State of Georgia – Foundations of Government Mr. Chadwick Advanced Content Class 8th Grade Georgia Studies Unit: Foundations of Government GPS: SS8CG1 a, b, c, d Georgia Performance Standard • SS8CG1: The student will describe the role of citizen under Georgia’s constitution. a) Explain the basic structure of the Georgia state constitution. b) Explain the concepts of separation of powers and checks and balances. Mr. Chadwick’s Class Essential Questions • By the time we finish this lesson, you should be able to answer these questions: 1) What is the Georgia state constitution? 2) What is the basic structure of the Georgia state constitution? 3) What are the three branches of government? 4) How do the separate branches of government ensure equal power among the branches? Seal of the State of Georgia Front of Seal Seal of the State of Georgia Back of Seal Georgia’s Government What is the • It is the governing document Georgia the explains the laws, state constitution? governmental offices, and citizens rights and responsibilities in the state of Georgia. Georgia’s Government • The state constitution is a What is the living document. It is used basic structure of everyday in governmental the Georgia decisions. state • Structure of the Georgia state constitution? constitution: – Preamble (Introduction) – Articles (11 main articles) – Sections – Paragraphs • Georgia State Constitution Georgia’s Government • Article I: Bill of Rights What is the • Article II: Voting & Elections basic • Article III: Legislative Branch structure of • Article IV: Constitutional Boards & the Georgia Commissions state • Article V: Executive Branch constitution? • Article VI: Judicial Branch • Article VII: Taxation & Finance • Article VIII: Education • Article IX: Counties & Municipal Corporations • Article X: Amendments to the Constitution • Article XI: Miscellaneous Provisions Georgia’s Government • The three branches of What are the three government are the: branches of – Executive Branch: Carries out government? laws – Legislative Branch: Make laws – Judicial Branch: Evaluates or reviews laws Structure of U.S. Government Structure of Georgia Government Governor’s State State Supreme Capital Mansion Court General Assembly Governor Lieutenant Governor Structure of Georgia Government Executive Branch Legislative Branch Judicial Branch Carries out the laws. Makes the laws. Evaluates or reviews the laws. Governor: Sonny Perdue General Assembly Courts at the state, (Republican) county and city levels. Lieutenant Governor: House of Supreme Court Casey Cagle (Republican) Representatives: Also includes the head 180 members Juvenile Courts officials of these representing the departments: citizens of Georgia. Court of Appeals Department of Agriculture, Attorney General, GA Superior Courts Insurance and Safety Fire Senate: 56 Commissioner, Public members Probate Courts Service Commission, Secretary of State, and representing the citizens of Georgia. Magistrate Courts State School Superintendent. Georgia’s Government • When the U.S. Constitution was How do the written, the writers wanted to separate separate the powers of the branches of branches of government so no government ensure equal one branch would have all or power among most of the power. the • They also included a system of branches? “checks and balances” to keep the branches of government accountable to one another. • The Georgia constitution was modeled after the U.S. Constitution. Checks and Balances Georgia’s Government • Let’s see what Tim and Moby How do the separate have to say about the branches of branches of government. government ensure equal power among the branches? Georgia Performance Standard • SS8CG1: The student will describe the role of citizen under Georgia’s constitution. c) Describe the rights and responsibilities of citizens. Essential Questions • By the time we finish this lesson, you should be able to answer these questions: 1) What are the rights and responsibilities of Georgia citizens? Georgia Citizen Rights and Responsibilities What are the • The rights of Georgia citizens are found rights and in Article I of the Georgia state responsibilities constitution. of Georgia • Rights under the Georgia state citizens? constitution are modeled after the U.S. Constitution’s Bill of Rights. • Rights: – Are for all citizens, regardless of race, ethnicity, gender, age, etc. – Should be fair. Georgia Citizen Rights and Responsibilities What are the • Wait! Don’t think that the government rights and should only do things for the citizens. responsibilities The citizens also have responsibilities to of Georgia the government. Voting is an example citizens? of a citizen responsibility. • Other examples of citizen responsibilities: – Jury Duty – Serving in military when required. Let’s review the Bill of Rights! Georgia Performance Standard • SS8CG1: The student will describe the role of citizen under Georgia’s constitution. d) Explain voting requirements and elections in Georgia. Essential Questions • By the time we finish this lesson, you should be able to answer this questions: 1) What are the voting and election requirements for citizens of Georgia? Election & Voter Requirements • You must be 18 years of age or What are the older. requirements • Be registered with the Secretary of to vote in State’s office by completing a Georgia? application for voter registration. • Be a legal resident of the country, state, county and city in which you vote; legal resident of Georgia. • Have not been found to be mentally incompetent by the court. • Are not serving a sentence for a felony of moral turpitude. • Have a VALID form of identification – such as a voter ID card, driver’s license or state issued ID. Election & Voter Requirements How do I • You must complete an register to STATE OF GEORGIA vote? APPLICATION FOR VOTER REGISTRATION. • You can also register online. • You may register any time up to the 5th Monday before election day and vote in that election. Election & Voter Requirements • You have options on how to vote: How can you – In person: Vote at your assigned polling vote in place on election day. – Absentee Voting: Vote by mail if you are Georgia? sick or out of time. – Advanced Voting: Voters can cast a ballot in-person at their county registrar’s office 45 days prior to an election. – Provisional Ballot: Provisional voting allows you to cast a ballot in person even if all the requirements for doing so cannot be met at the time. – You must show a valid form of identification to be able to vote. Examples: Driver’s License or state issued ID card. Election & Voter Requirements • Remember, the citizens or voters What are the hold the power by electing election officials to represent them and requirements their interests. for Georgia? • A general election is held in November in at least every even- numbered year. – This is when national and state officials are elected. – Other elections are held to elect officials or vote for issues, such as an increase in the sales tax. – Run-off elections or specials elections are held when neither candidate receives at least 50% of the vote plus one. Voter Scenarios • Tammy has just moved to Atlanta from Houston, TX. It is the day before the election and she has decided that she wants to vote in this year’s presidential election. Can she vote in this year’s election? Why or why not? Voter Scenarios • Adam has lived in Conyers for a year and a half and loves getting involved in local politics. He has proof of residency proving that he is a legal resident of Georgia. However, Adam never changed his driver’s license from his home state of New York. The election is next week. Can he vote in the election? Why or why not? Voter Scenarios • Sam has just been released from prison for robbery – a felony crime. He is not on probation and is anxious to find a job and get on with his life. His friends are encouraging him to vote for Senator Barack Obama for president. Sam is hesitant because he doesn’t know if he is eligible to vote. He not registered to vote. The election is in six weeks. Can he vote in the election? Why or why not? Voter Scenarios • Tasha just received a speeding ticket in DeKalb county. She’s never been in trouble with the law before and is nervous that this speeding ticket will go on her record. Can she vote in the election? Why or why not? Voter Scenarios • Jake’s 18th birthday on Friday. The Friday before the election. He really likes John McCain and wants to help him win the presidency. Can he vote in the election? Why or why not? Voter Scenarios • Renee currently lives in Covington, GA (Newton County), but she is still registered to vote in Cobb County. The election is three weeks away. Can she vote in the election? Why or why not? Voter Scenarios • Tony has suffered from many mental disabilities most of his adult life. He works at the local grocery store and owns his own home. The neighborhood kids even call him the crazy man because he sits on his front porch and whispers to himself. He is registered to vote. Can he vote in the election? Why or why not? Voter Scenarios • Dr. Smith is what some call a “mad scientist.” He is a genius in the sciences and has even came close to discovering a cure for cancer. He is a celebrated doctor and scientists. Unfortunately, last year Dr. Smith was committed to a mental institution by a judge due to mental distress he suffered after the death of his cat. Can he vote in the election? Why or why not?