (Lecture 3 hrs.)
    For both degree options a student who wishes to demon-
                                                                         306.## Human Prosection (3) F Odd Yr
strate prior competence by examination and/or course work in             Prerequisites: A/P 208 or BIOL 332 and consent of instructor.
either a core or option requirement may be permitted to substi-          Detailed regional dissection of the human body with emphasis on
tute a course(s) in the same or a related area with the approval         dissection techniques. (Lecture 1 hr., laboratory 6 hrs.) A course
of both the student’s faculty advisor and an instructor of the           fee may be required. Traditional grading only.
specific course(s) in which the student seeks to demonstrate             307. ## Physiology for Therapists (4) F,S
her/his prior competence to complete the total of 30 units re-           Prerequisites: Admission to the Professional Physical Therapy
                                                                         Program or consent of instructor. Mechanisms of action and in-
quired for the degree. Elective courses for the two options may
                                                                         teraction of the various body systems, including the implications
be selected from upper division or graduate courses in micro-            related to clinical and therapeutic treatment procedures. Not de-
biology, biology, chemistry, psychology or business adminis-             signed for majors in the College of Natural Sciences and Mathe-
tration, in consultation with the faculty advisor and the advisory       matics. (Lecture 3 hrs., laboratory 3 hrs.) A course fee may be
committee.                                                               required.
                                                                         308I. ## Human Body and Mind (3) F,S
Anatomy and Physiology Courses (A/P)                                     Prerequisites: ENGL 100 and upper division status. A course de-
                                                                         signed to facilitate understanding of the human being as an inte-
Students pursuing a major and/or a minor in this Department              grated physiological and psychological entity. It presents clear
may receive unit credit for courses marked with the symbol               and simple explanations of various aspects of the human body’s
‘##’ as a general elective but may not apply the units toward            function, development and care, and explores the interaction
                                                                         between body and mind in physiological, medical and psycho-
the specific or elective requirements for any degree or option           logical terms. (Lecture 3 hrs.)
in this Department. Majors in this Department may, however,
                                                                         *340. Comparative Animal Physiology (3) F,S
take, for general education purposes, interdisciplinary courses          Prerequisites: BIOL 211A,B with a grade of “C” or better. Com-
offered by this Department. All other courses in this Depart-            parison of the fundamental physiological processes of the major
ment are open to majors and minors but by traditional grading            animal phyla. (Lecture 3 hrs.)
only. Courses with an asterisk may be used in graduate pro-              *340L. Laboratory in Comparative Animal Physiology (1)
grams.                                                                   F,S
                                                                         Prerequisite: A/P 340 (may be taken concurrently). Laboratory
Lower Division                                                           course designed to acquaint students with direct observation and
107. ## Human Biology (4) F,S                                            measurement of physiological processes in various animal
Prerequisites: Three years of high school mathematics including          groups, both invertebrate and vertebrate. (Laboratory 3 hrs.) A
algebra, geometry, and intermediate algebra (or MATH 010); four          course fee may be required.
years of high school English (or ENGL 001). A brief survey of hu-        *342. Mammalian Physiology (3) F,S
man biology focusing on anatomy, physiology, and development of          Prerequisites: BIOL 211A,B with a grade of “C” or better. Recom-
cells, tissues, organs, and organ systems; including molecular           mended: PHYS 100A-B. A course dealing with the function of the
biology, genetics, ecology, evolution, and diversity. Specifically       various mammalian body systems, especially of humans. Empha-
designed for non-science majors. (Lecture 3 hrs., laboratory 3           sis will be placed on the integration of homeostatic mechanisms
hrs.) A course fee may be required.                                      of the nervous, muscular, endocrine, cardiovascular, respiratory,
206. ## Essentials of Pharmacology (2) F,S                               renal, digestive and reproductive systems. (Lecture 3 hrs.)
Prerequisites: A/P 207. A systematic study of drugs, their classifi-     *342L. Laboratory in Physiology (1) F,S
cation, methods and routes of administration, therapeutic and toxic      Prerequisite: A/P 342 (may be taken concurrently.) Experiments
effects with emphasis on nursing implications. Not designed for          and exercises designed to provide laboratory experience in, and
majors in the College of Natural Sciences and Mathematics. Not           illustration of, physiological principles and mechanisms of inter-
open to students with credit in A/P 246. (Lecture 2 hrs.)                action among the various body systems. (Laboratory 3 hrs.) A
207. ## Human Physiology (4) F,S                                         course fee may be required.
Prerequisites: Four years of high school English (or ENGL 001);          401. ## Biology of Human Aging (3) F
three years of high school mathematics including algebra, geome-         Prerequisites: A/P 107 or 207 or BIOL 200. Biological processes
try, and intermediate algebra (or MATH 010). General introduction        associated with aging in humans. Emphasis on both cellular and
to the functional integration of human body systems. Designed for        organ aging. Not designed for majors in the College of Natural
majors in biomedical engineering, physical education, and the            Sciences and Mathematics. (Lecture 3 hrs.)
allied health fields. Not open to students with a "C" or better in A/P
                                                                         442./542. Neurophysiology (3) F
209. (Lecture 3 hrs., laboratory 3 hrs.) A course fee may be re-
                                                                         Prerequisites: PHYS 100A, B; six units selected from A/P 340,
quired.
                                                                         342, or 440. (Undergraduates register in A/P 442; graduates reg-
208. ## Human Anatomy (4) F,S                                            ister in A/P 542.) Study of the mechanisms by which excitable
Prerequisites: Four years of high school English (or ENGL 001);          cells function and of the sensory, motor, and integrative systems
three years of high school mathematics including algebra, geome-         in which they participate. Representative examples will be se-
try, and intermediate algebra (or MATH 010). The gross anatomy,          lected from vertebrate and invertebrate phyla. (Lecture 3 hrs.)
histology, and neuroanatomy of the human body. Designed for
majors in physical education and the allied health fields. Not
open to students with a "C" or better in A/P 202. (Lecture 3 hrs.,
laboratory 3 hrs.) A course fee may be required.



 206 • Biological Sciences • 1997/98 CSULB Catalog
                                                                       546./446. Respiratory and Renal Physiology (3) F
Anatomy and Physiology Courses (A/P)                                   Prerequisites: A/P 340 or 342; PHYS 100A, B. (Undergraduates
                                                                       enroll in A/P 446; graduates enroll in A/P 546.) Functions of and
443./543. Endocrinology (3) F,S
                                                                       interactions between the respiratory and renal systems of mam-
Prerequisites: CHEM 327 or 320A; six units selected from BIOL
                                                                       mals. (Lecture 3 hrs.)
340, A/P 340, 342, 442/542, 447/547, CHEM 441A, or 448. (Un-
dergraduates enroll in A/P 443; graduates enroll in A/P 543.) Role     547./447. Cell and Molecular Neurobiology (3) S
of the endocrines in vertebrate and invertebrate adjustment to         Prerequisites: Six units selected from BIOL 340; A/P 340, 542,
changes in the internal and external environment. (Lecture 3 hrs.)     543; CHEM 441A, B. (Undergraduates register in A/P 447; gradu-
                                                                       ates register in A/P 547.) Study of the molecular, cellular, and de-
445./545. Metabolic Regulation (3) F
                                                                       velopmental principles that underlie the functioning of the nervous
Prerequisites: CHEM 441B or A/P 443/543. (Undergraduates reg-
                                                                       system in the control of physiological and behavioral processes.
ister in A/P 445; graduates register in A/P 545.) Study of molecular
                                                                       Focus on mechanisms of electrical signaling and principles of syn-
mechanisms by which intermediary metabolism is regulated in
                                                                       aptic biochemistry, development, and plasticity. (Lecture 3 hrs.)
various mammalian tissues with emphasis on mechanisms of hor-
mone action and their role in the regulation of some key enzymes       590./490. Special Topics in Physiology (1-3) F,S
of carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism. (Lecture 3 hrs.)          Prerequisites: BIOL 211A, B, with grade of “C” or better, consent
                                                                       of instructor. (Undergraduates register in A/P 490; graduates reg-
446./546. Respiratory and Renal Physiology (3) F
                                                                       ister in A/P 590.) Topics from selected areas of physiology.
Prerequisites: A/P 340 or 342; PHYS 100A, B. (Undergraduates
                                                                       Course content will vary from section to section. May be repeated
enroll in A/P 446; graduates enroll in A/P 546.) Functions of and
                                                                       for credit for a maximum of six units toward any single degree.
interactions between the respiratory and renal systems of mam-
                                                                       Topics may be announced in the Schedule of Classes. Traditional
mals. (Lecture 3 hrs.)
