Separation Notice State of Georgia

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					    State of Georgia –
Foundations of Government


   Mr. Chadwick Advanced Content
                 Class
       8th Grade Georgia Studies
   Unit: Foundations of Government
         GPS: SS8CG1 a, b, c, d
Georgia Performance Standard
• SS8CG1: The student will describe
  the role of citizen under Georgia’s
  constitution.
  a) Explain the basic structure of the
     Georgia state constitution.
  b) Explain the concepts of separation of
     powers and checks and balances.
        Mr. Chadwick’s Class
        Essential Questions
• By the time we finish this lesson, you
  should be able to answer these
  questions:
   1) What is the Georgia state constitution?
   2) What is the basic structure of the Georgia state
      constitution?
   3) What are the three branches of government?
   4) How do the separate branches of government
      ensure equal power among the branches?
Seal of the State of Georgia




          Front of Seal
Seal of the State of Georgia




         Back of Seal
     Georgia’s Government
What is the     • It is the governing document
Georgia           the explains the laws,
state
constitution?
                  governmental offices, and
                  citizens rights and
                  responsibilities in the state of
                  Georgia.
     Georgia’s Government
                • The state constitution is a
What is the       living document. It is used
basic
structure of
                  everyday in governmental
the Georgia       decisions.
state           • Structure of the Georgia state
constitution?     constitution:
                  – Preamble (Introduction)
                  – Articles (11 main articles)
                         – Sections
                         – Paragraphs


                • Georgia State Constitution
     Georgia’s Government
                •   Article I: Bill of Rights
What is the     •   Article II: Voting & Elections
basic           •   Article III: Legislative Branch
structure of    •   Article IV: Constitutional Boards &
the Georgia         Commissions
state           •   Article V: Executive Branch
constitution?   •   Article VI: Judicial Branch
                •   Article VII: Taxation & Finance
                •   Article VIII: Education
                •   Article IX: Counties & Municipal
                    Corporations
                •   Article X: Amendments to the
                    Constitution
                •   Article XI: Miscellaneous Provisions
    Georgia’s Government
               • The three branches of
What are the
three            government are the:
branches of      – Executive Branch: Carries out
government?        laws
                 – Legislative Branch: Make
                   laws
                 – Judicial Branch: Evaluates or
                   reviews laws
Structure of U.S.
  Government
   Structure of Georgia
       Government


                               Governor’s        State
           State                                Supreme
          Capital               Mansion
                                                 Court




General Assembly
                    Governor       Lieutenant
                                    Governor
  Structure of Georgia Government
 Executive Branch            Legislative Branch       Judicial Branch
  Carries out the laws.          Makes the laws.    Evaluates or reviews the
                                                             laws.
Governor: Sonny Perdue       General Assembly        Courts at the state,
(Republican)                                        county and city levels.
Lieutenant Governor:         House of               Supreme Court
Casey Cagle (Republican)     Representatives:
Also includes the head       180 members            Juvenile Courts
officials of these           representing the
departments:                 citizens of Georgia.   Court of Appeals
Department of Agriculture,
Attorney General, GA                                Superior Courts
Insurance and Safety Fire    Senate: 56
Commissioner, Public         members                Probate Courts
Service Commission,
Secretary of State, and      representing the
                             citizens of Georgia.   Magistrate Courts
State School
Superintendent.
    Georgia’s Government
               • When the U.S. Constitution was
How do the       written, the writers wanted to
separate         separate the powers of the
branches of
                 branches of government so no
government
ensure equal
                 one branch would have all or
power among      most of the power.
the            • They also included a system of
branches?        “checks and balances” to keep
                 the branches of government
                 accountable to one another.
               • The Georgia constitution was
                 modeled after the U.S.
                 Constitution.
Checks and Balances
    Georgia’s Government
               • Let’s see what Tim and Moby
How do the
separate         have to say about the
branches of      branches of government.
government
ensure equal
power among
the
branches?
Georgia Performance Standard
• SS8CG1: The student will describe
  the role of citizen under Georgia’s
  constitution.
  c) Describe the rights and
     responsibilities of citizens.
       Essential Questions
• By the time we finish this lesson, you
  should be able to answer these
  questions:
   1) What are the rights and responsibilities of
      Georgia citizens?
         Georgia Citizen
   Rights and Responsibilities
What are the       • The rights of Georgia citizens are found
rights and           in Article I of the Georgia state
responsibilities     constitution.
of Georgia         • Rights under the Georgia state
citizens?            constitution are modeled after the U.S.
                     Constitution’s Bill of Rights.
                   • Rights:
                      – Are for all citizens, regardless of
                        race, ethnicity, gender, age, etc.
                      – Should be fair.
         Georgia Citizen
   Rights and Responsibilities
What are the       • Wait! Don’t think that the government
rights and           should only do things for the citizens.
responsibilities     The citizens also have responsibilities to
of Georgia           the government. Voting is an example
citizens?            of a citizen responsibility.
                   • Other examples of citizen
                     responsibilities:
                      – Jury Duty
                      – Serving in military when required.
                            Let’s review the Bill of Rights!
Georgia Performance Standard
• SS8CG1: The student will describe
  the role of citizen under Georgia’s
  constitution.
    d) Explain voting requirements
       and elections in Georgia.
      Essential Questions
• By the time we finish this lesson, you
  should be able to answer this questions:
  1) What are the voting and election
     requirements for citizens of Georgia?
  Election & Voter Requirements
               • You must be 18 years of age or
What are the     older.
requirements   • Be registered with the Secretary of
to vote in       State’s office by completing a
Georgia?
                 application for voter registration.
               • Be a legal resident of the country,
                 state, county and city in which you
                 vote; legal resident of Georgia.
               • Have not been found to be mentally
                 incompetent by the court.
               • Are not serving a sentence for a
                 felony of moral turpitude.
               • Have a VALID form of identification –
                 such as a voter ID card, driver’s
                 license or state issued ID.
  Election & Voter Requirements

