Docstoc

Architecture

Document Sample
Architecture Powered By Docstoc
					Third-generation information
                architecture
                  November 4, 2008
2
 Enterprise
  • an organization created for business ventures
 Information Technology
   • the use of computers and software to manage
    information
  • an industry
 Information Architecture
   • a fundamental approach to organizing
    information in digital environments
  • a profession in its own right


                                                    3
―a field that specializes in finding
solutions for optimal use of information
within organizations, for instance to
support decision-making processes or
day-to-day operations that require the
availability of knowledge‖
http://www.wikipedia.org




                                           4
 Corporations   always want to increase profits
  and reduce costs
 Information — about customers, products,
  financials, business processes, partners, and
  employees can be used to improve customer
  intimacy, reduce costs, improve products, and
  mitigate risks
 Despite realizing its importance, enterprises
  struggle to effectively manage and use
  structured and unstructured information
                                                   5
   1st Generation IA                     2nd Generation IA
      1970 – 1980                              1990s
Stand alone applications           Integrated set of components


  System /                            System /
 Application                          Application

                 System /                             System /
                Application                           Application
 System /                             System /
 Application                          Application


               System /                             System /
               Application                          Application
 System /                            System /
 Application                         Application



Focused on technology solutions rather than use of information
                                                                    6
 Different information can      •   Information can be found in
                                       – Personal computer hard drives
  be found in different                – Shared drives
  places across the                    – Databases
  enterprise                           – Thumb drives
                                       – Application servers
 Some information is more       •   Information is organized in different
  secure than other                  ways
                                       – By application
 There are different types of         – By user
  formats and storage of               – By function
                                       – By supporting structure
  information                          – By business unit

 Information is accessed in     •   Information comes in different formats
                                       – Documents (.doc, .xls, .pdf, xml, etc.)
  different ways                       – Diagrams (.gif, .vsd, .bmp, etc.)
                                       – Sound, video
                                       – Etc.



                                                                                   7
 Provide access to current, correct information to
  operate the business and facilitate decision
  making
 Manage information as a business asset to ensure
  that its value is maximized and protected
 Meet changing requirements from business units
  more rapidly and effectively
 Improve the ability to recover information in the
  event of business interruption
 Improve adherence to compliance policies and
  regulations

                                                      8
9
 Set of models, standards and practices
 Related to process, information and
  technology
 Derived from the business challenges
  that set the context for information
  technology activities




                                           10
                       Zachman Framework




Gartner EA Framework
                                           11
                   Scope
                                Business Context
                                  & Direction




                                                           Organization
                                             Information
  Systems                        Geography
                      Process



Architecture


                                 Capability

                                Technology

Technology, as a foundation, needs to be driven by the needs of the business
                                                                               12
                   Scope
                                Business Context
                                  & Direction




                                                           Organization
                                             Information
  Systems                        Geography
                      Process



Architecture


                                 Capability

                                 Technology

Technology, as a foundation, needs to be driven by the needs of the business
                                                                               13
                                                                      Business
               Scope                                                  Requirements
                           Business Context
                             & Direction                              Dimensions




                                                       Organization
                                         Information
  Systems
                             Geography


                                                                      Tools
                 Process




Architecture
                                                                      Implementation
                              Capability
                                                                      Feedback
                             Technology




                                                                                       14
                   Systems and Applications
                      Semantic Infrastructure



The kinds of information and content:   The ways that content is structured such as:
• Structured and unstructured           • Metadata
  documents                             • Taxonomies
• Tacit knowledge                       • Controlled vocabularies
• Non-document-based content            • Semantic networks
  (images & animation)                  • Ontologies
• Policies and procedures               • Social network analysis representations
• Technologies that support content     • Knowledge and topic maps
  creation and dissemination (search,   • And other advanced knowledge
  CM, portals, etc.)                      representations
                                                                                       15
 Corporation’s recognize the need to manage
  information across the enterprise
 Managing information is not only a technology
  issue any longer
 Information architects are applying IA methods to
  business problems beyond the web
 A number of different disciplines are
  incorporating information management skills as
  part of their job requirements, among others are:

    •   Enterprise Architects • Solution Architects
    •   Business Analysts     • Web Community Managers
    •   Product Managers      • Records Management
    •   Program Managers        Managers
                                                      16
17
   Third-Generation Information Architecture by
    Roger and Elaine Evernden, Communications of the
    ACM, March 2003 Vol. 46 No. 3
   How To Tackle An Enterprise Information
    Management Strategy by Barry Murphy Forrester,
    January 3, 2006
   Enterprise Information Architecture: A Semantic
    and Organizational Foundation by Tom Reamy,
    BoxesandArrows, November 11, 2006
 Laughing at the CIO; A Parable and Prescription
  for IT Leadership by Bob Boiko, 2007
 The Zachman Institute for Framework
  Advancement, http://www.zifa.com/


                                                       18

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:12
posted:8/11/2011
language:English
pages:18