                                                                       grading only. (Lecture 1-3 hrs.)
447./547. Cell and Molecular Neurobiology (3) S
                                                                       590L./490L. Special Topics Laboratory in Physiology (1-2)
Prerequisites: Six units selected from BIOL 340; A/P 340, 442,
443; CHEM 441A, B. (Undergraduates register in A/P 447; gradu-         F,S
ates register in A/P 547.) Study of the molecular, cellular, and de-   Prerequisites: BIOL 211A, B, with grade of “C” or better, consent
velopmental principles that underlie the functioning of the nervous    of instructor. (Undergraduates register in A/P 490L; graduates
system in the control of physiological and behavioral processes.       register in A/P 590L.) Topics from selected areas of physiology.
Focus on mechanisms of electrical signaling and principles of syn-     Course content will vary from section to section. May be repeated
aptic biochemistry, development, and plasticity. (Lecture 3 hrs.)      for credit for a maximum of four units toward any single degree.
                                                                       Topics may be announced in the Schedule of Classes. Traditional
490./590. Special Topics in Physiology (1-3) F,S                       grading only. (Laboratory 3 or 6 hrs.) A course fee may be re-
Prerequisites: BIOL 211A, B, with grade of “C” or better, consent      quired.
of instructor. (Undergraduates register in A/P 490; graduates reg-
ister in A/P 590.) Topics from selected areas of physiology.           661. Seminar in Anatomy and Physiology (1) F,S
Course content will vary from section to section. May be repeated      Critical evaluation of the primary literature of this field, including
for credit for a maximum of six units toward any single degree.        oral and/or written presentation of critiques. (Seminar 1 hr.)
Topics may be announced in the Schedule of Classes. Traditional
grading only. (Lecture 1-3 hrs.)                                       Biology Courses (BIOL)
490L./590L. Special Topics Laboratory in Physiology (1-2)              Students pursuing a major and/or a minor in this Department
F,S                                                                    may receive unit credit for courses marked with the symbol
Prerequisites: BIOL 211A, B, with grade of “C” or better, consent      ‘##’ as a general elective but may not apply the units toward
of instructor. (Undergraduates register in A/P 490L; graduates         the specific or elective requirements for any degree or option
register in A/P 590L.) Topics from selected areas of physiology.
Course content will vary from section to section. May be repeated      in this Department. Majors in this department may, however,
for credit for a maximum of four units toward any single degree.       take, for general education purposes, interdisciplinary cours-
Topics may be announced in the Schedule of Classes. Traditional        es offered by this Department. All other courses in this De-
grading only. (Laboratory 3 or 6 hrs.) A course fee may be re-         partment are open to majors and minors but by traditional
quired.
                                                                       grading only. Courses with an asterisk may be used in gradu-
                                                                       ate programs.
Graduate Division
542./442. Neurophysiology (3) F
Prerequisites: PHYS 100A, B; six units selected from A/P 340, 342,
                                                                       Lower Division
or 440. (Undergraduates register in A/P 442; graduates register in     100. ## Biology of the Human Environment (3) F,S
A/P 542.) Study of the mechanisms by which excitable cells func-       Prerequisites: Three years of high school mathematics including
tion and of the sensory, motor, and integrative systems in which       algebra, geometry, and intermediate algebra (or MATH 010) or the
they participate. Representative examples will be selected from        equivalent. Biological perspective on the interaction between hu-
vertebrate and invertebrate phyla. (Lecture 3 hrs.)                    mans and their environment. Specifically designed for non-science
543./443. Endocrinology (3) F,S                                        majors. (Lecture 3 hrs.)
Prerequisites: CHEM 327 or 320A; six units selected from BIOL          200. ## General Biology (4) F,S
340, A/P 340, 342, 442/542, 447/547, CHEM 441A, or CHEM 448.           Prerequisites: Three years of high school mathematics including
(Undergraduates enroll in A/P 443; graduates enroll in A/P 543.)       algebra, geometry, and intermediate algebra (or MATH 010) or the
Role of the endocrines in vertebrate and invertebrate adjustment       equivalent. A brief survey of the major areas of biology including
to changes in the internal and external environment. (Lecture 3        cell biology, genetics, evolution, phylogeny, plant and animal anat-
hrs.)                                                                  omy and physiology, ecology, and behavior. Specifically designed
545./445. Metabolic Regulation (3) F                                   for non-science majors. (Lecture 3 hrs., laboratory 3 hrs.) A
Prerequisites: CHEM 441B or A/P 443/543. (Undergraduates reg-          course fee may be required.
ister in A/P 445; graduates register in A/P 545.) Study of molecular   201. ## Marine Natural History (3) F,S
mechanisms by which intermediary metabolism is regulated in            Prerequisites: Three years of high school mathematics including
various mammalian tissues with emphasis on mechanisms of hor-          algebra, geometry, and intermediate algebra (or MATH 010) or the
mone action and their role in the regulation of some key enzymes       equivalent. Scientific approach to the study of marine organisms
of carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism. (Lecture 3 hrs.)          and their relationships to the environment. Emphasis on human




                                                           1997/98 CSULB Catalog • Biological Sciences • 207
interaction with marine ecosystems. Specifically designed for           *324. Vertebrate Zoology (4) F,S
non-science majors. (Lecture 2 hrs., laboratory and field 3 hrs.)       Prerequisite: BIOL 211A,B with grade of “C” or better. An evolu-
Field trips may be required outside of scheduled class time. A          tionary and systematic survey of the living vertebrates. Emphasis
course fee may be required.                                             on the phylogenetic origin and the morphological and physiologi-
211A. Biological Sciences I (5) F, S                                    cal adaptations of the major groups. Not open for major credit if
Prerequisite: CHEM 111A with a grade of “C” or better. Prerequi-        more than one of the following courses has been previously tak-
site or corequisite: CHEM 111B. The first of a two- semester intro-     en; BIOL 419, 421 or 423. (Lecture 2 hrs., laboratory 6 hrs.) A
ductory sequence designed for biological science majors. An             course fee may be required.
introduction to cellular and molecular principles common to all life    328. Plants and Human Affairs (3) F,S
forms including biological macromolecules, cell structure, metab-       Prerequisites: BIOL 211A,B with grade of “C” or better. Economic
olism, genetics, and molecular biology. Also includes microbiolo-       and social role of plants and plant products in our civilization
gy of prokaryotes and the origin of life. (Lecture 3 hrs., laboratory   from a botanical perspective. Emphasis on the origins, methods
6 hrs.) A course fee may be required.                                   of processing and uses of plants. (Lecture 3 hrs.)
211B. Biological Sciences II (5) F, S                                   *332. Comparative Vertebrate Morphology (4) S
Prerequisites: BIOL 211A, CHEM 111B with a grade of “C” or bet-         Prerequisites: BIOL 211A, B with grade of “C” or better. Evolu-
ter. The second of a two-semester introductory sequence de-             tionary history of vertebrate structure. Lecture emphasizes pri-
signed for biological science majors. An introduction to                marily gross adult structure and secondarily embryonic origin
organismal biology, including the diversity, structure, and function    and microanatomy. Laboratory focuses on comparative anatomy
of protists, fungi, plants, and animals. Also includes the principles   of shark, salamander, and mammal. (Lecture 2 hrs., laboratory 6
of evolution, ecology, and animal behavior. (Lecture 3 hrs, labora-     hrs.) A course fee may be required.
tory 6 hrs.) A course fee may be required.
                                                                        *333. Vertebrate Embryology (4) F,S
260. Biostatistics (3) F,S                                              Prerequisite: BIOL 211A,B with grade of “C” or better. A compar-
Prerequisites: BIOL 211A or A/P 207 or MICR 200; MATH 112 or            ative study of gametogenesis, fertilization, cleavage, blastulation,
117 or 119A or 122. Use of probability and statistics in the de-        gastrulation, neurulation, primary embryonic induction, and the
scription and analysis of biological data. (Lecture 2 hrs., laborato-   development of organs and systems. Emphasis on frog, chick,
ry 3 hrs.) A course fee may be required.                                and human development. (Lecture 2 hrs., laboratory 6 hrs.) A
                                                                        course fee may be required.