How do I
              • You must complete an
register to     STATE OF GEORGIA
vote?           APPLICATION FOR
                VOTER REGISTRATION.
              • You can also register online.
              • You may register any time
                up to the 5th Monday before
                election day and vote in that
                election.
 Election & Voter Requirements
              • You have options on how to vote:
How can you      – In person: Vote at your assigned polling
vote in            place on election day.
                 – Absentee Voting: Vote by mail if you are
Georgia?           sick or out of time.
                 – Advanced Voting: Voters can cast a ballot
                   in-person at their county registrar’s office
                   45 days prior to an election.
                 – Provisional Ballot: Provisional voting
                   allows you to cast a ballot in person even
                   if all the requirements for doing so cannot
                   be met at the time.
                 – You must show a valid form of
                   identification to be able to vote.
                   Examples: Driver’s License or state issued
                   ID card.
  Election & Voter Requirements
               • Remember, the citizens or voters
What are the     hold the power by electing
election         officials to represent them and
requirements     their interests.
for Georgia?   • A general election is held in
                 November in at least every even-
                 numbered year.
                 – This is when national and state
                   officials are elected.
                 – Other elections are held to elect
                   officials or vote for issues, such as
                   an increase in the sales tax.
                 – Run-off elections or specials
                   elections are held when neither
                   candidate receives at least 50% of
                   the vote plus one.
         Voter Scenarios
• Tammy has just moved to Atlanta from
  Houston, TX. It is the day before the
  election and she has decided that she
  wants to vote in this year’s presidential
  election. Can she vote in this year’s
  election? Why or why not?
        Voter Scenarios
• Adam has lived in Conyers for a year and
  a half and loves getting involved in local
  politics. He has proof of residency proving
  that he is a legal resident of Georgia.
  However, Adam never changed his driver’s
  license from his home state of New York.
  The election is next week. Can he vote in
  the election? Why or why not?
         Voter Scenarios
• Sam has just been released from prison
  for robbery – a felony crime. He is not on
  probation and is anxious to find a job and
  get on with his life. His friends are
  encouraging him to vote for Senator
  Barack Obama for president. Sam is
  hesitant because he doesn’t know if he is
  eligible to vote. He not registered to vote.
  The election is in six weeks. Can he vote
  in the election? Why or why not?
        Voter Scenarios
• Tasha just received a speeding ticket in
  DeKalb county. She’s never been in
  trouble with the law before and is nervous
  that this speeding ticket will go on her
  record. Can she vote in the election? Why
  or why not?
        Voter Scenarios
• Jake’s 18th birthday on Friday. The Friday
  before the election. He really likes John
  McCain and wants to help him win the
  presidency. Can he vote in the election?
  Why or why not?
         Voter Scenarios
• Renee currently lives in Covington, GA
  (Newton County), but she is still registered
  to vote in Cobb County. The election is
  three weeks away. Can she vote in the
  election? Why or why not?
         Voter Scenarios
• Tony has suffered from many mental
  disabilities most of his adult life. He works
  at the local grocery store and owns his
  own home. The neighborhood kids even
  call him the crazy man because he sits on
  his front porch and whispers to himself. He
  is registered to vote. Can he vote in the
  election? Why or why not?
         Voter Scenarios
• Dr. Smith is what some call a “mad
  scientist.” He is a genius in the sciences
  and has even came close to discovering a
  cure for cancer. He is a celebrated doctor
  and scientists. Unfortunately, last year Dr.
  Smith was committed to a mental
  institution by a judge due to mental
  distress he suffered after the death of his
  cat. Can he vote in the election? Why or
  why not?

				
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