Russia and Austria Timeline

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					Russia, Austria-Hungary &
Ottoman Empire Timeline
• 1830s – Russification under    Nicholas I
  Nicholas I
• 1850s – Rus. loses Crimean War
• 1855 – Alexander II czar
• 1861 – Emancipation Edict                        Crimea
• 1864 – zemstvos
• 1860s – Alex II reforms court
• 1866 – attempt on A’s life by
  radical leftists, People’s Will
• 1870 – cities granted limited
  elected govt.


                                    Alexander II
• 1881 – People’s Will kills Alex
  with a bomb attack
• 1881-1894 – Alex III undoes
  liberal reforms censorship,
  purges, control of church and
  education, pogroms
• 1894-1917 – Nicholas II
  continues conservative rule
• 1898 – Social Democratic
  Labor Party founded




Alex III      Nick II
• 1904-1905 – Russia
  loses the Russo-
  Japanese War
• Jan. 22, 1905 –
  Bloody Sunday; Nick
  II issues October
  Manifesto Duma
• 1848 – Metternich out of power, then   F-J I

  Emperor Ferdinand abdicated in
  favor of Francis Joseph I
• 1848 – Lajos Kossuth led uprising
  in Hungary for independence
• 1849 – Kossuth “Responsible gov.
  president”; ousted




                             Kossuth
• 1867 – Dual Monarchy of
  Austria and Hungary with
  FJ I as Emperor w/ separate
  parliaments
• 1875 – revolts break out in
  Balkans
• 1878 – Treaty of San
  Stefano

 Serbia       Romania       Montenegro

          Independent!

                        Bulgaria


     Occupied by Russia
•   1878 – Congress of Berlin
•   1908 – Austria annexes B & H
                                                                            Balkan League
•   1912 – First Balkan War
•   1913 – Second Balkan War
1878                                     +
                               UK            Cyprus
       Russia Reduced!




1908
                      +



1912                                  Vs.                        1913
                                             L: Ottoman Empire

       W: Montenegro, Greece, Bulgaria, Serbia
                                                                                           Vs.
                                                                        W: Romania, Ott,    L: Bulgaria
                                                                        Mont, Serb, Gre

                          Albania Independent!

				
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