                                                                        *340. Molecular Cell Biology (3) F,S
Upper Division                                                          Prerequisites: BIOL 211B; CHEM 320B or 327. Detailed study of
                                                                        the organization and functioning of cells and cellular organelles
303I. ## Coastal Systems and Human Impacts (3) F,S                      at the molecular level; emphasis on experimental approaches
Prerequisites: ENGL 100 and upper division status; BIOL 200 or          and structural/functional relationships. Individual research paper
201 or 211B; GEOL 102 or 160. Defines and describes natural             on a current aspect of cellular/molecular biology required. (Lec-
processes impacting human activities in the coastal zone and how        ture 3 hrs.)
human practices influence natural processes. Topics include glo-
bal warming, sea level rise, El Nino, port development, ocean out-      *350. General Ecology (3) F,S
falls and water quality, fisheries, and coastal erosion. Same           Prerequisites: BIOL 211A,B with grade of “C” or better, 260;
course as GEOL 303I. (Lecture 3 hrs.)                                   MATH 112 or 119A. Chemistry and physics recommended. Rela-
                                                                        tionships of plants and animals to their physical and biological
*312. Evolutionary Biology (3) F                                        environment; structure and function of populations, communities
Prerequisites: BIOL 211A,B, 260; NSCI 200. A general survey of          and ecosystems. (Lecture 3 hrs., and two required Saturday field
the various areas of evolutionary biology including but not limited     trips.)
to population genetics, speciation, origin of life, and phylogenetic
analysis. Main emphasis is on evolutionary mechanisms and               *351. Animal Behavior (4) F,S
methods of analysis with some emphasis on specific details of the       Prerequisite: BIOL 211A,B with grade of “C” or better. Introduc-
evolutionary history of life. Traditional grading only. (Lecture 3      tion to vertebrate and invertebrate ethology; innate and learned
hrs.)                                                                   behavior, sensory adaptation and communication, activity
                                                                        rhythms, navigation and migration, predator-prey interactions,
*313. Invertebrate Zoology (4) F,S                                      and social behaviors including aggression, courtship and mating.
Prerequisite: BIOL 211A,B with grade of “C” or better. Basic taxon-     Emphasis on ecological and evolutionary aspects. (Lecture 3
omy, morphology, ecology, and distribution of the invertebrates.        hrs., laboratory 3 hrs.) A course fee may be required.
Protozoa through Arthropoda, excluding Insecta, but including
Protochordates; emphasis on local marine forms. (Lecture 2 hrs.,        *353. Marine Biology (3) F
laboratory and field 6 hrs.) A course fee may be required.              Prerequisites: BIOL 260, 313. Study of pelagic and benthic ma-
                                                                        rine ecosystems, including topics of food resources, mariculture
*314. Biology of the Protozoa (4) F                                     and pollution. Weekend field trips may be required. (Lecture 2
Prerequisites: BIOL 211A,B with grade of “C” or better. A compar-       hrs., laboratory and field 3 hrs.) A course fee may be required.
ative study of certain morphological, physiological and life history
features of representative protozoan species. Emphasis in the           370. General Genetics (4) F,S
laboratory on optical, cytochemical, nutritional and other experi-      Prerequisites: Either both BIOL 211B with grade of “C” or better
mental techniques. (Lecture 2 hrs., laboratory 6 hrs.) A course fee     and BIOL 260 or CHEM 441B. Detailed study of classical trans-
may be required.                                                        mission genetics and an introduction to modern molecular genet-
                                                                        ics. Included will be current observations and concepts of the
*315. General Animal Parasitology (4) S                                 nature, organization, function and regulation of the expression of
Prerequisites: BIOL 211A,B with grade of “C” or better. The com-        genetic material. (Lecture 3 hrs., laboratory 3 hrs.) A course fee
parative morphology, systematics, and life history of protozoan         may be required.
and invertebrate parasites of animals, including but not restricted
to those of humans. Emphasis on life cycles, the host-parasite          413./513. Marine Zooplankton (4) S, Even Years
interaction, and host examination and staining. (Lecture 2 hrs.,        Prerequisite: BIOL 313, may be taken concurrently. (Undergradu-
laboratory 6 hrs.) A course fee may be required.                        ates register in BIOL 413; graduates register in BIOL 513.) Diver-
                                                                        sity, natural history, taxonomy and identification of marine
*316. General Entomology (3) S                                          zooplankton, including ichthyoplankton. Emphasis on fauna of the
Prerequisites: BIOL 211A,B with grade of “C” or better. Character-      California coast. (Lecture 2 hrs., laboratory and field 6 hrs.) A
istics, structure, habits, and life cycles of insects; the importance   course fee may be required.
of insects to humans and other organisms. (Lecture 2 hrs., labo-
ratory 3 hrs.) A course fee may be required.




208 • Biological Sciences • 1997/98 CSULB Catalog
                                                                         nomenclature and phylogeny; emphasis in the laboratory is on the
Biology Courses (BIOL)                                                   identification and classification of native and introduced plants of
                                                                         Southern California. (Lecture 2 hrs., laboratory and field 6 hrs.) A
414./514. Marine Ornithology (3) F                                       course fee may be required.
Prerequisites: BIOL 353 (may be taken concurrently) or permis-
sion of instructor. (Undergraduates register in BIOL 414; gradu-         428./528. Biology of the Giant Kelp (3) S
ates register in BIOL 514.) Designed to familiarize marine biology       Prerequisites: BIOL 353, 425, or 439 with a grade of “C” or better.
students with the role of birds in the marine environment. Topics        (Undergraduates register in BIOL 428; graduates register in BIOL
include ecology, distribution, behavior, and identification of ma-       528.) A study of the physiology, reproductive biology, anatomy,
rine birds. Library report, independent field project, and atten-        taxonomy, and ecology of the ecologically and economically impor-
dance on field trips required. (Lecture 1 hr., laboratory and field 6    tant kelp genus Macrocystis. (Lecture 3 hrs.)
hrs.) A course fee may be required.                                      433./533. Developmental Biology (3) S
417./517. Biology of Marine Benthic Invertebrates (3) S,                 Prerequisites: BIOL 370; CHEM 320A,B. (Undergraduates register
Odd Years                                                                in BIOL 433; graduates register in BIOL 533.) Presentation of cur-
Prerequisites: BIOL 313, 353. (Undergraduates register in BIOL           rent topics and experimental approaches in cell differentiation and
417; graduates register in BIOL 517.) Topics include benthic             development with emphasis on examination of these processes at
community structure and function, benthic-pelagic coupling, ani-         the molecular level. Topics include gametogenesis, fertilization,
mal sediment relationships, animal interactions, and marine pollu-       differential gene expression, and role of oncogenes in develop-
tion ecology. Laboratory emphasis will be on identification of local     ment. (Lecture/discussion 3 hrs.) A course fee may be required.
forms. (Lecture 2 hrs., laboratory and field 3 hrs.) A course fee        *439. Plant Morphology (4) F
may be required.                                                         Prerequisite: BIOL 211A,B with grade of “C” or better. Comparative
*419. Ichthyology (3) F                                                  structure, life history and phylogenetic relationships of plants. (Lec-
Prerequisites: BIOL 211A,B with grade of “C” or better; BIOL 260;        ture 2 hrs., laboratory 6 hrs.) A course fee may be required.
and eight units of upper division biology. Taxonomy, morphology,         447./547. Molecular Plant Physiology (3) S
physiology and ecology of fishes. Emphasis on local marine               Prerequisites: BIOL 340, 370, both with grade of "C" or better. (Un-
forms. (Lecture 2 hrs., laboratory 3 hrs.) A course fee may be           dergraduates enroll in BIOL 447; graduates enroll in BIOL 547.)
required.                                                                Current molecular approaches to classical topics including plant
420./520. Advanced Ichthyology (2) S, Even years                         hormones, photosynthesis, resistance to plant pathogens, adapta-
Prerequisite: BIOL 260, 419. (Undergraduates enroll in BIOL 420;         tion of plants to environmental stress, and development of plants.
graduates enroll in BIOL 520.) Selected subjects on distribution,        (Lecture 3 hrs.)
classification, physiology, adaptations, and life histories of fishes;   447L./547L. Molecular Plant Physiology Laboratory (1) S
emphasis on recent studies and new concepts. (Lecture 1 hr.,             Prerequisites: BIOL 447 (may be taken concurrently). (Undergradu-
laboratory and field 3 hrs.) A course fee may be required.               ates register in BIOL 447L; graduates register in BIOL 547L). Lab-
*421. Herpetology (3) S, Odd Years                                       oratory experiments covering classical and molecular plant
Prerequisites: BIOL 211A, B, 260, with grades of "C" or better,          physiology. (Laboratory 3 hrs.) A course fee may be required.
and eight units of upper division biology. Taxonomy, natural histo-      450./549. Plant Ecology (3) S
ry, ecology and distribution of amphibians and reptiles, emphasis        Prerequisites: BIOL 427 or 447, BIOL 260. (Undergraduates regis-
on local forms. Weekend field trip required. (Lecture 2 hrs., lab-       ter in BIOL 450; graduates register in BIOL 549.) Relationship of
oratory and field 3 hrs.) A course fee may be required.                  plants to their environment and principles of plant distribution.
422./522. Advanced Ornithology (2) F                                     (Lecture 2 hrs., laboratory and field 3 hrs.) A course fee may be
Prerequisite: BIOL 424 or consent of instructor. (Undergraduates         required.
enroll in BIOL 422; graduates enroll in BIOL 522.) Systematic sur-       *453. Insect Ecology (3) S
vey of birds of the world with emphasis on systems of classifica-        Prerequisite: BIOL 316. Field and experimental studies of abun-
tion, morphology, evolution and distribution. Special                    dance dispersal, distribution and behavior. (Lecture 2 hrs., labora-
consideration will be given to recent studies and new concepts.          tory and field 3 hrs.) A course fee may be required.
(Lecture 1 hr., laboratory 3 hrs.) A course fee may be required.
                                                                         454./554. Research in Tropical Marine Ecology (2) S, Even
*423. Mammalogy (3) F, Even Years                                        Years
Prerequisites: BIOL 211A, B, 260, all with grade of “C” or better,       Prerequisites: BIOL 260, either 350 or 353, and 313 or 413 or 419
and at least six units of upper division course work in biological       or 425. (Undergraduates register in BIOL 454; graduates register
sciences; BIOL 324 or 332 highly recommended. Phylogenetic               in BIOL 554.) Field and laboratory studies, lectures, and individual
survey of the living mammals of the world. Lecture emphasizes            research on tropical marine biological problems. Designed to en-
the radiation of the orders and families and their morphology,           gage students in experimental research, including: recognizing a
physiology, and behavior; laboratory emphasizes external and             problem, designing and carrying out a project, statistical data anal-
skeletal morphology of these same taxa and identification of Cali-       ysis, and oral and written report presentation. An eight-day field
fornia species. (Lecture 2 hrs., laboratory 3 hrs.) A course fee         trip to Hawaii will be required during the spring recess at student
may be required.                                                         expense. Enrollment is limited. (Lecture 1 hr., 8 day field trip.) A
*424. Ornithology (3) S, Even Years                                      course fee may be required.
Prerequisites: BIOL 211A,B with grade of “C” or better and eight         455./555. Ecology of Marine Communities (3) F
units of upper division biology. Morphology, physiology, taxono-         Prerequisites: BIOL 260, 350, 353. (Undergraduates register in
my, ecology and behavior of birds; emphasis on laboratory and            BIOL 455; graduates register in BIOL 555.) Discussion of field
field study of adaptations of local forms. (Lecture 2 hrs., laborato-    studies on ecological principles related to marine communities.
ry and field 3 hrs.) A course fee may be required.                       Includes an individual field research project and two class
*425. Phycology (3) F,S                                                  projects. (Lecture 2 hrs., field 3 hrs.) A course fee may be re-
Prerequisites: BIOL 211A,B with grade of “C” or better. Taxonomy,        quired.
phylogeny, and physiology of algae, including the physiological          456./556. Advanced Population Ecology (3) S, Even Years
ecology of marine macroalgae; emphasis on local marine forms.            Prerequisites: BIOL 350, MATH 119B or 123. (Undergraduates
(Lecture 2 hrs., laboratory and field 3 hrs.) A course fee may be        register in BIOL 456; graduates in BIOL 556.) Analysis of charac-
required.                                                                teristics of animal and plant populations including population
*427. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants (4) S                                  growth and regulation, competition, predation, parasitism, and oth-
Prerequisite: BIOL 211A,B with grade of “C” or better. Principles        er intraspecific and interspecific interactions; population fluctua-
and methods of vascular plant systematics, including history,            tions; spatial patterns. (Lecture 3 hrs.)




                                                            1997/98 CSULB Catalog • Biological Sciences • 209
457./557. Field Methods in Ecology (3) S, Odd Years                     croscopy. Individual research project required. Enrollment limited.
Prerequisites: BIOL 260, 350. (Undergraduates register in BIOL          (Lecture 2 hrs., laboratory 6 hrs.) A course fee may be required.
457; graduates in BIOL 557.) Design of field research projects,         473./573. Molecular Genetics (3) S
collection and analysis of data, writing and presentation of reports.   Prerequisite: BIOL 370. CHEM 327. (Undergraduates register in
Emphasis on field sampling techniques. Five weekend field trips         BIOL 473; graduates register in BIOL 573.) Nature, replication, reg-
required. (Lecture 2 hrs., laboratory and field 3 hrs.) A course fee    ulation and mode of action of the genetic material. (Lecture 3 hrs.)
may be required.
                                                                        477./577. Biotechnology: Recombinant DNA (3) F
458./558. Ecology of Marine Plankton (4) S, Odd Years                   Prerequisites: BIOL 370; CHEM 441A,B; (all with a “C” or better);
Prerequisites: BIOL 260, 353, CHEM 327, MATH 119A. (Under-              consent of instructor. (Undergraduates register in BIOL 477; gradu-
graduates register in BIOL 458; graduates in BIOL 558.) Physio-         ates register in BIOL 577.) Intensive study of the theory and tech-
logical ecology of marine phytoplankton and zooplankton as a            niques of recombinant DNA. Includes the selections for the isolation
basis for study of structure, dynamics, and modeling of plankton        of genes, analysis of the mechanisms of regulation of gene expres-
communities. (Lecture 3 hrs., laboratory and field 3 hrs.) Course       sion, and detailed study of how genes are characterized. (Lecture 3
fee may be required.                                                    hrs.)
460./560. Biological Control (3) F                                      477L/577L. Biotechnology: Recombinant DNA Laboratory (4) F
Prerequisites: BIOL 316. (Undergraduates register in BIOL 460;          Prerequisites: Concurrent enrollment in BIOL 477 or consent of in-
graduates register in BIOL 560.) Natural and artificial control of      structor. (Undergraduates register in BIOL 477L; graduates register
pest species of insects, other arthropods, and weeds, through the       in BIOL 577L.) Intensive study of the laboratory techniques of re-
use of predators, parasites, fungal, viral, and bacterial diseases.     combinant DNA research. Includes the isolation, amplification, ex-
(Lecture 3 hrs.)                                                        pression, and characterization of genes. (Laboratory 12 hrs.) A
463./563. Computer Modelling in Biology (4) F                           course fee may be required.
Prerequisites: BIOL 260, 350. (Undergraduates register in BIOL          480./580. Seminars (1) F,S
463; graduates register in BIOL 563.) History, modelling theory,        Prerequisites: BIOL 211A,B with grade of “C” or better, consent of
different modelling approaches, theoretical, empirical, and quanti-     instructor. (Undergraduates register in BIOL 480; graduates register
tative modelling. Laboratory will use modelling software and focus      in BIOL 580.) Weekly meetings at which professional biologists
on model construction and quantitative simulation, possibly of stu-     present the results of their research. Requires participation in the
dent’s own research project. Applicable to ecology, microbiology,       organization and the critical evaluation of these presentations. May
physiology, environmental sciences, etc. (Lecture 3 hrs., laborato-     not be repeated for credit towards any single degree.(Seminar 1
ry 3 hrs.) A course fee may be required.                                hr.)
*464. Environmental Toxicology (3) F                                    490./590. Special Topics in Biology (1-3) F,S
Prerequisites: BIOL 211A,B with grade of “C” or better; CHEM 327.       Prerequisites: BIOL 211A, B, with grade of “C” or better, consent of
Metabolism, mode of action and detoxification mechanisms of             instructor. (Undergraduates register in BIOL 490; graduates regis-
toxic substances in organisms. Effects of pollutants, waste prod-       ter in BIOL 590.) Topics from selected areas of biology. Course
ucts, chemicals of commerce, warfare agents, drugs and narcot-          content will vary from section to section. May be repeated for credit
ics on human health and the environment, their regulation and           for a maximum of six units toward any single degree. Topics may
control. (Lecture 3 hrs.)                                               be announced in the Schedule of Classes. Traditional grading only.
465./565. Experimental Design and Regression Analysis (4)               (Lecture 1-3 hrs.)
F, Odd Years                                                            490L./590L. Special Topics Laboratory in Biology (1-2) F,S
Prerequisites: BIOL 260; MATH 119B; six units of upper division         Prerequisites: BIOL 211A, B, with grade of “C” or better, consent of
biological science or consent of instructor. (Undergraduates reg-       instructor. (Undergraduates register in BIOL 490L; graduates regis-
ister in BIOL 465; graduates register in BIOL 565.) Techniques in       ter in BIOL 590L.) Topics from selected areas of biology. Course
experimental design and data analysis applied to problems in biol-      content will vary from section to section. May be repeated for credit
ogy. Topics include analysis of variance and covariance, bivariate      for a maximum of four units toward any single degree. Topics may
and multiple regression, experimental design, bootstrapping and         be announced in the Schedule of Classes. Traditional grading
randomization tests, and nonparametric statistics. Laboratory ex-       only. (Laboratory 3 or 6 hrs.) A course fee may be required.
perience in analyzing biological data with computerized statistical
packages. (Lecture 3 hrs., laboratory 3 hrs.) A course fee may be       495. Instruction in Laboratory Teaching (1-2) F,S
required.                                                               Prerequisites: BIOL 211A, B, with grade of "B" or better; consent of
                                                                        instructor. Individual instruction in the organization, techniques,
467./567. Multivariate Data Analysis (4) F, Even Years                  and teaching of a laboratory course in the biological sciences. May
Prerequisites: BIOL 260; MATH 119B; six units of upper division         be repeated for a letter grade and degree credit to a maximum of
biological science or consent of instructor. (Undergraduates regis-     two units for any single degree or option. Any units beyond the two
ter in BIOL 467; graduates register in BIOL 567.) Multivariate data     taken for a letter grade in BIOL 495 or MICR 412 or any combina-
analysis techniques applied to biological data. Applied matrix          tion of the two, will be taken credit/no credit. (Conference 1 hr.,
algebra as needed for analyzing and understanding multivariate          laboratory 3 hrs. per unit.) Same course as MICR 412.
analysis methods. Topics covered include principal components
analysis, factor analysis, discriminant analysis, cluster analysis as   496. Undergraduate Directed Research (1-3) F,S
well as modern phylogenetic analysis techniques. Laboratory ex-         Prerequisites: BIOL 211A, B, with grade of "C" or better; consent of
perience in analyzing multivariate biological data with computer-       instructor. Research in a specific topic in the biological sciences to
ized statistical packages. (Lecture 3 hrs., laboratory 3 hrs.) A        be approved and directed by a faculty member in the Department
course fee may be required. Traditional grading only for majors         of Biological Sciences. May be repeated for a letter grade and de-
and minors.                                                             gree credit to a maximum of three units for any single degree or
                                                                        option. Any units beyond the three taken for a letter grade in BIOL
468./568. Principles and Applications of Electron Microscopy            496 or MICR 496, or any combination of the two, will be taken cred-
(4) F                                                                   it/no credit. Not available to graduate students. (Conference 1 hr.,
Prerequisites: BIOL 211A,B; PHYS 100A, B; all with grade of “C” or      laboratory 3 hrs. per unit.) A course fee may be required. Same
better. (Undergraduates in BIOL 468; graduates enroll in BIOL           course as MICR 496.
568.) Basic theory of transmission, scanning and transmission
electron microscopy. Theory and applications of specialized tech-
                                                                        513./413. Marine Zooplankton (4) S
                                                                        Prerequisite: BIOL 313, may be taken concurrently. (Undergradu-
niques such as autoradiography, immunocytochemistry, his-
                                                                        ates register in BIOL 413; graduates register in BIOL 513.) Diversi-
tochemistry and wavelength and energy dispersive x-ray
                                                                        ty, natural history, taxonomy and identification of marine
microanalysis for elucidating cell structure and functioning. Labo-
                                                                        zooplankton, including ichthyoplankton. Emphasis on fauna of the
ratory emphasis on specimen preparation, instrument operation
                                                                        California coast. (Lecture 2 hrs., laboratory and field 6 hrs.) A
and photography for both scanning and transmission electron mi-
                                                                        course fee may be required.



210 • Biological Sciences • 1997/98 CSULB Catalog
                                                                         problem, designing and carrying out a project, statistical data anal-
Biology Courses (BIOL)                                                   ysis, and oral and written report presentation. An eight-day field
                                                                         trip to Hawaii will be required during the spring recess at student
514./414. Marine Ornithology (3) F                                       expense. Enrollment is limited. (Lecture 1 hr., 8 day field trip.) A
Prerequisites: BIOL 353 (may be taken concurrently) or permission        course fee may be required.
of instructor. (Undergraduates register in BIOL 414; graduates reg-
ister in BIOL 514.) Designed to familiarize marine biology students      555./455. Ecology of Marine Communities (3) F
with the role of birds in the marine environment. Topics include         Prerequisites: BIOL 260, 350, 353. (Undergraduates register in
ecology, distribution, behavior, and identification of marine birds.     BIOL 455; graduates register in BIOL 555.) Discussion of field
Library report, independent field project, and attendance on field       studies on ecological principles related to marine communities.
trips required. (Lecture 1 hr., laboratory and field 6 hrs.) A course    Includes an individual field research project and two class
fee may be required.                                                     projects. (Lecture 2 hrs., field 3 hrs.) A course fee may be re-
                                                                         quired.
517./417. Biology of Marine Benthic Invertebrates (3) S, Odd
Years                                                                    556./456. Advanced Population Ecology (3) S, Even Years
Prerequisites: BIOL 313, 353. (Undergraduates register in BIOL           Prerequisites: BIOL 350, MATH 119B or 123. (Undergraduates
417; graduates register in BIOL 517.) Topics include benthic com-        register in BIOL 456; graduates register in BIOL 556.) Analysis of
munity structure and function, benthic-pelagic coupling, animal          characteristics of animal and plant populations including popula-
sediment relationships, animal interactions, and marine pollution        tion growth and regulation, competition, predation, parasitism, and
ecology. Laboratory emphasis will be on identification of local          other intraspecific and interspecific interactions; population fluctu-
forms. (Lecture 2 hrs., laboratory and field 3 hrs.) A course fee        ations; spatial patterns. (Lecture 3 hrs.)
may be required.                                                         557./457. Field Methods in Ecology (3) S, Odd Years
520./420. Advanced Ichthyology (2) S, Even Years                         Prerequisites: BIOL 260, 350. (Undergraduates register in BIOL
Prerequisite: BIOL 260, 419. (Undergraduates enroll in BIOL 420;         457; graduates register in BIOL 557.) Design of field research
graduates enroll in BIOL 520.) Selected subjects on distribution,        projects, collection and analysis of data, writing and presentation
classification, physiology, adaptations, and life histories of fishes;   of reports. Emphasis on field sampling techniques. Five weekend
emphasis on recent studies and new concepts. (Lecture 1 hr., lab-        field trips required. (Lecture 2 hrs., laboratory and field 3 hrs.) A
oratory and field 3 hrs.) A course fee may be required.                  course fee may be required.
522./422. Advanced Ornithology (2) F                                     558./458. Ecology of Marine Plankton (4) S, Odd Years
Prerequisite: BIOL 424 or consent of instructor. (Undergraduates         Prerequisites: BIOL 260, 353, CHEM 327, MATH 119A. (Under-
register in BIOL 422; graduates register in BIOL 522.) Systematic        graduates register in BIOL 458; graduates register in BIOL 558.)
survey of birds of the world with emphasis on systems of classifica-     Physiological ecology of marine phytoplankton and zooplankton as
tion, morphology, evolution and distribution. Special consideration      a basis for study of structure, dynamics, and modeling of plankton
will be given to recent studies and new concepts. (Lecture 1 hr.,        communities. (Lecture 3 hrs., laboratory and field 3 hrs.) A course
laboratory 3 hrs.) A course fee may be required.                         fee may be required.
528./428. Biology of the Giant Kelp (3) S                                560./460. Biological Control (3) F
Prerequisites: BIOL 353, 425, or 439 with a grade of “C” or better.      Prerequisites: BIOL 316. (Undergraduates register in BIOL 460;
(Undergraduates register in BIOL 428; graduates register in BIOL         graduates in BIOL 560.) Natural and artificial control of pest
528.) A study of the physiology, reproductive biology, anatomy,          species of insects, other arthropods, and weeds, through the use
taxonomy, and ecology of the ecologically and economically impor-        of predators, parasites, and fungal, viral, and bacterial diseases.
tant kelp genus Macrocystis. (Lecture 3 hrs.)                            (Lecture 3 hrs.)
533./433. Developmental Biology (3) S                                    563./463. Computer Modelling in Biology (4) F
Prerequisites: BIOL 370; CHEM 320A,B. (Undergraduates register           Prerequisites: BIOL 260, 350. (Undergraduates register in BIOL
in BIOL 433; graduates register in BIOL 533.) Presentation of cur-       463; graduates register in BIOL 563.) History, modelling theory,
rent topics and experimental approaches in cell differentiation and      different modelling approaches, theoretical, empirical, and quanti-
development with emphasis on examination of these processes at           tative modelling. Laboratory will use modelling software and focus
the molecular level. Topics include gametogenesis, fertilization,        on model construction and quantitative simulation, possibly of stu-
differential gene expression, and role of oncogenes in develop-          dent’s own research project. Applicable to ecology, microbiology,
ment. (Lecture/discussion 3 hrs.) A course fee may be required.          physiology, environmental sciences, etc. (Lecture 3 hrs., laborato-
                                                                         ry 3 hrs.) A course fee may be required.
547./447. Molecular Plant Physiology (3) S
Prerequisites: BIOL 340, 370, both with grade of "C" or better. (Un-     565./465. Experimental Design and Regression Analysis (4) F
dergraduates enroll in BIOL 447; graduates enroll in BIOL 547.)          Odd Years
Current molecular approaches to classical topics including plant         Prerequisites: BIOL 260; MATH 119B; six units of upper division
hormones, photosynthesis, resistance to plant pathogens, adapta-         biological science or consent of instructor. (Undergraduates regis-
tion of plants to environmental stress, and development of plants.       ter in BIOL 465; graduates register in BIOL 565.) Techniques in
(Lecture 3 hrs.)                                                         experimental design and data analysis applied to problems in biol-
                                                                         ogy. Topics include analysis of variance and covariance, bivariate
547L./447L. Molecular Plant Physiology Laboratory (1) S                  and multiple regression, experimental design, bootstrapping and
Prerequisites: BIOL 547 (may be taken concurrently). (Undergradu-        randomization tests, and nonparametric statistics. Laboratory ex-
ates register in BIOL 447L; graduates register in BIOL 547L). Lab-       perience in analyzing biological data with computerized statistical
oratory experiments covering classical and molecular plant               packages. (Lecture 3 hrs., laboratory 3 hrs.) A course fee may be
physiology. (Laboratory 3 hrs.) A course fee may be required.            required.
549./450. Plant Ecology (3) S                                            567./467. Multivariate Data Analysis (4) F Even Years
Prerequisites: BIOL 427 or 447 or 547, BIOL 260. (Undergraduates         Prerequisites: BIOL 260; MATH 119B; six units of upper division
register in BIOL 450; graduates register in BIOL 549.) Relationship      biological science or consent of instructor. (Undergraduates regis-
of plants to their environment and principles of plant distribution.     ter in BIOL 467; graduates register in BIOL 567.) Multivariate data
(Lecture 2 hrs., laboratory and field 3 hrs.) A course fee may be        analysis techniques applied to biological data. Applied matrix al-
required.                                                                gebra as needed for analyzing and understanding multivariate
554./454. Research in Tropical Marine Ecology (2) S, Even                analysis methods. Topics covered include principal components
Years                                                                    analysis, factor analysis, discriminant analysis, cluster analysis as
Prerequisites: BIOL 260, either 350 or 353, and 313 or 413 or 419        well as modern phylogenetic analysis techniques. Laboratory ex-
or 425. (Undergraduates register in BIOL 454; graduates register         perience in analyzing multivariate biological data with computer-
in BIOL 554.) Field and laboratory studies, lectures, and individual     ized statistical packages. (Lecture 3 hrs., laboratory 3 hrs.) A
research on tropical marine biological problems. Designed to en-         course fee may be required. Traditional grading only for majors
gage students in experimental research, including: recognizing a         and minors.


                                                              1997/98 CSULB Catalog • Biological Sciences • 211
568./468 Principles & Applications of Electron Microscopy                credit, with different topics, for a maximum of three units towards
(4)                                                                      any single degree. (Seminar 1 hr.)
Prerequisites: PHYS 100A, B; all with grade of “C” or better. (Un-       665. Seminar in Terrestrial Zoology (1) S
dergraduates enroll in BIOL 468; graduates enroll in BIOL 568.)          Critical evaluation of the primary literature of this field, including
Basic theory of transmission, scanning and transmission electron         oral and/or written presentation of critiques. May be repeated for
microscopy. Theory and applications of specialized techniques            credit, with different topics, for a maximum of three units towards
such as autoradiography, immunocytochemistry, histochemistry             any single degree. (Seminar 1 hr.)
and wavelength and energy dispersive x-ray microanalysis for
elucidating cell structure and functioning. Laboratory emphasis          696. Research Methods (3) F
on specimen preparation, instrument operation and photography            Prerequisites: Approved thesis proposal and graduate program on
for both scanning and transmission electron microscopy. Individ-         file in departmental graduate office. Development of the ancillary
ual research project required. Enrollment limited. (Lecture 2 hrs.,      skills related to biological research, from initiation to presentation
laboratory 6 hrs.) A course fee may be required.                         and publication. Topics include experimental design, computer-
                                                                         aided information retrieval, technical writing, data presentation,
573./473. Molecular Genetics (3) S                                       computer design of graphics, preparation of figures and slides,
Prerequisites: BIOL 370, CHEM 327. (Undergraduates register in           photography. The course culminates with formal oral, poster, and
BIOL 473; graduates register in BIOL 573.) Nature, replication,          written presentations of research in progress. (Lecture 2 hrs., lab-
regulation and mode of action of the genetic material. (Lecture 3        oratory 3 hrs.) A course fee may be required.
hrs.)
                                                                         697. Directed Research (1-3) F,S
577./477. Biotechnology: Recombinant DNA (3) F                           Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. Research on a specific topic
Prerequisites: BIOL 370; CHEM 441A,B; (all with a “C” or better);        to be approved and directed by a faculty member in the biological
consent of instructor. (Undergraduates register in BIOL 477;             sciences. A written report will be required. May be repeated for a
graduates register in BIOL 577.) Intensive study of the theory           letter grade and degree credit to a maximum of three units. Any
and techniques of recombinant DNA. Includes the selections for           units beyond the three taken for a letter grade in BIOL 697 or MICR
the isolation of genes, analysis of the mechanisms of regulation         697 or any combination of the two must be taken credit/no credit.
of gene expression, and detailed study of how genes are char-            A course fee may be required.
acterized. (Lecture 3 hrs.)
                                                                         698. Thesis (1-6) F,S
577L./477L. Biotechnology: Recombinant DNA Laboratory                    Prerequisites: Advancement to Candidacy for the Master of Sci-
(4) F                                                                    ence in Biology, consent of the chair of the thesis committee and
Prerequisites: Concurrent enrollment in BIOL 577 or consent of           the departmental graduate advisor. Planning, preparation, writing,
instructor. (Undergraduates register in BIOL 477L; graduates             defense, oral presentation, and completion of a research thesis in
register in BIOL 577L.) Intensive study of the laboratory tech-          the biological sciences. A course fee may be required.
niques of recombinant DNA research. Includes the isolation, am-
plification, expression, and characterization of genes.
(Laboratory 12 hrs.) A course fee may be required.
580./480. Seminars (1) F,S                                               Courses (MICR)
Prerequisites: Consent of instructor. (Undergraduates register in        Students pursuing a major and/or a minor in this Department
BIOL 480; graduates register in BIOL 580.) Weekly meetings at
                                                                         may receive unit credit for courses marked with the symbol
which professional biologists present the results of their re-
search. Requires participation in the organization and the critical      ‘##’ as a general elective but may not apply the units toward
evaluation of these presentations. May not be repeated for credit        the specific or elective requirements for any degree or option
towards any single degree. (Seminar 1 hr.)                               in this Department. Majors in this Department may, however,
590./490. Special Topics in Biology (1-3) F,S                            take, for general education purposes, interdisciplinary courses
Prerequisites: BIOL 211A, B, with grade of “C” or better, consent        offered by this department. All other courses in this Depart-
of instructor. (Undergraduates register in BIOL 490; graduates           ment are open to majors and minors but by traditional grading
register in BIOL 590.) Topics from selected areas of biology.
Course content will vary from section to section. May be repeat-         only. Courses with an asterisk may be used in graduate pro-
ed for credit for a maximum of six units toward any single de-           grams.
gree. Topics may be announced in the Schedule of Classes.
Traditional grading only. (Lecture 1-3 hrs.)
                                                                         Lower Division
590L./490L. Special Topics Laboratory in Biology (1-2) F,S               101. ## Introduction to Human Disease (3) F,S
Prerequisites: BIOL 211A, B, with grade of “C” or better, consent        Prerequisites: Three years of high school mathematics including
of instructor. (Undergraduates register in BIOL 490L; graduates          algebra, geometry, and intermediate algebra (or MATH 010) or the
register in BIOL 590L.) Topics from selected areas of biology.           equivalent. Introduction to the study of human disease including
Course content will vary from section to section. May be repeat-         moral/ethical and economic issues. (Lecture 3 hrs.)
ed for credit for a maximum of four units toward any single de-          200. Microbiology for Health Professionals (4) F,S
gree. Topics may be announced in the Schedule of Classes.                Prerequisite: CHEM 100 or 111A or 201A. An introduction to mi-
Traditional grading only. (Laboratory 3 or 6 hrs.) A course fee          crobiology for those planning careers in nursing, health care and
may be required.                                                         education, and foods and nutrition. Introduction to the microor-
661. Seminar in Biology (1) Demand                                       ganisms, including structure, function, metabolism, growth, genet-
Critical evaluation of the primary literature of this field, including   ics, diversity and applied aspects, with special emphasis on their
oral and/or written presentation of critiques. May be repeated for       roles in human health. Not open for majors in the biological sci-
credit, with different topics, for a maximum of three units towards      ences. (Lecture 2 hrs, laboratory 6 hrs.) A course fee may be
any single degree. (Seminar 1 hr.)                                       required.
663. Seminar in Genetics and Development (1) F                           211. General Microbiology (5) F,S
Critical evaluation of the primary literature of this field, including   Prerequisites: BIOL 211A with a grade of "C" or better, CHEM
oral and/or written presentation of critiques. May be repeated for       111B. Introduction to the biology of the microorganisms, including
credit, with different topics, for a maximum of three units towards      structure, function, metabolism, growth, genetics, diversity, host-
any single degree. (Seminar 1 hr.)                                       parasite relationships and applied aspects. (Lecture 3 hrs., labora-
                                                                         tory 6 hrs.) A course fee may be required. Traditional grading only.
664. Seminar in Marine Biology (1) S
Critical evaluation of the primary literature of this field, including
oral and/or written presentation of critiques. May be repeated for



212 • Biological Sciences • 1997/98 CSULB Catalog
                                                                        option. Any units beyond the two taken for a letter grade in BIOL
Courses (MICR)                                                          495 or MICR 412 or any combination of the two, will be taken
                                                                        credit/no credit. (Conference 1 hr., laboratory 3 hrs. per unit.)
Upper Division                                                          Same course as BIOL 495.
300I. ## Human Immunology: In Self- Defense (3) F,S                     *425. Public Health Microbiology and Diagnostic Procedures
Prerequisites: ENGL 100, upper division status, one laboratory          (2) F,S
course in a life science. Introductory psychology and a laboratory      Prerequisites: MICR 320. Diagnostic procedures by bacterial,
course in a physical science recommended. Introduction to the           mycobacterial, spirochaetal, viral, and ricketisial agents of public
mechanisms and cells responsible for protecting the human body          health importance. Standard methods for the examination of food,
from disease. Normal functions of the immune system, diseases           water and dairy products. MICR 425 will be accepted toward
involving the immune system, and psychological, endocrine and           fulfillment of the six upper division Microbiology electives. (Lec-
age factors affecting the immune system will be included. Impact        ture 2 hrs.)
of immunology on organ transplantation, immunotherapy and
                                                                        *429 Epidemiology of Infectious Diseases (3) F, S
biotechnology will be discussed. Not applicable for credit to-
                                                                        Prerequisites: BIOL 260; MICR 320, 322. Principles of epidemi-
wards the major in Microbiology. Traditional grading only. (Lecture
                                                                        ology and their application to health; fundamentals of biomedical
3 hrs.)
                                                                        statistics; basic factors in classic epidemiological studies and the
302I. ## Molecular Biology and Bioethics (3) F                          prevention and control of infectious diseases. (Lecture 3 hrs.)
Prerequisites: ENGL 100 and upper division status. A systematic
                                                                        432./532. Immunohematology (2) S
study of some of the advances in molecular biology and the main
                                                                        Prerequisites: A final grade of “B” or better in MICR 323 and 330
genetic and ethical issues these advances have raised. Not ap-
                                                                        or consent of instructor required. (Undergraduates register in
plicable for credit toward the major in Microbiology. (Lecture 3
                                                                        MICR 432; graduate students register in MICR 532.) Physical
hrs.) Same course as PHIL 302I.
                                                                        and biochemical characteristics of human erythrocytes. Detailed
303.## Public Health and Pollution (3) F,S                              study of isoantigens and isoantibodies associated with human
Survey of public health and ecological problems in the communi-         red blood cells; their detection, mechanisms of cellular destruc-
ty, control of communicable diseases; air, water and soil contami-      tion and relationship to hematopoietic disease. (Lecture 2 hrs.)
nation. Recommended for non-majors interested in ecology and            MICR 432 will be accepted toward fulfillment of the 6 units of up-
pollution control. Traditional grading only. (Lecture 3 hrs.)           per division microbiology electives.
320. Medical Microbiology: Bacteriology (5) F,S                         *441. Marine Microbiology (3) S
Prerequisites: MICR 211; CHEM 327 or 320A (may be taken con-            Prerequisites: MICR 211 or consent of instructor. Survey of the
currently). The first of a two-semester sequence in medical mi-         interactions of microorganisms in the sea. Emphasis on the ele-
crobiology designed for microbiology majors. Pathogenic                 ments, cycles and metabolic conversion of environmental materi-
bacteria of humans and animals; emphasis on bacterial ultra-            al. (Lecture 1 hr., laboratory 6 hrs.) A course fee may be
structure, epidemiology, mechanisms of pathogenesis, host de-           required.
fense mechanisms, and antibiotic therapy; isolation and
                                                                        *450. Microbial Genetics (2) F,S
identification of microorganisms by morphological and cultural
                                                                        Prerequisites: MICR 211; CHEM 441B. Biochemical and cytologi-
characteristics. Traditional grading only. (Lecture 3 hrs., laborato-
                                                                        cal bases of microbial genetics; nature, replication, modification
ry 6 hrs.) A course fee may be required.
                                                                        and transfer of genetic material. (Lecture 2 hrs.)
322. Medical Microbiology: Parasitology/Mycology (5) F,S
                                                                        *451. Microbial Genetics Laboratory (2) F
Prerequisites: BIOL 211B; MICR 320. The second of a
                                                                        Prerequisites: MICR 450 (may be taken concurrently), consent of
two-semester sequence in medical microbiology designed for
                                                                        instructor. Laboratory study of microbial genetics. Genetic engi-
microbiology majors. Survey of parasitic protozoa, helminths,
                                                                        neering techniques. (Laboratory 6 hrs.) A course fee may be
and fungi of humans; emphasis on identification of fresh and pre-
                                                                        required.
served specimens, pathogenesis, host-parasite interactions, epi-
demiology, prevention, and control. Traditional grading only.           *452. Virology (3) F,S
(Lecture 3 hrs., laboratory 6 hrs.) A course fee may be required.       Prerequisites: CHEM 441A, B and either MICR 320 or BIOL 340.
                                                                        Virology at a molecular level including virus replication and the
323. Hematology (4) F,S
                                                                        molecular basis for viral pathogenesis; a survey of human and
Prerequisites: MICR 211; BIOL 211B. Physiology and pathology
                                                                        animal viral diseases. Current trends for prevention and treat-
of blood; preparation of blood for counts, hemoglobin determina-
                                                                        ment of viral diseases. (Lecture 3 hrs.)
tion, and related procedures. (Lecture 3 hrs., laboratory 3 hrs.) A
course fee may be required.                                             *453. Cell Culture and Virology Laboratory (2) F,S
                                                                        Prerequisites: MICR 320, 452 (may be taken concurrently), con-
330. Immunology (3) F,S
                                                                        sent of instructor. Laboratory study of animal viruses. Propaga-
Prerequisites: MICR 211, CHEM 327 or CHEM 320B. Microbiolo-
                                                                        tion, purification and titration methods, antibody neutralization,
gy majors must enroll concurrently in MICR 331. Introduction to
                                                                        and cytopathological effects of viruses, with emphasis on cell
cellular and molecular components of the immune system and
                                                                        culture techniques applicable to the study of viruses. (Laboratory
normal functions of these components. Physical, chemical, and
                                                                        6 hrs.) A course fee may be required.
biological properties of antigens and antibodies and the role of
the immune system in immune deficiencies, tolerance, transplan-         *471. Bacterial Physiology (3) F,S
tation, tumors, autoimmunity, and hypersensitivities. (Lecture 3        Prerequisites: MICR 320, CHEM 441A, consent of instructor. Cel-
hrs.)                                                                   lular physiology at the molecular level as related to bacterial
                                                                        growth, reproduction, nutrition, metabolism and ecology. (Lecture
331. Immunology Laboratory (2) F,S
                                                                        3 hrs.)
Prerequisite: MICR 320. Corequisite: MICR 330. Qualitative and
quantitative in vitro and in vivo analyses of cellular and humoral      *473. Food and Industrial Microbiology (3) F,S
immunity including selected clinically diagnostic immunoassays.         Prerequisites: MICR 200 OR 211; CHEM 441A OR 448. Role of
Not available for credit to students completing MICR 330 prior to       microorganisms in food and other industrial processes; emphasis
Spring, 1996. (Laboratory 6 hrs.) A course fee may be required.         on bacteria, yeasts and molds. (Lecture 2 hrs., laboratory 3 hrs.)
                                                                        A course fee may be required.
412. Instruction in Laboratory Teaching (1-2) F,S
Prerequisites: BIOL 211A, B, MICR 211, all with grade of "B" or         480./580. Seminars in Molecular and Cellular Biology and
better; consent of instructor. Individual instruction in the organi-    Microbiology (1) F,S
zation, techniques, and teaching of a laboratory course in the          Prerequisites: BIOL 211A, B, with a grade of “C” or better, con-
biological sciences. May be repeated for a letter grade and de-         sent of instructor. (Undergraduates register in MICR 480; gradu-
gree credit to a maximum of two units for any single degree or          ates register in MICR 580.) Weekly meetings at which




                                                            1997/98 CSULB Catalog • Biological Sciences • 213
professional biologists present the results of their research. Re-    590./490. Special Topics in Microbiology (1-3) F,S
quires participation in the organization and critical evaluation of   Prerequisites: Graduate standing in microbiology, consent of in-
these presentations. May not be repeated for credit towards any       structor. (Undergraduates register in MICR 490; graduates register
single degree. (Seminar 1 hr.)                                        in MICR 590.) Faculty and student discussions and analysis of a
490./590. Special Topics in Microbiology (1-3) F,S                    current topic in microbiology. This course may be repeated once for
Prerequisites: Senior standing in microbiology, consent of in-        credit with different discussions and topics. (Lecture 1-3 hrs.)
structor. (Undergraduates register in MICR 490; graduates regis-      691. Supervised Independent Study (1-4) F,S
ter in MICR 590.) Faculty and student discussions and analysis        Advanced independent study in the field of the candidate’s option
of a current topic in microbiology. This course may be repeated       for the master of public health degree. The subject of the study may
once for credit with different discussions and topics. (Lecture 1-3   be different from the field training in the option. Course may be re-
hrs.)                                                                 peated for a maximum of 4 units.
496. Undergraduate Directed Research (1-3) F,S                        694A,B. Seminar in Principles and Theories of Microbiology
Prerequisites: BIOL 211A, B, MICR 211, all with grade of "C" or       (1,1) F,S
better; consent of instructor. Research in a specific topic in the    Prerequisite: Graduate standing in microbiology. Presentation and
biological sciences to be approved and directed by a faculty          discussion of advanced work in special fields including original re-
member in the Department of Biological Sciences. May be re-           search of faculty and graduate students. (Seminar 1 hr.)
peated for a letter grade and degree credit to a maximum of
three units for any single degree or option. Any units beyond the     695. Seminar on Selected Topics in Microbiology (2) F,S
three taken for a letter grade in BIOL 496 or MICR 496, or any        Prerequisites: Consent of instructor. May be repeated for a maxi-
combination of the two, will be taken credit/no credit. Not avail-    mum of 4 units in a different topic area. (Seminar 2 hrs.)
able to graduate students. (Conference 1 hr., laboratory 3 hrs.       A.   Seminar in Cellular and Molecular Mechanisms
per unit.) A course fee may be required. Same course as BIOL          B.   Seminar in Food Microbiology
496.                                                                  F.   Medical Microbiology
                                                                      G.   Microbial Ecology
Graduate Division                                                     J.   Microbial Genetics
                                                                      K.   Microbial Physiology
532./432. Immunohematology (2) S                                      N.   Parasitology
Prerequisites: A final grade of “B” or better in MICR 323 and 330
                                                                      P.   Virology
or consent of instructor required. (Undergraduates register in
MICR 432; graduate students register in MICR 532.) Physical           696. Field Experience in Medical Laboratory Supervision (2-4)
and biochemical characteristics of human erythrocytes. Detailed       F,S
study of isoantigens and isoantibodies associated with human          Prerequisites: Field experience in hospitals and other health-related
red blood cells; their detection, mechanisms of cellular destruc-     facilities is required for all candidates for the master of public health.
tion and relationship to hematopoietic disease. (Lecture 2 hrs.)      Course may be repeated for a maximum of 4 units.
MICR 432 will be accepted toward fulfillment of the 6 units of up-
per division microbiology electives.                                  697. Directed Research (1-3) F,S
                                                                      Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. Research on a specific topic to
550. Experimental Microbiology (3)                                    be approved and directed by a faculty member in the biological
Detailed study of selected topics in microbiology, with emphasis      sciences. A written report will be required. May be repeated for a
on laboratory approaches to the problem.                              letter grade and degree credit to a maximum of three units. Any
D. Molecular Biology of Eukaryotes F                                  units beyond the three taken for a letter grade in BIOL 697 or MICR
Prerequisites: MICR 450, 451, 471, CHEM 441B and consent of           697 or any combination of the two must be taken credit/no credit. A
instructor. Original experimental research on the molecular biolo-    course fee may be required.
gy and physiology of yeasts and fungi especially as model sys-        698. Thesis (1-6) F,S
tems for studying fundamental questions about the structure and       Prerequisites: Advancement to Candidacy for the Master of Science
function of cells. (Lecture 1 hr., laboratory 6 hrs.) A course fee    in Microbiology, consent of the chair of the thesis committee and the
may be required.                                                      departmental graduate advisor. Planning, preparation, writing, de-
E. Molecular Virology F                                               fense, oral presentation, and completion of a research thesis in the
                                                                      biological sciences. A course fee may be required.
Prerequisites: CHEM 441B, MICR 320, 453, consent of instructor.
Experimental research problems directed to learning more about
structure of viruses and function of viral components in biological
system. Emphasis placed on the molecular biology of viruses and
current methodology used in virus research. (Lecture 1 hr., labo-
ratory 6 hrs.) Course fee may be required.
F. Pathoparasitology S
Prerequisites: MICR 322, 330. Pathogenesis of medically impor-
tant endo- and ectoparasites; emphasis on specialized proce-
dures and techniques. (Lecture 1 hr., laboratory 6 hrs.) A course
fee may be required.
G. Prokaryotes S
Prerequisite: MICR 471. Detailed study of the bacteria; special
emphasis on heterotrophic and autotrophic forms. (Lecture 1 hr.,
laboratory 6 hrs.) A course fee may be required.
580./480. Seminars in Molecular and Cellular Biology and
Microbiology (1) F,S
Prerequisites: BIOL 211A,B, with a grade of “C” or better, con-
sent of instructor. (Undergraduates register in MICR 480; gradu-
ates register in MICR 580.) Weekly meetings at which
professional biologists present the results of their research. Re-
quires participation in the organization and critical evaluation of
these presentations. May not be repeated for credit towards any
single degree. (Seminar 1 hr.)



214 • Biological Sciences • 1997/98 CSULB Catalog

				
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